Спутник связи. JCSat 10. [Редактировать]

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
129272НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Япония
2Тип оператора(владельца) - коммерческий
3Тип орбиты - ГСО
4Страна производитель - США
5Все спутники связи

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг4400
2Масса (сухая), кг1858
3Платформа 1xA2100AXS
4Количество (Ku-стволов), шт.30
5Количество (C стволов), шт.12
6Мощность, Вт8700

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град0.0
2Апогей, км35804.6
3Перигей, км35783.6
4Период, минут1436.1
5САС, год15
6Длинный диаметр эллипса, км42165

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2006-033A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Оператор SKY Perfect JSAT Corporation
2Производитель Lockheed Martin
3Срок (производства), месяц26

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Космодром Куру
2Дата пуска2006-08-11 at 22:14:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xJCSat 10
4Полезная нагрузка 1xSyracuse 3B
5Ракета-носитель 1xАриан 5 ECA

Найдено 246 документов по запросу «JCSat 10». [Перейти к поиску]


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... стоимость создания спутников связи и вещания, 10 определять рыночную стоимость запусков, а также...] В общем объеме сегмента спутниковых услуг 10 % доходов составили поступления от сдачи...,3%, и только потом идут страны Европы – 10,2%. На Японию приходится только 3,6% успешных.... Млрд. долл. 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 4,8 6,4 5,8 6,8 4,8 2007 5,1 7,4 7,6 5,6 6,3 2009 2010 2011 США Остальные страны 3,1 2008 5,6 8,2 2012 10,9 2013 Годы Рис. 1.8. Производство космических... 18%, системы дистанционного зондирования Земли – 10%, космические аппараты научного назначения – 8%, навигационные... – 17%, космические аппараты научного назначения – 10%, системы военной разведки – 6%, навигационные КА... спутников на орбиту, представленная на 1.10, может сохранится и связана с временным насыщением... 6 2 1 2 2 4 1 3 4 6 2007 SS\Loral 2008 20 2 1 2 4 15 10 5 4 1 3 2 2 6 8 5 1 2 3 2 5 11 1 2 4 6 6 5 4 11 3 3 11 2 6 6 4 2 4 6 0 Thales 2009... направленности и др.). Поэтому стоимость МКА с 10-ти транспондерным ретранслятором может быть... САС заканчивается в 2015-2017гг. 37 8 10 5 2 4 2 6 САС заканчивается после 2018г. 103... этал 𝐶усл + 𝛽2 · ̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅̅ ТПЦ этал ̅̅̅̅̅ ТПЦ , (2.10) где 𝑄ка и 𝑄ка этал - показатели... предел допустимых отклонений сужается. Погрешность в 10% считается приемлемой. Точность расчётов... расчетного среднеарифметического значения стоимости меньше 10% от фактического, можно говорить о высокой... исследовании 99 спутников связи. В Таблице 10 приведены преимущества и недостатки укрупненных методов оценки стоимости. Таблица 10. Преимущества и недостатки укрупненных методов оценки... вид: M(P) = 0,23 · 𝑃 + 1,76 (3.4) 114 7 Т 6 5 4 3 2 1 кВт 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Рис.3.2. Зависимость...) (1+i)n −82 · e0,0373·P − 3,634𝑃 − 27,8 (3.10) В соответствии с экспертной оценкой, ставка дисконтирования... условиях составляет: i = 0,18. Подставив в формулу 3.10 значения мощности КА с шагом 100... 50-ти транспондеров и функционирующей менее 10 лет коммерчески не эффективны в рассматриваемых...-изготовители уже на протяжении последних 10 лет интенсивно внедряют и успешно используют... показателя конкурентоспособности продукции спутникостроительных предприятий 2.10 выбирается производитель спутника, обладающий наибольшим... средней длине передаваемых терминалами сообщений 10 кбит; обслуживание не менее 3600... средней длине передаваемых терминалами сообщений 10 кбит. КА должен обеспечивать прием...,4 145,6 185,3 14,3 25,9 53,8 10,7 10,8 Ki ni, шт. Kni Сстi, млн. руб. 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,3 1,4 1,2 1,3 1,4 1,1 5 6 5 2 10 7 5 10 6 0,9 0,8 0,5 0,5 0,9 0,55 0,8 0,8 0,7 180 255 546 241... РК-11-КТ). М: Роскосмос, 2011. 10. Методические рекомендации по оценке эффективности....iss-reshetnev.ru/ (дата обращения: 2.10.2013). 13. Программа инновационного развития...://www.energia.ru/ (дата обращения: 7.10.2013). 14. Программа инновационного развития...://www.khrunichev.ru/ (дата обращения: 7.10.2013). 15. Программа инновационного развития...-Прогресс» (утверждена генеральным директором 25.10.2012) [Электронный ресурс] URL: http...–2020 годы // Новости космонавтики, 2013. №10. 3 с. 19. Бакланов А.Г. Рынок и маркетинг авиакосмической... «Агат». Руководитель темы М.В. Афанасьев. Инв. № 10-6. М., 2012. 391 с. 117. Технико-экономическое... «Агат». Руководитель темы М.В. Афанасьев. Инв. № 10-6/14. М., 2012. 300 с. 119. Комплексный... «Агат». Руководитель темы М.В. Афанасьев. Инв. № 10-6/21. М., 2012. 552 с. 120. Разработка... темы М.В. Афанасьев. Рег. № У 92352. Инв. № 10-5/4-13. М., 2013. 176 с. 121. Исследование... темы М.В. Афанасьев. Рег. № 92353. Инв. № 10-5/2-13. М., 2013. 503 с. 122. Мониторинг... «Агат». Руководитель темы М.В. Афанасьев. Инв. № 10-5/2713. М., 2013. 446 с. 123. Анализ... «Агат». Руководитель темы М.В. Афанасьев. Инв. № 10-5/1813. М., 2014. 100 с. 164 124... «Агат». Руководитель темы М.В. Афанасьев. Инв. № 10-5/9-14. М., 2014. 699 с. Литература на... Связи: [Электронный электронный ресурс] // 2004. №10. журнал. URL: http://www.connect.... кВт/ Сэкв/т т 2560 6700 10 138 10,55 53,91 2,62 16C...,16 Ku,1L 2600 6700 10 138 10,38 53,08 2,58... 1,78 2 133,33 961 - 10 80 10,41 83,25 - − 4100 11000... 2007 CASC 24C 2200 - 8 24 10,91 10,91 - − Произво дитель 2002.../т т 24 10,37 10,37 2,81 1 010,80 15 24 10,26 10,26... КА JCSat 1B (JCSAT 5) Произво дитель 1997 Boeing Satellite Systems JCSat 4A 1999 JCSat 110 2000 Superbird2000 B2 JCSat 2A 2002... 3130 Произво дитель N-Star C 2002 JCSat 9 JCSat 10 КА 9 290 Труд , шт/т Е Фуд... 1 550,79 10 Ku 1459 1600 10 10 6,85 53,90 1,10 109,66... 16 000 15 120 000 6 JCSat 10 Boeing (HS 601) 2 006 4 400... (SPACEBUS 3000B3S) ThalesAleniаSpace 126 NSS-10 (SPACEBUS 4000) ThalesAleniаSpace 127 AMC... Млн. долл. / год 15 10 5 кВт 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Рис. П.4.3. Зависимость... 4,90 10,8 15 JCSat 10 Boeing 10 4,40 8,0 15 90 Spaceway 3 Boeing 93 6,10 15... 24 32 AMC-10 Lockhee d Martin 33 JCSat-12 34 BStar Зс... 0,54 811 35,5 832 269 JCSat-13 36 ̅̅̅̅̅ ТПЦ , мес 2012... 6,27 14,0 15 150 32 4,10 10,0 15 150 Amazonas 61 3 62... 150 Thales Alenia Space 53 4,10 10,5 15 122 65 𝑄ка , ̅̅̅̅ 𝑄 ка...



