Спутник ФКИ. Mars Express. [Редактировать]

Автоматическая межпланетная станция Европейского космического агентства, предназначенная для изучения Марса. Космический аппарат состоял из орбитальной станции — искусственного спутника Марса и спускаемого аппарата с автоматической марсианской станцией «Бигль-2». 

Измерения при помощи созданных российскими учёными совместно с западноевропейскими коллегами приборов позволили получить ряд важных научных результатов, многие из которых только готовятся к научным публикациям. В том числе восстановление структуры атмосферы с высокой точностью от поверхности до высот 100—150 км и её температурного профиля до 50—55 км. Впервые одновременно измерено содержание и построены карты распределения водяного пара и озона в атмосфере. Обнаружено ночное свечение моноксида азота, известного на Венере, но не наблюдавшегося ранее на Марсе. Открыты мельчайшие аэрозольные частицы, заполняющие атмосферу планеты до высот 70—100 км. Впервые обнаружен водяной лёд в южной полярной шапке в конце марсианского лета. Карты, построенные по данным прибора OMEGA с разрешением 1—3 км, показывают, что участки водяного льда находятся на краях более обширных областей замёрзшей углекислоты. Толщина её слоя не превышает нескольких метров, а под ним — захороненный слой водяного льда, возможно по мощности эквивалентный северной полярной шапке, полностью состоящей из водяного льда с небольшой (менее 1 %) примесью пыли. Прибором OMEGA проведено также минералогическое картирование значительной части планеты, и, при существенном разнообразии минерального состава, карбонаты (соли угольной кислоты) обнаружены не были. Они широко распространены на Земле и именно в их залежах, а не в живом веществе, каменном угле и нефти, сосредоточено основное количество углерода на нашей планете. Таким образом, данные «Mars Express» не подтверждают наличия запасов СО2 на Марсе, достаточных для существенных изменений массы его атмосферы, и соответственно, преобразования климата планеты. «Марс-экспресс» обнаружил в атмосфере Марса метан, что может свидетельствовать о наличии жизни на планете (метан не может долго находится в марсианской атмосфере, следовательно его запасы пополняются либо в результате жизнедеятельности микроорганизмов, либо вследствие геологической активности). Было определено и его содержание — 10±5 частей на миллиард. Конечно, это немного, но так как метан непрерывно разрушается в атмосфере за счёт фотодиссоциации, то для поддержания такого его количества в атмосфере на Марсе должен быть источник производительностью порядка 300 тонн метана в год. Таким источником могла бы быть тектоническая деятельность, Марс, считается тектонически неактивным в настоящее время, однако поступление метана в атмосферу может быть связано с «точечной» тектоникой: остаточным вулканизмом, либо геотермальной активностью. Благодаря снимкам косморобота учёные смогли сконструировать и представить трёхмерные модели марсианских ландшафтов. Станция обнаружила плотные облака из сухого льда, которые отбрасывают тень на поверхность планеты и даже влияют на её климат.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1Mars Express OrbiterНайтиНайти
2Beagle 2НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
2Страна оператор(владелец) - Европа
3Страна производитель - Европа

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12003-06 - 2003-07. Отказ привел к уменьшению энергии аппарата на 30 процентовТэги: Mars Express
22011-10 - 2011-11. Проблемы с системой хранения информации; научное использование завершеноТэги: Mars Express
32014-12-17. Российские ученые из Института космических исследований ИКИ РАН и МФТИ совместно с французскими и американскими коллегами составили «карту» распределения водяного пара в атмосфере Марса и проследили за сезонными колебаниями его концентрации с помощью данных, собранных за десять лет российско-французским спектрометром SPICAM на борту зонда «Марс-Экспресс». Это самый длительный период наблюдений и самый большой объем данных об атмосферной воде на Марсе. Первоначально прибор SPICAM (Spectroscopy for Investigation of Characteristics of the Atmosphere of Mars) создавался для российского марсианского зонда «Марс-96». Новая существенно переработанная версия инструмента была создана при участии ИКИ в рамках соглашения между Роскосмосом и французским космическим агентством CNES по проекту марсианского зонда «Марс-Экспресс». Этот аппарат 2 июня 2003 года был запущен с космодрома Байконур с помощью российской ракеты-носителя «Союз» с разгонным блоком «Фрегат». В конце декабря 2003 года «Марс-Экспресс» вышел на околомарсианскую орбиту и с тех пор успешно работает, собирая данные о планете и ее окрестностях.Тэги: Mars ExpressИКИ РАНМФТИ
42014-12-18. Миссия Mars Express продлена до конца 2018 годаТэги: Mars Express
52015-01-16. Посадочный модуль Beagle-2, который был потерян во время миссии Mars Express Европейского Космического агентства в 2003 году, был найден на снимках, полученных аппаратом NASA. Beagle-2 отстыковался от основного аппарата 19 декабря 2003 года, спустя 6 дней он должен был совершить посадку на Красной планете.Тэги: Mars Express

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг1123
2Масса (сухая), кг666
3Мощность, Вт460

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1САС, месяц11

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2003-022A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.310
2Оператор Европейское космическое агентство

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Байконур
2Дата пуска2003-06-02 at 17:45:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xMars Express
4Ракета-носитель 1xСоюз-ФГ

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Mars Express». [Перейти к поиску]


