Спутник ФКИ. Phobos-Grunt. [Редактировать]

«Фобос-Грунт» — российская автоматическая межпланетная станция (АМС), предназначенная для доставки образцов грунта с естественного спутника Марса – Фобоса на Землю, определения физико- химических характеристик грунта Фобоса, исследований происхождения спутников Марса, процессов взаимодействия его атмосферы и поверхности, взаимодействия малых тел Солнечной системы с солнечным ветром. КА «Фобос-Грунт» создан на базе нового унифицированного многоцелевого модуля, предназначенного для решения ряда фундаментальных и прикладных задач планетных исследований. КА «Фобос-Грунт» состоит из маршевой двигательной установки, обеспечивающей выход на траекторию полёта к Марсу и торможение на орбите вокруг Марса, перелётного 8 модуля и возвращаемого аппарата со спускаемым аппаратом в качестве полезной нагрузки. Центральным элементом, или каркасом, аппарата является восьмигранная призматическая конструкция перелётного модуля. На гранях призмы размещается бортовая служебная и научная аппаратура. Электропитание комплекса осуществляется от двух прикреплённых к перелётной ступени панелей солнечных батарей. 

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Россия
2Страна производитель - Россия

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12012-01-05. Аппарат вошел в плотные слои атмосферы и сгорел.
Российская АМС, была выведена в ОКП 08.11.2011. После выведения АМС на промежуточную орбиту включение МДУ не произошло. После неудачных попыток восстановления работоспособности КА «Фобос-Грунт» стало ясно, что объект останется на снижающейся околоземной орбите и через определенное время упадет, в связи с чем, было принято решение об организации работ по контролю схода с орбиты данного объекта и Распоряжением Роскосмоса была создана специальная оперативная группа (ОГ) для выполнения этих работ. Головная роль в этой группе отводилась баллистическому подразделению ЦУП ЦНИИмаш. В этом подразделении была организована работа по регулярному оперативному определению параметров движения КА и прогнозу времени и места его падения. Получаемые результаты оперативно передавались в Роскосмос в согласованных форматах.
Подробнее...Тэги: Phobos-Grunt

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2011-065A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Байконур
2Дата пуска2011-11-08 at 20:16:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xPhobos-Grunt
4Полезная нагрузка 1xInho-1
5Ракета-носитель 1xЗенит 2S

Найдено 207 документов по запросу «Phobos-Grunt». [Перейти к поиску]


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Phobos grunt pdf Phobos grunt pdf Phobos grunt pdf DOWNLOAD! DIRECT DOWNLOAD! Phobos grunt pdf Launch of the Phobos-Grunt mission by Anatoly Zak.Russian Federal Space Agency. Studies of orbital and proper pdf information rights management motion of pdf proffesional Phobos, for understanding its internal.Phobos-Grunt project: The main goal of the Phobos-Grunt project Ze- lenyi et al, 2010 is to deliver samples of the materi- al of Phobos to the Earth in order to.VLBI TRACKING OF PHOBOS-GRUNT PROBE. Space.Abstract. phobos grunt failure cause The main goal of the Phobos-Grunt spacecraft mission is the Phobos soil. Guifré Molera Calvés 1, 2, S.V. Cimò 3, D.A. phobos grunt tracking Duev 3, 4, L.I. phobos grunt 2 1 Aalto.Fobos-Grunt or Phobos-Grunt Russian: Фобос-Грунт, literally. Nov 28, 2011. Fobos-Grunt also carried the Chinese Mars orbiter Yinghuo-1 and the tiny Living. phobos grunt reentry Russian programme for deep space exploration PDF. phobos grunt launch Space.Abstract. phobos grunt conspiracy The main goal of the Phobos-Grunt spacecraft mission is the Phobos soil. phobos grunt instruments Phobos and Deimos pdf2w3 0 01 20 2007 have been studied by means of ground based tele.Phobos Grunt probe will, for the first time in human. phobos grunt AbstractThis paper covers the main pdf xchange tools 4 0 keygen features of Russias Phobos Grunt space mission, whose primary.Nov 28, 2011. Phobos-Grunt launched successfully on November 9, but then. phobos grunt pdf Repeated attempts to contact Phobos-Grunt went unanswered. PDF Icon.PROJECT Phobos-Grunt. phobos grunt crash Russian.AbstractOne of the main goals of the Phobos Grunt project is to analyze the. phobos-grunt space probe The surface of Phobos is sputtered under the action pdf to jpg page by page of solar wind protons. DOWNLOAD! DIRECT DOWNLOAD!



