Спутник ДЗЗ. Mtsat-1R. [Редактировать]

Геостационарный спутник MTSAT-1R (Multi-functional Transport SATellite) был был введен в эксплуатацию в 26 февраля 2005 года Японским Метеорологическим Агентством (JMA) взамен вышедшего из строя GMS-5 (Geostationary Meteorological Satellite). Космический аппарат MTSAT-1R оборудован радиометром VISSR (Visible and Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer), содержащим видимый (0.55-0.80 мкм), ближний инфракрасный (3,5-4,0 мкм), канал водяного пара (6,5-7,0 мкм), первый инфракрасный (10,3-11,3 мкм), второй инфракрасный (11,5-12,5 мкм). Пространственное разрешение инфракрасных каналов равно 5км, видимого – 1,25 км в надире. Высокие характеристики изображений радиометра MTSAT-1R/VISSR (режим HiRID, High Resolution Imager Data) и частый приём изображений (раз в 15 минут) позволяют использовать его данные для задач мониторинга окружающей среды.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
128622НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Япония
2Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
3Тип орбиты - ГСО
4Страна производитель - США
5Все спутники ДЗЗ

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12005-03 - 2005-04. Потеряно 2 из 6 транспондеров возможен отказ системы энергопитанияТэги: Mtsat-1R
22005-09-23. 6-часовое отключениеТэги: Mtsat-1R
32006-04-16. 20-часовое отключение после проблем с бортовым компьютеромТэги: Mtsat-1R
42009-10-11. 15.5-часовое отключениеТэги: Mtsat-1R

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг1780
2Количество (каналов), шт.5
3Разрешающая способность (мультиспектральный), метра1250
4Разрешающая способность (инфракрасный), метра5000

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град0.1
2Апогей, км35801.0
3Перигей, км35786.4
4Период, минут1436.1
5Длинный диаметр эллипса, км42164

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2005-006A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Танегасима
2Дата пуска2005-02-26 at 09:25:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xMtsat-1R
4Ракета-носитель 1xH2A2022

Найдено 302 документов по запросу «Mtsat-1R». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-05-21
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0.45/5
... retrieved from GOES10/11/12, MTSAT-1R, FY-2C, and Meteosat imager..., icing, GOES, Meteosat, FY-2C, MTSAT 1. INTRODUCTION With the availability of... Japanese Multi-Functional Transport Satellite (MTSAT-1R) satellites functionally provide coverage at... GOES-12 Meteosat FY-2C MTSAT-1R Aqua Terra Table 1. Satellite imager... from, at least, hourly (Meteosat, MTSAT-R, FY-2C) to 3-hourly (GOES.... Figure 1 shows the Meteosat-9 and MTSAT-1R VIS channel calibrations against the...-9 VIS response. Scatter between the MTSAT squared counts and Aqua radiances... the low end. Although, the MTSAT-1R data are also available in... similar. The spread of the MTSAT counts at the low end.... Problems in accurately calibrating the MTSAT and FY-2C VIS channels... Terra MODIS VIS channels and (c) MTSAT-1R and Aqua MODIS VIS channels... difference is evident in the MTSAT-Terra bias, which is less... is mirrored in crosscalibrations with MTSAT and Meteosat (not shown) indicating... higher temperatures than Meteosat-9. The MTSAT SIR temperatures are highly correlated... mean day and night Aqua-MTSAT SIR temperature differences are 0.7 and... between daytime SIR data from (a) MTSAT-1R and Aqua MODIS, August 2006... data from (a) FY-2C and MTSAT-1R. Different fits explained as in...-12, Meteosat-9, FY-2C, and MTSAT-1R, 1800 UTC, 13 June 2008...



