Спутник технологический. Nodes 2. [Редактировать]

Космические аппараты НАСА Nodes (Network & Operation Demonstration Satellite) созданы с целью осуществления миссии по демонстрации возможности организации сетей передачи данных между аппаратами. Всего в ходе реализации программы планируется осуществить запуск двух 1.5 юнитовых кубсатов каждый из которых весит до 2 кг. и имеет размеры 10х10х17 см. Технологически данные спутники наследуют свое программное обеспечение и начинку от научно-технического задела созданного в рамках проекта EDSN.Таким образом, они являются конструктивно схожими с данными космическими аппаратами. В качестве программного обеспечения на спутниках установлена система Андроид, а управление осуществляется при помощи специально написанных под эту операционную систему программ.
В ходе полета космические аппараты должны будут:

  • Передавать и ретранслировать данные как между собой так и на Землю.
  • Собирать и передавать данные о солнечной радиации на уровне 400 км. над поверхностью Земли.
  • Автоматически определять тот аппарат который находится в зоне радиовидимости.

 

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип орбиты - НОО
2Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
3Страна оператор(владелец) - США
4Страна производитель - США

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг2
2Габариты, см10х10х17

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Мыс Канаверал
2Дата пуска2015-12-07
3Полезная нагрузка 1xFlock
4Полезная нагрузка 1xFlock
5Полезная нагрузка 1xFlock
6Полезная нагрузка 1xFlock
7Полезная нагрузка 1xFlock
8Полезная нагрузка 1xFlock
9Полезная нагрузка 1xFlock
10Полезная нагрузка 1xFlock
11Полезная нагрузка 1xFlock
12Полезная нагрузка 1xFlock
13Полезная нагрузка 1xFlock
14Полезная нагрузка 1xFlock
15Полезная нагрузка 1xNodes 2
16Полезная нагрузка 1xNodes 1
17Полезная нагрузка 1xSTMSat 1
18Полезная нагрузка 1xCARDE
19Полезная нагрузка 1xMinXSS 1
20Полезная нагрузка 1xCygnus CRS-4
21Полезная нагрузка 1xSIMPL
22Ракета-носитель 1xАтлас 5 401

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Nodes 2». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-09-24
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.1/5
... events occur in the data nodes, the nodes transfer information about these... nodes running ndbd, arranged in two node groups of two nodes each; nodes 1 and 2 belong to node group 0, and nodes 3 and... data nodes and API nodes (including SQL nodes), as well as between data nodes and other data nodes... configuration parameter for management nodes, data nodes, and API nodes has been deprecated... to Multiple NDB Cluster Nodes Multiple SQL nodes. The following are issues... the binaries for the management nodes, data nodes, and other NDB Cluster... this host. For management nodes and data nodes, it is not necessary... can install the management nodes and data nodes as Windows services, so... find any SQL nodes. Configuring the data nodes and SQL nodes. The my.cnf file needed for the data nodes... configuring NDB Cluster SQL nodes and API nodes. For detailed descriptions and...: # file "config.ini" - 2 data nodes and 2 SQL nodes # This file is placed... version • Numbers of data nodes and SQL nodes • Hardware • Operating system • Amount... total number of API nodes and SQL nodes that # you wish to... node IDs for management nodes (and API nodes) to values greater than... node IDs for management nodes (and API nodes) to values greater than... which nodes can act as arbitrators. Only management nodes and SQL nodes can... nodes) and those for all SQL nodes to 0 (the default for SQL nodes... communication between data nodes and API nodes (including SQL nodes), you can set... SQL nodes, API nodes, or both. Note Connections from data nodes to management nodes... passing messages within individual nodes and between nodes. The default is 64MB... parameter among all data nodes and API nodes in the cluster; if... or restarting many data nodes concurrently, data nodes may be forced to... node IDs for API nodes (and management nodes) to values greater than... node IDs for API nodes (and management nodes) to values greater than... which nodes can act as arbitrators. Both management nodes and SQL nodes can... nodes) and those for all SQL nodes to 0 (the default for SQL nodes... parameter among all data nodes and API nodes in the cluster; if... for all data nodes, management nodes, and SQL or API nodes. Note For... only half of the data nodes (nodes 2, 3, 4, and 5) running in a 4-node cluster... configuration information for data nodes, SQL nodes, and API nodes from one of... NDB Cluster, or any nodes (including SQL nodes). To view information about... together with the --wait-nodes option. • --wait-nodes=list, -w list When this... now possible for API nodes (including SQL nodes) to connect to the... down all cluster data nodes and management nodes. To exit the management... upgrade API nodes (including SQL nodes) before upgrading the management nodes, data nodes, or... used until all management nodes and data nodes have been upgraded. This... restarts of the data nodes and API nodes as normal. When performing... generated for both management nodes and data nodes. Node logs are intended... nodes: %s connects, nodes [ all: %s connected: %s no-wait: %s ] • Waiting %u sec for nodes %s to connect, nodes [ all: %s connected: %s nowait: %s ] • Waiting for non partitioned start, nodes... with nodes %s [ missing: %s no-wait: %s ] • Start with all nodes %s • Start with nodes %s [ missing: %s no-wait: %s ] • Start potentially partitioned with nodes... 2, respectively. Note Both management nodes and API nodes are eligible to become... down one of the nodes, only the nodes that are still running... failures. For management nodes and API nodes other than SQL nodes, the value... management nodes and data nodes, the scheme used is ndb://. For SQL nodes, this is mysql://. By default, API nodes other than SQL nodes... in question. For management nodes and SQL nodes, this address includes the... having four data nodes and eight API nodes, the data nodes have 12...) instances in the data nodes, through API nodes access NDB. Each TC... a 5-node cluster consisting of 2 data nodes, 2 SQL nodes, and 1 management node, as... file, then any API nodes (including SQL nodes) that know the management... zone containing the data nodes and management nodes (solid box) must be... traffic except to SQL nodes and API nodes, and then permit traffic... group creation “Old” data nodes “New” data nodes System • If a node other... occurs in: “Old” data nodes “New” data nodes System The creation of... new data nodes, you must restart all API nodes (including SQL nodes) before restarting any of the data nodes processes... to start with two data nodesnodes 1 and 2—in one node group... two SQL nodes, with SQL nodes A and B belonging to Cluster 1, SQL nodes C and... two SQL nodes, with SQL nodes A and B belonging to Cluster 1, SQL nodes C and... are available. For data nodes and API nodes, faster CPUs and more... cases to run data nodes and SQL nodes concurrently on the same.../IP port. Running data nodes and SQL nodes together on the same...



