Спутник навигационных систем. Navstar 62. [Редактировать]

Навигационный космический аппарат изготовленный специалистами компании Lockheed Martin Space Systems. Выйдя на расчетную орбиту высотой около 18 тыс. км, спутник присоединится к уже развернутой группировке из 28 спутников GPS, дающих пользователям системы возможность мгновенно определять собственные 3D-координаты с точностью до единиц метров. Спутники серии 2R, особенно в сочетании с принципиально новыми пользовательскими приемниками, позволят существенно превзойти уже достигнутые показатели. Это станет возможным благодаря возросшей мощности передатчика, а также перехода к использованию трех принципиально новых сигналов. Как сообщает New Scientist, их использование не только повысит точность и надежность определения координат, но и позволит применять высокоточное оружие с GPS-наведением в условиях активного радиопротиводействия со стороны противника. Сполна оценить новые возможности навигационной спутниковой системы смогут не только военные, но и простые пользователи один из новых сигналов позволит гражданским пользователям принимать сигналы не на одной, а на двух частотах, что позволит эффективнее бороться с искажениями, вносимыми ионосферой Земли, и, в конечном итоге, улучшит точность определения местоположения.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1USA 201НайтиНайти
2GPS 2R-19(M)НайтиНайти
332711НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Тип оператора(владельца) - военно-коммерческие
3Страна производитель - США

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг2032
2Платформа, LM-40001
3Габариты, см190х190х150

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град55.8
2Апогей, км20380.5
3Перигей, км19997.4
4Период, минут718.0
5Длинный диаметр эллипса, км26559

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2008-012A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2008-03-15 at 06:09:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xNavstar 62
3Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 2

Найдено 660 документов по запросу «Navstar 62». [Перейти к поиску]


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... Logger (ADL) software, which 61 62 Daily live broadcasts, including a 20... Orbita Success 0 5 9 16 35 55 62 69 93 94 78 61... 91 95 90 74 75 62 55 45 49 33 25... USA 195 Also known as Navstar 60 and as USA 196... Also known as GPS 2R-M, Navstar 61, and USA 199 Moved... Mission Objectives March 15, 2008 Navstar 62 2008-012A Delta 2 Navigational March...



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...-DoD continued from page 2 Resolution 62/217 on 10 January 2008... 774 35575 49.0 1 0 2008-012A NAVSTAR 62 (USA 201) USA 20147 20218...



