Спутник ФКИ. Solar Dynamics Observatory. [Редактировать]

Обсерватория солнечной динамики, (Solar Dynamics Observatory, SDO) — космическая обсерватория НАСА для изучения Солнца, рассчитанная на 5 лет работы. Была запущена 11 февраля 2010 года в рамках программы «Жизнь со Звездой» (Living With a Star, LWS). Целью программы LWS является развитие научных знаний, необходимых для эффективного решения аспектов Солнечно-Земных связей, которые непосредственно влияют на жизнь и общество. Целью SDO является понимание влияния Солнца на Землю и околоземное пространство путем изучения солнечной атмосферы на малых масштабах времени и пространства и во многих длинах волн единовременно.
На борту SDO находится аппаратура, способная получать 12 различных видов изображений Солнца. Один снимок SDO имеет размер 4096 на 4096 пикселей, что позволяет учёным наблюдать на поверхности Солнца детали с угловым размером 0,6 секунды. Аппарат передаёт снимки на Землю каждые 12 секунд, что составляет около 3 терабайт данных в сутки. В период с 2010 по 2015 было собрано около 2600 терабайт данных, в том числе 200 млн. фотографий.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1SDOНайтиНайти
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Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
3Тип орбиты - ГСО
4Страна производитель - США

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг3100
2Масса (сухая), кг1700
3Масса (полезной нагрузки), кг290

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град27.9
2Апогей, км35803.6
3Перигей, км35782.6
4Период, минут1436.1
5САС5 - 10
6Длинный диаметр эллипса, км42164

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2010-005A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Оператор Goddard Space Flight Center
2Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2007-01-01785.5
3Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2007-01-0178.0
4Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2007-01-01623.7
5Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2007-01-0183.8
6Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2009-10-01867.6
7Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2009-10-0184.9
8Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2009-10-01682.6
9Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2009-10-01100.1

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2010-02-11 at 15:23:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xSolar Dynamics Observatory
3Ракета-носитель 1xАтлас 5

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Solar Dynamics Observatory». [Перейти к поиску]


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... 11 was the Glory climate observatory mission launching on an Orbital... 10, 2011, NASA’s Aquarius/SAC-D observatory rocketed into space from Vandenberg... Base in California. The SAC-D observatory is a collaboration between NASA and.... In addition to Aquarius, the observatory carries seven instrudata. Other mission... observed from NASA’s twin Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO) spacecraft, launched in... originated. On September 7, 2011, NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) provided scientists with new..., astronomers using NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory found evidence of the youngest... universe. Similarly, the Herschel Space Observatory, on February 6, 2011, revealed how... is the world’s largest airborne observatory. It is a joint program between... German Aerospace Center (DLR). The observatory is a heavily modified Boeing 747SP..., A c t i v i t i e s On April 6, 2011, NASA’s Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy 2 0 1 1 there must... with a microscopically thin layer the observatory’s science instruments. The coating will... X-ray Observatory, the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer, and the Spitzer Infrared Observatory...), and the second Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO II). NIST F i s c a l climate variable... Variability Experiment (EVE) aboard NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) and others. NIST performed... observed by the Chandra X-ray Observatory and other x-ray missions. NIST... HobbyEberly Telescope at the MacDonald Observatory in Texas. The initial prototype... together again at the MacDonald Observatory to begin a systematic search for..., behavior, habitat use, and population dynamics of these animals. Each caribou... is located. The NCCN landscape dynamics monitoring program was developed in... low cost. The NCCN landscape dynamics monitoring program uses satellite imagery... disturbance and variations in vegetation dynamics following fire are primary factors... satellites, the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory can forecast the descent path... moon, Mars, Saturn, and asteroids. A c t i v i t i e s dynamics in the continuous permafrost regions... of the North American Forest Dynamics (NAFD) Project (http:// daac.ornl... Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), the Arecibo Observatory (AO), the National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO), and the National Solar Observatory... executive agency for the Gemini Observatory—an international partnership operating optical...-generation U.S. ground-based solar telescope. The ATST, a the U.S. solar physics community, previously... private funding was Arizona’s Steward Observatory Mirror Lab started preliminary figuring... designed and fabricated by General Dynamics SATCOM, and looks most like... (NSWP); the Coupling, Energetics, and Dynamics of Atmospheric Regions (CEDAR) program... research on the structure and dynamics of Earth’s upper atmosphere. In... for tracking geomagnetic storm-time dynamics. Geomagnetic storms F i s c a l to create a new... neutrinos with the IceCube Neutrino Observatory (ICNO), fully completed and commissioned... second ARM Mobile Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Science/Validation Team has..., together with the Harvard College Observatory in Cambridge, 2 0 1 1 The Smithsonian Institution... solar system. As one of NASA’s Great Observatories, the Chandra X-ray Observatory... made by the Chandra X-ray Observatory in FY 11. For example... spacecraft: Hinode and the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory. SAO continued to play..., once every 10 seconds. Y e a r The Solar Dynamics Observatory provides better-than-HD-quality.... The Submillimeter Array (SMA), a pioneering observatory for radio astronomy, continued to... popular monthly Observatory Night lectures and observing sessions. Begun by observatory director...  11, attendees routinely filled the observatory auditorium and a nearby overflow room... 2 Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2 Arecibo Observatory Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Animal... Data Layer Coupling, Energetics, and Dynamics of Atmospheric Regions Committee on... Navigation Satellite Systems IceCube Neutrino Observatory International Production Assessment Division Integrated... Data Buy North American Forest Dynamics North American Industry Classification System... Atmospheric Administration National Optical Astronomy Observatory nitrogen oxides nanophase iron National... Research Announcement National Radio Astronomy Observatory Natural Resources Conservation Service National... Boom Sensor System Orbiting Carbon Observatory Organization for Economic Cooperation and... States Geographic Information Council National Solar Observatory National Space Organization (Taiwan) NASA...-angle neutron scattering Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory standard and recommended practices Space...) Space Communications and Navigation Solar Dynamics Observatory Southern Great Plains Solar, Heliosphere, and INterplanetary... nanowire single photon detector Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy Space Exploration..., technology, engineering, and mathematics Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory Space Test Program Super...



