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... spacecraft will carry three separate lunar surface systems, which should be... Earth orbit, for long-duration lunar stays, and especially for eventual... each carry 16 instruments. Using lunar gravity-assist swingbys, they were...’s future Mars exploration plan: a stationary lander called Phoenix, scheduled for launch... be launched in 2013; and a lander mission in 2016 that could... projects: a Mars Long-Lived -43- Lander Network, a grid of science stations... of a $73-million, 880-kg Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite... with the LRO, India’s Chandrayaan lunar orbiter and other spacecraft. The... Lunar Exploration Programme (RLEP), its next planned mission, RLEP-2, will be a lander... spacecraft will carry three separate lunar surface systems: ten High-Speed... Apollo crews. The Polar Station lander is to be released from... and another seismometer to the lunar surface. The Vernadsky Institute of... the nations planning their first lunar explorations; i.e. Japan, China, and India... to Russia in 2012. The lander will be designed to remain.... Funding for Russia’s ambitious new lunar and planetary exploration programme, which... highly successful mission, ESA’s Smart-1 lunar orbiter was guided to a controlled...,000 worth study of a future lunar-lander exploration project. OHB is designing... contribution to a European or international lunar exploration programme. Japan’s Hayabusa spacecraft..., an imaging spectrometer to assess lunar mineral resources. The official memoranda... and propulsion research applicable to lunar and planetary exploration. The Florida.... The teams participating in the Lunar Lander Analog Challenge were rated on... China’s multi-step lunar -81- exploration programme: a lunar orbiter mission in 2007... invited Russia’s participation in cooperative lunar and planetary exploration programmes. During... space. After a 14month cruise, SMART-1’s lunar capture took place on 15..., followed by a spiralling down to a lunar orbit with a 450 km perilune... resources for future exploration. SMART-1 lunar science investigations included studies of... preparation for future steps of lunar exploration. The mission addressed several... with a controlled impact in the lunar Lake of Excellence on 3 September... the data from the SMART-1, Lunar Prospector and Clementine missions into... and data relay), and for lunar environment studies (magnetometer/plasma imager... the Japanese lunar exploration programme, the SELENE-B mission (with a lander element and a demonstration of technologies for future lunar exploration) is... with the objectives of studying lunar origin and evolution, producing a 3-D atlas... mapper, radar). -116- Lunar-A, an ISAS Japanese lunar penetrator mission, is being... Frontiers programme. A new mission, the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), is being... and a geodetic grid, and survey lunar resources. Its instruments include a camera... detector, a surface temperature mapper, and a lunar radiation environment sensor. A current proposal... be launched together with the Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite... is aimed at studying the lunar regolith and characterizing potential polar... agencies have performed studies of lunar lander missions in the context of... future human exploration. The International Lunar Exploration Working Group (ILWEG) has... Beijing in July 2006, a ‘Beijing Lunar Declaration’ with 13 recommendations was... the Phoenix 2007 Mars Scout lander and the 2009 Mars Science... Ionosphere Sounding (MARSIS), and a lander. The lander, Beagle 2, was planned to be... environment analysis sensors. The Beagle-2 lander, after a nominal separation from the... could be established with the lander after that point. Following commissioning... the extended mission. Two identical lander missions (Mars Exploration Rovers) were... a lander that was intended for use by 2001’s Mars Surveyor lander prior... on the lost Mars Polar Lander. Phoenix will land on the... orbiter with eleven experiments and a lander with nine further experiments. The.... The orbiter will deploy the lander after the first year of... GEO solar array panels, and lunar dust simulants, creation, and transport... good prospects for applications for Lunar and Mars exploration missions. Some... improved orbit solutions for Clementine, Lunar Prospector and Mars Global Surveyor... NASA’s Phoenix mission (a Category IVc lander) is being developed for launch... CNES CNRS CNSA COBE Geochemical lander module (UK) Imaging microsatellite (China... X-Ray Observatory (NASA) Lunar mission (India) Lunar orbiter (China) Lunar rover (China) Sample... Chandrayaan-1 Imaging X-Ray Spectrometer US Lunar orbiter NASA/CSA satellite A mission... Year Imaging Infrared Radiometer International Lunar Exploration Working Group International Living... Pathfinder LPMA LSS LTCS LTE Lunar Prospector LUNAR-A LWS MaCWAVE MAGED MAP... Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraph experiment Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite... NASA Discovery Program mission Japanese lunar penetrator mission (ISAS) Living With... Planetary Fourier Spectrometer NASA Mars Lander Principal Investigator Positive Ion Probe...