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... Laws, Policies, and Doctrines PAGE 62 Chapter Three: Civil Space Programs... at 14 locations on Earth.62 The main optical observation system... (see Space-Based Strike Weapons).62 In all of its military... the peaceful uses of space. 62 63 Space Security 2 0 0 6 Civil Space... capability using the Shahab-4 missile.62 Europe and Japan successfully fielded... revenues for fixed satellite services.62 At the current growth rate... reconnaissance intelligence satellite in 1975.62 It successfully launched 15 recoverable...-R1 Minotaur Technology LEO US Navstar GPS IIR-M1 Delta 7925... kilogram to below $13,300.62 The maiden launch of the..., Mexico, Norway, and South Korea.62 Net Assessment Space-based weapons... Warning GEO* 24/11/1991 Navstar GPS 33 Delta 7925 US... Warning MEO** 13/11/1990 Navstar GPS 36 Delta 7925 US... Warning UKN** 29/11/1987 Navstar GPS 34 Delta 7925 US... Imaging LEO 19/10/2005 Navstar GPS 35 Delta 7925 US... Imaging LEO 30/04/2005 Navstar GPS 39 Delta 7925 US... Imaging LEO 05/10/2001 Navstar GPS 37 Delta 7925 US... Imaging LEO 17/08/2000 Navstar GPS 31 Delta 7925 US... Imaging LEO 22/05/1999 Navstar GPS 22 Delta 7925 US... Navstar GPS 29 Delta 7925 US Navigation MEO* 18/12/1992 Navstar... Imaging LEO 12/12/1999 Navstar GPS 27 Delta 7925 US... Imaging LEO 24/10/1997 Navstar GPS 26 Delta 7925 US... Imaging LEO 20/12/1996 Navstar GPS 25 Delta 7925 US... Navstar GPS 24 Delta 7925 US Navigation MEO* 04/07/1991 Navstar... Navstar GPS 23 Delta 7925 US Navigation MEO** 26/11/1990 Navstar GPS 15 Delta 6925 US Navigation MEO** 01/10/1990 Navstar... Navstar GPS 17 Delta 6925 US Navigation MEO** 11/12/1989 Navstar GPS 19 Delta 6925 US Navigation MEO** 21/10/1989 Navstar... Navstar GPS 16 Delta 692 US Navigation MEO** 18/08/1989 Navstar... Intelligence LEO 02/12/2003 Navstar GPS Delta 7925-9.5 IIR-10... Navigation MEO 21/12/2003 Navstar GPS Delta 7925-9.5 IIR-9 (USA... Navigation MEO 31/03/2003 Navstar GPS Delta 7925-9.5 IIR-8 (USA... Intelligence LEO 12/05/1996 Navstar SVN 30 Delta 7925 US... Intelligence LEO 12/05/1996 Navstar SVN 4 Delta 7925 US Navigation.../library/fact_sheets/20spcs_det1.htm. 61 62 “The SSS Space Surveillance System..., Press Release, January 2003, p. 16. 62 179 Space Security 2 0 0 6 See Government...,” Associated Press, 29 November 2005. 62 “Iran Seeks to Master Space..., p. 5. Evan Sweetman, “Successful launch of Navstar Block IIR GPS satellites,” Jane....com/news.php?ref=16. 62 “Space and Satellite Market Surpasses... Directory, 14 October 2004. 88 62 63 64 Military Balance 2003...//www.spacex.com/falcon_overview .php. 62 “Falcon 1 Maiden Flight Update,” SpaceX....jp/study/mu/mu_e.html. 62 63 Harvey, p. 209. 64 “Space... Nd: YAG Microchip Laser with 62.5MW CW Output Power,” Chinese... (London), 29 September 2005, p. 21. 62 “Morocco joins EU’s Galileo satellite...



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... shuttle for distances up to 62 miles. The TSS allows satellites... year. Five Delta IIs, carrying Navstar Global Positioning System (GPS) satellites... via FLTSATCOM, the Defense Satellite 62 and to plan for replacing... satellite systems. Navigation Navstar GbbalPositioning System The Navstar Global Positioning System (GPS... Tactical Transport. Flight testing of a 62-percent scale Advanced Technology Tactical... ........................... 1965 ........................... 1967 ........................... 5 16 35 55 62 69 93 78 Earth Escape... a series of Block I1 operational Navstar Globdl Positioning Satellites (GPS) launched... of 21 Block I1 operational Navstar Global Positioning Satellites (GPS) launched... a series of Block I1 operational Navstar Global Positioning Satellites (GPS) launched... series of Block I1 operational Navstar Global Positioning Satellites (GPS). Also... orbit. Not announced. Jun. 8 USA-62 SOD objective: Development of spaceflight.... 2, 1990 IRT Navstar-9 Navstar-10 Nova-3 Oscar 24 Oscar 30 Navstar-11 SOOS... Olcg G. Makarov Gennadiy M. Strekalov 0 : 0:20 62 : 23 : 20 5 : 22 : 31 9 : 1:28... Maneuvering Unit (MMU) in space. 62 : 22 : 43 Docked with Salyut....8 115.7 N,O,/Aerozinc ........ 69.8 2.90~39.62 __ __ 1,275 1,819 2,135d...(59) 1984(72) 1989 -- 1988 (62) 3,060" 1966 3.05x48.0 14,920...



