Спутник ФКИ. KuaFu. [Редактировать]

Научный космический аппарат осуществляющий постоянное наблюдение северного полярного овала и кольцевого тока, систематические наблюдения авроральной активности, а также измерения магнитного поля, энергичных и заряженных частиц.

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
2Страна оператор(владелец) - Китай
3Страна производитель - Китай

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса (системы), кг1500
2Масса (одного аппарата), кг400
3Количество аппаратов, шт.3

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Расчетный срок функционирования, год2-3

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость системы , млн. долл.134.5

Найдено 89 документов по запросу «KuaFu». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-03-28
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0.1/5
... exploration available to China?  .....................................  57   3.3.1 Kuafu  .......................................................................................................................................................  57   3.3.2 Yinghuo-1  ..............................................................................................................................................  59   3.3.3 International Space... include: Yinghuo-1 (Mars space probe), Kuafu (space weather satellites), and the... exploration available to China? 3.3.1 Kuafu The Kuafu project is a multi-spacecraft mission.... It consists of two missions – Kuafu A and Kuafu B – whose operations will support... three satellites with the first, Kuafu-A, having an expected launch date in 2017.173 The Kuafu project was proposed in 2003... project is organized through the Kuafu Coordination and Planning Committee.177... 173 Human Spaceflight and Operations. “Kuafu SWE Mission.” European Space Agency.../space/doc/euPolicy/2012_07_03/KuaFu.pdf 174 “Kuafu” mission – Space Weather Explorer... Yong-Wei Zhang. “Kuafu Project: International Collaboration.” Kuafu Study Team. 2006. Available... the early phases of the Kuafu project, as is evidenced by... assigned to different partners. The Kuafu-A satellite will be located at... operations available in China. The Kuafu-B missions include two identical satellites... the ESA for participation in Kuafu-B was not approved at the... not approve ESA participation in Kuafu-B. The reasons for non-approval... Kuafu.” Director-General, National Center for Space Weather, on behalf of Kuafu... 179 Human Spaceflight and Operations. “Kuafu SWE Mission.” European Space Agency.../belspo/space/doc/euPolicy/2012_07_03/KuaFu.pdf 180 ibid 181 ibid... 2013. “Mission Status and Developments: Kuafu.” http://www.ucl.ac.uk... for international partners for the Kuafu A and Kuafu B missions indicate a high level... with Kuafu.199 Although the Kuafu-B missions were not approved, the ESA Kuafu... account of assigned responsibilities for Kuafu-A. China will contribute the launch... science experiment payloads to the Kuafu project. These constitute niche and... Yong-Wei Zhang. “Kuafu Project: International Collaboration.” Kuafu Study Team. 2006. Available... Kuafu project the ESA Council of Ministers did not approve the Kuafu... delegated to China in the Kuafu case suggest that the 11... international partners, specifically in the Kuafu project. Furthermore the international environment.... The cooperation achieved in the Kuafu and Yinghuo-1 projects however show... the three space projects where Kuafu was proposed at an international...   Organizations Human Spaceflight and Operations. “Kuafu SWE Mission.” European Space Agency.../belspo/space/doc/euPolicy/2012_07_03/KuaFu.pdf International Astronautical Federation. About... 2013. “Mission Status and Developments: Kuafu.” http://www.ucl.ac.uk... Yong-Wei Zhang. “Kuafu Project: International Collaboration.” Kuafu Study Team. 2006. Available... Kuafu.” Director-General, National Center for Space Weather, on behalf of Kuafu...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-23
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0.2/5
