Спутник технологический. Lunar. [Редактировать]

КА Lunar (другое название Vermont Lunar Cubesat), массой 1 кг, создан в Техническом колледже Вермонта для отработки технолгий, которые в будущем будут использоваться при создании аппаратов, предназначенных для изучения Луны.

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна производитель - США
2Страна оператор(владелец) - США

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг1

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Уоллопс
2Дата пуска2013-11-20
3Полезная нагрузка 1xKySat-2
4Полезная нагрузка 1xSTPSat-3
5Полезная нагрузка 1xPrometheus 1A
6Полезная нагрузка 1xPrometheus 1B
7Полезная нагрузка 1xPrometheus 2A
8Полезная нагрузка 1xPrometheus 2B
9Полезная нагрузка 1xPrometheus 3A
10Полезная нагрузка 1xPrometheus 3B
11Полезная нагрузка 1xPrometheus 4A
12Полезная нагрузка 1xPrometheus 4B
13Полезная нагрузка 1xHorus
14Полезная нагрузка 1xORSES
15Полезная нагрузка 1xORS Tech 1
16Полезная нагрузка 1xORS Tech 2
17Полезная нагрузка 1xSENSE 1
18Полезная нагрузка 1xSENSE 2
19Полезная нагрузка 1xH2 sat
20Полезная нагрузка 1xDragonSat-1
21Полезная нагрузка 1xNPS-SCAT
22Полезная нагрузка 1xFirefly
23Полезная нагрузка 1xSPA-1
24Полезная нагрузка 1xChargerSat
25Полезная нагрузка 1xLunar
26Полезная нагрузка 1xCOPPER
27Полезная нагрузка 1xBlack Knight-1
28Полезная нагрузка 1xSwampSat
29Полезная нагрузка 1xCAPE-2
30Полезная нагрузка 1xTJ3Sat
31Полезная нагрузка 1xPhoneSat 2.0
32Ракета-носитель 1xМинотавр 1

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Lunar». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-06-15
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.05/5
... equipment on the lunar surface. After a substantial hiatus in lunar science and... list, in a Lunar Exploration Analysis Group (LEAG) report on lunar science. The... the diversity of lunar crustal rocks, 28 Concept 4: The lunar poles are... in the diversity of lunar crustal rocks. 4. The lunar poles are special... Finding: Lunar activities apply to broad scientific and exploration concerns. Lunar science..., one for fundamental lunar research and one for lunar data analysis. Information from these two recommended efforts—a Lunar Fundamental Research Program and a Lunar Data Analysis Program... recent “Lunar Beijing Declaration” of the 8th ILEWG (International Lunar Exploration Working... of the formation of lunar rocks following lunar formation, and suggests that... impact hypothesis for lunar origin. The fundamental question of lunar origin persisted... the lunar nearside, with profound implications for lunar thermal evolution. While the lunar... terminal cataclysm hypothesis. THE LUNAR ATMOSPHERE The lunar atmosphere links the Sun... against extended large-scale lunar activities. The lunar atmosphere may actually be... ability of the lunar surface to record them all. Lunar bombardment history... in the diversity of lunar crustal rocks. 4. The lunar poles are special... their likely effects on lunar exploration and lunar-based astronomy. 8c. Use... of lunar volcanism and its evolution through space and time. Lunar Environment 5. Lunar... the ages of the lunar systems. Traditionally the lunar chronostratigraphic systems are... responsible for lunar magnetism hold similar promise. Studies of lunar crustal magnetism... understanding of lunar formation and differentiation remains a fundamental goal of lunar science... provide a window to the lunar mantle. Lunar pyroclastic flows may bring deep... of the current lunar crust. Geophysical models of the lunar crust are... as well as to lunar exploration. Concept 4: The lunar poles are special... mineralogy of the lunar regolith provide inputs to lunar resource process development... of the lunar environment (particularly vacuum). Scientific understanding of the lunar atmosphere... lunar polar regions. Orbital neutron data from Lunar Prospector indicate that the lunar... of the lunar polar volatile deposits. For example, NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter... variability of lunar basalts. Approximately 17 percent of the lunar surface is... deposits as potential lunar resources, increasing the understanding of lunar volcanism in... possible for lunar gravity, there are many untested hypotheses about lunar cratering... analog to large lunar impact basins and whether the lunar melt sheets... mass, the lunar atmosphere is incredibly fragile. A typical lunar surface access module... their likely effects on lunar exploration and lunar-based astronomy. During the... samples and lunar meteorites. Perform high-resolution mapping of lunar crustal magnetic... implementation, Lunar A and SELENE. Lunar A is designed to study the lunar interior using... its Chang’e lunar program in March 2003. Chang’e 1, a lunar orbiter with a broad..., and study the lunar radiation environment. A secondary payload, Lunar Crater Observation and... near one of the lunar poles, assess lunar polar atmospheric properties, and... in the diversity of lunar crustal rocks. 4. The lunar poles are special.... An absolute lunar chronology is derived from combining lunar crater counts with... likely effects on lunar exploration and lunar-based astronomy. Lunar dust is an important constituent of the lunar..., one for fundamental lunar research and one for lunar data analysis. Information from these two recommended efforts—a Lunar Fundamental Research Program and a Lunar Data Analysis Program... recent “Lunar Beijing Declaration” of the 8th ILEWG (International Lunar Exploration Working... stages of lunar development, extraordinarily radio-quiet sites on the lunar farside... onto the lunar surface in one of the first lunar return trips... environment at the lunar poles have been identified as a lunar science goal... maneuver on all lunar terrain types, including disturbed lunar soil, steep slopes... Finding: Lunar activities apply to broad scientific and exploration concerns. Lunar science... launched with the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter LEAG—the NASA Lunar Exploration Analysis... operational issues associated with lunar exploration LPRP—the Lunar Precursor and Robotic... LRO—NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter LSAM—NASA’s Lunar Surface Access Module Lunar A—a Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency lunar mission lunar dynamo—for the ancient Moon, the possibility that a lunar... exciting International Lunar Decade that will inspire a new generation of lunar explorers... a common, improved Lunar 98 APPENDIX D Coordinates Reference Frame   5. Lunar mission teams should... the International Lunar Decade. For the subsequent phase of Lunar Global Robotic...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-16
