Спутник ФКИ. NuSTAR. [Редактировать]

NuSTAR (SMEX 11) – космическая обсерватория NASA в программе малых космических спутников SMEX (Small Explorer). Его размеры 1,2 x 2,2 м при запуске и 1,2 x 10,9 м в ОКП, масса составляет 350 кг. Он выведен на орбиту 575 x 600 км и наклонением 6º. Полезная жизнь, ограниченная высотой орбиты, оценивается в семь лет, хотя первичная миссия продолжится только два года. Солнечные панели могут производить 729 ватт энергии.

Спутник использует платформу LEOStar-2. Это первый космический телескоп жесткого рентгеновского диапазона (7-80 кэВ), работающий на принципе скользящего отражения – отражения рентгеновских и гамма-лучей под очень малыми углами к поверхности зеркал. Работа в этом участке электромагнитного спектра ранее велась только с использованием принципа кодирующей апертуры, что существенным образом ограничивало их чувствительность. В приборах, работающих по принципу кодирующей апертуры, сигнал источника необходимо вычленять на фоне большого инструментального фона, собираемого с практически всего детектора. В случае зеркальной системы фотоны источника проецируются в малую часть детектора, и, следовательно, влияние инструментального фона на измерения может быть на порядки меньше.

Разработка телескопа началась в 2005 году, однако в 2007-м году из-за сокращения бюджета NASA на научные программы, проект был закрыт. Но уже в тот же год учёные возобновили работы по разработке телескопа и в начале 2012 года он был построен. Инструменты NuSTAR состоят из двух соосных телескопов со специальным покрытием поверхности и детекторов новой разработки, что позволит им эффективно работать до энергий 70-80 кэВ. Фокальная длина телескопа составляет около 10 м. Такая большая фокальная длина телескопа при малом размере спутника будет достигаться за счет раздвижения специальных ферм уже после вывода спутника на орбиту. Прототип телескопов NuSTAR (под названием HEFT) был успешно испытан при запуске на баллоне в 2005 году. Ожидается, что чувствительность зеркальной системы спутника NuSTAR будет превышать чувствительность лучших современных инструментов этого энергетического диапазона обсерваторий INTEGRAL и SWIFT более чем в 100 раз.

Основные научные задачи обсерватории:

  • обзор площадок неба (включая область центра Галактики) с максимальной чувствительностью для изучения популяций черных дыр различных масс и компактных объектов;
  • построение карт излучения радиоактивных элементов в молодых остатках вспышек сверхновых;
  • изучение происхождения релятивистских струй частиц, вылетающих из сверхмассивных черных дыр.

В дополнение к основной программе ожидается, что при помощи NuSTAR будет достигнут прогресс в различных областях астрофизики, от происхождения космических лучей до физики экстремальных состояний вещества у компактных объектов в нашей Галактике и картографирования микровспышек на Солнце. Планируется, что NuSTAR будет участвовать в наблюдениях транзиентных объектов неба (наблюдения Target of Opportunity).

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1Explorer 93НайтиНайти
2SMEX/NuStarНайтиНайти
3Small Explorer/NuSTARНайтиНайти
4Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR)НайтиНайти
538358НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
3Тип орбиты - НОО
4Страна производитель - США

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Длина (фокальная), метра10
2Масса, кг350
3Фокусное расстояние, метра10
4Платформа 1xLeoStar-2
5Диапазон (энергий), см^25-80
6Мощность, Вт729
7Спектральное разрешение (максимальная), Кэв60
8Угловое разрешение, угл. сек.10
9Эффективная площадь (зеркал), см^21000
10Временное разрешение, мксек100
11Размеры (при запуске), метра1,2 x 2,2
12Размеры (на орбите), метра1,2 x 10,9

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град6.0
2Апогей, км632.7
3Перигей, км612.5
4Период, минут97.0
5Длинный диаметр эллипса, км6993

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2012-031A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Страна (оператора)США
2Стоимость системы , млн. долл.120

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2012-06-13 at 16:00:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xNuSTAR
3Ракета-носитель 1xПегас XL

