Спутник ФКИ. Mars Science Laboratory (MSL). [Редактировать]

Марсианская научная лаборатория  — миссия НАСА, в ходе выполнения которой на Марс был успешно доставлен и эксплуатируется марсоход третьего поколения «Кьюриосити». Марсоход представляет собой автономную химическую лабораторию в несколько раз больше и тяжелее предыдущих марсоходов «Спирит» и «Оппортьюнити». Аппарат должен будет за несколько месяцев пройти от 5 до 20 километров и провести полноценный анализ марсианских почв и компонентов атмосферы. Для выполнения контролируемой и более точной посадки использовались вспомогательные ракетные двигатели. Запуск «Кьюриосити» к Марсу состоялся 26 ноября 2011 года, мягкая посадка на поверхность Марса — 6 августа 2012 года.

Предполагаемый срок службы на Марсе — один марсианский год (686 земных суток). MSL — часть долговременной программы НАСА по исследованию Марса роботизированными зондами Mars Exploration Program. В проекте помимо НАСА участвуют также Калифорнийский технологический институт и Лаборатория реактивного движения. Руководитель проекта — Дуг Маккистион (Doug McCuistion), сотрудник НАСА из отдела изучения других планет. Полная стоимость проекта MSL составляет примерно 2,5 миллиарда долларов. Специалисты американского космического агентства НАСА решили отправить марсоход в кратер Гейла. В огромной воронке хорошо просматриваются глубинные слои марсианского грунта, раскрывающие геологическую историю красной планеты. Название «Кьюриосити» было выбрано в 2009 году среди вариантов, предложенных школьниками, путём голосования в сети Интернет. Среди других вариантов были Adventure («Приключение»), Amelia, Journey («Путешествие»), Perception («Восприятие»), Pursuit («Стремление»), Sunrise («Восход»), Vision («Видение»), Wonder («Чудо»).

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1MSLНайтиНайти
2CuriosityНайтиНайти
337936НайтиНайти
4КьюриоситиНайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
2Страна оператор(владелец) - США
3Страна производитель - США

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12014-09-15. Национальное космической агенство запросило 115 млн. долл. на продолжение работ с аппаратом (срок выполнения работ 2 года).Тэги: Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)
22014-12-17. Марсоход Curiosity, принадлежащий NASA, зафиксировал на Марсе десятикратный резкий скачок метана в атмосфере и обнаружил другие органические молекулы в образцах породы, собранных при помощи лабораторного роботизированного бура. По мнению специалистов, резкие колебания содержания метана связаны с каким-то локальным источником, биологического или не биологического характера.Тэги: Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)Марсоход. Curiosity
32014-12-22. Обнаружены аномалии в работе инструмента CnemCam. C ноября автофокус лазера перестал функционировать. Инженеры до сих пор не могут определить причину неисправности. На данный момент фокусировка лазера проводится в ручном режиме. Такая работа занимает больше времени, тем не менее команда, работающая с прибором, продолжает тестировать и совершенствовать такой метод наблюдений.Тэги: Марсоход. CuriosityMars Science Laboratory (MSL)
42015-01-29. Марсоходу Curiosity обновили программное обеспечение.
Результаты бурения марсоходом CuriosityСпециалисты НАСА успешно провели обновление программного обеспечения марсохода вернулся к своей работе. В новой версии программисты добавили дополнительную защиту от различных отказов, выявленных на испытаниях копии марсохода которая осталась на Земле. Была усовершенствована программа планирования маршрута аппарата. Кроме того, в систему навигации Curiosity была добавлена улучшенная версия система анализа силы и направления скольжения по грунту во время буровых операций.
Тэги: Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)Марсоход. Curiosity
52015-02-06. Марсианский зонд MRO заснял марсоходом Curiosity.
CuriosityОпубликован новый орбитальный снимок марсохода Curiosity, полученный марсианским зондом MRO.
Cнимок был получен 13 декабря 2014 года с помощью камеры высокого разрешения HiRISE, установленной на борту орбитального аппарата. На момент съемки марсоход находился в районе Pahrump Hills, которая является подножием горы Шарпа (Эолиды). Подробнее...Тэги: Mars Reconnaissance OrbiterMars Science Laboratory (MSL)
62016-07-08. NASA устранило последствия технического сбоя марсохода Curiosity.
Согласно сообщению НАСА, техническим специалистам агентства удалось вывести марсоход из безопасного режима в который тот перешел в начале этого месяца. В настоящее время аппарат снова взаимодействует с диспетчерами и его состояние стабильно. В агентстве также отметили, что они, пока что, не установили причину отказа, в связи с этим в агентстве не планируют продолжать выполнение научной программы до того момента, как инженеры не определят причину переключения режимов работы марсохода.Тэги: Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)Марсоход. Curiosity
72016-07-13. Марсоход Curiosity полностью возобновил свою работу.
Технический персонал NASA сумел осуществить полную проверку всех систем марсохода Curiosity и нашли наиболее вероятную причину сбоя аппарата. Согласно обнародованным данным, ею стал сбой в работе программного обеспечения которое занимается копированием фотографий из памяти камеры в файловую систему ровера. Как пояснили в НАСА, процесс передачи данных будет изменен таким образом, что он не будет использовать данный алгоритм до тех пор пока в агентстве не найдут решение. Тэги: Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)Космическое агентство СШАМарсоход. Curiosity

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса КА, кг3893

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2008-01-011642.2
2Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2008-01-01515.1
3Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2008-01-01968.6
4Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2008-01-01158.5
5Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2009-10-012305.3
6Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2009-10-01515.5
7Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2009-10-011631.0
8Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2009-10-01158.8
9Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2010-01-012394.2
10Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2010-01-01515.5
11Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2010-01-011719.9
12Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2010-01-01158.8
13Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2011-02-012476.3
14Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2011-02-01515.5
15Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2011-02-011802.0
16Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2011-02-01158.8
17Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-012523.3
18Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-01515.5
19Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2012-01-011781.4
20Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2012-01-01226.5

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Мыс Канаверал
2Дата пуска2011-11-26 at 15:02:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xMars Science Laboratory (MSL)
4Ракета-носитель 1xАтлас 5 541

Найдено 672 документов по запросу «Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)». [Перейти к поиску]


