Спутник ФКИ. NuSTAR. [Редактировать]

NuSTAR (SMEX 11) – космическая обсерватория NASA в программе малых космических спутников SMEX (Small Explorer). Его размеры 1,2 x 2,2 м при запуске и 1,2 x 10,9 м в ОКП, масса составляет 350 кг. Он выведен на орбиту 575 x 600 км и наклонением 6º. Полезная жизнь, ограниченная высотой орбиты, оценивается в семь лет, хотя первичная миссия продолжится только два года. Солнечные панели могут производить 729 ватт энергии.

Спутник использует платформу LEOStar-2. Это первый космический телескоп жесткого рентгеновского диапазона (7-80 кэВ), работающий на принципе скользящего отражения – отражения рентгеновских и гамма-лучей под очень малыми углами к поверхности зеркал. Работа в этом участке электромагнитного спектра ранее велась только с использованием принципа кодирующей апертуры, что существенным образом ограничивало их чувствительность. В приборах, работающих по принципу кодирующей апертуры, сигнал источника необходимо вычленять на фоне большого инструментального фона, собираемого с практически всего детектора. В случае зеркальной системы фотоны источника проецируются в малую часть детектора, и, следовательно, влияние инструментального фона на измерения может быть на порядки меньше.

Разработка телескопа началась в 2005 году, однако в 2007-м году из-за сокращения бюджета NASA на научные программы, проект был закрыт. Но уже в тот же год учёные возобновили работы по разработке телескопа и в начале 2012 года он был построен. Инструменты NuSTAR состоят из двух соосных телескопов со специальным покрытием поверхности и детекторов новой разработки, что позволит им эффективно работать до энергий 70-80 кэВ. Фокальная длина телескопа составляет около 10 м. Такая большая фокальная длина телескопа при малом размере спутника будет достигаться за счет раздвижения специальных ферм уже после вывода спутника на орбиту. Прототип телескопов NuSTAR (под названием HEFT) был успешно испытан при запуске на баллоне в 2005 году. Ожидается, что чувствительность зеркальной системы спутника NuSTAR будет превышать чувствительность лучших современных инструментов этого энергетического диапазона обсерваторий INTEGRAL и SWIFT более чем в 100 раз.

Основные научные задачи обсерватории:

  • обзор площадок неба (включая область центра Галактики) с максимальной чувствительностью для изучения популяций черных дыр различных масс и компактных объектов;
  • построение карт излучения радиоактивных элементов в молодых остатках вспышек сверхновых;
  • изучение происхождения релятивистских струй частиц, вылетающих из сверхмассивных черных дыр.

В дополнение к основной программе ожидается, что при помощи NuSTAR будет достигнут прогресс в различных областях астрофизики, от происхождения космических лучей до физики экстремальных состояний вещества у компактных объектов в нашей Галактике и картографирования микровспышек на Солнце. Планируется, что NuSTAR будет участвовать в наблюдениях транзиентных объектов неба (наблюдения Target of Opportunity).

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1Explorer 93НайтиНайти
2SMEX/NuStarНайтиНайти
3Small Explorer/NuSTARНайтиНайти
4Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR)НайтиНайти
538358НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
3Тип орбиты - НОО
4Страна производитель - США

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Длина (фокальная), метра10
2Масса, кг350
3Фокусное расстояние, метра10
4Платформа 1xLeoStar-2
5Диапазон (энергий), см^25-80
6Мощность, Вт729
7Спектральное разрешение (максимальная), Кэв60
8Угловое разрешение, угл. сек.10
9Эффективная площадь (зеркал), см^21000
10Временное разрешение, мксек100
11Размеры (при запуске), метра1,2 x 2,2
12Размеры (на орбите), метра1,2 x 10,9

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град6.0
2Апогей, км632.7
3Перигей, км612.5
4Период, минут97.0
5Длинный диаметр эллипса, км6993

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2012-031A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Страна (оператора)США
2Стоимость системы , млн. долл.120

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2012-06-13 at 16:00:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xNuSTAR
3Ракета-носитель 1xПегас XL

Найдено 387 документов по запросу «NuSTAR». [Перейти к поиску]