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... Development of Mars Express (invited) Schmidt, R. 11:30 Status of Mars Express in Orbit... Insight from the Mars Express Orbiter ..........................................62 and the Mars Exploration Rover, Spirit..., L. 18:15 OMEGA/Mars Express Limb Observations of Mars : The Dust Vertical Properties... 16:15 The Mars Express Orbiter Radio Science Experiment (MaRS) (invited) ...........................................90 Pätzold... the Radio Science Experiment MaRS on ............................91 Mars Express Tellmann, S.; Pätzold, M.; Häusler, B.; Tyler...), Mars Pathfinder (1996), Mars Global Surveyor (1996), Mars Odyssey (2001), Mars Express (2003), and Mars Exploration... ESA Mars Express mission. MARSIS is the only totally new instrument on Mars Express... by the recent Mars Exploration Rovers (MER) and Mars Express missions to provide... Mars Express Wagner, R. Observations of the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) aboard Mars Express... and Using Mars Express SPICE Observation Geometry Data Acton, C. The Mars Express Project Science... fusing data from Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Odyssey and Mars Express instruments. 55 The...: New Insight from the Mars Express Orbiter and the Mars Exploration Rover, Spirit... (namely SPICAM). 68 OMEGA/Mars Express Limb Observations of Mars : The Dust Vertical... task for the Mars Express orbiter is to map Mars in high-resolution... particles. 90 The Mars Express Orbiter Radio Science Experiment (MaRS) (invited) Pätzold, M.; Häusler..., V.; Hinson, D.P.; Simpson, R.A. The Mars Express Orbiter Radio Science experiment (MaRS) relies on the... of the Mars Express Orbiter payload, the Mars Express Orbiter Radio Science experiment (MaRS) is... by the Radio Science Experiment MaRS on Mars Express Tellmann, S.; Pätzold, M.; Häusler, B.; Tyler..., J.D. The radio science experiment MaRS on Mars Express sounded the Martian atmosphere and... the upper atmosphere from Mars orbiters. 96 Mars Express/SPICAM UV: First Results... aerobraking and Mars Express measurements. Mars Global Surveyer (1997-1999) and Mars Odyssey (2001... the Upper Atmosphere of Mars by SPICAM Aboard Mars Express, DPS Meeting Abstract... Search for Life on Mars Everett K. Gibson, Mars Express Interdiscipline Scientist, Mail Code... the ongoing missions (Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Odyssey, Mars Express and Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity... Geology and Mineralogy Coordinated Mars Express OMEGA and Mars Exploration Rover Observations ..........................................131... Analysis of the Mars Topography..............................................................................................141 Dorninger, P.; Attwenger, M. Mars Express HRSC Context for... Stereo Camera (HRSC) on Mars Express Hauber, E. Is Mars Hiding some Ice in... evolutions of Mars, Venus, and Earth. 131 Coordinated Mars Express OMEGA and Mars Exploration..., J-L.; Perrier, S. A New Mars Climate Database in Support of Mars Express Science ............................................................196 Forget... on Mars Gibson, E.K.; McKay, D.S.; Thomas-Keprta, K.; Clemett, S.; Wentworth, S.; Socki, R. The Mars Express Mission, Mars Exploration Rovers and surface samples from Mars (i.e. the Martian... mission to Mars - "Mars Express". Several dusty spectra from various regions of Mars were..., D.; Ignatiev, N. Spectra of Mars recorded with the OMEGA/Mars Express experiment have been... several instruments on-board the Mars Express. 205 Mars Ozone Profiles Retrieved from... Science Experiment Mars During the first Occultation Season of Mars Express Pätzold, M.; Häusler... of the radio science experiment MaRS on Mars Express is the sounding of... the .........................................224 Radio Science Experiment Mars on Mars Express Andert, T.P.; Pätzold, M. High Resolution... by the HRSC on Mars Express ...........................................................225 Giese, B. Mars Express and Phobos Mass: a Challenge... Spatial Data for ..............................................233 Mars Cartography from MARS EXPRESS HRSC Imagery Dorrer, E.; Mayer... Mars Science Opportunities using Mars Global Surveyor (MGS), Mars Odyssey (ODY), ................249 Mars Express (MEX) and the Mars... the Radio Science Experiment Mars on Mars Express Andert, T.P.; Pätzold, M. Mars Express will perform a number... of Spatial Data for Mars Cartography from MARS EXPRESS HRSC Imagery Dorrer, E.; Mayer... to operate it on Mars. 237 Distribution of Mars Express Science Data via... on-board of Mars Express. 238 Exploring Mars by a European Small Mars Mission Hoffmann... Joint Mars Science Opportunities using Mars Global Surveyor (MGS), Mars Odyssey (ODY), Mars Express (MEX) and the Mars Exploration... three operating orbiting spacecrafts (Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Odyssey, Mars Express) and two rovers... Stereo Camera (HRSC) aboard Mars Express imaged Mars and Phobos in 127 orbits...



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... and the ASPERA-3 team 199 MaRS: Mars Express Radio Science Experiment M. Pätzold, S. Tellmann... and Abbreviations 279 iii FOREWORD Mars Express: foreword Mars Express arrived at its destination... preparation for the international Mars Sample Return mission. Mars Express has positioned European... of numerous US missions to Mars, Mars Express has provided exciting new and... the Mars Exploration Rovers, and the Mars Odyssey and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter missions. Mars Express... for the international Mars Sample Return mission. The Mars Express spacecraft has been... processes are currently active on Mars. The Mars Express spacecraft has now been... imaging of the Mars interior was impossible before Mars Express. Altimetry and radio... future exploration of Mars. More detailed information about the Mars Express mission and... of the Mars Express mission is the ‘Topographic Image Map Mars 1:200 000... NASA Mars Exploration Rovers The concurrent operation of Mars Express and the NASA Mars... of Mars: Observations from High Resolution Stereo Camera/Mars Express (HRSC/MEX) and Mars Orbiter Camera/Mars Global Surveyor... Ascraeus Montes, Mars from Lava Flow Mapping Using Mars Express HRSC Data, in...: New Insight from the Mars Express Orbiter and the Mars Exploration Rover Spirit... High Resolution Stereo Camera of Mars Express, in Mars Express: The Scientific Payload, ESA... the Geological Evolution of Mars through the Mars Express High Resolution Stereo Camera... Mineralogical and Aqueous Mars History Derived from OMEGA/Mars Express Data, Science 312... & Y. Langevin (2004). Mars atmosphere studies with the OMEGA/ Mars Express experiment: I. Overview and... of Surface Pressure on Mars with the Mars Express/OMEGA Spectrometer: 1. Retrieval Method... Polar Cap of Mars as Observed by the OMEGA/Mars Express Observations, Science... Polar Region of Mars Detected by the OMEGA/Mars Express Observations, Science 307... Observation Modes 3.3.1 Pointing capabilities of Mars Express Mars Express, a reduced version of the Rosetta... successfully on Mars Express, and is also employed by Venus Express. The spacecraft... extension of the Mars Express mission for a full second Mars year is an... For the Studies of Mars Atmosphere for Mars Express Mission. Adv. Space Res... of Ozone on Mars as Measured by SPICAM/Mars Express using Stellar Occultations... aurora, would occur above Mars. With Mars Express we have now confirmed the... ESA and the Mars Express project. The ASPERA-3 experiment on Mars Express is a joint... Plasmas and Energetic Atoms for Mars Express, In Mars Express: The Scientific Payload, ESA... Atmospheric Erosion at Mars – First Results from ASPERA-3 on Mars Express, Science 305... Res. 34, 61–65. 215 MaRS: Mars Express Radio Science Experiment M. Pätzold1, S. Tellmann1... CA 95305, USA The Mars Express Radio Science Experiment (MaRS) started regular operations... first results. Mars Express was injected into orbit around Mars on 25 December... extended mission. The Mars Express Orbiter Radio Science Experiment (MaRS) is employing radio..., P., Kirchengast, G. & Dehant, V. (2004). MaRS: Mars Express Orbiter Radio Science. In Mars Express: The Scientific Payload... distances to the Mars surface. The elliptical orbit of Mars Express was chosen... second extension. 2. Mars Express Spacecraft, Payload and Orbit The Mars Express orbiter instruments have... DSN, Mars Express has Operations and archiving Fig. 4. Overview of the Mars Express mid... Archive. Since the arrival of Mars Express at Mars in December 2003, the... approved the first Mars Express mission extension for a second Mars year until October... revisit areas of Mars Express science discoveries. The lifetime of Mars Express will depend... long-term evolution of the Mars Express orbit. Mars Express has a high degree of... Mars Express ground segment are the responsibility of ESOC in Darmstadt. The Mars Express... and development time, Rosetta, Mars Express and Venus Express share nearly identical data... LANDER”, “MARS EXPRESS”, “BEAGLE 2”, “SMART 1”, “2001 MARS ODYSSEY”, “24-COLOR SURVEY”, “AMES MARS GENERAL... = “MISSION TO MARS” VOLUME_SET_NAME = “MARS EXPRESS ASPERA3” VOLUME_SET_ID = “USA_ESA_PSA_MEX_ASPERA3” VOLUME_NAME = “MARS EXPRESS ASPERA-3 VIRTUAL VOLUME... polar areas, and sinusoidal elsewhere. 5.4 MaRS (Mars Express Radio Science) Experiment The dataset... Plasmas and Energetic Ions for Mars Express. In Mars Express: The Scientific Payload, ESA...: The Planetary Fourier Spectrometer for Mars Express. In Mars Express: The Scientific Payload, ESA... High Resolution Stereo Camera of Mars Express. In Mars Express: The Scientific Payload, ESA... al. (2004). MaRS: Mars Express Orbiter Radio Science Experiment. In Mars Express: The Scientific Payload...). MARSIS: Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ionospheric Sounding. In Mars Express: The... 2: The Exobiological Lander of Mars Express. In Mars Express: The Scientific Payload. ESA SP... MEP Mars Exploration Program (NASA) MER Mars Exploration Rover (NASA) MEX Mars Express MSG Meteosat Second Generation MGS Mars Global...