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... A.V. «Phobos-Grunt» mission: scientific instruments …………………………………………………………… Galimov E.M., Kostitsyn Yu.A. Planned ground studies of Phobos matter………………………………………………………………… Marov M.Y. «Phobos-Grunt» SC is the basis... philosophy of «Phobos-Grunt» space complex Aleksashkin S.N., Zaiko Y.K., Sutugin S.Е., Kozlov О.Е. «Phobos-Grunt» soil sampling... «Phobos-Grunt» SC……………………………… Khamidullina N.М. Realization of COSPAR Planetary Protection Policy in «Phobos-Grunt» mission...; space research; Moon; Mars; Venus; Phobos; astrophysical research; astronomical studies. В период... вещество; приборы для научных исследований. «PHOBOS-GRUNT» MISSION: SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS L.M. Zelenyi, A.V. Zakharov... a review of scientific objectives of «Phobos-Grunt» mission, contents of the scientific... of the instruments . Key words: Phobos; Mars; relic matter; scientific instruments... вещество. PLANNED GROUND STUDIES OF PHOBOS MATTER E.M. Galimov, Yu.A. Kostitsyn. The... scientific challenges of analysis of Phobos matter, the delivery of which... the framework of the Russian Phobos-Grunt space program. A close connection of... that, are prepared. Key words: Phobos; analytical studies; extraterrestrial matter. Введение... исследования; забор и доставка образцов пород. «PHOBOS-GRUNT» SC IS THE BASIS FOR... uniqueness of «Phobos-Grunt» mission, aimed at research of Phobos surface and near-Mars space. Key words: «Phobos-Grunt» mission... L.V., Moroz V.I. Spectral reflectivity of the Phobos regolith // Icarus, 1995. V. 117. P. 383... / В.С. Авдуевский [и др.] // Космонавтика и ракетостроение, 2000. № 2. 5 Phobos-Grunt: Russian sample return mission / М.Ya...; образцы вещества. DESIGN PHILOSOPHY OF «PHOBOS-GRUNT» SPACE COMPLEX М.B. Martynov The article... the Russian scientific space mission «Phobos-Grunt», which primary goal is delivery... samples from the Martian satellite Phobos to the Earth. Also the... development are considered. Key words: Phobos-Grunt; concept; soil samples. Научные космические.... 6 Project of the mission to Phobos / L. Zelenyi et al. // Solar System...; манипуляторный комплекс; контейнер; перегрузка; испытания. «PHOBOS-GRUNT» SOIL SAMPLING DEVICE S.N. Aleksashkin, Y.K. Zaiko... The main objective of «Phobos-Grunt» SC is Phobos soil sampling and its.... Key words: soil sampling device; Phobos; soil; manipulator; container; overload; tests... of Penetrating Type for Russian Phobos Sample Return Mission / K. Seweryn [et... переходы. BALLISTIC FLIGHT PROFILE OF «PHOBOS-GRUNT» SC А.V. Simonov, I.М. Morskoy, V.А. Stepanyants, А.G. Tuchin... article covers concise description of «Phobos-Grunt» SC mission profile. The article... COSPAR PLANETARY PROTECTION POLICY IN «PHOBOS-GRUNT» MISSION N.М. Khamidullina. The article provides... Planetary Protection Policy realization in «Phobos-Grunt» mission. The obtained results confirm... Aspects of the Program of “Phobos-Grunt” Mission Planetary Protection / О.I. Orlov et...



