Спутник связи. N-Star 3. [Редактировать]

В программе N-STAR-c , Orbital работал совместно с Lockheed Martin Corporation над построением и запуском геосинхронного спутника для японской NTT Mobile Communications Network, Inc. Lockheed Martin был выбран головным исполнителем контракта и выполнял сборку и создание ретранслятора, Orbital отвечал за поставку платформы, наземеного сегмента, запуск и летно-конструкторские испытания. 

Хронология работы аппарата

# Дата Комментарии
1 Январь 2003 года Возникли проблемы с модулем полезной нагрузки спутника, изготовленной компанией Lockheed Martin. Объявлена частичная гибель спутника. Получено страховое возмещение $40.7 млн.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
127461НайтиНайти
2N-Star CНайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Япония
2Тип оператора(владельца) - коммерческий
3Тип орбиты - ГСО
4Страна производитель - США
5Все спутники связи

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг1625
2Масса (сухая), кг800
3Платформа 1xGEOStar-2 Bus
4Количество (C стволов), шт.1
5Количество (S стволов), шт.20
6Мощность, Вт2600

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град2.4
2Апогей, км35799.6
3Перигей, км35788.8
4Период, минут1436.1
5Длинный диаметр эллипса, км42165

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2002-035B

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Оператор JSAT Corporation
2Производитель Orbital ATK

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Космодром Куру
2Дата пуска2002-07-05 at 23:22:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xAtlantic Bird 3
4Полезная нагрузка 1xN-Star 3
5Ракета-носитель 1xАриан 5G

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «N-Star 3». [Перейти к поиску]


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0.09/5
... (log10 (M /M ) > 10). Compared to the star-formation rates measured for galaxies... 2.3 Contents 2.6 2.7 ii 2.5.3 SED Fitting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 2.5.4 Star Formation Rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 2.5.5 Observed UV... . . . . . . . . . . . 78 2.6.5 Stellar Mass Density . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 2.6.6 Star Formation Rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95... Zoo project. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 1.3 Evolution of the star-formation rate density through cosmic... M ). . . . . . . . . . 88 2.22 Biweight mean specific star-formation rates (sSFR) and error... work (black circles). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 2.23 Star-formation rate functions calculated using... SFR-densities at z > 4 for 3 different star formation histories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 4.5 UV continuum... of the star-formation rate density indicate that the star-formation history... Introduction 9 Figure 1.3: Evolution of the star-formation rate density through cosmic...; Finkelstein, 2014), indicating that the star-formation rate density is increasingly... characteristic quenching mass, beyond which star-formation is suppressed much more... population (i.e. the stellar mass or star-formation rate functions) would provide... constructed to simulate more complicated star-formation and metallicity histories as... to constructing plausible and accurate star-formation and metallicity history is... evolution of the specific star-formation rates and star-formation rate function... constraints on the contribution of star-forming galaxies to reionization, requiring... also shown that exponentially rising star-formation histories can provide improved...; LAEs), and therefore undergoing strong star-formation (or AGN activity). Spectroscopic... models. 2.4 Selection method comparison Traditionally, (star-forming) galaxies at high-redshift... equal to stellar metallicity. The star formation histories follow the exponential... bins apart from z ∼ 4. 2.6.6 Star Formation Rates 2.6.6.1 Specific star formation rates Earlier observations... -0.5 2 3 4 z 5 6 7 Figure 2.22: Biweight mean specific star-formation rates (sSFR) and error... be made. 2.6.6.2 Star formation rate functions and the cosmic star formation rate... corrected UV star-formation rates (SFRMadau ) and the SED star-formation rates...) log10 SFR (M / year) Figure 2.23: Star-formation rate functions calculated using... to be dusty star-forming objects, i.e. β corrected UV star-formation rates. Although... mass (M = 5 × 109 M ), the mean specific star formation rate rises with redshift... in the cosmic star formation rate at z > 4, but find star formation rate... corrections made when estimating intrinsic star-formation rates. Irrespective of the... far-infrared emissions, have allowed star-formation rates of individual galaxies.... (2000) attenuation curve. The assumed star-formation histories follow exponential τ -models... short burst (τ = 0.05) and continuous star-formation models (τ 1/H0 ). Nebular emission....0 9.5 SED - Single burst SED - Dusty star-forming Empirical 95% Completeness 9.0 8.5 2 3 4 z 5 6 Figure... majority of galaxies above z ∼ 3 are star-forming, this assumption significantly overestimates..., very dusty (AV = 2) star-forming galaxy with a powerlaw star-formation history (∝ t1... mass (log10 (M /M ) = 9.7±0.3) have average specific star-formation rates of ≈ 2.3 Gyr−1 . Therefore... brighter galaxies have more stochastic star-formation histories and the β variation... allows for any single-parameter star-formation history (e.g. exponential decline, power.... Powering reionization 4.3.1.1 155 Star-formation history Typically, star formation histories are parameterised..., following ρSFR (t) ∝ (t − tf )α . (4.11) The star-formation history (SFH) of high...., 2013) (dependent on assumptions of star-formation history). For galaxies closer... SFR-densities at z > 4 for 3 different star formation histories. The grey datapoints... assumptions for our fiducial β = −2 model. Star-formation history SF R ∝ t1.4 a Initial... constrain the past star-formation rate if the star-formation history is... obscured star-formation at z > 6. At its simplest, the relation between a star-formation... the observed redshift. For a parametrised star-formation history, F (t), which is normalised... in Section 4.3.1, we assume a normalised star-formation history which is F (t) ∝ t1... for comparable underlying UV luminosity/star-formation rate density measurements relative... the expected ages, metallicities and star-formation histories for galaxies during... mass (5 × 109 M ), the average specific star-formation rate (sSFR) rises strongly... the peak in cosmic star-formation rate history, star-formation is the... colour constraints and observed star-formation densities, star-forming galaxies can easily... biased estimates for dust-corrected star-formation rates. Measuring and understanding...-DEFINED U V -COLOR MAGNITUDE RELATIONSHIP FOR Z 4 STAR-FORMING GALAXIES Bouwens R. J., et al...