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... missions to Mars 3 Brief history of project Genesis of Mars Express The genesis... arising 16 Political background to Mars Express and Beagle 2 UK Government’s ability... launched a further mission to Mars shortly after Mars Express in June 2003. After... of Mars Express 12. It was the catastrophic failure of the Russian Mars... States. This made Mars Express the cheapest ever mission to Mars, according to... possibility of Mars Express. November 1997 ESA approves plan for Mars Express. December 1997 ESA Announcement of Opportunity for Mars lander... the preferred lander. November 1998 Mars Express mission confirmed by ESA. December... Mars Express. June 2003 Launch of Mars Express. December 2003 Beagle 2 ejected from Mars Express but... the formal announcement of the Mars Express mission. Professor Pillinger, the driving..., Toulouse Prime contractor for the Mars Express mission, overseeing the schedule for... tight deadlines imposed by the Mars Express schedule “even though from a scientific... the Mars 96 mission, ESA was in need of a success. The Mars Express... overshadow the existing, decidedly European, Mars Express mission. Beagle 2 did not have... the Mars Express and Beagle 2 programmes: “We had a very clear situation with Mars Express... focused on the success of Mars Express, leaving responsibility for remedial solution... the complications of managing the Mars Express mission. 63. The completely separate... that the prime contractor on Mars Express, Astrium Toulouse, accepted a waiver request... the spectacular pictures of Mars provided by Mars Express and by the NASA...: Would a communication system, back to Mars Express— Professor Pillinger: It would have... the complete Mars Express mission in order to communicate with Mars Express, because Mars Express was... before we ever got to Mars that Mars Express could not listen to.... Mars Express was taken on as a new way of working. In Mars Express itself... designed a system that worked, and Mars Express was delivered successfully. The idea... did the same thing with Mars Express itself. Mars Express was a very tight project... in Mars Express links the UK to an ongoing success story. Mars Express has... to Mars and have led to substantial follow-on interest in Mars Express... proposals for prospective landers for Mars Express through an Announcement of Opportunity... focused on the success of Mars Express, leaving responsibility for remedial solution... focused on a previously unplanned mission, Mars Express, taking advantage of available instrumentation...) approved a Science Management plan for Mars Express in November 1997 which anticipated... measures. These included compensation to Mars Express for integration costs and orbit.... 2. Mars Express was a reaction by ESA to the failure of a Russian Mars mission... for Mars Express. 3. At the outset therefore, and as the name indicated, Mars Express... the conservative spirit in which Mars Express had begun, a completely novel developmental... Russian Mars 96 mission failure. Mars Express is the cheapest Mars mission; the Mars Express orbiter has been very successful. 5. The Mars Express programme... the Mars Express cost. 30. Instructions were given to the Mars Express team to... its requirements into the larger Mars Express schedule. Naturally a manager in charge.... 41. Mars Express itself has been in operational orbit about Mars since early... 1. When, in 1997, ESA announced Mars Express, a unique opportunity occurred. Beagle 2 was... probe to be carried to Mars (on Mars Express), which would then separate... using highly innovative scientific instruments. 2. Mars Express was designed as an Orbiter...’s formal Announcement of Opportunity for Mars Express. Industry expertise was used from... on Mars Express led to an uncomfortable working relationship with the Mars Express prime... programme including the Universities, the Mars Express (MEx) project and the various... unable to support any instrumentation. (Mars Express, the “mothership” of Beagle 2, went... its first attempt at a Mars mission with Mars Express, and that this is... orbit around Mars. It would be interesting to know what Mars Express mass... had submitted a competitive proposal for Mars Express and had stated compliance with... instruments that remain on Mars Express in orbit around Mars. Having included an... would not compromise Mars Express or contaminate the surface of Mars. This is... system between Beagle 2 and Mars orbiters (ESA’s Mars Express and NASA’s Odyssey). This... telescope and to a limited extent Mars Express (Mars Express was not in an orbital... prevalent as Beagle 2 and Mars Express approached Mars. In information to which the... fate of the British Mars lander of ESA’s Mars Express (MEx). A previous Parliamentary... in California. From 4 January 2004, Mars Express attempted communications with Beagle in... concerning co operation on Beagle 2/Mars Express communication issues. The Consortium Leader... Leader will interface to the Mars Express Project Scientist. 6.1.2 Consortium Programme Manager...



