Спутник ДЗЗ. Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2. [Редактировать]

Данный аппарат является первым изделием NASA для решения задачи изучения поведения диоксида углерода в атмосфере из космоса. OCO-2 должен собирать информацию по всей Земной атмосфере с возможностью определения источников и разделению регионов. Также аппарат должен собирать информацию о круговороте оксида углерода в природе. Платформа аппарата имеет шестиугольную структуру которая зарекомендовала себя как легкая, но одновременно с этим надежная платформа. Аппарат имеет разворачиваемые солнечные панели которые позволяют поместить его под головной обтекатель. Бортовой компьютер разработан для работы в условиях жесткого воздействия со стороны космической среды и контролирует как платформу так и инструмент. Программное обеспечение аппарата позволяет работать по командам как заложенных в него программ так и по командам с Земли. Для связи с центральной наземной станцией используется антенна S диапазона. Научная информация передается по X стволу. Поскольку отслеживать диоксид углерода напрямую невозможно, то его оценка производится на основе съемки поверхности земли в определенных диапазонах длин волн. 

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1OCO-2НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип орбиты - НОО
2Страна оператор(владелец) - США
3Страна производитель - США
4Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
5Дистанционного зондирования Земли
6Все спутники ДЗЗ

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12014-08-13. Аппарат достиг целевой орбитыТэги: Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Длина (волны), микрон2.06
2Длина (волны), микрон1.61
3Длина (волны), микрон0.765
4Масса (аппарат), кг447
5Масса (сухая), кг409
6Диаметр (платформы), метра1
7Диаметр (апертуры), см11
8Платформа 1xLeoStar-2
9Площадь поверхности батареи, квадратных метров3
10Высота (платформы), метра2
11Мощность, Вт521

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1САС (планируемый ), год2

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2014-035A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Заказчик Космическое агентство США
2Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2010-04-01349.9
3Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2010-04-0160.9
4Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2010-04-01249.0
5Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2010-04-0140
6Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2011-01-01349.9
7Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2011-01-0160.9
8Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2011-01-01249.0
9Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2011-01-0140.0
10Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-01349.9
11Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-0160.9
12Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2012-01-01249.0
13Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2012-01-0140.0
14Прогнозируемая стоимость (контракта с прооизводителем), млн. долл.2013-01-0153.6
15Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2013-01-01467.7
16Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2013-01-0160.9
17Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2013-01-01371.8
18Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2013-01-0135
19Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2014-04-01467.5
20Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2014-04-0160.9
21Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2014-04-01371.6
22Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2014-04-0135
23Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2015-03-24427.6
24Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2015-03-2460.9
25Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2015-03-24320.3
26Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2015-03-2446.4

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром База Ванденберг
2Дата пуска2014-07-02 09:56:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xOrbiting Carbon Observatory 2
4Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 2 7320

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2». [Перейти к поиску]


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....8 88.6 58.8 37.4 50.0 54.9 Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) 84.8 35.6 25.4 9.0 1.4 - - Aquarius... System Science Pathfinder, Sci-63 Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) [Development], Sci-71 Aquarius... (JWST) [Formulation], Sci-187 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) [Development... augmented via Heliophysics; accelerates Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) research... Science Pathfinder Increases funding for Orbiting Carbon Observatory and Aquarius to maintain development... Earth demonstrated by completing the Orbiting Carbon System Observatory (OCO) Launch Readiness Review... Earth demonstrated by completing the Orbiting Carbon System Observatory (OCO) Launch Readiness Review... Earth demonstrated by completing the Orbiting Carbon System Observatory (OCO) Launch Readiness Review... from the upcoming Orbiting Carbon Observatory and the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite....8 88.6 58.8 37.4 50.0 54.9 Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) 84.8 35.6 25.4 9.0 1.4 0 0 Aquarius....2 135.7 94.9 171.6 242.3 161.2 0 Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) 75.7 40.9 12.6 6.4 0 0 0 Aquarius... has two missions in development (Orbiting Carbon Observatory and Aquarius) and three operating... 3A. Plans For FY 2009 1) Orbiting Carbon Observatory mission Pre-Ship Review, Operations... Changes Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) The Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) will improve understanding of atmospheric carbon dioxide..., CloudSat, and CALIPSO Launch spacecraft Orbiting Carbon Observatory LRD moved from Sept. 2008..., National Center for Atmospheric Research. Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) JPL JPL Laboratoire des... Science Earth System Science Pathfinder Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) FY 2009 Budget Request... due to issues with the Orbiting Carbon Observatory instrument and its manufacturer. Persistent... Pathfinder Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Project Purpose The data received from the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO... Science Earth System Science Pathfinder Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Schedule Commitments The OCO... Science Earth System Science Pathfinder Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Development Cost and Schedule... Development Cost Estimate for the Orbiting Carbon Observatory of $199.3 million has been... 2008 Omnibus Appropriations Act. Project Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Base Year 2007 Base... Science Earth System Science Pathfinder Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Project Management JPL is... form the Aquarius/SAC-D observatory. This observatory will be launched into a polar... X-Ray Observatory, the Spitzer Space Telescope, and the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory... Strategic Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) is an airborne observatory that will...: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project...: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Schedule... Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Management The overall Stratospheric Observatory...: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project... Changes Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) will investigate... Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Project Purpose The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) is... Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Schedule Commitments The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Project... Observatory (STEREO) Launched on October 25, 2006, the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory... planned launches for FY 2009: Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO), Glory, Kepler, Lunar Reconnaissance... Administration-N Prime (NOAA-N'), Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP... Herschel space Observatory, the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), the National Polar-orbiting Operational... mission, the Glory mission, the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO), the Mars Science Laboratory... 203.3 6 Launch Readiness 7/1/2009 5/1/2010 Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) 2007 186.5 2008 219... Science APG 8ES04 Complete the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Operational Readiness Review. Earth... 8HE06 Complete Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Integrated Observatory Performance Test. Living with..., as demonstrated by completing the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Launch Readiness Review (LRR..., as demonstrated by completing the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Launch Readiness Review (LRR..., as demonstrated by completing the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Launch Readiness Review (LRR... None None 7ESS4 White Complete Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Assembly, Test and Launch... vehicle in support of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) and Glory missions scheduled...) Confirmation Review. 7ESS6 Complete Orbiting Carbon (Outcome 3A.3) Observatory (OCO) Assembly, Test and.... 6UNIV18 (Outcome 3D.3) Complete Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Airworthiness... of Chief Information Officer OCO Orbiting Carbon Observatory OFT Orbital Flight Test OGAs...



