Спутник ДЗЗ. Landsat 9. [Редактировать]

Дополнительная классификация

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Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12016-10-26. Компания Orbital ATK выиграла контракт на разработку космического аппарата Landsat 9.
Компания Orbital ATK, Inc. объявила о том, что она получила контракт от НАСА на разработку и создание космического аппарата Landsat 9, который должен будет в перспективе позволить United States Geological Survey (USGS) обеспечить непрерывность в получении данных о Земле. Космический аппарат Landsat 9 создается в рамках программы Landsat, которая длится уже более 50-и лет. Согласно контракту Orbital ATK должна будет также отвечать за работы по адаптации аппарата во время пусковой компании в 2020 году. Из обнародованных компанией предварительных технических характеристик следует, что его основу составит разработанная Orbital платформа LEOStar 3, которая уже использовалась в составе таких космических аппаратов как: Landsat 8 и орбитальной лаборатории Fermi, также эта платформа должна будет задействована в рамках создания космических аппаратов ICESat-2 и Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS)-2. Тэги: Landsat 9Orbital ATKКосмическое агентство СШАLEOStar-3
22017-05-22. GAO обнародовало данные о состоянии работ по проекту Landsat 9.
Согласно обнародованному отчету:
1. Проект создания космического аппарата Landsat 9 имеет своей целью продолжение программы Landsat. Основными задачами КА будет являться сбор научной информации, которая должна будет помочь ученым в предсказании изменения лесного покрова и изменениям поверхности Земли. Помимо НАСА в проекте также участвует геологическая служба США.
2. В текущее время проект разрабатывается в строгом соответствии с планом, однако, несмотря на низкий уровень технологического риска (большинство систем наследуется от КА Landsat 8, однако космический аппарат обладает той особенностью, что установленный на него Thermal Infrared Sensor 2 (TIRS-2) будет обладать повышенным уровнем производительности, а разрабатываемый Ball Aerospace Operational Land Imager 2 (OLI-2) будет аналогичен созданному в интересах КА Lnadsat 8, однако его стоимость будет составлять около $76 млн), разработка изделия сопряжена с достаточно высокими требованиями по скорости создания спутника. Фактически аппарат должен быть создан на три года раньше запланировано срока, что должно будет обеспечить гарантированное наличие на орбите двух КА данной группировки.
3. Стоимость проекта ожидается в диапазоне от $851 до $928 млн. Тэги: Landsat 9
32017-07-31. General Dynamics будет управлять космическим аппаратом Landsat 8.
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) заключила контракт с General Dynamics на предмет управления КА Landsat 8. Согласно договору между компаниями управление должно будет осуществляться из центра Годдарда (Сибрук, Мариленд). Одновременно с этим в рамках $155 млн. контракта компания спроектирует и объединит существующие системы управления, что должно будет позволить их использовать при работе с КА Landsat 9. Запуск девятого спутника запланирован на 2020 год. Тэги: Landsat 8Landsat 9General Dynamics
42017-08-10. Компания Orbital ATK продолжает разработку КА Landsat 9.
Компания Orbital ATK объявила о том, что разрабатываемый по заказу NASA/U.S. Geological Survey КА Landsat 9 успешно прошел этап предварительного критического анализа дизайна. При этом, контракт на разработку нового спутника был заключен в октябре 2016 года. По результатам прохождения экспертизы компания отметила, что конструкция космического аппарата полностью удовлетворяет требованиям заказчика. Датой пуска объявлен конец 2020 года. КА будет базироваться на основе платформы LEOStar-3, которая ранее использовалась при создании Landsat 8. Тэги: Landsat 9Orbital ATKКосмическое агентство США
52017-10-21. ULA и SpaceX заключили новые контракты с НАСА.
Космическое агентство США объявило о том, что оно выбрало компанию United Launch Alliance в качестве поставщика пусковых услуг в рамках реализации проекта Landsat 9 (средство выведения Атлас 5 401). Датой пуска обозначен период между декабрем 2020 и июнем 2021 годов. Помимо этого было объявлено о том, что запуск КА Sentinel 6A будет произведен с Ванденберга при помощи РН Фалькон 9.
Контрактная стоимость пуска РН Фалькон 9 определена на уровне $97 млн, а пуск РН Атлас 5 401 обойдется агентству в $153.8 млн Тэги: Фалькон 9 (вер 1.2)Атлас 5 401Sentinel 6ALandsat 9

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Платформа 1xLEOStar-3

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (аппарат), млн. долл.129.9
2Стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2017-05-20851 - 928

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... D A Brief Policy History of Landsat 145 E Landsat Remote Sensing Strategy 148 F Clinton...; global change, environmental monitoring, Landsat 4 and 5 operational; Landsat 7 under development—-planned launch....25 1 Landsat Since the launch of Landsat 1 in 1972, the Landsat system has... the Landsat system provide a clear example. Although many agencies use Landsat data... Approach ■ ■ Landsat data to help pay for a next-generation Landsat satellite, but even agencies that routinely purchase Landsat data commercially... be complemented by Landsat. However, the failure of Landsat 6 and recent budgetary problems have demonstrated that Landsat has... launch Landsat 7 by the end of 1998. Assuming a 5-year satellite lifetime, a Landsat...[i\ c~, ~Ycr\ight for R&D activitic~ related to Landsat and NOAA operational satellite programs... from Landsat multispectral scanner (MS S). NASA also encouraged the development of Landsat... each discipline (i.e., AVHRR, CSC2YSeaWiFS and Landsat). Second, build a single instrument to... for International Development collaborated on Landsat demonstration projects and training in...) Landsat 1-5 2 visible, 80 m 1 shortwave Infrared, 80 m 1 Infrared, 80 m Thematic Mapper (TM) Landsat..., 120 m Enhanced Thematic Mapper (ETM) Landsat 6 (failed to reach orbit) 3 1 2 1 1 visible... m Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) Landsat 7 3 1 2 1 1 visible, 30 m shortwave Infrared, 30... since dropped from the satellite) Landsat 7 2 1 1 1 visible, 10 m (stereo) near Infrared... the responsibility of operating the Landsat system. The U.S. Geological Survey’s Earth... to launch Landsat 7 (figure 3-4) in late 1998.82 Since 1972, Landsat satellites... in the Landsat series has been in orbit continuously, the Landsat system... by the loss of Landsat 6, the existing Landsat system is vulnerable to... commercialize Landsat also played a role in the decision to forego a Landsat backup... similar to Landsat is also instructive. Noting U.S. difficulties with Landsat, Centre National... priorities. The proposed arrangement for Landsat 7 was arrived at through consultations... the Landsat series. According to the earlier Landsat Program Management Plan, Landsat 8 was... technology will be available on Landsat 7. Landsat 7 was not redesigned after the... formation, may, 92 R. Roberts, NASA Landsat Office, personal communication, August 1994... of the Landsat system, developing public-private partnerships for a possible Landsat successor... Country Landsat 4 United States — Year Function a 1982 Land remote sensing — Landsat 5 United...: A Strategic Approach 96 METEOR-2 Series LANDSAT 4, 5 METEOR-3 Series RESURS-O Series OKEAN... Satellite Remote Sensing: A Strategic Approach Landsat 7 would leave and Congess expected... operational life of Landsat gram, the operation of Landsat was nearly termi... that was aboard the failed Landsat 6 (table Landsat data. First, multispectral data.... Appendix D A Brief Policy History of Landsat I 147 ground operations equipment. Because... from Landsat would be lost. Although the TM sensors on Landsat 4 and Landsat... 