Дата загрузки: 2017-09-24
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.08/5
... simple statements and other nodes represent compound statements.6 Nodes are labeled by... Terminology Nodes and edges Trees are sets of points, called nodes, and... connects two distinct nodes. To be a tree, a collection of nodes and edges... an ancestor of all nodes. Also, all nodes but n1 itself are... node 10 nodes to the left of node 10 nodes to the... of nodes). For example, in an expression tree, the interior nodes represent... of the array to represent nodes. Again nodes can be linked according... for an operand. Nodes and pointers to nodes can be defined as... of pointers to nodes as if they were the nodes themselves. void... handle trees containing unary minus nodes. 5.4.4*: Write a recursive program that computes... number of nodes in the subtree rooted at n. 5.4.5: List the nodes of... least m + 1 nodes. That contradicts our assumption that T0 has exactly m nodes. Now... T has n nodes, then there are 1 + (b − 1)n NULL pointers among its nodes. How many... of the) nodes of a binary tree. Assume that the nodes are represented... with seven nodes. A complete binary tree of height h has 2h+1 − 1 nodes. We... a complete binary tree of k = 2h+1 − 1 nodes has height h. Equivalently, k + 1 = 2h+1 . If..., about k/4 nodes go into the smaller subtree and 3k/4 nodes into the... graph, consists of Nodes and arcs 1. 2. A set N of nodes and A binary relation... a set of two nodes. The edge {u, v} says that nodes u and v are connected... of n nodes, the sum of the degrees of the nodes is twice... of nodes u such that vP u, that is, the set of nodes connected... correspondence between the nodes of the graph and the nodes of the... node a */ TREE find(NODE a, TREE nodes[]); { TREE x; (1) (2) (3) (4) x = nodes[a]; while (x->parent != NULL) x = x->parent...() { NODE u; TREE a, b; EDGELIST e; TREE nodes[MAX]; /* initialize nodes so each node is... (u = 0; u < MAX; u++) { nodes[u] = (TREE) malloc(sizeof(struct TREENODE)); nodes[u]->parent = NULL; nodes[u]->height = 0; } (1) (2) (3) (4) /* initialize... */ while (e != NULL) { a = find(e->node1, nodes); b = find(e->node2, nodes); if (a != b) merge(a, b); e = e->next; } (6) (7) (8) (9) (10... number of nodes, and m, the larger of the number of nodes and... with fewer nodes into trees with a larger number of nodes. Is the... the nodes; that is, there is a path between any two nodes using... mark nodes as we visit them, and never revisit marked nodes. Then... ignore the numbers labeling the nodes. ✦ b a 6 d 4 5 c 1 e 2 f 3 Fig. 9.29. One possible depth... are nodes not yet assigned to any tree. When all nodes have... number of nodes in G. In lines (1) and (2) we initialize all nodes to... a postorder numbering. int k; /* counts visited nodes */ void dfs(NODE u, GRAPH G) { LIST... see three nodes, u, v, and w, in a depthfirst presentation of a graph. Nodes v and w are... dfs for each of these nodes. u v w (a) Three nodes in a depth-first tree... numbers for the nodes. 9.6.5*: Consider the graph with three nodes, a, b, and c, and... the nodes reachable from another node v, we set all the nodes to... examine the nodes, we could also create a list of those nodes that... type of graph nodes. As usual, we shall name nodes with integers... the nodes of the graph, the array potNodes contains the nodes of... nodes */ temp = P[b]; P[b] = P[a]; P[a] = temp; G[P[a]].toPOT = a; G[P[b]].toPOT = b; } Fig. 9.44. Function to swap two nodes... effect, unsettled nodes appear below last and settled nodes are at last... between all pairs of nodes in a graph with n nodes, with nonnegative labels... distances between some pairs of nodes. NODE u, v, w; (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) for (v = 0; v < MAX; v++) for (w = 0; w < MAX... through only nodes that have been the pivot. Eventually, all nodes get... assume nodes are numbered 0 to n − 1, a (−1)-path cannot have any intermediate nodes at... THE GRAPH DATA MODEL nodes numbered higher than k nodes numbered lower than k v w Fig. 9.58. A k-path cannot have nodes higher... distinct nodes is called a complete graph. The complete graph with n nodes is... the n nodes; for v we can pick any of the remaining n − 1 nodes. The... every pair of nodes in the set. A clique of k nodes is called... of n nodes, with m the larger of the number of nodes and edges... taking a group of i nodes and a group of j nodes and placing an edge... tree. Nodes 6, 8, 9, 13, 15, 11, and 12 are the leaves. Nodes 1{5, 7, 10, and 14 are the interior nodes. Nodes 5 and 7 are the siblings of node 6. The tree consisting of nodes... root 5. Nodes 1, 3, 5, and 10 are the ancestors of node 10. Nodes 10... 10. Nodes 2, 4, 8, and 9 are to the left of node 10. Nodes 6, 7, 11... number of nodes. Surely, the rule that the number of nodes in... total number of nodes is hi=0 bi, or (bh+1 ; 1)=(b ; 1) nodes. } Section 5.9 5.9.1: a) Sequence...: ad and abcd. Nodes a and e are predecessors of node b. Nodes c and f are... include nodes u and w. Let a and b be the rst and last nodes of... the nodes is 0. INDUCTION. Assume S (n) holds for all graphs of n nodes. Consider any graph G of n + 1 nodes and pick a node...