Найдено 593 документов по запросу «NuSTAR». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-06-16
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0.07/5
NuSTAR Educator’s Guide X-Rays on Earth and From Space NuSTAR Educator’s Guide... and Space Administration http://www.NuSTAR.caltech.edu/ Content About this... Literacy Standards - page 6 About NuSTAR - page 7 Components of NuSTAR - page 8 What are... Medium? - page 29 Article 4: NASA’s NuSTAR Telescope Discovers Shockingly Bright Dead... 45 Appendix C - References - page 46 NuSTAR Educator’s Guide -- The activities in... NASA’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR). Summaries of the activities in... observations of NuSTAR. We have also included information about NuSTAR, what kind... analyze four different articles about NuSTAR discoveries regarding black holes. This... Brief overview: Activity 4 – Medical X-rays NuSTAR has a 10-meter rigid mast... objective summary of the text. 7 NuSTAR addresses exciting questions like: How... as making focused X-ray images, NuSTAR’s scientific capabilities also include the.... NASA’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, NuSTAR, is opening a new window on... Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR)? About NuSTAR Components of NuSTAR Solar Panel NuSTAR’s solar panel.... Deployable Mast Essential to the NuSTAR design is a deployable mast which... design. Using a deployable structure allowed NuSTAR to launch on a Pegasus XL.... 8 Assembly of the first NuSTAR optics module. NuSTAR flies two optics units... the NuSTAR optical axis. Such events are the primary background for NuSTAR... energetic than gamma rays. Fig. 1 NuSTAR can only observe a small portion... its original invention as a microscope. NuSTAR’s specialized Wolter-I mirrors reflect X-rays..., ruler, laser, etc.) C. Applications to NuSTAR 1. Zero degrees 2. All of it.... To maximize the collecting area, NuSTAR optical engineers created many nested... knowledge of multiple reflections to NuSTAR. 3 Students are mostly able to... knowledge of multiple reflections to NuSTAR. 2 Students can somewhat measure, calculate... knowledge of multiple reflections to NuSTAR. 1 Students have difficulty measuring, calculating... and engineers developing telescopes like NuSTAR must overcome a unique problem; X-rays... six-mirror design. C. Applications to NuSTAR Imagine you were shining a wider... 5. The specialized Wolter-I mirrors in NuSTAR reflect X-rays at grazing angles... so many nested mirrors? Fig.4 NuSTAR’s telescope consists of two sections... Background Information Essential to the NuSTAR design is a deployable mast that... design. Using a deployable structure allowed NuSTAR to launch on a Pegasus XL... analyze four different articles about NuSTAR black hole discoveries • Get a better... analyze four different articles about NuSTAR discoveries regarding black holes. This... a science literacy extension. Background information: NuSTAR is the first focusing high... presentation. 25 Answers Summaries: NASA’s NuSTAR Spots Flare From Milky Way... the monstrous central black hole, NuSTAR saw X-rays from a smaller bright... stellar-mass black hole). NASA’s NuSTAR Telescope Discovers Shockingly Bright Dead...: The observations were made by NuSTAR and reported by Principal Investigator... et Planétologie, using NuSTAR. NASA’s NuSTAR Telescope Discovers Shockingly Bright Dead...: The observations were made by NuSTAR and reported by Principal Investigator... that is unusually bright. Predict: NuSTAR will see flares from supermassive..., the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR), has caught its first look...’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, or NuSTAR, has captured these first, focused..., NASA’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR), which sees higher-energy X-ray...’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR). The NuSTAR data, which appear as colored..., Chandra and NuSTAR observed the same region simultaneously. The NuSTAR observations -- the... combination of coordinated Chandra and NuSTAR observations is extremely powerful for... like this,” said Lou Kaluzienski, NuSTAR Program Scientist at NASA Headquarters...’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, or NuSTAR, is busy scrutinizing a class of... the proposed medium-sized category. NuSTAR is joining with other telescopes...-Caltech Article 4: October 8, 2014 NASA’s NuSTAR Telescope Discovers Shockingly Bright Dead...’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, or NuSTAR. ULXs are generally thought to... remnants,” said Fiona Harrison, the NuSTAR principal investigator at the California... follow-up observations with NASA’s NuSTAR, Swift and Chandra spacecraft to... fascinating objects.” The key to NuSTAR’s discovery was its sensitivity to... holes changed as a result of NuSTAR’s observations? People and Science: Who... NASA www.nasa.gov NuSTAR mission site www.nustar.caltech.edu Visit... news, multimedia, and information about NuSTAR. Chandra mission site http://chandra... Chandra X-ray Observatory. NuSTAR Paper Model http://www.nustar.caltech.edu/page/paper_model Build your own model of the NuSTAR... program, but addresses one of NuSTAR’s main scientific objectives: the study... Jet Propulsion Laboratory (2012). “NASA’s NuSTAR Spots Flare From Milky Way... Jet Propulsion Laboratory (2014). “NASA’s NuSTAR Telescope Discovers Shockingly Bright Bead...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-15
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0.18/5
....HE] 13 Nov 2015 THE NUSTAR EXTRAGALACTIC SURVEY: FIRST DIRECT MEASUREMENTS... energies from sources in the NuSTAR extragalactic survey program. Our results... with our NuSTAR sample. Ultimately, X-ray spectral analysis of the NuSTAR sources... high-redshift population seen by NuSTAR tend to over-predict previous... Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (hereafter NuSTAR, Harrison et al. 2013) is... the primary objectives of the NuSTAR mission is to identify and... the CXB. To this end, NuSTAR is executing a multi-layered program... survey program and show that NuSTAR is directly resolving ∼ 35% of... (> 8 keV) energies from across the NuSTAR extragalactic survey program. Section 2 describes... z>0.1 2. DATA AND SAMPLE SELECTION The NuSTAR extragalactic survey program (see Harrison... for serendipitous detections across all NuSTAR observations (Alexander et al. 2013... select sources from across the NuSTAR extragalactic survey program that are... detected at 8–24 keV energies. NuSTAR provides unprecedented sensitivity at these... normalization of R = 1, folded through the NuSTAR response. Section 3.1 gives a detailed description... and future prospects for the NuSTAR survey program in Section 5 and... selected sample from the various NuSTAR survey components, as indicated. Luminosities... sources in the ECDFS (NuSTAR J033212-2752.3 and NuSTAR J033243-2738.3), which... et al. (2014). We retain NuSTAR J033122-2743.9 (which lacks a low... will substantially contaminate the entire NuSTAR field-of-view. span a wide... NuSTAR fields, corresponding to a total area coverage of 4.40 deg2 . These NuSTAR... keV flux) for the various NuSTAR extragalactic survey components, as indicated... X-ray and multiwavelength properties of NuSTAR sources. 3. METHODOLOGY 3.1. Luminosity estimates For... to the observed 8– 24 keV NuSTAR band (where we perform detection... becoming the standard for extragalactic NuSTAR surveys (e.g. Alexander et al. 2013.... X-ray spectral analysis of the NuSTAR sources is underway (see Alexander... true values for an individual NuSTAR source. This simple spectral model... model is folded through the NuSTAR response function; thus we account... keV and NH for a single NuSTAR 8-24 keV detection (main panel... dotted line), extrapolated to the NuSTAR energy band. See Section 3.1 for... effect is significant in our NuSTAR survey data (see C15). The... the X-ray luminosity function Our NuSTAR sample is relatively small and... spectral model and the appropriate NuSTAR response function. The Nmdl term... THE X-RAY LUMINOSITY FUNCTION WITH NUSTAR In this section we present... the harder energies probed by NuSTAR. Our binned estimates are listed... number of sources in our NuSTAR sample (i.e. under-predicts Nmdl). These... and geometric mean luminosity for NuSTAR sources in each bin. There... reflection when extrapolating to the NuSTAR band does not contradict the... our NuSTAR data, although the limited range of luminosities probed by NuSTAR... our NuSTAR sample (see further discussion in Section 5.2 below). Our NuSTAR measurements... consistent with our higher redshift NuSTAR data— over -predict the local... of sources in our highredshift NuSTAR sample (see Figure 5, discussed in... in our analysis of the NuSTAR number counts, where the predictions... a good agreement with the observed NuSTAR number counts but over-predict... the higher redshifts probed by NuSTAR that is not fully accounted... high-redshift population seen by NuSTAR, over-predict the observed z ∼ 0 XLF... sources in our high-redshift NuSTAR sample. These findings indicate that... a good agreement between our observed NuSTAR sample and the extrapolation of... is needed to reconcile our NuSTAR sample with the extrapolated model... a single source in our NuSTAR sample (NuSTAR J033202–2746.8 in the ECDFS... reflection to the CXB. Recent NuSTAR studies have provided constraints on... identify candidate Comptonthick AGNs among NuSTAR detected sources in the survey... candidates (∼ 13 − 20% of the NuSTAR sources) is significantly higher than... first ten sources from the NuSTAR serendipitous survey, finding a high fraction... of sources from across the NuSTAR extragalactic survey program will be... though, the ability of the NuSTAR survey program to constrain the...) and continues to grow as NuSTAR observes targets. The dedicated survey... the accretion density. Our current NuSTAR sample is limited to luminous... the expected fraction in our NuSTAR survey and the absolute numbers... or 3–24 keV in the NuSTAR surveys have statistically significant counts... into better agreement with our NuSTAR sample. However, with R ≈ 2 the Aird... the higher energies probed by NuSTAR are vital to accurately characterize... high-redshift population detected by NuSTAR tend to over-predict the... X-ray spectral analysis of the NuSTAR survey should enable us to... NuSTAR detections may enable us to probe a factor ∼2 deeper. The ongoing NuSTAR... Space Administration. We thank the NuSTAR Operations, Software and Calibration teams... has made use of the NuSTAR Data Analysis Software (NUSTARDAS) jointly... of Astrophysics, MAS (FEB); NASA NuSTAR subcontract 44A-1092750 and NASA...



