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... and robotic exploration of the Moon, asteroids, and Mars will strengthen... States Ukraine Russia United Kingdom Moon, near-Earth asteroids, and Mars... examines possible pathways in the next 25 years. Agencies agree that... sustainable human exploration of the Moon, near-Earth asteroids, and Mars... to both asteroids and the Moon are also i​mportant destinations that... missions after ISS: (1) Asteroid Next and (2) Moon Next. They differ primarily with regard... of sending humans to the Moon and asteroids, and each reflects... Deep Space Habitat at Earth-Moon Lagrange Point1 Mars: Ultimate Goal... each destination. Mission Scenario: Asteroid Next ISS Utilization and Capability Demonstration... Human Mission to an NEA Moon Future Human Mission Robotic Exploration... Exploration Key Enabling Capabilities Commercial Next Gen Crew Spacecraft Commercial Cargo... 2033 Executive Summary Mission Scenario: Moon Next Lunar Exploration ISS Utilization and... Module Step 2 Exploration Test Module Moon Opportunities for Commercial or International... Enabling Capabilities 1-Metric Ton Commercial Next Gen Cargo Lander Crew Spacecraft... enable a smooth transition to the next destination beyond low-Earth orbit... vision, human exploration of the Moon, near-Earth asteroids, and Mars... space. It includes exploring the Moon and some nearEarth asteroids, demonstrating... Moon is the most suitable next step. Just 3 days from Earth, the Moon... community. Alternatively, pursuing the “Asteroid Next” pathway aggressively drives advancements in... for the exploration of the Moon. The formulation of goals and... low-Earth orbit to the Moon and elsewhere in the solar... missions after ISS: (1) Asteroid Next and (2) Moon Next. They differ primarily with regard... of sending humans to the Moon and asteroids, and each reflects.... Small pressurized rovers on the moon will increase crew mobility and... Deep Space Habitat at Earth-Moon Lagrange Point1 Mars: Ultimate Goal... Activity Mars Search for life. Moon Characterize availability of water and... system evolution. Challenges Utilize the Moon’s unique importance to engage the... surface of Mars as the “next step,” were evaluated based on... human-scale robot on the Moon, demonstrating technologies to explore the... and back to Earth. Roscosmos Next Generation Space Launch Vehicle (NGSLV... from Earth to orbit. Roscosmos Next Generation Spacecraft Crew vehicle capable...-Earth orbit. “Asteroid Next” Design Reference Missions “Moon Next” Design Reference Missions Deep... from the surface of the Moon. Surface Elements These systems have... Space Asteroid Missions as the Next Step Missions to asteroids will... near-Earth asteroids as the next destination. It offers the opportunity... Exploration Strategy Mission Scenario: Asteroid Next ISS Utilization and Capability Demonstration... Human Mission to an NEA Moon Future Human Mission Robotic Exploration... Exploration Key Enabling Capabilities Commercial Next Gen Crew Spacecraft Commercial Cargo... Needed for Mars Mission — Asteroid Next ISS/LEO Cis-lunar Near... Moon as the Next Step This scenario pursues human exploration of the Moon as the next destination. The Moon is seen as... three dimensional topography of the Moon and discovered water molecules in the polar regions of the Moon. 20 Chapter 3. Mapping the Journey... Human Exploration Strategy Mission Scenario: Moon Next Lunar Exploration ISS Utilization and... Module Step 2 Exploration Test Module Moon Opportunities for Commercial or International... Enabling Capabilities 1-Metric Ton Commercial Next Gen Cargo Lander Crew Spacecraft... Needed for Mars Mission — Moon Next ISS/LEO Moon Near-Earth Asteroids • In... of missions to asteroids, the Moon, and Mars. It should also... capabilities such as inflatable habitats, next generation universal docking systems, and... future human exploration of the Moon. These robotics missions identified potential... the robotic missions to the Moon, these missions have obtained critical... body of knowledge of the Moon, asteroids, Mars and its moons... demonstration — DLR’s Justin greets the next generation. Technology development is strategic... and Cargo Services Moon Precursor Moon Next Lunar Orbital Mission Asteroid Next EML1 Mission...) Cryogenic Propulsion Stage NGSLV Roscosmos Next Generation Spacecraft Space Launch System... and challenging missions to the Moon, asteroids, and Mars. Achieving the... between agencies and governments. The next iteration of the Global Exploration...



