Спутник ФКИ. OCO-3. [Редактировать]

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Международная космическая станция

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12017-02-14. SSTL поставила НАСА приемники GPS сигналов.
SSTL поставила приемники GPS сигналов* космическому агентству США. Целевым предназначением поставки будет являться установка на Orbiting Carbon Observatory-3 (OCO-3).OCO-3 будет установлено на борту МКС и будет заниматься проведением измерений содержания углекислого газа в атмосфере Земли.
* Приемники SGR-20 это одночастотные, многоантенные приемники который разработаны для использования в составе низкоорбитальных космических аппаратов. К их техническим особенностям возможно отнести, возможность определения позиции с точностью выше 20 метров. Тэги: OCO-3SSTLКосмическое агентство США

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Дата загрузки: 2017-06-15
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0.23/5
... fluorescence GPP OCO OCO-2 Atmospheric carbon a b s t r a c t The Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2), scheduled to...-2 instruments. Here, we use real OCO-2 thermal vacuum test data as... cycle (16 days) of simulated OCO-2 spectra under realistic conditions to evaluate the potential of OCO-2 for retrievals of chlorophyll fluorescence... full global mapping from the OCO-2 only incurs small representativeness errors... 147 (2014) 1–12 2. The OCO-2 satellite The OCO-2 instrument is a 3-channel grating... 772 wavelength / nm Fig. 1. Exemplary OCO-2 spectrum to be used for... by transparent green rectangles. 0 m−1) Fig. 2. OCO-2 radiometric performance model in the...-A band example spectrum of the OCO-2 instrument. Similar to the GOSAT.... The current radiometric performance of OCO-2, based on extensive on-ground... an unpolarized radiance. However, the OCO-2 is only sensitive to intensity...) and minimize polarization errors, the OCO-2 thus orients its slit perpendicular... mapping of GOME-2. Neither will OCO-2 provide full spatial mapping even...., 2013). The Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2), to be launched in July... will quantify the potential of OCO-2 using both retrievals based on... unaware of the potential of OCO-2 fluorescence retrievals and their applications... 60 −1.0 80 latitude Fig. 3. Typical OCO-2 swath width (lines) and sin... fluorescence retrieval using a 16-day OCO-2 Nadir repeat cycle. The narrow... standard cloud-filtering and current OCO-2 signal-to-noise estimates. This... is aligned along track and OCO-2 footprints basically repeat the same... panels. Only 3 out of the 8 OCO-2 footprints are shown for clarity...) as a total of about 35 OCO-2 measurements will be recorded while... retrieved SIF based on estimated OCO-2 radiometric performance and Gaussian error propagation in the average. 3. Expected OCO-2 fluorescence retrieval performance a Footprint 3 ( 755... atmospheric spectra measured during the OCO-2 Thermal VACuum (TVAC) tests at... the SVD training for all 8 OCO-2 footprints separately as each of... retrieved SIF based on estimated OCO-2 radiometric performance. 0.2 0 20 40 60.... 8. Single measurement precision error of OCO-2 SIF755 retrievals in a single footprint... of the instrument response. For OCO-2, each footprint will be characterized... vectors as determined from the OCO-2 Thermal VACuum (TVAC) dataset under... distribution based on the current OCO-2 detector noise estimates are shown... fluorescence retrieval using a 16-day OCO-2 Nadir repeat cycle, same as... fully exploit the potential of OCO-2 on the global scale, measurements.... However, given the much smaller OCO-2 footprint size, more extreme values.... 11. Sampling bias incurred by OCO-2 due to incomplete mapping of 1 × 1° grid boxes. 1.0 GPP sampled at OCO-2 overpass, gridded on 1x1 degree... pattern. The continuous swath of OCO-2 will facilitate these studies. Even... about 6 times more strongly near OCO-2 fluorescence wavelengths of ≈760 nm...-measurement precisions expected for real OCO-2 spectra in the orbit. Fig...-measurement precision expected for a single OCO-2 footprint as a function of continuum... higher dynamic range in expected OCO-2 radiances is mainly driven by.... SIF retrievals of an entire OCO-2 repeat cycle without application of... by definition interchangeable: Z 4. Expected OCO-2 fluorescence datasets on the global... have only analyzed the expected OCO-2 performance on a single-sounding or... preferential and incomplete sampling of OCO-2 only along a narrow orbit track... datasets can I expect within a typical OCO-2 repeat cycle, how many days... not a prerequisite in itself. However, OCO-2 will push the spatial resolution... preferential sampling along the narrow OCO-2 swath, what coverage and data... for September. We used the OCO-2 orbit simulator (see Appendix A), which... standard retrieval products from the OCO-2 are surface albedos and slopes... by the full-physics 3-band OCO-2 retrieval algorithm (Bösch et al... we can obtain from the OCO-2 atmospherically corrected surface reflectance... 0.758 or 0.770 μm and 1.6 μm for OCO-2). Fig. 14 shows a temporal series... out, especially because the operational OCO-2 preprocessing filters (O'Dell et al...-term goal. 5. Vegetation indices from OCO-2 Aug 2009 4.3. Impact of atmospheric... is part of the operational OCO-2 pre-processing pipeline. The effect... much more relaxed than for OCO-2 XCO2 retrievals, where data yields...%, respectively. Jun 2009 Fig. 4, the OCO-2 only samples a very narrow swath... direct Nadir point of the OCO-2 instrument, i.e. with a very limited though... that despite the narrow swath, OCO-2 data aggregated to larger scales...-pixel sizes (1.3 × 2.25 km2). The OCO-2 will thus provide accurate near... A Details of the OCO-2 orbit simulator The OCO-2 orbit simulator is a modular... as that expected from the OCO-2. The successive order of interaction... and TVAC testing of the OCO-2 instrument and surface information is... rather cumbersome nature of the OCO-2 full physics retrieval algorithm, only... Carbon Observatory (OCO), algorithm theoretical basis document: The OCO simulator. Technical Report...