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.... It calls for an open lunar architecture that other nations and... water 11 m deep. NASA’s Phoenix lander was launched to Mars to... geological sampling during upcoming manned lunar missions, and built an undersea... collection, and check out potential lunar spacesuit designs. On 19 June... JAXA, consisting of a mother spacecraft, a lander, a sampling system, an instrument payload... December 2006; the other used a lunar gravity-assist maneuver to place.... NASA’s 1500-kg Phoenix Mars lander was launched on 4 August from... year’s report and below), the lunar programme architecture is aimed at... plan calls for an open lunar architecture that other nations and... U.S. scientists on instruments for the U.S. Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, and are working...’s notional plan would establish the lunar base at the Shackleton crater... of diversity in lunar sampling, NASA stated that its lunar mission architecture... for placing 6 tonnes on the lunar surface. The planned Shackleton Crater... September NASA unveiled a new modular lunar architecture based on large, movable... September, fueled by the current lunar exploration programmes of China, India... finer-grain sensors of NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) planned for... around the Moon, to map lunar gravity by using Doppler ranging... neutral particles in the lunar environment, along with a lunar perspective on Earth... it into its 96-km lunar orbit. Its first images of... of a series of four advanced lunar missions, followed on 24 October... of the lunar surface, measure the thickness of the lunar regolith, identify... placed in a circular 200-km lunar orbit. The mission was supported... lunar projects announced at the IAF Congress will include a 1,300-kg lander... mission in 2020. The testbed lander, weighing 4 tonnes when launched by... to a lunar transfer orbit and then placed in a 100-km lunar orbit... engine would then lower the lander to a point 4 m above the surface... the four landing struts. The lander would be equipped with a rover... 90-day tour on the lunar surface would be powered first...-scale drop test of the lander’s descent, which caused some structural... for the 2007 Northrop Grumman Lunar Lander Challenge on 21 June. The... cargo- and crew-carrying lunar-surface-to-lunar-orbit ferries. The seven... (USA) announced the $30-million Lunar X-Prize, to be sponsored by..., including a 500-m traverse on the lunar surface and transmitting at least..., surviving a full lunar night, or roving on the lunar surface for more... the Mars swingby, the Philae lander’s Imaging System (CIVA) took close... for a key component of NASA’s lunar exploration program. Aerojet completed over... engine technology critical to the Lunar Surface Access module (LSAM). In... Laboratory Mission as the Mars Lander Engine (MLE). Based on these... descent stage of NASA’s planned lunar lander. Goal of the tests was.... Russia’s Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector will fly on the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter to search the lunar surface and... exploration, which includes a lunar orbital module and a lunar lander with a mobile scientific laboratory... vehicle composed of a lunar orbital module and a lander with the help of... first unmanned flight would include a lunar orbiter that will fire 12... first be tested through NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter project, to be...



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... Institute of Space Commerce International Lunar Observatory Association International Space Center... Mineral Resources, Asteroid Mining and Lunar/Mars insitu Mueble 2 D5.3 Prediction....1.4 COGNITION PERFORMANCE OF CREWS IN A LUNAR ANALOG MISSION: CHANGE OVER TIME... GROWTH EXPERIMENT MODULE ON THE LUNAR SURFACE Mikalojus Brazdziunas, Vilnius University... Exploration Agency (JAXA), Japan INTERNATIONAL LUNAR OBSERVATORY ASSOCIATION 4 MISSION REALIZATION, SEPTEMBER 2016 Steve Durst, International Lunar Observatory Association, United States IAC...) MOONRIDERS: NASA AND HAWAII’S INNOVATIVE LUNAR SURFACE FLIGHT EXPERIMENT FOR LANDING... SMALL MISSIONS & PAYLOADS AT THE LUNAR SOUTH POLE Nadeem Ghafoor, Canadensys... ARCHITECTURE OF HAKUTO'S LUNAR MICROROVER FOR THE GOOGLE LUNAR XPRIZE John Walker... TECHNOLOGICAL IMPLEMENTATION SCHEMATIC FOR KOREAN LUNAR LANDER Gwanghyeok Ju, Korea Aerospace Research...