Спутник ФКИ. Soil Moisture Active and Passive. [Редактировать]

U.S. Agriculture Department’s Foreign Agricultural Service выпускает частые прогнозы о здоровье зерновых культур во всем мире, чтобы помочь отдельным фермерам, компаниям и правительственным учреждениям спрогнозировать спрос и предложения. Точную информацию о состоянии посевов получить при помощи наземных измерений бывает сложно. С целью устранения данного недостатка 29 января 2015 года планируется запустить космический аппарат SMAP. Его целью будет являться сбор информации о влажности почвы. По габаритам аппарат сопоставим с размером маленького школьного автобуса. Оборудован складывающимся коническим отражателем, радиометром L-группы и радаром с синтетической апертурой. Радар и радиометр спутника будут работать синхронизированно, чтобы предоставить информацию о влажности почвы, которая будет более точной, чем что-либо в настоящее время доступное. После запуска ученые НАСА планируют провести летно-конструкторские испытания системы (в течении 90 дней).

Инструменты

Радар
  • Частота: 1.26 ГГц
  • Поляризация: VV, HH, HV 
  • Относительная точность (3 км сетка): 1 dB (HH и VV), 1.5 dB (HV)
  • Получаемые данные:
    • Высокодетальная съемка (SAR) 
    • Поддержка глобальной съемки с низким разрешением
Радиометер
  • Частота: 1.41 ГГц
  • Поляризация: H и V
  • Относительная точность (40 км сетка): 1.3 K
Антена (производитель антены Northrop Grumman, мотора для вращения Boeing)
  • Конически сканирующее устройства разделенное между радаром и радиометром
  • Диаметер: 6 метров
  • Скорость вращения: 14.6 оборотов в минуту
  • Эффективность: ~90%
  • Разрешение:
    • Радиометер (IFOV): 39 км x 47 км
    • SAR: 1-3 км (на протяжении 70% от полосы захвата)
  • Ширина полосы захвата: 1000 км        

 

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1SMAPНайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип орбиты - НОО
2Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
3Страна оператор(владелец) - США
4Страна производитель - США

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12015-05-20. Космический аппарат начал сбор научных данных.
Космический аппарат Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) начал выполнять задачи по сбору радиометрической и радарной информации об окружающей среде Земли. Основным целевым предназначением собираемых данных является улучшение возможностей климатологов по предсказанию погодных явлений и изменения площади поверхности ледовых покровов.Тэги: Soil Moisture Active and Passive
22015-08-12. На космическом аппарате произошел сбой.
Один из двух главных инструментов космического корабля остается неактивным уже больше целого месяца. В настоящее время специалисты НАСА не смогли определить причину резкого выключения прибора, но и не знают когда им удастся его включить.
В качестве основной причины отказа в НАСА называют проблемы с низковольтным источником питания усилителя радара. Данный прибор служит для того, чтобы передавать на радар больше мощности, за счет чего он становится способным оценивать влажность почвы. Тэги: Soil Moisture Active and Passive
32015-09-26. НАСА пытается реанимировать аппарат.
После того как в июле у космического аппарата отказал радар, ученые из НАСА решили, что им необходимо скоординировать съемку с космического аппарата SMAP и других радарных спутников. При этом НАСА признало что высокодетальный радар космического аппарата скорее всего будет признан утерянным, однако, по мнению агенства остальные научные приборы на аппарате работают штатно, а следовательно его еще можно некоторое время эксплуатировать. В целом же в агентстве отмечают, что полноценной замене аппарату у них нет, но они попытаются скомпенсировать недостаток данных путем компьютерного совмещения информации с пассивного радара SMAP и данных других аппаратов.Тэги: Soil Moisture Active and Passive
42015-11-28. НАСА пытается найти замену радару космического аппарата SMAP.
Ученые из НАСА приступили к анализу возможности замены информации которую они планировали получать со своего космического аппарата SMAP при помощи данных орбитальной группировки Copernicus. При этом, из всего перечня космических аппаратов группировки исследователей наиболее заинтересовали возможности радара космического аппарата Sentinel 1A. При этом, с точки зрения НАСА данный космический аппарат наиболее пригоден для замены вышедшего из строя радара космического аппарата SMAP поскольку его орбита и возможности наиболее близки к желаемой. Вместе с тем, пока что НАСА так и не обнародовала данные о причинах выхода из строя своего аппарата. Тэги: Серия CopernicusSoil Moisture Active and PassiveSentinel 1A
52016-08-17. Продолжаются работы над радиолокационным спутников.
Компания Astro Aerospace, которая принадлежит Northrop Grumman Corporation, закончила предварительную экспертизу рефлектора радара, который будет установлен на космический аппарат NISAR. Данный проект финансируется за счет средств НАСА и ISRO, в рамках которого агентства создают L/S-диапазонный радиолокационный спутник с синтезированной апертурой. Сроком запуска нового космического аппарата объявлен 2021 год. Целевой задачей миссии будет являться сбор информации об окружающей среде, включая и состояние ледяного покрова Земли. Диаметр L-диапазонного рефлектора составит 12 метров.
Компания Astro Aerospace достаточно широко известна своей деятельностью в области создания рефлекторов, в частности ранее она уже создала шести метровый вращающийся рефлектор для космического аппарат SMAP. Тэги: NISARNorthrup GrummanSoil Moisture Active and Passive

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса (инструментов), кг356
2Масса (платформа), кг686
3Масса (топливо), кг80
4Мощность (инструментов), Вт448
5Мощность (платформа), Вт903

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1САС (планируемый )

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Ракетаноситель 1xДельта 2
2Дата (пуска)март 2015

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Заказчик Космическое агентство США
2Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2011-01-01780 - 900
3Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-01388.2
4Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2012-01-01485.7
5Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2012-01-0142.6
6Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-01916.5
7Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-01872 - 926
8Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2013-02-01916.5
9Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2013-02-01388.2
10Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2013-02-01485.7
11Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2013-02-0142.6
12Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2014-04-01388.2
13Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2014-04-01490.0
14Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2014-04-0138.4
15Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2014-04-01914.6
16Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2015-03-24914.6
17Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2015-03-24388.2
18Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2015-03-24479.0
19Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2015-03-2447.4

