Спутник ФКИ. OCO. [Редактировать]

Орбитальная обсерватория (исследование двуокиси углерода (СО2) в атмосфере Земли). В качестве научной аппаратуры выступает спектрометрический модуль (три спектрометра) для замера количества двуокиси углерода в атмосфере в глобальном масштабе.

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
2Страна оператор(владелец) - США
3Страна производитель - США

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг441
2Мощность, Вт813

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2008-12-01273.1
2Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2008-12-0132.5
3Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2008-12-01219.7
4Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2008-12-0120.9
5Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2010-01-01273
6Размер (страховой премии), млн. долл.2010-01-015.3

Информация о неудачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром База Ванденберг
2Дата пуска2009-02-24
3Полезная нагрузка 1xOCO
4Ракета-носитель 1xТаурус 3110

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «OCO». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2018-04-17
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0.16/5
..., the upcoming Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) and Sentinel 5-P missions, and the... higher-resolution instruments such as OCO-2 showed greater performance at higher... in 2009, Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2), launched in 2014, the Sentinel... (Crisp et al., 2012). The OCO-2 mission launched on 2 July 2014... et al., 2004, 2008). The OCO-2 payload consists of a high-resolution... spectral bands in the SWIR. OCO-2 uses a narrow nadir swath width... shown in Fig. 1. GOSAT and OCO-2 acquire O2 A-band spectra with... structure of the O2 band. OCO-2 observes roughly half the radiance... the simulated intensity levels for OCO-2 to take into account this... and vice versa, except that OCO-2 has a better SNR than CarbonSat... its higher resolution. For S-5 P and OCO-2, we have assumed a dependence of... an assumed Gaussian distribution for OCO-2, CarbonSat and S-5 P. GOSAT is as... FWHM Number of pixels GOSAT OCO-2 S-5 P CarbonSat JAXA 2009 756–775... for the four instruments GOSAT, OCO-2, CarbonSat and S-5 P. Figure 1. Simulated spectra for GOSAT, OCO-2, CarbonSat and S5 P for a solar... the NASA Orbiting Carbon Observation (OCO) mission (Bösch et al., 2006... taken from v3.2 of the OCO line lists (Crisp et al... show the averaging kernels for OCO-2 and S-5 P for the profile retrieval... errors but also low DoFs. OCO-2 has high spectral resolution and... with typically smallest errors for OCO-2 and largest errors for S-5P.... Similar to the LAOD errors, OCO-2 has typically the highest vertical... the aerosol profile retrieval for OCO-2 and S-5 P are given in the... more similar, with errors for OCO-2 approaching those obtained for S-5 P. DoFs... errors and largest DoFs for OCO-2, with errors between 0.11 and... 4.7, with the highest values for OCO-2 and the lowest values for...◦ . For the low SZA case, OCO-2 gives the smallest AOD errors... total AOD error for GOSAT, OCO-2 and CarbonSat and 30 to... 13 to 30 % for GOSAT, OCO-2 and CarbonSat and larger values... the 0–2 km range for GOSAT, OCO-2 and CarbonSat, except for the... up to 0.05 for GOSAT, OCO-2 and CarbonSat. For S-5 P, we find... for S-5 P (for large SZA) and OCO-2 (for low SZA and high... below 0.05 for GOSAT and OCO-2 as well as for CarbonSat... errors less than 10 % for OCO-2 for aerosols with centre heights... simulation. For all other cases, OCO-2, GOSAT and CarbonSat appear mostly...-tech.net/8/859/2015/ GOSAT OCO-2 CarbonSat S-5 P Scenario A Albedo = 0.5, SZA = 30... 0.112 0.055 0.064 0.023 GOSAT OCO-2 CarbonSat S-5 P Scenario A Albedo = 0.5, SZA = 30... instruments with high spectral resolution (OCO-2 and GOSAT), while for S-5 P and... the high-albedo case for OCO-2, CarbonSat and GOSAT, this threshold... and of 0.07 (23 %) for OCO-2. The bias in height is... only 70 m is obtained for OCO-2. An additive temperature-scaling factor... Surface pressure and temperature GOSAT OCO-2 CarbonSat S-5 P Psurf = 2 mb AOD Height... −0.020 0.074 Aerosol mixture GOSAT OCO-2 CarbonSat S-5 P AOD Max bias (5a... simulation. AOD biases found for OCO-2, GOSAT and CarbonSat are very.... For the high-resolution instruments OCO-2, GOSAT and CarbonSat we find... existing GOSAT mission, the upcoming OCO-2 and S-5 P missions and the proposed... is confirmed by simulations for OCO-2 and S-5 P, which represent these two... spectral resolution instruments such as OCO-2 allow far better retrievals compared... aerosol sensors (e.g. A-train instrument for OCO-2) or by using aerosol models...) for help regarding Sentinel-5 P and OCO-2 respectively as well as the... Schroll, S.: The Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) mission, Adv. Space Res., 34...



