Спутник ФКИ. Mars Express. [Редактировать]

Автоматическая межпланетная станция Европейского космического агентства, предназначенная для изучения Марса. Космический аппарат состоял из орбитальной станции — искусственного спутника Марса и спускаемого аппарата с автоматической марсианской станцией «Бигль-2». 

Измерения при помощи созданных российскими учёными совместно с западноевропейскими коллегами приборов позволили получить ряд важных научных результатов, многие из которых только готовятся к научным публикациям. В том числе восстановление структуры атмосферы с высокой точностью от поверхности до высот 100—150 км и её температурного профиля до 50—55 км. Впервые одновременно измерено содержание и построены карты распределения водяного пара и озона в атмосфере. Обнаружено ночное свечение моноксида азота, известного на Венере, но не наблюдавшегося ранее на Марсе. Открыты мельчайшие аэрозольные частицы, заполняющие атмосферу планеты до высот 70—100 км. Впервые обнаружен водяной лёд в южной полярной шапке в конце марсианского лета. Карты, построенные по данным прибора OMEGA с разрешением 1—3 км, показывают, что участки водяного льда находятся на краях более обширных областей замёрзшей углекислоты. Толщина её слоя не превышает нескольких метров, а под ним — захороненный слой водяного льда, возможно по мощности эквивалентный северной полярной шапке, полностью состоящей из водяного льда с небольшой (менее 1 %) примесью пыли. Прибором OMEGA проведено также минералогическое картирование значительной части планеты, и, при существенном разнообразии минерального состава, карбонаты (соли угольной кислоты) обнаружены не были. Они широко распространены на Земле и именно в их залежах, а не в живом веществе, каменном угле и нефти, сосредоточено основное количество углерода на нашей планете. Таким образом, данные «Mars Express» не подтверждают наличия запасов СО2 на Марсе, достаточных для существенных изменений массы его атмосферы, и соответственно, преобразования климата планеты. «Марс-экспресс» обнаружил в атмосфере Марса метан, что может свидетельствовать о наличии жизни на планете (метан не может долго находится в марсианской атмосфере, следовательно его запасы пополняются либо в результате жизнедеятельности микроорганизмов, либо вследствие геологической активности). Было определено и его содержание — 10±5 частей на миллиард. Конечно, это немного, но так как метан непрерывно разрушается в атмосфере за счёт фотодиссоциации, то для поддержания такого его количества в атмосфере на Марсе должен быть источник производительностью порядка 300 тонн метана в год. Таким источником могла бы быть тектоническая деятельность, Марс, считается тектонически неактивным в настоящее время, однако поступление метана в атмосферу может быть связано с «точечной» тектоникой: остаточным вулканизмом, либо геотермальной активностью. Благодаря снимкам косморобота учёные смогли сконструировать и представить трёхмерные модели марсианских ландшафтов. Станция обнаружила плотные облака из сухого льда, которые отбрасывают тень на поверхность планеты и даже влияют на её климат.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1Mars Express OrbiterНайтиНайти
2Beagle 2НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
2Страна оператор(владелец) - Европа
3Страна производитель - Европа

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12003-06 - 2003-07. Отказ привел к уменьшению энергии аппарата на 30 процентовТэги: Mars Express
22011-10 - 2011-11. Проблемы с системой хранения информации; научное использование завершеноТэги: Mars Express
32014-12-17. Российские ученые из Института космических исследований ИКИ РАН и МФТИ совместно с французскими и американскими коллегами составили «карту» распределения водяного пара в атмосфере Марса и проследили за сезонными колебаниями его концентрации с помощью данных, собранных за десять лет российско-французским спектрометром SPICAM на борту зонда «Марс-Экспресс». Это самый длительный период наблюдений и самый большой объем данных об атмосферной воде на Марсе. Первоначально прибор SPICAM (Spectroscopy for Investigation of Characteristics of the Atmosphere of Mars) создавался для российского марсианского зонда «Марс-96». Новая существенно переработанная версия инструмента была создана при участии ИКИ в рамках соглашения между Роскосмосом и французским космическим агентством CNES по проекту марсианского зонда «Марс-Экспресс». Этот аппарат 2 июня 2003 года был запущен с космодрома Байконур с помощью российской ракеты-носителя «Союз» с разгонным блоком «Фрегат». В конце декабря 2003 года «Марс-Экспресс» вышел на околомарсианскую орбиту и с тех пор успешно работает, собирая данные о планете и ее окрестностях.Тэги: Mars ExpressИКИ РАНМФТИ
42014-12-18. Миссия Mars Express продлена до конца 2018 годаТэги: Mars Express
52015-01-16. Посадочный модуль Beagle-2, который был потерян во время миссии Mars Express Европейского Космического агентства в 2003 году, был найден на снимках, полученных аппаратом NASA. Beagle-2 отстыковался от основного аппарата 19 декабря 2003 года, спустя 6 дней он должен был совершить посадку на Красной планете.Тэги: Mars Express

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг1123
2Масса (сухая), кг666
3Мощность, Вт460

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1САС, месяц11

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2003-022A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.310
2Оператор Европейское космическое агентство

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Байконур
2Дата пуска2003-06-02 at 17:45:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xMars Express
4Ракета-носитель 1xСоюз-ФГ

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Mars Express». [Перейти к поиску]


