Спутник связи. Molniya 1-T. [Редактировать]

2 апреля 2003 года в 01:53 UTC (05:53 мск) с 1-го Государственного космодрома Министерства обороны РФ «Плесецк» боевыми расчетами Космических войск РФ осуществлен пуск ракеты-носителя «Молния-М», которая вывела в космос спутник связи «Молния-1-92» (27707 / 2003 011А). Старт прошел в штатном режиме. Отделение космического аппарата проходило вне зоны радиовидимости наземного измерительного комплекса. После вхождения в зону радиовидимости было получено подтверждение об успешном отделении космического аппарата в расчетное время - 02:50 UTC (06:50 мск) - от четвертой ступени ракеты-носителя. По сообщению пресс-службы КВ РФ, в 03:38 UTC (07:38 мск) спутник был взят на управление Космическими войсками, с ним установлена и поддерживается устойчивая телеметрическая связь. По данным западных средств массовой информации, спутник создан специалистами НПО прикладной механики на базе платформыКАУР-2. Его масса - 1660 кг.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1Cosmos 2405НайтиНайти
228163НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна производитель - Россия
2Страна оператор(владелец) - Россия
3Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
4Все спутники связи

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг1600
2Платформа, КАУР-21

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град64.5
2Апогей, км39590.3
3Апогей, км39596.7
4Перигей, км772.3
5Перигей, км765.8
6Период, минут717.7
7Период, минут717.6
8Длинный диаметр эллипса, км26552

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2004-005A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2004-02-18 at 07:05:55 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xMolniya 1-T
3Ракета-носитель 1xМолния М

Найдено 329 документов по запросу «Molniya 1-T». [Перейти к поиску]


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... Meteor weather satellites were the Molniya communications satellites and two small... as Pchela and Strela. While Molniya went to OKB-1, the Meteor... would also take over the Molniya programme from OKB-1 and it... in the United States. The Molniya communications satellite programme evolved along...]. 8.2 Molniya Weather cameras are known to have been flown on several Molniya... such images were made by Molniya 1-3 on 18 May 1966, well.... One source claims that the Molniya pictures were not only used... installation of these cameras on Molniya, because some feared that they... remove the cameras from subsequent Molniya satellites [38]. 8.3 DS-MO Also... also built gyroscopes for the Molniya communications satellites and much later... overseeing test flights of the Molniya communications satellites. Among the members..., “The Early Years of the Molniya Program”, Quest, 6, pp.28-36..., 54, pp.344-346, 2001. “Molniya Communications Satellite Transmits an Image... Catalog cameras were flown on Molniya 1-3 to Molniya 1-10, but this is...



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... the major systems (Gorizont, Ekran, Molniya, and Raduga) from 17 geographic... Satellite, communications, Russian, Gorizont, Ekran, Molniya, Raduga. 15. NUMBER OF 79... the major systems (Gorizont, Ekran, Molniya and Raduga) from 16 geographic... RUSSIAN SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS ............................ 1 1 3 II. THE MOLNIYA SYSTEM .................................................... A. BACKGROUND AND DEVELOPMENT ................... B . M O LN... the major constellations (Gorizont, Raduga, Molniya, and Ekran) will be conducted... the Soviets launching Molniya 2 in November 1957 and Molniya 3 in May of... Union at the time of Molniya covered 8,650,010 square miles... identified as Molniya 1-01 (NORAD 1965 030A). Known as the "Molniya orbit... apart as Vladivostok and Moscow. Molniya 1-01 decayed from orbit on... to stay afloat. 6 II. THE MOLNIYA SYSTEM A. BACKGROUND AND DEVELOPMENT The... is the Molniya system. The inauguration of the unique Molniya orbit and... provide continuous 24-hour coverage. Molniya 1-1 was launched on April 23...-to-Vladivostok television transmissions. The Molniya constellation utilizes the Orbita ground... providing 480 duplex channels. The Molniya system proved effective in deterring... satellites each normally comprise the Molniya constellation. Initially, the satellites were... 1969, with the launch of Molniya 1-11, the spacing was reduced..., thereby increasing the number of Molniya above the horizon at any... vice 41 o) two. (Wilson, 1992 p. B. MOLNIYA 1 Molniya 1 satellites (Figure 2-1), in use since... was the foundation of the Molniya 1 system. The spacecraft are equipped... approximately 4050 thousand hours. Figure 2-1 Molniya 1 Spacecraft 1oh,,. 41 19I.p. ) Each... using the first generation of Molniya spacecraft? Although it is 1960...-shelf technology. C. MOLNIYA 2 With the launch of the first Molniya 2 (1971-100A... possibly improvements in the Molniya system began. The Molniya 2 appeared to have... size and configuration over the Molniya 1. The new three-section panel... the Molniya l's two-section arrays of the first generation Molniya. With the Molniya....(Joh•n' 19M. p23) That the Molniya 2 series was experimental is apparent... duration of use. The first Molniya was launched on November 24... launched on February 11, 1977. D. MOLNIYA 3 The Molniya 3 spacecraft (Figure 2-2) exhibits the... as its experimental predecessor, the Molniya 2. The first of the seemingly... the Molniya 1 and 2 could only broadcast in black and white. Figure 2-2. Molniya... constellation of Molniya 3s was complete in 1975, the Molniya system consisted... time during the 1980's the Molniya 3 constellation was utilized as the... via Molniya 3. The U.S. end of the Molniya 3 transmission is received at a Molniya station.... IV- Ho-. p. 79 ) Although the Molniya 3 system was intended to be... eight satellites in the 1980's. Molniya 3s handle a major portion of... classical elements for the current Molniya constellation. This table is current... the analysis results for the Molniya satellites. An "M" indicates that the... expected from the highly elliptical Molniya orbit, availability was greatest in.... Notable exceptions to calling the Molniya system universally available are Dunedin... U.S. relay satel- 13 lites, the Molniya constellation could be considered a reliable... hemisphere. TABLE 2.1 MOLNIYA CLASSICAL ELEMENTS (NASA SATELLITE SITUATION REPORT) Molniya Molniya Molniya Molniya Molniya Molniya 1-85 1-86... 437 356 744 511 TABLE 2.2 MOLNIYA ANALYSIS RESULTS Molni .5M .12... receiving end of 18 Russia's Molniya broadcasting satellite, when searching for...