Дата загрузки: 2018-04-17
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0.06/5
....IC4.7«4,0« 0 629 964.764.00 OCO 1X84.612.790.00 5 384... ono nn 100 00 1 000 OCO 000 00 W. VU U. V0.00... AA raJraJ. Wv , UVWx ra^W 5 OCO DDO 00 10,00 W-W W-w A w»AA... 2ftft ftftft ftft IS 000 OCO 00 rart, or w V +rtrararag| OJ....6S3.000,00 350 000 OCO 00 rarararaO" . rt ** OP000 x r a p o rrt... 00 rag V X WrtrtrartrtV • V V 0.00 50 OCO 000 00 rtrt -raraxgrt1rtrtrarax OJ...|UU 0.00 (0,00) 75 OOO OCO 00 50.00 Trara• V r a r art...,091.000,00 164.909 OCO .00 0,00 240.000.000....000.000.00 100.000 oco.oo 3,27 4 ttt n4 nn... n« A A Ate C Arotro ^ (T* A te f 60a.937.OCO.OC 90 000.000,00... 850 000.00 29.150 OCO.OO 0,00 75.000.000... £ rt ~ rt nikn ikfk 5,730 OCO,00 19.250.000.00....000.00 0,00 3E0.0OO.OCO.O0 52.325 000,00....000 000.00 0.00 125 OCO 000.00 % 6 (0,00) 100,00...-16.21-5.2-3 2.000,000.00 OCO A te Z Z Z gra z ^m z Z * Ak A Ak9k AkAkAm... 0.00 (0,00) (0.00) 40.000.OCO.00 25,200 000 00... 800 000,00 0.00 io.oco.coo.oo 0.00 0,00 33... 000,00 992,000,00 OCO 1.034.996.400.00 1.462... DOO 00 ' 3-V • V-aJkl\J,\ V 130 190 OCO 00 1raJU-1 7LJr vVfl, 0,00l... 30 000.000,00 150 OCO 000 00 100.00 ra...,00 0.00 0.00 3,064 000 OCO.OO 4 915 670 000.00... 285.710000.00 64.290 OCO.OG 0,00 O.0D O.DO 0.00... Jasa Belanja Modal Z Z Z Z z 65.000. OCO.OO ft Z z z F g T O g o r rontk 11 ,o84....S30.0O0.00 214.930.OCO .00 16.16 200.000... 100.000.000,00 70430 OCO.OO OQ O f t rwvi rtrt 0,00....000.000,00 60 000. OCO.OO 15 000 000,00... 40 000-000,00 37 OCO 0 0 0 . 0 0 (3 0 0 0 0 0 0 , 0 0 ) 0,00 0,00 0.00 * " .-t. 1.22 1X2... 75.000.000,00 5.1O0.OCO.0O 47 285 000.00....00 0,00 (0,00) 396.250.OCO.00 66.100.000.00....87 (0,00) • ^•--••b—^- 1*- 0.00 0,00 (450 OCO.OOX (26.32) 450 000... «,oo(),l»P.M 166,67 50.OOO.OCO.OO 166.67 • , g tan Kekurangan....795.DOO.0O 522 795 OCO.OO D.OO O.DG 522.795... "engadaan Peralatan Kesehatan 831.OOO. OCO.OO 1.550 000000X0 . . 550.000... 0 0 rtr ro i n n ritiA nnn nr t o o OCO 000.00 (J DC I A I 500 DDO....WW IflXV.lftX o.oc 0 13 6 8 0 OCO OC 11 320 000 DC... 950 00O.DO 68 (40.OCO.OC 0.00 ISO 000.000....250.000,00 0.00 S5.OCO.000.00 6.750 000.03... - 0.0c O M dtlapw rrusanUi 50 000 OCO.OO 40.150.000.00... 25.000 000.00 375.oco.00 24 625.00O.W 0.00....uuu.uc "y •• o.oc 1.170.750 OCO X 1.792.77S,OX.0£ 0.x 4 Aroa Q7B....00 • A — - . ' > •• o.cicl " 9.00 - .. _- DX.X ( 0 * 0 ) i ' . 50 OCO OX.X O.DC (D.X) 6-7500X X 75 0X..., X Salelah Parubahan Jania Belanta (=3*4*5 z.soo.oco.om.ofl Jumiah Pagawal 7 910....800 O X . X 4 so. O O O . X 4.0M . O O O . X 20.500.OCO.X OX.X 450.XO.X 4.050.000....900 OX.OO 0,X 80. OX .OCO.X X-X0.OX.X I X . X 10L31BJ109,0& 152.7 90JWO... .SX O X . X 0.x 75 OX. OX.X 0.x (O.X) 6 950 OCO CC ' 48 050 OX X O.X 'r 55....20 300.000.000 M Rp I.OCO.onO.OOO 00 Rp . I v 1.000...



Дата загрузки: 2017-12-26
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0.03/5
... drag. NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) was lost due to the... USA). NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) was delivered to Vandenberg Air... payload fairing to open dumped OCO into the Pacific Ocean. The... of the four suspected components. OCO was to have been placed... and the atmosphere’s carbon cycle, OCO was to have joined the..., by 3.3 minutes. The 442-kg OCO carried three cryogenically cooled high... while over the sunlit hemisphere. OCO’s measurements were to have been... Japan’s Ibuki satellite (see below). OCO carried sufficient fuel for 5 – 10... making similar measurements to those OCO would have if it had..., at much lower cost than OCO. Argus, built by York University...