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... evolution of Venus, Earth, and Mars. In Comparative Climatology of Terrestrial... European Space Agency’s (ESA) Venus Express mission has been in orbit...; Smrekar et al., 2010). Venus Express has also obtained solid evidence... planet’s global superrotating wind structure. 1.2. Mars Spacecraft Data The twenty-first... orbiting and surface explorers to Mars, with several additional missions planned... other biologically related materials. Two Mars Exploration Rovers landed on January... orbital missions — ESA’s Mars Express and NASA’s Mars Odyssey and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter missions... agencies. In September 2014, NASA’s Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN..., with a principal objective of exploring Mars’ climate history through measurements of... exploration and a major expansion of Mars exploration — including proposed sample return... al., 2008). The ongoing Venus Express, in orbit since April 2006... Galileo and Cassini. The Venus Express mission is currently expected to.... Taking the reins from Venus Express, Akatsuki will continue to monitor... in ~10 m.y. (Jacobsen, 2005). For Mars, W-isotopic measurements from martian meteorites... similar accretion rates during the Mars formation period. Noting a correlation between... accretion for Earth. Meteorites from Mars exhibit marked heterogeneities in W-isotopic... last global-scale impact on Mars. These heterogeneities are significantly larger... regime during silicate condensation. A large, Mars-sized impactor would have to... biologically derived — and since previous Mars orbital and groundbased observations indicated.... Constituent Primary Diagnostics Venus Earth Mars Not measured; expected: ~1.9 × 10–9[a,b] (7.0 ± 3.5) × 10...: Common origin of Venus, Earth, Mars? Evolution: Interior outgassing Noble-Gas... those used by Venus Express and the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. Only in... Earth and Mars. Xenon Isotopes Mars = Solar 1.1 1 Chassigny (solar) Chondrites Mars atmosphere Earth... objects, including meteorites, Earth, and Mars (i.e, the “planetary pattern”) as well... Atmospheres tion by the Venus Express Analyser of Space Plasma and... mean D/H ratio, which the Venus Express mission found to vary significantly... Spectrometer (SPICAV/SOIR) onboard Venus Express (Bertaux et al., 2007; Fedorova... 153 suggested by pre-Venus Express data, >3 × 107 cm–2 s–1, then the... for the most recent Venus Express D/H ratio of 240 ± 25 times... variance with the atmospheres of Mars (5.9 ± 0.5 × 10–3) and Jupiter (2.2 ± 0.3 × 10–3) (Owen... source. However, on low-gravity Mars, the light N preferentially escaped, resulting... Terrestrial Planets less than 1%. For Mars, the largest anomalous fractionation measured... in support of ESA’s Venus Express Mission. M.A.B. was supported by a Planetary... C. R., and Zurek R. W. (2011) Methane on Mars: Current observations, interpretation, and future... volatiles in the atmosphere of Mars — Possibility of seasonal variations (abstract... on Venus derived from Venus Express observations. Icarus, 217, 542–560... surface of Venus from Venus Express/VIRTIS observations. J. Geophys. Res., 113... tops of Venus from Venus Express/VIRTIS dayside data. Icarus, 217.... (2010) Concentrated perchlorate at the Mars Phoenix landing site: Evidence for... Forget F. (2004) Hydrogen peroxide on Mars: Spatial distribution and seasonal variations... Infrared spectrometer on board Venus Express. J. Geophys. Res.–Planets, 113, EO0B22... distribution of neutrons from Mars: Results from Mars Odyssey. Science, 297, 75...–431. Grotzinger J. P., et al. (2012) Mars Science Laboratory mission and science... cloud level from VIRTIS-Venus Express. Icarus, 217, 585–598. Hoffman... in Venus’ mesosphere from Venus Express/Visible and Infrared Thermal Imaging... Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) mission to Mars (abstract). In American Geophysical Union... sedimentary rocks at Meridiani Planum, Mars. J. Geophys. Res., 113, E06S16, DOI... Halliday A. N. (1997) Core formation of Mars and differentiated asteroids. Nature, 388... J. G., Ledvina S. A., and Brain D. A. (2008) Venus Express observations of atmospheric oxygen escape... T. W., Baines K. H., and Grinspoon D. H. (2008) Venus Express/VIRTIS observations of middle and... and mesoscale dynamics from Venus Express/VIRTIS observations at 1.74 µm. Icarus... history of the atmosphere of Mars. In Mars (H. Kieffer et al., eds... aqueous environment at Meridiani Planum, Mars. Science, 306, 1709–1714. Stevenson... D. V., Taylor F. W., and Witasse O. (2010) Venus Express mission. J Geophys.Res., 114, E00B33... science experiment VeRa on Venus Express. J. Geophys Res., 114, E00B36. Titov... as observed by the Venus Express Monitoring Camera. Icarus, 217, 682... variability on Venus from Venus Express/VIRTIS-M observations. J. Geophys. Res.–Planets... the Venus troposphere from Venus Express/VIRTIS using a band ratio tchnique... at infrared on board Venus Express. J. Geophys. Res.–Planets, 113, E00B23... C. R., Mahaffy P. R., Leshin L. A., et al. (2013a) Mars atmospheric escape recorded by H, C and... Isotopes Mars = Solar 1.2 (iXe/130Xe)Mars/(iXe/130Xe)Solar 1.1 Chassigny (solar) 1 Chondrites 0.9 Mars...



