Спутник ФКИ. Mars 2020 Rover Mission. [Редактировать]

Миссия по запуску марсианского планетохода. Марсоход предназначен для астробиологических исследований древней среды на Марсе, поверхности планеты, геологических процессов и истории, в том числе оценки прошлой обитаемости планеты и поиска доказательств жизни в пределах доступных геологических материалов.Конструктивно аппарат основан на технологических достижениях предыдущего марсохода Curiosity.

Полезная нагрузка марсохода: 

  • Mastcam-Z — расширенная камерная система с панорамным и стереоскопическим отображением и функцией зума. Прибор также будет определять минералогический состав марсианской почвы и выполнять вспомогательные операции.
  • SuperCam — инструмент для анализа химического и минералогического состава марсианской почвы. Прибор также сможет обнаружить на расстоянии присутствие органических соединений в горных породах и реголите.
  • Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL) — рентгеновский флуориметрический спектрометр, который также будет содержать тепловизор с высоким разрешением, чтобы определить состав марсианской почвы по редким элементам. PIXL позволяет более точно обнаружить и проанализировать элементный состав, чем было возможно раньше.
  • Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman & Luminescence for Organics and Chemicals (SHERLOC) — ультрафиолетовый рамановский спектрометр, который будет обеспечивать мелкомасштабные изображения, чтобы определить мелкомасштабную минералогию и обнаружить органические вещества. SHERLOC будет первым ультрафиолетовым спектрометром на поверхности Марса и будет взаимодействовать с другими инструментами в полезной нагрузке.
  • Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment (MOXIE) — экспериментальный инструмент, который будет производить кислород из атмосферы Марса, состоящей из углекислого газа.
  • Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer (MEDA) — набор датчиков, которые измеряют температуру, скорость и направление ветра, давление, относительную влажность, размер и форму пыли.  
  • Radar Imager for Mars' Subsurface Exploration (RIMFAX) — георадар, который прозондирует геологическое строение недр с разрешением в сантиметр. 

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12014-10-27. Aerojet Rocketdyne построит ускорители для системы посадки марсохода и установит источник ядерной энергии на аппарат в рамках двух контрактов общей стоимостью 14.5 миллионов долларов. Аппаратные средства, которые поставит Aerojet Rocketdyne, будут являться аналогами установленных на марсоходе Curiosity. Стоимость ускорителей должна составить 7 миллионов долларов с поставкой к 1-ому августу 2015 года.Тэги: Mars 2020 Rover MissionAerojet Rocketdyne
22015-02-25. НАСА планирует в 2022 году запуск нового спутника ретрансляции.
NASA планирует запустить новый телекоммуникационный спутник на орбиту Марса с 2022 году для обеспечения работы марсохода Mars 2020. Этот аппарат будет использовать ряд инновационных разработок, а именно: высокопроизводительные ЭРДУ которые будут работать от солнечных батарей и/или оптическую коммуникационную полезную нагрузку которая должна позволить передавать данные с повышенной скоростью.
Необходимость пуска нового аппарата обусловлена тем, что, используемый в настоящее время в качестве ретранслятора аппарат Mars Odyssey находится на орбите уже более 13 лет и срок его активного существования подходит к концу. В случае, если до запуска нового космического аппарата,на ретрансляторе произойдет отказ, то НАСА планирует задействовать для передачи данных космический аппарат MAVEN. Вероятность данного события достаточно высока поскольку в 2012 году на связном аппарате уже отказывал маховик.
Отличительной особенностью нового спутника будет являться установка на него сенсоров дистанционного зондирования.Тэги: Космическое агентство СШАMars 2020 Rover Mission2001 Mars OdysseyMAVEN
32015-12-16. Компания Cobham получила контракт от НАСА.
Компания Cobham получила два контракта в размере $20.5 млн. на производство приводов для миссии Mars 2020. Данная поставка не будет являться первой поскольку и ранее космическое агентство США выбирала продукцию компании для своих марсоходов. Кроме этого Cobham поставит приводы и для двух своих камер.Тэги: Mars 2020 Rover MissionCobham
42016-07-21. Марсоход Mars 2020 будет стоить более 2 млрд. долл.
НАСА опубликовало информацию о том, что ее будущий проект посылки марсхода обойдется в 2.1 млрд. долл. Данное значение соответствует 70-и процентному уровню вероятности того, что финансовых средств будет хватать и на разработку, а один год работы аппарата на поверхности планеты будет стоить 300 млн. долл. Запуск марсохода запланирован на середину 2020 года, а его посадка на планету должна произойти в феврале 2021 года. При этом, по сравнению с первоначальной стоимостью (1.5 млрд. долл.) на этот раз стоимость миссии объявлена близкой к стоимости миссии Mars Science Laboratory, в рамках которой был осуществлен запуск и успешная посадка марсохода Curiosity. В НАСА объяснили это тем, что новый марсоход унаследует многие черты конструкции Curiosity.Тэги: Mars 2020 Rover MissionКосмическое агентство США
52016-08-12. Космическое агентство США выбрала французский проект в качестве одного из инструментов который будет установлен на будущем марсоходе.
Космическое агентство США выбрала французский проект в качестве одного из инструментов который будет установлен на будущем марсоходе. Микрофон будет интегрирован в сенсор SuperCam (усовершенствованная версия ChemCam) и позволит:
1. Изучить звуки на поверхности Марса, в частности исследователи надеются узнать что-нибудь новой при анализе звуков, которые возникают при попадании лазера марсохода в исследуемую поверхность.
2. Более подробно изучить ветер и пылевые бури планеты.
3. Записать звуковую сигнатуру, которая соответствует движению и работе марсохода.
Микрофон будет доставлен в НАСА для интеграции на аппарат в 2018 году. Тэги: Mars 2020 Rover MissionКосмическое агентство СШАКосмическое агентство Франции
62016-08-26. НАСА заключило новый контракт с ULA.
