Спутник ДЗЗ. SMOS. [Редактировать]

Миссия Европейского космического агентства Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity ставит своей целью сбор информации, необходимой для понимания водного цикла Земли. Его данные планируется использовать для прогнозирования засух и улучшения урожайности в регионах. «SMOS», оборудованный инновационным датчиком получает снимки «яркостной температуры». Эти изображения соответствуют микроволновому излучению, исходящему от поверхности Земли, и могут быть связаны с влажностью почвы и солёностью океана — двумя ключевыми переменными в водном цикле Земли.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1Soil Moisture and Ocean SalinityНайтиНайти
236036НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Европа
2Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
3Тип орбиты - НОО
4Страна производитель - Франция
5Все спутники ДЗЗ

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град98.4
2Апогей, км767.2
3Перигей, км765.5
4Период, минут100.0
5Длинный диаметр эллипса, км7137

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2009-059A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.467

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2009-11-02 at 01:50:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xSMOS
3Полезная нагрузка 1xPROBA 2
4Ракета-носитель 1xРокот

Найдено 818 документов по запросу «SMOS». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-03-26
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... – contact information on page 69. SMOS-satelite studies the salinity of... 2005 but will be replaced. SMOS, GOCE and ADM Aeolus are... (industrial involvement in CryoSat, GOCE, SMOS and ADM satellites) 1998- Earth... and 2009 Solar array structures SMOS (ESA, CNES, CDTI) Launch in... second Earth Explorer Opportunity Mission (SMOS), dedicated to the observation of... ESA Planck mission. Both satellites, SMOS and Planck are expected to... range Artist’s view of the SMOS satellite (Alcatel). operates the Peat...€ Space related expertise ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ESA MOHA-SMOS: supply of fiber pigtailed communication... management, packaging and test. 48 ■ SMOS: 1.4 GHz Noise Injection Radiometer (NIR... and applications. International projects ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ESA SMOS – Development of calibration system CAS... NIR for the SMOS interferometric radiometer ESA SEPS – SMOS End-to-end...) Interball Solar-terrestrial programme (Russia) SMOS Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity...



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... launched and are currently operating – SMOS (ESA, 2009), and SMAP (NASA... provided by the research missions SMOS, and more recently SMAP. Continuity...) is discussed above, while both SMOS and SMAP appear to be... assessed. SAOCOM (L-band, same as SMOS and SMAP) may also provide... SAR Interferometric Radar Altimeter (CryoSat-2) SMOS (ESA) Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity... simulate crop performance – SMAP and SMOS sub 1km Archive Requirements Longest... dataset from the likes of SMOS/SMAP could be integrated to...



Дата загрузки: 2016-11-16
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... .................................................................................. 41            4.7.1 Preliminary Results of Using SMOS Data to Simulate SMAP ............... 44... VALIDATION .................................................................... 60 7.1 Algorithm Selection ........................................................................................... 60 7.1.1 SMOS and Aquarius Data Products ........................................................ 61... Soil Moisture EXperiments (field campaigns) SMOS Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity (ESA... measurements and results from ESA’s SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity... soil moisture measurements from ESA’s SMOS (Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity) and... prior to the launch of SMOS in 2009 [8-11]. 2.1 Physics of... temperature TB from orbit [from SMOS ATBD, ref. 12] . Retrieval of..., and help explain why both SMOS and SMAP are utilizing L band... moisture retrieval. For comparison, ESA’s SMOS mission currently uses land cover... to decadal periods. Both the SMOS and Aquarius L-band missions will..., some early results from the SMOS mission suggest that the additional... with SMAP TB data. ESA’s SMOS mission currently flies an aperture... same ground location. The baseline SMOS retrieval algorithm is based on... in Section 2.1, but utilizes the SMOS multiple incidence angle capability to... applying candidate SMAP algorithms to SMOS and Aquarius satellite TB data... is expected that analysis of SMOS data and other field data.... [20], and Mironov [19]). The SMOS team is evaluating the relative... closely monitor and review the SMOS results in making the final... L-band frequencies, although analysis of SMOS data with LPRM is currently... to 0; however, for the ongoing SMOS analyses, ω = 0.05 is being used... is obtained (through analysis of SMOS and other field data) regarding... (3) application of SMAP algorithms to SMOS TB data at the SMAP... Using SMOS Data to Simulate SMAP Microwave observations from the SMOS mission... of 40o (details of the SMOS reprocessing will be explained in... provided by the SMAP radiometer. SMOS brightness temperatures provide a global real... channel algorithm (SCA) might use (a) SMOS-estimated vegetation optical depth, (b) MODISbased... results using the SCA-H with a SMOS-based simulated SMAP TB data... (as provided as part of SMOS ancillary data) were used to... the SCA algorithm with the SMOS-simulated SMAP TB data for... the SMOS overpasses. Soil moisture retrieved using the SCA-H with SMOS-simulated... Reynolds Creek (RC) watersheds for SMOS ascending orbits (overpass time of... bias. A second preliminary analysis regridded SMOS 40° TB data onto the... single channel algorithm (SCA) for SMOS ascending orbits for the period... single channel algorithm (SCA) for SMOS ascending orbits for the period of July 1-10, 2011. SMOS TB on SMOS grid 3 3 RMSE = 0.037 cm... of estimated soil moisture using SMOS-simulated SMAP TB with in... Table 5. Statistical summary of the SMOS/SMAP/SCA retrieval algorithm over... similar choices made by the SMOS mission. Latency, spatial resolution, temporal... of soil moisture estimates using SMOS TB data processed to the... soil moisture data sets and SMOS algorithm retrievals, • comparisons of soil... Arkansas-Red River basin [7]. 