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..., QSO, Blazars IV 222 – The NuSTAR Extended Mission 223 – Luminous Stars... Focus: Science Highlights from the NuSTAR Mission, Fiona Harrison (Caltech) 334..., 3. SOFIA/USRA, 4. UCLA 140.22 – NuSTAR Observa ons of Hard X-ray... of California Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR Team 140.23 – A Suzaku Observa..., the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR), enabled studies of the local... long-term Extragalac c Surveys program, NuSTAR will survey the nearby popula... years of NuSTAR opera on. A short 15-25 ks NuSTAR exposure of... di Bologna Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR Extragalac c Surveys Team 144.43...(s): 1. Columbia University Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR Galac c Plane Survey Team 203... c Ridge X-ray Emission study with NuSTAR The paradigm of the Galac... the GRXE spectral study with NuSTAR hard X-ray mission launched into...(s): 1. UC Berkeley Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR 203.07 – The X-Ray Variability... NuSTAR Extended Mission AAS Special Session The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR... planned and executed by the NuSTAR science team based on community... mee ng to describe the NuSTAR extended mission plans, describe various... solicit community input. 222.01 – NuSTAR Galac c Center Survey During its... mission, the Nuclear Spectroscopic Array (NuSTAR) has carried out a survey of... their outbursts. Some of the NuSTAR point sources have remarkably hard... 10 keV, and most remarkably NuSTAR's sub-arcminute images above 20... University Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR 222.02 – NuSTAR Norma Arm Survey One... during the Nuclear Spectroscopic Array (NuSTAR) primary mission is a region of... covered a 2 deg x 0.8 deg field and NuSTAR has observed about half of... with a number of other instruments; NuSTAR is providing new insights 190... obscured HMXB. Four sources are NuSTAR discoveries, at least two of... seven of the remaining 21 NuSTAR sources to facilitate their iden...(s): NuSTAR 222.03 – The NuSTAR Galac c Plane Survey: The Legacy Program The NuSTAR... central hard X-ray emission. The NuSTAR legacy program is meant to.... Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR 222.04 – The NuSTAR Survey of SwiS/BAT..., the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR), enabled studies of the local... long-term Extragalac c Surveys program, NuSTAR will survey the nearby popula... Technology Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR 222.05 – The NuSTAR Serendipitous Survey A great... the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR), the first focusing X-ray observatory... the NuSTAR serendipitous survey, the largest area (~7 deg2) component of the NuSTAR... popula on sampled by the NuSTAR serendipitous survey is quasars with... team(s): NuSTAR 222.06 – The NuSTAR Survey of the COSMOS Field NuSTAR executed... Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR 222.07 – The NuSTAR Survey of the Extended... University Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR 222.08 – The NuSTAR Extragalac c Surveys: Number... of the Cosmic X-ray Background NuSTAR has carried out a mul - ered... studies. I will also show how NuSTAR has directly resolved >30% of... Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR 222.09 – Extended Mission NuSTAR Extragalac c Survey Plans During the extended mission, NuSTAR is reserving...fined samples of targets. The NuSTAR Science Team solicits community input...(s): 1. JPL/ Caltech Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR 223 – Luminous Stars in Nearby..., 2. University of Minnesota 304.06 – NuSTAR Observa ons of Galaxy Clusters... clusters so far observed by NuSTAR including the Bullet Cluster, the... Flight Center Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR team 305 – Supermassive Black Holes.... More recently, detailed analysis of a NuSTAR target of opportunity observa on... Focus: Science Highlights from the NuSTAR Mission, Fiona Harrison (Caltech) 333... Focus: Science Highlights from the NuSTAR Mission The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope... (for the brightest objects), beyond NuSTAR’s range, filling the gap between... observed with XMM-Newton and NuSTAR around Periastron in 2014.5 429... X-ray observatories, Chandra, XMM-Newton, NuSTAR, Suzaku and SwiN. With a high... observing campaign, XMM-Newton and NuSTAR coordinated two simultaneous observa ons... first observa on, XMM and NuSTAR detected stable X-ray emission from... high energy slope in the NuSTAR spectrum derives an electron temperature... component that dominates above 5 keV. NuSTAR did not detect, in either... spectra of Powerful Starburst Galaxies: NuSTAR and Chandra observa ons of... present nearly simultaneous Chandra and NuSTAR observa ons of two ac... nuclear regions. However, the steep NuSTAR spectra of both galaxies restricts..., 6. Texas Tech Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR Starburst Team 439 346 – Pulsars... Fermi, SwiN, XMM-Newton or NuSTAR. This group of master educators... of new observa ons from NuSTAR. Author(s): Tonia M. Venters7, Daniel R. Wik6... 0.5-30 keV with Chandra and NuSTAR An important ingredient in starburst..., 9. Texas Tech Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR team 426 – Galaxy Morphology 426... 10 keV with NuSTAR and SwiS BAT We present NuSTAR observa ons...(s): 1. ETH Zurich Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR 432.09 – Probing the Non..., Riverside, 4. Yale University 432.10 – NuSTAR Detec on of Mul ple...



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... he will speak with the Nustar Oil terminal, on behalf of... and NuStar on St. Eustatius. The draft environmental permit for NuStar is... the National Government consults with NuStar about the intended expansion. National...



