Спутник технологический. Nodes 2. [Редактировать]

Космические аппараты НАСА Nodes (Network & Operation Demonstration Satellite) созданы с целью осуществления миссии по демонстрации возможности организации сетей передачи данных между аппаратами. Всего в ходе реализации программы планируется осуществить запуск двух 1.5 юнитовых кубсатов каждый из которых весит до 2 кг. и имеет размеры 10х10х17 см. Технологически данные спутники наследуют свое программное обеспечение и начинку от научно-технического задела созданного в рамках проекта EDSN.Таким образом, они являются конструктивно схожими с данными космическими аппаратами. В качестве программного обеспечения на спутниках установлена система Андроид, а управление осуществляется при помощи специально написанных под эту операционную систему программ.
В ходе полета космические аппараты должны будут:

  • Передавать и ретранслировать данные как между собой так и на Землю.
  • Собирать и передавать данные о солнечной радиации на уровне 400 км. над поверхностью Земли.
  • Автоматически определять тот аппарат который находится в зоне радиовидимости.

 

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип орбиты - НОО
2Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
3Страна оператор(владелец) - США
4Страна производитель - США

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг2
2Габариты, см10х10х17

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Мыс Канаверал
2Дата пуска2015-12-07
3Полезная нагрузка 1xFlock
4Полезная нагрузка 1xFlock
5Полезная нагрузка 1xFlock
6Полезная нагрузка 1xFlock
7Полезная нагрузка 1xFlock
8Полезная нагрузка 1xFlock
9Полезная нагрузка 1xFlock
10Полезная нагрузка 1xFlock
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15Полезная нагрузка 1xNodes 2
16Полезная нагрузка 1xNodes 1
17Полезная нагрузка 1xSTMSat 1
18Полезная нагрузка 1xCARDE
19Полезная нагрузка 1xMinXSS 1
20Полезная нагрузка 1xCygnus CRS-4
21Полезная нагрузка 1xSIMPL
22Ракета-носитель 1xАтлас 5 401

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Nodes 2». [Перейти к поиску]


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... the SSI Nodes ...................................................................................... 12 2.3.1 SSI Provider Nodes................................................................................................ 13 2.3.2 SSI User Nodes ...................................................................................................... 14 2.4 SSI....001.V1 Figures Figure 2-1: SSI Nodes ............................................................................................................... 13 Figure 4-1: SSI Coordination .................................................................................................... 25... scenarios, in which intermediate relay nodes implement their store-andforward functionality... plan to all participating SSI nodes, d) monitoring of SSI network performance... their user nodes, based on the capabilities of their provider nodes. In... of information between various network nodes. In addition to typical transfers... a confederated and interoperable infrastructure of nodes owned and operated by multiple... SSI provides communications services among nodes in an interplanetary network. An... scenarios in which the communicating nodes are well connected (i.e., the network... provide SSI services for other nodes. A terrestrial Internet analogy for an... a local Internet Service Provider. Provider nodes have the ability to offer... routing and forwarding capabilities. Such nodes can perform routing over one... multiple user nodes and/or real-time forwarding functionality. These nodes act as intermediate relay nodes for end-to-end network services. Provider nodes offer... other peer network service provider nodes using standard peering protocols to... subsections. Lines between the SSI nodes indicate potential communications paths; actual....V1 Figure 2-1: SSI Nodes 2.3.1 SSI Provider Nodes SSI provider nodes are a set of... describe types of SSI provider nodes. 2.3.1.1 Earth Station (e.g., Earth-space link... provider nodes (e.g., Relay Spacecraft, Planetary Stations) and directly with user nodes (either... serve as dedicated SSI provider nodes. 2.3.1.3 Planetary Station (e.g., planet-Space Link... provider nodes (e.g., Relay Spacecraft, Earth Stations) and directly with user nodes (either... A Terrestrial WAN is a network of nodes that provides network-layer connectivity among terrestrial SSI user nodes and Earth Stations to support... connectivity among planetary SSI user nodes and Planetary Stations to support... of data. 2.3.2 SSI User Nodes User nodes are the entities served by... SSI provider nodes will enable such communications. Some user nodes perform functions... operating SSI provider nodes), but are considered user nodes since they do... forwarding functionality. Individual SSI user nodes will access the SSI using... types of SSI user nodes. 2.3.2.1 Spacecraft Spacecraft user nodes may be located..., one could envision multiple user nodes on a spacecraft corresponding to individual... station, relay, and planetary station nodes, as applicable, along with associated... unambiguous identification of SSI network nodes and designation of remote destinations... constraints. If the SSI provider nodes necessary to provide a certain service... on intermediate nodes forwarding data between source and destination nodes, using standard... within predefined parameters (distances between nodes, phases of the network deployment... the resources of the provider nodes (like bandwidth required, priorities, data... that use different agencies’ provider nodes. 3.3 Execution Principles EX—1 SAFETY: The... EX—15 REPORTING: Individual network nodes will report status information in... the SSI, an agency’s provider nodes will offer a native networklayer routing... between different provider agencies’ SSI nodes are controlled by interagency agreements... (e.g., storage and link capacity) for nodes participating in the SSI. Since... links and nodes, but the establishment of those links and nodes is... a relatively sparse set of supporting nodes. In either case, a contact plan... available to all of the nodes participating in a particular SSI configuration... links and storage at intermediate nodes) Relative priorities of individual missions... components of the intermediate provider nodes. The individual organizational entities responsible... between pairs of nodes. For each link, both participating nodes will generate.... 5.2 SSI Provider View SSI provider nodes are characterized by a functional network..., delay-unaware scenarios). SSI provider nodes will forward data units based... storage limitations. Hybrid Relay Orbiter nodes must integrate performance of SSI... static (programmed into the SSI nodes “by management,” i.e., outside any standard... at the intermediate nodes. Each of the intermediate nodes provides uniform and... end nodes are the landed spacecraft and its MOC. Intermediate nodes include... involved (e.g., authorisations, priorities). Relay Spacecraft nodes will be designed to accommodate... multiple agencies. While individual robotic nodes may ultimately interact directly with...