Космическое агентство США заключило новый контракт с ULA на запуск марсохода Mars-2020. Средством выведения выбрана, как и в случае Curiosity, РН Atlas 5 541. Размер контракта составляет 243 млн. долл., что больше чем 195 млн. долл., заплаченных в 2006 году. Исходя из этого, среднегодовое удорожание данного типа РН составляет 1-2 процента (для российской техники за последние 15 лет был характерен рост рублевой себестоимости продукции в размере 10 процентов).Тэги: Mars 2020 Rover MissionКосмическое агентство СШААтлас 5 541United launch alliance, L.L.C.
72017-01-31. Генеральный инспектор НАСА предупредил о высоких рисках.
Согласно обнародованному офисом отчету следует, что:
1. Основные технологические риски проекта связаны с системой сбора образцов. При этом, OIG отметил, что агентство так и не имеет в своем распоряжении демонстрационный образец изделия.
2. Стоимость миссии ориентировочно равна 2.4 млрд. долл. (первоначально планировалось от $1.3 до $1.7 млрд.)
3. Пять из семи ключевых технологий проекта имеют уровень TRL ниже рекомендованного шестого уровня (три из них относятся к системе сбора образцов).
4. Текущее состояние выполнения проекта говорит о том, что к этапу февральского критического анализа дизайна аппарата будут готовы материалы только по 58 процентам систем (при требуемом уровне в 90 процентов).Тэги: Mars 2020 Rover MissionКосмическое агентство США
82017-02-14. Космическое агентство США выбрало три потенциальных посадочных места на поверхности Марса.
Космическое агентство США обнародовало данные о том, что оно выбрало три возможных места посадки для марсохода Mars 2020. К числу наиболее интересных места агентство отнесло:
1. Кратер Jezero.
2. Холмы Колумбии.
3. Северную часть плато Большого Сирта.Тэги: Космическое агентство СШАMars 2020 Rover Mission

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Двигательная установка (посадки)8xMR-80B
2Двигательная установка (посадки)8xMR-107U
3Источник (электроэнергии)1xMulti-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (MMRTG)

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (двигательной установки посадки), млн. долл.2014-10-277
2Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2015-03-242140 – 2350
3Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2016-02-012168 – 2351
4Прогнозируемая стоимость (одного года работы), млн. долл.2016-07-21300
5Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки и запуска), млн. долл.2016-07-212100

Найдено 538 документов по запросу «Mars 2020 Rover Mission». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-02-22
Скачать документ
0/5
... of Community Site Selection ................................................................ 130 Mars 2020 Rover Strawman Spacecraft Technical Overview ......................................... 131..., and Landing (CEDL) System............................................................. 132 9.2 Mars 2020 Rover: Modifications from MSL ........................................................................ 133 9.2.1 Special... exploration of Mars. Thus, significant technical progress by the Mars 2020 rover mission towards the... to Earth. Any version of a 2020 rover mission that does not prepare a returnable... valuable technology development on the Mars 2020 rover mission in the areas of improved... the 2020 rover can achieve its mission objectives and address the goals of Mars...’s desire to organize a Mars rover mission to be launched in 2020, and to begin... AO for the Mars environment and preserved record. 2020 rover mission. 3. Demonstrate significant technical... Mars 2020 mission comes at a time when the benefits of rover exploration of Mars have...). 2.2.3 Progress towards Mars Sample Return (Objective C). The proposed Mars 2020 rover mission, and the SDT... across missions whenever possible. The Mars 2020 rover mission represents a major opportunity for such... and STMD contributions to the Mars 2020 rover mission—some were similar in context...). This example indicates the Mars 2020 rover 32 Mars 2020 Science Definition Team Final Report... the Mars 2020 rover could reasonably be expected to implement. For example the rover... Earth. The Mars 2020 rover would… …enable the enormous leap in Mars science that... the proposed Mars 2020 rover mission. The basic rationale for sample return from Mars is... of the Mars 2020 mission. Various options could be implemented by the Mars 2020 rover to.... The possibility that the first mission (Mars 2020 rover) would have selected samples that... the Mars 2020 rover mission. The costs in this figure are based on recent Mars 2020... independent in situ rover mission. The likelihood that the first mission (Mars 2020 rover) would have... human missions, system The Mars 2020 rover would… and mission planners desire data that... future human exploration missions to Mars. The 2020 rover mission provides the opportunity to... in Figure 3-20, the Mars 2020 rover mission 62 Mars 2020 Science Definition Team Final Report... in later Mars surface missions, either robotic or crewed. The Mars 2020 rover project... Traceability Matrix for the Proposed Mars 2020 rover. 76 Mars 2020 Science Definition Team Final... facility for the Mars 2020 vehicle, from the Mars Sample Return mission (rover and MAV... and architecture of the studied 2020 rover mission naturally lead to questions about... 7.1 Introduction While the proposed Mars 2020 rover mission would The Mars 2020 rover would… include a sample caching... of Mars (Objective D). 7.2 Primary Mission and Sample Caching The proposed Mars 2020 rover primary mission duration would be one Mars... how the 2020 rover would spend its one Mars year primary mission. 7.4.2 Time Spent... the proposed mission is further developed. 7.8 Filling the Cache The Mars 2020 rover would... successor mission is in its infancy. However, given that the Mars 2020 rover might...” mission would have the capability to recover the cache from a disabled Mars 2020 rover. The end-state of the cache, whether remaining on the rover... the science of Mars Sample Return by having the Mars 2020 rover continue both... extended Mars 2020 rover mission must be protected through proper design of both the 2020 mission... to the success of the 2020 mission. The Mars 2020 rover must be able to... achieve Mars 2020 objectives as a return to Gale. By the time the Mars 2020 rover... candidate landing sites for the 2020 rover mission, as revealed by the properties... the science requirements for the 2020 rover mission (i.e., are there astrobiologically significant sites... optimal site for meeting the mission goals. 9 Mars 2020 Rover Strawman Spacecraft Technical Overview... the rover, based on Sections 3 through 8 The Mars 2020 rover project would… above. The Mars 2020..., Section 8). 9.2 Mars 2020 Rover: Modifications from MSL The majority of the Mars 2020 rover support equipment would be inherited from the MSL rover, including... Mars 2020 rover would be designed for at least a 1 martian year primary surface mission... rover design, and low crossover with the science objectives of the Mars 2020 rover... objectives of the Mars 2020 rover (which focuses on ancient biomarkers). Mars 2020 Science Definition... the Mars 2020 rover concept. Figure 9-6 shows the internal configuration of the rover concept... rover. Figure 9-6. Sampling system and location on the Mars 2020 rover concept. Left: Example 2020 rover...-Level Conclusions Regarding the Proposed Mars 2020 Mission The Mars 2020 rover as envisioned by the... following mission-level conclusions regarding the proposed Mars 2020 rover: 1. Significant technical progress by Mars 2020... of spacefaring nations. The proposed Mars 2020 rover mission is the best, most scientifically...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-23
