Спутник ФКИ. Solar Dynamics Observatory. [Редактировать]

Обсерватория солнечной динамики, (Solar Dynamics Observatory, SDO) — космическая обсерватория НАСА для изучения Солнца, рассчитанная на 5 лет работы. Была запущена 11 февраля 2010 года в рамках программы «Жизнь со Звездой» (Living With a Star, LWS). Целью программы LWS является развитие научных знаний, необходимых для эффективного решения аспектов Солнечно-Земных связей, которые непосредственно влияют на жизнь и общество. Целью SDO является понимание влияния Солнца на Землю и околоземное пространство путем изучения солнечной атмосферы на малых масштабах времени и пространства и во многих длинах волн единовременно.
На борту SDO находится аппаратура, способная получать 12 различных видов изображений Солнца. Один снимок SDO имеет размер 4096 на 4096 пикселей, что позволяет учёным наблюдать на поверхности Солнца детали с угловым размером 0,6 секунды. Аппарат передаёт снимки на Землю каждые 12 секунд, что составляет около 3 терабайт данных в сутки. В период с 2010 по 2015 было собрано около 2600 терабайт данных, в том числе 200 млн. фотографий.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1SDOНайтиНайти
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Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
3Тип орбиты - ГСО
4Страна производитель - США

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг3100
2Масса (сухая), кг1700
3Масса (полезной нагрузки), кг290

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град27.9
2Апогей, км35803.6
3Перигей, км35782.6
4Период, минут1436.1
5САС5 - 10
6Длинный диаметр эллипса, км42164

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2010-005A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Оператор Goddard Space Flight Center
2Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2007-01-01785.5
3Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2007-01-0178.0
4Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2007-01-01623.7
5Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2007-01-0183.8
6Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2009-10-01867.6
7Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2009-10-0184.9
8Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2009-10-01682.6
9Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2009-10-01100.1

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2010-02-11 at 15:23:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xSolar Dynamics Observatory
3Ракета-носитель 1xАтлас 5

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Solar Dynamics Observatory». [Перейти к поиску]


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... and in-space mission needs. Observatory — at the time one of... on future missions. Chandra X-ray Observatory — The Marshall-managed Inertial Upper... n n n n Combusting and Unsteady Flow Fluid Dynamics n n n n n n Propulsion Systems Integration n n n n n n change from... areas like structures, materials, fluid dynamics, and systems engineering also results.... Structural analysis and computational fluid dynamics are also key capabilities. Marshall... successful investigations, including examination of Solar Alpha Rotary Joint (SARJ) bearing... cryogenic, nuclear electric interplanetary, solar electric, and solar sails. While propulsion and... Space Telescope and Chandra X-ray Observatory • Planetary surface systems Marshall is... and simulations of thermal, strength, dynamics, acoustics and vibration environments of...) — impacts a deck to correlate vehicle dynamics with models and tests whether... the capability to accomplish fluid dynamics and thermal design, analysis, and... standards. Marshall’s thermal and fluid dynamics systems capabilities are an extensive... unique custom-developed tools. Fluid Dynamics: Fluid flowing through or around... design. Although a separate discipline, fluid dynamics is often an important aspect... capabilities for thermal and fluid dynamics engineering disciplines. Center capabilities support... fluid dynamics capabilities. Several of the unique thermal and fluid dynamics tools... Space Telescope and Chandra X-ray Observatory to the more recent and... simulation. • Ascent Trajectory Design and Dynamics Simulation — ground-to-space path... floor” facility and the Contact Dynamics Simulation Lab (CDSL). The FRL... the Tree Topology (TREETOPS) MultiBody Dynamics and Control Analysis tool. MAVERIC... materials with simultaneous exposures. The Solar Wind Test Facility exposes materials... Bringing together elements of the solar space environment — including charged particles... concentrator solar arrays to automotive materials and coatings. When the solar simulator is coupled to the solar wind environment systems... pipes, solar power systems, radiators, high-temperature materials, and solar sails are..., natural radiation belts, solar energetic particles, plasmas, and solar ultraviolet radiation. Marshall... energetic particle emissions from solar flares and other solar eruptions. They also...), developed for the Chandra X-ray Observatory program, provides low-energy proton... along a spacecraft trajectory, including the solar wind and magnetosheath outside Earth... Station (ISS), the Center provides solar activity forecasts for operations personnel... Mitigation Automated Lunar and Meteor Observatory (ALAMO) Spacecraft in LEO continually... potential launch dates. • Chandra X-ray Observatory — Chandra required a radiation model designed..., orbit determination and tracking, attitude dynamics, and re-entry prediction. • Earth... remote sensing, studies of climate dynamics, and efforts aimed at enabling... planetary science destinations throughout the solar system, from MESSENGER’s investigations of... cycle of activity and the dynamics of the extended magnetic field... range of solar wind and solar photon environments. Featuring a solar simulator capable of... that could explore the solar corona. Understanding Solar Magnetic Fields Hinode Hinode... from the spacecraft’s three advanced solar telescopes. Marshall engineers characterized and... the data from the successful Solar Ultraviolet Magnetograph Investigation (SUMI), launched... Focusing Optics X-ray Solar Imager (FOXSI) mission to study solar nanoflares. Marshall... Solar Probe Plus Marshall scientists are developing instrument prototypes for the Solar... catch the solar wind in a Faraday cup, part of the Solar Wind... on the details of plasmaspheric dynamics as it affects coupling between... called Mag4 for solar flares, coronal mass ejections, and solar energetic particle... Assembly (AIA) instrument aboard NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). For comparison, AIA can... Imaging Assembly flying aboard NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (top), showing Hi-C’s superior resolution... cosmic rays and solar energetic particles. Chandra X-Ray Observatory The MSFC X-ray... phases of the Chandra X-ray Observatory. Members of the team were... investigations that culminated in the observatory’s launch in 1999. Chandra’s High... experience from Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, as well as from developing... X-Ray Observatory began in 1976 with a proposal to build a space observatory capable... Chandra Observatory. • the development of an improved model for predicting solar wind... to follow the Chandra X-ray Observatory, this process provides a key enabling... the second High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO-2). Since then, Marshall has... program of the Chandra X-ray Observatory. Most recently, Marshall has supported... Concentrator (ART-XC). Chandra X-ray Observatory Marshall began work on Chandra... scientific return of this Great Observatory. High Resolution Coronal Imager (Hi... Marshall and the Smithsonian Astronomical Observatory worked together to deliver the...