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром База Ванденберг
2Дата пуска2015-01-31
3Полезная нагрузка 1xSoil Moisture Active and Passive
4Полезная нагрузка 1xFIREBIRD C
5Полезная нагрузка 1xFIREBIRD D
6Полезная нагрузка 1xGRIFEX
7Полезная нагрузка 1xExoCube
8Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 2 7320

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... binding to the full-length active protein containing the phospho-Ser474... to correctly bond to an active site. This experiment focused on..., including supernovae, cataclysmic variables, blazars, and active galactic nuclei. We hope to...á Mentors: Tony Readhead and Talvikki Hovatta Blazars are active galactic nuclei whose..., overhangs, loose soil and layered stratigraphy. It potentially provides robust and flexible access... designed containers to acquire and store sealed soil samples that may contain... from bubble bursting with surface active species such as phospholipids. Results... use a number of passive systems for ventilation, heating, and cooling so as... way of implementing such as passive system would be to use... surface area that is catalytically active. To deposit highly porous films... on the cohesion of the soil and the depth of the sampling... is capable of taking and analyzing samples of soil on Mars. Goals... maximize soil collection were done to choose a design for the system, and... soil into a sample canister. Numerous types of nozzles were designed, built, and... library is designed with a specific active site amino acid targeted for... successful and efficient route, by altering key positions within the active site. Figure 1 Surrogate 2 and Product Regulation of... active mutant terpene synthases. The T50 of Cop2 was also measured and... region. Results, especially precipitation, winds, and moisture transport, were analyzed to give... cannot be accessed in plasmonically active noble metal structures. To use... the absorption in a solar cell active layer at that frequency. Solar... allow access to the highly active Co(0) and Co(II)-H species. Online... synchrotron radiation emitted by active galactic nuclei (AGNs) and scintillation of radiation.... By controlling the temperature, pressure and moisture levels in lyohphilization processes, we... further optimization and applications to other p-type semiconductors. 72 Passive Systems Solar... My SURF dealt with researching passive systems that can be applied... soil samples examining the extraction of typical pollutants (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and..., and David Tirrell While most HIV patients depend on Highly Active Antiretroviral... presence of a water-containing atmosphere and moisture on the ground surface, both... and 1940 nm) and considerations regarding radiation absorption at those wavelengths by moisture in the air. The device and its components described. Alignment and... are predicted to be more active during the naming/description conditions... frontal lobe may be especially active during language production tasks because... of the film to UV-active photosensitizer for cell patterning. Client... active area of the sensor, reaction under different types of loading, and... fully explored. Anonymous Communication Against Active Adversaries Eric Wang Mentor: Tracey...) system in the presence of active adversarial nodes whose identities are... source and sink nodes. In this work we further consider active attacks...: Jacqueline K. Barton and Timothy P. Mui Repair proteins with redox-active [4Fe-4S... receptors mediate the active transport of macromolecules into and out of the... an active participant in the catalytic cycle? Cyclic voltammetry, NMR, and a variety... a novel fungal endoglucanase that remains active up to 80C. Image Processing... at Caltech, the STACIS 2000 active isolation system was implemented in... active seismic isolation will push down the ever-present seismic wall and... temperature and soil moisture. The scheme includes functionality that models plant germination, growth, and... capability of extraterrestrial subterranean mapping and soil composition identification with the ATHLETE... size and density to Earth. While Venus lacks evidence for active plate... presence of Hydrogen (and thus Water) in the Soil; however, there are... a wide range of possible soil densities and hardnesses, since the exact nature... Enhancement to the Rareness of Active Main Belt Objects (RAMBO) Survey... looking for Active Main Belt Objects (AMBOs), a newly discovered and unusual phenomenon... 100 coadded WISE detections of active comets and about 100 coadded WISE... and MBV&V techniques have been used in the development of the Soil Moisture Active Passive... revealed detrimental effects of multiple active emission sources in the unregulated... in the fall of 2012. Passive CubeSat Tracking: A Distributed Radiometric Approach... Mentors: Eric Gustafson and Andy Klesh Current passive tracking methods for small satellites are limited in their accuracy and..., radial diffusion rates, and possible ion loss mechanisms. Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) Thruster Testing... experiment. Soil Moisture, Active and Passive (SMAP) Flight Software (FSW): Increasing Testing Autonomy and Accelerating Module...-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) and Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) spacecraft, multiple models were... Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP). These examples include verification reports, test plans, anomaly investigations, and...