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... NuSTAR Software Guide 3 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software Guide NuSTAR Software Guide 4 The NuSTAR... 1.5 Guide Organization ................................................................................................................................................ 12 2 NuSTAR DATA FILES ................................................................................................................................................... 13 2.1 NuSTAR File Naming Convention ......................................................................................................................... 13... orbital parameters ...................................................... 39 NuSTAR Software Guide 5 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software Guide... by NuSTARDAS ........................................................................................................ 73 NuSTAR Software Guide 6 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software Guide... Table Columns ......................................................................................................... 84 NuSTAR Software Guide 7 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software Guide... CHU1&3 combinations. .............................................................. 71 NuSTAR Software Guide 8 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software Guide... NuSTAR FITS formatted telemetry data produced at the NuSTAR Science Operations Center (NuSTAR... reduction flow diagram. NuSTAR Software Guide 9 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software Guide... reduction flow diagram NuSTAR Software Guide 10 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... NuSTAR science files. NuSTAR Software Guide 12 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software Guide 2 NuSTAR... are located in the NuSTAR archive structure. 2.1 NuSTAR File Naming Convention The... the observationID number. NuSTAR Software Guide 13 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... 'event_cl' archive directory. 2 NuSTAR Software Guide 15 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... 'event_cl' archive directory. NuSTAR Software Guide 16 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... outattfile=nu10012001002_att_corr.fits NuSTAR Software Guide 19 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software.... The 'BADPIX' extensions NuSTAR Software Guide 20 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... 'evtthr' (default=55). NuSTAR Software Guide 23 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... outfile=nu10012001002A_out.evt NuSTAR Software Guide 24 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software Guide Figure 2: Definition of the NuSTAR event grades NuSTAR Software Guide 25 The NuSTAR Data Analysis... hkfile=nu10012001002A_fpm.hk NuSTAR Software Guide 26 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... CALDB file 'evtcutfile'. NuSTAR Software Guide 27 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... following sub-sections. NuSTAR Software Guide 28 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... (coordinates 'DET1X', 'DET1Y'). NuSTAR Software Guide 29 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... mastaspectfile=nu10012001002_mast.fits NuSTAR Software Guide 31 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... det1reffile=nu10012001002A_det1.fits NuSTAR Software Guide 32 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... usrgtifile=myGTI.fits NuSTAR Software Guide 33 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software...=NUSTAR_TLE_ARCHIVE.txt.2013042 NuSTAR Software Guide 36 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... X/Y coordinates not linearized) NuSTAR Software Guide 39 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software...=0||METGRID_FLAG=2) (for FPMB) NuSTAR Software Guide 40 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... evtscreen=yes gradeexpr=0 NuSTAR Software Guide 43 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... corresponding output files. NuSTAR Software Guide 44 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... skydetfile=nu10012001002A_skydet.fits NuSTAR Software Guide 48 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... calibrated energy range NuSTAR Software Guide 50 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... the spectral analysis. NuSTAR Software Guide 51 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... file generation (grprmffile) NuSTAR Software Guide 52 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software...', 'mastaspectfile', 'attfile', 'det1reffile', NuSTAR Software Guide 53 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... corrected data products: NuSTAR Software Guide 55 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... extended source spectrum). NuSTAR Software Guide 56 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... bkgoutfile=nu10012001002A01_bkg_corr.pha NuSTAR Software Guide 58 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... mast/attitude variations. NuSTAR Software Guide 61 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software....rmf NuSTAR Software Guide 63 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software Guide NuSTAR Software Guide 64 The NuSTAR Data... 'yes' (default value). NuSTAR Software Guide 68 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... chu123hkfile=nu60002039002A_chu123.fits NuSTAR Software Guide 70 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... bkgregionfile=background_chu3.reg NuSTAR Software Guide 71 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... one (’splitmode=NORMAL’). NuSTAR Software Guide 72 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software.../ Table 7-1: Calibration Files NuSTAR Software Guide 75 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software... solution Table Columns NuSTAR Software Guide 83 The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software...