Дата загрузки: 2017-09-24
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.14/5
... events occur in the data nodes, the nodes transfer information about these... nodes running ndbd, arranged in two node groups of two nodes each; nodes 1 and 2 belong to node group 0, and nodes 3 and... data nodes and API nodes (including SQL nodes), as well as between data nodes and other data nodes... configuration parameter for management nodes, data nodes, and API nodes has been deprecated... to Multiple NDB Cluster Nodes Multiple SQL nodes. The following are issues... the binaries for the management nodes, data nodes, and other NDB Cluster... this host. For management nodes and data nodes, it is not necessary... can install the management nodes and data nodes as Windows services, so... find any SQL nodes. Configuring the data nodes and SQL nodes. The my.cnf file needed for the data nodes... configuring NDB Cluster SQL nodes and API nodes. For detailed descriptions and...: # file "config.ini" - 2 data nodes and 2 SQL nodes 136 NDB Cluster Configuration... version • Numbers of data nodes and SQL nodes • Hardware • Operating system • Amount... node IDs for management nodes (and API nodes) to values greater than... node IDs for management nodes (and API nodes) to values greater than... which nodes can act as arbitrators. Only management nodes and SQL nodes can... nodes) and those for all SQL nodes to 0 (the default for SQL nodes... Nodes management nodes, see Section 3.6.10, “Limitations Relating to Multiple NDB Cluster Nodes... communication between data nodes and API nodes (including SQL nodes), you can set... SQL nodes, API nodes, or both. Note Connections from data nodes to management nodes... Defining NDB Cluster Data Nodes 4 * MaxNoOfConcurrentScans * [# data nodes] + 2 The minimum value is... passing messages within individual nodes and between nodes. The default is 64MB... parameter among all data nodes and API nodes in the cluster; if... or restarting many data nodes concurrently, data nodes may be forced to... node IDs for API nodes (and management nodes) to values greater than... node IDs for API nodes (and management nodes) to values greater than... which nodes can act as arbitrators. Both management nodes and SQL nodes can... nodes) and those for all SQL nodes to 0 (the default for SQL nodes... parameter among all data nodes and API nodes in the cluster; if... for all data nodes, management nodes, and SQL or API nodes. 264 NDB... only half of the data nodes (nodes 2, 3, 4, and 5) running in a 4-node cluster... configuration information for data nodes, SQL nodes, and API nodes from one of... NDB Cluster, or any nodes (including SQL nodes). To view information about... together with the --wait-nodes option. • --wait-nodes=list, -w list When this... now possible for API nodes (including SQL nodes) to connect to the... down all cluster data nodes and management nodes. To exit the management... upgrade API nodes (including SQL nodes) before upgrading the management nodes, data nodes, or... used until all management nodes and data nodes have been upgraded. 409... restarts of the data nodes and API nodes as normal. When performing... generated for both management nodes and data nodes. 410 NDB Cluster Logging... %s to connect, nodes [ all: %s connected: %s nowait: %s ] • Waiting until nodes: %s connects, nodes [ all: %s connected: %s no-wait: %s ] • Waiting %u sec for nodes %s to connect, nodes [ all: %s connected: %s nowait: %s ] • Waiting for non partitioned start, nodes... with nodes %s [ missing: %s no-wait: %s ] • Start with all nodes %s • Start with nodes %s [ missing: %s no-wait: %s ] • Start potentially partitioned with nodes... 2, respectively. Note Both management nodes and API nodes are eligible to become... failures. For management nodes and API nodes other than SQL nodes, the value... management nodes and data nodes, the scheme used is ndb://. For SQL nodes, this is mysql://. By default, API nodes other than SQL nodes... in question. For management nodes and SQL nodes, this address includes the... having four data nodes and eight API nodes, the data nodes have 12...) instances in the data nodes, through API nodes access NDB. Each TC... a 5-node cluster consisting of 2 data nodes, 2 SQL nodes, and 1 management node, as... file, then any API nodes (including SQL nodes) that know the management... zone containing the data nodes and management nodes (solid box) must be... traffic except to SQL nodes and API nodes, and then permit traffic... occurs in: “Old” data nodes “New” data nodes System • If a node other... new data nodes, you must restart all API nodes (including SQL nodes) before restarting any of the data nodes processes... to start with two data nodesnodes 1 and 2—in one node group... two SQL nodes, with SQL nodes A and B belonging to Cluster 1, SQL nodes C and... two SQL nodes, with SQL nodes A and B belonging to Cluster 1, SQL nodes C and... are available. For data nodes and API nodes, faster CPUs and more...



