Спутник ФКИ. MESSENGER. [Редактировать]

Американская автоматическая межпланетная станция для исследования Меркурия. Меркурий является одним из самых малоизученных объектов Солнечной системы. До «Мессенджера» его исследовал только один космический аппарат — «Маринер-10», 3 раза пролетевший около планеты в 1974—1975 годах. Было заснято менее половины поверхности Меркурия, отсутствовали данные о химическом составе, строении планеты и многом другом. Для заполнения этих пробелов НАСА была организована миссия «Мессенджер». После принятия решения о продлении срока службы аппарата на год (изначально он должен был завершить работу 17 марта 2012 года) в задачи полёта также было включено изучение воздействия увеличения солнечной активности на Меркурий в ходе начала нового солнечного цикла.

Конструкция аппарата:

Стартовая масса АМС «Мессенджер» — около 1100 кг, причём почти 600 кг (более половины всей массы) — топливо. Корпус аппарата изготовлен из углепластика и имеет размеры 1,42×1,85×1,27 м. Из-за значительной мощности солнечного излучения у орбиты Меркурия (в 11 раз выше, чем у Земли) предприняты специальные меры для обеспечения приемлемого теплового режима КА. Обращённая к Солнцу сторона аппарата прикрыта солнцезащитным экраном размером 2,5×2 м, сам корпус укутан в многослойную теплоизоляцию, а для отвода тепла от корпуса КА предусмотрены радиаторы и тепловые трубы. Источником энергии для станции служат две односторонние поворотные панели солнечных батарей (СБ) размером 1,5×1,65 м с фотоэлементами на арсениде галлия. Они способны вырабатывать более 2 кВт, но аппарату достаточно всего 385—485 Вт на стадии перелёта и 640 Вт при работе на орбите, поэтому СБ будут ориентировать под разными углами. Более того, 67 % площади панелей — это небольшие зеркала, которые отражают большую часть солнечных лучей и не дают панели перегреться. Сборка аппарата Двигательная установка станции включает в себя двухкомпонентный маршевый двигатель с тягой 68 кгс для больших манёвров и 16 малых однокомпонентных ЖРД. Горючее (гидразин) и окислитель (тетраоксид азота) хранятся в трёх титановых баках диаметром 56 см и длиной 104 см; гелий, находящийся под высоким давлением, обеспечивает их подачу в двигатели. В систему связи аппарата входят две антенны высокого усиления HGA типа «фазированная решётка», а также две веерные антенны среднего усиления MGA и четыре антенны низкого усиления LGA. Все антенны закреплены неподвижно, что повышает их надёжность; при этом сигналы фазированных решёток (впервые используется в «дальнем космосе») могут быть направлены под углом до 45° к оси самой антенны. 11-ваттный передатчик обеспечивает передачу данных с борта на Землю в диапазоне X со скоростью от 9,9 бит/с до 104 кбит/с. Команды с Земли на борт идут со скоростью от 7,8 до 500 бит/с. Ориентация осуществляется с помощью двух звёздных датчиков, а также четырёх гироскопов и четырёх акселерометров, входящих в состав инерциального измерительного блока IMU (Inertial Measurement Unit). «Мозгом» аппарата являются 2 модуля интегрированной электроники IEM (основной и резервный), каждый из них имеет главный процессор RAD6000 (25 МГц) и аналогичный процессор для защиты от сбоев (10 МГц). В состав каждого IEM также входит твердотельное запоминающее устройство с памятью до 1 Гбайт.

Научная аппаратура:

В состав научной аппаратуры АМС входят:

  • Двухрежимная камера MDIS (Mercury Dual Imaging System) предназначена для топографической съёмки и детального исследования ландшафта Меркурия; состоит из широкоугольной и узкоугольной мультиспектральных камер. Широкоугольная камера имеет поле обзора 10,5° и 12 различных фильтров для наблюдения в диапазонах спектра от 400 до 1100 нм. Узкоугольная камера с полем обзора 1,5° будет получать детальные чёрно-белые изображения поверхности планеты.
  • Рентгеновский спектрометр XRS (X-Ray Spectrometer) предназначен для определения элементного состава тонкого (1 мм) верхнего слоя поверхности Меркурия с разрешением от 200 до 1000 км. Он регистрирует рентгеновское излучение с энергией в пределах от 1 до 10 кэВ, где находятся спектральные линии магния, алюминия, кремния, серы, кальция, титана и железа, а также солнечное рентгеновское и гамма-излучение.
  • Гамма-спектрометр и нейтронный спектрометр GRNS (Gamma-Ray and Neutron Spectrometer) предназначен для регистрации нейтронов и гамма-лучей от элементов на поверхности Меркурия, испускаемых под воздействием космического излучения, а также естественного излучения радиоактивных элементов. Прибор будет применяться для картографирования поверхности планеты с целью определения элементного состава её коры, и в частности — обнаружения полярных льдов.
  • Спектрометр энергичных частиц и плазмы EPPS (Energetic Particle and Plasma Spectrometer) предназначен для изучения состава, распределения и энергии заряженных частиц в магнитосфере Меркурия. Состоит из спектрометра заряженных частиц EPS и высокоскоростного плазменного спектрометра FIPS.
  • Спектрометр для исследования состава атмосферы и поверхности MASCS (Mercury Atmospheric and Surface Composition Spectrometer) предназначен для определения состава верхней атмосферы и поверхности Меркурия. Он включает в себя два спектрометра: видимого и УФ-диапазона и видимого и ИК-диапазона.
  • Лазерный высотомер MLA (Mercury Laser Altimeter) предназначен для высокоточной топографической съёмки поверхности Меркурия.
  • Трёхкомпонентный магнитометр MAG предназначен для исследования магнитных аномалий на поверхности Меркурия, а также для изучения структуры и динамики его магнитного поля.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1Mercury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry and RangingНайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
2Страна оператор(владелец) - США
3Страна производитель - США