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... U.S.A. THE NUCLEAR SPECTROSCOPIC TELESCOPE ARRAY (NuSTAR) HIGH-ENERGY X-RAY MISSION Fiona... The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) mission, launched on 2012 June... and spatial and spectral resolution, NuSTAR will pursue five primary scientific...-only material: color figures 1. INTRODUCTION 2. NuSTAR OVERVIEW The last decade has...-H. The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Small Explorer mission is the... 2 yr baseline science mission. The NuSTAR observatory, shown in Figure 1, consists.... Figure 2. Effective collecting area of NuSTAR compared to selected operating focusing... of one backsideilluminated detector plane. NuSTAR provides good overlap with these... Sun. 3. NuSTAR OBSERVATORY AND MISSION DESIGN 4. THE NuSTAR SCIENCE INSTRUMENT The NuSTAR observatory... to remove image blurring Table 1 NuSTAR Mission Parameters Mission Parameter Mass... pointing reconstruction. 4.1. Optics The two NuSTAR optics modules each contain 133... various soft X-ray observatories. The NuSTAR relative response also matches nicely.... The systematic calibration errors between NuSTAR’s A and B telescopes are at the... neutron star Vela X-1 taken by NuSTAR during the instrument commissioning phase... for features on millisecond timescales. NuSTAR maintains relative stability of event... over a broad energy range enables NuSTAR to perform spectroscopy extending from... Programs FITS standard conventions. The NuSTAR software tasks retrieve the calibration... the NuSTAR FITS-formatted telemetry data (Level 1) produced at the NuSTAR Science... opportunities every orbit. Malindi provides NuSTAR with four of these contacts... also includes a main script, the NuSTAR pipeline (named “nupipeline”), allowing the... users. 7. TARGET OF OPPORTUNITY RESPONSE NuSTAR’s science program includes a number of... a model of NuSTAR and describes the 8. DATA ANALYSIS The NuSTAR Data Analysis... al. Table 5 Level 1 and Priority A NuSTAR Galactic Targets Working Group Heliophysics.... 10. THE BASELINE NuSTAR SCIENCE PROGRAM The baseline NuSTAR science program began... the highest priority observations that NuSTAR will undertake during its baseline... al. Table 6 Level 1 and Priority A NuSTAR Extragalactic Targets Working Group ULXs... constraints are currently available. The NuSTAR extragalactic survey will provide a significant.... 2008; Treister & Urry 2006). The NuSTAR extragalactic survey (Table 7) has three... source populations. We predict ∼100 NuSTAR-detected sources in the serendipitous... properties will provide important constraints. NuSTAR will perform a deep survey of... region are extremely sourceconfused, and NuSTAR’s vastly better PSF is required...–redshift distribution for the different NuSTAR Extragalactic surveys. The black diamonds... seven serendipitous sources discovered in NuSTAR extragalactic fields. (A color version of.... With this multilayered approach, the NuSTAR extragalactic survey will cover a broad...–redshift distribution for the different NuSTAR extragalactic surveys, derived using the... diagram for the first seven NuSTAR serendipitously detected AGNs (D. M. Alexander et... expect NuSTAR to find a much higher HMXB-to-CV fraction. NuSTAR will... existed until NuSTAR observed a large flare in 2012 July. The NuSTAR data... subarcminute angular resolution and ∼3 localizations, NuSTAR is searching for hard X-ray... sets clear constraints on γel . NuSTAR’s large bandwidth provides a unique tool... component of its blazar program, NuSTAR will participate in large multiwavelength... 2011). Assuming these stay active, NuSTAR will observe simultaneously with MAGIC... as determined by Fermi. robust, NuSTAR’s 1.2 Ms integration will significantly improve..., (3.1 ± 0.8) × 10−4 M (Grebenev et al. 2012). NuSTAR is executing several long observations... of Opportunity Observations of Supernovae NuSTAR will provide new insights into... identified before peak within the NuSTAR sensitivity distances. 14 The Astrophysical... observational proof is still missing. NuSTAR is providing definitive observations validating...), systematic uncertainties are still problematic. NuSTAR has already begun a program of.... Working together, XMM-Newton and NuSTAR can provide powerful observations aimed... shines (peaking at ∼1 keV), and NuSTAR will explore whether Comptonization of..., conversely, the claims are false, NuSTAR observations will provide tighter upper.... 2006). With a relatively short exposure, NuSTAR can measure an exquisitely precise... as a function of energy. Finally, NuSTAR plans a ToO observation of a magnetar... keV with NuSTAR. 10.6.4. Nearby Star-forming Galaxies The NuSTAR starburst program... are expected. Similarly, in G21.5−0.9 NuSTAR can determine the integrated spectrum....6.5. Magnetars and Rotation-powered Pulsars NuSTAR will observe a sample of rotation... have very modest intrinsic luminosities. NuSTAR plans a comprehensive program studying CTAGNs.... 2012). 10.6.9. Solar Physics The NuSTAR spacecraft and instrument are capable... telescope designed for astrophysical observations. NuSTAR will be able to detect... the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) mission, a project led by Caltech...



