Спутник ФКИ. SST. [Редактировать]

Технические характеристики

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Экономические характеристики

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Дата загрузки: 2017-03-28
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... atmospheric dust loading and Atlantic SST consistent with the notion that... reduction of sea surface temperature (SST) over the West Atlantic and... by dust could lower Atlantic SST. In this paper, we present... 2005, and examine statistical dust-SST relationships based on long-term... and Nees, 1986], and the SST record from the Hadley Center... al., 2003]. 2. Results 2.1. Dust and SST Variation During 2005– 2006 [5] From... dust loading (OMI-AI) and SST over the Western Atlantic/Caribbean... region experienced episodic cooling in SST throughout 2006 (Figure 1b), with... on fast atmospheric processes, and SST on relatively slow ocean processes... between dust events and Caribbean SST is likely to be highly... (a) TOMS AI index, and (b) TMI SST in °C, averaged over the western... possible solar attenuation effect on SST by dust, and to minimize... events are frequent, so that SST pre-conditioning effects by dust... 5°N–20°N (Figure 2a). The observed SST pattern (Figure 2b) shows widespread... coast of North Africa. [7] The SST cooling due to solar attenuation... in surface solar radiation, the SST in the shallower region is..., with positive anomalies shaded; (b) observed SST (°C) difference from the Tropical Rainfall... than 35m shaded; and (d) estimated SST difference due to solar attenuation... 3. One-point correlation map of SST with (a) Barbados dust index, and (b) Nin˜o3 SST. Light (dark) shading marks regions... 31 to obtain the cumulative SST change due to solar attenuation... North Atlantic. [8] The estimated June SST anomaly (2006-minus-2005) due... 30 – 40% to the observed SST cooling between June 2006 and... relationship between dust and Atlantic SST. For dust, we use the... dust record and Hadley Center SST for July – August – September (JAS... map with the Nin˜o3 SST anomalies (Figure 3b). [10] The linear correlation between Nin˜o3 SST anomalies and the Barbados dust... generally an inverse relationship between SST and dust over the entire... Ocean, i.e., more dust and lower SST and vice versa. The most.... In contrast, the El Nin˜o-SST correlation (Figure 3b) features large... western subtropical Atlantic. Large negative SST correlations are found over the... Gulf of Guinea. The negative SST in the Gulf of Guinea... eastern Pacific and eastern Atlantic SST anomalies associated with El Nin... to spawn and intensify, the SST signal associated with El Nin.... The 2006 – 2005 observed JAS SST anomaly in the Atlantic [Lau... some resemblance to the dust-SST correlation pattern (Figure 3a), but... different from the El Nin˜o – SST pattern (Figure 3b). If the... [11] Based on estimates of SST cooling due to solar attenuation... in initiating the large-scale SST cooling in the Atlantic in... predictive value in terms of SST effects, in fine-tuning seasonal.... [12] Finally, the estimate of SST cooling from solar attenuation by... of Saharan dust on Atlantic SST. L23811 [13] Acknowledgments. This work... eastern equatorial Atlantic and Pacific SST anomalies (1970 – 88), J. Clim., 11...



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... architecture for a Space Surveillance & Tracking (SST) capability to protect its own... assets and processing capabilities for SST. It was started a survey at... 16th April, established an European SST framework, to promote the use... European Architecture to provide an SST Services with the huge challenge... is a telescope properly designed for SST and is able to observe... architecture fo r a Space Surveillance & Tracking (SST) capability to protect its own... assets and processing capabilities for SST. It was started a survey at... 16th April, established an European SST framework, to promote the use... European Architecture to provide an SST Services with the huge challenge... globally recognized and SST capabilities ensure this protection. SST can be considered... and INAF, an initial National SST architecture. The general architecture of... challenges raised up by the SST requirements could never be addressed..., velocity). Accordingly sensors used for SST can be generally divided into... capability in the field of SST of space debris based on... months. 2. RADAR SENSORS In the SST architecture radars have been used... system was selected for the SST experiment because of its capabilities... originally designed and developed for SST purposes. For the test a subset... the radar has demonstrated good SST performances consistent with its power... installed an optical sensor for SST in Pratica di Mare AFB... is a telescope properly designed for SST by GMSpazio and Officina Stellare... an Initial Operational Capability for SST. Interesting results have been obtained... 4. SENSOR INTEGRATION & DATA FUSION The SST architecture that the nation is... will generate and disseminate the SST products. The sensor integration and... space object catalogue to generate SST data products, such as conjunction... other national organizations in the SST framework have been illustrated. Three... sensors included in the national SST architecture have been described with... the requirements defined by EU SST Consortium and led to consider that initial Italian SST capability can give an important.... Challenges raised up by the SST requirements could never be addressed... guarantee an end-to-end SST service. 6. REFERENCES 1. G. Pupillo et al...