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... elliptical orbits,3 such as the Molniya or Tundra orbits, we use... and therefore not geostationary. For Molniya-type orbits, the term THEO... in a series is denoted by -n (e.g., Molniya-n). Launch dates are given up...-12), launched in 1996 on a Molniya orbit. In each case, the... Example 4.6). Although Russia generally prefers Molniya orbits to equatorial orbits, it..., with centimetre resolution,52 in Molniya orbit, refuelled by the Space... and Ground Track of a Satellite Molniya Orbit - ref.: Earth Equiv. altit...: 60.00 ° Apogee: 67.06 ° Molniya Orbit (Celestial ref.) [Galilean] Equiv...-C1 Figure 5.14. Orbit of a Molniya satellite, over 1 day (2 revolutions). Upper... frame) 5.4 Classifying Satellites by Mission Molniya Ellipt. orbit - Gr. track Equiv...: 60.71 ° Apogee: 67.24 ° Molniya Ellipt. orbit - Gr. track Equiv... of the (HEO) orbit of a Molniya satellite, with two different... Soviet then Russian satellites, the Molniya orbit (meaning ‘lightning’), since Kosmos... for Molniya-1, from Molniya-1-01 in 1965 to Molniya-1-91 in 1998, then Molniya-1-92 in 2003 and Molniya-1-93 (Kosmos-2405) in 2004, 17 for Molniya-2, from Molniya-2-01 in 1971 to Molniya-2-17 in 1977, 53 for the present series Molniya-3, from Molniya-3-01 in 1974 to Molniya-3-53 in...-21) in 1987, are in Molniya orbit. The Tundra and Supertundra... is not so for the Molniya orbits, where satellites cross this... are the characteristics of several Molniya orbits with the launch date... in km, angle in degrees): Molniya-1-01 (23 April 1965) [538.../65.0], Molniya-3-01 (21 March 1974) [250/40095/64.1], Molniya-3-50 (8 July 1999) [464/39889/62.8], Molniya-3-51 (20 July 2001) [407/40831/62.9], Molniya-3-52 (25 October 2001) [615/40658/62.9], Molniya-3-53 (19 June 2003) [637/39709/62.8], Molniya-1-93 (18... Fig. 5.18). As in the Molniya case, the VIRGO constellation is... in Nearby Stars) is on a Molniya orbit. The French satellite Corot... Oko series (‘eye’) are in Molniya orbit, from Kosmos-520 in... 1994 and 1997. They follow Molniya orbits with apogee over Russia... the SDS satellites, also in Molniya orbit. Mercury-1 (USA-105 or... . (5.43) 5.6 Appendix: Satellite Visibility Time Molniya Elliptical orbit - Ground track Equiv... ° Figure 5.24. Ground tracks. Upper : Molniya orbit. Lower : Supertundra orbit 254... time for HEO satellites. For a (Molniya-type) HEO satellite, we have... observe that, although the name Molniya, lightning, suggests speed, it is...