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Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Software Interface Specification Interface Title: ... Date Date _______________________________________________________ Manager Date Mars Science Laboratory Project Software Interface Specification (SIS... Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology JPL D-38107 MSL Camera & LIBS... (MSSS) MER Mars Exploration Rover MIPL Multimission Instrument Processing Laboratory MMM MastCam... Mars Pathfinder MS Mission System MSL Mars Science Laboratory MSLICE MSL Operations InterfaCE MSSS Malin Space Science... Health (ChemCam) SOL Mars Solar Day SOWG Science Operations Working Group SPaH... Space Science Systems (MSSS) instrument suite: a. Mast Camera (Mastcam) b. Mars Hand Lens... Udomkesmalee, MSL-376-1297, JPL D-34642, May 29, 2007. 2. Mars Science Laboratory Surface Attitude... Peters, MSL-376-1089, JPL D-34217, December 13, 2010. 3. Mars Science Laboratory Surface Engineering Camera Imaging Functional Design Description (FDD), Justin Maki, MSL-375-1083, JPL D-34213, December 15, 2009. 4. Mars Science Laboratory Surface ChemCam... B”, Noah Warner, MSL-375-1231, JPL D-34221, December 6, 2010. 5. Mars Science Laboratory Surface MARDI... Maki, MSL-375-1744, JPL D-38155, January 19, 2010. 6. Mars Science Laboratory Flight-Ground..., JPL D-27356, MSL 232-0219, July 21, 2010. 7. Mars Science Laboratory Surface ChemCam Interface Control Document (ICD), “Revision A”, Elisabeth Morse, MSL-336.... 10. Mars Science Laboratory PLACES User Guide, “Release 2.0, Rev-B”, Bob Deen, MSL-586-3653... 3.5 3682-SIS-SCI006-MSL 12. Planetary Science Data MSL Local Data Dictionary, Version.... Mastcam Multispectral Imaging on the Mars Science Laboratory Rover: Wavelength Coverage and Imaging... and Planetary Science Conference, 2012. 29. Anderson, R.C., et al., Mars Science Laboratory Participating Scientists... Planetary Science Data Dictionary (PSDD) [Ref 11] or the Planetary Science Data MSL... Instrument Processing Laboratory (MIPL) under the OPGS subsystem of the MSL GDS... ChemCam Science Team using team-developed software at Los Alamos National Laboratory... 34 IMAGE_ACQUIRE_MODE INSTRUMENT_HOST_ID 35 INSTRUMENT_HOST_NAME = "MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY" 36 INSTRUMENT_ID = "NAV_RIGHT_A" 37 INSTRUMENT_NAME....000 X • • • • • X • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • X X X X X X X 43 48 49 PRODUCT_CREATION_TIME = "MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY" 123 X X • UDR EDR 50 PRODUCT_ID... INSTRUMENT_NAME 664 MISSION_PHASE_NAME = "MSL MARS NAVIGATION CAMERA 5 RDR MOSAIC X X X X X V1.0" = "MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY" X X X X X = "NAVIGATION CAMERA... INSTRUMENT_NAME 687 MISSION_PHASE_NAME = "MSL MARS NAVIGATION CAMERA 5 RDR MOSAIC X X X X X V1.0" = "MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY" X X X X X = "NAVIGATION CAMERA... 710 INSTRUMENT_HOST_NAME = "MSL MARS NAVCAM CAMERA 5 RDR TERRAIN MESH V1.0" = "MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY" 711 INSTRUMENT_NAME... 733 INSTRUMENT_HOST_NAME = "MSL MARS NAVCAM CAMERA 5 RDR TERRAIN MESH V1.0" = "MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY" 734 INSTRUMENT_NAME... 756 INSTRUMENT_HOST_NAME = "MSL MARS NAVCAM CAMERA 5 RDR TERRAIN MESH V1.0" = "MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY" 757 INSTRUMENT_NAME...-V1.0" DATA_SET_NAME = "MSL MARS NAVCAM CAMERA 5 RDR TERRAIN MESH V1.0" = "MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY" 780 781... 804 INSTRUMENT_HOST_NAME = "MSL MARS NAVCAM CAMERA 5 RDR TERRAIN MESH V1.0" = "MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY" 805 INSTRUMENT_NAME... = "MSL-M-NAVCAM-5-RDR-MOSAIC-V1.0" = "MSL MARS NAVIGATION CAMERA 5 RDR MOSAIC V1.0" = "MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY" = "NAVIGATION CAMERA LEFT STRING B" = "PRIMARY SURFACE MISSION" = 351 = "N_L000_0351_EDR011CYLTSB0302_DRIVEM1" = "0001" = "MARS...") = "LEFT" = "MSL" = "NAV_LEFT_B" = "IMAGING CAMERA" = "MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY" /* DERIVED IMAGE DATA ELEMENTS */ GROUP MSL:INPUT_PRODUCT_ID...-V1.0" = "MSL MARS CHEMCAM LASER-INDUCED BREAKDOWN SPECTRA 5 RDR V1.0" = 7 = "N/A" = "N/A" = RAW = "MSL" = "MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY" = "CHEMCAM_LIBS...:33:046" = "12:18:22" = "MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY" = "PRIMARY SURFACE MISSION" = "UNK" = 76... START_TIME STOP_TIME TARGET_NAME TARGET_TYPE = = = = = = = = = = 7 "N/A" "N/A" RAW "MSL" "MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY" "CHEMCAM_LIBS" "CHEMISTRY CAMERA LASER INDUCED...:33:046" "12:18:22" "MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY" "PRIMARY SURFACE MISSION" "UNK" 76...-V1.0" = "MSL MARS CHEMCAM LASER-INDUCED BREAKDOWN SPECTRA 5 MOC = = = = = = = = 7 "N/A" "N/A" RAW "MSL" "MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY" "CHEMCAM_LIBS" "CHEMISTRY CAMERA LASER INDUCED BREAKDOWN SPECTROMETER" 187 JPL D-38107 MSL...:33:046" "12:18:22" "MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY" "PRIMARY SURFACE MISSION" "UNK" 76... in XML format Value “SIMULATED MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY” “MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY” Definition Specifies the full name... EARTH_BASE_NAME values. • MMM Cameras … Value “MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY” Note that mosaics may contain...) Valid Values “MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY” 358 Mode Static Value JPL D-38107 MSL Camera & LIBS...