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... Meidunas and Capt Mike Perz, Navstar Global Positioning System CSAT Presentation... Program Office, "Sust-Plan-001, Navstar Global Positioning System Maintenance Plan...-300E, System Specification for the Navstar Global Positioning System, 30 January... Ibid. 49 Joint Program Office, Navstar GPS User Equipment Introduction (September... will benefit civilian users worldwide.”62 The service enhancements included broadcasting... not singularly limited to the 62 McGinn, Rajotte, and Latterman, 404... Long and Capt Daniel Lid, Navstar Global Positioning System CSAT. Presentation...-present 83 Capt Mike Perz, Navstar Global Positioning System CSAT. Presentation... by adding the final criterion. 62 uncertainty may seriously jeopardize public..., 12. 238 Joint Program Office, Navstar GPS User Equipment Introduction, 1-3. 237... Training Command, 47. 242 Office, Navstar GPS User Equipment Introduction, 1-2. 76... Joint Program Office. “SUST-Plan001, Navstar Global Positioning System Maintenance Plan... AFB, CA, April 2001. ________. Navstar GPS User Equipment Introduction, September... Patrick, and Capt Daniel Lid. Navstar Global Positioning System CSAT. Presentation... Eddie and Capt Mike Perz. Navstar Global Positioning System CSAT. Presentation... Press, 1999. Perz, Capt Mike. Navstar Global Positioning System CSAT. Presentation...-300E. System Specification for the Navstar Global Positioning System. 30 January...



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... Mars Exploration Project ............................................................................................................... 62 Earth Remote Sensing .................................................................................................................... 62 Satellite Navigation ........................................................................................................................ 71 Communication... of its satellite communication needs.62 The increasing reliance on space.../2013/April/Pages/SatelliteShortagesMayChokeOffMilitaryDroneExpansion.a spx. 62 “Report to the Secretary of... Equipment Command and Technology], 2007/5, 62. 79 Ibid, 173. 80 Ibid....gov.cn/list.php?catid=62. “Chinese Taikonaut Greets Nation, World....com/china/201402/4828166.html. 62 Table 6. Chinese Earth remote sensing... Government Civil Total LEO 95 62 103 19 279 MEO 0 32... Satellite LLC Communications LEO Iridium 62 (Iridium SV062) 4/7/1998 Iridium Satellite... Corporation Earth Observation LEO Navstar GPS II-10 (Navstar SVN 23, PRN.../US Air Force MEO Navstar GPS II-14 (Navstar SVN 26, PRN... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS II-21 (Navstar SVN 39, PRN... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS II-23 (Navstar SVN 34, PRN... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS II-24 (Navstar SVN 36, PRN... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS II-25 (Navstar SVN 33, PRN... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS II-26 (Navstar SVN 40, PRN... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS II-28 (Navstar SVN 38, PRN... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS II-35 (Navstar SVN 35, PRN... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS IIF-1 (Navstar SVN 62, PRN 25, USA 213) 5/28/2010 DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS IIF-2 (Navstar SVN 63, PRN 01... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS IIF-3 (Navstar SVN 65, USA 239) 10/4/2012 DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS IIF-4 (Navstar SVN 66, USA 242) 5/15/2013 DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS IIR-10 (Navstar SVN 47, PRN... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS IIR-11 (Navstar SVN 59, PRN... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS IIR-12 (Navstar SVN 60, PRN... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS IIR-13 (Navstar SVN 61, PRN... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS IIR-2 (Navstar SVN 43, PRN 13... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS IIR-3 (Navstar SVN 46, PRN 11... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS IIR-4 (Navstar SVN 51, PRN 20... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS IIR-5 (Navstar SVN 44, PRN 28... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS IIR-6 (Navstar SVN 41, PRN 14... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS IIR-7 (Navstar SVN 54, PRN 18... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS IIR-8 (Navstar SVN 56, PRN 16... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS IIR-9 (Navstar SVN 45, PRN 21... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS IIR-M-1 (Navstar SVN 53, PRN 17... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS IIR-M-2 (Navstar SVN 52, PRN 31... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS IIR-M-3 (Navstar SVN 58, PRN 12... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS IIR-M-4 (Navstar SVN 55, PRN 15... Positioning Navigation/Global Positioning Navstar GPS IIR-M-5 (Navstar SVN 57, PRN 29... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS IIR-M-6 (Navstar SVN 48, PRN 07... DoD/US Air Force Navstar GPS IIR-M-8 (Navstar SVN 50, PRN 05...