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... B. GEOSYNCHRONOUS C. TWENTY-FOUR HOUR MOLNIYA D. TWELVE-HOUR MOLNIYA E. GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM F. LOW... Integration Center looked carefully at Molniya, Geosynchronous, Low Earth and Global... areas. to inclined eccentric geosynchronous. Molniya orbits Additionally, and the two... 22767 0 Yes 24 HR MOLNIYA 12 HR MOLNIYA 63.4350 63.4350... in Table V-2. C. TWENTY-FOUR HOUR MOLNIYA Orbital perturbations Earth's oblateness. occur... this inclination are known as Molniya orbits. value of the critical... is 63.4350 [Ref 7]. hour Molniya Figure V-3 orbit delivers a closed depicts... longitudes. Instead, the Molniya 0 0p Figure V-3 24-Hour Molniya Groundtrack track covers... Molniya orbital elements. Figure V-4 24-Hour Molniya Coverage Visibility TABLE V-3 24-HOUR MOLNIYA....0 degrees TWELVE HOUR MOLNIYA Figure V-5 portrays the twelve hour Molniya orbit. The... periods 44 .. " .. .....°.......................... .... Figure V-5 12-Hour Molniya Groundtrack occur, one over Iceland... twelve and twenty four hour Molniya orbit. Note that the twelve... Figure V-6 12-Hour/24-Hour Molniya Orbit Figure V-7 constrains the elevation... twelve hour Molniya orbital elements [Ref 7]. TABLE V-4 12-HOUR MOLNIYA ORBITAL ELEMENTS... polar or azimuth-elevation. For Molniya orbits, the angular and Doppler...-03 4.02E-M3 12 Hr Molniya 10 20 19.25 19... the Molniya of blocks to have communication The connectivity. twelve hour Molniya...



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... the US and known as ‘Molniya’, is a 4-stage version of the... launch Sputnik-1, the USSR R7 Molniya lunar and planetary launch vehicle... Saturn V. From left to right: Molniya, Proton-D, N-1, and Saturn V. 3. People and...] E-6 No. 2 lander USSR 4 Jan 1963 Molniya Luna class probe. Fourth stage...] E-6 No. 3 lander USSR 3 Feb 1963 Molniya Luna class probe. Did not...). Luna 4 lander USSR 2 April 1963 Molniya Spacecraft navigation system malfunctioned enroute.... 6 lander USSR 21 Mar 1964 Molniya Luna class probe. Third stage.... 5 lander USSR 20 Apr 1964 Molniya Luna class probe. Power was... lander USSR 12 Mar 1965 Molniya Luna class probe. Fourth stage.... 8 lander USSR 10 Apr 1965 Molniya Luna class probe. Third stage...). Luna 5 lander USSR 9 May 1965 Molniya Major errors in navigation and...). Luna 6 lander USSR 8 Jun 1965 Molniya Mid-course maneuver failed due... 3 flyby USSR 18 Jul 1965 Molniya Flew past the Moon at... Luna 7 lander USSR 4 Oct 1965 Molniya First launch attempt on 4 Sep...). Luna 8 lander USSR 3 Dec 1965 Molniya Attitude control system failed just... 9 lander USSR 31 Jan 1966 Molniya First successful lunar lander and... 111 orbiter USSR 1 Mar 1966 Molniya Luna class lander modified for... orbiter USSR 31 Mar 1966 Molniya Luna class lander modified for... orbiter USSR 24 Aug 1966 Molniya Luna class spacecraft modified for... orbiter USSR 22 Oct 1966 Molniya Luna class spacecraft modified for... lander USSR 21 Dec 1966 Molniya Second soft lander with more... orbiter USSR 16 May 1967 Molniya Second modification of the luna.... 112 orbiter USSR 7 Feb 1968 Molniya Identical to Luna 14. Third... 14 orbiter USSR 7 Apr 1968 Molniya Entered orbit on 10 Apr... No. 1 probe USSR 4 Feb 1961 Molniya Identical to the Venera 1 spacecraft... 1 probe USSR 12 Feb 1961 Molniya Communication failed in transit due... probe USSR 25 Aug 1962 Molniya A new modular spacecraft design for.../surf probe USSR 1 Sept 1962 Molniya Carried a pennant in an entry.... 1 flyby USSR 12 Sept 1962 Molniya Photo-flyby mission. Stranded in... mission USSR 19 Feb 1964 Molniya Test launch of an improved... probe USSR 27 Mar 1964 Molniya Stranded in low Earth orbit.../surf probe USSR 2 Apr 1964 Molniya Spacecraft flew toward Venus, but... 2 flyby USSR 12 Nov 1965 Molniya Flew by Venus at 23... probe USSR 16 Nov 1965 Molniya Communications failed 17 days before... flyby USSR 23 Nov 1965 Molniya Failed to depart from low... probe USSR 12 Jun 1967 Molniya Full responsibility for planetary missions... probe USSR 17 Jun 1967 Molniya Same design and science as.../surf probe USSR 5 Jan 1969 Molniya Successful atmospheric probe, entered the... probe USSR 10 Jan 1969 Molniya Same design and science as... probe USSR 17 Aug 1970 Molniya First successful planetary lander on... depart from low Earth orbit. Molniya 1972 (Celestial Window No. 8) Venera... probe USSR 27 Mar 1972 Molniya Landed 22 Jul 1972 on... probe USSR 31 Mar 1972 Molniya Same design and science as.... 1 flyby USSR 10 Oct 1960 Molniya Did not achieve Earth orbit.... 2 flyby USSR 14 Oct 1960 Molniya Did not achieve Earth orbit.... 3 flyby USSR 24 Oct 1962 Molniya Failed to depart from low...). Mars 1 flyby USSR 1 Nov 1962 Molniya Photo-flyby mission. First mission...-3 No. 1 probe USSR 4 Nov 1962 Molniya Failed to depart from low... mission USSR 11 Nov 1963 Molniya Test launch of a new spacecraft... 2 flyby USSR 30 Nov 1964 Molniya Photo-flyby mission. Communications failed... mission USSR 18 Jul 1965 Molniya Test mission using a spacecraft identical... third stage of the new Molniya launch vehicle failed both times... the 4th stage of the Molniya. The US took much longer... Codes: R7E: Luna; R7M: Molniya; R7M : Molniya modified for spacecraft control of...



