Спутник ДЗЗ. Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2. [Редактировать]

Данный аппарат является первым изделием NASA для решения задачи изучения поведения диоксида углерода в атмосфере из космоса. OCO-2 должен собирать информацию по всей Земной атмосфере с возможностью определения источников и разделению регионов. Также аппарат должен собирать информацию о круговороте оксида углерода в природе. Платформа аппарата имеет шестиугольную структуру которая зарекомендовала себя как легкая, но одновременно с этим надежная платформа. Аппарат имеет разворачиваемые солнечные панели которые позволяют поместить его под головной обтекатель. Бортовой компьютер разработан для работы в условиях жесткого воздействия со стороны космической среды и контролирует как платформу так и инструмент. Программное обеспечение аппарата позволяет работать по командам как заложенных в него программ так и по командам с Земли. Для связи с центральной наземной станцией используется антенна S диапазона. Научная информация передается по X стволу. Поскольку отслеживать диоксид углерода напрямую невозможно, то его оценка производится на основе съемки поверхности земли в определенных диапазонах длин волн. 

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1OCO-2НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип орбиты - НОО
2Страна оператор(владелец) - США
3Страна производитель - США
4Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
5Дистанционного зондирования Земли
6Все спутники ДЗЗ

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12014-08-13. Аппарат достиг целевой орбитыТэги: Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Длина (волны), микрон2.06
2Длина (волны), микрон1.61
3Длина (волны), микрон0.765
4Масса (аппарат), кг447
5Масса (сухая), кг409
6Диаметр (платформы), метра1
7Диаметр (апертуры), см11
8Платформа 1xLeoStar-2
9Площадь поверхности батареи, квадратных метров3
10Высота (платформы), метра2
11Мощность, Вт521

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1САС (планируемый ), год2

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2014-035A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Заказчик Космическое агентство США
2Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2010-04-01349.9
3Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2010-04-0160.9
4Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2010-04-01249.0
5Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2010-04-0140
6Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2011-01-01349.9
7Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2011-01-0160.9
8Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2011-01-01249.0
9Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2011-01-0140.0
10Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-01349.9
11Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-0160.9
12Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2012-01-01249.0
13Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2012-01-0140.0
14Прогнозируемая стоимость (контракта с прооизводителем), млн. долл.2013-01-0153.6
15Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2013-01-01467.7
16Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2013-01-0160.9
17Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2013-01-01371.8
18Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2013-01-0135
19Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2014-04-01467.5
20Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2014-04-0160.9
21Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2014-04-01371.6
22Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2014-04-0135
23Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2015-03-24427.6
24Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2015-03-2460.9
25Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2015-03-24320.3
26Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2015-03-2446.4

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром База Ванденберг
2Дата пуска2014-07-02 09:56:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xOrbiting Carbon Observatory 2
4Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 2 7320

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2». [Перейти к поиску]


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... scientists calculate the density of carbon dioxide and methane at the... The Russian Coronas Photon solar observatory launched at 13:30 (UT... the science team. The Photon observatory was the third satellite in... Telescope (SST), and Chandra X-ray Observatory—to museums, nature centers, planetariums... display individual images from each observatory. HST’s visible-light view of...) telescope at the European Southern Observatory in La Silla, Chile. The... 24 February NASA launched its Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) aboard a four-stage Taurus..., the Observatory would have joined Japan’s GoSat, in precisely measuring carbon-dioxide.... 24 NASA, “NASA’s Launch of Carbon-Seeking Satellite Is Unsuccessful,” news... NASA, “NASA Names Chairman for Orbiting Carbon Observatory Investigation,” news release 09-041... information about changes in rainforests’ carbon levels in a transparent and usable... the first Earth-size planets orbiting stars at distances that would... Observatory in 1968, to send into orbit a bat-shaped satellite—the Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 2 (OAO 2). Although the original... two final candidates—Phenolic Impregnated Carbon Ablator (PICA) and Avcoat, both... twin STEREO (Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory) spacecraft had provided scientists with... to space to repair an orbiting scientific instrument. NASA had placed... role in the balance of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Michael... collected by LRO, other spacecraft orbiting the Moon, and observatories on...’s MFSC and the Chandra X-ray Observatory announced that a long observation from... planned to design the first observatory able to measure x-ray polarization... scientists to use the GEMS observatory to study scattering, magnetic fields... 2009. 101 NASA, “NASA Releases Orbiting Carbon Observatory Accident Summary,” news release 09... 2011); NASA, “Overview of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Mishap Investigation Results for... ISS, after a canister for removing carbon dioxide from Cassidy’s suit apparently... launch of the Chandra X-ray Observatory with the release of the... after its 1999 launch. The observatory had created the new image...; the other was an x-ray observatory that would scan the night... NASA, “NASA Celebrates Chandra X-Ray Observatory’s 10th Anniversary,” news release 09... Aeronautics and Astronautics: A Chronology, 2009 carbon dioxide in Cassidy’s spacesuit. During... Destiny when the station was orbiting in darkness. 108 27 July... return home, astronauts aboard the orbiting Space Shuttle Endeavour successfully deployed.... The GPM mission’s spaceborne core observatory would provide the reference standard..., for the first time, the observatory’s sensor measurements would make detailed... responsible for the GPM core-observatory spacecraft bus, the GMI that..., and a second GMI. A Low-Inclination Observatory provided by a partner agency would... the core observatory, an H-2A rocket for the core observatory’s launch, and... noticed a high reading of her carbon dioxide levels. She reported that... in support of the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) mission... that the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) mission had first observed... of the High Energy Astronomy Observatory. He had served as Director... aboard the spaceborne GPM core observatory scheduled for 2013. The 169... an in-depth, nonstop global observatory of the solar system’s innermost... OCM OCO OSO Orbiting Astronomical Observatory Ocean Color Monitor Orbiting Carbon Observatory Operations Support Officer... Pacific Daylight Time Phenolic Impregnated Carbon Ablator Post-Landing Orion Recovery...-Wave Limb-Emission Sounder Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy Space Oriented... Leading Association Solar and Heliospheric Observatory Space Exploration Technologies Spectral and... Space Telescope Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle...