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.... Chapter 23: Aqueous Alteration on Mars Douglas W. Ming, Richard V. Morris NASA... indicators for aqueous alteration on Mars have been identified by a combination... alteration have been suggested on Mars. Acid-sulfate weathering (e.g., formation of... aqueous weathering and alteration on Mars and their implications for specific... timing for possible life on Mars. 2. Definitions and Terminology 2.1 Aqueous Alteration... based upon measurements made at Mars. The Mineralogical Alteration Index (MAI..., Mariner, Viking, Phobos, Pathfinder, and Mars Global Surveyor), martian meteorites, and... and lander missions (MER, Mars Odyssey, and Mars Express). 4 Ming, Morris, and Clark... Emission Spectrometer (TES) onboard the Mars Global Surveyor (Christensen et al... X-ray Spectrometer (APXS) on the Mars Pathfinder Sojourner microrover also found... Mars (the MER rovers Spirit and Opportunity, and the Mars Odyssey and Mars Express... the martian surface. 5.1 Mineralogical Markers 5.1.1 Mars Odyssey: Water Ice, Hydrated Minerals..., 2007; Ruff et al., 2007). 5.1.3 Mars Express OMEGA: Kieserite, Gypsum, M-OH (Possible... l’Activité (OMEGA) instrument onboard the Mars Express orbiter has returned visible/near.... 6.1. Isochemical vs. Open-System Alteration Mars is a basaltic planet and the... phases on the surface of Mars including (1) Oxidative weathering of ultramafic... mineral surfaces in the dry Mars environment. Laboratory simulated acid weathering... synthetic basaltic analogs derived from Mars Pathfinder soil and rock compositions... by the OMEGA instrument on Mars Express suggests the presence of phyllosilicates... other poorly crystalline phases on Mars in general. Another potential aqueous... detected in large areas by Mars Express (see Section 5.1.3 and also Chapter... Langevin). The OMEGA instrument on Mars Express is also detecting possible phyllosilicates... or a limited number of pathways. Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter data will enhance... next landed mission on Mars is the 2007 Mars Phoenix Scout Mission... indicators for aqueous alteration on Mars have been identified by a combination... proposed for the surface of Mars. Mars is a basaltic planet, so most... like those observed by the Mars Express OMEGA instrument. The extent of... extent of aqueous alteration on Mars. Acknowledgements DWM and RVM acknowledge... of the NASA Mars Exploration Rover Project, NASA Mars Fundamental Research Program..., D. (1993) Groundbased imaging spectroscopy of Mars in the near-infrared – preliminary...,461. Bibring, J.-P., et al. (2007) Mars Express OMEGA and Phobos-2 ISM data.... (2005) Mars Surface Diversity as Revealed by the OMEGA/Mars Express Observations. Science... mineralogy and aqueous Mars history derived from OMEGA/Mars Express data. Science, 312..., J. L., and E. Murad (1996) Schwertmannite on Mars? Spectroscopic analyses of schwertmannite, its.... 5, 337-58. Blaney, D.L. (2006). The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Mission. In...: Mineralogical evidence for evaporates on Mars. Meteoritics & Planet. Sci., 34, 407... (1990) Iron-sulfur mineralogy of Mars: Magmatic evolution and chemical weathering... of the 3-µm absorption feature on Mars: Observations over eastern Valles Marineris..., S., Greene, E., Silverman, S., and Greenfield, M. (2001a) Mars Global Surveyor Thermal Emission Spectrometer... compositional equivalent in Columbia Hills, Mars. J. Geophys. Res., 112, doi:10...,067. Clark, R.N, and McCord, T.B. (1982) Mars residual north polar cap: Earth... distribution of neutrons from Mars: Results from Mars Odyssey, Science, 297, 75.... Foley, N., T. Ecomonou, et al., (2007). Mars Pathfinder. This book. Fries, M., Rost... Martian Layered Terrains: The OMEGA/Mars Express View, Science, 307, 1587-1591...) Physical and chemical weathering. In Mars. H.H. Kielffer, B.M. Jakosky, C.W. Snyder, and M.S. Matthews.... Hunt, G. E., Logan, L. M., and Salisbury, J. W. (1973) Mars: Component of infrared spectra and... North Polar region of Mars detected by OMEGA/Mars Express, Science, 307, 1584... the Viking landing sites on Mars, U.S.G.S. Prof. Paper 1389. Moore, H. J., Liebes... and sampling under rocks on Mars, U.S.G.S. Prof. Paper 1081. Morris, R. V., G. Klingelh...) Hematite, pyroxene, and phyllosilicates on Mars: Implications from oxidized impact melt...) Mineralogy, composition, and alteration of Mars Pathfinder rocks and soils: Evidence..., and dust at Meridiani Planum, Mars: Opportunity’s journey across sulfate-rich... OMEGA team. (2005) Phyllosilicates on Mars and implications for early martian... Science Investigation at Meridiani Planum, Mars, Science, 306, 1698-1703. Squyres... modeling of evaporation processes on Mars: Insight from the sedimentary record... subsurface regolith in Gusev crater, Mars. J. Geophys. Res., 111, E02S17, doi... Valleys and indigenous weathering in Mars meteorites: Implications for water and...; MPF = Mars Pathfinder; MER = Mars Exploration Rovers; MGS = Mars Global Surveyor; MEx = Mars Express; GC... measurements on the surface of Mars $ = primary or secondary phase & = possible... indices to evaluate alteration on Mars. a) Mineralogical Alteration Index (MAI) established...