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0.25/5
The Orbiting Carbon Observatory Development Status D. Crisp and the OCO Team NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109; 818-354-2224, Fax: 818-354-0966, E-mail: David.Crisp@jpl.nasa.gov The Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) is currently under development at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, in preparation for a launch in December of 2008. This NASA Earth System Science Pathfinder (ESSP) mission will make global, space-based measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) with the precision, resolution, and coverage needed to characterize CO2 sources and sinks on regional scales. The Observatory consists of a dedicated spacecraft bus that carries a 3-channel, high resolution grating spectrometer. The column averaged CO2 dry air mole fraction, XCO2 will be retrieved from coincident high resolution spectroscopic measurements of reflected sunlight in near-infrared CO2 and molecular oxygen (O2) bands. The instrument has recently completed its pre-launch testing and calibration in preparation for integration with the spacecraft bus. OCO will be launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base and will join the Earth Observing System Afternoon Constellation (A-Train) about 45 days later. This group of satellites files in a 98.8 minute, 705 km altitude, sun-synchronous orbit with a 16 day ground track repeat cycle. OCO will fly at the head of the A-Train with an ascending nodal crossing time of ~1:26 PM. Routine science operations are expected to begin in February of 2009. The OCO science data will be transmitted to the NASA Ground Network Stations in Alaska and Virginia, and then transferred to the OCO Ground Data System at JPL. There, the CO2 and O2 spectra will be analyzed by the OCO Science Team to retrieve spatially resolved estimates XCO2. Calibrated, geolocated spectral radiances will be archived in a NASA Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC) starting in the late summer of 2009. About 3 months later, an exploratory XCO2 product will start being delivered to the DAAC. These data will be validated against existing ground- and tower-based measurements using high resolution Fourier transform spectrometers (FTS’s) from the Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) as the transfer standard (Figure 1). NASA 0.76 μm 1.61 μm 44 7m W L E F T CO2 Ground Network 2.06 μm Park Falls, WI FTS Selecte Pendin Global XCO2 FTS Network P-8 Figure 1. The OCO validation approach. OCO will acquire measurements over a TCCON FTS site roughly once each day. These FTSs measure XCO2 using the same spectral bands used by the flight instrument, but provide ~10 times the spectral resolution, and substantially greater signal-to-noise ratios. They are also relatively insensitive to optical Pathlength biases from cloud and aerosol scattering. XCO2 data from the TCCON sites at Park Falls, Wisconsin (shown) and Darwin, Australia have been validated against in-situ data collected by aircraft and balloons. Additional validation activities will be conducted during the operational phase of the mission.