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... Telescope, the premier space-based observatory. To enable this launch date... Telescope, the premier space-based observatory. To enable this launch date... Goal) while maintaining throughout the solar competition. (Agency system.  1.2.2: Maintain capability... in technical capabilities, such as solar electric propulsion and capture mechanisms... mission control by automating flight dynamics and consumables management on the... Contributing Programs Living with a Star, Solar Terrestrial Probes, Heliophysics Research, and....  The MMS mission completed all observatory environmental testing.  The NASA instruments... Imager) for Solar Orbiter successfully completed Critical Design Review.  Solar Probe Plus... to Earth and throughout the solar system. Performance Goal 1.4.2: Demonstrate progress... the outer reaches of the solar system. Performance Goal 1.4.3: Demonstrate progress... Multiscale (MMS) Observatory #4 Environmental Test.  HE-14-5: Complete Solar Orbiter Collaboration Heavy... to Earth 2.2.1.1 2.2.1.1 and throughout the solar system. Green Green Planned Future... to Earth and throughout the solar system. Contributing Theme: Heliophysics Contributing... this performance goal. Heliophysics System Observatory Tracks Energy Through Near-Earth... the Heliophysics System Observatory to track the journey solar energetic particles take... extreme-ultraviolet measurements from NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). As the magnetic field... solar energetic particles outward into the solar system. Scientists thought such impulsive solar... events. However, recent Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO), Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), Hinode... the outer reaches of the solar system. Contributing Theme: Heliophysics Contributing... as solar maximum, is associated with more extreme solar activity, while solar minimum is a time of few sunspots. The last solar... predict solar weather conditions in future cycles. During the last solar minimum, spacecraft in NASA’s Heliophysics System Observatory (HSO) observed the solar... 2014: Complete Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) Observatory #4 Environmental Test. Planned Future Performance... HE-14-5 Green Contributing Program: Solar Terrestrial Probes Annual Performance Indicator... FY 2015: HE-15-5: Initiate Solar Orbiter Collaboration launch integration activities... and physical processes in the 2.3.1.1 2.3.1.1 solar system operate, interact and evolve... Goldstone, California, and the Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico. These unique... to nearly 1,700. • The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) achieved... universe.  AS-14-5: Conduct Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) science... have used NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and the European Space Agency... European Space Agency’s Herschel Space Observatory have pieced together the evolutionary... (NuSTAR). The high-energy X-ray observatory has created the first map... For FY 2014: Conduct Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) science... commissioning flights for the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Echelon...-3: Complete commissioning flights for Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) second... In February 2014, the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA), a 2.7-meter.... Using data from the W. M. Keck observatory in Hawaii, scientists measured the....  2.2.6: Demonstrate progress in characterizing the dynamics of Earth’s surface and interior... airliner concept in NASA’s Transonic Dynamics Tunnel. This concept was developed... improve the current computational fluid dynamics (CFD) tools to meet the... launch of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO)-2 mission. FY 2014 Annual... 2.2.6: Demonstrate progress in characterizing the dynamics of Earth’s surface and interior... assessment and climate changes by dynamics of Earth’s Applications radiation balance...-14-2: Complete the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO)-2 observatory testing.  ES-14-4: Launch... climate system, the origins and dynamics of the 2012 midwestern drought... Demonstrate progress in characterizing the dynamics of Earth’s surface and interior...-technique core geodetic observatories: McDonald Observatory in Texas was selected for... Park Geophysical Observatory on Kauai and the Haleakala Observatory on Maui were... planned progress in characterizing the dynamics of Earth’s surface and 9ES17... planned progress in characterizing the dynamics of Earth’s surface and interior... planned progress in characterizing the dynamics of Earth’s surface and interior...  NASA launched the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO)-2 on July 2, 2014. OCO... 2014: Complete the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO)-2 observatory testing. Planned Future Performance... operational communications data.  Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO)-2, launched on July 2, 2014... commissioning flights for the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Echelon... August 31, 2012, by the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). Credit: NASA/SDO Strategic...