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...: R&A, Lunar Quest, Discovery, New Frontiers, Mars Exploration, Outer Planets, and Technology... instrument operating on an ESA Mars Express mission (ASPERA-3), a mission in its... on its extended mission of Mars Express. Though the M3 instrument will... 2011. The Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN), Mars Scout mission, will... (Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometers for Mars) instrument on the MRO offers a better understanding of habitability on Mars. Data from the instrument showed... the NRC's decadal survey and Mars Architecture report. NASA's current planetary.... All completed Discovery missions (NEAR, Mars Pathfinder, Lunar Prospector, Deep Impact... on its extended mission of Mars Express. The DIXI mission will approach... European Space Agency's Mars Express spacecraft in orbit around Mars, with a goal to...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration FY 2011 Budget Request...'s Budget Request 2009 Mars Science Lab MAVEN 2009 Mars Science Lab MAVEN..., incremental, discovery-driven exploration of Mars to determine the planet's physical... should extraction prove impossible. The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) is in... of salt deposits. Meanwhile, the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission continues... environmental test program and ATLO, Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) project will.... MER, MRO, Odyssey, and ESA's Mars Express will continue to operate, return... in implementing a joint program of Mars Exploration by soliciting instruments to...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Project Descriptions and Explanation of Changes Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Currently in... takes a major step forward in Mars exploration, both technically and scientifically... development section of this document. Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN... provide a comprehensive picture of the Mars upper atmosphere, ionosphere, solar energetic... designs from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter and 2001 Mars Odyssey missions. Additional...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Other Missions & Data Analysis... the geological processes that shaped Mars, particularly those involving water. Currently... operation phase, the objective of Mars Express, a European Space Agency and Italian... of the next decade at Mars. Mars Mission Operations (MMO) provides management..., Mars Express, and MER. NASA invests in research and analysis of Mars mission... 2011. The Mars Exploration Program plans future missions to Mars that build...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Program Commitments Commitment/Output... operational presence on Mars Mars Exploration same At least one Mars mission will... every opportunity (every 26 months) Mars Exploration same Implementation Schedule Project... Res Mars Odyssey Mars Exploration Rovers (Spirit & Opportunity) Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Mars Express The Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) Mars R&A Tech...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Program Management The Jet... for implementation of the Mars Exploration Program. Mars Program science resides at... include Canada, Spain, and Russia. Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN... des Rayonnements (CESR) Mars Odyssey JPL JPL, MSFC None Mars Express (MEX) JPL...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Independent Reviews Review Type... Development: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab FY 2011... Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab Project Purpose The Mars Science... NASA's Spirit and Opportunity Mars rovers. The Mars Science Laboratory is engineered... Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab Project Commitments The Mars Science... elemental and isotopic composition of Mars samples Same Same Chemistry & Mineralogy... Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab Schedule Commitments The Mars Science... Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab Project Management 2009 Mars Science... Development: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab Project Risk... In Formulation: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Mars Atmosphere & Volatile EvolutioN FY... launch vehicle cost. Project Purpose Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN... provide a comprehensive picture of the Mars upper atmosphere, ionosphere, solar energetic... address key scientific questions about Mars' evolution. Specific MAVEN science objectives... In Formulation: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Mars Atmosphere & Volatile EvolutioN Estimated... In Formulation: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Mars Atmosphere & Volatile EvolutioN Project... In Formulation: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Mars Atmosphere & Volatile EvolutioN Project...



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... Analysis PS- 35 MARS EXPLORATION ………………………………………… PS- 39 2013 Mars Atmosphere and Volatile... aboard the European Space Agency’s Mars Express spacecraft launched in June 2003... regions where such interaction occurs. Mars Express is now on its second... FY 2012 Estimate -- -- -38.5% The Mars Exploration program is a sciencedriven program... on Mars, characterize the climate of Mars, characterize the geology of Mars, and prepare for human exploration. The Mars... Mars Exploration program include the current operating missions 2001 Mars Odyssey, 2003 Mars Exploration Rover (MER), Mars Express with the European Space Agency, 2005 Mars PS-39 SCIENCE: PLANETARY SCIENCE MARS EXPLORATION Reconnaissance Orbiter.... The Mars Exploration program also includes Mars Program Management, Mars Technology, Mars Operating and Extended Missions, and Mars Research... program management responsibility for the Mars Exploration program, providing overall mission... the Mars Organic Molecule Analyzer (MOMA). A future Mars mission planned within the Mars Next Decade project is being defined. Mars...-41 SCIENCE: PLANETARY SCIENCE: MARS EXPLORATION 2013 MARS ATMOSPHERE & VOLATILE EVOLUTION (MAVEN... provide a comprehensive picture of the Mars upper atmosphere, ionosphere, solar energetic...-42 SCIENCE: PLANETARY SCIENCE: MARS EXPLORATION 2013 MARS ATMOSPHERE & VOLATILE EVOLUTION (MAVEN...-43 SCIENCE: PLANETARY SCIENCE: MARS EXPLORATION 2013 MARS ATMOSPHERE & VOLATILE EVOLUTION (MAVEN...-44 SCIENCE: PLANETARY SCIENCE: MARS EXPLORATION 2013 MARS ATMOSPHERE & VOLATILE EVOLUTION (MAVEN...-45 SCIENCE: PLANETARY SCIENCE: MARS EXPLORATION 2013 MARS ATMOSPHERE & VOLATILE EVOLUTION (MAVEN...-46 SCIENCE: PLANETARY SCIENCE: MARS EXPLORATION 2013 MARS ATMOSPHERE & VOLATILE EVOLUTION (MAVEN...-47 SCIENCE: PLANETARY SCIENCE: MARS EXPLORATION 2013 MARS ATMOSPHERE & VOLATILE EVOLUTION (MAVEN... Exploration Rover 13.6 15.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 2.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 M ars Express 2005 M ars Reconnaissance Orbiter 30... a rigorous, incremental, discoverydriven exploration of Mars to determine the planet’s physical... missions: 2001 Mars Odyssey, 2003 Mars Exploration Rover, Mars Express, 2005 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), and the 2011 Mars Science... included: Mars Research and Analysis, Mars Technology, Mars Mission Operations, Mars Extended Operations, Mars Next Decade, and Mars Program Management. PS-49 SCIENCE: PLANETARY SCIENCE: MARS... Operations Non-Operating Missions MARS RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS Mars Research and Analysis... and temperature patterns, Mars will become host to Mars Science Laboratory (MSL... about whether life existed on Mars. • • Mars Fundamental Research program, which funds... about Mars; Mars Data Analysis, which analyzes archived data collected on Mars missions... science community peer review. MARS TECHNOLOGY Mars Technology focuses on technology investments...-orbit communications improvements (e.g. Electra). MARS MISSION OPERATIONS Mars Mission Operations provides management... development and execution of Mars multi-mission operations. Mars Mission Operations supports... ANALYSIS Formulation Development Operations MARS EXTENDED OPERATIONS Mars Extended Operations provides funding... based on scientific merit. MARS NEXT DECADE Mars Next Decade provides funds... in an integrated strategy. MARS PROGRAM MANAGEMENT Mars Program Management provides for... implementation and management of the Mars Exploration program’s selected flight missions... also supports independent panel reviews, Mars education and public outreach, planetary... integration. Operating Missions 2001 MARS ODYSSEY 2001 Mars Odyssey, currently in its...’s UHF system. 2003 MARS EXPLORATION ROVER 2003 Mars Exploration Rover, the rover... the geological processes that shaped Mars, particularly those involving water. Opportunity... dust, and low light levels. MARS EXPRESS Mars Express, currently in its second extended... MARSIS and ASPERA instrument aboard Mars Express and participates in the scientific... on Mars. Examples of discoveries, still debated by scientists, by Mars Express are... Formulation Development Operations 2005 MARS RECONNAISSANCE ORBITER 2005 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO... MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY (MSL) 2011 Mars Science Laboratory, currently on cruise to Mars, takes a major step forward in Mars exploration, both... zones on Mars. Recent Achievements 2011 MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY 2011 Mars Science Laboratory... surface operations. 2003 MARS EXPLORATION ROVER 2003 Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity’s study... hospitable for life. 2001 MARS ODYSSEY 2001 Mars Odyssey has become the...