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12014-02-08. Космический аппарат MESSENGER передал на Землю более 200 000 снимков, сделанных с орбиты вокруг Меркурия. Первоначально ожидалось, что аппарат сделает как минимум 1000 снимков, ученые при этом надеялись, что, возможно, эту цифру удастся увеличить хотя бы до 2 тысяч. Тэги: MESSENGER
22014-12-16. Аппарат обнаружил, что Меркурий может периодически попадать под метеоритный поток, когда он проходит через мусорный след кометы Энке. Данный вывод сделан исходя из оценки уровня содержания кальция в атмосфере.Тэги: MESSENGER
32015-04-30. Космический аппарат Messenger разбился о Меркурий, завершив 11-летнюю миссию.
Космический аппарат Messenger разбился о поверхность Меркурия. У межпланетной станции закончилось топливо, что стало причиной завершения 11-летней миссии. По расчетам НАСА, MESSENGER врезался в Меркурий на скорости 14 080 км/час., создав кратер диаметром около 16 м. Тэги: MESSENGER

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса (сухая), кг485
2Масса (топлива), кг600
3Масса, кг1085
4Площадь поверхности батареи, метра3,0×1,65
5Габариты, метра1,42×1,85×1,27
6Количество (солнечных батарей), шт.2
7Мощность (потребляемая на стадии перелета), Вт450
8Мощность (солнечных батарей), Вт2000
9Мощность (потребляемая на стадии работы), Вт640
10Площадь (теплового экрана), метра2,5×2
11Тип (солнечных батарей)GaAs

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2004-030A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.310
2Оператор NASA, APL
3Производитель APL
4Прогнозная стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2003-01-01235.1
5Прогнозная стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2003-01-01337.7

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2004-08-03 at 06:15:56 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xMESSENGER
3Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 2 7925

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «MESSENGER». [Перейти к поиску]