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... . . . . . . . 9 Addressable vs. Unaddressable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Mass Classes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Dual-Manifesting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Near-Term... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Table 5. Satellite Mass Class Categorization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Table 6. Total Satellite Mass Launched... and Average Mass per Satellite. . . . . . 10 Table 7. Trends in Satellite Mass... 9. ITAR-free Satellites. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Table 10. Survey Questionnaire Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Table... Forecasts: 2004-2013. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Figure 10. Realization Factor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Figure 11... 15 13 12 11 11 10 10 127 12.7 Total Satellites NGSO... Demonstration 16! 14! Launches! 12! 10! 8! 6! 4! 2! 0! 2013! 2014! 2015! 2016! 2017... service procurement—over the next 10 years. The Report provides a detailed... Satellites/Launches! 25! 20! 15! 10! 2013 Satellite Demand Forecast 5! 0! 2013... Unaddressable Satellites 25! 20! 15! 10! 5! 0! 2004! 2005! 2006! 2007! 2008... together have a total mass approaching 10,000 kilograms. Arianespace is investing... 5 Falcon 9 Falcon 9 Amos 6 Eutelsat 8WB JCSAT 14 Satellite TBD* 11 DTV... Forecast! 2010 Forecast! 2012 Forecast! 10! 5! 0! 2001 Forecast! 2003 Forecast! 2005... of Commercial Space Transportation Figure 10. Realization Factor Historical First Year... or domestic regulatory issues. Table 10. Survey Questionnaire Summary Question: “To... Plans 18! 16! 14! 10! 16! 8! 12! 6! 4! 2! 0! 4! 2! 3! 5! 10! 8! 5! 3! 17! 14! 16! 13! 12! 11! 11! 10! 10! 3! 20 03 ! 20 04 ! 20... O3b (4) - Soyuz 2 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 ORBCOMM (9) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Commercial Remote...-3 - Atlas V 2016 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 DMC3-1 - Dnepr... AprizeStar (LatinSat)/ Aprize Satellite SpaceQuest 8/6 10 (22) LEO • 40 • 2002 Planned... approximately 7 Falcon 9 launches $300! carrying 10 satellites $200! each. Nine Iridium...) registration as LatinSat) satellites weighing 10 kilograms (22 pounds) each, launched... the satellites on orbit, operational 10 years (design), 15 years (projected..., launching more to complete system 10 years O3b Network N/A Under construction... History and Projected Launch Plans 4! 2! 3! 3! 2! 1! 1! 1! 1! ! 1! ! 1! 10 1! 2! 18 1! 1! 2014 Worldview-3 Atlas V DMC3...-satellite EagleEye system. ORBIMAGE (d/b/a/ GeoEye) 1/10/2006 IKONOS system license transfer... History and Projected Launch Plans 10! 9! 8! 6! 8! 8! ! 22 18 8! ! ! 17 9! 21 ! ! 20... Corp. Crew Certification CPC 2012 $10 million SpaceX Crew Certification Dream...) 0.01 - 0.1 0.02 - 0.2 Pico 0.1 - 1 0.2 - 2 Nano 1 - 10 2 - 22 Micro 10 - 200 22 - 441 Mini... 1: 4% Long March: 2% Cosmos: 2% Falcon 9: 7% H-II: 10% 2013 Commercial Space Transportation Forecasts... Demonstration 16! 14! Launches! 12! 10! 8! 6! 4! 2! 0! 2013! 2014! 2015! 2016! 2017... 15 13 12 11 11 10 10 127 12.7 Medium-to-Heavy... 16 13 12 11 11 10 10 • 71 • 3 130 0.3 13.0 Federal Aviation... predicted launches over the next 10 years are for commercial transportation...! 11! 11! 2019! 2020! 4! 2! 0! 2! 2013! 10! 10! 2021! 2022! 1! 2014! 2015! 2016... 3R Intelsat 704 Intelsat 705 JCSat 3 APStar 2 Asiasat 2 EchoStar 1 4 DM1 Brazilsat... 803 Ariane 4 Intelsat 804 Ariane 4 JCSat 5 Ariane 4 PAS 6 Ariane 4 DM4 Sirius... 3B Galaxy 8i Proton K/DM JCSat 4 Superbird C Agila II APStar 2R... 2 Telkom Telstar 7 Echostar 5 Eutelsat W3 JCSat 6 Asiasat 3S Astra 1H LMI... Galaxy 3C 11 Insat 3C JCSat 8 Atlantic Bird 1 Hotbird 7 Stellat 5 Hispasat... 10 Galaxy 16 JCSat 9 Koreasat 5 XM 4 6 Ariane 5 DM1 Hotbird 7A Ariane 5 DMU JCSat 10... 5 Ariane 5 3 DM3 Spaceway 3 Ariane 5 DirecTV 10 Proton M NSS 8 Sea Launch 6 Ariane... 5 DM5 Star One C1 Proton M JCSat 11 Proton M 4 Ariane 5 DM3 Bsat... Sirius FM5 2 DM3 Hotbird 10 Nimiq 5 9 DM4 JCSat 12 DM1 Satcom BW1... 21 5 DM4 Eutelsat 21B DM1 JCSAT 13 DM5 Skynet 5D Nimiq... Nigcomsat 1 Insat 4CR 2011 10 GSAT 8 Chinasat 10 Chinasat 1A Nigcomsat 1R...-to-Heavy Vehicles 1 1 0 2 10 4 2 7 3 3 33 Small Vehicles 3 1 3 3 2 6 3 1 0 0 4 2 3 5 12 10 5 8 3 3 Payloads Total Satellites... Sich 2 RASAT Edusat BPA-2 Telecommunication 10/19/10 Globalstar 2nd Gen. 1-6 Soyuz... X Dnepr M Medium-to-Heavy Other 4/7/10 6/1/10 6/14/10 Dnepr M Rockot Dnepr M Medium... 9 Medium-to-Heavy Transportation 12/8/10 Dragon COTS Demo 1 Falcon 9 Medium.../08 7/22/08 8/3/08 10/1/08 10/24/08 SAR Lupe 4 C/NOFS... Falcon 1 Small Telecommunication 5/30/07 10/21/0 Globalstar Replacement 1-4 Globalstar Replacement... deployed on launch with Demeter 10 AMSat-Echo, SaudiComSAT 1-2, SaudiSat 2, and...) 0.01 - 0.1 0.02 - 0.2 Pico 0.1 - 1 0.2 - 2 Nano 1 - 10 2 - 22 Micro 10 - 200 22 - 441 Mini...