Дата загрузки: 2017-09-24
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.38/5
... of a burst size .......................................................................... 54 5.1.1 Sensitive nodes ........................................................................................ 55 5.1.2 Determination of the IFM... analysis............................................................ 96 5.3.2 Influence of sensitive nodes selection. .................................................. 104 5.4 Exponent in the... coefficients ............................................................ 77 Table 5.8 Pressure at nodes of the network (without burst)............................................ 81 Table 5.9 Pressure at nodes of the network (with burst... of experiments with other "Sensitive nodes" ........................... 106 Table 6.1 Calculated results (Ocker... Frizinghall DMA ..................................................... 134 Table C.0.1 Complete nodes data for the Ocker Hill... Hill DMA ............................................ 141 Table D.0.1 Complete nodes data for the Shenstone DMA... Shenstone DMA ............................................ 146 Table E.0.1 Complete nodes data for the E054 DMA... pressure change in the network nodes (with burst) ...................... 83 Fig. 5.14... nodes .......................................... 84 Fig. 5.16 Diagram of pressure change in the network nodes... all other nodes. The matter of selection of sensitive nodes is examined... to nodes. The links represent pipes, pumps and control valves. Nodes are... at connection nodes (3.3)  f q  q f  qs mass balance at the reservoir nodes (3.4) dt where... of heads at reservoir nodes (fixed grade nodes) and hc is the... incidence matrices for connection nodes and reservoir nodes respectively. R(q) is the component... _ Allocation _ Factori  Demand _ Allocation _ Factori iNodes iNodes where pi is pressure at... _ Allocation _ Factori  Demand _ Allocation _ Factori iNodes (4.3) iNodes where pi is pressure at... of selected internal nodes of a DMA is measured. 5.1.1 Sensitive nodes It is impossible to monitor all nodes in a DMA... place them at representative nodes so called „sensitive nodes‟ which would allow... similar changes at the neighbourhood nodes. After further investigation of pressure... than other nodes, and such nodes can be called “sensitive nodes”. In the... nodes is splitting a network into homogenous areas and choosing a number of nodes inside each area. An area should contain nodes which are...  ... (5.3) 2. The desired number of measurement nodes is selected, which may depend... the network nodes is selected as a measurement point. 57 4. All nodes that... Pressure i identification number of sensitive nodes (number of a theoretical IFM) __..., 99); 71  nodes which are near to the inlet nodes (19, 92);  list of sensitive nodes, at which... K  3 , where K – is number of sensitive nodes.  ...    CK  5. Choose the solution which... and sensitive nodes from measurement data Vector El[K] of nodes elevation Calculate... nodes as (H[n,K]-El[K]) Calculate vector PAZP[n] as average pressure at measurements nodes...‟) are collected from nodes 99 and 95. sensitive nodes (node 95) Burst... provisionally allocated to different sensitive nodes and the solution was selected... remaining nodes. A general diagram of pressure changes at all the nodes of... for some selected nodes. The following the network nodes have been chosen... other nodes and potentially by measuring the pressure at all nodes it... pressure patterns at the sensitive nodes (Chapter 5.1.1). Numerical experiments have been... accurate for such a topology. sensitive nodes main mainline deviations from a mainline...  list of sensitive nodes  pressure measurements at the sensitive nodes  the total... in nearby and hydraulically dependent nodes. Remote nodes are less affected by... all nodes Output parameters are flows and heads at all nodes and...[n,K] of measured pressure at sensitive nodes MP1[n,K]=H[n,K]-MODEL[K,4] and vector MP2... find burst area nodes (vector BN) as nodes with minimum values of... heads (nodes 99 and 95), o values of head at “sensitive nodes” (nodes 52... pressure lines at the sensitive nodes Proba.m Nodes of network model Input....m ________________________ Find pressure at sensitive nodes for each burst location Run... pressure lines at the sensitive nodes Calculate square difference between theoretical... area nodes Splits all nodes of model into Inlet and Connection nodes GenerateConnectionNodes...'); inlet=xlsread('data','inlet'); nodes=xlsread('model','nodes'); % Change input flows and... in measurements nodes from model no_nodes=measurements(1,:); for i=1:1:length(nodes(:,1)) for j=1:1:length(no_nodes) if no_nodes(1,j)==nodes(i,1) elevation_p(1,j)=nodes(i,4); pressure(:,j)=heads... % Load model allnodes = xlsread('model','nodes'); % node data - number, type (1-inlet... = xlsread('model','pipes'); % pipe data - nodes from/to, length, diameter, c value... list of connection and fixed nodes [fixnodes,connodes]=GenerateConnectionNodes(allnodes); NumberPipes...



Дата загрузки: 2017-09-24
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.43/5
... a number of times by participant nodes. In consequence, although gossiping is... latency between any pair of nodes. In heterogeneous environments, such as... exploit the fact that some nodes can sustain higher bandwidth than... protocols may be improved if nodes with higher capacity (namely in... the message dissemination than those nodes with smaller capacity. The proposed... excessive traffic in preferred links, nodes or even in all the... this procedure, some nodes are marked as preferred nodes. (iii) Weighted selection... node keeps a subset of preferred nodes in its local membership (i.e., as... protocol, in which high capacity nodes automatically form a network backbone responsible... are directed preferably towards preferred nodes and in later rounds are then disseminated outwards to leaf nodes. In the following subsections, we... the membership kept at each nodes is also biased according to... gossiped to a subset of known nodes (line 19). Each message is... to the proposal is that nodes with different capacities should offer... latency; (ii) using hops to nodes with large outgoing bandwidth, able... communicate with a larger set of nodes, thus reducing the total required... back to all nodes with incoming connections, i.e. all nodes which which contain i in its local membership. Such nodes store... hops to slow nodes and long hops to fast nodes. Since an... node, uniformly selected among the nodes from its own membership and... a gossip message, it merges these nodes into its membership list and... the membership management by selecting nodes to remove from the membership, as follows. When deciding which nodes to remove from the local...). This sub-set of marked nodes is also selected using a weighed... the non-marked nodes. This means that preferred nodes are less likely to be removed. Finally, LoLa requires that nodes... overall performance of the group, i.e., nodes with higher capacity should maintain... than nodes with small capacity. There is one additional constraint. Nodes with... of the protocol towards preferred nodes. In other words, instead of... rounds one ensures that all nodes have a uniform probability of being... same strategy also prevents preferred nodes from receiving many duplicates of... rationale for this is that nodes that have received a message up... k have been perceived by other nodes as preferred and thus should... mechanism ensures that high capacity nodes effectively contribute more to the gossip procedure than low capacity nodes (by using a higher fanout). Notice... first rounds, when only a few nodes have been infected and thus... adaptive fanout mechanisms, high capacity nodes contribute with a higher fanout to... their available bandwidth, high capacity nodes automatically increase their advertised bandwidth... turn, will make high capacity nodes preferred and more likely to... network is eliminated. This allows nodes to accurately detect message loss... increasing the fanout at all nodes without any sort of feedback.... In a real setting, with heterogeneous nodes, if no adaptive mechanisms are... losses experienced by low capacity nodes. With our work we show... links connecting ISP routers to nodes. We have considered three types... nodes, namely: • Heterogeneous scenario. In this scenario, 10% of the outer nodes... scenario. In this scenario, all nodes are connected trough standard V.90... this scenario, 5% of the outer nodes are connected through Ethernet links... scenario provides several combinations of nodes with large bandwidth and varying... and remote nodes collocated at ISPs), as well as, nodes with the same base delay and varying bandwidth (e.g. nodes attached... number of strategically placed fast nodes can be used to improve... by a fixed number of senders (5 nodes, in all scenarios) sending 100... is due to high capacity nodes using their available bandwidth 0.8 0.0 0.4 ratio... nodes that are closer and less congested or by originating from nodes... relayed by faster nodes are more likely to hit nodes that have... of nodes 0.4 0.8 Heavy load NeEM LoLa NeEM w/ flood 0.0 ratio of nodes Light... of nodes 0 ratio of nodes 0.8 0.4 NeEM LoLa NeEM w/ flood 0.0 ratio of nodes Incoming... is approximately equal for all nodes, despite the large difference in... weighted gossip, as other nodes select fast nodes during the first rounds... of the 5 fast nodes and 2 of the regular nodes are simultaneously crashed... * x +x + o* x + o * 5 6 75 80 85 90 95 x H/H H/L Q/H Q/L (% nodes) o 2000 0 (ms) 4000 x x + x* o 0 + x* o 1 +* x o 2 + o x* 3 +* o x 4 +* o ox +* * x + H/Ho... of missing deliveries to slow nodes. Finally, we have also experimented... x x o + o* * x + H/H H/L Q/H Q/L + + o* o* 8 + o x* x + x* o + x* o +* x o + o x* 75 80 85 90 95 + o* x (% nodes) 1000 0 (ms) 2500 x +* x o +* x o + x* o +* x o o H/H H/L Q/H Q/L * x + 0 2 4 6 + x* o 8 (|peers|min... approach is described in [8], where nodes are grouped into clusters according... protocol, in which high capacity nodes are the backbone of the... the message to the remaining nodes. With LoLa’s adaptive mechanisms, a structure...