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... platform - 100k nodes SAS SVC., BPR 2x platform - 1M nodes SAS SVC., BPR 2x platform - 250k nodes SAS SVC., BPR 2x platform - 3M nodes SAS SVC., BPR 2x platform - 500k nodes SAS SVC., BPR 2x platform - 5M nodes SAS SVC., BPR 2x data - 100k nodes SAS SVC., BPR 2x data - 1M nodes SAS SVC., BPR 2x data - 250k nodes SAS SVC., BPR 2x data - 3M nodes SAS SVC., BPR 2x data - 500k nodes SAS SVC., BPR 2x data - 5M nodes SW APP... techx - 100k nodes SAS SVC., BPR 2x techx - 1M nodes SAS SVC., BPR 2x techx - 250k nodes SAS SVC., BPR 2x techx - 3M nodes SAS SVC., BPR 2x techx - 500k nodes SAS SVC., BPR 2x techx - 5M nodes SAS SVC., BPR 2x voice - 100k nodes SAS SVC., BPR 2x voice - 1M nodes SAS SVC., BPR 2x voice - 250k nodes SAS SVC., BPR 2x voice - 3M nodes SAS SVC., BPR 2x voice - 500k nodes SAS SVC., BPR 2x voice - 5M nodes SAS SVC....100,000 nodes SAS SVC., Network Registrar,add 100K nodes SAS SVC., Network Registrar,add 10K nodes SAS support, NW Registrar, 1,250 nodes,2 servers SAS... Registrar,add 1M nodes SAS support, NW Registrar, 2,500 nodes,5 servers SAS...,add 250K nodes SAS SVC., Network Registrar,add 25K nodes SAS support, NW Registrar, 25K nodes,unlmtd servers....0, add 5K nodes SAS SVC., Network Registrar,add 5M nodes SAS Svc... 100K addtl nodes SAS SVC., CSRC-DPR addtl 250K nodes SAS SVC., CSRC-DPR addtl 500K nodes SAS SVC... 25K addtl nodes SAS SVC., CSRC DPR addtl 2M nodes SAS SVC....100,000 nodes SAU SVC., Network Registrar,add 100K nodes SAU SVC., Network Registrar,add 10K nodes SASU support, NW Registrar, 1,250 nodes,2 servers SAU... Registrar,add 1M nodes SASU support, NW Registrar, 2,500 nodes,5 servers SAU...,add 250K nodes SAU SVC., Network Registrar,add 25K nodes SASU support, NW Registrar, 25K nodes,unlmtd servers....0, add 5K nodes SAU SVC., Network Registrar,add 5M nodes SAU SVC... platform - 100k nodes SAS Svc, BPR 2x platform - 1M nodes SAS Svc, BPR 2x platform - 250k nodes SAS Svc, BPR 2x platform - 3M nodes SAS Svc, BPR 2x platform - 500k nodes SAS Svc, BPR 2x platform - 5M nodes SAS Svc, BPR 2x data - 100k nodes SAS Svc, BPR 2x data - 1M nodes SAS Svc, BPR 2x data - 250k nodes SAS Svc, BPR 2x data - 3M nodes SAS Svc, BPR 2x data - 500k nodes SAS Svc, BPR 2x data - 5M nodes SP SAS... techx - 100k nodes SAS Svc, BPR 2x techx - 1M nodes SAS Svc, BPR 2x techx - 250k nodes SAS Svc, BPR 2x techx - 3M nodes SAS Svc, BPR 2x techx - 500k nodes SAS Svc, BPR 2x techx - 5M nodes SAS Svc, BPR 2x voice - 100k nodes SAS Svc, BPR 2x voice - 1M nodes SAS Svc, BPR 2x voice - 250k nodes SAS Svc, BPR 2x voice - 3M nodes SAS Svc, BPR 2x voice - 500k nodes SAS Svc, BPR 2x voice - 5M nodes SAS Svc....100,000 nodes SAS Svc, Network Registrar,add 100K nodes SAS Svc, Network Registrar,add 10K nodes SAS support, NW Registrar, 1,250 nodes,2 servers SAS... Registrar,add 1M nodes SAS support, NW Registrar, 2,500 nodes,5 servers SAS...,add 250K nodes SAS Svc, Network Registrar,add 25K nodes SAS support, NW Registrar, 25K nodes,unlmtd servers....0, add 5K nodes SAS Svc, Network Registrar,add 5M nodes SAS Svc... 100K addtl nodes SAS Svc, CSRC-DPR addtl 250K nodes SAS Svc, CSRC-DPR addtl 500K nodes SAS Svc... 25K addtl nodes SAS Svc, CSRC DPR addtl 2M nodes SAS Svc....100,000 nodes SAU Svc, Network Registrar,add 100K nodes SAU Svc, Network Registrar,add 10K nodes SASU support, NW Registrar, 1,250 nodes,2 servers SAU... Registrar,add 1M nodes SASU support, NW Registrar, 2,500 nodes,5 servers SAU...,add 250K nodes SAU Svc, Network Registrar,add 25K nodes SASU support, NW Registrar, 25K nodes,unlmtd servers....0, add 5K nodes SAU Svc, Network Registrar,add 5M nodes SAU Svc...