60 7.1.1 SMOS and Aquarius Data Products The... from two currently operating satellites, SMOS and Aquarius, can be used as surrogates for SMAP. SMOS is currently providing L-band brightness... plan was to use the SMOS global gridded L1C browse brightness... surrogate with minimal reprocessing. This SMOS product consists of swath-based... be necessary to reprocess the SMOS data using the standard L1C... unaliased FOV portions of the SMOS orbit are used in the... to conduct the subsequent analyses: SMOS L2 soil moisture DAP (Data Analysis Product), SMOS L2 soil moisture UDP (User... Product), ECMWF forecast files, and SMOS tau vegetation parameter files for... areas (τ). The first stage of SMOS analysis is generating the constant... brightness temperature data from the SMOS L1C TB product. This involves... extended FOV portions of the SMOS orbit • Filtering to remove anomalous... to date indicate that the SMOS and Aquarius products are similar... been used in AMSR-E and SMOS validation [47-50]. Multiple sample... life, it is possible that SMOS, Aquarius, and JAXA’s GCOM-W will... a previous section, the use of SMOS data prior to the launch... soil moisture product comparisons with SMOS and GCOM-W are a very efficient... the quality of both the SMOS and GCOM-W soil moisture. Post... of comparisons between the SMAP / SMOS / GCOM-W / Aquarius soil moisture estimates...) orbits of SMAP and SMOS cross (the SMOS 6 am overpass is ascending... and SMOS/GCOM-W/Aquarius products. In order to fully exploit SMOS/GCOMW... Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem..., P. Richaume, I. Davenport, P. Ferrazoli, and J.-P. Wigneron, SMOS Level 2 Processor Soil Moisture Algorithm..., A., Martín-Neira, M.,and Mecklenburg, S., “The SMOS mission: New tool for monitoring... Moisture and Ocean Salinity 75 (SMOS) soil moisture over watershed networks...



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... Earth Explorer Missions – CryoSat, GOCE, SMOS ........................ 71 4.1 CryoSat ..................................................................................................................... 71 4.1.1 Achieving CryoSat... 4.1.9.7 CryoSat support provided ............................................................................................ 80 4.2 SMOS ........................................................................................................................ 80 4.2.1 Achieving SMOS mission objectives ................................................................................... 81 4.2.2 ESA... of SMOS data beyond SMOS ............................................................................ 81 4.2.4 Quality of SMOS products ................................................................................................... 82 4.2.5 Access to SMOS... improvement from the SMOS users ................................. 87 4.2.9 Mission objectives ............................................................................................................... 87 4.2.9.1 SMOS Wiki to be provided ........................................................................................... 88 4.2.9.2 Quality of SMOS products ............................................................................................ 88 4.2.9.3 Access to SMOS data .................................................................................................. 88 4.2.9.4 SMOS information provided ......................................................................................... 88 4.2.9.5 SMOS... CSI CryoSat ....................................................................................................................... 112 5.2.11 CSI SMOS ......................................................................................................................... 112 5.2.12 CSI GOCE ......................................................................................................................... 112... Recommendations: CryoSat ............................................................................................. 121 6.2.11 Recommendations: SMOS ................................................................................................ 121 6.2.12 Recommendations: GOCE ................................................................................................ 121..., SMOS, GOCE users 42 38 CryoSat 38 SMOS GOCE Figure 12 CryoSat, SMOS.... SMOS respondents SMOS respondents 6.9% survey respondents that didn’t address SMOS 93.1% Figure 74 SMOS... a SMOS Wiki 4.2.3 Continuity of SMOS data beyond SMOS Regarding the continuity of the SMOS data beyond SMOS... for the continuity of SMOS data beyond SMOS (n=41) no opinion 22... for continuity of SMOS data beyond SMOS 4.2.4 Quality of SMOS products More than... the SMOS products 4.2.5 Access to SMOS Data The access to the SMOS data was also evaluated within the SMOS part of.... 1.0 Overall satisfaction - SMOS information provided (n=30) poor 0.0% Meeting needs - SMOS information provided... - overall satisfaction, SMOS support provided Response rate - meeting needs, SMOS support provided... 7.4%. Overall satisfaction - SMOS support provided (n=28) Meeting needs - SMOS support provided (n=26... products. 4.2.9.2 Quality of SMOS products The quality of SMOS products was also... applications. 4.2.9.3 Access to SMOS data Access to SMOS data also generated comments... this section. 5.2.11 CSI SMOS For SMOS, the following CSIs have been... 4 3 4 Quality of SMOS Products 4 3 3 Access to SMOS Data 3 3 4 SMOS: Information provided 3 3 4 SMOS: Support provided... 0% 2.9% Quality of SMOS Products 2.9% 3.1% Access to SMOS Data 6.1% 6.5% SMOS: Information provided 0% 3.6% SMOS: Support provided... L2 products. 6.2.11 Recommendations: SMOS For SMOS, based on the suggestions received... users ............................................................................................................ 17 Figure 12 CryoSat, SMOS and GOCE users ........................................................................................ 18 Figure... Figure 74 SMOS respondents ............................................................................................................... 80 Figure 75 Achieving SMOS mission objectives relevant... Desire for continuity of SMOS data beyond SMOS .............................................................. 82 Figure 78 Response... to SMOS data ...................................................................................... 84 Figure 82 Response rate on the SMOS information... Page: 140 SMOS Have the objectives of the SMOS Mission relevant to... consider the continuity of SMOS data beyond SMOS as desirable? Yes - No...