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0.04/5
...’s National Harbor 2 Potomac Ballroom C Array (NuSTAR) Astrophysics Data Analysis Program Potomac... The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Poster Session 439 The Exciting...: morphology and spectral studies with NuSTAR Krivonos, Roman1; Tomsick, John1; Bauer..., Greenbelt, MD. Contributing teams: The NuSTAR Team 336.07 XMM-Newton... View of Starburst Galaxies with NuSTAR Hornschemeier, Ann E.1, 2; Wik, Daniel R.1; Lehmer... JPL, Pasadena, CA. Contributing teams: NuSTAR Team 303 thursday Events and...) Light: Resolving its Emission with NuSTAR Wik, Daniel R.1, 2; Lehmer, Bret2, 1; Yukita... JPL, Pasadena, CA. Contributing teams: NuSTAR Team 410.05D The Dynamics... The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Thursday, 10:00 AM - 11... D The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR), launched on 2012 June 13... missions in this energy band, NuSTAR has opened the high-energy... first year of the mission, NuSTAR has undertaken a range of studies... the status and performance of NuSTAR, and present science results from... Array (NuSTAR) Stern, Daniel1 1. JPL/ Caltech, Pasadena, CA. Contributing teams: NuSTAR Team 416.02 NuSTAR Observations of the Cassiopeia.... Contributing teams: The NuSTAR Team THURSDAY 416.03 NuSTAR Reveals Intrinsically X-ray... teams: The NuSTAR Science Team 416.04 The NuSTAR Black Hole Spin..., Pasadena, CA. Contributing teams: The NuSTAR Team 416.05 A first look... high energy X-ray population with NuSTAR Civano, Francesca M.1, 2 1. Dartmouth College, Cambridge..., Cambridge, MA. Contributing teams: the NuSTAR Team 417 Young Stellar Objects... The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) Poster Session Thursday, 9:00 AM... Hall ABC 438.01 Public NuSTAR Archive at the HEASARC Marshall... A* X-ray Flares Simultaneously Detected by NuSTAR And Chandra Zhang, Shuo1; Barriere... University, Boston, MA. Contributing teams: NuSTAR team POSTERS THURSDAY 438.03... above 10 keV in the NuSTAR Galactic Center Survey Mori, Kaya1... teams: NuSTAR team 438.04 NGC 4151 as Revealed by NuSTAR and.... Contributing teams: The NuSTAR team 438.05 NuSTAR observatory operations and data... Observations of Mrk 501 with NuSTAR Furniss, Amy1; Paneque, David2; Madejski..., New Haven, CT. 438.07 A NuSTAR Perspective on the X-ray Binary..., TX. Contributing teams: NuSTAR Team 438.08 NuSTAR analysis of the PWN..., CA. Contributing teams: NuSTAR Team First Results from NuSTAR observations of Galactic...., New York, NY. Contributing teams: NuSTAR Team POSTERS 438.10 Revealing... Physical Properties of AGN with NuSTAR, XMM and Suzaku Brenneman, Laura1..., Pasadena, CA. Contributing teams: the NuSTAR team THURSDAY 438.09 329... Center, Greenbelt, MD. Contributing teams: NuSTAR, Swift, MAGIC, VERITAS POSTERS THURSDAY... hole transient in quiescence with NuSTAR and XMM-Newton Rana, Vikram1... Laboratory, Pasadena, CA. 438.13 NuSTAR observations of SMC X-1 at two... of the Galactic Center with NuSTAR Perez, Kerstin1; Hailey, Charles J.1; Mori... teams: NuSTAR Team 330 thursday poster Sessions 438.15 NuSTAR Effective Area... Tech. U., Copenhagen, Denmark. Contributing teams: NuSTAR Team 438.16 In Search... AGN in Starburst Galaxies with NuSTAR Ptak, Andrew1, 2; Hornschemeier, Ann E.1, 2; Zezas... the soft state measured by NuSTAR and Suzaku Tomsick, John1; Nowak... of 1E 1740.7-2942 by NuSTAR and INTEGRAL Natalucci, Lorenzo1; Tomsick..., MD. POSTERS THURSDAY 438.19 NuSTAR/XMM-Newton Detection of a Hard.../GSFC, Greenbelt, MD. 438.20 NuSTAR discovery of a luminosity dependent cyclotron...-GSFC, Greenbelt, MD. 438.21 NuSTAR Imaging of Pulsar Wind Nebulae... Hall ABC 443.01 The NuSTAR Ultraluminous X-ray Source Program Walton..., Pasadena, CA. Contributing teams: The NuSTAR Team POSTERS 443 Black Holes...