Скачать документ
0/5
... and Operations Mission Directorate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Science Mission Directorate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Space Technology Mission Directorate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52... of Defense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Y e a r Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 F i s c a l National Aeronautics and... crewmembers A c t i v i t i e s Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate 2 0 1 5 NASA Y e a r National Aeronautics and... launch vehicles, A e r o n a u t i c s a n d R e p o r t launch integration, and mission design and analysis support to... all pre-mission verification testing, the launch, and the mission through splashdown of the Exploration Flight Test–1 (EFT-1) Orion mission... with NASA’s Science Mission Directorate and Space Technology Mission Directorate, AES developed... the Mars 2020 mission to address strategic knowledge gaps for human exploration. The Mars... the Mars 2020 rover. In addition, AES committed to re-flying the Mars Entry... mission formulation activities this year. AES conducted a field test of a prototype rover... Mission Directorate (HEOMD) leadership and completed the publication NASA’s Journey to Mars... Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate Exploration Mission–1 (EM-1) opportunity. NASA’s CubeSat... on Jupiter’s icy moon. The Mars 2020 rover successfully completed its KDP-B review... of Mars since arriving at the Red A e r o n a u t i c s a n d R e p o r t PSD also celebrated several mission milestones. MErcury Surface, Space S p a c e o f t h e P r e s i d e n t 30 four-year mission as... unexpectedly long-lived Mars Odyssey comPlanet in 2001. Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity completed... since landing in 2004), and Mars Rover Curiosity sampled and analyzed sedimentary... its nearly decade-long mission, the Dawn mission has completed its study... during its mission. Among its many accomplishments, the MESSENGER mission determined Mercury... a mission to Jupiter’s moon Europa in May 2015. The Europa mission passed... on Mars, possibly preserving ancient signs of life and Mars Exploration Rover Completes... earlier in the mission. Curiosity Detects Organic Molecules on Mars and Evidence... Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) instrument suite, NASA’s Curiosity rover made the.... Mars 2020 Successful Gate Review: Toward Investigation of Red Planet Habitability The Mars 2020 Rover mission successfully completed the KDP-B gate review. The Mars 2020 mission is a future rover..., 2015, or Sol 3968, the Mars Exploration Rover (MER) Opportunity F i s c a l opening up... 2015. The InSight mission will place a lander on Mars designed to drill... total orbits of Mars since arriving in 2001. The mission completed the... successfully completing its Mission System Integration Review and Mission Operations Review, setting the groundwork for the satellite’s mission of..., ocean heat content, A e r o n a u t i c s a n d R e p o r t review. The mission also successfully completed several launch... restructured organization F i s c a l The Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD) implemented a new 43... 8) Space Observatory Systems. S p a c e o f P r e s i d e n t Space Technology Mission Directorate t h e 52 each of NASA.... Green Propellant Infusion Mission NASA’s Green Propellant Infusion Mission (GPIM) made progress... a prototype rover in support of HEOMD’s Resource Prospector project. This mission, currently planned to fly in 2020, should demonstrate... one step closer to the Mars 2020 mission. SpaceLoft-9 with four payloads, including... weather warning mission for NOAA and an Earth science mission for NASA...) mission on February 11, 2015. DSCOVR, NOAA’s first operational deep space mission... to collaboration on the ISRO Mars Observer Mission and aircraft-based remote... Planck cosmic microwave background satellite mission. Planck measures A e r o n a u t i c s a n d R e p o r t supernovae and search... on the next RPS-powered mission, a Mars rover mission to Analysis Reports to support... seconds. The Hinode mission is a joint U.S.-Japan-Europe mission designed to study... for the Mars Exploration Rover (MER) mission that is currently operating on Mars. He... the Opportunity rover. In addition, he is cochair of the Mars 2020 Landing... Redirect Mission; Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate... Equivalent Lateral Spacing Operations Exploration Mission–1 Evolvable Mars Campaign Earth Observing System... Range Network Manufacturing Extension Partnership Mars Exploration Rover MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment... Massachusetts Institute of Technology Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator Magnetospheric Multiscale... of Understanding Mars Oxygen In Situ Resource Utilization Experiment Mission Planning Element...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-23
Скачать документ
0.09/5
