Спутник ФКИ. Soil Moisture Active and Passive. [Редактировать]

U.S. Agriculture Department’s Foreign Agricultural Service выпускает частые прогнозы о здоровье зерновых культур во всем мире, чтобы помочь отдельным фермерам, компаниям и правительственным учреждениям спрогнозировать спрос и предложения. Точную информацию о состоянии посевов получить при помощи наземных измерений бывает сложно. С целью устранения данного недостатка 29 января 2015 года планируется запустить космический аппарат SMAP. Его целью будет являться сбор информации о влажности почвы. По габаритам аппарат сопоставим с размером маленького школьного автобуса. Оборудован складывающимся коническим отражателем, радиометром L-группы и радаром с синтетической апертурой. Радар и радиометр спутника будут работать синхронизированно, чтобы предоставить информацию о влажности почвы, которая будет более точной, чем что-либо в настоящее время доступное. После запуска ученые НАСА планируют провести летно-конструкторские испытания системы (в течении 90 дней).

Инструменты

Радар
  • Частота: 1.26 ГГц
  • Поляризация: VV, HH, HV 
  • Относительная точность (3 км сетка): 1 dB (HH и VV), 1.5 dB (HV)
  • Получаемые данные:
    • Высокодетальная съемка (SAR) 
    • Поддержка глобальной съемки с низким разрешением
Радиометер
  • Частота: 1.41 ГГц
  • Поляризация: H и V
  • Относительная точность (40 км сетка): 1.3 K
Антена (производитель антены Northrop Grumman, мотора для вращения Boeing)
  • Конически сканирующее устройства разделенное между радаром и радиометром
  • Диаметер: 6 метров
  • Скорость вращения: 14.6 оборотов в минуту
  • Эффективность: ~90%
  • Разрешение:
    • Радиометер (IFOV): 39 км x 47 км
    • SAR: 1-3 км (на протяжении 70% от полосы захвата)
  • Ширина полосы захвата: 1000 км        

 

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1SMAPНайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип орбиты - НОО
2Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
3Страна оператор(владелец) - США
4Страна производитель - США

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12015-05-20. Космический аппарат начал сбор научных данных.
Космический аппарат Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) начал выполнять задачи по сбору радиометрической и радарной информации об окружающей среде Земли. Основным целевым предназначением собираемых данных является улучшение возможностей климатологов по предсказанию погодных явлений и изменения площади поверхности ледовых покровов.Тэги: Soil Moisture Active and Passive
22015-08-12. На космическом аппарате произошел сбой.
Один из двух главных инструментов космического корабля остается неактивным уже больше целого месяца. В настоящее время специалисты НАСА не смогли определить причину резкого выключения прибора, но и не знают когда им удастся его включить.
В качестве основной причины отказа в НАСА называют проблемы с низковольтным источником питания усилителя радара. Данный прибор служит для того, чтобы передавать на радар больше мощности, за счет чего он становится способным оценивать влажность почвы. Тэги: Soil Moisture Active and Passive
32015-09-26. НАСА пытается реанимировать аппарат.
После того как в июле у космического аппарата отказал радар, ученые из НАСА решили, что им необходимо скоординировать съемку с космического аппарата SMAP и других радарных спутников. При этом НАСА признало что высокодетальный радар космического аппарата скорее всего будет признан утерянным, однако, по мнению агенства остальные научные приборы на аппарате работают штатно, а следовательно его еще можно некоторое время эксплуатировать. В целом же в агентстве отмечают, что полноценной замене аппарату у них нет, но они попытаются скомпенсировать недостаток данных путем компьютерного совмещения информации с пассивного радара SMAP и данных других аппаратов.Тэги: Soil Moisture Active and Passive
42015-11-28. НАСА пытается найти замену радару космического аппарата SMAP.
Ученые из НАСА приступили к анализу возможности замены информации которую они планировали получать со своего космического аппарата SMAP при помощи данных орбитальной группировки Copernicus. При этом, из всего перечня космических аппаратов группировки исследователей наиболее заинтересовали возможности радара космического аппарата Sentinel 1A. При этом, с точки зрения НАСА данный космический аппарат наиболее пригоден для замены вышедшего из строя радара космического аппарата SMAP поскольку его орбита и возможности наиболее близки к желаемой. Вместе с тем, пока что НАСА так и не обнародовала данные о причинах выхода из строя своего аппарата. Тэги: Серия CopernicusSoil Moisture Active and PassiveSentinel 1A
52016-08-17. Продолжаются работы над радиолокационным спутников.
Компания Astro Aerospace, которая принадлежит Northrop Grumman Corporation, закончила предварительную экспертизу рефлектора радара, который будет установлен на космический аппарат NISAR. Данный проект финансируется за счет средств НАСА и ISRO, в рамках которого агентства создают L/S-диапазонный радиолокационный спутник с синтезированной апертурой. Сроком запуска нового космического аппарата объявлен 2021 год. Целевой задачей миссии будет являться сбор информации об окружающей среде, включая и состояние ледяного покрова Земли. Диаметр L-диапазонного рефлектора составит 12 метров.
Компания Astro Aerospace достаточно широко известна своей деятельностью в области создания рефлекторов, в частности ранее она уже создала шести метровый вращающийся рефлектор для космического аппарат SMAP. Тэги: NISARNorthrup GrummanSoil Moisture Active and Passive

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса (инструментов), кг356
2Масса (платформа), кг686
3Масса (топливо), кг80
4Мощность (инструментов), Вт448
5Мощность (платформа), Вт903

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1САС (планируемый )

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Ракетаноситель 1xДельта 2
2Дата (пуска)март 2015