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... Jupiter spacecraft. The Chandra X-ray Observatory. Each of these missions has... minutes, 33 seconds) in space, orbiting Earth 20,830 times. In... distant stars, some with planets orbiting them. It has allowed humankind.... Without the Space Shuttle, this orbiting research facility simply could not... data came from a variety of orbiting interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR... 2011 unfolded, NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) monitored as the Sun... solar system: planet orbiting two suns and a carbon-rich planet The existence... detection of a circumbinary planet—a planet orbiting two stars—200 light-years... planet, orbiting a single star, loaded with an unusual amount of carbon. The planet, a gas giant named WASP-12b, is the first carbon-rich world ever observed. Carbon is a common component... satellite in a clean room at orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System, or... cubic-foot addition to the orbiting laboratory, providing more space and... NASA Earth Science missions, the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) in 2009 and Glory... the global impact of black carbon Black carbon exists as particles in... black carbon, as well as tropospheric ozone and its precursors. Black carbon... to about a decade) relative to carbon dioxide. 62 Detailed Performance Strategic... demonstrate that control of black carbon particles and tropospheric ozone through... of the interagency North American Carbon Program’s (NACP’s) interim synthesis studies..., to improve carbon cycling models. National Biomass and Carbon Data Set released.... Analyzing phytoplankton’s role in the carbon cycle In 2010, researchers published... chemical energy. They also consume carbon dioxide and release oxygen. Previous... Strategic Goal 2 Publishing findings on carbon cycle and biodiversity A number of... Launch Readiness Review. Initiate the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Instrument and Spacecraft System... biogeochemical cycles, including the global carbon cycle, land cover, and biodiversity...) Mission Operations Review. Initiate the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Instrument and Spacecraft System... of its missions. Initiate the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Instrument and Spacecraft System... the rocket. The National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS... Goals Complete the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS... budget, moving forward. Initiate the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Instrument and Spacecraft System..., scientists using the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) took observations of the... observations with NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) and a NASA instrument onboard... radiation environment encountered by Earth-orbiting satellites. High-energy electrons in... with those from the Earth-orbiting SDO, show the entire solar... 15 and will spend a year orbiting the body. After that, the... uses a combination of the elements carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, and... Space Telescope, and Chandra X-ray Observatory teamed up to study one... Telescope and the Chandra X-ray Observatory have found the first direct... observations take flight The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) is... project team is developing the observatory and conducting early science flights... orbiting a sunlike star. This is the largest group of transiting planets orbiting... to more than 1,235 in orbiting around 1,000 stars. Of these... astrophysics observatory. FY 2011 Annual Performance Goal Initiate the Stratospheric Observatory for... methods for fabricating tethers with carbon nanotube technology. The Strong Tether... Tether challenge’s $2 million prize purse. Carbon nanotubes, shown here, are long... one-atom thick sheets of carbon. Individual nanotubes naturally align themselves.... For composites, the program developed a carbon fiber reinforced composite with a commercially... network also supports selected Earth-orbiting missions. The Space Network consists... with scientists aboard the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) during... an Earth science spacecraft, the Orbiting Carbon Observatory onboard a Taurus XL on February... fairing did not separate. NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory Mishap Investigation Board reviewed the...-12: Complete the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS... the rocket. The National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS... not complete the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) within 110 percent of... to the failure of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Taurus XL launch vehicle... Science observations on the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA). Why..., Earth Science Division Initiate the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Instrument and Spacecraft System... overall delivery schedule of the observatory or the launch readiness date... status and establish near-term observatory development guidelines and constraints following... forward will consider analysis of observatory design, cost and schedule risks...