...-Driven Surface Traversability Analysis for Mars 2020 Landing Site Selection Masahiro Ono... the surface mobility of the Mars 2020 Rover mission that are considered in the... the third workshop. The M2020 mission is currently in the process... 1) whether the rover can land safely and 2) whether the rover can visit... the duration of the surface mission allocated to driving. These analyses... HiRISE images taken by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, which has a nominal... of automated analysis capabilities called Mars 2020 Traversability Tools (MTTTT), which include... using a mobility model of the rover. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 I NTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 P ROBLEM D ESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 OVERVIEW OF... a rover to traverse the terrain in order to accomplish the mission objectives. The Mars 2020 Rover (M2020) mission and a potential Sample Retrieval and Launch (SRL) rover mission are even more contingent on efficient rover traverse performance than the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission. MSL’s science goal is incremental, meaning that the more the rover... be fully met unless the rover successfully drives to the prespeci... candidate landing sites for the Mars 2020 Rover mission, as of the writing of.... 2. P ROBLEM D ESCRIPTION The Mars 2020 mission is part of NASAs Mars Exploration Program, which... red planet. Specifically, the Mars 2020 rover will look for signs of... Earth by a potential subsequent mission. The rover will explore two scientifically.... The mission is designed to accomplish its objectives in 1.25 Mars years... specific landing site for the mission, however, will not be selected... 2: A baseline reference scenario, which represents mission scenario to drive the design... engineering team to design the mission and rover capabilities prior to a detailed... created. This presents a single representative mission scenario to drive the design.... This reference scenario has the rover traversing 6 km from the landing.... Once at the ROI the rover will traverse 1.5 km within the... for return to Earth. The rover will then traverse another 6 km... on the likelihood of achieving mission success, and it will also... is appropriately bounding for the mission design. ROI Requirement Each candidate... to satisfy the top-level mission objectives. Figure 3 shows an example... a CFA value below 7% that the rover will be able to drive... ROI requirement to satisfy the mission objective is to 1) visit any... HiRISE data. the figure, the rover must visit at any of...: M2020 Rover Capability The Mars 2020 mission is a high heritage mission based on the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL), which successfully landed on Mars on August 6th, 2012. The M2020 rover will be very similar to the MSL Curiosity rover with... largescale sand dunes, however, the rover is only able to traverse... slope should be avoided [6]. For Mars 2020 it is anticipated that much.... See the description of M2020 rover capability in Section 2 for the... very hazardous to a rover. The candidate sites on Mars present diverse terrain... to generate a point cloud in a Mars-centric coordinate frame 3. Ortho-projection... on either image a ray in a Mars centric, inertial coordinate frame. The... use of the SPICE framework. Mars-relative (x,y,z) coordinates are transformed into...., height) coordinates relative to the Mars geoid. These are uniformly resampled... and mission success probability. For example, in Figure 17, if a rover is... ROI requirement is met, the rover must be capable of driving... the discussion on the M2020 rover capability in Section 2, we created... the distance that the M2020 rover needs to be able to... the mars 2020 science definition team,” Published online at http://mars.jpl... landing site selection for the Mars 2020 Rover mission from the surface traversability perspective... performance characterization for the mars science laboratory rover,” Journal of Field Robotics..., A. Fraeman, and D. Rubin, “Mars science laboratory curiosity rover megaripple crossings up to...-frequency distributions of rocks on mars and earth analog sites: Implications... on the northern plains of mars with special reference to phoenix... the final four mars science laboratory landing sites,” Mars, vol. 7, pp. 1–22... mobility systems engineer for the Mars 2020 program. He holds a B.S. In Mechanical...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-23
Скачать документ
0/5
...Appendix 5: Evaluation of Draft Mars 2020 Mission Organic Contamination Requirements and Methodologies ... working concepts for the eventual Mars 2020 Contamination Control Plan, along with... 1.1 below was prepared by the Mars 2020 project team, and Sections 1.2 and... incomplete and that the eventual Mars 2020 implementation will undoubtedly be different.... 9.5.1 Draft Concepts for a Mars 2020 Contamination Control Plan The Mars 2020 contamination control program... of differences between MSL and Mars 2020: Some key similarities and differences... the sample transfer chain, the Rover in general, and the remainder... would be applied to the Mars 2020 system, with the proposed encapsulated... engineering systems comprising the mission. As with MSL, Mars 2020 would identify all... the Mars 2020 mission. That said, it is worth emphasizing that the Mars 2020 sample... for surface operations) apply to Mars 2020, these must be tailored to... the Mars 2020 mission. Table 9. Some Similarities and differences between MSL and Mars 2020 Similarities... – OCP in the case of Mars 2020 From the start, the Project... to the success of achieving mission objectives • The system architecture is... on MSL are applicable to Mars 2020 • System-level contamination control approach... • Mars 2020 is able to leverage heritage from a very similar recent mission • Much... “plume” of contamination around the rover Different thermal paint Potential differences... Rover suspension rocker. Zone 2: Includes everything on the exterior of the Rover... cruise configuration. Zone 3: Inside the Rover chassis (WEB) Zone 4: Everything else... products particulate, molecular contamination of Mars surface prior to sampling Revolatilization... surfaces FS-induced Ingestion of rover chassis vent effluent Chronic contamination... operation of mechanism Introduction of rover surface particulate into Cache during... science requirements. 9.5.1.2 Design Process The Mars 2020 project has articulated a system architecting... the samples (Fig. 22). The Mars 2020 system architecture exploits the decoupled... trade space. 9.5.1.3 Hardware cleaning The Mars 2020 project as undertaken an extensive... hardware. 9.5.1.4 Sample System Development The Mars 2020 project plans to undertake sample.... 9.5.1.5 Witness plates, Controls & Blanks The Mars 2020 project recognizes the importance of... and the Mars surface environment; thus requiring different modeling approaches. Mars 2020 would... a stated level of uncertainty. For Mars 2020, some of the model results... the beginning of operations on Mars. 9.5.1.7.2 Mars surface models Unlike the cruise... free molecular flow regime, on Mars, transport in the martian atmosphere... physical and chemical interactions with Mars atmosphere and soil were done..., since the Descent Stage impacts Mars at ~100mph, assume the propellant... gas-phase reaction N2H4 and Mars CO2 carbazic acid: NH2NHCOOH. Solid... Mars 2020 would be specific to the requirements and conditions of the mission. Redistribution of particulate debris by winds on Mars during... may be undertaken. 9.5.1.8 Conclusion The Mars 2020 project is in the early... Mars 2020 due to the similarity with the recent, largely successful, MSL mission... form the basis of the Mars 2020 implementation. Contamination control engineering is... necessary validation. 