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0.05/5
... mission (MMS); Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2 (OCO-2); Radiation Belt Storm Probes (RBSP... MAVEN 0% 0 months MMS Under  review ‐1% OCO‐2 **    RBSP   5 0 months Key Milestone Change....   ** The cost and schedule for OCO-2 are currently under review due..., and the selected actions. The OCO-2 satellite was planned to launch....3 0 LRD 15-M ar 15-M ar 0 OCO-29 2011 10 U/R U/R LRD 13.... 9 The cost and schedule for OCO-2 are currently under review (U/R) due... for the mission. 10 For OCO-2, the JCL was performed for...



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0.05/5
... of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO)-2 mission. FY 2014 Annual Performance...-2: Complete the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO)-2 observatory testing.  ES-14-4: Launch... the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO)-2 on July 2, 2014. OCO-2 will collect the... variability over the seasonal cycle. OCO-2 measurements will help scientists to...: Complete the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO)-2 observatory testing. Planned Future Performance... communications data.  Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO)-2, launched on July 2, 2014, will...



Дата загрузки: 2017-05-20
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0.1/5
....7 billion) and Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) ($9.1 billion) funding. Of this amount... FY 2013 Modernization – Base and OCO: $178.8 Billion ($ in billions) Source.... FY 2013 Aircraft – Base and OCO: $47.6 Billion Unmanned Aerial Vehicle... FY 2011 Base Budget $M Qty OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 2013 FY 2012 Base Budget OCO Budget $M Qty $M Qty Total Request....0 26.0 12 835.1 - 7 7 7 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - - Total Request $M Qty... 19 29 0 29 FY 2013* OCO Budget $M Qty - 0 - Total Request $M Qty... $M Qty FY 2013 Base Budget OCO Budget $M Qty $M Qty - 256.9 256....6 1,955.3 17 4 21 17 4 21 OCO Budget $M Qty - - - - - Total Request $M Qty... build aircraft are funded within OCO to replace combat losses. Prime....1 1,109.2 Qty 8 8 48 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - $M Qty 71.0 71... build aircraft are funded within OCO to replace combat losses. Prime....4 38 1,231.0 38 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty 231.3 231.3 6 6 Total....0 34 272.0 34 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty....2 59 1,305.5 59 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... & FY 2012 include Base and OCO funding 1-13 Base Budget $M Qty 60.6 60.6 - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - - - Total Request $M Qty....8 283.9 12.8 808.4 - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... $M Qty 1,815.6 1,815.6 - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 5 5 * FY 2011 includes Base and OCO funding 1-16 FY 2012 $M 131....1 984.7 5 55.4 1,159.1 5 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 18.3 2,181.8 26 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty....2 1,074.6 12 12 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty....8 19 849.7 19 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty....1 18 483.8 18 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty....7 3,258.2 13 13 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... Qty - FY 2013 Base Budget OCO Budget Total Request $M Qty $M Qty... Computers (C4) Systems – Base and OCO: $8.2 Billion ($ in billions) Source: FY... & FY 2012 include Base and OCO funding 2-2 $M 675.5 502.3 66.2 1,244... 54.9 1,225.5 2,166 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 2013 Ground Programs – Base and OCO: $10.9 Billion ($ in billions) Weapons... 72.3 44.5 116.8 - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... 9,336 FY 2013 Base Budget OCO Budget $M Qty $M Qty 3.1 52.9 1,534... $M Qty 74.4 74.4 - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... * FY 2011 includes Base and OCO funding. 3-6 FY 2012 $M 65.4 606... 