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0.08/5
....102(a), the Ordering Contracting Officer (OCO) (See Section G.1) should use performance... Contract # GS00Q12NRD4010 B.7 ORDER PRICING The OCO is responsible for the determination... reasonableness for each Order. The OCO must determine fair and reasonable... and the Basic Contract, the OCO must identify such work on... Contract # GS00Q12NRD4010 G.2.3 Ordering Contracting Officer (OCO) As described in Section G.1, only... authorized user, who is a delegated OCO, may place and administer an... review according to Section G.3.2. The OCO for each Order is the.... Contractors shall ensure that an OCO has the required DPA. Contractors... may request a copy of the OCO delegation prior to award of... not have a copy of the OCO delegation. G.2.4 Contracting Officer’s Representative (COR...) and Task Monitor (TM) The OCO for each Order may designate... provide certain assistance to the OCO for that Order. The specific... of the GSA PCO or OCO. The Ombudsman is: Task and...; (see FAR Part 39); G.3.1.3 The OCO shall include the evaluation procedures... will always be used. The OCO will provide the SOW/PWS... provide a scope determination to the OCO. Any changes to the SOW... completed in parallel with the OCO's Task Order acquisition activities. In... GSA eBuy system by the OCO will ensure that all Basic... are not required; however, the OCO must consider price under each... the address designated by the OCO on the Task Order. G.4.1 Central... surveys as prescribed by the OCO at the Order level. G-8 CS2... written notice issued by the OCO. G.10 CONTRACT CLOSEOUT G.10.1 Contract..., the Contractor shall: (a) Notify the OCO of the actual or potential... until specifically notified by the OCO to proceed; (b) Identify the conflict and recommend to the OCO an alternate tasking approach which...; H-3 CS2 Contract # GS00Q12NRD4010 If the OCO determines that it is in... 2 of 4 CS2 Contract # GS00Q12NRD4010 NTSC O&M OCO ODC OPSEC ORDU OSD PACOM...