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... SMD-58 Aquarius SMD-65 Orbiting Carbon Observatory SMD-69 Education and Outreach...-239 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy SMD-243 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared... Programs APG 8ES04 Complete the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Operational Readiness Review. Earth... of data from the upcoming Orbiting Carbon Observatory and NPOESS Preparatory Project missions....2 Aquarius 51.7 73.4 60.6 33.5 6.7 4.8 3.4 Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) 40.8 75.7 40.9 12... 2005 and September 2005, respectively. Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) 34.1 40.9 6.9 Other 21... mission observatory Pre-Ship Review and Operations Readiness Review. 2) Aquarius mission observatory... lead time. Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Improve understanding of atmospheric carbon dioxide sources and... place in 2007 Launch spacecraft Orbiting Carbon Observatory September 2008 September 2008 Launch... Espaciales (CONAE), NOAA, NRL, NCAR Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) JPL JPL Laboratoire des... form the Aquarius/SAC-D observatory. This observatory will be launched into a polar... Science Earth System Science Pathfinder Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Budget / Life Cycle Cost... of Major Project Changes Project Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) No major programmatic changes... Science Earth System Science Pathfinder Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Project Purpose The data... absorbing CO2. Project Parameters The Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) is a two-year mission... System Science Pathfinder Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Schedule Commitments The Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) will provide the first space-based measurements of atmospheric carbon... 2008 Development Cost Summary Project Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Base Year 2007 Base... Science Earth System Science Pathfinder Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Project Management Project management... 8HE06 Complete Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Integrated Observatory Performance Test. Living with... SDO development activities including comprehensive observatory performance test (APG 8HE06). Complete... Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Project Purpose The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) is... Observatory (STEREO) Launched on October 25, 2006, the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory... X-Ray Observatory, the Spitzer Space Telescope, and the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory... The XMM-Newton Observatory is an X-ray astrophysics observatory developed by the... mission operation servicing. Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, MA, hosts the principal... Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Program Budget Budget Authority ($ millions) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy... FY 2008 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared...: Theme: Program: Science Astrophysics Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Program... critical observatory sub-systems and instruments. Project Descriptions The SOFIA observatory was...: Theme: Program: Science Astrophysics Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Implementation... Program Management Program management, aircraft observatory development, & flight testing have been...: Theme: Program: Science Astrophysics Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Program... Astrophysics Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy... Astrophysics Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy... Astrophysics Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy... Astrophysics Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy... Astrophysics Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy... formulation. Constellation-X (Con-X) The Constellation-X Observatory would be a combination of several... Topography Mission (OSTM), Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO), and Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). STSS, GLAST... Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), and the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite...), the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA), Aquarius, Glory, the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO... Readiness 3/31/2009 3/31/2009 0 Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) 2007 199.3 2007 199...-Sun System APG 7ESS6 Complete Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Assembly, Test and Launch... Science APG 8ES04 Complete the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Operational Readiness Review. Earth... 8HE06 Complete Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Integrated Observatory Performance Test. Living with...-ultraviolet Variability Experiment (Solar Dynamics Observatory instrument) E&S Elementary and Secondary Education... Chief Information Officer RHESSI OCO Orbiting Carbon Observatory Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar...