-I), Italy LATEST DEVELOPMENTS IN CANADIAN LUNAR ROVER PROTOTYPES Peter Visscher, Ontario... ORGANIZATIONS TO DEVELOP AN INTERNATIONAL LUNAR DECADE CAMPAIGN David Dunlop, National... (withdrawn) LUNAR MISSION PLANNING AND DATA DISSEMINATION WITH NASA’S LUNAR MAPPING AND...), Spain IAC-16.A3.4.3 ROSETTA LANDER - PHILAE: OPERATIONS ON COMET 67P... DYNAMICS MODELING, SIMULATION & VALIDATION OF LUNAR LANDER MOTIONS REKHACHANDRA R, ISRO Satellite Centre... EFFECTIVENESS OF DIFFERENT SCENARIO FOR LUNAR EXPLORATION BY MANNED AND AUTOMATIC... SOLAR WIND HELIUM IMPLANTATION INTO LUNAR REGOLITH SIMULANT Aaron Olson, University..., NAVIGATION AND CONTROL DURING THE LANDER DEPLOYMENT PHASE OF THE ASTEROID...) THE OPENING OF THE CIS-LUNAR COMMERCIAL FRONTIER: A CRITICAL PATH DEVELOPMENT... EFFECTS OF SPATIAL DISORIENTATION IN LUNAR GRAVITY Poonampreet Kaur Josan, University... SYSTEM DESIGN FOR LUNAR HORIZON GLOW IMAGING IN A FUTURE LUNAR MISSION Necmi... A LEO MISSION APPLICABLE TO A FUTURE LUNAR MISSION Jose Rodrigo Cordova Alarcon... OF POLARIMETRIC CAMERA FOR KOREAN LUNAR ORBITER Kyungin Kang, Korea Advanced... EARTH ORBIT(MALEO) STRATEGY FOR LUNAR BASE DEVELOPMENT Madhu Thangavelu, University... COMMUNICATION RELAY SMALL SATELLITE FOR LUNAR FARSIDE LANDING EXPLORATION MISSION Lihua... THE ISPACE 5 PHASED APPROACH TO LUNAR RESOURCE EXPLORATION Kyle Acierno, , Japan....1.4 THE OPENING OF THE CIS-LUNAR COMMERCIAL FRONTIER: A CRITICAL PATH DEVELOPMENT....2.10 CONCEPT STUDY OF A CIS-LUNAR OUTPOST ARCHITECTURE AND ASSOCIATED ELEMENTS... ORBITS AND CISLUNAR INFRASTRUCTURES: THE LUNAR SPACE TUG Martina Mammarella, Politecnico... EFFECTIVENESS OF DIFFERENT SCENARIO FOR LUNAR EXPLORATION Oleg Saprykin, TSNIIMASH, Russian..., VERTICAL LANDING PAD PROTOTYPE FOR LUNAR/MARS OPERATIONS Rodrigo Romo, Pacific... TRANSFER ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH BASED ON LUNAR SPACE ELEVATOR Xiaohui Wang, Beihang... MODELING AND EVALUATION OF MANNED LUNAR EXPLORATION MISSION Zilong Cheng, National... EFFECTIVENESS OF DIFFERENT SCENARIO FOR LUNAR EXPLORATION Oleg Saprykin, TSNIIMASH, Russian..., VERTICAL LANDING PAD PROTOTYPE FOR LUNAR/MARS OPERATIONS Rodrigo Romo, Pacific... DEMONSTRATION OF NOVEL TECHNOLOGIES FOR LUNAR SPACESUIT DUST MITIGATION Kavya K. Manyapu... AND NAVIGATION REQUIREMENTS FOR SMALL LUNAR MISSIONS Jonathan Friend, Surrey Satellite...: OPTICAL STATE ACQUISITION SYSTEMS FOR LUNAR AND INTERPLANETARY SMALL SATELLITES Amin... MODEL ACCURACY STUDY FOR CHANDRAYAAN-2 LANDER-CRAFT NAVIGATION Surya Prakash, ISRO... ON HYBRID MOTOR DEMONSTRATOR FOR LANDER MODULE SYSTEM Stefano Carapellese, Avio....D1.1.9 (withdrawn) AN ASSESSMENT OF LUNAR SETTLEMENT REQUIREMENTS AND TRANSPORTATION OPTIONS... TECHNOLOGIES AND MANAGERIAL COMPETENCIES FOR LUNAR LANDING Benjamin Davis, Dulles University...) TUGS AS PART OF A CIS-LUNAR EXPLORATION ARCHITECTURE Michael Elsperman, The... TRANSFER ARCHITECTURE RESEARCH BASED ON LUNAR SPACE ELEVATOR Xiaohui Wang, Beihang... MODELING AND EVALUATION OF MANNED LUNAR EXPLORATION MISSION Zilong Cheng, National... OPERATIONAL RECOMMENDATIONS NECESSARY FOR ESA’S LUNAR EXPLORATION GOALS Vinita Marwaha Madill....1.6 A FRAMEWORK FOR INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATION ON LUNAR MISSIONS Peter Thoreau, International Space... MOON EXPLOITATION – A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON LUNAR MASSIVE IN-SITU RESOURCE UTILIZATION... AVOIDING ROBOT WITH APPLICATION TO LUNAR IN-SITU RESOURCE UTILIZATION Samantha....8.2 (withdrawn) PUBLIC OUTREACH WITH NASA LUNAR AND PLANETARY MAPPING AND MODELING... THE INTEGRATIVE DESIGN APPROACH TO LUNAR SETTLEMENT Tomoya Mori, , United States... VITAE PROJECT - AN INTERACTIVE, LIVING LUNAR SCULPTURE Shaun Whitehead, Scoutek Ltd... FOR EARTH-TOMOON TRANSFER AND LUNAR OPERATION Edoardo Cucchetti, Student, France... States IAC-16.E3.2.4 CHINA'S LUNAR EXPLORATION ACTIVITIES AND RELEVANT POLICIES... Music, Japan STRUCTURAL CONCEPTS FOR LUNAR HABITATS James Burke, The Planetary....2.8 THE OPENING OF THE CIS-LUNAR COMMERCIAL FRONTIER: A CRITICAL PATH DEVELOPMENT... NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory; simulating lunar and planetary surfaces through NASA... technologies for dust mitigation of lunar spacesuits. Kavya enjoys educating and... as a research assistant, focusing on lunar resource acquisition, processing and storage...