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... 115 Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) 125 NASA/JPL Programs... ultimate goal of chemically reducing carbon dioxide (CO2). The isocyanide ligands... stream in response to increasing carbon dioxide levels. Multiplexed Mapping of... observed using the Table Mountain Observatory for multiple nights to compile... by using superhydrophobic nanotubes. The carbon nanotubes are compared against a range... of salt buildup by using carbon nanotubes. Carbon nanotubes are a good candidate... for the Photochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide Katherine J. Fisher Mentors: Harry... functional ones. In particular, reduced carbon atoms are essential components of... has irradiated. NuSTAR is an orbiting, high energy X-ray telescope recently... a 3rd Generation ENose to Detect Carbon Monoxide Macy Hardley Mentor: Margie... carbon monoxide. Previously made sensors known for their relative sensitivity to carbon... utilize to correctly identify future carbon monoxide events. Subsequent work would.... Electrocatalytic Properties of Carbon Monoxide Dehydrogenase Catalysed Carbon Dioxide Reduction Katherine Lee... of CO2. The bacterial enzyme Carbon Monoxide Dehydrogenases (CODHs) is a reversible... reactions with molecules such as carbon dioxide and bicarbonate that eventually... collected by the National Solar Observatory Global Oscillation Network Group (GONG... (HMI) aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory has also been analyzed to... the Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) collaboration. The finished detector...) on the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO) to study its 56.... Through observations at Table Mountain Observatory's 0.6 meter telescope, plots of Pluto... and Characterization of Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes Nicholas Parker Mentors: Chiara... measured their spectra using Palomar Observatory’s Dual Beam Spectrograph and Polarimeter... and eccentricity distributions of planets orbiting A stars, we gain insights into... communicate. Understanding Fluid Transport Through Carbon Nanotubes for Optimisation of Microneedle... array of microneedles made of a carbon nanotube, polyimide composite. The focus... the remainder of the mass orbiting around it. Thus if terrestrial... Graphene, a honeycomb lattice of monolayer carbon atoms, has been an important... (HMXB) consisting of a massive star orbiting an accreting neutron star. During... bases (eg. alcohols, imines, mild carbon nucleophiles, and amines). 85   Machine... long FRBs in archival Parkes Observatory data. Our two candidates do... somehow related to the Parkes observatory from which all FRB have... of water or carbon dioxide, the water or carbon dioxide molecules are split, yielding hydrogen, a renewable fuel, or processable carbon..., Omnilog biochemical tests) to discover carbon utilization to determine potential survivability... assay display a wide range of carbon utilization and biochemical potentials. Additionally... THE LASER INTERFEROMETER GRAVITATIONAL-WAVE OBSERVATORY L I G O   Spectral Line Monitoring Tool Evan... the Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO), are some of the... LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory) is engaged in the search... the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) will require significant effort... the Laser Interferometry Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO). In the Littrow configuration... Adhikari Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) detectors are extremely sensitive... Mentor: Greg Osterman The Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO-2), a carbon dioxide-measuring satellite set to... gathered from various carbon dioxide detectors, especially the Total Carbon Column Observing... verification and validation of the observatory is critical to mission success... the solar wind and the orbiting moons. The model I am developing... legendary Cassini spacecraft has been orbiting Saturn for nine years, observing... employed remote sensing techniques with orbiting spacecraft to identify surface materials... facility at JPL’s Table Mountain Observatory to validate the sun vector... vitality and plant stress. Atmospheric Carbon Observations from Space (ACOS) data... sensors, deformable membrane mirrors, and carbon nanotube vacuum electronics. Photoshop was... Herschel Space Observatory (HSO) and the Five College Radio Astronomy Observatory (FCRAO... and Validation of the Orbital Carbon Observatory #2 (OCO-2) Satellite: Assembly, Testing, and... and Ben Solish The Orbital Carbon Observatory satellite is an earth observing... spacecraft designed to study atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) from a polar, sun... this atmospheric carbon dioxide. By characterizing the distribution of atmospheric carbon dioxide... understand the natural regulation of carbon dioxide, and increase the accuracy... the project approaches launch is Observatory testing (Instrument & Spacecraft) and certifying... the entire OCO-2 Observatory. Validation of the Observatory is completed in the... contingency plan recommendations for the observatory, compiling and submitting a Test As...



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... fluorescence remote sensing from the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 Christian Frankenberg a,⁎, Chris O'Dell b, Joseph... fluorescence GPP OCO OCO-2 Atmospheric carbon a b s t r a c t The Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2), scheduled to launch... for gross primary production (GPP, carbon uptake through photosynthesis), can be...-based understanding of the global carbon cycle. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All... reseved. 1. Introduction Photosynthetic uptake of carbon dioxide by terrestrial vegetation is... a more mechanistic understanding of ecosystem carbon exchange (Frankenberg, Fisher et al... useful in the analysis of carbon exchange in the tropical Amazon...; Parazoo et al., 2013). The Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2), to be launched in... atmospheric inversion experts and global carbon cycle modelers. The new fluorescence... applications in photosynthesis research and carbon cycle science. The use of... will cover aspects relevant to carbon cycle modelers on the global... its relevance for regional scale carbon cycle modeling, we analyzed high... may be of 2 interest for carbon cycle studies as relaxed cloud... set up to emulate a polar-orbiting satellite, including Nadir, Glint, and..., N., et al. (2010). Terrestrial gross carbon dioxide uptake: Global distribution and...-infrared CO2 measurements: Testing the Orbiting Carbon Observatory retrieval algorithm and validation concept... global observations of the terrestrial carbon cycle from GOSAT: Patterns of... and near infrared sensor for carbon observation Fourier-transform spectrometer on.... O'Brien, D.M., Polonsky, I., O'Dell, C., & Carheden, A. (2009). Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO), algorithm theoretical basis document...). Interpreting seasonal changes in the carbon balance of southern Amazonia using...