9.5.2 Feedback on the Mars 2020 Conceptual Contamination Control Plan As... charter, the OCP reviewed the Mars 2020 Project’s concepts for a contamination control... has prepared the following feedback. 9.5.2.1 Mars 2020 Sample Return and Heritage from... 9.5.1 it is stated that the Mars 2020 contamination control program is expected... mission, from the perspective of both science and planetary protection. This mission... be accounted for on the mission. Mars 2020, by the addition of the... mission with different Level 1 mission requirements. As discussed in this report, the Mars 2020 mission... acquired to provide useful data.) • • • 9.5.2.2 Mars 2020 has a much simpler sampling system... potential sample return. Unlike MSL, Mars 2020 is unlikely to make extensive... contamination levels on delivery to Mars. The Mars 2020 samples would need to... studies. In addition, however, when Mars 2020 writes its contamination control plan... organic chemistry. A starting point for Mars 2020 to consider is the placement... contamination. We suggest that the Mars 2020 project substantively investigate this possibility... can be field sampled on Mars and included as part of... readily analyzed for trace organics. Mars 2020 needs further discussion on the... required for the sample return mission, which may also include bioburden... part of the alloy. The Mars 2020 project would need to choose... cleaning and recontamination protection, reducing mission risk. 9.5.2.10 Relationship to Planetary... differences between MSL and the Mars 2020 rover mission, particularly with respect to the... entirely understood across the entire mission, and that potential impacts on... central to the objectives of Mars 2020, and it needs to be... surfaces Surface modification for some Mars 2020 surfaces may be appropriate. OCP...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-23
Скачать документ
0/5
... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii Achieving Our Vision and Mission. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Foundations for Our Strategic Plan... of mission success. Teamwork NASA’s most powerful asset for achieving mission success... programmatic capabilities to sustain NASA’s Mission; Provide secure, effective, and affordable... and operations to complete the mission safely and successfully. National Aeronautics... the surface of Mars with the InSight mission. In 2020, we will continue our robotic exploration of Mars with a rover largely built upon the successful Curiosity rover and... from any potential threats. This mission 8 National Aeronautics and Space Administration... bold human and robotic mission. The proposed asteroid mission will advance our.... Lead office: Human Exploration Operations Mission Directorate Objective Overview: NASA engineers... (ISRU) experiment on NASA’s planned Mars 2020 rover mission. Contributing Programs: Orion Multi-Purpose.... Lead office: Human Exploration Operations Mission Directorate Objective Overview: NASA’s contribution.... Lead office: Human Exploration Operations Mission Directorate Objective Overview: Partnerships with... a SpaceX or Orbital Sciences resupply mission. Objective Strategy: To facilitate and... challenges: • Mission Cost Estimation and Management To better control mission cost estimation...’s mission cost estimation and management tools. NASA is committed to controlling mission... life elsewhere. Lead office: Science Mission Directorate Objective Overview: Planetary science... challenges: • Mission Cost Estimation and Management To better control mission cost estimation...’s mission cost estimation and management tools. NASA is committed to controlling mission... other stars. Lead office: Science Mission Directorate Objective Overview: NASA leads... challenges: • Mission Cost Estimation and Management To better control mission cost estimation...’s mission cost estimation and management tools. NASA is committed to controlling mission... technologies. Lead office: Space Technology Mission Directorate Objective Overview: NASA invests... on Earth. NASA’s Space Technology Mission Directorate (STMD) investment strategy addresses... complete the final step toward mission infusion (TRL 5-7). This comprehensive portfolio... research. Lead office: Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate Objective Overview: Aviation is... our planet. Lead office: Science Mission Directorate Objective Overview: Earth’s changing... comprises the following areas: flight mission development, research, applications development, and... challenges: • Mission Cost Estimation and Management To better control mission cost estimation...’s mission cost estimation and management tools. NASA is committed to controlling mission... Pathfinder Program, Earth Science Multi-Mission Operations Program, and Applied Sciences... portfolio, we seek to align mission directorate technology investments, eliminate duplication... biennially, incorporating emerging technologies, new mission needs, priorities, and partnerships. It... conduct NASA’s missions. Lead office: Mission Support Directorate Objective Overview: NASA..., recapitalization, and construction to mitigate mission risk, maintenance, and real property... to optimize strategies for meeting mission requirements, whether that requirement is... sustain NASA’s Mission Lead office: Human Exploration Operations Mission Directorate Objective Overview... the Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDCM)/Landsat 8. This mission is currently providing... ground elements. The network provides mission-critical communications services for the... and landing system for NASA’s Mars rover Curiosity from the engineers who... management platform that will deliver mission-enabling capabilities. Contributing Programs: Agency... the mission safely and successfully. Lead office: Office of Safety and Mission...’s mission success and explore manageable contingencies. Contributing Programs: Safety and Mission Success..., and consultations with stakeholders. NASA’s Mission Directorates, Centers, and other offices... cutting concerns that may impact mission performance against approved plans. Additionally... their contributions to advancing NASA’s Mission. Ames Research Center (ARC) Strategic... opportunities for exploration. IRIS, a Heliophysics mission managed from ARC, will help... instrument on the Mars Science Laboratory’s Curiosity rover enables an understanding of the Martian surface, while the LADEE mission... with the appropriate competencies in mission-critical activities. Armstrong manages and... the key workforce, infrastructure, and mission-enabling activities critical to achieving... that enable NASA’s deep space mission telecommunications and navigation. JPL proactively... ISS and leading to a mission to Mars, by attracting and growing a highly... and operations to complete the mission safely and successfully. Objective 3.3: Provide... programmatic capabilities to sustain NASA’s Mission. Objective 1.2: Conduct research on the...