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... in Detail .......................................................................................................... 48 Lunar Exploration Program ............................................................................................................ 53 Manned Lunar Missions ................................................................................................................. 60 Mars..., and robust human spaceflight and lunar exploration programs. China places a priority... the human spaceflight program and lunar exploration programs, the Earth remote... counterspace missions. Lunar Exploration China has conducted four lunar exploration missions. The... take images of the lunar surface. A third lunar mission landed a robotic rover... December 2013 to analyze the lunar surface. This rover experienced mechanical difficulties after the first lunar night and became nearly unusable... of China’s lunar exploration program is to analyze the lunar soil for... space technologies, including launchers, satellites, lunar exploration, human space flight, and... technology, and conducted exchanges on lunar exploration, earth observation, space science... particular the human spaceflight and lunar programs. This leadership attention has... programs involving human spaceflight and lunar exploration, two programs involving earth... for China’s human spaceflight and lunar exploration programs. In 2003, Chinese... last mission to Tiangong-1. Lunar Exploration Program China’s lunar exploration program, Chang... the lunar surface and was later purposefully crashed into the lunar surface to analyze lunar soil.299 The... a greater resolution. After completing its lunar mission, Chang’e-2 orbited to the... X Manned Spaceflight Mission.” “许达哲:以’探月梦’托起’中国梦’,” [Xu Dazhe: ‘Lunar Exploration Dream’ Upholds the ‘China...’e-5 2014 Notes Lunar Orbiter Lunar Orbiter Lunar Rover Malfunctioned after landing Lunar flyby and... conducts lunar exploration for a variety of reasons. Like human spaceflight, lunar exploration... moon. 302 300 “我国月球探测工程的发展规划” [Our Country’s Lunar Exploration Project’s Development Plan], accessed... Yongchun and Ouyang Ziyuan, “嫦娥一号绕月探测—中国航天迈向深空” [Chang’e-1 Lunar Exploration: China’s Space Program Marches... the lunar exploration program involved using the Chang’e-1 and Chang’e-2 lunar orbiters... the lunar surface304 and was later purposefully crashed into the lunar surface to analyze the lunar soil. Chang’e-2 also...-meter resolution. After completing its lunar mission, Chang’e-2 traveled to the... data and scholarly exchanges on lunar exploration. According to Hermann Opgenoorth... identify the composition of the lunar surface, a microwave radiometer to measure... by the lunar orbiter resulted in a map of the entire lunar surface that was released on November 310 “Chang’e-1 (Lunar-1 Mission... Yongchun and Ouyang Ziyuan, “嫦娥一号绕月探测—中国航天迈向深空” [Chang’e-1 Lunar Exploration: China’s Space Program Marches... lunar elements. 320 In addition, because three-dimensional mapping of the lunar... of China’s lunar exploration program, consisting of landing a lunar rover on the...’s atmosphere, weather, and pollution. The lander also carries a camera capable of... observe the Earth’s plasmasphere. The lander is also equipped with electrooptical... 14-day lunar night (see Figure 7). During the long lunar night, a radioisotope... 20 meters from the Chang’e-3 lander.336 As a result, the mission.../c_133152096.htm. 335 “China Exclusive: Lunar Rock Collisions Behind Yutu Damage... mass of the spacecraft and lunar lander.343 338 “专家:玉兔号或难修好 “嫦娥四号”或无落月计划” [Expert: Jade Rabbit... the critical technologies for manned lunar exploration.” I hope that during my... the moon.344 Lunar Bases The possibility of manned lunar missions has... of lunar bases. According to an unnamed official in the Lunar Exploration... program. In addition, establishing a permanent lunar base would be a technical challenge... 年前后实现载人登月建月球基地” [China Plans to Establish a Manned Lunar Base Around 2030] China News... and Prospects of Engineering for Lunar Bases], 导弹与航天运载技术 [Missile and Space Vehicle... to Establish a Manned Lunar Base Around 2030”; Wu Guoxing, “月球上的军事基地” [Lunar Military Bases...], 2006/10, 45. 347Wu Guoxing, “月球上的军事基地” [Lunar Military Bases], 太空探索 [Space Exploration], 2006... was instrumental in getting China’s lunar exploration plan approved, China’s plans...). Similar to the human spaceflight, lunar exploration, and earth remote sensing... a central role in any manned lunar exploration program. Reflecting the importance... the moon, such as a manned lunar lander.449 443 “LM-4,” China Great... and Its Applying to China’s Lunar Exploration Program”; Tangming Cheng, Xiaojun... support China’s human spaceflight and lunar exploration programs that enables China... R&D, with the exception of China’s lunar exploration program, which is managed... also appears to manage China’s lunar exploration program. China National Space... support system in manned spaceflight, lunar exploration, and other major national...