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... Jupiter spacecraft. The Chandra X-ray Observatory. Each of these missions has... minutes, 33 seconds) in space, orbiting Earth 20,830 times. In... distant stars, some with planets orbiting them. It has allowed humankind.... Without the Space Shuttle, this orbiting research facility simply could not... data came from a variety of orbiting interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR... 2011 unfolded, NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) monitored as the Sun... solar system: planet orbiting two suns and a carbon-rich planet The existence... detection of a circumbinary planet—a planet orbiting two stars—200 light-years... planet, orbiting a single star, loaded with an unusual amount of carbon. The planet, a gas giant named WASP-12b, is the first carbon-rich world ever observed. Carbon is a common component... satellite in a clean room at orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System, or... cubic-foot addition to the orbiting laboratory, providing more space and... NASA Earth Science missions, the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) in 2009 and Glory... the global impact of black carbon Black carbon exists as particles in... black carbon, as well as tropospheric ozone and its precursors. Black carbon... to about a decade) relative to carbon dioxide. 62 Detailed Performance Strategic... demonstrate that control of black carbon particles and tropospheric ozone through... of the interagency North American Carbon Program’s (NACP’s) interim synthesis studies..., to improve carbon cycling models. National Biomass and Carbon Data Set released.... Analyzing phytoplankton’s role in the carbon cycle In 2010, researchers published... chemical energy. They also consume carbon dioxide and release oxygen. Previous... Strategic Goal 2 Publishing findings on carbon cycle and biodiversity A number of... Launch Readiness Review. Initiate the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Instrument and Spacecraft System... biogeochemical cycles, including the global carbon cycle, land cover, and biodiversity...) Mission Operations Review. Initiate the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Instrument and Spacecraft System... of its missions. Initiate the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Instrument and Spacecraft System... the rocket. The National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS... Goals Complete the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS... budget, moving forward. Initiate the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Instrument and Spacecraft System..., scientists using the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) took observations of the... observations with NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) and a NASA instrument onboard... radiation environment encountered by Earth-orbiting satellites. High-energy electrons in... with those from the Earth-orbiting SDO, show the entire solar... 15 and will spend a year orbiting the body. After that, the... uses a combination of the elements carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, and... Space Telescope, and Chandra X-ray Observatory teamed up to study one... Telescope and the Chandra X-ray Observatory have found the first direct... observations take flight The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) is... project team is developing the observatory and conducting early science flights... orbiting a sunlike star. This is the largest group of transiting planets orbiting... to more than 1,235 in orbiting around 1,000 stars. Of these... astrophysics observatory. FY 2011 Annual Performance Goal Initiate the Stratospheric Observatory for... methods for fabricating tethers with carbon nanotube technology. The Strong Tether... Tether challenge’s $2 million prize purse. Carbon nanotubes, shown here, are long... one-atom thick sheets of carbon. Individual nanotubes naturally align themselves.... For composites, the program developed a carbon fiber reinforced composite with a commercially... network also supports selected Earth-orbiting missions. The Space Network consists... with scientists aboard the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) during... an Earth science spacecraft, the Orbiting Carbon Observatory onboard a Taurus XL on February... fairing did not separate. NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory Mishap Investigation Board reviewed the...-12: Complete the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS... the rocket. The National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS... not complete the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) within 110 percent of... to the failure of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Taurus XL launch vehicle... Science observations on the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA). Why..., Earth Science Division Initiate the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Instrument and Spacecraft System... overall delivery schedule of the observatory or the launch readiness date... status and establish near-term observatory development guidelines and constraints following... forward will consider analysis of observatory design, cost and schedule risks...