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.03/5
... ..................................................................................................................................... 188 90 Astrophysics ................................................................................................................................. 190 91 Lunar and Planetary Science and Exploration... Tracking Data Certification for the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Morinelli, Patrick J.; Socoby... before being granted certification. Author Lunar Orbiter; Reconnaissance; Tracking Stations; Targets... The presentation slides include: Introduction: lunar mission definition, Problem: requirements/methodology... the development of a small lunar lander for lunar surface science. This includes.... CASI Flight Tests; Lunar Surface; Risk; Robotics; Lunar Exploration 20100017708 Texas Univ...; Oxygen Production; Photovoltaic Conversion; Regolith; Lunar Rocks; Concentrators; Thermal Energy; Solar... Wadis to Support Extended-Duration Lunar Exploration Balasubramaniam, R.; Wegeng, R. S.; Gokoglu, S. A.; Suzuki... of lunar surface assets during periods of darkness when the lunar environment... of modified lunar regolith. Analysis was performed for the lunar equatorial region...; Thermal Energy; Solar Heating; Lunar Environment; Lunar Surface; Lunar Exploration; Temperature Effects; Thermodynamic... thermal vacuum testing. Author Altair Lunar Lander; Electrochromism; Heat Radiators; Mathematical... have become available (e.g., Clementine, Lunar Prospector, Galileo). Lunar science has also advanced... Geological Surveys; Lunar Maps; Structural Properties (Geology); Paleontology; Lunar Surface; Galileo Spacecraft...; Geomorphology; Lunar Surface; Stratigraphy; Structural Basins; Surface Properties; Topography; Crusts; Lunar Maps...: 1) Prebreathe Protocols; 2) Lunar Suit Testing and Development; and 3) Lunar Electric Rover and... Systems; Space Suits; Systems Engineering; Lunar Surface; Extravehicular Activity 133 20100017702... Center of Gravity; Human Performance; Lunar Gravitation; Extravehicular Activity 20100017829 National... challenging thermal requirements. Author Altair Lunar Lander; Control Systems Design; Temperature... Composition; Aerospace Environments; Moon; Robotics; Lunar Landing Modules 20100017105 NASA Marshall... this investigation. Author Earth Analogs; Lunar Rocks; Regolith; Thermodynamic Properties 20100017162... Fabrication; Miniaturization; Scanning Electron Microscopy; Lunar Surface; In Situ Measurement 20100017169... collecting samples during the lunar daylight Author Lunar Exploration; Apollo Spacecraft; Roving... found to be lunar in composition, though non-lunar contaminants may exist... the bulk soil. CASI Lunar Composition; Lunar Rocks; Lunar Soil; Regolith 20100017474 NASA... users? schedules. Derived from text Lunar Rocks; Lunar Surface; Regolith; Simulation 20100017515.... Author Life Support Systems; Lunar Bases; Lunar Surface; Manned Space Flight; Extravehicular... Engineering; Microgravity; Robotics; Astronaut Training; Lunar Environment; Simulators 20100017668 NASA Johnson... on Altair Lunar Lander – 64 Overview of the Altair Lunar Lander Thermal... X-Ray Telescopes – 173 APOLLO SPACECRAFT Lunar Daylight Exploration – 199 APPLICATIONS PROGRAMS... Construction Inspection – 80 CONSUMABLES (SPACECRAFT) Lunar Daylight Exploration – 199 A-10 in... Status Report 26 – 71 LUNAR BASES Lunar Outpost Life Support Architecture Study... LUNAR COMPOSITION Examining the Uppermost Surface of the Lunar Regolith – 200 Lunar Geologic... to Support Extended-Duration Lunar Exploration – 52 Lunar Outpost Life Support Architecture... Extended-Duration Lunar Exploration – 52 Lunar Daylight Exploration – 198 Robotic Lunar Lander Project Status – 29 Development LUNAR GRAVITATION... Performance in Simulated Lunar Gravity – 134 LUNAR LANDING MODULES Robotic Lunar Landers for Science and Exploration – 196 LUNAR MAPS... the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter – 24 LUNAR ORBITER Tracking Data Certification for the Lunar... Uppermost Surface of the Lunar Regolith – 200 NASA Lunar Regolith Simulant Program – 200 Solar Energy Systems for Lunar Oxygen Generation – 31 Thermal Properties of Lunar Regolith Simulants – 197 LUNAR SOIL Examining the Uppermost Surface of the Lunar Regolith – 200 LUNAR SURFACE... Radio Transmitters – 57 RADIATION DOSAGE Lunar Daylight Exploration – 199 Positron Annihilation... of the Lunar Regolith – 200 Geologic Mapping of the Lunar South Pole...: Preliminary Results – 1 Thermal Properties of Lunar Regolith Simulants – 197 Uncertainty Analysis... MEASUREMENT Micromachined Artificial Haircell – 70 Lunar Geologic Mapping: A Preliminary Map of... on Altair Lunar Lander – 64 Overview of the Altair Lunar Lander Thermal... Extended-Duration Lunar Exploration – 52 Solar Energy Systems for Lunar Oxygen Generation... Tracking Data Certification for the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter – 24 Sommeijer, B. P. Iterated...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-15
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.03/5
..., presenting an overview of lowenergy lunar transfers and comparing them with... near the Earth to lunar orbit or the lunar surface. It then... low-energy lunar transfers within the context of historical lunar 1 2 INTRODUCTION AND... lunar surface, including discussions and surveys of transfers that intersect the lunar... operational aspects of implementing a lowenergy lunar transfer. The section begins with... launch period for a low-energy lunar trans­ fer. Additional discussions are... Earth and lunar libration orbits, low lunar mapping orbits, and the lunar surface..., ARTEMIS a Missions referred to include Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), Chandrayaan-1 (CH... the transfers’ fuel requirements. The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) followed a slightly.... A spacecraft launched on a low-energy lunar transfer travels beyond the orbit... book. 1.3.1 Direct, Conventional Transfers A direct lunar transfer is a trajectory between the... was required to attain a trans-lunar injection energy (C3 ) of approximately... 