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... of Earth to moon transportation, sustainability, uses for the moon, and the... Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 1 Background ..................................................................................................................................... 2 Getting to the Moon ........................................................................................................................ 5 Introduction ................................................................................................................................. 5 Hohmann Transfer Orbits ........................................................................................................... 5 Formulas... Pad .......................................................................................................................... 39 Experiments on the Moon ......................................................................................................... 42 Space Based Solar Power... ............................................................................................................................. 46 Harvesting Metals from the Moon‘s Surface ............................................................................ 46 Building Materials .................................................................................................................... 47... RELATIVE TO EARTH AND THE MOON ............................................... 12 FIGURE 5 - THE UNSTABLE MANIFOLDS... FIGURE 7- PERCENT ILLUMINATION FOR THE MOON'S NORTH POLE....................................................... 20 FIGURE 8 - CPR... 11 - PERCENT ILLUMINATION FOR THE MOON'S SOUTH POLE .................................................... 22 FIGURE 12... FIGURE 27 - COMPOSITION OF THE MOON'S REGOLITH................................................................................ 46 FIGURE 28 - PRICE... THROUGHOUT THE YEAR ON THE MOON'S SOUTH POLE ......... 22 TABLE 5 - IMPORTANT... and maintenance of a human-manned moon base. After establishing an initial... for manned exploration on the moon, Project Constellation, gave us a suitable... trajectories to get to the moon including Lagrangian point travel, patched... up and outpost on the moon. vi | P a g e INTRODUCTION Throughout history space... and better understanding of the Moon can push scientific advancement past... methods for arriving at the moon analyzing Hohmann transfers, Lagrangian point... new launch systems including the next generation rocket. Also, they must... methods of getting to the Moon including patched conic transfer, Hohmann... Montana University), for the Earth-Moon system α=0.98783and R=384,403 km... | P a g e Figure 7- Percent Illumination for the Moon's North Pole Figure 7 above is a qualitative illumination map of the Moon‘s North Pole during a lunar summer... the illumination conditions on the moon took place using Kaguya altimeter... topographical maps for the entire moon. Next, the permanently shadowed regions that... H+ atoms) crashing into the unprotected Moon‘s surface at high velocities and... available for commercial use. The moon essentially has no atmosphere. Due... regolith of the moon. Soil samples of the moon collected during Apollo... occur within the next two years. Traveling to the moon is a very... the colonization of the moon. LAUNCHING PAD The Moon can be used... satellite systems.‖ EXPERIMENTS ON THE MOON If the scientist‘s theories are..., scientists could discover how the Moon and surrounding planets were formed... on the surface of the moon. The moon is a prime spot for... public population. While on the moon different experiments could be conducted... establish an outpost on the moon with laboratories for experiments, they... examine harvesting metals from the moon‘s surface and their potential uses.... HARVESTING METALS FROM THE MOON‘S SURFACE The moon‘s surface is made up... on the moon. Carrying so much fuel to the Moon from Earth.... Figure 27 - Composition of the Moon's Regolith 46 | P a g e BUILDING MATERIALS Recently... could lay the foundation of a moon dome. A doctoral student there, Eric... mimic the moon‘s surface. The team combined the faux moon ash with... as possible lunar settlement structures. Moon-rock bricks could protect the...'s magnetosphere blocks this radiation, but moon settlers would be vulnerable. So... breathing and hydrogen fuel for moon-to-Earth transportation. Oxygen can... conducting experimental research on the moon, or low-gravity conditions in..., 1994. Print. Handwerk, Brian. "First Moon "Skylight" Found -- Could House Lunar.... 28 Oct. 1987. Web. . "Luna C/I: Moon Colonization and Integration » Japan's SELENE... of Eternal Light' on the Moon." Luna C/I: Moon Colonization and Integration. Web..., Professor John Blandino "Mining The Moon - Popular Mechanics." Automotive Care, Home.... The Clementine Mission to the Moon Adapted from a 1995 Presentation by...://www.universetoday.com/18628/future-moon-base-site-imaged-in-3-d/ Figure...