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... from similar equipment on ESA’s Mars Express spacecraft and, of course, comprehensive...-Newton EPIC-pn image of Mars showing X-ray fluorescence emission from... initially based on the NASA Express Pallet Programme. The payloads were... launch and retrieval with the Express Pallet System and when NASA... to technology preparation for Moon/Mars missions. Research into human physiology... the CCSDS Proximity-1 Protocol, ESA’s Mars Express mission was recently able to... data to Earth from NASA’s Mars Exploration Rovers ‘Spirit’ and ‘Opportunity... JAXA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency) Mars orbiter will be able to... in support of ESA’s Integral, Mars Express and Rosetta missions. This protocol...-2000 INTEGRAL LAUNCHED OCTOBER 2002 MARS EXPRESS LAUNCHED JUNE 2003 SMART-1 LAUNCHED... ROSETTA LAUNCHED MARCH 2004 VENUS EXPRESS LAUNCH OCTOBER 2005 HERSCHEL/PLANCK... origin of gamma-ray bursts. Mars Express The first quarter of 2005... Science Archive, containing the public Mars Express data, was released in February... one year of Mars Express in-orbit operations, the First Mars Express Science Conference... the interior and subsurface of Mars; Mars geology, mineralogy and surface chemistry...; the climate and atmosphere of Mars and the interactions between surface... atmosphere; the space environment around Mars, and the planet’s moons. There... from OMEGA, focusing mainly on Mars surface diversity and seasonal measurements... glacial and volcanic activity on Mars, have been published in the... Mars Express results are having an important impact on current thinking about Mars... bulletin 122 - may 2005 Venus Express This image shows a 250 km... the overall Venus Express mission system. The Venus Express ground segment is... Venus Express operations station, continues to advance well. The Venus Express spacecraft... 87 In Progress The Venus Express launch will take place on... facility flight model into an Express rack, were successfully completed at...