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0.15/5
... or copyrights concerned. INTRODUCTION PAGE 1 STAR WARRIORS TABLE OF CONTENTS CHANNEL... UNIVERSE LEAGUE . 13 HISTORY . . . . . . . THE STAR WARRIORS . THE UNIVERSE LEAGUE SPECIES... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 ROLEPLAYING GAMES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 INTRODUCTION STAR WARRIORS CHANNEL ONE INTRODUCTION Science.... CHANNEL FOUR — THE STAR WARRIORS Seven detailed Star Warriors heroes, available for.... CHANNEL EIGHT — THE BEST OF STAR WARRIORS Twelve adventure seeds representing... episode! PAGE 3 STAR WARRIORS BACKSTORY The story of Star Warriors began in... greater storyline. The completed concept, Star Warriors, was met with enthusiasm... related licenses. For a time afterward, Star Warriors was effectively over. The... the rumors of a comicbook... INTRODUCTION STAR WARRIORS CHANNEL TWO PLAYER‘S GUIDE.... PLAYER‘S GUIDE STAR WARRIORS SPACE COMBAT Space combat in Star Warriors means...). They are completely compatible with Star Warriors. Likewise, the templates found... Action Hour rulebook. PLAYER‘S GUIDE STAR WARRIORS Special Abilities Choose any...: Super-Scale Movement PAGE 11 STAR WARRIORS Restriction: Charges, Moderate Restriction... Restriction: Charges, Minor PLAYER‘S GUIDE STAR WARRIORS CHANNEL THREE THE UNIVERSE.... PAGE 13 STAR WARRIORS THE STAR WARRIORS MISSION The Star Warriors have been... the possibility. THE UNIVERSE LEAGUE STAR WARRIORS STAR WARRIOR CENTRAL: THE PLAYSET... LEAGUE PAGE 21 STAR WARRIORS UNIVERSE LEAGUE BATTLE CRUISER STAR WARRIOR SHUTTLE... LEAGUE PAGE 23 STAR WARRIORS CHANNEL FOUR THE STAR WARRIORS CAPTAIN LANCE... operatives — the Star Warriors. THE STAR WARRIORS STAR WARRIORS PERSONALITY Starfire is a leader... Knows the secrets of the Star Warriors’ technology — Moderate Traits Coordination... low-frequency sound. THE STAR WARRIORS PAGE 25 STAR WARRIORS DR: 4+2 Range... understands that if he THE STAR WARRIORS STAR WARRIORS were ever captured... Zarnon’s return reached them. Lance Starfire personally requested that a skilled...: Vehicle Class PAGE 28 THE STAR WARRIORS STAR WARRIORS Restriction: Charges, Moderate... transferred Maverick to the Star Warriors. Lance Starfire inherited a soldier who... to defeat Zarnon. THE STAR WARRIORS PAGE 29 STAR WARRIORS PSYCHLOS, POST... Continuously — Minor PAGE 30 THE STAR WARRIORS STAR WARRIORS Hypnosis (MiscSA, Power... 2, Disguise -1, Repair 2, Willpower 3, Appearance -1 THE STAR WARRIORS ROBOMAN, IF HE HAD... Feels indebted to the other Star Warriors — Moderate Impulsive — Moderate Traits...: 4 CP PAGE 32 THE STAR WARRIORS STAR WARRIORS Diamond Axe (OSA, Power... Fire Diamonds for himself. The Star Warriors organized a counterattack, and Brutas...fluence on whom THE STAR WARRIORS PAGE 33 STAR WARRIORS CHANNEL FIVE...’s favor if the Star Warriors weren’t around. The Star Warriors, however, are... Journey of the Star Warriors, the ”official” Star Warriors movie which... STAR OF THE SHOW The Star Warriors do have a leader — if Lance Star... on their abilities. GAMEMASTER‘S SECTION STAR WARRIORS ADJUSTING THE TONE The... streets, looking for dissidents. The Star Warriors, fighting for a Universe League... or similar protection. PAGE 37 STAR WARRIORS • • • • • • • Exotic: The atmosphere is.... Tolken’s Sonic Stunner. GAMEMASTER‘S SECTION STAR WARRIORS • Super-Advanced: Represents technology... 1, Appearance 1 PAGE 44 ZARNON‘S EMPIRE STAR WARRIORS Emperor Zarnon (200 CPs... ZARNON‘S EMPIRE STAR WARRIORS CHANNEL EIGHT THE BEST OF STAR WARRIORS SEED...: surrender or die. The Star Warriors — Lance Starfire, Dr. Rex Tolken... (Broadcast Order: Season 1, Episode 3) The Star Warriors are summoned by a call... the series. THE BEST OF STAR WARRIORS STAR WARRIORS SEED #3: The Dangers... (Broadcast Order: Season 1, Episode 9) The Star Warriors are at a military base... — faints during afternoon drills. The Star Warriors sense something sinister is... Order: Season 1, Episode 12) The Star Warrior Shuttle makes a rendezvous with... quickly. THE BEST OF STAR WARRIORS PAGE 55 STAR WARRIORS SEED #5: The... abandoned. After some debate, the Star Warriors decide to investigate, docking... the show. THE BEST OF STAR WARRIORS STAR WARRIORS SEED #7: The Gangs... becoming personally frustrated by the Star Warriors’ constant interference in his...) . THE BEST OF STAR WARRIORS PAGE 57 STAR WARRIORS SEED #9: Monster Machines (Broadcast Order: Season 3, Episode 8) The Star Warriors are visiting the world... the Star Warriors themselves! Escaping from the exhibition hall, the Star Warriors... Journey of the Star Warriors. THE BEST OF STAR WARRIORS STAR WARRIORS SEED.... THE BEST OF STAR WARRIORS PAGE 59 STAR WARRIORS SPECIAL BONUS SEED... 3, 1988) Introduction The idea of a Star Warriors motion picture was considered... the lost world. Meanwhile, the Star Warriors, regrouping on Freedonia, analyze... to the THE BEST OF STAR WARRIORS STAR WARRIORS outside in time... have THE BEST OF STAR WARRIORS PAGE 61 STAR WARRIORS picked up... PAGE 62 THE BEST OF STAR WARRIORS STAR WARRIORS up with a gang... is THE BEST OF STAR WARRIORS PAGE 63 STAR WARRIORS one mob...: 25 CP THE BEST OF STAR WARRIORS STAR WARRIORS APPENDIX 1 RECOMMENDED SOURCES...