9 sulting Landsat 7 budget shortfall. As a result of their disagreement over the Landsat... other agency would operate Landsat 7. NASA needs Landsat data to support its global change research program. However, Landsat... operate for 3 years. Landsat 4 was launched in 1982; Landsat 5 was launched in... continuance of the Landsat 7 program, assures continuity of Landsat-type and quality... National Aeronautics and Space Administration Landsat 7 program was being reevaluated due... for a gap in the Landsat data record if Landsat satellites 4 and 5 should..., and spectral characteristics with previous Landsat data to allow quantitative comparisons... opportunities in Landsat-type remote sensing. Ill. Landsat Strategy a. The Landsat strategy is composed of the following elements: (1) Ensuring that Landsat satellites... so. (2) Acquiring a Landsat 7 satellite that maintains the continuity of Landsat-type data... and future Landsat-type data. (4) Ensuring that unenhanced data from Landsat 7 are... the Landsat Program Management in accordance with section 10l(b) of the Landsat... of Landsat satellites 4 and 5 and the routine operation of future Landsat satellites... funding for the Landsat 7 ground system. (4) Operate the Landsat 7 spacecraft and ground... a Landsat 7 satellite system which is at a minimum functionally equivalent to the Landsat... and DOI, develop a Landsat 7 ground system compatible with the Landsat 7 spacecraft. (3) In... for maintaining continuity of Landsat-type data beyond Landsat 7. (6) Conduct a coordinated technology... U.S. Government and other users. Appendix E Landsat Remote Sensing Strategy I 151 e. Affected... commercial considerations associated with the Landsat program. F Clinton Administration Policy on... services, 42 sensor technologies. See Landsat system; Synthetic aperture radar terrestrial...-89 image of Miami, 30 Landsat 6,89 Landsat 7,90 options for reducing...



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.... [6] Landsat-7 ETM+: 12 Years On-Orbit Reflective-Band Radiometric Performance. The Landsat... bands. [10] Landsat 4 Thematic Mapper Calibration Update. The Landsat 4 Thematic Mapper (TM... largely overshadowed by Landsat 5 which was launched in 1984, Landsat 4 TM imagery... by Landsat 5. To provide a consistent calibration record for the TM instruments, Landsat 4 TM was crosscalibrated to Landsat 5 using nearly simultaneous... of Landsat TM data sets to obtain consistently calibrated data from Landsat 4 and 5 TM as well as Landsat 7 ETM+ instruments... effect is demonstrated on a multitemporal Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus data... Recalibration of Landsat 5 TM Reflective-Band Data. From the Landsat program’s inception... consisted of imagery registered to Landsat orthorectified imagery produced from the... images from the Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper (TM) and Landsat-7 Enhanced TM Plus.... Seven images of Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper (TM) and Landsat-7 Enhanced TM Plus... Calibration for the Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper Reflective Bands. The Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper (TM) has been the workhorse of the Landsat system... attempts, and cross-calibration with Landsat-7. Currently, additional data sources are... in each case. [540] Revised Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper Radiometric Calibration. Effective... of the Landsat and MODIS surface reflectance: predicting daily Landsat surface reflectance. The 16-day revisit cycle of Landsat has..., Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer, and Landsat ETM+. We used independently derived... collection of HyMap hyperspectral and Landsat-7 multispectral imagery, in situ reflectance... accuracy of multitemporal Landsat data, acquired by either Landsat-5 or Landsat-7 Thematic Mapper... using geostatistical methods and bitemporal Landsat TM images. Accurately mapping change... библиотеки IEEEXplore RADIOMETRY SYSTEMS 235 Landsat-7 ETM+ on-orbit reflective-band.... [774] Landsat-7 ETM+ on-orbit reflective-band radiometric characterization. The Landsat-7 Enhanced... System (IAS), a component of the Landsat-7 Ground System. Key radiometric properties...) demonstrates a potential technological direction for Landsat Data Continuity Missions. To evaluate... of Landsat-7 on-orbit geometric calibration and performance. Unlike its predecessors, Landsat.... [795] Landsat-5 TM reflective-band absolute radiometric calibration. The Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper... of calibration methods. [796] Landsat-5 TM and Landsat-7 ETM+ absolute radiometric calibration... of the Landsat series of sensors since the launch of Landsat-4. The... presented here for Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper (TM) and Landsat-7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper... (TM) class of Landsat sensors began with Landsat-4, which was launched in... apparent. Currently, both the Landsat-5 TM and the Landsat-7 ETM+ are operational... Landsat-5 is fully functional, although downlinks for the data are limited. Landsat... IEEEXplore 242 РЕФЕРАТЫ ЖУРНАЛЬНЫХ СТАТЕЙ Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper reflective-band radiometric... stable throughout the lifetime. [800] Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper outgassing effects. A periodic... Northwest forests in comparison to Landsat-7 ETM+. [817] Сборник рефератов публикаций... varying surface conditions. [881] Revised Landsat-5 TM radiometric calibration procedures and...-3 observed minima and maxima [916] Landsat-4/5 Band 6 relative radiometry. Relative radiometric... (TM) band 6 data from Landsat-4 and Landsat-5 were analyzed, and an algorithm.... 487 - 491 реферат 11. Helder D.L. Landsat 4 Thematic Mapper Calibration Update. / Helder... G. A Procedure for Radiometric Recalibration of Landsat 5 TM Reflective-Band Data. / Chander... the IRS-P6 and the Landsat Sensors. / Chander G., Coan M.J., Scaramuzza P.L. // IEEE... D.L. Updated Radiometric Calibration for the Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper Reflective Bands. / Helder... - 567 реферат 541. Chander G. Revised Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper Radiometric Calibration. / Chander...-E Arctic Sea Ice Concentrations Using Landsat-7 and Airborne Microwave Imagery. / Cavalieri... of the Landsat and MODIS surface reflectance: predicting daily Landsat surface reflectance...,SPOT-vegetation, SeaWiFS, MODIS, and Landsat ETM+ sensors. / Brown M.E., Pinzon J.E., Didan... using geostatistical methods and bitemporal Landsat TM images. / Guangxing Wang, Gertner.... 2761 - 2766 реферат 796. Chander G. Landsat-5 TM reflective-band absolute radiometric... - 2760 реферат 797. Thome K.J. Landsat-5 TM and Landsat-7 ETM+ absolute radiometric calibration.... 2777 - 2785 реферат 798. Helder D.L. Landsat thematic mapper reflective-band radiometric.... 2704 2716 реферат 799. Markham B.L. Landsat sensor performance: history and current.... 2691 - 2694 реферат 800. Helder D.L. Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper reflective-band radiometric.... 2730 - 2746 реферат 801. Helder D.L. Landsat-5 Thematic Mapper outgassing effects. / Helder... - 2801 реферат 882. Chander G. Revised Landsat-5 TM radiometric calibration procedures and.... 187 - 196 реферат 917. Chander G. Landsat-4/5 Band 6 relative radiometry. / Chander G., Helder...



