Спутник ФКИ. New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt Flyby. [Редактировать]

Автоматическая межпланетная станция НАСА, запущенная в рамках программы «Новые рубежи». Предназначена для изучения Плутона и его естественного спутника Харона. Полная миссия «Новых горизонтов» рассчитана на 15—17 лет. «Новые горизонты» покинул окрестности Земли с самой большой из всех космических аппаратов скоростью. В момент выключения двигателей она составила 16,26 км/с (относительно Земли). Гелиоцентрическая скорость составила 45 км/с, что позволило бы «Новым горизонтам» уйти из Солнечной системы даже без гравитационного манёвра, который он совершил около Юпитера. Однако текущая гелиоцентрическая скорость аппарата, 14,675 км/с (на 18 сентября 2014 года), меньше, чем скорость «Вояджера-1» — 17,02 км/с («Вояджер-1» набрал бо́льшую скорость за счёт дополнительного гравитационного манёвра у Сатурна).

Установленные на аппарат приборы:

Изображение Описание
  • Разработчик -  Юго-западный исследовательский институт. Аналогичный прибор был подготовлен для АМС «Розетта» Европейского космического агентства.
  • Масса - 4.5 кг.
  • Мощность - 4.4 ватта.
  • Спектроскопический диапазон - от 500 до 1800 ангстрем.

Alice - чувствительный ультрафиолетовый спектрометр отображения, разработанный, чтобы исследовать состав и структуру динамичной атмосферы Плутона. В отличии от обычных спектрометров он также осуществляет съемку полученного спектра. Инструмент позволит обнаружить и определить количество множества важных атомных и молекулярных особенностей атмосферы Плутона. Элис также будет искать ионосферу вокруг Плутона и атмосферу вокруг спутника Харон. Осуществит замер атмеосферной температуры и плотности. Структурно прибор состоит из компактного телескопа, спектрографа и чувствительного электронного датчика с 1024 спектральными каналами. У Элис есть два способа
работы: способ “свечения неба”, который измеряет ультрафиолетовые излучения от атмосферных источников, и способ “затенения”, где прибор просматривает солнце через атмосферу планеты. 

  • Разработчик -  Ball Aerospace Corporation, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Юго-западный исследовательский институт. 
  • Масса - 10.3 кг. 
  • Мощность - 6.3 ватта.
  • Разрешающая способность - 250 метров.

Ральф (система дистанционного зондирования) - главный инструмент аппарата. Должен создать карты Плутона, Хаарона и других объектов пояса Койпера. Прибор имеет три панхроматических, четыре мултиспектральных и один инфракрасный канал. Спеткрометр для прибора был предоставленн НАСА. В качестве средства съемки выступают четыре CCD матрицы. Есть возможность вести стереосъемку. Данная особенность должна помочь ученым в поисках облаков. Прибор также будет снимать поверхность планеты с затемнонной стороны (будет использоваться отраженный свет от спутника Хаарон).

 
  • Разработчик -   Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Stanford University.
  • Масса - 0.1 кг. 
  • Мощность - 2.1 ватта.

REX состоит из маленькой печатной платы, содержащей сложную обрабатывающую сигнал электронику. Интегрированн в телекоммуникационную систему аппарата. Поскольку телекоммуникационная система избыточна, космический корабль несет на борту две копии прибора. Оба могут использоваться одновременно, чтобы улучшить получаемые данные. Принцип работы прибора основан на искажении сигнала с Земных станций атмосферой Плутона или его спутника Хаарон.

  • Разработчик -   Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory.
  • Масса - 8.8 кг. 
  • Мощность - 5.8 ватта.

LORRI, панхроматическая камера. Состоит из телескопа с 20.8 сантиметровой аппретурой который сосредотачивает свет на CCD матрице. Съемка начнется приблизительно за 200 дней до сближения. Прибор позволит получить изображения в большем разрешении чем телескоп Хабл. Максимальное разрешение составит 50 метров на точку.

Измеритель параметров частиц солнечного ветра SWAP (Solar Wind Analyzer for Pluto), разработанный в Юго-западном исследовательском институте. С его помощью планируется определить, есть ли у Плутона магнитосфера, а также установить скорость утечки его атмосферы. Основной задачей, стоящей перед прибором является проверка гипотезы о том, что часть заряженных частиц проходит его атмосферу насквозь. Если так, то тогда планета должна вести себя как комета. Т.е. за ним должен быть газовый след.

  • Разработчик -   Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory.
  • Масса - 1.5 кг.
  • Мощность - 2.5 ватта.

Спектрометр энергетических частиц PEPSSI (Energetic Particle Spectrometer Science Investigation) создан для поиска нейтральных атомов, покидающих атмосферу Плутона и превращающихся в заряженные частицы при взаимодействии с солнечным ветром.

Детектор пыли SDC (Student Dust Counter) для измерения концентрации пылевых частиц в поясе Койпера. Прибор представляет собой веерообразное устройство радиусом 42 см и толщиной 3 мм из алюминиевого сотового материала, покрытого тонкой плёнкой, соединённое кабелем с блоком электроники.

Также в аппарате имеется система связи с Землёй, состоящая из передающих антенн и множества усилителей сигнала. Система связи имеет избыточную конструкцию — большинство ключевых устройств в системе связи продублировано, и в случае выхода из строя основных устройств их работу примут на себя запасные. Система позволит передавать данные на Землю со скоростью 38 кбит/с (4,75 кбайт/с) в районе Юпитера — скорость, сравнимая со скоростью устаревшего модема. По достижении Плутона аппарат сможет передавать данные со скоростью 768 бит/с (96 байт в секунду; 1 мегабайт будет передаваться примерно 3 часа). Это крайне маленькая скорость, но и она позволит передать на Землю ценные научные данные и даже высококачественные фотографии. Основу системы терморегулирования составляет многослойная оболочка. Температура аппарата будет составлять 10-30 градусов по цельсию. Нагрев будет осущетвляться за счет работы приборов. В качестве источника питания аппарата выступает система на основе плутония-238.

Установленная на аппарат нецелевая нагрузка:

  • В нижней части корабля закреплен контейнер с унцией пепла Клайда Томбо, открывателя Плутона и ряда астероидов. Надпись на контейнере гласит: «здесь находятся останки американца Клайда Томба, первооткрывателя Плутона, мужа Патрисии, отца Аннет и Олдена, астронома, учителя и каламбуриста. Клайд Томбо (1906-1997)».
  • 434 000 человек захотело принять участие в этом исследовательском проекте. Их имена были записаны на компакт-диск, который сейчас бороздит просторы космоса вместе с летательным аппаратом. 
  • Компакт-диск с фотографиями сотрудников проекта New Horizons.
  • Монета в 25 центов из Флориды – штата, откуда был запущен космический корабль New Horizons.
  • Монета в 25 центов из Мэриленда – штата, где был построен космический корабль New Horizons.
  • Небольшая часть космического корабля SpaceShip с двухсторонней надписью. Она установлена в нижней части внутренней палубы New Horizons. Надпись на передней стороне: "Чтобы почтить свою историческую роль в развитии полета эта часть космического корабля SpaceShip One в настоящее время летает на другом историческом корабле New Horizons. New Horizons первым совершает полет на Плутон, самую дальнюю из известных планет нашей Солнечной системы». Надпись на обратной стороне: «SpaceShip One был первым частным космическим кораблем. Он вылетел из Соединенных Штатов Америки в 2004 году».
  • Флаг США.
  • Еще один вариант флага США.
  • Марка США 1991 года с надписью: «Плутон еще не обнаружен».

Дополнительные наименования

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Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
2Страна оператор(владелец) - США
3Страна производитель - США

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12007-03-19. Перешел в безопасный режим в результате ошибок в памяти, восстановленТэги: New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt Flyby
22009-12-31. Космический аппарат New Horizons пересек условную границу, которая отмечает половину расстояния от Земли до Плутона. Об этом сообщается на сайте проекта. Сейчас New Horizon находится между орбитами Сатурна и Урана на расстоянии примерно 2,5 миллиарда километров от Земли. При этом большая часть электроники космического посланника находится в спящем режимеТэги: New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt Flyby
32014-12-07. Автоматическая межпланетная станция НАСА New Horizons («Новые горизонты») выведена из режима гибернации и готовится приступить к основной части своей миссии — наблюдению за системой Плутон-Харон.Тэги: New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt Flyby
42015-01-16. Космический аппарат New Horizons начал маневры по сближению с Плутоном.Тэги: New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt Flyby
52015-02-05. Плутон Космический аппарат NASA’s New Horizons передал первые изображения Плутона. В настоящее время аппарат находится в 203 млн. километров от планетоида. Новые изображения получены при помощи устройства LORRI. Тэги: New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt Flyby
62015-07-05. Аппарат перешел в защищенный режим работы.
4 июля по причине аномалий New Horizons перешел в работу в защищенном режиме и перестал отвечать на запросы с Земли. В связи с этим НАСА поспешила сделать заявление в котором сказано что:
1. Связь с аппаратом восстановлена приблизительно через два часа после потери.
2. Коммуникационное отключение питания было инициировано проблемой с основным компьютером аппарата. Вследствие чего автоматическая система перевела спутник в безопасный режим и переключила аппарат на работу с резервным компьютером.
3. NASA подтверждает, что космический корабль “находится в хорошем состоянии” и в течении нескольких дней восстановит свою работоспособность. Тэги: New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt Flyby
72015-07-06. По мнению НАСА New Horizons вернется к нормальной работе 7 июля.
Представители NASA сообщили, что по их мнению космический аппарат New Horizons должен 7 июля вернуться в нормальный режим функционирования после компьютерного сбоя.
Сбой, произошедший 4 июля, заставил систему аварийной защиты перевести бортовую систему в безопасный режим. К настоящему времени NASA удалось восстановить связь с аппаратом, однако пока что спутник не передает на Землю научных данных.
При этом, анализ телеметрии с зонда показал, что проблема не была вызвана аппаратными или программными сбоями в работе New Horizons, что является очень хорошей новостью. Проблема, как отмечают в НАСА, возникла из-за неправильного "расписания" исполнения команд, которые были переданы на зонд перед началом его сближения с Плутоном. Представители аэрокосмического агентства заверяют, что подобное больше не повторится. Тэги: New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt Flyby

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Топливогидразин
2Масса, кг478
3Масса (топлива), кг80
4Масса (полезная нагрузка), кг30
5Габариты, метра2,2×2,7×3,2
6Мощность (начало жизни), Вт400
7Мощность (конец жизни), Вт200
8Диаметер (антенны), метра2.1

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1САС, год15-17

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2006-001A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта в период с 2001 по 2016 годы), млн. долл.2006-01-01700

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Мыс Канаверал
2Дата пуска2006-01-19
3Полезная нагрузка 1xNew Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt Flyby
4Ракета-носитель 1xАтлас 5 551

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... and the recently launched New Horizons mission to Pluto. In addition, radioisotope heater...) GPHS-RTG (3 @ ~295 We each) New Horizons (2006) GPHS-RTG (1 @ 245.7 We... Transit 5BN-2). Each satellite used a new, higher power RTG designated SNAP... each ALSEP was provided by a new RTG designated SNAP-27 (see... by two RTGs of a completely new design (see Figure 12). Termed... less than at Earth; at Pluto: >900 times less than at... the most recent, the New Horizons mission to Pluto. 7.1 Pioneers 10 and 11... of Mars and the asteroid belt. Pioneer 10 was launched on... We total at the Jupiter flyby. The RTGs more than met.... Discoveries ranged from finding 22 new satellites (3 at Jupiter; 3 at Saturn... continue to provide new information beyond the orbit of Pluto. Figure 16... this hostile environment were two new RTGs designated by the acronym... Galileo Orbiter and Probe carried new, lower-mass 1-Wt radioisotope heater...) 7.7 New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt Flyby One planet remained unexplored after the Pioneer and Voyager flyby missions: Pluto... New Horizons spacecraft was launched to fly by Pluto and its moon Charon. New Horizons will then continue on into the Kuiper Belt where it will fly by one or more Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs). On its way to the Pluto/Charon system, New Horizons... that four-month encounter period, New Horizons will study Jupiter, adding to...’s largest planet. New Horizons is expected to fly by Pluto on 14 July... 2020, following the Pluto/Charon flyby, New Horizons will enter the Kuiper Belt Object study phase... the only viable option. Thus, New Horizons carries a single GPHS-RTG to... earlier missions primarily because the New Horizons GPHS-RTG used some older... the time of Pluto/Charon flyby, enough for New Horizons to conduct exciting scientific... and Astronautics Figure 21. New Horizons flying over Pluto with Charon in the..., most recently, the New Horizons mission to the Pluto/Charon system. In general..., Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1964. 2 Bennett, Gary L., Lombardo..., pp. 537-553, Academic Press, New York, 2002. 15 American Institute..., Geffrey K. and Hersman, Christopher B., “The Pluto-New Horizons RTG and Power System Early... of RTG F8 for the Pluto New Horizons Mission”, AIAA-2006-4031, 4th...



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... and the recently launched New Horizons mission to Pluto. In addition, radioisotope heater...) GPHS-RTG (3 @ ~295 We each) New Horizons (2006) GPHS-RTG (1 @ 245.7 We... Transit 5BN-2). Each satellite used a new, higher power RTG designated SNAP... each ALSEP was provided by a new RTG designated SNAP-27 (see... by two RTGs of a completely new design (see Figure 12). Termed... less than at Earth; at Pluto: >900 times less than at... the most recent, the New Horizons mission to Pluto. 7.1 Pioneers 10 and 11... of Mars and the asteroid belt. Pioneer 10 was launched on... We total at the Jupiter flyby. The RTGs more than met.... Discoveries ranged from finding 22 new satellites (3 at Jupiter; 3 at Saturn... continue to provide new information beyond the orbit of Pluto. Figure 16... this hostile environment were two new RTGs designated by the acronym... Galileo Orbiter and Probe carried new, lower-mass 1-Wt radioisotope heater...) 7.7 New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt Flyby One planet remained unexplored after the Pioneer and Voyager flyby missions: Pluto... New Horizons spacecraft was launched to fly by Pluto and its moon Charon. New Horizons will then continue on into the Kuiper Belt where it will fly by one or more Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs). On its way to the Pluto/Charon system, New Horizons... that four-month encounter period, New Horizons will study Jupiter, adding to...’s largest planet. New Horizons is expected to fly by Pluto on 14 July... 2020, following the Pluto/Charon flyby, New Horizons will enter the Kuiper Belt Object study phase... the only viable option. Thus, New Horizons carries a single GPHS-RTG to... earlier missions primarily because the New Horizons GPHS-RTG used some older... the time of Pluto/Charon flyby, enough for New Horizons to conduct exciting scientific... and Astronautics Figure 21. New Horizons flying over Pluto with Charon in the..., most recently, the New Horizons mission to the Pluto/Charon system. In general..., Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1964. 2 Bennett, Gary L., Lombardo..., pp. 537-553, Academic Press, New York, 2002. 15 American Institute..., Geffrey K. and Hersman, Christopher B., “The Pluto-New Horizons RTG and Power System Early... of RTG F8 for the Pluto New Horizons Mission”, AIAA-2006-4031, 4th...



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...) Project Manager and CoI on New Horizons mission (Alice instrument) RESEARCH & MANAGEMENT... Editor for Distant EKOs, the Kuiper belt electronic newsletter; 1998–present. Host... asteroids; comets; Centaurs and Kuiper Belt/Trans-Neptunian objects; Pluto; Luna; vulcanoids; the... Co-I on the New Horizons mission to study Pluto and Kuiper belt objects. Re-analysis... and Heliospheric Observatory), planetary spacecraft (New Horizons, Rosetta, Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, Deep... mission) NASA Group Achievement Award (New Horizons mission) ESA Outstanding Contribution (Rosetta...) and recoveries of Centaurs and Kuiper belt/trans-Neptunian Objects. PI: Hubble.../Planetary Astronomy project to observe Kuiper belt objects and study their orbital... projects to study the binary Kuiper belt object 1998 WWW31. Other Research..., and recoveries of Centaurs and Kuiper belt/trans-Neptunian Objects. Data reduction... 6. “The Pluto system: Initial results from its exploration by New Horizons” Stern, et... Alice UV spectrograph during the New Horizons flyby of Jupiter” A.J. Steffl, A.B. Shinn, G.R. Gladstone...: The Orbital Structure of the Kuiper Belt” J.-M. Petit, JJ Kavelaars, B.J. Gladman, R.L. Jones... Detection of Two New Transneptunian Binaries from the CFEPS Kuiper Belt Survey” H.-W. Lin... Space Science, 58, 1088 23. “New Horizons Alice Ultraviolet Observations of a Stellar... In the Observed Distribution of Kuiper Belt Object Orbits” R.L. Jones, J.Wm. Parker...: The Orbital Structure of the Kuiper Belt” JJ Kavelaars, R.L. Jones, B.J. Gladman, J-M. Petit..., New York), p. 167 32. “Alice: The Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph Aboard the New Horizons Pluto-Kuiper Belt..., 140, 155 33. “The Extreme Kuiper Belt Binary 2001 QW322” J-M. Petit, J.J. Kavelaars... and Spatial Distribution of the Kuiper Belt” JJ. Kavelaars, L. Jones, B. Gladman, J.Wm..., Tucson), p. 59 35. “Pluto, Charon, and the Kuiper Belt Objects” S.A. Stern, J.Wm. Parker... of a Low-Eccentricity, High-Inclination Kuiper Belt Object at 58 AU” R.L. Allen... , 123, 2754 49. “The Binary Kuiper Belt Object 1998 WW31” C. Veillet, J.Wm..., “From Giotto to Rosetta” 4. “New Horizons and Pluto’s Atmosphere” L. Young et al. (2016... and Composition of Pluto and Its Moons from the New Horizons Mission” C. Olkin... meeting, P54A-08 8. “New Horizons Alice sky Lyman- at Pluto encounter: Importance for...-2538 9. “Pluto As Seen by the LEISA Spectrometer on New Horizons” (2015), American... Measurements of Plutos Atmosphere with New Horizons” (2015), American Geophysical Union meeting....08 18. “Pluto and Charon Color Light Curves from New Horizons on Approach..., 47, #105.11 21. “Pluto’s Extended Atmosphere: New Horizons Alice Lyman-α Imaging” Retherford.... “Radio Occultation Measurements of Pluto’s Atmosphere with New Horizons” Hinson, D.P., I. Linscott, L. Tyler, M. Bird... the UV Solar Occultation from New Horizons” Kammer, J.A., S.A. Stern, H.A. Weaver, L.A. Young, K.A. Ennico... 25. “Pluto: Distribution of ices and coloring agents from New Horizons LEISA observations....01 27. “New Horizons Observations of the Atmospheres of Pluto and Charon” Gladstone... of Ganymede’s Atmosphere with New Horizons Alice: New Constraints to the Atomic Oxygen... Composition Investigation for Pluto and Its Moons from the New Horizons Mission” C. Olkin... Forum “Searching for KBO Flyby Targets for the New Horizons Mission” M.W. Buie, J.R. Spencer... the Kernel of the classical Kuiper Belt” J.-M. Petit, B. Gladman, J.J. Kavelaars, R.L. Jones, and... the Alice UV Spectrograph Aboard New Horizons” A.J. Steffl, A.B. Shinn, M.J. Desroche, G.R. Gladstone, J.Wm... Fall Meeting, #P53E-1569 75. “New Horizons Alice Observations of Io’s UV...: The orbital structure of the Kuiper belt” J-M. Petit, J.J. Kavelaars, B.J. Gladman, R.L. Jones, and..., 38.05 106. “The extreme Kuiper Belt binary 2001 QW322” J.-M. Petit, J. Kavelaars... 114. “Orbital Structure of the Kuiper Belt” J.-J. Kavelaars, R.L. Jones, B.J. Gladman, J.-M. Petit, J.W. Parker... Orbital Structure of the Outer Kuiper Belt” J.-M. Petit, CFEPS team (2007), Bulletin... the Io Plasma Torus from New Horizons and Rosetta” A.J. Steffl, M.F. A’Hearn, J.L. Bertaux... and Aurora as seen from New Horizons” G.R. Gladstone, D.C. Slater, M. Versteeg, M.W. Davis, K.D. Retherford..., G.S. Orton, J.T. Clarke, J.D. Nichols, and the New Horizons Science Team, (2007), Bulletin of.... “Io Eclipse Observations During the New Horizons Jupiter Flyby” K.D. Retherford, J.R. Spencer, S.A. Stern, A.F. Cheng..., H.B. Throop, L.A. Young, J.M. Moore and the New Horizons Science Team, (2007), Bulletin of... the Io Plasma Torus from New Horizons and Rosetta” A.J. Steffl, P.D. Feldman, G.R. Gladstone..., 38, 550 142. “Debiasing The Kuiper-belt’s Orbital Distribution Using CFEPS” Gladman.... “First Results of the CFHLS Kuiper Belt Survey” R.L. Allen, B. Gladman, JJ Kavelaars....09 157. “Multiplicity in the Kuiper Belt: The First Discovery of a Binary..., 6.02 161. “Multiplicity in the Kuiper Belt: The First Discovery of a Binary...’s Outermost Frontier: The Future of Kuiper Belt Studies” (Solar System Decadal Survey...



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... of Comets J. Crovisier 179 Chapter 9 Kuiper belt: Water and Organics C. de Bergh... to the protostar than the Kuiper belt (short period) ones. Protoplanetary Disk... processed ices relevant to Edgeworth-Kuiper-Belt objects. Earth, Moon and Planets... red as some Centaurs and Kuiper belt objects). Reflectance spectroscopy of cometary... Solar System. Comets from the Kuiper belt give Jupiterfamily comets, with short... large heliocentric distances in the Kuiper belt could have retained species more... cloud (long-period) comets versus Kuiper belt (Jupiter-family) comets — is unclear... page intentionally left blank Chapter 9 KUIPER BELT: WATER AND ORGANICS Catherine de... missions should bring important new information on Kuiper Belt Objects. Prospects are therefore.... Keywords: Kuiper Belt Objects, Centaurs, Surface Composition, Ices, Spectroscopy 1. INTRODUCTION The Kuiper Belt is... small bodies called Kuiper Belt Objects (also called Edgeworth-Kuiper Belt Objects or Transneptunian... AND EXTENT OF THE BELT Although Kuiper Belt Objects were searched for since... Kuiper Belt Objects must therefore exceed that of asteroids in the main-belt... Kuiper Belt leads to a much higher mass than currently estimated in the Belt... current populations in the Classical Kuiper Belt and Scattered Disk may correspond.... The dynamical structure of the Kuiper Belt presents characteristics that are much... the Kuiper Belt. Centaurs may in fact constitute an intermediate family between Kuiper Belt...±0.032 0.045±0.0101 0.055±0.0084 – – – Kuiper Belt: Water and Organics 213 Objects..., which, according to some, supports a Kuiper Belt origin for Centaurs. However, the... due to important surface heterogeneities. Kuiper Belt: Water and Organics 219 Do... components included in the models Kuiper Belt: Water and Organics 223 presented... , and tentatively attributed two weak Kuiper Belt: Water and Organics 229 absorptions... been moderately transported to the Kuiper Belt region by resonance sweeping. The... expelled relatively recently from the Kuiper Belt. The more neutral objects would... irradiation mantle formed in the Kuiper Belt would have been progressively destructed... the infrared. 12. DISSEMINATION OF KUIPER BELT MATERIAL ELSEWHERE IN THE SOLAR... for a much more massive early Kuiper Belt, and, consequently, an intense collisional... currently located outside of the Kuiper Belt, Centaurs and short-period comets... and similarity to Pluto, could also be a captured Kuiper Belt Object. All irregular... and Malhotra, 2003) indicates that Kuiper Belt dust would permeate only essentially... completely the field (Jewitt 2004). Kuiper Belt: Water and Organics 237 According... planned NASA New Horizons space mission to Pluto-Charon and Kuiper Belt Objects that will... Pendleton, Y.J. 1999, Water ice on Kuiper Belt object 1996 TO66 , Astrophys. J. Lett..., C. 2004, Proton irradiation of Centaurs, Kuiper Belt, and Oort cloud objects at... Ore, C.M. 2004, Spectral models of Kuiper Belt Objects and Centaurs, Earth, Moon... The color distribution of the Kuiper Belt, Astron. J., 124, 2279. Dotto, E., Barucci... modification on comets, Kuiper Belt Objects, Centaurs, and Pluto-Charon, Icarus, 145..., R.S. 2003, The origin of the Kuiper Belt high-inclination population, Icarus, 161...-Planets, in press. Jewitt, D.C. 1999, Kuiper Belt Objects, Ann. Rev. Earth Planet..., J. 2001, Colors and spectra of Kuiper Belt Objects, Astron. J., 122, 2099. Jewitt..., J.X. 1999, Accretion in the Early Kuiper Belt. II. Fragmentation. Astron. J. 118, 1101..., Colors and compositional characteristics of Kuiper Belt Objects and Centaurs, BAAS, 33..., S.M., and Vilas, F. 2002, Spectrophotometry of Kuiper Belt Objects and Centaurs, BAAS, 34... Nevada, Astron. Astrophys., 391, 1133. Kuiper Belt: Water and Organics 241 Licandro.... Liou, J.C., Zook, H.A., and Dermott, S.F. 1996, Kuiper Belt dust grains as a source of... and Kuiper Belt Objects, Astron. J. 112, 2310. Luu, J.X., and Jewitt, D. 2002, Kuiper Belt Objects... its implications for Centaurs and Kuiper Belt Objects, Ap.J., 531, L151. Margot... Visible and infrared photometry of Kuiper Belt Objects: searching for evidence of... the initial thermal evolution of Kuiper Belt Objects, in Proceedings of Asteroids..., A., Brown, M.E., and Levison, H.F. 2004, The Kuiper Belt and its primordial sculpting, Earth..., D.C. 2002, Time-resolved photometry of Kuiper Belt Objects: rotations, shapes and phase... Environment of the Massive, Primordial Kuiper Belt, Astron. J. 112, 1203. Stern, S.A. and..., J.R. 2004, New Horizons: the First Reconnaissance Mission to Bodies in the Kuiper Belt, Earth... Kuiper Belt Objects, Nature, 392, 49. Tegler, S.C., and Romanishin, W. 2000, Extremely red Kuiper Belt... Romanishin, W. 2003, Resolution of the Kuiper Belt object color controversy: two distinct... and Color in the Classical Kuiper Belt, Astrophys. J. 566, 125. Trujillo, C.A., and... close flyby of Europa. Nonetheless, even prior to that first flyby, images... pristine Kuiper Belt objects in the 10 - 1000 km class (including Pluto) will... of the recently approved NASA New Horizons Pluto-Kuiper-Belt mission. The largest of these...



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... Cryovolcanism on Dwarf Planet-Class Kuiper Belt Objects M. Neveua,∗, S. J. Descha , E. L. Shocka,b , C. R. Gleinc... for a young surface on Charon (Pluto’s surface is masked by frosts... cryovolcanism on dwarf planet-class Kuiper belt objects (KBOs). We first review... the 2015 New Horizons flyby of the Pluto-Charon system. Keywords: Charon, Interiors, Pluto, satellites... upcoming flyby of the Pluto-Charon system by the New Horizons spacecraft brings a new opportunity to look for plumes on Pluto and... cryovolcanism on dwarf planet-class Kuiper belt objects (KBOs) from our current..., the volatile inventory in the Kuiper belt, and the thermal evolution of... the possibility of cryovolcanism on Pluto, Charon, and KBOs of similar... primitive bodies” community sees the Kuiper belt as a reservoir of comet nuclei...−3 ) bracket those of the Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) Pluto and Charon [1150 and..., with the notable exception that Pluto and Charon may have experienced... may well be observed by New Horizons at Pluto and Charon. However, as... an aurora near 2 New Horizons if presently occurring on Pluto or Charon. ice...) that were likely accreted by Kuiper belt objects. The eutectic point of... of geophysical evolution models of Pluto (Robuchon and Nimmo, 2011), Charon... of similar dwarf-planet size. Pluto-sized bodies are more likely... remaining liquid. Freezing occurs because Pluto and Charon-sized KBOs cool... the inner regions of the Kuiper belt today up to 50 AU... signature of methane, such as Pluto, Quaoar (Jewitt and Luu, 2004... surfaces of the largest KBOs (Pluto, Quaoar, Eris, Sedna, and Makemake... is a major surface component on Pluto and Triton, and contributes substantially... (323 K) hydrothermal systems arose on Pluto or Charon, CO would have... the surface reflectance spectra of Pluto-sized KBOs, but not in... al., in preparation). 5.6. Predictions for Pluto and Charon The time scale of cryovolcanic activity on Pluto and Charonsized KBOs depends on... and Wang, 2007). In the Kuiper belt, dwarf planet oceans are predicted... be observed on Pluto or Charon by the New Horizons probe. These plumes... evidence for hydrothermal activity inside Pluto or Charon. H2 does not...) and the seafloor pressure for Pluto-sized bodies (4000 bar or... the geotherms of Ceres- to Pluto-sized dwarf planets (dashed curves... reached near the center of Pluto-sized bodies. A recent model (Facq... covered by the Ralph package, New Horizons’s visible and near-infrared spectrometers... explosive cryovolcanism is expected on Pluto and Charon if either currently... icy dwarf planets of the Kuiper belt may well join the list... evidence that Pluto and Charon accreted rich in N. However, because Pluto’s surface... surfaces, atmospheres, or exospheres of Pluto and Charon. The fate of... be more precisely estimated if New Horizons measurements constrain the rate of... ejection velocity in potential plumes. New Horizons is well equipped to perform... the source of methane for Pluto’s atmosphere and frosts; this would... significantly improve the “Predictions for Pluto and Charon” section of this... evolution and differentiation of Edgeworth-Kuiper belt objects. Astronomical Journal 121, 2792..., T., Porter, S. B., 2009. Thermal evolution of Kuiper belt objects, with implications for cryovolcanism.... Brown, M. E., 2012. The compositions of Kuiper belt objects. Annual Review of Earth... water and ammonia ices on Pluto’s satellite Charon. Science 287 (5450..., S. A., 2006. Orbits and photometry of Pluto’s satellites: Charon, S/2005 P1, and... evolution of objects in the Kuiper belt zone: Effects of insolation and...: Possible evidence for cryovolcanism on Kuiper belt objects. The Astrophysical Journal 663.... Crystalline water ice on the Kuiper belt object (50000) Quaoar. Nature 432... of the structure of the Kuiper belt during a dynamical instability in the.... The solar wind around pluto (swap) instrument aboard new horizons. Space Science Reviews... the initial thermal evolution of Kuiper belt objects. In: Asteroids, Comets, and..., A., 2008. Structure and evolution of Kuiper belt objects and dwarf planets. The.... The pluto energetic particle spectrometer science investigation (pepssi) on the new horizons mission... physical properties of the variegated Pluto and Charon surfaces. Icarus 210... evolution of comet nuclei and Kuiper belt objects. Space Science Reviews 138...: A Visible/Infrared Imager for the New Horizons Pluto/Kuiper Belt Mission. Space Science Reviews 140..., G., Nimmo, F., 2011. Thermal evolution of Pluto and implications for surface tectonics.... Volatile loss and retention on Kuiper belt objects. The Astrophysical Journal Letters..., R., Levato, H., 2003. Large changes in Pluto’s atmosphere as revealed by recent..., J., 2003. New horizons: The first reconnaissance mission to bodies in the kuiper belt. Earth... ultraviolet imaging spectrograph aboard the new horizons plutokuiper belt mission. Space Science Reviews 140..., D., P¨atzold, M., Summers, M., Sivaramakrishnan, K., 2008. The new horizons radio science experiment (rex). Space...



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...Russell Editor New Horizons Reconnaissance of the Pluto-Charon System and the Kuiper Belt Previously... the Pluto system, the New Horizons spacecraft could be re-targeted towards other Kuiper Belt... 1 The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt Mission: An Overview with Historical Context S.A. Stern 3 The New Horizons Spacecraft...: A Visible/Infrared Imager for the New Horizons Pluto/Kuiper Belt Mission D.C. Reuter S.A. Stern J. Scherrer D.E. Jennings... Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph Aboard the New Horizons PlutoKuiper Belt Mission S.A. Stern D.C. Slater J. Scherrer J. Stone... 387 Foreword New Horizons: Reconnaissance of the Pluto–Charon System and the Kuiper Belt C.T. Russell... referees and the publishers. The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt Mission: An Overview with Historical... Media B.V. 2008 Abstract NASA’s New Horizons (NH) PlutoKuiper Belt (PKB) mission was selected for... small planets Eris and Pluto. Keywords Pluto · New Horizons · Mission · Kuiper belt S.A. Stern ( ) NASA Science Mission... al. 2007), The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt Mission: An Overview 5 Table 1 New Horizons Pluto–Charon and KBO... PlutoKuiper Belt (PKB) mission proposals in early 2001 and the selection of New Horizons..., who directed The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt Mission: An Overview 7 all Pluto-350 and Mariner... solicit mission proposals for a “Pluto Kuiper Belt” (PKB) flyby reconnaissance mission. That early 2001... 2000. The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt Mission: An Overview 9 Fig. 1 New Horizons depicted over Pluto by planetary... new scientific horizons inherent in the exploration of the Pluto system and the Kuiper belt, as well as the programmatic new horizons of... The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt Mission: An Overview 11 the selection of JPL’s POSSE (Pluto... Launch. The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt Mission: An Overview 13 Fig. 3 New Horizons spacecraft-payload team... units stalled in production. The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt Mission: An Overview 15 • Substituting...◦ × 0.29◦ ; IFOV: 5 µrad/pixel The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt Mission: An Overview 17 Table... its Pluto encounter. During this time the spacecraft will spend The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt... New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt Mission: An Overview 21 C.B. Olkin, D. Reuter, A. Lunsford, R.P. Binzel, S.A. Stern, The New Horizons... Pluto · New Horizons · Spacecraft · Radioisotope thermoelectric generator 1 Introduction A reconnaissance mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt... design · Trajectory design · New Horizons mission · Space mission · PKB mission · Pluto · Kuiper Belt objects Y. Guo... to the Kuiper Belt and Beyond After the flyby of the Pluto system, New Horizons will continue its journey to explore the Kuiper Belt...) Y. Guo, R.W. Farquhar, in New Horizons Mission Design for the PlutoKuiper Belt Mission, AIAA-20024722... New Horizons mission · Pluto · Kuiper belt 1 Introduction New Horizons was the first mission selected in NASA’s New Frontiers..., Valenica, Spain, 2006 S.A. Stern, The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper belt Mission: An overview with historical... ultraviolet imaging spectrometer aboard the New Horizons Pluto-Kuiper belt mission. Space Sci. Rev. (2007... during departure over one Pluto rotation. 3.6 Kuiper Belt Objects The New Horizons mission is designed... more KBOs after Pluto. The particular Kuiper Belt Objects for New Horizons are not yet..., 185–233 (1992) S.A. Stern, The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper belt mission: an overview with historical... ultraviolet imaging spectrometer aboard the New Horizons PlutoKuiper belt mission. Space Sci. Rev. (2008...: A Visible/Infrared Imager for the New Horizons Pluto/Kuiper Belt Mission Dennis C. Reuter · S. Alan Stern... on New Horizons, NASA’s first mission to the Pluto/Charon system and the Kuiper Belt... 130 D.C. Reuter et al. Keywords New Horizons · Pluto/Charon · Kuiper Belt · Ralph · Multi-spectral imager... 1 Introduction New Horizons, a flyby mission to the Pluto/Charon system and the Kuiper Belt, is the... on the New Horizons mission to the Pluto/Charon system and the Kuiper Belt beyond...: A visible/infrared imager for the New Horizons Pluto/Kuiper Belt mission, in SPIE Proceedings of...), pp. 39–58 S.A. Stern, The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt mission: An overview with historical... ultraviolet imaging spectrograph aboard the New Horizons Pluto-Kuiper Belt mission. Space Sci. Rev. (2008... Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph Aboard the New Horizons PlutoKuiper Belt Mission S. Alan Stern · David C. Slater... aboard the New Horizons mission to the Pluto system and the Kuiper Belt. Its primary... around Pluto’s moon, Charon, as well as the Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs) that New Horizons... the Kuiper Belt object(s) to which New Horizons will be targeted after the Pluto–Charon... Pluto and Charon encounter, the New Horizons spacecraft will be targeted to encounter a Kuiper Belt..., 285–288 (1986) S.A. Stern, The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper Belt mission: An overview with historical... dedication reads: New Horizons, the first mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt, is proud...



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... mission to Kuiper Belt objects. In order to meet the New Horizons mission design... mission to the Kuiper Belt and beyond. Favorable encounter geometry, flyby trajectory and... measurements for the mission. The New Horizons mission trajectory was designed as... Design Scenarios 3.1. Routes to Pluto 3.2. Launch Opportunities 3.3. New Horizons Approach 4. Baseline Mission Design 4.1. Launch 4.2. Interplanetary Trajectory 4.3. Jupiter Gravity Assist Flyby 4.4. Pluto..., shortly after NASA terminated the “Pluto-Kuiper Express” program due to unmanageable...-called “Pluto-Kuiper Belt (PKB) Mission”, the first mission of NASA’s New Frontiers Program... revisions and updates before the New Horizons spacecraft was successfully launched on... mission to Kuiper Belt objects, all as planned. In this paper, New Horizons mission...-quality scientific investigations of the Pluto-Kuiper Belt region of the solar system.... 2.3 Program Requirements and Constraints The Pluto-Kuiper Belt mission is divided into two... to Pluto, a mission requirement, and the extended mission to the Kuiper Belt objects... to Pluto. Flight operations for the extended mission to the Kuiper Belt (Phase... trajectory requires more launch energy. 3.3 New Horizons Approach Multiple launch opportunities and... in December 2004. New Horizons would arrive at Pluto in July 2014 through... the New Horizons mission. Injected with several enhancements tailored specifically to the New Horizons... 1. New Horizons Baseline Mission Design 4.1 Launch A prolonged launch period was selected for New Horizons... of the Pluto arrival time is described in Section 4.4.2. New Horizons’ launch energy... the launch asymptote (RLA), specify New Horizons launch requirements, referred to as... the launch vehicle provider. The New Horizons launch requires a three-stage rocket... and customized for the New Horizons mission. The New Horizons spacecraft is first placed.... Pluto Encounter July 14, 2015 Onward to Kuiper Belt Object(s) Jupiter Gravity Assist Flyby Feb 28, 2007 Pluto Neptune... flyby on Feb 28, 2007 Figure 3. Interplanetary Trajectory However, by nature, New Horizons... of the New Horizons Spacecraft over the flight from Earth to Pluto The... generated based on New Horizons nominal trajectory ephemeris. Figure 5. New Horizons Mission Profiles of... the Jovian satellites during the New Horizons Jupiter flyby. However, the trajectory analyses... the Kuiper Belt objects. Figure 8 shows the closest approach distances of the New Horizons... the capability and characteristics of New Horizons instruments, the mission design team... km/s Figure 12. Pluto-Charon Encounter Geometry New Horizons passes Pluto and Charon from..., New Horizons travels through the solar and Earth occultation zones of Pluto and... to the Kuiper Belt and Beyond After flyby of the Pluto system, New Horizons will continue its journey to explore the Kuiper Belt as an extended mission. The plan for the Kuiper Belt exploration... Pluto encounter toward the KBO target Figure 14. Mission to the Kuiper Belt Objects 29 The most likely KBO flyby is estimated in 2018 when New Horizons heliocentric distance... mission to Pluto and the extended mission to the Kuiper Belt, the NH... New Horizons to the designed Pluto B-plane aim point with an optimized Jupiter flyby... Jupiter flyby. 5.3 Flyby of Asteroid 2002 JF56 On June 13, 2006, New Horizons flew... opportunity for the New Horizons spacecraft to perform a Pluto-like pointing and tracking... the Pluto flyby for the Kuiper Belt mission, corresponding to a ΔV capacity of 230 m/s. 6. Conclusion New Horizons... boost and encounter Pluto on July 14, 2015. The New Horizons spacecraft became...-Pluto, Earth-Charon, and Sun-Charon occultations. The New Horizons will approach Pluto from... of Pluto and Charon on the approaching hemispheres. 34 New Horizons passes Pluto and..., New Horizons travels through the solar and Earth occultation zones of Pluto and Charon, passing behind Pluto and Charon. After a flyby of the Pluto system, New Horizons will continue its journey to explore the Kuiper Belt as an extended mission. Exploration to the Kuiper Belt objects... Y. and Farquhar R.W.: 2002, New Horizons Mission Design for the Pluto-Kuiper Belt Mission, AIAA/AAS... Farquhar R.W.: 2005, New Horizons Pluto-Kuiper Belt Mission: Design and Simulation of the Pluto-Charon Encounter..., Baseline Design of New Horizons Mission to the Kuiper Belt, Acta Astronautica 58, 2006.... NASA: 2001, Announcements of Opportunity, Pluto-Kuiper Belt Mission, 01-OSS-01, January... Stern A.: 2003, Finding KBO Flyby Targets for New Horizons, Earth, Moon and Planets..., New York, 1998. Jewitt D.C. and Luu J.X.: 1993, Discovery of Candidate Kuiper Belt Object 1992 QB1, Nature, pp. 362-730, 1993. Weinstein S.: 1992, Pluto Flyby...



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... Pluto.....................................................................................17 The New Horizons Science Team......................................................................................20 NASA’s New Frontiers Program.........................................................................................21 The New Horizons... http://pluto.jhuapl.edu. NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons General Release Zooming to Pluto, New Horizons Closes in... the first mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt, NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft is on....” NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons The mission team at... New Horizons, visit: http://pluto.jhuapl.edu NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons Media Services Information News and Status Reports NASA and the New Horizons.... NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons New Horizons Quick Facts Mission Launch... and around Pluto’s atmosphere; NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons a detector... New Frontiers mission NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons Mission Overview New Horizons... mission, New Horizons will also explore one or more primordial Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs... 2015 New Horizons will conduct a five-month-long flyby study of Pluto and its.... New Horizons Mission Trajectory Launch January 2006 Jupiter Flyby February 2007 Pluto System Flyby July 2015 Neptune Uranus New Horizons Trajectory Kuiper Belt Kuiper Belt Objects (Extended Mission) 2016–2020 NASA’s First Mission to Pluto...). NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons Gravity Assist: Getting a Boost...’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt Earth New Horizons trajectory to Pluto 2.34 degrees... NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons Hibernation New Horizons will “sleep” for... Pluto. NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt 11 New Horizons Science at Jupiter New Horizons... toward Pluto — but this flyby is also an opportunity to test the New Horizons... Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons instrument will observe as New Horizons approaches Jupiter...’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt 13 New Horizons to study this mysterious... similar occultations New Horizons will perform at Pluto. Rings and Things The New Horizons science... NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons (which is brightest in...’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt 15 New Horizons Cool Views of the... Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons Beyond Jupiter: Looking to Pluto After traveling... Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt Late May-Early June 17 New Horizons and...’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons Into the Kuiper Belt — and Beyond If NASA approves an extended mission, plans for New Horizons after Pluto include one to two encounters with ancient Kuiper Belt Objects — the building blocks of the outer planets. New Horizons target... the first flyby, three weeks after Pluto-Charon closest approach, New Horizons controllers would... Kuiper Belt and into interstellar space. Like the Pioneer and Voyager spacecraft, New Horizons...’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt 19 New Horizons The New Horizons Science Team Principal... Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons NASA’s New Frontiers Program With the New Frontiers... program’s goals, the New Horizons Pluto-Kuiper Belt mission became the first New Frontiers mission when...’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt 21 New Horizons The New Horizons Spacecraft Designed and... NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons New Horizons’ “thermos bottle” design retains...’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt 23 New Horizons constituents by the amount... NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons Radio Science Experiment (REX...’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt 25 New Horizons This range of images... highest resolution images of any Kuiper Belt Objects New Horizons would fly by in... NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons Pluto Energetic Particle Spectrometer Science..., comets and Kuiper Belt Objects during New Horizons’ long journey. Officially a New Horizons Education and Public...’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt 27 New Horizons sources and transport of... NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons Low-gain antenna LORRI... Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt 29 New Horizons Guidance and Control New Horizons must be... New Horizons through the solar system. NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons New Horizons...’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt 31 New Horizons Program/Project Management Dr...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-06
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... Pluto.....................................................................................17 The New Horizons Science Team......................................................................................20 NASA’s New Frontiers Program.........................................................................................21 The New Horizons... http://pluto.jhuapl.edu. NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons General Release Zooming to Pluto, New Horizons Closes in... the first mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt, NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft is on....” NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons The mission team at... New Horizons, visit: http://pluto.jhuapl.edu NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons Media Services Information News and Status Reports NASA and the New Horizons.... NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons New Horizons Quick Facts Mission Launch... and around Pluto’s atmosphere; NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons a detector... New Frontiers mission NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons Mission Overview New Horizons... mission, New Horizons will also explore one or more primordial Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs... 2015 New Horizons will conduct a five-month-long flyby study of Pluto and its.... New Horizons Mission Trajectory Launch January 2006 Jupiter Flyby February 2007 Pluto System Flyby July 2015 Neptune Uranus New Horizons Trajectory Kuiper Belt Kuiper Belt Objects (Extended Mission) 2016–2020 NASA’s First Mission to Pluto...). NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons Gravity Assist: Getting a Boost...’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt Earth New Horizons trajectory to Pluto 2.34 degrees... NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons Hibernation New Horizons will “sleep” for... Pluto. NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt 11 New Horizons Science at Jupiter New Horizons... toward Pluto — but this flyby is also an opportunity to test the New Horizons... Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons instrument will observe as New Horizons approaches Jupiter...’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt 13 New Horizons to study this mysterious... similar occultations New Horizons will perform at Pluto. Rings and Things The New Horizons science... NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons (which is brightest in...’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt 15 New Horizons Cool Views of the... Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons Beyond Jupiter: Looking to Pluto After traveling... Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt Late May-Early June 17 New Horizons and...’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons Into the Kuiper Belt — and Beyond If NASA approves an extended mission, plans for New Horizons after Pluto include one to two encounters with ancient Kuiper Belt Objects — the building blocks of the outer planets. New Horizons target... the first flyby, three weeks after Pluto-Charon closest approach, New Horizons controllers would... Kuiper Belt and into interstellar space. Like the Pioneer and Voyager spacecraft, New Horizons...’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt 19 New Horizons The New Horizons Science Team Principal... Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons NASA’s New Frontiers Program With the New Frontiers... program’s goals, the New Horizons Pluto-Kuiper Belt mission became the first New Frontiers mission when...’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt 21 New Horizons The New Horizons Spacecraft Designed and... NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons New Horizons’ “thermos bottle” design retains...’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt 23 New Horizons constituents by the amount... NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons Radio Science Experiment (REX...’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt 25 New Horizons This range of images... highest resolution images of any Kuiper Belt Objects New Horizons would fly by in... NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons Pluto Energetic Particle Spectrometer Science..., comets and Kuiper Belt Objects during New Horizons’ long journey. Officially a New Horizons Education and Public...’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt 27 New Horizons sources and transport of... NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons Low-gain antenna LORRI... Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt 29 New Horizons Guidance and Control New Horizons must be... New Horizons through the solar system. NASA’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt New Horizons New Horizons...’s First Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt 31 New Horizons Program/Project Management Dr...



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The New Horizons Pluto Kuiper belt Mission: An Overview with Historical ..., CO 80302 Abstract NASA’s New Horizons (NH) Pluto-Kuiper belt (PKB) mission was launched on.... New Horizons is the first mission to the Pluto system and the Kuiper belt; and... diameter Kuiper belt Objects (KBOs) if NASA approves an extended mission. New Horizons has... as Eris and Pluto. 1 1. Mission Overview Background. New Horizons is a flyby reconnaissance mission to... situ exploration of the Pluto system and Kuiper Belt Objects (KBOs). It is the first mission in NASA’s New Frontiers series of medium-class, robotic planetary exploration missions. The New Horizons... the New Horizons science mission are, in priority order: Reconnoiter the Pluto system... then re-ratified by the Pluto Kuiper Express (PKE, J.I. Lunine, chair) mission... to the selection of New Horizons. The suite of New Horizons mission science objectives... be summarized as follows: Table 1. New Horizons Pluto-Charon and KBO Measurement Objectives... satellites prior to any encounter. New Horizons, however, is in the enviable... selection of New Horizons at the end of that year. Voyager Pluto. NASA..., Pluto’s atmosphere, small satellites, complex surface composition, and the entire Kuiper belt all remained undiscovered. By the time of the 1989 Voyager 2 flyby... as Pluto Express (later named and more commonly known as Pluto-Kuiper Express... a Pluto Kuiper belt flyby reconnaissance mission. That solicitation and the resulting selection of New Horizons are discussed just below. For additional details about early Pluto... however summarize the New Horizons mission as proposed. The New Horizons team was formed.... Our PKB proposal was named New Horizons, after a long process of winnowing... new scientific horizons inherent in the exploration of the Pluto system and the Kuiper belt, as well as the programmatic new horizons of... a “2001-esque” Pluto flyby graphic that evoked a sense of new horizons. That image, with an as-launched New Horizons substituted for... that described here. 6 Table 2. Proposed New Horizons Payload Instrument Type Sensor Characteristics... Kuiper belt, bolometers, and a mass spectrometer. PERSI and REX were termed the New Horizons...’s POSSE (Pluto Outer Solar System Explorer; L. Esposito, PI) and APL’s New Horizons for..., the scientific community and the New Horizons team also undertook a difficult effort... launch vehicle procurement. NASA selected New Horizons in mid-November. However, the... informed of the selection of New Horizons for Phase B development by a phone... Overview Initiating the development of New Horizons was difficult for a variety of... significance of the Kuiper belt exploration in general and Pluto system exploration in... milestones in the development of New Horizons were: May 2002: Systems Requirements... course of the development of New Horizons, both the spacecraft and instrument... also took place. The initial New Horizons project manager, Mr. Tom Coughlin... large as nominal preflight predictions. New Horizons was the fastest spacecraft ever... reach Pluto 9.5 years after launch and will then continue across the Kuiper belt... launch. On 13 June 2006, New Horizons serendipitously flew past a small (~4 km.... These tests were highly successful. New Horizons encountered Jupiter on 28 February... Jupiter than at Pluto, thanks to the higher New Horizons telemetry rates available at ~5 AU than ~32 AU. New Horizons will... three weeks after the Pluto closest approach, New Horizons will perform a trajectory correction... mission budget from NASA. 5. Conclusion New Horizons is now safely in flight... goes well, New Horizons will then go on to make a flyby reconnaissance of... of the nine classical planets, New Horizons has already demonstrated the ability... selecting outer planet missions. If New Horizons is successful, it will represent... The author thanks the entire New Horizons team, including the Headquarters and..., Lockheed-Martin and Boeing, the New Horizons science team, the Department of.... He also thanks New Horizons Program Scientist D. Bogan and New Horizons Project Scientist H. Weaver... the Pluto-Kuiper Express Science Definition Team, NASA, 1996. NASA, 2001. Pluto Kuiper belt Mission..., R.P. Binzel, and S.A. Stern. The New Horizons Distant Flyby of Asteroid 2002 JF56. American... Plans Pluto-Kuiper Belt Mission. EOS, 83, 101-106. Stern, S.A., and J. Mitton, Pluto and... and Captions Figure 1. New Horizons at Pluto as depicted over Pluto by planetary scientist and space artist Dan Durda. 15 Figure 2: New Horizons... 3: New Horizons spacecraft-payload team project organization chart during development. 17 Pluto/Charon Encounter Onward to Kuiper belt Object(s) Pluto/Charon Encounter Jupiter Gravity Assist Flyby... Planetary position at Pluto encounter in July 2015 Figure 4. New Horizons trajectory depiction...