Дата загрузки: 2017-05-20
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0.5/5
...: VISST, cloud microphysical properties, GOES, MTSAT-1R, FY2-C 1. INTRODUCTION Ground-based instruments...) MTSAT-1R (4 km) 3N-12S, 135E-160E Manus: (Hourly) GOES-9 (4 km) MTSAT-1R (4 km) 3N-17S, 155E-180E Nauru: (Hourly) GOES-9 (4 km) MTSAT-1R (4 km) 5S-17S, 125E-136E Darwin: (Hourly) GOES-9 (4 km) MTSAT-1R (4 km... the Multi-functional Transport Satellite (MTSAT-1R) and Asia from Feng-Yun... Fig. 1. VISST cloud products from MTSAT-1R during TWPICE, 02:33 UTC... SPIE Vol. 6408 64081P-4 TWP MTSAT1R OCT 16, 2006 23:33Z... Tropical Western Pacific Domain from MTSAT-1R. outgoing longwave radiation are combined... the geostationary satellites (e.g. GOES, Meteosat-8, MTSAT-1R) and from all available overpasses...



Дата загрузки: 2017-04-08
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0.12/5
Автоматическая привязка изображений геостационарного спутника MTSAT-1R С.Н. Катаманов Институт Автоматики и Процессов Управления...) введен в эксплуатацию новый геостационарный спутник MTSAT-1R (Multi-functional Transport SATellite). Высокие... географической привязки. При привязке изображений MTSAT-1R/VISSR с помощью алгоритма, разработанного в JMA... данных геостационарных спутников (серий GMS и MTSAT) ошибка может достигать до 20...ёма) изображений, получаемых с геостационарного спутника MTSAT-1R, с пиксельной точностью. Этот метод основан... введен в эксплуатацию новый геостационарный спутник MTSAT-1R (Multi-functional Transport SATellite) взамен... в надире. Высокие характеристики изображений радиометра MTSAT-1R/VISSR (режим HiRID, High Resolution... географической привязки MTSAT-1R/VISSR изображений. При географической привязке данных MTSAT-1R/VISSR с помощью... данных геостационарных спутников (серий GMS и MTSAT), ошибка может достигать до 20... по изображению видимого канала (VIS) MTSAT-1R/VISSR (27.09.2006г.). Слева... видимого канала (VIS) MTSAT-1R/VISSR. Коррекция географической привязки MTSAT-1R/VISSR изображений Процедура... данных геостационарных спутников серий GMS и MTSAT) выполняется на основе минимизации рассогласования... Environmental Satellite) [7, 8]. Положение платформы спутника MTSAT-1R с радиометром во время сеанса при... по видимому каналу (VIS) изображения MTSAT-1R/VISSR (27.09.2006г.); A – до... при коррекции привязки изображений спутника MTSAT-1R это невозможно, так как при.../MTSAT-1R (27.09.2006г.) Заключение Представленный метод коррекции географической привязки MTSAT-1R/VISSR...



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0.11/5
... Meteorology Mar 1995 MTSAT (Multi-functional Transport SATellite ) MTSAT-1R MTSAT-2 (Himawari-6) (Himawari-7) Himawari... – 2003 GOES-9 2003 – 2005 MTSAT-1R 2005 – 2010 MTSAT-2 2010 – Himawari-8 Launch in...  MTSAT1R/2 Observation by MTSAT‐2           (145 deg E) Direct Broadcast via MTSAT1R (140 deg E) MTSAT1R MTSAT‐2 (140... on MSCweb  easy access to MTSAT imagery   especially for NMHSs with... sectored JPEG Imagery on request !! 6 MTSAT imagery dissemination via GOES‐W LRIT... for Pacific islands) GOES-W MTSAT2 MTSAT imagery in GOES LRIT Observation... to GOES LRIT format MTSAT imagery in MTSAT LRIT format 7 Satellite‐related... 9 Utilizing of the Backup Satellite, MTSAT1R Special Observations Rapid Scan Observation... Study field campaign by conducting MTSAT-1R rapid scan observation. Period: January... of Operational Satellites 200200200200200201201201201201201201201201201202202202202202202202202202202 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 MTSAT1R Meteorological Mission MTSAT‐2 Operational In-orbit standby... 2016 Operation of Satellites MTSAT1R Meteorological Mission MTSAT‐2 Meteorological Mission Himawari‐8 Himawari.../Dissemination via MTSAT (direct) via the  Internet via a CTS Operational (MTSAT-2 imagery) Test (Himawari-8 imagery) Operational (MTSAT-2 imagery) Operational... (10 min) HRIT (same as  MTSAT) 10 min (TBD) 5 channels Vis... (10 min) LRIT (same as  MTSAT) 10 min (TBD) 3 channels 5 km... (10 min) HRIT (same as  MTSAT) 10 min (TBD) 5 channels Vis... (10 min) LRIT (same as  MTSAT) 10 min (TBD) 3 channels 5 km...