Дата загрузки: 2017-09-24
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.22/5
... information from data collected at nodes that are distributed over a geographic... specific node, a set of neighbor nodes collect their local information and... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2.1 Example of a network topology with N =7 nodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.2 Example of the IEEE... estimation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 4.1 Network topology with N nodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 4.2 Sparsity aware signal processing... sensor networks topology with 20 nodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 4.6 Network MSE curves in... wireless sensor network with 20 Nodes 5.4 MSE performance against time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 6.1 Network topology with 20 nodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 6.2 Proposed dimensionality reduction scheme... information from data collected at nodes that are distributed over a geographic... specific node, a set of neighbor nodes collect their local information and... transmit the estimate between neighbour nodes is high. Secondly, in many... a large communication bandwidth between neighbor nodes to transmit their local estimate... data from neighbor 4 CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION nodes. The first approach consists of... the analysis back to the nodes. Although centralized solutions sometimes can.... In real–time applications where nodes collect data continuously, the reiterant... the distributed mode of operation, nodes are connected by a topology and... information across the network enables nodes to adapt their performance in... performance relative to non–cooperative nodes [15]. In addition, the distributed.... Moreover, in a distributed network the nodes are connected to each other... information from data collected at nodes that are distributed over a geographic... exchange this information with other nodes according to the network topology..., for distributed estimation, a set of nodes is required to collectively estimate... measurements. Thus, consider a set of N nodes, which have limited processing capabilities..., limited processing capabilities means the nodes are connected and form a network... to be partially connected because nodes can exchange information only with... 2.1: Example of a network topology with N =7 nodes which has length M . At every... s using a wireless sensor network with N nodes. For example, in a cognitive network... [1], the information goes through these nodes in one direction, which means... specific node, a set of neighbor nodes collect their local information and... a set of N nodes, distributed over a given geographical area. The nodes are connected... to be partially connected because nodes can exchange information only with... spectrum of a transmitted signal s with N nodes using a wireless sensor network. Let... estimates ω l (i − 1), l ∈ Nk from node k’s neighbor nodes and then the estimate at... consider a network composed of N = 20 nodes estimating the unknown spectrum ω 0 , as illustrated in Fig. 3.5. The nodes scan Nc = 100 frequencies over... information from data collected at nodes that are distributed over a geographic... specific node, a set of neighbor nodes collect their local information and..., i.e., the information flows through these nodes in one direction, which means... nodes (considering the noise, interference, path loss and channels between neighbor nodes... 4.1: Network topology with N nodes We consider a set of N nodes, which have limited... to be partially connected because nodes can exchange information only with... problems and limitations, namely: • Some nodes may face high levels of.... These algorithmic strategies give the nodes the ability to choose their... Nodes a ) Sparsity Aware Technique MSE Value Nodes MSE Value SILMS/SIRLS Algorithms Nodes b ) SILMS and SIRLS Algorithms Nodes... to 1 means nodes k and l are linked and a value 0 means nodes k and l are... a network has 5 nodes. For node 3, there are two neighbor nodes, namely, nodes 2 and... node 5 has three neighbor nodes, which are nodes error vector e 83 CHAPTER... 1+ε|e0−k |    0 for all the remaining nodes. (4.60) Under this situation, after... sensor networks topology with 20 nodes time–varying scenarios. We also... simulation curves. b) SI−LMS, N=20 nodes, µ=0.045, ρ=4*10e−3, ε=10 10 Simulation Theory a) ES−LMS, N=20 nodes, µ=0.045 5 Simulation Theory 5 0 0 −5 MSE (dB..., N=20 nodes, λ=0.97, δ=0.811 10 Simulation Theory b) SI−RLS, N=20 nodes, λ=0.97...−LMS, N=20 nodes, µ=0.045 5 Simulation Theory b) SI−LMS, N=20 nodes, µ=0.045, ρ=6*10e...-varying scenario b) SI−RLS, N=20 nodes, λ=0.97, δ=0.811, ρ=6*10e−3, ε=10 5 Simulation...) MSE (dB) a) ES−RLS, N=20 nodes, λ=0.97, δ=0.811 0 Simulation Theory −15... information from data collected at nodes that are distributed over a geographic... A wireless sensor network (WSN) with N nodes, which have limited processing capabilities.... A partially connected network means that nodes can exchange information only with...