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... - November 21, 2003 Mars Program Mars Science Laboratory Mission 2009 Landed Science Payload DRAFT Proposal... 3.6.2 Analytical Laboratory - Contamination from Previous Samples. ........................................................40 3.7 ROVER ENVIRONMENTS ..........................................................................................................................41 MSL Proposal.......................................................................................65 Table 7.4.3: MSL Payload Documentation Delivery Schedule.........................................................................................66 Table 7.5: MSL Science Investigation Receivables... Figure 3.2.5.1: MSL Payload Mass Allocation ..................................................................................................................26 Figure 3.2.5.2-a: Payload Module / Analytical Laboratory Instrument... software.......................................................................56 MSL Proposal Information Package 11/21/03 6 Figure 7.2: MSL Science Instrument... Blank ******** MSL Proposal Information Package 11/21/03 8 Mars Science Laboratory 2009 Landed Science Payload... Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) landed mission intends to provide to science instrument payloads, and supplies science... greater than described here. The MSL science instrument accommodations described in this... SCOPE The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) will launch a rover to a single location on Mars in...) Office of Space Science (OSS) Mars Exploration Program. MSL will conduct a Mars Habitability investigation... from the work of the MSL Project Science Integration Group (PSIG). The... focus on a roving, long-duration science laboratory that will provide a quantitative improvement... and are applicable to the MSL Science Instrument Payloads and Investigations, as... and Dust on Mars, February 1991 MSL Project Science Integration Group Final Report... handling (SA-SPAH) & Contact Science, Analytical Laboratory & Contact Science, and Recharge/Telecom. The... situ Instrument Data collect. (4) Analytical Laboratory & Contact Science (5) Recharge / Telecom. The five... rover tilt (Mars gravity). Instruments in the Analytical Laboratory that MSL Proposal Information... will be open to the Mars science community and will follow the... chassis which houses the analytical laboratory science instrument payload, the Sample Acquisition... to the analytical laboratory instruments described in Section 3.2.2. The MSL Corer is... value each, to the analytical laboratory science instruments. The sample distribution system... on Mars at a tilt of up to 20o. All analytical laboratory instrument... for Payload Science Instruments to be managed jointly by the MSL Science Office and Payload Office. MSL Proposal Information Package... Laboratory Instrument Envelope MSL Proposal Information Package 11/21/03 27 Contact science... be capable of meeting minimum MSL science objectives using the minimum data... and transmission resources available to science instruments. MSL Proposal Information Package 11... 40 750 1.0 to 1.3 Analytical Laboratory & Contact Science 200 40 40 750 1.0 to..., relative to PP, that the Mars Science Laboratory Project will implement. NPG 8020..., as they apply to the Mars Science Laboratory Project, including proposed extensions of... Assembly Location Applicable to all MSL Rover Science Instruments Flight Acceptance Level... Reconnaissance (Remote Sensing Science), SA-SPAH & Contact Science, Analytical Laboratory & Contact Science, and Recharge..., with emphasis on science team interactions. . Figure 5.2.1: MSL Flight Team Organization Chart... the Earth to Mars Cruise is quiescent (no science activities). During this... existing at the time of MSL science confirmation, except as modified by... JPL Mars Exploration Directorate, and NASA Headquarters regarding changes in the MSL science objectives, including those of individual investigations. (2) Chair the Project Science... Figure 7.2 Figure 7.2: MSL Science Instrument Payload Delivery and Review Schedule MSL Proposal Information... are summarized in Table 7.5. Table 7.5: MSL Science Investigation Receivables Schedule RECEIVABLE ITEM... Assurance (MA) requirements for the MSL science instruments payloads and associated components... that are pertinent to the MSL science investigations will also be monitored... and Execution component Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Mission Support Area Mars Science Laboratory Missile System Pre-Launch Safety Package Mars Telecom Orbiter... (PRT) Telemetry 1. [TBS] Radio Science 1. [TBS] MSL Proposal Information Package Appendix C 11... in the MSL Announcement of Opportunity (AO XX-XXX-XX: Mars Science Laboratory). These requirements apply to all science investigations and investigators... MSL Project Science Group and Project Management. In addition, NASA, through the MSL... in the Analytical Laboratory payload module and on arms MSL Proposal Information...