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Заказчик Космическое агентство США
2Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2011-01-01780 - 900
3Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-01388.2
4Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2012-01-01485.7
5Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2012-01-0142.6
6Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-01916.5
7Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-01872 - 926
8Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2013-02-01916.5
9Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2013-02-01388.2
10Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2013-02-01485.7
11Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2013-02-0142.6
12Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2014-04-01388.2
13Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2014-04-01490.0
14Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2014-04-0138.4
15Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2014-04-01914.6
16Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2015-03-24914.6
17Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2015-03-24388.2
18Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2015-03-24479.0
19Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2015-03-2447.4

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром База Ванденберг
2Дата пуска2015-01-31
3Полезная нагрузка 1xSoil Moisture Active and Passive
4Полезная нагрузка 1xFIREBIRD C
5Полезная нагрузка 1xFIREBIRD D
6Полезная нагрузка 1xGRIFEX
7Полезная нагрузка 1xExoCube
8Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 2 7320

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Soil Moisture Active and Passive». [Перейти к поиску]


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... ESTAR and PSR During SGP99. Global soil moisture products are based on passive microwave... Aquarius and Soil Moisture Active Passive missions. [41] Soil Salinity Impacts on L-Band Remote Sensing of Soil Moisture... 1400-1427-MHz Passive Band. The European Space Agency’s Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity... algorithm is validated against coincident active and passive microwave sea ice extents on..., but reveals systematic biases between active and passive microwave methods during the summer... functions (GMFs) and evaluate its performance against other active and passive microwave algorithms. All... uncertainties is studied using the Soil Moisture Active Passive Algorithm Testbed, a simulation environment for...-resolution (9-km) soil-moisture estimates from data of the NASA Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) mission... Passive and Active L-band System (PALS) instrument data set from Soil Moisture Experiments 2002 (SMEX02) and... launch of the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission, the passive microwave remote... with differing polarizations using both active and passive data provide data that can... high-resolution soil moisture estimates from future Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) L-band radar and radiometer observations... Attenuation for Active/Passive Soil Moisture Inversion. In the radiometric sensing of soil moisture through a forest... practice. [310] Combined Passive and Active Microwave Observations of Soil Moisture During CLASIC. An important... resolution and better accuracy in soil moisture remote sensing is the integration of active and passive... Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR-E) soil moisture. Specifically, an active-passive methodology based on temporal... alternative approaches for downscaling passive microwave-derived soil moisture. Ground and airborne data collected... Passive Microwave Soil Moisture Data Using A Priori Knowledge of Temporally Persistent Soil Moisture Fields. Water and... soil, which is highly variable in space and time. The sensitivity of active and passive microwave remote sensing data to surface soil moisture... Ice Sheets Derived From Envisat Active and Passive Observations. This paper aims to... in the context of passive remote sensing of soil moisture and ocean salinity at... have not been other combined active and passive wind measurements on the same... of surface soil moisture retrieval algorithms based on satellite passive microwave, scatterometer, and thermal... Bare-Surface Soil Moisture With the Passive Radiometers. A physically based bare-surface soil moisture inversion... important for passive remote sensing of surface parameters such as soil moisture and sea... the terrestrial ice sheets from active and passive microwave satellite data. Retrieved parameters... of soil moisture retrievals from airborne C- and X-band radiometer measurements in SMEX02. Among passive... РЕФЕРАТЫ ЖУРНАЛЬНЫХ СТАТЕЙ Synergy of active and passive satellite microwave data for the... the Caspian and Aral seas. The paper discusses application of active and passive microwave data for assessment of time and space variations... using a novel method that combines active and passive satellite measurements for ice discrimination...) is important for passive remote sensing of soil moisture and ocean salinity from space... of the dielectric constant from active and passive remotely sensed data. An inversion... the capability of passive microwave remote sensing to retrieve soil moisture and vegetation properties... of Physics. [880] Soil moisture retrieval using the passive/active L- and S-band radar/radiometer. In the present study, remote sensing of soil moisture is carried out using the Passive and Active Land S-band... SAR and ESTAR. The representation of subpixel variability in soil moisture estimates from passive microwave data was investigated through sensitivity analysis and... use of active and passive single-band microwave remote-sensing of soil moisture is a viable... with the TOPEX-Poseidon altimeter and radiometer. Active and passive microwave measurements obtained by... L-Band Passive Microwave Soil Moisture Retrieval. / Panciera R., Walker J.P., Merlin O. // IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing... Estimation of Forest Attenuation for Active/Passive Soil Moisture Inversion. / Kurum M., Lang R.H., O’Neill P.E., Joseph... реферат 311. Bindlish R. Combined Passive and Active Microwave Observations of Soil Moisture During CLASIC. / Bindlish... Ice Sheets Derived From Envisat Active and Passive Observations. / Ngan Tran, Remy F., Hui... реферат 730. Kouraev A.V. Synergy of active and passive satellite microwave data for the... constant from active and passive remotely sensed data. / Notarnicola C., Posa F. // IEEE Geoscience and Remote... реферат 881. Bolten J.D. Soil moisture retrieval using the passive/active L- and S-band radar/radiometer. / Bolten...