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... IKONOS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 IRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Landsat 1-5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Landsat 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 NLAPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 NOAA Polar... Region . 1-8 IFOV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-9 Brightness Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10 Landsat TM—Band 2 (Four Types of... Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 Multispectral Imagery Comparison . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2 Landsat MSS vs. Landsat TM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3 SPOT Panchromatic vs... Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7 WiFS Bands and Frequencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-8 Landsat 7 Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-9 Orb View-3 Bands and... day broad band sensors. 4 5 1 6 3 2 7 4 Landsat MSS bands 5 Landsat TM bands 7 100 Atmospheric... Format C) • JFIF (JPEG) • Landsat-7 Fast-L7A ACRES • Landsat-7 Fast-L7A EROS • LAN... • • TM Landsat Acres Fast Format • TM Landsat Acres Standard Format • TM Landsat EOSAT Fast Format • TM Landsat EOSAT Standard Format • TM Landsat ESA Fast Format • TM Landsat ESA Standard Format • TM Landsat IRS Fast Format • TM Landsat IRS Standard Format • TM Landsat-7 Fast-L7A ACRES • TM Landsat-7 Fast... Type Import TM Landsat Radarsat Fast Format • TM Landsat Radarsat Standard Format... the electromagnetic spectrum recorded by Landsat TM, Landsat MSS, SPOT, and National... micrometers Landsat MSS (1,2,3,4) .5 .6 .7 .8 .9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 3.0 3.5 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 9.0 10.0 11.0 12.0 13.0 Band 1 Band 2 Band 3 Landsat TM... later renamed to Landsat. There have been several Landsat satellites launched since... radiometric resolution 0-255 Figure 3-2 Landsat MSS vs. Landsat TM Band Combinations for... Landsat data available. Field Guide 63 Raster and Vector Data Sources Landsat 7 The Landsat 7 satellite, launched in 1999... station. Landsat 7 Data Types One type of data available from Landsat 7 is... the Landsat 7 satellite is provided in the following table: Table 3-8 Landsat 7 Characteristics... The National Landsat Archive Production System (NLAPS) is the Landsat processing system... the Landsat data processed by NLAPS, see "Landsat 1-5" on page 60 and "Landsat... Geocoded Landsat TM Full Scene 185 × 170 km 28.5 m 7 Fast (BSQ) • Landsat TM Quarter Scene 92.5 × 80 km 28.5 m 7 Fast (BSQ) • Landsat MSS... 3, 2, 1 from a SPOT or Landsat TM image or 4, 3, 2 from a Landsat TM image. The... 1996): IR Band R Band Landsat MSS 7 5 SPOT XS 3 2 Landsat TM 4 3 NOAA AVHRR... try to match Landsat MSS to SPOT or Landsat TM to an... 445. Landsat vehicle ID (1-5) Specify whether the data are from Landsat 1, 2, 3, 4, or.... Format B (Landsat) Landsat vehicle ID (1-5) Specify whether the data are from Landsat 1, 2, 3, 4, or... company that directs the Landsat satellites and distributes Landsat imagery. Earth Resources.... NASA. “Landsat 7 Facts: Landsat 7.” at http://geo.arc.nasa.gov/sge/landsat/landsat.html.... 1980. “The Lambertian Assumption and Landsat Data.” Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing... Imaging—Landsat: LANDSAT TM.” at http://www.spaceimage.com/aboutus/satellites/Landsat/landsat.html.... United States Geological Survey. “Landsat: National Landsat Archive Production System (NLAPS).” at... Landsat Acres Fast Format 52 TM Landsat Acres Standard Format 52 TM Landsat EOSAT Fast Format 52 TM Landsat EOSAT Standard Format 52 TM Landsat ESA Fast Format 52 TM Landsat ESA Standard Format 52 TM Landsat IRS Fast Format 52 TM Landsat IRS Standard Format 52 TM Landsat Radarsat Fast Format 53 TM Landsat Radarsat Standard Format 53 TM Landsat...



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... tahun 2014 diolah dari citra Landsat-8 PEMANFAATAN PENGINDERAAN JAUH UNTUK PEMANTAUAN... 5.3. Perhitungan Temperatur Permukaan dari Citra Landsat-8 15 VI. KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN... NDVI citra Landsat-8 10 11 Gambar 5.4. Hasil overlay citra Landsat-8 dan Pleiades... citra Landsat tanggal 25 Agustus 2013 (b) Hasil perhitungan LST dari citra Landsat... seluruh lokasi (AOI) dari citra Landsat-8 yang diverifikasi menggunakan citra Pleiades... seluruh lokasi (AOI) dari citra Landsat-8 berdasarkan kombinasi indeks yang diverifikasi... Susanto) Klasifikasi visual dan digital Landsat-7 Penurunan RTH serta kenaikan urban.... Data yang digunakan adalah data Landsat 7 dan Landsat ETM. Ekstraksi citra Pleiades... inderaja (Khomaruddin, 2004) Temperature brightness Landsat, NOAA Deteksi UHI 2. Kajian pemanfaatan...) NDVI, NDWI, NDBI dan NDBai Landsat-5, Landsat-7 tahun 19902000 citra penginderaan jauh... klasifikasi visual dan digital dengan Landsat-7. Diperoleh perubahan tutupan lahan tahun... perhitungan RTH dari NDVI citra Landsat-8 serta SPOT-6 perlu diverifikasi. Verifikasi.... Dengan adanya sensor thermal citra Landsat-8 memungkinkan untuk dilakukannya perhitungan temperatur... yang diperoleh dari ekstraksi citra Landsat-8 selanjutnya dapat diverifikasi dengan pengukuran... Multispektral 2 m Pankromatik 0,5 m 2. SPOT-6 Multispektral 6 m Pankromatik 1,5 m 3. Landsat-8 Multispektral 30 m Pankromatik 15 m 4. MODIS... setiap piksel citra indeks dari Landsat-8. Berdasarkan training area kemudian dihitung... RTH dari kombinasi indeks citra Landsat 8, digunakan data Pleiades sebagai referensi... dengan menumpangsusunkan kelas RTH dari Landsat 8 dengan hasil klasifikasi RTH dari... RTH berdasarkan kombinasi indeks citra Landsat-8 dihitung menggunakan metode uji ketelitian... digital number (DN) pada citra Landsat selanjutnya dikonversi menjadi nilai radiansi... piksel dalam band citra Landsat Metadata citra Landsat tersedia saat kita mengunduh... citra Landsat-8 (25 Agustus 2013). Threshold NDVI untuk citra SPOT-6 dan Landsat... citra Landsat-8 Perhitungan akurasi dilakukan dengan menumpangsusunkan kelas RTH dari NDVI Landsat... 5.2. 11 Gambar 5.4. Hasil overlay citra Landsat-8 dan Pleiades Tabel 5.1. Perhitungan akurasi... seluruh lokasi (AOI) dari citra Landsat-8 yang diverifikasi menggunakan citra Pleiades... Hasil perhitungan akurasi RTH citra Landsat-8 berdasarkan kombinasi indeks: NDVI, NDWI... Landsat-8. Tabel 5.3. Perhitungan akurasi RTH untuk seluruh lokasi (AOI) dari citra Landsat... diperoleh melalui metode NDVI citra Landsat-8, SPOT-6 dengan perhitungan akurasi RTH..., NDWI, NDBI dan NDBaI citra Landsat-8 yang seluruhnya telah diverifikasi menggunakan...) dari Citra Landsat-8 Hasil perhitungan LST dari data Landsat-8 tanggal 25 Agustus... citra Landsat tanggal 25 Agustus 2013. (b) Hasil perhitungan LST dari citra Landsat... Analisis Spasial dan Spektral Data Landsat 8. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Penginderaan Jauh... dan Kerapatan Mangrove Menggunakan Citra Landsat 8 di Segara Anakan, Cilacap. Prosiding... terbuka hijau (RTH) berdasarkan NDVIdari Landsat 8 dan SPOT 6. Tujuan daripenelitian ini... resolusi menengah diantaranyamenyatakan bahwa data Landsat 7 ETM dengan resolusi spasial 30... RTRW (Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah). Landsat 8 tahun 2000 dapat menginterpretasikan luas... sedangkan peneltian lainnya, dengan menggunakan Landsat 8 Tahun 2013 memperoleh nilai NDVI... NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index). Landsat 8 merupakan salah satu satelit penginderaan... Tabel 1. Deskripsi Citra Landsat 8, SPOT 6 dan Pleiades Komponen Landsat 8 Lebar sapuan 185x185... timur Jakarta. (a) (b) Gambar 4. (a) Citra NDVI Landsat 8 (25 Agustus 2013) dan (b) SPOT... yang dihasilkan, dimana berdasarkan data Landsat 8 masih terdapat beberapa wilayah RTH... 6 meter sedangkan Landsat 8 sebesar 30 meteruntuk band multispektralnya. 27 Landsat 8 SPOT 6 Gambar 5. Klasifikasi RTH berdasarkan NDVI Landsat 8 dan SPOT... Landsat 8 maupun SPOT 6 dengan persamaan sebagai berikut : Akurasi (%) = Tabel 2. Uji Akurasi Landsat... Landsat 8 resolusi spasialnya 30m sehingga tingkat ketelitian SPOT 6 lebih baik dari landsat... 5.364% lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan Landsat 8. UCAPAN TERIMAKASIH Penulis Ucapkan Terimakasih... klasifikasi tutupan lahan menggunakan citra Landsat 8 dengan kombinasi beberapa indeks yaitu... research, land cover classification using Landsat 8 with a combination of several indices... Vegetation Index (NDVI) dari data Landsat 8 diantaranya telah dilakukan oleh Febrianti... DKI Jakarta DKI Jakarta Landsat 8, 25 Agustus Landsat 8, 13 September Pleiades, 12 Juli 2013 2013 2014 Gambar 1. Citra Landsat... setiap piksel citra indeks dari Landsat 8. Berdasarkan training area kemudian dihitung... RTH dari kombinasi indeks citra Landsat 8, digunakan data Pleiades sebagai referensi... RTH berdasarkan kombinasi indeks citra Landsat 8 dihitung menggunakan metode uji ketelitian... Analisis Spasial dan Spektral Data Landsat 8. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Penginderaan Jauh... dan Kerapatan Mangrove Menggunakan Citra Landsat 8 di Segara Anakan, Cilacap. Prosiding...



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... ........................................................................................................................................................4 Types of Landsat Users ...........................................................................................................................................5 Demographics of Landsat Users .............................................................................................................................7 Use of Landsat Imagery......................................................................................................................................... 10... Landsat 8 Imagery Attributes ........................................................................ 13 Preferred Frequency of New Usable Landsat Imagery .......................................................................................... 15 Landsat... Landsat users by Landsat 8 imagery use and citizenship (n = 11,549) .............................................6 Status of Landsat... current Landsat users (n = 10,768) .............................................................................................................. 13 Percentage of current Landsat 8 users ranking Landsat... using Landsat 8 imagery (n = 4,920) ............................................................................... 23 Challenges to using Landsat 8 imagery among current Landsat... Landsat imagery that was operational among current Landsat users ........................................................................ 11 Applications of Landsat imagery among current Landsat users ................................................................... 12 Mean importance (range 0–3) of Landsat attributes ranked by Landsat 8 users .......................................... 15 Percentages of Landsat users requiring usable Landsat... Percentages of Landsat 8 and other Landsat users requiring usable Landsat imagery at certain... of Landsat Users Current Landsat users (users who had used Landsat in their...% U.S. non-Landsat 8 user 40% 30% 2,627 International Landsat 8 user International non-Landsat 8 user... of Landsat imagery use among current Landsat 8 users (n = 7,452). Demographics of Landsat Users The average current Landsat user... 80% 70% U.S. Landsat 8 user 60% U.S. non-Landsat 8 user 50% International Landsat 8 user 40... respondents 70% U.S. Landsat 8 user 60% U.S. non-Landsat user 50% International Landsat 8 user 40... of current Landsat users (n = 10,540). 9 Use of Landsat Imagery Of Landsat imagery...] Landsat sensor United States Landsat 8 users (n = 1,538) International Non-Landsat 8 users (n = 675) Landsat 8 users (n = 6,518) Non-Landsat 8 users (n = 2,619) OLI (Landsat 8) 36% NA 35% NA TIRS (Landsat 8) 10... States Landsat 8 users (n ≥ 1,308) International Non-Landsat 8 users (n ≥ 542) Landsat 8 users (n ≥ 5,160) Non-Landsat... 40% U.S. Landsat 8 user 35% 30% U.S. non-Landsat 8 user 25% 20% International Landsat 8 user...% 70% U.S. Landsat 8 user 60% 50% U.S. non-Landsat 8 user 40% 30% International Landsat 8 user... respondents 60% Current Landsat 8 user 50% U.S. Landsat 8 user 40% International Landsat 8 user 30... 0–3) of Landsat attributes ranked by Landsat 8 users. Imagery All Landsat 8 users (n = 7,464) U.S. Landsat 8 users (n = 1,461) International Landsat 8 users... satisfied 5 Current Landsat 8 user 4 U.S. Landsat 8 user Neither satisfied nor 3 dissatified International Landsat 8 user... were Landsat 8 users. There were no differences between Landsat 8 and other Landsat users... 9. Percentages of Landsat 8 and other Landsat users requiring usable Landsat imagery at certain...% 22% 14% 36% Landsat 8 4% 4% 19% 73% Landsat 8 8% 33% 30% 29% Landsat 8 42% 24... level between the U.S. Landsat 8 users and other U.S. Landsat users. 28 U.S. Landsat 8 users were...% Current Landsat 8 user Percentage of respondents 60% U.S. Landsat 8 user 50% International Landsat 8 user... of Landsat imagery used among established users using Landsat 8 imagery (n = 4,920). Landsat 8 imagery is higher quality than previous Landsat imagery...% 60% U.S. Landsat 8 user 50% U.S. non-Landsat 8 user 40% 30% International Landsat 8 user 20... using Landsat 8 imagery among current non-Landsat 8 users (n = 2,495). Conclusion After Landsat 8 imagery... non-Landsat 8 users. However, Landsat 8 users also ranked the archive of Landsat imagery...