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0.06/5
....7 billion) and Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) ($9.1 billion) funding. Of this amount... FY 2013 Modernization – Base and OCO: $178.8 Billion ($ in billions) Source.... FY 2013 Aircraft – Base and OCO: $47.6 Billion Unmanned Aerial Vehicle... FY 2011 Base Budget $M Qty OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 2013 FY 2012 Base Budget OCO Budget $M Qty $M Qty Total Request....0 26.0 12 835.1 - 7 7 7 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - - Total Request $M Qty... 19 29 0 29 FY 2013* OCO Budget $M Qty - 0 - Total Request $M Qty... $M Qty FY 2013 Base Budget OCO Budget $M Qty $M Qty - 256.9 256....6 1,955.3 17 4 21 17 4 21 OCO Budget $M Qty - - - - - Total Request $M Qty... build aircraft are funded within OCO to replace combat losses. Prime....1 1,109.2 Qty 8 8 48 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - $M Qty 71.0 71... build aircraft are funded within OCO to replace combat losses. Prime....4 38 1,231.0 38 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty 231.3 231.3 6 6 Total....0 34 272.0 34 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty....2 59 1,305.5 59 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... & FY 2012 include Base and OCO funding 1-13 Base Budget $M Qty 60.6 60.6 - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - - - Total Request $M Qty....8 283.9 12.8 808.4 - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... $M Qty 1,815.6 1,815.6 - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 5 5 * FY 2011 includes Base and OCO funding 1-16 FY 2012 $M 131....1 984.7 5 55.4 1,159.1 5 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 18.3 2,181.8 26 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty....2 1,074.6 12 12 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty....8 19 849.7 19 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty....1 18 483.8 18 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty....7 3,258.2 13 13 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... Qty - FY 2013 Base Budget OCO Budget Total Request $M Qty $M Qty... Computers (C4) Systems – Base and OCO: $8.2 Billion ($ in billions) Source: FY... & FY 2012 include Base and OCO funding 2-2 $M 675.5 502.3 66.2 1,244... 54.9 1,225.5 2,166 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 2013 Ground Programs – Base and OCO: $10.9 Billion ($ in billions) Weapons... 72.3 44.5 116.8 - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... 9,336 FY 2013 Base Budget OCO Budget $M Qty $M Qty 3.1 52.9 1,534... $M Qty 74.4 74.4 - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... * FY 2011 includes Base and OCO funding. 3-6 FY 2012 $M 65.4 606... 31.2 332.3 58 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 2013 Missile Defense – Base and OCO: $9.0 Billion ($ in billions) Tactical Ballistic....3 260.0 9,720.8 Qty - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... spare resources. Includes Patriot PAC-3 OCO resources (FY 2011, $18 million....6 29 1,382.0 29 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty....7 36 777.7 36 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty....0 646.6 6.8 763.4 Qty 84 84 OCO $M - Qty - Total $M 110.0 646.6 6.8 763... $M Qty 400.9 400.9 - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 69.0 12.9 81.9 - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... $M Qty 903.2 5 903.2 5 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty....0 217.2 1 10.2 574.4 1 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... Munitions and Missiles – Base and OCO: $10.3 Billion ($ in billions) Tactical... Base Budget $M Qty FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty Total Request $M Qty... Base Budget $M Qty FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty $M Qty $M Qty 5.8 0.9 6.7 - 8.0 8.8 16....3 1,629.7 - 151.0 1,452.8 - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty Total Request $M Qty... 142 FY 2013 Base Budget OCO Budget $M Qty $M Qty 8.0 240.4 157... & FY 2012 include Base and OCO funding Base Budget $M Qty - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... $168.0 million in support of OCO. FY 2012 includes $50.6 million in support of OCO. 5-6 MUNITIONS AND MISSILES FY 2013....4 246 FY 2013 Base Budget OCO Budget $M Qty $M Qty 5.5 127.6 280... Base Budget $M Qty FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty Total Request $M Qty... *FY 2012 includes Base and OCO funding 143.0 31.1 174.1 - - - 42... $12.3 million in support of OCO. 5-8 MUNITIONS AND MISSILES FY 2013... *FY 2012 includes Base and OCO funding Total Request $M Qty 143... includes $19.0 million funded in OCO. Procurement represents Army only; Marine... includes Base and OCO funding FY 2013 Base Budget OCO Budget $M Qty... $310.0 million in support of OCO 5-14 MUNITIONS AND MISSILES FY... 101.3 1,405.7 5.6 1,512.6 - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 173.5 608.2 1 781.7 1 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... $M Qty 3,514.9 2 3,514.9 2 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - - Total Request $M Qty....7 1,818.5 4 FY 2013 Base Budget OCO Budget Total Request $M Qty $M Qty... 165.2 4,092.5 2 4,257.7 2 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... $M Qty 1,613.3 1 1,613.3 1 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... and Related Systems – Base and OCO: $8.0 Billion ($ in billions) Launch $1.8 Support... Base Budget $M Qty 8.0 - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... Base Budget $M Qty - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-29
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0.04/5