Kuafu: Annotate and Search for Images ... in Media Arts and Sciences Kuafu: Annotate and Search for Images... to build a Web-based system, Kuafu, for image annotation and search. Annotation and search in Kuafu is based on the content... visualization of the semantics given. Kuafu emphasizes semantic content in particular... as designs. Kuafu supports the query-by-design paradigm. Kuafu utilizes iconic... content of images. At present, Kuafu is experimentally running on a database... News in the Future Consortium Kuafu: Annotate and Search for Images... of the icons used in Kuafu and Alan Ruttenberg for converting... American Press photos on which Kuafu is experimentally running. Thanks to... help during the developing of Kuafu. Finally, thanks to my parents... 3.5 Changeable icon catalog 4 Implementation of Kuafu 4.1 The architecture 4.2 The interface 4.3 The... 5 Iconic annotation and queries in Kuafu 5.1 Working modes 5.2 Selection of single... The current icon catalog in Kuafu The family of time icons... The architecture of Kuafu Kuafu's interface in the annotation mode Kuafu's interface in... imagery. The system is called Kuafu, which is the name of... legend. The legend says that Kuafu chased the sun for ten... iconic descriptions are utilized in Kuafu. 2.4 Related work and discussions Clearly... represent. Similar to Media Streams, Kuafu uses icons to represent the... points out a practical difference between Kuafu and Media Streams in section... used in our daily life. Kuafu uses an iconic representation because... in section 3.2, the icons in Kuafu are organized in semantic hierarchies... used in Media Streams [2] and Kuafu were created by Golan Levin... a small number of icons for Kuafu. are implied. This is especially... users' queries. 3.2 Organization of icons Kuafu's icon catalog includes human beings... 2: The current icon catalog in Kuafu includes 11 categories. An icon... icons The single icons in Kuafu can be combined to generate... number of the single icons. Kuafu has two types of compound... to that of natural languages. Kuafu contains nested compound icons4as well... A difference worth noting is that Kuafu's icon catalog is changeable and... the top level catalog in Kuafu. The reason this is an... catalog will bring convenience. Experimentally, Kuafu is running on a database of... are sports news photos. Thus, Kuafu's current catalog particularly includes the.... See figure 2. Chapter 4 Implementation of Kuafu This chapter describes the components and implementation of the Kuafu system'. Section 4.1 gives an overview... in section 4.4. 4.1 The architecture The Kuafu system consists of a Web-based... indexed images, respectively. Note that Kuafu does not store annotated images... Images Figure 7: The architecture of Kuafu: Kuafu consists of a Web-based interface... icon board from the Figure 8: Kuafu's interface in the annotation mode... in a hierarchical structure. 24 Figure 9: Kuafu's interface in the search mode... left. The mode switch changes Kuafu's working mode from annotation to... 12 as well. 4.3 The databases Kuafu has a K-icon database, a V-icon database... catalog, one address per category. Kuafu's catalog can include 128 categories... when the user accesses the Kuafu site. The V-icon (virtual-icon... As the core of the Kuafu system, the server communicates with... the word "USA." Yet, in Kuafu, search with a geographical icon of... 5 Iconic annotation and queries in Kuafu Kuafu is a tool to annotate and... are text character icons provided). Kuafu adopts the query-by-design... to design. The appearance of Kuafu's interface is displayed in figure... through the interface. 5.1 Working modes Kuafu works in the annotation mode... need to make sure that Kuafu is in the working mode...) consortium (about 1000 per day). Kuafu is not yet open to... very well. Another advantage is Kuafu's scalability. Image retrieval based on... that kind whereas, using icons, Kuafu theoretically avoids the heavy load... features. In practice, FramerD, which Kuafu utilizes to manage the databases... advantage makes it possible for Kuafu to deal with a growing number..., there are two disadvantages. First, Kuafu doesn't have the ability to... will be a tedious job. Second, Kuafu has no ability to annotate... applications The techniques developed for Kuafu can be applied to other... the scenario in chapter 1. In Kuafu, the semantic hierarchies enable general... visual features in images, in Kuafu in the near future. In... are found by previous search. Kuafu will implement a similar capability in...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-16