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... цикла солнечной активности. По данным Solar Dynamics Observatory развитие текущего цикла активности характеризуется... карты по данным космической обсерватории ―Solar Dynamics Observatory‖ в крайнем ультрафиолете, которые отражают структуру... Solar Cycle 24 in Corona, Chromosphere, and Photosphere seen by the Solar Dynamics Observatory, 2014, Solar Phys., 289, Issue 9, pp.3371-3379. 2. Benevolenskaya, E. E., Shapovalov, S. N., Kostuchenko, I. G. Solar Spectral Irradiance and Total Solar Irradiance at a Solar Minimum, Geomagnetism...-Maximov, V.E., Borovik, V.N., Opeikina, L.V., Tlatov, A.G.: 2014, Solar Phys., doi: 10.1007/s11207014... climate response to the solar cycle //Climate Dynamics 2014. Т. 42. №. 9-10. С. 2469... ˚A и He I 10830 A˚ ) и данным спутникового телескопа Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) (линии Fe I 6173, 1700..., V. A.; Chertok, I. M.; Filippov, B. P.; Rudenko, G. V.; Temmer, M. A Challenging Solar Eruptive Event of 18 November... History of an Eruptive Filament, Solar Physics Grechnev, V. V.; Uralov, A. M.; Chertok, I. M.; Slemzin..., Y. I.; Fainshtein, V. G.; Afanasyev, A. N.; Prestage, N. P.; Temmer, M. A Challenging Solar Eruptive Event of 18 November..., G. V.; Myshyakov, I. I.; Chertok, I. M.; Filippov, B. P.; Slemzin, V. A. A Challenging Solar Eruptive Event of 18 November..., I. M.; Belov, A. V.; Filippov, B. P.; Slemzin, V. A.; Jackson, B. V. A Challenging Solar Eruptive Event of 18 November... of Solar Eruptions and the Ap Index of Geomagnetic Storms, Solar Physics... Меткалфа и др. (Solar Phys. 237, 267, 2006) и Леки и др. (Solar Phys. 260... волновых фронтов. Sych R., Nakariakov V. M. Wave dynamics in a sunspot umbra, A &A, 569, id...ò, G.; Anfinogentov, S.; Nakariakov, V. M. Dynamics of a multi-thermal loop in the solar corona. A&A, 570... Twist in Solar Active Regions over the Phases of the Solar Cycle... являются характерными для протуберанца. Merzlyakov V.L. Solar Prominence Dynamic Model. Geomagnetism and..., I.M. Chertok, G.V. Rudenko, B.P. Filippov, M. Temmer. A Challenging Solar Eruptive Event of 18 November..., V.G. Fainshtein, A.N. Afanasyev, N.P. Prestage, M. Temmer. A Challenging Solar Eruptive Event of 18 November... of Solar Eruptions and the Ap index of Geomagnetic Storms. Solar Phys.... Q.J.: Dynamics of flare processes and variety of the fine structure of solar... Fu, Marian Karlicky, Robert Sych, Dynamics of flare processes and polarization... the solar wind and their role in particle acceleration. Part 1: Dynamics of.... Zharkova V. & Khabarova O. , Re-acceleration of solar wind particles in current sheets... -- 2014", ГАО РАН, СПб. V.L.Merzlyakov. Solar Prominence Dynamic Model. Geomagnetism and... 7123 Active Region: The Structure, Dynamics and Reasons of Occurrence. Geomagnetism... излучения. Публикация: V.V. Zaitsev · A.V. Stepanov · P. Kaufmann, Solar Physics ; ISSN 0038-0938: импакт... волны. Публикация: E.Y. Zlotnik · V.V. Zaitsev · A.T. Altyntsev, Solar Physics ; ISSN 0038-0938: импакт... of the solar wind associated with small-scale solar activity in solar minimum.... Журн. 6. Fahr H.J., Chashei I.V., Verscharen D. Travelling solar wind bulk velocity jumps in... карты по данным космической обсерватории 'Solar Dynamics Observatory» в крайнем ультрафиолете, которые отражают структуру... Solar Cycle 24 in Corona, Chromosphere, and Photosphere seen by the Solar Dynamics Observatory, 2014, Solar Phys., 289, Issue 9, pp.3371-3379. 2. Benevolenskaya, E. E., Shapovalov, S. N., Kostuchenko, I. G. Solar Spectral Irradiance and Total Solar Irradiance at a Solar Minimum, Geomagnetism... field in the solar chromosphere. I. Gradual and impulsive energisation‖, Solar Physics, 2014.... 7. Liliya Alekseeva, Sergey P. Kshevetskii, ―The dynamics of plasma with a horizontal magnetic... patterns occasionally observed in the solar atmosphere‖, 40th COSPAR Scientific Assembly..., T. Kaltman, E. Kurochkin, N. Topchilo, A. Shendrik, ―Big solar flares prediction based on RATAN..., T. Kaltman, E. Kurochkin, N. Topchilo, A. Shendrik, ―Big solar flares prediction based on RATAN... from a threedimensional model of the solar atmosphere. I. Diagnosing chromospheric thermal structure... //Bulletin of the Crimean Astrophysical observatory, 2014, V.110, issue 1, PP. 105... / / Bulletin of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, 2014, Vol. 110, pp. 125.... //Bulletin of the Crimean Astrophysical observatory, 2014, V.110, issue 1, PP. 85... the solar active region NOAA 10930 //Bulletin of the Crimean Astrophysical observatory... A.I. ENERGY ACCUMULATION FOR SUBSTORMS AND SOLAR FLARES. 12 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON..., D. Moss, D. Sokoloff, J. T. HoeksemaReversals of the solar magnetic dipole in the light... of the tilts of bipolar solar regions, Solar Physics, 2014? published on... solar cycles and solar dynamo with fluctuations of the solar dynamo governing parameters,Solar... climate forecast based on the solar-geomagnetic signal 7. 8. Новые подходы к среднедолгосрочному...