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.... Screenshot of the NAIC’s Arecibo Observatory. .................................. 141 Figure 53. Fully integrated... Space Agency ESO European Southern Observatory ETI Extraterrestrial Intelligence ETL Extraterrestrial... the TMT observatory (de Laet) and of the National Observatory of Japan... of Western thought” (1957). The dynamics of science became the topic...) entitled “Four Models for the Dynamics of Science” to the models... the Ptolemaic model of the solar system were adopted by the... astronomer Nicolas Copernicus. Copernicus’s heliocentric solar system (Figure 7) removed earth from...; the heliocentric model of the solar system had been introduced. Figure... Heavenly Spheres. Courtesy: NASA Earth Observatory. The events that followed the... as the detection of extrasolar solar systems. We see here that... search for planets beyond our solar system– that is, extrasolar planets... life on planets of our solar system, especially on Mars. It..., and the telescope detecting distant solar systems, in this work recognised... at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory at Green Bank 1961 Drake... there is a portrayal of our solar system. The third planet, earth... in 2006 excluded from the solar system at the 26th General... also a schematic representation of the solar system. In the bottom part... extraterrestrial source. The first outer solar system asteroid was discovered. In... images of planets of our solar system. It was not only... crossed the border of our solar system. To 40 This question... position of earth in the solar system, music, etc. I think I would... to stars in the local solar neighbourhood as a 3D map of... by the Big Ear radio observatory, Ohio State 52 Retrieved from... of instrumental probes, to other solar systems is so far beyond... confirmed by the European Southern Observatory (ESO) in 2007.81 This... telescopes such as the Arecibo Observatory in search of signs of... Built in 1963, the Arecibo Observatory located in Puerto Rico is...: F. Drake (UCSC) et al., Arecibo Observatory (Cornell, NAIC) The icon of... a transmitter and a receiver, the Arecibo Observatory is a technoscientific instrument that enables... State University Radio Observatory and the North American AstroPhysical Observatory. Jill Tarter... is a screenshot of the Arecibo Observatory Facebook page, with the “little... observatory. There are two narrative vehicles present in this image: Arecibo Observatory... public in scientific research (the observatory carries out the astronomical research...’s Arecibo Observatory. Image Credit: NAIC. Interestingly enough, the Arecibo Observatory that carries... extrasolar planets outside of our solar system [INT2:3]. Very recently, however... telescope time at the Arecibo Observatory.105 This is even less... find another earth outside our solar system, the search enjoys great... inhabited were objects in our solar neighbourhood – that is the moon... explore celestial bodies of our solar system. The red planet had... the first planet of the solar system. Edmund Ferrier, in his... on other objects of our solar system. Very recent news came... search for life within our solar system has been described as... concerning the origin of the solar system is as old as... Earth-like planet outside our Solar System to date, a world which... Earth-like planet outside our Solar System to date” – the imagined... life first elsewhere in the solar system and this would cause...’s quote then address such disciplinary dynamics and also the state of... of the SETI sciences. The dynamics of this sub-culture seem... life beyond earth in…? Our solar system (the sun and the... track through the self-correcting dynamics of visual, audio, and tactile... Arecibo message Interest 2010 Arecibo Observatory Interest 2010 Astrobiology (Exobiologie) Interest... Page Title 219 n/a Mauna Kea Observatory Science Website 2010 MESSENGER Mission... Center Government Organisation 2011 NASA Solar Dynamics Observatory (Little SDO) Government Organisation n/a NASA... Aerospace/Defence 2012 NASA's Earth Observatory Science Website 2012 NASA's Juno... Astronomy and Ionosphere Center (Arecibo Observatory) Organisation 2012 National Space Society... extra solar planets and studies of celestial bodies within the solar system...., Big Ear Radio Observatory and North American AstroPhysical Observatory. Drake, F. (1999). "Space... origin of life in the solar system: current issues." Annual review... search for life in our Solar System and the implications for..., M. (1995). Four models for the dynamics of science. In S. Jasanoff, G. Markle... new production of knowledge : the dynamics of science and research in... the Making of an Environmental Solar System." Anthropological Quarterly 85.4: 10271044...



