Спутник ФКИ. Mars-16. [Редактировать]

Технические характеристики

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Экономические характеристики

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Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Mars-16». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-05-20
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0.09/5
...: R&A, Lunar Quest, Discovery, New Frontiers, Mars Exploration, Outer Planets, and Technology... instrument operating on an ESA Mars Express mission (ASPERA-3), a mission in... 2011. The Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN), Mars Scout mission, will... missions will finalize and the Mars 16 mission will enter into formulation... (Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometers for Mars) instrument on the MRO offers a better understanding of habitability on Mars. Data from the instrument showed... the NRC's decadal survey and Mars Architecture report. NASA's current planetary.... All completed Discovery missions (NEAR, Mars Pathfinder, Lunar Prospector, Deep Impact... European Space Agency's Mars Express spacecraft in orbit around Mars, with a goal...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration FY 2011 Budget Request...'s Budget Request 2009 Mars Science Lab MAVEN 2009 Mars Science Lab MAVEN..., incremental, discovery-driven exploration of Mars to determine the planet's physical... should extraction prove impossible. The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) is in... of salt deposits. Meanwhile, the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission continues...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Plans For FY 2011... environmental test program and ATLO, Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) project will... in implementing a joint program of Mars Exploration by soliciting instruments to...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Project Descriptions and Explanation of Changes Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Currently in... takes a major step forward in Mars exploration, both technically and scientifically... for future scientific missions, including Mars Sample Return, and will provide... development section of this document. Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN... provide a comprehensive picture of the Mars upper atmosphere, ionosphere, solar energetic... designs from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter and 2001 Mars Odyssey missions. Additional...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Other Missions & Data Analysis... the geological processes that shaped Mars, particularly those involving water. Currently... of the next decade at Mars. Mars Mission Operations (MMO) provides management... 2011. The Mars Exploration Program plans future missions to Mars that build...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Program Commitments Commitment/Output... operational presence on Mars Mars Exploration same At least one Mars mission will... every opportunity (every 26 months) Mars Exploration same Implementation Schedule Project... Res Mars Odyssey Mars Exploration Rovers (Spirit & Opportunity) Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Mars Express The Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) Mars...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Program Management The Jet... for implementation of the Mars Exploration Program. Mars Program science resides at... Center Performers Cost-Sharing Partners Mars Exploration Rovers (MER) JPL JPL... include Canada, Spain, and Russia. Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN... Rayonnements (CESR) Mars Odyssey JPL JPL, MSFC None Mars Express (MEX) JPL...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Independent Reviews Review Type... Development: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab FY 2011... Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab Project Purpose The Mars Science... NASA's Spirit and Opportunity Mars rovers. The Mars Science Laboratory is engineered... Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab Project Commitments The Mars Science... elemental and isotopic composition of Mars samples Same Same Chemistry & Mineralogy... Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab Schedule Commitments The Mars Science... Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab Project Management 2009 Mars Science... Development: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab Project Risk... In Formulation: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Mars Atmosphere & Volatile EvolutioN FY... launch vehicle cost. Project Purpose Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN... provide a comprehensive picture of the Mars upper atmosphere, ionosphere, solar energetic... questions regarding the loss of Mars' atmosphere, climate history, liquid water... address key scientific questions about Mars' evolution. Specific MAVEN science objectives... In Formulation: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Mars Atmosphere & Volatile EvolutioN Estimated... In Formulation: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Mars Atmosphere & Volatile EvolutioN Project... In Formulation: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Mars Atmosphere & Volatile EvolutioN Project...



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0.04/5
... 5. Destination: Mars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 5.1. Results from recent Mars missions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 5.1.1. General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 5.1.2. Ancient Mars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 5.1.3. Geologically Young Mars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 5.1.4. Modern Mars. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 5.2. The Mars Exploration Program Analysis Group (MEPAG) Roadmap. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 5.3. Mars Sample... 6.1.1. Concordia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 6.1.2. CAREX. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 6.1.3. MDRS/F-MARS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 6.1.4. ILEWG field tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20... NASA Astrobiology Roadmap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B.7. IMEWG – International Mars Exploration Working Group. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B.8. ISECG – The... the 2025–2035 timeframe. 5. Destination: Mars Mars continues to be an object... 15 5.1. Results from recent Mars missions 5.1.1. General Mars has benefited over... extant life on Mars. Although currently the surface of Mars may be... Mars Global Surveyor (MGS), Mars Odyssey, the Mars Exploration Rovers (MER), Mars Express (MEx), Mars... potential of Mars is through returning samples from the Mars surface to be analyzed in Earth laboratories (NRC Mars, 2007). 5.1.2. Ancient Mars On ancient Mars, water was persistent... determined. Future missions to Mars include the NASA’s Mars Science Laboratory (MSL... for future Mars missions and in particular scenarios for Mars Sample Return... future exploration of Mars: Follow the water. Understand Mars as a system. Seek... in samples returned from Mars. The Next Decade Mars Sample Return Science... launched from Mars with a Mars Ascent Vehicle (MAV) into orbit. A Mars Sample Return... it into Mars orbit. Rendezvous with the cache in Mars orbit and... sample container reaches Mars orbit it will rendezvous with a Mars Sample Return... 6.1.3. MDRS/F-MARS The Mars Society operates two simulated Mars habitats, the Flashline Mars Arctic Research Station (F-MARS) on Devon Island and the Mars Desert... the Moon or Mars. Antarctica, like the Moon or Mars is of... MAP Project Mars Analog Path (ISU) MAV Mars Ascent Vehicle MAVEN Mars Atmosphere... Mars Desert Research Station MEPAG Mars Exploration Program Analysis Group MER Mars Exploration Rover MEx Mars Express... Module MRO Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter MSL Mars Science Laboratory MSR Mars Sample Return... visit of several bodies including Mars (Mars Express) and the Moon (SMART..., NASA’s Lead Scientist for Mars Exploration, two Mars Chief Scientists, the chair.../. B.7. IMEWG – International Mars Exploration Working Group The International Mars Exploration Working Group... exploration of Mars. Provide a forum for the coordination of Mars exploration missions... composition of the surface of Mars: Mars Odyssey THEMIS results. Science 300... mineralogy after 1 Mars year of observations from the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. J. Geophys... minerals on Mars observed by the CRISM instrument on Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter... al. Phyllosilicates on Mars and implications for the early Mars history. Nature...