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... him whom He chooses as a messenger; for surely He makes a guard... are from musk.” They said: “O messenger of Allah, who is your... be not disunited).” They said: “O messenger of Allah, will you declare... is my guardian.” They asked: “O messenger of Allah, who is your... duty to Allah. ’[3]” They asked: “O messenger of Allah, what is this... I had taken a way with the Messenger.’[4] It is my guardian and... bald, potbellied man)[6] and said: “O messenger of Allah, towards this man...?” They began crying and said: “O messenger of Allah, we looked at... (s) and sat down. He said: “O messenger of Allah, I have heard Allah... people got up and said: “O messenger of Allah, do I follow after... than what Allah and his messenger had meant. But the Prophet...] “Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority from... the guidance of Allah, His messenger and the infallible imams, whom... I had taken a way with the Messenger. O woe is me! would that... a friend.”[19] So was that “messenger” but Muhammad (s)? And who was... indeed revealed to you a reminder; a messenger.”[21] And when He said... the Prophet’s situation: “And the Messenger cried out: O my Lord! surely... Muhammad is no more than a messenger; the messengers have already passed... His messenger. Allah said: “…Then let those beware who withstand the Messenger... from Allah revealed to His messenger (s) and then to certain men...! obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority from....”[11] And: “Whoever obeys the Messenger, he indeed obeys Allah.”[12... orders of Allah and His messenger (s) and their oppression towards those..., who disobey Allah and His messenger, who wrong the family of.... I witness that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah and I will keep... are the guardian of the messenger of Allah and the successor... is?” I said: “No, Allah, His messenger and Amirul Mo'mineen are... Allah the Almighty to His messenger (s). It has the names of... Mighty, the Wise to His messenger, His light, His screen, His... on Me. I have never sent a messenger unless I have appointed his guardian... is your guardian and His Messenger and those who believe, those... Prophet (s), the people asked him: “O messenger of Allah, does it concern... general?” Then Allah ordered His messenger to declare for them the...-Farisi got up and said: “O messenger of Allah, what guardianship is... your religion.”[16] Salman said: “O messenger of Allah, have these verses... Day of Resurrection.” Salman asked: “O messenger of Allah, would you please... then Salman asked the Prophet (s): “O messenger of Allah, who are these... got up angrily and said: “O messenger of Allah, all the people... his name; Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, the Pen writes... or the sayings of His messenger because he hates lying, fears... sayings. Allah says, “Whatever the Messenger gives you, accept it, and.... Once I said to the Prophet (s): “O messenger of Allah, since you have... it down for them.” I asked: “O messenger of Allah, who are my...! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority from..., the Messenger and those of authority among you.” I said: “O messenger of Allah... be away from them.” I said: “O messenger of Allah, would you tell... of the twelve imams.” I said: “O messenger of Allah, would you tell... Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah). The second line... of parchment?” I said: “Allah, His messenger and you are more aware... after the Ascension is: (The messenger believes in what has been...: “This is Ahmad, the beloved messenger of Allah.” The Angel of... (s), apologized and said to him: “O messenger of Allah, I went to a tyrant... Abdurrahman,[3] have you asked the messenger of Allah (s) about how many... ordered to obey Allah, His messenger and His guardians and have...! obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority from... message is (incumbent) on Our messenger.”[12] In the fourth tradition... over His people after His messenger Muhammad (s)…” Then Allah says when... Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, submitting to the... His messenger Muhammad (s). I swear by Him, Who has sent His messenger with... lies against Allah and His messenger (s) and he will kill them.... Allah has not make His messenger (s) die until He has perfected... He has revealed to His messenger in the last (farewell) hajj... caliphate of Allah and His messenger and it is the position... the choice of Allah, His messenger and Ahlul Bayt and cling... matter when Allah and His Messenger have decided a matter.”[15] And...] And He says to His messenger Muhammad (s), “…and Allah has revealed... news?” Ali (s) said: “Yes please, O messenger of Allah.” The Prophet (s) said... descendants of alHusayn.” Ali said: “O messenger of Allah, whatever goodness we...?” Ja'far said: “Yes please, O messenger of Allah.” The Prophet (s) said...-Abbas 199 said: “Yes please, O messenger of Allah.” The Prophet (s) said... al-Abbas!” Al-Abbas said: “O messenger of Allah, do I avoid sleeping... him saying: “My brother, the messenger of Allah, has said to... messenger of Allah, I am the worthiest of the Sunna of the messenger... and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah…” Then he declared...



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... SINFONI elliptical lens survey The Messenger No. 160 – June 2015 Telescopes... air in early 2013. 2 The Messenger 160 – June 2015 achieved was... and well-matched wavelength The Messenger 160 – June 2015 3 ø1 = 0.33 ø1 = 0.37... on the front cover of Messenger 158. However, the LBC SV..., Hunter et al. (2015). The Messenger 160 – June 2015 Jy beam... (Wong et al., 2015). The Messenger 160 – June 2015 5 Telescopes and... detections only the shorter 6 The Messenger 160 – June 2015 baselines were... Fomalont, E. et al. 2014, The Messenger, 155, 19 Kwon, W. et al... Nikolic, B. et al. 2011, The Messenger, 143, 11 Nikolic, B. et al....org/public/ news/eso1436/ The Messenger 160 – June 2015 7 Astronomical Science...-Gustav Floren4 l l l l l l l l .EERDS @QBRDBNMCR The Messenger 160 – June 2015 9 Astronomical Science... size l l l l l 10 l 1 NEERDS @QBRDBNMCR The Messenger 160 – June 2015 l l l 1 NEERDS @QBRDBNMCR... sources, in particular the The Messenger 160 – June 2015 11 Astronomical..., H. 2005, A&A, 436, 633 12 The Messenger 160 – June 2015 #DB NEERDS... outer regions. This is The Messenger 160 – June 2015 13 of... et al. (2015). 14 The Messenger 160 – June 2015 Figure 2. 1 by... OGNSNLDSQHB @BBTQ@BX L@FR The Messenger 160 – June 2015 15 The... to WINGS MDs. 16 The Messenger 160 – June 2015 6(-&2 QDMNQL .LDF....google.com/site/ W wingsomegawings The Messenger 160 – June 2015 17 Astronomical... as IMF probes 18 The Messenger 160 – June 2015 Until recently... sources with identical wavelengths The Messenger 160 – June 2015 19 Smith... lost through combining 20 The Messenger 160 – June 2015 Y " '` %KTW MNHRD... need to assume old The Messenger 160 – June 2015 21 Astronomical... have been identified. 22 The Messenger 160 – June 2015 Astronomical Science..., Ωg, between 1.5 < z < 5.0. The results indicate The Messenger 160 – June 2015 23 Astronomical... & Beacom (2006). 24 RTAl#+ R The Messenger 160 – June 2015 Figure 1. The... possible tracers of the The Messenger 160 – June 2015 25 Astronomical... for more information. 26 The Messenger 160 – June 2015 (Next page... of these substructures. 28 The Messenger 160 – June 2015 Figure 1. Participants... Telescope GHOSTS (Galaxy Halos The Messenger 160 – June 2015 29 Astronomical... in NGC 3115. 30 The Messenger 160 – June 2015 Rejkuba M. et... down into their constituent The Messenger 160 – June 2015 31 Astronomical...-shifted (c) Blue-shifted 8 32 The Messenger 160 – June 2015 6 Y offset (pc... eyes of new facilities, The Messenger 160 – June 2015 33 Astronomical... Rest frequency (GHz) CO J=5–4 The Messenger 160 – June 2015 600 650... time to organise a workshop The Messenger 160 – June 2015 35 Astronomical... to explore, access 36 The Messenger 160 – June 2015 The workshop... Testi, L., Pilbratt, G. & Andreani, P. 2011, The Messenger, 143, 52 Links 1 erschel Science... [LJMU]), together with journal The Messenger 160 – June 2015 37 Astronomical... project: The All- 38 The Messenger 160 – June 2015 weather MUse... instruments or new techniques. The Messenger 160 – June 2015 39 Astronomical..., Yue (CN) Instrumentation Engineer The Messenger 160 – June 2015 de Boer... applicants. The Messenger 160 – June 2015 41 42 The Messenger 160 – June... the two observing sites. The Messenger 160 – June 2015 43 ESO... European Extremely Large T ­ elescope. The Messenger is published, in hardcopy and..., including postal subscription to The Messenger, contact the ESO education and... 06-0 information@eso.org The Messenger: Editor: Jeremy R. Walsh; Design, Production...: K ­ erstin Bauer. www.eso.org/messenger/ Printed by Color Gruppe Geretsrieder... indicated, all images in The Messenger are courtesy of ESO, except...