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... Forecasts: 2004-2023. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 Figure 10. Realization Factor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 Figure 11...-U.S. Orbital Launch Vehicles in Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 10 13 16 17 17 18... and Reentry Sites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 Table 10. Proposed Launch and Reentry Sites... 9. ITAR-free Satellites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 Table 10. Survey Questionnaire Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 Table... its Shavit vehicle carrying Ofeq 10 reconnaissance satellite, a noncommercial launch. It... 2. 2014 Worldwide Commercial Launch Events • 10 • Commercial Space Transportation 2014 Year... 3. 2014 Launch Vehicle Use • 11 • 8 9 10 Federal Aviation Administration’s Office of... of Commercial Space Transportation 12 10 Launches 8 12 6 4 2 0 7 5 4 1 2010 2011 2012... imagery intelligence satellite. •• Russia conducted 10 launches for civil purposes, that... microsatellites. Israel Israel launched Ofeq 10 military observation satellite using Shavit....6) 12.7 (41.7) 12.7 (41.7) 3.8 (12.5) 1.6 (5.2) 3.1 (10.2) 3.1 (10.2) ULA Aerojet Rocketdyne ULA ULA...-38 STAR-37 9.1 (29.9) 8.9 (29.2) 3.1 (10.2) 1.3 (4.3) 2.3 (7.5) 2.4 (7.9) 1.3 (4.3) 1.3 (4.3) 1 (3.3) 0.7 (2.3) Manufacturer ATK ATK ATK ATK...-38 HAPS Length, m (ft) 10.27 (33.7) 3.1 (10.2) 1.3 (4.3) 0.7 (2.3) Diameter, m (ft) 1.3 (4.3) 1.3 (4.3) 1 (3.3) 1 (3.3) Manufacturer ATK....5 (100.1) 31.6 (103.7) 4.7 (15.4) 5.4 (17.7) 3.1 (10.2) 5.4 (17.7) Airbus Europropulsion Airbus LOX... 25.7 (84.3) 27.9 (91.5) 7.8 (25.6) 10.9 (35.8) 1.5 (4.9) 3.4 (11.2) 3.4 (11.2) 3.4 (11.2) 3.4 (11....2) 6.7 (22) 1.03 (3.4) Diameter, m (ft) 2.95 (9.7) 2.7 (8.9) 3.1 (10.2) TsSKB Progress TsSKB Progress TsSKB... II Lynx Mark III 10 (33) 10 (33) 10 (33) 7.3 (24) 7.3 (24) 7.3 (24... Aerospace mCLS Vehicle Details Seats: ~10 - Pilots: 2 - Passengers: ~8 Altitude: 115 – 150....7) 6.9 (22.6) Cargo, expendable Carge, expendable 3.1 (10.2) 3.1 (10.2) 2,000 (4,409.2) 2,700 (5,952.5) 18..., Florida Jacksonville Aviation Authority 2010 1/10/15 None Midland International Airport... 13 18 16 14 13 10 10 10 10 10 124 12.4 Total Satellites NGSO... kg 3 2 2 8 3 2 3 4 6 6 5 3 1 0 1 6 3 4 1 2017 5 2016 3 2015 2010 2 4 10 5 2014 2009 6 4,201 - 5,400 kg... 9 DM Sicral 2 DM Thor 7 Amos 6 JCSAT 14 SES 9 Eutelsat 9B Mexsat... 4B DM Brisat BulgariaSat Thaicom 8 JCSAT 15 JCSAT 16 Palapa E Intelsat 36... satellites. Number of Satellites Figure 10. Realization Factor Historical First Year... Forecasts: COMSTAC GSO Forecast Table 10. Survey Questionnaire Summary Question: “To... Size Commercial Transportation Services Small 10% 57% Payload Segment Other Commercially... (4) - Soyuz 2 Globalstar (6) - Soyuz 2 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 O3b (4) - Soyuz 2 Iridium... (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 ORBCOMM (8) Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10... - Medium TBD SkySat 4-9 - Minotaur C SkySat-10 LauncherOne SkySat-13 LauncherOne SkySat... (4) - Soyuz 2 Globalstar (6) - Soyuz 2 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 O3b (4) - Soyuz 2 Iridium... (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 ORBCOMM (8) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10... AprizeStar (LatinSat)/ Aprize Satellite SpaceQuest 8/5 10 (22) • 136 • LEO 2014 Commercial... to operate satellites Aprizesat 1 through 10. Skybox Imaging 2012 FCC authorization... - Medium TBD SkySat 4-9 - Minotaur C SkySat-10 LauncherOne SkySat-13 LauncherOne SkySat... II Atlas V 3 (3%) 11 (12%) PSLV 10 (11%) Taurus 1 (2%) M-V 201 1 (2%) Cubesats Dnepr... 13 18 16 14 13 10 10 10 10 10 124 12.4 Small Vehicles 0 1 4 3 0 2 0 2 0 2 14... 19 20 17 13 12 10 12 10 12 138 13.8 Total... Atlas II AMC 1 Atlas II JCSat 3 Atlas II Hot Bird 2 Atlas... Ariane 4 PAS 7 Ariane 4 Orion 2 Ariane 4 JCSat 5 Ariane 4 Satmex 5 Ariane 4 Telkom Ariane... Atlas II JCSat 6 Atlas II DirecTV 6 Atlas II Galaxy 10 Delta III... 4 Proton K/DM LMI 1 Proton K/DM JCSat 4 Atlas II PAS 8 Proton K/DM... Ariane 4 DM1 Insat 3C Ariane 4 JCSat 8 Ariane 4 Europe*Star 1 Ariane 4 DM2... 4 Proton M Galaxy 18 Sea Launch JCSat 9 Sea Launch Galaxy 19 Sea... 5 DM1 Turksat 3A Ariane 5 DMU JCSat 10 Ariane 5 DM1 Insat 4B Ariane... Vinasat Arabsat 4B Proton M Proton M JCSat 11 Ariane 5 DM4 StarOne C2... kg (5,510 - 9,260 lbm) 6 DM4 JCSat 12 Ariane 5 DM5 Hylas Ariane... M Eutelsat 21B Ariane 5 Anik G1 JCSAT 13 Ariane 5 Skynet 5D Ariane... Technology Test & Demonstration 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 5 9 8 5 25 19 10 15 20 4 28 145 4 2 7 3 3 8 41... Vehicles 1 3 3 2 6 3 1 0 0 2 21 2 3 5 12 10 5 8 3 3 10 62 Total Launches 10 Includes payloads open to... 10/19/10 Remote Sensing 6/20/10 TanDEM X Dnepr M Medium-to-Heavy Other 4/7/10 6/1/10 6/14/10.../08 7/22/08 8/3/08 10/1/08 10/24/08 SAR Lupe 4 C/NOFS... Aerospace Corp. Development S * AprizSat 9 and 10 SSO ExactEarth Space Quest Communications...