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... iii Contents Foreword v Overview The Mars Express Mission: An Overview A. Chicarro, P. Martin...: the Planetary Fourier Spectrometer for Mars Express V. Formisano, D. Grassi, R. Orfei et al... Ions for Mars Express S. Barabash, R. Lundin, H. Andersson et al. 121 MaRS: Mars Express Orbiter Radio... US Participation US Participation in Mars Express A.D. Morrison, T.W. Thompson, R.L. Horttor et al... 3:52 PM Page vii mars express: foreword Mars, our most Earth-like planetary... to Mars – until now. The European Space Agency (ESA) launched the Mars Express... in Mars’ viii AAsec1.qxd 7/8/04 3:52 PM Page ix mars express: foreword magnetic tail. Finally, the MaRS radio science... to any other comparable Mars mission. Before Mars Express, ESA and the scientific... Mars Express closely complement those of recent US orbital missions such as Mars... 1223 kg Mars Express into a Mars transfer orbit. Launch windows to Mars occur every... arrival at Mars, while the orbiter was on a Mars collision course; Mars Express was... radio telescope nor by the Mars Express and Mars Odyssey orbiters. All of... States. Fig. 2. Mars Express in launch configuration at Baikonur. The Mars Express orbiter is... Table 1. 3.1 Orbiter scientific instruments The Mars Express orbiter scientific payload totals about... Page 7 mission overview Table 1. The Mars Express scientific experiments. Expt. Code Instrument... particularly from Beagle 2 operations. The Mars Express Lander Communications (MELACOM) subsystem is... to be estimated. Coordination between Mars Express orbital observations and Beagle 2 experiments... international programme of Mars exploration with the launch of Mars Express in 2003... surroundings for the Mars Express and other Mars missions (e.g. NASA’s Mars Exploration Rovers). The... the spectrometer data obtained by Mars Express and Mars Odyssey. Furthermore, the HRSC...: the Planetary Fourier Spectrometer for Mars Express V. Formisano1, D. Grassi1, R. Orfei1, D. Biondi1, E. Mencarelli1...’ of Mars Express will recover most of the science of SPICAM/Mars-96... Mars 3 and MAWD on the Viking orbiters (Farmer & LaPorte, 1972). For Mars Express... Plasmas and Energetic Ions for Mars Express S. Barabash1, R. Lundin1, H. Andersson1, J. Gimholt1,a, M. Holmstr... of Mars Express is designed to study the solar wind-Mars atmosphere interaction... 7/7/04 3:48 PM Page 141 MaRS: Mars Express Orbiter Radio Science M. Pätzold1, F.M. Neubauer1... Bruxelles, Belgium The Mars Express Orbiter Radio Science (MaRS) experiment will employ radio... for occultation immersion measurements with Mars Express. Radio-science techniques are applied... at the ground station. 3.1 Mars Express radio subsystem Mars Express can receive and transmit..., 2337723402. Acknowledgements The Mars Express Orbiter Radio Science (MaRS) experiment is funded by... Beagle 2: the Exobiological Lander of Mars Express D. Pullan1,4, M.R. Sims1,4, I.P. Wright2,4, C.T. Pillinger2,4 & R. Trautner3... Science Definition Team’s ambitions for Mars Express itself. Rock dating, atmospheric characterisation... radio communication with the Mars Express orbiter and NASA’s Mars Odyssey. It consists... and coast following deployment from Mars Express; descent; initial lander operations (status... ability to communicate with either Mars Express or Mars Odyssey. The telecommunications system... site, Mars Express orbit, availability of relays via the NASA Mars Odyssey mission... is held via either Mars Express or a relay via Mars Odyssey. The following... Page 207 US Participation in Mars Express A.D. Morrison1, T.W. Thompson1, R.L. Horttor1, C.H. Acton1, Jr... to be included in the Mars Express mission. Mars Express is flying refurbished European instruments developed for the Russian-led Mars.... 2. US Participation 2.1 Mars Express/NASA Project The structure of the Mars Express/NASA Project... between elements of Mars Express and US assets at Mars. In addition, the..., JPL Table 2. Key US Mars Express personnel. Mars Express/NASA Project Manager: Richard L. Horttor (richard.l.horttor@jpl.nasa.gov) Mars Express... (wtk.johnson@jpl.nasa.gov) Mars Express/NASA Project Telecommunications and Interoperability... of the Mars Express/NASA Project. Specific goals of the Mars Express/NASA Project... all these assets, including Mars Express, in Mars orbit and on the surface... combinations of cross-support at Mars for Mars Express and other elements in... orbit insertion When the Mars Express spacecraft arrives at Mars, it will deliver... Msps Mars Radio Science (Mars Express) Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ionosphere Sounding (Mars Express) Mössbauer Spectrometer (Beagle 2) Multi-Channel Analyser (Beagle 2) Mars Climate Orbiter... Effector (Beagle 2) Mars Express Lander Communications subsystems Mars Exploration Program (NASA) Mars Global Surveyor... Flight Model Planetary Fourier Spectrometer (Mars Express) Pattern Generator Planetary Underground Tool... Characteristics of the Atmosphere of Mars (Mars Express) Spacecraft, Planet, Instrument, C-matrix, Events...