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... -Q1) | friends of Antonio SALERIO , a messenger from Venice | SHYLOCK (SHYLOCKE -Q1... Portia MESSENGER , for Portia SERVANT (SERVINGMAN ), for Portia MAN , messenger for Antonio MESSENGER... their leave—and there is a messenger° come from° a fifth, the Prince... master, will be here tonight. messenger: {forerunner} / herald from: / to announce..., draw the curtain, Nerissa. Enter a Messenger [—Messenger Where is my lady? —Portia.... What would my lord? ] 53 —Messenger Madam, there is alighted at... be used in reference to a messenger. She is playing on the..., is suspect, both in the messenger’s superfluous question, and Portia askew... promising a harbinger° of love / courier / messenger 59. {To show how costly... Lorenzo and Jessica, with Salerio, a messenger from Venice 16 —Bassanio Lorenzo... here (as opposed to Salerio, a messenger) Gratziano would have greeted him... so he is identified as a ‘messenger from Venice’ in the stage... not such a friend, but only a messenger— was about to deliver some... lord, there waits° without 58 A messenger with letters from the judge... us° the letters! Call the messenger! / me {stays} {doctor} Exit Salerio... at the instant that your messenger arrived, a young doctor of law... yet: But there is come a messenger before To signify their coming...} 10 {footing} / footsteps Enter Stephano, a messenger 4. {Stood Dido with a willow in... Here! —Launcelet Tell him there’s a messenger° come from my master, with... here before the morning. 20 messenger: {post} mouth: {horn} Exit —Lorenzo... yet. But there has come a messenger, before, To tell of their.... Enter Shylock and Tubal, then Messenger from opposite direction —Tubal We... trade. [to Messenger] How now, what be the news? —Messenger I bring a letter from your only daughter. —Shylock Jessica? —Messenger Yes... daughter but am I her father? —Messenger That is the name she...? —Messenger I think you’ll find the answer in her letter. Messenger hands...