31.2 332.3 58 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 2013 Missile Defense – Base and OCO: $9.0 Billion ($ in billions) Tactical Ballistic....3 260.0 9,720.8 Qty - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... spare resources. Includes Patriot PAC-3 OCO resources (FY 2011, $18 million....6 29 1,382.0 29 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty....7 36 777.7 36 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty....0 646.6 6.8 763.4 Qty 84 84 OCO $M - Qty - Total $M 110.0 646.6 6.8 763... $M Qty 400.9 400.9 - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 69.0 12.9 81.9 - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... $M Qty 903.2 5 903.2 5 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty....0 217.2 1 10.2 574.4 1 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... Munitions and Missiles – Base and OCO: $10.3 Billion ($ in billions) Tactical... Base Budget $M Qty FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty Total Request $M Qty... Base Budget $M Qty FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty $M Qty $M Qty 5.8 0.9 6.7 - 8.0 8.8 16....3 1,629.7 - 151.0 1,452.8 - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty Total Request $M Qty... 142 FY 2013 Base Budget OCO Budget $M Qty $M Qty 8.0 240.4 157... & FY 2012 include Base and OCO funding Base Budget $M Qty - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... $168.0 million in support of OCO. FY 2012 includes $50.6 million in support of OCO. 5-6 MUNITIONS AND MISSILES FY 2013....4 246 FY 2013 Base Budget OCO Budget $M Qty $M Qty 5.5 127.6 280... Base Budget $M Qty FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty Total Request $M Qty... *FY 2012 includes Base and OCO funding 143.0 31.1 174.1 - - - 42... $12.3 million in support of OCO. 5-8 MUNITIONS AND MISSILES FY 2013... *FY 2012 includes Base and OCO funding Total Request $M Qty 143... includes $19.0 million funded in OCO. Procurement represents Army only; Marine... includes Base and OCO funding FY 2013 Base Budget OCO Budget $M Qty... $310.0 million in support of OCO 5-14 MUNITIONS AND MISSILES FY... 101.3 1,405.7 5.6 1,512.6 - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 173.5 608.2 1 781.7 1 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... $M Qty 3,514.9 2 3,514.9 2 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - - Total Request $M Qty....7 1,818.5 4 FY 2013 Base Budget OCO Budget Total Request $M Qty $M Qty... 165.2 4,092.5 2 4,257.7 2 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... $M Qty 1,613.3 1 1,613.3 1 FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... and Related Systems – Base and OCO: $8.0 Billion ($ in billions) Launch $1.8 Support... Base Budget $M Qty 8.0 - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... Base Budget $M Qty - FY 2013 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-29
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0.1/5
... of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) XCO2 measurements with TCCON Debra.... Abstract. NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) has been measuring carbon dioxide... describe the comparisons between the OCO-2 version 7Br retrievals and XCO2 estimates from OCO-2’s primary ground-based validation network... Ob5 serving Network (TCCON). The OCO-2 XCO2 retrievals, after bias correction.... 1 Introduction NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) is NASA’s first Earth-orbiting... three spectral regions observable by OCO-2, and from those absorption features...; Keppel-Aleks et al., 2011). OCO-2 measures XCO2 with unprecedented precision... will describe the OCO-2 observation modes in §2, how the OCO-2 version 7 algorithm... with TCCON in §4. 2 40 OCO-2 Observation Modes OCO-2’s nadir and glint measurements... nominal “science modes” of the OCO-2 measurement scheme. The nadir observations... cycle, extends north of 70°N. OCO-2 has a geographical “near-repeat” after... for each subsequent orbit. The OCO-2 observation scheme was further optimized.... During a target-mode maneuver, the OCO-2 satellite rotates from its nominal... can be targeted by OCO-2 only on specific OCO-2 orbit paths. Only... that will help verify the OCO-2 solar induced fluorescence observations; Boulder... improve the radiometric calibration of OCO-2. 