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... Lab. (United States); M. Walker, General Dynamics Information Technology (United States); R. Sutherland... solar cell efficiencies can be increased by as high as 5%. Dynamics... molecular dynamics framework incorporating non-adiabatic quantum transitions studying ultrafast dynamics and... carrier dynamics. This technique has the ability to directly image carrier dynamics...-28, Session 6 Excitation dynamics in nanoscale materials for solar energy harvesting O. V. Prezhdo... exciton generation, QD solar cells, and carrier dynamics in PbSe QD films... generation dynamics in polymer solar cells studied by transient absorption spectroscopy 3. “Polymer Solar..., R. T. Sparks, C. E. Walker, National Optical Astronomy Observatory (United States) 7783-06, Session..., S. M. Pompea, C. E. Walker, National Optical Astronomy Observatory (United States); E. F. C. Dokter, The Univ..., R. T. Sparks, C. E. Walker, National Optical Astronomy Observatory (United States); E. F. C. Dokter, The Univ... Federation) The National Optical Astronomy Observatory has led the development of..., S. M. Pompea, R. T. Sparks, National Optical Astronomy Observatory (United States); E. F. C. Dokter, The Univ... by relative motion within the observatory - an issue during long exposures... is performed at the integrated observatory level to verify PM optical... by relative motion within the observatory - an issue during long exposures... Solar Observatory (United States); M. K. Cho, National Optical Astronomy Observatory (United States); E. R. Hansen, National Solar Observatory (United States) The primary mirror (M1) of Advanced Technology Solar Telescope... simulate the image from the Observatory’s Optical Telescope Element. The FGS... Optical Telescope Element (OTE) and Observatory level testing at Johnson Space... space astronomy (~40K). The JWST Observatory architecture includes the Optical Telescope... Technology Solar Telescope R. S. Upton, T. Rimmele, National Solar Observatory (United States) The Advanced Technology Solar... learned for the NASA mission Solar Dynamics Observatory R. B. Rivera, M. S. Secunda, A. F. Uhl, NASA Goddard... worst case, performance degradation. The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) experienced various types of..., testing, and launch of the Solar Dynamics Observatory to help future programs avoid... vent design evolution for the Solar Dynamics Observatory In this work the optics... into the same cavities. The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) had a number of such... Lab. (United States); J. D. Elwell, Space Dynamics Lab. (United States); I. H. Heinrichsen, W. R. Irace..., D. Miles, D. McLain, H. Latvakoski, M. F. Larsen, Space Dynamics Lab. (United States); M. A. Kahan, Optical... J. G. Cardon, H. Latvakoski, M. F. Larsen, J. D. Elwell, Space Dynamics Lab. (United States); A. K. Mainzer, I. H. Heinrichsen... developed at the Marseille Provence Observatory over more than 40 years...-astronomy facility---the International X-ray Observatory (IXO). We conclude with an.... In particular the Brera Astronomical Observatory will be in charge of... for demonstration. The Chandra X-ray Observatory, with its sub-arc second... instrument developed at the Brera Observatory, the ‘”Characterization Universal Profilometer... adjustment concepts for the Gen-X observatory D. A. Schwartz, R. J. Brissenden, M. D. Freeman, T. J. Gaetz, P. Gorenstein... required to be an X-ray observatory with 50 m^2 effective collecting area... 676 3290 · The Chandra X-ray Observatory, with its sub-arc second... represented by NASA’s Chandra X-ray observatory with 0.5 arc-second resolution, but..., and by ESA’s XMM-Newton observatory with 4,300 cm2 of collecting... NASA/ESA/JAXA International X-ray Observatory (IXO), with ~15,000 cm2... Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) mission addresses the need... Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) sensor are approximately 0.2 % (k=1) in... so-called A-train atmospheric orbital observatory together with Aqua, Aura, Calipso... acquired by the Robotic Lunar Observatory (ROLO). The ROLO focal plane... Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) mission. A brief overview of...) took place at a high-altitude observatory on Cerro Toco, Chile, from...-45, Session 8 spie.org/op Observatory (CLARREO) mission is the measurement... strategy underpinning the National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) design. Airborne spectroscopy... tropics by the Carnegie Airborne Observatory demonstrates the utility of remote... Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) and absolute lunar irradiance... enhancement precipitation. G. Zhou, Chongqing Meteorological Observatory (China) L. Hao, Hebei Climate Ctr..., LLC (United States) and Steward Observatory, Univ. of Arizona (United States...); R. Zavala, J. Benson, F. Vrba, D. Hutter, U.S. Naval Observatory (United States); H. Schmitt, U.S. Naval Research... capability of the Magdalena Ridge Observatory Interferometer (MROI) to image geostationary... at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO). Well over 100 search...