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... evaluated with respect to headings (nodes) including ownership, autonomy, accountability, transparency... Node Nodes Nodes\\Accountability & Transparency No None Nodes\\Accountability & Transparency \Accountability Yes Red Nodes\\Accountability & Transparency \Accountable budget management and financial transparency Nodes\\Accountability & Transparency \Clear roles and responsibilities No None No None Nodes\\Accountability & Transparency \Flexibility and adaptability No None Nodes\\Accountability & Transparency \Shared risks No None Nodes\\Accountability & Transparency \The importance of relationships Yes None Nodes\\Accountability & Transparency \The importance of relationships\Personality No None Nodes\\Accountability & Transparency \Transparency Yes Blue Nodes\\Accountability & Transparency \Transparency\Communication No Yellow Nodes\\Accountability & Transparency \Transparent selection processes No None Nodes\\Accountability & Transparency \Trust and commitment No None Nodes\\Accountability & Transparency \Trust and commitment\Individual and institutional commitment Nodes\\Accountability... None No None Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership Yes Orange Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\Clear outline of objectives and goals, roles and responsibilities. Nodes... None Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\Driving motivations, needs and expectations\General No None Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\Driving motivations, needs and expectations\Northern No None Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\Driving motivations, needs and expectations\Origin No None Nodes\\Autonomy... Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\Driving motivations, needs and expectations\Southern No None No None Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\Empowerment No None Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\Empowerment \Implications of asymmetries No None Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\Empowerment \Independence No None Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\Empowerment \Tackling exclusion No None Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\Established Government Plans & Policies No None Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\Established Institutional Plans & Policies No None Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\HEI autonomy No None Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\Joint...:01:02 Hierarchical Name Nickname Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\Joint strategic planning and... Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\Joint strategic planning and decision making\Role of the Ministry Nodes... Yes Pink Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\Understanding Southern contexts No None Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\Understanding Southern contexts\Bureaucracy No None Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\Understanding Southern contexts\Context No None Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\Understanding Southern contexts\In country supports No None Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\Understanding Southern contexts\Personality No None Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\Values... development and partnership No None Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\Values relating to development and partnership\Definition of partnership Nodes\\Autonomy & ownership\Values relating to development... No None Nodes\\Outcomes and Benefits Case Study 2 No None Nodes\\Outcomes... None Nodes\\Outcomes and Benefits Case Study 2\Mutual No None Nodes\\Outcomes and Benefits Case Study 2\Policy No None Nodes\\Outcomes and Benefits Case Study 2\Potential No None Nodes\\Outcomes... TEs No None Nodes\\The capacity exchange No None Nodes\\The capacity exchange\Area of focus No None Nodes\\The capacity exchange\Area of focus\Relevant & sustainable No None Nodes\\The capacity exchange\Building on existing strengths No None Nodes\\The... existing strengths\Emergent change No None Nodes\\The capacity exchange\Building on existing strengths\Innovation & creativity No None Nodes\\The capacity exchange\Feelings regarding the... technical asymmetries on the exchange. Nodes\\The capacity exchange\Monitoring and assessment... None Nodes\\The capacity exchange\Mutual contributions and benefits No None Nodes\\The capacity exchange\Outcomes No None Nodes\\The capacity... None Nodes\\The capacity exchange\Process and supports No None Nodes\\The capacity... No None Nodes\\The capacity exchange\Shared Objectives Yes Purple Nodes\\The capacity exchange\South South No None Nodes\\The capacity...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-26
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... Tree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 Expanding or Collapsing Nodes in the Network Tree . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1122 Status Monitor for QFabric Nodes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1123 Status Monitor for Switches...: Status Monitor for QFabric Systems Nodes Fields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1123 Table 347: Status... click Apply. Expanding or Collapsing Nodes in the Network Tree To... the Access, Aggregation, or Core nodes to complete the Logical View... expanding and collapsing these location nodes in the Location view. To... expanding and collapsing these location nodes. To setup a location in Network... locations are displayed under the nodes for respective locations, such as... devices. Some examples of location nodes are: sites, buildings, floors, closets... details between the interconnects and nodes. NOTE: This task is applicable... the QFabric Interconnects with the nodes by using all views except... ports. You can select container nodes, individual devices, or port groups...: 1. Select one or more container nodes or devices from the Assignments...), you can select any container nodes or member devices within the... FC gateway cannot span multiple nodes. This topic describes: • Assigning an...: a. Select one or more container nodes or devices from the Assignments...), you can select any container nodes or member devices within the... Assignments page opens. 2. Expand the nodes in the list to locate...: a. Select one or more container nodes or devices from the Assignments...), you can select any container nodes or member devices within the... Assignments page opens. 2. Expand the nodes in the list to locate... nodes when you use this method. All eligible nodes connected to spine nodes... by Network Director as spine nodes, click Managed Devices. If the... for Network Director Release 2.5 Only nodes with the role Routing Engine... master. d. When you finish configuring nodes, click OK. The window closes.... d. When you are finished adding nodes, click Add. The window closes... spine nodes, click Done. The window closes and the spine nodes you... by Network Director to leaf nodes. Manually assigning a leaf node device... node: a. Select the Assign Leaf nodes manually check box. b. Click a rectangle... leaf nodes. e. Click OK. The window closes and the selected nodes are... leaf nodes, click Done. The window closes and the leaf nodes you... by Network Director as leaf nodes: a. Click Managed Devices. The Select.... d. When you are finished adding nodes, click Add. The window closes... leaf nodes, click Done. The window closes and the leaf nodes you... managed by Network Director as nodes, click Managed Devices. If the.... e. When you are finished configuring nodes, click OK. The window closes.... e. When you are finished adding nodes, click Add. The window closes... page. 4. When you finish adding nodes, you can remove a node from... is marked with a silver star. Nodes that are not present, inactive... cannot replace or remove such nodes. 2. Click Edit VCF. Network Director... up to 4 spine nodes and a total of 20 nodes. 620 Copyright © 2016... spine nodes, click Done. The window closes and the spine nodes you... 4 spine nodes and a total of 20 nodes. To add leaf nodes to the... add managed devices as leaf nodes, click Managed Devices: a. Select the... leaf nodes, click Done. The window closes and the leaf nodes you... to manage aliases for QFabric nodes. For a description of the information... aliases to a group of nodes: a. Select the nodes from the list by... alias of the remaining selected nodes. The New Aliases field shows... automatically assigned to the selected nodes. 3. Click Next to continue the... channel. • Hidden nodes in a wireless network referring to nodes that are out of range of other nodes or a collection of nodes.... The Assign Profile to Managed Nodes window opens, displaying a list of.... The Assign Profile to Managed Nodes window opens. 8. Select individual access.... The Assign Profile to Managed Nodes window opens, displaying a list of.... The Assign Profile to Managed Nodes window closes. 8. Click either Review... data center. To start managing nodes groups: 1. 982 Click Deploy in... heading and dragging it. Selected Nodes Nodes that belong to the node... the Tasks pane. The Manage Nodes Groups page appears. 4. Click Add... data uplink port (for QFabric nodes only). • xle—Configures the port... points on wireless LAN controller nodes in any view. When wireless... Server, Redundant Server, and Network Nodes) Summary “Access vs. Uplink Port... Equipment “Status Monitor for QFabric Nodes” on page 1123 Related Documentation... 1122 • Status Monitor for QFabric Nodes on page 1123 • Status Monitor... and for wireless LAN controller nodes. If, for example, you select... the port utilization of the nodes within the selected QFabric fabric... Monitor for QFabric Nodes The Status monitor for QFabric Nodes shows the...: Status Monitor for QFabric Systems Nodes Fields Field Function Serial Number...