Дата загрузки: 2017-04-08
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0.19/5
... Granada For the MATS collaboration NUSTAR week 2012, Kolkata (India) October... requirements for MATS • Summary & outlook “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012..., SHIPTRAP LEBIT, TITAN, TRIGA-TRAP “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012... fission X Spontane ous fission HCI “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012..., SHIPTRAP LEBIT, TITAN, TRIGA-TRAP “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012... al., Science 337 (2012) 1207. “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012...., Phys. Rev. C 85 (2012) 064308 “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012...) “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012 D. Rodríguez Recent highlights (SHIPTRAP) NUSTAR... al., Science 337 (2012) 1207 “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012... (Giessen, GSI, Jyväskylä, KVI) “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012... (Giessen, GSI, Jyväskylä, KVI) “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012...) Start data taking: 05/09 “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012...) Start data taking: 05/09 “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012... at ~100 eV accuracy level “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012... et al. (2012), in press “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012... for Mg+ ions cooling (FEDER2010) “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012... for Mg+ ions cooling (FEDER2010) “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012... for Mg+ ions cooling (FEDER2010) “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012... has been characterized !!! P. Thirolf, C. weber “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012... al., PRL 105 (2010) 202501) “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012... al., NIMB 266 (2008) 4560 “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012... al., NIMB 266 (2008) 4560 “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012... right now too much time) “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012....0 3,414.1 1,392.6 MPIK-Heidelberg TOTAL “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012... operate it at reasonable pressures. “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012...-Liebig-Universität Gießen (2011) “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012... from FRS Courtesy by W.R. Plaß “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012... ~ 25 ms Courtesy by W.R. Plaß “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012... ~ 25 ms Courtesy by W.R. Plaß “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012... LEB to perform the measurements. “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012... of you For your attention “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012.../02/2011) Pre-construction MoU “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October 2012... al., GSI Scientific Report, NUSTAR-SHE (2011) “NUSTAR week 2012” Kolkata • October...



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0.09/5
... Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, or NuStar, is managed by JPL. Led... be able to restart the NuStar mission, which we expect to... for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate. “NuStar has more than 500 times... restart of the highly-valued NuStar mission is an example of... Failure At Enceladus’s Tiger Stripes.” NuStar Continued from page 1 Saiz-Lopez... high-priority scientific inves- The NuStar team is in the process...-synthesized preliminary design of the NuStar observatory will be material in... completed by May 2009. The NuStar instrument will nucleosynthesis and explosion... November 2010. active galactic nuclei. NuStar includes several key university and... and UC gators on the NuStar science team. The pair will... survey. the development of the NuStar hard X-ray optics. ATK “For... currently manages the Space Tech- NuStar instrument. The spacecraft will be... spacecraft system, instrument the talented NuStar team members to build the... the first half Kim said NuStar will be the first highly... the astrophysics and heliophysics scientific “NuStar’s unprecedented combination of sensitivity may... NuStar originally was selected from proposals sub- For more information about NuStar, visit http:// www.nustar.caltech.edu. to...