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... President Announces Landsat Policy,” February 13, 1992, with attached: “Landsat Remote Sensing... intention of continuing Landsat-type data collections after Landsat 6.” [II-37] The....78 Second, Landsat proponents worried that failing to develop Landsat 7 would give... the operational life of Landsat 7. [II-40] Landsat 6 was to carry an...’s yearly operations budget for Landsat 7. In September 1993, Landsat 6 was launched but... the ERTS program Landsat. By 1976, with two Landsat satellites in orbit... Present Landsat System The existing Landsat system consists of one satellite, Landsat 3, launched... from Landsat 3. Two additional satellites, Landsat D and D’, currently are under construction, with Landsat... instance, the current Landsat system includes no satellites after Landsat D’. Anticipated gaps... the refurbishment of Landsat D. In addition, changes in the Landsat D ground segment... operational control (not ownership) of Landsat-4 and Landsat D’. These satellites would be... the area of Landsat, in the area of Landsat that is appropriate... satellites, or Landsat, since 1972. Since that time, Landsat has provided a wealth... intention of continuing Landsat-type data collections after Landsat 6. Landsat, which takes detailed... threatened continuity of Landsat and jeopardized continuity of Landsat data. The National... President Announces Landsat Policy,” February 13, 1992, with attached: “Landsat Remote Sensing... and operations of Landsat 7 back to the government. Landsat 6, on the other... Landsattype remote sensing. II. Landsat Strategy a. The Landsat strategy is composed of... doing so, or until Landsat 6 becomes operational. (2) Acquiring a Landsat 7 satellite with the... the continued operation of Landsat satellites 4 and 5 until Landsat 6 becomes operational. b. The.... [1] Management Plan for the Landsat Program Introduction The Landsat Program benefits a wide... the Landsat program, including the development and operation of a Landsat follow-on (Landsat...: – Maintain Landsat program data continuity beyond Landsat 6 by: [2] – Seeking to launch Landsat, approximately 5 years after the launch of Landsat... 1). Any improvements over a Landsat 6 functional equivalent capability for Landsat 7 will be funded... feasible in the Landsat program. Advanced Technologies for Landsat 8 and Beyond. NASA... Mission Operations – Landsat 4–6 Operations, with Landsat 7 Operations Beginning in FY 1997 – Landsat 4–7 Data... continuity of Landsat coverage into the 21st century. (9) Because Landsat data are... as responsible for the Landsat program. (7) The term “Landsat system” means Landsats... the Landsat 6 spacecraft. (9) The term “Landsat 7” means the follow-on satellite to Landsat... seq.) is repealed. TITLE I—LANDSAT SEC. 101. LANDSAT PROGRAM MANAGEMENT. [citation in... Landsat 7; (3) specify that any improvements over the Landsat 6 functional equivalent capability for Landsat... current Landsat system. (c) RESPONSIBILITIES.—The Landsat Program Management shall be responsible for— (1) Landsat... and data preprocessing. (e) LANDSAT ADVISORY PROCESS— (1) ESTABLISHMENT.— Landsat Program Management shall seek... Landsat 7, the Landsat Program Management shall— (1) seek, as a fundamental objective, to have Landsat... to the Landsat 6 satellite; and (3) seek to incorporate in Landsat 7 any performance... FOR LANDSAT 7. [citation in margin: “15 USC 5615”] (a) LANDSAT 7 DATA POLICY.—The Landsat... ground receiving stations or distributing Landsat 7 data. (c) LANDSAT 7 DATA POLICY PLAN.—Not... archiving of Landsat 7 data and in operations of the Landsat 7 spacecraft. [marginal... thereafter until the launch of Landsat 7, the Landsat Program Management, in consultation... title to the Landsat 6 contractor shall specify that the Landsat 6 contractor shall... private sector funding. (e) LANDSAT PROGRAM MANAGEMENT COORDINATION.—The Landsat Program Management shall... to go forward with the LANDSAT 7 and LANDSAT 8 program. I am available to... the site revisit time of Landsat 5. Landsat 6 would have addressed these concerns... continuance of the Landsat 7 program, assures continuity of Landsat-type and quality... for a gap in the Landsat data record if Landsat satellites 4 and 5 should... Landsattype remote sensing. III. Landsat Strategy a. The Landsat strategy is composed of... so. (2) Acquiring a Landsat 7 satellite that maintains the continuity of Landsat-type data... funding for the Landsat 7 ground system. (4) Operate the Landsat 7 spacecraft and ground... and DOI, develop a Landsat 7 ground system compatible with the Landsat 7 spacecraft. (3) In... for maintaining continuity of Landsat-type data beyond Landsat 7. (6) Conduct a coordinated technology... first satellite data analyses. Landsat. In the Landsat case, it was felt...,” 244-46; and Landsat, 168-73; and “Landsat Remote Sensing Policy,” 345..., 352-68; and Landsat, 133, 168-73; and “Landsat Remote Sensing Strategy... Landsat, 133, 168-73; and “Landsat Remote Sensing Policy,” 345-47; and “Landsat... Landsat, 133, 168-73; and “Landsat Remote Sensing Policy,” 345-47; and “Landsat...