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... over the horizon of a desolate lunar surface. Symbolically, people saw the... dollars.21 The possibility of lunar and asteroid mining is not.... 19. Helium-3 Mining on the Lunar Surface, EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY, http... and mining lunar resources, unveiled its MX-1 lunar lander.24 The MX-lunar lander is... Express Unveils Breakthrough “MX-1” Commercial Lunar Lander, MOON EXPRESS (Dec. 5, 2013), http... to be exploited. Unlike the lunar soil samples that were collected... advancing scientific knowledge.70 The lunar surface, for example, was damaged... from analysis of the Apollo lunar soil samples). 69. Outer Space...



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... international exploration goals for cislunar, lunar and future Mars exploration activities... aims at a better understanding of lunar volatiles and their use as... also discussed options for a reference lunar surface access transportation architecture, as... a scenario of missions to the lunar South Pole. Continuing their commitment...://www.space.gov.ae/. Understanding Lunar Volatiles and Collaborating in Analogue... to gain a better understanding of lunar volatiles and their use as... exploration and potential utilisation of lunar polar resources. The website is... covered the topic of available lunar datasets. Amongst others, community consensus.... 6 Concept for an International Human Lunar Architecture Building on past work... of human missions to the lunar surface beginning in the late... robotic precursor activities. The human lunar architecture concept was advanced within... included defining options for a reference lunar surface access transportation architecture. The... meet established GER objectives. A reference lunar lander design of a two-stage, four... multiple exploration goals including cislunar, lunar and future Mars exploration activities... 28 days each to the lunar surface were articulated and were... proposed landing sites on the lunar South Pole. Furthermore, the IAWG... and Capabilities for Lunar Exploration and Science´ (HERACLES) lunar sample return concept... by conducting new trades on lunar surface elements and systems for... meeting associated to the European Lunar Symposium 2015 on 15 May... analysis was on cislunar and lunar mission themes as well as... also be applicable in the lunar environment. With respect to dust... IAWG continues to develop a reference lunar surface architecture for the primary... to establish international humans to lunar surface architecture to inform potential... exploration June “Hello” from Space – Lander Philae is awake July International... characterizing human missions to the lunar surface based on robust international...



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...:45 IAA- WAS0212 Studies of Lunar South Pole by Russian Landing... Prospector Mission (RPM): NASA’s Robotic Lunar Lander Development Cheryl L. B. Reed, Douglas A. Eng... Express: Lander Capabilities, Initial Payload and Mission Paul D. Spudis, Lunar and Planetary...:15 IAA- WAS0418 Shackleton Energy Lunar Sourced Propellant Depot Architecture Jim...- WAS0509 Roscosmos-ESA Cooperation in Lunar Exploration B. Patti, J. Carpenter, R. Fisackerly, B. Houdou... to Increase International Cooperation Between Lunar Human and Robotic Space Exploration... Aerospace Center, Germany; Steve Mackwell, Lunar and Planetary Institute, USA; Jacques... as a Testbed for Crew-Controlled Lunar Surface Telerobotics Terrence Fong, Intelligent... Space Station Proof Tests for Lunar Plant Growth James D. Burke, The... Flight Center, USA. IAA- WASPO04 Lunar Science and Exploration Goals for..., USA. IAA- WASPO05 Scientific Robotic Lunar Missions, as Precursors for Future...