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... performance for detection and tracking the friend targets in active and passive jamming environments... authentication. [125] Active clutter reduction through fusion with passive data. Active and passive sonar systems often provide complementary information. Active systems... 2 Ocean Salinity processing and first results. SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity), launched in... and inhomogeneous moisture profiles. The sensitivities of the X-band radar backscatter on soil moisture... Level 2 soil moisture processor, review first published validation and application studies and discuss plans...] Combined active and passive measurements of snow, bare and vegetated soils microwave reflective and emissive... dry vegetated soil the observed area was set ablaze and microwave active and passive measurements at 30 0 incidence angle were continued for smock, fire and... (Soil Moisture Active and Passive) mission. This study applies ALECTRA (Alaska Ecological Transect) biophysical network and..., we develop a combined active/passive technique to estimate surface soil moisture with the focus... first simulated a database for both active and passive signals under SMAP’s sensor configurations... range of conditions for surface soil moisture, roughness and vegetation properties that we... surface backscattering and emission components and 2) the technique to estimate soil moisture with the estimated surface backscattering and... image data from the soil moisture SGP’99 and SMEX’02 experiments. [674... КОНФЕРЕНЦИЙ The NASA Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission: Overview. The Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission is... provide high-resolution and high-accuracy global maps of soil moisture and freeze/thaw state every 2-3 days. The combined active/passive microwave soil moisture product will have a spatial resolution of 10 km and... advanced modeling and data assimilation to provide deeper root zone soil moisture and net... of soil moisture estimates. [692] Target detection performance analysis for airborne passive bistatic... for the calibration and validation activities for the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS...) 167 The Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission L-Band radar/radiometer instrument. The Soil Moisture Active/Passive (SMAP... soil moisture and freeze/thaw state from space. The mission will use both active radar and passive radiometer instruments at L-Band... sufficiently high resolution for both active and passive channels, an instrument architecture that... was set ablaze and multi-frequency, multi-polarization, microwave active and passive measurements at 30 0 incidence angle were continued for smock, fire and...] Estimation of pasture biomass and soil-moisture using dual-polarimetric X and L band SAR-accuracy... to relate X and L band polarimetric SAR backscatter to pasture soil moisture and biomass as... above ground biomass, soil moisture, surface roughness profiles and EM-38 electromagnetic sensor... synthesis (MIRAS) from the ESA’s Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission. The... Iowa validation site and implications for smap. NASA’s Soil Moisture Active Passive satellite mission will use both an L-band radiometer and radar... between drought and soil moisture change. Although the absolute value of soil moisture from AMSR... grid, the smallest soil moisture value and the largest soil moisture value in the 8 years... retrieve bare soil moisture and (large-scale) roughness from the co-polarized and cross... during the melting period (FSC), soil moisture, and soil frost. Feasibility of the multi..., and the soil moisture over the land for each of the incidence angles and... such as classification, Faraday rotation and soil moisture estimates are first reminded, then... up active safety and passive safety technology. [1150] Analysis of the quantization and saturation... applied to other both active (transmitting and receiving) and passive (receive only) electronic sensors... coherent and incoherent radiation in active and passive operation will offer improved detection and identification... purpose based on employment of active and passive methods of visualization. In our... (Soil Moisture Active and Passive) is a scientific mission to provide global mapping of Earth soil moisture and freeze... A. Combined active and passive measurements of snow, bare and vegetated soils microwave reflective and emissive... Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission: Overview. / O’Neill P., Entekhabi D., Njoku E., Kellogg K. // IEEE International Geoscience and... Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission L-Band radar/radiometer instrument. / Spencer M. // IEEE International Geoscience and... T. Estimation of pasture biomass and soil-moisture using dual-polarimetric X and L band SARaccuracy assessment...



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... characteristics such as sub-canopy soil moisture and roughness using SAR data. Spectral... of soil moisture shows this area is very arid, and the soil volume moisture in... of soil moisture with airborne and satellite microwave sensors. Experimental campaigns with airborne and... operational algorithms developed to retrieve soil moisture from passive and active microwave sensors at different... reached peak biomass of 6.6 kg m-2 and a soil moisture range varying from 0.02 to...] Combined use of Cassini Radar active and passive measurements to characterize Titan morphology..., herbivory and fire. [191] Synthetic aperture radar data employed for soil moisture estimation... linear regression and multiple-polarization models were applied for soil moisture quantification. The... surface roughness (RMS height and correlation length) and soil moisture. The tidal flats are usually saturated with saline sea water and...-C and ENVISAT ASAR over wet and arid regions were processed for classification and soil moisture estimation. HH and HV... addition to the estimation of soil moisture. [252] Soil moisture and vegetation height retrieval using... used to retrieve soil moisture. This paper presents the theoretical and experimental results of using GNSS-R to retrieve soil moisture when... derivation of soil moisture in virtue of multi-angle ASAR images, and combined... to describe and evaluate the spatial variability of the surface soil moisture at... the soil moisture from ground measurements to the resolution of radar images and also from retrieving soil moisture at different spatial... of soil moisture, surface roughness and vegetation characteristics. The comparison between retrieval and ground soil moisture showed average absolute relative errors of about 35% and... of soil moisture. Measurements were conducted over three sites in Northern and Southern... were achieved for bare soil and low vegetation, whereas soil moisture retrieval for forested... soil moisture retrieval can be compensated by multi-angular constellations. [302] Innovative and... PolSAR technique and the impact of ionospheric effect. [307] Microwave soil moisture retrieval... optimizing microwave soil moisture retrieval algorithms for small to medium deciduous and coniferous... data and ground truth measurements of soil moisture, temperature, soil texture, and vegetation water content and... for terrain classification, forest biomass and soil moisture estimations, etc. Thus, polarimetric calibration... (AIEM) with a wide range of soil moisture and surface roughness conditions, we found... of bare surface soil moisture. We will demonstrate the theory and techniques of.... It provides a solid support for Soil Moisture Active and Passive mission (SMAP). [336] Сборник рефератов... soil moisture and flooding for two kinds of crops, such as wheat and maize, and... resolution mapping of soil moisture by SAR: Data integration and exploitation of prior... of radar and optical data. To carry out the soil moisture retrieval, a multi... comparison between the estimated soil moisture contents and the in situ measurements has... the experiments are sensor height and soil moisture. The sensor height is varied... the soil. The soil moisture conditions considered in the experiments are dry and wet... classes of crop with low and high soil moisture are investigated by Г В’water... changes of soil moisture, influence of wetlands, lake icing and snow melt will..., Vegetation Water Content Index, Soil Moisture Index and Eco-water Storage Index, were... Tiger Innovator project SHARE and introduces an operational soil moisture monitoring service for... weekly measurements and captures highly variable soil moisture patterns. Several validation and application studies... by exploiting the synergy of active and passive remote sensing data. In late... by exploiting the synergy of active and passive remote sensing data were presented... by synergy of active and passive remote sensing data. MODIS and RADARSAT were used... strength approach and the unscented Kalman filter (SPKF) algorithm in active and passive dual... radars and is applicable to pulsed and continuous wave (CW) systems, and both active and passive... 93. Santi E. Retrieval of soil moisture with airborne and satellite microwave sensors. / Santi... B. Combined use of Cassini Radar active and passive measurements to characterize Titan morphology... for soil moisture estimation in the Piketberg region, South Africa. / Engelbrecht J. // Geoscience and...-920 реферат 253. Rodriguez Alvarez N. Soil moisture and vegetation height retrieval using GNSS... of soil moisture over an agricultural area. / Gherboudj M., Magagi R., Berg A., Toth B. // Geoscience and... resolution mapping of soil moisture by SAR: Data integration and exploitation of prior... by exploiting the synergy of active and passive remote sensing data. / Di Wu...