Дата загрузки: 2017-09-25
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.14/5
... of three nodes. At least one of the nodes must be located.... Monthly rate elements include ports, nodes, mileage and optional features (e.g., Customer... be diversity between the two nodes. Generally, a transmission of twenty (20... the higher and lower speed nodes is a SONET facility (Subtending Node... between two suitably equipped DSR nodes. Connection of ethernet or optical... that utilize suitably equipped enhanced nodes can be arranged in subtending... a Company wire center and two nodes located at customer designated premises... N ode N ode C Applicable rate elements: - Nodes (6) - Port Node (2) - Mileage for circumference... across the two interconnecting port nodes, regardless of the number of... not on individual services between nodes. For example, the mileage charge... between two suitably equipped DSR nodes. Extended Superframe Format (ESF) is... are available at customer premises nodes only. - DS3 Transmux Ports utilize... Rate Structure: Nodes, Ports, and Mi leage between nodes IOF: Ports Special...-to-month basis. Ports, nodes, port nodes, optional features, subtending node facilities... for a 5-year plan. Ports, nodes, port nodes, optional features, subtending node facilities... existing nodes. Monthly recurring rates apply for the ports, port nodes, nodes, mileage... provided across the interconnecting port nodes of a subtending ring(s) configuration, regardless...-connect between the two port nodes of the interconnecting ring(s). Changes...-to-Month billed ports, port nodes, and asymmetrical port facilities are... minimum service charge applies), port nodes, optional features, subtending node facilities... the commitment period for the nodes and ports being disconnected. (4) Moves... channel provided through two interconnecting nodes in a subtending ring arrangement All... Ring (DWR) is comprised of nodes, ring mileage, network optimization (amplification... locations (nodes). A full ring must have a minimum of three nodes at different locations or two nodes at different locations... RING (DWR) - Continued 4. SERVICE COMPONENTS a. Nodes Nodes are Dense Wave Division Multiplexing... a 16-channel primary node. 4-channel nodes are subject to the availability... no diversity between the two nodes. FRONTIER COMMUNICATIONS OF THE SOUTHWEST... of airline distances between devices (nodes and amplifiers) rounded up to... the signal is required between nodes. Node amplification occurs in one...-Span Amplification Location C (Wire Center) - 3 Nodes - Ring Mileage - 1 Mid-Span Amp... 7-year commitment periods for the nodes, ring mileage, network optimization midspan... also available for a 1-year commitment. Nodes, network optimization mid-span amplification... recurring charges apply for the nodes, ring mileage, network optimization, partial... per rate element on all nodes, network optimization, optical transport channels... pay termination liability on the nodes, network optimization, optical transport channels... in order to install additional nodes, network optimization devices or SONET... For Dedicated Wavelength Ring (DWR) nodes and network optimization, any single... the Company provides all the nodes on the ring. FRONTIER COMMUNICATIONS... 7. RATES AND CHARGES a. Nodes, per node 4 Channel Nodes (Primary or Expansion) 3-Year... provides connectivity to multiple locations (Nodes) using Facilities and network elements... are located. 4. SERVICE COMPONENTS a. Components 1) Nodes Nodes are optical networking devices located... unprotected Ethernet signal transmission between Nodes on that IOS. Ethernet signals... to, Nodes that are located at a Customer designated Premises. These Nodes are... “E” Mileage Rate Structure: Nodes, Appearances and Mileage between Nodes D Ports Special Access... a Node. Subsequent installations of Nodes include (i) Nodes that are added to an... 7 years (Commitment Periods) for the Nodes, Ring Mileage, and Riders. IOS... CHARGES - Continued c. Term Plans - Continued Nodes, Riders, and EPRS UNIs added... that the existing rate elements (e.g., Nodes, Riders, etc) and the added... monthly rate element on all Nodes, Riders (Appearances), and EPRS. Termination... minimum period for which IOS (i.e. Nodes, Mileage and Riders) is provided...) - Continued 8. RATES AND CHARGES a. IOS Nodes, per node Month to month... Office (CO) Nodes, CDL Links or SONET Premises Nodes, Transport and Riders..., connection between the Custom Connect nodes is provided using an IOTS... the SONET nodes (Custom Connect CO Nodes and/or SONET Premises Nodes) is..., connection between the Custom Connect nodes is provided using a DWDM optical... the SONET nodes (Custom Connect CO Nodes and/or SONET Premises Nodes) is... X* X X X OC48 X* X X X X OC192 X* X* X X X X Available only from nodes that are technically capable of... of supporting lower bandwidth OCn nodes as a sub-multiplexer, Company may... between the nodes (CO Node and/or SONET Premises Nodes) is provided... between the nodes (CO Node and/or SONET Premises Nodes) is provided... with intelligence located in computer nodes called Service Control Points (SCPs... with intelligence located in computer nodes called Service Control Points (SCPs...