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0.03/5
..., QSO, Blazars IV 222 – The NuSTAR Extended Mission 223 – Luminous Stars... Focus: Science Highlights from the NuSTAR Mission, Fiona Harrison (Caltech) 334..., 3. SOFIA/USRA, 4. UCLA 140.22 – NuSTAR Observa ons of Hard X-ray... of California Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR Team 140.23 – A Suzaku Observa..., the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR), enabled studies of the local... long-term Extragalac c Surveys program, NuSTAR will survey the nearby popula... years of NuSTAR opera on. A short 15-25 ks NuSTAR exposure of... di Bologna Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR Extragalac c Surveys Team 144.43...(s): 1. Columbia University Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR Galac c Plane Survey Team 203... c Ridge X-ray Emission study with NuSTAR The paradigm of the Galac... the GRXE spectral study with NuSTAR hard X-ray mission launched into...(s): 1. UC Berkeley Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR 203.07 – The X-Ray Variability... NuSTAR Extended Mission AAS Special Session The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR... planned and executed by the NuSTAR science team based on community... mee ng to describe the NuSTAR extended mission plans, describe various... solicit community input. 222.01 – NuSTAR Galac c Center Survey During its... mission, the Nuclear Spectroscopic Array (NuSTAR) has carried out a survey of... their outbursts. Some of the NuSTAR point sources have remarkably hard... 10 keV, and most remarkably NuSTAR's sub-arcminute images above 20... University Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR 222.02 – NuSTAR Norma Arm Survey One... during the Nuclear Spectroscopic Array (NuSTAR) primary mission is a region of... covered a 2 deg x 0.8 deg field and NuSTAR has observed about half of... with a number of other instruments; NuSTAR is providing new insights 190... obscured HMXB. Four sources are NuSTAR discoveries, at least two of... seven of the remaining 21 NuSTAR sources to facilitate their iden...(s): NuSTAR 222.03 – The NuSTAR Galac c Plane Survey: The Legacy Program The NuSTAR... central hard X-ray emission. The NuSTAR legacy program is meant to.... Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR 222.04 – The NuSTAR Survey of SwiS/BAT..., the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR), enabled studies of the local... long-term Extragalac c Surveys program, NuSTAR will survey the nearby popula... Technology Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR 222.05 – The NuSTAR Serendipitous Survey A great... the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR), the first focusing X-ray observatory... the NuSTAR serendipitous survey, the largest area (~7 deg2) component of the NuSTAR... popula on sampled by the NuSTAR serendipitous survey is quasars with... team(s): NuSTAR 222.06 – The NuSTAR Survey of the COSMOS Field NuSTAR executed... Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR 222.07 – The NuSTAR Survey of the Extended... University Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR 222.08 – The NuSTAR Extragalac c Surveys: Number... of the Cosmic X-ray Background NuSTAR has carried out a mul - ered... studies. I will also show how NuSTAR has directly resolved >30% of... Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR 222.09 – Extended Mission NuSTAR Extragalac c Survey Plans During the extended mission, NuSTAR is reserving...fined samples of targets. The NuSTAR Science Team solicits community input...(s): 1. JPL/ Caltech Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR 223 – Luminous Stars in Nearby..., 2. University of Minnesota 304.06 – NuSTAR Observa ons of Galaxy Clusters... clusters so far observed by NuSTAR including the Bullet Cluster, the... Flight Center Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR team 305 – Supermassive Black Holes.... More recently, detailed analysis of a NuSTAR target of opportunity observa on... Focus: Science Highlights from the NuSTAR Mission, Fiona Harrison (Caltech) 333... Focus: Science Highlights from the NuSTAR Mission The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope... (for the brightest objects), beyond NuSTAR’s range, filling the gap between... observed with XMM-Newton and NuSTAR around Periastron in 2014.5 429... X-ray observatories, Chandra, XMM-Newton, NuSTAR, Suzaku and SwiN. With a high... observing campaign, XMM-Newton and NuSTAR coordinated two simultaneous observa ons... first observa on, XMM and NuSTAR detected stable X-ray emission from... high energy slope in the NuSTAR spectrum derives an electron temperature... component that dominates above 5 keV. NuSTAR did not detect, in either... spectra of Powerful Starburst Galaxies: NuSTAR and Chandra observa ons of... present nearly simultaneous Chandra and NuSTAR observa ons of two ac... nuclear regions. However, the steep NuSTAR spectra of both galaxies restricts..., 6. Texas Tech Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR Starburst Team 439 346 – Pulsars... Fermi, SwiN, XMM-Newton or NuSTAR. This group of master educators... of new observa ons from NuSTAR. Author(s): Tonia M. Venters7, Daniel R. Wik6... 0.5-30 keV with Chandra and NuSTAR An important ingredient in starburst..., 9. Texas Tech Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR team 426 – Galaxy Morphology 426... 10 keV with NuSTAR and SwiS BAT We present NuSTAR observa ons...(s): 1. ETH Zurich Contribu ng team(s): NuSTAR 432.09 – Probing the Non..., Riverside, 4. Yale University 432.10 – NuSTAR Detec on of Mul ple...