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.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Table 3. Satellite Mass Class Categorization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 Table 4. Commercial GSO Near-Term... Launched (1993-2008). . . . . . . . 28 Table 10. Historical Non-Addressable Commercial GSO... Long-Term Forecasts . . . . . 19 Figure 10. Total C/Ku/Ka Transponders Launched... Total Launches 21 6 2 29 16 10 5 31 17 6 4 27 15 7 2 24... Satellite Forecast 25 20 15 10 GSO Launch Forecast GSO Launch... Medium-toHeavy Launch Actual 20 10 0 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002... NGSO Launch Forecast 20 15 10 GSO Launch Actual 2009 GSO... launch services during the next 10 years. The forecast uses a model... the current year. There were 10 actual commercial NGSO launches last... launch industry. The forecast extends 10 years and provides more specific... Launch Demand Forecast 20 15 10 5 0 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013...) ( Japan) SkyTerra (Mobile Satellite Ventures) (U.S.) • 10 • 2009 Commercial Space Transportation Forecasts... 1 Hylas Insat 4G Intelsat 15 JCSat 12 NSS-9 Optus D3 Palapa...-year demand forecast dropped by 10–15 percent annually from 2001... 2009 Satellite Demand Forecast 15 10 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007... aggregate international inputs vs. only 10.7% for aggregate U.S. inputs. The differential... Manifest Launches Satellites 20 15 10 5 0 19 94 19 95 19... and Forecast Actual Satellites Launched 10 5 Figure 9. Commercial GSO Demand: Historical... (Sea Launch/NSS 8 and Proton M/JCSAT-11). The only survey area... 600 30 400 20 200 10 0 Average Transponders per Satellite Launched... Transponders Launched per Year Figure 10 and Table 7 show the number... 2006 2007 2008 2009 Figure 10. Total C/Ku/Ka Transponders Launched... spanning 2009 through 2018 is 10.6 launches per year. The average... 3R Intelsat 704 Intelsat 705 JCSat 3 APStar 2 ASIASAT 2 EchoStar 1 9 Ariane 44L... 802 Intelsat 803 Intelsat 804 JCSat 5 PAS 6 DM4 Sirius 2 DM2 Thaicom... IIA Atlas IIAS Atlas IIAS JCSat 4 Superbird C Agila II APStar 2R... 2 Telkom Telstar 7 Echostar V Eutelsat W3 JCSat 6 Asiasat 3S Astra 1H LMI... 5 Intelsat 805A Intelsat 806A Galaxy 10 Astra 2A EchoStar 4 7 DM1 DM2... Insat 3C Ariane 42L DM1 JCSat 8 Ariane 44L DM2 Stellat 5 Ariane... Astra 2C Proton K/DM PAS 10 Proton K/DM Below 2,500 kg... 1 Astra 1KR Hotbird 8 Measat 3 Echostar X JCSat 9 Galaxy 16 Koreasat 5 XM-4 4 AMC... 3 DirecTV 10 NSS-8 Ariane 5G+ Proton M/M Hotbird 7A Spainsat Thaicom 5 JCSat 10 Arabsat... 17 Star One C1 RASCOM 1 JCSat 11 Ariane 5ECA Ariane 5ECA... Administration / Commercial Space Transportation Table 10. Historical Non-Addressable Commercial GSO... launch services during the next 10 years. It is intended to... forecasts an average demand of 10.8 worldwide launches per year during... term. During 2008 there were 10 actual commercial NGSO launches. Demand... first year (2007) of the 10-year forecast. The projected realization was for 10–13 launches during 2007. Last..., the FAA realization was only 8–10 launches with a demand for 11...’s realization factor will also be 8–10 launches with a demand for 11... Competed Launches 15 in 2010, 10 in 2011, and 9 in 2012... ORBIMAGE (d/b/a GeoEye) 1/10/2006 ORBIMAGE (d/b/a GeoEye) 1/10/2006 ORBIMAGE (d/b/a GeoEye) 1/10/2006 Echostar... (819) 304 (670) 368 (811) 10,000 1,000 1 1 QuickBird DigitalGlobe Ball... Satellite SpaceQuest 4/2 (in orbit/ operational) 10 (22) LEO Table 15. Little... (responsive) links from 1 Mbps to 10 Gbps for core transmission of... registration as LatinSat) satellites weighing 10 kilograms (22 pounds) each were... obit at an altitude of 10,390 kilometers (6,450 miles). ICO... in this report. Satellites below 10 kilograms (22 pounds) in mass... 7 Total Launches 11 15 10 7 FAA Realization Launches 8-10 Table 17. Near... Vehicles Small Vehicles Total Launches 6 2 8 10 5 15 6 4 10 7 2 9 8 3 11 Table 18. Satellite... kg LEO) 14 Launches 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013... 6 2 11 2 21 12 4 27 6 49 7 1 10 4 22 0 0 1 6 7 25 7 49 18 99.... Therefore, the FAA expects 8 to 10 launches to occur in 2009... launch rate over the next 10 years due to the bunching... 2008 forecast 20 Launches 15 10 5 Actual 0 1994 1996 1998 2000... launch demand for the next 10 years, while slightly smaller that...-Heavy Vehicles 0 0 1 8 9 11 6 2 2 1 1 0 2 10 4 57 Small Vehicles 0 2 1 5 10 7 3 2 2 3 1 3 3 2 6 50 Total Launches 0 2 2 13 19 18 9 4 4 4 2 3 5 12 10 107 Table 21. Historical Commercial... Remote Sensing Int’l Science Other 10 Launches 4 Medium-to-Heavy 6 Small... Medium-to-Heavy International Science 10/1/08 6/19/08 THEOS UGATUSAT... LEO 5/30/07 Globalstar Replacement 1-4 10/21/07 Globalstar Replacement 5-8 Soyuz... Medium-to-Heavy START 1 Small 10 Medium-to-Heavy 2 Small 4/23... 3 Small 6/21/05 Cosmos 1 10/8/05 CryoSat 10/27/05 Beijing 1 Mozhayets... 1 BNSCSat KaistSat 4 NigeriaSat 1 Rubin 4-DSI 10/30/03 SERVIS 1 2002 15...-to-Heavy 9/21/01 OrbView 4 10/18/01 QuickBird 2 TaurusF Delta... 19 Launches 9 Medium-to-Heavy 10 Small Broadband LEO 2/25/98...-to-Heavy Small Little LEO 2/10/98 8/2/98 9/23/98 ORBCOMM... International Science 7/7/98 Tubsat N & Tubsat N 1 10/22/98 SCD 2 Shtil Pegasus...