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... Webb Space Telescope (JWST) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Other... (JWST) [Development], ASTRO-18 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) [Development...: Funding is included for an Orbiting Carbon Observatory replacement, with a planned launch readiness..., Spitzer Space Telescope, Chandra X-ray Observatory, Swift, Suzaku, Galaxy Evolution Explorer... Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) and the Deformation, Ecosystem... include completion of Aquarius/SAC-D observatory environmental testing, delivery to the... the accelerated development of an Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Reflight (OCO-2) mission in... Air Force Base (VAFB); - The Orbiting Carbon Observatory - 2 (OCO-2) mission will conduct its... and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) The Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO.... On February 24, 2009, NASA's Orbiting Carbon Observatory failed to reach orbit after... Taurus Return to Flight plans Orbiting Carbon Observatory, mature (OCO) mission) launch failure...-provided Low-Inclination Observatory (LIO). The Core Observatory will leverage passive microwave... Core Observatory GSFC GSFC None Core Observatory: GMI GSFC GSFC None Core Observatory: DPR GSFC GSFC JAXA Low-Inclination Observatory: GMI GSFC GSFC None Launch vehicle and GSFC services: Core Observatory None JAXA Launch vehicle and services: Low-Inclination Observatory TBD... Observatory will be provided by a foreign partner (JAXA). The Low-Inclination Observatory... Project Preliminary Parameters The ICESat-2 observatory employs a dedicated spacecraft with a multi... Project Preliminary Parameters The SMAP observatory employs a dedicated spacecraft with an... the accelerated development of an Orbiting Carbon Observatory Reflight mission (OCO-2) with the... include: 1) Completion of Aquarius/SAC-D observatory environmental testing, delivery to the... development section of this document. Orbiting Carbon Observatory - 2 OCO-2 is a replacement for the... Form Dev Ops Res Aquarius Orbiting Carbon Observatory - 2 Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment..., National Center for Atmospheric Research. Orbiting Carbon Observatory - 2 JPL JPL N/A Gravity Recovery and... form the Aquarius/SAC-D observatory. This observatory will be launched into a polar... instrument integration with the SAC-D Observatory (Phase D). Recommendation to proceed to... instrument integration with the SAC-D Observatory (Phase D). Recommendation to proceed to... The data received from the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) will support climate research... will continue operations. The Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) will....4 385.1 354.6 335.6 259.8 -- Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 72... development, is a Boeing 747SP airborne observatory with a 2.5 meter reflecting telescope that.... The HST Mission Operations functions (observatory engineering analysis, trending, and health... has made excellent progress. All Observatory components have successfully completed their... a large, deployable, spacebased infrared astronomical observatory, scheduled for launch in June...), Spacecraft, Sunshield, Observatory Same AI&T and commissioning. The Observatory shall be designed...: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) FY...: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project....html Project Parameters The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) was...: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project...: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Schedule... and Schedule Summary Project Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Base... Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Management The overall Stratospheric Observatory... of magnitude. -Chandra, a flagship X-ray observatory currently in extended operations, has.... -The International X-ray Observatory (IXO) is a joint X-ray observatory with participation from... Geotail Wind Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE...-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) Preparatory Project (NPP), • Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), and • Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA... corrective action plan following the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) launch failure, as both... Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory CONAE Activities Communication Navigation and... Acquisition Contracts IXO International X-ray Observatory HBCU Historically Black Colleges and... NASA Contract Assurance Services OCO Orbiting Carbon Observatory NASA Communications Improvement OGAs Other... SOC Solar Orbiter Collaboration Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Research Opportunities in... (Thermal Emission VAO Virtual Astronomical Observatory SST Imaging System instrument) VCL...



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... and operations) 6 Mission Overview The Orbiting Carbon Observatory is NASA’s first spacecraft dedicated... spacecraft deployment. Separation of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory satellite occurs approximately 13 minutes... second (4.7 miles per second). The Orbiting Carbon Observatory precedes Aqua, the second satellite... will bring the Orbiting Carbon Observatory into formation with Aqua. The observatory’s orbit will... for the Orbiting Carbon Observatory mission data and products. Data Products The Orbiting Carbon Observatory mission... the Orbiting Carbon Observatory science team at their home institutions by combining Orbiting Carbon Observatory Level... Validation The Orbiting Carbon Observatory team will verify the observatory’s observations of atmospheric carbon dioxide... carbon dioxide and oxygen absorption bands as those used by the Orbiting Carbon Observatory... phase of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory mission. In addition, the Orbiting Carbon Observatory project is collaborating... of Orbiting Carbon Observatory Science Team members is provided in the Orbiting Carbon Observatory Science Writers.... 25 What the Orbiting Carbon Observatory Will Do The Orbiting Carbon Observatory--the first-ever remote sensing mission dedicated to studying carbon... change. The Orbiting Carbon Observatory will dramatically improve measurements of carbon dioxide over space... regional to continental scales. The Orbiting Carbon Observatory will have just such a level... carbon dioxide. They also release carbon dioxide when they burn. Orbiting Carbon Observatory measurements of carbon... carbon dioxide emissions increase at a steady rate. Orbiting Carbon Observatory measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide will enable far better estimates of carbon... either satellite alone. The Orbiting Carbon Observatory and Carbon Management Carbon management is a key resource..., SeaWiFS, and Orbiting Carbon Observatory spacecraft to measure and monitor carbon sequestration in terrestrial... flow of carbon among them and the atmosphere. The Orbiting Carbon Observatory will make... would have on atmospheric carbon dioxide levels. Orbiting Carbon Observatory data may also make... the Orbiting Carbon Observatory is to substantially increase our understanding of how carbon dioxide... atmospheric science community, including the Orbiting Carbon Observatory science investigators, will use the... or flight qualified. For the Orbiting Carbon Observatory, the spacecraft has been elongated... station for data downlink. The Orbiting Carbon Observatory is a “three-axis-stabilized” spacecraft.... Unlike some other spacecraft, the Orbiting Carbon Observatory requires no thrusters to adjust... provides that information. Propulsion The Orbiting Carbon Observatory requires onboard propulsion to raise.... Physical and Functional Redundancies The Orbiting Carbon Observatory is a single-string spacecraft. This... system receiver. 34 Instrument The Orbiting Carbon Observatory will carry a single science instrument... that point. Design Considerations The Orbiting Carbon Observatory instrument and measurement approach are... degrees Fahrenheit). The Spectrometers The Orbiting Carbon Observatory’s three parallel, high-resolution, near... the reflected solar radiation. The Orbiting Carbon Observatory’s spectrometers detect these molecular fingerprints... can also distort atmospheric carbon dioxide measurements. The Orbiting Carbon Observatory compensates for these... validity of mission data, the Orbiting Carbon Observatory will collect science observations in... carbon dioxide concentration data products. 38 NASA’s Carbon Cycle Science Program The Orbiting Carbon Observatory is part of NASA’s Carbon Cycle... complement Orbiting Carbon Observatory measurements by documenting the surface types associated with carbon dioxide... carbon dioxide absorption is directly proportional to net ecosystem productivity, Orbiting Carbon Observatory measurements of carbon dioxide can be combined... Imaging Spectroradiometer with carbon dioxide measurements from the Orbiting Carbon Observatory will help scientists... and absorption of carbon dioxide by processes there. The Orbiting Carbon Observatory will fly... Orbiting Carbon Observatory, scientists will be able to infer the altitude distribution of carbon... NASA after the Orbiting Carbon Observatory. Called the Active Sensing of Carbon Dioxide Emissions... validation infrastructure that will handle Orbiting Carbon Observatory data. The National Research Council... measurements with those of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory. Collectively, the resulting accurate, self... the Orbiting Carbon Observatory program executive. Ken Jucks is the Orbiting Carbon Observatory program scientist. The Orbiting Carbon Observatory... is the Orbiting Carbon Observatory project manager, and Ralph Basilio is the Orbiting Carbon Observatory deputy...