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... Radiometer (AMSR) Science Team (1996-); Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) Project Science Team (2008... JPL) Scientist, JPL. Passive microwave sensing of soil moisture using ground based radiometers... Awards and Recognition: 2015 Engineers Council Distinguished Engineering Project Achievement Award (Soil Moisture Active Passive...-16 Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) Mission, Applications Workshops, Co-Organizer 2008-14 Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) Mission, Calibration and Validation Workshops, Co-Organizer 2008-14 Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) Mission, Science Definition Team and Science Team..., Soil Climatology, and Remote Sensing 2000-04 NASA Land Surface Hydrology Program Soil Moisture... and Applications Research and Thesis Advisorship: Postdoctoral Research Associates: 2014-15 M. S. Burgin (Active and passive microwave sensing of soil and vegetation) 2012-13 D. LeRoux (Analysis of airborne passive...-08 K.-W. Jin (Microwave sensing of soil moisture and precipitation) 1998-2000 M. Simard (Radar..., D. Entekhabi, A. Colliander, E. G. Njoku, T. J. Jackson and S. Yueh (2016): Active-passive soil moisture retrievals during the SMAP...-650. 3. Narvekar, P., D. Entekhabi, S.-B. Kim and E. G. Njoku (2015): Soil moisture retrieval using L-band radar..., and 15 others (2015): The Soil Moisture Active Passive Validation Experiment 2012 (SMAPVEX12): Prelaunch calibration and validation of the SMAP soil moisture... monitoring of soil moisture using passive microwave-based techniques - Theoretical basis and overview of... (2013): Assimilation of remotely sensed soil moisture and vegetation with a crop simulation model..., E. G. Njoku, B. Doorn, and J. Entin (2013): NASA’s Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission and opportunities for applications..., T-H. Liao, S. Huang, X. Xu, E. G. Njoku, and Y. Kerr (2013): Active and passive vegetated surface models with..., and E. G. Njoku (2010): Profile soil moisture across spatial scales under different hydroclimatic conditions, Soil..., D., E. G. Njoku, et al. (2010): The Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) Mission, Proceedings of the..., C. Rudiger, J.-C. Calvet, and R. Bindlish (2010): WindSat global soil moisture retrieval and validation, IEEE Trans.... (2010): Soil moisture active and passive microwave products: intercomparison and evaluation over a Sahelian site, Hydrology and Earth... and M. Owe (2007): Comparison and assimilation of global soil moisture retrievals from AMSRE and SMMR..., and E. G. Njoku (2007): Impact of multi-resolution active and passive microwave measurements on soil moisture estimation..., R., T. J. Jackson, et al. (2006): Soil moisture mapping and AMSR-E validation using the PSR.... Narayan, U., V. Lakshmi, and E. G. Njoku (2004): Retrieval of soil moisture from passive and active L/S band sensor (PALS) observations during the soil moisture experiment in.... 43. Njoku, E. G., V. Lakshmi, and P. O’Neill (2004): Preface: Soil moisture field experiment (SMEX02) special... pathfinder for global mapping of soil moisture and land freeze/thaw, IEEE Trans.... Bolten, J., V. Lakshmi, and E. G. Njoku (2003): Soil moisture retrieval using the passive/active L- and S-band radar/radiometer.... Njoku, E. G., T. Jackson, V. Lakshmi, T. Chan, and S. V. Nghiem (2003): Soil moisture retrieval from AMSR-E, IEEE..., T. Jackson, V. Lakshmi, and J. Bolten (2002): Observations of soil moisture using a passive and active low frequency microwave..., M. Klein, E. G. Njoku, A. Yevgrafov, S. Christiani, and R. Bindlish (2002): Soil moisture retrieval using the C-band...-scatterometer concept for ocean salinity and soil moisture sensing, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem..., and E. G. Njoku (1999): Tests of sequential data assimilation for retrieving profile soil moisture and... concept for microwave sensing of soil moisture and ocean salinity, IEEE Trans. Geosci.... 62. Njoku, E. G. and D. Entekhabi (1996): Passive microwave remote sensing of soil moisture, J. Hydrology, 184..., D., H. Nakamura, and E. G. Njoku (1994): Solving the inverse problem for soil moisture and temperature profiles..., E. G. and J. A. Kong (1977): Theory for passive microwave remote sensing of near-surface soil moisture..., and S. Paloscia (2000): Retrieval of soil moisture from AMSR data, in: Microwave Radiometry and..., and Y. Kerr, Eds.), Wiley, New York. 4. Saatchi, S. S. and E. G. Njoku (1995): Synergism of active and passive microwave data for estimating bare soil surface moisture, in: Passive Microwave Remote..., and E. G. Njoku (1995): Retrieval of soil moisture profile by combined remote sensing and modeling, in: Passive Microwave Remote...