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... THE NUCLEAR SPECTROSCOPIC TELESCOPE ARRAY (NUSTAR) HIGH ENERGY X-RAY MISSION Fiona... The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) mission, launched on 13 June... sensitivity, spatial and spectral resolution, NuSTAR will pursue five primary scientific.... The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Small Explorer mission is the...-year baseline science mission 2. NUSTAR OVERVIEW The NuSTAR observatory, shown in Figure... NuSTAR’s collecting area as a func- The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Mission.... 3. NuSTAR OBSERVATORY AND MISSION DESIGN Fig. 2.— Effective collecting area of NuSTAR compared to selected operating focusing telescopes. NuSTAR provides good...- The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Mission 5 TABLE 3 Optics Parameters. Optics... view. In NuSTAR each pixel has ./0'1' !"#$%&'%()*'' +,-)+%&' ./0'3' ./0'4' Fig. 5.— Photo of a NuSTAR focal plane... the NuSTAR effective area in The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Mission... various soft Xray observatories. The NuSTAR relative response also matches nicely.... The systematic calibration errors between NuSTAR’s A and B telescopes are at the... over a broad energy range enables NuSTAR to perform spectroscopy extending from... neutron star Vela X-1 taken by NuSTAR during the instrument commissioning phase... for features on millisecond timescales. NuSTAR maintains relative stability of event... ephemeris is planned. 5.3. Background The NuSTAR background measured on-orbit is...- The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Mission vation. Both techniques work.... 5.4. Alignment and Absolute Astrometry The NuSTAR mast, optics bench and focal... execution. 7. TARGET OF OPPORTUNITY RESPONSE NuSTAR’s science program includes a number of... energetic GRBs. 8. DATA ANALYSIS The NuSTAR Data Analysis Software (NuSTARDAS) consists... (OGIP) FITS standard conventions. The NuSTAR software tasks retrieve the calibration... the NuSTAR FITS formatted telemetry data (Level 1) produced at the NuSTAR Science Operation Center (NuSTAR SOC) in Caltech. The... also includes a main script, the NuSTAR pipeline (named ‘nupipeline’), allowing the.... 10. THE BASELINE NUSTAR SCIENCE PROGRAM The baseline NuSTAR science program began... the highest priority observations that NuSTAR will undertake during its baseline...-redshift distribution for the different NuSTAR Extragalactic surveys. The black diamonds... seven serendipitous sources discovered in NuSTAR extragalactic fields. Resolving the sources... Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Mission 11 TABLE 5 Level 1 and Priority A NuSTAR Galactic Targets... constraints are currently available. The NuSTAR extragalactic survey will provide a significant.... 2005; Treister & Urry 2006). The NuSTAR extragalactic survey (Table 7) has three... this multi-layered approach, the NuSTAR extragalactic survey will cover a broad...-redshift distribution for the different NuSTAR Extragalactic surveys, derived using the... al. TABLE 6 Level 1 and Priority A NuSTAR Extragalactic Targets. Working Group ULXs... source populations. We predict ∼ 100 NuSTAR-detected sources in the serendipitous... The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Mission 13 TABLE 7 Extragalactic Survey... properties will provide important constraints. NuSTAR will perform a deep survey of... expect NuSTAR to find a much higher HMXB-to-CV fraction. NuSTAR will... existed until NuSTAR observed a large flare in July 2012. The NuSTAR data...-arcminute angular resolution and ∼ 3 localizations, NuSTAR is searching for hard X-ray...; 3.1 ± 0.8 × 10−4 M (Grebenev et al. 2012). NuSTAR is executing several long observations...- The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Mission try of the explosion... the INTEGRAL detection is robust, NuSTAR´s 1.2 Ms integration will significantly improve... within the NuSTAR sensitivity distances. 10.6. Additional Priority Science Observations NuSTAR will.... Working together, XMM-Newton and NuSTAR can provide powerful observations aimed... observational proof is still missing. NuSTAR is providing definitive observations validating... systematic uncertainties are still problematic. NuSTAR has already begun a program of..., conversely, the claims are false NuSTAR observations will provide tighter upper....6.4. Nearby Star Forming Galaxies The NuSTAR starburst program has two principal...- The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Mission sure times for these....6.5. Magnetars and Rotation Powered Pulsars NuSTAR will observe a sample of rotation.... 2006). With a relatively short exposure, NuSTAR can measure an exquisitely precise... as a function of energy. Finally, NuSTAR plans a target-ofopportunity observation of... are expected. Similarly, in G21.5-0.9 NuSTAR can determine the integrated spectrum... have very modest intrinsic luminosities. NuSTAR plans a comprehensive program studying CTAGN... telescope designed for astrophysical observations. NuSTAR will be able to detect... end of the NuSTAR primary mission. 11. SUMMARY The NuSTAR observatory, launched...). The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Mission 19 REFERENCES Abdo, A. A. et...



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... Images of the Sun with NuSTAR.” Astrophys. J., 826, 20 [DOI: 10... quiescent solar active regions with NuSTAR.” Astrophys. J. Lett., 820, L14 [DOI..., H. S., Grefenstette, B. W., Madsen, K. K., Caspi, A., & White, S. M., “Initial NuSTAR upper limits on quiet Sun... Impulsive Coronal Heating with Combined NuSTAR HXR Observations and Numerical Models... for faint solar HXRs with NuSTAR.” RHESSI 15th Workshop (Graz, Austria..., I. G., Grefenstette, B. W., Smith, D. M., et al. 2015, “NuSTAR X-ray observations of small flares..., D. M., Glesener, L., et al. 2015, “The NuSTAR Sensitivity to Quiet-Sun Transient... by small flares observed with NuSTAR, Hinode/XRT and RHESSI.” Hinode... by small flares observed with NuSTAR, Hinode/XRT and RHESSI.” RHESSI..., I. G., Smith, D. M., Marsh, A., et al. 2015, “NuSTAR's First Solar Observations.” RAS National... of nonflaring active regions with NuSTAR.” Coronal Loop Workshop VII (Cambridge... sources and active regions with NuSTAR.” AAS/AGU TESS #1, Abstract #204... transient solar X-ray emission with NuSTAR.” AAS/AGU TESS #1, Abstract #213..., A., et al. 2015, “NuSTAR's First Solar Observations.” 2015 NuSTAR Science Team Meeting..., I. G., Marsh, A., Glesener, L., et al. 2014, “NuSTAR’s first solar observations: Search for..., A., Hannah, I. G., Glesener, L., et al. 2014, “NuSTAR’s First Solar Observations: Search for..., I. G., Marsh, A., Glesener, L., et al. 2014, “NuSTAR’s First Solar Observations: Search for..., A., Hannah, I. G., Glesener, L., et al. 2014, “NuSTAR’s First Solar Observations: Search for..., I. G., Marsh, A., Glesener, L., et al. 2014, “NuSTAR's solar observing campaign: Towards detecting..., I. G., Marsh, A., Glesener, L., et al. 2014, “NuSTAR's solar observing campaign: Towards detecting...