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...-3 GMS-4 GMS-5 Serie amerikanischer Erderkundungssatelliten; Landsat 1-3: verbesserte und größere Versionen... (Multi-Spectral Scanner), Landsat 4-6: TM (Thematic Mapper), MSS; Landsat 6: Misserfolg Landsat 1 Landsat 2 Landsat 3 Landsat 4 Landsat 5 Landsat 6 Landsat 7 SMS 28... Serie, multispektrales digitales Äquivalent zu Landsat, Multiple Multispectral Package vom sichtbaren... mit Landsat-Daten Pasadena, Kalifornien, perspektivische Ansicht, kombiniert mit Luftaufnahmen und Landsat..., Kombination mit Landsat-Daten Honolulu, Hawaii, Anaglyph, Kombination mit Landsat-Daten Patagonien..., Kombination mit Landsat Pasadena, Kalifornien, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat-Daten Umgebung..., Kombination mit Landsat-Daten Pasadena, Kalifornien, Stereobildpaar, Kombination mit Landsat- und Luftbilddaten Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii, Stereobildpaar, Kombination mit Landsat-Daten... mit Landsat-Daten Halbinsel Kamschatka in Ostrussland, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat... mit Landsat-Daten San Andreas-Graben, Perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat-Daten... Landsat Wellington, Neuseeland, Stereobildpaar, Kombination mit Landsat Wellington, Neuseeland, Anaglyph, Kombination mit Landsat... Landsat-Daten Nördliches Patagonien nahe El Cain, Argentinien, Stereobildpaar, Kombination mit Landsat-Daten Nördliches Patagonien nahe El Cain, Argentinien, Anaglyph, Kombination mit Landsat..., Patagonien, Argentinien, Stereobildpaar, Kombination mit Landsat-Daten Meseta de Somuncura-Plateau... Landsat-Daten Meseta de Somuncura-Plateau, Patagonien, Argentinien, Anaglyph, Kombination mit Landsat... Landsat Insel Miyake-Jima, Japan, perspektivische Ansicht, Höhe farbkodiert, Kombination mit Landsat Patagonien, Argentinien, Vergleich von SRTM-Daten mit Landsat- und... mit Landsat Wheeler Ridge und Umgebung, Kalifornien, Stereobildpaar, Kombination mit Landsat Südkalifornien... mit Landsat Syracuse, Oneida Lake, New York, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat... mit Landsat San Fernando Valley, Kalifornien, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat Inseln... mit Landsat Manhattan, New York, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat Fiji-Inseln... mit Landsat San Joaquin Valley, Kalifornien, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat Insel... Landsat Caliente Range und Cuyama Valley, Kalifornien, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat Region Bhuj, Indien, zwei Wochen nach Erdbeben, Stereobildpaar, Kombination mit Landsat... Erdbeben, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat Erdbebenregion Kachchh, Gujarat, Indien, Radaraufnahme..., Kombination mit Landsat Region Kachchh, Indien, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat Mt. Pinos, Kalifornien, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat Küstenlinie von Santa Barbara, Kalifornien, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat... mit Landsat Costa Rica, Hauptstadt San Jose, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat..., Kombination mit Landsat Sacramento, Kalifornien, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat Los Angeles... Baldy, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat Kalifornien, Shaded Relief-Darstellung, Höhe... mit Landsat Mount Shasta, Kalifornien, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat Nyiragongo-Vulkan, Kongo, vor Eruption, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat Nyiragongo-Vulkan, Kongo, nach Eruption, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat... mit Landsat Salt Lake City, Utah, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat Salt..., Kalifornien, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat Östliches Marmarameer mit Bosporus und..., Kombination mit Landsat Mount Meru, Tansania, Anaglyph, Kombination mit Landsat Iturralde-Krater... Managua, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat PIA03366 Costa Rica, karibische Küstenebene... Landsat PIA03367 Costa Rica, Hauptstadt San Jose, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat... Hintergrund, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat PIA03369 Zentralpanama mit Überresten des..., Kalifornien, perspektivische Ansicht, Kombination mit Landsat PIA03377 Nordamerika, Shaded Relief-Darstellung... ReliefDarstellung, Höhe farbkodiert, Vergleich mit Landsat PIA03382 Massanutten-Gebirge, Shenandoah Valley... Landsat-Daten, perspektivische Ansicht PIA03387 Malaspina-Gletscher, südöstliches Alaska, Kombination mit Landsat... Karibik, perspektivische Darstellung, Kombination mit Landsat Jungferninseln in der Karibik, Anaglyph... Landsat Südafrika, Kapstadt und Kap der Guten Hoffnung, Anaglyph, Kombination mit Landsat... mit Landsat Richat-Struktur, Sahara, Mauretanien, Anaglyph, Kombination mit Landsat Richat-Struktur, Sahara, Mauretanien, perspektivische Darstellung, Kombination mit Landsat Kontinent... und Feb. 2000, Landsat Insel Hawaii, Falschfarbendarstellung, Landsat 7 Polgebiete EP01 EP02 Vier...



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... compromise for  land mapping. The Landsat system, sponsored by the United... failures in the operating satellites, Landsat  imagery coverage is not currently... the planned launches of the  Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDCM) and... Landsat, the first in a series of Earth  observations satellites in the Landsat... difference between the two extremes.  Landsat 5, for example, has a resolution of.... Example of a Fixed Polar Orbit—Landsat satellite     Source: Short 2009.     Figure... 13. Mosaic of Moderate‐Resolution Landsat 7 Images     Source: Image courtesy of... for forest measurement  (Appendix). Whereas Landsat produces images once every 16.... The Landsat Data Continuity Mission, or LDCM (and the upcoming Landsat 7 imagery... Land Area   Satellite sensor  MODIS  Landsat 7 ETM   GeoEye‐1  ALOS Phased  Array...  major moderate‐resolution satellite series: Landsat, the Satellite Pour L’Observation de... (Ustin et al. 2004).   The Landsat series (satellites 1–7, 1972–present; Jensen..., Landsat 5 is only transmitting data in regions with ground stations,  and Landsat... Landsat 7 images to correct  the scan‐line problem, but the next Landsat... an important commercial backup to Landsat  (GOFC‐GOLD 2008).   High­Resolution...‐3, CBERS‐4, Kanopus‐V, Resourcesat‐2,  Resourcesat‐3, LDCM (Landsat 8), Gisat, HyspIRI, Sentinel‐2A, and...  include the launch failures of Landsat 6, IKONOS‐1, and the Orbital Carbon... Landsat 7 had a major problem four years after launch, while instruments on  Landsat... detect change and then stratifies Landsat samples to  make accurate estimates...‐GOLD 2008). Cloud‐free, global Landsat  mosaics contain imagery every three... local deforestation rates. These global Landsat mosaics have been  suggested by... al. 2007).   Although the global Landsat mosaics offer opportunities for mapping... 2001). To develop the global Landsat mosaics, scientists were  forced to... of    FAGAN AND DEFRIES 47   Landsat mosaics requires correction for the.... 2006; Bicheron et al. 2008). Landsat classification algorithms  developed in one...