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... I was perhaps a battle-worn boy messenger from a combat unit, a son of... Park Jin Yong. When the messenger told me of the fact... activities of our guerrilla army. A messenger from Wangqing reported that, after... defense of the guerrilla zone, a messenger came to us with a secret..., Zhuanjiaolou, Deyuanli and Sanhanli.” I sent a messenger to Lee Kwang, telling him... guide from Zhuanjiaolou and the messenger from the enemy-held area... the party and mass organizations, a messenger arrived with a summons for us... company headquarters. He was a good messenger for me and for the... the police while acting as a messenger traveling from village to village... safest and most appropriate as a messenger. Eventually, Kum Sun was selected...-zhong in north Manchuria sent a messenger to us, requesting our assistance... time Ko Pobae acted as a messenger between the north and east... him a messenger who had come from east Manchuria. This messenger told us...? I was very displeased. I told the messenger to return without worry, saying...'re really a strange man," the messenger said and left reluctantly. Thoughts... committee was empty except for a messenger. I asked him where everyone else... organization in Luozigou had sent a messenger to me in Yaoyinggou with.... I sent a messenger to company commander Tie to find out. The messenger confirmed... return from north Manchuria, one messenger of our unit made his... Xiongnus in the north as a messenger of the Emperor of Han... at Macun owing to the messenger's carelessness and belated delivery of... over. He swore at the messenger furiously, and then, recovering his... from the jar. One night a messenger with the peculiar name of... must have happened to the messenger on the way. Even if... Kim San Ho to dispatch a messenger immediately to Maylhe, Linjiang, to... Daying again, he sent a secret messenger to us requesting that we... this time Wan Shun sent a messenger to us with greetings and... by letter and by sending a messenger. The old man's visit came... an organization. If we sent a messenger there with a short notice, the... an organization. If we sent a messenger there with a short notice, the... gone out to fight battles. A messenger sent by Kim Ju Hyon... of joy and embraced the messenger, when we heard that the... carried out his assignment promptly. A messenger conveyed Lee's report that Park... the border. Choe Hyon sent a messenger to us with a brief report... support General Kim. I must send a messenger to Mt. Paektu in a few... a messenger. Simultaneously with the arrival of this messenger at Headquarters, another messenger, sent... skillfully performed the part of messenger for Kwon Yong Byok, Lee... in the capacity of a secret messenger from the Nanjing government. He... him. The arrival of the messenger in Manchuria showed that the... fact that he sent his messenger to us on behalf of... armed struggle in Manchuria. The messenger, like Kong Xian-yong, had... struggle in China proper, the messenger explained the desirability of including... in the northeast region. The messenger admitted that our view was... struggle in China proper. The messenger said that when he was.... The Manchukuo army unit sent a messenger to him with a letter promising... town through a mistake of the messenger. He took out his frustration... about cooperation with them. I sent a messenger to deliver the Inaugural Declaration... their opinions seriously. As the messenger from the Comintern, he spoke... Liaoxi, Wei Zheng-min, the messenger from the Comintern, followed us... items to the area with a messenger. This messenger came back with a disturbing... do us great harms. The messenger brought a letter from Lee Dong... guerrillas at the camp. The messenger told us the women guerrillas... incident. Had we not sent a messenger to the camp, Ohm would..., we did not send any messenger to the Comintern, nor the... it difficult to send even a messenger to him, where could it... you comrades talk to the messenger Wang Run-cheng and find.... "I stand special surety for the messenger." The quotation suggests that Wei... him. Kim Chaik told the messenger to sleep in his bed.... Kim Chaik noticed that the messenger's clothes were torn and he... with his own hands. The messenger was from another unit, but... they could not meet the messenger I had sent there. It was... unit had been dispatched and a messenger had been sent to the... they failed to meet the messenger, the two men did not... Chi Ho served as a Headquarters messenger for several years. While carrying... is said that he dispatched a messenger to Mt. Paektu to get... supplies. Later, he even dispatched a messenger to establish a military link-up... Gun, Kim Gu also dispatched a messenger to us. However, the country... in Yanan, I was told. The messenger failed to meet me because...



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... to meet the needs of MESSENGER or other spacecraft that approach... is being developed for the MESSENGER Discovery mission that is planned... travel to 0.31 AU. The MESSENGER array contains GaAs cells and... optical solar reflectors (OSRs). The MESSENGER array was designed to operate... encountered by the HeHos and MESSENGER spacecraft in order to enable... than the BOoe limit on MESSENGER. Temperatures of300-350oe should be... addition to these missions, the MESSENGER Discovery mission (now in Phase... to meet the needs of MESSENGER or other spacecraft that approach.... In addition to the above, MESSENGER off-points the array as... Report Inner Planetary Missions The MESSENGER Discovery mission (now in Phase.... However, an examination of the MESSENGER solar power system can help... will be more demanding than MESSENGER because solar cells and arrays... power at larger distances. The MESSENGER design uses about 2/3-cell coverage... immediate, irreversible solar array failure. MESSENGER solar array operates at a high... risk meets the requirements for MESSENGER or other spacecraft that approach... cell and array technologies. The MESSENGER array design uses about two... encapsulated or Tefzel wire. The MESSENGER array operates at a temperature of... survival temperature is 260°C. The MESSENGER array was designed to operate... extended exposure to high temperatures. MESSENGER short-term data indicate that... the same problems encountered in MESSENGER, except that the range of... totally shielded during operation. The MESSENGER array operates at a temperature of... survival temperature is 260°C. The MESSENGER array was designed to operate... the same problems encountered in MESSENGER, except that the range of... extended exposure to high temperatures. MESSENGER short-term data indicate that... encountered by the Helios and MESSENGER spacecraft, which are designed for... is presently developing the Mercury MESSENGER spacecraft with high temperature solar... Constelation MC Magnetospheric Constellation MEP MESSENGER MILSTAR MIR MJ Mars Exploration...