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0.45/5
... July 2009 Doug McCuistion Director, Mars Exploration Program Accomplishments & News • New... visibility continues • Joint NASA-ESA Mars program/initiative agreed to – Bi... kick-off meeting July 6-7 • First Mars Panel September 9-11 • FY10 Budget... 2 Unrealized Expectations SMD Budget History ($M) Mars Program and Planetary Science Division... Combined budgets budgets of of Mars Mars Exploration Exploration Program Program and...: • • • – The Mars Program will repay non-Mars “loans” Reduce or eliminate Mars Program APA in FY10 and FY11 Reduce US portion of Mars-16...: • • • Further reduce US portion of Mars-16/18/20 missions Delay LADEE...-ESA establish a strategic partnership for Mars exploration in 2016/18/20...-NASA establish a strategic partnership for Mars exploration in 2016/18/20... toward Mars Sample Return 3. Missions must show identifiable progress toward Mars Sample... Architecture Review Team (MART) • The Mars Architecture Review Team (MART) is... Board“ – – – Reports to the NASA Mars Program Director No scientific requirements... architectures options for a bi-lateral Mars Program with ESA Initial findings... joint ESA/NASA Mars Initiative 10 Joint NASA-ESA Mars Exploration Initiative... 2016-18: – The goal is Mars Sample Return in the 2020... mission queue to the Decadal’s Mars Panel in September, and the... October 11 Joint NASA-ESA Mars Initiative Initial Portfolio Overview NASA-ESA Joint Mars Initiative (in final planning) Operational... The Era Era of of Mars Mars Sample Return Sample Return MRO... MAVEN Aeronomy Aeronomy Orbiter Orbiter Mars Mars Express Express Collaboration Collaboration MER...) telecom) Phoenix Phoenix (deceased) (deceased) Mars Mars Science Science Lab Lab NASA... Decade of Exploring Mars: Seeking the Signs of Life • Mars science is... the signs of life • The Mars Program is evolving as well... an astrobiologically-intensive investigation of Mars, and preparation for the return...



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0.29/5
...-selected New Frontiers 3 mission. - The Mars Exploration Program comprises two orbiting... in development phase, Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) and Mars Atmosphere and Volatile... for future human missions. Robotic Mars orbiters are mapping resources (e.g., water... measuring the radiation environment at Mars. Planetary Science continues to work... the Mars 16 Mission Confirmation Review. Mars Exploration APG 2.3.3.2: PS-12-8 Complete the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Launch Readiness Review. Mars Exploration APG 2.3.3.2: PS-12-9 Complete the Mars Atmosphere and... Mission (MAVEN) Systems Integration Review. Mars Exploration Objective 2.3.4 Improve understanding of... Mars rovers, along with orbiters Mars Odyssey, MRO, and the ESA/NASA Mars... became ephemeral and acidic. Early Mars produced diverse mineralogy deposits, such... exploration. Completed missions include: NEAR, Mars Pathfinder, Lunar Prospector, Deep Impact... its extended mission aboard ESA Mars Express spacecraft. The repurposed Stardust... aboard the ESA Mars Express spacecraft in orbit around Mars, with a goal...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration FY 2012 Budget Request..., incremental, discovery-driven exploration of Mars to determine the planet's physical..., and geological characteristics. The twin Mars rovers, Spirit and Opportunity are... evaporites (salt deposits). Meanwhile, the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission continues... the existing telecommunications infrastructure at Mars for any orbital and surface...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Project Descriptions and Explanation of Changes Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Currently in... takes a major step forward in Mars exploration, both technically and scientifically... development section of this document. Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) NASA's second Mars Scout mission, MAVEN (openly competed... provide a comprehensive study of the Mars upper atmosphere, ionosphere, solar energetic... designs from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter and 2001 Mars Odyssey missions. Additional...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Other Missions & Data Analysis... as a key telecommunications relay at Mars. Currently in their extended operation... the geological processes that shaped Mars, particularly those involving water. Currently... of the next decade at Mars. Mars Mission Operations (MMO) provides management...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Program Commitments Commitment/Output... operational presence on Mars Mars Exploration Same At least one Mars mission will... (every 26 months) Mars Exploration Same Complete the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL... Review. Complete the Mars 16 Mission Confirmation Review. Mars Exploration Implementation Schedule Project... Res Mars Odyssey Mars Exploration Rovers (Spirit and Opportunity) Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Mars Express The Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) Mars...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Program Management JPL has responsibility for implementation of the Mars Exploration program. Scientific mission priorities... include Canada, Spain, and Russia. Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN... Rayonnements (CESR) Mars Odyssey JPL JPL, MSFC None Mars Express (MEX) JPL...: Theme: Program: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Independent Reviews Review Type... Development: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab FY 2012... Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab Project Purpose The Mars Science... Development: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab Project Commitments... Development: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab Schedule Commitments... Development: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab Project Management... Development: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration 2009 Mars Science Lab Project Risk... In Development: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Mars Atmosphere & Volatile EvolutioN FY... Planetary Science Mars Exploration Mars Atmosphere & Volatile EvolutioN Project Purpose Mars Atmosphere and... provide a comprehensive picture of the Mars upper atmosphere, ionosphere, solar energetic... address key scientific questions about Mars' evolution. Specific MAVEN science objectives... In Development: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Mars Atmosphere & Volatile EvolutioN Project... Mars Exploration Mars Atmosphere & Volatile EvolutioN Schedule Commitments NASA selected the second Mars... In Development: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Mars Atmosphere & Volatile EvolutioN Project... In Development: Science Planetary Science Mars Exploration Mars Atmosphere & Volatile EvolutioN Project... propulsion system component development for a Mars Ascent Vehicle (MAV) capability and...



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0.23/5
... Jet Propulsion Laboratory Mars Exploration Home Page http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov... Jet Propulsion Laboratory Mars Education & Public Outreach Program http://mars.jpl.nasa... Layering 6. Searching for Life on Mars 7. Mars Critters 8. Exploring Crustal Material from... Mars Rover - Mars Pathfinder Rover 10. Edible Mars Spacecraft - Mars Global Surveyor - Mars Pathfinder - Mars Pathfinder Rover 11. Mars Meteorites’ Fingerprints... Activity - Mars Rover Websites 15. Probing Below the Surface of Mars 16. Good Vibrations 17. The Mathematics of Mars - “I Have…Who... Straw Rockets 23. Mars Pathfinder: Two-Dimensional Model 24. Mars Pathfinder: Egg Drop and Landing 25. Cool Internet Sites 1 4 11 16... to Mars? Mars Pathfinder, which launched in December 1996, arrived at Mars on July 4,1997 (7 months). Mars Global Surveyor, which... end of the exercise! Mars Mission analogies: 1) A Mars robotic arm onboard a lander... the climatic history of Mars from these layers (Mars '98 Mission)? 11... both come from Mars? 16 Strange New Planet ASU Mars K-12 Education Program... the knowledge of Mars. The Mars Global Surveyor arrived at Mars in the... lava flows on Mars using spacecraft photos? 26 Destination: Mars 10/97...’s knowledge of Mars environment. • discuss the popularity of Mars in literature. 10... what 36 Destination: Mars 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. life is like on Mars and that you... C 44 Destination: Mars 10/97 NASA JSC 42 Activity 3— Mars Critters 1 µm = 0.001... Went to Mars (pg. 37) q Mars Fact Sheet (pg. 56) Destination: Mars 45... the “If You Went to Mars” sheet, Mars Fact Sheet, and the... on Mars, consulting the Mars Fact Sheet, If You Went to Mars, and... surface of Mars. Conduct research about the environment on Mars. Consider the...’s missions to Mars. Mars Pathfinder Rover 51 52 EDIBLE MARS SPACECRAFT Adapted from... two spacecraft, Mars Global Surveyor and Mars Pathfinder, were launched to Mars. These... able to identify two Mars spacecraft a) Mars Global Surveyor b) Mars Pathfinder and the... towels • 25 copies of Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Pathfinder, and/or Sojourner... materials. MARS GLOBAL SURVEYOR 54 55 Mars Pathfinder Rover 56 “MARS METEORITES’ FINGERPRINTS... surface rocks and minerals on Mars. Other Mars mission thermal instruments might... planet? 73 Mars Rover Websites The Athena Rover Homepage Mars Sample Return.... Scientists who study Mars see evidence that Mars had much more water... a probe below the surface of Mars. Mars scientists have thought of several... the surface of Mars taken by orbiting spacecraft like Mars Global Surveyor... to send another orbiter to Mars. The Mars Surveyor 2001 orbiter has...'t exist on Mars? No. The probes from the Mars Microprobe Mission would... of Mars 81 Student Information Sheet Mars and the Search for Water Mars.... Scientists who study Mars see evidence that Mars had much more water... the surface of Mars taken by orbiting spacecraft like Mars Global Surveyor... to send another orbiter to Mars. The Mars Surveyor 2001 orbiter has... to the water on Mars is important to Mars scientists for many... Mars? Does anything live underground on Mars today? Knowing how much water Mars... water. Even though the Mars Microprobes and Mars Polar Lander were lost... minerals) and atmosphere of Mars. The Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft had a two... Mars has? Mars Global Surveyor TES TES 89 90 The Mathematics of Mars... mathematics of Mars. Objective: Students will gain knowledge of Mars mathematical facts... was aboard the Mars Global Surveyor, which began orbiting Mars in September... correct, they spell a Mars connection. [MATHEMATICS*FACTS*0F*MARS*] You can also... was aboard the Mars Global Surveyor,which began orbiting Mars in September... the surface of Mars, visited Sept 8, 1997 by Mars Pathfinder. Who has... vocabulary and concepts related to Mars and Mars missions. Objective: To recognize... on Mars (and in the Solar System!). Olympus Mons is 16 miles...). 