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... surveys over large cities. The Passive Active L-Band Sensor (PALS) radiometer of... a major concern for current and future systems, and extensive research in this... conducted in conjunction with the Soil Moisture Active/Passive Validation Experiment 2008 (SMAPVEX08 [13... consist of repeated overflights of soil moisture validation sites in Iowa or... Delaware soil moisture site which is treated separately in what follows), and shows... (IF) signals provided by the passive/active L-Band sensor (PALS) of Jet... reviews the RFI detection and mitigation approaches applied, and observations for a set... several geophysical quantities while emphasizing soil moisture and sea surface salinity measurements in... each RFI observing system and by PALS, and were combined in postprocessing... OSU LISR, brightnesses and kurtosis values for horizontal and vertical polarizations from... a time interval are sorted, and the mean and standard deviation of the... examples concentrate on the SMAPVEX08 soil moisture site observation of 10/6/08... a portion of soil moisture ground truthing sites in Delaware and Maryland. The associated... and following UM Kurtosis detection and mitigation algorithm (top), GSFC pulse detection and mitigation algorithm (middle), and crossfrequency mitigation algorithm (bottom... ADD, GSFC ADD, and OSU LISR systems, and again shows the difficulties... evidence of both strong and weak RFI sources and their properties, the... pulsed algorithms (GSFC and OSU LISR for horizontal and vertical polarization, respectively... including both strong and weak sources were examined, and included definitive observation... distinct RFI detection and mitigation [1] G. A. Hampson, S. W. Ellingson, and J. T. Johnson, “Design and demonstration of..., S. W. Ellingson, R. Krishnamachari, N. Niamsuwan, E. McIntyre, M. Klein, and V. Leuski, “Airborne radio frequency interference.... 2006. [4] C. S. Ruf, S. M. Gross, and S. Misra, “RFI detection and mitigation for microwave radiometry..., Mar. 2006. [5] B. Guner, N. Niamsuwan, and J. T. Johnson, “Time and frequency blanking for RFI.... 2008. [7] N. Skou, S. Misra, J. E. Balling, S. S. Kristensen, and S. S. Sobjaerg, “L-band RFI as experienced..., S. S. Sobjaerg, S. S. Kristensen, and N. Skou, “RFI and SMOS: Preparatory campaigns and first observations from..., M. Dechambre, J. Boutin, N. Reul, J. Tenerelli, D. huser, and Y. Kerr, “Radio frequency interference investigation..., J. C. Shi, M. W. Spencer, S. W. Thurman, and J. Van Zyl, “The soil moisture active passive (SMAP) mission,” Proc. IEEE... FROM THE SMAPVEX08 CAMPAIGN [13] Soil Moisture Active Passive Validation Experiment, 2008. [Online]. Available..., and M. Manteghi, “Compact, lightweight dual-frequency microstrip antenna feed for future soil moisture and sea surface salinity missions,” in National Aeronautics and Space...] S. Yueh, S. Dinardo, A. Fore, and F. Li, “Passive and active L-band microwave observations and modeling of ocean.... [16] N. Majurec, J. Park, N. Niamsuwan, M. Frankford, and J. T. Johnson, “Airborne L-band RFI observations...] S. Misra, P. N. Mohammed, B. Guner, C. S. Ruf, J. R. Piepmeier, and J. T. Johnson, “Radio frequency interference detection... Technology, Atlanta, in 1991 and the S.M. and Ph.D. degrees from the Massachusetts... the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and ElectroScience Laboratory of The..., Zagreb, Croatia, in 1996 and 1999, respectively, and the Ph.D. degree in... systems and SAR image processing, digital receivers, and data acquisition systems and microwave... of Science and Technology, Chonburi, Thailand, in 2003, and the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees... Technology, Atlanta, in 2005 and 2001, respectively and a B.S. degree in electrical engineering... algorithm team lead for the Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) mission which encompasses space...; a Professor of electrical engineering and computer science; and Director of the Space... calibration, sensor and technology development, and atmospheric, oceanic, land surface, and cryosphere geophysical... G EOSCIENCE AND R EMOTE S ENSING (TGRS), and the AMS Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic... Technical Field Award, and the 2006 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium... involve microwave radiometry, signal detection and estimation, and image processing. Mr. Misra... project for hurricane wind measurements; Passive/Active L-band Sensor (PALS) project; NASA... a large mesh-deployable antenna for soil moisture and ocean salinity sensing; the airborne... Processes Experiments (CLPX-1 and -2) in 2002–2004 and 2006–2008; the Advanced... the IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Symposium 2000, and the 1995 IEEE... IEEE T RANSACTIONS ON G EOSCIENCE AND R EMOTE S ENSING and is the Fellow of... radiometers (WINDRAD) on NASA’s DC-8 and P-3 and the Airborne Cloud Radar (ACR... radiometers and radar systems for aircraft and spacecraft for remote sensing of soil moisture and ocean salinity (PALS) in support of Aquarius, and SMAP... NASA group achievement awards and has a US patent and is a member of...



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... Salama Soil moisture retrieval from combined Active/Passive Microwave Observations over the Regge and Dinkel... combining active and passive microwave observations is a promising technique to retrieve accurate soil moisture at higher resolution. The proposed algorithm for the future NASA’s Soil Moisture Active/Passive (SMAP) mission is the recent change detection approach providing absolute soil moisture... retrieving soil moisture and apply it to the passive (VUA-NASA AMSR-E) soil moisture products and corresponding active... on the temporal and spatial variability of soil moisture. Keywords: soil moisture, combined Active/Passive microwave, SMAP... Great Plains SMAP……………………………………………………………………Soil Moisture Active and Passive SMEX02…………………………………………………………………..Soil Moisture Experiment 2002 SMOS……………………………………………………………………Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity VI... Figure ‎6.3- Series of soil moisture maps achieved by combining passive and active microwave observations over... Figure ‎6.4- Series of soil moisture maps achieved by combining passive and active microwave observations over... corrected retrievals and LPRM products ........ 19 vi SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE... System Simulation Experiment (OSSE) for Soil Moisture Active/Passive (SMAP) mission which provided a better... passive microwave observations. 1 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND.... research the combined active/passive approach of the future Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) mission. We....pdf SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL... hydro-meteorological and agricultural applications. Evaluation of the combined active/passive microwave soil moisture retrieval in anticipated of the launch of NASA’s Soil Moisture Active/Passive... 2008. 3 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL... active/passive microwave observations. 4 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND... equation. 3 4 5 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL... minutes. 6 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL....html 7 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL.../a/alos SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL...’s co9 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL... SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL volumetric soil moisture retrieved from passive... (ITCSM08) and c) forested area (ITCSM20). 12 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL 5.1.2. Response to Soil Moisture and NDVI... COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL 6. RESULTS (0,0) (1,0) (2,0) (0,1) (1,1) (2,1) LPRM Soil Moisture (m3... 18 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL soil moisture... 19 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL 6.3. Soil Moisture... Volumetric soil moisture (m3 m-3) Figure ‎6.3- Series of soil moisture maps achieved by combining passive and active microwave... Volumetric soil moisture (m3 m-3) Figure ‎6.4- Series of soil moisture maps achieved by combining passive and active microwave... SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL 7. CONCLUSIONS AND...). The Soil Moisture Active/Passive Mission (SMAP). Paper presented at the Geoscience and Remote Sensing..., K. H., Crow, W. T., Edelstein, W. N., . . . Johnson, J. (2010). The soil moisture active passive (SMAP) mission. Proceedings of the..., R. A. M., Kerr, Y. H., . . . Wagner, W. (2010). Soil moisture active and passive microwave products: intercomparison and evaluation over a Sahelian site...-2 25 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL... of soil moisture using a passive and active low-frequency microwave airborne sensor during SGP99. Geoscience and..., T. J. (1996). Use of active and passive microwave remote sensing for soil moisture estimation through corn... Sensing Active and Passive (Vol. II). Canada: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. 26 SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL... Descending SOIL MOISTURE RETRIEVAL FROM COMBINED ACTIVE/PASSIVE MICROWAVE OBSERVATIONS OVER THE REGGE AND DINKEL...