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... air pollutants (ozone, nitrogen dioxide, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, PM10... of routinely available nonmethane organic carbon (NMOC) measurements. A number of C2....5 (sulfate, nitrate, organic and elemental carbon fractions, and trace metals) in... to some combination of sulfate, carbon (organic and elemental splits) and... used as a surrogate for elemental carbon. Figure 2. Locations of chemical speciation...-phase compounds: acetaldehyde, acrolein, benzene, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, dichloropropane, dichloromethane, formaldehyde... and benzo(a)pyrene. Light absorbing carbon through aetholometry at a subset of... fires, halogen chemistry, light absorbing carbon and persistent pollutants. NOAA led..., and NPP (NPOESS [National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System] Preparatory... atmospheric conditions. The OCO (Orbiting 19 Carbon Observatory) mission, which failed on launch.... Temporal coverage -- The near polar orbiting tracks of most LEO satellites... hour, meaningful. Spatial coverage -- Polar orbiting satellites typically provide horizontal spatial... from one or more polar orbiting satellites. As an example, limitations... these programs are focused on carbon dioxide budgets, the other important... networks that track storage of carbon in terrestrial systems (http://www.... As noted in section 2.3, NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) satellite mission was intended... Baseline Observatory) Mt. Bachelor Whiteface Mt. Trinidad Head (NOAA/CMD Baseline Observatory) (NOAA/CMD Baseline Observatory) GAW global site GAW U.S. regional site (NOAA/CMD Baseline Observatory... interagency North American Carbon Program (NACP) designed to characterize carbon sources, sinks... (Measurement of Ozone, Water Vapor, Carbon Monoxide and Nitrogen Oxides Aboard... SO2. The atmospheric lifetime of carbon monoxide (CO) of one to.... Organic PM composition. The organic carbon fraction of the total aerosol... provide an aggregated total organic carbon estimate, since it is not... (nitrate, sulfate, organic and elemental carbon, trace metals), precursors of O3... aethalometers (an indicator for elemental carbon) in the U.S. air toxics NATTS... twenty continuous sulfate and organic carbon analyzers are located in a mix... important for model evaluation. Polar orbiting satellites typically only provide one... ozone, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon dioxide, lead and particulate matter... species include: Acrolein, Perchloroethylene, Benzene, Carbon tetrachloride, Chloroform, Trichloroethylene, 1,3-butadiene, 1,2-dichloropropane..., CO2, NH3, PM, VOC, black carbon, and greenhouse gases); Secondary species..., CO2, NH3, PM, VOC, black carbon, and greenhouse gases); Secondary species..., boreal fires, surface deposited black carbon, and other perturbations; and (4) chemical... LIDAR. The Trinidad Head baseline observatory characterizes chemical composition of marine....g ov/index.php?pg=proj Orbiting Carbon Observatory OCO5 NASA 2009 (failed) CO2...) Glory NASA 2009 (planned) Black carbon soot, other aerosols, total solar... NPOESS -- National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System OCO -- Orbiting Carbon Observatory UARS -- Upper... Monitoring Division -- Carbon Cycle Greenhouse Gases Group (CCGG) Observatory Measurements NOAA 4 1957... Washington Cheeka Peak Observatory None 1 1997 Mt. Bachelor Observatory None 1 2004 O3..., CFCs, HCFCs, HFC's, methyl chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, perchloroethylene, halons & others..., CH4, H2, CFCs, methyl chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, sulfur hexafluoride, perchloroethylene... exchange network International North American Carbon Program Atmospheric Observing System Multiple... (Measurement of ozone, water vapour, carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides aboard... Assessment NMOC – Non-Methane Organic Carbon PBL – Planetary Boundary Layer POP... Chemistry Project NACP – North American Carbon Program NARSTO – North American Research... – Measurement of OZone, water vapor, carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides aboard...-Cloud-Ecosystems mission EOS – Earth Orbiting System CALIPSO – Cloud-Aerosol Lidar... Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System NPP – NPOESS Preparatory Project 8 OCO – Orbiting Carbon Observatory...