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...-atmosphere drag. NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) was lost due to... Humans. The fourth and final solar-power wing was delivered to... down operations of the Ulysses solar probe after nearly 19 years... reduced life due to a partial solar array failure and is not... a technical error in the satellite's solar array. On 21 January the..., operated by solar power during daytime hours and solar-charged batteries at... $100-million Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) Earth-monitoring satellite. NASA...-weather monitoring, the Plasma-Magnetometer Solar Weather Package. Total cost of... the Sun that help predict solar storms. On 6 June NOAA awarded... (all USA). NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) was delivered to Vandenberg... space. Glory also carries a total solar irradiance monitor and a cloud camera... began during the winter, when solar and nutrient availability were low... independent mirror systems, and two solar panels on each side of... and lubricated the damaged starboard solar alpha rotary joint (SARJ; see... brought the fourth and final solar array to the ISS, adding... of six people. The 73-m solar wings, folded into a 13.7 x 4.9 x 4.5-m package... in position outboard of the solar alpha rotary joint by the... employed unfurling and checking the solar array blankets and conducting some... science experiments, including an astronomical observatory that will monitor X-ray spectra... Agency (JAXA), is a 16.5-tonne solar-powered cylinder about 10 m long... module with two flat rectangular solar arrays. To be launched by... on another planet outside the solar system. During its brief close... use a solar telescope and spectrograph to investigate the dynamics of the solar chromosphere... Corporation. On 3 February the Paris Observatory announced that the French Corot... Herschel three-axis-stabilized Space Observatory (see prior reports) was shipped... to analyze the causes of solar flares. Koronas-Foton was the... satellite in a series to study solar-terrestrial physics as part of... of 56 accelerated particles during solar flares. The spacecraft will also... and build instruments for ESA’s Solar Orbiter mission, one of five.... If committed by ESA, the Solar Orbiter is planned for launch... down operations of the Ulysses solar probe on 30 June after... discovered that the dispersal of solar particles is not solely a function... Sun indefinitely. On 7 July NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) was shipped from builder... causes of the 11-year solar cycle. The 3.2-tonne spacecraft carries... to minimize damage to its solar cells. The $1-billion+ project, 57... $836 million: the International X-Ray Observatory and the Laser Interferometer Space... created when protons from the solar wind strike the lunar surface... system and two four-wheeled solar-powered rovers, each equipped with... storm that had obscured its solar panels and reduced its battery... the dust from the rover’s solar panels, making more power available... electric-power industry in space solar power systems, the Pacific Gas...-proven triple-junction gallium arsenide solar cells, which have demonstrated efficiencies... ESA/NASA/JAXA International X-Ray Observatory and NASA’s planned Terrestrial Planet... but only rammed into a protruding solar panel or antenna, because the... of our planet and the solar system, he is looking to... supply their new version of a "Solar Wind Electron Analyzer," which will... measure the characteristics of Mars’ solar winds and their ionospheric electrons... CNES access to its Keck Observatory near the summit of Mauna..., for studying the effects of solar flares and other space weather... materials and build up an observatory based on the Moon. Nengli... Moon and planets of the Solar System are also planned, along... system and two four-wheeled, solar-powered rovers each equipped with...



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.... Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) scientists have, for the first time, imaged solar... a small solar system body. Scientists used the Chandra X-ray Observatory to examine...). Development activities on the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) continue...; the International Solar Terrestrial Physics (ISTP) Wind, Polar, and Solar Observatory for Heliospheric... (Thousands of Dollars) Chandra X-ray Observatory ........................................... Space Infrared Telescope Facility..................................... Hubble... Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) .......................................................... * Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy .......... * Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO... REQUIREMENT CHANDRA X-RAY OBSERVATORY FY 2000 Chandra X-ray Observatory development * ........................ FY 2001... to the High-Energy Astrophysics Observatory (HEAO) program. The scientific payload...-year lifetime, and AXAF-S, a smaller observatory flying an X-Ray Spectrometer (XRS... Array Camera (IRAC), Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Dr. Giovanni Fazio; the Infrared... needed for power, data collection, Observatory control and pointing, and communications... failures render the Observatory inoperable. SAT 1-10 SCHEDULE & OUTPUTS Observatory Upgrades/SM... REQUIREMENT STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) FY 2000 Stratospheric Observatory for... FUNDING REQUIREMENT SOLAR TERRESTRIAL RELATIONS OBSERVATORY (STEREO) FY 2000 Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO... requiring the capabilities of a major observatory. STRATEGY FOR ACHIEVING GOALS Explorer... Saturn in 2004. Chandra X-ray Observatory, CXO / Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility... retains operational responsibility for the observatory, the Science Institute plans, manages... expected beyond FY 2002), Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) (launched December 2, 1995... Observatories, will be a cryogenically cooled observatory to conduct infrared astronomy from... page SAT 1-23 above), Solar B, and Solar Dynamics Observatory, as well as future SEC... Information Systems R&T will demonstrate Virtual Observatory capability from an investigator workstation... AO (Announcement of Opportunity) for Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) mission. SAT 1-62 SEU... and the solar wind. Its target launch date is 2010. • Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), a follow-on to Yohkoh, will observe the Sun's dynamics to... Space Telescope, the Chandra X-ray Observatory, the Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous... Explorer (TRACE), and the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO). However, many other... possible thanks to the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) spacecraft. SOHO scientists have, for the first time, imaged solar.... Development continues of the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) for... lead center for Chandra X-ray Observatory development and, following Chandra's successful... Center (SEDAC), Lamont-Dougherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, New York... delivery spacecraft contract. The QuikTOMS observatory will be launched from Vandenberg... been completed and delivered for observatory integration. The QuikTOMS spacecraft bus... development of the Plate Boundary Observatory (PBO) which constitutes a five fold... at Goldstone is supporting the Solar Observatory for Heliospheric Observations spacecraft. An...; the International Solar Terrestrial Physics (ISTP) Wind, Polar, and Solar Observatory for Heliospheric... supports the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO), Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite...; the International Solar Terrestrial Physics (ISTP) Wind, Polar, and Solar Observatory for Heliospheric... (TRACE); the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO); and Submillimeter Wave Astronomy... the MSFC developed Chandra X-ray Observatory through the Operations Control Center... Center at the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory in Cambridge, MA. SPACE OPTICS.... Development continues of the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) for... Telescope, the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, and the Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics... Swift is a three-telescope space observatory for studying the position, brightness... development funding for the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) was... (I&T) of spacecraft and payload. • Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Development... payload and initiate development. • Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) Development: Have contracts... Design Review (PDR). • Herschel Space Observatory: Complete the SPIRE qualification model... a Star: Announce instrument investigations for Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) mission. Public Benefit: Careful... times greater than the Einstein Observatory.(CXO) Assessment Green Annual Performance... objectives for: Strategic Plan Development, Solar Dynamics Observatory, and Research and Data Analysis... the dynamics of trends in atmospheric atmospheric chemistry by constituents and solar...