... of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) XCO2 measurements with TCCON Debra.... Abstract. NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) has been measuring carbon dioxide... describe the comparisons between the OCO-2 version 7Br retrievals and XCO2 estimates from OCO-2’s primary ground-based validation network... Ob5 serving Network (TCCON). The OCO-2 XCO2 retrievals, after bias correction.... 1 Introduction NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) is NASA’s first Earth-orbiting... three spectral regions observable by OCO-2, and from those absorption features...; Keppel-Aleks et al., 2011). OCO-2 measures XCO2 with unprecedented precision... will describe the OCO-2 observation modes in §2, how the OCO-2 version 7 algorithm... with TCCON in §4. 2 40 OCO-2 Observation Modes OCO-2’s nadir and glint measurements... nominal “science modes” of the OCO-2 measurement scheme. The nadir observations... cycle, extends north of 70°N. OCO-2 has a geographical “near-repeat” after... for each subsequent orbit. The OCO-2 observation scheme was further optimized.... During a target-mode maneuver, the OCO-2 satellite rotates from its nominal... can be targeted by OCO-2 only on specific OCO-2 orbit paths. Only... that will help verify the OCO-2 solar induced fluorescence observations; Boulder... improve the radiometric calibration of OCO-2. 125 2.2 Target Selection Target locations... compiled using a special subset of OCO-2 data collected while the spectrometer... ground track and the eight OCO-2 footprints are geographically coincident (Mandrake... constant scaling factor. Placing the OCO-2 data on the World Meteorological... factor between TCCON 200 and OCO-2 target observations (m = 0.9975 ± 0.04, which... currently under investigation by the OCO-2 algorithm, calibration and validation teams... a working hypothesis related to the OCO-2 algorithm’s misrepresentation of stratospheric aerosols...-mode maneuver. In the standard OCO-2 retrieval algorithm, land surfaces are...) are not required for OCO-2, due to OCO-2’s much higher data density..., and overall bias. 5 Conclusions The OCO-2 XCO2 estimates generally compare well... the relationship between TCCON and OCO-2 globally, smaller-scale biases, typically... next version of 305 the OCO-2 data will represent a significant improvement... mission. 6 Data Availability Unfiltered, uncorrected OCO-2 data are available from the.... data (black circles) and the OCO-2 data (triangles coloured differently for... shows the difference between OCO-2 and TCCON measurements (OCO-2 – TCCON). The top... the coincidence area for the OCO-2 measurements. Appendix B: Author contributions DW...://disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/OCO-2, 2016. Griffith, D. W. T., Deutscher, N. M., Velazco, V. A., Wennberg... Wunch, D.: Semiautonomous sounding selection for OCO-2, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 6, 2851–2864..., G. B., and Eldering, A.: Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Warn Level, Bias Correction, and...://disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/OCO-2/documentation/oco-2-v7/ OCO2{_}XCO2{_}Lite... from the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2), American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting..., A., Crisp, D., Gunson, M. R., and Fisher, B.: The OCO-2 Retrieval 505 Algorithm, Atmospheric Measurement... Darwin R´ e union Wollongong Lauder 2 Uncorrected OCO−2 XCO (ppm) 405 400 395... Island Darwin R´ eunion Wollongong Lauder 2 2 OCO−2 XCO − Best Fit (ppm) 8 0 −2 −4 Sep...(s) 2016. CC-BY 3.0 License. 4 3 2 ∆XCO (OCO−2 − TCCON, ppm) 2 1 0 −1 −2 −3 a a o n na Is la... represent the difference between the OCO-2 measurement and the coincident TCCON measurement. The OCO-2 data over Wollongong are generally... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405.... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405.... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405.... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405...) 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405.... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405... (i) Rikubetsu 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405 400.... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405.... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405.... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405... (o) Manaus 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint 405 400 395.... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405... (q) Darwin 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint 405.... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405... the target-mode OCO-2 data from the standard OCO-2 files (i.e., not the...



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0/5
... carbon flux. SCIAMACHY, AIRS, GOSAT, OCO, A-SCOPE were compared. It was... Administration (NASA)'s Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) mission, sat down for an... data, and a possibility for the OCO-2 launch. (Interviewer : NIES GOSAT Project... are the PI of NASA's OCO mission1 at Jet Propulsion Laboratory... you became involved with the OCO project. Crisp: I was born in... cycle science and become the OCO PI? The most critical challenges... a very restrictive budget. However, the OCO was selected as one of... all know, the disaster of OCO launch happened. The fairing of... reach orbit. After that the OCO scientists started to use the... even meet the more demanding OCO requirements of 0.3% accuracy at least...: As you know, I proposed the OCO project to the NASA's Earth... others. 1 The Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) was a NASA Earth System Science... satellite. On February 24, 2009, OCO failed to reach orbit. 2  In... is a group formed around the OCO Science Team, including the research... algorithm for both GOSAT and OCO-2 projects. Nevada State. In 1951...