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...:20 15:20 15:40 SMOS over Land 16:20 Altimetry... 11:10 13:10 Altimetry:  SMOS Overview Inland Waters 1 14:30...: Wind, Waves and Ocean Features ‐ SMOS ‐ Soil Moisture ‐  Research and Applications...:40 09:00 08:00 SMOS over  Ocean Ice Sheets and...:30 08:20 10:10 SMOS Novel  Applications Cryospheric and  Polar... on Thursday, from page 141  SMOS Overview [4-1-3] 12 September 2013, Tinto..., IT 6: ESA, ES 1  7: SERCO, IT  SMOS Main Results After Almost 4 years...., IT  Ocean Salinity Estimated by SMOS: An Overview after more than...   J. Font (1) J. Boutin (2) N. Reul (3) P. Spurgeon (4) L. and SMOS (5) 1: Institut de Ciencies  del Mar... 4: ARGANS, GB 5: ESA‐ESRIN, IT  SMOS Instrument Performance and Calibration after... Airborne Campaign in Antarctica Supporting SMOS Calibration  N.  Skou  (1)  S.  Kristensen  (2)  S.  Soebjaerg  (2)  1:  Technical... on Thursday, from page 125  SMOS over Land [4-1-4] 12 September 2013...:20    15:40  Assimilation  of  SMOS  Brightness  Temperatures  at  ECMWF:  Impact... (2) A. Fouilloux (1) 1: ECMWF, GB 2: ESA, NL  SMOS in SMAP Calibration and Validation...,  California Institute of Technology, US  SMOS L2 Retrieval Results over Forests...‐scale Vegetation Water Product from SMOS Optical Depth  J. Grant (1) M. Scholze (1) M. Williams... 5: AARI, RU  Thu-P-09 SMOS 4‐P‐104 SMOS ‐ Applications and Mission Performance Evaluation... (2) 1: ESA, NL 2: ESA, IT  4‐P‐105 SMOS Long Term trend Analysis performed..., ES  4‐P‐106 Current Status of SMOS Quality Control Operations under the...  SL, ES  4‐P‐107 2 years of SMOS and Aquarius Brightness Temperatures Intercalibration... Programme June 07 2013 4‐P‐109 SMOS Level 3 and Level 4 Research Products...  (1)  M.  Portabella  (1)  N.  Hoareau  (1)  E.  Olmedo  (1)  1:  ICM‐CSIC  &  SMOS/BEC, ES 2: UPC, ES  4‐P‐110... and Forward Model Errors in SMOS  Observations over the Ocean  J. Gourrion... 2: CLS, Plouzané, FR 3: ICM‐ CSIC / SMOS‐BEC, Barcelona, ES  4‐P‐111 Improvement of the SMOS RFI Scenario  R. Oliva Balague (1) V. Ruiz... RFI at L‐BAND: AQUARIUS and SMOS   D. Le Vine (1) P. de Matthaeis (2) Y. Kerr... 4: University of Michigan, US  4‐P‐113 SMOS and AQUARIUS SSS in and... Sea Surface Salinity obtain from SMOS and Aquarius Satellites over Indian...  4‐P‐115  The  ESA  SMOS+SOS  Project:  Oceanography  using  SMOS  for  Innovative  Air...  ‐  CSIC, ES  4‐P‐117 Dependence of SMOS/MIRAS Brightness Temperatures on Sea... salinity variability: New Insights from SMOS  E. Tzortzi (1) C. Gommenginger (2) M. Srokosz (2) S. Josey (2) 1: National..., UK, GB  4‐P‐119 Endorsement of SMOS Brightness Temperature Using In‐Situ... in Salinity Retrieval for the SMOS Mission  J. Tenerelli (1) S. Guimbard (2) J. Gourrion (2) N. Reul... Ice Thickness and Emissivity with SMOS and Aquarius Radiometers  C.  Gabarro  (1)  P.  Elosegui...  (1)  1:  ICM‐CSIC  &  SMOS/BEC, ES 2: ICM‐CSIC, ES  4‐P‐124 SMOS‐Next: High...  2: CNES, FR 3: IRAP, FR  4‐P‐125 SMOS Calibration and Validation over the... the Sience Products from the SMOS CATDS: From Level 2 to Level...  the  CATDS  :  Description  of  the  SMOS  L3  Products  Generation  and  Dissemination... 3: CESBIO, FR  4: LOCEAN, FR  4‐P‐128 SMOS Soil Moisture Product Validation in... (CESBIO), FR  4‐P‐130 Evaluation of SMOS and ASCAT Soil Moisture Products...  Amsterdam, NL  4‐P‐131 Comparison of SMOS Soil Moisture data with ground...  and  Vegetation  Opacity  from  Disaggregated SMOS Brightness Temperatures  C.  Mboh  (1)  C.  Montzka  (1)  P.  Kumbhar... high Spatial Resolution to Improve SMOS‐Derived  Soil Moisture Maps  127...  The  Global  SMOS  Microwave  Emission  Model  (SMOS‐MEM)  Intercomparison  and  SMOS  Bias Correction... 2: ESA,  4‐P‐137  Assimilation  of  the  SMOS  Soil  Moisture  Product  into  a  Model..., FI  4‐P‐139 Downscaling of the SMOS Freeze / Thaw Product using Land...,  first  Results  and  Comparison with SMOS Data  M. Smirnov (1) A. Khaldin (2) 1: Institute of... between Soil Moisture from Passive (SMOS) and Active (RADARSAT‐2) Microwave  over... Draft Programme June 07 2013 SMOS over Ocean [5-1-1] 13 September 2013...    