100 km above the mean lunar surface, requiring a hypothetical, impulsive ΔV of... it had performed an impulsive lunar-orbit insertion (LOI) maneuver directly into a circular 100-km lunar orbit c 2011 by American Astronautical... constructed between the Earth and lunar libration orbits for similar amounts... than required by a conventional, direct lunar transfer. Figure 1-2 illustrates an example... or more lunar flybys on their outbound segment. The lunar flybys may... [4]. If a mission takes advantage of a lunar flyby immediately after launch, it.... 1.3.3 Summary: Low-Energy Transfers to Lunar Libration Orbits Low-energy transfers... fuel when a mission’s destination is a lunar libration orbit, such as a halo...-day low-energy lunar transfer to a low, polar lunar orbit [2]. c 2011 by... have demonstrated practical applications of lunar libration orbits, including locations for... performance of lowenergy transfers to lunar libration orbits. The results demonstrate... to conventional, direct transfers to lunar libration orbits. The typical transfers... two example lowenergy transfers to lunar libration orbits, respectively. One can... nature: they require a standard trans-lunar injection maneuver, a few TCMs, and... transfer to a low lunar orbit or to the lunar surface. 1.3.4 Summary: Low-Energy Transfers to Low Lunar Orbits... to a low lunar orbit, such as GRAIL’s target lunar orbit. The transfer... operational complexity when implementing direct lunar transfers. Low-energy transfers may... into very similar orbits, including Lunar Prospector, Kaguya/ Selenological and Engineering... used a direct lunar transfer. The examination shows that the lunar-orbit insertion... that these target low lunar orbits instead of lunar libration orbits. 1.3.5 Summary: Low-Energy Transfers to the Lunar Surface... are useful for lunar impactors, such as the Lunar Crater Observatory and... period. The lunar surface may also be accessed from a lunar libration orbit or from a low lunar orbit. Hence... target the lunar surface. 1.4 BACKGROUND This section reviews historical lunar missions as... the discussions about designing future lunar missions, including future missions that... will become common among lunar missions. 1.5 THE LUNAR TRANSFER PROBLEM Soon after... began developing a method to construct lunar transfers using a new technique, which... methods were developed to construct a lunar transfer that takes advantage of... spacecraft missions that implemented direct lunar transfers to modern analyses that... Lunar Transfers Table 1-2 summarizes many historical missions that have taken direct lunar... a series of lunar flybys. Its fifth and final lunar flyby was performed... 120 km of the lunar surface. The lunar flyby ejected the spacecraft...) First lunar flyby (5995 km) 33.5 hr (1.40 days) First lunar impact... Lunar Orbiter missions; examples include: 10 Aug. 1966 Lunar Orbiter 1 6 Nov. 1966 Lunar Orbiter 2 5 Feb. 1967 Lunar Orbiter 3 USA... days) 1 lunar flyby + 47 days phasing 83 hr (3.46 days) 2 lunar flybys... a complex orbit that involved repeated lunar flybys and excursions out beyond... proposals. 1.6.3 Missions Implementing Low-Energy Lunar Transfers Hiten/MUSES-A. In 1991... required less fuel than traditional lunar transfers [80, 81]. The HISTORICAL..., performed primarily to separate their lunar orbit insertion dates. Figure 1-13... AAS). LOW-ENERGY LUNAR TRANSFERS 1.7 23 LOW-ENERGY LUNAR TRANSFERS Low-energy... target an outbound lunar flyby. If the trajectory employs a lunar flyby, the... A flowchart illustrating different low-energy lunar transfer itineraries, with approximate C3... amount of fuel. Trans-Lunar Injection. The trans-lunar injection (TLI) is...]. Trans-Lunar Cruise. A spacecraft’s trans-lunar cruise on its low-energy lunar transfer... the spacecraft’s destination is a low lunar orbit, then the trajectory guides... the spacecraft’s destination is the lunar surface, then the trajectory guides...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-16
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.09/5
... Service Large Science Platforms ...........................................18 3.3 Lunar Exploration ........................................................................................................26 3.4 Orbital Aggregation and... 23 Figure 3.3-1 Lunar Lander 29 Figure 3.3-2 30-Day Lunar Habitat 30 Figure... 32 Table 3.3-3 Lunar Exploration Mission Requirements 37 Table 3.3-4 Lunar Exploration Key Technology..., and Service Large Science Platforms Lunar Exploration Orbital Aggregation and Space..., namely the exploration of the lunar surface, the construction, deployment, and..., including other Lagrange points, the lunar surface, and various other destinations... delivering crews between Earth, Lunar L1, and the lunar surface, high-efficiency... human exploration expeditions to the lunar surface and an operational facility... infrastructure is the Lunar L1 Lagrange point. 3.1.2.1 Benefits of Lunar L1 Staging... facility located at Lunar L1 for staging lunar exploration missions may also... transferring exploration crews to the lunar surface, a center for the assembly... as the L1 Outpost, Lunar Landers, the Lunar Habitat, and resupply items... 24 Current TRL Additional Applications Lunar/Mars exploration, other zero-g EVA... Telescopes”. NASA JPL, September 2001. 9. “Lunar L1 Gateway Design Report,” NASA... NEXT Design Reference Missions 3.3 DRAFT Lunar Exploration Recent scientific discoveries of... in the lunar polar regions by the Clementine and Lunar Prospector spacecraft... of the lunar mantle, past and present solar activity, lunar ice at... accessible planetary surface missions. Previous lunar experience has been lost due..., extraction of metals from the lunar soil, and materials processing. 3.3.1 Connection... Earth’s neighborhood. The goals of lunar exploration are fully consistent with... Reference Missions DRAFT In addition, lunar exploration may be a possible means... reports and recommendations for future lunar missions. These recommendations can be... was born out the Apollo Lunar Science Conferences. Investigators realized that... actually tested in the lunar environment on lunar materials. Some proposed processes... duration, martian exploration missions. The lunar mission set will be structured... of the lunar near side and all latitudes of the lunar far... of Mars surface equipment in lunar polar environment Autonomous operations may... Martian permafrost 3.3.2.1 Mission Architecture The lunar exploration design reference mission takes... transportation system between Earth and Lunar L1, a cargo transportation system for... located at Lunar L1 (the L1 Outpost). For the lunar surface mission scenario currently under consideration, a lunar lander will be delivered to Lunar L1 by a solar... ferries exploration crews from Lunar L1 to the lunar surface and back... the lunar surface constraints are a significant concern. For rendezvous in lunar orbit... crew will prepare for lunar surface departure. The Lunar Lander is designed... from the Lunar Habitat pre-deployed at either the lunar North or...