Спутник связи. Molniya 1-92. [Редактировать]

2 апреля 2003 года в 01:53 UTC (05:53 мск) с 1-го Государственного космодрома Министерства обороны РФ «Плесецк» боевыми расчетами Космических войск РФ осуществлен пуск ракеты-носителя «Молния-М», которая вывела в космос спутник связи «Молния-1-92» (27707 / 2003 011А). Старт прошел в штатном режиме.
Отделение космического аппарата проходило вне зоны радиовидимости наземного измерительного комплекса. После вхождения в зону радиовидимости было получено подтверждение об успешном отделении космического аппарата в расчетное время - 02:50 UTC (06:50 мск) - от четвертой ступени ракеты-носителя. По сообщению пресс-службы КВ РФ, в 03:38 UTC (07:38 мск) спутник был взят на управление Космическими войсками, с ним установлена и поддерживается устойчивая телеметрическая связь.
По данным западных средств массовой информации, спутник создан специалистами НПО прикладной механики на базе платформыКАУР-2. Его масса - 1660 кг.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
127707НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
2Страна оператор(владелец) - Россия
3Страна производитель - Россия
4Все спутники связи

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг1600
2Платформа, КАУР-21

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата (сведения с орбиты)2013-05-27

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2003-011A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2003-04-02 at 01:53:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xMolniya 1-92
3Ракета-носитель 1xМолния М

Найдено 187 документов по запросу «Molniya 1-92». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-03-18
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... = 0.27 Molniya 1-4 1500 km – 40,000 km 2.0 In highly elliptical molniya orbit... in very elliptical orbits, called “Molniya” orbits. Their satellites pass close... whipping past the earth. Three Molniya Satellites, taking turns at farthest... period. The figure below shows a Molniya orbit and a geosynchronous (also called... from Earth’s Surface = 36000km Radiostat Molniya 1-4 Distance from Earth’s Surface = 24000km...”; Eccentricity = 0.27 In highly elliptical molniya orbit. Responsible for military and... differences in orbital speed. Russian Molniya Satellites (used in communications) orbit... whipping past the earth. Three Molniya Satellites, taking turns at farthest... RadioStat 1-4 0.27 42000 22680 77000 Molniya 1-4 0.70 27000 38000 92000 0 42000...



Дата загрузки: 2016-12-24
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... scries. T b r t t types (Mrjlaiya 1. Molniya. 2, nnd the new Molniya 3 ] art hi rrlgh-flltihide...; They use low-altitude orbJtJ, 3 Molniya 1 3 54. Between now and 1865... ajiea coverage, more frequent coverage Molniya B spacecraft. The tiata routinely relayed... Cuba. Poland, CzetiiDslovaliU, and Mongolia. Molniya 3 65, In late 1 9 H . the Soviet... first of * new type of Molniya satellite—Molniya 3, Only one Other has... tie other two types oF Molniya. Although we are not ytt... the MolnEya t. W e have not seen Molniya 3 spacecraft used operationally, although the... the US-Soviet Houme. TOJI E c — t - Molniya I S CS, There are also two... the availability of a multf-uter Molniya which w£U pennf! direct twoway traffic...'s dependence nn all of the Molniya spacecraft today to be low... their capabilities from lass of Molniya cornmunicatEocs will rise to a moderate... Salytrt 3 spacecraft. all of die Molniya comnruDdearJorrt relay satellites, and spacecraft...



Дата загрузки: 2016-12-24
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FLIGHT International, 16 January 1975 79 A PATTERN OF MOLNIYAS HELIOS A N D S Y M P H O N I E BULLETIN Europe's two most recent experimental spacecraft continue to function nearly perfectly. The German-US Helios flight has experienced only one minor difficulty, the antenna for experiment No 5, the plasma and radio wave investigation being conducted by the Universities of Iowa and Minneapolis, having failed to extend fully. As a result, although data arc being received it is proving difficult to assess their reliability. The Franco-German Symphonie, Europe's first communications satellite, is described by officials of main contractor MBB as working "110 per cent" perfectly. The first transmission of pictures relayed by the satellite between the two terminals at Raisting in West Germany and PleumeurBodou in France took place on December 30. They were found to have suffered no loss of quality whatever when compared with the originals. In the meantime, the second Symphonie flight model will have completed integration in eight weeks' time but a launch date has yet to be fixed. MBB is confident that the satellite will in fact be launched. The company says that the French and German Governments are "not averse" to the launch, although they assert that there are "other European interests" to be considered. The present system of Russian communication satellites, according to P. J. Perkins and G. E. Perry of Kettering Grammar School, consists of four pairs of active Molniya 1 and Molniya 2 satellites circling the Earth in orbital planes spaced at 90° intervals. The close proximity of each member of a pair can be seen from the table below which, based on data from the Goddard Space Flight Centre, gives the predicted times and longitudes of passage through the ascending node (the longitude at which a satellite, travelling north in its orbit, intersects the plane of the equator) for October 4 last year. The table also shows that the ascending nodes are situated close to 63°E, which gives the best pass over the Soviet Union. Since each Molniya has a 12hr orbit, the next pass takes place over North America. Only a part of this orbit, near apogee, is visible over the pole from the USSR. Satellite 7th 27th 26th 8th 10th 24th 25th 9th Time, GMT Molniya2 Molniya 1 Molniya 1 Molniya 2 Molniya 2 Molniya 1 Molniya 1 Molniya 2 0014 0051 0608 0610 1203 1208 1815 1830 L o n g i t u d e of ascending nod 63-6°E 59-6°E 64-1°E 63-5°E 63-9°E 63-9°E 61-8'E 61-0°E A simple method of monitoring the status of the system is to plot the right ascensions of the ascending nodes (that is, the position of these nodes relative to the "lines of longitude" on the unchanging celestial sphere rather than the moving system of Earth longitudes) against time. 25ih'Mplriya1 -27thMolniya1 10th IMoIniya 2-*-: 9ihtutolmya 2 — : teuill Operational Molniya 1 Previous Molniya 1 Operational Molniya 2 Recent repla 90 180 270 Right ascension, degrees This graph shows how pairs of Molniya I and 2 satellites circle the Earth together in orbital planes separated by 90°. Right ascension is the astronomer's way of expressing the longitude of stars and other celestial bodies relative to the fixed background of the sky. The orbital planes rotate at the rate of about \° a day so as to maintain stationary ground tracks over the Earth throughout the year, thus providing predictable communication coverage over Russia These show that on October 4 the operational Molniya 1 satellites were the 27th, 26th, 24th and 25th in the series, these having superseded the 22nd, 23rd, 19th and 21st respectively. In recent weeks the 26th Molniya 1 has been replaced by the 28th Molniya 1 which, together with the 8th Molniya 2, has been joined by the first Molniya 3. On December 21 the 11th Molniya 2 replaced the 7th Molniya 2.