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... marked the launch of the Solar Dynamics Observatory. The European Cryosat-2 was launched... February 2010, NASA launched the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) into a geosynchronous orbit which... the agency's Orbiting Carbon - 15 - Observatory (OCO) replacement satellite aboard a Taurus... the ringed planet. >> Chandra X-ray Observatory Evidence for a thin veil of..., made with NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory, resolves a 10-year mystery surrounding... a contract with the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory to provide science and operational... and engineers involved. Herschel Space Observatory Early in the reporting period... results from the Herschel Space Observatory. >> In January 2010, the Herschel... Mercury. >> Planck The Planck space observatory - ESA's mission to study the... and Atmospheric Physics NASA's Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) made new observations... the sun. >> Cameras on NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory captured activity on the sun... Atlas booster in February, NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory arrived on station in geosynchronous.... NASA's LADEE spacecraft is a small observatory intended to study the moon... ESA-NASA Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) has completed half a solar cycle of..., the ESA Cornerstone Gaia astrometric observatory mission, to be launched before... this unusual solar minimum could be observed with a ‘Great Heliospheric Observatory’, a fleet... on 11 February 2010, NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) is the most advanced... Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA), the observatory is able to remotely measure...’s Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO) is the third mission in its Solar Terrestrial.... Solar tsunamis were discovered in 1997 by the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO... the heating mechanism and dynamics of the active solar corona. With this... solar wind. Since its launch in December 1995, the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory.../NASA project, is a space-based observatory, viewing and investigating the Sun... newer spacecraft, such as NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory are launched, SOHO’s continued observations... and dynamics of the solar interior and their role in driving solar activity... complexity of large space-based observatory missions places a growing emphasis on... distant objects known. NASA’s Chandra observatory and ESA's X-ray Multi-mirror... and high throughput spectroscopy, these observatory missions continue to generate major... (International Gamma Ray Astrophysics Laboratory) observatory, launched in 2002, is now... 2014. The large International X-ray Observatory (IXO), involving NASA, ESA and... Fermi (GLAST) MAXI (NASA/ESA) Observatory mission with 2.4 m telescope for imaging... with GI (guest observer) (ESA) Observatory mission. High throughput spectroscopy and... mission with GI programme. (Japan) Observatory mission with 10 m antenna for...-sky survey mission. Spitzer (NASA) Observatory mission. Space Infrared Telescope Facility... Herschel to L2. Herschel (ESA) Observatory mission, launched with Planck with... SVOM ASTRO-H GEMS (India) X-ray observatory. (ESA) Technology test mission for...; a fleet of advanced solar observatories, namely the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), the Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI), Hinode (‘Sunrise’; formerly Solar-B), the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory... and Processing (SWAP), and the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) are all currently in...-orbit Technology Demonstration Programme. The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), the first mission for... a more complete understanding of the solar dynamics that drive variability in the... through its Panel on Satellite Dynamics. IX.3 Solar System and Interplanetary Missions... dynamics of the atmosphere due to fast perturbations caused by the solar... field topology and dynamics, waves distribution etc.) influenced by solar activity. Over... launch the Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR). The currently expected launch... is December 2013. The NASA Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), launched on 11 February... further our understanding of the solar dynamics that drive variability in the... at the Royal Observatory of Belgium, where the solar observations are also...) and Peter Sutcliffe (Hermanus Magnetic Observatory, South Africa). Both the invited... of meteoric smoke Particles X-Ray Observatory (NASA) Lunar orbiter (China) Lunar... Space Network Deep Space Climate Observatory Deep Space Exploration Research Center... Diffusion in Liquids International X-Ray Observatory Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism... initiative Scientific Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Physics Solar Dynamics Observatory Sun Earth Connection Coronal...-Red Telescope Facility, now Spitzer Observatory (NASA) Satellite Laser Ranging Small... Diagnostics Instrument Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy Solar and Heliospheric Observatory Solar irradiance model... Students programme Solar-Terrestrial Environment Solar-Terrestrial Energy Programme Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Space...



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... 25, 2009, the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) satellite, also launched from... using data from the Keck Observatory reported the first definitive detection... 24, 2009, the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) satellite mission was lost.... Spacewalking astronauts brought the orbiting observatory to a new apex of scientific... mission of the Herschel Space Observatory, a collaborative project between NASA and... molecules. Specifically, the Herschel Space Observatory’s principal objectives are to help..., aeroacoustics, materials and structures, propulsion, dynamics and control, sensor and actuator... of temperature and humidity, ocean dynamics research, volcanic eruption monitoring, forest... uncovered a source of solar drawings from the Wendelstein Observatory in Austria for... will be launched on the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), and the calibration rocket... Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite. Both of these... X-ray Observatory, the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer, and the Spitzer Infrared Observatory... multi-billion-dollar Chandra X-ray Observatory, operated in orbit for NASA..., Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO). This mission is designed... the Utah State University Space Dynamics Laboratory to advance the development... missions at x-ray (International X-ray Observatory), millimeter (CMB Polarimeter Satellite), and... instruments intended for the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA). With... goal for the International X-ray Observatory satellite mission of 2 eV at... parks to start monitoring landscape dynamics in and around their units... change will impact permafrost, carbon dynamics, and watershed hydrology will help... agencies, and the Plate Boundary Observatory (PBO) component of the National... Oceanography and the Plate Boundary Observatory. In addition, the USGS worked..., and the USGS’s Cascade Volcano Observatory developed a prototype rapid-deployment hazard... to send data to the observatory, and can autonomously request the... included the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), the National Astronomy and... National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO), and the National Solar Observatory (NSO). The NSF... executive agency for the Gemini Observatory—an international A c t i v i t i e s The National Science.... The University of Arizona’s Steward Observatory Mirror Lab is fabricating the... (NSWP); the Coupling, Energetics, and Dynamics of Atmospheric Regions (CEDAR) program... research on the structure and dynamics of Earth’s upper atmosphere. In...-time dynamics. Geomagnetic storms occur when charged particles emitted by solar flares... three solar observatories: the Big Bear Solar Observatory and the Owens Valley Radio Observatory in California and the Mees Solar Observatory... construction of the IceCube Neutrino Observatory. Following the initial discovery of.... The South Pole IceCube Neutrino Observatory deployed 19 new strings of... available for science observations. The observatory expects the completion of all... 2004 met at the U.S. Naval Observatory in Washington, D.C. The four working... activities of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO), which, the Harvard-Smithsonian.... A c t i v i t i e s together with the Harvard College Observatory in Cambridge, Massachusetts, forms 2 0 0 9 The... dark energy. The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, controls... in A c t i v i t i e s As the Chandra X-ray Observatory entered its second decade of... of discovery with this remarkable observatory. FY 09 marked the third.... 141 142 The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory’s Submillimeter Array (SMA) continued to... to offer its popular monthly Observatory Night lectures and telescope observing... of Astronomy, NASM opened a public observatory that provides visitors with the... loan from the Harvard College Observatory. Programming commemorating the Centennial of... Traffic Information Coupling, Energetics, and Dynamics of Atmospheric Regions Committee on... Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory Common Land Units cosmic microwave... Atmospheric Administration National Optical Astronomy Observatory National Oceanographic Data Center National... Research Announcement National Radio Astronomy Observatory Natural Resources Conservation Service National... Infrastructure National Science Foundation National Solar Observatory NSOF NSPO NSRL NSRS NSTC...-Situ Sensor-web Orbiting Carbon Observatory Organization for Economic Cooperation and... PNT POES PPPL Plate Boundary Observatory plasma-jet-driven magnetic-inertial... Measurement Experiment Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory synthetic aperture radar Solar Alpha Rotary Joint... Advanced Computing Solar Dynamics Observatory Shuttle Hazard Area to Aircraft Calculator Solar, Heliospheric, and... Satellite Operations Control Center Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy Space Exploration... Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics thermal infrared Television Infrared Observation...