6) Mars Pathfinder: The name of the Mars mission that landed on Mars on... moon of Mars. The translation of the name means “fear”. 16) Deimos: The smaller moon of Mars. The translation of... of a planet. The Mars Global Surveyor and Mars Polar Orbiter used this...) Mars Sample Return Mission: The Mars missions that will be returning Mars rocks samples (drill cores) and Mars...: One day on Mars. 38) Ares Vallis: The Mars Pathfinder landing site...). 6) Mars Pathfinder: The name of the Mars mission that landed on Mars on... of Mars. The translation of the name means “fear”. 108 16) Deimos: The smaller moon Of Mars. The translation of... of a planet. The Mars Global Surveyor and Mars Polar Orbiter used this...) Mars Sample Return Missions: The Mars missions that will be returning Mars rocks samples (drill cores) and Mars... and night on Mars. 38) Ares Vallis: The Mars Pathfinder landing site...



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0.13/5
... commun Page A-7 CAHIER 8 MARS Journée internationale des femmes 16 pages us Nous... Page A-8 Page A-11 A-2 Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... savoir Violation de domicile L e lundi 4 mars, vers 21 h 55, trois individus... 450 964-7072 A-4 Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... 41marcotte.rtf ** 10 ** A-5 Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... avant le 16 mars 2013 Code promo: La Revue A-6 Le mercredi 6 mars 2013... ENTRÉE DU SERVICE Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... sur 7 De 9 h à 22 h A-8 Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... 9H À 21H A-9 A-10 Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... h 30 Vendredi 7 h à 15 h Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... droits réservés. A-13 Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... avant l’assemblée, soit le 13 mars 2013 à 17 h. Ce formulaire est... d’administration Diffusé le 6 mars 2013 Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www... pour plus de détails. A-16 Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www... Tonte & toilettage Boutique Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... droits réservés. A-18 Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... jumelé à d’autres promotions. Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue...é», a-t-il martelé. A-20 Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... 2013 C’EST SUZUKI Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... jusqu’au 31 mars 2013. A-22 Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE... Du lundi 11 mars dès 19 h au lundi 18 mars 8 h 15, sauf avis contraire Résidents Du lundi 11 mars dès 19 h au mercredi 13 mars 19 h PAR TÉLÉPHONE... nous parvenir avant le 18 mars. ACTIVITÉS CULTURELLES ET SPORTIVES MODES... Du mardi 12 mars dès 19 h au lundi 18 mars 8 h 15, sauf avis contraire Résidents Du mardi 12 mars dès 19 h au mercredi 13 mars 19 h PAR TÉLÉPHONE... nous parvenir avant le 18 mars. DERNIÈRE CHANCE (PLACES RESTANTES... Résidents Jeudi, 21 mars 8 h 30 au lundi 25 mars 16 h 30, sauf avis contraire. Non-résidents Lundi 25 mars de 13 h à 16... de fin d’inscription Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... Confort A-23 A-24 Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... Journée de l’entrepreneur, le 13 mars à l’Hôtel Imperia. Pour l’occasion, l’organisme... soumises par la Journée de MARS E N F OL IE I ET D R A M DI E R C R ME... ET 27 3 1 6 2 12 ARS 19 MARS MARS 6 5 R S MA M 0 201 N U’E Q X PRI E MÊM $ 5 $ 1 + taxes + taxes...érapeute en santé globale Samedi 16 mars 2013 Accueil à midi 30, conf... $ À la porte : 30 $ Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue....LEXXOSEPT.COM A-28 Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... population à une conférence le 16 mars. La conférence portera le... professionnelle des Moulins Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... BILLETS POUR LE MATCH DU 16 MARS, LORS DE L'ESSAI ROUTIER D'UNE... pour le match d'ouverture du 16 mars 2013 de l'Impact de Montr... Motors Corporation. A-30 Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... ans et plus. Prochaine formation : 16-17 mars. Info et inscription : Carrefour... Parenfants de Mascouche le 17 mars dès 11h30 au Pavillon du Grand...-Charles, Lachenaie, Terrebonne, le 23 mars à 17h30. Souper BBQ au menu... des subventions gouvernementales. Le 12 mars dès 19h à Mascouche. Info et Inscription... heures. Début les 9 et 10 mars à compter de 9 h. Accueil dès 8h30 au... Martine Préville le 12 mars à 19h30 à Joliette (125 Flamand) pour... Vêtement le jeudi 7 mars et le samedi 9 mars. Les nouveaux vêtements seront... groupe scout de Terrebonne le 16 mars à 19h30 à l’école Le Castelet (4200...ée par Jacques R. Tranchemontagne, le 20 mars à 19h15 au Pavillon du Grand.... ••• FADOQ-CLUB LACHENAIE, TERREBONNE Le 16 mars à 20h, danse de la St... et Robert Tellier. Le 20 mars, souper cabane à sucre Chez Constantin... communication. L’atelier aura lieu le 16 mars au Centre Saint-Charles de... H.O.M. DES MOULINS Le lundi 18 mars, le Groupe H.O.M. offre une rencontre... » Éditions La Presse Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... de Karibou» démarrera dès le 17 mars à l’école Aux 4 Vents, dans son... inscriptions se poursuivront jusqu’au 8 mars à 16 h 30 et peuvent s’effectuer – au....com L O C AT I O N D E T E R R A I N S • 4 5 0 9 6 1 - 9 2 9 5 , p o s t e 5 0 5 A-32 Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... rencontre des cultures le 23 mars à Terrebonne. (Photo : Véronick Talbot) élébr... cultures. Et le samedi 23 mars, ce grand rassemblement africano-qu... 4932681 C TOUT à: % A-34 Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... Boisée, Terrebonne (4-12 ans) Vendredi 1 mars Palestre de l’école er De... permet BOUGEONS EN FAMILLE Samedi 9 mars 4-8 ans de 9 h 15 à 9 h 55 4- 8 ans... poursuit chez nous. Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... VIVIANNE Morin A-36 Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... municipalité. RECREER.CA Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue... imprimés! (MS) A-38 Le mercredi 6 mars 2013 - LA REVUE - www.larevue...