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... observations of sea surface temperature (SST) and wind speed but also... empirical relationships between satellite-derived SST and surface water CO2 partial... NOAA global area coverage (GAC) SST to ship-based seasonal pCO2,sw-SST relationships in the North Pacific... CO2 flux using satellite-based SST anomalies and wind speeds. In this case, pCO2,sw-SST relationships Figure 1. Examples of satellite... surface ocean carbon dynamics: (a) SST (NOAA GOES SST), (b) sea surface wind speed... Highresolution Radiometer (AVHRR) SST and pCO2,sw-SST relationships derived at the... algorithm based on AVHRR satellite SST and synthetic salinity fields derived from SST-salinity relationships. Empirical relationships between SST and pCO2,sw applied to satellite-derived SST fields (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer... on remotely sensed chlorophyll and SST from the Ocean Color Temperature... surface ocean carbonate chemistry, satellite SST, and model-derived sea-surface...) + 2.32(SSS – 35)2 + 1.41(SST – 20) + 0.040(SST – 20)2. Monthly composites of... calculated using 0.25° gridded daily SST fields (NOAA optimal interpolated [OI] remotely sensed radiometric SST data from in situ, AVHRR... using the NOAA extended reconstruction SST product (NOAA_ERSST_V3; http://www. Table....ornl.gov/trends/ co2/). This SST is based on in situ... using the NOAA extended reconstructed SST (ERSST V3b; red curve) with... v0.3 values derived from satellite SST overlaid (blue curve). The global...) is estimated from the representative SST (18°C) and AT (2320 µM kg... depth, and satellite observations of SST and chlorophyll a for 2004–2006... pCO2 data by using satellite SST and Chla. International Journal of... improved in situ and satellite SST analysis for climate. Journal of...



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... played a part, too. What does “SST” stand for? Sea surface temperature How might changes in SST affect coral reef health? Increases... map of worldwide SST, what is the approximate SST off the southeastern... the most recent set of SST measurements.) Answers range from -2.0 degrees... the web site, determine the SST off the southeastern coast of... on the table below. (If SST is not available for today... for the next-closest date.) SST for Southeastern United States (degrees... space below to show how SST off the southeastern coast of... ago) to (today’s date) 33 SST (degrees Celsius) 32 Graphs will... by students. Title should incorporate SST and years of data represented... as such. Y-axis should represent SST and include units. 31 30... graph in Step C, did the SST off the southeastern coast of... vary according to data. If SST did change over time, how... events since 1979? What does “SST” stand for? How might changes in SST affect coral reef health? Coral... map of worldwide SST, what is the approximate SST off the southeastern... the most recent set of SST measurements.) Using the Image Archives... the web site, determine the SST off the southeastern coast of... on the table below. (If SST is not available for today... for the next-closest date.) SST for Southeastern United States (degrees... space below to show how SST off the southeastern coast of... graph in Step C, did the SST off the southeastern coast of... States change over time? If SST did change over time, how...