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... Hubble Space Telescope Program Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Program... Observatory Solar Terrestrial Probes Program Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory... Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observatory Orbiting Carbon Observatory Aquarius Earth-Sun System Multi... request: ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ $166.0 M for Solar Dynamics Observatory, to complete integration and test... Multiscale mission. $68.2 M for the Orbiting Carbon Observatory mission. $189.4 M for Earth-Sun... development of Orbiting Carbon Observatory, Aquarius, and Glory. Solar Dynamics Observatory Integration and Test... Multiscale mission. $68.2 M for the Orbiting Carbon Observatory mission. $189.4 M for Earth-Sun...-flight test missions. The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) budget... in place. Key Participants W.M. Keck Observatory, California Association for Research in... weather and instrument failure (both observatory facilities and nulling equipment). MITIGATION..., deployable, space-based infrared astronomical observatory. JWST is currently conducting a replan... program will continue operations and observatory life extension efforts. Pending a final... Theme: Program: The Universe Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) (Dollars...'s FY 2007 Budget Request Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) FY2005... under development as an astronomical observatory consisting of a 2.5-meter aperture telescope... Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Technical Parameters The SOFIA observatory was... the U.S. Key Participants Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) operates Chandra. California Institute... Herschel Space Observatory will be the first space observatory covering the full... development of Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO), Aquarius, and Glory. Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Integration... during Substorms). Major Recent Accomplishments: Orbiting Carbon Observatory, Aquarius, and Glory successfully passed.... STEREO (Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory) completed observatory pre-environmental review and began... (LDCM) Confirmation Review. 7ESS6 Complete Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Assembly, Test and Launch... explorers. 7ESS14.3 Deliver Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) instruments to spacecraft for... start environmental testing of the observatory (spacecraft with instruments). The Global... Project In Development: Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Lifecycle cost elements: Spacecraft... In Development: Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) (Dollars in Millions) President... Budget Request Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) (Development) FY2005 FY2006 FY2007... In Development: Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) Technical Parameters The mission.... APL will provide the spacecraft, observatory integration, testing and mission operations... In Development: Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) Budget Detail/Life Cycle... plane package. The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory will provide the x-ray telescope... CALIPSO), and 2 missions in development (Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) and Aquarius). Future ESSP..., the imaging infrared radiometer (IIR), observatory integration and test (I&T), and spacecraft...: Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) (Dollars in Millions) President's FY 2007 Budget Request Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO... cost and schedule plans. The Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Mission is part of... Science Pathfinder Project In Development: Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Technical Parameters During its... Science Pathfinder Project In Development: Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Budget Detail/Life Cycle... form the Aquarius/SAC-D observatory. This observatory will be launched into a polar... Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO). APG 6ESS17 Complete the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO... Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO). APG 6ESS17 Complete the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO... review. APG 6UNIV18 Complete Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Airworthiness... Review. APG 7ESS6 Complete the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Assembly, Test and Launch... Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (Solar Dynamic Observatory instrument) AVC Advanced Vehicle Concepts...-ultraviolet Variability Experiment (Solar Dynamics Observatory instrument) GLOBE Global Learning and... CME Transients (Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory investigation) INSPIRE Interdisciplinary National Science... the National Airspace System OCO Orbiting Carbon Observatory REF 2-6 Acronyms ODA Orbital Debris... and Composition (Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory investigation) SAME Smoke and Aerosol... Management Council SAO Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory PNST Prometheus Nuclear Systems and... Shared Capabilities SCAP SOFIA Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy SOFIE Solar... Heliospheric Investigation (Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory investigation) SRG Stirling Radioisotope Generator... Program STEREO Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory STIS Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph...