Дата загрузки: 2017-05-20
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0.19/5
....4 billion) and Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) ($15.4 billion) funding. For RDT...: $75.7 billion (Base, $75.3 billion; OCO, $0.4 billion); for Procurement : $128.1 billion (Base, $113.1 billion; OCO, $15.0 billion). Of this amount...* FY 2012 Modernization – Base and OCO: $203.8 Billion Shipbuilding & Maritime Systems.... FY 2012 Aircraft – Base and OCO: $54.2 Billion ($ in millions) Aircraft....5 - 297.9 - - - 297.9 - Base Budget $M Qty OCO Budget $M Qty Total Request $M Qty... FY 2011** Base Budget $M Qty OCO Budget $M Qty Total Request $M Qty... Base Budget $M Qty FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty Total Request $M Qty... & FY 2011 include Base and OCO funding Qty - 8 8 8 Base Budget $M Qty....0 480.0 91.7 598.8 - 9 9 9 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... & FY 2011 include Base and OCO funding - 0 - - 1,348.2 1,435.8 2,784.0 - 0 - 2,979... Request and includes $204.9 million OCO funding for 1 combat replacement aircraft... Base Budget $M Qty FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty RDT&E Procurement USN... additional Air Force aircraft in OCO to replace a combat loss. The... President's Budget Request *** FY 2012 OCO request excludes 1 Block-2 War Replacement....3 47 1,409.2 47 FY 2012 OCO Budget Bd t $M Qty - - TTotal t l RRequestt... equipment q p in support pp of OCO. Supports pp transition to sustainment... $M Qty 877.1 877.1 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... base, and 1 additional aircraft in OCO to replace a combat loss. The... $M Qty 104.7 3 104.7 3 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty 39.3 1 39.3 1 Total... 718.4 336.2 9.0 1,063.6 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... & FY 2011 include Base and OCO funding Qty 4 4 Base Budget $M Qty....0 1,072.8 5 38.7 1,222.5 5 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty 163.5 1 163.5 1 Total... 77.2 2,659.9 28 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty 2.0 2.0 - Total Request $M Qty....5 1,124.6 12 12 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty....5 24 1,018.2 24 FY 2012 OCO Budget B d et $M Qty - - Total Request....7 2,275.4 98.3 2,996.5 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty Q 11 - 11 - - Total... Computers (C4) Systems – Base and OCO: $10.9 Billion Theater Combat C3....5 1,541.4 17,120 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty 0.5 6 0.5 6 Total Request $M Qty... 506 243 749 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qtyy - - Total Request $M Qtyy....2 3,931 1,272.2 3,931 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty 0.5 0.5 - Total Request $M Qty... 2012 Ground Programs – Base and OCO: $16.1Billion Medium Tactical Vehicles... 172.1 71.8 - 243.9 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qtyy - - - Total Request $M Qtyy... 1,173 FY 2012 Base Budget OCO Budget $M Qty $M Qty 5.5 627.3 1,569... & FY 2011 include Base and OCO funding Base Budget $M Qty 9.7 181.3 21 191.0 21 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - - Total Request $M Qty... 2012 Missile Defense – Base and OCO: $10.1Billion Ballistic Missile Defense....2 202.7 10,671.6 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty....0 1,174.7 68 68 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... 2 No modification funding included 1 88 OCO $M - 88 - Qt Qty 1 - Total $M 44... $M Qty 406.6 406.6 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 89.0 75.0 163.9 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... & FY 2011 include i l d BBase andd OCO funding f di Qty - Base Budget $M Qty 1,161.0 1,161.0 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... $M Qty 344.7 344.7 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty....7 261.4 84 8.4 628.4 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... Munitions and Missiles – Base and OCO: $11.0 Billion ($ in millions) Conventional...** Base Budget $M Qty FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty $M Qty $M Qty 5.9 2.2 8.1 - 6.0 1.0 7.0 - 8.0 8.8 16... & FY 2011 include Base and OCO funding Total Request $M Qty 8.0 8.8 16... & FY 2011 include Base and OCO funding - - - - Numbers may not add....1 118.4 245.5 245.5 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty....6 3,250 3,250 3,250 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty....7 266 0.2 145.4 266 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty....1 24 1,398.0 24 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... and Maritime Systems – Base and OCO: $24.2 Billion Outfitting & Post Delivery... $M Qty 2,081.4 1 2,081.4 1 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - - Total Request $M Qty... 286.8 1,881.7 4 2,168.5 4 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... $M Qty 0.9 1,847.4 1 1,848.3 1 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 97.2 4,857.7 2 4,954.9 2 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... $M Qty 2,018.7 2,018.7 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... $M Qty 425.9 1 425.9 1 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 244.2 238.2 482.4 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... 421.7 552.8 2 974.5 2 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 20.0 1,740.2 4 1,760.2 4 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 872.0 590.0 2 1,462.0 2 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... $M Qty 444.9 444.9 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 621.6 373.6 995.2 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 12.8 468.7 1 481.5 1 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty...