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..., Lunar Quest, Discovery, New Frontiers, Mars Exploration, the Outer Planets, and... instrument operating on an ESA Mars Express mission (ASPERA-3), one mission in... operating on an ESA mission (Mars Express), one mission in development (MSL... on its extended mission of Mars Express. The M3 instrument will continue... selected in FY 2010. Mars Exploration The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) launch... September 2008, NASA selected the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN... mission and MAVEN, a Mars aeronomy mission, as the Mars Scout 2nd mission... the NRC's decadal survey and Mars Architecture report. NASA's current planetary.... All completed Discovery missions (NEAR, Mars Pathfinder, Lunar Prospector, Deep Impact... on its extended mission of Mars Express. The Moon Mineralology Mapper (M3... European Space Agency's Mars Express spacecraft in orbit around Mars, with a goal to..., Venus In-Situ Explorer, Network Mars Science, Trojan/Centaur, Asteroid Sample...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration FY 2010 Budget Request...'s Budget Request 2009 Mars Science Lab MAVEN 2009 Mars Science Lab MAVEN..., incremental, discovery-driven exploration of Mars to determine the planet's physical... an ancient hydrothermal system. The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) has completed...: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Plans For FY 2010 Mars Science Laboratory...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Project Descriptions and Explanation of Changes Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Currently in... takes a major step forward in Mars exploration, both technically and scientifically... for future scientific missions, including Mars Sample Return, and will provide... to the 2011 launch opportunity. Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) NASA selected the second Mars Scout mission, Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN... provide a comprehensive picture of the Mars upper atmosphere, ionosphere, solar energetic... designs from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter and 2001 Mars Odyssey missions. SCI...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Other Missions & Data Analysis... the geological processes that shaped Mars, particularly those involving water. Currently... operation phase, the objective of Mars Express, a European Space Agency and Italian... of the next decade at Mars. Mars Mission Operations (MMO) provides management... opportunity. The Mars Exploration Program plans future missions to Mars that build... planning include a Mars mission in 2016, 2018, and potentially Mars Sample Return..., technical and schedule requirements, future Mars missions will likely be built...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Program Commitments Commitment/Output... operational presence on Mars Mars Exploration Same At least one Mars mission will... Mars Odyssey Mars Exploration Rovers (Spirit & Opportunity) Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) Mars Scout (Phoenix) Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Mars Express The Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) Mars R&A Tech...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Program Management The Jet... responsibility for implementation of the Mars Exploration Program. Project Management Responsibility... Center Performers Cost-Sharing Partners Mars Exploration Rovers (MER) JPL JPL... include Canada, Spain, and Russia. Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN... des Rayonnements (CESR) Mars Odyssey JPL JPL, MSFC None Mars Express (MEX) JPL...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Independent Reviews Review Type... Development: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab FY 2010... of Earth and Mars are favorable for flights to Mars only a few... Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab Project Purpose The Mars Science... NASA's Spirit and Opportunity Mars rovers. The Mars Science Laboratory is engineered... Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab Project Commitments The Mars Science... elemental and isotopic composition of Mars samples Same Same Chemistry & Mineralogy... Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab Schedule Commitments The Mars Science... Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab Project Management 2009 Mars Science... Development: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab Project Risk... In Formulation: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Mars Atmosphere & Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN... provide a comprehensive picture of the Mars upper atmosphere, ionosphere, solar energetic... questions regarding the loss of Mars' atmosphere, climate history, liquid water... address key scientific questions about Mars' evolution. Specific MAVEN science objectives... In Formulation: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Mars Atmosphere & Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN... In Formulation: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Mars Atmosphere & Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN...



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... Media Services Information ...................................................................................................... 5 Quick Facts ............................................................................................................................... 6 Mars at a Glance ....................................................................................................................... 7 Science Investigations .............................................................................................................. 8 Mission... Site ............................................................................................................................ 32 Mars Science: Following the Water ......................................................................................... 34 NASA’s Mars Scout Missions..., the arctic plains of Mars Earth-Mars distance on May 25, 2008... Mars: Has Mars ever had life? How should humans prepare for exploring Mars? What can Mars teach us about climate... of the Phoenix Mars lander after it reaches Mars is 90 Martian... rule scheduling for Mars launches. As Earth and Mars race around the... I trajectories flown by Mars Odyssey, Spirit, Opportunity and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. During... arrival day. NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter and Mars Odyssey have been adjusting... landed on Mars. The last three successful landings on Mars have used... system from the Mars Pathfinder mission to the larger Mars Exploration Rover... resembles Mars Polar Lander’s more than Viking’s. Mars Polar Lander reached Mars in...’s Mars Odyssey and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, and with the European Space Agency’s Mars Express... never aimed at Mars. For hardware expected to impact Mars, such as... be relayed by Mars orbiters. NASA’s Mars Odyssey orbiter and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter... of the European Space Agency’s Mars Express orbiter. A helical UHF antenna mounted... mission so far north on Mars. NASA’s Mars Odyssey orbiter found evidence... wavelengths from NASA’s Mars Global Surveyor and Mars Odyssey orbiters revealed many..., which had just arrived at Mars. Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter saw that Region...-powered operations. 32 33 Mars mission landing sites Mars Science: Following the.... 36 The European Space Agency’s Mars Express has identified exposures of clay... the minerals examined by Opportunity. Mars Express and telescopic studies from Earth... planet. The newest robot at Mars, NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, has returned..., this view of Mars is still evolving. Mars almost resembles two different... selected missions to Mars. This series, named the Mars Scouts, opens the...’s Mars missions together constitute the agency’s Mars Exploration Program. The Phoenix Mars Lander... any previous Mars project. The orbiter continued to examine Mars’ surface and... in the spring of 2008. q Mars Express (2003 - present): This is a European... by Opportunity. Mars Express has found indications of trace methane in Mars’ atmosphere... for NASA’s Mars Science Laboratory. The telecommunications capability of Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter... human landing systems. q Additional Mars Scouts: Mars Scouts are competitively proposed, moderate... for someday venturing to Mars. Meanwhile, the Mars scientific robotic program will.../62, Mars flyby, achieved Earth orbit only Mars 1: USSR, 11/1/62, Mars flyby... 2: USSR, 11/30/64, Mars flyby, passed Mars but radio failed, returned..., Mars flyby 8/5/69, returned 126 photos Mars 1969A, USSR, 3/27/69, Mars orbiter, did not reach Earth orbit Mars 1969B, USSR, 4/2/69, Mars orbiter, failed during launch Mariner 8: U.S., 5/8/71, Mars.../71, Mars orbiter, achieved Earth orbit only Mars 2: USSR, 5/19/71, Mars orbiter... due to steep entry Mars 3: USSR, 5/28/71, Mars orbiter/lander, arrived... photos Mars 4: USSR, 7/21/73, failed Mars orbiter, flew past Mars 2/10/74 Mars 5: USSR, 7/25/73, Mars orbiter, arrived 2/12/74, lasted a few days Mars 6: USSR, 8/5/73, Mars flyby module and lander... due to fast impact Mars 7: USSR, 8/9/73, Mars flyby module and lander... en route to Mars Phobos 2: USSR, 7/12/88, Mars orbiter and Phobos... Phobos Mars Observer: U.S., 9/25/92, lost just before Mars arrival 8/21/93 Mars Global Surveyor: U.S., 11/7/96, Mars orbiter..., launch vehicle failed Mars Pathfinder: U.S., 12/4/96, Mars lander and rover, landed... on arrival 12/3/99 Mars Odyssey: U.S., 3/7/01, Mars orbiter, arrived 10/24... Spirit and Opportunity Mars Express/Beagle 2: European Space Agency, 6/2/03, Mars orbiter/lander... 12/25/03 Mars Exploration Rover Spirit: U.S., 6/10/03, Mars rover, landed... conducting extended mission Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity: U.S., 7/7/03, Mars rover, landed 1/25... conducting extended mission Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter: U.S., 8/12/05, Mars orbiter, began orbiting...