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0.08/5
... Microwave Sounding Unit Advanced Orbiting Solar Observatory use AOSO Advanced Range Instrumentation... uranium vanadium zirconium activated glassy carbon- Orbiting low molten calcium sodium injection... carbon monoxide carbon monoxide lasers carbon monoxide poisoning carbon nanotube based memory carbon nanotubes carbon nitrides Carbon Observatory (OCO) carbon-phenolic composites carbon-silicon carbide composites carbon stars carbon steels carbon steels carbon suboxides carbon... Geophysical Observatory use EGO Eccentric Orbit Geophysical Observatory use EGO Orbiting Geophysical Observatory use OGO Polar Orbit Geophysical Observatory use... Observatory use AOSO (observatory) 203 Observatory Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory use CLARREO (observatory) Compton Gamma Ray Observatory use Gamma Ray Observatory Con-X observatory use Constellation-X Eccentric Geophysical Observatory use EGO Eccentric Orbit Geophysical Observatory use EGO Einstein Observatory use HEAO 2 ESO (observatory) use European Southern Observatory European Southern Observatory Gamma Ray Observatory Jodrell Bank Observatory JWST (observatory) use James Webb Space Telescope Kuiper Airborne Observatory Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory use LIGO (observatory) LIGO (observatory) LISA (observatory) Orbiting Astronomical Observatory use OAO Orbiting Geophysical Observatory use OGO Orbiting Solar Observatory use OSO Polar Orbit Geophysical Observatory use POGO SOFIA (airborne observatory... Observatory use SOHO Mission Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory use STEREO (observatory) STEREO (observatory) Swift observatory High Energy Astronomy Observatory 1 use HEAO 1 High Energy Astronomy Observatory... Observatory for IR Astronomy use SOFIA (airborne observatory) Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Synchronous Earth Observatory satellite Mars... satellite oceans use extraterrestrial oceans Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Octahedral Research Satellites use... orbiters Orbiting Astronomical Observatory use OAO Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) orbiting dipoles Orbiting Frog Otolith Orbiting Geophysical Observatory use OGO Venus orbiting imaging radar (spacecraft) orbiting lunar stations Global Orbiting... orbiting radio beacon ionospheric sounder use ORBIS Orbiting Solar Observatory use OSO Advanced Orbiting Solar Observatory use AOSO Earth orbiting space stations use space stations Automatic Universal Orbiting... navigation Polar Orbit Geophysical Observatory use POGO Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite... Interferometer Gravitational- Wave Observatory use LIGO (observatory) kilometer wave orbiting telescope wave oscillators...



Дата загрузки: 2017-11-08
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0.05/5
... change. A single radiometer on a polar orbiting satellite observes the entire Earth... geostationary and polar-orbiting satellites; Microwave radiances from polar-orbiting satellites T.4 (T20...) and a Precipitation Radar (PR). This observatory is in a 35 deg. inclined..., the core observatory of the (GPM mission. This observatory will carry both... a dual precipitation radar (DPR). This observatory will be in a 65 deg... on both Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (Suomi NPP) and Joint... precipitation measurements. o Precipitation Constellation Calibrating Observatory:  During the ad-hoc pre... Precipitation Constellation (PC), the TRMM observatory provides the transfer standard for... opportunities of the TRMM observatory and the polar-orbiting observatories in the... the GPM core observatory in 2014, the GPM core observatory with its... products. Once again the core observatory, like TRMM, provides many match... to the PC about its observatory, radiometer and its operation during... of the PC transfer standard observatory o Should contain well-calibrated radiometer... orbit crossovers between the reference observatory and other observatories in the... established from the GPM core observatory.  Tb products provided by contributors... GPM core observatory. At latitudes for which the reference observatory measurements are... PC calibrator was the TRMM observatory; it is planned that intercalibration...  all  radiometers   to   the Core Observatory reference at Level 1c. Specific... is also applied to polar orbiting satellites in the arctic regions... constitute a reference standard, or calibration observatory, in space to calibrate other... Interferometer [IASI]), and low-Earth orbiting (LEO) and geostationary (GEO) imagers... Climate Abosulte Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) from 2008-2010. The... (Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory) as a NASA space-based mission... accelerate launch of a Climate Calibration Observatory, but none of these efforts...: Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO): Achieving climate change absolute... sounders on their future polar orbiting satellites. Future geostationary satellites from... historical and currently operating polar orbiting satellites from NOAA, NASA EOS... Carbon Dioxide and Methane, and other GHGs Importance of this ECV Carbon... hoc CEOS Carbon Task Force for the coordination of all carbon-related... Observing Satellite (GOSAT/IBUKI), and Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) (after launch in 2014...  Observation’s  (GEO's)  Carbon  Observation Strategy: the CEOS Strategy for Carbon Observations from... ozone measurements from low-Earth-orbiting sensors. (I have attached a poster on..., fossil fuel organic carbon, fossil fuel black carbon, biomass burning and mineral... to be a remote-sensing Earth-orbiting observatory designed to achieve two primary... a continuous coverage-mix of polar orbiting IR and geostationary IR measurements... data sets, geostationary and polar orbiting IR data sets (AVHRR data... to their importance of polar orbiting sensors for weather models. However... carbon currently in the atmosphere. When the soil remains frozen, the carbon... the goal of adding polar orbiting data and developing an integrated.... b) Surface albedo CDR from polar-orbiting satellites (SCM-02) The geostationary... a global store of carbon comparable in size to atmospheric carbon. AGB is an important fraction of the carbon stored... Soil Carbon Importance of this ECV Soils represent the largest terrestrial carbon pool. On seasonal to decadal time scales, carbon sinks... soil carbon stocks become more relevant. Globally, the largest soil carbon stocks... PC calibrator was the TRMM observatory; it is planned that intercalibration... all radiometers to the Core Observatory reference at Level 1c. Page... is also applied to polar orbiting satellites in the arctic regions... (Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory) as a NASA space-based mission... accelerate launch of a Climate Calibration Observatory, but none of these efforts...: Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO): Achieving climate change absolute... historical and currently operating polar orbiting satellites from NOAA, NASA EOS...  Observation’s  (GEO's)  Carbon  Observation   Strategy: the CEOS Strategy for Carbon Observations from... ozone measurements from low-Earth-orbiting sensors. (I have attached a poster on... a continuous coverage-mix of polar orbiting IR and geostationary IR measurements... to their importance of polar orbiting sensors for weather models. However.... b) Surface albedo CDR from polar-orbiting satellites (SCM-02) The geostationary... Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory Climate Variability and Predictability Research...) Net Ecosystem Production National Ecological Observatory Network (United States) National Environmental... OSIRIS OST-VC OSVW-VC Orbiting Carbon Observatory Ocean Color Radiances Ocean Colour... Virtual Constellation Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership Short Wave Short Wave...