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... Mission Overview Key Spacecraft Characteristics MESSENGER is a scientific investigation of the... systems provide critical backup. The MESSENGER (MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry... safe operating temperatures near Mercury. MESSENGER will investigate key scientific questions... volatiles are important at Mercury? MESSENGER provides:  Multiple flybys for global... terrestrial planet evolution. Discoveries from MESSENGER’s Mercury Flybys: In addition to..., Inc. On the Web MESSENGER mission: http://messenger.jhuapl.edu NASA Discovery... of Contents Media Services Information.............................................................................................................. 7 MESSENGER Quick Facts ................................................................................................................... 8 Mercury Orbit Insertion... Mercury.............................................................................................................................. 58 MESSENGER’s deep-space maneuvers................................................................................................ 60 The MESSENGER Science Team........................................................................................................ 61... at http://messenger.jhuapl.edu and http://www.nasa.gov/messenger. When...://www.nasa.gov/ntv. MESSENGER on the Web MESSENGER information — including an... the Web at http://messenger.jhuapl.edu. MESSENGER multimedia files, background information...://www.nasa.gov/messenger. 7 NASA’s Mission to Mercury MESSENGER Quick Facts Spacecraft..., Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging (MESSENGER) spacecraft will execute a 15-minute... lighting condition. Observing the surface MESSENGER’s 12-month orbital phase covers... the northern hemisphere will allow MESSENGER to conduct a detailed investigation of.... To develop this understanding, the MESSENGER mission, spacecraft, and science instruments... many observations of the surface. MESSENGER’s three Mercury flybys provided opportunities... Goddard Space Flight Center.) 20 MESSENGER’s magnetometer will characterize Mercury’s magnetic... by MESSENGER’s magnetometer and by the energetic particle and plasma spectrometer. MESSENGER... MESSENGER under different lighting conditions or in color, allowing new discoveries. MESSENGER... trends, and brightness values help MESSENGER geologists understand the distinct regions... unit. During the brief flybys, MESSENGER’s other instruments sensitive to composition.... The different lighting conditions allowed MESSENGER to discover scarps not previously.... Mercury’s global magnetic field The MESSENGER spacecraft made magnetic field measurements... relatively quiet during and between MESSENGER’s three transits of Mercury’s magnetosphere... produced a very quiet magnetosphere, and MESSENGER measured steady magnetic fields and... magnetospheric measurements from the three MESSENGER flybys indicate that Mercury’s magnetosphere... Surface Composition Spectrometer (MASCS) on MESSENGER, however, Mercury’s exosphere has been...’s exosphere were documented during the MESSENGER flybys. The leftmost panel compares... the planet’s hottest regions protect MESSENGER without expensive and impractical cooling... lower-cost space science missions. MESSENGER spacecraft during integration and testing...’s Mission to Mercury Science payload MESSENGER carries seven scientific instruments and... communications system — will precisely measure MESSENGER’s speed and distance from Earth... Thermal Design While orbiting Mercury, MESSENGER will “feel” significantly hotter than... own planet. MESSENGER spacecraft in flight configuration, rear view MESSENGER’s first line... temperature of about 150° C. Propulsion MESSENGER’s dual-mode propulsion system includes... cruise and orbital operations. Communications MESSENGER’s X-band coherent communications system includes... on the MESSENGER mission. Programmed to monitor the condition of MESSENGER’s key... processors and MESSENGER’s instruments and systems. Intricate flight software executes MESSENGER’s Command and Data Handling system. MESSENGER receives operating... reaction wheels and, when necessary, MESSENGER’s small thrusters. The IMU accurately...-1980s. MESSENGER adopted this mission design approach; without these flybys, MESSENGER would... members strung into a “movie” documenting MESSENGER’s departure. On approach, the Mercury... Venus. Shortly before the encounter, MESSENGER entered superior solar conjunction, where... of Venus and MESSENGER operated on battery power. MESSENGER swung by Venus...-and-field environment at Venus. MESSENGER’s Energetic Particle and Plasma Spectrometer... MESSENGER’s deep-space maneuvers In conjunction with the six planetary flybys, MESSENGER..., just over 8 minutes long, changed MESSENGER’s speed by approximately 316 m/s, placing... to Mercury The MESSENGER Science Team The MESSENGER Science Team consists of... is the MESSENGER Program Executive, and Edwin J. Grayzeck is the MESSENGER Program... the MESSENGER Mission Manager. At APL, Peter D. Bedini is the MESSENGER Project...