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...Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Rover, wheels downward, descending on ... Performance Summary Series Article 14 Mars Science Laboratory Telecommunications System Design Andre Makovsky... Ilott Jim Taylor    Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Pasadena... and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Pasadena... out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under... Government or the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology. Copyright... Center of Excellence Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Joseph... Telecommunications‖ Jim Taylor Article 14 —―Mars Science Laboratory Telecommunications System Design‖ Andre Makovsky... provided by members of the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) spacecraft development and test team... Figures Figure 1-1. Artist’s conception of Mars Science Laboratory on Mars. ................................ 1 Figure 1-2. Medium-gain antenna... The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission has the primary objective of placing a mobile science laboratory on the surface of Mars to assess the... surface radiation. MSL will conduct fundamentally new observations of Mars geology using... Mars, with its instrument arm deployed. Figure 1-1. Artist’s conception of Mars Science Laboratory on Mars. The MSL will be launched during the 2011 Mars opportunity... (MSL surface mission). MSL will be able to relay data with the Mars... to as the Mars Relay assets available during the MSL surface mission... Earth-Mars cruise spacecraft, entry-descent-landing (EDL) system, and a mobile science rover with an integrated instrument package. In the figure, the MSL... the heat shield of the Mars Science Laboratory‘s (MSL) Entry Vehicle that will gather...], is a summary/listing of the MSL science instrumentation. The instruments are roughly..., using the Mars orbiting assets (MRO or Odyssey 18). MSL has baselined... EDL Data Analysis Radio science receiver Radio science receiver 34-m RF/IF... Radio science receiver Radio science receiver Real-time Full spectrum array Radio science... a significant fraction of the Earth-Mars ranges MSL X-band downlink data rates... is still functioning when MSL arrives at Mars. Provided MRO is available... process. 114 Orbiter MSA MSL MOS Orbiter Science Planning & Sequencing Activity Planning... Generation Tracking MSL Rover Local Data Processing Navigation Project Science Remote Partition... •NAIF •Engineering Science Ops Analysis Subsystem (SOAS) •Instrument/science analysis tools for... Support Strategy 53B MSL will negotiate with the Mars Program Office and... of surface operations. This planned Mars Science Laboratory telecommunications performance article will focus... output) 126 JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory kb kbps kg kN kilobit... engine cutoff MSL EDL instrumentation Mars Exploration Rover main engine start Mars Express... control subsystem Mars Pathfinder MSL remote electronics unit (also called REU) Mars Reconnaissance... Mars Science Laboratory MSL InterfaCE (a surface ops visualization and planning tool) megasymbols per second Mars... 132 References 7B [1] Louis D‘Amario, Mars Science Laboratory Interplanetary Baseline 2011 Interplanetary Trajectory... Flight, web site, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, accessed November 2, 2009...), Volume 1, MSL Coordinate Systems, D-34642 (JPL internal document), Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena... Meeting, D-64186 (internal JPL/MSL document), Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, May... Martin's Atlas V Selected to Launch Mars Science Laboratory in 2009 (press release), Lockheed..., Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, October 2005. [7] Y. Lou, MSL Terminal Descent Sensor... (JPL internal document), Jet propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, February 9, 2009. https... ect_Overview.pdf [10] Mars Pathfinder, fact sheet, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California...] Mars Science Laboratory Mission Plan, JPL D-27162, Rev. A (internal document, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena... Defense, continual updates. [13] P. Illot, Mars Science Laboratory Telecommunications Functional Design Description, Rev... (JPL/ internal document), Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, October 27, 2008... MSL and Juno Projects, D-33672 (JPL/MSL project internal document), Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, May 15, 2007. [15] N. Blyznyuk, Mars Science Laboratory Telecom System...,‖ JPL D-64361 (internal JPL/MSL document), Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, April..., JPL D-64238 (internal JPL/MSL document), Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, June..., JPL D-64394 (internal JPL/MSL document), Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, June... Space Network, website, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California. http://deepspace.jpl..., JPL D-19379, Rev. E, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California, January 15, 2001...



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... project in our review— the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)—experienced substantial cost overruns that...) Mission Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) Ice, Cloud, and Land... Multiscale (MMS) Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) NPOESS Preparatory Project... System Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory German Receiver for Astronomy at... Satellite-2 Integrated Program Office Integrated Science Instrument Module International Space Station... InfraRed Auroral Mapper Jet Propulsion Laboratory Joint Polar Satellite System James... review Mars Exploration Program Magnetospheric Multiscale Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle Mars Science Laboratory National... spaceflight program and its largest science project. The Constellation program, which...) Mission Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL)* James Webb Space Telescope...) Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)* b NPOESS Preparatory... possible cancellation of other science projects; and MSL’s substantial cost overruns led... or at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory—a federally funded research and development... NASA Center Lead: Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)* International Partner: Argentina’s National... Requirement derived from: Earth System Science Pathfinder Program Announcement of Opportunity... steps for robotic Mars Exploration program will support science as well as... Projects Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory Recent / Continuing Project Challenges • Contractor... NASA Center Lead: Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) International Partner: None Launch...: The Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) mission will seek to... Projects Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory common name: GRAIL project update... NASA Center Lead: Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) International Partners: Agencia Spaziale... sensitive radiometers, magnetometers, and gravity science systems. Juno is slated to... science requirements, a warmer than expected detector may have an impact on science... use the Earth’s magnetosphere as a laboratory to study the microphysics of... without additional funding from the Science Mission Directorate. To address technical... that winds in Mars’ atmosphere could degrade the science data collected by... and Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory projects that launched in August... Large-Scale Projects common name: Mars Science Laboratory Recent / Continuing Project Challenges • Design..., FL Launch Vehicle: Atlas V The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL)—also known by the name... MSL will continue this systematic exploration by placing a mobile science laboratory on the Mars...’s twin Mars Exploration Rovers, Spirit and Opportunity, launched in 2003. MSL 12... Est. FY 2010 CHANGE The Mars Science Laboratory successfully launched on November 26...-Scale Projects common name: Mars Science Laboratory MSL project update MSL successfully launched on November... NASA Center Lead: Jet Propulsion Laboratory International Partner: None Projected Launch... Requirement derived from: Earth System Science Pathfinder Announcement of Opportunity 3 12... contract information Major Contractor: Orbital Science Corporation Type of Contract: Cost... performance Implementation Source: Jet Propulsion Laboratory (artist depiction). 03/10 Formulation...: Johns Hopkins University/ Applied Physics Laboratory 12/09 Implementation Type of... Johns Hopkins University/Applied Physics Laboratory (artist depiction). All Rights Reserved... fires at Los Alamos National Laboratory caused additional delays for the... manager at the Applied Physics Laboratory also stated that there were... at the Los Alamos National Laboratory—a chiller unit failure during storms...’s 2007 Earth Science Decadal Survey. SMAP leverages previous Earth Science missions and... Requirement derived from: 2007 Earth Science Decadal Survey contract information SMAP... design review Source: Jet Propulsion Laboratory (artist depiction). Then year dollars... projects at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The project is currently developing... Johns Hopkins University/Applied Physics Laboratory (artist depiction). 11/09 Formulation... of 13 science flights with FORCAST and 15 science flights with GREAT... Member Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Committee on... Member Subcommittee on Science and Space Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation... Member Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Committee on... Greenbelt, Maryland; the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California; Johnson Space... characteristic proof of concept. and laboratory studies to physically validate analytical... and/or breadboard. Validation in laboratory environment. Basic technological components are... of ad-hoc hardware in a laboratory. Low fidelity breadboard. Lab. Integration... environment. Examples include high-fidelity laboratory integration of components. High-fidelity... testing a prototype in a high fidelity laboratory environment or in simulated realistic... light Gravity Recovery and Interior laboratory (GRAIL) Mission Objectives: Determine the...