Sea Surface Salinity Observations With SMOS Satellite: a New Tool to Better... four Years of the ESA SMOS Mission in Orbit: Progress in... Surface Salinity Variability Derived from SMOS data: Comparison with in‐situ...ències del Mar, CSIC, ES  SMOS and in Situ Salinity: Rain..., IT 2: ESA, NL 3: SERCO, IT 4: SMOS‐BEC, ES     Related posters on Thursday, from page 125  SMOS Novel Applications [5-1-2] 13 September 2013... Arctic Sea Ice Derived from SMOS  L. Kaleschke (1) X. Tian‐Kunze (1) N. Maaß (1) 1: University... Storm Monitoring with SMOS Sensor: An Overview of the SMOS+STORM Project...  Soil Frost Detection Algorithm for SMOS  K. Rautiainen (1) J. Pulliainen (1) L. Juha (1) A. Kontu (1) C. Menard... Arctic and Equatorial Rivers Using SMOS  and Optical Data  A. Korosov (1) J. Johannessen... Remote Sensing Center,  NO  Understanding  SMOS  Satellite  L‐Band  Data  over  Antartica...



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... Graduate College 2014 Comparison of SMOS vegetation optical thickness data with... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 CHAPTER 2. INITIAL VALIDATION OF SMOS VEGETATION OPTICAL THICKNESS IN IOWA... 3. ESTIMATION OF THE B PARAMETER FROM SMOS . . . 28 3.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 3.2 Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29... 3.4 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 CHAPTER 4. COMPARISON OF SMOS AND SMAP OPTICAL THICKNESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46... OF FIGURES Figure 1.1 Diagram of SMOS overpass. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Figure 1.2 Diagram of SMAP overpass. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Figure 2.1 SMOS optical thickness in Kossuth County... County. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Figure 3.1 The 99 SMOS pixels paired with each Iowa county. . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Figure 3.2 Comparison of SMOS τ smoothed by functional data analysis... penalties. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Figure 3.3 Comparison of SMOS τ smoothed by FDA versus by... ). . . . . . . . . 33 Figure 3.5 Raw and smoothed SMOS τ from five different county-year... of crops, and co-located SMOS pixels. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Figure 4.3 NDVI climatologies... validating SMOS τ and then by comparing SMOS τ to SMAP τ . The validation of SMOS τ was done by comparing SMOS...’s (ESA) Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission and the National Aeronautics.... A major difference between SMOS and SMAP is SMOS can simultaneously retrieve soil... (called vegetation optical thickness [τ ]), compare SMOS τ to SMAP’s ancillary data, and... to weather and climate modeling. SMOS contains a passive, interferometric radiometer, the... difference between their instrument designs. SMOS’s design enables the measurement of... Figure 1.1 for a diagram). This allows SMOS to retrieve Rsoil and τ simultaneously... interannual variability. 12 SMOS θ=0º θ=20º θ=40º SMOS SMOS Figure 1.1: SMOS makes multiple measurements of.... This dissertation aims to: 1. validate SMOS τ using large-scale measurements of vegetation; 2. use SMOS τ to estimate a key parameter, b, at...’s Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) satellite mission began observing Earth... understand the global water cycle. SMOS employed microwave radiometry to achieve... is at least 50%. 2.2 Observations SMOS τ data (reprocessed, v.4.0.0) from 2010 was... N are used in the current SMOS L2 algorithm (personal communication, J.–P. Wigneron... constant value assumed in the SMOS L2 algorithm (personal communication, J.–P. Wigneron... the times where it appears SMOS is overestimating τ and underestimating h. However... located within a SMOS measurement swath. 2.4 Conclusions Although noisy, SMOS vegetation optical thickness... estimate the changes in τ that SMOS’s roughness-constant algorithm retrieved. More... 3. ESTIMATION OF THE B PARAMETER FROM SMOS 3.1 Introduction When measuring brightness temperatures... three closest SMOS pixels to each county centroid. I extracted SMOS τ data (version... included both τ and soil moisture (i.e. SMOS τ “retrievals” that were based only... of the SMOS satellite and the way that raw SMOS swaths are... ways to analytically fix λ. However, SMOS τ is not well-behaved; autocorrelation... noise seen in SMOS τ . Examples of FDA smoothed SMOS τ data for multiple... link what SMOS “sees” to what yield estimators measure. SMOS τ should be... between τ and crop yields. Finally, SMOS’s retrieval algorithm could be improved... , 1990). 46 CHAPTER 4. COMPARISON OF SMOS AND SMAP OPTICAL THICKNESS 4.1 Introduction..., I extracted retrieved SMOS τ from the latest version (5.5.1) of the SMOS soil moisture... the peak of the smoothed SMOS τ (Table 4.1). SMOS τ does come close to... noise in SMOS’s τ data, the peak values between 2012 SMOS τ and SMAP... across all 30 pixels. Mission SMOS SMOS SMAP Year 2010 2011 2012... year in SMOS (which assumes ω = 0), and the difference in SMOS-derived and... 0.05 0.00 SMAP b(2010) SMOS 2010 SMOS 2011 SMOS 2012 SMAP b(2011) SMAP... Dec Oct Nov Dec SMOS 2010 SMOS 2011 SMOS 2012 SMAP b(2011) SMAP... 0.05 0.00 SMAP b(2010) SMOS 2010 SMOS 2011 SMOS 2012 SMAP b(2011) SMAP... Dec Oct Nov Dec SMOS 2010 SMOS 2011 SMOS 2012 SMAP b(2011) SMAP... 0.05 0.00 SMAP b(2010) SMOS 2010 SMOS 2011 SMOS 2012 SMAP b(2011) SMAP... h-pol, θ = 40◦ , T = 287 K, h = 0.1 280 SMOS τ = 0.3442 SMOS ω = 0 SMAP τ = 0.4512 SMAP ω = 0.05 270...: Brightness temperature sensitivity curves for SMOS and SMAP given their average...-scale measurements of vegetation, 2. use SMOS τ to estimate a key parameter, b, at... dissertation shows that, according to SMOS retrievals in Iowa, 1. τ exhibits significant... angular/polarization dependencies of τ , b, and ω. SMOS, through its full polarization and... B. Hornbuckle (2013), Initial validation of SMOS vegetation optical thickness in Iowa...



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... DESIG/ RATING PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS OPERATIONAL ACTIVITIES - NAVY 12 Aircraft... 6410 7340 PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS 8342 8342 8342 8842 8842... AT3 ATAN PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS 8342 8342 8342 8842 8842... AMAN AME1 AME2 AMEAN SNEC/ SMOS 6315 6301 2905 8406 3923... 8842 8342 8342 8842 SNEC/ SMOS II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR OPERATIONAL... AEAN AK1 PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS 8342 8342 8842 8842 8342... AO3 AOAN PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS 8841 8341 8341 8841 8841... 8341 8341 8841 8841 SNEC/ SMOS II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR OPERATIONAL... APOCM APOCS PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS 8342 8342 8342 8842 8842... 8342 8342 8842 8842 SNEC/ SMOS II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR OPERATIONAL... 8342 8842 8842 6301 SNEC/ SMOS II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR OPERATIONAL... APO2 APO2 PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS 8341 8341 8341 8841 8841... 8842 8342 8342 8342 SNEC/ SMOS 6607 9526 6605 II.A.1.b. BILLETS... AMAN AME2 PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS 8842 8842 9590 8342 8342... 8342 8842 8842 8342 SNEC/ SMOS 8342 8342 8842 8842 8300... PN2 POCM PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS 8342 8842 8842 8342 8342... 8342 8342 8842 8842 SNEC/ SMOS II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR OPERATIONAL... 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 3 4 4 2 4 3 4 1 1 1 2 3 1 4 7 4 2 4 2 1 2 DESIG/ RATING PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS AZ3 AZAN DK3 OS1 PN1... 8342 8842 8842 8342 SNEC/ SMOS II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR OPERATIONAL... 8842 8342 8842 8842 SNEC/ SMOS II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR OPERATIONAL... 8342 8342 8842 8842 SNEC/ SMOS II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR OPERATIONAL... AMEC AME1 PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS 9588 8341 8341 8341 8341... YNCS YN1 PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS 8341 8841 8841 8341 8341... 1 3 5 7 9 DESIG/ RATING PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS YN2 YN3 YNSN AN 1302... AOAN APOCM PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS 8342 8342 8342 8842 8842... AD3 ADAN PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS 9595 9590 8342 8342 8342... 8342 8342 8842 8842 SNEC/ SMOS II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR OPERATIONAL... 6612 7536 8342 8342 SNEC/ SMOS II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR OPERATIONAL... YNSN AN PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS 8143 8143 9580 OPERATIONAL ACTIVITIES... SSGT SSGT PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS 6057 6087 6317 6337 6531... 6042 6046 6057 6060 SNEC/ SMOS 6043 6422 II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED... 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 DESIG/ RATING PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS LCPL LCPL LCPL LCPL LCPL... 6531 0431 6017 6047 SNEC/ SMOS 9954 II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR... CPL 7527 0121 0431 SNEC/ SMOS 9954 II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR... 6057 6072 6317 6337 SNEC/ SMOS 9954 II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR... 6337 6531 24 138 SNEC/ SMOS II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR OPERATIONAL... 6019 9999 6391 6591 SNEC/ SMOS 9954 II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR... 6317 6337 6469 6531 SNEC/ SMOS 9954 II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR... 6017 6042 6046 6057 SNEC/ SMOS 6043 6422 II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED... 6017 6057 6087 6337 SNEC/ SMOS 6044 9954 II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED... 6017 6057 6317 6337 SNEC/ SMOS 9954 II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR... 7523 CPL 7527 0121 SNEC/ SMOS II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR OPERATIONAL... 0431 6057 6531 0193 SNEC/ SMOS 6043 9954 II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED... 6017 6337 6531 8421 SNEC/ SMOS II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR OPERATIONAL... 8342 8342 8842 6313 SNEC/ SMOS II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR OPERATIONAL... 6672 6094 6434 6469 SNEC/ SMOS 6035 6035 6092 II.A.1.b. BILLETS... 7212 7213 7225 7232 SNEC/ SMOS FLEET SUPPORT ACTIVITIES - NAVY NAS... 8342 8342 8842 8842 SNEC/ SMOS II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR OPERATIONAL... DESIG/ RATING PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS PRAN 1000 1100 1110 1120... TOTAL: DESIG/ RATING 5326 SNEC/ SMOS 9502 0319 0319 8126 2514... 6060 6072 6073 6092 SNEC/ SMOS 6092 6092 II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED... 6094 6412 6413 6432 SNEC/ SMOS 6464 II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR...), 0000B USMC II - 81 SNEC/ SMOS 6464 6092 6092 6043 6412... 6462 6465 6466 6541 SNEC/ SMOS 6464 6092 6092 II.A.1.b. BILLETS... 6094 6541 1171 3381 SNEC/ SMOS 6464 II.A.1.b. BILLETS REQUIRED FOR... ACTIVITY TOTAL: II - 86 SNEC/ SMOS 6464 II.A.1.c. TOTAL BILLETS REQUIRED... DESIG/ RATING PNEC/SNEC PMOS/SMOS PFYs OFF ENL NAVY OPERATIONAL... DESIG/ RATING PNEC/SNEC PMOS/SMOS GYSGT GYSGT GYSGT GYSGT GYSGT... DESIG/ RATING PNEC/SNEC PMOS/SMOS PFYs OFF ENL CFY01 OFF... DESIG/ RATING PNEC/SNEC PMOS/SMOS PFYs OFF ENL CFY01 OFF... 8342 8842 8842 8842 SNEC/ SMOS II.A.2.b. BILLETS TO BE DELETED... 8842 8342 8842 8842 SNEC/ SMOS II.A.2.c. TOTAL BILLETS TO BE... DESIG/ RATING PNEC/SNEC PMOS/SMOS PFYs OFF ENL NAVY OPERATIONAL... DESIG RATING PNEC/SNEC PMOS/SMOS SELRES AO1 ATC PR2 9502... DESIG/ RATING PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS BILLET BASE CFY01 +/CUM FY02... DESIG/ RATING PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS BILLET BASE CFY01 +/CUM FY02... 8300 9595 8301 BILLET CFY01 SMOS BASE +/22 2 199 2 44 337... AN HN PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS 3923 BILLET BASE CFY01 +/CUM... 7212 7213 7225 7232 SNEC/ SMOS 8345 8345 BILLET BASE 9 1 8 25... DESIG/ RATING PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS AE1 AE2 AE2 AFCM AKC... 8842 6612 6612 8842 SNEC/ SMOS BILLET BASE CFY01 +/CUM FY02... DESIG/ RATING PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS BILLET BASE CFY01 +/CUM FY02... SSGT SSGT PNEC/ PMOS SNEC/ SMOS BILLET BASE 0231 6017 6047... 6092 6414 6469 6541 SNEC/ SMOS BILLET BASE FY02 +/CUM FY03... 6337 6469 6531 8421 SNEC/ SMOS 9954 BILLET BASE 6 1 2 4 6 4 4 2 20 8 4 8 4 2 4 16...



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... multiple frequencies of AMSR2. Finally, SMOS retrievals from two different algorithms... soil moisture products for the SMOS L-band mission, leading to a significantly..., MWRI (Section 2.1.1), AMSR2 (Section 2.1.2) and SMOS (Section 2.1.3). The satellite and sensor... land surface temperature [20]. 2.1.3. SMOS MIRAS SMOS is the first satellite mission... moisture purposes but SMOS is dedicated to this; therefore, SMOS makes observations... and descending overpasses, respectively [10]. SMOS observations (1.4 GHz) are made with... 2 and 5 degrees Kelvin [21]. The SMOS satellite entered its operational status.... Additionally, an adverse issue for SMOS observations relates to RFI (e.g., [18... procedure was applied that removes SMOS brightness temperature observations with an... as different radiometers (AMSR2 and SMOS) with different frequencies (C- and L-band... the last step (product combination E) SMOS soil moisture products were compared... Passive microwave radiometer & frequency comparison SMOS algorithm comparison E 3.1. The Triple Collocation... modification selection of the C- (▬) and SMOS ((▬))the retrieved through LPRM were... results from AMSR2 C-band (▬) and SMOS combination that cannot isolate a single... a between single characteristic withinand the SMOS processing chainbut as the we... characteristics. Finally, in product combination E, SMOS ut the two sensorsfrequency on.... Finally, in combination product combination E, SMOS L-MEB (▬) results fro thethe satellites... have different characteristics. Finally, in E, SMOS L-MEB (▬) (▬) X-band (▬) frequencies. For product... combination E, sensors SMOS L-MEB difference between AMSR2 (C-band) and SMOS (L-band) but..., while L-MEB ((▬) ) was compared against SMOS LPRM ((▬)).previously As previously noted... E, SMOSthe L-MEB was compared against SMOS LPRM v06previously (▬). As noted, is... characteristics. Finally, innoted, product combination E, SMOS L-MEB (▬) This Triple Collocation produces... are reversed was compared against SMOS LPRM v06 (▬). Aspreviously previously noted... reversed (i.e. higher was compared against SMOS LPRM v06 (▬). As noted, R value... indicates better quality). Since the SMOS soil Triple Collocation produces errormetric... indicates better quality). Since the SMOS ics are reversed (i.e. RMSE indicates... quality). Since the SMOS difference between AMSR2 (C-band) andsoil SMOS (L-ban RMSE... indicates better quality). Since the SMOS soilFinally, products products were not... noted, Rv was compared against SMOS LPRM v06 (▬). As previously wereverification... Figure the 3, with removing the SMOS products not taken consideration. presents... to Figure 3, with removing the SMOS explainedasbythetheonly significantly largeLikewise, data analysis... n D, results from AMSR2 C-band (▬) and SMOS chains were identical, only modification... be ality). Since the characteristics. SMOS soil oserved haveprocessing different Finally, in product combination E,of SMOS L-MEB (▬) combination nikewise, the as... results AMSR2-LPRM ) retrieval and SMOS-LPRM X-band (▬) frequencies. For product... (i.e. higher Finally, in product combination E, SMOS L-MEB (▬) frequency difference between AMSR2... from AMSR2 C-band (▬)into and SMOS observations frequencies and radiometer characteristics... consistently higher AMSR2-LPRM . Also, SMOS retrievals arecombination not available over... characteristics. Finally, inthe product combination E, SMOS L-MEB (▬) retrieved LPRM v06 were... the evaluation. absence evaluation results SMOS isby related towhile frequency difference... reversed (i.e. higher was compared against SMOS LPRM v06 The (▬). As previously... characteristics. Finally, in product combination E, SMOS L-MEB (▬) study area that had... removes many SMOS points, such soil was compared against SMOS v06 As... approach completely aligned Figure 3,(▬). removing SMOS on requirements (see Section 5),to... indicates better quality). Since the SMOS thesample satellites have different characteristics..., inwith product combination E, SMOS (▬)data results indicate that SMOS isLPRM significantly affected... Section 5),tothese was compared against SMOS v064 (▬). As previously noted, Rrequirements... Rvalue indicates quality). Since theobtained SMOS he significantly large over the... higher indicates better quality). Since SMOS soil Section People’s Republic oftoChina...) consistently perform better thanresults the SMOS soil moisture retrievals (forto be...: MWRI (a), AMSR2 (b) and SMOS (c). study: MWRI (a), AMSR2 (b) and SMOS (c). 6. Conclusions Finally, even... be taken with product combination E, SMOS L-MEB consistently Thisbetter studythan sequentially... similar performance for these two SMOS products. observations frequencies and radiometer... retrieval algorithms, results indicate that SMOS is significantly affected by RFI... techniques. Our results indicate the SMOS country. Our resultsaffected furthermore AMSR2..., E.; Kerr, Y.; Mecklenburg, S.; Nieto, S.; Richaume, P.; Gruhier, C. SMOS radio frequency interference scenario: Status..., A. Global-scale comparison of passive (SMOS) and active (ASCAT) satellite based...



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... Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) Mission Version 5 EEOM-SMOS-MRD 2 Executive Summary... Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission are to observe two... the field of the cryosphere SMOS is a demonstrator with broad and... resolution. The baseline instrument of SMOS is a L-band (1.4GHz) 2D interferometric... in the near future. EEOM-SMOS-MRD 3 Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ................................................................................................... 2 CONTENTS........................................................ 8 CRYOSPHERE OBSERVATIONS ................................................................................ 9 3. OBJECTIVES OF THE SMOS MISSION ...............................................................10 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................10 SCIENTIFIC... OBSERVATIONS.................................16 4. REQUIREMENTS OF THE SMOS MISSION .........................................................18 4.1 REQUIREMENTS FOR SM... REFERENCES ..................................................................................................................36 GLOSSARY......................................................................................................................42 EEOM-SMOS-MRD Acronyms and Symbols: ACQUA.../m3 Degrees degrees Nepers %0 K EEOM-SMOS-MRD 1. 6 Introduction For the post... and mission requirements of the SMOS mission which i s planned for launch... mission and observational requirements. EEOM-SMOS-MRD 2. 7 Scientific Background Significant progress... carried out. EEOM-SMOS-MRD 3. Objectives of the SMOS Mission 3.1 Introduction 10... space/time coverage performances. The SMOS mission aims to fill this... is also expected that the SMOS mission will provide significant information... al., 1999). In summary, the SMOS objectives are to demonstrate the... global coverage, are needed. EEOM-SMOS-MRD 13 For watershed hydrologic... – Southern Oscillation) prediction by EEOM-SMOS-MRD 15 numerical models. Presently... of the surface currents. EEOM-SMOS-MRD 16 Primary scientific objectives... (Aagaard and Carmack, 1989); EEOM-SMOS-MRD • 17 ice margin processes... climatological studies. EEOM-SMOS-MRD 4. Requirements of the SMOS Mission 4.1 Requirements for... sparsely measured (Dirmeyer 1995). EEOM-SMOS-MRD 19 Water movement in... world-wide database obtained using SMOS data will enable to validate... three surface variables namely: EEOM-SMOS-MRD • • • 22 soil moisture wS... with time (considering the proposed SMOS mission lifetime and spatial resolution... m3 m-3 on a global basis from SMOS data. In addition, retrievals of... τ retrieved from SMOS data (σTS =2K); b (o): wS retrieved from SMOS data (τ estimates... accurate τ estimates obtained from previous SMOS data ; σTs =2K, σ τ=0.025; The... one of the challenges of SMOS. The dielectric constant for seawater..., retrieval accuracy will depend on SMOS calibration stability and measurement noise... of the SSS measurement with SMOS, the GODAE open ocean requirement... doubts about the capability of SMOS in achieving these requirements, particularly... the continued development of the SMOS demonstrator and numerical simulator to analyse the SMOS ocean retrieval accuracy. It will... available from current climatologies. EEOM-SMOS-MRD 28 Lower accuracy, higher... al., 1998) it follows that a SMOS-like radiometer should provide an... be obtained by averaging the SMOS individual measurements in both space... not be recorded simultaneously to SMOS, the averaging procedure will allow... are not a primary objective for SMOS. This field will not, therfore... terms of intermediate quantities. EEOM-SMOS-MRD 31 4.4.1 Overall radiometer features... needed. 4.4.3 Retrieval accuracy issues EEOM-SMOS-MRD 32 As the instantaneous... the radiometric sensitivity and EEOM-SMOS-MRD 34 enhance problems due... the main scientific domain of SMOS concerns climate, it is obvious... events (ENSO, droughts…) and EEOM-SMOS-MRD 35 contrasting seasons (wet... based upon the requirements for SMOS which aims at providing, over... 0.2 kgm-2. In order to process SMOS data, corrections due to atmospheric... microwave data are useful. EEOM-SMOS-MRD 36 References Aagaard K., E. Carmack.... Res., 29 (4); pp 11131125. EEOM-SMOS-MRD 37 Chanzy, A., Bruckler, L. and..., 37, 125, 129-139 EEOM-SMOS-MRD 38 Gloersen P., W. Nordberg, T.J. Schmugge... Sensing, 20, 452-467. EEOM-SMOS-MRD 39 Lagerloef, G. S. E., Swift, C. T. & LeVine... measurement requirements and radiometer techniques (SMOS), Noordwijk, ESA, 41-48. Srokosz... measurement requirements and radiometer techniques (SMOS), Noordwijk, ESA, 49-56. Steffen... 14(10):1875-1886. EEOM-SMOS-MRD 41 Vant M.R., R.O. Ramseier, V. Makios... 2-D interferometric radiometry over land surfaces (SMOS Mission), Microwave Radiometry and Remote... Glaciology, 21,123-130. EEOM-SMOS-MRD 42 Glossary Aliasing: Replication... (usually above a waterproof substrate). EEOM-SMOS-MRD 43 Halosteric adjustment of... salinity units (psu: g/kg) EEOM-SMOS-MRD 44 Soil moisture: Corresponds...



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... as the Aquarius/SAC-D or SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity... the pre-launch campaign for SMOS [Camps et al., 2004; Etcheto... brightness temperature observations from the SMOS sensor [Guimbard et al., 2012... other approaches, in particular the SMOS GMF and the GMF and... has also been observed at SMOS [Reul et al., 2012]. It... Reul et al. [2012] for SMOS. We conclude our validation of... sensor has a distinct advantage over SMOS [Font et al., 2004], which... the corresponding result of the SMOS analysis [Guimbard et al., 2012...] for winds below 20 m/s. The SMOS study has limited its wind... level of consistency between the SMOS and Aquarius analyses of wind... than twice as large as SMOS footprints (40 km). Moreover, comparison... in actual salinity retrievals of SMOS or Aquarius. Earlier versions of... Aquarius instrument a clear advantage over SMOS, which has no scatterometer. Our... by Aquarius and SMOS, paper presented at the SMOS-Aquarius Workshop, IFREMER...), Sea surface freshening inferred from SMOS and ARGO salinity: impact of... experiments in support of the SMOS mission: Sea surface L-band brightness... surface salinity with the European SMOS space mission, IEEE Transactions on..., A. Turiel, C. Gabarro, and J. Font (2012), SMOS semiempirical ocean forward model adjustment... Analysis, paper presented at the SMOS-Aquarius Workshop, IFREMER, Brest, France..., D. Vandemark, Y. Quilfen, and Y. Kerr (2012), SMOS satellite L-band radiometer: A new capability... surface emissivity models deduced from SMOS data (2012), IEEE Transactions on...