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... electronic path open for the next readers. Do not remove this... the first week of the next month. Since our ftp program... shutting of a door in the next room withdrew her attention, and... gave her mind to it. Next, there was an account of... invariably to the person sitting next them, and rectified and continued..., in some way, ridiculous; but, next moment, in repose, his face... up at the hard silver moon, stationary among a hurry of little... her eyes again to the moon, with a contemplative look in them... she were setting that moon against the moon of other nights, held... walker becomes conscious of the moon in the street, as if... a minute and look at the moon upon the water." Katharine paused... at the iridescence round the moon!--one feels--one feels--Perhaps... his eyes alternately upon the moon and upon the stream. "But... her eyes fixed on the moon. "Certainly I should. Not for you... slowly along the Embankment, the moon fronting them. "With how sad... we part in a huff; and next time we meet, which was... sounds of activity in the next room gradually asserted their sway... on, moving on to the next statue. "You always make people... you protect natives, on the next you emigrate women and tell... from one to the other. Next moment, he too, rose, and... passing on gracefully to the next topic. But I don’t know what... the hall after breakfast the next morning in order to question.... While he changed in the next room, she stood by the... selfcontrol had its reward, for next moment she tapped at the...," Mrs. Cosham ejaculated, reminiscently. "And next Sunday he had violets in... so crowded, and in the next one there was a band playing... between one remark and the next. And once I counted ten minutes... Ralph was actually coming, the next day, she could only wonder... on the main road, or next door to a woman with six... not know what to say next. "That poor old ring was... listlessly that he addressed his next remark to her mother. His... mattered very little what happened next. It mattered so little, indeed.... They began to cross the next field walking side by side.... When they had crossed the next hedge she said to him... the two men at the next table, with so little selfconsciousness... Mary loved him; at the next, it seemed that he was... for a long and stormy walk. Next, standing in the middle of...? Down that street or the next? The next, I think." She glanced back... of the office. From the next room came the rapid spasmodic... the typewriter stopped in the next room. Mary immediately drew up... what was going to happen next. At last William spoke. "I think... sun still shone although the moon is up. He hesitated; he... privately printed manuals within the next few days for her instruction... be linking us with the moon next--but who was that?" "William... aren’t any Williams in the moon. I hope he’s coming to luncheon... this question. It was solved next moment. "I’ve looked out the... the wall in the house next door. She had no very... her hand on the seat next her in a friendly way, and... on the table in the next room. The atmosphere seemed charged... started and turned away. But next moment he controlled himself; he... you, Katharine." "You shall sit next to him and tell him... the room. "Henry," she said next moment, "would say that a stage... able to come to-morrow." Next moment he was gone. She...?" she asked. "Because we’re next door to Highgate here," he... little notion whether Highgate was next door to Regent’s Park or... when this experience was over. Next moment, a silence, sudden and complete... see what movement is coming next, and while Ralph spoke, Katharine... was always ready with her next point as soon as he... between one statement and the next became longer and longer, and... to the voices in the next room. "Of course, I agree with...! I’m in torment! One moment I’m happy; next I’m miserable. I hate her for half... to fetch something from the next room. Before she reached the... time the quicks-peeding silver moon riding through clouds, as if... not know what to do next. There was no hurry, however... Katharine’s cup of tea the next morning brought, also, a note from... for one moment; but the next she was humiliated. She had... the snow valleys of the moon. These fancies would have been... his chivalry. He accepted a cup. Next she asked for a slice of... eyes again to meditate the next sentence, she was aware of... Nobody asked Katharine any questions next day. If cross-examined she... been planned for the next day. The next day was Saturday; therefore... future. Invite me to your next entertainment." She did not respond.... Meanwhile, in the dining-room next door, Denham and Katharine were... he bade her good morning next day he was aware that... sun had set and the moon was rising over our heads... one moment and miserable the next--that’s the reason why we... feeling was an illusion, and next moment, as if to taunt... stretch of the surrounding world. Next moment she contrasted her own.... Denham, to whom he turned next, shared her immobility under his.... Denham, to whom he turned next, shared her immobility under his...