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... AUDITS NASA’S MANAGEMENT OF THE MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY PROJECT OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL... Office Jet Propulsion Laboratory Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator Mars Science Laboratory NASA Procedural Requirements Problem/Failure Report Sample Analysis at Mars... THE MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY PROJECT The Issue The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL), part of the Science Mission Directorate’s Mars Exploration Program (Mars Program... and interdependence of its 10 science instruments; and a new type of...’s Concept of the Mars Science Laboratory Rover on the Surface of Mars Source: http://marsprogram.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/images/PIA09201... objective of the Mars Program is to determine whether Mars has, or... Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is responsible for development and management of the MSL... for a mission to Mars occurs every 26 months. MSL was scheduled to... the importance of the MSL Project to NASA’s Mars Program, the Office... 2010 Mars Program budget, identifying additional funds from the Planetary Science Division..., NASA’s Associate Administrator for the Science Mission Directorate should reassess the..., the Associate Administrator for the Science Mission Directorate concurred with our... INTRODUCTION Background The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL), part of the Mars Exploration Program (Mars Program), is... years). The Mars Program seeks to understand if Mars has, or ever... analyze surface radiation. This roving science laboratory includes 10 advanced research instruments... Earth-Mars cruise stage, an entry-descent-landing system, and a mobile science rover with its science instrument payload. MSL is the most... the Science Mission Directorate is the programmatic authority for the MSL Project. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is responsible... Spanish Ministry of Education and Science, and the Canadian Space Agency... a mission to Mars occurs every 26 months. Originally, MSL was to launch... that MSL will experience during its entry, descent, and landing on Mars... for the Science Mission Directorate concurred, stating that the MSL Project Manager... on Project managers to reduce science capabilities or accept a higher level... 3. The Associate Administrator for the Science Mission Directorate should reevaluate the.... The Associate Administrator for the Science Mission Directorate concurred and stated...) 7120.5D, NPR 8000.4A, Science Mission Directorate Management Handbook, and... the Science Mission Directorate’s Independent Program Assessment Office, and JPL MSL Project... accomplish the science goals of the MSL mission, the rover carries a science payload... of the rover. Malin Space Science Systems (Subcontractor) Remote Sensing/ Chemistry... and electrons. Los Alamos National Laboratory (Subcontractor) ChemCam will also use... NASA’s two Mars Exploration rovers that began exploring Mars in January 2004. In the event the MSL rover... a distance. In-Situ/ Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) MSL will carry its... shape the landscape on Mars. Malin Space Science Systems (Subcontractor) MAHLI’s main objective will be to help the MSL science team understand the geologic history of the landing site on Mars... various minerals on Mars. Examples of minerals found on Mars so far... than half the science payload on board the MSL rover and feature... 25 APPENDIX B Category/ Instrument Environmental/ Mars Descent Imager (MARDI) Supporting Organization... of exploration after the MSL rover arrives on Mars. MARDI will take... the local environment. Malin Space Science Systems (Subcontractor) As soon as... temperature. Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/mission/instruments/ 26 REPORT... and demodulates uplink commands, transmits science and engineering data, and provides... NASA assets in orbit around Mars (Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, Odyssey) and also... then distributed to the analytical science instruments, SAM and CheMin. The..., and distribution of engineering and science data, commanding for all subsystems... central processing units of the science instruments, test software, simulation software..., Science Mission Directorate Director, Goddard Space Flight Center Director, Jet Propulsion Laboratory Program Manager, Mars Exploration Program Project Manager, Mars Science Laboratory Non-NASA... Director, Energy and Science Division Branch Chief, Science and Space Programs Branch..., Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation Subcommittee on Science and Space Senate... Appropriations Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies House Committee... Financial Management House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology Subcommittee on... the Report: Raymond Tolomeo, Director, Science and Aeronautics Research Directorate Stephen...



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... Force Research Laboratory's Space Test ProgramSat-2 (STPSat-2), NASA's Fast, Affordable, Science and... on Mars were captured with the High Resolution Imaging - 42 - Science Experiment, or HiRISE camera, aboard NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter... the establishment of the Joint Laboratory specializing in Precision Engineering Projects... delivery missions to the orbiting laboratory. SpaceX’s Falcon 9 and Dragon spacecraft... human occupation of the orbiting science laboratory with a typical workday, pausing only... Frequency Laboratory from ESTEC in the Netherlands to Valencia, Spain. The laboratory... Laboratory in Ireland. Its existing equipment transferred to the VSC, the Laboratory... a new science instrument that will probe the atmosphere of Mars in search... recent past of Mars. MGS fulfilled all of its science objectives. The... achieve a low Mars orbit. The orbiter carries three science instruments (THEMIS – Thermal.... The primary science mission continued through August 2004 and Mars Odyssey is... and energetic atoms, MaRSMars Radio Science experiment, MARSIS – Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface... science operations in early 2004, Mars Express has delivered a range of new science... Mars Exploration rovers have largely been reported in the refereed literature (Science... be returned to Earth for laboratory analysis. MSL (Mars Science Laboratory) is NASA’s next rover... as the Mars Exploration Rovers Spirit and Opportunity, the Mars Science Laboratory (to be..., radiation and environmental sensors. The Mars Science Laboratory is intended to be the... 2010, the MSL rover was being integrated with its science instruments and..., gravity assists (and accompanying science studies) with Mars and Earth were successfully... ions. Ground-based activities (observations, laboratory measurements, modelling studies), of major... appeared with the development of ‘laboratory’ experiments under microgravity conditions on... contributions have spanned space and laboratory experiments, advanced computational modelling, and..., levitation, and transport in the laboratory, in particular, and with computational...’s Integral (International Gamma Ray Astrophysics Laboratory) observatory, launched in 2002, is... proximity offers us a unique astronomical laboratory. Because of the high temperatures... the Brookhaven National Laboratory. The NASA Space Radiation Laboratory (NSRL), a $34-million... radiation research, an International Open Laboratory on Space Radiation Research group... life on Mars. The team’s results were published in Science 20 February.... The Wet Chemistry Laboratory on the Phoenix Mars Lander performed aqueous chemical... in the Fluid Science Laboratory (FSL) inside the Columbus laboratory Module on the... obtained from another European (mini)laboratory: DECLIC (Dispositif pour l'Etude de... terrestrial missions, NASA/Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) has been undertaking technology...-Planetary Scintillation) technique. The STE Laboratory at Nagoya University is using... standpoint of both science and planetary protection. The NASA Mars Odyssey mission (planetary protection Category III) continues its mission science phase in orbit around Mars. Results from Odyssey.... ESA’s Mars Express orbiter (Category III) continues is mission science activities in polar orbit around Mars, in providing... NASA Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) continues its science mission. Its initial science orbit... NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory for the Category IVc Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) scheduled for the 2011 launch opportunity to Mars. This... exploration of the EarthMoon Mars space. Securing the science-based exploitation of... for Surveys Air Force Research Laboratory Astro-rivelatore Gamma a Immagini Leggero... in Science and Technology (EC) Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars Commercial...) Fluid Physics Experiment Facility Fluid Science Laboratory Fundação Cearense de Meteorologia e Recursos... Auroral Research Program Highly Advanced Laboratory for Communication and Astronomy (Japan... Radar International Gamma Ray Astrophysics Laboratory imaging and spectroscopy project (ESA... on Marangoni Instabilities Jet Propulsion Laboratory (NASA) Joint Space Operations Center... Mars Color Imager Martian Radiation Environment experiment Mars Radio Science experiment An ESA Mars exploration mission also known as MEX Mars... Thermosphere Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Microgravity Science Glovebox Mass Spectrometer Incoherent Scatter - 272 - MSL... PEDAS PEX PFISR PFS PI Mars Science Laboratory Mesosphere/Stratosphere/Troposphere See Hayabusa... of Research NASA Space Radiation Laboratory Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array 1.1 m telescope... Belt Environment Modelling Physical Research Laboratory (India) Project for Onboard Autonomy... infrared telescope facility Space Physics Laboratory (India) Superconducting Quantum Interference Device...