—green; LIDAR/Radar—pink‐purple; Landsat/Earth Observing One [EO‐1]—yellow...). Re‐processing the global 30 m Landsat archive (1983–present) to create... the Landsat  mosaics by fusing together, or compositing, time‐series of Landsat..., Santos and Messina (2008) used Landsat 7 to  do a Level II classification..., 2006) found Landsat–SAR fusions  improved Level 2 classifications over Landsat or SAR... AND DEFRIES 58   neighbor techniques, Landsat imagery, and data from the.... 2000). Most passive sensors (MODIS,  Landsat, GeoEye) can estimate fAPAR and... that a SAR‐Landsat fusion is twice as accurate as  Landsat alone in... passive) and find that a  LIDAR‐Landsat fusion predicts biomass the most..., then  extend those results to Landsat‐derived regional forest age classes... several moderate‐resolution sensors (e.g., ASTER,  Landsat) (Chuvieco 2008; Schroeder et al... with spectral information from the Landsat archive. Alternatively,  an Stratify and...‐1  Japanese Earth Resources Satellite LDCM  Landsat Data Continuity Mission LIDAR  Light...  remote sensing alternatives: a review of Landsat‐like sensors and their applications...  Notes & global imagery (GI) extent Landsat 5 TM  1984  USA VTIR, 7  bands... uses alongside  585 €/scene, 0.048  Landsat data. Consists of multiple  €/km...  Commercial; Indonesia &  Thailand use alongside Landsat  data. Pointable.  Commercial. Unique orbit...  and spatial resolution.    93   Notes Landsat Data Continuity Mission, free  imagery....   Asner, G.P. 2001. Cloud cover in Landsat observations of the Brazilian Amazon...–398.  Cohen, W.B., and S.N. Goward. 2004. Landsat's role in ecological applications of... of temperate coniferous  forests with LANDSAT satellite data. Photogrammetric Engineering and... of tropical forest  biomass from Landsat TM data and their transferability... forest stand structure  attributes using Landsat ETM+ data: Application to mapping.... A method  for integrating MODIS and Landsat data for systematic monitoring of... using chain classification of neighboring Landsat satellite  images. Remote Sensing of....  Loveland, T.R., M.A. Cochrane, and G.M. Henebry. 2008. Landsat still contributing to  environmental research... forest disturbance mapped from a decadal Landsat record. Remote  Sensing of Environment... remote sensing alternatives: A review of Landsat‐like sensors and their  applications... E. Lindquist. 2008. Multi‐temporal  MODIS‐Landsat data fusion for relative radiometric..., gap filling, and  prediction of Landsat data. Remote Sensing of Environment.... Radiometric  correction of multi‐temporal Landsat data for characterization of early..., B. Finegan, and S. Thessler. 2008. Integrating Landsat TM and  SRTM‐DEM derived...  successional stage distributions with multitemporal Landsat Thematic Mapper  imagery. Remote Sensing... forest change using Landsat: Generalization across space, time and Landsat  sensors. Remote... classification to 2006 by using Landsat imagery change detection methods.  Remote.... 2004.  Estimating aboveground biomass using Landsat 7 ETM+ data across a managed  landscape...



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...  Senegal  South Africa  Moderate SAR  Landsat  JECAM Site  Low/ Moderate Optical... ............................................................................................................... 20  Figure 11   DEIMOS and Landsat Images of São Paulo Site ......................................................................... 21..., 7 June 2014 .................................................................... 53  Figure 33   Landsat‐8 Image Acquired on 26 July... of Estimated LAI and all Landsat‐8 Bands, 19 March 2014 ...................... 146... of Estimated LAI and all Landsat‐8 Bands, 6 May 2014 ............................ 147  Figure... of Vegetation Indices Computed from Landsat‐8 Bands, 19 March 2014 .................. 149... of Vegetation Indices Computed from Landsat‐8 Bands, 6 May 2014........................ 150  Figure... Map Derived from MODIS and Landsat Data, 2014 .......................................... 181  Figure 134... June 20124 .............................................................................................. 231  Figure 176   Landsat‐8 Image Acquired on 6 June 2014... Classification Maps (a) Using all Landsat‐8 and RADARSAT‐2 Data (b) Landsat‐8 Images  Only (c) RADARSAT...  of  images  from  several  platforms  (LANDSAT,  DMCii,  DEIMOS)  is  necessary  to... Data Received/Used  Mission/sensor: Landsat‐5  • • • • • • • • Space agency or Supplier: NASA...   DEIMOS and Landsat Images of São Paulo Site  2013 09 08 Landsat  April 2015    2013 11 11 Landsat    21  JECAM... 01 30 Landsat      2014 07 19 Deimos  2014 09 11 Landsat  April 2015    2014 10 29 Landsat    22  JECAM... resolution: 5m / temporal repetitiveness 2 days)  o Landsat‐8 images: every 16 days  o RapidEye...  resolution  level  1B  Radiance  RapidEye  Landsat‐8  BlackBridge  USGS  Optical  18 (9 good..., Canada  EO Data Received/Used  Landsat 8, RADARSAT‐2, RapidEye data were acquired... 2 images are SR (Surface Reflectance) Landsat 8 products with a 30 m  spatial resolution... adjusted vegetation index  SAVI 1   In Landsat 8 (L=0.5), SAVI = ((Band 5 – Band 4) / (Band 5 + Band...= (2 * NIR + 1 – sqrt ((2 * NIR + 1)2 – 8 * (NIR ‐ R))) / 2    In Landsat 8, it corresponds to:   MSAVI = (2 * Band... the soil adjustment factor  (L).  In Landsat 8, EVI = (Band 5 – Band 4) / (Band 5 + 7 * Band... difference moisture index  1   NDMI 1 In Landsat 8, NDMI = (Band 5 – Band 6) / (Band 5 + Band... ‐ Normalized burn ratio  2 NBR   2 In Landsat 8, NBR = (Band 5 – Band 7) / (Band 5 + Band... ‐ Normalized burn ratio 2  1 2   NBR2 1 2 In Landsat 8,NBR2 = (Band 6 – Band 7) / (Band 6 + Band..., F., Gao, F., Kutler, J.,  and Lim, T.K. (2006). A Landsat surface reflectance data set for... the Thermal Infrared Sensor Onboard Landsat 8, Remote Sensing 6, 12776‐ 12788    April..., Rome (Italy), 500pp.    VALIDATION OF LANDSAT 8 SATELLITE‐DERIVED LAI FROM FIELD...  m  equal  to  the  size  of  Landsat  8  pixel.    The  approach,  different  from...  multivariate  geostatistical  techniques  with  the  LANDSAT‐8  multiband  images  as  auxiliary,  exhaustive...  make  the  comparison  between  multiband  Landsat  imagines  and  the  estimated  LAI...  with  optical  (SPOT,  Landsat,  Formosat),  thermal  (Aster, Landsat), and SAR (ASAR) satellite... product  MODIS  MOD09 standard  product  Landsat  DEIMOS  Level 1T standard  product...      178  JECAM Progress Report 2015    a)   b)                           Landsat derived winter crops map using... MODIS and Landsat data.  4. Monitoring of soil erosion based on Landsat data...)  on  identifying  crop  types  using  Landsat  8  Thermal  infrared  bands  was  carried... using the data ‐ No    Landsat 8‐OLI    3 Landsat scenes from April‐June 2013...  brightness temperature. Further, freely available Landsat‐8 imagery can be used as...,  F.,  &  A.  Ngie,  2014;  Identifying  Crops  using  Landsat  8  Thermal Infrared Bands. Peer reviewed... Labs  (ISIS Action)  Landsat‐7  10  Optical  30 Radiance Landsat‐8  19  Optical  JECAM...  resolution  image  times  series  (SPOT,  Landsat,  FORMOSAT  and  forthcoming  Venus  and... evapotranspiration   Thermal  data  (MODIS,  ASTER,  Landsat)  have  been  used  to  derive...,  MOD13Q1  products)  and  thermal  data  (Landsat‐8)  to  improve  the  soil  water... 20124  EO Data Received/Used  Landsat‐8  • • • • • • • • April 2015    Space agency or...  Landsat‐8 + FQ8W + FQ20W  Landsat‐8  Landsat‐8 + FQ8W  Landsat‐8 + FQ20W  FQ8W + FQ20W  FQ8W  FQ20W  Landsat‐8 + (VV + VH)  Landsat‐8 + (HH + HV)  VV + VH  HH + HV  Landsat‐8 + FQ8W...  multi‐temporal  RADARSAT‐2  images  to  Landsat‐8  images  increased  OA  by  +4.09...  the highest for Landsat‐8+FQ20W combination (98%). Landsat‐8 alone was able to...  91.8%  respectively  for  combination  of  Landsat‐8  and  RADARSAT‐2 images, and 82... Classification Maps (a) Using all Landsat‐8 and RADARSAT‐2 Data (b)  Landsat‐8 Images Only (c) RADARSAT... parameters derived from different satellites (Landsat‐8, SPOT‐4, RapidEye, SPOT‐5).  When  comparing...