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... the mission, the first two EXPRESS Logistics Carriers (ELC-1 and -2), designed... of Research for Space Station (EXPRESS-7) rack. Discovery astronauts Rick Mastracchio... hemisphere >> In March 2010, ESA’s Mars Express encountered Phobos, smoothly skimming past... Phobos-Grunt mission. >> ESA's Venus Express returned the clearest indication yet... to confirm the suspicion. >> Venus Express completed an aerodrag campaign that... dioxide discovered by ESA’s Venus Express has been explained. As well..., aboard NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. >> During January 2010, NASA’s Mars Odyssey orbiter... Mars Express began a series of flybys of Phobos, the largest moon of Mars..., build, and test five new ExPRESS Logistics Carriers, or ELCs, which... East and Europe, specifically the Express-AM44 satellite, which was deployed... in early 2009. Together with Express-AM44 capacity RSCC can offer... the gas on Mars. Methane was discovered on Mars in 2003 in... Human Exploration of Mars to Steve Squyres and the Mars Exploration Rover... Venus Exploration Current missions Venus Express, a mission to conduct investigations of... utilized hardware developed for the Mars Express spacecraft. Instruments developed for other... cheaper payload development. The Venus Express payload comprises a combination of spectrometers... activity is being sought. Venus Express performed its Venus Orbit Insertion... some co-ordination with Venus Express was also made. MESSENGER has...-calibration with an extended Venus Express mission. - 171 - SAGE (Surface and... VIRTIS infrared instrument on Venus Express mapped the southern hemisphere of....3 Mars Exploration Recent missions MGS (Mars Global Surveyor), NASA’s mission in Mars orbit... interior. By studying Mars for several Martian years (a Mars year is about... from NASA’s two Mars rovers to Earth. Mars Odyssey has made global.... Mars Express, an ESA mission, was launched on 2 June 2003 and entered Mars orbit on 25 December 2003. Mars Express consists of... and energetic atoms, MaRSMars Radio Science experiment, MARSIS – Mars Advanced Radar for..., after a nominal separation from the Mars Express orbiter on 19 December and... science operations in early 2004, Mars Express has delivered a range of new... and signatures of atmospheric escape. Mars Express has been mapping water in... of the surface and atmosphere, Mars Express has revealed that volcanic and... of the spectrometer data from Mars Express led to the identification of... reinforced by the fact that Mars Express saw that the distribution of... time on the red planet. Mars Express has also acquired data leading... own, Mars Express has also co-operated successfully with NASA’s Mars Exploration rovers... scientific observations and to test Mars Express in relaying the rover data.... Further scientific collaboration between Mars Express, both rovers and Mars Odyssey is expected... NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter mission during its extended mission. The Mars Express mission... to the MARSIS radar on Mars Express and has provided an unprecedented... as the Mars Exploration Rovers Spirit and Opportunity, the Mars Science Laboratory... In October 2007, ESA’s Venus Express completed its nominal mission, but... the end of 2012. Venus Express continues and extends the investigations... data volume returned by Venus Express has reached - 194 - 2 Terabits which...’s Magellan. Four years of Venus Express success has triggered a significant increase... to support observations by Venus Express have become a regular feature. New... Earth atmospheric community. The Venus Express mission, ground-based campaigns and... addition to standard observations, Venus Express began an atmospheric drag experiment... goal of changing the Venus Express orbit. On 28 June 2010... campaign of observations with Venus Express is planned after the JAXA... Mars. ESA’s Mars Express orbiter continues its extended mission. Martian dayglow measurements from Mars Express... the neutral upper atmosphere. Both Mars Express and MRO found hydrated silicate... NASA and ESA (MSL, EXO-MARS, Mars Trace Gas Orbiter) will focus... few years due to Venus Express, necessitates a significant update of VIRA... Mars Odyssey, as well as a significant fraction of Phoenix data. ESA’s Mars Express... orbit around Mars, in providing high resolution views of Mars through its...’s Venus Express mission (Category II) continues in orbit around Venus. Venus Express... detail. Data obtained by Venus Express recently demonstrated that Venus is... latest NASA Mars Mission Phoenix and with the NASA Mars Rovers Spirit... LWS LYRA LYRA MARCI MARIE MaRS MARS EXPRESS MARSIS MASTER Matroshka MAVEN MAXI...-Yield Radiometer Mars Color Imager Martian Radiation Environment experiment Mars Radio Science experiment An ESA Mars exploration mission also known as MEX Mars Advanced Radar... Spectrometer Mars Climate Sounder Marangoni Experiment in Space Mars Exploration Joint Initiative Mars... electronvolt Mars Express Medium Frequency milli-Gallileo, unit of acceleration in gravimetry Mars...



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Mars Express and the NASA landers and rovers on Mars Sustaining a backup relay... Space GmbH, Darmstadt, Germany The Mars Express Lander Communications subsystem MELACOM was... at Mars with Mars-Express, for the MSL-Curiosity mission, in cruise to Mars... third mission extension granted to Mars Express until end of 2014, and... a new challenge for Mars-Express :  In October 2011, the Mars-Express operations concept has... of Mars-Express, not switched on for 8 years in orbit around Mars.  In... tested on Mars-Express with Opportunity before MSL arrives at Mars.  Curiosity’s UHF... exist during the Phoenix mission. 1 Mars Express Spacecraft Operations Engineer (AOCS & TT... Mars Express Spacecraft Operations Manager, HSO-OPM, ESOC, 64293 Darmstadt, Germany 3 Mars Express Spacecraft... to integrate MSL activities with Mars-Express mission planning and science observations... and improve MSL data return. Mars-Express has planning cycles of several... System Data Management System of Mars-Express Direct Operations Request file Direct... Laboratory Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN orbiter Mission Control System Mars Express LAnder COMmunications subsystem Mars Exploration Rover (MER-A is Spirit, MER-B is Opportunity) Mars Express orbiter Mars Express Spacecraft Interface Simulator (manufacturer SSBV) MonoMéthylHydrazine Mission Operation Center Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Mars Science Laboratory (rover Curiosity) Mars Express Mission TimeLine... Frequency Return Science Ground Segment (Mars-Express) Satellite Services BV Solid State... prime unit SSMM-A which brought Mars-Express into Safe Mode, the redundant... by Mars-Express on the 19th December 2003 (a few days before Mars Orbit... Mars Science Laboratory mission. Like for the coverage implemented by Mars-Express of... and Landing at Mars on the 25 May 2008, Mars-Express should record... of the rover Curiosity. Preparing Mars-Express to exercise again for MSL... at Mars, reminds what has been achieved so far with Mars-Express and... reaching 2.7 A.U. = 400 Millions of km), Mars-Express embeds a UHF transponder “MELACOM” (401... 1. Figure 1 : “MELACOM”, UHF transponder of Mars-Express The unit can operate today... recording), a test campaign between Mars-Express and the Mars Exploration Rovers, still healthy... of the Mars-Express orbit and the EDL event, allowing Mars-Express to track.... Taking the opportunity of the Mars-Express orbit change to a 18/5 resonance... mode triggered 4 days before onboard Mars-Express. PHX transmitted a UHF signal throughout... of a periodic verification of the Mars-Express relay capability once or twice... MSL EDL, further activities between Mars-Express and MER-B may take place... the flight relay tests between Mars-Express and these landed assets since... the RTN link. E. Introduction of Mars-Express into the MaROS infrastructure Downloaded... assets and orbiters at Mars. In preparation of Mars-Express support to MSL... sequences of commands via Mars-Express relay to Mars rovers, fetching from them... : Upon a request from an asset, Mars Express can negotiate with it, relay... a planning period.  a tactical Commanding Process : Mars Express being primarily a science and not... querying Mars Express telemetry can get return-link data transferred by Mars Express. This process is not covered by MaROS.  a Relay Service Accountability : Mars Express... | DOI: 10.2514/6.2012-1295328 Mars-Express Mission Planning will have already... support different planning cycles between Mars-Express and MSL missions. MSL will... interfaces as developed for the Mars Express science community for fetching rover... Mars Express Orbiter are combined with the short planning cycle of MSL. Mars Express... integrity and safety.  execution onboard Mars-Express of JPL’s UHF activity (like... interface Technically, these interfaces allow Mars-Express to support in routine more... “fuel” is always minimized on Mars-Express, the spacecraft has performed on.... Thanks to its elliptical orbit, Mars-Express can provide complementary contact opportunities... frequent 10 deg visibilities of Mars-Express over Curiosity alternating with less...). Figure 6 : Visibilities above 10deg of Mars-Express from Curiosity Figure 7 shows between... provided by the structure of Mars Express, by Mars body during sun eclipses... the lifetime of the unit : Mars-Express’s manufacturer recommends to refresh the... prime UHF radio unit of Mars-Express. The (cold) redundancy provided by... actually, who can exclude that Mars-Express, designed to be a Science mission... to people from Mars Explorations Rovers, Phoenix, MSL and Mars Express teams, from... MELACOM to QinetiQ for a nominal Mars-Express mission lasting until November 2005... pointings outside routine operations, the Mars Express science planning to have incorporated... between the objectives of the Mars Express Science mission and the interest... the Mars Exploration Rovers by the Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Odyssey, and Mars Express Orbiters...