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... - Right: rover picture taken by lander Sep 30, 2013 - Chinese scientists... will explore the lunar surface after departing the lander. The rover is... Lander Links The main instrument on the lander itself is the Lunar-based Ultraviolet Telescope. for Lunar-based... landing made this the first lander on the Moon since the... for three months, while the lander explores the landing site for... robotic Moon lander suggest it is a formal precursor to a manned lunar module... piggybacking on a prize-competing amateur lander, it can be done at... Lunar Orbiter V in 1967. ## GOOGLE LUNAR X-PRIZE NEWS Recognizing Giant Leaps: Google Lunar... Grumman Lunar Lander Challenge, XPRIZE and Google launched the $30 million Google Lunar... and lander systems — all necessary to achieve a successful Google Lunar XPRIZE mission..., and three proposals for the lander system, for a total of 11... 4 teams), and $1 million for the Lander System Milestone Prize (for up... Lunar Lion, a moon lander designed and built by the Penn State Lunar Lion... Flies NASA "Mighty Eagle" Robotic Lunar Lander http://www.prnewswire.com/news...-successfully-flies-nasamighty-eagle-robotic-lunar-lander-233502831.html HUNTSVILLE, Al, Nov..., a commercial lunar enterprise, announces a successful free flight test of its lunar lander software on NASA's "Mighty Eagle" prototype robotic lander.  The... is providing its "Mighty Eagle" lander test vehicle and engineering team... is partnered with NASA for lunar lander development and is engineering a series... plans to send an unmanned lander to Mars in 2018 that... program manager for NASA's Phoenix lander flight system.” But the question.... But in 2008, NASA's Phoenix lander detected water ice vapor at... vapor in a perpetually shadowed lunar polar crater. Lunar Prospector, a decade earlier, had... will build the Mars One lander, , and SSTL will build a communications....space.com/23894-mars-one-lander-spacecraft-explained-infographic.html http... Arrival & Start of global mapping Lander probe deployed January 20, 2014... deployment of the probe's Philae lander which will attempt to lock... above for orbit information. L: Assembled Lander R: Artist view of probe on...-Gerasimenko and deploy its Philae lander [Right, above]. The European Space... plan is to implement a Ganymede Lander. The Russian mission, not yet... illustration of Russia's planned Ganymede lander that could explore the Jupiter.../029/930/original/russia-ganymede-lander.jpg?1371656908 Center: an image... mission, the development of the lander will need to be accelerated... Ganymede? Roscosmos initially proposed the lander target Europa, also with a frozen... which JUICE and the Ganymede Lander would launch from Earth together... well as to spectators. Lunar sports, lunar acrobatics, lunar dance and ice-skating... and adapted for a lunar mission; and (3) A new lander and new EVA suits... Launch Alliance have devised lightweight lunar lander concepts. Dr. Stern mentioned some... mobile payload element would be a lander with a small rover to sample... 95 contamination zone of the lander's rocket plume. TTSIQ #6 page 96.... Korea plans to send a lunar orbiter and a lunar lander by 2020. Dr. Lee... celebrate as the Chinese Chang'e 3 lander successfully touched down on the... also successfully deployed it lunar rover from the lander to begin a program... the lunar surface since the Soviet Union sent its last lander mission... see Russian Missions Lunar 25 and 26 Orbiter and Lander perhaps as... also been working on a Morpheus lander with a Canadian Space Agency drilling... NASA will not supply the lander for the resolve Mission and... competitive proposals to supply the lander from either Astrobotics or Moon... State Lunar Lions US private 2015 Some additional Lunar Mission initiatives 13 Lunar... Express. 2017 21 European Cargo lander 2022 22 European Student Moon... of the GER with international lunar lander missions by the Indians, Japanese... (lander) , (Lunar Glob) 2015 Roscosmos I. Mitrofanov 3 Chandrayaan-2 (Lander-, 2017 ISRO 4 Luna 26 (Orbiter), (Lunar Resurs) 2016 Roscosmos I. Mitrofanov 7022pdf 5 Luna 27 (Lander), (Lunar Resurs) 2017 Roscosmos I. Mitrofanov 7022pdf 6 Resource Prospector (lander), 2018 NASA... 7 SELENE-2 (lander), 8 Luna 28/29 Lunar Polar Sample Return 2020 9 Selene-3 (Lander), and... Small Cargo Lander 13 Human Surface Mobility 14 Crewed Lunar Lander Missing Elephants... cube scale lunar mission architecture and strategy for its GLXP lander. This... The Penn State Lunar Lions is developing a small lunar lander, and this mission... continuum the Micro lander end. 6 Because these micro lander technologies also present... lunar scientific coordination. 104 TTSIQ #6 page 105 JANUARY 2014 B. Small commercial lunar lander... in the GER. These Moon-X lander missions have a price point above... and distribution and the lunar surface. Clark lunar cube proposal also discusses...-Gerasimenko and deploy its Philae lander [Right, above]. The European Space... will be coming: Lunar Building Materials, The Lunar Economy, The Lunar Homestead, Modular...