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... The Surface 1. D. II. for Mars Exploration Issues for Mars Exploration 2 ....................................................... 2 .................................................................................................... of the... missions to Mars ............................................... (2) Conduct applied science research to use Mars resources to... .................................................................... (c) Human Factors and Crew Size .............................................................. (d) Mars Surface Habitat ............................................................................. (e) Life Support Systems... Systems ................................ ..................................................................................................... 41 1. TMI Stage .......................................................................................................... 41 2. Mars Capture 42 3. Ascent 4. Earth-Return... Group: "Opportunities for Dual-Use Mars Technology in Exploration". ......................................................................................... 61 International... B: Cooperation Working Group: "Building International Mars for Exploration". ....................................................................................... of Workshop of... 2 Principal 3 Human 4 Life-Critical, 5 Driving 6 Mars Habitation 7 Mass Analysis 8 Habitat 9 Atmospheric... ................................................................ of Functions Performed by Mars Landers in Mars Exploration Mission ................................................................................................................... 40 17... Mars Surface Habitation: Life Support Cache Strategy Cohen] ...................................................................................................................................... 3 Example of Mars 4 Surface 5 Mars Surface 6 Earth Return 7 Cache-Based 8 LSS Process 9 Mars 10... Profile Allocation [M. .............................................................................. [A. Gonzales] Interfaces Rover Mars -- Mobility Demand Crew Time -- ............................................................................ Vehicles... ........................ ....................................................... 50 Section I. Mars Exploration The Premise Workshop for Mars Exploration II: I. The... A. The Rationale for Mars Exploration and Objectives for Mars Exploration In August... of rationale for a Mars exploration program as: • Mars is the only planet... missions to Mars; (2) Conduct applied science research to use Mars resources to... Missions to Mars a. Land people on Mars and return b. Demonstrate Mars the capability... a rendezvous in Mars orbit. After their stay on Mars, they use the...=l oM I I I I I I I I I *ml I I I I I I I I I waq I Figure la. Mars Exploration Reference Mission Current Concept... science Is Mars of the Surface objectives a home for Mars exploration is... can be translateddirectlyto Mars explorationcapability. (d) Mars Surface Habitat The Mars surface habitat must... caches of consumables on the Mars 16 surface These are required prior... the first 16. Sequence of Functions Performed by Mars Landers in Mars Exploration...-Mars injection (TMI) stage, a biconic aerobrake for Mars orbit capture and Mars entry... the surface of Mars or nearly 100 tons to Mars orbit (250... the Mars DRM, see Borowski. 2. Mars Orbit Capture and Descent Stage Mars orbit.... Mars Exploration Workshop Issues for Mars Exploration 45 II: II. Issues for Mars.... 47 Mars capture and that of high landing Packaging of 16). It... Technology in Mars Exploration" Group Cooperation for Mars Exploration" 53 how Mars mission... is introduced before Mars, then the success of the Mars venture becomes... in content, and Mars, as well as and Mars explorations both ventures... Moon and Mars, and thedeployment of communications networks around Mars. A list of... Dual AND MARS Use Technologies Working Barney Roberts, Chair Mars Exploration Workshop....At leasttwo essentialingredientsarcrequiredto createan International Mars ExplorationProgram. First,a significant periodof time..., concerns and content Participants: • • • Mars Study Team Mars consultant Team Invited Guests... Mars Abort and Architecture 1:30 Stanford 2:00 Mars Exploration International • Habitation Mars Assessment... Workshop International Mars Study II: Objectives Cooperation Team Mars Surface Mission Mars 2008 Coordination in the Exploration Reference Mission of Mars Exploration of Mars (paper Overview Habitation Study Mars Surface Mission Life Support Mars.... 8:30 am Mars Abort and Architecture Stanford International Mars Exploration Habitation Space... the human exploration of Mars. . The latest Mars Exploration Study Workshop II.... 14. _UBJECT_RMS Space Exploration, Mars Surface, Manned Mars Missions 17. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION...