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... Enhance Information Exchange For The Mars Science Laboratory Mission Scott M. Perl1, Daniel A. DeLaurentis2..., West Lafayette, Indiana, 47907 The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission set to launch in... have completed science and engineering instructions transmitted to the MSL rover in... solution architectures for the 2011 Mars Science Laboratory mission. Nomenclature α β γ δ ε treng trsci trsur... as science team members and engineers working on the 2003 Mars Exploration... and science plans to make use of the onboard Athena Science payload... windows for data transmission. The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission set to launch in... decreasing the integrity of their science plans and engineering sequences. Following... the reliability of science operations on the surface of Mars – directed by... trade space between MSL terrestrial operations (e.x., rover drivers, science team members, payload... Engineering Information Processing integrity of science analysis. This is true for... 1. Trade space for the 2011 Mars Science Laboratory mission. rover (i.e., rover idle-time... and MSL missions – both on the terrestrial side and the Mars surface... sols) the Athena Science Team would work on “Mars time” and would... is shown below in Fig. 2. Science Operations Working Group (SOWG) Participants... increased mission length (i.e., integrity of science data must be maintained or... the MSL science team and engineers working around the clock with the MSL... the following functions: 1) Based on MSL science theme groups, identify the most... selected payload sequences in all science settings and operational environments (primary... Bound algorithm7-9 to determine which science sequences were to be executed...). Current MER operations have all science theme requests bundled together, which... payload tools for one science theme group are (a) MSL’s team structure will... quality of science data, as requested by the appropriate science theme group... the science data with respect to integrity (i.e., “good science data”) and priority (e.x, science... and MSL science theme groups and associated payload tools. Illustration of current science... Science Theme Group Mineralogy and Geochemistry Geology Rock Physical Properties Atmospheric Science Appropriate MER Payload Instruments Involved  MB  APXS  Mini-TES             Corresponding MSL Science... the relative “importance” of nominal science sequences was lowered during sol... measure the quantity of engineering, science, and management personnel it requires... Astronautics The reasoning behind the Science Theme Groups (STGs) having four... was only during the Mars daytime hours, the MSL mission; having the... the case of the MSL mission and the Mars Exploration Program in... major science instruments and as an exploratory vehicle for future Mars missions... schedules) Operating network for humans (science theme groups, experiments, test-bed... to obtain the minimal accurate science and engineering data Current economic... new outputs) Engineering constraints on science conducted in-situ (e.g., “Rules of... a mission’s safe parameters and optimal science results Projected budget for an... earlier the MSL mission, as well as MER, ESA’s Mars Express orbiter... MSOaudience among the lite Mars Sample science and engineering Mars Return Prospector communities... for the 2011 MSL Mars Science ExoMars mission, can be created Laboratory (ESA) in... & MSL Payloads) Jet Propulsion Laboratory Mars Hand Lens Imager (MSL Payload) Mars Exploration Rover Mars Exploration Program Mars Express Mast Camera (MSL Payload... (MER Payload) Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Mars Science Laboratory Navigation Cameras (MER & MSL Payloads) Mars Odyssey Orbiter Panoramic Cameras (MER & MSL Payloads) Radiation Assessment Detector (MSL... Environmental Monitoring Station (MSL Payload) Sample Analysis at Mars (MSL Payload) System-of-Systems System-of-Systems Engineering Science Theme... Science Team for their continued hard work and contribution to planetary science.... 6 Squyres, S. W. “The MER Mission's Athena Science Investigation” American Geophysical Union, Fall... of Science Payload Tasks within Variable Environments” 2008 10 Athena Science Team..., R. E., Guinness, E. A., Fergason, R. L., and the Athena Science Team., “Coordinated Analysis of Orbital... Erebus Crater”. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVII, Abstract #2207, Lunar and..., T. “Mars Exploration Rovers Surface Fault Protection” Pasadena, CA : Jet Propulsion Laboratory, National... Planum” Pasadena, CA. Jet Propulsion Laboratory. IEEE SMC Conference, Hawaii, 2005... Christensen, P. “Science Perspectives for Candidate Mars Mission Architectures for 2016-2026”, Mars Architecture...