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... also announced a plan to launch a Lunar Lander mission which will explore the... agency targets to send the Lunar Lander by the end of the... uncovered water in a permanently shadowed lunar crater. Scientists suggested that comets... Xichang launch centre. China's second lunar mission, Chang'e 2, will perform several... announced its plan to launch a Lunar Lander mission which will explore the... agency targets to send the Lunar Lander by the end of this... of the Phobos-Grunt unmanned lander to one of the moon... soil samples. >> Russia will develop a lander that will ferry a rover to.... >> Data from NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander suggest liquid water has interacted..., several million years ago. >> NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, or LRO, completed... Moon for a breakthrough mission in lunar orbit. >> >> V. 4 Space Operations On 1 May... to attempt to contact the lander, which may be hibernating while... to contact NASA’s Phoenix Mars Lander had also continued during the... images of Phoenix showing the lander shrouded in dry-ice frost... without hearing anything from the lander and attempts were made in... the lunar poles along with detailed spectroscopic measurements of the lunar surface... Europe, a Moscow newspaper reported. >> NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter is allowing researchers... autonomous “drop” tests of a robotic lander test article - in a record 10... in annual lunar observation campaigns that share the excitement of lunar science... a partnership with Armadillo Aerospace, 2009 Lunar Lander Challenge award recipient (with winner... helping researchers understand how the lunar environment will affect future explorers... (ICEUM), organised by the International Lunar Exploration Working Group (ILEWG). GLUC... moon caused a legal stir over lunar ownership. >> EUMETSAT resolved a lengthy dispute... lander projects - doubling the potential impact of the $30 million Google Lunar X Prize. This support would come under the Innovative Lunar Demonstrations... other developments, NASA awarded Innovative Lunar Demonstrations Data contracts to six... to culminate the Northrop Grumman Lunar Lander X PRIZE - 158 - Challenge. Masten Space... of their 2009 Northrop Grumman Lunar Lander Challenge win. >> Boeing was named... the lunar surface. Current missions LRO (Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter), NASA’s latest lunar mission...’s second lunar probe, was launched 1 October 2010 and entered lunar orbit on... of the Japanese lunar exploration programme. Chang’e 3, a soft lander and rover, and... as an orbiter and soft lander (South pole) with small rover... lander (North pole) and an orbiter, for launch after Chandrayaan-2. LADEE (Lunar... Earth on 2 November 2006. Phoenix, a lander mission, was the first chosen... a lander that was intended for use by 2001’s Mars Surveyor lander prior... on the lost Mars Polar Lander. Phoenix landed on the icy... Subsurface and Ionosphere Sounding), and a lander. The lander, Beagle 2, was planned to... environment analysis sensors. The Beagle-2 lander, after a nominal separation from the... could be established with the lander. Since the start of science... rovers), consisting of two identical lander rover missions were launched by... orbiter with eleven experiments and a lander with nine further experiments. The..., the orbiter will deploy the lander which will focus on determining... surface. In 20082009, the Phoenix lander successfully studied the northern polar... work investigating the lunar environment, in general, and lunar dust charging, levitation... of lunar dust. The importance of furthering knowledge of the lunar environment... Laboratory on the Phoenix Mars Lander performed aqueous chemical analyses of... finding from NASA’s Phoenix Mars lander (namely, that perchlorate was present... techniques). The NASA Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) reached lunar orbit on 23... I. NASA’s Phoenix mission, a Category IVc lander, landed on the north polar... until the lander reached Mars. Orbital imaging of the lander throughout the... in the collapse of the lander’s solar panels. The Phoenix mission... on the lunar surface and investigated characteristics of the lunar regolith. • ISRO... water ice by the Phoenix lander. The spacecraft also continues to... similarly to support other Mars lander missions, including MSL the NASA... using paired orbiting spacecraft. NASA’s Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer... an orbiter (Category III) and a lander that will not access any...’s comet mission Rosetta and its lander Philae, which currently carries a large... this decade. A number of orbiter, lander and sample return missions are... the asteroid Itokawa. Several lunar orbiter or lander missions are planned for... decade, such as China’s Chang’e-3 (lander) and Chang’e-4 (sample return) as...-1 (Russian lunar lander with Indian orbiter) and Luna Resource-2 (Russian lander, rover and... (NASA) Lunar orbiter (China) Lunar rover (China) Lunar soft lander and rover (China) Lunar sample... kilowatt Lagrange Point 1 Lagrange Point 2 Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer... Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraph experiment Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite...