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... Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) and NuSTAR LV Separation System • Eff Area: 3 m2... production is being demonstrated by NuSTAR for which ~8,000 segments are... Observatory (IXO) demonstrated through the NuSTAR program. Segment mounting and alignment... device are being developed for NuSTAR. There are two concepts under... of 8,000 glass segments for NuSTAR. The FMA alignment and metrology..., similar to the one on NuSTAR. High deployment accuracy and repeatability... Appendix F.2. Lessons learned from 1)  establishing NuSTAR mirror segment facilities and mirror... STS-99, Int'l Space Station, Nustar Chandra Common Common Common Common... extensive relevant expertise including with NuSTAR, IXO, SDO, and Chandra. The... ongoing experience in producing the NuSTAR mirror segments was factored into... Module was estimated based on NuSTAR actual costs, factoring in improve...



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NuSTAR DATA ANALYSIS Quickstart Guide Version 1.1 (... Forster, Brian Grefenstette, & Kristin Madsen NuSTAR Science Operations Center, California Institute....php NuSTAR Quickstart guide 2 Introduction The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) mission... energy (3-79 keV) X-ray observatory. NuSTAR will probe the hard X-ray... have operated in this bandpass. NuSTAR science data are processed automatically... SOC makes use of the NuSTAR Data Analysis Software package (NuSTARDAS... science archive for NuSTAR data. All data from the NuSTAR satellite will...’s Calibration Database. A description of the NuSTAR observatory and the primary science... to the NuSTAR Data Analysis Software (NuSTARDAS) and the NuSTAR Observatory Guide can be found on the NuSTAR data archive...://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/nustar). The purpose of this document... enable basic scientific analysis of NuSTAR data. For the purposes of.... o the NuSTAR calibration database (CALDB) (release 20130509 onwards). • downloaded the NuSTAR observation(s) to be processed from the NuSTAR archive at... multi-mission interactive archive (http://nustar.asdc.asi.it). • some experience... how to download and install NuSTAR software and CALDB, and how... to process NuSTAR data without downloading the many MBytes of NuSTAR CALDB... the NuSTAR CALDB. NuSTAR SOC - Caltech NuSTAR Quickstart guide 3 Data analysis overview NuSTAR data... 1 & 1a calibrated event files Figure 1 - NuSTAR data analysis stages within NuSTARDAS....2779154 2.0523883 deg) observed by NuSTAR on 2012-07-13 between....nasa.gov/FTP/nustar/data/obs/00/1/10012001002/ The NuSTAR observationID (obsID... 2 of the NuSTAR Data Analysis Software Guide. NuSTAR SOC - Caltech NuSTAR Quickstart guide... step users should run the NuSTAR data analysis pipeline (nupipeline) stages... the downloaded data directory. E.g. /disk/nustar/archive File naming convention is... the command: nupipeline indir=/disk/nustar/archive/10012001002/ outdir=./out steminputs... screened events files from the NuSTAR X-ray telescope. Detailed information about... first examining an observation. NuSTAR SOC - Caltech NuSTAR Quickstart guide 5 Extracting a point... by NuSTAR should be visible (assuming sufficient exposure time!) in the NuSTAR... files were generated at the NuSTAR SOC with default parameter settings... step. GIF files of the NuSTAR image, energy spectrum, and light... the source. Fig. 2 shows the NuSTAR FPMA image of 3C 273... when saving region files. Figure 2 - NuSTAR FPMA event image of obsID... region displayed in DS9 NuSTAR SOC - Caltech NuSTAR Quickstart guide 6 Use DS9... region file. A detailed discussion of NuSTAR background will come in a future... same detector. Fig. 3 shows the NuSTAR FPMA image of 3C 273...-4 – Photo of the NuSTAR focal plane. Figure 3 – NuSTAR FPMA event image of... regions displayed in DS9 Each NuSTAR focal plane consists of a 2x2... \ steminputs=nu10012001002 \ bkgextract=yes NuSTAR SOC - Caltech NuSTAR Quickstart guide 7 It is... indir. See sections 5 & 6 of the NuSTAR data analysis software guide for... parameter exitstage=3: nupipeline indir=/disk/nustar/archive/10012001002/ steminputs=nu10012001002 outdir... then coadded. Please review the NuSTAR FAQs on the HEASARC website... you have any questions about NuSTAR data analysis or technical issues....lc nu10012001002A01_sr.arf nu10012001002A01_sr.rmf NuSTAR SOC - Caltech Format FITS GIF... ARF file Source RMF file NuSTAR Quickstart guide Science mode image... observation (obsID 10012001002) Additional information NuSTAR website at Caltech – news about... information for proposers http://nustar.caltech.edu NuSTAR mission reference paper – Harrison... http://www.nustar.caltech.edu/uploads/files/harrison_2013_apj_770_103.pdf NuSTAR Science Operations....gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/nustar/analysis/nustar_swguide.pdf NuSTAR Observatory Guide http://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/nustar/NuSTAR_observatory_guide.pdf HEASARC NuSTAR home page at...://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/nustar/ HEASoft X-ray data analysis software... and NuSTAR Frequently Asked Questions http://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/nustar...-bin/Feedback NuSTAR CALDB guide – Corcoran, M.F. 2013 – CAL Memo CAL/NuSTAR/2012-001 http://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/heasarc/caldb/nustar/ The NuSTAR calibration database (CALDB) http....asdc.asi.it NuSTAR SOC - Caltech NuSTAR Quickstart guide 9 Appendix A – NuSTAR observation position angle The position angle of NuSTAR... view. Figure A1 – Definition of NuSTAR observation position angle. Note the...) exposures. NuSTAR SOC - Caltech NuSTAR Quickstart guide Appendix B – NuSTARDAS pipeline modules NuSTAR SOC...