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... 10.1002/2015EA000143 Key Points: • OCO 2 XCO2 retrieval fails to pass.... 1. Introduction The Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2 (OCO 2) mission was launched in July... of CO2 accurately from space. OCO 2 was designed to map the...; Crisp et al., 2004]. The OCO 2 instrument features high precision, small... test the hypothesis that the OCO 2 XCO2 retrieval errors over desert.... In section 2, we examine the OCO 2 version 7 data to XCO2 RETRIEVAL.../2015EA000143 Figure 1. Global map of OCO 2 XCO2 retrieval in April 2015... data points are displayed. In OCO 2 retrievals, data qualities are labeled... this section, we study the OCO 2 retrieval error over desert regions... used in the study (http://oco.jpl.nasa.gov/science/ocodatacenter/). In the OCO 2 data set, retrieval quality is... retrievals in April 2015. Currently, OCO 2 gathers as many as 72... mineral dust AOD from the OCO 2 product in Figure 4. AOD values... that such differences in the OCO 2 product are unrealistic, although ocean... Figure 4. (a) Global map of the OCO 2 total AOD retrieval in April... for “type 1” aerosol in the OCO 2 retrieval [O’Dell et al., 2012... in the calculation. To simulate OCO 2 nadir observations in the midlatitude... only on the measurement noise. OCO 2 uses an optimal estimation approach... tests is lower than the OCO 2 instrument SNR [Frankenberg et al... future collaborative work with the OCO 2 retrieval team. In addition to... with albedo close to αc. For OCO 2, we still need an accurate... also be employed to improve OCO 2 retrievals. Acknowledgments We thank A. Eldering... of Technology, a grant from the OCO 2 mission at Jet Propulsion Laboratory... KISS program at Caltech. The OCO 2 data used in this study can be downloaded from http://oco.jpl.nasa.gov/science/ ocodatacenter.... (2004), The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission, Adv. Space Res., 34.... (2015), The Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO-2): Spectrometer performance evaluation using pre...), Semi-autonomous sounding selection for OCO-2, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 6, 2851–2864...



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... on the overseas contingency operation (OCO), discharging our individual and collective... but less current assessment of OCO spending is available in the... the status of Air Force OCO funds. The DoD Comptroller responded... 9, 2016, ensures consistent funding for OCO for the first 10 weeks... 2016 level, Overseas Contingency Operation (OCO) funding is exempt from that... funding, as well as for OCO. (For more information on the... requested $58.8 billion in total OCO funding, of which $7.5 billion is... Fund (STEF): The FY 2017 OCO budget request for STEF is... to the previous year. One OCO appropriations category in the FY... amount provided for FY 2017 OCO in the Bipartisan Budget Act... INHERENT RESOLVE How O&M Base and OCO Appropriations Work Operations and Maintenance... both to base funding and OCO, as appropriate.66 O&M funding is... military readiness. 67 Congress appropriates O&M OCO funding separately to support expenditures... INHERENT RESOLVE How O&M Base and OCO Appropriations Work (continued from previous... a breakout of year-to-date O&M OCO spending for all Budget Activity... request for O&M, including base and OCO funding, covers 32 accounts. Each... Coast Guard in support of OCO.68 Congress separately appropriates funding for both O&M base and O&M OCO activities through the existing O&M base... officials execute both O&M base and OCO funds from the base O&M account... base and OCO obligations. However, transactions in support of OCO are manually... not report its O&M base and OCO obligations to Congress separately. Instead, DoD realigned O&M OCO funds to support base funding... O&M obligations used for base and OCO programs and activities to be... easily distinguish between base and OCO obligations. In the COALITION EFFORTS... able to report O&M base and OCO obligations consistently and effectively. GAO... and operations related to the OCO and include specific information related... U.S. Government oversight agencies active in OCO environments. The guide, entitled “Summary... programs and operations for each OCO. This effort includes reviewing and..., and the evolving changes to OCO policy and strategy. • Provide a whole... included in the COP-OCO. The COP-OCO, which presents a total oversight... of Southwest Asia. The COP-OCO which also list oversight reports... of Contracting Officers’ Representatives performing OCO-related work in Iraq and... primarily supports DoS missions in OCO environments, including Iraq and Afghanistan..., expenditures, and program goals for OCO funds appropriated to the Broadcasting... procured for and deployed to OCO environments, including Iraq and Afghanistan...’s Use of Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) Funds To determine the 1) amount... authorized or appropriated with the OCO/Global War on Terror or... with milestones for transitioning enduring OCO costs to its base budget... and disbursements in support of OCO are in compliance with the.... Summary Report of Recommendations from OCO Intel Evaluations To determine if... whether U.S. military occupied facilities supporting OCO operations comply with Department of... whether U.S. military occupied facilities supporting OCO operations comply with Department of... European and Eurasian Affairs The OCO aspect of this audit will... APPENDIX C: The President’s FY 2017 OCO Request 130 APPENDIX D: Challenges of... APPENDIX C: The President’s FY 2017 OCO Request for DoD Operations/Force... of 2015 for FY 2017 OCO was $5.2 billion more than is... not apply to Overseas Contingency (OCO) funding. 524 However, the continuing... funding, as well as for OCO, from FY 2016 levels. For....6 million to $58.8 million in OCO (increases of 0.3 percent and 0.4 percent...-year appropriation is enacted. While OCO funding is not subject to... funds, which are appropriated under OCO, support both increasing the U.S. military... Train and Equip Fund COP-OCO Comprehensive Oversight Plan for Overseas... Maintenance DoS U.S. Department of State OCO Overseas Contingency Operation DoS OIG... 2017, Justification for FY 2017 OCO and ITEF,” February 2016. DoD...