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0.16/5
... rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A. NuSTAR OBSERVATIONS OF GRB 130427A ESTABLISH... the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope ARray (NuSTAR) to observe it in the..., and ground-based optical data, NuSTAR observations unambiguously establish a single afterglow... ARray (NuSTAR; Harrison et al. 2013). Here we describe our NuSTAR afterglow... upper limits (ULs) during the NuSTAR epochs. In Section 4 we present.... (2013), Ackermann et al. 2. NuSTAR OBSERVATIONS NuSTAR was launched on 2012 June... afterglow above 10 keV. The NuSTAR data thus provide an important... 10−11 10−12 105 −8 NuSTAR Intervals 2×105 3×105 Time since... keV NuSTAR 3−10 keV NuSTAR 10−30 keV NuSTAR 30−79 keV NuSTAR 3−79... inset zooms in on the NuSTAR epochs. The LAT ULs are... power-law fits during the NuSTAR epochs. (A color version of this... with HEASOFT 6.13 and the NuSTAR Data Analysis Software (NuSTARDAS) v. 1.1.1 using... with 75 radius from both NuSTAR modules for the first epoch..., respectively) located on the same NuSTAR detector as the GRB. Hereafter... combine the second and third NuSTAR epochs, which were very close... decay rates during the two NuSTAR epochs (single power-law (PL... (SBPL) fit during the first NuSTAR epoch as reported in Section... was also observing during both NuSTAR epochs but did not detect... cm−2 s−1) 10 10 −11 −10 NuSTAR 10 Energy (keV) 100 10... stop times for the first NuSTAR epoch. Only data points used... method. 10−10 Fermi/LAT NuSTAR Swift/XRT Swift/UVOT Liverpool...) and the second (bottom panel) NuSTAR epochs. The Fermi/LAT ULs... such light curves to the NuSTAR epochs, we adopted a general approach... flux only in the first NuSTAR epoch, which starts shortly after... from Fermi/LAT. The second NuSTAR epoch started too late for... flux extrapolation for the first NuSTAR epoch (the magenta dashed cross... curves and spectra during the NuSTAR epochs from Swift/UVOT, and... 1 Broadband Spectral Fits during the NuSTAR Epochs Model1 PL PL BPL....7/103f Fits to Optical+X-ray+NuSTAR +LAT confirm presence of break.... 2 O+X = Optical+Swift/XRT + Swift/UVOT; N = NuSTAR; L = Fermi/LAT; ΔΓ = Γ2 − Γ1 ; Ec = break energy... above the optical during our NuSTAR epochs. (host) extinction (zdust)17... fit—the curvature in the NuSTAR data is also clearly exhibited... the SED with the second NuSTAR epoch fit with a PL and... performed broadband fits removing the NuSTAR data (including only optical, Swift... not be constrained. Therefore, the NuSTAR data are essential in constraining... have shown above that the NuSTAR data are consistent with a PL...; Perley et al. 2013). The NuSTAR PL distributions in time and... SED. By combining optical, XRT, NuSTAR, and Fermi/LAT UL data... of this potential problem, the NuSTAR results make it much harder... use of data from the NuSTAR mission, a project led by CalTech... by NASA. We thank the NuSTAR Operations, Software and Calibration teams... has made use of the NuSTAR Data Analysis Software (NuSTARDAS) jointly...



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0.07/5
..., emphasizing Chandra, XMM-Newton, and NuSTAR. Second, we briefly describe the... missions: Chandra, XMM-Newton, and NuSTAR In this review, we will... Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (hereafter NuSTAR; e.g., Harrison et al 2013). The... redshift can be studied together. NuSTAR is a more recently launched mission... sources in the distant universe, NuSTAR is most effective up to...-Newton are still modest. The NuSTAR field of view for spectroscopic... first publications from the extensive NuSTAR survey programs are presently appearing... by the members of the NuSTAR survey teams, although the underlying... whole astronomical community. Many additional NuSTAR results are expected in coming... with Chandra, XMM-Newton, and NuSTAR alone. Our primary aim here... of Chandra, XMM-Newton, and NuSTAR (see Section 1.2) have led to... with Chandra, XMM-Newton, and NuSTAR Survey Name Rep. Eff. Exp... 15 15 10 10 8 0.006 NuSTAR (3–24 keV) Extended CDF-S (E-CDF... with Chandra, XMM-Newton, and NuSTAR are listed in Table 1. A number...). Note that XMM-Newton and NuSTAR have three and two simultaneously... keV. The deepest surveys with NuSTAR are expected to resolve 30... is a large improvement over pre-NuSTAR results, where only a few percent.../NIR/MIR counterparts. In current NuSTAR surveys (generally 10–20 positions... to Chandra and XMM-Newton. NuSTAR is now further broadening the... = 10 –10 fractional contributions). Ongoing NuSTAR surveys at higher X-ray energies...); e.g., the vast majority of the NuSTAR survey sources were previously detected... facilities of Chandra, XMMNewton, and NuSTAR, we now have a dramatically improved... progress will be made using NuSTAR, where the higher-energy sensitivity... The Chandra, XMM-Newton, and NuSTAR observatories are performing well and... undertaken by the serendipitous surveys. NuSTAR has only been operating for... combination of all of the NuSTAR surveys (see Table 1) are good... of these source populations. Further NuSTAR surveys with comparable exposure times... surveys in addition to a shallow NuSTAR survey will improve the source... in flux between the brightest NuSTAR survey sources and the faintest... X-ray surveys, particularly for the NuSTAR surveys where the majority of... that Chandra, XMM-Newton, and NuSTAR have made toward our understanding... resolution and sensitivity limit as NuSTAR at > ∼ 3 keV but over a broader... than Chandra, XMM-Newton, and NuSTAR (∆E < 7 eV). The relatively small FOV...: F. Harrison) is a natural successor to NuSTAR and combines an optimized optics... and a larger effective area than NuSTAR and XMM-Newton. HEX-P aims... ≈ 40 times more sensitive than NuSTAR, sufficient to resolve ≈ 90% of..., XMM-Newton, and, most recently, NuSTAR observatories have (arguably) provided greater... SH, Tsai CW (2013) The NuSTAR Extragalactic Survey: A First Sensitive Look... Galaxy 66 W.N. Brandt, D.M. Alexander with NuSTAR, XMM-Newton, and Chandra: A Fully... B, Puccetti S, Urry M, Zhang WW (2014) NuSTAR J033202-2746.8: Direct Constraints on...) The Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) High-energy X-Ray Mission. Astrophys..., Urry CM, Zhang WW (2014) NuSTAR Observations of Heavily Obscured Quasars... NGC 4945 as Observed by NuSTAR. Astrophys J 793:26, 1407.3974..., Wu J, Yan L, Zhang WW (2014) NuSTAR and XMM-Newton Observations of..., Wik DR, Zhang WW (2014) NuSTAR Reveals an Intrinsically X-Ray Weak...