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... plain Of Sliabh Eibhline, Fodhla next they spied. With priests and... vice to dark oblivion The next attendant was is betray'd. a faithful... at one is time prevailed. Next in point of rank to... lesser divinities, symbolised by the moon and stars, all the celestial... regulated by the sun and moon, and to calculate a thirty-year... glove into the cradle. The next morning he departed before it... vast ice-planes in the moon, where they They forgot even... by the individual in the next, and that they also believed... be faithfully delivered in the next world. " Like money by the... accompany their friends into the next world would live with them... Gevaudan mountains, consecrated to the moon under the name of Helanus... there are equals in competition, next in dignity succeeds ; election carries... times through the water against next it was passed quickly nine... a good sign. The candidate was next placed in a chest or cofBn... East ; Goronwy, who represented the moon, and occupied a position in the... Druids brought the sun and moon near to them. Hecatasus, however... of the sun under a half moon of silver, supported by two... harps that glitter to the moon. Hymning immortal strains. The spirits... at a certain time of the moon, as if this operation of...'d When in 'fore th'autumnal moon undulating twine : DRUIDISM. 102 The... great exactness, and, accordingly, the next day, set out with his... place at the royal tables, next to nobles, and above the... in the sun or the moon or the planets. Through this... circle, at whose completion the moon would resume her About one... that purpose, but on the next Sunday they reassemble and finish... the special official of the moon. The rear was made up... god Kali, Creator of sun, moon, stars, and universe.' Then the... the morrow. " Thousands were assembled next day on the wide plain... feast of Saman, or the moon. Saman, or Samhen, has also... plant gathered ? A. At the new moon next the winter solstice, they thus... his hand a crescent resembUng the moon at six days old. It... the sixth day of the moon. The Britons, according to Pliny... months and years when the moon was six days old, because..., and principally in the sixth moon, which is the beginning of...



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... our solar system, primarily the moon and Mars. Reconnaissance satellites and... Aerospace Center (DLR) for the next German EnMAP satellite mission. It... European satellites are entering the next phase. OHB and the European...-based company recently signed the next PB lot delivery contract for... data relay satellites for the next generation of reconnaissance systems such... an optimum basis for the next generation of European meteorological satellites... AG Looking ahead over the next few years, demand for geo... the satellite base for the next German satellite mission EnMAP (Environmental... Project: CONDOR flight system Program: NEXT Lunar Lander Company: OHB-System... OHB the contract for the NEXT Lunar Lander Phase A studies. Since...-Threde GmbH EnMAP is the next German optical ­s atellite mission. It... were approved for production. The next flight is scheduled for 2010... stationary astronomy projects over the next few decades and will be... of outer space, particularly the moon. Reconnaissance satellites and broadband radio... map the surface of the moon. At the beginning of 2008.... The main aspects entail the NEXT Moon, NEXT Mars and Exomars projects. The... focus is initially on the moon as a research and test EBIT... which approval to commence the next phase of the project was... considerable additional business over the next few years. To summarize, it... studies were performed for the next generation of optical large-scale... placed a contract for a further 18 next-generation satellites. In 2008, the... on space exploration, particularly the moon. The preliminary results of a detailed... lunar orbiter to map the moon and a European lunar lander capable... on the surface of the moon. A further key aspect entails participation... campaigns are planned for the next three years. The successful launch... bidders. In the exploration area (moon/Mars), we assume that OHB... foundations for planning over the next three years. Payloads + Science Kayser... indicates. Looking ahead over the next few years, the increase in... at current levels over the next few years and ensure solid...