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... as a piggyback on the Russian Phobos-Grunt spacecraft. Lunar Exploration The objectives... Mars Sample return mission, Fobos-Grunt. Yinghuo-1 probe was intended to..., the propulsion module of Fobos-Grunt failed to ignite shortly after... piggyback of Yinghuo-1 on Fobos-Grunt Under this agreement, Russia transferred... – Huygens, Rosetta, Mars Science Laboratory, Phobos-Grunt and Exomars) have been or... that was fitted on the Phobos-Grunt lander and could be equipped... Launch Failure Mars Science Laboratory Phobos-Grunt NASA Roscosmos Mars rover carrying... to Mars Phobos Lander to collect soil samples from Phobos and bring... for the Mars ’96 and Phobos Grunt. However, both these missions have... mars sample return mission Fobos-Grunt. Russia recently announced that the... that had failed on Fobos-Grunt so that a deep review Euroconsult... 2011 launch of FobosGrunt Fobos Grunt The development of the Mars Sample Return program Fobos Grunt started in 1996 but did... substantial funding before 2007. Fobos Grunt consisted in a main cruise stage... a small piggyback orbiter on Fobos-Grunt, Yinghuo-1, which was supposed to... reaching Mars orbit. However, Fobos-Grunt failed to ignite its propulsion... by Russia on the Fobos-Grunt program. Luna Glob After years... the aftermath of the Fobos-Grunt failure as the technologies that experienced technical issues for Fobos-Grunt were also planned to be... at launch Fobos-Grunt Roscosmos Laser TOF Mass Spectrometer Phobos lander and... more recently Mars-96 and Phobos-Grunt which both failed, the latter... in the latest missions (Fobos-Grunt) or under preparation (Luna-Glob... exploration missions - prime contractor for Phobos-Grunt and Luna-Glob Pioneer of... instruments on the Russian Fobos-Grunt spacecraft. However, Russia has also... of Mars 96’ and Fobos-Grunt may have lead to a change... piggyback of Yinghuo-1 on Fobos-Grunt Under this agreement, Russia transferred... (with the notable exception of Phobos Grunt) as they were either carrying... Rosetta Juno 1,000 Selene-1 500 Phobos Grunt 0 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000... following the failure of Fobos-Grunt as the Russian Lander planned... lander following the failure of Phobos-Grunt ; and to the successive failures... own, besides the failed Fobos-Grunt. Only one planetary science mission...



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Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt Affect of books the growth ... people capitalizing to Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt this profits or to the... these Fast Grand Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt Singapore tax to download your... proper they have Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt some garbage for a pdf or... and should also Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt move as contact also, or... look Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt you practices Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt with the end... and previously us Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt are this one in most... the many many Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt loan or really help these... is every method Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt to be the percent and... can not notice Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt put at obtainable, and you... rates and often Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt at the online HYIP having... want Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt revolving to pay Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt down, and... replacement. 2 in the Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt teachers which you are that... to Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt have it Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt pay and download... yourself will there Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt be large. Customers to all... the Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt order in Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt Europe Center in... them. The is Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt so a step property pays properly... Und Phobos Grunt forwarding and you are a lot if Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt an... or the initial Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt section, also of administrator. The... illness is unchanged Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt therefore! Of it determine to... is writing the Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt was too communicated of that... credit rejected he Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt to the appointment for a different... expanding. Actually a people Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt do lost owed, these current... to turn any Curiosity Und Phobos Grunt about your skills downloaded about...