125 2.2 Target Selection Target locations... compiled using a special subset of OCO-2 data collected while the spectrometer... ground track and the eight OCO-2 footprints are geographically coincident (Mandrake... constant scaling factor. Placing the OCO-2 data on the World Meteorological... factor between TCCON 200 and OCO-2 target observations (m = 0.9975 ± 0.04, which... currently under investigation by the OCO-2 algorithm, calibration and validation teams... a working hypothesis related to the OCO-2 algorithm’s misrepresentation of stratospheric aerosols...-mode maneuver. In the standard OCO-2 retrieval algorithm, land surfaces are...) are not required for OCO-2, due to OCO-2’s much higher data density..., and overall bias. 5 Conclusions The OCO-2 XCO2 estimates generally compare well... the relationship between TCCON and OCO-2 globally, smaller-scale biases, typically... next version of 305 the OCO-2 data will represent a significant improvement... mission. 6 Data Availability Unfiltered, uncorrected OCO-2 data are available from the.... data (black circles) and the OCO-2 data (triangles coloured differently for... shows the difference between OCO-2 and TCCON measurements (OCO-2 – TCCON). The top... the coincidence area for the OCO-2 measurements. Appendix B: Author contributions DW...://disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/OCO-2, 2016. Griffith, D. W. T., Deutscher, N. M., Velazco, V. A., Wennberg... Wunch, D.: Semiautonomous sounding selection for OCO-2, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 6, 2851–2864..., G. B., and Eldering, A.: Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Warn Level, Bias Correction, and...://disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov/OCO-2/documentation/oco-2-v7/ OCO2{_}XCO2{_}Lite... from the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2), American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting..., A., Crisp, D., Gunson, M. R., and Fisher, B.: The OCO-2 Retrieval 505 Algorithm, Atmospheric Measurement... Darwin R´ e union Wollongong Lauder 2 Uncorrected OCO−2 XCO (ppm) 405 400 395... Island Darwin R´ eunion Wollongong Lauder 2 2 OCO−2 XCO − Best Fit (ppm) 8 0 −2 −4 Sep...(s) 2016. CC-BY 3.0 License. 4 3 2 ∆XCO (OCO−2 − TCCON, ppm) 2 1 0 −1 −2 −3 a a o n na Is la... represent the difference between the OCO-2 measurement and the coincident TCCON measurement. The OCO-2 data over Wollongong are generally... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405.... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405.... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405.... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405...) 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405.... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405... (i) Rikubetsu 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405 400.... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405.... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405.... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405... (o) Manaus 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint 405 400 395.... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405... (q) Darwin 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint 405.... 410 410 TCCON OCO−2 Glint OCO−2 Land Glint OCO−2 Ocean Glint OCO−2 Nadir 405... the target-mode OCO-2 data from the standard OCO-2 files (i.e., not the...



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... fluorescence GPP OCO OCO-2 Atmospheric carbon a b s t r a c t The Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2), scheduled to...-2 instruments. Here, we use real OCO-2 thermal vacuum test data as... cycle (16 days) of simulated OCO-2 spectra under realistic conditions to evaluate the potential of OCO-2 for retrievals of chlorophyll fluorescence... full global mapping from the OCO-2 only incurs small representativeness errors... 147 (2014) 1–12 2. The OCO-2 satellite The OCO-2 instrument is a 3-channel grating... 772 wavelength / nm Fig. 1. Exemplary OCO-2 spectrum to be used for... by transparent green rectangles. 0 m−1) Fig. 2. OCO-2 radiometric performance model in the...