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... a First-Quarter Moon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.4.4 Arriving at a Third-Quarter Moon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.4.5 Arriving at a Full Moon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.4.6 Monthly..., including transfers to the Moon and from the Moon to the Earth... of the Moon, far enough from the Earth and Moon to permit... at the Moon with a velocity that closely matches the Moon’s orbital velocity... that arrives at the Moon when the Moon is at its first... of the Moon, viewed from above in the Earth–Moon rotating coordinate... required to transfer to the Moon, without considering other perturbations. Sweetser...fluence of the Moon and revolves about the Moon at least once... spacecraft arrived at the Moon near the Earth–Moon L2 point; one... returning to the Moon. Upon arriving at the Moon, the spacecraft may... [92]. Month Synodic (new moon to new moon) Anomalistic (perigee to perigee... the x–y plane in the Earth–Moon system. 2.5.1.4 Forbidden Regions A spacecraft traversing... to the next, since the dynamics and the Sun–Earth– Moon geometry...’s orbital eccentricity. Figure 2-5 illustrates the Moon’s osculating eccentricity, semi-major axis... periodic with the Moon in the presence of the Moon’s perturbations. Further... orbits; the Moon’s orbital radius about the Earth–Moon barycenter is shown... ΔV required to traverse that trajectory. Next, the section describes the algorithms..., for example, the Moon in the Earth–Moon system, such that a spacecraft... of Earth–Moon DROs of varying radii from the Moon. 2.6.9.4 Halo Orbits... orbits about the Moon, viewed in the Earth–Moon rotating frame from... of the Moon or the far-side of the Moon, for lunar... example, toward the Moon in the Earth–Moon system), and one will... Lagrange point in the Earth–Moon CRTBP. Component λ1 λ2 λ3 λ4 λ5 λ6 LL1 -2.932056 2.932056... and the Moon, which is the topic of the next few chapters..., it encounters the Moon. The spacecraft encounters the Moon at a much lower... eccentricity of the Moon’s orbit about the Earth–Moon barycenter. 3.4.6.1 12-Month... from the Moon; hence, they must return to the Moon via an... trajectories. These trajectories fly by the Moon at different radii and inclinations... first spacecraft launched toward the Moon, Luna 1, followed a direct transfer: a trajectory...). Traj Ω ω ΔVLOI Duration C3 # Earth # Moon # (deg) (deg) (m/s) (days) Equatorial Ecliptic...). Traj Ω ω ΔVLOI Duration C3 # Earth # Moon # (deg) (deg) (m/s) (days) Equatorial Ecliptic... later impact the Moon or remain very near the Moon. One can... considered in the next sections. 4.4.4 Arriving at a Third-Quarter Moon All of... at the Moon at the same time, when the Moon is at... Astronautical Society Publications third-quarter Moon [2] (Copyright © Office, all rights... arrive at the Moon when the Sun–Earth–Moon angle is near... arrive at a full Moon, when the Sun–Earth–Moon angle is approximately... from one month to the next. The Moon’s orbital plane is nearly... LUNAR ORBIT 257 to the next. The Moon’s orbital plane and equatorial... impacting the Moon, then it is considered a viable Earth–Moon transfer. However...-quarter Moon, an example full Moon, and an example third-quarter Moon. Additional... SURFACE of the Earth–Moon and Sun–Earth–Moon systems. The design... CRTBP, the Earth–Moon system, and the Sun–Earth–Moon system. 5.3 METHODOLOGY... next involves varying the location of the landing site on the Moon... a system including the Earth and Moon ephemerides, the trajectories were integrated...– c 2011 by American Astronautical Society Moon only Ephemeris system) [192] (Copyright... both the Earth–Moon system and the Sun–Earth–Moon system to... by American Astronautical Society Earth–Moon Ephemeris system) [192] (Copyright © Publications... number of Earth–Moon trajectories in the Sun–Earth–Moon ephemeris model... positive above the Moon’s surface, with a trajectory encountering the Moon’s surface normal... encountering the Moon normal to the surface of the Moon that no... prior to injecting toward the Moon. Next, a lunar day is approximately 29... one flies by the Moon or impacts the Moon, then one may... directly between the Sun and Moon. The Moon’s nonzero orbital inclination relative... orbit of the Moon, they may interact with the Moon as they... route to the Moon. Upon arrival at the Moon, the reference trajectory... a maneuver within a week after injection. Next, the spacecraft spend 1–3 months traversing... y = 0 plane orthogonally at either the next crossing or a subsequent crossing. Doing... account of the Moon’s noncircular orbit about the Earth–Moon barycenter. These... Planetary Science Mission to the Moon,” Current Science; Special Section: Chandrayaan... 20. V. A. Egorov, Certain Problems of Moon Flight Dynamics, International Physical Index..., 2000. 28. H. Yamakawa, On Earth–Moon Transfer Trajectory with Gravitational Capture... J. K. Miller, “Sun-Perturbed Earth-to-Moon Transfers with Ballistic Capture,” Journal... the Earth-to-Moon Flight with Capture by the Moon,” Proceedings of.... J. S. Parker and M. W. Lo, “Shoot the Moon 3D,” Astrodynamics 2005: Proceedings of... and F. Vaughn, “A Survey of Earth–Moon Libration Orbits: Stationkeeping Strategies and...