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....1 223.8 212.0 216.6 232.8 237.5 Solar Dynamics Observatory 144.0 90.0 24.1 14.2 14... a Star, Sci-263 Sci-245 Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) [Development], Sci-269 Radiation... solar system." NASA launched four satellites to explore and understand the dynamics... Changes Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) The Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) will improve... Observatory (OCO) Project Purpose The data received from the Orbiting Carbon Observatory... form the Aquarius/SAC-D observatory. This observatory will be launched into a polar... composition, atmospheric dynamics, global precipitation, ocean biology, ocean dynamics, and solar irradiance; - The... X-Ray Observatory, the Spitzer Space Telescope, and the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory... Strategic Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) is an airborne observatory that will... Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Management The overall Stratospheric Observatory... for the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory and Hinode missions from the Solar Terrestrial... missions such as Magnetospheric Multiscale, Solar Dynamics Observatory, and Interstellar Boundary Explorer that... on data from the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) spacecraft, permits for... solar pass in March 2008. After an appropriate overlap with the Solar Dynamics Observatory... Voyager Ulysses Geotail Wind Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) Polar Fast Auroral....1 223.8 212.0 216.6 232.8 237.5 Solar Dynamics Observatory 144.0 90.0 24.1 14.2 14....5 253.0 269.2 261.4 266.1 286.7 0 Solar Dynamics Observatory 182.9 110.4 25.6 16.7 15... Solar Dynamics Observatory, will replace and improve upon the science of the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO). If approved for....3. Plans For FY 2009 1. Launch Solar Dynamics Observatory and commission spacecraft. 2. Complete Phase... and Explanation of Changes Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) will investigate how... organization for the mission. The Solar Dynamics Observatory launch vehicle and two instruments...: Science Heliophysics Living with a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) FY 2009 Budget Request... Living with a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Project Purpose The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) is the...: Science Heliophysics Living with a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Project Commitments SDO will... Living with a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Schedule Commitments The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Project was...: Science Heliophysics Living with a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Development Cost and Schedule... 2008 Omnibus Appropriations Act. Project Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Base Year 2006 Base... Year Development Cost Estimate for Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) of $652.7M has...: Science Heliophysics Living with a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Project Management The spacecraft... Solar Terrestrial Probes Project Descriptions and Explanation of Changes Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO) Launched on October 25, 2006, the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory... and Atmospheric Administration-N Prime (NOAA-N'), Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP... Kepler mission, the Herschel space Observatory, the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), the National Polar.../30/2009 11/30/2009 0 Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) 2006 623.7 2008 641... Heliophysics APG 8HE06 Complete Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Integrated Observatory Performance Test. Living with... the launches of Solar–B (Hinode), the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO), the Time... undergoing Integration and Testing (I&T). The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) also is planned for... 6ESS15 Green 7ESS13 Green Deliver Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) instruments to spacecraft for... FY05 FY06 FY 2007 Deliver Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) instruments to spacecraft for... on data from the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) spacecraft, permits - for... FY05 FY06 FY 2007 Deliver Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) instruments to spacecraft for... at White Sands for the Solar Dynamics Observatory and Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO.... Red Heliophysics Theme 7ESS14 Deliver Solar Dynamics (Outcomes Observatory (SDO) 3B.1, 3B.2, and... Platform AIA Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (Solar Dynamic Observatory instrument) BE Beyond Einstein... Coil Extreme-ultraviolet Variability Experiment (Solar Dynamics Observatory instrument) EF Exposed Facility EVM... HMI Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (Solar Dynamic Observatory instrument) IPO Integrated Program... SOC Solar Orbiter Collaboration SATS Small Aircraft Transportation System SOFIA Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy SAU Strategic Airspace Usage SOHO Solar Heliospheric... Cycle SR Space Radiation SDO Solar Dynamics Observatory SRB Solid Rocket Booster SDR... Long Duration Balloon STEREO Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory ULF Utilization and Logistics...