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....mdpi.com/journal/remotesensing Article Landsat-Based Long-Term Monitoring of.... The algorithm was applied to Landsat images to derive TSM distribution...: total suspended matter; Dongting Lake; Landsat; water level; sand mining; Three..., such as the land satellite (Landsat), Sea-Viewing Wide Field-of.../TM/ETM+/OLI sensors from Landsat satellites have multispectral bands that... via several Landsat sensors, the quality of Landsat data and Landsat’s long-term... depth [11,18–20]. Moreover, Landsat satellite-derived images of TSM... develop a TSM retrieval model for Landsat 8 OLI. The derived-TSM revealed...-year water quality estimations from Landsat satellites. This study seeks to... use remote sensing data from Landsat satellites over a 35-year period...: (1) Develop a model, based on the Landsat images, that addresses sensor-associated... the name of each river. 2.2. Landsat Images Acquisition and Pre-Processing... of data were used, including Landsat satellite data between 1978 and... data. Remote Sens. 2015, 7 13979 Landsat images were downloaded from the... asterisked files in Table 1. The Landsat image covered just the EDL... model. Remote Sens. 2015, 7 13980 Landsat images were first converted to... Landsat instruments. To match the spatial resolution of the other three Landsat... date of acquisition for each Landsat image (daily precipitation); (2) total precipitation... the acquisition date of each Landsat image (seven-day precipitation); and... the acquisition date of each Landsat image (30-day precipitation). 2.5. Statistical....7% 3.2. Algorithm Development and Validation for Landsat A number of TSM-derived models... region using Landsat images. In order to use the Landsat data to...(λ) were first aggregated to simulate Landsat-based derived Rrs(λ) using the...−1) for the i-th band of Landsat, with integration from λm to λn for.... Table 3. Spectral bands for the Landsat sensors, whose SRF functions were... Landsat-based derived Rrs using in situ measured Rrs through Equation (4). Landsat... situ TSM measurements and simulated Landsat-based derived Rrs (calculated by... situ measured TSM and the Landsat-based derived Rrs(λ). First, the... as: Band 5 for Landsat OLI sensor; Band 4 for Landsat ETM+/TM/MSS... TSM-measurement data and simulated Landsat-based derived Rrs, and TSM... on Landsat 8 OLI sensor, (c) & (d)based on Landsat ETM+/TM sensor, (e) & (f)based on Landsat... Sens. 2015, 7 13985 3.3. Landsat 8 OLI-Based Validation One Landsat 8 OLI image (Path... OLI-based TSM for Landsat 8. Ideally, the Landsat-based derived-TSM model... we know, Landsat 8 is currently the only operational Landsat satellite; the Landsat 7 ETM... or nonfunctional satellite images from Landsat 1-7. Thus, we can no longer... the Landsat sensors (OLI, ETM+/TM and MSS) using the simulated Landsat... performance for all of the Landsat images. The performance of the...+/TM and MSS, respectively. The Landsat-derived TSM pattern snapshots for... the acquisition date of each Landsat image, measured at Yueyang meteorological... clearly identified and quantified via Landsat images, leading to several findings... question as to whether the Landsat satellites are suitable for modeling... 16-day cycling period of Landsat Satellites. We therefore needed to...-term data record (>30 years), Landsat appears to be most suitable... several decades ago. Moreover, the Landsat images used in this study... of adopting the spectra for Landsat sensors, the derived-TSM model... entire Landsat satellite. Furthermore, our validation of the accuracy of the Landsat... Dongting Lake area. Ideally, the Landsat-based derived-TSM model would... performance for all of the Landsat images. We were therefore able... using Landsat images. The different spatial resolution for each type of Landsat... different pixel sizes for the Landsat satellite images should therefore be... 4.3. Long-Term Monitoring and Applications Landsat-based observations were essential to... more than three decades. However, Landsat satellites are land-resource satellites... turbid inland waters. 5. Conclusions A customized, Landsat NIR band-based algorithm was... of continuous global observations from Landsat satellites; (2) an empirical method that... derived-TSM variation between different Landsat sensors; (3) acceptable performance from a validation... thank the USGS for providing Landsat images, the China Meteorological Data... in the Black Sea using Landsat TM multispectral satellite imagery. Fresenius...: A 25-year case study using Landsat 5 and 7 imagery. Remote Sens. Environ..., 259–266. 16. Loveland, T.R.; Dwyer, J.L. Landsat: Building a strong future. Remote Sens... in Hypersaline-Alkaline water using Landsat ETM plus sensor. IEEE J. Sel... in a Sub-alpine Lake using Landsat imagery. Sci. Total Environ. 2001... in Lake Taihu, China, using Landsat-5 TM data. Int. J. Remote Sens... total suspended matter concentrations using Landsat ETM and field spectral measurement... suspended particulate matter concentrations with Landsat 8 OLI images of Dongting Lake... of atmospheric correction models and Landsat surface reflectance product in an... in Poyang Lake based on Landsat observations between 1973 and 2013...