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...], [20] aims to put wireless nodes into periodical sleep state in... about environmental changes to other nodes in the network. Therefore, it... set is selected locally and nodes outside the set are put... nodes can be a source and are able to reach all other nodes... is continued until all the nodes in the network are added... be received by all those nodes that fall in the transmission... hoc network with N nodes containing omnidirectional antennas. The nodes are assumed to... contained in the signal. Thus, nodes in the networks can take... G = (V, E) where V is the set of nodes corresponding to the wireless devices... by the choice of γacq = 0. Nodes are assumed to be capable... a message to all other nodes in the network. Nodes that receive a message... retransmit it are called leaf nodes. Nodes, including the source node, that... the message are called forwarding nodes. The objective function: For the... to find a set of forwarding nodes and determine their power level... is minimum and all the nodes are covered. This problem is... Hitch-hiking (MBH) when the nodes in the network are capable... transmitted many times by different nodes in order to cover the... energy consumption. We assume that nodes can buffer the partial packets... black nodes are the non-forwarding nodes while white nodes are the relay nodes that forward packets to other nodes... reduce the number of relay nodes needed. For example in Figure... reduces the number of relay nodes needed, in contrast to the... the power level of relay nodes. For the example in Figure... set of transmitting nodes cover all the nodes in the network and... nodes are considered, i.e the decision is based on local optimization. These nodes... coverage of u’s child and grandchild nodes. The reduction comes by the... of node u to its grandchild nodes in exchange for the decrease... power level of its child nodes. Finally, the coverage and power level of all uncovered nodes in the network are updated... as 100 and all other nodes have their pc value initialized... can reach all its neighboring nodes in the MST with that... i : Set of child nodes of node i : Set of nodes whose final power... node j and k : Set of all nodes in the network the final... algorithm. A set F keeps all those nodes whose final power level has... node i covers all the child nodes of node j for at least... 0 by covering all the child nodes of that child node. In... in Figure 2, node S can reach nodes V and Q through power level 10... and considering all the child nodes of node j to find a power... of some of the transmitting nodes in the MST, in exchange... level of some of the nodes reduces the overall energy consumption... ≤ 0 implies that all the child nodes of node j are j is made.... Similarly for nodes Z and X. • Reduce the transmission power of all nodes j hav... pj > 0 and j ∈ of their child nodes in the MST. The reduced... the nodes continue to provide full coverage to the child nodes even... for nodes U and W . The WMH algorithm continues till all the nodes in... ensured that all its child nodes are fully covered by the... in the total number of nodes n. To calculate gi (p), it takes... WMH 1. /* Continue till all the nodes are fully covered */ 2. while (∃i ∈ N | pc.... /* Increase coverage value of other nodes based on the final power... coverage value of the child nodes */ for all j ∈ N if (j ∈ / F & pj > 0) Reduce... on HELLO packets. The neighboring nodes further propagate the change to... an update from its neighboring nodes. The timer value is equal... calculated gain. This allows the nodes with higher gain to broadcast... source node and as new nodes become fully covered, they decide... cover more nodes. This is continued till all the nodes in the... of Nodes 50 60 70 80 90 100 Number of Nodes (a) Propagation... constant α taken as 2 and 4. The nodes in the networks are distributed... increases with increasing number of nodes. We ran 100 simulations for... increase in the number of nodes. The distributed version of the... received multiple times by the nodes within the overlapping zones. For... message to cover its child nodes, node T received the same message... saves energy by allowing the nodes to discard those packets that... tree is already constructed. Thus, nodes are assumed to have the... be acquired correctly. To prevent nodes from receiving unwanted partial signals... without PSBT running over the nodes in the network. The figure... in the number of nodes. For less nodes, the energy saving obtained... PSBT. For a large number of nodes, the energy saving is more... of nodes in the network because as the number of nodes increases... messages being received by the nodes. With PSBT, since each message... increase in the number of nodes. Figure 6(b) compares the cost of... nodes in the network (lower node density). As the number of nodes... protocols decreases. For number of nodes greater than 50, the performance... nodes in MST decreases. Thus the average power required by transmitting nodes... 80 90 100 Number of Nodes Fig. 7. Performance comparison of WMHP... of broadcasts by preventing the nodes from receiving the same packet...



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... between nodes, termed ‘‘ties,’’ denote some form of interaction between nodes. In... of nodes. Dyads may be composed of direct ties between nodes, or... pass through a series of interconnected nodes, termed ‘‘walks.’’ Dyadic attributes can... by the total number of nodes—and a boundary—a natural delineation between... in a square (n 9 n) matrix of n actors (nodes) in which matrix element nij....5 A simple nondirectional tie between two nodes is represented as nij = nji... shows only the lines between nodes. A valued tie in which matrix... number of nodes that are actually tied to other nodes in the... and N is the number of nodes in the network. Degree centrality... study bimodal networks in which nodes are tied by affiliations (e.g., memberships... Pair of nodes linked by a tie Walk A series of interconnected nodes Path... distance Shortest path connecting two nodes Network Graphical representation of relationships that displays points to represent nodes and lines to represent ties... Network size Total number of nodes in a network Network centralization Degree... around a single node Network density Nodes that are actually tied as... ties a node has to other nodes Degree Source: Authors; Borgatti (1997... path connecting two nodes) of node to all other nodes in the... path Cliques Maximum number of nodes that have all possible ties... which the nodes are connected in some maximal sense Periphery Nodes that... connecting two nodes) of node ni to all other nodes in the...’’ denotes the maximum number of nodes that have all possible ties... a cohesive subgroup of nodes in which the nodes are connected in some... the core and all other nodes in the periphery. The model... peripheral node. A core size of x nodes that generates the highest correlation... instance, when in a triad (N = 3) of nodes n1, n2, and n3, n1... position’’ is the number of nodes not directly connected to it... network, a large number of other nodes also become separated from the... of structural holes, and certain nodes may have an effective size... density, and distance from different nodes and with respect to the... on a small number of key nodes for production inputs, credit, and... number of key nodes for market information and links— nodes that are... by the core size of x nodes that generates the highest correlation..., Table 4 provides measures of those nodes that belong to the network... BoARD (all of which are nodes found in the network’s three... by the presence of six nodes (all of which are denoted... Ego network size (no. of nodes) 8 (13) 6 (11) Ego density Network... (a) public service providers are key nodes with respect to the provision.... Note Ties indicate relationships between nodes. Node size is calculated based... is to examine how key nodes form ‘‘bridges’’ between core 123... Ego network size (no. of nodes) 5 (10) 5 (9) Ego density 20.00... within the network, where single nodes lie along the only walks... larger role in connecting other nodes compared with other actors (Table...



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.... The WSNs consisting of sensor nodes and networks as we know... space by already deployed sensor nodes buried in each of the... parking illustrated [14]. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2.2 Senor nodes in parking spaces [15] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12... as sensor nodes. For communication to take place, these sensor nodes are... form of energy harvesting). Sensor nodes are however duty-cycled to... parameters depend upon the sensor nodes. The significant parameters ranging from... of avail- 11 Figure 2.2: Senor nodes in parking spaces [15] able... (CCTVs) were used as sensing nodes, the image processing was through... of devices, largely recognized as nodes which consists of sensor devices... traditional sensors [31]. Smart sensor nodes are low power devices equipped... the environment. Since the sensor nodes have limited memory and are... a dense collection of sensor nodes. Sensor nodes may be deployed in an... of nodes. Whereas in a structured WSN, most of the sensor nodes are... unstructured network is that fewer nodes can be deployed with lower... management cost. Fewer nodes can be deployed since nodes are placed at... industrial applications, interestingly Wireless Sensor nodes could be deployed in wilderness... 3 In ad hoc deployment, sensor nodes may be randomly placed into... been in WSNs, with sensor nodes having identical sensing units a lot... advancement in technology , smart sensor nodes and actuators can be buried..., refrigerators, and VCRs. The sensor nodes buried inside the domestic de29... or status report. The sink nodes gather these reports and transmit.... In battlefield surveillance tiny sensor nodes can be deployed in critical... suspended), or environmental interference sensor nodes could fail. Reliability is modelled..., thousands or millions of sensor nodes should be deployed for the.... The density/ scalability of these nodes affects the degree of coverage... can range from a fewer sensor nodes to a hundred in a region that... )/A (2.2) Where ’N’ is the scattered sensor nodes in region A, and ’R’ is the.... Basically, µ(R) gives the number of nodes within the transmission radius of... a major component of the sensor nodes which the consumptions rate should... the principal objectives of sensor nodes are sensing/collecting events, data... comprise of a multitude of sensor nodes, the cost of producing a single... take place between the sensor nodes, since it influences communications protocols... or failure of some sensor nodes which would hinder proper connection... Networks. Energy consumption by sensor nodes after being deployed in their... formation of clusters in a sensor nodes network based on the received... compared to all the sensor nodes transmitting. The ideal number of... 5% of the total number of nodes used. WSNs Topology Initialization. In..., the deployment of wireless sensor nodes and random generation are in.... 10% of the entire sensor nodes used is randomly deployed in... the Figure 3.5, shows the sensor nodes clusters formation. The AP is... of energy needed by the nodes to create and sustain the... radios owed by the sensor nodes at full power always would...), steady phase (i.e. data transferred from nodes to clusters then to the... Probability of one of the nodes becoming a cluster head (CH) is set as a function of nodes energy level relative to the... Parameters Value Total Number of nodes 1000 Number of Frames 10... cluster formation of the sensor nodes. A cluster head (CH) is selected...-based wireless sensors and sensor nodes for structural health monitoring applications.... Vehicle detection by sensor network nodes. 2004. [59] R Kasturi, D Goldgof, P Soundararajan...



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... C Analysis of interviews: Themes, nodes and sub-nodes 302 D NVivo10 sample outputs... key physical elements namely paths, nodes, landmarks, districts and edges. Sinha... identified by Lynch. Nodes are where paths converge. “Memorable nodes have a strong... identified by Lynch, namely paths, nodes, landmarks, districts and edges, come... elements support legibility namely paths, nodes, landmarks, districts and edges. Observations... of nodes per minute of interview. It transpired that the nodes per... fairly consistent. Data analysis requires nodes to be grouped together under... or generic themes. For some nodes the categorization is fairly straightforward... each theme or group of nodes. This was a mechanistic process with..., I considered all the nodes, knowing that some processed nodes may not eventually... safer than deciding a priori which nodes will not be included in... recording of observations on different nodes. The next stage of the... the observations made on selected nodes were interpreted to extract elements... on NVivo10 the transcripts, the nodes and the themes, and also... identify the theme and/or nodes from which it was derived... and from there identify the nodes derived from that quote. Working...’s adjoining harbours’, I reviewed the relevant nodes (namely ‘harbour cruise, ferry across... I also had to review other nodes in which the ‘sea’ element... reviewed. In reviewing the other nodes, I also had to refer to... each interview, the number of nodes per minute of interview was.... Most interviews entail between 1.3 and 2 nodes per minutes. There are two... high at 3.25 and 3.98 nodes per minute. The variation from... that support legibility namely paths, nodes, landmarks, districts and edges. The... Donny, Joanne Pavlo Roberta Maryline Nodes per min. of intervie w Pages... os Min + sec Minutes fraction Nodes Referenc es Yes Yes 20... Frank Sandra and Mike Julia Nodes per min. of intervie w Pages... os Min + sec Minutes fraction Nodes Referenc es No no 12... C: Analysis of interviews Themes, nodes and sub-nodes During the analysis eight overriding themes have emerged – the nodes are categorised in one of... tables give a list of nodes and sub-nodes that emerged from the... cleanliness 8 9 9 gardens, greenery 5 5 5 graffiti 2 4 0 Nodes and sub-nodes TOURIST EXPERIENCES OF URBAN.... Caterina d' Italia 1 1 0  Court Building 1 1 0 Nodes and sub-nodes  views from Upper Barrakka... 18 15 124 116 Nodes and sub-nodes events, reenactments, special events... 1 1 0 romantic feel 1 1 0 safety matters 6 7 7 Nodes and sub-nodes  visualising the past TOURIST... projects 4 7 7 52 43 Nodes Theme – 7 Services Nodes and sub-nodes TOURIST EXPERIENCES OF... 1 1 1  treatment of karozzini horses 1 1 1 Nodes and sub-nodes TOURIST EXPERIENCES OF URBAN...



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... streets/arcs and their intersections/nodes from which the primal and... are associated with more important nodes. Nevertheless, this provides a basic framework... London based on some 699 nodes and 1972 symmetric street or... a set of intersections between segments – nodes and arcs – which is measured.... The network does not privilege nodes or arcs in any particular...-graph – a bipartite graph linking intersections/nodes/junctions or zone centroids to... of a street system where the nodes are the intersections between the.... If the planar graph has N nodes, there are always many less... planar graph and a list of nodes that are associated (or not... skeleton network   4 of links between N nodes each of which we will... primal counts the links between nodes as Uik   Aij ATjk (1) j where... and only two nodes i.e. there are only ever two nodes which represent... a node and from two such nodes, there is only one line... Everett, 1997) where we link nodes to lines – street intersections to... we used in Figure 1(a) has N  5 nodes and L  8 lines whose matrix and...  0 1 0 1 0 1 1 0    0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 and Note we define the 5 nodes as 1, 2, …, 5 and the 8 lines as... street lines rather than street nodes and this defines a related graph... one step between their respective nodes and X and Y show the one... forming a distance between any two nodes in either the spatial interaction... step length between any two nodes is given by powering the... length for any pair of nodes and use this as a measure... the link between any two nodes is the number of steps... other (for Y via the intersection nodes). These matrices are easy to... of the nodes as intersections in the primal and the nodes as... the relative importance of the nodes in each graph, their in... important while in the dual, nodes 1, 4, 6 and 7 form a central block that... outer block that consists of nodes 1, 3, 5 and 8. Spatial interaction models usually... both the relative flows between nodes that take place along streets... for each origin and destination (nodes) while space syntax is associated... predict flows from information about i  k nodes as well as flows into... of distance measures into nodes whether these nodes be intersections or streets... has accessibilities associated with the nodes which are locations at street... The Nodes in the Primal are Street Intersections and the Nodes in... we collapse the movement onto nodes that define the streets whereas... widens once the number of nodes is increased. In fact in... vary as the number of nodes. However in typical networks which... links to other streets – other nodes in the dual – and that... predicted between all intersections or nodes in the street network whereas... graph which are associated with nodes j and thus many possible links... possible links between intersections or nodes regardless of whether a separate physical... down into flows between all nodes in the street graph, and... whose matrix is A which separates nodes from lines in the original... steady state equation for intersection nodes as pˆ  pˆ Pˆ  pˆ GC . Now if we.../nodes. This is shown in Figure 4(a) where it is clear that nodes... for either origin or destination nodes or streets due to the... Graph/Street Network: a) Nodes and Arcs Labelled b) Nodes and Arcs Coloured According... the relative importance of the nodes is clearly born out with... less connected and more extreme nodes such as 1 and 10 are... demonstration of the relatedness between nodes and streets, the space syntax... problematic where we control the nodes or where we limit the... the sliced in-degrees for nodes xi   k X ik and intersections y j   Y j which... muted distribution of accessibilities for nodes and well as paths and... in the nodes is dominated by a handful of local nodes that because... coloured grey while in (b) the nodes external to the area but... are coloured black   21 Figure 6: Nodes (a) and Street Accessibilities (b) Based on... dual, and a visual comparison of nodes with streets seems to confirm... have probably been   22 Figure 7: Nodes (a) and Street Accessibilities (b) Based on... edges – that is, the edge nodes are simply in the network... at least 5 links to other nodes. Second, the fact that we... reflecting the overall structure of nodes or streets with the initial... of streets with the edge nodes soaking up the probabilities in... against activities/trips associated with nodes and streets. The easiest test... of the relevant accessibilities of nodes/centroids and streets, thus we... population activity at centroids or nodes into activity which is spread... all possible movements between the nodes which is of the order... external zones, there are N  699 nodes with a possible number of trip...



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... 89 4.1 Proposed Urban Villages, Neighbourhood Nodes and Urban Hubs 90 4.2 Proposed... Table 4.1 Proposed Amenities in Neighborhood Nodes 90 Table 4.2 Urban Villages Characteristics... Villages 94 4.1D Proposed Neighborhood Nodes and Urban Hubs 95 4.2 Proposed... Faecal Culiform 57 NN Neighborhood Nodes 25 FIFA Federation of International... stop and destination. Such transport nodes are not emerging. Unless there... that integrate the region’s urban nodes, through public transport, into a rational... along lines, stems, at crossing nodes, at interactive hubs and within... possibilities. It must create activity nodes, which promote interaction, communication, discussion...? Where will we locate Neighborhood Nodes, new commercial and entertainment hubs... by densification in new Neighborhood Nodes and Urban Villages, redevelopment of... must be achieved around transport nodes where housing and amenities are... and landscape planning. A system of nodes (Urban Villages and Neighborhood Centres... and high density, mixed-use nodes, spaced at appropriate intervals, are... compact, medium- and high-density nodes where transit stops will receive... medium density, compact, walkable urban nodes. They will be linked together..., mixed-use communities near Neighborhood Nodes. Social facilities and amenities can... facilitation. Concentrating on the Neighborhood Nodes and high density precincts proposed... a sequence of Urban Hubs and nodes along a corridor that parallels the... functions. In addition to Neighborhood Nodes, which serve the nearby inhabitants... “time spacing” and distances between nodes is a structural aspect of the... to come! 2.15 Walkable, Compact Nodes Support Public Transit and Efficiency... a raison de etre for Neighborhood Nodes, where a range of facilities can... ACTION PROPOSED URBAN VILLAGES, NEIGHBOURHOOD NODES AND URBAN HUBS PROPOSED ENVIRONMENTAL... Node, or Urban Hub. Neighborhood Nodes are surrounded by adequate population... Plan 4.1 PROPOSED URBAN VILLAGES, NEIGHBOURHOOD NODES AND URBAN HUBS Considering the... in their center, called Neighborhood Nodes. These are surrounded by medium... less so, manufacturing. The Neighborhood Nodes would have amenities and facilities... TABLE 4.1: Proposed Amenities in Neighborhood Nodes Facility Nature of Facility Plot... for Recyclable Wastes Both, Neighborhood Nodes and Urban Hubs would have... close proximity to the Neighborhood Nodes and Urban Hubs, the proposed... open space system, schools, urban nodes and the Urban Village settlements... furniture’s, Snack kiosks, Roller Neighborhood Nodes and the Community skating track..., street furniture, snack kiosks, Neighborhood Nodes and the community park. roller... kiosks, Roller with the Neighborhood Nodes and the skating track, Traditional... furniture, snack kiosks, roller Neighborhood Nodes and the community skating track... lots or to the commercial nodes or areas. Comfortable sidewalks reinforce... areas or around the Neighborhood Nodes, where pedestrian activity is intense... space systems connecting the Neighborhood Nodes, core and other employment destinations... Plan like Urban Hubs, Neighborhood Nodes, Urban Villages, regional linkages, and..., connecting Urban Hubs, major Neighborhood Nodes and commercial areas across the... essential facilities, while the Neighborhood Nodes on the corridor are located... convenience activities are located. The nodes and hubs are provided with... showing Urban Corridor linking Neighborhood Nodes, Urban Hubs and City Core... residential quarters, in the Neighborhood Nodes, and to the commercial districts... integrates transit stops in Neighborhood Nodes with compact, walkable neighborhoods. The... the Urban Hubs and Neighborhood Nodes, provision to carry Mass Transit... Core, Urban Hubs and Neighborhood Nodes, from peripheral access streets. 161... and shopping precincts NN Neighborhood Nodes Convenience shopping, basic services and..., mixed - use communities near Neighborhood Nodes. Social facilities and amenities can... facilitation. Concentrating on the Neighborhood Nodes and high density precincts proposed..., for the establishment of Neighborhood Nodes and their essential amenities. Why... Facilities provided in the Neighborhood Nodes and their Relevance: Category Health... behind the establishment of Neighborhood Nodes and defining their composition as... distance) was to create activity nodes in each Village, which encourage..., proposed Urban Hubs, proposed Neighborhood Nodes, proposed Urban Corridor and all... new areas. All proposed Neighborhood Nodes and high - density residential areas... certain workshops made in Neighborhood Nodes) Approved Suggested location at Gidakom... Stores located at respective Neighborhood Nodes. 3. The solid waste, which cannot... store located at respective Neighborhood Nodes which will be emptied at... Store located at respective Neighborhood Nodes. SW4 Areas Managed by TCC..., proposed Urban Hubs, proposed Neighborhood Nodes, proposed Urban Corridor and all... dense areas and in Neighborhood Nodes (including optical fiber network) for... ha) Goals / Objectives a. All Neighborhood Nodes a. Encouraging people to settle in...