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....com INTRODUCTION TO NUSTAR LOGISTICS L.P. NuStar Logistics, L.P.’s (NuStar) is a subsidiary of NuStar Energy L.P., which... Wyoming. The Regional Headquarters for NuStar Logistics, L.P. is located in Corpus... information on public safety or NuStar Logistics, L.P., please call our Central...) 249-9445. NUSTAR LOGISTICS L.P. SYSTEM OVERVIEW REFINED PRODUCT PIPELINES NuStar operates approximately... Rivers and Ardmore refineries to NuStar terminals or to interconnections with... prevention measures NuStar Logistics L.P. employs to help ensure pipeline integrity. NuStar fully... communities in which we operate. NuStar is committed to promoting pipeline... have addition- NUSTAR LOGISTICS L.P. DAMAGE PREVENTION MEASURES Pipeline Surveillance: NuStar regularly inspects and surveys the pipelines it operates. NuStar performs... At various locations along the NuStar pipelines, there is monitoring equipment... of flow and pressures along NuStar pipelines. Deviations from normal flow... a day, seven days a week. 14 NuStar Logistics L.P................................................................................................................ When an abnormal situation... to show their approximate location: NuStar has installed pipeline markers, similar..., they report these situations to NuStar field personnel who are dispatched... pipelines caused by excavation activities. NuStar has a continuing educational program to... Safety and environmental performance is NuStar’s first priority. Ensuring the mechanical... the public and environment. The NuStar Pipeline Integrity Management Program defines... applicable laws and regulations. The NuStar Pipeline Integrity Management Program assists... • Excavation damage prevention education • SCADA- NuStar applies Supervisory Control and Data... corrosion prevention- In NuStar pipelines that transport Colorado 2016 ...............................................................................................................NuStar Logistics L.P. products... to prevent corrosion. • Integrity testing- NuStar regularly performs in-line inspections... safe operation at normal pressures, NuStar performs pressure testing at pressures... unusually sensitive to environmental damage. NuStar has identified pipeline sections that.... PROGRAM EVALUATION AND IMPROVEMENT At NuStar we regularly evaluate and audit... application and identify improvement opportunities. NuStar enlists its own auditors and... to perform evaluations and audits. NuStar constantly seeks new products and... other concerns, please contact the NuStar Central West Public Awareness Manager... Christi, Texas at 361249-9445. NUSTAR LOGISTICS L.P. PIPELINE SAFETY TIPS FOR... receiving calls related to NuStar should call the NUSTAR LOGISTICS L.P.CONTROL CENTER... to contact NuStar at the number listed on our sign. A NuStar Representative... scene that NuStar Logistics L.P. personnel are on the way. NuStar Logistics L.P. personnel will be a valuable resource to your response team. • NuStar... arriving at the scene. All NuStar Logistics L.P. response personnel are trained... applicable laws and regulations. • The NuStar Logistics L.P. Pipeline Control Center in... NuStar Logistics L.P. Representative will have access to all Control Center information. NUSTAR... causing a hazardous condition. 16 NuStar Logistics L.P................................................................................................................ NUSTAR LOGISTICS L.P. EMERGENCY CONDITION COURSE OF ACTION If an emergency occurs NuStar... that no one other than a NuStar representative operate any pipeline equipment.... NUSTAR LOGISTICS L.P. EMERGENCY RESPONSE TELEPHONE NUMBERS Reporting a pipeline emergency allows NuStar and...: • Call 1-800-481-0038 regarding NuStar Logistics L.P. Pipelines • This number is... and nature of the situation. NUSTAR LOGISTICS L.P. AREA (LOCAL) REPRESENTATIVE(S) For... receive local contact numbers for NuStar Logistics L.P. Area Representative(s) please 17... 1-800-481-0038. LOCATION OF NUSTAR LOGISTICS L.P. EMERGENCY PLANS The Emergency... hours at 361-696-7552. NUSTAR LOGISTICS L.P. EMERGENCY RESPONSE RESOURCES Response... West Region is supplied by NuStar Logistics L.P.’s contracted Oil Spill Response...-term spill response throughout the NuStar Logistics L.P. coverage areas. • Termination and... required by the stakeholders. The NuStar Integrated Contingency Plan outlines the... the Unified Command System model. NUSTAR LOGISTICS L.P. COUNTY PIPELINE MAP We... environmental damage and product recovery. NuStar Logistics L.P. – Central West Region’s response... Plan which outlines NuStar’s response to emergency incidents. NuStar’s Spill Mitigation Procedures..., and Local agencies. Colorado 2016 ...............................................................................................................NuStar Logistics L.P. aa nn yy LL...