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... monthly project status reports; and interviewed NASA and contractor officials. What GAO... Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle Soil Moisture Active and Passive Solar Probe Plus Space Launch... integration review Space Launch System Soil Moisture Active and Passive NASA Science Mission Directorate Stratospheric... practices for design stability and technology maturity, and providing more transparency into..., and Heat Transport (InSight); (2) Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT); and (3) Gravity Recovery and... cost and schedule data to previously established cost and schedule baselines and characterized... Projects partner and NASA generated information and partner milestone performance and schedules and NASA information on program risks and... NASA’s most technologically advanced and costly projects, and assessed NASA’s efforts to... defined by two phases—formulation and implementation—and several key decision points... ensure performance to approved plans and requirements and continued alignment with the... phases A and B, during which the projects develop and define requirements and the cost/schedule basis and design for... requirement changes, staffing demands, and mass and power growth. The formulation phase..., test, and launch activities. Phases E and F consist of operations and sustainment and project closeout... and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE), Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN), and Tracking and Data Relay Satellite Replenishment (TDRS K and L)—successfully launched during 2013 and... Identification-Security-Regolith Explorer SMAP Soil Moisture Active and Passive SPP Solar Probe Plus SGSS... that were recently confirmed and established cost and schedule baseline estimates. Therefore..., sponsors scientific research, and develops and deploys satellites and probes in collaboration with... verification and validation plans at the preliminary and critical design reviews; and the... to have credible and reliable integrated cost and schedule estimates and to provide... risk by performing additional testing and inspections, and reported that this risk..., the formation of stars and planetary systems, and characteristics of planetary systems..., climate history, liquid water, and habitability and provide the first direct measurements... correction maneuver, instrument activations and checkouts, and observations of the comet ISON... the spacecraft, and the guidance, navigation, and control light detection and ranging (GNC... cameras and development of the natural feature tracking algorithms and software and system...’s missions within established cost and schedule commitments and, as future missions are... Large-Scale Projects Soil Moisture Active and Passive Project Challenges • Parts/Test and Integration (new) Previously...: NASA’s Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) mission leverages previous Earth Science missions and is based on the soil moisture and freeze/thaw mission... soil moisture and its freeze/thaw state enabling new advances in hydrospheric science and... understanding of regional and global water cycles and climate changes, and improve the accuracy of weather, flood, and drought...-Scale Projects Soil Moisture Active and Passive common name: SMAP project update Parts/Test and Integration... 1980s technology and software and are becoming obsolete and unsustainable. Updated systems and equipment... user satellites and orbiting vehicles. TDRS K and L are the 11th and 12th satellites... acquisition management processes and performance, and will continue to identify and address the... both partner and NASA generated information and partner milestone performance and schedules and NASA... overview; key cost, contract, and schedule data; and a discussion of the challenges..., relationship between cost growth and schedule slippage and knowledge maturity attained both... NASA’s most technologically advanced and costly projects and assessed NASA’s efforts to..., funding, workforce, design, technology, and test and integration. These challenges do not..., the formation of stars and planetary systems, and characteristics of planetary systems... Project Cost: $1.06 billion Project: Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) Launch Readiness Date: March... mission is designed to provide soil moisture measurements and its freeze/thaw state... understanding of regional and global water cycles and climate changes, and improve the accuracy of weather, flood, and drought... studies and analysis). None. 3. Analytical and experimental Active research and development is critical function and... cost, schedule, and quality targets and have demonstrated its reliability, and the design...; evaluates federal programs and policies; and provides analyses, recommendations, and other assistance to...