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...-use the Mars Express platform issued in March 2001. Venus Express together with... feasible to replace the standard Mars Express engineering Video Monitoring Camera by... Office, SCI-PF, ESTEC D. McCoy, Mars Express Project Team, SCI-PE, ESTEC... (System Engineering), Astrium, France F. Faye (Mars Express expertise), Astrium, France. Support was..., (Ground Segment definition) ESTEC A. Chicarro (Mars Express Project Scientist), RSSD/SCI-SO... support), RSSD/SCI-ST P. Martin (Mars Express Deputy Project Scientist), RSSD/SCI... support), RSSD/SCI-ST R. Schmidt (Mars Express Project Manager), SCI-PE J. Sorensen.... The instruments developed for the Mars Express and Rosetta missions are very... to Venus in 2005. The Mars Express spacecraft can accommodate the above... the Pioneer Venus spinning spacecraft, Mars Express is an advanced 3 axis stabilised... subsurface. Together with the Mars Express mission to Mars and the Bepi Colombo... the Mars Express and Rosetta missions will be inherited by the Venus Express.... The re-use of the Mars Express bus with the payload based... the instruments available from the Mars Express and Rosetta projects is very... the Tables 3.3 and 3.4 respectively. The Mars Express flight pare units will be... instrument that will replace the Mars Express engineering Video Monitoring Camera. It... use existing interfaces of the Mars Express bus. Minor modifications of some... and limited in coverage. ASPERA/Mars Express. The ASPERA-3 instrument comprises four... increased by 6W compared to Mars Express. The detailed thermal analysis to... before from Venus orbit. PFS/Mars Express. PFS is a high-resolution Fourier... high sensitivity. SPICAM(UV&IR)/Mars Express. 0.2 The instrument is a versatile 200... in the science payload of Mars Express ESA mission, integrated in SPICAM... Light will be manufactured for Mars Express mission, so that the spare... a similar way as foreseen for Mars Express and Rosetta the raw open.../Venus Express. VENSIS is low frequency radar derived from the MARSIS/Mars Express.... VMC/Mars Express. The Video Monitoring Camera (VMC) onboard the Mars Express is a monochrome...-2 lander leaving the Mars Express spacecraft at Mars. VMC/Venus Express. The Study Team has recommended to modify the Mars Express... specify additional requirements to the Mars Express bus and will be fully... in parallel with available VMC/Mars Express in order not to jeopardize... of the instruments on the Mars Express spacecraft is shown in Figure... the Mars-Express project. They will keep their places on the Venus Express... place as the camera on Mars Express, i.e. inside the spacecraft close to... to OMEGA and HRSC on Mars Express. VeRa will be placed on... of the Venus Express instrument are from the Mars Express project and have... the Mars Express interfaces since they use the same OBDH bus. Venus Express... instruments for Venus Express will be refurbished from the Mars Express and Rosetta... in the frames of the Mars Express and Rosetta projects. The Teams... VIRTIS/Rosetta PFS/MEx ASPERA/Mars Express Size,cm Data rate Radiator... a Venus transfer orbit. However, the Mars Express spacecraft is designed for a maximum... for the Mars Express and the Rosetta missions, fits the Venus Express requirements... from the requirements of the Mars Express and Rosetta mission. No major... Venus Express mission can basically follow the same lines as for Mars Express... a number of other missions (ROSETTA, Mars Express, Herschel/Planck, Bepi Columbo), and... for Venus Express can borrow heavily on those of Mars Express and ROSETTA... inheritance will exist from the Mars Express and ROSETTA missions, significant adjustments... pursuing close cooperation with the Mars Express and ROSETTA operations teams. This... a scheme similar to that of Mars-Express and Rosetta. A Mission Operation Centre... the MARS EXPRESS and Rosetta Science Operation Plans. 5.2 Principal Investigators The Venus Express... of the MARS EXPRESS and Rosetta experience, ways to 41 Venus Express Mission... adopted by Mars Express and Rosetta. 5.8 Science Management Plan A Venus Express Science Management... validity Venus Express and the ESA Science Programme. Mars Express has been the cheapest and maybe the fastest mission to Mars... The idea to use the Mars Express bus for an orbiter mission... cooperation already formed in the Mars Express, Rosetta, and Cassini missions will... to the close collaboration between Mars Express and ISAS' Nozomi mission, both... simultaneous observations of the planet Mars, Venus Express could be linked to.... Following in the footsteps of Mars Express, the collaboration at Venus will... the instruments on Venus Express inherited from Mars Express include American CoIs providing... Rome. In addition, as for Mars Express, the availability of NASA's DSN... of the Mars Express instruments were originally developed for the Mars-96 mission, and subsequently adapted or improved for Mars Express, all the PI teams proposing a Mars Express flight spare...