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... to fly to Ottawa the next morning and in turn invited... the journey back in time. Next morning, the day he left... cows will want to eat next winter and I hope I'm the one... moments I felt an energy buzz… Next instant I found myself in a musty...'. Uncle Charlie called his office next morning to cancel his schedule.... So, while he spent the next few days in Parliament, I wandered... my uncle to receive the next time travellers. We even bought... tingles of Cosmic energy, I said, “Next Saturday; the Kentucky Derby; Bill... to quarantine quarters. Now, the next step is quite tedious as... farm. He personified the adage, “Next year country.” Taking the numerous... returning when time permitted. The next time Danny Reid and Milt... savin' my saddle.” 69 The next day, Robert Milto brought a tractor... in the eyes of the next generation. Old Pete shook his... Collins did stop by the next afternoon. Except for scratch marks... most of them until the next school year. Laughter flowed and.... “We can have a pyjama party next weekend.” Suddenly Robert Milto stood... had to be so. The next morning Milt awoke to a cheery... had forgotten the topic when next the two ladies had a chance... mile distant. Constance Milto sat next to her husband in that..., he'll be a herd sire next year… which is a whole lot... night, now illuminated by a gibbous moon. 138 While Milt was fastening... went in search of the next patient. “It's a bull,” Dennis called... line construction as well. The next generation farmers whom the telephone... and hope rode proud in Next Year Country. Danny shared the... truck; she's a bumper crop; maybe next year…” He offered no opinion... all one day and the next, cook up a feast like this...; over the course of the next year or so all the.... Next thing you'll expect them to put a man on the moon... planning a manned launch to the moon next year.” Constance Milto's words drifted... to the top of the next new pole on this bright..., it won't be tomorrow or next week, but I tell you now... summer to be used first next winter. Robert and Sven kept... assist her mother until the next load came in. During the... climbing out of bed the next morning. The storm had delivered... come along on the ride next week. Maybe I can interrogate them... not far away. After breakfast next morning, Tom and Milt caught... in the west. The gibbous moon, well on its way to... the windmill and come back next day for the deer. That... to send a man to the moon next year, so maybe there will... of coyotes howling at the moon, held more somnolence than fillip... in a younger man's eyes the next morning as Ben Collins slid... thinking about the Mustang. Unabashed, next morning he had driven his... race' at least for the next… fifty minutes?” Danny agreed that... for the hardy souls in “Next Year Country.” When at last... travelled back to Stockton the next day. For the time being... were caught by Brenda Yeast. Next came the eligible bachelors and... and Ben would be the next in line at the altar... of snow proved accurate the next morning. The headlights of the....” 273 Ben laughed, “Aw, by next year he will be thinking... a present; there were a few extras. Next afternoon, the Reids and Miltos... Vera's job will in the next year. There isn't significant government... look forward to in the next twenty years of the new...



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... Approach................................................................................... 33 Mars First................................................................................................................................... 35 Moon First................................................................................................................................. 37 The Flexible Path... the FY 2010 Budget............................................................ 84 Moon First Integrated Options Fit to... international partners; to inspire the next generation of scientists and engineers... interestingly, humans could rendezvous with a moon of Mars, then coordinate with... progresses, including a return to the Moon’s surface or a continuation directly to... on or explore the Moon in the next two decades. The remaining...-2020s. Option 4. Moon First. This option preserves the Moon as the first... best first destination. Visiting the “Moon First” and following the “Flexible... the next step in space must be a return to the moon.” • “ I am... this permanent orbiting facility “the next logical step” in space exploration... anniversary of the Apollo 11 Moon landing, President George H. W. Bush announced... another Space Shuttle in the next several years.” Among its prescriptions... nearly a quarter century.” Proposals for a next-generation space vehicle had long... from the surface of the Moon. Next in terms of energy requirements... equipment and procedures on the Moon. • M oon First, with surface exploration... be tested on the Moon, making the Moon not only a conceptual testbed... 