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... 04 SNAPSHOT INTELSAT 1 F-1 ¿? COSMOS 0065 MOLNIYA-1-01 KH 7-17 KH 7-17... COSMOS 0180 INTELSAT 2 F-4 SOYUZ 7KL1 MOLNIYA-1-06 DMSP BLOCK-4A F10... 0228 COSMOS 0229 EXPLORER 38 MOLNIYA-1-09 COSMOS 0230 COSMOS 0231... 0276 COSMOS 0277 COSMOS 0278 MOLNIYA-1-11 CANYON 2 NIMBUS 03 SECOR... BIOSATELLITE 3 STV 2 N-1 5L COSMOS 0289 MOLNIYA-1-12 COSMOS 0290 DMSP BLOCK... RHYOLITE 1 METEOR 1-05 KH 8-27 MOLNIYA-1-14 COSMOS 0350 COSMOS 0351... 0387 COSMOS 0388 COSMOS 0389 MOLNIYA-1-17 COSMOS 0390 COSMOS 0391... 1-09 COSMOS 0429 COSMOS 0430 MOLNIYA-1-18 COSMOS 0431 COSMOS 0432... 0455 COSMOS 0456 COSMOS 0457 MOLNIYA-2-01 COSMOS 0458 COSMOS 0459... COSMOS 0467 COSMOS 0468 INTELSAT 4 F-3 MOLNIYA-1-19 COSMOS 0469 AUREOLE 1 COSMOS... 0481 METEOR 1-11 COSMOS 0483 MOLNIYA-1-20 SRET 1 COSMOS 0484 INTERCOSMOS... 0520 EXPLORER 47 COSMOS 0521 MOLNIYA-2-03 RADCAT RADSAT COSMOS 0522... COSMOS 0537 INTERCOSMOS 08 MOLNIYA-1-22 NIMBUS 05 MOLNIYA-2-04 COSMOS 0538... METEOR 1-14 COSMOS 0552 SALYUT 2 MOLNIYA-2-05 COSMOS 0553 INTERCOSMOS 09... INTELSAT 4 F-7 COSMOS 0581 COSMOS 0582 MOLNIYA-1-24 COSMOS 0583 COSMOS 0584... 0599 COSMOS 0600 COSMOS 0601 MOLNIYA-2-07 COSMOS 0602 EXPLORER 50... 0610 COSMOS 0611 COSMOS 0612 MOLNIYA-1-26 COSMOS 0613 COSMOS 0614... 0623 COSMOS 0624 COSMOS 0625 MOLNIYA-2-08 AUREOLE 2 COSMOS 0626 COSMOS... 1 AEROS 2 MOLNIYA-2-10 COSMOS 0667 COSMOS 0668 COSMOS 0669 MOLNIYA-1-S COSMOS 0670... COSMOS 0694 COSMOS 0695 INTELSAT 4 F-8 MOLNIYA 3-01 SKYNET 2B COSMOS 0696... METEOR 1-20 SYMPHONIE A COSMOS 0698 MOLNIYA-2-11 COSMOS 0699 COSMOS 0700... 0705 COSMOS 0706 COSMOS 0707 MOLNIYA-2-12 SMS 2 STARLETTE COSMOS 0708... ARYABHATA COSMOS 0729 COSMOS 0730 MOLNIYA-1-29 ANIK A3 EXPLORER 53... SYMPHONIE B COSMOS 0757 MOLNIYA-1-31 COSMOS 0758 KIKU 1 MOLNIYA-2-14 COSMOS 0759... 2 COSMOS 0786 MOLNIYA-2-15 PROGNOZ 04 RADUGA 1 METEOR 1-23 MOLNIYA 3-04 COSMOS...ón Militar Comunicaciones 32 COSMOS 0789 MOLNIYA 1-32 COSMOS 0790 COSMOS 0791... 1 COSMOS 0805 ISS 1 COSMOS 0806 MOLNIYA 1-33 COSMOS 0807 LES 8 LES... NOSS 01 LAGEOS 1 COSMOS 0817 MOLNIYA 3-05 COMSTAR 1 METEOR 1-25 COSMOS... COSMOS 0843 COMSTAR 2 COSMOS 0844 MOLNIYA 1-35 INTERCOSMOS 16 COSMOS 0845... 0891 IMEWS 07 COSMOS 0892 MOLNIYA-2-17 COSMOS 0893 TANSEI-3 COSMOS... COSMOS 0946 SIRIO 1 COSMOS 0947 MOLNIYA 1-38 COSMOS 0948 COSMOS 0949... 1 ISEE 2 COSMOS 0960 COSMOS 0961 MOLNIYA 3-08 TRANSAT COSMOS 0962 METEOSAT... 3 COSMOS 1026 PROGRESS 02 GEOS B MOLNIYA 1-41 RADUGA 4 COSMOS 1027 SDS... 1070 COSMOS 1071 COSMOS 1072 MOLNIYA 3-11 METEOR 1-29 SCATHA COSMOS... 