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0.15/5
... STAR) GREGS 6 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) JONEZ 5 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) KNEAD 6 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR... STAR) MOTZA 7 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) SASIE 3 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) SLUGG 6 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR... CITY MUN LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE INDEX NUMBER... STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR EXECUTIVE LONE STAR... STAR) DUMPY 4 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) FINGR 4 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR... STAR) GREGS 6 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) JONEZ 5 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) KNEAD 6 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) MOTZA 7 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) SASIE 3 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) SLUGG 6 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR... STAR) GREGS 6 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) SASIE 3 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) SLUGG 6 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR... STAR) MOTZA 7 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) SASIE 3 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) SLUGG 6 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR... STAR) KNEAD 6 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) MOTZA 7 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) SASIE 3 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR... STAR) KNEAD 6 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) MOTZA 7 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) SASIE 3 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR... STAR) KNEAD 6 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) MOTZA 7 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) SASIE 3 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR... STAR) FINGR 4 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) GREGS 6 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) KNEAD 6 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR... STAR) FINGR 4 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) GREGS 6 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR) KNEAD 6 ARR (DALLAS METROPLEX AREA STAR... CHART INFORMATION RNAV STAR & STAR DESIGNATION INDEX RNAV STAR (CDA) & STAR (CDA) DESIGNATION INDEX... ALTS STAR RNAV A & B RWY 01 STAR RNAV C RWY 01 STAR RNAV A & B RWY 19 STAR...



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0.07/5
... - Return of the Jedi - Death Star Battle.bin W:\atari2600\Star Wars - Return... Chase (1982) (Parker Bros-First Star Software).bin X:\atari5200\Atari Diagnostics V2...).ipf T:\atarist\Roadwars (Europe).ipf T:\atarist\Rock Star Ate My Hamster (Europe).ipf... the Jedi (Europe) (Compilation - The Star Wars Trilogy).ipf T:\atarist\Star Wars... Strikes Back (Europe) (Compilation - The Star Wars Trilogy).ipf T:\atarist\Star Wrek... (USA, Europe).gg Q:\gamegear\NHL All-Star Hockey (USA).gg Q:\gamegear\NHL Hockey..., Europe).gg Q:\gamegear\Ristar - The Shooting Star (World).gg Q:\gamegear\Road Rash (Europe..., The (USA).gb P:\gb\Adventures of Star Saver, The (USA, Europe).gb... His Clan (USA).gb P:\gb\All-Star Baseball 99 (USA).gb P:\gb\Altered...).gb P:\gb\Fist of the North Star (USA).gb P:\gb\Flash, The (USA... Land (USA, Europe).gb P:\gb\Kirby's Star Stacker (USA, Europe) (SGB Enhanced... P:\gb\NBA All Star Challenge (USA, Europe).gb P:\gb\NBA All Star Challenge 2 (USA... P:\gb\Super Scrabble (USA).gb P:\gb\Super Star Wars - Return of the Jedi... Minish Cap (USA).gba O:\gba\LEGO Star Wars II - The Original Trilogy...-Man Collection (USA).gba O:\gba\Phantasy Star Collection (USA).gba O:\gba\Pitfall - The...).gbc N:\gbc\All-Star Baseball 2000 (USA, Europe).gbc N:\gbc\All-Star Baseball 2001..., Europe).gbc N:\gbc\Buzz Lightyear of Star Command (USA, Europe).gbc N:\gbc\Caesars... (USA, Europe).md M:\genesis\NBA All-Star Challenge (USA, Europe).md M:\genesis\NBA... 98 (USA).md M:\genesis\NHL All-Star Hockey '95 (USA).md M:\genesis\NHL..., Europe).md M:\genesis\Phantasy Star II (USA, Europe).md M:\genesis\Phantasy Star III - Generations... Doom (USA, Europe).md M:\genesis\Phantasy Star IV (USA).md M:\genesis\Phantom 2040... Strike (1982) (Mattel).int L:\intellivision\All-Star Major League Baseball (1983) (Mattel... Star Tennis 99 (USA).z64 K:\n64\All-Star Baseball 2000 (USA).z64 K:\n64\All-Star Baseball 2001 (USA).z64 K:\n64\All-Star... (USA).nes J:\nes\Dusty Diamond's All-Star Softball (USA).nes J:\nes\Dynowarz - Destruction...).nes J:\nes\Fist of the North Star (USA).nes J:\nes\Flight of the...).pce H:\pcengine\Power League (Japan) (All Star Version).pce H:\pcengine\Power League (Japan... (Japan).pce H:\pcengine\Super Star Soldier (Japan).pce H:\pcengine\Super Star Soldier (USA).pce... Wrestling (USA).sfc E:\snes\NBA All-Star Challenge (USA).sfc E:\snes\NBA Give...,De,Es,It).sfc E:\snes\Super Star Wars - Return of the Jedi (USA).sfc E:\snes\Super Star Wars - The Empire Strikes Back (USA).sfc E:\snes\Super Star Wars (USA).sfc E:\snes\Super Street...'s Jungle Games (USA).sfc E:\snes\Tin Star (USA).sfc E:\snes\Tiny Toon Adventures...