Дата загрузки: 2017-11-24
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0.07/5
... will continue to develop the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO)-2 for launch in 2013... Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO). In addition, in conjunction... (KDP)-D; - The NPOESS (National Polar-orbiting Operational Satellite System) Preparatory Project... and testing of the observatory and the observatory Pre-Ship Review; - Soil.... APG 2.1.1.2: ES-12-2 Complete the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Systems Integration Review. APG... biogeochemical cycles, including the global carbon cycle, land cover, and biodiversity... biogeochemical cycles, including the global carbon cycle, land cover, and biodiversity... APG 2.1.3.2: ES-12-2 Complete the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Systems Integration Review. Earth...-12 Launch the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Earth Systematic Missions... APG 2.1.5.3: ES-12-2 Complete the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Systems Integration Review. Earth... climate assessments, for work towards a Carbon Monitoring System (CMS), specifically the... variability and change; atmospheric composition; carbon cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; water... in field work. Carbon Cycle Science: The Carbon Cycle Science project funds..., SIR, and KDP-D and begin observatory level environmental testing; - NPP is... conduct the majority of the Observatory level environmental testing and the... Glory data include: atmospheric composition; carbon cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; climate... composition; climate variability and change; carbon cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; water...; climate variability and change; and carbon cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry. ICESat.... Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) The CLARREO mission, a Tier... by Terra include: atmospheric composition; carbon cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; climate... by Aqua include: atmospheric composition; carbon cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; climate... successfully integrated to the Glory Observatory. The November 2010 LRD was... successfully integrated to the Glory observatory. The November 2010 LRD was... in the loss of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory. NASA developed a corrective action plan... successfully integrated to the Glory Observatory. The TIM instrument provides continuity... fly on a future Low-Inclination Observatory (LIO). Mission Directorate: Theme: Program... The GPM project includes a Core Observatory Spacecraft and a robust set of... the Core Observatory, is ready on schedule. The Core Observatory will leverage... be robust. The NASA Core Observatory will fly in a 65 degree... inclined 35 degrees). The Core Observatory's two scientific instruments will provide... Microwave Imager (TMI). The Core Observatory Spacecraft will be launched from...) Project Commitments The GPM Core Observatory is planned for a launch in... FY 2012 PB Request Core Observatory GSFC Provides platform for the... instruments. Same Same Low-Inclination Observatory N/A N/A Changed to be partner-provided... Dec 2009 Dec 2009 Core Observatory LRD Jul 2013 Jul 2013... Core Observatory GSFC GSFC None Core Observatory: GMI GSFC GSFC None Core Observatory: DPR GSFC GSFC JAXA Launch vehicle and GSFC services: Core Observatory... launch vehicle for the Core Observatory will be provided by a foreign... change, ecosystem function and services, carbon cycling and sequestration, resource management... LDCM project will develop alternative observatory integration and test scenarios to.... Project Preliminary Parameters The ICESat-2 observatory employs a dedicated spacecraft with a multi.... Project Preliminary Parameters The SMAP observatory employs a dedicated spacecraft and will... the accelerated development of an Orbiting Carbon Observatory reflight mission (OCO-2) with the... development section of this document. Orbiting Carbon Observatory - 2 OCO-2 is a replacement for the... address the related science questions. Orbiting Carbon Observatory-3 Instrument OCO-3 is an instrument..., CloudSat, and CALIPSO Complete the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Systems Integration Review. OCO... Form Dev Ops Res Aquarius Orbiting Carbon Observatory - 2 Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment..., National Center for Atmospheric Research. Orbiting Carbon Observatory - 2 JPL JPL N/A GRACE Earth Science... form the Aquarius/SAC-D observatory. This observatory will be launched into a polar... instrument integration with the SAC-D Observatory (Phase D). Recommendation to proceed to... Science Earth System Science Pathfinder Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) FY 2012 Budget Request... Science Earth System Science Pathfinder Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Project Purpose Data received.... The total weight of the observatory is about 530 kilograms. The... Science Earth System Science Pathfinder Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Schedule Commitments Based on... Science Earth System Science Pathfinder Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Project Risk Management Title... variability and change; atmospheric composition; (carbon cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; water...