Дата загрузки: 2016-12-20
Скачать документ
0.06/5
... of the next Mars rover. NASA will also continue formulating a mission to Europa... request supports the Mars 2020 lander and a potential future mission to Jupiter’s moon... our Mars atmospheric entry, descent, and landing design capabilities for Mars 2020 and... flagships: a Mars Astrobiology Explorer-Cacher and a Europa mission. This budget supports a Mars 2020 rover mission that will address the highest priority Mars science... from a subsurface source. The Mars 2020 mission completed mission definition and accommodation activities and... affecting the upper atmosphere. The Mars 2020 rover mission will undergo PDR and the... integration into the 2018 ExoMars mission. Mars 2020 will be in Phase C/D on... and flight systems for the Mars 2020 mission through JPL and the radioisotope... costs. NASA competitively selected the Mars 2020 investigations payload. Major Contracts/Awards... Curiosity rover mission and participate in the tactical and strategic planning of rover...-41 Science: Planetary Science: Mars Exploration MARS ROVER 2020 Formulation Development Operations FY 2017... PURPOSE Mars 2020 will re-use the basic engineering of NASA's Mars Science... future human exploration. The Mars 2020 science rover is a mission, currently in formulation, that... Mars 2020 mission is the essential next step in an evolving program of Mars exploration that will ultimately involve human exploration. NASA’s Mars 2020 mission will build upon many discoveries from the Mars Curiosity rover and... of Mars’ potential as a habitat for past or present life. The Mars 2020 rover will seek signs of past life on Mars, collect... Mars EXPLANATION OF MAJOR CHANGES IN FY 2017 NASA increased the Mars 2020... Science: Mars Exploration MARS ROVER 2020 Formulation Development Operations PROJECT PRELIMINARY PARAMETERS The Mars 2020 mission is planned to launch in July 2020, landing on Mars in... MSL/Curiosity rover, which has been exploring Mars since 2012. The Mars 2020 rover body... still delivering a highly capable rover. The Mars 2020 rover is carrying a competitively selected science... of Mars for possible return to Earth by a subsequent mission. The rover’s baseline... in Mars orbit will support the mission. ACHIEVEMENTS IN FY 2015 The Mars 2020 mission... PROGRESS IN FY 2016 The Mars 2020 mission will complete Phase B/formulation with... PLANNED FOR FY 2017 The Mars 2020 mission will complete the Critical Design...-43 Science: Planetary Science: Mars Exploration MARS ROVER 2020 Formulation Development Operations ESTIMATED PROJECT... Range July 2020 Project Management & Commitments JPL will manage Mars 2020 and will provide systems engineering, safety and mission assurance...-44 Science: Planetary Science: Mars Exploration MARS ROVER 2020 Formulation Element Development Description Operations...-45 Science: Planetary Science: Mars Exploration MARS ROVER 2020 Formulation Element MOXIE Development Description.../or surface operability considerations for Mars 2020 result in the need to... by MSL's flight itself and Mars 2020 plans that will correct some... is very likely that the Mars 2020 mission will need to accept most...-46 Science: Planetary Science: Mars Exploration MARS ROVER 2020 Formulation Development Operations Acquisition Strategy... and flight systems for the Mars 2020 mission through JPL and the radioisotope... costs. NASA competitively selected the Mars 2020 investigations payload. MAJOR CONTRACTS/AWARDS... announcement of opportunity for the Mars 2020 rover instruments on September 24, 2013... for infusion into the Mars 2020 project. The Safe Rover Mobility task concluded... Mars Yard, and the technology is available for transfer to the Mars 2020... of the Mars 2020 mission. In addition, Curiosity is the first planetary rover to... 2017 The RPS Program supports Mars 2020 by providing a MMRTG flight unit... certification of the Multi-Mission RTG for Mars 2020, and overseeing the Plutonium... on the Mars 2020 mission, designed to convert carbon dioxide from the Mars atmosphere... selected as part of the Mars 2020 Investigations Announcement of Opportunity (AO... suite for incorporation into the Mars 2020 mission heat shield. This instrument will... for the Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment payload on the Mars 2020 mission. The payload... utilization demonstration selected using the Mars 2020 Instrument AO will produce oxygen... suite for incorporation into the Mars 2020 mission heat shield. This effort builds... for potential infusion into the Mars 2020 mission. Another successful test flight included... funding the Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment (MOXIE) on the SMD’s Mars 2020 rover mission, which... instruments for the Mars 2020 mission. The crossDirectorate robotic mission element of the ARM... the Instrument Accommodation Reviews for Mars 2020 mission payloads to demonstrate oxygen production..., and instruments planned for the Mars 2020 rover mission. STRATEGIC OPERATIONS, INTEGRATION, AND STUDIES... Curiosity rover on the surface of Mars, and the New Horizons robotic mission...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-18
Скачать документ
0/5
... mission portfolio out to a time horizon of 20 years, to identify mission... Progress Reports [1]. II. Defining the Mission Set A. Candidate Optical Communications Missions... mission selections will be made in the far future. Therefore, the mission..., Astrophysics, Heliophysics, and Planetary Science mission directorates in their report 2014... Robotic Mission (2013–2021) Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission (2021–2027) Crewed Mission to NEA (2027–2033) Crewed Mission to Lunar Surface (2027–2033) Crewed Mission to Mars’ Moons (2027–2033) Crewed Mars Orbital Mission (2033+) Crewed Mars Surface Mission (2033+) Crewed Mars Surface Mission — Minimal... Mission (2040) Far-Infrared Surveyor Mission (2040) Large UV/Visible/IR Surveyor Mission (2035) X-ray Surveyor Mission (2035) Exo-Planet Direct Imaging Mission (2030... (2018, 2024, 2030) Mars 2020 (2020) Europa (2022–2024) Mars Sample Return (>2026) SMD... proposal proprietary. Gravitational-Wave Surveyor Mission (2045) Mission SMD Program Table 1. Rough... Agency Mission Planning Model The NASA CFO maintains a new Agency Mission Planning... OCT mission model. These include: • Mission deletions — e.g., no Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM), no Europa Mission, one less New Frontiers. • Mission additions... a Star (LWS)–7+, New Frontiers 4+, Exploration Mission (EM)–2. • Mission accelerations — e.g., Discovery 14+, Astro... CFO OCT Explorer X Mission (?%) OCT CFO Whipple (?%) Mars Relay NeMO Orbiter for MSR Europa Clipper OCT CFO 2020 Key... Heliocentric/Mars Example Mission Name 2020 2020 2024 2036 2022 Mars Relay Crewed Mars Orbital Crewed... Mars Surface Observatory Mars Orbiter Lander Demo Mars 2020 Optical Terminal or CubeSat at Mars Example Mission... Mars Article Page No./ DRM 2031 2029 2026 2025 2040 2031 2020... at Mars The prototypes of mission concepts for small optical terminals at Mars are either CubeSats at Mars... one time for accommodation on Mars 2020. The goal is to provide... mission is that the Mars Program has approved the Mars 2020 rover mission, based on the Mars... for the 2020 time frame2,3,4 [2–6]. However, this type of mission would be... Mars The prototype of mission concepts for a medium-sized optical terminal at Mars... of mission is that the Mars Exploration Program is studying a possible Next Mars Orbiter (NeMO) mission that... at Mars The prototype of mission concepts for a large optical terminal at Mars... scenario, a crewed mission would be sent to land on Mars and return... Mars Surface mission is under evaluation by the Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate. NASA HEOMD is pursuing evaluations of both Mars orbital... Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST). This mission repurposes a telescope with a 2.4-m aperture built... Earth is the Whipple mission concept. The Whipple mission would place an... small (1 W, 5 cm) comparable to the Mars 2020 small terminal candidate to convey... from Earth is the NEOCam mission. This mission has a spacecraft that would... as the mission is still in competition (the public mission description baselines... as a New Frontiers candidate mission. The mission is included in plans for the competition for the next mission, scheduled to being in FY2016. The mission, if selected, would launch around 2021. This mission is included as an SMD mission in the OCT... New Frontiers mission, scheduled to begin in FY2016. The mission, if selected, would launch around 2021. This mission concept is also included as an SMD mission in the... Life Finder mission concept are possible candidates. If the mission is the... Jupiter is the Europa Mission. This planned mission would conduct detailed reconnaissance... Europa Mission entered formulation phase effective June 2015. Including Europa Mission as... mission design may include both a lander and a balloon aerobot. This mission was... of a surrounding crewed mission. This type of mission concept also gives an... in the NASA mission set, and that can save mission funding. 17... the Mars 2020 Science Definition Team,” posted July 2013, by the Mars Exploration...-outer-planet-mission-costs.html [20] Description of Europa Clipper mission, October...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-18