3.4.1-1. The Earth’s Moon-- the initial destination of the Moon First Strategy. Source... from the Moon to fuel depots at the Earth–Moon Lagrange points... the Earth-Moon system. The scientific exploration of the Moon is not... our scientific knowledge of the Moon is incomplete. Our previous missions.... Figure 3.4.2-1. The architecture of the Moon First scenario, using Ares I and... 3.4.2 Scenario Description. In exploring the Moon, there are two main strategies... to the Moon. After a four-day coast to the Moon, the Altair... be vison the Moon. A long-duration exploration of the Moon is ited... a base approach. DESTINATION (“MOON FIRST”) 3.4.4 Assessment. The Moon is a viable first destination... visiting the Moon, including studying the evolution of the Moon and using the surface of the Moon as a record... eventual exploration of Mars. The Moon is nearby, allowing relatively rapid... Mars with alternatives to the Moon. Source: Review of U.S. Human Spaceflight... progressively more distant, focusing our next steps on allowing the development... are viable strategies. Exploring the Moon would prepare us for exploration... coordination with robotic probes. The Moon First and Flexible Path destinations... first destination. Both visiting the Moon First and following the Flexible... International Space Station (ISS). The next human spaceflight effort, the Constellation... workforce necessary to conduct the next set of human spaceflight missions... by the existing bookkeeping. The next human spaceflight program will assume... flight development program for the next phase of human space exploration... astronauts and equipment towards the Moon or other destinations beyond low...). A ticipated for travel to the Moon and beyond. Orion perforlarge number... the first alternative. The Committee next examined a NASA-commissioned study by... corporate investment, would be expected. Next, the Committee considered the cost... these Integrated Options, the Committee next applied the evaluation criteria that... increases the rating for Sustainability. n 6 .4 MOON FIRST INTEGRATED OPTIONS FIT TO... 4 (and its variants) pursue the Moon First exploration strategy, but are... Option 3. Option 4. Moon First. This option preserves the Moon as the first... less-constrained budget and follow a Moon First strategy. The options can... Option 4A (Moon First – Ares Lite) and Option 4B (Moon First – Extend... in the next decade, or a dozen in the next two decades. In... perspective of Science Knowledge, the Moon First approach would allow better... the evolution of the Moon, and use the Moon’s surface as a record... for exporting propellant from the Moon becomes less compelling, and nearEarth... Earth. Robotic exploration of the Moon continues today, and further These.... where a flight demonstration is the next logical step in development before... the Moon to the Earth Moon L1 such as to the Earth-Moon... an alternative, because of the Moon’s low gravity, non-chemical propulsion.... These propellant production methods must next be demonstrated on the lunar..., navigation and Earth-observation satellites. Next on its announced human spaceflight... interplanetary robotic mission to the Moon in 2008. A human spaceflight program... (ISS); b) supporting missions to the Moon and other destinations beyond low... Context for Exploration of the Moon, National Research Council, Scientific Context... Space, National Imperatives for the Next Decade”, 5 August 2009 Jones, Tom... and Evaluation, “Schedules: Predicting the Next KDP Milestone (Plans vs. Actuals...



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... a celebratory dinner at the Half Moon Tavern in Cheapside. 23 June... contract, before the extirpation of next month, in one lot, and... 1786 to 1787. For the next five years he worked as... at the commencement of the next Session’ (132) 2 Ashton, [J?] Birm. MS... Dr. Price’s lecture for the next day. 6 On Tuesday I am from... one week and Quintillian the next. In the greek we have..., and my g[reek]. for the next day. And from seven to... I am tired, shall defer till next time. I have spent only 8s... Rogers. 5 Adjourned to the half moon next Saturday at 2 o Clock Rogers refers... before the 29th of September next. 2 II. THAT a payment of forty..., before the 24th of June next, as an annual subscription, shall... country, be chosen by the next General Meeting: and that this... session begin on the Monday, next after the 29th of September... to the approbation of the next General Meeting, for establishing and... after the 24th of June next, will be formed with this..., fols. 40-43. [f. 40] Half Moon June 27th 1786. Present Mr...-91, fols. 43-5. [f. 43] Half Moon July 5:th 1786 Present Mr... before the Committee at their next Meeting Edward Grubb, dissenting deputy... the New London (late Half Moon) Tavern in Cheapside, on Friday...-91, fols. 46-7. [f. 46] Half Moon July 18. 1786 Present Mr... March be chosen at the next Meeting; and that Notice of... the thirty first of December next Resolved that this Committee approve... New Academical Institution from Xmas next with such an Exhibition as... & adjourned for consideration to the next Meeting Mr Towgood reported that... the 29th Day of September next. The Situation of this House... Class meets to receive the next Lecture, in the same branch... the time appointed, to the next Student below him in his... the Public Day during the next Session be on the last..., invaluable Blessings Agreed that the next General Meeting be held at... at the College, for the next Session, agreably to the application..., be requested to Preach the next Anniversary Sermon before the Governors... Family compell me at the next Vacation, to resign the Classical... taken into consideration at the next Meeting Mr Blackburn’s Plan of..., 5 from the Commencement of the next Session in September. Resolved that... at the Commencement of the next Session, on his producing the... taken into Consideration at the next Meeting of the Committee. [f. 142... to this Committee at their next Meeting. Resolved that the following... Thursday the 6th of January next to commence at 10 o Clock... the first day of February next. The Sub-Committee for preparing... Ends of its establishment, the next object to which the superintending... be requested to preach the next Annual Sermon on the last... Motion be deferred to the next Meeting of the Committee and... taken into Consideration at the next Meeting of the Committee and... London by the middle of next week. In this situation I now... be given up at Midsummer next, and had offered the building... contract, before the extirpation of next month, in one lot, and...