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Mars Express and the NASA landers and rovers on Mars Sustaining a backup relay... Space GmbH, Darmstadt, Germany The Mars Express Lander Communications subsystem MELACOM was... at Mars with Mars-Express, for the MSL-Curiosity mission, in cruise to Mars... third mission extension granted to Mars Express until end of 2014, and... a new challenge for Mars-Express :  In October 2011, the Mars-Express operations concept has... of Mars-Express, not switched on for 8 years in orbit around Mars.  In... tested on Mars-Express with Opportunity before MSL arrives at Mars.  Curiosity’s UHF... exist during the Phoenix mission. 1 Mars Express Spacecraft Operations Engineer (AOCS & TT... Mars Express Spacecraft Operations Manager, HSO-OPM, ESOC, 64293 Darmstadt, Germany 3 Mars Express Spacecraft... to integrate MSL activities with Mars-Express mission planning and science observations... and improve MSL data return. Mars-Express has planning cycles of several... System Data Management System of Mars-Express Direct Operations Request file Direct... Laboratory Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN orbiter Mission Control System Mars Express LAnder COMmunications subsystem Mars Exploration Rover (MER-A is Spirit, MER-B is Opportunity) Mars Express orbiter Mars Express Spacecraft Interface Simulator (manufacturer SSBV) MonoMéthylHydrazine Mission Operation Center Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Mars Science Laboratory (rover Curiosity) Mars Express Mission TimeLine... Frequency Return Science Ground Segment (Mars-Express) Satellite Services BV Solid State... prime unit SSMM-A which brought Mars-Express into Safe Mode, the redundant... by Mars-Express on the 19th December 2003 (a few days before Mars Orbit... Mars Science Laboratory mission. Like for the coverage implemented by Mars-Express of... and Landing at Mars on the 25 May 2008, Mars-Express should record... of the rover Curiosity. Preparing Mars-Express to exercise again for MSL... at Mars, reminds what has been achieved so far with Mars-Express and... reaching 2.7 A.U. = 400 Millions of km), Mars-Express embeds a UHF transponder “MELACOM” (401... 1. Figure 1 : “MELACOM”, UHF transponder of Mars-Express The unit can operate today... recording), a test campaign between Mars-Express and the Mars Exploration Rovers, still healthy... of the Mars-Express orbit and the EDL event, allowing Mars-Express to track.... Taking the opportunity of the Mars-Express orbit change to a 18/5 resonance... mode triggered 4 days before onboard Mars-Express. PHX transmitted a UHF signal throughout... of a periodic verification of the Mars-Express relay capability once or twice... MSL EDL, further activities between Mars-Express and MER-B may take place... the flight relay tests between Mars-Express and these landed assets since... the RTN link. E. Introduction of Mars-Express into the MaROS infrastructure The... assets and orbiters at Mars. In preparation of Mars-Express support to MSL... sequences of commands via Mars-Express relay to Mars rovers, fetching from them... : Upon a request from an asset, Mars Express can negotiate with it, relay... a planning period.  a tactical Commanding Process : Mars Express being primarily a science and not... querying Mars Express telemetry can get return-link data transferred by Mars Express. This process is not covered by MaROS.  a Relay Service Accountability : Mars Express... S/C database, the final MELACOM commanding. Mars-Express Mission Planning will have already... support different planning cycles between Mars-Express and MSL missions. MSL will... interfaces as developed for the Mars Express science community for fetching rover... Mars Express Orbiter are combined with the short planning cycle of MSL. Mars Express... integrity and safety.  execution onboard Mars-Express of JPL’s UHF activity (like... interface Technically, these interfaces allow Mars-Express to support in routine more... “fuel” is always minimized on Mars-Express, the spacecraft has performed on.... Thanks to its elliptical orbit, Mars-Express can provide complementary contact opportunities... frequent 10 deg visibilities of Mars-Express over Curiosity alternating with less...). Figure 6 : Visibilities above 10deg of Mars-Express from Curiosity Figure 7 shows between... provided by the structure of Mars Express, by Mars body during sun eclipses... the lifetime of the unit : Mars-Express’s manufacturer recommends to refresh the... prime UHF radio unit of Mars-Express. The (cold) redundancy provided by... actually, who can exclude that Mars-Express, designed to be a Science mission... to people from Mars Explorations Rovers, Phoenix, MSL and Mars Express teams, from... MELACOM to QinetiQ for a nominal Mars-Express mission lasting until November 2005... pointings outside routine operations, the Mars Express science planning to have incorporated... between the objectives of the Mars Express Science mission and the interest... the Mars Exploration Rovers by the Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Odyssey, and Mars Express Orbiters...



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... EUROPEA SPACE AGENCY CONCERNING TECE • MARS EXPRESS MISSION 2012 – 0126 PreaMble The... a mission to the planet Mars, called the Mars Express mission, RECALLING that NASA... within the framework of the Mars Express mission. 1.2 This MOU is designed... Parties with respect to the Mars Express mission. It describes managerial, technical... MOU concern telecommunications necessary for Mars Express mission operations, navigation (including navigation...' cooperative science activities. Article 2 Mars Express Mission 2.1 The Mars Express mission will study both... arrival at Mars. A lander, Beagle 2, will be carried by the Mars Express orbiter... life using a robotic mobile deVice. • ; 2.2 Mars Express mission parameters and launcher capability... Year 2 Martian Years 23 The Mars Express mission will conform to Committee... use its Mars Express Orbiter to support a telecommunications t with NASA's 2003 Mars Exploration... life of the Orbiter. The Mars Express Mars UHF Radio TeleCommunications Relay Subsystem... art telecommunications needs between the Mars Express Orbiter and NASA's M surface assets...-203. Article 4 Scientific Investigations 4.1 The Mars Express Orbiter's science payload represents the... plans to contribute to the Mars Express mission's scientific payload primarily through... Space Network (DSN) coverage for Mars Express tracking and data capture support... NASA mission demerits. , 5.3 Equip the Mars Express orbiter with a dedicated UHF Radio... Space Operations Centre (RIOC) for Mars Express support in terms of command... between the Mars Express transponder and the DSN. 5.7 Design the Mars Express Orbiter and... MER-2003 rovers and the, Mars Express Orbiter. • 5.9 Ensure compatibility of the...: Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) between the . Mars Express spacecraft and the MARSIS!instrument... a Mars Express element 5.12 Establish, by the time of launch, an international Mars Express... review process. 5.13 Inject the Mars Express Orbiter into an elliptical orbit... provide appropriate scientific data and Mars Express data products in a. PDS compliant... NASA's 2001 Odyssey, ESA's 2003 Mars Express, and NASA's MER-2003 missions... data capture support for the Mars Express Orbiter and provide associated technical... is in force. 6.3 For the Mars Express Orbiter, provide: a. High accuracy Differential.... b. Approach navigation, support for the Mars Express Orbiter. c. NASA-derived tracking data... communications to and from the Mars Express Beagle 2 using NASA's 2001 Odyssey... needed to interface with the Mars Express iter. 6.10 Support, through separate... v fy the functionality of the Mars Express Spacecraft UHF system through an... the Mars Express transponder and the DSN • Article 7 Management 7.1 ESA has established a Mars Express... in The Netherlands. The ESA Mars Express Project Manager, who is responsible... of the Mars Express mission, heads the Project Office. The Mars Express Project office... Headquarters. NASA also has named a Mars Express Program Execiitive who is responsible... of NASA's participation in the Mars Express mission. This individual's responsibilities include... milestones and manageMent of the Mars Express mission related activities funded by... identified herein. 7.3 NASA has established a Mars Express/N A I SA Project Office located at.... The Mars Express/NASA Project Office is headed by the Mars Express/NASA Project Manager, who on behalf of the Mars ExpresS Program... with the Mars Express/NASA Project Manager. 7.5 ESA has designated a Mars Express Project Scientist NASA has separately designated a Mars Express Program Scientist... ESA Mars Express Project Scientist is the direct counterpart of the NASA Mars Express Program Scientist. 7.6 Following the selection of the Mars Express investigations, ESA has established a Mars Express . Science Working Team... the ESA Project Scientist. The Mars Express Orbiter Principal Investigators of flight... are all members of the Mars Express SWT. 7.7 The programmatic and technical... and NASA Express Program Eked-UT-ft. Article 8 Reviews 8.1 Mars Express implementation is... receiving Party's responsibilities under thel Mars Express mission implemented by this MOU....1 ,Science data obtained by the Mars Express mission investigators are to be... calibration data, and any associated Mars Express data in a form suitable for....2- Mars Express mission investigators shall flare data with other investigators of the Mars Express... unden procedures defined by the Mars Express Science Working Teard. Following the... and ancillary Mars Express data records shall be deposited with the Mars Express Science... (PDS). . i 10.3 Scientific results of Mars Express mission investigations shall be made... responsibilities or performance in the Mars Express mission. In all relevant media... to the ESA Mars Express Project Manager and the NASA Mars Express Program Executive... the official termination of the Mars Express mission. 3: Done in duplicate, in...