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... the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Hongjun An Submitted in partial... the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Hongjun An In this thesis... the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR). HEFT is the first experiment... the fabrication technique for the NuSTAR optics, focusing on the epoxy... The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) 88 4 Introduction 89 5 Science Objectives... selection of epoxy for the NuSTAR optics . . . . . . . . . . 106 6.3.1 Epoxy candidates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106... al., 2011) 4.1 The NuSTAR Telescopes. 4.2 Picture of a NuSTAR optic (the first flight... epoxy. 6.5 Epoxy application process for NuSTAR optics. 6.6 Epoxy sample after mixing... flat telescope prototypes, (b) For the NuSTAR optics. We used spring pressure... used pneumatic pressure for the NuSTAR optics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x 112 6.11 A flat telescope... 2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi 127 6.24 The integrated NuSTAR observatory, including the instrument and... vibration testing. (from http://www.nustar.caltech.edu/news/35/71... view of the NuSTAR laser scanner from above. 7.4 The NuSTAR laser scanner... the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) collaboration. I specially thank Fiona Harrison... a larger photon collecting area. The NuSTAR optic shares the same concepts.... This was discovered during the NuSTAR optics calibration and the effect... of Columbia University for the NuSTAR mission. 3.6.2.5 Conclusion The analysis of... Array (NuSTAR) 89 CHAPTER 4. INTRODUCTION Chapter 4 Introduction Figure 4.1: The NuSTAR Telescopes. Figure 4.2: Picture of a NuSTAR optic (the first...). The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) is a NASA Small Explorer experiment... in a high energy astrophysics mission. NuSTAR has a number of major science... equatorial orbit for low background. NuSTAR is scheduled to launch in... science goals at which the NuSTAR experiment aims are rather challenging... of NuSTAR, demonstrated the possibility of attaining the science goals, NuSTAR requires... is not acceptable for the NuSTAR mission. Evaluation of many epoxies... HEFT, has been conducted and NuSTAR candidate epoxies selected (chapter 6). As... and et al., 2007] (figure 5.1). NuSTAR will conduct a survey on AGNs... al., 1995] predict different spectra. NuSTAR is able to measure the.... Hard X-ray observations in the NuSTAR energy band are not contaminated... 97 observations are required and NuSTAR will cover the hard X-ray.... The unique imaging capability of NuSTAR in the hard X-ray energy... mass in young supernova remnants, NuSTAR will probe the dynamics of... [Muno and et al., 2009]. NuSTAR will conduct follow-up observations.... With the follow-up observations, NuSTAR will provide information about the... calculations. Another important question that NuSTAR may answer is the relative... its timing and spectral capability, NuSTAR will be able to search... the outgassing is a concern for NuSTAR optics, which are required to... The grazing incidence optics of NuSTAR telescopes are composed of many... of the optic (figure 6.2). Secondly a NuSTAR optic employs a large amount of... selection of epoxy for the NuSTAR optics Epoxy candidates There are... Figure 6.5: Epoxy application process for NuSTAR optics. 6.3.2.1 Mixing and Degassing The... flat telescope prototypes, (b) For the NuSTAR optics. We used spring pressure... used pneumatic pressure for the NuSTAR optics. We take extra care... thick) which is used for NuSTAR. Flat, rectangular pieces of glass... line epoxies. 6.3.3.2 Epoxy outgassing studies NuSTAR optics use a large amount of... on shell radius) than in a NuSTAR bond line. Measurements on more... constants. The outgassing of the NuSTAR epoxy is investigated in three... 6.20). As a practical matter for NuSTAR, these curves can directly yield... 128 Figure 6.24: The integrated NuSTAR observatory, including the instrument and.... Over the life time of NuSTAR (2+ years), the degradation would be... the glass-graphite-epoxy composite NuSTAR optics. Elementary considerations have been... than have been employed on NuSTAR. Similarly higher quality measurements of... of the NuSTAR laser scanner from above. Figure 7.4: The NuSTAR laser scanner.... 7.2.3 Automatic Shell Alignment Building the NuSTAR optics needed to be done... that azimuthal position. During the NuSTAR development and build, there was... precise radius measurement, but for NuSTAR we relied on the master... manufacturing the HEFT and the NuSTAR optics. The software produces a 3-D height... machine. The alignment for the NuSTAR assembly machine was done to... in developing and building the NuSTAR optics. During development, these data... on the object. For the NuSTAR project, I worked on the fabrication.... The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR): Optics overview and current status.... Development of the HEFT and NuSTAR focusing telescopes. Exp. Astron, 20.... The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR). Proc. SPIE, 7732:77320S–77320S...