-A band example spectrum of the OCO-2 instrument. Similar to the GOSAT.... The current radiometric performance of OCO-2, based on extensive on-ground... an unpolarized radiance. However, the OCO-2 is only sensitive to intensity...) and minimize polarization errors, the OCO-2 thus orients its slit perpendicular... mapping of GOME-2. Neither will OCO-2 provide full spatial mapping even...., 2013). The Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2), to be launched in July... will quantify the potential of OCO-2 using both retrievals based on... unaware of the potential of OCO-2 fluorescence retrievals and their applications... 60 −1.0 80 latitude Fig. 3. Typical OCO-2 swath width (lines) and sin... fluorescence retrieval using a 16-day OCO-2 Nadir repeat cycle. The narrow... standard cloud-filtering and current OCO-2 signal-to-noise estimates. This... is aligned along track and OCO-2 footprints basically repeat the same... panels. Only 3 out of the 8 OCO-2 footprints are shown for clarity...) as a total of about 35 OCO-2 measurements will be recorded while... retrieved SIF based on estimated OCO-2 radiometric performance and Gaussian error propagation in the average. 3. Expected OCO-2 fluorescence retrieval performance a Footprint 3 ( 755... atmospheric spectra measured during the OCO-2 Thermal VACuum (TVAC) tests at... the SVD training for all 8 OCO-2 footprints separately as each of... retrieved SIF based on estimated OCO-2 radiometric performance. 0.2 0 20 40 60.... 8. Single measurement precision error of OCO-2 SIF755 retrievals in a single footprint... of the instrument response. For OCO-2, each footprint will be characterized... vectors as determined from the OCO-2 Thermal VACuum (TVAC) dataset under... distribution based on the current OCO-2 detector noise estimates are shown... fluorescence retrieval using a 16-day OCO-2 Nadir repeat cycle, same as... fully exploit the potential of OCO-2 on the global scale, measurements.... However, given the much smaller OCO-2 footprint size, more extreme values.... 11. Sampling bias incurred by OCO-2 due to incomplete mapping of 1 × 1° grid boxes. 1.0 GPP sampled at OCO-2 overpass, gridded on 1x1 degree... pattern. The continuous swath of OCO-2 will facilitate these studies. Even... about 6 times more strongly near OCO-2 fluorescence wavelengths of ≈760 nm...-measurement precisions expected for real OCO-2 spectra in the orbit. Fig...-measurement precision expected for a single OCO-2 footprint as a function of continuum... higher dynamic range in expected OCO-2 radiances is mainly driven by.... SIF retrievals of an entire OCO-2 repeat cycle without application of... by definition interchangeable: Z 4. Expected OCO-2 fluorescence datasets on the global... have only analyzed the expected OCO-2 performance on a single-sounding or... preferential and incomplete sampling of OCO-2 only along a narrow orbit track... datasets can I expect within a typical OCO-2 repeat cycle, how many days... not a prerequisite in itself. However, OCO-2 will push the spatial resolution... preferential sampling along the narrow OCO-2 swath, what coverage and data... for September. We used the OCO-2 orbit simulator (see Appendix A), which... standard retrieval products from the OCO-2 are surface albedos and slopes... by the full-physics 3-band OCO-2 retrieval algorithm (Bösch et al... we can obtain from the OCO-2 atmospherically corrected surface reflectance... 0.758 or 0.770 μm and 1.6 μm for OCO-2). Fig. 14 shows a temporal series... out, especially because the operational OCO-2 preprocessing filters (O'Dell et al...-term goal. 5. Vegetation indices from OCO-2 Aug 2009 4.3. Impact of atmospheric... is part of the operational OCO-2 pre-processing pipeline. The effect... much more relaxed than for OCO-2 XCO2 retrievals, where data yields...%, respectively. Jun 2009 Fig. 4, the OCO-2 only samples a very narrow swath... direct Nadir point of the OCO-2 instrument, i.e. with a very limited though... that despite the narrow swath, OCO-2 data aggregated to larger scales...-pixel sizes (1.3 × 2.25 km2). The OCO-2 will thus provide accurate near... A Details of the OCO-2 orbit simulator The OCO-2 orbit simulator is a modular... as that expected from the OCO-2. The successive order of interaction... and TVAC testing of the OCO-2 instrument and surface information is... rather cumbersome nature of the OCO-2 full physics retrieval algorithm, only... Carbon Observatory (OCO), algorithm theoretical basis document: The OCO simulator. Technical Report...