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....6 64.4 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.4 Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite (ICESat-2) Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) 38.8 39..., Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite (ICESat II) [Formulation], EARTH-54 Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP..., and decision support systems. The Decadal Survey Tier-1 Soil Moisture Active-Passive (SMAP) and Ice, Cloud and... Tier-1 mission of Soil Moisture Active-Passive (SMAP) will complete KDP-C and enter into development... Decadal Survey. The Soil Moisture Active-Passive (SMAP) and Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite (ICESat... Data and Information System (EOSDIS), the Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs) and their... distribution and cycling of carbon among the Earth's active land, ocean and atmospheric reservoirs. Global Modeling and Assimilation Office....9 Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) 103.3 70.0 82.5 139.0 163.8 80.0 10.0 Other Missions and....8 39.2 74.6 99.1 126.9 161.7 -- Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) 104.3 70.0 132.2 180... visible and infrared multi-spectral global imagery, measurements of atmospheric temperature and moisture profiles, measurements of total ozone and stratospheric ozone profiles, and measurements... under the Formulation section. Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) The Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) mission, Tier-1 Decadal... of new information on global soil moisture and land its freeze/thaw state... in hydrospheric science and applications. Direct measurements of soil moisture and freeze/thaw state..., and the processes that link the water, energy, and carbon cycles. Soil moisture and freeze... Sounder (CrIS) ITT Aerospace Temperature and moisture profiles at 3.9-15.4 microns. Same... and moisture profiles at 22 channels / 23- Same 183 ghz. Same Clouds and... space through combined use of active and passive remote-sensing techniques. These advanced... be used to calibrate dedicated and operational passive microwave sensors with the... surface water fluxes, soil moisture storage, cloud/precipitation microphysics and latent heat release... Observatory will leverage passive microwave measurements from other operating and planned "satellites... scientific instruments which will provide active and passive microwave measurements of precipitation. The... 2013. When calibrated with existing and planned passive microwave measurements, GPM will... Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) FY 2011 Budget Request... The Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) mission will provide unique information on global soil moisture and its... hydrospheric science/applications and climate research. Direct measurements of soil moisture and freeze/thaw... the water, energy, and carbon cycles. Obtaining global soil moisture measurements every three... understanding of the sources and sinks of carbon. Soil moisture and freeze/thaw information is useful for many purposes, and thus... science and applications Decadal Survey. SMAP is based on the soil moisture and freeze... analyzed to yield estimates of soil moisture and freeze/thaw state. The measurements... assess random errors and regional biases in the soil moisture and freeze/thaw estimates... Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) Estimated Project Deliverables SMAP... prime mission. SMAP will make soil moisture measurements around the entire Earth... Radiometer provides soil moisture measurements in the top 5 New cm of soil through... SAR provides soil moisture measurements in the top 5 cm of soil through moderate... Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) Project Management The Jet... efficiency and effectiveness of EOSDIS while reducing the cost, and the Distributed Active Archive Centers, which collect, disseminate, and archive Earth...-qualifiable laser transmitters, passive optical technologies, microwave and calibration technologies. Sixteen awards... support: soil moisture, ocean and river water dynamics, temperature and humidity soundings and snow accumulation... thin atmosphere and very active magnetosphere. MESSENGER carries seven scientific instruments and a radio... its active magnetosphere and thin atmosphere, and the makeup of its core and the... and instrument electronics University of California, Berkeley Aperture stop, active shield module and mechanical N/A enclosures Same X-ray optics Columbia University, GSFC and... of sunspots, active regions, coronal holes and other solar features and phenomenona than... systems, space and ground based radio transmission, and mission active and passive remote sensing requirements. Systems Planning develops the communications and navigation... Launch Initiative SMA Safety and Mission Assurance SMAP Soil Moisture Active and Passive SMD Science Mission Directorate SMEX Small Explorer SMS Safety and...