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... of Polygonal Impact Craters on Mars • Master of Science, June 2002... mostly by grants from NASA Mars Data Analysis Program and NASA... Alba Mons and Olympus Mons, Mars, through generation and analysis of... in structurally heterogenous targets on Mars, Venus, and the Moon; Shock... volcanic evolution of Hellas region, Mars. July 2002 – May 2007: Lic... in structurally heterogenous targets on Mars and Venus; Shock metamorphism of... volcanic evolution of Hellas region, Mars. A five-week expedition to the..., basins and tectonic structures (Moon, Mars, Venus, and the Earth) 2/5 Teemu... evolution of large volcanoes on Mars Archean and Paleoproterozoic geology of... • Mars: Mars Express HRSC (stereo imagery and DEMs; associate investigator); Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter CTX; Mars Odyssey THEMIS VIS and IR; Viking MDIM 2.0; Mars... structural evolution of Alba Mons, Mars. Icarus, vol. 233, pp. 114... Hadriaca Patera – Promethei Terra region, Mars. Earth and Planetary Science Letters... impact craters in Argyre region, Mars: Implications for geology and cratering... impact craters in Argyre Region, Mars: Evidence for influence of target... impact craters in Tyrrhena Terra, Mars: Detailed analysis using MEX HRSC... craters within greater Hellas region, Mars. In: Koeberl C. & Henkel H. (eds.): Impact... of Polygonal Impact Craters on Mars. Licentiate thesis, Department of Geosciences... circumferential graben on Alba Mons, Mars. Lunar and Planetary Science XLIV... S., 2010. Possible ice lenses on Mars. Lunar and Planetary Science XLI... on the Eastern Hellas Rim, Mars. Lunar and Planetary Science XL... crater morphology on the Moon, Mars, and Venus – evidence and implications... crater data from Argyre region, Mars. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVII.... Geology of central Noachis Terra, Mars. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVII... impact craters in Argyre region, Mars. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVI.... Mars Express HRSC analysis of two impact craters in Terra Tyrrhena, Mars. Lunar... processes. Sixth International Conference on Mars, #3016 (CD-ROM), July 20... example from greater Hellas region, Mars. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV... of the Hellas basin region, Mars. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIII.... A Pingo Group on Noachis Terra, Mars. The 50th Vernadsky/Brown Microsymposium... the Search of Life on Mars. EANA – 7th European Workshop on... J., 2006. Floor-fractured craters on Mars – distribution and formation scenarios. European.... Polygonal craters of Argyre region, Mars – Clues to cratering mechanics? 27th... J., 2006. Geology of Noachis Terra, Mars. 27th Nordic Geological Winter Meeting... ice in central Noachis Terra, Mars? 42nd Vernadsky–Brown Microsymposium on... craters – Evidence from Argyre region, Mars. 37th AAS Division for Planetary... of the central Noachis Terra, Mars. 37th AAS Division for Planetary.... Geology and climate changes on Mars. First International Symposium on Space... of water in Hellas region, Mars. 38th Vernadsky/Brown Microsymposium on... impact craters in Hellas region, Mars. In: von Dalwigk I. (ed.): Impact... HRSC target sites for the Mars Express mission within Noachis quadrangle, MC... HRSC target sites for the Mars Express mission within Hellas quadrangle, MC... HRSC target sites for the Mars Express mission within Hellas Quadrangle, MC... the Hellas basin region: possible Mars Express HRSC target sites. Bulletin of... Circumferential Graben around Alba Mons, Mars. In: Karjalainen M., Mõttus M., Praks J., Luojus...: Unveiling the geologic history of Mars. In: Jussila J., Nygrén T. & Kelhä V. (eds... a newly named impact crater on Mars. 153. Öhman T., 2014. Kansainvälinen...