Дата загрузки: 2017-04-08
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0.18/5
... SOCM/1) NEAR FUTURE PLAN OF MTSAT SYSTEM (Presented by Civil Aviation... near-term future plan of MTSAT System, which was presented to... among AMSS stakeholders. 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 The MTSAT System consists of two satellites... aircraft that is registered as MTSAT user. Ground earth stations are... administration and operation of the MTSAT System has proved to be... 2010, with the EOL of MTSAT-1R nearing, JCAB conducted a comprehensive study... including MTSAT System. The result led JCAB to a decision that MTSAT-1R was going to leave its orbit in 2015 and MTSAT... year of original EOL of MTSAT-2 in 2016. The study, however... 2. -2- DISCUSSION 2.1 New configuration from 2015 MTSAT-1R is anticipated to use up.... The initial estimated EOL of MTSAT-2 was 2016, but the latest... of MTSAT-1R, MTSAT-2 alone will handle all the traffic logged on to MTSAT Systems until around 2020, when the MTSAT System will.... Current configuration MTSAT1R Kobe Configuration from 2015 MTSAT‐2 Hitachi‐ota MTSAT‐2 Kobe Hitachi... to other communication satellites including MTSAT since the satellites covered by... for several days, but the MTSAT services could continue, being backed... the period of development of MTSAT in the mid 1990s. In... implement switch-over time of MTSAT in the order of milliseconds... within the lifetime of current MTSAT System. 2.2.3 Improvement of aeronautical satellite... Inmarsat 3rd generation satellite and MTSAT, continuously stable provision of AMSS... interoperability between Inmarsat and MTSAT Inmarsat and MTSAT have been providing interoperable... Inmarsat as primary satellite and MTSAT as secondary one, and vice... networks, certain aircraft cannot register MTSAT as a secondary satellite. So it... the use of MTSAT-2 after the EOL of MTSAT-1R. Given the manufacturing... systems such as Inmarsat and MTSAT as a short-term solution to..., “Near-term future plan of MTSAT systems”, CNS/MET SG/15.../1 WP-2, August 26 2009. [3] Japan, “MTSAT status and plans”, SOCM/1 WP...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-17
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0.15/5
... network using current (GOES, MSG, MTSAT, FY-2C) and future geostationary... GOES, Met-8, FY-2C, and MTSAT-1R demonstrating the capabilities of these... the geostationary network (GOES, Met-8/-9, MTSAT, FY-2C/2D, etc.). 2.) Provide... monitoring was just beginning and MTSAT-1R and FY-2C were not... in Africa. FY-2C and MTSAT-1R were launched in 2004 and... the past 2 years, FY2C and MTSAT-1R have been used to some... adapt algorithms to other systems (e.g. MTSAT-1R). Some approaches to geostationary fire... recommended to incorporate FY-2C, MTSAT, COMS and INSAT-3D into... cover the same geographic region (e.g. MTSAT and FY2C). Another possibility suggested..., UW-Madison Telespazio, U. Rome, U. Valladolid) MTSAT-1R (no Japanese plans, SRSS, ASMC... of new sensors (FY2C and MTSAT) and the development of new... be examined. FY-2C and MTSAT-1R imagery of the same - 10... MTSAT-1R JAMI after launch. - 12 - The GOES WF_ABBA was adapted to MTSAT-1R... geostationary fire products (GOES, Met-8, MTSAT-1R) into the operational NAAPS to... GOES, Met-8, FY-2C, and MTSAT-1R demonstrating the capabilities of these... agencies in Asia. Applications of MTSAT-1R for fire monitoring in Australia...-pixel characterization) for Met-9 and MTSAT-1R in near-real time. NOAA... activity to include Met-9 and MTSAT-1R by the 4th quarter of... system (SEVIRI, GOES-E/-W, INSAT-3D, MTSAT ?, FY-2C ?) in 2009. The... products (GOES, MODIS, AVHRR, Met-9, MTSAT-1R, AVHRR, etc.) through the HMS... (Met-8/-9, GOES-E/W, FY-2C/2D, MTSAT-1R). - 15 - Appendix Agenda for 2nd... and First Results of Using MTSAT-1R for Fire Detection in Australia...