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Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) Mission Science Calibration and Validation Plan SMAP Science Document. ... calibrating and validating Level 1 through Level 4 science data products of the Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) Mission. The SMAP Calibration and Validation (Cal... resolution, and temporal revisit for the soil moisture and freeze/thaw measurements, and mission duration, for both baseline and minimum... minimize and assess random errors and spatial and temporal biases in the soil moisture and freeze/thaw estimates, and that...’s (ESA’s) Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission and the NASA Aquarius mission, and numerical..., ALOS-2 and SAOCOM missions, and by its soil moisture products with the GCOM-W and NPOESS... in soil moisture and temperature conditions, and scale differences between in situ measurements and the... In Situ Soil Moisture Measurement In situ measurement and scaling of soil moisture presents many... SMAP soil moisture calibration and validation would provide an estimate of the volumetric soil moisture... horizontal and vertical polarization brightness temperature and surface soil moisture; pre-launch and post-launch... air temperature and humidity, surface (≤10 cm depth) soil moisture and soil temperature, precipitation, and snow... conditions and uncertainties in satellite based GPP (e.g. MOD17) and L4_SM inputs (i.e., surface soil moisture and soil... deployments to gather stationary coincidental active and passive data. 5.5.2 Field Campaigns 5.5.2.1 SMAPVEX08 (East... for the development of the active/passive soil moisture algorithm (see Section 7.1.1 for more... the radiometer-based soil moisture retrieval algorithm and possibly the active-passive algorithm. The experiment... of L2 soil moisture products automatically calibrates and validates the L3 soil moisture products, since..., 2010 SMAP Science Calibration and Validation Plan 6.3.2.1 Soil Moisture Passive (L2/3_SM_P) The baseline...-based soil moisture product will be compared with soil moisture products of SMOS and GCOM... tests against SMOS and GCOM-W soil moisture products and the ASCAT soil moisture index will be... resulting soil moisture fields will be compared with SMAP soil moisture over diurnal and seasonal cycles. The modelderived soil moisture fields can... input from all validation sources. 6.3.2.2 Soil Moisture Active (L2/3_SM_A) The baseline validation..., and hydrological modeling for the radar-based soil moisture product validation. 6.3.2.2.1 Long-Term Soil Moisture... resulting soil moisture fields will be compared with SMAP soil moisture over diurnal and seasonal cycles. The model-derived soil moisture fields... input from all validation sources. 6.3.2.3 Soil Moisture Active/Passive (L2/3_SM_AP) The baseline validation... products and hydrological modeling. 6.3.2.3.1 Long-Term Soil Moisture Measurement Networks The utility of soil moisture... resulting soil moisture fields will be compared with SMAP soil moisture over diurnal and seasonal cycles. The model-derived soil moisture fields... simulations and sensitivity studies using GMAO LIS assimilation based soil moisture and temperature inputs and...],[50]. The campaigns are called Soil Moisture Active Passive Experiments (SMAPEx). The campaigns are... of Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) soil moisture estimation and brightness temperature products. Additional ground and... field measurements; Development of soil moisture retrieval algorithms from passive and active microwave data (SMOS... soil and vegetation. Ground sampling over the experiment sites included intensive soil moisture, vegetation and... Soil Moisture Working Group, the CEOP Land Products Validation-Soil Moisture Group, and the International Soil Moisture..., “Soil Moisture Active Passive Validation Experiment 2008 (SMAPVEX08) Experiment Plan”, September 4, 2008. WWW: Soil Moisture Active Passive Validation... for Soil Moisture 2010 (CanEx-SM10), http://pages.usherbrooke.ca/canexsm10/ R. Panciera, “Soil Moisture Active Passive Experiments 2010-2011 (SMAPEx) Experiment Plan”, June 2010. WWW: Soil Moisture Active Passive Experiments..., E. G. Njoku, and M. Owe, “Comparison and assimilation of global soil moisture retrievals from AMSR-E and SMMR...-Samii, “Passive Active L- and S-Band (PALS) Microwave Sensor for Ocean Salinity and Soil Moisture Measurements”, IEEE... (JPL) for the development and operation of the Soil Moisture Active/Passive (SMAP) Project of... both pre- and post-launch phases C.1 PALS The PALS (Passive and Active L- and S-band) instrument...) SAOCOM mission. E.1 SMOS Soil Moisture Cal/Val Program SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity) is... validated soil moisture product from L-band radar backscatter. Both the backscatter measurements and soil moisture...



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... similarities and discrepancies. 2.2. Soil Moisture Soil moisture is a fundamental component of the water cycle and plays... the Standardized Soil Moisture Index (SSI) [Hao and AghaKouchak, 2013] and the soil moisture percentile [She... estimates. Most satellite soil moisture algorithms are based on passive MW [Njoku et... MW-based soil moisture retrieval relies on the relationship between soil permittivity and liquid... temperature and active MW backscattering to volumetric water content of soil. MW soil moisture observations...; Wang and Qu, 2009]. For root-zone soil surface moisture estimates, MW soil moisture observations... optical, thermal, passive MW, and active MW soil moisture monitoring approaches, see Wang and Qu [2009... surface and root-zone soil moisture with a two-layer modified Palmer soil moisture model... (e.g., compare Australia and Russia in Figures 1 and 2). The CCI soil moisture data are yet... Soil Moisture (SSI) based on CCI satellite soil moisture observations-July 2010. 2.3. Groundwater and Terrestrial... of surface water, groundwater, soil moisture, snow/ice, and moisture stored in vegetation [Rodell... − ΔSM − ΔSWE, where SM and SWE represent soil moisture and snow water equivalent, respectively... characterizing streamflow and soil moisture anomalies [Choi et al., 2013] and provides valuable... occurrence and change in surface water and soil moisture availability that varies in space and... and precipitation and soil moisture [Di et al., 1994; Farrar et al., 1994; Adegoke and... drought information based on precipitation and soil moisture (Figures 1 and 2). One limitation of TCI... bands respond to soil moisture and leaf water content differently and, thus, combining... Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) and soil moisture and land surface temperature data from...-index drought assessment using precipitation and soil moisture and has been used in a number... on global precipitation and soil moisture data). This model is standardized, and thus provides... Research and Applications (MERRA-Land [Reichle et al., 2011]) precipitation and soil moisture data... for future monitoring and anomaly detection. 5.2. Combined Soil Moisture and Vegetation Water Content Land surface parameters such as soil moisture and temperature...) and provides valuable drought-relevant information (e.g., land cover, vegetation structure, temperature, soil moisture, and snow cover) [Tedesco and Kim, 2006]. Currently, the... indicator of available combined soil moisture and vegetation water content and hence as a proxy... [Norouzi et al., 2012]. The Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission launched in January... N Series; SMOS: Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity satellite; ICESat-2: Ice, Clouds, and Land Elevation... Water and Ocean Topography; SMAP: Soil Moisture Active Passive; ALOS 2: Advanced Land Observing Satellite; and NPOESS... of retrieved information (e.g., estimated soil moisture versus soil moisture anomaly), and data formats, is one... assessing combined soil moisture and vegetation water content, and vertical profiles of moisture in.../pnas.0901438106. Adegoke, J. O., and A. M. Carleton (2002), Relations between soil moisture and satellite vegetation indices... evapotranspiration and soil moisture from satellite imagery, Sensors, 7(8), 1612–1629. Cashion, J., V. Lakshmi, D. Bosch, and..., P., K. Caylor, G. S. Okin, and T. M. Scanlon (2007), On soil moisture-vegetation feedbacks and their possible effects... Jeu, and V. Naeimi (2010), Error characterisation of global active and passive microwave soil moisture datasets, Hydrol.... Entekhabi, D., et al. (2010a), The soil moisture active passive (SMAP) mission, Proc. IEEE, 98..., D., R. H. Reichle, R. D. Koster, and W. T. Crow (2010b), Performance metrics for soil moisture retrievals and application requirements...fluence of soil type on the relationships between NDVI, rainfall, and soil moisture in semiarid Botswana. II. NDVI response to soil moisture, Remote Sens..., C., et al. (2010), Soil moisture active and passive microwave products: Intercomparison and evaluation over a Sahelian site..., T. J. (1993), III. measuring surface soil moisture using passive microwave remote sensing, Hydrol. Processes..., J., and T. Hogue (2012), Improving spatial soil moisture representation through integration of AMSR-E and MODIS..., M. McCabe, and J. Evans (2011a), Developing an improved soil moisture dataset by blending passive and active microwave...>2.0.CO;2. Njoku, E. G., and D. Entekhabi (1996), Passive microwave remote sensing of soil moisture, J. Hydrol., 184..., M., R. de Jeu, and J. Walker (2001), A methodology for surface soil moisture and vegetation optical depth..., and A. A. Berg (2004), Global soil moisture from satellite observations, land surface models, and ground..., D. Fernandez, J. Benveniste, E. Haas, and M. Ertl (2012), Fusion of active and passive microwave observations to..., and Y. Rahmat-Samii (2001), Passive active L-and S-band (pals) microwave sensor for ocean salinity and soil moisture...