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... only a few launch failures. Table 2–62 lists all Atlas launches between... Deltas IIs to launch its NAVSTAR Global Positioning System (GPS) satellites... in November 1990 to launch a NAVSTAR GPS satellite. Other Delta missions... locations in just a few days.62 The first Taurus launch took... Systems, 3rd ed., p. 437. 61 62 databk7_collected.book Page 60 Monday... equipment system databk7_collected.book Page 62 Monday, September 14, 2009 2:53 PM 62 NASA HISTORICAL DATA BOOK to... a tether up to 100-kilometers (62-miles) long. The effect of...,600 29,500n 34,400 62,100 1,121,600 1,194,949...,300/82,200 108,500/62,256 56,500/47,700...,100 95,400/92,100 62,600/36,300b 30,300...,600 29,500b 34,400 62,100 Budget category not established..., 2009 2:53 PM 122 Table 2–62. Atlas Launches (1989–1998) Vehicle... 14, 2009 2:53 PM Table 2–62. Atlas Launches (1989–1998) (Continued..., 2009 2:53 PM 124 Table 2–62. Atlas Launches (1989–1998) (Continued... 14, 2009 2:53 PM Table 2–62. Atlas Launches (1989–1998) (Continued..., 2009 2:53 PM 126 Table 2–62. Atlas Launches (1989–1998) (Continued...)a Delta Mission No. Mission 184 NAVSTAR II-1 GPS Launch Date (GMT.../6925 SDI Delta Star NAVSTAR II-2 GPS NAVSTAR II-3 GPS BSB-R1.../6925 Delta/4925-8 188 189 NAVSTAR II-4 GPS COBE October 21... 195 NAVSTAR II-5 GPS NAVSTAR II-6 GPS SDI-LACE/RME (LOSAT) NAVSTAR II..., 1990 Delta/4925-8 197 198 NAVSTAR II-8 GPS BSB-R2 (Thor.... Second Block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite. Third Block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite... U.S. space launch. Fourth Block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite. Cosmic Background Explorer.... Fifth Block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite. Sixth Block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite... program testing. Seventh Block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite. Indonesian communications satellite... Delta I launch. Eighth Block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite. Launched for British...) Delta Mission No. Mission 199 NAVSTAR II-9 GPS 200 INMARSAT-2 (F1... II NAVSTAR II-11 GPS and LOSAT-X NAVSTAR II-12 GPS NAVSTAR II... 210 211 Palapa B4 EUVE NAVSTAR II-14 GPS May 14... NAVSTAR II-10 GPS LAUNCH SYSTEMS 201 Comments Ninth Block II NAVSTAR... Delta 7925. Tenth Block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite. Military communications satellite... II NAVSTAR GPS satellite and DOD mission. Twelfth Block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite. Thirteenth Block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite... Ultraviolet Explorer. Fourteenth Block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite. 1) Joint NASA-Japanese... Delta Mission No. Mission 214 NAVSTAR II-15 GPS 215 DFS.../7925 Delta II/7925 NAVSTAR II-16 GPS NAVSTAR II-17 GPS... 218 NAVSTAR II-18 GPS February 3, 1993 Delta II/7925 219 NAVSTAR... II/7925 220 221 NAVSTAR II-20 GPS NAVSTAR II-21 GPS... NAVSTAR II-22 GPS August 30, 1993 Delta II/7925 223 NAVSTAR... 217 Comments Fifteenth Block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite. Communications satellite launched... NAVSTAR GPS satellite. Seventeenth Block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite. Eighteenth Block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite. Nineteenth Block II NAVSTAR... Block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite. Twenty-first Block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite... Block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite. Twenty-third Block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite...) Delta Mission No. Mission 226 NAVSTAR II-24 GPS and SEDS... 234 RXTE Koreasat-2 NEAR Polar NAVSTAR II-25 GPS December 30... Space Experiment (MSX) Galaxy IX NAVSTAR II-26 GPS May 24.../7925-8 Delta II/7925 238 NAVSTAR II-27 GPS September 12... Block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite. Twenty-seventh Block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite... Comments Twenty-fourth Block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite and SED-2 tether... satellite. Twenty-fifth Block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite. USA 118. databk7_collected... II/7920-10C Block IIR NAVSTAR GPS satellite. Communications satellites. August...-10C Twenty-eighth block II NAVSTAR GPS satellite. Communications satellites. December.... Mission 241 GPS BIIR-01 (NAVSTAR 2R-1) 242 MS-1 Iridium® (5 satellites... 244 MS-2 Iridium® (5 satellites) 245 NAVSTAR GPS-IIR2 246 MS-3 Iridium...) 248 MS-4 Iridium® (5 satellites) 249 NAVSTAR II-28 GPS 140 Table..., 1992 USA 59, 60, 61, 62 Intelsat 6 F-4 USA 65 USA 69...) canisters No deployed payload STS-62 March 9–March 19, 1994 Columbia... Test Flights 1 May 18, 1996 62 244/801 2 June 7, 1996 63...