-day Habitat for extended lunar missions while the Lunar Lander awaits crewed ascent in survival power mode. 3.3.2.2 Architecture Elements Lunar Lander The Lunar Lander (Figure 3.3-1) is capable... caFigure 3.3-1: Lunar Lander pable of delivering 50 kg of Lunar samples to... Missions DRAFT Figure 3.3-2: 30-Day Lunar Habitat scientific analysis. Housed on... used to resupply the Lunar Habitat. Lunar Habitat The Lunar Habitat is a surface... nearly continuous sunlight throughout the lunar day; therefore photovoltaic power generation... crew quarters, galley, and wardroom. 3.3.2.3 Lunar Surface Timeline This section aims..., maintenance or other support functions. 3.3.2.4 Lunar Surface Science 3-Day Surface Missions... oxygen from the lunar regolith will enable future lunar residents to stay.... Ops. self 0.05 W endell M endell Lunar Portable M agnetometer NA 2 4.6 self 0.01... NA 1 28.7 self 0.18 Lunar Tools Lunar Geology Tools QTY Mass (kg... 2 0.2 0.5 - 0.00 0.00 Lunar Sample Containers NA 1 35.5 - 0.06 Lunar Tools 0.13 QTY.... Laser Ranging Retroreflector Steerable Automatic lunar Ultraviolet Telescope AUTO 0 200 80... NA 1 0.2 0 0.01 A pollo Exp. Ops. Lunar Neutron Probe Experiment NA 1 2.3 - 0.002... Particle Lunar Env. Exp. 0.08 1 2.5 NA 0.01 A pollo Exp. Ops. Lunar Dust... 1 7.4 NA 0.02 A pollo Exp. Ops. Lunar Atmospheric Composition Exp. NA 1 9.1 NA... aid of human piloting. Table 3.3-3: Lunar Exploration Mission Requirements 3.3.4 Key Technology... exploration, robotic rover systems Table 3.3-4: Lunar Exploration Key Technology Investments 3.3.5 References... 1999 4. “Lunar Lander Design Report,” NASA JSC, November 2000. 5. “Lunar Habitat Design... Reference Missions DRAFT 7. Kennedy, G., Hair, J. “Lunar L1 Architecture: Surface Timeline, Science... perform a lunar excursion are now at the Outpost. Before the lunar excursion... between Mars exploration and previous lunar explorations. During the past decade...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-16
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.08/5
... examined the feasibility of establishing a lunar outpost. This included analysis of... energy, and experimental studies. The lunar outpost would have its greatest... Space Based Solar Power.......................................................................................................... 43 Lunar Materials ............................................................................................................................. 46 Harvesting Metals from... address the feasibility of establishing a lunar outpost. As the commercialization of... attention towards self-sustenance using lunar materials such as ice from... events that pertain to establishing a lunar outpost within the last 20... cargo. Locations for an initial lunar outpost were considered by examining... that could be conducted after a lunar outpost has been built. These... determined the ability of the lunar outpost to generate revenue. If... examined the process of establishing a lunar outpost as well as its.... We then analyzed uses for a lunar outpost. These uses included gathering... benefits that would steam from a lunar outpost. Ian Ball - His interest... on the subject of establishing a lunar settlement came in 2004 with... develop questions needed to establish a lunar base. The plan created in... exploration, carrying 4-6 people. The Altair Lunar Lander could carry up to.... Any operation in space, including a lunar outpost should be knowledgeable of... of SpaceX indicates that establishing a lunar outpost could prove to be... human or cargo transport to a lunar base. HOHMANN TRANSFER ORBITS The... service propulsion engine to enter lunar orbit [Part 4]. The time taken... considered for our mission of a lunar base. Specifically we can look... California Institute of Technology, the Lunar L1 can be reached from... reach its destination on the lunar surface. Figure 6 - Hall Thruster Diagram... LOCATION To establish a self-sustaining lunar outpost energy, water, and shelter... missions. Specifically, water‘s location in lunar craters would need to be... sees nearly continuous sunlight during a lunar summer day. The discovery of...‘s North Pole during a lunar summer day where a lunar day measures about a month... this vicinity very resourceful for a lunar outpost. Another experiment examining the...-winter day. A lunar day is about 28 days long 7 lunar days would... the Cabeus crater where NASA‘s Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite... necessary for survival on the lunar surface. However the South Pole... location to place the initial lunar outpost because it offers several... this water, scientists have simulated lunar soil in vacuum and used... is very important to sustaining a lunar outpost because managing space and... important to the construction of a lunar base. The only requirement for... through which we can provide a lunar base with a suitable interior atmosphere... an initial site was established a lunar outpost could do several things... is a very expensive endeavor and a lunar outpost would require a reason to.... To extract helium-3 from these lunar samples the regolith would need...-exchange processes. The low gravity lunar surface would provide an ideal... the materials needed for the lunar solar power process. Dr. Criswell... an infrastructure is established. 45 | P a g e LUNAR MATERIALS The aerospace industry has... they began the collection of lunar regolith, scientists have identified several... to power any base electronics. A lunar highland mineral, anorthite, is similar... NASA has proposed as possible lunar settlement structures. Moon-rock bricks... that recovers some oxygen. But a lunar greenhouse will offer the biggest... experimenting with ways to grow lunar-ready white potatoes, soybeans and... improved version of the Apollo lunar rover, which two astronauts could.... We will analyze the effects a lunar outpost and other projects associated... a better estimate on the effects a lunar colony will have on humanity... placement of nuclear fission reactors. A lunar base could possibly contribute to... the earth‘s surface. After analyzing lunar samples taken from Apollo missions... on a larger scale. Another way a lunar outpost could provide energy to... be about 10 years. Establishing a lunar outpost could also positively impact... our solar system. Examining the lunar ice contained in the Shackleton... this water, scientists have simulated lunar soil 63 | P a g e in vacuum and... begun investigating the harvest of lunar ice. His plan, which coincides.... 67 | P a g e Bryner, Jeanna. "SPACE.com -- Lunar Observatories: Grand Plans vs. Clear... D. Spudis. "Constant Illumination at the Lunar North Pole." Nature 434 (2005... Chandrayaan-1 Mission." Proc. of 41st Lunar Planetary Science Conference (2010). Print... Moon "Skylight" Found -- Could House Lunar Base?" Daily Nature and Science.... Nature 318: 162 163. Kulcinski, G. L. "Lunar Solar Power Station." University Wisconsin.... "Moon-Rock Bricks Could Build Lunar Bases and Settlements - Popular Mechanics.... Web. 08 Nov. 2010. . "NASA - Lunar Outpost Plans Taking Shape." NASA.... 2010. . O'Neill, Ian. "Living in Lunar Lava Tubes : Discovery News." Discovery...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-15