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0.13/5
... of an active V = 11.7 G9V star observed by the CoRoT satellite.... The parameters of the host star were derived from optical spectra... so far around a main-sequence star, an object that deserves the.... 2. Photometric observations with CoRoT The star CoRoT-7 was observed during the... (Fig 1), CoRoT-7 is an active star. Its LC shows ≈2% modulations, interpreted... a summary. For any catalogued nearby star around the CoRoT-7 target, we... expected eclipse amplitude if this star was the source of the... the target. However, this faint star would have to show strong... 4.9, 5.9 and 6.7 arcsec, whereas no other star could be indentified between 0.5 and... photometric mask applied on the star CoRoT-7 onboard CoRoT and the... system of a star and a transiting object (planet or star), the star having the...-7. For instance it could be a star instrinsically bluer than CoRoT-7 but... on the NACO image a simulated star Fig. 7. Final NACO image in... which the presence of a faint star could not be detected close... shown in Fig. 8. The simulated star shows up clearly, brighter than... the NACO image, after a simulated star 6.5 mag fainter than CoRoT-7 was... only region in which such a star could be confused with residual... probability that there is a background star closer than 400 mas is... of a fainter star (star_2) physically associated with the target star (star_1). Assuming... spectral type of the secondary star can be estimated thanks to... the target star (star_1). Star_2 is a physically associated faint star and tr_3... of a mean sequence star (Drilling & Landolt 2000) for star _2, and the... star_2 to be a K9V star. Now, such a star would be redder than... produces a mini-spectrum for each star, split by a proper selection of... so close to the target star that it would be indistinguishable... would then apply. This transiting star would lead to photoelectron contents... flux of a K0V star (proxy for CoRoT-7 , a G9V star) into the 3 channels... to the eclipse of a M5V star. Frontiers between colours are the... in front of the target star (rG9 = gG9 = bG9 = 1)4 . Another possibility... very temperature of the target star. With a proper luminosity ratio, this..., not that of a main sequence star. The white dwarf possibility is... transits in front of a secondary star. 5. Infrared spectroscopy The reasoning of... the transit requires that the star undergoing the transit has a minimum..., if it is a main sequence star, a statement that is stronger than... versus fractional radius of the star: superimposition of the Eddington’s classical... the predicted ones for a K0 star (best proxy in Claret’s tables for a G9V star) in filter V (blue line), R (green... larger in an M5V star than in a G9V star. The total integration... of an M5V star. If there is an early M star associated to...-correlation function when a putative M5V star at the same distance as... the presence of a bounded M-star. Such a secondary M star is clearly detected by... a sunspot template, a proxy for an M-star. Therefore, the CRIRES spectra can... out the presence of a secondary star earlier than M5V within 0.3 arcsec... a binary consisting of a G-star orbited by an M-star that has a eclipsing planet... not due to an associated star (star_2) subjected to a transit. The... a triple system consisting of a G9V star and an eclipsing binary of... a synthetic spectrum of an M5V star. Bottom: same as above, but... the photometric activity from the star is relatively low; consequently, they... CoRoT space mission. VIII. the star CoRoT-7 with a 0.854 day period... large object, e.g. a Jupiter or a late star, can be eliminated because the... the CoRoT observations. The central star was first spectroscopically observed in... and luminosity class of the star (G9 V). These observations allowed us... positive scenario of a lowmass star orbiting a giant star, and trigger further and... photospheric analysis of the central star was carried out using a UVES... rotating main-sequence star late G main-sequence star with nearly solar-like... the atmospheric parameters of the star, we used the same approaches... mass and radius of the star were determined from the photospheric...-7 is not an old, quiet star. 9. Planetary parameters We derive the... to values corresponding to a G9V star (from Claret 2000, with u+ = ua... 0.17 g cm−3 for the host star, a value much lower than expected for a G9V star (2.0 g cm−3 ). This apparent discrepancy probably... than expected for a main sequence star. To investigate the origin of... better with that of a G9V star. Consequently, we assume that the... CoRoT-7b and its host star. We thus favour a second explanation... planetary systems. Because the host star CoRoT-7 is A. Léger et al... account here. clearly an active star, and because of the comparable... and centrifugal force effects The star and the planet are exchanging... to Murray & Dermott (1999), the star raises tides on the planet... the short distance to the star. The stability of the planetary... the Roche radius of the star (Chandrasekhar 1969). The dissipation constant... axes is directed towards the star while the shortest is directed...



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0.09/5
... a set of monthly notes and a star chart for that month along... Astronomy Club — host the Whirlpool Star Party and meet monthly. A number... (updated frequently). Star parties The two-day Galway Star Party will be... Club will hold the Burren Star Party on September 11th. The club formerly ran the Whirlpool Star Party in Birr, Co. Offaly...) from Sky & Telescope is a superb star atlas. The ever-changing sky... and are known as circumpolar. A star is circumpolar if it’s declination... at 53°N the most southerly star seen will have a declination of... such a way that any particular star is due south four minutes... are seasonal. Star light, star bright The magnitude of a star refers to its... diameter. The apparent brightness of a star depends on its true brightness... absolute magnitude is the magnitude a star would show if it lay... gap to even the nearest star requires kilometre-long leaps of... simply the distance at which a star would show a parallax of one... perfect for appreciating the extensive star clouds of the Milky Way...'s tail, or quickly completing a variable star programme in an evening. Their... new suns are being born, star-studded sections of the Milky... constellations have at least one star more brilliant. α alpha ι iota ρ rho... lies 1½' from a mag. 7.2 star tonight — don’t confuse the star for a “moon” of... can be found near the star eta Virginis (3.89m) tonight Uranus... predicted to occult a magnitude 9.06 star (visible from the S coast of... (-1.3m) passes 3¾° N of the Beehive star cluster over the next few... Jupiter passes 20' from the star sigma Aquarii (4.82m) tonight 1970... outlying members of the Pleiades star cluster by the Moon 24... close to the magnitude 3.86 star eta Virginis this month. Jupiter... Sagittari (2.8m) is the brightest star to be occulted from Ireland... visible) Saturn passes 8' from the star 10 Virginis (5.9m) Planned launch... (0.5m) at opposition near the star 10 Virginis Neptune passes from....) The planet is 8' from the star phi Aquarii (4.28m) tonight April... approaches and passes the Beehive star cluster (M44) over the next...: Venus passes 3½° from the Pleiades star cluster in Taurus over the... degrees of the first magnitude star Regulus. Saturn shuffles slowly through...’) PM: Venus passes ¼°from the star epsilon Geminorum (3.01m) over the...: Venus passes through the Beehive star cluster over the next two... visible) Mars close to the star beta Virginis (3.6m) Minor planet... glides by the lovely Beehive star cluster. Mars fades to magnitude.... Yellowish Saturn is a steady magnitude 1.1 “star” plodding across Virgo. Magnitude –2.7 Jupiter... 1850: First photo taken of a star (Vega) Favourable lunar libration to... PM: Mars lies ¼° from the star beta Virginis (3.6m) 22 1784... right Bank Holiday PM: The star within the isosceles triangle of...) 9 Sunday 11 12 SAC’s Burren Star Party Minor planet 8 Flora is... the star gamma Virginis (2.74m) AM: Saturn passes ½° from the star gamma... Saturn lies with 3' of the star 44 Virginis (5.8m) 1972: Apollo... peaks Jupiter lies 3' from the star 20 Piscium (5.0m) 17h 36m....). Numerous disappearances and reappearances of a star may occur during a graze event... and is expressed in degrees. A star magnitude limit of 6·5 has been... when you will see a fainter star than our magnitude limit occulted... in Tennyson’s Locksley Hall and star lore world-wide. This stellar... by Pluto of a magnitude 10.4 star in Sagittarius is predicted to...: 106 Dione occults a magnitude 9.06 star in Pisces at 17h 59... 24 — Time (UT) Star Mag. Ph. P.A.° Time (UT) Star Mag. Ph. P.A.° Jan... degree from Polaris, the Pole Star. Venus and Mercury show phases... can be found as a magnitude 5.7 “star” a little under 1° N of more brilliant... found ½°NE of the magnitude 5.0 star mu Capricorni. Pluto, now classed... title of Sidus Ludoviciana. This star had a brief period of fame..." was nothing more than a fixed star however. Rather unsavoury and libellous... and his detractors before the star became but a footnote in astronomical... days and appears like a magnitude 8 “star” lying about five ring-widths... 2½° north of the magnitude 4.56 star 3 Sagittarii on the day of... 4½° west of the magnitude 2.04 star beta Ceti (Diphda.) — Page 32... Quadrantids, named for a now defunct star pattern that originally comprised some... Predicted Average Period Minimum Variable Star maximum max mag. in days.... epsilon Aurigae Algol — the Demon Star The table below highlights favourable... celebrated eclipsing binary star β (Beta) Persei, or Algol. The star varies in... minutes. Algol appears as a single star in Earth based telescopes but... announced that the enigmatic variable star epsilon Aurigae has entered eclipse...-tk/atlas/atlas.htm — free star atlases that you can download.../downloads.html — very attractively produced star chart that you can download... page of the Irish variable star observers group www.aavso.org — worldwide body for variable star observers www.ianridpath.com/startales/contents.htm — star lore History www.daviddarling.info... a wonderfully illustrated history of the star atlas Books and small ads...