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... Systems; M. Merrill, National Optical Astronomy Observatory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [6660A-10] 9:00 am: Multi..., J. R. DeVries, National Optical Astronomy Observatory; E. R. Hansen, National Solar Observatory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [6665-25] SESSION..., National Optical Astronomy Observatory; S. R. Heathcote, Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (Chile); M. Warner... Optical Astronomy Observatory; E. G. Arthurs, SPIE; C. E. Walker, R. T. Sparks, National Optical Astronomy Observatory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [6668... Space Technology; L. M. Cohen, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [6671-02] 8:40 am: JWST... & Technologies Corp.; L. M. Cohen, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory; D. M. Chaney, Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp... and assembly integration of the orbiting carbon observatory instrument, R. E. Haring, R. Pollock, B. M. Sutin, R. D. Blakley...: CALISTO: a cryogenic far-infrared/submillimeter observatory, P. F. Goldsmith, C. M. Bradford, M. W. Dragovan, B. Khayatian, H. W. Yorke.... (Denmark); S. E. Romaine, R. J. Bruni, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory; F. E. Christensen, Danish National Space Ctr.... (Denmark); S. E. Romaine, R. J. Bruni, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory; Z. Zhong, Brookhaven National Lab. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [6688... (France); A. Ben Moussa, J. Hochedez, Royal Observatory of Belgium (Belgium) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [6689-25... Udaipur Solar Observatory, A. R. Bayanna, R. E. Louis, B. Kumar, S. K. Mathew, P. Venkatakrishnan, Udaipur Solar Observatory (India..., B. Kumar, S. K. Mathew, P. Venkatakrishnan, Udaipur Solar Observatory (India) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [6689-30] Coffee Break... Instruments, Inc.; B. N. Dorland, G. Hennessy, U.S. Naval Observatory; B. E. Plourde, Assurance Technology Corp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [6690... detector, B. N. Dorland, G. Hennessy, N. Zacharias, U.S. Naval Observatory; C. Rollins, D. M. Huber, Research Support Instruments..., and applications, N. Zacharias, B. N. Dorland, U.S. Naval Observatory; R. A. Bredthauer, K. L. Boggs, G. Bredthauer, Semiconductor Technology... Observatory Program Committee: Guido Brusa Zappellini, The Univ. of Arizona/Steward Observatory..., The Univ. of Arizona/Steward Observatory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [6691-08] Wednesday 29 August... Observatory, T. E. Stalcup, Jr., O. Durney, P. M. Hinz, T. Connors, The Univ. of Arizona/Steward Observatory...); E. Fedrigo, R. Donaldson, C. Soenke, European Southern Observatory (Germany) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [6691-02] 9:10 am..., European Southern Observatory (Germany); A. Deep, IUCAA (India); B. Delabre, European Southern Observatory (Germany...); P. Madec, J. Paufique, S. Stroebele, European Southern Observatory (Germany) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [6691-03] 9:30 am... extreme AO, O. Guyon, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan/Subaru Telescope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [6691..., The Univ. of Arizona/Steward Observatory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [6691-19] Poster Setup Poster..., The Univ. of Arizona/ Steward Observatory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [6691-20] 11:10 am..., The Univ. of Arizona/ Steward Observatory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [6691-22] ✔ Loki: a ground-layer..., The Univ. of Arizona/Steward Observatory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [6691-28] Thursday 30 August..., Leiden Observatory (Netherlands); R. Lenzen, Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie (Germany); R. Stuik, Leiden Observatory (Netherlands); L. B. Venema, ASTRON (Netherlands); H. Kaeufl, G. Finger, European Southern Observatory (Germany.../Steward Observatory; T. P. Greene, NASA Ames Research Ctr.; M. Iye, National Astronomical Observatory of... Arizona/Steward Observatory; N. Sleep, Stanford Univ.; M. Tamura, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan.../Steward Observatory; H. P. Stahl, NASA Marshall Space Flight Ctr.; O. Guyon, National Astronomical Observatory... analysis, I. Surdej, N. Yaitskova, European Southern Observatory (Germany) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [6696-18] 4:50 pm... Pascal (France); V. Delouille, J. Hochedez, Royal Observatory of Belgium (Belgium) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [6701-38... Huntsville; T. R. Rimmele, K. Richards, National Solar Observatory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [6711-25] Courses of Related...



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... status and future prospects of carbon flux (amount of emission/absorption...’s sensor in estimating the global carbon flux. SCIAMACHY, AIRS, GOSAT, OCO... the on the satellite-borne carbon cycle research should be held... DR. DAVID CRISP Principal Investigator, Orbiting Carbon Observatory Senior Research Scientist, Earth and... Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)'s Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) mission, sat down for... you became involved with the carbon cycle science and become the..., Charles Miller and others. 1 The Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) was a NASA Earth System... measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) from an Earth orbiting satellite. On... and inverse models to estimate carbon flux by using “IBUKI” data... present-day Mauna Loa Observatory is located. The observatory, now operated by... Keeling Curve-the concentration of carbon dioxide of CO2 levels since... direct measured at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii (19.5°N, 155.6°W) influences of...