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.../infrared observatory in the world, as well as the sub-millimeter observatory..., M. Y. Piotrovich, T. M. Natsvlishvili, S. D. Buliga Central Astronomical Observatory at Pulkovo of Russian Academy..., M. A. Pogodin, I. S. Guseva, S. E. Pavlovskiy, N. Rusomarov Pulkovo Observatory E-mail: beskrovnaya@yahoo.com Results... rotational dynamics of minor planetary satellites Alexander Melnikov, I. I. Shevchenko Pulkovo Observatory Pukovskoje... dynamics of real minor planetary satellites. 32 S2: Planets of the Solar... launched Solar Dynamics Observatory mission are also highlighted. On the Interaction of the Solar... sensitivity solar polarimeters are being installed at El Leoncito high altitude observatory, where sub-THz (0.2 and 0.4 THz) solar flare flux... Melnikov, J. E. R. Costa, P. J. A. Simoes Pulkovo Astronomical Observatory Pulkovskoe Chaussey, 65/1 E-mail: vic... the solar atmosphere Alexei Pevtsov U.S. National Solar Observatory E-mail: apevtsov@nso.edu Solar atmosphere... of the data obtained with Solar Dynamics Observatory from both instruments: The Helioseismic... of solar activity which are the main subjects in the Pulkovo Observatory... the lower solar corona at microwaves Vladimir Bogod Spesial Astrophysical Observatory 196140... of the solar corona particles velocity distribution function (VDF) dynamics near high...” cycles of solar activity Michail Ryabov, S. A. Lukashuk, A. L. Suharev Odessa observatory “Uran-4” RI... resolution data obtained with the Solar Dynamics Observatory Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (SDO/AIA... astronomical observatory Alexander Shulga, Eugene Kozyryev, Eugenia Sybiryakova Nikolaev Astronomical Observatory 1 Observatornaya...” observatory participated in the IVS-CONT05 and IVS-CONT08, “Zelenchukskaya” observatory participated..., A. A. Arkharov, S. G. Sergeev, S. Yu. Shugarov Pulkovo Observatory Pulkovskoe sh., 65/1, St. Petersburg... Special Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) and 1.8-m telescope of Bohyunsan Optical Astronomy Observatory (Korea... Alexei Kniazev South African Astronomical Observatory P.O. Box 9, Observatory, 7935, South Africa E-mail... Alexei Kniazev South African Astronomical Observatory P.O. Box 9, Observatory, 7935, South Africa E-mail... Galaktic disk Sergey Korotin Astronomical Observatory, Odessa National University T. G. Shevchenko Park..., V. N. Frolov, J. K. Ananjevskaja Central (Pulkovo) astronomical observatory E-mail: poliakow@homelink.ru The..., A. L. Suharev, R. A. Sych, H. D. Aller, M. F. Aller Odessa observatory “URAN-4” RI NANU Pushkinskaya 37... Khovritchev, E. V. Khrutskaya, I. S. Izmailov, A. A. Berezhnoj Pulkovo Observatory 65/1 Pulkovskoye chaussee, Saint Petersburg... Barway South African Astronomical Observatory PO Box 9, Observatory, 7935 Cape Town E-mail... Astrophysical Institute, Observatory, 050020, Almaty, Kazakhstan 050020 Kazakhstan Almaty Observatory E-mail: eddenis... predictions Simon Pustilnik Special Astrophyiscal Observatory 369167, Nizhnij Arkhyz, Zelenchuk district... observatory 196140 St. Petersburg Pulkovo, St. Petersburg branch of Special Astrophysical observatory... Gibiec, M. Balucinska-Church, M. J. Church Astronomical Observatory / Jagiellonian University Orla 171, 30... Observatory program is the operational facility successor to the National Virtual Observatory... Areg Mickaelian Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory (BAO) Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory (BAO), Byurakan 0213... Protitch-Benishek, Vladimir Benishek Astronomical Observatory 11060 Belgrade, Volgina 7 E-mail: vprotic... the Department of Dynamics of Solar System bodies at Belgrade Observatory on Data... discovered asteroids from Belgrade Observatory, comets and other Solar System objects with..., S. D. Tsekmeister, L. N. Zvonareva Central (Pulkovo) astronomical observatory E-mail: poliakow@homelink.ru Pulkovo... properties Alexei Moiseev Special Astrophysical Observatory Nizhnij Arkhyz, Zelenchukskiy region, Karachai... Alexei Kniazev South African Astronomical Observatory P.O. Box 9, Observatory, 7935, South Africa E-mail... Stars from the Solar Neighbourhood Slobodan Ninkovic Astronomical Observatory Volgina 7, 11060 Beograd... fine structure and small-scale dynamics of solar atmosphere, subpolar regions SPS6.... A new University Observatory which homes a 50 cm telescope, a solar telescope and other... Milankovi´ c’s calendar) Veselka Trajkovska Astronomical Observatory Volgina 7, 11060 Belgrade 38, Serbia... Observatory and Pulkovo Observatory of RAS Veselka Trajkovska, G. Damljanovi´ c, V. Protitch-Benishek Astronomical Observatory... Astronomical Observatory with Pulkovo Observatory of RAS. Many astronomers of the Belgrade Observatory..., Andrei Tlatov. SDO in Pulkovo Observatory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S3-3. Vladimir Bogod. New opportunities... observations made by Nikolaev astronomical observatory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Elena Skurikhina, Andrey Finkelstein... Stars from the Solar Neighbourhood . . . . SPS5-8. Leonid Ossipkov. Dynamics of Sinking Galaxies...fic collaboration between Belgrade Astronomical Observatory and Pulkovo Observatory of RAS . . . . . . 213 213...