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... ............................................. A-2 Table A-3 Active Component End Strength – OCO Budget ............................................. A-2 Table A-4 Active Component End Strength – Base + OCO Budget ................................. A-2 Table A-5 Reserve Component End... and Appropriation Title ................... A-4 Table A-9 DoD OCO Budget by Military Department ...................................................... A-4 Table... Defense Budget Table A-13 DoD OCO* Budget by Military Department and... FY 2016 Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) budget is $50.9 billion, which....9 billion for overseas contingency operations (OCO) to conduct Operation FREEDOM’S SENTINEL... (OND) activities. The FY 2016 OCO budget request also funds Iraqi....1 410.6 431.5 479.0 ($ in billions) OCO 22.9 16.9 72.5 90.8 75....2 530.4 495.5 496.3 496.1 534.3 OCO 145.7 162.4 158.8 115.1 82... Navy Training Throughput (assumes continued OCO funding for steaming days and... capability. With Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) funding, the FY 2016 President... fashion. Continued Reliance on OCO: With OCO, the FY 2016 President’s budget... funded at 91 percent with OCO funding in the FY 2016... NAVSPECWAR maritime mobility training. Generous OCO funding and prioritized support to... portions of its requirements from OCO to base funding in FY... base to Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) funding of non-enduring Army...,672 Base Budget only -- excludes OCO funding. Numbers may not add... add due to rounding 1/ Excludes OCO funds and other transfers. FY... National Indirect Hire FTEs c. Includes OCO FTEs CHAPTER 6 PROVIDE FOR THE... Defense Budget 7. OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS (OCO) Supporting the Afghan Transition and... • Force Level Budget Assumptions operations (OCO) to conduct Operation • Overseas Contingency... (OND) activities. The FY 2016 OCO budget request also funds • Counterterrorism... threats. Figure 7.1 displays requested OCO Figure 7.1 OCO and Emergency funding by Military... of approximately 1,000 troops. The OCO request includes funding to train... against ISIL. In addition, the OCO request continues two presidential initiatives... in the Department’s FY 2016 OCO budget, expressed as annual average... 7.2. U.S. Force Level Assumptions in DoD OCO Budget (Average Annual Troop Strength... Funding in the FY 2016 OCO request by operational support category..., and Reconnaissance (ISR) assets. Figure 7.3. OCO Functional/Mission Category Breakout (Dollars in Billions) FY 2015 /1 Enacted OCO Budget FY 2016 Request Operations... Equipment/Military Readiness/Ebola 2.3 -- Total OCO 65.5 50.9 Prior-Year Cancellation -1.2 -- Total OCO including Prior-Year Cancellation 64... – FY 2016 Defense Budget Figure 7.4. OCO Funding and Troop Level Trends Trends in OCO Troop Levels1/ Trends in OCO Funding 200 150... FY 2016. The FY 2016 OCO request for $50.9 billion is... from the FY 2015 enacted OCO level of $64.2 billion (Figure... designated for Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO). Following the institution of statutory... of 2011, funding designated as OCO/GWOT has remained flexible and..., or 69 percent, reduction in OCO costs, from their peak of... costs currently funded in the OCO budget will endure. The United... costs currently funded in the OCO budget to the base budget.... This plan will describe which OCO costs should endure as the... Terrorism (GWOT)/Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) funding to resource the wars... Iraq and Afghanistan. Although most OCO funding was used in direct... returning from the war. Additionally, OCO funding also supports key enduring... Army budget request includes limited OCO investments to continue the reset... of high unemployment among our OCO-era Soldiers. Since its inception... FY 2016 Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) budget includes additional Hellfire missiles... baseline and 91 percent with OCO, and Facility Sustainment is funded... Table A-3. Active Component End Strength – OCO Budget (in Thousands) Service FY... A-4. Active Component End Strength – Base + OCO Budget (in Thousands) Service FY...: FY 2016 President's Budget and OCO Request 1/ FY 2015 projected end... 2016 Defense Budget Table A-8. DoD OCO Budget by Appropriation Title $ in... due to rounding Table A-9. DoD OCO Budget by Military Department $ in... Defense Budget Table A-13. DoD OCO* Budget by Military Department and... Defense Budget Table A-13. DoD OCO* Budget by Military Department and... NATO NC3 NDAA NDO O&S OAR OCO OCX OEF O-FRP O-FRP OFS...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-26