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... of aeronautics, the Supersonic Transport (SST) program moved into its prototype... competitions for the SST a i r f r a m e and engines, respectively. The f i r s t prototype SST is scheduled... traffic. P r o g r e s s continues in constructing two SST prototypes to be ready f o r flight... the FAA and for the SST contractor s. Wind-tunnel studies were... for a n advanced second-generation domestic SST, and the general-purpose airborne... flight-test r e s u l t s t o a s s u r e its usefulness in SST simulation. After the simulation is... will be programmed to simulate SST charact e r i s t i c s to define handling qualities... a r e i n support of the National Supersonic T r a n s p o r t (SST) P r o g r a m . P r e s e n t plans call for conducting the... of l a r g e a i r c r a f t such as the C-5A, SST, and AMSA. It will be... investigated. P r e l i m i n a r y visibility t e s t s of the proposed SST configuration will begin in March... m a t e r i a l behavior (i. e. , c r a c k initiation) in c r i t i c a l a i r c r a f t a r e a s . COMMITTEE ON SST-SONIC BOOM The Committee w a s established... seating capacities of jumbo j e t s and SST's, in a program started in 1966... to passengers on impact. d. Cosmic r a y s a t SST altitudes. A p r o g r a m begun in 1966 s e e k s to a s s e s s the c o s m i c - r a y environment to which SST passengers will be exposed. In... of cosmic-ray p a r a m e t e r s w e r e made f r o m B-57 a i r c r a f t a t SST altitudes. 107 e. Crop-dusting pilot..., which has been managing the SST development p r o g r a m on behalf of the... calling f o r development of two identical SST prototypes. Both contracts w e r e made retroactive... 300. Other developments in the SST p r o g r a m included: a. Announcement, in late April... delivery position held on the SST r e s e r v a t i o n schedule. The resulting investment of... take over f r o m FAA responsibility f o r allocating SST delivery positions to purchasers. The... was completed. C. Simulation studies of SST operations. Conclusions were: (1) One-way... be provided f o r quick descent of SST a i r c r a f t to lower altitudes in non... way of straight-route unrestricted SST transoceanic acceleration. d. Long-range air...



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... Weather Space Portal Technology transfer SST Space Surveillance and Tracking support... to the SST support framework • Improving the performance of SST at European... 17.10 EGNSS EO COMPET SST 39.6% 11.9% 31.5% 7.6% Space SME... by Horizon 2020: • SST services: activities within the SST support framework, which... and using of existing national SST assets (activity 6 and activity 16... societies, Copernicus, GNSS). • SST evolution: activities outside the SST support framework, which... existing and development of new SST sensors (activity 7 and activity 17... 5) for the implementation of all SST activities (activities 6, 7 ,16 and 17...-term programmatic needs of the SST activities, and • Avoid unnecessary fragmentation... budget. Specific Grant Agreements (SGAs): SST FPA will be implemented through... will cover the provision of SST services (activities 6 and 16) as well the SST evolution needs (activities 7 and 17). • All SST-related activities of the WP... 5 - Framework Partnership Agreement on the SST Support Framework Indicative budget (€ million) Other actions - Activity 6 – SST contribution to the support Framework... 7 - Improving the Performances of the SST at European Level 8.0 Activity 16 - SST contribution to the support Framework ... - Improving the Performances of the SST at European Level Space Indicative...



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... Weather Space Portal Technology transfer SST Space Surveillance and Tracking support... to the SST support framework • Improving the performance of SST at European... 17.10 EGNSS EO COMPET SST 39.6% 11.9% 31.5% 7.6% Space SME... by Horizon 2020: • SST services: activities within the SST support framework, which... and using of existing national SST assets (activity 6 and activity 16... societies, Copernicus, GNSS). • SST evolution: activities outside the SST support framework, which... existing and development of new SST sensors (activity 7 and activity 17... 5) for the implementation of all SST activities (activities 6, 7 ,16 and 17...-term programmatic needs of the SST activities, and • Avoid unnecessary fragmentation... budget. Specific Grant Agreements (SGAs): SST FPA will be implemented through... will cover the provision of SST services (activities 6 and 16) as well the SST evolution needs (activities 7 and 17). • All SST-related activities of the WP... 5 - Framework Partnership Agreement on the SST Support Framework Indicative budget (€ million) Other actions - Activity 6 – SST contribution to the support Framework... 7 - Improving the Performances of the SST at European Level 8.0 Activity 16 - SST contribution to the support Framework ... - Improving the Performances of the SST at European Level Space Indicative...