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... Decadal Survey. The Soil Moisture Active-Passive (SMAP) and Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite (ICESat... Data and Information System (EOSDIS), the Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs) and their... distribution and cycling of carbon among the Earth's active land, ocean and atmospheric reservoirs. Global Modeling and Assimilation Office....9 Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) 103.3 70.0 82.5 139.0 163.8 80.0 10.0 Other Missions and....8 39.2 74.6 99.1 126.9 161.7 -- Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) 104.3 70.0 132.2 180... cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; climate variability and change; and water and energy cycles. Additional... visible and infrared multi-spectral global imagery, measurements of atmospheric temperature and moisture profiles, measurements of total ozone and stratospheric ozone profiles, and measurements... under the Formulation section. Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) The Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) mission, Tier-1 Decadal... of new information on global soil moisture and land its freeze/thaw state... in hydrospheric science and applications. Direct measurements of soil moisture and freeze/thaw state..., and the processes that link the water, energy, and carbon cycles. Soil moisture and freeze..., and biogeochemistry; climate variability and change; earth surface and interior; water and energy cycles; and... Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor Satellite... cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; and earth surface and interior. Ice, Clouds, and Land Elevation...: climate variability and change; earth surface and interior; and water and energy cycles. Jason...; climate variability and change; and water and energy cycles. Instrument and Mission Science Teams... Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor Satellite... Earth Science Distributed Active Archive Center (GES DAAC) Archival and distribution of... Sounder (CrIS) ITT Aerospace Temperature and moisture profiles at 3.9-15.4 microns. Same... and moisture profiles at 22 channels / 23- Same 183 ghz. Same Clouds and... space through combined use of active and passive remote-sensing techniques. These advanced... be used to calibrate dedicated and operational passive microwave sensors with the... surface water fluxes, soil moisture storage, cloud/precipitation microphysics and latent heat release... Observatory will leverage passive microwave measurements from other operating and planned "satellites..., but given the prevalence of passive microwave instruments on operational satellite... scientific instruments which will provide active and passive microwave measurements of precipitation. The... 2013. When calibrated with existing and planned passive microwave measurements, GPM will...-2 include climate variability and change, Earth surface and interior, and water and energy cycles... Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) FY 2011 Budget Request... The Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) mission will provide unique information on global soil moisture and its... hydrospheric science/applications and climate research. Direct measurements of soil moisture and freeze/thaw... the water, energy, and carbon cycles. Obtaining global soil moisture measurements every three... understanding of the sources and sinks of carbon. Soil moisture and freeze/thaw information is useful for many purposes, and thus... science and applications Decadal Survey. SMAP is based on the soil moisture and freeze... measurements of soil emission and backscatter and sense the top 5 cm of soil through... analyzed to yield estimates of soil moisture and freeze/thaw state. The measurements... assess random errors and regional biases in the soil moisture and freeze/thaw estimates... Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) Estimated Project Deliverables SMAP... prime mission. SMAP will make soil moisture measurements around the entire Earth... Radiometer provides soil moisture measurements in the top 5 New cm of soil through... SAR provides soil moisture measurements in the top 5 cm of soil through moderate... Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) Project Management The Jet... and services. NASA Earth Science information is archived at eight Distributed Active..., using algorithms and software developed by EOS investigators; Active archive of data, as well as ordering, distribution, and data... efficiency and effectiveness of EOSDIS while reducing the cost, and the Distributed Active Archive Centers, which collect, disseminate, and archive Earth...-qualifiable laser transmitters, passive optical technologies, microwave and calibration technologies. Sixteen awards... support: soil moisture, ocean and river water dynamics, temperature and humidity soundings and snow accumulation...



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... Decadal Survey. The Soil Moisture Active-Passive (SMAP) and Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite (ICESat... Data and Information System (EOSDIS), the Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs) and their... distribution and cycling of carbon among the Earth's active land, ocean and atmospheric reservoirs. Global Modeling and Assimilation Office....9 Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) 103.3 70.0 82.5 139.0 163.8 80.0 10.0 Other Missions and....8 39.2 74.6 99.1 126.9 161.7 -- Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) 104.3 70.0 132.2 180... cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; climate variability and change; and water and energy cycles. Additional... visible and infrared multi-spectral global imagery, measurements of atmospheric temperature and moisture profiles, measurements of total ozone and stratospheric ozone profiles, and measurements... under the Formulation section. Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) The Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) mission, Tier-1 Decadal... of new information on global soil moisture and land its freeze/thaw state... in hydrospheric science and applications. Direct measurements of soil moisture and freeze/thaw state..., and the processes that link the water, energy, and carbon cycles. Soil moisture and freeze..., and biogeochemistry; climate variability and change; earth surface and interior; water and energy cycles; and... Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor Satellite... cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; and earth surface and interior. Ice, Clouds, and Land Elevation...: climate variability and change; earth surface and interior; and water and energy cycles. Jason...; climate variability and change; and water and energy cycles. Instrument and Mission Science Teams... Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor Satellite... Earth Science Distributed Active Archive Center (GES DAAC) Archival and distribution of... Sounder (CrIS) ITT Aerospace Temperature and moisture profiles at 3.9-15.4 microns. Same... and moisture profiles at 22 channels / 23- Same 183 ghz. Same Clouds and... space through combined use of active and passive remote-sensing techniques. These advanced... be used to calibrate dedicated and operational passive microwave sensors with the... surface water fluxes, soil moisture storage, cloud/precipitation microphysics and latent heat release... Observatory will leverage passive microwave measurements from other operating and planned "satellites..., but given the prevalence of passive microwave instruments on operational satellite... scientific instruments which will provide active and passive microwave measurements of precipitation. The... 2013. When calibrated with existing and planned passive microwave measurements, GPM will...-2 include climate variability and change, Earth surface and interior, and water and energy cycles... Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) FY 2011 Budget Request... The Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) mission will provide unique information on global soil moisture and its... hydrospheric science/applications and climate research. Direct measurements of soil moisture and freeze/thaw... the water, energy, and carbon cycles. Obtaining global soil moisture measurements every three... understanding of the sources and sinks of carbon. Soil moisture and freeze/thaw information is useful for many purposes, and thus... science and applications Decadal Survey. SMAP is based on the soil moisture and freeze... measurements of soil emission and backscatter and sense the top 5 cm of soil through... analyzed to yield estimates of soil moisture and freeze/thaw state. The measurements... assess random errors and regional biases in the soil moisture and freeze/thaw estimates... Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) Estimated Project Deliverables SMAP... prime mission. SMAP will make soil moisture measurements around the entire Earth... Radiometer provides soil moisture measurements in the top 5 New cm of soil through... SAR provides soil moisture measurements in the top 5 cm of soil through moderate... Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) Project Management The Jet... and services. NASA Earth Science information is archived at eight Distributed Active..., using algorithms and software developed by EOS investigators; Active archive of data, as well as ordering, distribution, and data... efficiency and effectiveness of EOSDIS while reducing the cost, and the Distributed Active Archive Centers, which collect, disseminate, and archive Earth...-qualifiable laser transmitters, passive optical technologies, microwave and calibration technologies. Sixteen awards... support: soil moisture, ocean and river water dynamics, temperature and humidity soundings and snow accumulation...