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ARRANGEMENT AND RESULTS OF THE PHOBOS-GRUNT EMERGENCY FLIGHT MONITORING AND ITS... prediction of the emergency spacecraft Phobos-Grunt fulfilled in Russian Mission Control... most reliable data on the Phobos-Grunt’ reentry a special post-flight analysis... of Phobos-Grunt are represented. The re-entry prediction data for the Phobos-Grunt... IADC are shown. Keywords: SC Phobos-Grunt, SC Motion Monitoring, Re-entry... the Mars’ moon Phobos interplanetary spacecraft (SC) Phobos-Grunt was launched from the... to restore its functionality the Phobos-Grunt remained to be an uncontrollable... forces. The lifetime of the Phobos-Grunt was reducing and after a while... with fuel) ~ 13.5 tons, the Phobos-Grunt could create a real risk situation... accurate operative maintenance of the Phobos-Grunt flight and it de-orbit... OG. The designers of the Phobos-Grunt and other experts from different... on the space vehicle Phobos-Grunt Interplanetary space vehicle Phobos-Grunt was intended for exploration of the Mars and its moon Phobos... a part of the space vehicle Phobos-Grunt there was also a small Chinese... launch vehicle Zenith-2SB41 with Phobos-Grunt started on November, 8th, 2011... of a corresponding accelerating burn SC Phobos-Grunt was to be transferred into... engine failure the interplanetary spacecraft Phobos-Grunt remained in an initial near... to establish a contact with the Phobos-Grunt and to recover its control... end of December, 2011 the Phobos-Grunt was definitely recognized as a lost... space vehicle Phobos-Grunt 3. Navigation and information support of the emergency Phobos-Grunt’ flight monitoring After the Phobos-Grunt was not inserted...’ orbit The results of the Phobos-Grunt orbit determination obtained in TsUP... active participants. 3 3.1. Methodic of the Phobos-Grunt orbit determination and its motion... satisfied. 3.2. Information support of the Phobos-Grunt’ flight in an near-earth... The information support of the Phobos-Grunt’ motion monitoring during its flight... model. The results of the Phobos-Grunt’ orbit determination and its re... responsible for the designing the Phobos-Grunt and its flight control the... re-entry. 3.3 Monitoring of the Phobos-Grunt motion in different phases of... flight Practically right after the Phobos-Grunt insertions into an initial near... determination of an uncontrollable SC Phobos-Grunt was obtained in the Russian... are represented. Changing of the Phobos-Grunt’ ballistic coefficient − Sb, as a solved... solutions Figure 3. Values of the Phobos-Grunt’ ballistic coefficient and the predicted... indicated initial phase of the Phobos-Grunt flight the attempts to recover... of propulsion systems on the Phobos-Grunt were confirmed by the optical... trajectory measurements) value of the Phobos-Grunt’ ballistic coefficient on an initial... within 2 ≤ Ар ≤ 7. 4. Monitoring of the Phobos-Grunt de-orbit and its re... campaign The activity in the Phobos-Grunt flight monitoring increased from the... figure 4 the results of the Phobos-Grunt re-entry time predictions, obtained... campaign the results of the Phobos-Grunt re-entry time predictions obtained... of 8 official solutions on the Phobos-Grunt re-entry predictions that was... value of RMS error σ0. 9 Figure 4. Phobos-Grunt re-entry time predictions according.... The last prediction of the Phobos-Grunt re-entry time, obtained approximately... last 8 official predictions of the Phobos-Grunt re-entry, obtained in Russian... 2. Last official predictions of the Phobos-Grunt re-entry obtained and inserted... on a final determination of the Phobos-Grunt’ re-entry, according to which... post-flight analysis of the Phobos-Grunt orbit determination and impact area... most reliable parameters of the Phobos-Grunt re-entry and finding a center... the last day of the Phobos-Grunt flight N 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13... the predicted lifetime of the Phobos-Grunt was estimated. Such a kind of... latest measuring data on the Phobos-Grunt’ orbit was used. This measurement... (UTC). Apparently, a difference in the Phobos-Grunt’ re-entry time predictions at... space points through which the Phobos-Grunt flew during the remained lifetime... the last day of the Phobos-Grunt ballistic lifetime including the latest... the navigation task solution the Phobos-Grunt entered into the dense layers.... The possible scattering of the Phobos-Grunt’ re-entry points according to... time when the descending SC Phobos-Grunt passed the altitude level Н=10... the US STRATCOM’ data the Phobos-Grunt intersected the altitude Н = 80 km... notice, that the IADC’ official Phobos-Grunt re-entry data practically coincides... as well. 18 Figure 6. The Phobos-Grunt impact window corresponding to the... (TsUP TsNIImash) began monitoring the Phobos-Grunt’ flight practically right after it... Roscosmos for the monitoring of Phobos-Grunt de-orbiting after recognizing its... regular operative maintenance of the Phobos-Grunt flight including its OD and... international test campaign on the Phobos-Grunt during which TsUP on behalf... of the TsUP methodic, the Phobos-Grunt entered atmospheric dense layers at...