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... satellites for the joint-service Navstar Global Positioning System (GPS), which.... With a developmental system of five Navstar satellites already in use, an... aft transmission of an XCH-62 heavy-lift helicopter provided data... of operation in 1982. The Navstar Global Positioning System (GPS) is... that the orbits of DoD's NAVSTAR Global Positioning System (GPS) satellites... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1968 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1969 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0 5 9 16 35 55 62 69 93 94 78 61... 15 May 1981 NTS 2 Transit Navstar Navstar Navstar Navstar Navstar Navstar Nova 1 Atlas F Scout Atlas F Atlas... geodynamic satellite. NAVIGATION 1 2 3 4 5 6 Forerunner of Navstar Global Positioning System. Developmental model... : 30 29 : 13 : 20 0: 0:20 62 : 23 : 20 5 : 22 : 31 9: 1.28...



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... tasks and then bringing it 62 back to operating condition. Failure... On Orbit GPS Satellites Failure NAVSTAR 1 NAVSTAR 2 NAVSTAR 3 NAVSTAR 4 NAVSTAR 5 NAVSTAR 6 FS #1 Primary Mode NOT PREDICTED1... of Prediction NAVSTAR 1 Frequency Standard #1 Rubidium Primary Loop N/A N/A N/A 6/78 N/A N/A N/A NAVSTAR 1 Frequency Standard #2 Rubidium Primary Loop N/A N/A N/A 10/78 N/A N/A N/A NAVSTAR 1 Frequency Standard #3 Rubidium Primary Loop N/A N/A N/A 2/79 N/A N/A N/A NAVSTAR 2 Frequency Standard... Yes 1/7 7/79 6 Months < 6 Months 100% NAVSTAR 2 Frequency Standard #2 Rubidium Primary Loop... Life Predicted Accuracy of Prediction NAVSTAR 2 Frequency Standard #3 Rubidium Primary Loop... 1/80 5/80 4 Months < 6 Months 100% NAVSTAR 3 Frequency Standard #1 Rubidium Primary Loop... 11/80 5 Months < 6 Months 100% NAVSTAR 3 Frequency Standard #2 Rubidium Primary Loop.../80 6/81 6 Months < 6 Months 100% NAVSTAR 3 Frequency Standard #3 Rubidium Primary Loop... 12/81 5 Months < 6 Months 100% NAVSTAR 4 Frequency Standard #1 Rubidium Primary Loop... 8/81 2/82 6 Months < 6 Months 100% NAVSTAR 4 Frequency Standard #2 Rubidium Primary Loop... 3/82 8/82 5 Months < 6 Months 100% NAVSTAR 4 2/8/2008 Frequency Standard #3 Rubidium Primary... Life Predicted Accuracy of Prediction NAVSTAR 4 Frequency Standard #3 Cesium Primary Loop... 2/82 6/82 4 Months < 6 Months 100% NAVSTAR 5 Frequency Standard #1 Rubidium Primary Loop... 2/82 7/82 5 Months < 6 Months 100% NAVSTAR 5 Frequency Standard #2 Rubidium Primary Loop... 8/83 9/83 5 Months < 6 Months 100% NAVSTAR 1 Solar Array Temperature Monitor Yes... Life Predicted Accuracy of Prediction NAVSTAR 3 Solar Array Temperature Monitor Yes... 100% NAVSTAR 1 Battery #3 Yes Yes 9/78 3/79 5 Months < 6 Months 100% NAVSTAR 2 Battery #3 Yes Yes 4/79 9/79 5 Months < 6 Months 100% NAVSTAR 3 Battery #3 Yes Yes 5/79 11/79 5 Months < 6 Months 100% NAVSTAR 4 Battery #3 Yes Yes 9/80 3/81 5 Months < 6 Months 100% NAVSTAR 1 Catalyst Bed Thruster Heater N/A N/A N/A 4/81 N/A N/A N/A NAVSTAR 4 Catalyst Bed Thruster... Used Reason NAVSTAR 1 Success No Telemetry Prognostics wasn’t developed NAVSTAR 2 Success No Telemetry Prognostics wasn’t developed NAVSTAR 3 Success Yes NAVSTAR 4 Success Yes NAVSTAR 5 Failed at lift-off No NAVSTAR... 3000 4500 5000 23 55 62 8 19 41 18 Frost & Sullivan... BSS 702 55 23 41 62 18 19 8 6 3 8 14 5 6 6 11% 13... Spacebus 3000 55 23 41 62 18 6 4 10 16 5 6 Eurostar E2000... 702 BSS 601 23 41 8 62 $375M $791M $1040M $1468M 4 10...



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... (at 137.50 and 137.62 MHz)). Autonomously Piloted Vehicle (Condor... un Instrument Spatial Embarque, (French S/C), D.62.11 CERN . . . . . . . . . Centre Européen...---Alfa . . . . Fuerza Aerea Satellite --- Alfa (D.62.12) FASINEX . . . . . . Frontal Air---Sea... Institute of Technology Satellite (D.26, D.62.6, D.62.10, ) KMA . . . . . . . . . . Korean Meteorological Administration... facilities stretch across the USA) NAVSTAR---GPS Navigation System with Time... 200 satellites. PoSAT . . . . . . . . . Portuguese Satellite (D.62.9) POSIX . . . . . . . . . Portable Operating System Interface... programs of SMC are GPS/NAVSTAR, DMSP, SBIRS, etc. SMCS . . . . . . . . . . Scalable... SNAP . . . . . . . . . . Surrey Nanosatellite Applications Program (D.62.16) SNAS . . . . . . . . . . Satellite Navigation Augmentation... remote sensing. SVN . . . . . . . . . . . Satellite Vehicle NAVSTAR (a GPS series numbering system) SVS..., was renamed to Thai---Paht---1 (D.62.15) Thirty---Meter Telescope [a collaborative... --- Institoto de Geologica UNAVCO . . . . . . University Navstar Consortium (a US Earth sciences community... Nations Development Programme UNAVCO . . . . . . University NAVSTAR Consortium (USA) 3614 UNCOPUOS---STSC... . . . . . . . . . University of Surrey Satellite (UK, D.62) UPC . . . . . . . . . . . Universidad Politècnica de...