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... American Jewish Committee Arecibo Ionospheric Observatory (Puerto Rico) African Journals Online... Inc. Automated Met-Ice-Geophysics Observatory Systems African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis... Light-Emitting Diode Astrophysical Multimessenger Observatory Network Arbeitskreis Atome, Molek¨ ule... Hartcourt, Nigeria) Advanced Robotic Agile Observatory (Astrophysik/astrophysics) Automotive Research Association... (Computertechnologie/computer technology) Astronomical Virtual Observatory (Europe) Audio-Visual Object (Telekommunikation... Board System (Internet) Big Bear Solar Observatory (Big Bear Lake, CA, USA...-Shelf (hardware or software) Chicagoland Observatory for Underground Particle Physics (neuartige... (Sprachverarbeitung/speech processing) Distributed Biological Observatory Deutsches Bundespatent (nach 1945) Division... (Telekommunikation/telecommunication) Deep Space Climate Observatory Differentiated Services Code Point (Telekommunikation... for Research Networking Exoplanet Characterization Observatory (ESA, planned) European Convention on...) (Satellitennavigation/satellite navigation) European Gravitational Observatory (Pisa, IT) Electronic Program Guide... Technology Conference European Information Technology Observatory Exajoule (= 1018 Joule) Enterprise Java... ESSI Service Organization European Southern Observatory, Europ¨ aische Organisation f¨ ur astronomische... Health European Science and Technology Observatory (EC) Elektronisches Stellwerk (Eisenbahntechnik/railway...] Excited Dimer (Laser) Enriched Xenon Observatory Experimental European Experimental Reentry Testbed... Network (WHO) Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory (Arizona, USA) Facilities Management (Telekommunikation... Germanisches Nationalmuseum (N¨ urnberg) Gallex Neutrino Observatory (INFN, Gran Sasso, IT) GNU... Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (Satellit/satellite) GRO Grimaldi Robotic Observatory (Teleskop auf... (Telekommunikation/telecommunication) High Energy Astrophysical Observatory High Elevation Antarctic Terahertz Telescope...) High-Volume Manufacturing Hawaiian Volcano Observatory Hydride Vapor Phase Epitaxy (semiconductor... Asteroid Warning Network International Axion Observatory Important Bird Area (Naturschutz/nature... Europe India-Based Neutrino Observatory Iranian National Observatory Institut f¨ ur Nichtlineare Optik...) Independent System Operator Infrared Space Observatory (1995–1998) International Standards (or... Carrier (Telekommunikation/telecommunication) International X-Ray Observatory International Year of Astronomy (2009...] Arnold – [J¨ urgen] Moser Kuiper Airborne Observatory (astrophysics) Korea Aerospace Research Institute... (Telekommunikation/telecommunication) Kitt Peak National Observatory (USA) [M.] Kardar – [G.] Parisi – [Y.-C.] Zhang (sedimentation... Surface Field (Solarzellen/solar cells) Large Binocular Telescope (Steward Observatory, Mount Graham... High Altitude Air Shower Observatory (cosmic ray observatory, Shangrila, Yunnan Provinces, southwest...] LIGO Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (Livingston, LA, USA, Einweihung/opening... Neural Dynamics (course at Princeton University, USA) Nanohertz Gravitational Wave Observatory (at...) National Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Science National Astronomical Observatory of Japan... Automotive Excellence National Optical Astronomy Observatory (USA) Network Operating (or: Operation... (Group, ETH Z¨ urich, CH) National Solar Observatory (USA) Near-Field Scanning Optical... (Astronomie/astronomy) Owens Valley Radio Observatory Ostwestfalen-Lippe Overwhelmingly Large (Teleskop... Navigation pyrolytisches Bornitrid Plate Boundary Observatory (Geod¨ asie/geodesy) Polybenzobioxazol Physiologically... exoplanets, ESA, start 2024) Plateau Observatory (Antarctica) Packet Loss Concealment (Telekommunikation... POSTECH PostEurop Polymethylmethacrylat Pine Mountain Observatory (University of Oregon, USA) Program... (Telekommunikation/telecommunication) South African Astronomical Observatory South Asian Association of Regional... (nuclear waste processing) Smithonian Astrophysical Observatory Special Awards Organization Sustaining Arctic... Machine Translation Service Development Architecture Solar Dynamics Observatory (NASA) Standard Development Organizations Single... Statistical Neural Networks Sudbury (or: Solar) Neutrino Observatory (Sudbury, ON, CA) Scanning... Access Protocol (Telekommunikation/telecommunication) Southern Observatory for Astronomical Research Study of...) Superresolution Optical Fluctuation Imaging Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (NASA/DLR... Office, Home Office (Internet) Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (Satellit/satellite, seit/since 1996) Silicon on Insulator (Photonik/photonics) Solar... Effects of Intercessory Prayer Solar Terrestric Relations Observatory (seit/since 2006) Studentische... Observatory Secure Voice over IP (Telekommunikation/telecommunication) Sprachverst¨ andlichkeitsschwelle Swedish Vacuum Solar...-Field Infrared Explorer Wyoming Infrared Observatory (USA) WAN Interface Sublayer (Telekommunikation...