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... following big questions: - How does solar variability affect human society, technological... data. Living with a Star The Solar Dynamics Observatory will launch in early FY10... complete mission Critical Design Review. Solar Terrestrial Probes The Magnetospheric Multiscale... magnetosphere. The Coupled Ion-Neutral Dynamics Investigation (CINDI) instrument on the... any solar cycle) ever recorded during solar minimum. At the same time Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO...-observed cycles. The twin Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) imagers have exceeded... of solar wind wave fronts sweeping past Earth. SDO completed observatory-level... of hazardous solar storms, started PrePhase A studies. NASA approved Solar Orbiter to... of the solar wind, is informally termed the "Heliophysics Great Observatory" since..., modeling and visualization research. NASA's Solar Data Analysis Center provides a variety... Res Voyager Geotail Wind Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) Advanced Composition Explorer... Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) RHESSI Tech & Adv Concepts....6 212.2 204.6 208.7 230.0 236.6 Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) 108.1 20.8 34.1 20....1 223.8 212.0 216.6 232.8 237.5 -- Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) 90.0 24.1 14.2 14... Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), will complement and improve upon major capabilities of the Solar and Helispheric Observatory (SOHO), launched in 1995... concepts: the Solar Probe Plus (SPP) mission and Solar Orbiter Collaboration (SOC) with the European Space Agency. Solar Probe.../. Plans For FY 2010 The Solar Dynamics Observatory will launch in November 2009... the Solar Probe Plus mission. Detailed design activities for the Solar Orbiter... and Explanation of Changes Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) is currently in... forms of solar wind, energetic particles, and variations in solar irradiance. The... of this document. Solar Probe Plus The Solar Probe Plus mission is... Earth and the solar system. NASA is examining several Solar Probe Plus... Balloon Program Office. Solar Orbiter Collaboration (SOC): The Solar Orbiter Collaboration (SOC...: Science Heliophysics Living with a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) FY 2010 Budget Request... Living with a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Project Purpose The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) is the... forms of solar wind, energetic particles, and variations in solar irradiance. Scientists... solar cycle. SDO measures subsurface flows, photopheric magnetic fields, high-temperature solar... provide crucial understanding of solar activity, the solar cycle, and the inputs...: Science Heliophysics Living with a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Project Commitments SDO will... the solar atmosphere. Same Same University of Colorado Make hourly solar spectral... with a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Schedule Commitments NASA authorized the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) project... 2008 to November 2009. Project Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Base Year 2006 Base...: Science Heliophysics Living with a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Project Management The spacecraft...: Science Heliophysics Living with a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Project Risk Management Title... the level of the entire observatory. Liklihood of risk: possible, but... provide new knowledge on the dynamics and extremes of the radiation.... Approaching as close as 9.5 solar radii, Solar Probe Plus will repeatedly sample... the most hazardous solar energetic particles are energized, Solar Probe Plus will..., sampling the solar wind as it evolves with rising solar activity toward... with a Star Solar Probe Plus Estimated Project Deliverables Solar Probe will launch... Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes FY 2010 Budget... Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Project Descriptions and... Missions and Data Analysis Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO): Launched on October... mechanisms that power the solar atmosphere and drive solar eruptions. SCI-244... Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Implementation Schedule Project...: Project In Formulation: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS...: Project In Formulation: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS... of ~4 Gbits of data per observatory each day. Same Spacecraft GSFC...: Project In Formulation: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS... Operations Center and the Flight Dynamics Operations Area will be developed...: Project In Formulation: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS... operating. The Coupled Ion Neutral Dynamics Investigation (CINDI), and Two Wide... science discoveries. Coupled Ion-Neutral Dynamics Investigation (CINDI): CINDI is a NASA... the edge of the solar system, where the solar wind interacts with...