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... climatic forcing and/or changing catchment processes, e.g. land cover and soil moisture data, which...), evapotranspiration (Rodell et al., 2011) and soil moisture (dall'Amico et al., 2012.../use (and consequently trends in the riparian development of a lakeshore), soil moisture and elevation... variables (e.g. evapotranspiration, precipitation and land surface temperature), soil moisture and vegetation properties. Taking the... and latitude to produce estimates of evapotranspiration, soil moisture storage, snow storage, surplus and runoff (McCabe and Markstrom, 2007...-temporal estimates of evapotranspiration, soil moisture, snow cover and runoff (Ludwig et al... sensed soil water content, also known as soil moisture (Wang and Qu, 2009) and the... concerns. 3.2.2. Soil moisture The most common method for the retrieval of soil moisture is the use of microwave remote sensing sensors, both active and passive, and dates back to the 1970s (e.g. Eagleman and Ulaby, 1975...; Njoku and Kong, 1977; Mo et al., 1982). Remotely sensed soil moisture can only be estimated in the uppermost layer of the soil... observations within Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere Transfer (SVAT) models helps retrieve soil moisture in... measuring soil moisture lies in the fact that changes in the soil dielectric... dense vegetation cover and soil roughness introduce noise to soil moisture measurements (e.g. Wagner et..., 2008). Microwave instruments used in soil moisture retrieval include the non-operational... that are desired for soil moisture retrieval. Nevertheless, soil moisture retrieval methods based on...; Parinussa et al., 2012). ESA's Soil Moisture and Oceanic Salinity (SMOS) (30–50..., NASA's Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) mission carries on-board active and passive L-band sensors and was launched... soil moisture at a spatial resolution of 9 km, with a revisit time of 2–3 days. Soil moisture... long soil moisture dataset by merging active (ERS AMI-SCAT and METOP ASCAT) and passive (SMMR, SSM/I, TMI, and AMSR-E) soil moisture... of soil moisture include gravity recovery instruments (Seneviratne et al., 2010) and even... water content (TWC), including soil moisture, groundwater, snow and surface water, result in... SMOS and SMAP sensors, and have shown the potential to estimate soil moisture at... on the remote sensing of soil moisture. 3.2.3. Precipitation Precipitation estimates with remote... and regulation; migratory species; tourism Evapotranspiration Precipitation Soil moisture Water, snow/ice extent and..., K., Bonekamp, H., Figa, J., Anderson, C., 2007. Initial soil moisture retrievals from the METOP-A Advanced..., E., Gao, H., Starks, P., Bosch, D., Lakshmi, V., 2003. Soil moisture estimates from TRMM Microwave Imager.... Global soil moisture patterns observed by space borne microwave radiometers and scatterometers. Surv..., F.T., 1975. Remote sensing of soil moisture by Skylab radiometer and scatterometers sensors. J. Astronaut..., T.J., Hsu, A.Y., Neill, P.E.O., 2002. Surface soil moisture retrieval and mapping using high-frequency microwave... surface heterogeneity on surface soil moisture retrievals from passive microwave data at the... satellite radar altimetry, SAR surface soil moisture and GRACE total storage changes for.... Theory for passive microwave remote sensing of near-surface soil moisture. J. Geophys. Res..., E.G., Jackson, T.J., Lakshmi, V., Chan, T.K., Nghiem, S.V., 2003. Soil moisture retrieval from AMSR-E. IEEE Trans.... Parinussa, R.M., Holmes, T.R.H., de Jeu, R.A.M., 2012. Soil moisture retrievals from the WindSat spaceborne..., R.D., Liu, P., 2007. Comparison and assimilation of global soil moisture retrievals from the Advanced... intercomparison of ERS-Scat and AMSR-E soil moisture observations with model simulations over..., T.T., Geiger, F., 1974. Remote sensing of soil moisture with microwave radiometers. J. Geophys. Res..., E.B., Lehner, I., Orlowsky, B., Teuling, A.J., 2010. Investigating soil moisture–climate interactions in a changing climate... profile soil moisture and groundwater variations using GRACE and Oklahoma Mesonet soil moisture data. Water..., F., Feyen, J., 2008. Assessment of evapotranspiration and soil moisture content across different scales of... first global remotely sensed soil moisture data with model and precipitation data. J. Geophys... of microwave remote sensing of soil moisture for hydrologic applications. Nord. Hydrol... active and passive microwave observations to create and essential climate variable data record on soil moisture. ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial... remote sensing applications for surface soil moisture monitoring: a review. Front. Earth Sci... of soil moisture and vegetation water content using SSM/I data over a corn and soybean... near-surface soil moisture from microwave radiometric observations: current status and future plans...