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.14/5
...’s Global Exploration Strategy and proposed lunar architecture present a roadmap for future... a permanent base on the lunar surface. NASA’s Lunar Architecture Team concluded that... the lunar South limits direct communication links with the Earth. A lunar relay... presents a highly evolvable, low-cost lunar relay constellation concept using small... activities related to the lunar environment: • Undertake lunar exploration activities to enable... Lunar Exploration Phases Conduct the first extended human expedition to the lunar... than 2020; Completed By • Use lunar exploration activities and to develop... initial elements of the proposed U.S. lunar architecture. One of the key... buildup of a lunar outpost, starting around 2019. NASA’s Lunar Architecture Team concluded... options were considered for the lunar navigation and communication (nav/com... cases [2] representing eight classes of lunar relay orbits to provide coverage... radio communications. Therefore, in their Lunar Exploration Objectives, NASA stated that... data transmission to meet early lunar robotic needs. NASA further stated..., provide many advantageous qualities for lunar nav/com relays. The halo... for the initial constellation design: A lunar halo orbit about L2 and... global coverage of the entire lunar surface to support human exploration... B - Early Human Exploration, and Phase C - Lunar Base. Table 1 presents key communication and navigation requirements L2 Lunar Halo Orbit The first option... and navigation support for the lunar South Pole was a constellation of... a spacecraft. The locations of the lunar libration points are shown in... x-axis. Figure 1 - Locations of the lunar librations points. The libration points... be greatly reduced using a Ballistic Lunar Transfer (BLT) [7] [8] [9]. The launch vehicle... a e i (op) !(op) "(op) M Figure 3 - Ballistic Lunar Transfer in the rotating frame... of the lunar surface. As shown in Figure 1, the first lunar libration...-Earth-Orbit (LEO) onto a trans-lunar trajectory, and an additional 330... remains stationary [13]. Higher altitude lunar orbits (500 – 20,000 km... provide global coverage of the lunar surface. Ely and Lieb developed... constellation to support navigation for lunar assets. The value was quantified... to increase coverage areas and lunar exploration capabilities. This FOM considers... changing cost (m/s) Maximum distance from Lunar assets Earth access (% of orbital... complete reports were generated for lunar coverage, Earth access times, eclipse... of the halo orbits, the lunar coverage characteristics, and the performance... the lunar coverage during Phase A. A facility was created at the Lunar South... a spacecraft about one of the lunar libration points must account for... South Pole coverage and increased lunar far-side coverage. Additionally, the... support robotic video for two lunar assets at 1.5 Mbps. The satellite... Halo Orbit, Earth Surface, and Lunar Surface, respectively. DATA TYPE Mission... Rate 1.5 8.0 0.1 Symbol f P C/No R - Units Lunar Vicinity Link Lunar Vicinity Link Mbps kbps... Rate Units DSN Earth/Lunar Link DSN Earth/Lunar Link 1.5 8.0 4.0 Mbps kbps... Solar Flux Max IR Lunar Flux Min IR Lunar Flux Earth Blackbody... Body Temperature Earth Albedo Constant Lunar Albedo Constant Liaison navigation simulations... a low lunar orbiter, the position errors for the low lunar orbiter are... satellites’ position during the ballistic lunar transfer and will then be... the spacecraft passes through the lunar shadow. Eclipses do not occur... is significantly smaller then a typical lunar mission. Once on orbit the...’s) will be performed during the lunar transfer trajectory in order to... orbit than for a spacecraft in a lunar orbit. However, this research has... many have projected an initial lunar comm/nav constellation would cost... who provided information on Ballistic Lunar Transfers and Liaison navigation. 5. CONCLUSION... of Liaison navigation, which provides lunar orbital accuracies on the order... both South Pole and global lunar coverage, fewer spacecraft are required... Lieb “Constellation of Elliptical Inclined Lunar Orbits Providing Polar and Global..., “Multi-Body Orbit Architectures for Lunar South Pole Coverage,” AAS 06.... [17] Standish, E. M., “JPL Planetary and Lunar Ephemerides, DE405/LE405,” Technical Report.... [4] Hill, K., J. Parker, G. H. Born, and N. Demandante, “A Lunar L2 Navigation, Communication, and Gravity....org. [7] Parker, J. S., Low-Energy Ballistic Lunar Transfers, Ph.D. thesis, University of.... [9] Parker, J., “Families of Low-Energy Lunar Halo Transfers,” AAS 06-132... Satellite Orbit Navigation (LiAISON) in Lunar Halo Orbits,” AAS 05-400... chosen to design an inexpensive lunar navigation and communication satellite. The... Space Grant ESMD that completed a Lunar Navigation and Communication constellation design... Grant ESMD project that completed a Lunar Navigation and Communication constellation design... a senior design project, and performing a Lunar Nav/Comm study sponsored by... group building a working prototype of a lunar excavator as his senior design... of ten semifinalists in the Lunar Ventures, a national business plan competition...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-15
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.09/5