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... Facts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Mars at a Glance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Mars Science Laboratory Investigations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Mission Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Comparing Two Mars Rover Projects . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Spacecraft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Mars Science Laboratory Landing Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Recent, Current and Upcoming Missions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Mars Science: A Story... for launch and operations. Mars Science Laboratory Launch 6 Press Kit Mars at a Glance General... similar to Earth’s Mars Science Laboratory Launch 7 Press Kit Mars Science Laboratory Investigations Mars Science Laboratory Investigations croorganisms or...-detection experiments to Mars. In this sense, the Mars Science Laboratory is the prospecting... on Mars. NASA’s Astrobiology Program has aided in development of the Mars Science Laboratory science... Mars. NASA’s Mars Science Laboratory mission will study whether the Gale Crater area of Mars... for researchers to propose science investigations for the Mars Science Laboratory mission. The solicitation... during descent. The 10 science instruments on the Mars Science Laboratory have a combined mass.... Science operations and analysis will be coordinated through the Mars Science Laboratory Project Science Group...’s Los Alamos National Laboratory in Los Alamos, Mars Science Laboratory Launch 13 Press Kit... 0.7 inch (1.7 centimeters). Mars Science Laboratory Launch Ken Edgett of Malin Space Science Systems, a geologist... shield of the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) is collectively named the MSL Entry, Descent and... Mission Overview NASA’s Mars Science Laboratory mission will put a mobile laboratory onto the surface... to Mars and the timing of the launch period for the Mars Science Laboratory. Mars Science Laboratory... or Mars. The Mars Science Laboratory uses what is called a Type 1 trajectory to Mars, meaning... atmospheric conditions than any Mars Science Laboratory Launch previous Mars mission. The span between... NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. The Mars Science Laboratory spacecraft will also transmit... carrying data and commands. Mars Science Laboratory Launch During Mars surface operations, the rover... Press Kit Comparing Two Mars Rover Projects Mars Science Laboratory Mars Exploration Rovers Rovers 1 (Curiosity... flash memory Mars Science Laboratory Launch 36 Press Kit Spacecraft The Mars Science Laboratory spacecraft consists... Rover Heat Shield Mars Science Laboratory flight system, expanded view Mars Science Laboratory Launch 37 Press... Mars. Mars Science Laboratory Launch 38 Press Kit shield. These are part of the Mars Science Laboratory... for a Mars landing since the Mars Viking landings in 1976. They Mars Science Laboratory Launch... for sending information to Mars orbiters. Rover The Mars Science Laboratory rover, Curiosity, carries...) of science instruments. The science payload is described in the Mars Science Laboratory Science Investigations section.... 47 Press Kit Mars Science Laboratory Landing Site The Mars Science Laboratory mission will place the... for Curiosity and previous Mars rovers and landers Mars Science Laboratory Launch 48 Press... organic compounds. Mars Science Laboratory Launch One important capability of Curiosity’s science payload is... any previous spacecraft sent to Mars. It Mars Science Laboratory Launch had begun a fourth... no further communications were received. Mars Science Laboratory Launch Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity (July... of NASA’s Discovery Program Mars Science Laboratory Launch would study Mars. If chosen to... years. Mars’ tilt varies much more than Earth’s. Mars Science Laboratory Launch NASA’s Mars Exploration... up due to steep entry Mars Science Laboratory Launch Mars 96: Russia, 1/16/96.../25/03 Mars Science Laboratory Launch Mars Exploration Rover Spirit: U.S., 6/10/03, Mars rover, landed... the Mars Science Laboratory. Mary Voytek is deputy program scientist for the Mars Science Laboratory. David Lavery is program executive for the Mars Science Laboratory. At... deputy project scientists. Mars Science Laboratory Launch 62 Press Kit Mars Science Laboratory Launch 63 Press...



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... Atmospheric risk assessment for the Mars Science Laboratory entry, descent, and landing system...). Atmospheric risk assessment for the Mars Science Laboratory entry, descent, and landing system... Atmospheric Risk Assessment for the Mars Science Laboratory Entry, Descent, and Landing System... Chen, Ashwin Vasavada Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology 4800... practices. Abstract—In 2012, the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission will pioneer the next... the surface of Mars.12 As with previous Mars landers, atmospheric conditions.... A joint EDL engineering and Mars atmosphere science and modeling team has been... of EDL engineers, project science staff, and Mars atmospheric scientists from a variety... assessments. MSL’s guided entry trajectory differs significantly from recent Mars landers and... the state of Mars atmospheric knowledge has led the MSL 1 2 978-1-4244... to Mars in mid 2012. A major factor in achieving mission science goals..., MSL EDL requirements reflect the desire to broaden access to Mars relative... ±30 latitude. For comparison, the Mars Exploration Rover mission delivered a 173... ATMOSPHERIC SENSITIVITIES As with previous Mars landers, atmospheric conditions during entry... interaction issues, a joint engineering and science team dubbed the “Council of... altitude. As with previous Mars landers, the MSL EDL system is highly... such has Mars Pathfinder (MPF), Mars Exploration Rovers (MER), and Phoenix, MSL’s guided... APPROACH AND RELEVANT DATA SETS Mars atmospheric observations, and therefore understanding... sensitivities, the EDL engineering/atmospheric science team has assembled an array... horizontally, strongly affects EDL performance. Mars' axial tilt and orbital eccentricity... from previous landers and radio science occultation measurements via orbiters. Viking... pressure. Several orbiters, most notably Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) [5], have performed.... The breadth of available radio science measurements allows some degree of... surface pressures and MGS radio science results as a function of solar... Surface Pressure vs. MGS Radio Science Surface Pressure Measurements When compared... Viking Lander 1 and Mars Global Surveyor Radio Science Measurements The use of... the model results with radio science. This approach has been demonstrated... Emission Spectrometer (TES) and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter’s Mars Climate Sounder (MCS) instruments...’s Mars Color Imager (MARCI) instrument. [9] A survey of images from MARCI during MSL... Because Mars relevant flight tests are virtually impossible for the MSL EDL... a methodology that utilizes the engineering Mars Global Reference Atmosphere Model (MarsGRAM... been. As a result, the atmospheric science and modeling efforts have been..., the launch delay allows another Mars year of atmosphere observations, including... the EDL team and atmospheric science community have teamed up to..., Mesoscale Atmosphere Model Implementation into Mars Science Laboratory Performance Simulations, Lunar and Planetary... Third International Workshop on the Mars Atmosphere: Modeling and Observations, November... [1] R. Prakash, P. D. Burkhart, A. Chen, et al., Mars Science Laboratory Entry, Descent, and Landing System.... [2] A. Steltzner, D. Kipp, A. Chen, et al., Mars Science Laboratory Entry, Descent, and Landing System..., M. San Martin, J. Essmiller, and D. Way, Mars Science Laboratory Entry, Descent, and Landing Triggers... at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). On the MSL team, he is..., Effects of Atmospheric Phenomena on Mars Science Laboratory Entry Performance, AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics..., Los Angeles and an AAAS Science and Technology Policy Fellow for... Angeles and a Ph.D. in Planetary Science from the California Institute of... Spectrometer Atmospheric Data During the Mars Global Surveyor Aerobraking Period, Icarus... Third International Workshop on the Mars Atmosphere: Modeling and Observations, November... has included flight operation for Mars Odyssey aerobraking and independent validation... the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter and Mars Sample Return mission as well as Mars... Mars. She has a bachelor’s degree [10] D. Way, R. Powell, A. Chen, et al., “Mars Science Laboratory... Assessment Detector instrument on the Mars Science Laboratory. Dr. Rafkin has authored or... meteorological topics for Earth and Mars, including weather forecasting and numerical... the Mars Pathfinder Atmospheric Structure/Meteorology Team and a member of the Science... Team for both Mars Global Surveyor and the Mars Climate Orbiter. He... Science from the California Institute of Technology, and a Ph.D. in Atmospheric Science... Mars Global Surveyor. He is currently a member of the Radio Science Teams on Mars Express and New Horizons... a Co-Investigator on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, Mars Climate Sounder instrument. Before... where he connected with the Mars atmospheric science community while working under... out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under... a strong background in Earth systems science, planetary atmosphere dynamics, cloud microphysics...