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0.22/5
... planning a major solar observatory, dubbed KuaFu, with a launch target of 2012...-2008. Further in the future, KuaFu could become China’s most ambitious... legend who chases the sun, KuaFu would consist of a trio of..., tracking storms as they develop. “KuaFu has numerous firsts, if it... would build and launch the KuaFu satellites. Although Canadian and European.... “With this mission,” says Schwenn, a KuaFu collaborator, “China wants to join... expects to complete a review of KuaFu by spring and give a final... long surpassed their design lives, KuaFu could prove vital. “Within a few...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-28
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0.29/5
... Participation to KuaFu Mission • Joint participation to the Chinese KuaFu mission together with ESA Science programme is considered • KuaFu mission concept includes a spacecraf (KuaFu-A) in halo orbit around L1 and two spacecraft (KuaFu-B1 and KuaFu... Agency SSA Space Weather Segment KuaFu Payload • • KuaFu-A • Lyman alpha imager • Coronagraph...-proton telescope • Digital Absolute Radiometer KuaFu-B • Wide Field Auroral Imager • Wideband... Weather Segment KuaFu Implementation Scheme • China is proposing to implement Kuafu as... all data for both partners • KuaFu is initially proposed as a science... a short timeliness • ESA participation to KuaFu is considered as a shared activity... Programme to implement KuaFu-B mission • ESA participation to KuaFu-A mission with selected... Weather Segment SSA Benefits from KuaFu Mission • KuaFu-A mission offers an unique... a shared cost • KuaFu-B mission complements the data from KuaFu-A supporting SSASWE system...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-23
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0.2/5
KuaFu SWE Mission ESA Thematic information ...) 1 BELSPO, 3 July 2012 Introduction • The KuaFu Space Weather mission is proposed..., 3 July 2012 Mission Outline Figure 1: KuaFu Mission outline (artist impression) Human... Operations (HSO) 3 BELSPO, 3 July 2012 KuaFu - A • KuaFu-A, located in a halo orbit at... Operations (HSO) 4 BELSPO, 3 July 2012 KuaFu - B • KuaFu-B1 and B2, two identical... phased 180 deg. apart, the KuaFu-B spacecraft will monitor the Earth... (and Australis to some extent). KuaFu is planned as a multi-spacecraft... (HSO) 5 BELSPO, 3 July 2012 KuaFu-A spacecraft KuaFu-A Spacecraft 3 – axis stabilized Service Module... Magnetic Cleanliness level: 1 nT Table 1: KuaFu-A spacecraft main characteristics Human Spaceflight...) 6 BELSPO, 3 July 2012 KuaFu-A Model Payload The KuaFu A current model payload consists... the main characteristics of the KuaFu A payload is given in Table...) Potential Interest from Switzerland . Table 2: KuaFu-A Model payload Human Spaceflight and... (HSO) 7 BELSPO, 3 July 2012 KuaFu-B Mission The KuaFu-B mission consists of two... nominal with possible extension Table 3. KuaFu-B Mission Description Human Spaceflight and... as possible candidates for the KuaFu-B mission. • As a reference a design based..., has been selected as baseline. KuaFu-B Spacecraft 3 – axis stabilized 4 reaction wheels... 4. KuaFu-B Spacecraft Human Spaceflight and Operations (HSO) 9 BELSPO, 3 July 2012 KuaFu-B Model... Shielding mass assumed: 1.1 kg Table 5: KuaFu-B Model Payload (main instruments) CAS... BELSPO, 3 July 2012 KuaFu-B Launcher • The two KuaFu-B spacecraft will be launched... (HSO) 11 BELSPO, 3 July 2012 KuaFu-B Spacecraft • Within the framework of... 2012 a “Phase 0” CDF study of KuaFu-B mission to assess feasibility and... study has confirmed that the KuaFu-B mission can be implemented making... in Europe. • After evaluating the KuaFu-B mission requirements, a first assessment of... (HSO) 12 BELSPO, 3 July 2012 KuaFu-B design drivers The platform design... identified are: • ITAR restricted technology: KuaFu shall be ITAR free to...) 13 BELSPO, 3 July 2012 Conclusions • KuaFu is a unique opportunity to implement... the ageing SOHO spacecraft). • The KuaFu mission is part of a Programme...