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... a Flock of “Lunar Crows”’ by Richard C Hoagland The Chinese Lunar Landing ‘The... “an extraordinarily ancient, Type II lunar civilization.”2 Now, the Chinese government...), after orbiting two successful unmanned lunar reconnaissance missions some years earlier...” ... Chinese, for Chang’e’s famed mythological lunar companion, “Jade Rabbit”;7 many Asian... UV telescope on the Chang’e-3 Lander); to a sophisticated ground penetrating radar... entire www.exopoliticsmagazine.com Chang’e-3 lunar mission – the still unacknowledged presence... disastrous technologies” ... present on the lunar surface ... left fossil-fuel consumption...- ...) built those long-shattered, “ancient lunar crystal dimensional energy signature – a “tetrahedron... excitement around their first unmanned lunar landing ... before Chang’e-3 actually set... of planned lunar surface operations – including, first time lunar surface astronomical research... Chang’e-3 touchdown longitude, the Chang’e-3 lunar landing site. corresponding (within 0.01...-landing image from the Cheng’e-3 Lander is Goldberg” process. 49 telemetered... those specific, incredibly significant “tetrahedral” lunar coordinates – just like NASA’s on... engineering (“monitor”) cameras on the Lander immediately – to Gale Crater, on... than one camera on the Lander, thus, Because the impact north... been safely vented from the Lander) – was “unloading” the Chang’e-3 Rover..., touchdown position atop of the Lander below) – culminating in “riding it... deliberately degraded Chinese lunar images, I couldn’t help but Lander. This was the... NASA had superior to the Lander “monitor to overcome during that... sequence of “first lunar surface monitors displaying the lunar images” to the... Moon, in a manned lunar spacecraft called the “Lunar Module” (only three years...-resolution, noise-filled, nonstandard Apollo lunar surface transmission” into a standard TV... of mutual images – Lander imaging Rover ... Rover imaging Lander – as Jade Rabbit made a slow halfcircle of the Lander (from... the lunar surface (“A”) ... a short drive (a few feet) north of the Lander. And... shadowed side of the Chang’e-3 Lander to also be imaged for... the Lander .... Close-up, immediate examination of those extraordinary “geometric lunar rocks... the opposite side of the Lander from the “rocks”– in “good... reflectivity” (even in mainstream geological lunar models) immediately implied a major difference.... Problem: in those first Chang’e-3 Lander images, the “anomalously bright rocks... mission raised here earlier. fundamental lunar mysteries ... controllers had been “forced... opposite side of the Chang’e-3 Lander – to take a (second!) picture of... unmanned (Apollo, Surveyor, et al.) lunar landing missions, spanning decades; technical... ... clandestinely ... carried out such a “hidden” lunar surface examination? Actually ... there was...’s unexpected, early resumption of ‘normal’ lunar surface operations”: When portions of... sides angled toward the Chang’e-3 Lander – the nearest corner neatly bisected... event” at this location Chang’e-3 Lander”– Yet, other bright surface features... “one 19.5 degrees ...? isolated, buried lunar structure?!” Clearly, whatever was going..., simultaneously, much more extensive “ buried lunar “mis-calibrated”; something complex ...” – lying... not possibly be “naturally-occurring, lunar ‘opalescent glass’’’; such optically “active... deliberately, drastically, degrade all Chang’e-3 lunar surface images reaching the Chinese... (“coincidentally?” ... Christmas Day), NASA’s unmanned Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) – currently circling... you suppose “screen-grabbed” Chang’e-3 lunar that “fortunate coincidence” panorama – the... close-up examinations and “Change-3 Lander” ... and her faithful “rabbity” companion... precise positions of the Chang’e-3 Lander (and its little “bunny sidekick... the highly Any “unacknowledged” Rabbit Lander ... drove a few feet north visible... the panorama (below - right), those Lander’s shadow - above right), tracks clearly... earlier. and farther from the Lander, out July 15th (“before”) LRO... the long shadows of the Lander, the Rover and the craters... at the Chang’e-3 site. surrounding lunar surface. Gotcha! A quick comparison – between... (confirmation?) of extraordinarily valuable ET lunar artifacts ... and/or ... ET ultra... upgraded lunar lander, based on modified Chang’e-3 technology, designed to specifically test “lunar... 2015 ... before, an also officiallyannounced “lunar sample return” Change’e-5 mission – by..., glass-like, ancient lunar dome ...” arching over a lunar region called “Fra Mauro... “a one-time, extensive, glass-like lunar architecture” ... still covering substantial portions... imaging panoramas – from both the Lander and the Rover (as the... a Flock of “Lunar Crows”’ by Richard C Hoagland an ancient lunar glass dome... – of an identical “shattered, glasslike lunar architecture” – still suspended over major... reason for the verified a veritable lunar flock ... sudden, “unannounced Chang’e-3 with... what the Chinese like, ancient lunar architecture ... have (apparently ... finally!) been...