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... and Average Mass per Satellite. . . . . . . . . . . .10 Table 7. Trends in Satellite Mass Class Distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Table 8. Commercial GSO Satellite Near... 9. ITAR-free Satellites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 Table 10. COMSTAC Survey Questionnaire Summary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27... and Average Mass per Satellite. . . . . . . . . . . 10 Figure 7. Trends in Satellite Mass... Forecasts: 2000-2012. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Figure 10. Realization Factor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Figure 11... 13 15 12 16 11 10 11 10 120 12.0 NGSO Small... predicted launches over the next 10 years are for commercial cargo... 16 14 Launches Launches 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016... service procurement—over the next 10 years. The Report provides a detailed... Satellites/Launches 25   20   15   10   2012 Satellite Demand Forecast 2012... be launched over the next 10 years from global satellite operators... 23 22 20 15 Unaddressable 3 4 2 5 1 2 3 5 1 1 4 2 3 4 4 3 2 3 10 Total 13 22 20 30... 6.4 30% 4,201 to 5,400 kg 9 5 5 4 9 6 10 2 4 6 6 2 3 6 5 5 5 5 5 6 48 4.8 23% 92 9.2 43% 22... 5,400 kg Total 0 0 3 6 2 3 5 8 7 3 11 14 10 9 8 7 8 8 9 8 • 10 • 2012 Commercial Space Transportation Forecasts... BADR 7 DM Eutelsat 21B DM JCSat 13 Anik G1 Nimiq 6 Eutelsat... Proton M DM Arsat 1 DM Optus 10 SES 8 Thaicom 6 Türksat 4A Ariane... 4B 3 DM Eutelsat 9B Amos 6 JCSat 14 14 Ariane 5 Ariane 5 Proton... M TBD TBD Ariane 5 TBD TBD 10 Ariane 5 Ariane 5 Ariane 5 Ariane 5 Ariane... of Satellites 25 20 15 10 5 Historical First Year Satellite Demand... anticipated that over the next 10 years, relaxed regulation in the... questionnaire is provided in Table 10. The last column is a comparison... Forecasts: COMSTAC GSO Forecast Table 10. COMSTAC Survey Questionnaire Summary Question... 3R Intelsat 704 Intelsat 705 JCSat 3 APStar 2 ASIASAT 2 EchoStar 1 4 DM1 Brazilsat... JCSat 5 PAS 6 DM4 Sirius 2 DM2 Thaicom 3 AMC 3 DirecTV 6 EchoStar 3 Galaxy 8i JCSat... II Eutelsat W3 Atlas II JCSat 6 Delta III Asiasat 3S Proton... Atlantic Bird 1 Hotbird 7 Insat 3C JCSat 8 Stellat 5 Echostar 7 Hispasat 1D Hotbird... M Hotbird 8 Sea Launch Measat 3 Echostar X JCSat 9 Galaxy 16 Koreasat 5 XM-4 6 Ariane... Spainsat Proton M DM2 Thaicom 5 DMU JCSat 10 Arabsat 4A Arabsat 4B Ariane... lbm) 3 DM3 Spaceway 3 Ariane 5 DirecTV 10 Proton M NSS-8 Sea Launch 5 Inmarsat... 5 DM4 Vinasat Ariane 5 Sicral 1B JCSat 11 Proton M DM2 Protostar 1 Ariane... 5 DM1 Turksat 3A Ariane 5 DM4 JCSat 12 DM4 StarOne C2 Ariane... Insat 4CR GSLV 2011 10 GSAT 8 Chinasat 10 Chinasat 1A Nigcomsat 1R... launch services during the next 10 years. Commercial launches, as defined... 18   16   Launches   14   12   10   8   6   4   2021   2020   2019   2018   2017... Satellite SpaceQuest 8/6 (in orbit/ operational) 10 (22) • 41 • LEO 2002 Planned...-satellite service. Iridium Satellite LLC 10/7/2003 Modified the licenses of... year in 2013 and 2014. $10   $0   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010... registration as LatinSat) satellites weighing 10 kilograms (22 pounds) each, launched... Satellite Design Life 15 years 10 years (design), 15 years projected More than 5 years 10 years 10 years 2012 Commercial Space Transportation...-satellite EagleEye system. ORBIMAGE (d/b/a GeoEye) 1/10/2006 IKONOS system license transfer... GSO satellite GMW-1. Kentucky Space 10/19/2010 License issued for... NPP in 2011. Cosmogia, Inc. 2/10/2012 License issued for operation... 13 15 12 16 11 10 11 10 120 12.0 Small Vehicles... predicted launches over the next 10 years are for commercial transportation... of launches over the next 10 years. These include a steady stream... 14 Commercial Remote Sensing 20 1 10 11 Science and Engineering 97...: nanosatellites (satellites with masses of 10 kilograms or less). In recent... 130 Medium-to-Heavy Vehicles 2 1 1 0 2 10 4 2 7 3 32 Small Vehicles 2 3 1 3 3 2 6 3 1 0 24 4 4 2 3 5 12... 7 Medium-to-Heavy 1 Small Telecommunication 10/19/10 Globalstar 2nd Gen. 1-6 (6 sats... M Medium-to-Heavy Science & Engineering 4/7/10 6/1/10 6/9/10 6/14/10 Cryosat 2 SERVIS 2 Falcon 9 Demo... 9 Medium-to-Heavy 11/5/10 Transportation 12/8/10 2009 11 Satellites 2 Telecommunication... Telecommunication AprizeStar 3-43. Remote Sensing 10/8/09 Worldview 2 Delta II Medium... 6 Telecommunication 6 Remote Sensing 8 Science & Engineering 10 Launches 4 Medium-to-Heavy 6 Small.../08 8/3/08 9/28/08 10/1/08 10/24/08 SAR Lupe 4 C/NOFS... 14 Science & Engineering 12 Launches 10 Medium-to-Heavy 2 Small Telecommunication 5/30/07 10/21/0 Globalstar Replacement 1-4 Globalstar Replacement... Science & Engineering 6/21/05 10/8/08 10/27/05 F Launch Failure • 78... of 3U (1U = 10 centimeters by 10 centimeters by 10 centimeters) can host... download speeds. EDUSAT: This small, 10-kilogram (22-pound) scientific satellite... payload, having a mass of about 10 kilograms (22 pounds) and occupying...