Дата загрузки: 2016-12-29
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0.14/5
....: KuaFu KuaFu: exploring the Sun–Earth connection Steve Milan and the KuaFu team... possibility of a bilateral satellite mission – KuaFu – to study the influence of... connection and space weather. KuaFu The KuaFu mission is named appropriately – though... namesake will comprise three spacecraft: KuaFu-A, located at the Sun–Earth L1 libration point, together with KuaFu-B1 and B2 which will... 1). China will build KuaFu-A, and ESA the KuaFu-B pair. The aim is... to the next solar maximum. KuaFu-A will monitor the Sun and... Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) can achieve. KuaFu-A will also monitor the electromagnetic... artist’s impression of the three KuaFu spacecraft. KuaFu-A is at L1, remotely... interplanetary magnetic field. The two KuaFu-B spacecraft monitor the northern and... wind with Earth’s magnetosphere. The KuaFu-B pair will image the Earth...­sphere. To achieve this, each KuaFu-B spacecraft will be in the... how they are linked together. KuaFu will monitor the solar surface... global 4.21 Milan et al.: KuaFu images of the Earth’s auroras... its monitoring and forecasting capability, KuaFu has four main science targets... of KuaFu will allow these questions to be studied. Furthermore, KuaFu-A will... technical concern for space assets. KuaFu-A will monitor SEPs and the... • Vol. 53 Milan et al.: KuaFu (a) 30 (b) interplanetary magnetic field open..., the KuaFu-A spacecraft will make measurements of a high absolute accuracy. KuaFu will... forecast possibly hazardous magnetospheric activity. KuaFu will address these questions by... Tsu4.23 Milan et al.: KuaFu rutani 1999) and on the... that will be measured by KuaFu-A. 5: Simultaneous views of the auroras... auroras (Laundal and Østgaard 2009). KuaFu will open a completely new window... times, individually or in combination. KuaFu will measure interhemispheric offsets in... to the solar wind. Conclusions KuaFu has the potential to transform... need to be replaced by KuaFu-A before they are retired or... available for several years, and KuaFu is the next opportunity to.... The other members of the KuaFu team are: Malcolm Dunlop (Rutherford...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-15
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0.08/5
... FUVSI — FUV Spectrographic Imager (in KuaFu project) GGIPCW — Global Geospace Imaging... Magnetospheric-to-Aurora Global Exploration KuaFu — перспективный китайский космический проект L — параметр... — FUV Auroral Monitoring Cameras (in KuaFu project) UVI — Ultraviolet Imager (Polar... Auroral Imager in X-ray (in KuaFu project) Введение Геофизики все больше... европейских стран (в рамках проекта KuaFu) на КА KuaFu-B, который намечено вывести на...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-22
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0.1/5
... Advances in Double Star Program KuaFu – Solar Storm, Aurora and Space... northward IMF has been observed 6 KuaFu Solar Storm°¢ Aurora Aurora and... project Project Leader: Prof. C.-Y. Tu 7 KuaFu-A at L1 Solar EUV emission... magnetic field High energy particles KuaFu-B1+B2 polar orbit 24... and magnetic storms, aurora activities 9 KuaFu-A Payload Instrument Mass (kg) Power... Total 89 86 160 10 KuaFu-B Payload Instrument Mass (kg) Power... Review is under way.  The KuaFu Promotion Committee have recently been... SMESE MIT Interplanetary Space DSP Kuafu 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025... successful.  The comprehensive review of KuaFu project and the phase A study...