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... launched into outer space. The Observatory at Parkes, NSW, played an... of planets have been proposed orbiting a wide variety of stars. Depending... of all proposed multipleplanet systems orbiting PCEBs. In the next section... dynamical investigation. The candidate planets orbiting UZ For move on orbits... that the planetary systems proposed orbiting NN Ser and UZ For...-companion systems have been proposed orbiting highly evolved binary star systems... by which the candidate planets orbiting NN Ser could have been..., “Direct Imaging of Multiple Planets Orbiting the Star HR 8799”, Science..., “A Long-Period Jupiter-Mass Planet Orbiting the Nearby M Dwarf GJ 849... A Stars and Their Companions: Exoplanets Orbiting Three Intermediate-Mass Subgiants”, The...-Pacific Planet Search. I. A Giant Planet Orbiting 7 CMa”, The Astrophysical Journal, Volume..., F.-Y. and He, J.-J., 2012, “Circumbinary Planets Orbiting the Rapidly Pulsating Subdwarf B-type..., K, 2011, “Detection of a planetary system orbiting the eclipsing polar HU Aqr..., “Revisiting the proposed planetary system orbiting the eclipsing polar HU Aquarii... of the proposed planetary system orbiting NSVS 14256825”, Monthly Notices of..., C. M. and Hermes, J. J., 2010, “Two planets orbiting the recently formed post-common... of two giant extrasolar planets orbiting the eclipsing polar UZ Fornacis...-motion resonance of the planets orbiting NN Serpentis”, Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume... example, the two planet system orbiting the catacylsmic variable HU Aquarii... Harlan J. Smith Telescope at McDonald Observatory. The residuals from their fully... orbiting around a ∼ 1.5 AU have a period PT P1.5 ∼ 667 days, while particles orbiting... giant planets, HD 204313 b and d, orbiting respectively at 3.04 and 3.95... Li, K., “Detection of a planetary system orbiting the eclipsing polar HU Aqr..., C. G., “Revisiting the proposed planetary system orbiting the eclipsing polar HU Aquarii... long period and massive planets orbiting HD 171238 and HD 204313...: The discovery of giant planets orbiting close to their host stars...-Australian Telescope at Siding Spring Observatory. Raw spectra were reduced using... of the planet and is orbiting at large separations (up to... timescales required to detect companions orbiting beyond 5 AU is greater than... Telescope at the Las Campanas Observatory in Chile. The MagAO system... a spectroscopic transit by the planet orbiting the star HD209458”, Astronomy and...-bloated hot Jupiter-mass exoplanets orbiting F-type stars in Eridanus”, Astronomy...-like planets will be discovered orbiting other stars, and the search... discovery of the first planets orbiting other Sun-like stars (e.g. [1][2][3]) was... that the variety of planets orbiting other stars is far more... host star’s surface (e.g. [4][5][6]), to planets orbiting binary stars (e.g. [7][8]), proposed “diamond planets... first truly Earth-like planets2 orbiting nearby stars, and the search... life on Earth-like planets orbiting other stars will be hugely... and mass to the Earth, orbiting at a suitable distance from their... 3. Butler, R. P. and Marcy, G. W., 1996, “A Planet Orbiting 47 Ursae Majoris”, Astrophysical Journal..., R. G., 2011, “WASP-43b: the closest-orbiting hot Jupiter”, Astronomy and Astrophysics..., E. J., Simon, A. E., Barnes, S. I., Caldwell, C., “The McDonald Observatory Planet Search: New Long-period...), situated on the Murchison Radio Observatory (MRO) in Western Australia, has... Astronomy at the Murchison Radio Observatory The MWA is a low-frequency.... 2007) and is now a commissioned observatory. Figure 1: A tile of the Murchison... in signals received at the observatory (Kung Chie and Chao-Han... location of the Murchison Radio Observatory. Under conditions of low sunspot... smooth. The location for the observatory was chosen in part because... ionosphere above the Murchison Radio Observatory (MRO) during an epoch of... ionosphere above the Murchison Radio Observatory (MRO) during an epoch of... captured at the Learmonth Solar Observatory, Learmonth, Western Australia, indicating a significant... however, to fully achieve the observatory’s potential, careful attention must be... widespread use as a standard geophysical observatory tool for over five decades... OMTI [7] and THEMIS Ground Based Observatory [20] imagers. The BCS output..., et al., "THEMIS Ground Based Observatory System Design," Space Sci. Rev... of the carbon cycle [2, 3, 8]. The technology of monitoring total carbon column densities... first location is the UNSW observatory site, which is on the... July 2013 from our UNSW observatory and from the TCCON-FTS... measured spectra from our UNSW observatory (a); in the legend nSZA ~ θ , n is... instrument at their TCCON-FTIR observatory site. NSO/Kitt Peak FTS..., H., Toon, G.C., Sen, B., Miller, C. and Crisp, D., "Orbiting carbon observatory: inverse method and prospective analysis... with respect to a right-handed orbiting reference frame. Table. 1 shows the... ground attack [5], collision avoidance for orbiting spacecraft [6] and fuel utilisation for... Star wheel and signals: Sydney Observatory’s Shared Sky education program Inter...