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0.25/5
... Executive Panel meeting, NOAA, US 1  MTSAT Operation  2 Events on Satellite Operation... up operation by MTSAT1R  •  August 2011:  The operation of MTSAT‐2 had suspended...  because of ground system malfunction.  MTSAT1R had entered into a  backup observation... MTSAT’s ground system. During  the system maintenance, 1 November to 26 December, MTSAT1R... season.  MTSAT­2 IR1(10.8um) TB Bias monitoring 3  IR Calibration  4 MTSAT Infrared...  Jul 2010: GSICS Correction for MTSAT IR entered the Demonstration  Phase... Pre‐operation Phase  Jan 2012: MTSAT‐2 IR intercalibration with IASI was... 2011 to fill a gap.  Ongoing: MTSAT IR Near Real‐Time Corrections... analysis for MTSAT IR intercalibration. (waiting  for Tim’s report)  Reprocessed MTSAT‐2 IR... midnight stray light behavior of MTSAT‐2 using as  an example the...  Sep  Oct  Nov  MTSAT‐2 had no data. MTSAT1R was operational  Dec  30 minutes mean brightness temperature differences between MTSAT­2 and LEO versus UTC for each MTSAT­2 channel. Vertical... line on 15 UTC means MTSAT­2 midnight.  MTSAT‐2 Brightness Temperature Differences  3.8um...  Nov  MTSAT‐2 had no data. MTSAT1R was operational MTSAT‐2 had no data. MTSAT1R was operational  Dec  30 minutes mean brightness temperature differences between MTSAT­2 and LEO versus UTC for each MTSAT­2 channel. Vertical... line on 15 UTC means MTSAT­2 midnight.  Correction of GMS‐5 WV...



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0.06/5
... / EC / ESA MTSAT-1R Multi-functional Transport Satellite JMA / JCAB MTSAT-2 Multi-functional.../index.htm?l=en? MTSAT Comms, JAMI/MTSAT-1R, Type: Geostationary MTSAT DCS Altitude: 36000.../desc: N/A URL: IMAGER/MTSAT-2, MTSAT Comms, Type: Geostationary MTSAT DCS Altitude: 36000 km... (vis/IR) atmospheric stability rainfall. MTSAT-2 Operational Imaging multiMeasures cloud cover... High Resolution Radiometer ISRO IMAGER/MTSAT-2 Imager/MTSAT JMA IMWAS FY-3C..., FY-2E, FY-2F Operational MTSAT-1R Operational Imaging multiMeasures cloud cover...) NRSCC (NSMC-CMA, CAST) JAMI/MTSAT-1R Japanese Advanced Meteorological Imager JMA... detection. radiometers (vis/IR) MTSAT-1R, MTSAT-2 Operational Communications MTSAT-1R, MTSAT-2 Operational Data collection Meteor... ROSKOSMOS (ROSHYDROMET) MTSAT Comms Communications package for MTSAT JMA MTSAT DCS Waveband: Spatial...: Accuracy: Data Collection System for MTSAT JMA MTVZA Atmospheric temperature and...