1103 COSMOS 1104 ARIEL 6 AMS 4 MOLNIYA 3-12 SOYUZ 34 BHASKARA 1 COSMOS... COSMOS 1117 SJ COSMOS 1118 MOLNIYA 1-44 COSMOS 1119 WESTAR 3 COSMOS... 03 COSMOS 1148 COSMOS 1149 MOLNIYA 1-46 COSMOS 1150 FLTSATCOM 3 COSMOS... Militar Recursos terrestres Militar 42 MOLNIYA 1-47 COSMOS 1189 PROGRESS 10... COSMOS 1220 COSMOS 1221 SBS 1 MOLNIYA 1-48 COSMOS 1222 COSMOS 1223... EKRAN 6 COSMOS 1236 COSMOS 1237 MOLNIYA 3-14 COSMOS 1238 COSMOS 1239...-IK 1 PROGRESS 12 COSMOS 1242 MOLNIYA 1-49 COSMOS 1243 INTERCOSMOS 21... COSMOS 1259 RADUGA 8 COSMOS 1260 MOLNIYA 3-15 YANTAR 2K COSMOS 1261... otras aplicaciones Militar Militar 44 MOLNIYA 3-16 COSMOS 1276 COSMOS 1277... 1316 MOLNIYA 3-17 CHALET 3 COSMOS 1317 COSMOS 1318 COSMOS 1319 MOLNIYA 1-51... COSMOS 1330 CAT 2 CAT 4 MARECS-A MOLNIYA 1-52 COSMOS 1331 COSMOS 1332... COSMOS 1339 COSMOS 1340 WESTAR 4 MOLNIYA 1-53 COSMOS 1341 INTELSAT 5 F-4 COSMOS... PROGRESS 14 COSMOS 1387 LANDSAT 4 MOLNIYA 1-55 COSMOS 1388 COSMOS 1389... 1443 COSMOS 1444 MOLNIYA 3-20 EKRAN 10 COSMOS 1445 MOLNIYA 1-56 COSMOS... COSMOS 1698 MOLNIYA 1-65 METEOR 3-01 COSMOS 1699 COSMOS 1700 MOLNIYA 1-66... 1739 COSMOS 1740 KH 9-20 MOLNIYA 3-28 SSF-D- 6 COSMOS 1741 PROGRESS... 1784 STRELA 3-5/10 COSMOS 1785 MOLNIYA 3-30 COSMOS 1786 COSMOS 1787... COSMOS 1922 STTW 2 COSMOS 1923 MOLNIYA 1-71 SPACENET 3R TELECOM 1C...ífico De otras aplicaciones 61 MOLNIYA 1-74 COSMOS 1986 COSMOS 1987... COSMOS 2044 COSMOS 2045 FLTSATCOM 8 MOLNIYA 1-76 COSMOS 2046 GORIZONT 19... COSMOS 2050 COSMOS 2051 QUANT 2 MOLNIYA 3-36 COSMOS 2052 GRANAT 05...-1 QQW-2 RESURS F-09 COSMOS 2100 MOLNIYA 3-39 PROGRESS M-05 METEOR 2-20... 2 NADEZHDA 3 COSMOS 2137 PROGRESS M-07 MOLNIYA 3-40 COSMOS 2138 16.10... OKEAN 3 COSMOS 2150 COSMOS 2151 MOLNIYA 1-81 RESURS F-11 REX 1 GORIZONT... 22 SARA TUBSAT A RESURS F-12 MOLNIYA 1-82 INTELSAT 6 F-5 METEOR 3-05 PROGRESS... FSW 14 FOTON 8 DFS 3 KOPERNIKUS MOLNIYA 3-42 COSMOS 2211 COSMOS 2212... 2240 COSMOS 2241 COSMOS 2242 MOLNIYA 3-44 ALEXIS-1 COSMOS 2243 COSMOS... 24 RESURS F-17 PROGRESS M-18 MOLNIYA 1-86 GORIZONT 27a COSMOS 2251... NATO 4-B TELSTAR 401 DBS 1 THAICOM 1 MOLNIYA 1-87 GALS-1 EUTELSAT 2F5 TURKSAT... 2287 COSMOS 2288 COSMOS 2289 MOLNIYA 3-A PROGRESS M-24 COSMOS 2290 USA... INTERBOL-1 MAGION 4 PANAMSAT 4A KOREASAT 1 MOLNIYA 3-B GEMSTAR 1 JCSAT 3 N-STAR A COSMOS 2319... 75 ITALSAT F2 TELECOM 2D MOLNIYA 1-89 ADEOS 1 JAS-2 ZHONGXING 7 FAST... FAISAT 2 INTELSAT 803 COSMOS 2346 MOLNIYA 1-90 IRIDIUM 19 IRIDIUM 34... FM26 ORBCOMM FM27 ORBCOMM-FM28 MOLNIYA 1-91 STEX EUTELSAT W2 SIRIUS... 1H QUICKSCAT FUSE RADUGA G-45 MOLNIYA 3-63 GLOBALSTAR MO30 GLOBALSTAR MO32... DIRECTV 8 FOTON 14 PROGRESS M-53 MOLNIYA 3K COSMOS-1 IA 8 EKSPRESS AM...