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... Carbon Dioxide Measurements from Space: Contributions from a Rapid Reflight of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory... Earth Science .................................................................... 1  1.1.  Carbon Source/Sink Uncertainties ................................................................ 1  1.2.  Advances in Carbon Cycle Science since... of Terms ......................................................................................................................... 49  iii ATMOSPHERIC CARBON DIOXIDE MEASUREMENTS FROM SPACE 2009... can be made that the [Orbiting Carbon Observatory] should be reproduced as soon... of low carbon energy policy. In 2002, NASA selected the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO... global carbon cycle by returning space-based measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide... scale carbon sources and sinks and characterize their interannual variability. 1.1. Carbon Source... billion tons of carbon (GtC) into the atmosphere as carbon dioxide (CO2... in the atmospheric carbon buildup measured at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii (blue... the oceans. NASA selected the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) in 2002 to address... carbon for centuries to millennia because of the long lifetime of carbon... indicating annual carbon sinks and blue shading as annual carbon sources [Potter... CARBON DIOXIDE MEASUREMENTS FROM SPACE 2009 September 16, dynamics, the atmospheric carbon... accuracy of the inferred carbon fluxes. 13 ATMOSPHERIC CARBON DIOXIDE MEASUREMENTS FROM... acquire data very quickly. The Observatory moves along its orbit track... validity of mission data, the Orbiting Carbon Observatory was designed to collect science... except downlink orbits, as the Observatory passes over the northern terminator... objectives. In this mode, the observatory points the instrument at a stationary... to nine minutes, allowing the observatory to collect as many as... measured by the space-based observatory and the ground-based FTS... FTS at Kitt Peak National Observatory and Bruker 125 IFS at... from the space-based observatory. 23 ATMOSPHERIC CARBON DIOXIDE MEASUREMENTS FROM SPACE...-starved carbon-cycle community with thousands of global measurements of carbon dioxide... year. That's what NASA's OCO (Orbiting Carbon Observatory) satellite would have done if... of atmospheric CO2 is the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO)” (Decadal Survey, Chapter 7). There... of atmospheric CO2 is the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO), scheduled for launch in... after the launch of NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO), which uses reflected sunlight....barrons.com/article/SB123577849818797453.html]. Carbon capture and sequestration technologies could... the global carbon cycle. It is straightforward to envision carbon fluxes inferred... within the global carbon cycle. 6. Conclusions Advances in carbon cycle science have..., G. Marland, T.A. Boden, N. Kumar, and A.T. Kearney, Carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel....Carbon source/sink information provided by column CO2 measurements from the Orbiting Carbon Observatory.... Buchwitz, M et al., Carbon monoxide, methane and carbon dioxide columns retrieved from..., M., SCIAMACHY WFM-DOAS methane, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide columns: Algorithm description..., and P. J. Rayner, Contribution of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory to the estimation of CO2..., G. Toon. B. Sen, C. Miller, and D. Crisp, Orbiting Carbon Observatory: Inverse method and prospective error... C. and Tans P. P., A direct carbon budgeting approach to infer carbon sources and sinks..., R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, The Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Mission, Advances in Space..., D. C. E. Miller, P. L. DeCola, NASA Orbiting Carbon Observatory: measuring the column averaged carbon dioxide mole fraction.... 2008. Crisp, D., The Orbiting Carbon Observatory: NASA’s First Dedicated Carbon Dioxide Mission, Proc. SPIE..., P. K. Kasibhatla, any Y. Shimabukuro, Fire-related carbon emissions from land use transitions... Carbon Program. Report of the NACP Implementation Strategy Group of the U.S. Carbon Cycle Interagency Working Group. Washington, DC: U.S. Carbon Cycle Science..., A. J. Weaver, C. Yoshikawa, and N. Zeng, Climate–Carbon Cycle Feedback Analysis: Results from... of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR): The North American Carbon Budget and Implications for the Global Carbon Cycle. Synthesis... of atmospheric CO2 and the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) experiment, Comptes Rendus Physique..., Retrieval of XCO2 from simulated Orbiting Carbon Observatory measurements using the fast linearized.... Potter, C., S. Klooster, A. Huete, V. Genovese, Terrestrial Carbon Sinks for the United States..., P. O. Wennberg, S. A. Vay, D. M. Matross, and B. C. Daube, Carbon dioxide column abundances at the..., A. E. Schuh, P. J. Rayner, W. Peters, and K. D. Corbin, Carbon flux bias estimation employing the.../) NWP – Numerical Weather Prediction OCO – Orbiting Carbon Observatory (http://oco.jpl.nasa.gov... ATMOSPHERIC CARBON DIOXIDE MEASUREMENTS FROM SPACE 2009 September 16, TCCON – Total Carbon...