Дата загрузки: 2016-12-29
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0.09/5
... Research, Germany (KuaFu-A Team Coordinator) University of Calgary, Canada (KuaFu-B Team Coordinator) Peking University, China (KuaFu-B Team Coordinator) University... Table of Contents 1. 2. 3. Executive Summary ...................................................................................................................6 1.1 KuaFu-A ...........................................................................................................................7 1.2 KuaFu-B............................................................................................................................9 Scientific Goals.........................................................................................................................11 2.1. Space weather...-ray observation from KuaFu-A..........................................42 3.2. In situ observations on KuaFu-A ....................................................................................43 3.2.1. ICME...) .................................................................................... 111 5. KuaFu-B Orbits .......................................................................................................................113 6. Spacecraft initial design.........................................................................................................118 6.1. KuaFu-A spacecraft ......................................................................................................118 6.1.1. KuaFu-A spacecraft design requirements and constraints ................................118 6.1.2. KuaFu-A spacecraft baseline design .................................................................119 6.1.3. KuaFu-A spacecraft propulsion and hydrazine budget .....................................122 6.1.4. KuaFu-A spacecraft major parameters and specifications ................................123 6.2. KuaFu-B spacecraft ......................................................................................................124 6.2.1. KuaFu-B spacecraft design requirements and constraints ................................124 6.2.2. KuaFu-B spacecraft baseline design .................................................................125 6.2.3. KuaFu... and Gamma-ray spectrum. KuaFu-B1 and KuaFu-B2 are a satellite pair... explains the scientific objectives of KuaFu. KuaFu will provide an excellent complement... solar atmosphere to geo-space 1.1 KuaFu-A KuaFu-A will be located at the... 133 “KuaFu” mission - Space Weather Explorer: Assessment Study Report 1.2 KuaFu-B KuaFu-B will consist... will be studied by KuaFu-A. As well, KuaFu-B will address exciting stand... composed of three spacecraft: KuaFu-A, KuaFu-B1 and KuaFu-B2. Fig. 2.3 illustrates the... proposed three spacecraft of the KuaFu mission KuaFu-A will be located at... and new science The KuaFu-B is a satellite pair (KuaFu B1 & B2) would..., and Joule heating. KuaFu-B thus completes the KuaFu mission objective of studying... will be flown aboard KuaFu-B1 and KuaFu-B2. The main scientific.... 3.4. In situ observations on KuaFu B1+B2 KuaFu-B1 & B2 would most... will be simultaneously registered by KuaFu B. KuaFu-Bs will pass through the.... 3.5. Radio science experiments on KuaFu B1+B2 KuaFu-B would be an important... Probe, etc., and KuaFu-A/FengBo). 82 of 133 “KuaFu” mission - Space Weather... of SWIPS on KuaFu-A Orbit 86 of 133 “KuaFu” mission - Space Weather... “KuaFu” mission - Space Weather Explorer: Assessment Study Report 5. KuaFu-B Orbits The KuaFu-B orbits... 6.1. KuaFu-A spacecraft 6.1.1. KuaFu-A spacecraft design requirements and constraints 6.1.1.1. Mission Analysis For KuaFu-A Mission... system structure of the KuaFu-A spacecraft. For the KuaFu-A design, the main... Budget of the KuaFu-A spacecraft 123 of 133 “KuaFu” mission - Space Weather... W 6.2. KuaFu-B spacecraft 6.2.1. KuaFu-B spacecraft design requirements and constraints Two satellites, KuaFu-B-1 and KuaFu-B-2, are put forward to meet the KuaFu-B mission... by KuaFu-B pair to meet the KuaFu-B mission aims. The original KuaFu-B mission... than 400g. 6.2.3. KuaFu-B spacecraft major specifications Key Parameters of KuaFu-B spacecraft: Spin...



Дата загрузки: 2016-12-29
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0.11/5