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... - Fax (31) 71 565 5433 MARS EXPRESS July 2001 About ESA The... about Mars 7 A small planet with dramatic landscapes 8 Mars Express: a planetary detective 10 The Mars Express orbiter instruments 11 Was there water on early Mars? 14... Space Agency is building the Mars Express orbiter and its lander, Beagle... of Mars across the sky Mars, around the Sun Mars Express in orbit around Mars... observe Mars through a telescope http://sci.esa.int/marsexpress Mars exploration "Mars Express is... for European technology." Rudi Schmidt, Mars Express Project Manager, ESA. How the...: Lander lifetime: Lander mission management: Mars Express is so called because it... associated with underground aquifers? The Mars Express mission will help to answer... scientific objectives," says Agustin Chicarro, Mars Express Project Scientist at ESA. "As... 2001 Mars Express: a planetary detective The Mars Express orbiter instruments Courtesy of DLR The Mars Express... on Mars, showing the type of 3D imagery that the Mars Express camera... on how Mars Express will help to solve the riddle of Mars’ missing... Kiruna, Sweden. EARTH Mars' atmosphere Orbiter Scientific Payload MARS 7 MaRS (Mars Radio Science Experiment... Analyser) • Radio Link – MaRS (Mars Radio Science Experiment) 6 "Mars Express will make a great contribution to our knowledge of Mars. It..., Mars Express Project Scientist, ESA. 4 5 3 2 1 MARSIS 2 HRSC 3 OMEGA 4 SPICAM 5 PFS 6 ASPERA 7 MaRS (no...! seven experiments on board the Mars Express orbiter will contribute towards the... the instruments on Mars Express (ASPERA, SPICAM, PFS and MaRS) will observe the... like that really do exist, Mars Express has a good chance of finding... mission Mars Express will set off in 2003 Mars Express will leave Earth for Mars... a Russian Soyuz/Fregat launcher. Once Mars Express has escaped the Earth and... before arrival in December 2003, Mars Express will eject the Beagle 2 lander... challenge," says Rudi Schmidt, Mars Express Project Manager. "Mars Express will have a long cruise... miss Mars altogether – so we have to get it right." Mars Express will... The Mars Express trajectory and polar orbit. Sun Incoming trajectory Earth Mars http... Medialab, ©ESA 2001. Beagle 2 leaving Mars Express (left) and entering the martian... 2001. The landing site The Mars Express science and communication phases with... spacecraft operations During each orbit, Mars Express will spend some time turned..., for placing in a publicly available Mars Express science data archive. Information on... in a separate data stream. The Mars Express operations team at ESOC will... energy needed to propel Mars Express from Earth to Mars is provided by... Illustration by Mediala b, © ESA 2001. Mars Express mounted on the Fregat upper.../Fregat rocket that will launch Mars Express. The Soyuz rocket was first... launches. In the case of Mars Express, this is the Fregat. Control..., a few hours later, will inject Mars Express into its interplanetary flight trajectory... on-board systems will help Mars Express maintain a very precise pointing accuracy... companies building the Mars Express Orbiter. Industry A new approach Mars Express is a pioneer - and... million Euros (1996 prices) on Mars Express, which is about one third.... "What we are doing with Mars Express will affect flexible missions at... risks," says Rudi Schmidt, Mars Express Project Manager. Mars Express is making maximum use... scheme is best suited to Mars Express constraints. Industry is more responsible...-making process," says Vincent Poinsignon, Mars Express Project Manager at Astrium. The... launcher matches the needs of Mars Express well and is thus able... of the Mars Express spacecraft being built at Contraves (Switzerland). The Mars Express electrical... instruments in research institutes, the Mars Express project is creating several hundred... involved in the project. The Mars Express spacecraft arrives in the UK... in the Beagle 2 Consortium. The Mars Express spacecraft structure arriving at Astrium... participating in or contributing to Mars Express. Japan, Russia and the USA... equatorial orbit, and Mars Express, in polar orbit, around Mars. Courtesy of ISAS... into nearequatorial orbit around Mars shortly after Mars Express enters polar orbit. Nozomi... of ASPERA, the instrument on Mars Express to study interactions between the... from the landers to Earth. Mars Express is also intending to use... a major role in one of Mars Express payload instruments, MARSIS, and participate... Five of the instruments on Mars Express (HRSC, OMEGA, PFS, ASPERA and... Mars '96 mission. Each of the seven orbiter instrument teams on Mars Express... to explore the Red Planet Mars Express and Beagle 2 mark the beginning... a European mission to Mars is not new. Before choosing Mars Express, ESA had.... Coordination with Mars Express 2001 Mars Odyssey, NASA Orbiter Surface composition. 2003 Mars Express, ESA Orbiter Surface, subsurface and atmosphere of Mars, in... - Fax (31) 71 565 5433 MARS EXPRESS July 2001