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... management and development of natural resources, land use, fisheries and agriculture and providing... of environment, resource and land-use management, and security and sovereignty. MAIN ACCOMPLISHMENTS.... Indicators Performance Summary 1. Proportion of active missions relative to the total... the EO priority areas. 28 %; 9 active missions out of 35 supported..., Resource and Land Management, Security and Foreign Policy Environment, Resource and Land Management... detection, iceberg identification and location), and 12 measuring applications (e.g. soil subsidence map, geohazard... Alberta Geological Survey to monitor soil movements by radar interferometry techniques...: Industry, government and/or academia conduct mission and payload concept and feasibility studies... of environment, resource and land use management, and, security and foreign policy. Indicators... still in progress with 182 active projects. Several new initiatives, targeting... (SOAR) generated research projects and pilot and demonstration projects from industry, government... capabilities within Canadian Government Departments and Agencies and within value-added industry... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration... mission SMAP (Soil Moisture Active/Passive) will measure soil moisture and freeze/thaw for weather and water cycle... this mission specifically to quantify soil moisture and related information over Canada. • As... resources and environment and improve cosystem-monitoring, maritime surveillance, disaster management and Arctic... change and resource depletion, fundamental and applied research in physical and life sciences and... water ice in the Martian soil, and the Canadian discovery of snow... 1992. Indicators Performance 1. Proportion of active missions relative to the total... active missions out of 89 supported missions. 2. Number of scientific instruments and... in Space Astronomy and Exploration, Solar-Terrestrial Relation, and Physical and Life Sciences...: Industry, government and/or academia conduct mission and payload concept and feasibility studies... the chemical composition of various soil, dust and rock samples on the... to discover, track and study asteroids and comets and also track satellites in... support all planned and unplanned operational events. 6. Percentage of active participation of... 2008. Indicators Performance 1. Proportion of active missions relative to the total.... None of the 8 missions were active in 2008-2009. 2. Number of... developing and demonstrating innovative technologies to provide broadband connectivity and safety and security services to all Canadians and to maintain... Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer group, the CSA managed 53 active patents for 27 different technologies and 32 licenses... support of Earth Observation, Science and Exploration, and Satellite Communications – Objective: Assume... and Technology Transfer group, CSA manages its portfolio of patents (53 active patents for 27 different technologies) and intellectual property licenses... programs and projects, and subsequently to the Canadian space industry and other private and... of resource mapping and management, surveillance and Arctic sovereignty and commercial clients worldwide... as a member and contribution of critical scientific and technological expertise, and suite of... for telemetry, tracking and commanding and data reception, and it is composed of... and planning, flight control, data archiving and cataloguing, data processing and quality control, and communications networks systems, and it... and solar storms and CGSM provides data, knowledge and information to protect critical and expensive space and ground communication and navigation... Profiling Radar and multispectral imager) and aerosol properties (atmospheric lidar), and a broadband radiometer...), scatterometer, altimeter, and passive optical instruments for atmospheric chemistry, ocean and sea surface... and Landing System (EDLS), the surface Rover and its Drill and Sample Preparation and... ESA Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission objective is to measure soil moisture and ocean..., surface and subsurface ice distribution, dust physical and compositional properties, mineralogy, and dust... the Canadian contribution of a 3D active vision sensing capability based on... the chemical composition of various soil, dust and rock samples on the... to discover, track and study asteroids and comets, and will also be used... 25, 2008, and then spent 90 days probing Mars's soil and atmosphere to.... SMAP The NASA's Soil Moisture Active and Passive (SMAP) mission will measure soil moisture and surface freeze/thaw with the accuracy, resolution, and coverage...



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... of retrieved (a) soil wetness index from ASCAT and (b) volumetric soil moisture content from SMOS satellite over Australia. .......................................................................................................................18  Fig. 6  Volumetric soil moisture... (a) surface and (b) root-zone soil moisture, as a function of the open-loop and observation... predicted soil moisture deficit. With advancements in the science of soil moisture measurement and modelling... partly based on soil moisture deficit 1 SOURCES OF SOIL DRYNESS MEASURES AND FORECASTS FOR... and Byram, 1968) or Mount’s Soil Dryness Index (SDI; Mount, 1972). The soil moisture... the relationship between live vegetation moisture content and soil moisture into account by employing..., and cumulative precipitation. The Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI) calculates the soil moisture... the presence of hydrogen and soil moisture represents the largest and most variable source... decreases non-linearly with increasing soil moisture and, theoretically, ranges from about 70... SOIL DRYNESS MEASURES AND FORECASTS FOR FIRE DNAGER RATING 5. REMOTE SENSING OF SOIL MOISTURE In situ soil moisture..., aggregated soil moisture mapping (Lakshmi, 2013). Advances has been made in active and passive satellite remote sensing techniques to provide unique capability of measuring soil moisture at regional and global scale which satisfy the science and application... estimate soil moisture, including gamma radiation (Carroll, 1981), thermal infrared (Price, 1982), and passive and active... for soil moisture retrievals, sensitivity and scaling studies at different spatial scales and also... soil moisture in governing the spectral gradient. 13 SOURCES OF SOIL DRYNESS MEASURES AND FORECASTS FOR FIRE DNAGER RATING Fig. 4 5.3 Overview of soil moisture....7, and 37 GHz were used to produce global retrievals of soil moisture and were then validated against climatologies and in situ...., 2008). Soil moisture retrievals are produced from the C-band (6.92 GHz) passive brightness... – NASA algorithm and which contains soil moisture retrievals from both the C- and X-band, with... (MIRAS) on board Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) satellite, and the Advanced Scatterometer... (1.4 – 1.427 GHz) frequencies and provide global maps of soil moisture and vegetation water content... of retrieved (a) soil wetness index from ASCAT and (b) volumetric soil moisture content from SMOS satellite over Australia. SOURCES OF SOIL DRYNESS MEASURES AND... 31st January 2015) is the Soil Moisture Active/Passive mission (SMAP) by NASA. SMAP... of both passive and active microwave sensors and is expected to provide soil moisture measurements at a much higher resolution than the current passive radiometers..., soil moisture sensors and satellite observations of vegetation cover, flooding, soil moisture, precipitation, evaporation and groundwater... AWRA and WaterDyn skills in simulating evapotranspiration and root zone soil moisture are lower... soil moisture as a prognostic variable. The simulated soil moisture is rather a model specific quantity and... OF SOIL DRYNESS MEASURES AND FORECASTS FOR FIRE DNAGER RATING Fig. 6 7.1 Volumetric soil moisture... of the analysed soil moisture. While the fraction of bare soil and vegetation root... the model soil moisture. The ACCESS NWP soil moisture nudging scheme is only active in... soil moisture nudging is performed four times a day and only adjusts model soil moisture for... soil moisture. The soil moisture nudging scheme only uses observations of screen level temperature and humidity and... (a) surface and (b) root-zone soil moisture, as a function of the open-loop and observation.... (2011). Soil moisture estimation through ASCAT and AMSR-E sensors: an intercomparison and validation study..., G., & Liu, Q. (2012). Assimilation of passive and active microwave soil moisture retrievals. Geophysical Research Letters, 39...). Soil moisture active and passive microwave products: inter-comparison and evaluation over a Sahelian site. Hydrology and Earth...: Soil moisture. Hydrological Science, 41, 517-530. 34 SOURCES OF SOIL DRYNESS MEASURES AND... SMOS soil moisture product with in-situ and modelled data in Italy and Luxemburg...). Windsat soil moisture algorithm and validation. Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing... soil moisture. Geophysical Research Letters, 31, L19501. 36 SOURCES OF SOIL DRYNESS MEASURES AND... of soil moisture and vegetation water content using SSM/I data over a corn and soybean...