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... in Satellite Mass Class Distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Table 8. Commercial GSO Satellite Near... 9. ITAR-free Satellites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Table 10. Survey Questionnaire Summary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Table... and Average Mass per Satellite. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Figure 7. Trends in Satellite Mass... Forecasts: 2004-2013. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Figure 10. Realization Factor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 Figure 11... 13 18 16 14 13 10 10 10 10 10 NGSO Small 0 1 4 3 0 2 0 2 0 26 37 39... 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 8 7 3 10 9 7 8 11 8 7 9 8 8 8 8 82 8.2 36% 4,201 - 5,400 kg 4 10 5 8 2 4 6 5 3 4 8 4 7 7 6 6 7 7 7 63 6.3 28% 2,500 - 4,200 kg... 8 JCSAT 15 JCSAT 16 Palapa E Intelsat 36 8 DM Sicral 2 DM Thor 7 Amos 6 JCSAT... M Proton M DM DSN 1 Mexsat 2 SES 10 Telstar 12V 8 Ariane 5 Ariane 5 Ariane... satellites. Number of Satellites Figure 10. Realization Factor Historical First Year... Forecasts: COMSTAC GSO Forecast Table 10. Survey Questionnaire Summary Question: “To... launch services during the next 10 years. Commercial launches, as defined... Size Commercial Transportation Services Small 10% 57% Payload Segment Other Commercially... less than forecasted number. However, 10 commercial NGSO flights is almost... 2 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (2) - Dnepr Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 ORBCOMM (8) Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10... - Medium TBD SkySat 4-9 - Minotaur C SkySat-10 LauncherOne SkySat-13 LauncherOne SkySat... 17 Launch Realization Factor Applied 6-8 8-10 Near-term NGSO payloads and... (4) - Soyuz 2 Globalstar (6) - Soyuz 2 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 O3b (4) - Soyuz 2 Iridium... (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 ORBCOMM (8) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10... AprizeStar (LatinSat)/ Aprize Satellite SpaceQuest 8/5 10 (22) LEO • 40 • 2014 Commercial... to operate satellites Aprizesat 1 through 10. Skybox Imaging 2012 FCC authorization... on approximately 7 Falcon 9 launches carrying 10 satellites each. Nine Iridium NEXT... of eight AprizeStar satellites weighing 10 kilograms (22 pounds) each, launched... the satellites on orbit, operational 10 years (design), 15 years (projected... Satellite Design Life 15 years 10 years 10 years 2014 Commercial Space... - Medium TBD SkySat 4-9 - Minotaur C SkySat-10 LauncherOne SkySat-13 LauncherOne SkySat... Certification Crew Certification CPC 2012 $10 million Sierra Nevada Corp. CPC... 0.01 - 0.1 0.02 - 0.2 Pico 0.1 - 1 0.2 - 2 Nano 1 - 10 2 - 22 Micro 10 - 200 22 - 441 Mini...-2013 Soyuz 2 (3%) Vega 4 (4%) Rockot 3 (3%) PSLV 10 (11%) M-V Atlas V 11 (12%) 3 (3%) Taurus... predicted launches over the next 10 years are for commercial transportation... 13 18 16 14 13 10 10 10 10 10 124 12.4 Small Vehicles 0 1 4 3 0 2 0 2 0 2 13 19 20 17 13 12 10 12 10 12 14 1.4 Total Satellites... Atlas II AMC 1 Atlas II JCSat 3 Atlas II Hot Bird 2 Atlas... Ariane 4 PAS 7 Ariane 4 Orion 2 Ariane 4 JCSat 5 Ariane 4 Satmex 5 Ariane 4 Telkom Ariane... Atlas II JCSat 6 Atlas II DirecTV 6 Atlas II Galaxy 10 Delta III... 4 Proton K/DM LMI 1 Proton K/DM JCSat 4 Atlas II PAS 8 Proton K/DM... Ariane 4 DM1 Insat 3C Ariane 4 JCSat 8 Ariane 4 Europe*Star 1 Ariane 4 DM2... Ariane 5 DM3 Spaceway 3 Ariane 5 DirecTV 10 Proton M NSS 8 Sea Launch ICO... 4 Proton M Galaxy 18 Sea Launch JCSat 9 Sea Launch Galaxy 19 Sea... 5 DM1 Turksat 3A Ariane 5 DMU JCSat 10 Ariane 5 DM1 Insat 4B Ariane... Vinasat Arabsat 4B Proton M Proton M JCSat 11 Ariane 5 DM4 StarOne C2... kg (5,510 - 9,260 lbm) 6 DM4 JCSat 12 Ariane 5 DM5 Hylas Ariane... 13 Total Satellites 21 16 10 10 DM3 Astra 2F Ariane 5 DM1...) 5 1 DM4 Eutelsat 21B Ariane 5 DM1 JCSAT 13 Ariane 5 Skynet 5D Ariane... Technology Test & Demonstration 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 9 8 5 25 19 10 15 20 4 28 5 145 Medium-to-Heavy Vehicles 1 0 2 10 4 2 7 3 3 8 41 Small Vehicles 1 3 3 2 6 3 1 0 0 2 2 3 5 12 10 5 8 3 3 10 Total Satellites Total... 7 Medium-to-Heavy 1 Small Telecommunication 10/19/10 Globalstar 2nd Gen. 1-6 Soyuz... X Dnepr M Medium-to-Heavy Other 4/7/10 6/1/10 6/14/10 Dnepr M Rockot Dnepr M Medium... 9 Medium-to-Heavy Transportation 12/8/10 Dragon COTS Demo 1 Falcon 9 Medium... Vehicle AprizeStar 3-45 Remote Sensing 10/8/09 Worldview 2 DEIMOS6A UK DMC.../08 7/22/08 8/3/08 10/1/08 10/24/08 SAR Lupe 4 C/NOFS... Falcon 1 Mass Simulator Falcon 1 Small 10 Launches 4 Medium-to-Heavy 6 Small...-Heavy 2 Small Telecommunication 5/30/07 10/21/0 Globalstar Replacement 1-4 Globalstar Replacement... deployed on launch with Demeter 10 AMSat-Echo, SaudiComSAT 1-2, SaudiSat 2, and... - 0.1 0.02 - 0.2 Pico 0.1 - 1 0.2 - 2 Nano 1 - 10 2 - 22 Femto Micro 10 - 200 22 - 441 Mini...



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... 1,063 551 (8,297) 38,500 10,200 10,200 6,000 72.5% 85... to JCSAT-R Horizons-1 (127 W) 36,000km JCSAT-1B (150 E) JCSAT-R (Backup) JCSAT-2A (154 E) JCSAT-110 (110 E) N-STARb (136 E) JCSAT-4A (124 E) JCSAT-3A (128 E) JCSAT-5A (132 E) Satellites launched during fiscal 2006: JCSAT-5A JCSAT-9) JCSAT-3A JCSAT-10 Date... company Listing of holding company 10 Quarterly Results (Millions of Yen 9,366 9,434 9,109 11,416 10,538 Network-Related Services 3,003...



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... International Institute of Space Law 8-10 rue Mario Nikis 75735 Paris... to complete the ISS. ESA’s 10.3-tonne Columbus space laboratory for... 2005, arrived on Mars on 10 March, was successfully inserted into... (France), and JSAT Corporation’s (Japan) JCSAT-10, built by Lockheed Martin (USA... U.S. state of Texas. The 15-m -10- tall New Shepard rocket, powered... the spacecraft on 18 October. JCSAT-9, a 4.4-tonne satellite owned by JSat... the end of its 10-year service life. JCSAT-9 was originally scheduled... China’s Great Wall Corporation on 10 November 2005. The 6-tonne spacecraft... Eutelsat’s geostationary-orbit slot at 10 degrees east longitude. The spacecraft.... They will each provide -18- 10,000 cellular-telephone-type voice... Telecommunications Company (UAE), signed on 10 July, Thuraya will provide hand... three orbital planes, each containing 10 satellites, instead of the present...’s civil aviation network. The Intelsat 10-02 satellite will transmit position... Spot-2 and Spot-4, which offer 10-m black-and-white resolution and... represents the U.S. contribution to the 10-year Global Earth Observation System...), successfully fired its engines on 10 November 2005 to boost the... the Russian space agency Roskosmos $10 million for Pontes’ trip. On... pointed toward the Earth. ESA’s 10.3-tonne Columbus space laboratory for... EXPLORATION Astronomy and Astrophysics On 10 January the Space Telescope Science... targets are the identification of 10 million galaxies, 500,000 quasars..., was announced by NASA on 10 April as a prospective mission. The... NASA awarded ATK GASL (USA) a $10.3-million contract to design, develop... the satellite skin’s emissivity. The 10-cm square ST-5 demonstration package... catalogue within 15 years. On 10 April ESA awarded competing study... a minority-serving educational institution, offering $10,000 one-year competitive scholarships... Programme for children between 4 and 10 years of age was announced... conducted earlier this year. On 10 June the Unisat-4 microsatellite, designed... over 100 Brazilian communities. On 10 May the Industrial Collaboration Department... 2006, brought together MPs from 10 European countries, as well as... in June 2006. Parliamentarians from 10 European countries met to discuss... United Kingdom). It has signed 10 Cooperating State Agreements; agreements with... to be on December 16. JCSAT-10, belonging to the Japanese operator... as the French Syracuse 3B. JCSAT-10, built by Lockheed Martin Commercial... transponders and 12 C-band transponders. JCSAT-10 will supply SKY PerfecTV, direct..., 2005. New Skies announced on 10 February that shareholders of the... a national satellite are yet unknown. (10) Satellites and the Nobel Prize... AND OPPORTUNITIES A. Government Programmes On 10 November 2005 NASA released data... to service South Africa and 10 C-band transponders for Africa. On... HNS owner DirecTV (USA) on 10 November 2005. SkyTerra had bought... 98 geostationary-orbit satellites, worth $10.7 billion, during the years 2007... revenues of $1.58 billion, with a 10 October estimate of a greater than... had committed $470 million toward 10 licenses for various U.S. regions. SpectrumCo..., primarily for rural education, in 10 Latin American nations, -104- including... the implementation of the GEOSS 10-Year Implementation Plan as endorsed... that provides a spatial resolution of 10 m (nadir) with four spectral bands...) were launched by NASA on 10 June and 7 July 2003, respectively... projectile travelling at a velocity of 10.2 km s-1 into the nucleus of... above Davis in Antarctica, using 10 years of medium frequency (MF... interactions between scientists and students. 10. Review systematically the quality of... records. It has successfully competed 10,000 days of uninterrupted operations... interstellar space within the next 10 -162- years. Interstellar space is... galactic particles with a collecting power 10 to 1000 times greater than... 27 minutes with a further 1 hour 10 minutes on the surface. Throughout... programme. Halca (Japan) Observatory mission. 10 m antenna for orbiting VLBI imaging... spectroscopy from 20 keV to 10 MeV. GALEX (NASA) Galactic Evolution... a single observatory. The European Xeus, a 10 m diameter X-ray telescope that will... plasmas having temperatures of 0.5 to 10 million K is also included in... Astrobiology Workshop in Budapest, Hungary, 10-12 October 2005. The meeting... orbit precision requirement of about 10 cm, already quite soon after.... SELENE will carry more than 10 instruments (including spectrometers for X-rays... the test flight to a level 10% above the maximum design pressure... ground. Several test flights of 10-day duration, flying from Brazil... meteorological payload. These balloons, of 8.5 - 10 m diameter, which were specifically developed... the occurrence of up to 10 hitherto unnoticed explosion events in... according to international guidelines (e.g. IADC), 10 were insufficiently re-orbited, and... a Zenith-2 rocket body fragment on 10 October 2004. To improve our... 2007—1,150 International Astronautical Federation 8-10 rue Mario Nikis 75735 Paris... International Institute of Space Law 8-10 rue Mario Nikis 75735 Paris...