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...); S.L. White, ―Angel of the Lord: Messenger or Euphemism?,‖ Tyndale Bulletin 50... Enki‘, Isimud (Akkadian Usmu), is a messenger for the god of the... Mesopotamian lore, Dzakar was the messenger of the god Sin, who... through dreams. Namtar was the messenger and minister of Ereskigal, the..., a sukkal—faithful messenger—in Sumerian myth), was the messenger god for the..., White, ―Angel of the Lord: Messenger or Euphemism?.‖; Fossum, The Name...; and the final level of ‗messenger‘ deities who were rather commonplace... the prophet as the herald/messenger of the assembly is that... of the prophet and the messenger-deity in Canaanite literature makes...…The Hebrew prophets, like the messenger-deities described in the Ugaritic... the title of angel or messenger, since it is they who... illustrate Christ‘s function as a sacrificial messenger of God on behalf of... ‗with the honour accorded to a messenger 80 Fabian Larcher, trans., Commentary... ‗angel‘ rather than the usual ‗messenger‘ preferred by modern translations. Given... of the Lord, ―I send my messenger [angelum] before you, who will... it is that ―angel‖ means ―messenger.‖ And 89 Emphasis added in... be called angels. ―Haggai the messenger of the Lord‖ (Hg 1:13... of what an angel is—a messenger. The advantage of this option... beyond the sacred page itself—a messenger qua message that begins and... word ―angel‖ in Greek means ―messenger,‖ and both Testaments brought messages... apart from its activity as a messenger for fear that it would..., Stephen L. ―Angel of the Lord: Messenger or Euphemism?.‖ Tyndale Bulletin 50...



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... scientists and educators. The Mercury MESSENGER mission was a significant achievement in... Finally we come to the MESSENGER mission, which was launched from... were designed to slow down MESSENGER so the spacecraft could enter... areas. Officials hoped to lower MESSENGER‟s orbit toward the end of..., Space Environment, Geochemistry and Ranging. MESSENGER was a NASA/Johns Hopkins Applied... fly-bys in the 1970s, MESSENGER was expected to become the... in history to orbit Mercury. MESSENGER weighed 2,425 pounds including the... officials decided to delay the MESSENGER launch from 11 May 2004... and testing of the MESSENGER spacecraft‟s software. MESSENGER‟s original flight plan was... flight plan also meant that MESSENGER would arrive on-orbit around... was recycled 24 hours, and MESSENGER finally lifted off during a 12... of 107 degrees, and the MESSENGER spacecraft separated from the DELTA...-off.117 By 8 August 2004, MESSENGER was 1.5 million miles away from... the course of the flight. MESSENGER flew by Mercury in January... Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, “Messenger Spacecraft Reveals More Hidden Territory..., “Messenger Spacecraft Reveals a Very Dynamic Planet Mercury,” 30 Apr 2009; Messenger Teleconference Introduction, NASA, “MESSENGER Reveals More About The... 2004 DELTA II Pad 17B MESSENGER 6 November 2004 DELTA II Pad...