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... Next Decade and Beyond". The Soil Moisture ActivePassive (SMAP) and Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation... Data and Information System (EOSDIS), the Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs) and its... distribution and cycling of carbon among the Earth's active land, ocean and atmospheric reservoirs. Global Modeling and Assimilation Office... and geohazards research and applications and their associated missions. Computing and Management The Computing and....8 39.2 74.6 99.1 126.9 161.7 Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) 9.6 104.3 70.0 132.2 180... the Next Decade and Beyond". The Soil Moisture Active-Passive (SMAP) and Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation... cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; climate variability and change; and water and energy cycles. Additional... ozone data, and provide improved measurements of temperature and moisture profiles in the.... Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) The Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) mission will provide new information on global soil moisture and its freeze/thaw state enabling new advances in hydrospheric science and applications. Direct measurements of soil moisture and freeze/thaw state are needed to improve understanding of regional and..., and the processes that link the water, energy, and carbon cycles. Soil moisture and freeze..., and biogeochemistry; climate variability and change; earth surface and interior; water and energy cycles; and... Systematic Missions Other Missions and Data Analysis (continued) Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance... cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; and earth surface and interior. Ice, Clouds, and Land Elevation...: climate variability and change; earth surface and interior; and water and energy cycles. Jason... Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor Satellite... Earth Science Distributed Active Archive Center (GES DAAC) Archival and distribution of... Sounder (CrIS) ITT Aerospace Temperature and moisture profiles at 3.9-15.4 microns. Same... and moisture profiles at 22 channels / 23- Same 183 ghz. Same Clouds and... space through combined use of active and passive remote-sensing techniques. These advanced... be used to calibrate dedicated and operational passive microwave sensors with the... surface water fluxes, soil moisture storage, cloud/precipitation microphysics and latent heat release... and the Low-Inclination Observatory Spacecraft. The Core Observatory will leverage passive microwave measurements from other operating and planned "satellites..., but given the prevalence of passive microwave instruments on operational satellite... scientific instruments which will provide active and passive microwave measurements of precipitation. The... Observatory, a passive microwave spacecraft. When calibrated with existing and planned passive microwave measurements... Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) FY 2010 Budget Request... The Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) mission will provide new information on global soil moisture and its freeze/thaw states enabling new advances in hydrospheric science and applications. Direct measurements of soil moisture and freeze/thaw states..., and the processes that link the water, energy, and carbon cycles. Soil moisture and freeze... understanding of the sources and sinks of carbon. Soil moisture and soil freeze/thaw information... Next Decade and Beyond". SMAP is based on the soil moisture and freeze/thaw... measurements of soil emission and backscatter and sense the top 5 cm of soil through... analyzed to yield estimates of soil moisture and freeze/thaw state. The measurements... assess random errors and regional biases in the soil moisture and freeze/thaw estimates... Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) Estimated Project Deliverables SMAP... prime mission. SMAP will make soil moisture measurements around the entire Earth... Radiometer provides soil moisture measurements in the top 5 N/A cm of soil through moderate... SAR provides soil moisture measurements in the top 5 cm of soil through moderate... Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) Project Management The Jet... and services. NASA Earth Science information is archived at eight Distributed Active..., using algorithms and software developed by EOS investigators; * Active archive of data, as well as ordering, distribution, and data... efficiency and effectiveness of EOSDIS while reducing the cost, and the Distributed Active Archive Centers, which collect, disseminate, and archive Earth...: spacequalifiable laser transmitters, passive optical technologies, microwave and calibration technologies. Sixteen awards... support: soil moisture, ocean and river water dynamics, temperature and humidity soundings and snow accumulation...