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0.22/5
... Measured with XMM-Newton and NuSTAR Kenji Hamaguchi1,2 , Michael F. Corcoran1,3 , Theodore... observations with XMM-Newton and NuSTAR during the elevated X-ray flux... state around this passage. These NuSTAR observations clearly detected X-ray emission... for the first time. The NuSTAR spectrum above 10 keV can... wind velocity is underestimated. The NuSTAR observation near the X-ray minimum.... If the non-detection by NuSTAR is caused by absorption, the... of η Car with XMMNewton and NuSTAR at key orbital phases around... of the Fe K edge, while NuSTAR can obtain direct imaging spectra... extending beyond 10 keV. Because NuSTAR is the first focusing X-ray... η Car with XMM-Newton and NuSTAR simultaneously at two epochs around... NuSTAR observation. The XMM-Newton observations were performed continuously, while the NuSTAR... al. (2007), individual XMM-Newton/NuSTAR observations are designated XMM/NUS... periods of low particle background. NuSTAR has two nested Wolter I-type... data analysis. We used the NuSTAR calibration version 2015 March 20...-MOS2 (5−10 keV) and the NuSTAR FPMA+FPMB (5−10 keV, 10...) images of each observation. These NuSTAR images are the first images...-Newton analysis guide4 . We extracted NuSTAR source events from a 50.5′′ radius... and NuSTAR source regions should not be significant. For the NuSTAR observations... other X-ray sources detected with NuSTAR. We extracted light curves and....shtml 5 http://www.nustar.caltech.edu/uploads/files/nustar performance v1.pdf... in our analysis of the NuSTAR data near the deep minimum... between the Suzaku XIS0 and NuSTAR/FPMA (Madsen et al. 2015... NuSTAR observation and covered part of the latter half of the NuSTAR... and NuSTAR spectra of η Car above 3 keV during these observations. The NuSTAR... the 7−10 keV band than NuSTAR’s is also related to this... calibration issue. Both of the NuSTAR/FPMA & FPMB spectra show marginal...). Since the XMM-Newton and NuSTAR spectra do not have enough... the model normalizations of NuSTAR/FPMA and of NuSTAR/FPMB to the... the NuSTAR observation start and spanned the middle of the NuSTAR observation... time variation, but the long NuSTAR observation for ∼102 ksec displayed... minimum spectrum, convolved with the NuSTAR response (0.11 cnts s−1 , see also...-Newton/EPIC-pn, MOS1 and NuSTAR/FPMA, FPMB spectra extracted from... at 3.1 keV from Ar Kα. The NuSTAR spectra extend up to ∼40... kT ∼6 keV plasma (Figure 4). The NuSTAR spectra also show an apparent... the background fluctuation, and the NuSTAR image above 30 keV – 10... Suzaku spectra (Γ =1.4). We split the NuSTAR observation into three evenly spaced... flux varied through the NuSTAR observation, we generated NuSTAR spectra of η Car... XMM-Newton spectra and the NuSTAR spectra of three intervals simultaneously... above 10 keV in the NuSTAR spectra, while the flux ratio... thick absorber. Through the second NuSTAR observation, the hard (>5 keV) X-ray... have a relatively sharp density change. NuSTAR did not detect non-thermal... have decreased before the first NuSTAR observation. Reitberger et al. (2015... source increased before the first NuSTAR observation, so that extremely hard...-Newton and NuSTAR around the 2014.6 periastron passage. The NuSTAR’s multi-layer...-energy thermal tail seen by NuSTAR. The NuSTAR and XMM-Newton spectra... 3FGLJ1045.1-5941.png – 13 – The NuSTAR data showed no hint of... in 2011 and the first NuSTAR observation in 2014. Interestingly, the... grant NNX15AM96G. Facilities: XMM (EPIC), NuSTAR REFERENCES Abdo, A. A., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., et... and NuSTAR Observations Observatory Abbreviation First (Maximum): XMM-Newton XMM140606 NuSTAR NUS140606 Second (Before Minimum): XMM-Newton XMM140728 NuSTAR NUS140728... Normalization XMM-Newton/MOS NuSTAR/FPMA NuSTAR/FPMB XMM pn gain linear... C intervals are obtained from the NuSTAR spectra, while the other independent... to the XMM-Newton and NuSTAR spectra during the XMM-Newton... observations of XMM-Newton and NuSTAR. The horizontal axis shows the...) 5-10 keV (NuSTAR) 10-30 keV (NuSTAR) 30-79 keV (NuSTAR) June 6 HD93250.../EPIC-MOS2 (5−10 keV) and NuSTAR/FPMA+FPMB (5−10 keV, 10...−5 10−4 NuSTAR 10-30 keV 0.01 XMM 5-10 keV 10−3 NuSTAR 3-5 keV normalized counts s−1 keV−1 10 NuSTAR 5-10 keV...−4 10−5 0.1 NuSTAR 3-5 keV normalized counts s−1 keV−1 XMM 5-10 keV NuSTAR 10-30...) 16867.4 16867.6 10−6 Count/sec 0.2 0.3 NuSTAR 5-10 keV Fig. 3.— Light curves...-pn (grey, 5−10 keV) and NuSTAR/FPMA+FPMB (red: 3−5 keV, black...-pn, MOS1 (black, red) and NuSTAR/FPMA, /FPMB (green, blue) spectra... al. 2014b), convolved with the NuSTAR/FPMA response. We do not...-Newton and NuSTAR spectra for July 28 because the NuSTAR spectrum changed... – 5 10 Energy (keV) 20 Fig. 5.— NuSTAR/FPMA+FPMB spectra of the... 6th and convolved with the NuSTAR response. Energy Flux (1e-10...-12 cgs) 2-10 keV INTEGRAL NuSTAR Photon Flux (1e-7/-9 cgs) 40... measured with Suzaku, INTEGRAL, and NuSTAR (middle: Leyder et al. 2008...