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... Millimetre Wave and Terahertz Sensors and Technology. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 7830 Image and Signal Processing... and Sensor Networks V (Carapezza) p. 53 Conf. 7837: Passive Millimetre-Wave and Terahertz Imaging and... up these challenges, mostly active imaging, infrared detection and sources, hyperspectral imaging... research in radars and electromagnetism, optronics, micro and nanotechnologies and space physics. 6 16... cycle), or platform (e.g. SMOS for soil moisture and salinity), or both (Calipso for... and manufacturing high power and high performances 1.0µm and 1.5µm pulsed or CW fiber lasers and... and amplifying very low levels of light and radiation Industry and Science, Medical and Night Vision: Image Intensifiers, ICCDs and... Conference 7824 15.50: Global soil moisture maps using SMOS, Yann H. Kerr... detection of hydrological processes with passive L-band data from SMOS, Ahmad... Remote Sensing 16.10: SMOS soil moisture values evaluation over Sahelian area... Tamarix spp vegetation to the soil saline based on ground spectral... Sciences (China). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [7824-68] Surface soil humidity retrieval using remote sensing... Administration (China). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [7824-23] Surface soil humidity retrieval by means of...: Leaf area index and fraction of photosynthetically active radiation fluctuations in New... inertia model for soil water content retrieval using thermal and multispectral images... 15.30 15.50: Global soil moisture maps using SMOS, Yann H. Kerr...) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [7824-15] 16.10: SMOS soil moisture values evaluation over Sahelian area... detection of hydrological processes with passive L-band data from SMOS, Ahmad...) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [7826-30] 16.10: NASA’s soil moisture active and passive (SMAP) mission, Kent Kellogg, Eni... sensor fill factor and active area shape for optimal MTF and SNR, Cynthia...-75] 14.40: A remote sensing soil disturbance model of Valley Fever... of an optical particle counter and a passive mini-DOAS remote sensing system..., DOAS, and Other Spectrometric Methods Development of a VDI guideline for passive FTIR.... (China). . . . [7827-41] Lidar, Radar, and Passive Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Mapping temporal... to 12.00 Lidar, Radar, and Passive Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Session Chair... vapor detection by ground-based passive infrared sensors at near horizon... Defence, Security and Safety (Netherlands). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [7828-08] 09.20: Passive cross-wind... of polarimetric RADARSAT2 images for soil moisture retrieval in an alpine catchment... C-band SAR images for soil moisture retrieval in bare and vegetated areas, Claudia....40: Exploitation of C- and X-band SAR images for soil moisture change detection estimation....10: Unbiased query-by-bagging active learning for VHR image classification...-34] 12.00: Assessment of soil surface BRDF using an imaging...] Band selection method for retrieving soil lead content with hyperspectral remote... cloudy conditions integrating Raman Lidar and passive microwave observations, Fabio Madonna, Antonella... of an optical particle counter and a passive mini-DOAS remote sensing system... Wave and Terahertz Sensors and Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 7838A Optics and Photonics for Counterterrorism and...-target multi-sensor localization and tracking using passive antenna and optical sensors on UAVs, Marek Schikora, Fraunhofer FKIE (Germany) and....00 to 10.00 Active & Passive Imagers, Image Sensing and Processing Session Chairs...-03] 09.40: Dynamic filters: passive solutions for increasing dynamic range.... 15.30 to 17.10 Active Technology and Novel Materials Session Chairs... of an active burst illumination imaging system: comparison between experimental and modelled...: an EDA initiated study on active imaging, Ove Steinvall, Ingmar G. Renhorn.... 10.30 to 12.10 Passive Electro-Optical Systems Session Chair...] 13.40: Real-time THz active imaging: comparison test of commercial...-10] 14.20: Fully-polarimetric passive MMW imaging systems for security...-22] Calibration source and temperature standard for passive millimetre wave imagers, Christopher...) 10.50: Passive millimeter wave imaging using a distributed aperture and optical upconversion... a digital beam-forming real-time passive millimetre wave imager, Neil A. Salmon....30: Trade-off assessment for a passive near-field imaging system, Francesco... Research and Development Canada (Canada) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [7838A-17] 11.50: High-resolution active laser imaging and range gating at 1.5 μm up... of multiphoton nonlinear absorbers for passive all-optical sensor protection against...