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... . . . . . . . 9 Addressable vs. Unaddressable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Mass Classes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Dual-Manifesting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Near-Term... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Table 5. Satellite Mass Class Categorization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Table 6. Total Satellite Mass Launched... and Average Mass per Satellite. . . . . . 10 Table 7. Trends in Satellite Mass... 9. ITAR-free Satellites. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Table 10. Survey Questionnaire Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Table... Forecasts: 2004-2013. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Figure 10. Realization Factor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Figure 11... 15 13 12 11 11 10 10 127 12.7 Total Satellites NGSO... Demonstration 16! 14! Launches! 12! 10! 8! 6! 4! 2! 0! 2013! 2014! 2015! 2016! 2017... service procurement—over the next 10 years. The Report provides a detailed... Satellites/Launches! 25! 20! 15! 10! 2013 Satellite Demand Forecast 5! 0! 2013... Unaddressable Satellites 25! 20! 15! 10! 5! 0! 2004! 2005! 2006! 2007! 2008... together have a total mass approaching 10,000 kilograms. Arianespace is investing... 5 Falcon 9 Falcon 9 Amos 6 Eutelsat 8WB JCSAT 14 Satellite TBD* 11 DTV... Forecast! 2010 Forecast! 2012 Forecast! 10! 5! 0! 2001 Forecast! 2003 Forecast! 2005... of Commercial Space Transportation Figure 10. Realization Factor Historical First Year... or domestic regulatory issues. Table 10. Survey Questionnaire Summary Question: “To... Plans 18! 16! 14! 10! 16! 8! 12! 6! 4! 2! 0! 4! 2! 3! 5! 10! 8! 5! 3! 17! 14! 16! 13! 12! 11! 11! 10! 10! 3! 20 03 ! 20 04 ! 20... O3b (4) - Soyuz 2 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 ORBCOMM (9) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Commercial Remote...-3 - Atlas V 2016 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 DMC3-1 - Dnepr... AprizeStar (LatinSat)/ Aprize Satellite SpaceQuest 8/6 10 (22) LEO • 40 • 2002 Planned... approximately 7 Falcon 9 launches $300! carrying 10 satellites $200! each. Nine Iridium...) registration as LatinSat) satellites weighing 10 kilograms (22 pounds) each, launched... the satellites on orbit, operational 10 years (design), 15 years (projected..., launching more to complete system 10 years O3b Network N/A Under construction... History and Projected Launch Plans 4! 2! 3! 3! 2! 1! 1! 1! 1! ! 1! ! 1! 10 1! 2! 18 1! 1! 2014 Worldview-3 Atlas V DMC3...-satellite EagleEye system. ORBIMAGE (d/b/a/ GeoEye) 1/10/2006 IKONOS system license transfer... History and Projected Launch Plans 10! 9! 8! 6! 8! 8! ! 22 18 8! ! ! 17 9! 21 ! ! 20... Corp. Crew Certification CPC 2012 $10 million SpaceX Crew Certification Dream...) 0.01 - 0.1 0.02 - 0.2 Pico 0.1 - 1 0.2 - 2 Nano 1 - 10 2 - 22 Micro 10 - 200 22 - 441 Mini... 1: 4% Long March: 2% Cosmos: 2% Falcon 9: 7% H-II: 10% 2013 Commercial Space Transportation Forecasts... Demonstration 16! 14! Launches! 12! 10! 8! 6! 4! 2! 0! 2013! 2014! 2015! 2016! 2017... 15 13 12 11 11 10 10 127 12.7 Medium-to-Heavy... 16 13 12 11 11 10 10 • 71 • 3 130 0.3 13.0 Federal Aviation... predicted launches over the next 10 years are for commercial transportation...! 11! 11! 2019! 2020! 4! 2! 0! 2! 2013! 10! 10! 2021! 2022! 1! 2014! 2015! 2016... 3R Intelsat 704 Intelsat 705 JCSat 3 APStar 2 Asiasat 2 EchoStar 1 4 DM1 Brazilsat... 803 Ariane 4 Intelsat 804 Ariane 4 JCSat 5 Ariane 4 PAS 6 Ariane 4 DM4 Sirius... 3B Galaxy 8i Proton K/DM JCSat 4 Superbird C Agila II APStar 2R... 2 Telkom Telstar 7 Echostar 5 Eutelsat W3 JCSat 6 Asiasat 3S Astra 1H LMI... Galaxy 3C 11 Insat 3C JCSat 8 Atlantic Bird 1 Hotbird 7 Stellat 5 Hispasat... 10 Galaxy 16 JCSat 9 Koreasat 5 XM 4 6 Ariane 5 DM1 Hotbird 7A Ariane 5 DMU JCSat 10... 5 Ariane 5 3 DM3 Spaceway 3 Ariane 5 DirecTV 10 Proton M NSS 8 Sea Launch 6 Ariane... 5 DM5 Star One C1 Proton M JCSat 11 Proton M 4 Ariane 5 DM3 Bsat... Sirius FM5 2 DM3 Hotbird 10 Nimiq 5 9 DM4 JCSat 12 DM1 Satcom BW1... 21 5 DM4 Eutelsat 21B DM1 JCSAT 13 DM5 Skynet 5D Nimiq... Nigcomsat 1 Insat 4CR 2011 10 GSAT 8 Chinasat 10 Chinasat 1A Nigcomsat 1R...-to-Heavy Vehicles 1 1 0 2 10 4 2 7 3 3 33 Small Vehicles 3 1 3 3 2 6 3 1 0 0 4 2 3 5 12 10 5 8 3 3 Payloads Total Satellites... Sich 2 RASAT Edusat BPA-2 Telecommunication 10/19/10 Globalstar 2nd Gen. 1-6 Soyuz... X Dnepr M Medium-to-Heavy Other 4/7/10 6/1/10 6/14/10 Dnepr M Rockot Dnepr M Medium... 9 Medium-to-Heavy Transportation 12/8/10 Dragon COTS Demo 1 Falcon 9 Medium.../08 7/22/08 8/3/08 10/1/08 10/24/08 SAR Lupe 4 C/NOFS... Falcon 1 Small Telecommunication 5/30/07 10/21/0 Globalstar Replacement 1-4 Globalstar Replacement... deployed on launch with Demeter 10 AMSat-Echo, SaudiComSAT 1-2, SaudiSat 2, and...) 0.01 - 0.1 0.02 - 0.2 Pico 0.1 - 1 0.2 - 2 Nano 1 - 10 2 - 22 Micro 10 - 200 22 - 441 Mini...