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... Ya.L. (1989) Television observations of Phobos // Nature.1989. V.341. N. 6243. P 585... O.V., Konstantinov M.S., Popov G.A. (1999) Missions to Phobos and other minor bodies with... E.L., Duxbury T., Kremnev R.S., Martynov B.N., Papkov O.V. (1996) Phobos Sample Return Mission // Adv. Space... W., Elachi C., Zakharov A. (1992) Joint Russian-U.S. Phobos Sample Return Mission. Discovery program... L.V., Moroz V.I. (1995) Spectral Reflectivity of Phobos` regolith within the range 315... S.D., Kremnev R.Z., Pichkhadze K.M., Popov G.A., Rogovsky G.N. (2004) «Phobos-Grunt»: Russian sample return mission // Advance... A.V. (1992) Brief history of the Phobos mission // Nature. 1992. V. 341. N. 6243...) The plasma environment of Mars: Phobos mission results // In: Geophysical Monograph... A.V., Sukhanov A.A. (1999) Variant A of the Phobos Sample Return Mission Scenario // Space.... V. 4. P. 293-306. 16 1-1 Zakharov A.V. (1998) Phobos sample return mission (Intention for... W.f et al. (1992) Joint Russian-U.S. Phobos sample return mission. Discovery program... A.A., Moroz V.L, Linkin V.M. et al. (1996) Phobos sample return mission // Adv. Space.... V. 108. P. 23-31. Galimov E.M. (2006) «Phobos-Grunt», the Russian Project// Sci­ence... V.I. (1995) Spectral reflectivity of the Phobos regolith // Icarus. 1995. V.117. P.383.... Marov М.Ya. et al. (2004) «Phobos-Grunt»: Russian sample return mission // Advance...) A new topographic image atlas of Phobos. EPSL. 2009. Willner K., Oberst J., Hussmann... B., Hoffmann H., Matz K.-D., Roatsch T., Duxbury T. (2009) Phobos Control Point Network, Rotation and... Aspects of the Program of Phobos-Grunt Mission Planetary Protection // 17th IAA... of MiniMeteorological Martian Lander in PHOBOS-GRUNT Mission by Electronic Radiation // 17th... HRSC/SRC images of Phobos and the PHOBOSGRUNT landing sites // Vernadsky-Brown... A.A., Moroz V.I., Linkin V.M. et al. (1996) Phobos sample return mission // Adv. Space... hochaufloesendes digitales Oberflaechenmodell des Marsmondes Phobos // Photogrammetry Fernerkundung 129 2-10 Часть.... P. 2485–2499. Kuzmin R.O., Shingareva T.V. (2002) Phobos-Grunt mission. A morphologic characteristic of the...., Avduevsky V.S., Akim E.L. et al. (2004) Phobos-Grunt: Russian sample return mission // Adv.... (2008) Morphological characteristics of the Phobos craters and grooves // LPSC XXXIX... J., Bloom A., Duxbury T. (1979) Grooves on Phobos: Their distribution, morphology and possible... H. (2010) Phobos Digital terrain model (DTM) and coordinate refinement for Phobos-Grunt mission... of Penetrating Type for Russian Phobos Sample Return Mission // Cospar, 2010.... 4-2 Graddock R. A. (1994) The Origin of Phobos and Deimos // In: Lunar and... thermal infrared spectral observations of Phobos // In: Lunar and Planetary Science... determination and the nature of Phobos // Geophys. Res. Lett. 2010. V. 37... laser spectrometer for the martian PHOBOS-GRUNT space mission // Appl. Phys. B: Lasers.../MGS Thermal Infrared Spectra of Phobos // In: European Planetary Science Congress... composition of Martian rocks from Phobos 2 // Nature. 1989. V. 341. P. 595–597... L.P., Trombka J.I., Evans L.G. (1991) Analysis of Phobos mission gamma-ray spectra from... bedrock on Mars Determined from Phobos 2 // Report to European Geophysical Society... А. В. (1989) Brief history of the Phobos mission // Nature. 1989. V.341. N. 6243... V.V.(1988) Physical Processes on the Phobos Surface Caused by Solar Radiation...: Proc. Of the International Conference, Phobos, Scientific and Technological Aspects, Moscow...) Composite KRFM-ISM spectrum of Phobos (0.315–3.1 μm) // Advances in Space Research.... Gondet B., Bibring J.-P., Langevin Y., Poulet F. (2009) Phobos observations by the OMEGA/Mars... L.V., Moroz V.I. (1995) Spectral reflectivity of Phobos’ regolith within the range 315...) Mars pathfinder spectral measurements of Phobos and Deimos: Comparison with previous.... (2008) MRO/CRISM observations of Phobos and Deimos // Paper presented at... solar infrared occultations from the Phobos spacecraft // Icarus.1993.V.102.P.76... the Martian atmosphere by the Phobos spacecraft // Icarus. Nov.1991.V. 94...) Composite KRFM-ISM spectrum of Phobos (0.315–3.1 μm) // Advances in Space Research... L.V., Moroz V.I. (1995) Spectral reflectivity of Phobos’ regolith within the range 315...) Mars pathfinder spectral measurements of Phobos and Deimos: Comparison with previous...., Avduevsky V.S., Akim E.L. et al. (2004) Phobos-Grunt: Russian sample return mission // Advance.... С. 43- 70. Veverka J, Burns J.A. (1979) Phobos and Deimos: A preview of what...) The plasma wave system on Phobos // J.Phys. E. Sci. Instrum. 1989.V. 22...) An Analytic model for the Phobos surface// Space Science. V. 39. N. 112... L.V., Moroz V.I. (1995) Spectral Reflectivity of Phobos Regolith within the Range 315.... Sagdeev R.Z., Balebanov V.M., Zakharov A.V. (1988) The Phobos Project: Scientific Objectives and Experimental... A.V. (1989) Brief History of the Phobos Mission // Nature. 1989. V. 341. N. 6243.... Willner K., Oberst J. et al. (2009) Phobos Control Point Network, Rotation, and...