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... Carbon Dioxide Measurements from Space: Contributions from a Rapid Reflight of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory... Earth Science .................................................................... 1  1.1.  Carbon Source/Sink Uncertainties ................................................................ 1  1.2.  Advances in Carbon Cycle Science since... of Terms ......................................................................................................................... 49  iii ATMOSPHERIC CARBON DIOXIDE MEASUREMENTS FROM SPACE June... can be made that the [Orbiting Carbon Observatory] should be reproduced as soon... of low carbon energy policy. In 2002, NASA selected the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO... global carbon cycle by returning space-based measurements of atmospheric carbon dioxide... scale carbon sources and sinks and characterize their interannual variability. 1.1. Carbon Source... billion tons of carbon (GtC) into the atmosphere as carbon dioxide (CO2... in the atmospheric carbon buildup measured at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii (blue... the oceans. NASA selected the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) in 2002 to address... carbon for centuries to millennia because of the long lifetime of carbon... indicating annual carbon sinks and blue shading as annual carbon sources [Potter... CARBON DIOXIDE MEASUREMENTS FROM SPACE June 25, 2009 dynamics, the atmospheric carbon... accuracy of the inferred carbon fluxes. 13 ATMOSPHERIC CARBON DIOXIDE MEASUREMENTS FROM... acquire data very quickly. The Observatory moves along its orbit track... validity of mission data, the Orbiting Carbon Observatory was designed to collect science... except downlink orbits, as the Observatory passes over the northern terminator... objectives. In this mode, the observatory points the instrument at a stationary... to nine minutes, allowing the observatory to collect as many as... measured by the space-based observatory and the ground-based FTS... FTS at Kitt Peak National Observatory and Bruker 125 IFS at... from the space-based observatory. 23 ATMOSPHERIC CARBON DIOXIDE MEASUREMENTS FROM SPACE...-starved carbon-cycle community with thousands of global measurements of carbon dioxide... year. That's what NASA's OCO (Orbiting Carbon Observatory) satellite would have done if... of atmospheric CO2 is the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO)” (Decadal Survey, Chapter 7). There... of atmospheric CO2 is the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO), scheduled for launch in... after the launch of NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO), which uses reflected sunlight....barrons.com/article/SB123577849818797453.html]. Carbon capture and sequestration technologies could... the global carbon cycle. It is straightforward to envision carbon fluxes inferred... within the global carbon cycle. 6. Conclusions Advances in carbon cycle science have..., G. Marland, T.A. Boden, N. Kumar, and A.T. Kearney, Carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel....Carbon source/sink information provided by column CO2 measurements from the Orbiting Carbon Observatory.... Buchwitz, M et al., Carbon monoxide, methane and carbon dioxide columns retrieved from..., M., SCIAMACHY WFM-DOAS methane, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide columns: Algorithm description..., and P. J. Rayner, Contribution of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory to the estimation of CO2..., G. Toon. B. Sen, C. Miller, and D. Crisp, Orbiting Carbon Observatory: Inverse method and prospective error... C. and Tans P. P., A direct carbon budgeting approach to infer carbon sources and sinks..., R. Pollock, D. Kenyon, and S. Schroll, The Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Mission, Advances in Space..., D. C. E. Miller, P. L. DeCola, NASA Orbiting Carbon Observatory: measuring the column averaged carbon dioxide mole fraction.... 2008. Crisp, D., The Orbiting Carbon Observatory: NASA’s First Dedicated Carbon Dioxide Mission, Proc. SPIE..., P. K. Kasibhatla, any Y. Shimabukuro, Fire-related carbon emissions from land use transitions... Carbon Program. Report of the NACP Implementation Strategy Group of the U.S. Carbon Cycle Interagency Working Group. Washington, DC: U.S. Carbon Cycle Science..., A. J. Weaver, C. Yoshikawa, and N. Zeng, Climate–Carbon Cycle Feedback Analysis: Results from... of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR): The North American Carbon Budget and Implications for the Global Carbon Cycle. Synthesis... of atmospheric CO2 and the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) experiment, Comptes Rendus Physique..., Retrieval of XCO2 from simulated Orbiting Carbon Observatory measurements using the fast linearized.... Potter, C., S. Klooster, A. Huete, V. Genovese, Terrestrial Carbon Sinks for the United States..., P. O. Wennberg, S. A. Vay, D. M. Matross, and B. C. Daube, Carbon dioxide column abundances at the..., A. E. Schuh, P. J. Rayner, W. Peters, and K. D. Corbin, Carbon flux bias estimation employing the.../) NWP – Numerical Weather Prediction OCO – Orbiting Carbon Observatory (http://oco.jpl.nasa.gov... ATMOSPHERIC CARBON DIOXIDE MEASUREMENTS FROM SPACE June 25, 2009 TCCON – Total Carbon...