... Media B.V. 2010 Abstract The Japanese lunar orbiter Kaguya (SELENE) was successfully... this overview. Keywords Kaguya · Lunar exploration · Lunar science · Origin and evolution of... provided a rough understanding of the lunar interior. The Moon consists of... during the intial stage of lunar formation around 4.6 billion years ago... there was a relative lack of lunar missions: only small robotic missions... from the viewpoint of further lunar studies and future utilization (Kato...; Sasaki et al. 2003). The lunar orbiter Kaguya was launched successfully... lunar orbital plane Mission Period One year nominal Okina impacted on lunar...); (3) terrain camera (TC), lunar radar sounder (LRS), and lunar laser altimeter (LALT... measure the topography of the lunar surface and subsurface (Haruyama et...); and (5) charged particle spectrometer (CPS), lunar magnetometer (LMAG), plasma energy, angle... observe particles incident on the lunar surface. Just after the Kaguya... valuable data for lunar studies. Various topics of lunar science can be... GAP LISM/SP Spectral Profiler Lunar Imager and Spectrometer Multi-band... al. Instrument Classification Terrain Camera Lunar Radar Sounder Laser Altimeter Relay... Kaguya Mission Overview 9 Instrument Classification Lunar Magnetometer Plasma Energy Angle and... terrestrial plasmasphere Detection of tenuous lunar ionosphere Low energy plasma analysis... spacecraft. Most instruments observing the lunar surface are allocated on the... ocean Origin of the lunar magnetic field Lunar tectonics. These science targets..., namely, elemental abundance of the lunar surface (obtained by XRS and... the lunar surface. Information about the subsurface constituents in the lunar crust... model SGM100h comparing with the Lunar Prospector model LP100K. The differential... as the 90s’ lunar missions such as the Lunar Prospector are limited... that provide information regarding the lunar interior. However, the Kaguya data... mares occupy 60% of the lunar nearside. A large altitude difference (more... be globally retained on the lunar surface. The rock distribution could... be globally confirmed in the lunar surface. Spectrometric studies by the... probable sources of the ancient lunar magnetic fields were (1) a former core... understand the origin of lunar magnetic anomalies. 3.7 Lunar Tectonics The evolution of... mass concentration anomalies. • Confirmation of lunar global topography by LALT. • Re... reflection from the lunar surface, SW entry into lunar wake, and interaction... mission followed the Clementine and Lunar Prospector science- oriented precursor missions... to the international community of lunar exploration and anonymous supporters all..., N. Kawano, S. Sasaki, Observation of the lunar topography by the laser altimeter..., N. Kawano, I. Kamiya, H. Otake, J. Oberst, C. Shum, Lunar global shape and polar topography... 323, 897–900 (2009) A.B. Binder, Lunar prospector: overview. Science 281, 1475... crater dimensions: Implications for the lunar cratering record. Meteorit. Planet. Sci... of differential VLBI observations of lunar orbiters in SELENE (Kaguya) for precise orbit determination and lunar gravity field study. Space Sci... and geometrically corrected products of lunar high-resolution Terrain Camera on... precision gamma-ray spectrometer for lunar polar orbiter SELENE. Adv. Space... and interpretation of lunar crustal magnetic anomalies using lunar prospector magnetometer data..., The possibility of studying the lunar ionosphere with the SELENE radio..., Y. Futaana, A. Saito, H. Ando, Studying the lunar ionosphere with SELENE radio science..., K. Tanaka, Y. Iijima, Y. Takizawa, The Japanese lunar mission SELENE: science goals and... composition of the lunar magma ocean, in Proc., 9th Lunar Planet. Sci...–306 J. Longhi, A new view of lunar ferroan anorthosites: postmagma ocean petrogenesis..., N. Kawano, F.G. Lemoine, D.D. Rowlands, An improved lunar gravity field model from SELENE..., S. Sasaki, Mare volcanism in the lunar farside moscoviense region: implication for..., Deriving the absolute reflectance of lunar surface using SELENE (Kaguya) multiband..., S. Oshigami, A. Yamaji, T. Kobayashi, Y. Kasahara, H. Oya, Lunar radar sounder observations of subsurface..., Y. Omura, T. Imachi, H. Matsumoto, H. Oya, The lunar radar sounder (LRS) onboard the... maria observed from Kaguya with lunar radar sounder. Geophys. Res. Lett..., Detectability of subsurface interfaces in lunar maria by the LRS/SELENE... of the vector lunar crustal magnetic field based on lunar prospector magnetometer... of the high-sensitivity SELENE lunar magnetometer LMAG. Earth Planets Space..., Y. Iijima, Lunar magnetic field observation and initial global mapping of lunar magnetic..., J. Longhi, E.M. Stolper, J.F. Hays, Origin of lunar feldspathic rocks. Earth Planeta. Sci... chemistry of lunar samples and achondrites. Primary matter in the lunar highlands: a re-evaluation, in Proc. 8th Lunar Sci. Conf... Kaguya Mission Overview 19 P.W. Warren, Lunar anorthosites and the magma ocean... definition television system on board lunar explorer KAGUYA(SELENE) and imaging...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-16
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.02/5
... Mapper (M3) Imaging Spectrometer for Lunar Science: Instrument Description, Calibration, On..., S. Tompkins, Remote compositional analysis of lunar olivine‐rich lithologies with Moon..., L. Taylor, S. Tompkins, New insights into lunar petrology: Distribution and composition of..., J. Nettles, R. L. Klima, and L. Taylor (2011), Lunar mare deposits associated with the..., L. and J. F. Mustard, Highland contamination in lunar mare soils: Improved mapping with..., Nonlinear spectral mixture modeling of lunar multispectral data: Implications for lateral... Oceanus Procellarum: Implications for early lunar volcanism, J. Geophys. Res. 101, 18... B. R. Hawke, Criteria for detection of lunar cryptomare, Earth, Moon, and Planets..., G. Neukum, A. McEwen, R. Greeley, and M. J. S. Belton, Lunar impact basins: New data for... bidirectional reflectance measurements, Proc. 17th Lunar Planet. Sci. Conf., J. Geophys. Res... and Mission Priorities, Committee on Lunar and Planetary Evolution, Space Studies... Catchment and Delta Mineralogy, 45th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLV... Impact Structure, submitted to 45th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLV... Calibration Study, submitted to 45th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLV... Impact Structure, Nunavut, Canada, 45th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLV... Climate: Spectroscopic Implications for Mars. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLIV... Alteration Minerals and Carbonates, 44th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLIV... Kashira Crater, Mars, (2013) 44th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract... Assessment of Astrobiological Potential. 44th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLIV... Implications for Mars Remote Sensing. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLIV..., J. F. Mustard, M. B. Wyatt, and B. T. Greenhagen. 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2012... timing of Volcanic Resurfacing, 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, (2012... effects on spectroscopic investigations, 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLIII... studies and planetary applications, 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract... visible/near infrared spectra. 42nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2011... martian openbasin lake morphology. 42nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2011... mineralogy along a paleolake chain. 42nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2011..., and J. Whitten. A mineralogical survey of lunar crater central peaks with Moon... volcano scan atmosphere correction. 42nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2011... capturing diverse habitable environments. 42nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2011... images with endmember extraction. 42nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2011... Dry Valleys: Initial characterization. 42nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2011... Mars primary crust formation. 42nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2011...: Windows into the upper lunar crust. 42nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference... the Noachian-Hesperian boundary. 42nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2011...: Implications for martian hydrology. 42nd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2011... Correlation with HiRISE Imagery. 41st Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2010..., J. Sunshine, L. Taylor, S. Tompkins, P. Varanasi. The Lunar Orientale Basin: Structure and Crustal... the Lunar Surface Detected by the Moon Mineralogy Mapper. 41st Lunar and... Surface Compositions: Preliminary Results. 41st Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2010... Martian Climate & Surface Compositions. 41st Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2010... Noctis Labyrinthus Chamata, Mars. 41st Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2010... (M3) Data: Mare Stratigraphy. 41st Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2010... Correction: Discussion of Artifacts. 41st Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (2010... Environments on Early Mars, 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract... on Mars: 2. Detailed Analysis. 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract..., C.M. Pieters, J.W. Boardman, J.F. Mustard, J.M. Sunshine, S. Tompkins, Lunar Surface Compositional Units Determined by... Near-Infrared Spectral Data. 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract... Tyrrhena and Noachis Terra. 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract... Fossae-Syrtis-Isidis Region. 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract..., M. Staid, J. M. Sunshine, L.A. Taylor, S. Tompkins, P. Varanasi, Lunar Magma Ocean Bedrock Anorthosites Detected...-Type on the Lunar Farside and Implications for Lunar Crustal Evolution (Invited... Capri Chasma, Valles Marineris. 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract... Ius Chasma, Valles Marineris. 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract... Near-Infrared Orbital Spectroscopy. 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract... Mars with CRISM Observations. 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract... Deposits in Chaotic Terrains. 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Abstract... Lunar and Planetary Science, Volume 21, 1990 Associate Editor, Proceedings of Lunar...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-15
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.07/5
... Estimate............................................................................................................. 40 Cost Estimates ....................................................................................................................................................................... 42 Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... shadowed areas of the lunar poles - the Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer (LPVE... Marshall Space Flight Center’s, Robotic Lunar Lander Development Project team in... in FY15 dollars, including reserves). Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... near the Moon’s south pole. Lunar Prospector detected increased hydrogen levels... of the current volatile deposition? Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... The Science Objectives for the Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer mission concept... penetrating radar Exospheric mass spectrometer Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... significantly advance our understanding of lunar polar volatiles and what they... measurements, and to functional requirements. Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... architecture matured for the Robotic Lunar Exploration Program (RLEP) was used... solutions against a floor-level mission. Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... System section of this report. Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... the volatile compounds at the lunar poles 1 Instrument complement supports if... of volatile compounds in the lunar polar regolith 1 Instrument complement supports... of volatile compounds in the lunar polar regolith 1 Limited lateral measurements... with a direct landing approach at lunar arrival. This mission design reduces... (TRN) Figure 1: Mission Design Concept Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept.... Because there is no available lunar orbiting communications asset, direct line... while preserving heat during the Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... while traversing the PSR then a Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... to only the priority 1 instruments. Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... the DACS thrusters prove unsuccessful. Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... shown below. Table 6: Future Trades Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... accomplish both Priority 1 and 2 science. Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... when the Rover is stationary. Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... Value Units Rover Neutron Spectrometer (Lunar Prospector/HYDRA heritage) 1 per Rover... Value Units Downhole Neutron Spectrometer (Lunar Prospector/DHYDRA heritage) 1 per Rover... average science data rate contingency Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... Spectrometer (GCMS) unit for analysis. Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... average science data rate contingency Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... sampling locations and measured volatiles. Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... average science data rate contingency Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... up the lunar exosphere by opening a chamber to the ambient lunar environment... average science data rate contingency Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... battery and ASRG rover configurations. Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... LIDAR because these sensors are Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... battery depletion ends the mission. Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... Characteristics Table 11: Rover Characteristics Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... configuration while minimizing mission cost. Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... 14: Power Summary – ASRG Mission Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... 15: Lander/SRM Technology Maturity Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... rover will accept commands and Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... the battery and ASRG missions. Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... 19: ASRG Mission Data Characteristics Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... concept. Table 20: Mission Risks Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept Study 34 4. Development Schedule Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... integration. Figure 8: LPVE Mission Schedule Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... 22: Enabling Technology Development Needs Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... needed. Figure 9: LPVE Detailed Schedule Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept...: - Results from International Lunar Network (ILN) and Lunar Geophysical Network (LGN) analyses... include all costs, including fees. Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... includes these costs for 3 months. Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... dollars. Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept Study 43 Appendices Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept Study 44 Appendix A – Study Team Lunar... and approaches, basic architecture concept Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept... NASA WBS Element 05 – Payloads Lunar Polar Volatiles Explorer Mission Concept...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-15
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.05/5
... unresolved. The recent plethora of lunar missions (flown or proposed) reflects... 2007). Although the Clementine and Lunar Prospector missions have greatly added... and mineralogical makeup of the lunar surface, and these observations will...’e-1, Chandrayaan-1 and Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, our knowledge of the lunar interior is... place four penetrators in the lunar surface in order to make... to make major contributions to lunar science, while at the same... permanently shaded craters at the lunar poles (Feldman et al. 1998... in lunar science, and to make better use of the lunar geological... penetrators. (SSTL) proposed UK-led lunar science mission that will contribute... widely spaced localities on the lunar surface (Gao et al. 2008... benefit UK involvement in future lunar missions. In 2007 MoonLITE was... gap within the proposed international lunar mission portfolio and help facilitate... in the planning of future lunar exploration. These top-level science..., and the structure of the lunar crust and upper mantle (Goins... a more widely spaced network of lunar seismic stations, including stations at... state of the lunar core. Such knowledge of the lunar core as..., composition and physical state of a lunar core would have profound impacts... of the lunar mantle. One of the main contributions lunar studies can... planets, the structure of the lunar mantle may preserve a record of... deciphered. ●  Thickness of the farside lunar crust. Reinterpretations of the Apollo... required to determine the average lunar crustal thickness, which has significant... of natural moonquakes. Understanding natural lunar seismicity, and especially the relatively... both for our knowledge of lunar geophysics and the planning of... evolution of planetary interiors. The lunar heatflow was measured at the... may not be representative of lunar heat-flow as a whole. An... the northwestern part of the lunar nearside (Jolliff et al. 2000..., greatly limiting our knowledge of lunar geological processes. Although additional sample... remote-sensing instruments on forthcoming lunar orbital missions. Polar volatiles As is well known, the Lunar Prospector neutron spectrometer found evidence... concentrations of hydrogen at the lunar poles, which has been widely... derived from comets hitting the lunar surface. The confirmation of water... the lunar poles. Development methodology MoonLITE is envisaged as both a lunar science... The penetrator delivery to the lunar surface will take place in... penetrators will be transferred to lunar orbit as the payload of.... Each penetrator will impact the lunar regolith at a speed of ~300... from 30 km onto the lunar surface). It is entirely feasible... et al. 1999, 2001), and Lunar‑A (Mizutani et al. 2001) penetrator... for one year below the lunar surface. This has significant consequences.... Moreover, the temperature 3 m below the lunar surface is estimated to be... penetrators located away from the lunar poles, communication passes will occur... during its one-year lifetime. A Lunar-A study (Mizuno et al. 2000... communication effects of the overlaying lunar regolith and associated impact crater... orientation) dur- undisturbed under the lunar surface for a vast investigator for... of ples of the local lunar regolith the work presented here... Moon Rev. Min. Geochem. 60 lunar regolith, both thermal pp721. JWG... gradient and thermal conductivReport on Lunar Exploration, ity measurements are required... (blue) Langseth M G et al. 1976 Lunar Planet. aluminium, which represents a on... to make major contributions to lunar science. Neal C R 2006 Geotimes 51... instruments (e.g. to measure sur- (e.g. of lunar seismicity and polar volatile con... (Smithsonian public and media interest. Lunar exploration science and technology. ●   Institution...