Скачать документ
0/5
... challenge in relation to NASA’s mission; whether its underlying causes were...-term human exploration missions to Mars and other deep space destinations... vehicle hardware. A Russian Progress cargo mission also failed to reach the... a third and fourth cargo resupply mission, each using an Atlas V rocket... exploration program is a crewed mission to Mars. Successful development of the Space... Kelly on the first 1-year U.S. mission to the ISS in the... and programs, managing the Science Mission Directorate’s extensive portfolio poses significant.... The largest of the Science Mission Directorate’s projects, the James Webb..., including planetary exploration missions to Mars and beyond. Without SCaN services... commensurate with the Agency’s overall mission. Because IT is intrinsic and... compliance, cost, risk, security, and mission success to meet the needs..., coupled with the Agency’s statutory mission to share scientific information, present... the Agency’s infrastructure and its mission-related needs, as well as... and assets to carry its mission forward. As of September 2015...’s current plan to send a crewed mission to the Martian surface by... the Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate, which provides leadership and... mitigated for the first human mission to Mars. In addition, to ensure... the Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate establish a primary point of... do not align with Agency mission needs, may be of low... and individuals at the Council, Mission Directorate, and Center levels. In... Technologist, established the Space Technology Mission Directorate, and created technology “roadmaps... technology portfolio to meet future mission needs. In addition, we profiled... Systems Program, and the Science Mission Directorate’s Research Divisions. We found... technologies will help meet Agency mission objectives, it needs to complete... prioritize investments. Fourth, while NASA’s Mission Directorates and Centers have authority...’s space technology projects with its mission goals, we recommended that the... Moon, an asteroid, and possibly Mars. The capsule will have several... 2015, SpaceX’s seventh cargo resupply mission failed after launch from Cape... Associate Administrator for the Science Mission Directorate work with the University... managing the contract to accomplish mission goals in a timely and cost...’s management of its Earth science mission portfolio and determine whether it... NASA’s Mars 2020 Rover Mission With an estimated life-cycle cost of $2.3 billion, Mars 2020 is.... The Mars 2020 rover is designed to conduct geological assessments of the rover’s landing... window in July or August 2020 would result in significant cost... evaluating NASA’s management of the mission relative to achieving technical objectives... Process To help achieve its mission of advancing science, technology, aeronautics... information systems vital to its mission. Achieving the Agency’s IT security... responsibility with the Agency’s overall mission. In 2013, the OIG issued... and with the Agency’s four Mission Directorates to coordinate Agency efforts... and assets to carry its mission forward. As of September 2015...’s capabilities with current and future mission needs. Follow-up Evaluation of... of Audits 33 Blueprint-style Mars 2020 rover sketch 34 O ffice of Audits...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-18
Скачать документ
0.23/5
... via Image Registration for the Mars 2020 Rover Gary Doran, David R. Thompson, Tara....gov Abstract A key component of Mars exploration is the operation of... the Mars Exploration Rovers, the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL), and the planned Mars 2020 Rover... the surface. However, thermal fluctuations, rover settling or slipping, and inherent... on a previously acquired image, the rover can align this with a new... done efficiently on board the rover using relatively limited computing hardware...-Imager on board the “Curiosity” rover. 1 Introduction A key challenge in the... spacecraft and Earth. Even at Mars, for which satellites are used... command uplink cycle per sol (Mars day). For future proposed missions... identify an interesting rock in a rover’s navigation camera image and command... position from stereo vision, the rover’s position due to slipping or..., a human on the surface of Mars would not make such a mistake... future Mars 2020 rover mission, using data from the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) “Curiosity” rover as...” instrument selected for inclusion on Mars 2020 [Maurice et al., 2015]. SuperCam... the mast of the Mars Science Laboratory “Curiosity” rover, where its large...’s ChemCam instrument. 2 On Sol N +1, the rover points the RMI at the... hit the intended target. The rover then extracts visual landmarks from... Sol N image. This allows the rover to map the target defined... the intended target. Hence, the rover adjusts the pointing accordingly to...”) instrument on board the MSL rover (see Figure 1) uses a laserinduced breakdown... how ChemCam is operated on Mars is shown in the upper... anomaly on Sol 200 limited rover operations for for a few weeks... estimated target position in the rover coordinate frame, a set of “visual...” are also uplinked to the rover. The visual landmarks are defined... rover operations. First, because there is limited storage on board the rover... can be uplinked to the rover using limited bandwidth. Secondly, because... the relatively limited on-board rover processor (a 133 MHz RAD750), the... avoid adverse impacts on the rover schedule, it is desirable that.... A similar capability already employed on Mars exploration rovers is visual target... can be efficiently performed using rover hardware. However, the use of... associated visual features used to Mars Mars Sol N + 1 ··· Sol N + k? Earth Earth Current..., an image is acquired on Mars on Sol N and downlinked to..., the best estimate of the rover-relative target location is used... is measured, or until the rover drives to another location to... correct pointing on board. The rover acquires the correct measurement on... too expensive to compute with rover hardware. More recently, with an... on Earth and uplinked to Mars. After the Sol N + 1 image is... Detect Landmarks and Compute Features Mars Sol N + 1 Image Detect Landmarks and... are processed on board the Mars rover. Although BRIEF features are designed... is a sufficient approximation since the rover will not have driven between... illumination angle. There are three Mars hours of difference between the... images acquired by the MSL rover during the first 1,200 sols... the fact science operations on Mars typically oc- cur within a consistent... the processing capability of the rover’s on-board processor. Thus, the... the Mars 2020 rover. We demonstrate using real data from the MSL rover that given consistent lighting conditions (within 1–2 Mars hours) and... other instruments selected for the Mars 2020 rover that would benefit from such... and are located on the rover’s arm, which is also subject... microbial biosignatures with PIXL on Mars 2020. In American Geophysical Union Fall.... Visual target tracking on the mars exploration rovers. In Proceedings of... aqueous activity and habitability on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets... instrument suite on the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover: science objectives and... supercam instrument for the mars2020 rover. In Lunar and Planetary Science... crater, Mars. Science, 343(6169):1244734, 2014. [Moravec, 1981] H. P. Moravec. Rover visual... instrument suite on the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover: Body unit and...