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... TIROS N NIMBUS 7 R/B NOAA 6 METEOR 2-7 METEOR 2-7 R/B MOLNIYA 3-16 R/B NOAA 7 OSCAR 30 COSMOS... orbits near 63 degrees inclination (Molniya-type) are traditionally low, in... 24 0 260 200 65.1 PROPULSION MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE ATLAS CENTAUR 2 1963...-81 8 8 13795 605 62.8 PROPULSION MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE COSMOS 1306 1981... 29 0 425 235 62.9 PROPULSION MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE ASTRON ULLAGE MOTOR... 24 0 260 200 65.1 PROPULSION MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE ATLAS CENTAUR 2 1963....0 UNKNOWN 750 445 65.0 UNKNOWN MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE COSMOS 1220 1980... 29 0 425 235 62.9 PROPULSION MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE COSMOS 1217 1980... of the Molniya third stage since 25 August 1962. No Molniya orbital... was probably the fully-fueled Molniya final stage. REFERENCE DOCUMENT History... to experience a fragmentation. After entering a Molniya-type transfer orbit on 6 September... experience a fragmentation. After insertion into a Molniya-type transfer orbit on 28... APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Molniya Final Stage CIS 11.36... from a LEO parking orbit to a Molniya-type orbit. The maneuver was... APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Molniya Final Stage CIS 8.58 Dec... occurred at the time the Molniya final stage was fired to... payload from a parking orbit to a Molniya-type transfer orbit. Pre-event... Oct-96 1 1 1 920 825 81.3 MOLNIYA 3-16 R/B 1981-054E 12519 9-Jun... BY EVENT DATE (CONT’D) NAME MOLNIYA 3-16 R/B INTERNATIONAL DESIGNATOR 1981-054E... anomalous events. 452 JSC 63927 MOLNIYA 3-16 R/B 1981-054E 12519 SATELLITE...: DRY MASS (KG): MAIN BODY: Molniya Final Stage CIS 9 Jun 1981... 7-May-04 1 ~35750 ~115 64.5 MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE COSMOS 41 DEB...-Dec-97 2 5125 75 61.8 MOLNIYA 3-16 1981-054A 12512 9-Jun...-Feb-98 1 7670 85 62.1 MOLNIYA 3-16 R/B 1981-054E 12519 9-Jun...-Apr-99 1 33415 85 62.0 MOLNIYA 3-19 1982-083A 13432 27...-Nov-05 1 1730 80 62.1 MOLNIYA 3-26 1985-091A 16112 3-Oct...-Feb-01 1 5690 80 62.6 MOLNIYA 1-66 R/B 1985-103D 16223 28... 1 11535 90 62.9 MOLNIYA 3-35 1989-043A 20052 MOLNIYA 3-36 1989-094A... 20-May-00 1 7145 75 MOLNIYA 3-36 R/B 1989-094B 20339 28... 63.6 4-Jul-00 1 1530 80 MOLNIYA 1-77 1990-039A 20583 26...-Feb-05 1 1710 75 62.0 MOLNIYA 3-38 R/B 1990-052D 20649 13... 130 62.4 61.7 8-Jun-89 MOLNIYA 1-82 1991-053A 21630 1-Aug...-04 9-Oct-04 1 1510 75 MOLNIYA 1-83 R/B 1992-011D 21900 4-Mar...-Sep-06 1 1090 70 62.0 MOLNIYA 3-44 1993-025A 22633 21... 63.4 MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE MOLNIYA FINAL...-Dec-97 2 5125 75 61.8 MOLNIYA 3-16 1981-054A 12512 9-Jun... 90 56.2 VOSTOK FINAL STAGE MOLNIYA 3-16 R/B 1981-054E 12519 9-Jun...-99 1 33415 85 62.0 MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE MOLNIYA 3-36 1989-094A 20338...-May-00 1 7145 75 63.6 MOLNIYA 3-36 R/B 1989-094B 20339 28... 4-Jul-00 1 1530 80 63.7 MOLNIYA 3-26 1985-091A 16112 3-Oct...-May-01 1 25570 85 62.9 MOLNIYA 3-35 1989-043A 20052 8-Jun...-Dec-01 1 595 65 61.9 MOLNIYA 3-19 1982-083A 13432 27...-Dec-02 1 1200 85 64.4 MOLNIYA 1-66 R/B 1985-103D 16223 28... 4-Feb-03 1 7450 95 62.1 MOLNIYA 3-44 1993-025A 22633 21...-Aug-04 2 ~4560 ~95 61.9 MOLNIYA 1-82 1991-053A 21630 1-Aug... SECOND STAGE MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE ATLAS V MOLNIYA 1-77...-Nov-05 1 1730 80 62.1 MOLNIYA 3-38 R/B 1990-052D 20649 13...-06 1 37710 130 62.4 MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE MOLNIYA 1-83 R/B 1992-011D 21900...-Sep-06 1 1090 70 62.0 MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE TOTAL 27 475... C 334 Cosmos 2 3 0 1970-065 C 359 Molniya 3 0 1972-078 C 523 Cosmos 2 10...