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0.03/5
... launch of the Solar Dynamics Observatory. The European Cryosat-2 was launched..., NASA launched the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) into a geosynchronous orbit which... for over five years. The observatory is part of the “Living... Corp. to launch the agency's Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) replacement satellite aboard a Taurus.... >> Chandra X-ray Observatory Evidence for a thin veil of carbon has been found..., made with NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory, resolves a 10-year mystery surrounding... a contract with the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory to provide science and operational... and engineers involved. Herschel Space Observatory Early in the reporting period... results from the Herschel Space Observatory. >> In January 2010, the Herschel... Mercury. >> Planck The Planck space observatory - ESA's mission to study the... planet orbiting another star is loaded with an unusual amount of carbon... Astronomers used the Suzaku orbiting X-ray observatory, operated jointly by NASA and... Physics NASA's Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) made new observations about.... >> Cameras on NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory captured activity on the sun...-Newton, the most powerful X-ray observatory ever built and launched into... in February, NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory arrived on - 43 - station in.... NASA's LADEE spacecraft is a small observatory intended to study the moon... (ESA) and the European Southern Observatory, closed on 31 December 2010... School of Law and Astronomical Observatory, and the Research Group CREAR... world's best-known and loved observatory, the Hubble Space Telescope. The... ESA-NASA Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) has completed half a solar..., the ESA Cornerstone Gaia astrometric observatory mission, to be launched before... be observed with a ‘Great Heliospheric Observatory’, a fleet of spacecraft designed and... February 2010, NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) is the most advanced... Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA), the observatory is able to remotely measure...,000 K. NASA’s Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO) is the third mission... by the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO, see below). In May... 1995, the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) has been stationed near.../NASA project, is a space-based observatory, viewing and investigating the Sun..., such as NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory are launched, SOHO’s continued observations... complexity of large space-based observatory missions places a growing emphasis on... distant objects known. NASA’s Chandra observatory and ESA's X-ray Multi-mirror... and high throughput spectroscopy, these observatory missions continue to generate major... (International Gamma Ray Astrophysics Laboratory) observatory, launched in 2002, is now.... Spectrum RG is a RKA Xray observatory with Russian and German X-ray... 2014. The large International X-ray Observatory (IXO), involving NASA, ESA and... in 2003. Infrared NASA’s Spitzer Observatory has ended its cryogenic phase... the NASA-DLR SOFIA stratospheric observatory for far-IR astronomy in... Fermi (GLAST) MAXI (NASA/ESA) Observatory mission with 2.4 m telescope for imaging... with GI (guest observer) (ESA) Observatory mission. High throughput spectroscopy and... programme. (Japan) Observatory mission with 10 m antenna for orbiting VLBI imaging 1.3, 6, 18...-sky survey mission. Spitzer (NASA) Observatory mission. Space Infrared Telescope Facility... Herschel to L2. Herschel (ESA) Observatory mission, launched with Planck with... SVOM ASTRO-H GEMS (India) X-ray observatory. (ESA) Technology test mission for..., namely the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), the Reuven Ramaty High... Solar-B), the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO), Sun Watcher with APS... (SWAP), and the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) are all currently in... Demonstration Programme. The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), the first mission for... re-orbiting is the preferred disposal option for GEO missions, de-orbiting... launch the Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR). The currently expected launch... 2013. The NASA Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), launched on 11 February... centre located at the Royal Observatory of Belgium, where the solar... using data from the Fermi observatory, were made from the four...) and Peter Sutcliffe (Hermanus Magnetic Observatory, South Africa). Both the invited... of meteoric smoke Particles X-Ray Observatory (NASA) Lunar orbiter (China) Lunar... Space Network Deep Space Climate Observatory Deep Space Exploration Research Center... Diffusion in Liquids International X-Ray Observatory Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism... Atmospheric Administration's third generation polar orbiting meteorological satellite NASA Opportunities for... Solar-Terrestrial Physics Solar Dynamics Observatory Sun Earth Connection Coronal and...-Red Telescope Facility, now Spitzer Observatory (NASA) Satellite Laser Ranging Small... Instrument Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy Solar and Heliospheric Observatory Solar irradiance... Energy Programme Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Space Telescope Imaging Spectrometer - 275...