Дата загрузки: 2016-12-08
Скачать документ
0.05/5
... for mapping, sampling mission 6 �������������������NASA awards contract for Mars 2020 rover mission 8 �������������������SAGE III to... ����������������NASA orders second SpaceX Crew Mission to ISS 23 ����������������NASA, Boeing... burns 47 ����������������Demanding Gemini XI mission flies on top of the... SCHEDULE Date: Sept. 6, 9:14 p.m. EDT Mission: Expedition 48 Crew Landing Description...: Sept. 8, 7:05 p.m. EDT Mission: OSIRIS-REx Description: The mission will study Bennu.... Targeted Date: September Mission: Orbital ATK Resupply Mission to Space Station (Orbital.... Date: Sept. 23, 2:17 p.m. EDT Mission: Expedition 49 Launch Description: NASA...-REx prepped for mapping, sampling mission to Bennu BY LINDA HERRIDGE... Station in Florida. This groundbreaking mission, several years in the making... first two years of the mission cruising to asteroid Bennu, arriving... the spacecraft team for its mission. Technicians and engineers performed illumination... Rex Engelhardt, Launch Services Program mission manager for OSIRIS-REx. “We... providing overall mission management, systems engineering, and safety and mission assurance for... Frontiers for the agency’s Science Mission Directorate in Washington. SPACEPORT Magazine... awards launch services contract for Mars 2020 rover mission SPACEPORT MAGAZINE REPORT N ASA has..., to provide launch services for a mission that will address high-priority...’s Journey to Mars. Mars 2020 is targeted for launch in July 2020 aboard an.... The rover will conduct geological assessments of its landing site on Mars... surface of Mars for potential return to Earth by a future mission to the Red Planet. The mission will build on the achievements of Curiosity and other Mars Exploration... Operations Mission Directorate, as well as contributions from international partners. The Mars 2020 rover mission... by Mars exploration. The total cost for NASA to launch Mars 2020 is... way with the upcoming Mars 2020 rover, the InSight lander mission targeted for 2018... planet, and the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution Mission (MAVEN) orbiter, which... Atlas V launch service for Mars 2020. The Mars 2020 Project at NASA’s Jet Propulsion..., manages the Mars 2020 spacecraft development for the Science Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters in Washington. The design of NASA’s Mars 2020 rover leverages many successful features of the agency’s Curiosity rover, which landed on Mars in 2012, but... 2020 mission. Image credit: NASA For more information about NASA’s Mars 2020 rover, visit: http://mars... upcoming SpaceX CRS-10 resupply mission to the International Space Station... and Orion, known as Exploration Mission-1, targeted for launch without a crew... and Orion, known as Exploration Mission-2, and targeted for launch in... the most recent cargo resupply mission, the IDA will become a doorway... N NASA orders second SpaceX Crew Mission to International Space Station BY... order of a second post-certification mission from commercial provider SpaceX in... Journey to Mars. “The order of a second crew rotation mission from SpaceX... fly the first post-certification mission to the space station. Each... space station. A standard commercial crew mission to the station will carry... of missions include a series of mission-related reviews and approvals leading... Station, as it will during a mission for NASA’s Commercial Crew Program... low-earth orbit Commercial Crew mission BY SASHA ELLIS, NASA’S LANGLEY... to what happens during a space mission, so the daily differences are... GSDO divisions. I directly support the mission manager and the program manager... Orion heat shield for Exploration Mission 1 (EM-1) is secured inside the... Orion crew module for Exploration Mission 1 was transferred into the clean... steer the capsule during the mission. “These first propulsion system welds... that a crew would breathe during a mission. It also will provide living... mission will advance and validate capabilities required for human exploration of Mars... before EM-1.” EM-1, or Exploration Mission 1, will be Orion’s first flight...) rocket. During the three-week mission, the spacecraft will venture 40..., the large Shuttle Radar Topography Mission payload was tested and verified... Exploration Mission-1 and deep-space missions, including the journey to Mars. The... highlight of a demanding, three-day mission in September 1966. The first... earlier. On each succeeding Gemini mission rendezvous had taken about four... of the eight-day Gemini V mission the previous year. A Naval aviator... also served as Gemini deputy mission director, hailed the NASA-industry... “Pete” Conrad pose at the mission simulator during training at Kennedy... communicator, known as capcom, in Mission Control at the Manned Spacecraft... the spacewalk, Conrad reported to Mission Control that Gordon had the... up there,” Young responded from Mission Control. As Gemini XI continued... during a United Launch Alliance Atlas V mission to launch Boeing’s CST-100...