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..., Oregon Thermal Control of the Mars Science Laboratory Spacecraft Propellant Lines—Design Architecture... Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, 91109 In 2012, NASA’s Mars Science Laboratory... land a roving, robotic laboratory on the surface of Mars. During deep space... trajectory correction maneuvers. Prior to Mars entry, descent, and landing, a Descent... Mars Science Laboratory propellant line thermal control. Nomenclature AFT CS DS ε* EDL MLI MSL... Insulation Mars Science Laboratory National Aeronautics and Space Administration Platinum Resistance Thermometer Mars Science Laboratory Rover I. Introduction N ASA’s Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) spacecraft consists of... to deliver the spacecraft to Mars and safely land the payload... which serves to transport the MSL Entry Vehicle (comprised of the..., Descent Stage, and Rover) to Mars. The Cruise Stage hardware is... copyright claimed herein for Go Mars entry maneuvers begin, the Cruise... 1 shows the configuration of the MSL spacecraft during the cruise phase..., regulators, and thrusters. Both Figure 1. Mars Science Laboratory Spacecraft (Cruise Configuration) and Descent... Helium pressurant until just before Mars entry. Figure 2 shows block-diagram... the Cruise phase of the MSL mission, the thermal health of... (near Earth) to low (near Mars) solar irradiance. Immediately after launch... range at the time of Mars arrival is 1.54 A.U. The extreme... of the Cruise Stage. The Mars Science Laboratory Cruise Stage is openly exposed... waste heat generated by the MSL Rover serves to warm the.... All wetted propulsion components on MSL are required to remain well... the MSL propellant line thermal control. Other aspects of the Mars Science Laboratory mission... thermal design methodology for the Mars Science Laboratory spacecraft is to employ passive... used for all of the MSL Cruise and Descent Stage propulsion... was previously exercised during the Mars Exploration Rover mission to safeguard... Thermal Zone Definition for the MSL a) Cruise Stage b) Descent Stage Images... the design phase of the Mars Science Laboratory project to guide the selection... the cruise configuration of the MSL spacecraft was created to assess... necessary. A geometric model of the MSL spacecraft in its cruise configuration... Control Zone (Zone 13) The MSL system thermal models possess numerous... flight designs of the Mars Pathfinder and Mars Exploration Rover missions and... featuring mock-ups of the MSL propellant line designs. In general... the thermal design. For the MSL propulsion systems, thermal interface resistances... Correlation Early versions of the MSL system thermal model were used... thermal vacuum test of the Mars Science Laboratory spacecraft was conducted from January... Jet Propulsion Laboratory’s Environmental Test Lab in Pasadena, California. The MSL spacecraft... in the “Overview of the Mars Science Laboratory Cruise Phase System Thermal Vacuum... thermal control systems of the MSL spacecraft in a simulated cruise thermal... case thermal balance simulated a near Mars thermal environment by decreasing the... extreme thermal environments that the MSL spacecraft will encounter during cruise... flight hardware components on the MSL spacecraft were not configured or... the cruise phase of the MSL mission. The propulsion systems were... The process of correlating the MSL system thermal models involved comparing... testing, the results of the MSL spacecraft system thermal models were... flight environment C. Results The entire Mars Science Laboratory spacecraft was successfully modeled and... thermal design architecture of the Mars Science Laboratory spacecraft propellant lines and described... losses are very low. The Mars Science Laboratory spacecraft thermal design utilizes and... and analysis methodologies from previous Mars landed missions with the additional... performed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under... scientists collaboratively working on the Mars Science Laboratory project, of which the thermal... extended to members of the MSL Thermal, Mechanical, Propulsion, and Flight..., R., Powell, R., Rivellini, T., San Martin, M., Way, D., “Mars Science Laboratory Entry, Descent, and Landing System... 4-11, 2006. 2 Prakash, R. et al., “Mars Science Laboratory Entry, Descent, and Landing System..., A.D., Novak, K., Prina, M., Ramirez, B., and Bame, D., “Mars Science Laboratory Thermal Control Architecture,” Proc. of..., R.J., Bhandari, P., “Thermal Design of the Mars Science Laboratory Powered Descent Vehicle,” Proc. of... for Thermal Control of the Mars Science Laboratory,” 17th Spacecraft Thermal Control Workshop..., A., Miller, J., Pauken, M., Ganapathi, G., Krylo, R., Kinter, B., “Mars Science Laboratory Mechanically Pumped Fluid Loop for... and Flight Experience of the Mars Exploration Rover Spacecraft Computer-Controlled..., R.J., Bhandari, P., Lyra, J.C., “Overview of the Mars Science Laboratory Cruise Phase System Thermal Vacuum...