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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION Mars Climate Orbiter Arrival Press Kit... Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA Mars Climate Orbiter Mission 818/354... Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA Mars Climate Orbiter Mission 818/354... Information ………………………………….................………………....……. 5 Quick Facts …………………………………………………..................…………………....….. 6 Mars at a Glance ..........………………………………………….................………...………… 7 Historical Mars Missions .............……………………………….................………...………… 8 Mars, Water and Life... 1 2 RELEASE: NASA'S MARS CLIMATE ORBITER: FIRST MARTIAN WEATHER SATELLITE Mars Climate Orbiter... this year's Mars missions with the orbit insertion of Mars Climate Orbiter... orbit will become more circular. Mars Climate Orbiter's first assignment after... for the currently orbiting Mars Global Surveyor. Mars Climate Orbiter is managed.... Status Reports Status reports on Mars Climate Orbiter mission activities will.... Internet Information Extensive information on Mars Climate Orbiter, including an electronic... instruments: Pressure Modulator Infrared Radiometer, Mars Color Imager Power: Solar array... Model 7425 Cruise: 9-1/2 months Earth-Mars distance at launch: 158.6 million... Earth to Mars: 416 million miles (669 million km) Mars Arrival Arrival...-received time) Spacecraft passes behind Mars: 2:06 a.m. PDT (Earth-received time... time) Spacecraft reappears from behind Mars: 2:27 a.m. PDT (Earth-received time....9 million for both Mars Climate Orbiter and the Mars Polar Lander spacecraft.../62, Mars flyby, achieved Earth orbit only Mars 1, USSR, 11/1/62, Mars flyby.../4/62, Mars flyby, achieved Earth orbit only Mariner 3, U.S., 11/5/64, Mars flyby... 2, USSR, 11/30/64, Mars flyby, passed Mars but radio failed, returned..., returned 126 photos Mariner 8, U.S., 5/8/71, Mars orbiter, failed during launch Kosmos.../71, Mars lander, achieved Earth orbit only Mars 2, USSR, 5/19/71, Mars orbiter... useful data, lander destroyed Mars 3, USSR, 5/28/71, Mars orbiter/lander, arrived... photos Mars 4, USSR, 7/21/73, failed Mars orbiter, flew past Mars 2/10/74 Mars 5, USSR, 7/25/73, Mars orbiter, arrived 2/12/74, lasted a few days Mars 6, USSR, 8/5/73, Mars orbiter/lander, arrived 3/12/74, little data return Mars 7, USSR, 8/9/73, Mars orbiter/lander, arrived 3/9/74... en route to Mars Phobos 2, USSR, 7/12/88, Mars/Phobos orbiter/lander... Phobos Mars Observer, U.S., 9/25/92, lost just before Mars arrival 8/21/93 Mars Global Surveyor, U.S., 11/7/96, Mars orbiter... Mars 96, Russia, 11/16/96, orbiter and landers, launch vehicle failed Mars Pathfinder, U.S., 12/4/96, Mars... same day 8 Mars, Water and Life The planet Mars landed in the... more recent observations by Mars Pathfinder and Mars Global Surveyor that suggest... a carbonate. What is left of Mars' atmosphere today is overwhelmingly carbon... and Future Missions Mars Climate Orbiter and Mars Polar Lander are designed.... In addition, Mars Climate Orbiter and the currently orbiting Mars Global Surveyor... missions currently planned to Mars: q December 3, 1999: Mars Polar Lander sets down... will touch down near Mars' equator, carrying a spare Mars Pathfinder rover, a robotic... the initial phases of Mars exploration: q The Mars orbiters launched in 1996.... Between them, Mars Climate Orbiter and the currently orbiting Mars Global Surveyor... relay support for Mars Polar Lander. Launch and Cruise Mars Climate Orbiter... a slower speed at Mars arrival. By comparison, the Mars Pathfinder lander, which... emerges from behind Mars 2:27 a.m.: Spacecraft emerges from behind Mars, contact reestablished... Pressure Modulator Infrared Radiometer and Mars Color Imager were calibrated during... exercise. As the spacecraft neared Mars, 16 days before orbit insertion, the... by the currently orbiting Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft. Mars Climate Orbiter will... weeks before its sibling spacecraft -- Mars Polar Lander -- touches down within... of its closest approach to Mars 16 down within the planet's upper... Space Network antenna time with Mars Global Surveyor. Concurrent observations from... the planet. Lander Approach Navigation Mars Climate Orbiter's first assignment after... relay for its sibling spacecraft, Mars Polar Lander. Ground controllers will... near-simultaneous tracking of Mars Climate Orbiter and Mars Polar Lander to... late 1997 with the Mars Pathfinder and Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft, the... the planet's surface. 18 Spacecraft Mars Climate Orbiter's main structure, or...-way communications with Mars Polar Lander and future Mars landers. Power The... planet. q Search for evidence of Mars' ancient climate, which some scientists... is a sounder that will scan Mars' thin atmosphere, measuring temperatures, dust... Research Institute (IKI), Moscow, Russia. Mars Color Imager The imager combines... operated after launch by JPL’s Mars Surveyor Operations Project; Richard Cook...