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... physics in space ...................................................................................190 Satellite dynamics......................................................................................................191 Scientific ballooning..................................................................................................194 Potentially... the joint U.S. – German Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Observatory (SOFIA). The SIM project... Sun. The two-year Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory mission will explore the origin, evolution, and interplanetary consequences of solar.... The mission of ESA’s Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (Soho) spacecraft was extended...-year-old observatory to support the operations of Japan’s Solar-B and NASA... in September 2007, and NASA’s Solar Dynamics Orbiter, planned for 2008. On... about 80 km higher. Japan’s Solar-B observatory was launched into a 280 x 686... Electronics for the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan. The project is... join the French Simbol-X orbital observatory to examine formation-flying concepts... communications, magnetic fields, fluid dynamics, and thermal dynamics. The experiments reached an...-NASA Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) has almost completed an 11-year solar..., the ESA Cornerstone Gaia astrometric observatory mission, to be launched before... observations at the Atmospheric Lidar Observatory for Middle Atmsophere Research (ALOMAR... gravity wave activity. The Arecibo Observatory potassium (K) Doppler lidar is now.... A new concept called the Virtual Observatory (VO) has recently taken hold... via the web through a virtual observatory. Under the VO concept, all.... The Virtual Ionosphere Thermosphere Mesosphere Observatory (VITMO) is currently under -145... the Solar Terrestrial Energy Programme (STEP) and the Coupling, Energetics and Dynamics... to 1 July at the Ebro Observatory in Roquetes, Spain, as part... in December 1995, the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) has been stationed... the solar wind and the magnetospheric plasma, in global magnetotail dynamics, in cross-tail currents, and in the formation and dynamics... Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) mission will provide a totally new perspective on solar... one another in orbit. One observatory will be placed ‘ahead’ of... the time of writing. The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) will be the first... complexity of large space-based observatory missions place a growing emphasis on... ________________________________________________________________________ -169- HST (NASA/ESA) Observatory mission with 2.4 m telescope for imaging... observer) programme. XMM/Newton (ESA) Observatory mission. High throughput spectroscopy and... with GI programme. Halca (Japan) Observatory mission. 10 m antenna for orbiting...-sky survey mission. Spitzer (NASA) Observatory mission. Space Infrared Telescope Facility... Herschel to L2. Herschel (ESA) Observatory mission 3 m warm Cassegrain telescope for... and operation of NASA’s Chandra observatory in June 1999, the ESA... and high throughput spectroscopy, these observatory missions continue to generate major... (International Gamma Ray Astrophysics Laboratory) observatory, launched in 2002, is now... point, working together as a single observatory. The European Xeus, a 10 m diameter... of operation. Infrared NASA’s Spitzer Observatory is detecting tens of millions... mission involves a large general-purpose observatory and a specialist spacecraft to attack...; a fleet of advanced solar observatories, namely the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), the... (ILWS)’programme. This includes the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), planned for launch in.... NASA is also developing the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), a successor to SOHO, for... a more complete understanding of the solar dynamics, that drive variability in the.... SATELLITE DYNAMICS The central theme of the COSPAR Panel on Satellite Dynamics... precursor to the Herschel Space Observatory that is scheduled for launch... work. The NASA STEREO (Solar Terrestrial RElations Observatory) spacecraft, launched on 26... Lidar Observatory for Middle Atmosphere Research Advanced Land Observing Satellite Ionospheric observatory... Geophysical Research and Applications X-Ray Observatory (NASA) Lunar mission (India) Lunar... on Solar-Terrestrial Physics Launch vehicle (NASA) Senseur à Diode Laser Solar Dynamics Observatory Solar EUV...-Red Telescope Facility, now Spitzer Observatory (NASA) ShiJian-8, a Chinese seed-breeding... Oxide Explorer Solar Occultation For Ice Experiment Solar and Heliospheric Observatory Rover of Mars Pathfinder See Yohkoh See Hinode ESA solar... the Equivalence Principle Solar-Terrestrial Energy Programme Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Space Telescope Imaging Spectrometer Space Test Program Solar... Ionosphere Thermosphere Mesosphere Observatory Very Long Baseline Interferometry Virtual Observatory Vortex Core...



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...] HELIO- 19 Solar Probe Plus [Formulation] HELIO- 25 Solar Orbiter Collaboration (SOC... from our Heliophysics System Observatory. The study of solar wind turbulence research... accomplishments, most notable was the Solar Dynamics Observatory/Extreme Ultraviolet Variability Experiment rocket... 5.2 5.7 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8 Directed Research & Technology 0.0 13.5 11.9 4.4 6.9 7.4 8.4 SOLAR Data Center 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 SEC Data & M odeling... deployed space assets, a Heliophysics System Observatory is created that enables interdisciplinary... Formulation Development Operations   SOLAR DATA CENTER The Solar Data Center provides mission... observations residing in the Virtual Solar Observatory. The center also provides a repository... data from the Heliophysics System Observatory in new, innovative investigations pursuing... and Computing participates in Virtual Observatory development efforts to assist in... and future missions of Flight Dynamics, the Operational Voice and Data... ANALYSIS Formulation Development Operations   SOLAR AND HELIOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY (SOHO) The Large Angle... context of the Heliophysics System Observatory, however several of the other... measures the composition of the solar-wind, solar energetic particles, anomalous cosmic... System Observatory mission. ACE addresses heliophysics science goals such as understanding solar... RAMATY HIGH ENERGY SOLAR SPECTROSCOPE IMAGER (RHESSI) RHESSI studies solar flares in... accelerated in solar eruptions? Observations will span nearly a full solar cycle by... AND DYNAMICS (TIMED) The TIMED mission characterizes and studies the physics, dynamics....1 103.2 137.1 229.3 215.2 Solar Probe Plus Solar Orbiter Collaboration 8.3 21.3 21...   Solar cycle 23 was the 23rd solar cycle since 1755, when recording solar... 2008. During solar maximum, huge sunspots and intense solar flares are more... 20002001. During solar minimum, the opposite occurs, and solar flares and sunspots are less frequent. The next solar maximum, for solar... was observed by SDO, Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO), Hinode, and RHESSI... provide new knowledge on the dynamics and extremes of the radiation... hours inside 10 solar radii, 965 hours inside 20 solar radii, and 2,134 hours inside 30 solar radii, sampling the solar wind as it evolves with rising solar... SCIENCE: HELIOPHYSICS: LIVING WITH A STAR SOLAR ORBITER COLLABORATION (SOC) Formulation Development.../missions/solar-orbiter. HELIO-30 SCIENCE: HELIOPHYSICS: LIVING WITH A STAR SOLAR ORBITER... SCIENCE: HELIOPHYSICS: LIVING WITH A STAR SOLAR ORBITER COLLABORATION (SOC) Formulation Development... SCIENCE: HELIOPHYSICS: LIVING WITH A STAR SOLAR ORBITER COLLABORATION (SOC) Formulation Development... ions in the N/A solar wind as part of a solar wind analysis instrument... SCIENCE: HELIOPHYSICS: LIVING WITH A STAR SOLAR ORBITER COLLABORATION (SOC) Formulation Development... Program M gmt and Future M issions Solar Dynamics Observatory   LWS provides the opportunity to... Formulation Development Operations   Operating Missions SOLAR DYNAMICS OBSERVATORY (SDO) Launched on February 11... form of solar wind, energetic particles, and variations in the solar irradiance. SDO collects data to help elucidate how solar activity... PHASE IN SOLAR FLARES The images shows a compilation of solar data from... deliver instrument suites to the observatory for integration and testing. Environmental... priorities. HELIO-40 SCIENCE: HELIOPHYSICS: SOLAR TERRESTRIAL PROBES MAGNETOSPHERIC MULTISCALE (MMS...’s magnetosphere, where they control the dynamics of the geospace environment and.../mms/. HELIO -41 SCIENCE: HELIOPHYSICS: SOLAR TERRESTRIAL PROBES MAGNETOSPHERIC MULTISCALE (MMS... four instrument suites to the observatory for integration and testing and... satellites. HELIO -42 SCIENCE: HELIOPHYSICS: SOLAR TERRESTRIAL PROBES MAGNETOSPHERIC MULTISCALE (MMS....8 -38.2 HELIO -44 SCIENCE: HELIOPHYSICS: SOLAR TERRESTRIAL PROBES MAGNETOSPHERIC MULTISCALE (MMS... four Gbits of data per observatory each day. Same Cost Share... V manifest. HELIO -46 SCIENCE: HELIOPHYSICS: SOLAR TERRESTRIAL PROBES MAGNETOSPHERIC MULTISCALE (MMS... Operations Center and the Flight Dynamics Operations Area will be developed... Future M issions 1.2 1.4 4.4 4.1 3.5 8.0 22.6 STEREO 8.2 9.0 8.5 9.6 9.6 9.7 9.7 Hinode (Solar-B) 8.0 8.2 8.2 8.4 8.4 8.5 8.6 Change From FY 2012 Estimate... as projects. Operating Missions SOLAR TERRESTRIAL RELATIONS OBSERVATORY (STEREO) The goal of... basic heating mechanisms and dynamics of the active solar corona. By investigating... of the energization and dynamics of the solar atmosphere. IRIS explorer will... return of the Heliophysics System Observatory, as this fleet of spacecraft... the edge of the Solar System. As the solar wind from the... their relation to solar variability. THE COUPLED ION-NEUTRAL DYNAMICS INVESTIGATIONS (CINDI) CINDI is a mission to understand the dynamics of... examples of missions offering important dynamics knowledge useful for future human...