Дата загрузки: 2017-05-20
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0.13/5
NUSTAR Newsletter 1 / 2016 May 17, 2016 ... and activities of the various NUSTAR Collaboration boards and committees. Note... found on the NUSTAR@FAIR web page (see http://nustar.fair-center.eu). You can send your material to NUSTAR... meeting September 27-30, 2016: NUSTAR Week 2016 (York, UK) October...: NUSTAR Annual Meeting 2017 News from the Boards and Committees NC (NUSTAR Council) In the beginning of the year, the NUSTAR Council... had its assembly during the NUSTAR Annual Meeting 2016. Besides the... for the membership in the NUSTAR Council. The present definition (signature... with in-kind contributions to NUSTAR It is foreseen that every... “relevant” in-kind contributions to NUSTAR. 1 / 14 This new definition of... also an effect on the NUSTAR MoU, since it enlarges and... together with the NUSTAR Resource Board and the NUSTAR BR will continue... BR and CC at the NUSTAR Week 2014 in Valencia. The... the NUSTAR Collaboration. Eventually, the SAC Could turn into a PAC for NUSTAR... (NUSTAR Board of Representatives) The NUSTAR Board of Representatives met during the NUSTAR... and the status of the NUSTAR project. Following the result of... and agreed to serve the NUSTAR Collaboration as Deputy Spokesperson and... another two-year term. The NUSTAR BR recapped the latest developments... NUSTAR Annual meeting 2016 and is now looking ahead at the NUSTAR... to have talks from the NUSTAR Theory Network as a special topic... next Annual Meeting. • Furthermore, the NUSTAR BR was also approached by... countries not yet involved in NUSTAR) and possible contributions are looked... will present the activities of NUSTAR and in particular plans for.... CC (NUSTAR Collaboration Committee) During the NUSTAR Annual Meeting, the NUSTAR Collaboration Committee... again. The phase-0 operation of NUSTAR is crucial not only for... part of phase 0 of NUSTAR. At the NUSTAR Week in York, it... (NUSTAR Technical Board) The NUSTAR Technical Board has met during the NUSTAR Annual... discussed the progress in the NUSTAR working groups and experiments. While... coming years. RB (NUSTAR Resource Board) The NUSTAR Resource Board concentrated on... the definition of the NUSTAR phases (see NUSTAR Newsletter 2/2014), the funding... operation at FAIR (phase 1). All NUSTAR sub-collaborations were asked to... next FAIR-RRB meeting. The NUSTAR MoU (for construction) is planned..., e.g., at the NUSTAR Week in York) such that the NUSTAR Collaboration can... finalize the draft before the NUSTAR Annual meeting 2017. Afterwards, the... in the next months, e.g. the NUSTAR data acquisition TDR and the... News on NUSTAR meetings NUSTAR Annual Meeting 2016 NUSTAR Collaboration meeting The NUSTAR Annual... at GSI and many other NUSTAR experiments at other facilities worldwide... shown that preparations for the NUSTAR FAIR Phase-0 experimental program planned..., which is indispensable for some NUSTAR experiments. During the full week... (GSI) 6 / 14 News from the NUSTAR experiments and Super-FRS HISPEC... for EXL Collaboration During the NUSTAR Annual Meeting 2016, the EXL...