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... System for Human Exploration of Mars John S. Clark, Jeffrey A. George, Michael... SYSTEM FOR HUMAN EXPLORATION OF MARS (NASA. Lewis Research Center) 17..." TRANSPORTATION FOR HUMAN EXPLORATION OF MARS A. George, Leon P. Gefert, Michael P. Doherty... related robotic cargo missions to Mars. This paper describes study, the... makers have that could make Mars exploration missions a various alternate mission... appears prudent to ensure that Mars mission plans focus on astronaut... power on the surface of Mars. The NEP development project plan... been developed for lunar and Mars surface nuclear power, and small... support a human presence on the Mars surface in 2019, as recommended... example, for a piloted mission to Mars, a number of propulsion system options... rocket (NTR) for earth departure, a Mars-capture-aerobrake, and a liquid oxygen... spend traveling between earth and Mars and returning, systems that offer... al (1993) has described several Mars exploration mission architectures, and a set... 1}dl Slagc/7 TEl St_,e -_ _m \ Mars Orbil _lll[ ........ !11 / lrartsit Ma_rs... 2-1,ev¢l _ Figure . T HUN 1. Human Milts Mars Surface Ml" - _,,rf_c Rover & Ilabita__... (50 MT cargo delivered to Mars each), including an ascent/descent... modules are delivered to the Mars surface by a nuclear thermal rocket (NTR) Trans-Mars-Injection (TMI) stage, a 29 MT Mars descent aerobrake/parachute... m/see. The crew travels to Mars in a 50 MT 2-level surface... NTR TMI stage, a Mars aerocapture aerobrake, and a Mars descent stage. The crew... structure to perform both the Mars orbit capture maneuver and initial deceleration to the Mars landing site. This aerocapmre maneuver... of this capability in the Mars atmosphere will undoubtedly be an... be accomplished with the final Mars descent stage. Estimates have ranged.... Finally, the reference "abort to Mars surface" strategy requires that redundant... thus required to stay on Mars until a rescue mission can be... (ISRU) to produce propellant for Mars ascent Mission Designed for Worst... transit times (3) autonomous landers to Mars 50 MT per land_. - LOx... (1) LOx/CH_ TEI stage to Mars Orbit - Single Transit HabRat (35... mission - Crew of six to Mars orbit - 180 day transit (zero... way - 540 day stay on Mars 225 MT HLLVs to LEO... Heliocentric Orbit, 1.2 AU Aeroeapture in Mars Orbit: (250 x 34,000 kin... 30 ° Latitude: ! 5 % Aerobrake/Parachute descent Mars Final Descent Stage: 90,000f... LOx/CH4 19 = 342 seconds Mars Ascent Stage: In-Situ Produced... Abort Strategies: Outbound: to Mars Surface At Mars: Backup Ascent Stage & Propellent... months after crew ascends to Mars orbit) STUDY The objectives of... be a viable alternative for human Mars exploration missions, (2) to develop effective... to be delivered to the Mars surface on time; Crew safety... used to replace the aerocapture Mars orbit insertion maneuver of the... km) to Mars. The NEP system propulsively brakes to Mars orbit capture... descent velocity for which the Mars descent engine is designed. The... required to stay on the Mars surface until a rescue mission can... delivers a Mars descent/ascent vehicle (without ECRV) to high Mars orbit where..., and upon arrival at high Mars orbit. In-situ resource utilization... NEP cargo missions arrive at Mars to produce return the ascent... systems deploy their cargo at Mars, the NEP module restarts and... disposal orbit between earth and Mars (1.3 AU). These systems could perform... crew on the surface of Mars. Solar flare detectors could also... module could be left in Mars at orbit as a C Few Two... crew from earth orbit to Mars on a fast trajectory. One HLLV... consumables for both transit to Mars and return to the earth... astronauts continue their journey to Mars. The relatively low mass of... to propulsively brake into a high Mars orbit (HMO). There, the crew..., and continues down to the Mars surface to conduct their expedition... transfer habitat remains in high Mars orbit until the crew completes... HLL¥" Manifests Opportunities for to Mars. llothdo: I _ 2007 _ A R_c&lJIb/A4Wlldl_om...