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Novell Messenger 3.0 May 2015 1 Overview The information ... Messenger 3.0. Novell Messenger 3.0 offers enhanced functionality over prior Messenger versions:  Mobile Applications: Novell Messenger... “Using Novell Messenger on Your Mobile Device” in the Novell Messenger 3.0 Client... with Messenger mobile applications, see “Managing Messenger Mobile Applications” in the Novell Messenger 3.0 Administration Guide.  Simultaneous Client Connections: Novell Messenger 3.0 allows you to maintain simultaneous connections to your Messenger system... connected to Messenger on your workstation, and then connect to Messenger from a mobile device without being logged out of Messenger on... Workstations” in “Securing Novell Messenger” in the Novell Messenger 3.0 Administration Guide.  Update Clients (Look and Feel): Novell Messenger 3.0 provides... Linux/Mac client interfaces. The Messenger 3.0 release also contains the following...:  Removal of NetWare support: With Messenger 3.0 and later, NetWare is no... available with the Messenger distribution. 2 System Requirements Novell Messenger 3.0 system requirements (including... in “Novell Messenger Hardware and Software Requirements” in the Novell Messenger 3.0 Installation... are available in the Novell Messenger 3.0 Installation Guide. 4 Administration Issues  Section...,” on page 2  Section 4.2, “Cannot Search Messenger Archive for a User Whose eDirectory... the ‘&’ Character,” on page 2 Novell Messenger 3.0 1  Section 4.3, “ConsoleOne Fails to Start... eDirectory 8.8,” on page 3  Section 4.8, “Encrypted Messenger Attributes in eDirectory 8.8,” on page... for the Windows Messenger Agents” in the Novell Messenger 3.0 Installation Guide. To... press Enter. 3 Right-click Novell Messenger Messaging Agent, then click Properties... Service. 6 Click OK. 4.2 Cannot Search Messenger Archive for a User Whose eDirectory... ‘&’ Character You cannot search the Messenger Archive for conversations based on... of Missing Dependency When running Messenger on SLES 12, ConsoleOne fails... package, then proceed to run Messenger. 4.4 Installation Location Cannot Contain Extended... installing Messenger, the installation location where you plan to install Messenger cannot contain extended or double-byte characters. 2 Novell Messenger 3.0 4.5 Extending... Mode on Linux When installing Messenger with eDirectory 8.8.5 with LDAP mode... Messenger System on Linux” in “Installing a Novell Messenger System” in the Novell Messenger... Messenger System on Linux” in “Installing a Novell Messenger System” in the Novell Messenger... Enterprise Server 11 When running Messenger on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server... connect to eDirectory 8.8 from Novell Messenger with a case-sensitive password, eDirectory... Messenger Attributes in eDirectory 8.8 If you are storing any encrypted Novell Messenger... Error Message,” on page 4 Novell Messenger 3.0 3 5.1 Shared Filr Location for Message... Multiple Clients Is Not Supported Messenger does not support storing the... a shared Filr storage location. Because Messenger supports simultaneous client connections, storing... on iOS Devices Crashes the Messenger Server When Using Emoticons with... on iOS Devices Crashes the Messenger Server When Using Emoticons with... emoticon Japanese keyboard crashes the Messenger server. 6.2 Differences Between How the... methods to connect to the Messenger server. The Android/Blackberry app... down any queued messages. The Messenger server uses Novell Push Notification... have constant communication with the Messenger server. If the iOS app... you were only logged into Messenger through the iOS app, you... Mac) IMPORTANT: The third-party messenger systems discussed in this section... simultaneous client connections available with Messenger 3.0. 4 Novell Messenger 3.0 The Adium instant messaging....php). 8 Messenger Documentation The following sources provide information about Novell Messenger 3.0:  Online product documentation: Novell Messenger 3.0 Documentation website (http.../).  Product documentation included within Novell Messenger:  Help System: Click the Help... upper-right corner of the Messenger client. 9 Legal Notices Novell, Inc... of their respective owners. Novell Messenger 3.0 5



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Novell Messenger 2.2 December 9, 2010 Novell Quick Start Novell Messenger is a corporate, cross... based on Novell eDirectory. Your Messenger system can be set up...-level roadmap for installing Novell Messenger and performing some basic tasks... installation instructions, see the Novell Messenger Installation Guide. For complete information... Novell Messenger client, click Help > Help in the client. Locating Novell Messenger Documentation Installing Novell Messenger The following Novell Messenger documentation is available on the Novell Messenger CD: N O V E L L M E S S E N G E R S E R V E R S Y S T E M R EQU IR EM EN TS Documentation Location Novell Messenger... following additional Novell Messenger documentation is available on the Messenger 2.2 documentation Web.../index.html): Guide Contents Novell Messenger Product Readme Describes important issues... with Messenger. Novell Messenger Administration Guide Messaging Agent configuration, Messenger system administration, Novell Messenger... Novell Messenger Client User Guide Explains how to use Novell Messenger on... you run ConsoleOne or the Messenger Installation program If necessary, you... installing Novell Messenger. If you will be installing the Novell Messenger agents... the root of the Novell Messenger CD. 3 Click Install Server. 4 Select... Novell Messenger objects, create your Novell Messenger System, install the Novell Messenger agents, and install the Novell Messenger snap-in to ConsoleOne. See the Novell Messenger Installation... root password. 2 On the Novell Messenger for Linux CD, change to... the Cross-Platform client Š The Messenger client requires 4 MB of free... Novell Messenger objects, create your Novell Messenger System, install the Novell Messenger agents, and install the Novell Messenger snap-in to ConsoleOne. See the Novell Messenger Installation Guide for more information. Installing the Novell Messenger Windows... 2 MESSENGER CLIENT INSTALLATION FROM M E S S E N G E R D O WN L O A D P A G E TH E N OVEL L 1 Complete the Novell Messenger server...:8300 to open the Novell Messenger Download Page. 3 Follow the instructions... Messenger software. You can also install the Messenger client from the CD. MESSENGER... the root of the Novell Messenger CD. 2 Click Install Client. 3 Follow... instructions to install the Novell Messenger client software. 4 To start the... client, double-click the Novell Messenger client icon on your WIndows... Messenger for Linux CD. 2 Run nvlmsgr.bin to install the Linux Messenger... Linux client, click the Novell Messenger icon on your Linux desktop... Novell Messenger for Linux CD. 2 Run Messenger.sit to install the Macintosh Messenger client. 3 To start the Macintosh client, click the Novell Messenger..., click Edit > Emoticons. Basic Novell Messenger Tasks ADDING S E ND I NG AN...