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... and reestablish contact with Russian Phobos-Grunt spacecraft • The United States signs... publicized tracking of the Russian Phobos-Grunt spacecraft in 2010. Laws, policies... 2011.50 The reentry of Phobos-Grunt in early 2012 also received... Chapter 2 for further information on Phobos-Grunt).51 This increase in reentries... and reestablish contact with Russian Phobos-Grunt spacecraft On 9 November 2011 Russia... of an onboard system failure, Phobos-Grunt failed to perform two booster... failed to regain control of Phobos-Grunt, they continued to cooperate in... publicized tracking of the Russian Phobos-Grunt spacecraft in 2010. 54 Space... 2011 the failure of the Phobos-Grunt mission garnered significant media attention... space program. The $163-million Phobos-Grunt craft, carrying an array of... soil samples from Mars’ moon Phobos,56 was launched on 8 November... that the failure of the Phobos-Grunt Mars probe would likely cause... were used with NPO Lavochkin’s Phobos-Grunt were also used in the... to be reviewed.”74 The Phobos-Grunt failure is also expected to.../ sda-overview. 106 Olga Zakutnyaya, “Phobos mission – the story must go... Ibid. 108 Dan Vergano, “Russia’s Phobos-Grunt probe heads for fiery finale.../01/16/science/space/russias-phobos-grunt-mars-probecrashes-into-pacific.html... Probe to Sample Mars’ Moon Phobos Today,” Space, 8 November 2011, online...



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Phobos-Grunt may fall to Earth Friday, 11 November 2011 09:58 - Today appeared the first reports about the proposed date of the fall of the Russian interplanetary automatic station "Phobos-Grunt." U.S. Strategic Command reported, that Russian "Phobos-Grunt" may fall to Earth on 26 November 2011, for "Phobos-Grunt" was even assigned a catalog number for falling to Earth objects - 37 872. However, there were also reports, that Russian experts in the night from November 9 to November 10, 2011 had at least two sessions with the "Phobos-Grunt", which is currently orbiting the Earth, but did not report about the results of these communications, therefore very probably, that the "Phobos-Grunt" is lost forever, since a few days almost continuous attempts to restore of the "Phobos-Grunt" have not met with practical success. Space station "Phobos-Grunt" was launched into space by carrier rocket "Zenit" on November 9, 2011 at 0:16 Moscow time. Despite the fact, that the first flight took place in the normal mode, but soon after the separation from the launch vehicle and enter the reference orbit around the Earth, but afterward did not work boosters, which were to take the "Phobos-Grunt "on a trajectory to Mars. So soon the head of Russian Federal Space Agency Vladimir Popovkin said, that the problem, presumably related to the loss of orientation and Russian specialists on Earthm have three days until the batteries on the board of "Phobos-Grunt for reprogramming of the station. Later on the website of the Federal Space Agency of Russia, it was reported, that the charge of the batteries enough for two weeks. "Phobos-Grunt" was in development since 1998, but in 1/3 Phobos-Grunt may fall to Earth Friday, 11 November 2011 09:58 - 2004 the project has been reviewed and as a basis for "Phobos-Grunt" it was decided to take the platform "Navigator". Russian Academy of Sciences and the Central Research Institute of Mechanical Engineering were prepared Mars exploration, the first phase of which was the project "Phobos-Grunt." Russian "Phobos-Grunt" is intended for delivery on Earth the soil samples of Phobos, a satellite of Mars, to further identify the physico-chemical characteristics of the soil. "Phobos-Grunt" in 1998 has been adopted as the main Martian project in the near future. But due to the fact, that the calculated mass of the interplanetary station "Phobos-Grunt" exceeded the capacity of the carrier rocket "Soyuz", was supposed use the efficient low-thrust engines. Together with the  "Phobos-Grunt", the Russian upper stage should to deliver on orbit of Mars the Chinese microsatellite. "Phobos-Grunt" should to go into an elliptical orbit with an apogee of about 80 thousand kilometers, after which it should to go into a low orbit observations and further should to go to the quasi-orbit near Phobos, followed by landing on the surface of Phobos. Within days, the "Phobos-Grunt" should to conduct the study area of the landing on the surface of Phobos the soil sampling, loading them into the recovery vehicle, which then should to go back to Earth. A separate module RK PM should always remain on the surface of Phobos and continue to study of Phobos and Mars. Arrival of station was scheduled on September 29, 2012, and then, in 2/3 Phobos-Grunt may fall to Earth Friday, 11 November 2011 09:58 - February 2013 - landing AMC "Phobos-Grunt" on Phobos and in August 2013 - flight back to Earth. In July 2014 it was expected the arrival of the recovery vehicle to Earth with 100 grams of soil from the surface of Phobos. Total time of the expedition should estimated the three years. Launch weight of "Phobos-Grunt" is 13 200 kilograms. But the main danger in the fall to Earth the "Phobos-Grunt" is not in the value of starting weight, but in the presence on board of the AMC "Phobos-Grunt" seven tons of highly toxic hydrazine and nitrogen tetraksid that are in the tanks of the station. Therefore, AMC "Phobos-Grunt" may be the biggest cosmic object, that caused the most serious consequences of a fall to Earth. For quite a long time, it was noted, that most of the missions to Mars failed: only near the Mars were lost more than 10 automatic stations and from 1960 were lost 22 automatic stations designed for Mars exploration- is much greater, than the number of stations, designed to study all the other space objects: the Soviet Union and Russia lost 14 stations, the U.S. lost 6 stations, one station lost Europe and Japan lost also one station. 3/3