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... mask + + Optional/ mandatory environmental characteristics /SST /SST /SST, depth Optional/ mandatory speed input... + least squares unscented Kalman filter SST, depth/ + + + probability sampling MCMC (block... filter probability sampling + + + + SST/ SST/ possible to implement/ SST, depth, sea ice …/ +/ +/ terrestrial birds marine organisms SST, depth/ /+ all organisms fish marine... we included sea surface temperature (SST) and land avoidance. The daily.... The daily mean satellitederived SST and mean SST error was extracted from... NOAA optimally-interpolated, high resolution SST dataset at 0.25° resolution [29... surface temperature (SST) sd 0.5 °Cd max.sst.diff maximum tolerance in SST variation... and encountered sea surface temperature (SST) with time while (d & h) represent the...% uncertainty additional environmental data (notably SST). In addition to providing positions... well as land avoidance and SST weighting (steps 4 & 5). Accuracy could be... resolution of the satellite-derived SST dataset. Using a higher Merkel et.... Movement Ecology (2016) 4:26 resolution SST dataset will likely increase the... system; SSM: State space model; SST: Sea surface temperature Page 10... B, Costa D. Comparison of light- and SST-based geolocation with satellite telemetry...



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... Weather Space Portal Technology transfer SST Space Surveillance and Tracking support... to the SST support framework • Improving the performance of SST at European... 17.10 EGNSS EO COMPET SST 39.6% 11.9% 31.5% 7.6% Space SME... by Horizon 2020: • SST services: activities within the SST support framework, which... and using of existing national SST assets (activity 6 and activity 16... societies, Copernicus, GNSS). • SST evolution: activities outside the SST support framework, which... existing and development of new SST sensors (activity 7 and activity 17... 5) for the implementation of all SST activities (activities 6, 7 ,16 and 17...-term programmatic needs of the SST activities, and • Avoid unnecessary fragmentation... budget. Specific Grant Agreements (SGAs): SST FPA will be implemented through... will cover the provision of SST services (activities 6 and 16) as well the SST evolution needs (activities 7 and 17). • All SST-related activities of the WP... 5 - Framework Partnership Agreement on the SST Support Framework Indicative budget (€ million) Other actions - Activity 6 – SST contribution to the support Framework... 7 - Improving the Performances of the SST at European Level 8.0 Activity 16 - SST contribution to the support Framework ... - Improving the Performances of the SST at European Level Space Indicative...



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... are compared to the simplified k-ω SST model of a single CC section... HD part of the problem k-ω SST and precise LES turbulence descriptions... titanium (1 kg) obtained by simplified k-ω SST calculation of a single section (a) and... (on the right) obtained by k-ω SST calculation of a single section (a) and.... It must be mentioned, that k-ω SST calculation of a single CC section... lower EM field frequencies by k-ω SST model. Free surface shape of... state regime obtained by simplified k-ω SST calculation of a single section and... (fig. 3, b) is shown. According to k-ω SST Reynolds-averaged calculation the EM... field distribution. In comparison to k-ω SST calculation, 3D LES model predicts... developed. The comparison of our kω SST calculation results to experimental measurements... two-phase flow 2D k-ω SST, 3D k-ω SST and 3D LES calculations of... and full 3D consideration using k-ω SST and LES turbulence models. The... 2D (fig. 5, a) and 3D (fig. 5, b) k-ω SST calculations (black lines), as well... predicted by 2D and 3D k-ω SST models, as well as confining EM forces for the 2D k-ω SST case are shown below (fig..., however, our 2D and 3D k-ω SST models predict 15 % and 50... with transient 2D and 3D k-ω SST calculations (fig. 5, a and b) the finer... V. Bojarevics ( ) to our 2D k-ω SST (a), 3D k-ω SST (b) and 3D LES (b) time-averaged...