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... the Earth–Moon–Mars space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.1. IAA Cosmic Study 2004 Next Steps in... Decade 2013–2022 . . . . . . . . . . 6 3. Destination Moon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3.1. Results from recent Moon missions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3.2. NRC report... for the Exploration of the Moon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.3. International Lunar Exploration Working... 6.5. International Sample Return missions from Moon, NEOs and Mars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 6.6. International... 6.7. Antarctic bases as analogues for Moon and Mars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 7. Protecting the... the most important targets: the Moon, Libration Points (gravitationally balanced locations... explore the Earth– Moon–Mars space in the next decade include lunar... outer planet exploration. 3. Destination: Moon The Moon is a valuable and crucial target.... Understanding the formation of the Moon, its internal structure and environment... Pole-Aitken Terrane. The next mission to the Moon was SMART-1 launched... visual digital camera (AMIE Advanced Moon Imaging Experiment). SMART-1 provided advances... origin and evolution of the Moon by studying surface composition, bombardment... investigation of: The early Earth–Moon System. Terrestrial planet differentiation... the bombardment record of the Moon. Moon interior structure. Lunar crustal rocks... of the Moon (ICEUM) include: Exploration4science: What does the Moon tell us... of a common standard for future Moon network instruments, in a way comparable... and also piggyback deployment of a Moon Geophysical and Environmental Suitcase (ICEUM8... spacefaring nations to explore the Moon should be seriously implemented, with... state of the Moon (9 objectives, 36 investigations). Use the Moon as a “witness... evolution (2 objectives, 9 investigations). Use the Moon as a platform for astrophysics, heliophysics... Earth from the Moon. Feed Forward Theme: Use the Moon to prepare... for an international space infrastructure Moon, NEO, Mars sample return mission..., habitat and field laboratory; (2) performing Moon-Mars analogue field research in... progressive development to investigate the Moon, and foster international cooperation between.... 6.5. International Sample Return missions from Moon, NEOs and Mars The analytical... exploration. Human exploration of the Moon facilitates landing, operating and maintaining... base on the Moon or Mars. Antarctica, like the Moon or Mars... the Moon and other celestial bodies. The Moon Agreement applies to the Moon... (Outer Space Treaty) principles governing Moon exploration include: 21 http://www... “authorization and continuing supervision”). The Moon Agreement, main provisions include: Use..., the “next step”, and mainly the reason why the Moon Agreement has...”, have sparked heated debate. The Moon Agreement prescribes that an international... sensitive scientific areas on the Moon and commercial exploitation. With regard... The Earth–Moon system. The bombardment record on the Moon. Primitive asteroid... activities toward “International human bases” (Moon, Mars) using research activities in... Exploration and Utilisation of the Moon ICSU International Council for Science...fic Committee on Oceanic Research European Moon Orbiter NASA Science Mission Directorate... Mars (Mars Express) and the Moon (SMART-1, European instruments on Chandrayaan... Manufacturing Capabilities Deep Space Network Moon Missions Mars Missions Other Planetary... decade. Scientific investigation of the Moon remains a high Japanese priority. Japan... exploration and utilization of the Moon – our natural satellite” (International Lunar..., and from the Moon. Living and working on the Moon. Key technologies... geographically disparate teams. Training the next generation of lunar scientists with... pathways for human exploration: “Asteroid Next” and “Moon Next.” Website: http://www.globalspaceexploration...: the next step after the discovery of water on the Moon, in..., P. (Eds.). Astrobiology field research in Moon-Mars analogue environmentsInt. J. Astrobiol. 10..., J., Clark, B., O’Neil, W., Bourke, R., Foing, B. The next steps in exploring deep space... World first moon-globe microwave emission Map—The microwave Moon: some exploration... the nearside of the moon as revealed by Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3...: Ehrenfreund, P., Foing, B.H., Cellino, A. (Eds.), The Moon and Near Earth Objects. Adv... Exploration and Utilisation of the Moon, 1998. Moscow, Russia, (Eds.), E. Galimov... Exploration and Utilisation of the Moon, 2003. Hawaii, USA. Proceedings ILC2005... Exploration and Utilisation of the Moon, 2004. Udaipur, India, Proceedings (Ed... Exploration and Utilisation of the Moon, 2007. Sorrento, Italy, Programme online...fic context for exploration of the Moon. ” The National Academies Press, Washington...