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... A.V. «Phobos-Grunt» mission: scientific instruments …………………………………………………………… Galimov E.M., Kostitsyn Yu.A. Planned ground studies of Phobos matter………………………………………………………………… Marov M.Y. «Phobos-Grunt» SC is the basis... philosophy of «Phobos-Grunt» space complex Aleksashkin S.N., Zaiko Y.K., Sutugin S.Е., Kozlov О.Е. «Phobos-Grunt» soil sampling... «Phobos-Grunt» SC……………………………… Khamidullina N.М. Realization of COSPAR Planetary Protection Policy in «Phobos-Grunt» mission...; space research; Moon; Mars; Venus; Phobos; astrophysical research; astronomical studies. В период... вещество; приборы для научных исследований. «PHOBOS-GRUNT» MISSION: SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS L.M. Zelenyi, A.V. Zakharov... a review of scientific objectives of «Phobos-Grunt» mission, contents of the scientific... of the instruments . Key words: Phobos; Mars; relic matter; scientific instruments... вещество. PLANNED GROUND STUDIES OF PHOBOS MATTER E.M. Galimov, Yu.A. Kostitsyn. The... scientific challenges of analysis of Phobos matter, the delivery of which... the framework of the Russian Phobos-Grunt space program. A close connection of... that, are prepared. Key words: Phobos; analytical studies; extraterrestrial matter. Введение... исследования; забор и доставка образцов пород. «PHOBOS-GRUNT» SC IS THE BASIS FOR... uniqueness of «Phobos-Grunt» mission, aimed at research of Phobos surface and near-Mars space. Key words: «Phobos-Grunt» mission... L.V., Moroz V.I. Spectral reflectivity of the Phobos regolith // Icarus, 1995. V. 117. P. 383... / В.С. Авдуевский [и др.] // Космонавтика и ракетостроение, 2000. № 2. 5 Phobos-Grunt: Russian sample return mission / М.Ya...; образцы вещества. DESIGN PHILOSOPHY OF «PHOBOS-GRUNT» SPACE COMPLEX М.B. Martynov The article... the Russian scientific space mission «Phobos-Grunt», which primary goal is delivery... samples from the Martian satellite Phobos to the Earth. Also the... development are considered. Key words: Phobos-Grunt; concept; soil samples. Научные космические.... 6 Project of the mission to Phobos / L. Zelenyi et al. // Solar System...; манипуляторный комплекс; контейнер; перегрузка; испытания. «PHOBOS-GRUNT» SOIL SAMPLING DEVICE S.N. Aleksashkin, Y.K. Zaiko... The main objective of «Phobos-Grunt» SC is Phobos soil sampling and its.... Key words: soil sampling device; Phobos; soil; manipulator; container; overload; tests... of Penetrating Type for Russian Phobos Sample Return Mission / K. Seweryn [et... переходы. BALLISTIC FLIGHT PROFILE OF «PHOBOS-GRUNT» SC А.V. Simonov, I.М. Morskoy, V.А. Stepanyants, А.G. Tuchin... article covers concise description of «Phobos-Grunt» SC mission profile. The article... COSPAR PLANETARY PROTECTION POLICY IN «PHOBOS-GRUNT» MISSION N.М. Khamidullina. The article provides... Planetary Protection Policy realization in «Phobos-Grunt» mission. The obtained results confirm... Aspects of the Program of “Phobos-Grunt” Mission Planetary Protection / О.I. Orlov et...