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.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8 Table 3. Satellite Mass Class Categorization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Table 4. Commercial GSO Near-Term... GSO Satellites Launched. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Table 10. Historical Non-Addressable Commercial GSO... Transponders per Satellite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 Figure 10. Total Satellite Mass Launched per... 11 11 9 9 15 15 13 9 10 9 111 11.1 NGSO Small 0 2 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 19... launch services during the next 10 years. The forecast uses a model... Technologies Corp. (U.S.)* Space Systems/Loral (U.S.)* • 10 • 2011 Commercial Space Transportation Forecasts... 5 Hispasat AG-1 AMOS 4 Arsat 2 Optus 10 Thor 7 7 Ariane 5 Sea Launch Ariane...-28 JCSAT 13 Measat 3B Sicral 2 Skynet 5D Turksat 4A W3D 10...% 4,200 to 5,400 kg 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 4 5 9 5 4 4 9 6 11 2 4 4 7 10 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 (9,260 - 11,905 lbm) 63... to to Total 2020 2019 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 6 2 3 6 8 7 8 10 7 7 7 7 6 6 6 7 The 2010 forecast predicted three... manifest launch Satellites 20 15 10 Figure 7. COMSTAC GSO Satellite and... Forecast Realization Projection Realization Factor 10 1996 Satellites 30 Federal Aviation... capable of lofting a 4,540-kilogram (10,009 pound) payload to GTO... in Average Satellite Mass Figure 10 and Table 8 show the total... 2008 2009 2010 2011 0 Figure 10. Total Satellite Mass Launched per... rise to over 4,600 kilograms (10,141 pounds); future growth is... 3R Intelsat 704 Intelsat 705 JCSat 3 APStar 2 ASIASAT 2 EchoStar 1 4 DM1 Brazilsat... JCSat 5 PAS 6 DM4 Sirius 2 DM2 Thaicom 3 AMC 3 DirecTV 6 EchoStar 3 Galaxy 8i JCSat... IIAS JCSat 6 Atlas IIAS Eutelsat W4 Atlas IIIA Atlas IIA Galaxy 10... 1 DMN Hotbird 7 Insat 3C DM1 JCSat 8 DM2 Stellat 5 Echostar 7 Hispasat 1D... Measat 3 Proton M/M Echostar X Sea Launch JCSat 9 Sea Launch Galaxy 16 Sea... M/M DM2 Thaicom 5 Ariane 5ECA DMN JCSat 10 Ariane 5ECA Arabsat 4A Proton...) 3 DM3 Spaceway 3 Ariane 5ECS DirecTV 10 Proton M/M NSS-8 Sea Launch 5 Inmarsat... Vinasat Ariane 5G Sicral 1B JCSat 11 Proton M/M DM2 Protostar 1 Ariane... Turksat 3A Ariane 5G DM4 JCSat 12 DM4 StarOne C2 Ariane... Forecasts: COMSTAC GSO Forecast Table 10. Historical Non-Addressable Commercial GSO... launch services during the next 10 years. Commercial launches, as defined... 1 (1%) 118 (43%) 14 (5%) 60 (46%) 10 (8%) 40 (31%) Commercial Telecommunications Commercial... launch rate during the next 10 years is considerably higher than...   Forecast 16   Launches   14   12   10   8   6   4   2020   2019   2018   2017   2016... 12 FAA Launch Realization Factor 6-8 8-10 Note: Eight science and engineering... Satellite SpaceQuest 4/2 (in orbit/ operational) 10 (22) LEO • 47 • 2002 Planned...-Satellite Service. Iridium Satellite LLC 10/7/2003 Modified the licenses of... Transportation Millions   $40   $30   $20   $10   $0   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009... registration as LatinSat) satellites weighing 10 kilograms (22 pounds) each launched... 2011 COMSTAC GSO Forecast. This 10-year commercial NGSO launch forecast...-satellite EagleEye system. ORBIMAGE (d/b/a GeoEye) 1/10/06 IKONOS system license transfer... GeoEye 2 and 3. DISH Operating LLC 2/2/10 GSO satellite with television camera... DISH. Skybox Imaging, Inc. 4/20/10 Issued for LEO satellite SkySat...-2 submitted in 2011. GeoMetWatch 9/15/10 Issued for GSO satellite GMW-1. Kentucky Space 10/19/10 Issued for LEO satellite KySat-1 (~10 kg). University... phone camera in cubesat UCISAT-1 (~10 kg) Note: A NOAA license granted... Applied Research During the past 10 years, more countries developed and... on their spacecraft. Within the 10-year forecast timeframe, commercial NGSO... Sensing 0 1 1 1 7 3 0 0 1 0 14 1.4 Science and Engineering 10 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 82 8.2 Commercial Cargo and Crew... 11 11 9 9 15 15 13 9 10 9 111 11.1 Small Vehicles 0 2 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 19...-manifest launches in the next 10 years. The projected number of... 19 Commercial Remote Sensing 14 1 9 10 Science and Engineering 82 18...—nanosatellites (satellites with masses of 10 kg or less). In recent... Launches Medium-to-Heavy Vehicles 2 2 1 1 0 2 10 4 2 7 31 Small Vehicles 2 2 3 1 3 3 2 6 3 1 26 4 4 4 2 3 5 12... 7 Medium-to-Heavy 1 Small Telecommunication 10/19/10 Globalstar 2nd Gen. 1-6 (6 sats... M Medium-to-Heavy Science & Engineering 4/7/10 6/1/10 6/9/10 6/14/10 Cryosat 2 SERVIS 2 Falcon 9 Demo... 9 Medium-to-Heavy 11/5/10 Transportation 12/8/10 2009 11 Satellites 2 Telecommunication... Telecommunication AprizeStar 3-42 Remote Sensing 10/8/09 Worldview 2 Delta II Medium... 6 Telecommunication 6 Remote Sensing 8 Science & Engineering 10 Launches 4 Medium-to-Heavy 6 Small.../08 8/3/08 9/28/08 10/1/08 10/24/08 SAR Lupe 4 C/NOFS... 14 Science & Engineering 12 Launches 10 Medium-to-Heavy 2 Small Telecommunication 5/30/07 10/21/0 Globalstar Replacement 1-4 Globalstar Replacement... 1 Small Telecommunication 6/21/05 10/8/08 10/27/05 2004 Science & Engineering...-Heavy Remote Sensing 9/21/01 10/18/01 OrbView 4 QuickBird 2 Taurus...