... OVERVIEW ............................................................................................................... 5 2. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .................................................................................................................... 11 3. RAVENS (KUAFU-B) MISSION DESIGN ......................................................................................... 13 3.1 RAVENS MISSION... Situ Observations on Ravens (KuaFu)............................................................................................ 55 3.6 COORDINATED RAVENS (KUAFU) AND GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS .......................................... 59 3.7 CONCLUSIONS..................................................................................................................................... 65 4. RAVENS (KUAFU-B) INSTRUMENT... FUTURE STUDIES RELATED TO THE KUAFU MISSION ...................................................................... 131 Choice of basic... imaging during ILWS, and the KuaFu mission, respectively. A Strawman Phase A plan... by the Ravens team (KuaFu-B1 and –B2). KuaFu-B1 and –B2... restrictions. KuaFu is described in more detail in the KuaFu Assessment Study...) 1.8 Re X 8 Re (geocentric) orbits. The KuaFu-B satellites will provide the first... 11 KuaFu B1 only 6. Imaging Energetic Electron and Proton Instrument 7. KuaFu Agile...-Band Beacon During that period, KuaFu-B will provide • • • • • • • • • the first-ever... capabilities, KuaFu-B will play an essential role in the overall KuaFu program... will be studied by KuaFu-A. As well, KuaFu-B will address exciting stand... geospace plasmas, and natural complexity. KuaFu-B will also provide global contextual... its mission lifetime. 12 3. Ravens (KuaFu-B) Mission Design 3.1 Ravens Mission Objectives... proposed Chinese KuaFu satellite program [see Tu paper on KuaFu included as... satellites SSTs on many satellites KuaFu KuaFu KuaFu Gloria KuaFu magnetoSeismology GPS DASI Ampere Swarm etc RBSPs ORBITALS nav-sats KuaFu KuaFu... is a primary technical objective of KuaFu. KuaFu data would allow for the.... The continuous 24/7 observations of KuaFu should allow sufficient statistics to... resolution than ever before achieved. KuaFu’s unbroken sequences of auroral imaging... days: 939 10 8 X GEI (RE) 6 4 2 0 -2 -4 KuaFu-B/Ravens -2 0 2 4 Y GEI (RE) 6 8 Figure 3.14... Continuous 24X7 Excellent Viewing (Years) KuaFu B/Ravens 2.0 2.9 4.1 Perigee (Re) 1.8 2.6 3.8 3.5 2.3 3.2 1.6 2.0 2.9 2.6 1.4 2.3 2.0 1.2 7.0 1.4 7.5 1.7 8.0 Apogee (Re..., and negotiated with the KuaFu-B engineering team and KuaFu-B science team about... (KuaFu) and the IMAGE orbits. Inclination: 90.0 degrees KuaFu-B Parameters IMAGE Parameters KuaFu... designing the Ravens (and ultimately KuaFu-B) global imaging mission were relatively... situ observations on KuaFu-B) have materialized in the KuaFu-B program. In our... with the KuaFu-B imaging. 54 In Situ Observations on Ravens (KuaFu) Global... on such an orbit during KuaFu). KuaFu-B1 and –B2 are indicated... the spatial resolution of KuaFu-B electron auroral imaging. KuaFu-B will provide a powerful... coordination between KuaFu-B imaging and ground-based observations. Without question, KuaFu-B will... imaging with overlapping spatial resolutions. KuaFu-B would provide global images with... two KuaFu-B satellites. (see caption for B2.2 for more details). KuaFu-B optical... in the KuaFu mission plan. Further, we showed that KuaFu would have... in conjunction with the Chinese KuaFu engineering team. • Exploration of potential... between GOLD and KuaFu for midlatitude imaging. 65 4. Ravens (KuaFu-B) Instrument Payload... work under the anticipated Canadian KuaFu Phase A. These are: 1. “Two wavelengths... FUVSI for KuaFu (reproduction of Figure 4.10 from the KuaFu Assessment Study... so that when KuaFu-B1 is at perigee, KuaFu-B2 will be... of KuaFu-B1 and KuaFuB2. The Neutral Atom Imager on KuaFu (NAIK... Brightness Differences in Space Ravens/KuaFu Concept Study Intensity > 1100 R Relative... Brightness Differences in Time Ravens/KuaFu Concept Study Intensity > 1100 R Relative... Chinese KuaFu Space Weather project consists of three spacecraft: KuaFu-A and KuaFu B1 and B2. KuaFu-A will be located... on each of the two KuaFu B satellites. KuaFu project is currently in... The two satellites constituting the KuaFu-B pair will then independently maneuver... with the Chinese KuaFu team, who agreed to modify KuaFu-B to accommodate... the KuaFu Assessment Study Report, and the writing of the KuaFu paper... a part of the Chinese KuaFu mission. KuaFu partners in Europe and China... Y.-W. Zhang (e), Space Weather Explorer – The KuaFu Mission, Adv. Space Res. (2006... science objectives of KuaFu, the specific objectives of KuaFu B related to imaging... of the KuaFu UVSI) 5. Jean-Claude Gerad (post launch KuaFu UVSI PI... excellent lead in to KuaFu should Molniya and KuaFu both materialize, or... time resolution lower spatial resolution KuaFu-B auroral and ENA imaging. Appendix...