Дата загрузки: 2017-04-09
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0.2/5
58 2013 2 …………………………………………………………………………………………………………….3 1. ………………………………………………….…………………….…................................4 1.1 ………………………………………………………………...…………...4 1.2 MTSAT ……………………………………………….…...………...6 2. …………………………………………………………………………11 2.1 …………………………………………………………………………...……….13 2.1.1 ……………………..…………………...……….14 2.1.2 ………………………….……………….……….16 2.1.3 ……………..…………...……….17 2.1.4 ………………………………………..……..……..…………... channels in comparison with the MTSAT series. With these many upgrades... summarize details regarding the current MTSAT-AMV, which forms the foundations... altitude specification for the current MTSAT-AMV as well as evaluation... derivation. 1978 30 AMV 2015 8 MTSAT MTSAT MTSAT 1 2011 12 3 2013 1 8 -3- METEOROLOGICAL SATELLITE... Transport Satellite: , 1981; Menzel, 2001 MTSAT Global Telecommunication System: GTS BUFR... -5- MTSAT-1R Oyama and METEOROLOGICAL SATELLITE CENTER TECHNICAL NOTE No58 FEBRUARY 2013 1.2 MTSAT MTSAT 1 8 Himawari-8 MTSAT 30 *2 4 5 1 10 , 2013 1km 4km 2.0km 0.64μm 0.5km 2 2 MTSAT 5 16... hPa 700 hPa DCDH DCDH 2 MTSAT 1 2002 -6- 58 2013 2 1 μm km 1978..., 2008 2009 5 CCC MTSAT-1R Imai, 2006 6-hourly 0.55 - 0.90 3.5 - 4.0 MTSAT-1R 6.5 - 7.0 10.3 - 11... BUFR Oyama, 2010b 0.55 - 0.90 3.5 - 4.0 6.5 - 7.0 MTSAT-2 10.3 - 11.3 11.5 - 12.5 0.43..., 2010b MTSAT-2 Hayashi, 2012 2014 Himawari-8 2015 Himawari-8 5 -8- 58 2 2013 2 MTSAT-2 μm μm μm μm 2 MTSAT 2 2000... (d) (c) 60 60 1 MTSAT A B C 1 00 12 18 UTC 06 15 A B C 2 MTSAT Imai, 2006... 2 1 25 3 , 2008 1 ே 𝑆 ୣ୬ = − ෍ 𝑃 ௜ × log ଶ 𝑃 ௜ ௜ୀଵ 2.1.1) 1 2 𝑃௜ 𝑖 MTSAT ( *4 700 hPa N 1024 2.1.1 4 , 1999 MTSAT : 1 1 1 - 17 - METEOROLOGICAL SATELLITE... 𝐶𝐶(𝑝ᇱ , 𝑞ᇱ ) = max[𝐶𝐶(𝑝, 𝑞)] 2011 (𝑝ᇱ , 𝑞ᇱ ) (0,0) 𝑝− 𝑞− 𝐶𝐶 14 2 (c) (a) (b) 33 2.2.4) 33 (b) MTSAT-2 1 00 UTC 22.9N, 170... (a) (b) 16 (a) 1 (b) 4 𝑝′, 𝑞′ (𝑝′, 𝑞′ 2.2.2 2.2.1 1 , 1983 1 1 16 1 *5 MTSAT 5 1 4km 30 2.2 m/s 1 2 4000m 30 MTSAT 15 1 6 - 30 - 4.4 m/s 1800... (2008) 1 R ୍ୖଵ 1 R ୛୚ 1 1 𝐑୆୆ 𝐑୓୆ୗ 𝐑ୌୖ 𝐑୓୆ୗ - 42 - 2 𝐑ୌୖ =1 58 2013 2 (a) (b) 23 1 (a) MTSAT-2 15 15 2011 1 9 04UTC 42... NOTE No58 FEBRUARY 2013 (a) (b) 1 31 a b MTSAT-2 1 MTSAT-2 1 1 𝑇 ூோଵ 1 𝑇 ௐ௏ r 0.35 2.3.3 31 32 CCC 400... (c) 1 (b) 1 9 GSM RMSVD 3.1 3.1 (d) QI (b) GSM 36 MTSAT-2 2011 1 9 RMSVD QI QI QI... No58 FEBRUARY 2013 3. 37 39 9 MTSAT-2 37 1 00UTC 2011 1 2011 9 1 : 00UTC... RMSVD 2000 2012 GMS-5 GOES-9 MTSAT-1R MTSAT-2 1 1 00UTC 40 12UTC 2007 40... 5 3.1 Oyama, 2010 2009 1 m/s *14 RMSVD MTSAT-2 GSM QI>0.85 QI −2 2 m/s RMSVD... 2.4.1 42 45 15 30 60 2.2.1 MTSAT 0 m/s RMSVD 2005 *15 46 51..., 2001 GOES MTSAT NOAA/NESDIS EUMETSAT SCE CLA 2.4 RF MTSAT 13μm CO2...-CIMSS) 4.2 2008 , 2008 T-PARC 2011 2.4.1 8 MTSAT Bedka and Mecikalski, 2005 Rapid... 