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-09
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... Orbits by Eccentricity Polar Elliptical / Molniya Circular Equatorial (c) 2007, Carlo Kopp...) or Molniya orbit, named after the Soviet Molniya communications SVs. Molniya orbits see... portion. The Soviets devised the Molniya with an apogee above the... Satellite Data Relay system uses Molniya category elliptical orbits. A capability that... Advanced Polar System (APS) in Molniya orbits, which are to provide...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-10
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... inclined geosynchronous orbits (IGSO) or Molniya orbits, with the idea of... over each service area. The Molniya constellation would be global, composed... three 6,000-kilometer areas is a Molniya constellation consisting of nine satellites... and launching costs of additional Molniya and GEO satellites need to... by the Galileo MEO plus Molniya constellation (Case 9). However, this solution... 6000 km (3 areas) 27 – Galileo + 9-Molniya Yes, 2 SC at 1/3 and 2/3 longitude... 1500 km diameter) 27 - Galileo + 9 Molniya No 4 10 1.8 1.6 10. PRS-C (2 Areas...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-30
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... a classified-host satellite in a Molniya orbit. A Molniya elliptical orbit allows the satellite... Classified-Host UFO/EE Satellite Molniya (elliptical) Locations Orbit (twice a day... PEP payload is placed in a Molniya orbit, which is characterized (approximately... could operate with a payload in a Molniya orbit. To operate with PEP... modified to accommodate the following: • Molniya orbital tracking (i.e., ephemeris format changes...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-18
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... 10 - 2 Iridium 11 - 2 Russia-Baikonur Molniya MLV Tskylon MLV 1 Russia-Cosmos... 2340 1 Russia-Cosmos 2342 1 Russia-Molniya 2 Russia-Cosmos 2 Russia-Cosmos HLV... 1 India-IRS P4 1 India-Domestic Molniya Soyuz Start Tskylon MLV INDIA... 1 Russia-Buran MLV 1 Russia-Domestic Molniya 1 Rockot 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 Russia-Domestic 0 0 0 0 0 1 0.1 2 0 0 4 0.4 0 0 1 0.1 8 113 11... 10 Russia-Domestic 1 Russia-Domestic Molniya 10 MLV 10 Russia-Domestic... 2340 1 Russia-Cosmos 2342 1 Russia-Molniya 10 9 Russia-Cosmos 2337-9/3 Gonets...



Дата загрузки: 2016-12-29
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... "Molniya" which was updated in 1965. In that very year the "Molniya... station was launched. Later the "Molniya-M" rocket was widely used for... of the "Venera" series and "Molniya"-type communication satellites. Since the... carrier rockets of the "Vostok", "Molniya" and "Soyuz" types. The resources... of carrier rockets "Vostok", "Voskhod", "Molniya" and "Soyuz" including the launch... vehicles "Luna", "Venera", "Mars", "Zond", "Molniya", "Polyot", "Cosmos", orbital stations "Salyut...



Дата загрузки: 2016-12-24
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... fmal stage. This booster, named Molniya by the Russians, was designated... planetary missions, second-generation Lunas, Molniya comsats, and early-warning satellites... Molniya booster launch from Plesetsk. Since the late '80s, a decline in Molniya...-1 2/D- l -E/Proton 4. On 6 October 1964, a modified Molniya booster orbited Cosmos 47, a Voskhod... A-2 by the Loe , deletes the Molniya final stage, and has orbited... SL-4 launch rate . The Vostok, Molniya, and Soyuz versions of Semyorka... by 10 % . For launches to " Molniya" orbits or lunar/planetary missions...



Дата загрузки: 2016-12-29
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... marketing the Soyuz. with the Molniya. under the name Starsem. planned... the Molniya. First launch 1998. from SpacePort Canada, Manitoba in 1998. MOLNIYA M SL-6 1,600kg to Molniya 269 successful START 675kg... payloads None. National launches of Molniya comunications and Cosmos early-warning... by Starsem (see above) Notes Molniya will be replaced by the...