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0.07/5
... 1043 TIROS N NIMBUS 7 R/B NOAA 6 METEOR 2-7 R/B MOLNIYA 3-16 R/B NOAA 7 OSCAR 24 / 30... orbits near 63 degrees inclination (Molniya-type) are traditionally low, in... 200 65.1 PROPULSION ABLESTAR STAGE MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE ATLAS CENTAUR 2 1963... SELF-DESTRUCT COSMOS 699 CLASS MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE COSMOS 699 CLASS... 29 0 427 235 62.9 PROPULSION MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE ASTRON ULLAGE MOTOR... 200 65.1 PROPULSION ABLESTAR STAGE MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE ATLAS CENTAUR 2 1963...-81 8 8 13795 605 62.8 PROPULSION MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE COSMOS 1247 1981... 29 0 427 235 62.9 PROPULSION MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE COSMOS 1217 1980... of the Molniya third stage since 25 August 1962. No Molniya orbital... was probably the fully-fueled Molniya final stage. REFERENCE DOCUMENT History... to experience a fragmentation. After entering a Molniya-type transfer orbit on 6 September... experience a fragmentation. After insertion into a Molniya-type transfer orbit on 28... APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Molniya Final Stage CIS 11.36... from a LEO parking orbit to a Molniya-type orbit. The maneuver was... APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Molniya Final Stage CIS 8.58 Dec... occurred at the time the Molniya final stage was fired to... payload from a parking orbit to a Molniya-type transfer orbit. Pre-event... Oct-96 1 1 1 920 825 81.3 MOLNIYA 3-16 R/B 1981-054E 12519 9-Jun... 24-Nov-94 Jun-98 MOLNIYA 3-16 R/B 1981-054E 12519 9-Jun... 62530 MOLNIYA 3-16 R/B 1981-054E 12519 SATELLITE DATA TYPE: OWNER: Molniya Final...-Dec-97 2 5125 75 61.8 MOLNIYA 3-16 1981-054A 12512 9-Jun...-Feb-98 1 7670 85 62.1 MOLNIYA 3-16 R/B 1981-054E 12519 9-Jun...-Apr-99 1 33415 85 62.0 MOLNIYA 3-19 1982-083A 13432 27...-Jan-02 1 2075 95 62.3 MOLNIYA 3-26 1985-091A 16112 3-Oct...-Feb-01 1 5690 80 62.6 MOLNIYA 1-66 R/B 1985-103D 16223 28... 4-Feb-03 1 7450 95 62.1 MOLNIYA 3-35 1989-043A 20052 8-Jun... 1 595 65 61.9 MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE MOLNIYA 3-36 1989-094A...-May-00 1 7145 75 63.6 MOLNIYA 3-36 R/B 1989-094B 20339 28... 4-Jul-00 1 1530 80 63.7 MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE ETS-VI R/B 1994...-Dec-97 2 5125 75 61.8 MOLNIYA 3-16 1981-054A 12512 9-Jun... 90 56.2 VOSTOK FINAL STAGE MOLNIYA 3-16 R/B 1981-054E 12519 9-Jun...-99 1 33415 85 62.0 MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE MOLNIYA 3-36 1989-094A 20338...-May-00 20-May-00 MOLNIYA 3-36 R/B 1989-094B 20339 28...-00 1 1530 80 63.7 62.6 MOLNIYA 3-26 1985-091A 16112 3-Oct...-May-01 1 25570 85 62.9 MOLNIYA 3-35 1989-043A 20052 8-Jun...-Dec-01 1 595 65 61.9 MOLNIYA 3-19 1982-083A 13432 27...-Dec-02 1 1200 85 64.4 MOLNIYA 1-66 R/B 1985-103D 16223 28... 62.1 TOTAL 16 423 MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE JSC 62530... Skylab 1 Cosmos 2 Cosmos 3 Cosmos 2 Cosmos 2 Molniya Cosmos 2 Saturn V 22 21 5 3 3 10...