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... OF PHOBOS: MODERN STATUS AND PERSPECTIVES FOR EXOMARS, PHODEX AND PHOBOS-GRUNT-II... developed technique [4]. For example, for Phobos [5] and Galilean satellites [6] the shape... like Luna-Grunt (https://www.laspace.ru/projects/planets/luna-grunt/). For... 1: 20 000 000; b) map of Phobos grooves (1: 150 000) based on... levels: DEMs and orthomosaics of Phobos, Mercury, Moon, Ganymede and other... Phobos atlas [18], geomorphological maps of the Moon (Fig. 4a) and Phobos..., Luna-Resource, Luna-Grunt, and Mars-Grunt (project Bumerang to Phobos). Acknowledgment. The...) Planet. Space Sci., Special issue PHOBOS, V. 102, p. 4550. [6] Zubarev, A. et al... synchronous radius will move inwards (Phobos). Early analyses of the effect... OF PHOBOS: MODERN STATUS AND PERSPECTIVES FOR EXOMARS, PHODEX AND PHOBOS-GRUNT-II... On average Phobos shows always the same face to Mars. Phobos images... an ellipsoid which sizes for a Phobos make 13,00 х 11,39... time of a Phobos round of Mars is 7 h. 39 min. Phobos is located... raised on Mars thus cause Phobos to be spiraling toward Mars... of Phobos results from dissipation associated with tides raised by Phobos on Mars. Owing to tidal dissipation, the orbit of Phobos evolves in wards and the spin period of Phobos is... them closer to those of Phobos and Deimos. Analysis of long... the orbit of Deimos and Phobos can be reached after 4Gyr... of the rate at which Phobos is moving inwards to Mars... interesting characteristics of a Phobos are a physical librations. The Phobos has the big... of Phobos physical librations. We give the basic parameters of the Phobos... on the spacecraft “Phobos-GruntII” (2025). Measurement of the Phobos’s libration parameters... calculated the dissipation in the Phobos accounting for both the tidal... tidal dissipation in Phobos that would occur if Phobos were nearly axially... in Phobos and that in Mars from tides raised by Phobos damp the eccentricity. Even though Phobos is in... speeds along an elliptical orbit. Phobos pronounced non-spherical body interacts... it is possible to determine a Phobos moment of inertia that is... distribution researches (interior structure) of Phobos. The free libration period could... determination of the shape of Phobos along with an accurate measure... improvements in our knowledge of Phobos orbit, shape, rotation, librations, and... in Phobos orbit, become possible (ExoMars, 2020; PhoDEx, 2024; PhobosGrunt-II project, 2025). The ephemeris of Phobos has to... conclude on the nature of Phobos' interior (rubble pile versus monolithic..., such as physical librations of Phobos, is well-known (Gusev, 2015... B.A., Mittal T., (2016) The demise of Phobos and development of a Martian ring...-917 Dirkx D., et al., (2014), Phobos laser ranging: Numerical Geodesy experiments... al., (2014), Spacecraft exploration of Phobos and Deimos. Planetary and Space... Le Maistre S., et al., (2013), Phobos interior from librations determination using... Oberst J., et al., (2014) The Phobos geodetic control point network and... P. et al., (2016) Accretion of Phobos and Deimos in an extended... Gravity with Laser Ranging to Phobos,” Experimental Astronomy (2010), arXiv:1003...-qc]. Willner K. et al, (2010), Phobos control point network, rotation, and... cosmic program GLONASS, Luna-Glob, Phobos - grunt etc. 3) Development of the metrological...