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..., Soil Moisture Active-Passive (SMAP) and Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite-2(ICESat)-2, by CY 2016 and... into the movement and distribution of fresh surface water, and Active Sensing of Carbon dioxide Emissions over Nights, Days and Seasons... integration and testing of the observatory and the observatory Pre-Ship Review; - Soil Moisture Active and Passive... (SWOT) and Active Sensing of CO2 Emissions over Nights, Days, and Seasons (ASCENDS... Data and Information System (EOSDIS), the Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs) and their... 2.1.4.2: ES-12-9 Successfully complete the Soil Moisture Active-Passive (SMAP) Critical Design Review. Earth... distribution and cycling of carbon among the Earth's active land, ocean, and atmospheric reservoirs. Global Modeling and Assimilation Office....6 Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) 70.0 - 135.2 172.3 31.1 29.6 14.5 Other Missions and Data... and infrared multi-spectral global imagery, atmospheric temperature and moisture profiles, total ozone and stratospheric ozone profiles, and measurements of... Formulation section of this document. Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) The SMAP mission, a Tier... provide new global measurements of soil moisture and land its freeze/thaw state... in hydrospheric science and applications. Direct measurements of soil moisture and freeze/thaw state are needed to improve understanding of regional and..., and the processes that link the water, energy, and carbon cycles. Soil moisture and freeze... and initial instrument refurbishment. Active Sensing of CO2 Emissions over Nights, Days, and... the sources and sinks of atmospheric CO2. ASCENDS is an active system... measurements from the active ASCENDS instruments will continue and complement the OCO... Systematic Missions Other Missions and Data Analysis (continued) Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance... Earth Science Distributed Active Archive Center (GES DAAC) Archival and distribution of... Same CrIS ITT Aerospace Temperature and moisture profiles at 3.9-15.4 microns. Same... ATMS NG Electronic Systems Temperature and moisture profiles at 22 channels / 23... space through combined use of active and passive remote-sensing techniques. These advanced... be used to calibrate dedicated and operational passive microwave sensors, with the... surface water fluxes, soil moisture storage, cloud/precipitation microphysics and latent heat release... Observatory will leverage passive microwave measurements from other operating and planned "satellites..., but given the prevalence of passive microwave instruments on operational satellite...'s two scientific instruments will provide active and passive microwave measurements of precipitation. The...). When calibrated with existing and planned passive microwave measurements from other satellites... Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) FY 2012 Budget Request... provide unique information on global soil moisture and its freeze/thaw states to... Earth science and applications decadal survey. Direct measurements of soil moisture and freeze/thaw states are needed to improve understanding of regional and... the water, energy, and carbon cycles. Obtaining global soil moisture measurements every three..., ecosystem, weather, and climate). SMAP is based on the soil moisture and freeze/thaw... of soil emission and backscatter to sense the top five centimeters of soil... analyzed to yield estimates of soil moisture and freeze/thaw state. Data will... assess random errors and regional biases in the soil moisture and freeze/thaw estimates... Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) Estimated Project Deliverables SMAP... prime mission. SMAP will make soil moisture measurements around the entire Earth... Radiometer provides soil moisture measurements in the top 5 Same cm of soil through... SAR provides soil moisture measurements in the top 5 cm of soil through moderate... Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) Project Management JPL has... and services. NASA Earth science information is archived at eight Distributed Active... valuable for maintaining active involvement of the research and modeling communities involved..., using algorithms and software developed by EOS investigators; - Active archive of all... efficiency and effectiveness of EOSDIS while reducing the cost, and the Distributed Active Archive Centers, which collect, disseminate, and archive Earth... techniques for validating space-borne soil moisture measurements that will be used...-10 and focused on such areas as space-qualified laser transmitters, passive optical technologies, and microwave and calibration technologies. During FY 2010 there were 16 active projects...



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... Salama Soil moisture retrieval from combined Active/Passive Microwave Observations over the Regge and Dinkel... combining active and passive microwave observations is a promising technique to retrieve accurate soil moisture at higher resolution. The proposed algorithm for the future NASA’s Soil Moisture Active/Passive (SMAP) mission is the recent change detection approach providing absolute soil moisture... retrieving soil moisture and apply it to the passive (VUA-NASA AMSR-E) soil moisture products and corresponding active... on the temporal and spatial variability of soil moisture. Keywords: soil moisture, combined Active/Passive microwave, SMAP... Great Plains SMAP……………………………………………………………………Soil Moisture Active and Passive SMEX02…………………………………………………………………..Soil Moisture Experiment 2002 SMOS……………………………………………………………………Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity VI... Figure ‎6.3- Series of soil moisture maps achieved by combining passive and active microwave observations over... Figure ‎6.4- Series of soil moisture maps achieved by combining passive and active microwave observations over... corrected retrievals and LPRM products ........ 19 vi SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE... System Simulation Experiment (OSSE) for Soil Moisture Active/Passive (SMAP) mission which provided a better... passive microwave observations. 1 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND.... research the combined active/passive approach of the future Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) mission. We....pdf SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL... hydro-meteorological and agricultural applications. Evaluation of the combined active/passive microwave soil moisture retrieval in anticipated of the launch of NASA’s Soil Moisture Active/Passive... 2008. 3 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL... active/passive microwave observations. 4 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND... equation. 3 4 5 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL... minutes. 6 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL....html 7 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL.../a/alos SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL...’s co9 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL... SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL volumetric soil moisture retrieved from passive... (ITCSM08) and c) forested area (ITCSM20). 12 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL 5.1.2. Response to Soil Moisture and NDVI... COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL 6. RESULTS (0,0) (1,0) (2,0) (0,1) (1,1) (2,1) LPRM Soil Moisture (m3... 18 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL soil moisture... 19 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL 6.3. Soil Moisture... Volumetric soil moisture (m3 m-3) Figure ‎6.3- Series of soil moisture maps achieved by combining passive and active microwave... Volumetric soil moisture (m3 m-3) Figure ‎6.4- Series of soil moisture maps achieved by combining passive and active microwave... SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL 7. CONCLUSIONS AND...). The Soil Moisture Active/Passive Mission (SMAP). Paper presented at the Geoscience and Remote Sensing..., K. H., Crow, W. T., Edelstein, W. N., . . . Johnson, J. (2010). The soil moisture active passive (SMAP) mission. Proceedings of the..., R. A. M., Kerr, Y. H., . . . Wagner, W. (2010). Soil moisture active and passive microwave products: intercomparison and evaluation over a Sahelian site...-2 25 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL... of soil moisture using a passive and active low-frequency microwave airborne sensor during SGP99. Geoscience and..., T. J. (1996). Use of active and passive microwave remote sensing for soil moisture estimation through corn... Sensing Active and Passive (Vol. II). Canada: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. 26 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL... Descending SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL...