Спутник ДЗЗ. NOAA 17. [Редактировать]

NOAA-  представляет собой космический аппарат из серии из пяти «оперативных полярных спутников наблюдения окружающей среды» (Polar Operational Environmental Satellites, POES) с улучшенными характеристиками радиометрической аппаратуры и аппаратуры построения изображения. Пять аппаратов этой серии должны эксплуатироваться до 2010 г. Кроме того, часть аппаратуры по программе POES будет установлена на спутниках европейской метеосистемы METOP.

Начиная с 2009 г. предполагается начать запуск аппаратов нового типа в рамках системы NPOESS взамен эксплуатируемых сейчас NOAA и DMSP (последние созданы по программе ВВС США).

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1Advanced TIROS-N (ATN)НайтиНайти
227453НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип орбиты - НОО
2Страна оператор(владелец) - США
3Страна производитель - США
4Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
5Все спутники ДЗЗ

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг1457.0
2Масса, кг1457
3Мощность, Вт830

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град98.3
2Апогей, км824.2
3Перигей, км808.8
4Период, минут101.1
5САС, год2
6Длинный диаметр эллипса, км7187

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2002-032A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (аппарат), млн. долл.202
2Оператор National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
3Производитель Lockheed Martin

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2002-06-24 at 18:23:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xNOAA 17
3Ракета-носитель 1xТитан 2

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «NOAA 17». [Перейти к поиску]


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... of Remote Sensing . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4.1 Vegetation indexes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4.2 NOAA satellites and AVHRR sensor . . . . 2.4.3 Application... and 1990 - 2010) (adapted from NOAA). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 . 17 Cycle of sugar cane with... similar to a negative peak (period 17 to 22) and (b) M pattern similar... in the Campinas region with 17 values above 100 mm. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Extreme... series extracted from raw the NOAA/AVHRR images. . . . . 170 A.7 Image of... 2.1 Equatorial crossing time of latest NOAA-AVHRR satellites. 4.1 4.2 The steps of... standard deviation for the windows p = 17 and p − 1 = 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Attributes of ClimatePira... Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 17 Kc KDD Crop coefficient, 19... Normalized Difference Vegetation Index , 23 NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration... stored remote sensing images from NOAA-AVHRR since April, 1995. At... and 1990 - 2010) (adapted from NOAA). precipitation in the Planet. Specifically... very important that governments and 17 Agrometeorology and Remote Sensing 2.2 Weather...) data (Huete et al., 1997). 2.4.2 NOAA satellites and AVHRR sensor Several... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), with the Advanced Very High... and free access to data. NOAA-AVHRR images have been used... evaluation (Maignan et al., 2008). NOAA meteorological satellites are scheduled to... February 2009 four satellites (NOAA-15, NOAA-17, NOAA-18, and NOAA-19) have been... latest NOAA-AVHRR satellites. Table 2.1: Equatorial crossing time of latest NOAA-AVHRR satellites. Orbit Satellites Ascending (LT) Descending (LT) NOAA-15 05:00 p.m. 05:00 a.m. NOAA-17 10:00 p.m. 10:00 a.m. NOAA-18 04:00 a.m. 04:00 p.m. NOAA-19... Remote Sensing thermal infrared. The NOAA-AVHRR has a 12 hour temporal... at the view angle of NOAA satellites to capture and to... High Resolution Picture Transmission (HRPT). NOAA-AVHRR images have geometric distortions... of remote sensing in Agriculture NOAA-AVHRR images are a source of... low resolution, such as the NOAA-AVHRR. In recent years, several... used remote sensing images of NOAA-AVHRR due to existence of... low spatial resolution, such as NOAA can be used with satisfactory... in NDVI time series from NOAA-AVHRR imagery. This approach makes... 0.30 σp 0.28 8.74 0.17 0.15 σp−1 7.95 9.21 0.17 0.16 As shown in....8 0.42 µp−1 18.13 15.0 0.3 σp 0.3 8.5 0.18 σp−1 7.3 8.3 0.17 As in real climate data... when the current window is p = 17. The statistical tests employed in... attributes values in the current (p = 17) and in the precedent window... standard deviation for the windows p = 17 and p − 1 = 16 Attribute tmax (◦ Celsius... 3.4 from period p − 1 = 16 to period p = 17. This fact corroborates the domain... 15: P = Ses 16: end for 17: Set of all patterns as... ] where the event e occurs (line 17). Figure 7.4: Third step of CLIPSMiner... similar to a negative peak (period 17 to 22) and (b) M pattern similar... in the Campinas region with 17 values above 100 mm. Many... to support the mining of NOAA-AVHRR multi-temporal images associated... necessary tasks to geo-reference NOAA-AVHRR images. The geo-referencing... data with indexes extracted from NOAA-AVHRR images. In the next... from time series extracted from NOAA-AVHRR. The process of time... 16: RuleGenerate(Fp , min conf) 17: end for The PatternsFind module...: • creation and organization of the NOAA-AVHRR database, which was employed...¸co˜es entre Imagens AVHRR-NOAA e Dados Clim´aticos para Regi... de soja utilizando imagens AVHRR-NOAA. Master, Unicamp. Anyamba, A. and Tucker... of sahelian vegetation dynamics using noaa-avhrr ndvi data from 1981...¸c˜ao e o ndvi em imagens avhrr/noaa para a cana-de-a¸cu ´car... imagens dos sat´elites AVHRR/NOAA, em S˜ao Paulo, e dados agroclim... sugar cane, based on avhrr/noaa satellite images, and the climate...´ısticas gerais dos sat´etiles noaa: hist´orico, instrumentos e comunica¸ca... ambientais brasileiras dos sat´elites NOAA e TIROS-N. Oficina de textos, S˜ao...). Monitoring brazilian soybean production using noaa/avhrr based vegetation condition indices..., C. A. B. (2007). An´alise do ndvi/noaa em cana-de-a¸cu ´car... ambientais brasileiras dos sat´elites NOAA e TIROS-N 271, p. Oficina de textos... using a time series of avhrr/noaa satellite images. In Proceedings of... Technology (EDBT’1996), v. 1057, pp. 3–17, Avignon, France. Thornthwaite, C. W. and Mather... of Information and Data Management, 1(1):17–20. Traina Jr., C., Traina, A. J. M., Wu... Knowledge and Data Engineering (TKDE), 17(9):1163–1165. Zhu, Y. and Shasha... scope of research that involves NOAA/AVHRR multi-temporal images. However... series extracted from raw the NOAA/AVHRR images. Figure A.6(a) presents the... to be submitted to raw NOAA/AVHRR images for sugar cane... are associated to pixels in NOAA/AVHRR images. Figure A.8 shows the...



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... due to processing issues at NOAA. 8 April 2015 TMI data are... input data files originating at NOAA. This networking issue prevented the... reprocessed 3B41RT and 3B42RT after NOAA forwarded revised, fully populated IR... accurate. 11 October 2012 the NOAA server providing access to sounder... the first opportunity after the NOAA server came up, PPS retrieved... provide the fill-in by NOAA/CPC don't necessarily exhibit the... 24 September 17 UTC. 14 September 2012 A network outage at NOAA prevented... level 2 MHS precipitation estimates; and 7. NOAA/NWS/CPC Merged 4-Km Geostationary... Kummerow et al. 1996); the NOAA Scattering algorithm (Grody 1991); and... 4 Km IR data record on 17 February 2000 and the need... the Climate Prediction Center (CPC), NOAA National Centers for Environmental Prediction... processed record is available starting 17 February 2000. CPC is working... characteristics. Then starting 19 UTC 17 November 2005 the new Japanese... 16 April 2015 TRMM 3B4XRT_doc_V7 17 Meteosat-9 (formerly 5, 7, 8) Meteosat-7 (formerly 5) 0E... is the delivery of all NOAA-18 MHS granules that contain... the gradual failure of the NOAA-16 AMSU-B during 2010, the... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) platforms from early 2000 to 2011. The NOAA satellites are placed in sun... system matured. As well, the NOAA-17 50-GHz channel failed in... to solar flare activity. Finally, NOAA-17 gradually failed during 2010, and... details are available in the NOAA KLM User's Guide (September 2000 revision) at http://www2.ncdc.noaa.gov/docs/klm/index.htm, specifically at http://www2.ncdc.noaa.gov/docs/klm/html/c3.... Satellite Period of Record Status NOAA-15 1 January 2000 - 14 September 2010 inactive NOAA-16 4 October 2000 - 16 February... 30 April 2010) NOAA-17 28 June 2002 - 17 December 2009 inactive ........................................................................ The... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) platforms since mid-2005 as... details are available in the NOAA KLM User's Guide (September 2000 revision) at http://www2.ncdc.noaa.gov/docs/klm/index.htm, specifically at http://www2.ncdc.noaa.gov/docs/klm/html/c3... Record Status NOAA-18 25 May 2005 – current active NOAA-19 9 March... instrument characteristics. Starting 19 UTC 17 November 2005 the new MTSat... CSU GPROF2010 coverage too sparse 17 Feb 2000 31 July 2009... V1a later SSMI CSU GPROF2010 17 Feb 2000 23 Aug 2008... archive before 17 Feb 2000 14 Sep 2010 CICS; CLASS NOAA-15... NOAA-16 1 June 2007 AMSU-B CICS archive before 28 Jun 2002 17 Dec 2009 CICS; CLASS NOAA-17 1 June 2007 MHS... 2015 TRMM 3B4XRT_doc_V7 31 NOAA-18 MHS NOAA-19 9 Mar 2009 ongoing... 2013 ongoing DDS MetOp-B TMI 17 Feb 2000 8 Apr 2015 CSU GPROF2010 V1 IR 17 Feb 2000 ongoing CPC 4km..., so Ta data sets from NOAA/NCDC are employed in a correction... from the loss of the NOAA-17 50-GHz channel. Some satellites... Rev. 1.15 Rev. 1.16 Rev. 1.17 Rev. 1.18 by GJH by... 1 May 2008 Rev. 2.3 by GJH 17 February 2009 Rev. 2.4 by GJH... 2009 Rev. 2.10 by GJH 17 February 2010 Rev. 2.11 by... GJH 31 May 2011 Rev. 2.17 by GJH 14 March 2012.../ AMSU-B instrument: http://www2.ncdc.noaa.gov/docs/klm/html/c3/sec3-4.htm in the NOAA KLM User's Guide (September 2000 revision): http://www2.ncdc.noaa.gov/docs/klm/index.htm.../ MHS instrument: http://www2.ncdc.noaa.gov/docs/klm/html/c3/sec3-9.htm in the NOAA KLM User's Guide (September 2000 revision): http://www2.ncdc.noaa.gov/docs/klm/index.htm... MTSat NASA NCAR NCDC NESDIS NOAA NWS PERSIANN Fleet Numerical Meteorological...



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.../NOAA-16&-17 Pubu Ciren QSS Group Inc. Lanham, Maryland, U.S.A Changyong Cao NOAA... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)’s polar-orbiting satellites for over... of the comparison between HIRS/NOAA-16&-17 radiances with the convolved...-1b radiance data from HIRS/NOAA-16&17 and that from AIRS... April 2002. HIRS is onboard NOAA polar orbiting satellites. Similar to... data are acquired from the NOAA Satellite Active Archive. Table 1. Specification... AIRS/Aqua and HIRS/NOAA AIRS/Aqua HIRS/NOAA Spectral Coverage 3.74... nadir overpasses between Aqua and NOAA-16 & -17 occur every 2-3 days. After... are found for Aqua vs. NOAA-16 and Aqua vs. NOAA17... 7 Ch 18 Ch 13 Ch 17 Ch 16 Figure 1. HIRS spectral... (solid line for NOAA-16; dashed line for NOAA-17). Red lines show...&NOAA-16 ∆ ── Aqua&NOAA-17 Figure 2. Collocated intersections between AIRS/AQUA and HIRS/NOAA-16 (or NOAA-17... between AIRS/Aqua and HIRS/NOAA-16 on July 22, 2003... intersections and for both NOAA-16 and NOAA-17. In addition, to evaluate... of Julian day, for NOAA-16 and NOAA-17 respectively. The corresponding statistics... between AIRS/Aqua and HIRS/NOAA-16 on July 22, 2003... no significant difference between NOAA-16 and NOAA-17 in terms of the... noticeably smaller in NOAA-16/HIRS than those for NOAA-17/HIRS (see... both NOAA16/HIRS and NOAA-17/HIRS. a. NOAA-16 b. NOAA-17 Figure 4. Difference between AIRS... 1.9 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.9 AIRS-HIRS ∆BT1 NOAA-16 ∆BT2 ∆BT1 NOAA-17 ∆BT2 It was found... NOAA-16/HIRS vs. AIRS and NOAA-17/HIRS vs. AIRS comparisons. However, NOAA-17... 57) intersections for NOAA-16 vs. AIRS (or NOAA-17 vs. AIRS) during...



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... (MSU) that was carried on NOAA satellites. AMSU comprises two separate... measures profiles of atmospheric humidity. NOAA-15 was the first satellite... since been carried on NOAA-16 and NOAA-17 (see POES). advanced very... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) polar-orbiting satellites (see POES... – 18 5 6 fresh breeze strong breeze 17 – 21 22 – 27 19 – 24... and humidity profiles from the NOAA polar-orbiting satellites. These messages... is a constituent body of both NOAA’s NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE (NWS) and... pressure tendency (falling) wind speed (17 knots) dew-point ff wind... occasionally as synonymous with the NOAA polar-orbiting operational satellites (POES... Papua New Guinea on July 17 1998, destroying villages and causing... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) launches the weather satellite TIROS... for Environmental Prediction www.ncep.noaa.gov National Weather Service (NWS) www.nws.noaa.gov Unisys Weather www.weather... Prediction Center www.cpc.ncep.noaa Environment Canada www.ec.gc... Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) www.noaa.gov US Environmental Protection Agency... Niño El Niño site, NOAA www.pmel.noaa.gov/toga-tao/el....noaa.gov Severe weather Storm Prediction Center, NOAA National Severe Storms Laboratory, NOAA www.spc.noaa.gov www.nssl.noaa.gov...



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... по координации пространственных частот, JAXA, NOAA, НАСА и Роскосмос), НПО, а также организациями... Национального управления океанических и атмосферных исследований (NOAA)), ежедневно предоставляя трехмерные профили температуры... в течение 2 дней a 31 января 2002 г. b 17 февраля 2002 г. c 23 февраля 2002... в инфракрасных лучах (TIROS-N) и серии спутников NOAA. Сегодня SST измеряется также с помощью... управления по исследованию океанов и атмосферы (NOAA), получают начиная с 1978 года непрерывный... г.), полет 2 AVHRR с 1981 г. (NOAA 7), в настоящее время на NOAA 17, 18, 19; VIRS на... состояние AVHRR с 1981 г. (NOAA 7), в настоящее время на NOAA 17, 18, 19; выводы относительно... г.), фаза из поляриметрии HIRS на NOAA 17, 18, 19 MODIS на Terra...; сети наземного базирования (WMO GAW, NOAA, AGAGE) AIRS на Aqua (2002...; сети наземного базирования (WMO GAW, NOAA, AGAGE) AIRS на Aqua (2002... относительно альбедо поверхности AVHRR на NOAA 17, 18, 19: выводы относительно амосферно... с 1979 года, в настоящее время на NOAA 17, 18, 19; SSM/I на DMSP... года (TIROS-N), в настоящее время на NOAA 17, 18, 19 CrIS на NPP... озер Лидар: подпорный уровень воды 17 Текущее состояние Последующие меры (2010... AVHRR с 1981 года (NOAA 7), в настоящее время на NOAA 17, 18, 19; MODIS на... Данные AVHRR с 1979 года (NOAA 6), в настоящее время на NOAA 17, 18, 19; MODIS... года (TIROS-N), в настоящее время на NOAA 17, 18, 19; MODIS на Terra..., данные с 1981 года (NOAA 6), в настоящее время на NOAA 16, 17, 18; MODIS на..., данные с 1981 года (NOAA 7), в настоящее время на NOAA 16, 17, 18; VIRS на... г.), Aqua (2002 г.) AVHRR на NOAA 16, 17, 18 AIRS; AMSR-E на Aqua...



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..., Greece 3 National Climatic Data Center, NOAA, Asheville, NC, USA 2 Faculty Correspondence... , T12 and T6 , for each NOAA satellite and METOP-A (Meteorological Operational... suite of instruments on the NOAA series of satellites, including the... HIRS version 2 (HIRS/2) instrument on NOAA-7, but the recent intercalibration of... NOAA-14 with NOAA-15 (transition from HIRS/2 to HIRS/3) and from NOAA-17... complete years of NOAA-12 (1992–1996). We use NOAA-12 because... to also calibrate channel 6 to NOAA-12. During the work on.... From a combination of these factors, NOAA-12 was chosen as the... original ones measured with the NOAA-12 HIRS/2 instrument, i.e. T6/2 . Figures... and for each day of NOAA-12 NOAA-12 operation. Residuals for... channels be480 tween NOAA–14 and NOAA–15 and between NOAA17 and -0.05.... andover Bretherton, F.: Upper tropospheric humidity NOAA-12 from operation. the GOES 6.7 µm channel: Method and climatology for NOAA-12 July 1987, J. Geophys. Res..., 2 sr2003b. −1 )−1 tween NOAA–14 and radiance NOAA–15ofand between NOAA17 and nel 6 noise... andGeoscience NASA-GSFC, (equivalent see NOAA 500 Thomason, 54 L.: mK, Humidity... data, J. Geophys. 103, Ocean. 17 149–17 error induced on the retrieval... adto environmental J. Geophys. 103, 17 K, 149–17 161, ditionally we compute the... to the HIRS version 2 on NOAA-12 was already available (Shi... data measured with HIRS/2 on NOAA-12, T6/2 , and their counterpart..., C., and Menzel, W.: Intersatellite calibration of NOAA HIRS CO2 channels for climate...., 28, 1199–1205, 2011. NOAA and NASA-GSFC: NOAA-N Prime, Tech. Rep.... NP-2008-10-056-GSFC, NOAA and NASA-GSFC, 2008. Rädel... longwave channels between NOAA–14 and NOAA–15 and between NOAA17 and METOP...



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... (3 cos2 i − 1) 4 p Âåëè÷èíà (3.34) (3.35) (3.36) 360n ïðåäñòàâëÿåò ñîáîé ñóììàðíûé óãëîâîé íàáåã èñòèííîé àíîìàëèè çà ñóòêè. Òåïåðü ìû ìîæåì ëåãêî ñäåëàòü îöåíêè äëÿ âåëè÷èíû èçìåíåíèÿ äîëãîòû âîñõîäÿùåãî óçëà, àðãóìåíòà ïåðèãåÿ è ñðåäíåé àíîìàëèè çà ñóòêè äëÿ íåêîòîðûõ õàðàêòåðíûõ ñïóòíèêîâ. Òàê äëÿ ïîëÿðíûõ ìåòåîðîëîãè÷åñêèõ ñïóòíèêîâ òèïà NOAA RE /p ∼ 1.2, i = 98o , cos i ∼ −1.2. ∆Ωday ∼ 1o... âìåñòî ñèñòåìû ñâåòîâîé ñèãíàëèçàöèè áûë óñòàíîâëåí ðàäèîòåõíè÷åñêèé êîìïëåêñ Ýëåêîí , ïðåäíàçíà÷åííûé äëÿ íàâèãàöèîííîãî ñîïðîâîæäåíèÿ öåííûõ ãðóçîâ. Óòî÷íåíèå ãðàâèòàöèîííîãî ïîëÿ Çåìëè îñóùåñòâëÿëîñü ñ ïîìîùüþ âûñîêîòî÷íîãî ðàäèîâûñîòîìåðà, êîòîðûé ïðîèçâîäèò èçìåðåíèÿ è ïðåäâàðèòåëüíóþ îáðàáîòêó ðåçóëüòàòîâ èçìåðåíèé âûñîò îò ïîâåðõíîñòè Ìèðîâîãî Îêåàíà ñ ïîñëåäóþùåé ïåðåäà÷åé íà Çåìëþ.  äàëüíåéøåì ñïóòíèêîâàÿ àëüòèìåòðèÿ îáðàáàòûâàëàñü ñîâìåñòíî ñ ðåçóëüòàòàìè íàçåìíîé ãðàâèìåòðè÷åñêîé ñúåìêè. Îäíîâðåìåííî ñ èçìåðåíèÿìè ñ ïîìîùüþ áîðòîâûõ çàïîìèíàþùèõ óñòðîéñòâ îñóùåñòâëÿëàñü äîñòàâêà íà íàçåìíûå àñòðîíîìî-ãåîäåçè÷åñêèå ïóíêòû ïðîãðàìì ðàáîòû ñ ÊÃÊ (ïðîãðàììû íàáëþäåíèÿ). ÊÀ Ìóññîí ñîñòîÿë èç ãåðìîêîíòåéíåðà, â êîòîðîì íà ïðèáîðíûõ ðàìàõ áûëè ðàçìåùåíû ñïåöèàëüíûå è îáñëóæèâàþùèå ñèñòåìû è àïïàðàòóðà. Ñ ïîìîùüþ ñèñòåìû òåðìîðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ òåìïåðàòóðíûå Ãåðìîêîíòåéíåð â ãåðìîêîíòåéíåðå óñëîâèÿ, êîòîðûå óñòàíàâëèâàëñÿ ïîääåðæèâàëàñü íåîáõîäèìû âíóòðè äëÿ êàðêàñà, çàäàííûå íîðìàëüíîé íà íàðóæíîé êëèìàòè÷åñêèå è ðàáîòû àïïàðàòóðû. áîêîâîé ïîâåðõíîñòè êîòîðîãî ðàçìåùàëèñü ôîòîïðåîáðàçîâàòåëè è êðåïèëèñü âîñåìü ïàíåëåé ñîëíå÷íûõ 189 Êîñìè÷åñêèå ëàáîðàòîðèè áàòàðåé. Ïîâåðõíîñòü êàðêàñà èñïîëüçîâàëàñü â êà÷åñòâå ðàäèàòîðà ñèñòåìû òåðìîðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ.  âåðõíåé ÷àñòè ãåðìîêîíòåéíåðà êðåïèëàñü ôåðìà, íà êîòîðîé óñòàíàâëèâàëèñü ìåõàíèçìû ãðàâèòàöèîííîãî óñòðîéñòâà, ìàãíèòíûé óñïîêîèòåëü è äðóãèå ýëåìåíòû ñèñòåìû îðèåíòàöèè. Ê ðàêåòå-íîñèòåëþ ÊÀ ñòûêîâàëñÿ ñ ïîìîùüþ ïåðåõîäíèêà ñèñòåìû îòäåëåíèÿ, êîòîðàÿ îñòàâàëàñü íà ðàêåòå, è àìîðòèçàöèîííîé ôåðìû, ïðåäîõðàíÿþùåé ñïóòíèê îò âîçäåéñòâèÿ âèáðàöèè. Îðèåíòàöèÿ, ñòàáèëèçàöèÿ ÊÀ ïîñëå çàïóñêà è ïîääåðæàíèå íåïðåðûâíîé îðèåíòàöèè ïðîäîëüíîé îñè ñïóòíèêà íà öåíòð Çåìëè îáåñïå÷èâàëàñü êîìáèíèðîâàííîé ñèñòåìîé îðèåíòàöèè, ñòàáèëèçàöèè è êîíòðîëÿ ïîëîæåíèÿ. Ýòà ñèñòåìà âêëþ÷àëà â ñåáÿ ìàãíèòîãðàâèòàöèîííóþ ñèñòåìó îðèåíòàöèè, îñóùåñòâëÿþùåé ñòàáèëèçàöèþ óãëîâîãî äâèæåíèÿ âîêðóã ïðîäîëüíîé îñè, ìàõîâèê, ñòàáèëèçèðóþùèé ÊÀ îòíîñèòåëüíî îñè êóðñà, ñèñòåìó îðèåíòàöèè àíòåííîé ïëàòôîðìû íà öåíòð Çåìëè è ñèñòåìó êîíòðîëÿ ïîëîæåíèÿ ÊÀ. Îñíîâíûå õàðàêòåðèñòèêè ÊÀ Ìóññîí Ìàññà ÊÀ,êã â ñòàðòîâîì ïîëîæåíèè íå áîëåå 1610 â ðàáî÷åì ñîñòîÿíèè íå áîëåå 1530 Ðàçìåðû ÊÀ â ñòàðòîâîì ñîñòîÿíèè,ì äëèíà 5.84 äèàìåòð 2.36 Ðàçìåðû ÊÀ â ðàáî÷åì ñîñòîÿíèè,ì äëèíà 17.77 äèàìåòð ïî ïàíåëÿì ñîëíå÷íûõ áàòàðåé 7.50 Ïîëîæåíèå ÊÀ íà îðáèòå îðèåíòèðîâàí ïðîäîëüíîé îñüþ íà öåíòð Çåìëè,ñòàáèëèçèðîâàí ïî áèíîðìàëè ê îðáèòå Ñèñòåìà îðèåíòàöèè òðåõîñíàÿ,êîìáèíèðîâàííàÿ, ìàãíèòî-ãðàâèòàöèîííàÿ àâòîíîìíîé àíòåííû ñ îðèåíòàöèåé ðàäèîâûñîòîìåðà è ñòàáèëèçèðóþùèì ìàõîâèêîì Èñïîëíèòåëüíûå îðãàíû ñèñòåìû îðèåíòàöèè ñèëîâîé ãèðîñêîï,âûäâèæíàÿ øòàíãà ñ ãðóçîì 190 Ôèçèêà îêîëîçåìíîãî êîñìè÷åñêîãî ïðîñòðàíñòâà Ðåæèìû ðàáîòû ñèñòåìû îðèåíòàöèè à) ïåðâîíà÷àëüíîå è ïîñòðîåíèå óñïîêîåíèå îðáèòàëüíîé ñèñòåìû,êîîðäèíàò îðèåíòàöèè ëèíèé Çåìëè ðåæèì âäîëü ñèëîâûõ ìàãíèòíîãî á) ïîëÿ îðèåíòàöèÿ ñòàáèëèçàöèÿ â âñåãî âðåìåíè ïîëåòà ÊÀ, è òå÷åíèå àêòèâíîãî ãðàâèòàöèîííî- ãèðîñêîïè÷åñêèé ðåæèì Ñèñòåìà ýëåêòðîïèòàíèÿ ñîëíå÷íûå è áóôåðíûå õèìè÷åñêèå áàòàðåè Ñèñòåìà òåðìîðåãóëèðîâàíèÿ àêòèâíàÿ,äâóõêîíòóðíàÿ, ãàçîæèäêîñòíàÿ. Îðáèòà ïðèïîëÿðíàÿ,îêîëîêðóãîâàÿ íàêëîíåíèå ïëîñêîñòè îðáèòû,ãðàäóñû 73.6 è 82... .Òèï îðáèòû: Ãåîñòàöèîíàðíûé. 191 Êîñìè÷åñêèå ëàáîðàòîðèè Ðèñ. VI-13-5. Åâðîïåéñêèå ãåîñòàöèîíàðíûå ìåòåîðîëîãè÷åñêèå ñïóòíèêè ñåðèè METEOSAT POES Ñïóòíèêè ñåðèè NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration...) ëåòàþò ñ íà÷àëà 70-õ ãîäîâ íà âûñîòå ïðèáëèçèòåëüíî 800 êì (ñ÷èòàåòñÿ, ÷òî ïåðâûì ñïóòíèêîì ýòîé ñåðèè áûë ñïóòíèê TIROS-M, çàïóùåííûé 23 ÿíâàðÿ 1970 ã.). Íà ñïóòíèêàõ ñåðèè NOAA óñòàíîâëåíû äâà êîìïëåêñà ïðèáîðîâ: AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution...-è êàíàëüíûé ÈÊ Çîíä Âûñîêîãî Ðàçðåøåíèÿ (HIRS/2): îïðåäåëåíèå âåðòèêàëüíîãî ïðîôèëÿ òåìïåðàòóðû, ñîäåðæàíèÿ âîäÿíûõ ïàðîâ è îçîíà. Äàííûå ïîëÿðíî-îðáèòàëüíûõ ñïóòíèêîâ NOAA èñïîëüçóþòñÿ äëÿ äîëãîñðî÷íûõ ïðîãíîçîâ ïîãîäû, ìîíèòîðèíãà àòìîñôåðû è ïîãîäíûõ ÿâëåíèé, à òàêæå äëÿ îáåñïå÷åíèÿ áåçîïàñíîñòè ïîëåòîâ (â ò. ÷. äëÿ îáíàðóæåíèÿ îáëàêîâ âóëêàíè÷åñêîãî ïåïëà) è áåçîïàñíîñòè âîäíîãî òðàíñïîðòà (ìîíèòîðèíã è ïðîãíîçèðîâàíèå ëåäîâîé îáñòàíîâêè). Äàííûå, ïîëó÷åííûå ñïóòíèêîì, íàêàïëèâàþòñÿ â áîðòîâîì ÇÓ, à çàòåì ïåðåäàþòñÿ â öåíòðû ïðèåìà äàííûõ.  íàñòîÿùèé ìîìåíò â  ÐÖÏÎÄ âåäåòñÿ ïðèåì äàííûõ ñ ïÿòè ÈÑÇ ñåðèè NOAA. Ýòî NOAA-15, NOAA-16, NOAA-17, NOAA-18 è NOAA-19. Ðèñ. VI-13-6. Ìåòåîðîëîãè÷åñêèå ñïóòíèêè ñåðèè NOAA (ÑØÀ) Îáëàñòè ïðèìåíåíèÿ èíôîðìàöèè: Ýêîëîãèÿ: à)îáíàðóæåíèå êðóïíûõ ïðîìûøëåííûõ âûáðîñîâ è ìîíèòîðèíã ðàñïðîñòðàíåíèÿ; á)îáíàðóæåíèå êðóïíûõ ñáðîñîâ çàãðÿçíÿþùèõ âåùåñòâ â âîäî¼ìû; 193 èõ äàëüíåéøåãî Êîñìè÷åñêèå ëàáîðàòîðèè â)îáíàðóæåíèå è îöåíêà ìàñøòàáîâ êàòàñòðîôè÷åñêèõ íàâîäíåíèé; ã)ìîíèòîðèíã áîëüøèõ ðåãèîíîâ ñ öåëüþ âûÿâëåíèÿ îïàñíûõ èñòî÷íèêîâ çàðàæåíèÿ; ä)ìîíèòîðèíã ïûëüíûõ áóðü. Ìåòåîðîëîãèÿ: à)âîññòàíîâëåíèå âåðòèêàëüíîãî ïðîôèëÿ òåìïåðàòóðû è âëàæíîñòè àòìîñôåðíîãî âîçäóõà; á)îïåðàòèâíûé ïðîãíîç ó÷àñòêîâ ñèëüíîãî öèêëîãåíåçà; â)âèçóàëüíîå îòîáðàæåíèå ñîñòîÿíèÿ ïîãîäû è ñîñòàâëåíèå ñèíîïòè÷åñêèõ êàðò; ã)îöåíêà ñîñòîÿíèÿ è êîíòðîëü äèíàìèêè ñíåæíîãî ïîêðîâà. Ñåëüñêîå è ëåñíîå õîçÿéñòâî: êîíòðîëü çà âîçíèêíîâåíèåì è ðàñïðîñòðàíåíèåì ëåñíûõ è ñòåïíûõ ïîæàðîâ. Îêåàíîëîãèÿ è ãèäðîëîãèÿ: à) îöåíêà ëåäîâîé îáñòàíîâêè; á)îïåðàòèâíîå îòñëåæèâàíèå çîí çàòîïëåíèé â ïåðèîä âåñåííåãî ïîëîâîäüÿ è ïàâîäêà. Õàðàêòåðèñòèêè NOAA-15 Ðàçìåðû îñíîâíîãî òåëà,ì 4.2 , 1.88..., DSN; (Ïîäñèñòåìà ñâÿçè è êîììóíèêàöèé ïåðâè÷íîé òåëåìåòðèè) * Communication Subsystem: NOAA - S-band @ NOAA Receiving Stations, TBD (Ïîäñèñòåìà ñâÿçè è êîììóíèêàöèé NOAA) * Total Onboard Data...: 78 & 6.9 kbps and 434 bps (Ïðèåìî-Ïåðåäàò÷èê ïåðâè÷íîé òåëåìåòðèè) * NOAA Real Time Solar Wind Mission...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-15
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0.11/5
... interpolation schemes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 3 5 6 9 10 12 13 17 18 24 25 26 46... 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22... set now comprises more than 17 years of consistent measurements. The... and Atmospheric Administration [NOAA] polar-orbiting satellites since NOAA-6 (launched in 1979... developed for the instrument at NOAA [Stowe et al., 2002; Jacobowitz... figure 10. 2.10 Other instruments 17 Figure 10: Total attenuated backscatter... cloud droplets: Reff = ∞ 0 ∞ 0 r 3 n(r)dr r 2 n(r)dr (17) In this case we have... ORAC-ATSR retrieval scheme. Figure 17: A comparison of MODIS and ATSR...-level cloud optical depth Figure 17 shows a comparison of the mid... Instrument’, ESA Bulletin (111), 15–17. Barkstrom, B. R., Harrison, E. F. and Lee, III... of Overlapping Cirrus Cloud from NOAA’s Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer... the NOAA/NESDSIS science data stewardship program: Focus on NOAA-16 and NOAA-17...–793. 68 REFERENCES Kidwell, K. B. [2009], NOAA KLM user’s guide, February 2009 revised edn. http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/pod-guide/ncdc.../pres 434 North.pdf [Accessed 17 Aug 2009]. Olesen, F. [2005], DISORT... on the NOAA-14 spacecraft’, International Journal of Remote Sensing 17, 2743.../pres 493 Smith.pdf [Accessed 17 Aug 2009]. Smith, D. L., Mutlow, C. T. and... the Cloud Parameter Retrieval Workshop, 17–19 May 2006 Norrk¨oping...



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0.05/5
... of the ATOVS instruments: the NOAA series, NASA’s Aqua satellite and... tested as an Satellite NOAA-15 NOAA-16 NOAA-17 NOAA-18 NOAA-19 Aqua MetOp... the ascending node 16:50 17:31 21:34 13:41... experiment” ”two-satellite experiment” ”NOAA-15 experiment” ”NOAA-19 experiment” ”all-satellite experiment” Satellite MW sounders NOAA-18 MetOp-A NOAA-15 NOAA-18 MetOp-A NOAA-18 NOAA-19 MetOp-A NOAA-15 NOAA-16 NOAA-17 NOAA-18 NOAA-19... the system, namely MetOp-A and NOAA-18, respectively orbiting in the morning (a.m.) and afternoon (p.m.) orbit. The “NOAA-15 experiment” included AMSU-A data... to MetOp-A and NOAA-18. In contrast, the ”NOAA-19 experiment” considered as an additional third satellite NOAA-19 flying close to NOAA-18’s orbit. Figure...-satellite experiment”, the “NOAA-15 experiment”, and the “NOAA-19 experiment”. The... of these experiments. While the “NOAA-15 experiment” ensures a better sampling... to the “NOAA-19 experiment”, the constellation in the “NOAA-19 experiment... AMSU-A on NOAA-19 were not assimilated in the “NOAA-19 experiment...-A on the NOAA-15 satellite. 2 "Two-satellite experiment" METOP-A NOAA-18 80...°E 120°E 140°E 160°E "NOAA-15 experiment" METOP-A NOAA-18 NOAA-15 80°N 80...°E 120°E 140°E 160°E "NOAA-19 experiment" METOP-A NOAA-18 NOAA-19 80°N 80...” (top), the “NOAA-15 experiment” (middle), and the “NOAA-19 experiment” (bottom... 0.9 0.95 1 Standard deviation (normalised) −0.6 −0.4 −0.2 “NOAA-15 experiment” “NOAA-19 experiment” 0 0.2 Mean (K) 0.4 0.6 Background... for the ”NOAA-15 experiment” (black) and the ”NOAA-19 experiment” (red... have been normalised to the “NOAA-19 experiment”. RESULTS Departure statistics.... When comparing the “NOAA-15 experiment” and the “NOAA-19 experiment”, there... radiosonde humidity observations. Both NOAA-15 and NOAA-19 bring some small... in the system (onboard of NOAA-18 and MetOp-A) compared to... in the “NOAA-15 experiment” than in the “NOAA-19 experiment” (see... geopotential of the “NOAA-15 experiment” versus the “NOAA-19 experiment” is... 4). Both the assimilations of NOAA-15 and NOAA-19 data have a clearly... in the “two-satellite experiment”, “NOAA-15 experiment” and the “all... evenly-spaced orbits (MetOp-A, NOAA-18 and NOAA-15) performs better than... a less optimal coverage (MetOp-A, NOAA-18 and NOAA-19): it results in... 0 -0.02 -0.04 0 1 2 3 4 5 Forecast day “NOAA-15 experiment” – “NOAA-19 experiment” Figure 4: Normalised... error between the “NOAA-15 experiment” and the “NOAA-19 experiment” for.... Negative values indicate that the “NOAA-15 experiment” has smaller RMS errors than the “NOAA-19 experiment”. 6 S. Hemisphere, 500 hPa... experiment” – “no-MW sounder experiment” “NOAA-15 experiment” – “no-MW sounder...-MWsounder experiment” (black), between the “NOAA-15 experiment” and the “no... that the “two-satellite experiment”, “NOAA-15 experiment”, and “all-satellite...



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0.21/5
... from both operational satellites like NOAA, METEOR, GMS, the FY series... low-orbit satellites such as NOAA, TERRA MODIS, AQUA MODIS and... CBS/ICT/IOS-3, FINAL REPORT, p. 17 emphasizes the importance of rigorous... (JMA) for GSN and at NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center (NCDC....gov.uk Dr Paul Menzel NOAA/NESDIS 1225 West Dayton Street...) 262 5974 E-mail: paul.menzel@noaa.gov Chair, ET on Observational... Weather Stations National Weather Service NOAA 1335 East West Highway SSMC3....dombrowsky@dhs.gov rainer.dombrowsky@noaa.gov Dr Michael Manton (Representing... Menne (Rapporteur on GCOS matters) NOAA 151 Patton Avenue ASHEVILLE, NC...) 271-4328 E-mail: Matthew.Menne@noaa.gov Mr Frank Grooters (Chairman... display system ( http://acweb.fsl.noaa.gov/java ), (ii) the similar... operators reported plans at CGMS: NOAA, EUMETSAT and Russia reported plans... operators reported plans at CGMS: NOAA has firm plans including this... implications and provide feedback to NOAA by 2005. S8. LEO Altimeter... ground based ozone measurements, ECMWF, 17-18 October 1996, WMO NWP... LEO AMSU-like sounders (NOAA –15, - 16, and -17 plus AQUA). ECMWF... three over two AMSU when NOAA-17 was added to the GOS.../IOS-3, FINAL REPORT, ANNEX VI, p. 17 • land sensors at high spatial... accessible through http://acweb.fsl.noaa.gov/java and http://www...