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...-Earth orbit, the Moon, and Mars into particular focus of the... latter, such as the International Mars Exploration Working Group, having a more... Exploration Journey A human mission to Mars is surely a long-term objective...’s natural satellite, and spacecraft at Mars continued unabated on their course.... 2.2 Beyond LEO – The Moon and Mars 2.2.1 Moon Lunar scientific exploration will... generation crew and cargo vehicles). 2.2.2 Mars Mars is a key focus for space..., and water. Better knowledge of Mars would help us understand Earth... evolution. The scientific exploration of Mars is motivated by the search... life ever exist on Mars? Will Mars be able to support human... are the questions that drive Mars exploration with, current investigations centered..., and geologic 8 landforms. Spacecraft at Mars map mineralogical and geomorpholigical features... are currently five spacecraft exploring Mars, three from orbit and two... U.S. Mars Odyssey (launched in 2001), ESA’s Mars Express (launched in 2003), and the U.S. Mars... Opportunity) have been roving on Mars. The rovers were joined on... in May 2008 by the U.S. Mars Phoenix lander, which performed superbly... onset of the polar winter. Mars Odyssey was the first mission... of the near surface. The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter has been successfully.... Mars Express has been exploring the interior, surface, and atmosphere of Mars. It... composition of the icecaps. The Mars Exploration Rovers Spirit and Opportunity... to past water activity on Mars. The complement of the Phoenix... continue the scientific exploration of Mars. There are currently two U.S. missions in development. First is the Mars Science Laboratory, planned for launch is 2011. The Mars Science Laboratory will use a longduration... measurements, assessing the habitability of Mars for past or present life...-Grunt is expected to study Mars from orbit, including its atmosphere... the Phobos-Grunt mission. The Mars Express camera took high-resolution images... study of Mars. 3.2 Joint Development for Robotic Exploration – Mars Sample Return A Mars Sample... many international priority lists for Mars science. In 1993, the international community established the International Mars Exploration Working Group (IMEWG) to... a forum for the coordination of Mars exploration and develop an international... under the name iMARS – international Mars Architecture for the Return of... “Preliminary Planning for an International Mars Sample Return Mission: Report of... a sample-acquisition rover and the Mars ascent vehicle that launches the sample from Mars’ surface. The reference architecture also... an eventual human mission to Mars. Building on this work, the... 3.4 An Eventual Human Mission to Mars For several years NASA and... complexities of a human mission to Mars and have identified many of... requirements for a human mission to Mars at its Exploration Conference in July, and NASA finalized its Mars Design Reference Architecture 5.0. A brief review... and transportation to and from Mars taking approximately 180 days each... the capability to journey to Mars and beyond. Consider the need... the Mars radiation and solitary environment. A successful human mission to Mars will... knowledge derived from lunar and Mars missions (see paras 2.2.1 and 2.2.2) • Chandrayaan... Annex) • Chang’e 1 orbiter mission • Several Mars orbiting and landed missions including... 3.1) Development of a reference architecture for Mars Sample Return mission by iMARS... MSTO/ MAVEN orbital surface PhobosGrunt Mars Science Lab 16 ISECG will...-board the NASA Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter and ESA Mars Express missions. Last, in... Italian instruments on-board ESA Mars Express (MARSIS and PFS) and NASA... for field testing for robotic Mars exploration technologies (rovers mobility/long... a GIS (Geographical Information System) for Mars called PAGIS (Planetary Geosciences Information... is the participation to the Mars Sample Return mission and the... commit funds to the ESA Mars Robotic Exploration Preparation programme (currently... strategy for its involvement in Mars Sample Return which sets out... prototypes for future Moon and Mars exploration missions. 2008 Highlights: Significant... station on the NASA Phoenix Mars lander marked the first time..., landed on the surface of Mars. The weather station's lidar instrument... instruments for the Moon and Mars, manipulators and tools, vision systems... control and a terrestrial breadboard of a Mars science rover. 23 o o o o The Canadian... space missions: ILN, Selene-2, Mars Sample Return, Mars Science Orbiter, Lunar mobility... exploration of the Moon and Mars. Upcoming events: 2009 will be... terrestrial prototypes of Moon and Mars rovers and other space technologies... possible areas of cooperation in a Mars Sample Return mission. Our ad... framework of a long-term cooperation. A Mars Robotic Exploration Preparation programme with...-term technology goals leading to a Mars Sample Return mission, and system... exploration programs – we landed on Mars, added to the International Space...: NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander safely reached a soft landing on Mars on May...



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... 10.00-10.20 Session 1 Mars (science) Chair: O. Korablev 1MS3-1-1 1MS3.... I. G. Mitrofanov The geologic history of Mars 10.20-10.40 Episodicity... volcanic and fluvial processes on Mars 10.40-11.00 Impact cratering on Mars (HRSC and HiRISE results) The... from ancient explosive volcanoes on Mars. HEND: results and new questions...-1-10 M.A. Ivanov Mars Express: mission status report and scientific highlights Mars: internal composition... orbital and landed observations for Mars science. Mossbauer mineralogy at Meridiani... Thumbprint terrains in Isidis Planitia, Mars: characteristics and modes of formation... as seen from Mars Odyssey GRS Clouds on Mars: their role in... climate and hydrological cycle of Mars The interconnected nature of the... Plasma environment of Mars and unsolved questions Models for Mars and Phobos... the grooves of Phobos, from Mars Express images Phobos origin: a reappraisal Origin... as measured by SPICAM on Mars Express Compositional implications of the color... Phobos Phobos observations by OMEGA/Mars Express hyperspectral imager Advancing tests of... – Exploring Solar System Formation Venus-Express: science highlights and future plans... Robotic Exploration of the Planet Mars Brief introduction of YINGHUO-1 MICRO... Mars space environment exploration METNET – Network mission to Mars Networking studies of Mars climate and interior in the project MARS-NET Mars... space research Determination of the Mars gravity field from two satellites... inverse VLBI observations for the Mars rotation observations OPTIMISM (Mars96) seismic....00 – 18.00 Poster Session 1. Mars and its moons 1MS3-PS... fine co-ordinate frame for Mars and atmosphere-less bodies. Interaction... of meteor events on Mars Morphology of Mars’ relief in the areas... basin rim region, Mars How much clay is on Mars? Lessons from... Iron meteorites at Meridiani Planum, Mars Development of Limb-Scattering radiative Transfer Models for Mars Remote Sensing and Data Assimilation... unusual fresh impact crater on Mars: evidence for the presence of...-rich mantle Pedestal craters on Mars: evidence for the preservation of... in the Amazonian period of Mars: debris-covered glacier and valley... 30°-50°N latitude band.. Early Mars: conditions, events and scenarios. Analysis... Payloads System of ChinaRussia Joint Mars Exploration Program YH-1 Dual spacecraft...