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... JEROMMEKE TIJL JEANNE UILENSPIEGEL BRODOSPAS STAR RAQUEL RUBENS ZEEJAGER ARAVIS BEL... OR3710 OR3711 OS3713 IAKO BLUE STAR MORGENDAUW NAMASTE II BOOGIE LADY... CHALLENGER AMELIE II KARO BLACK STAR IJSVOGEL EVASION FREEBIRD BEL BEL...-ALEXANDRE O DE VIE THE MORNING STAR BARACUDA RIVER GHOST MORGANE WALRUS... OR6036 OR6037 ZADA FLANDERS STAR 5 AMAMOS FLANDERS STAR 7 ELEGANCE 5 BEL BEL BEL... OS6044 OR6044 OR6045 SUGAN ROYAL STAR 6 VICTOR HORTA C435 C555 C524... BIJOU AL’ FONCE LUCKY MORNING STAR SKANOH III Q DOLCE FAR NIENTE... XXX K777290 K762435 1,8 1,8 6 V V CATO SPRANKLING STAR SUNDANCE II BELLA MIA SPIRIT... LOHENGRIN NAOMI VEGA THISARA GREDI STAR VIKILANDIA HUNTER WANDERLUST SOPHIA SEAGULL... LZSH LZSM LZH2326 5BDG3 BALTIC STAR VARNA POLARIS LENA KOLEVA BATYA... MOUETTE MILAN CATE MIRA LONE STAR D D D D D D D D D D PL PL PL PL PL... WILMA TUKAN MAJA MIKA LUCKY STAR ENJOY M. J. MELES PAULA WINDROOS ARGO... 2 ARCADIA TOO ZIG ZAG OCTOBER STAR EASTERN ELEGANCE TYKE TOUCAN OF... ZIXP3 BLUE BOOJUM MORFA NORTH STAR MAISY G G G G 1 1 1 EB1 B1 PL PL... SRI: VHFDSC Ex-name: NORTH STAR SRI: VHF, AISTRN, RADAR, EPIRB406... MQBS2 MFYP3 VQDE3 FREEBOOTER BLUE STAR APPASSIONATA A MAY PRINCESS PICCOLO MISS... PACIFIC 22 RIB LINGARA DARK STAR STEELAWAY DEWDROP PIGLET CAPUCINE OCEAN... III INSPIRATION SAND DOLLAR EVENING STAR FIREBIRD CAST-AWAY MELLOW TOO... 2BSJ3 2BSM2 2BTF4 KAYLEEN SARUM STAR BORDER LADY G G G 1 1 PL PL PL... AVON GRACE ICE DANCER CORAL STAR DISCOVERY INSPIRATION OF POOLE NINA... ANNE CITARA OF LEPE MAPLE STAR FREE SPIRIT ATHENA L’ATTITUDE KATABATIC... 2GGT9 MLBT4 2GGC4 C AQUARIUS LUNDY STAR SWIFT SEAKER 2 ELLIE ROSE YINDEE... POINT G - WIZ CHARM LEANNE P LONE STAR SARAH D GALA... RAFSA 3 RAFSA 4 MISS... DRAGON AVALON ORCA ACKEE SEA STAR OF PORTSMOUTH LEANDRA JANE FASTRAK... WIZARD ALIANA IMAGINE WAHOO SOUTHERN STAR KESTREL SILVER MIST MISCHIEF YEMANJA... NAUTI CREW WOOTTON LASS REGAL STAR REGAL STAR SIRENE FREYA KEEP CALM... OF RASSAY TERRA NOVA SHOOTING STAR III ALGOA BAY SCHIEHALLION KATANN... JETHA EASTERN GALENE KINGFISHER WANDERING STAR KESTREL FREE SPIRIT INSPIRATION TOO... 11 THE GOLDEN CLOUD PILGRIM STAR JAMKIN III SILKPURSE CHEEKY MONKEY... ALICE SORCERER VALLINDA GRAY NORTH STAR BAMBOULA FUSS’N’BOTHER ANJA JOANNE... NELSON MOVE ON GUNDOG GAELIC STAR GECKO OF PLYMOUTH COBRA MIDNIGHT... TIGER LADY MARGARET II CELTIC STAR CLOUDY BAY SEAJACKS LEVIATHAN RESCUE... ROUNDABOUT NANCY LUBILU III ADASTRAL STAR SEA GYPSY AYESHA NEW RUNAWAY... ADRIANNE SIMBA SCOOBY CROFTER RENEE STAR BURST TWO-O-TWO GREAT BEAR... V EMMA LOUISE LL SANTIANO EVENING STAR YUM YUM CALYPSO AILISH THE... G G EB1 EB1 MXPY2 VQGU3 WANDERING STAR II NATACHA C G G VQIE5 HIGHLAND EAGLE... ZD STORM TIMELESS DABEWO ZEPHYR STAR DORIS BABYLON HARMONIA PG 72... NOUVELLE VAGUE KENDU MEERMIN CORAL STAR CORAL STICHO DE ZOMER GRACE... ENERGIZER COASTAL FIGHTER MY GALACTICA STAR FLINTERCARRIER FRISIAN RIVER ENDEAVOR WISBY... EXPRESS TWO ODIN FINDER SOUTHERN STAR LA SUPERBA GRANDE SPAGNA TELIRI... FIONNUALA VARADERO WHITE SEAHORSE DELTA STAR II COASTAL CAT CAITLIN MARIE...-73, 764641712-14 Ex-name: STAR TOSCANA SAT: 424976210-12, 600542760... CAT LALIE 5 BLUE PEARL SILVER STAR LAS BRISAS SIRIUS BOURBON ALTAIR... KARL-EVEN STAR JUVENTAS NOR NOR EG2 257329000 LAZV5 STAR JAPAN NOR... HARALD JONNY BJOERNSTEIN CAPRI SVANEN STAR DIEPPE NOR NOR NOR NOR... LM8797 LAJF7 PAUL SENIOR OERAGUTT STAR KINN NOR NOR NOR 257457120... EDELWEISS BETTY JOHANNA SUNNY BLUE STAR ISMENE 6 7 8 9 10 Section I 11 12... LA8747 LL4700 LK6786 LAMB LLNZ STAR NIKADA HANNE ELISABETH 2 SANDOEYGUTT AURORA... AUGUSTA ARIEL NIRVANA RAKJAN SPANNHOLM STAR ISFJORD NOR NOR NOR NOR... CALYPSO ELLA FOSNESBUEN WINNER JOEABUEN STAR EVVIVA NOR NOR NOR NOR... TORIANE 2 TOMAKA BUOEYSUND KIRA I KALIOPE STAR ERACLE NOR NOR NOR NOR... LN2500 LAQL7 LAQK7 SJOEVAER MARI STAR LOFOTEN STAR LOUISIANA NOR NOR NOR... 258013500 258014000 LK8301 LAQJ7 RAVN STAR LINDESNES NOR NOR E2G2 PL... 258779000 258782000 LAWX5 LAKC6 CLIPPER STAR HOEGH TREASURE NOR NOR E2G2... BLUE WIND BENARIF II AQUARIUS STAR COCOBANDERA PAN RUBINO ELISABETH STALKER... JANEY BOY BAROGA LOULOUDI SAM STAR TRAMP GIOVANITA CETI VOUNA ANTHEA... C6VK2 C6R2085 GREEN TROMSO WIND STAR GREEN KLIPPER ORFEAS SCARABEO 6 GREEN... VESTLAND MIRA KATE EXPRESS AVRA STAR PLANET OFFSHORE STRATEGY VOLME PETALOUDA... VIVALDI GRYF LNG PIONEER REGAL STAR TOISA VIGILANT DISCOVERER 2 BAH BAH...: 431296311-13 Ex-name: RISING STAR SAT: 431406611 SAT: 431407611 SAT... PL E1 1 CAN CAN PHOENIX STAR CAN .... CFN5016 WORKBOAT 01 VIGILANT... STELIE L’OLIVINE 18 D 2024 ALPINE STAR WILLIAM G. ERNST CAN CAN CAN... BACK D & B BROTHERS MYRNA MAE MORNING STAR SOLITON CAN CAN CAN CAN... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... REEL NAUTI LILYBOB-B OUTALINE FIVE STAR FORFAR SAZERAC THE ‘OUENTIRONK’ NITE... VITA KAISER SISTER ACT BLUE STAR IMAGINE CARPE DIEM STOLT COMMITMENT... ELEMENT FORBY ASTARTE ICE 1 FIVE STAR INDY SAMANA T/T MARTHA ANN FM...: G ADM: G ADM: G Ex-name: NORTHERN STAR ADM: G ADM: G ADM: G ADM: G ADM... 351550000 351574000 3FDB3 3FYO7 GENIUS STAR XII AU GEMINI PNR PNR...,SSAS,EPIRB Ex-name: ETAMIN STAR SRI: TELEFONICA SAT: 335114210-14... SRI: TELEGRAFICA Ex-name: AEGEAN STAR SRI: TELEGRAFICA Ex-name: NEW...



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... IMF International Monetary Fund Ringo Star narrates which children's TV series... the common name for the star Sirius What calculating aid was... but where second Highest Dog Star Slide Rule Socrates Thomas Octave... your occiput Who wrote the Star Spangled Banner Which food did... muscles from Brussels Which film star was the first to appear... find in a binnacle Which Hollywood star has made the cover of... Sam Barraclough owned which film star Which animals can live longest... used in early computing 1880s Star Zimbabwe Christmas Crackers Wisdom Small... real surname of what film star Jean-Christopher Denner invented what... cocktail Who plays Data in Star Trek the Next Generation What... Latin name for the North Star Croquet - Polo Alcohol Denmark Indira... - by British governor 1793 What star once sold lingerie door to... the dot called Tittle What star had a job as aircraft factory... became famous as who What star was once a vacuum cleaner salesman... The Bayambo song What film star was born in Sakhalin Siberia... appear Lifeboat 1944 who female star What composer wrote the Pomp... their bed Disney's Fantasia House Star Trek Washington USA Travelling Musician... Dew Sinus Aestuum - Roris The star constellation Lepus has what English... commercial factory making what The star constellation Grus has what English... line dividing a shield called The star constellation Ara has what English... Greeks Who was the male star when The Mousetrap first played... visitors An Indian male loincloth A Star Swimming To a Dentist Swiss Confederation... Dr McCoy's medical scanner in Star Trek In Phoenix Arizona you... Iron what Where is the Star Fleet Academy located What countries... Venice Chaplin's Tramp outfit Evening Star no 92220 was the last... the first Alsatian dog film star 1921 4 5 6 7 8 9 In what play do... name derives from Greek for star Chocolate crisp introduced in 1935... about Nothing Picture Animal Top Star of Year Brazil Coco the... Greek wooden sound What Hollywood star was the inspiration for Bugs... last century what were Comet Star Sun Moon Motor Car Manufacturers... 21st to February 19th what star sign are you Aquarius Stanley... Venus - 5% smaller Gamble Female Sadist A Star is Born Page 101 Spagers... century Whos Who What pop star served a football apprenticeship with Brentford... job Woodcutter Coco Channel a fashion star had what real first name... on the internet What astrological star sign covers July 24 - August... soldier ride female horses G Roddenbery Star Trek 2 radical ideas Spock's Ears... to Sept 23 what star sign Virgo In Star Trek who would... Philippines Mutt and Jeff Original Star Trek Tiger Tourists bribes taken... Camp Gillette In Odessa Texas Star of David and Peace symbol... what Banned satanic symbols Porn star Candida Royale was named after... Scotsman Nobody – brothers were supporters Star ship Enterprise – Captain Kirks Horse... nickname Gopher Munich Automatic Gearbox Star Saloon Horn Lilly Nordic Adidas... General who killed him Little Star Uranus Pins and Needles Honey... what without a licence Suzy was a star of a 60s TV show what... Hillard Who was the female star of Basic Instinct In computing... meaning lazy Argon Who directed Star Trek films 3 and 4 Leonard Nimoy... pouch Food or Restaurants Dust Star shaped MD 3000-1500=1500... Questions Quiz 67 Answers 1 2 3 4 5 6 What star sign is Harry Potter The... 21 Ford Prefect came from a star in which constellation What makes... airline What is the brightest star always in the Northern sky... 1846 - discovered what Silent movie star Ben Turpin insured his what... Beatles Sergeant Peppers cover Flaming Star Ships surgeon Boadicea Diamond Australia... science advisor on the first Star Trek film Why does a cynophobe... be virgin Pretty shaped buttocks Star Wars The offside rule Birds... Dracula Collection of fossil crabs Star Trek Michelle A Kazoo Vatican in... singing partner of which film star What are the two official... the curcuma plant Which film star was described as "A vacuum with... not appear in the cartoon Star Trek What is a casaba A screwdriver... 11 12 The Undiscovered Country a Star Trek title taken from where... is unique about the pistol star Venation is used to describe... the stars in traditional Cornish Star Gazey pie Who was born... Hayward Rope Winston Churchill A Shooting star The Searchers The Boy Scouts... Be Hanged Mr Spock in Star Trek Ray Charles Telephone Directory... & co Name Chewbacca's son - seen Star wars holiday special 1978 Nipper... of which sporting giant In Star Wars George Lucas modelled the... two countries In the original Star Trek series name Spock's mother... played which character in the Star Trek series Q From which plant... USA what is second Dolls Star which TV show really a programmer... heaven Aldeberan is the brightest star in which constellation Six copies... fictional planet orbited the red star Negus 12 Who wrote the... Questions Quiz 100 Answers 1 2 3 In Star Trek Generation who was the... of security killed off The star Antares is in which constellation... Michael Winner Twinkle – Twinkle little star Herman Goering Pandora Venice Turing... detective share what name In Star Fleet Will Riker plays which...



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...- to far-infrared properties of star-forming galaxies and active galactic... are primarily shaped by star formation activity. For star-forming galaxies we... – galaxies: active – galaxies: starburst – galaxies: star formation – infrared: galaxies Herschel is... of the energy produced by star formation and accretion activity throughout... and they also dominate the star formation density of the Universe... total infrared luminosity (LIR ) in star-forming galaxies (e.g. Smith et al... that while both AGN and star formation activity is present, their... emission is mostly powered by star-formation. However, to properly measure... spectral energy distribution (SED) of star-forming galaxies. Furthermore, while recent... emission is primarily shaped by star formation activity (Hatziminaoglou et al... exist, with a small fraction of star-forming galaxies exhibiting an enhanced... to infer information about the star formation properties of the galaxies... serve as a good tracer of star formation activity, since they are... be an excellent tracer of star-formation rate for dusty circumnuclear... of the environment in which star formation takes place (e.g., Peeters et... where the environment of massive star formation resembles PDRs (e.g. M 82, Carral.... 1994) and that of embedded star formation (e.g. Arp220) that is more... is observed among different star formation environments (e.g. Gracia-Carpio et... distant galaxies, where the individual star-forming regions remain unresolved, can... crucial information about the averaged star formation activity on a galaxy-wide... gap between the bright, nearby star-forming galaxies (e.g. Kennicutt et al... limit. 2.2. Classification of AGN and star-formation-dominated sources The equivalent... indicators of the AGN versus star formation activity in the galaxy... fAGN = 0.5. and star-forming- dominated sources, with purely star-forming galaxies having... selection limits the contamination by star-forming galaxies, and is also... possible misidentifications of AGN as star-forming galaxies, but not the... the bolometric IR output of a star-formationdominated galaxy cannot be due... validity of our classification as star-forming dominated sources. In contrast... sample, for identifying AGN versus star-formation-dominated sources. Based on... to galaxies with EW6.2 > 0.5 μm as star-forming. 3. Analysis Several key physical... fitting using the AGN/host-star-forming galaxy decomposition technique of... to a power-law distribution of star light intensities extending from Umin... in the intense PDRs in star-forming regions. For simplicity, emission... DL07 models are representative of star-formation-dominated galaxies or equally..., our analysis was restricted to star-formation dominated galaxies. For AGN... a fixed value of β = 1.5, typical of star-forming galaxies (Hildebrand 1983; Gordon... al. (2012b) for a sample of z ∼ 1−2 star-forming galaxies and Dale et... of the PAH features between star-forming and AGN-dominated galaxies... dust emission, ranging from purely star-forming galaxies to AGN-dominated... ratio compared with that of star-forming galaxies. We notice, however... each group (AGN, composites and star-forming galaxies) we find no... higher than that found in star-forming galaxies, revealing an additional... AGN regime. Indeed, composite and star-forming galaxies share similar dust... dust T d , are almost indistinguishable between star-forming and AGN-dominated sources... our sample is dominated by star formation activity. Therefore, the derived... the composite and for the star-forming galaxies, we found a correlation... of warm dust. Composite and star-forming galaxies follow the same... /L8 versus PAH emission in star-forming galaxies Recent studies based... have revealed a scaling law for star-forming galaxies, relating the total... containing the vast majority of star-forming galaxies both locally and.... Black circles correspond to purely star-forming and composite sources, while... 68% dispersion of composite and star-forming galaxies. Right: LIR /L8... for sources ranging from purely star-forming to AGN-dominated. To... shown in Fig. 8 (left). For star-forming and composite galaxies (EW6... , a decrease in the EW6.2 of star-forming galaxies is primarily caused... higher than that of the star-forming galaxies, suggesting that the... IR8 with decreasing EW6.2 among star-forming galaxies. As shown in... spread in IR8 values of star-forming galaxies mirrors variations in... LIR −L8 relation defined by star-forming galaxies traces variations in... experiencing a recent star-burst event with high specific star formation rates (such... be indicative of a more compact star-formation geometry, which is in... IR8, compactness of the projected star-formation density, and excess in the specific star formation rate (e.g., Diaz Santos et..., classified them as AGN and star-forming-dominated galaxies and investigated... are mainly shaped by star formation activity. – Star-forming galaxies show an... a varying 5–15 μm underlying continuum. – For star-formation-dominated sources we confirm... with the compactness of the star-forming regions, the upcoming JWST...



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... of the newly-formed neutron star, creating a shock front: however, in... the formation of the neutron star, is sharp enough that correlations... constrain the history of the star formation rate, and would also... axions. If this occurs inside a star, the axions then escape (like... is important to astronomers studying star and planet formation, but has... (two neutron stars or a neutron star and a black hole)[223]. The... A* black hole or a burst of star formation[233]. 2.4.6 High-energy γ-rays... of N˙ p similar to evolution of star formation rate). The observed flux... (the explosion disrupts the entire star) but the supernova remnant associated... in which material from a companion star is being accreted on to a compact object (neutron star or black hole). The accreted... high rate. High rates of star formation imply a higher than normal...), and are exclusively located in star-forming galaxies, whereas short bursts... extremely rapidly rotating (∼1 ms) neutron star with an exceptionally strong magnetic... galaxies, which have no ongoing star formation and therefore no core... low metallicity, or for high star formation rate. In addition, short... a central black hole or neutron star to act as accelerators: a counter... ejected envelope of the former star, and pulsar wind nebulae, “filled... the result of a star collapsing to a neutron star (recall that the neutron...) and all the rest (massive star core collapse). As summarised in... understood as resulting from the star’s having lost its hydrogen envelope... leave a compact object (usually a neutron star, sometimes a black hole); in Type... was associated with the “guest star” observed by the Chinese in... 20th century), and because massive star supernovae occur in the spiral... supernova in question was a massive star core collapse. 184 CHAPTER 4. SOURCES... Ia—streams away from the star at highly supersonic speeds, creating... mass loss from the massive star, which means that the supernova... off the surface of the neutron star and accelerates them to high..., association (or lack thereof) with star formation and other essential information... a stellar wind from the progenitor star, then we would expect its... density at distance R from the star is given by M˙ = 4πR2 n(R)mp... (e.g. compact object merger vs massive star core collapse), while others introduce... the supernova explosion in a massive star core collapse since it will.... Millisecond magnetars A magnetar is a neutron star with an extremely strong magnetic... 10 km, and a typical neutron star mass of 1.4 M⊙ . This represents the... magnetic dipole axis of a neutron star is misaligned with its spin... by a rapidly-spinning magnetic neutron star, one expects the development of... the “gold” and “silver” supernova star’s envelope[406], but GRBs are... has a lower-than-average specific star formation rate, and the GRB... a region with an obvious massive star population. Overall, it may well...] in short GRBs), occurred in a star-forming region and generally looked... the core collapse of a massive star to form a magnetar, with the...-metallicity systems with high specific star formation rates, though there is... found in galaxies without active star formation, and the locations of... hosts tend to track the star formation activity[223, 406]. Overall... GRBs are strongly associated with star formation and prefer low-metallicity... to have a strong effect on star formation and evolution. In contrast... short GRBs are not exclusively star-forming: about 20% of short... do not (all) have massive star progenitors. However, the rate of...] concludes that short GRBs “track star formation with a delay of hundreds... neutron stars themselves have massive star progenitors, whereas white dwarfs have... long GRBs are massive star supernovae in star-forming regions and probably... threshstars, and hence with the star formaold fthresh (∼0.2–0.5), the fraction of... the GRB rate tracks the star formation rate. Bottom left, direct... against genuine AGN in actively star-forming galaxies, while X-ray surveys... concentrations, one at high specific star formation rate and one at... represent the “blue cloud” of star-forming galaxies and the “red... the “red sequence” of elshift: star-formation rates liptical galaxies (bottom..., the red sequence cific star-formation rate (star-formation rate in solar... Heckman and Best[460]. higher star formation rates, making it broader...: red galaxies have low specific star-formation rates, which implies a lack... the galaxy’s mass and total star formation rate. The two diagonal... little evidence for a dependence on star-formation rate (the lack of... from a lack of very massive star-forming galaxies), whereas high-excitation... galaxies (HERGs) prefer more active star formation and therefore a somewhat lower... occur in galaxies with higher star-formation rates, i.e. with available reserves... calculations of the yield per star and the initial mass function... the average yield per massive star is 1.4×10−4 M⊙ , with a systematic error... believed to correspond to a “guest star” observed by the Chinese in... first measured the parallax of a star: versatile chaps those 19th century...