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...] HELIO- 19 Solar Probe Plus [Formulation] HELIO- 25 Solar Orbiter Collaboration (SOC... from our Heliophysics System Observatory. The study of solar wind turbulence research... accomplishments, most notable was the Solar Dynamics Observatory/Extreme Ultraviolet Variability Experiment rocket... 5.2 5.7 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8 Directed Research & Technology 0.0 13.5 11.9 4.4 6.9 7.4 8.4 SOLAR Data Center 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 3.8 3.8 3.9 SEC Data & M odeling... deployed space assets, a Heliophysics System Observatory is created that enables interdisciplinary... Formulation Development Operations   SOLAR DATA CENTER The Solar Data Center provides mission... observations residing in the Virtual Solar Observatory. The center also provides a repository... data from the Heliophysics System Observatory in new, innovative investigations pursuing... and Computing participates in Virtual Observatory development efforts to assist in... and future missions of Flight Dynamics, the Operational Voice and Data... ANALYSIS Formulation Development Operations   SOLAR AND HELIOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY (SOHO) The Large Angle... context of the Heliophysics System Observatory, however several of the other... measures the composition of the solar-wind, solar energetic particles, anomalous cosmic... System Observatory mission. ACE addresses heliophysics science goals such as understanding solar... RAMATY HIGH ENERGY SOLAR SPECTROSCOPE IMAGER (RHESSI) RHESSI studies solar flares in... accelerated in solar eruptions? Observations will span nearly a full solar cycle by... AND DYNAMICS (TIMED) The TIMED mission characterizes and studies the physics, dynamics....1 103.2 137.1 229.3 215.2 Solar Probe Plus Solar Orbiter Collaboration 8.3 21.3 21...   Solar cycle 23 was the 23rd solar cycle since 1755, when recording solar... 2008. During solar maximum, huge sunspots and intense solar flares are more... 20002001. During solar minimum, the opposite occurs, and solar flares and sunspots are less frequent. The next solar maximum, for solar... was observed by SDO, Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO), Hinode, and RHESSI... provide new knowledge on the dynamics and extremes of the radiation... hours inside 10 solar radii, 965 hours inside 20 solar radii, and 2,134 hours inside 30 solar radii, sampling the solar wind as it evolves with rising solar... SCIENCE: HELIOPHYSICS: LIVING WITH A STAR SOLAR ORBITER COLLABORATION (SOC) Formulation Development.../missions/solar-orbiter. HELIO-30 SCIENCE: HELIOPHYSICS: LIVING WITH A STAR SOLAR ORBITER... SCIENCE: HELIOPHYSICS: LIVING WITH A STAR SOLAR ORBITER COLLABORATION (SOC) Formulation Development... SCIENCE: HELIOPHYSICS: LIVING WITH A STAR SOLAR ORBITER COLLABORATION (SOC) Formulation Development... ions in the N/A solar wind as part of a solar wind analysis instrument... SCIENCE: HELIOPHYSICS: LIVING WITH A STAR SOLAR ORBITER COLLABORATION (SOC) Formulation Development... Program M gmt and Future M issions Solar Dynamics Observatory   LWS provides the opportunity to... Formulation Development Operations   Operating Missions SOLAR DYNAMICS OBSERVATORY (SDO) Launched on February 11... form of solar wind, energetic particles, and variations in the solar irradiance. SDO collects data to help elucidate how solar activity... PHASE IN SOLAR FLARES The images show a compilation of solar data from... deliver instrument suites to the observatory for integration and testing. Environmental... priorities. HELIO-40 SCIENCE: HELIOPHYSICS: SOLAR TERRESTRIAL PROBES MAGNETOSPHERIC MULTISCALE (MMS...’s magnetosphere, where they control the dynamics of the geospace environment and.../mms/. HELIO -41 SCIENCE: HELIOPHYSICS: SOLAR TERRESTRIAL PROBES MAGNETOSPHERIC MULTISCALE (MMS... four instrument suites to the observatory for integration and testing and... satellites. HELIO -42 SCIENCE: HELIOPHYSICS: SOLAR TERRESTRIAL PROBES MAGNETOSPHERIC MULTISCALE (MMS....8 -38.2 HELIO -44 SCIENCE: HELIOPHYSICS: SOLAR TERRESTRIAL PROBES MAGNETOSPHERIC MULTISCALE (MMS... four Gbits of data per observatory each day. Same Cost Share... V manifest. HELIO -46 SCIENCE: HELIOPHYSICS: SOLAR TERRESTRIAL PROBES MAGNETOSPHERIC MULTISCALE (MMS... Operations Center and the Flight Dynamics Operations Area will be developed... 26.3 40.9 3.5 8.0 22.6 9.6 9.7 9.7 8.4 8.5 8.6   The Sun, solar system, and universe consist primarily... as projects. Operating Missions SOLAR TERRESTRIAL RELATIONS OBSERVATORY (STEREO) The goal of... basic heating mechanisms and dynamics of the active solar corona. By investigating... of the energization and dynamics of the solar atmosphere. IRIS explorer will... return of the Heliophysics System Observatory, as this fleet of spacecraft... the edge of the Solar System. As the solar wind from the... their relation to solar variability. THE COUPLED ION-NEUTRAL DYNAMICS INVESTIGATIONS (CINDI) CINDI is a mission to understand the dynamics of... examples of missions offering important dynamics knowledge useful for future human...



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...  ..................................................................................................................  123   3.6   SPACECRAFT  ..................................................................................................................................  123   3.7   PAYLOAD  AND  OBSERVATORY  INTEGRATION  &  TEST  .............................................................................  126   3.8   INTEGRATED  MODELING..., allowing detailed and robust interPalomar Observatory, Gemini Observatory, and the pretation of... WFIRSTAFTA will truly be a 'Great Observatory' for the Twentyfirst Century. These... take good advantage of the observatory’s capabilities and have incredible scientific... planet formation processes than either observatory alone, by collecting panchromatic images... charter specified that the WFIRSTAFTA observatory be serviceable. For this study... and analysis demonstrates that the observatory design provides an excellent platform... WFIRST-AFTA Figure 3-3: WFIRST-AFTA Observatory configuration featuring the 2.4-m telescope, two... not allowed to drive these observatory requirements, high-accuracy pointing, knowledge...-field) will interface with the observatory through the instrument carrier rather... design is based on the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) spacecraft, which was designed... refurbishment or upgrades to the observatory by replacing individual modules. Each... Telescope Spacecraft (incl. IC) Observatory (dry) Propellant (3σ) Observatory (wet) Mass (kg) Cont... 3-13: Observatory mass breakdown Section 3: WFIRST-AFTA Design Reference Mission Solar Array... the Observatory. Three, bodymounted solar array panels provide the observatory power. The solar array is sized to provide full observatory power... arsenide solar cells with at least 29.5% efficiency to provide Observatory power... high gain antennas. 3.7 Payload and Observatory Integration & Test Integration and test... in two phases, Payload I&T and Observatory I&T. During Payload I&T, the Telescope, WideField... when the Observatory separates from the launch vehicle. Finally, the Observatory moves back to the SES chamber for Observatory thermal balance... thermal vacuum testing cycles the Observatory between its worstcase temperature extremes... major Observatory environmental activities. After the baseline Observatory performance is verified, the Observatory... testing will verify that all Observatory functions are self compatible, i.e. they... control systems models to provide Observatory level optical performance assessments of... tracker platform) instrumentation teams. These Observatory IM-provided input datasets enable... instabilities. As a reference point, the Observatory structural model element count is... the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Observatory and Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) structural models were... prediction uncertainties. For the current Observatory configuration, a MUF of x2.04... the Observatory configuration described in this report indicate that the Observatory design... archives and the Virtual Astronomical Observatory. Several dedicated Science Teams will... angular momentum allocations, and the observatory moment of inertia tensor). The... mass properties from an early observatory design iteration: • • • Gap-filling slews... observatory environmental test phase is performed. Upon successful completion of the observatory environmental test program, the observatory is readied for... the major elements of the observatory (telescope, instrument, and spacecraft) are... to the instruments during observatory I&T. The WFIRSTAFTA observatory I&T flow is very achievable... instrument. The overall 82-month observatory development schedule includes slightly over... allowed the simplification of the Observatory propulsion system from a large bipropellant...) Structures: In general, the baseline Observatory mechanical and thermal design supports...   the   advantages  of  a  space-­‐based  observatory.   Key  Requirements   FOV  –  to  cover... France, Paris Observatory (LESIA), Marseille laboratory (LAM) and Nice Observatory (LAGRANGE) have... below). I-5 WFIRST-AFTA LAGRANGE/Nice Observatory (FR): LAGRANGE is associated to... - Paris Observatory, FR (coordinator for CGI) Pierre Baudoz, LESIA - Paris Observatory, FR Riccardo Caudi, Padova Observatory, IT Kjetil Dohlen, LAM - Marseille Observatory, FR Marc Ferrari, LAM - Marseille Observatory, FR Raphaël Galicher, LESIA - Paris Observatory, FR Jones Geraint, UCL, UK Raffaele Gratton, Padova Observatory, IT... Observatory, FR Frantz Martinache, LAGRANGE - Nice Observatory, FR Patrice Martinez, LAGRANGE - Nice Observatory, FR Jean Schneider, LUTH - Paris Observatory, FR Arthur Vigan, LAM - Marseille Observatory...