Дата загрузки: 2017-10-09
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.09/5
... Class . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 536 Special Scene Graph Nodes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 545 Implementing Separate Render Passes... and a control as the leaf nodes of this hierarchy. In addition... have zero or more children nodes. The scene graph is traversed... VOnUpdate(), simply traverse their children nodes and recursively call the same... scene nodes attached to it. These child nodes, child nodes of child nodes, and... easy choice because all scene nodes tend to keep a similar number... a better candidate to store child nodes. There’s nothing stopping you, of... for iterating the other scene nodes stored in m_Children and calling...() is called to render child nodes, followed by VPostRender(). Transparent objects... been completely traversed, the scene nodes in the alpha list get... some interesting types of scene nodes. The Scene Class The top... keeps track of which scene nodes are visible components of dynamic... necessary to draw transparent scene nodes in a final render pass. n m_ActorMap... scene nodes in the scene graph. Before you traverse child nodes, the.... Special Scene Graph Nodes Special Scene Graph Nodes The SceneNode class doesn... for different kinds of scene nodes. n class CameraNode: n class LightNode: n class... = 3 } The root node has child nodes that are added directly as... graph into render passes. // Scene nodes will get added to these...]->VAddChild(kid); } Special Scene Graph Nodes This lets the root node... : public SceneNode { Special Scene Graph Nodes public: CameraNode(Mat4x4 const *t, Frustum... the target Special Scene Graph Nodes if(m_pTarget.valid()) { Mat4x4 mat...) { return m_vLightDiffuse; } Special Scene Graph Nodes void CalcLighting(Scene *pScene); void... : public SceneNode { Special Scene Graph Nodes protected: DWORD DWORD const char...(5.f,0.f,0.f); triangle[2] = Vec3(5.f,5.f,0.f); Special Scene Graph Nodes Vec3 edge1 = triangle[1]-triangle[0]; Vec3... Direct3D 11. Special Scene Graph Nodes class D3DSdkMeshResourceExtraData11 : public IResourceExtraData { friend...(Scene *pScene) { Special Scene Graph Nodes HRESULT hr; V_RETURN(SceneNode::VOnRestore... effects to all its children nodes. Here are some examples: n Billboard... default material for all children nodes. n World sector node: Defines a 3D... contains all of its children nodes. You use it to determine... action is a new state. Decision nodes have a true node and a false... represent decision nodes, while the rounded rectangles represent action nodes. This simple... easily be shared, and individual nodes can be shared across different... programmer writes different decision nodes and action nodes, while the designer uses...’s start with a definition of decision nodes: DecisionNode = class(nil, { _brain = nil... ActionNode:SetTrueNode(node) error(“Action nodes cannot have children”); end function ActionNode:SetFalseNode(node) error(“Action nodes cannot have children”); end This... kick out errors. Action nodes are leaf nodes by definition, so attempting... get a feel for how these nodes interact: IsObjectCloseNode = class(DecisionNode, { _testObjId... of how you can parameterize nodes to make them more reusable... DecisionTreeBrain simply calls the root nodes Decide() function and returns the... dozens or even hundreds of nodes. The tree is still relatively... is simplified into a graph of nodes (or a mesh with edges; either... find a good path between two nodes in that graph. This graph... nodes. A node describes a point in space that the agent must reach. Nodes... freely move between any two nodes directly connected by an arc... with this method. Since the nodes are all connected by straight.... grid-like fashion. Place a few nodes around a turn to create a curve... make a little Y-shaped triangle of nodes and arcs near such corners... the arc that connects these nodes. You could make arcs unidirectional... arcs to connect the same nodes but have different weights on... or even a few thousand pathing nodes are much faster to process... create the XPath for parent nodes. Showing Actor Components When an... (C# editor interface), 777–780 adding nodes (scene graphs), 565 team members...–193 message queue, 212 camera nodes (scene graphs), 548–551 cameras...), 597 scene graphs, 538 camera nodes, 548–551 debugging, 550 capturing..., 539–541 scene class, root nodes, 538, 545 scene class, updating... node class, 551–554 light nodes, 551–554 lighting 3D graphics...–484 scene graphs, 539 light nodes, 551–554 managing, 552–554... nil value (Lua variables), 341 nodes (scene graphs) actors, 539, 542..., 542–544 camera nodes, 548–551 cameras, 538 light nodes, 551–554... node class, 529–536 sky nodes, 554–560 non-disclosure agreements...–529 root nodes, 545–548 scene class, 539–541 sky nodes, 554... number generators), 85–87 root nodes (scene graphs), 538, 545–548... restoring, 539–541 Index root nodes, 538, 545 updating, 539–541..., 551–554 meshes, 560–564 nodes, additional, 565 overview, 523–524...–541 restoring, 539–541 root nodes, 538, 545 updating, 539–541... debugging comparison, 807–808 sky nodes (scene graphs), 554–560 smart...



Дата загрузки: 2017-09-24
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.03/5
... for patients with positive sentinel nodes. 77 Leitlinie Summary of evidence... one or two positive sentinel nodes. Patients receiving sentinel node biopsy... in a woman with clinically involved nodes or breast cancer greater than... centimetres in diameter, with lymph nodes (either impalpable or palpable) that...-positive disease, the local lymph nodes) and can be removed surgically... the breast or nearby lymph nodes). Metastatic breast cancer See Advanced... aspiration cytology of axillary lymph nodes with suspected malignancy is recommended... and, if morphologically abnormal lymph nodes are identified, ultrasound-guided needle...  Number of lymph nodes, number of lymph nodes with metastasis and lymph... procedure:  number of nodes  number of positive nodes  number with macro-, micrometastasis... ALND:  number of nodes  number of positive nodes  number with macro-, micrometastasis... with suspicious palpable axillary lymph nodes;  multiple tumours; and possibly disturbed... with clinically and ultrasonographically negative nodes, a sentinel lymph node biopsy should... or two positive sentinel lymph nodes with micrometastases, completion ALND is... or two positive sentinel lymph nodes with micrometastases, completion ALND is... or two positive sentinel lymph nodes with macrometastases, completion ALND remains... or two positive sentinel lymph nodes with macrometastases, completion ALND remains... or more positive sentinel lymph nodes with micro- or macrometastases, we... cells in their sentinel lymph nodes. These patients should be regarded... or pathologically positive axillary lymph nodes should be recommended for axillary... diameter and clinically negative axillary nodes should be offered sentinel node... in diameter and  clinically negative nodes Sentinel node biopsy is not... with clinically or pathologically positive nodes There are no randomized trial... in a woman with clinically involved nodes or breast cancer greater than... I and II (and level III nodes where indicated) should be undertaken... supraclavicular and internal mammary chain nodes versus no excision n. z. keine I 0 n. z. S. 40... mammary, supraclavicular or infraclavicular nodes) radiotherapy to those nodes should be considered... dissection is recommended where positive nodes are n. z. identified on sentinel lymph... incidence of positive non-sentinel nodes, axillary lymph node dissection should... identified sentinel nodes should be excised, including non-axillary sentinel nodes, if... sentinel and/or clinically suspicious nodes at the time of surgery... with removing up to three nodes. (Fortsetzung) Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit... 1 Multicentric tumours 1 Suspicious, palpable axillary nodes Positive pre-mastectomy SLNB 1 (Fortsetzung... total (SN and ALND) > 3 positive nodes (Fortsetzung) Institut für Qualität und Wirtschaftlichkeit... A A n. z. S. 348  Patients with 1–3 positive axillary nodes may profit from PMRT 1a... radical mastectomy):  4 or more positive nodes  Tumour-positive axillary topd n. z. keine... or more positive axillary lymph nodes or involved resection margins. n. a. keine... offered to patients with 1–3 positive nodes. n. a. keine 1A A n. z. S. 15 Empfehlung Abschnitt... or more positive axillary lymph nodes or involved resection margins. keine... with one to three lymph nodes involved, lymphovascular invasion, histological grade... risk of recurrence (≥ 4 positive lymph nodes and T3/4 tumours). n. z. keine n. a. keine... to three positive axillary lymph nodes). n. z. keine n. a. keine n. z. S. 10 Participation in... post-mastectomy (ie, 4 or more n. z. nodes positive in axilla, tumour size... risk of loco-regional recurrence (1–3 nodes positive in axilla, high grade... supra-/infraclavicular nodes is recommended  when more than three nodes are positive... Radiotherapy of the internal mammary nodes is generally no longer recommended...- and subclavicular and the IMC nodes should be systematically irradiated to... axillary dissection.  Sufficient axillary dissection (≥ 7 nodes removed): in case of massive... of positive nodes/total number of nodes removed).  Insufficient axillary dissection (< 7 nodes removed): N+: take into account the nodal ratio of positive nodes/total number of nodes removed. The number of nodes with... or more involved axillary lymph nodes. n. z. keine n. a. keine n. z. S. 81 Empfehlung Abschnitt..., supraclavicular or infraclavicular nodes) radiotherapy to those nodes should be considered NZGG... risk (4 or more positive axillary nodes) Axilla Radiotherapy to the axilla...  a high number or percentage of nodes are involved, or where there... shows drainage to internal mammary nodes n. z. keine  0 n. z. S. 75 a: Für Erläuterungen des... postoperative breast or positive axillary nodes and an occult primary tumour... metastasis in the brain, lymph nodes, skin/subcutis and skeleton, for... metastasis in the brain, lymph nodes, skin/subcutis and skeleton, for... post-mastectomy (ie, 4 or more n. z. nodes positive in axilla, tumour size... risk of loco-regional recurrence (1–3 nodes positive in axilla, high grade...