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....4 billion) and Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) ($15.4 billion) funding. For RDT...: $75.7 billion (Base, $75.3 billion; OCO, $0.4 billion); for Procurement : $128.1 billion (Base, $113.1 billion; OCO, $15.0 billion). Of this amount...* FY 2012 Modernization – Base and OCO: $203.8 Billion Shipbuilding & Maritime Systems.... FY 2012 Aircraft – Base and OCO: $54.2 Billion ($ in millions) Aircraft....5 - 297.9 - - - 297.9 - Base Budget $M Qty OCO Budget $M Qty Total Request $M Qty... FY 2011** Base Budget $M Qty OCO Budget $M Qty Total Request $M Qty... Base Budget $M Qty FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty Total Request $M Qty... & FY 2011 include Base and OCO funding Qty - 8 8 8 Base Budget $M Qty....0 480.0 91.7 598.8 - 9 9 9 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... & FY 2011 include Base and OCO funding - 0 - - 1,348.2 1,435.8 2,784.0 - 0 - 2,979... Request and includes $204.9 million OCO funding for 1 combat replacement aircraft... Base Budget $M Qty FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty RDT&E Procurement USN... additional Air Force aircraft in OCO to replace a combat loss. The... President's Budget Request *** FY 2012 OCO request excludes 1 Block-2 War Replacement....3 47 1,409.2 47 FY 2012 OCO Budget Bd t $M Qty - - TTotal t l RRequestt... equipment q p in support pp of OCO. Supports pp transition to sustainment... $M Qty 877.1 877.1 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... base, and 1 additional aircraft in OCO to replace a combat loss. The... $M Qty 104.7 3 104.7 3 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty 39.3 1 39.3 1 Total... 718.4 336.2 9.0 1,063.6 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... & FY 2011 include Base and OCO funding Qty 4 4 Base Budget $M Qty....0 1,072.8 5 38.7 1,222.5 5 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty 163.5 1 163.5 1 Total... 77.2 2,659.9 28 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty 2.0 2.0 - Total Request $M Qty....5 1,124.6 12 12 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty....5 24 1,018.2 24 FY 2012 OCO Budget B d et $M Qty - - Total Request....7 2,275.4 98.3 2,996.5 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty Q 11 - 11 - - Total... Computers (C4) Systems – Base and OCO: $10.9 Billion Theater Combat C3....5 1,541.4 17,120 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty 0.5 6 0.5 6 Total Request $M Qty... 506 243 749 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qtyy - - Total Request $M Qtyy....2 3,931 1,272.2 3,931 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty 0.5 0.5 - Total Request $M Qty... 2012 Ground Programs – Base and OCO: $16.1Billion Medium Tactical Vehicles... 172.1 71.8 - 243.9 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qtyy - - - Total Request $M Qtyy... 1,173 FY 2012 Base Budget OCO Budget $M Qty $M Qty 5.5 627.3 1,569... & FY 2011 include Base and OCO funding Base Budget $M Qty 9.7 181.3 21 191.0 21 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - - Total Request $M Qty... 2012 Missile Defense – Base and OCO: $10.1Billion Ballistic Missile Defense....2 202.7 10,671.6 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty....0 1,174.7 68 68 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... 2 No modification funding included 1 88 OCO $M - 88 - Qt Qty 1 - Total $M 44... $M Qty 406.6 406.6 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 89.0 75.0 163.9 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... & FY 2011 include i l d BBase andd OCO funding f di Qty - Base Budget $M Qty 1,161.0 1,161.0 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... $M Qty 344.7 344.7 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty....7 261.4 84 8.4 628.4 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... Munitions and Missiles – Base and OCO: $11.0 Billion ($ in millions) Conventional...** Base Budget $M Qty FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty $M Qty $M Qty 5.9 2.2 8.1 - 6.0 1.0 7.0 - 8.0 8.8 16... & FY 2011 include Base and OCO funding Total Request $M Qty 8.0 8.8 16... & FY 2011 include Base and OCO funding - - - - Numbers may not add....1 118.4 245.5 245.5 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty....6 3,250 3,250 3,250 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty....7 266 0.2 145.4 266 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty....1 24 1,398.0 24 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... and Maritime Systems – Base and OCO: $24.2 Billion Outfitting & Post Delivery... $M Qty 2,081.4 1 2,081.4 1 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - - Total Request $M Qty... 286.8 1,881.7 4 2,168.5 4 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... $M Qty 0.9 1,847.4 1 1,848.3 1 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 97.2 4,857.7 2 4,954.9 2 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... $M Qty 2,018.7 2,018.7 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... $M Qty 425.9 1 425.9 1 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 244.2 238.2 482.4 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - - Total Request $M Qty... 421.7 552.8 2 974.5 2 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 20.0 1,740.2 4 1,760.2 4 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 872.0 590.0 2 1,462.0 2 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... $M Qty 444.9 444.9 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 621.6 373.6 995.2 - FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty... 12.8 468.7 1 481.5 1 FY 2012 OCO Budget $M Qty - Total Request $M Qty...