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... Aeronautics and Space Administration Evolvable Mars Campaign and Technology Development Jason... Architecture Development Human Journey to Mars – Thoughts on an Executable Program (JPL) Evolvable Mars Campaign 3 Design Reference Missions vs... Exploration of the Moon and Mars Na tional Ae ronaut ics... Technology developments Science discoveries Evolvable Mars Campaign • An ongoing series of... for a sustainable human presence on Mars • Builds off of previous studies....) to future capability needs 4 5 Evolvable Mars Campaign EMC Goal: Define a pioneering... a human journey to explore the Mars system starting in the mid... Analysis Performance Parameter Definition Lander Mars Ascent Vehicle Design Strategic Planning... OBJECTIVES Enabling Human Missions to Mars TRANSPORTATION WORKING IN SPACE STAYING... at least four crew on Mars-class mission durations and dormancy...: send crew and cargo on Mars-class mission durations and distances..., performance and mitigation protocols for Mars-class missions • Science: enable science... to Mars Transportation Staying Healthy Working in Space and On Mars Mission... Long Stay Cis-Mars Robotic Orbital Proving Ground Mars Operational Exploratory ISRU... and elements within the Evolvable Mars Campaign. Structures, Mechanisms, Materials and... work closely with the Evolvable Mars Campaign to coordinate capability needs... with surge to 3/year for Mars missions Commercial Launch Use commercial... t to TLI  Shroud = 5 m diameter 13 Mars Surface Habitat Common Capabilities Challenges... days (cislunar) or 1100 days (Mars vicinity) 4 Crew for 500-1100... t Live and operate on the Mars surface in 1/3 g Autonomous vehicle health... microgravity during trip to/from Mars  4 crew for up to 1,100... building block required for Mars-class habitation 14 Mars EDL Challenges Transport crew and cargo to/from Mars vicinity Provide access to Mars surface Provide transportation within the Mars...-60 t to Mars orbit Deliver crew and cargo to Mars surface  Possible... LOX/CH4 engine  Deployable/Inflatable (16-23 m) entry systems  Surface access... surface, 40-60 t arrival at Mars Mars Ascent Common Capabilities Chemical Propulsion... s Return crew and cargo from Mars surface  4 crew and 250 kg... deg latitude, 0 km MOLA to Mars parking orbit  26 t prop (20... to Mars vicinity Mars Taxi Transport crew and cargo within the Mars system... t wet mass 8 kW EOL at Mars solar power Reusable and refuelable SEP delivers cargo to Mars vicinity, and LOX/CH4 propulsion delivers crew to/from Mars vicinity     1 x 200-kW class solar... thermal rejection Flight times to Mars approx. 1,400 days 4-6 years dormant... mission time, 300 days at Mars  >16 kW thermal rejection  Ability to... performance characteristics – updated January 2015 16 Example Capability Gap Data Capture... frequency EVAs) Phobos /Mars orbit Phobos-500 days, Mars vicinity—1000 days... Mars Moon Exploration Vehicle Short duration hab pressurized logistics elements Mars Taxi Mars Pressurized Logistics Elements Initial shortduration habitat Mars Ascent... (ICH) Mars Surface Rover Mars Crew Lander Phobos Exploration Vehicle (PEV) Mars Ascent...&E MAV Crew Taxi Mars Rover Mars Moon Exploration Vehicle Mars Pressurized Logistics Initial... 14 H Class (9) Apollo 15 Apollo 16 Apollo 17 Extended engine bell... can we maximize commonality across Mars ascent, Mars vicinity taxi, exploration vehicle... Rules and Assumptions Heritage Mars rover definition Mars moon exploration vehicle definition... Hab definition Initial Hab and Mars Pressurized Logistics AES Habitation team... Evolution Split SEP / Chemical OR Mars-Class Mission SEP Validation Hybrid... Low Earth Orbit Habitation Development Mars-Class Mission Habitation Validation Modular... scenarios as needed • Habitation –AES Mars Habitat driven design (definition of... and assessment –Provide Mars Moon SKGs for Mars Orbiter/moon pre-cursor... tele-operations for Mars Moons and for Mars surface via Mars moons. Link... in cis-lunar and ISS • Mars Surface Pioneering –Develop Surface strategy... layout beyond initial boots on Mars that leads to Earth Independence..., proceeding to the Mars vicinity and ultimately the Mars surface will be... 31 Summary • The Journey to Mars requires a resilient architecture that can... and long term. • The Evolvable Mars Campaign: - Informs the agency choices...