Дата загрузки: 2017-09-24
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.17/5
... items to store on 1,000 nodes. Each node can store copies... to minimize data loss as nodes fail. What is the expected... get lost when three random nodes fail? 2-45. [5] Consider the following... binary search trees on three nodes 3.4 Binary Search Trees We have..., respectively. The order among “brother” nodes matters in rooted trees, so... can be formed on three nodes. A binary search tree labels each... for any node labeled x, all nodes in the left subtree of x have keys < x while all nodes in the right subtree of.... For any binary tree on n nodes, and any set of n keys... Binary Search Trees Binary tree nodes have left and right pointer... in a Tree Visiting all the nodes in a rooted binary tree proves... case of traversing all the nodes and edges in a graph, which... the labels of the tree nodes. Binary search trees make it... right subtree. Thus, visiting the nodes recursively in accord with such..., where n denotes the number of nodes in the tree. Alternate traversal... with 2 children (4) Figure 3.4: Deleting tree nodes with 0, 1, and 2 children Deletion from... cases, illustrated in Figure 3.4. Leaf nodes have no children, and so... representing long paths of character nodes, we can refer back to... binary tree implementations on n nodes: (a) All nodes store data, two child pointers... bytes. (b) Only leaf nodes store data; internal nodes store two child pointers..., while in a max-heap parent nodes dominate by being bigger. Figure... the number of nodes n < 2h . All missing internal nodes still take up... a full binary tree on n nodes, there are n/2 nodes that are leaves (i.e. , height 0), n/4 115 116 4. SORTING AND SEARCHING nodes that are height 1, n/8 nodes that are height 2, and..., there are at most n/2h+1 nodes of height h, so the cost... searches the children of all nodes of weight smaller than x until... we visit at most 3k nodes, for a total time of O(k). 4.3.5 Sorting... n and the number of leaf nodes ah = alogb n , which happens to... of edges (or equivalently, intermediate nodes) possible on any root-to... instead of an ancestor? All nodes reachable from a given vertex v are... vertices 3 and 4 from being cut-nodes. Vertices 5 and 6 escape as leaves... a loss of connectivity between other nodes. We presented a breadth-first search... the graph, all internal (nonleaf) nodes would be articulation vertices, since... DFS tree back to ancestor nodes. Let reachable ancestor[v] denote the..., bridge, and parent cut-nodes • Root cut-nodes – If the root of... the first child. • Bridge cut-nodes – If the earliest reachable vertex... you cut it. • Parent cut-nodes – If the earliest reachable vertex.... At any given moment, several nodes might be simultaneously in the... a particular starting vertex v such that Θ(n) nodes are simultaneously in the discovered... a particular starting vertex v such that Θ(n) nodes are simultaneously in the discovered... at some point Θ(n) nodes remain undiscovered, while Θ(n) nodes have been processed during..., there may also be discovered nodes.) 5-7. [4] Given pre-order and in... an expression, where there are n nodes in the tree. 5-10. [5] Suppose... such a DAG, where there are n nodes and m edges in the DAG..., while the height of the nodes merged into this tree all... union, the tree with fewer nodes becomes the child. But how... a function of the number of nodes in it? Consider the smallest... of height-3, now with four nodes. See the pattern? We must... before we use up all n nodes? At most, lg2 n doublings can... be a simple path, and have n − 2 nodes of degree 2 with two endpoints... the shortest path between two nodes is important and instructive, even... distance to all the other nodes. This might be the best... the shortest path between two nodes in a graph. The Floyd-Warshall..., the queue stores all the nodes at the current level, which... find a way to prune more nodes. Effective pruning meant eliminating large... in our final version, the nodes of our search tree corresponded... IPSC-860 hypercube using 32 nodes with 16 megabytes of memory... there were only n2 possible nodes to choose from for this... tree will have a number of nodes exponential in its height, which... search trees, moving more distant nodes closer to the root while.... Frequently used or recently accessed nodes thus sit near the top.... Observe that most of the nodes in a trie-based suffix tree... on simple paths between branch nodes in the tree. Each of... (LCA) of any pair of nodes x, y in a tree in constant time... least common ancestor of two nodes in a suffix tree or trie... find and explicitly pointing all nodes on the path to the... search both children of these nodes. The more fields we know... and manipulating information at internal nodes can eliminate the need for... trees are rooted, with sibling nodes typically drawn from left to... time by (1) stripping off the leaf nodes, (2) adding them to the independent set, (3) deleting all adjacent nodes, and then (4) repeating from the... have leaf nodes of human, dog, snake and internal nodes corresponding to... between some pair of terminal nodes. The complete set of these...