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... ................................................ A-2 Table A-3 Active Component End Strength – OCO Budget ................................................ A-2 Table A-4 Active Component End Strength – Base + OCO Budget .................................... A-2 Table A-5 Reserve Component End... by Military Department .......................................................... A-3 Table A-8 DoD OCO Budget by Appropriation Title ............................................................ A-4 Table A-9 DoD OCO Budget by Military Department ......................................................... A-4 Table... Defense Budget Table A-13 DoD OCO Budget by Military Department and... FY 2017 Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) budget is $58.8 billion. This... Change Base 497.3 521.7 523.9 +2.2 OCO 63.1 58.6 58.8 +0.2 Total 560....8 billion for overseas contingency operations (OCO) including Operation FREEDOM’S SENTINEL (OFS....5 400.1 410.6 431.5 479.0 513.2 OCO 22.9 16.9 72.5 90.8 75....4 495.5 496.3 497.3 521.7 523.9 OCO 162.4 158.8 115.1 82.0 84... (assumes continued base budget and OCO funding levels reflected in the... overlap. With Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) funding, the FY 2017 budget... using FY 2017 base and OCO funding requests. The FY 2017.... The FY 2017 baseline and OCO budget requests achieve these objectives... & Technology Figure 5-1. Investments Base and OCO $ in billions FY 2016 Enacted... 5-2. Major Acquisition Programs Base and OCO $ in Billions; Includes RDT&E and... base to Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) funding of non-enduring Army... FTEs /8 /7 1/ Base Budget only -- excludes OCO funding. Numbers may not add... (ASD(HA)), the Military Excludes OCO funds and other transfers. The... to reflect the changing post-OCO needs and a declining military force... Hire (FNIH) FTEs Includes 674 OCO FTEs in FY 2016 and... Defense Budget 7. OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS (OCO) SUMMARY Continuing the Afghan Transition....8 billion for overseas contingency operations (OCO) spending, in accordance with the... to counterterrorism. Figure 7.1 displays requested OCO funding by Military Activity.  Summary... the President’s drawdown plan; Figure 7.1 OCO Funding by Activity (Dollars in... counterterrorism; and The FY 2017 OCO budget request remains relatively consistent... drivers of the FY 2017 OCO amount include: (1) the CHAPTER 7 FY... adjustment that was applied to OCO ($893.5M) OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS... in the Department’s FY 2017 OCO budget, expressed as annual average... 7.2. U.S. Force Level Assumptions in DoD OCO Budget (Average Annual Troop Strength... Funding in the FY 2017 OCO budget request is captured by... explanations of select activities. Figure 7.3. OCO Functional/Mission Category Breakout (Dollars... (ASFF) 3.6 3.4 Support for Coalition Forces 1.4 1.4 0.7 0.6 OCO Budget Operations/Force Protection In... several years. The FY 2017 OCO request for $58.8 billion is... 2016 enacted OCO level of $58.6 billion (Figure 7.4). Figure 7.4. OCO Funding and... FY 2016 budget request. The OCO request for FY 2017 is..., this budget funds baseline and OCO flight hours for the Navy... budget and 100 percent with OCO. Aviation depot maintenance is funded... total requirement in base plus OCO funding (76 percent in base... is funded in base plus OCO at 79 percent of requirement... ($151.1 billion base; $15.8 billion OCO) is informed by current geopolitical... from 3,756 (plus 2,500 with OCO funding; total planned procurement is... to 284 (plus 1,252 with OCO funding; total planned procurement is... due to rounding Table A-6. DoD OCO Budget by Appropriation Title $ in Thousands OCO Budget Military Personnel FY 2016... due to rounding Table A-7. DoD OCO Budget by Military Department $ in Thousands OCO Budget FY 2016 Enacted FY... Defense Budget Table A-11. DoD OCO Budget by Military Department and... NHE NMS NORAD NSS NSWC OCO OCX ODO OFP OFRP OFS...