2013 2 MTSAT (2006) 3 850 hPa 700 hPa-850 hPa 4.3 1 MTSAT 2.3 30 41... No58 FEBRUARY 2013 12 Himawari-8/9 MTSAT Himawari-8/9 (μm) MTSAT ( ; km) GOES-R GOES-R ( ; km... GSM 63 MTSAT-2 2011 (a) 9 1 (b) 2011 63(a) BFL 2.0 hPa 10.0 63(b) 9 MTSAT-2 MTSAT-2 4 00UTC... 4.1 63(a) 63(a) 63(c) 63(a) 7 GSM MTSAT-2 1 61 1 850 hPa 62 950... GSM 2011 (a)MTSAT-2 QI>0.8 4 00UTC (b) (c)GSM (d) GSM 9 200 hPa 850hPa 1 MTSAT-2 - 102 - 58 64 63 2013 2 QI>0.8 MTSAT-2 A3 63(d) 200 hPa 1 2011 3.3 64 MTSAT-2 65 QI>0.8 63(c) 2011 850 hPa 1 MTSAT-2 QI>0.85... No58 FEBRUARY 2013 (a) 65 (b) 2011 1 MTSAT-2 (a) QI>0.85, 00, 06, 12... Generation MTG METEOSAT Third Generation MTSAT METEOSAT METEOSAT Multifunctional Transport Satellite...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-23
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0.15/5
... Project Web Page 1  Update of MTSAT Real-Time Imagery on the... of Meteorological Observing Function from MTSAT-1R to MTSAT-2  3 Sentinel Asia - Disaster Management... the WMOSP’s website Update of MTSAT Real-Time Imagery on the...) updated its web page showing MTSAT real-time imagery for various.../img/reg/sat_img.htm) Figure 2. MTSAT real-time imagery on the... of Meteorological Observing Function from MTSAT-1R to MTSAT-2 without adjusting the direction... earth from space using the MTSAT-1R geostationary satellite since 28 June.... Since the service period of MTSAT-1R's earth imaging sensor will reach... over to MTSAT-2 as outlined below. 5. Meteorological standby by MTSAT-1R 1. Date and time of switchover MTSAT-2 observing images will... 2010. 2. MTSAT-2 observation In the event of abnormalities with MTSAT-2 or the... satellite or its ground system, MTSAT-1R will be brought back into... after the switchover. 6. DCS operation MTSAT-1R will continuously operate the Data....go.jp/notice/Himawari7_ e.htm MTSAT-2's sensor captures earth images using... same way as MTSAT-1R's. The observation timetable of MTSAT-2 will consist of... same way as that of MTSAT-1R. 3. Imagery data The center of... center of MTSAT-2 HRIT imagery data will therefore be the MTSAT-2 position at 145ºE, while that of MTSAT-1R data is the MTSAT-1R... LRIT dissemination service for SDUS, MTSAT-2 imagery data will be provided... map projection as those of MTSAT-1R. Full-disk visible imagery data... the switchover. 4. Data dissemination service MTSAT-1R will continue to perform HRIT... receive MTSAT-2 imagery data -3- Figure 3. Imagery Observation/Direct Broadcast Configurations by MTSAT-1R... Multi-functional Transport Satellite-1 Replacement (MTSAT-1R), Terra, and Aqua. It has... satellites, namely, ALOS of JAXA, MTSAT-1R of Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA... Asia, the JMA is providing MTSAT-1R data to JAXA. JAXA has... data of MTSAT-1R during the nighttime are provided by JAXA. MTSAT-1R provides... “Satellite River Watch,” is provided. 2.2 MTSAT-1R Cloud Imagery and Hotspot Monitoring... September 2009. (a) is imagery of MTSAT-1R, showing typhoon Ketsana in Vietnam... Indonesia. (b) is hotspots detected by MTSAT-1R infrared data, with confidence level...