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0.03/5
... TIROS N NIMBUS 7 R/B NOAA 6 METEOR 2-7 METEOR 2-7 R/B MOLNIYA 3-16 R/B NOAA 7 OSCAR 30 COSMOS... orbits near 63 degrees inclination (Molniya-type) are traditionally low, in... 200 65.1 PROPULSION ABLESTAR STAGE MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE ATLAS CENTAUR 2 1963... CLASS 8 8 13795 605 62.8 PROPULSION MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE 8 0 COSMOS 699 CLASS... 29 0 425 235 62.9 PROPULSION MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE 1983-020B 13902... 24 0 260 200 65.1 PROPULSION MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE ATLAS CENTAUR 2 1963... CAUSE COMMENT DELTA SECOND STAGE MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE COSMOS 1220 1980... 29 0 425 235 62.9 PROPULSION MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE COSMOS 1217 1980... of the Molniya third stage since 25 August 1962. No Molniya orbital... was probably the fully-fueled Molniya final stage. REFERENCE DOCUMENT History... to experience a fragmentation. After entering a Molniya-type transfer orbit on 6 September... APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Molniya Final Stage CIS 11.36... from a LEO parking orbit to a Molniya-type orbit. The maneuver was... APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Molniya Final Stage CIS 8.58 Dec... occurred at the time the Molniya final stage was fired to... Oct-96 1 1 1 920 825 81.3 MOLNIYA 3-16 R/B 1981-054E 12519 9-Jun... BY EVENT DATE (CONT’D) NAME MOLNIYA 3-16 R/B INTERNATIONAL DESIGNATOR 1981-054E... involved in anomalous events. 455 MOLNIYA 3-16 R/B 1981-054E 12519 SATELLITE...: DRY MASS (KG): MAIN BODY: Molniya Final Stage CIS 9 Jun 1981... 7-May-04 1 ~35750 ~115 64.5 MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE COSMOS 41 DEB...-Dec-97 2 5125 75 61.8 MOLNIYA 3-16 1981-054A 12512 9-Jun...-Feb-98 1 7670 85 62.1 MOLNIYA 3-16 R/B 1981-054E 12519 9-Jun...-Apr-99 1 33415 85 62.0 MOLNIYA 3-19 1982-083A 13432 27...-Nov-05 1 1730 80 62.1 MOLNIYA 3-26 1985-091A 16112 3-Oct...-Feb-01 1 5690 80 62.6 MOLNIYA 1-66 R/B 1985-103D 16223 28....9 MOLNIYA 3-35 1989-043A 20052 14-Dec-01 1 595 65 61.9 MOLNIYA...-May-00 1 7145 75 63.6 MOLNIYA 3-36 R/B 1989-094B 20339 28... 4-Jul-00 1 1530 80 63.7 MOLNIYA 1-77 1990-039A 20583 26...-Feb-05 1 1710 75 62.0 MOLNIYA 3-38 R/B 1990-052D 20649 13...-Sep-06 1 37710 130 62.4 MOLNIYA 1-82 1991-053A 21630 1-Aug... 9-Oct-04 1 1510 75 61.7 MOLNIYA 1-83 R/B 1992-011D 21900 4-Mar...-Sep-06 1 1090 70 62.0 MOLNIYA 3-44 1993-025A 22633 21...-04 MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE MOLNIYA FINAL...-Dec-97 2 5125 75 61.8 MOLNIYA 3-16 1981-054A 12512 9-Jun... 90 56.2 VOSTOK FINAL STAGE MOLNIYA 3-16 R/B 1981-054E 12519 9-Jun...-99 1 33415 85 62.0 MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE MOLNIYA 3-36 1989-094A 20338...-May-00 1 7145 75 63.6 MOLNIYA 3-36 R/B 1989-094B 20339 28... 4-Jul-00 1 1530 80 63.7 MOLNIYA 3-26 1985-091A 16112 3-Oct...-Feb-01 1 5690 80 62.6 MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE COSMOS 1701 1985...-May-01 1 25570 85 62.9 MOLNIYA 3-35 1989-043A 20052 8-Jun...-Dec-01 1 595 65 61.9 MOLNIYA 3-19 1982-083A 13432 27...-Dec-02 1 1200 85 64.4 MOLNIYA 1-66 R/B 1985-103D 16223 28... 4-Feb-03 1 7450 95 62.1 MOLNIYA 3-44 1993-025A 22633 21...-Aug-04 2 ~4560 ~95 61.9 MOLNIYA 1-82 1991-053A 21630 1-Aug...-Dec-04 1 10300 90 17.5 MOLNIYA 1-77 1990-039A 20583 26...-Nov-05 1 1730 80 62.1 MOLNIYA 3-38 R/B 1990-052D 20649 13...-06 1 37710 130 62.4 MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE MOLNIYA 1-83 R/B 1992-011D 21900... 62.0 MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE TOTAL 27 479 MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE MOLNIYA FINAL STAGE... C 334 Cosmos 2 3 0 1970-065 C 359 Molniya 3 0 1972-078 C 523 Cosmos 2 10...



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0.1/5
... on use of the nongeosynchronous Molniya satellites, ’ 7 it was difficult and... and techn ical reasons. I The Molniya communications spacecraft follow a highly elliptical... geostationary satellites as well, the Molniya satellites continue to provide most...