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... Hubble Space Telescope Program Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Program... Program Solar Dynamics Observatory Solar Terrestrial Probes Program Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Solar B Explorer... and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observatory Orbiting Carbon Observatory Aquarius Earth-Sun System... 2006 budget request: ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ $166.0 M for Solar Dynamics Observatory, to complete integration and test... development of Orbiting Carbon Observatory, Aquarius, and Glory. Solar Dynamics Observatory Integration and Test... this budget include: $166.0 M for Solar Dynamics Observatory, to complete integration and test..., deployable, space-based infrared astronomical observatory. JWST is currently conducting a replan... Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Technical Parameters The SOFIA observatory was... the U.S. Key Participants Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) operates Chandra. California Institute... Herschel Space Observatory will be the first space observatory covering the full... of Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO), Aquarius, and Glory. Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Integration and...). Major Recent Accomplishments: Orbiting Carbon Observatory, Aquarius, and Glory successfully passed... Katrina devastation. STEREO (Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory) completed observatory pre-environmental review and... external expert review. 7ESS14.1 Deliver Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) instruments to spacecraft for... affected by solar variability and planetary magnetic fields. 7ESS14.2 Deliver Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO... and robotic explorers. 7ESS14.3 Deliver Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) instruments to spacecraft for... For FY 2007 -Deliver the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) intruments to the spacecraft...: Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) (Dollars in Millions) President's FY 2007 Budget Request Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO... cost and schedule plans. The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) is the Living With... it is propagated throughtout our solar system. Solar Dynamics Observatory Spacecraft SDO's data set... with a Star Project In Development: Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Schedule FY 2007 President... with a Star Project In Development: Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Lifecycle cost elements: Spacecraft... System Program: Solar Terrestrial Probes Project In Development: Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) (Dollars in Millions) President's FY 2007 Budget Request Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) (Development) FY2005 FY2006.../missions/stereo/stereo.htm. Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) Changes From FY... System Program: Solar Terrestrial Probes Project In Development: Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO... System Program: Solar Terrestrial Probes Project In Development: Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO... form the Aquarius/SAC-D observatory. This observatory will be launched into a polar... Voyager Ulysses Geotail Wind Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) Polar Fast Auroral... and dynamics of the Sun and solar wind and the origins of solar... review. APG 6ESS17 Complete the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) spacecraft structure and begin... launch the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO). APG 6ESS17 Complete the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO... launch the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO). APG 6ESS17 Complete the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO... review. APG 6UNIV18 Complete Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Airworthiness... expert review. APG 7ESS14 Deliver Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) instruments to spacecraft for... by solar variability and planetary magnetic fields. APG 7ESS14 Deliver Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO... robotic explorers. APG 7ESS14 Deliver Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) instruments to spacecraft for... System AIA Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (Solar Dynamic Observatory instrument) AVC Advanced Vehicle... EVE Extreme-ultraviolet Variability Experiment (Solar Dynamics Observatory instrument) GLOBE Global Learning and... Particles and CME Transients (Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory investigation) INSPIRE Interdisciplinary National... HMI Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (Solar Dynamic Observatory instrument) IAR Independent Annual...-thermal Ion and Composition (Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory investigation) SAME Smoke and... Management Council SAO Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory PNST Prometheus Nuclear Systems and... SCAP SOFIA Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy SOFIE Solar Occultation for Ice... Mission Directorate SORCE Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment SDO Solar Dynamics Observatory SPD Space... Coronal and Heliospheric Investigation (Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory investigation) SRG Stirling Radioisotope... SHARPP Solar Heliospheric Activity Research and Prediction Program STEREO Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory STIS Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (Hubble Space Telescope instrument) STP Solar...



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... image of the Chandra X-ray Observatory. The 5,000-second image was... early universe. The Chandra X-ray Observatory has revealed a new class of.... U.S. instruments on the European Solar and Heliospheric Observatory and the Japanese Yohkoh... causes of the solar wind, and even traced individual solar disturbances all... throughout the Solar System • Chart our destiny in the Solar System Share...-term solar variability • Understand the effects of solar variability on the solar atmosphere... observations. The Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO) observed evidence for the..., the newly launched Chandra X-ray Observatory (CXO) is showing us details... composition of solar particles, galactic cosmic rays, and the solar wind are... plasma motions. The ESA Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), in which NASA... Camera-3. The next major space observatory will be the Space Infrared... are expected to continue the observatory’s spectacular SIRTF is the final... and current program | 37 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) will... an aircraft, rather than a space observatory, SOFIA has several unique characteristics... by flying them on the observatory itself and centering its education... from the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO), have shown that these... of the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory. In addition, GLAST will pursue...,000 solar type stars will be characterized, the frequency of solar type... knowledge of the Sun’s interior dynamics. Coordinated measurements of events that... the Thermosphere-IonosphereMesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) mission, which will provide... will address solar variability from different perspectives. NASA’s contribution to Solar-B (a mission... STP mission is the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO), two identical spacecraft... of large scale structures and dynamics within it by applying techniques... seen by the Chandra X-ray Observatory (CXO). The Constellation-X spacecraft will... the stable images of a space observatory. The evolution of the universe..., are important tracers of the dynamics and structure of our galaxy... improvement over the earlier Einstein observatory. This is a technology leap that... location, mass, chemical composition, and dynamics. (As an example of scientific... tool for studying the distances, dynamics, and evolution of star clusters... knowledge of the structure and dynamics of our galaxy, SIM, described... Three, will be the first observatory capable of indirectly detecting planetary... composition, chemical processes, and atmospheric dynamics of the giant planets; a lunar... the Solar System, and completing the first exploration of the solar wind at the Sun’s poles. Solar activity interacts... Sun works through studies of solar interior dynamics. Using a growing fleet of... Dynamics (TIMED) mission, NASA’s contribution to the Japanese Solar-B mission, and the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO); these... be the Solar Dynamics Observer, which will focus on the solar interior with...-surface roots of solar activity. Passing within three solar radii of the... control magnetospheric dynamics and thus clarify the impact of solar processes on... its response to variations in solar input. Solar Probe will be our... Solar System matter beyond Neptune, and then determine the structure and dynamics... planned LWS mission is the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), which will observe the... determine its interior dynamics and the activity of the solar corona, the... will characterize the origin and dynamics of terrestrial radiation belts and... over the solar cycle, (2) developing techniques and models for predicting solar and... Telescope, the Chandra X-ray Observatory, Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, and the upcoming Space... and data analysis | 89 Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) and the Transition Region... such a collaboration is a National Virtual Observatory (NVO) initiative to collect most... to study the solar corona and the origin of solar wind, and... Center supports the SOFIA airborne observatory program. Our education and outreach... Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO) and the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO). In... example, research on solar flares, coronal mass ejections, solar energetic particles, and... the bubble of solar wind that surrounds the Solar System to take... bay door while replacing the observatory’s flight computer. individuals, for a greater... the Solar System. a vision of the future | 107 The Solar and Heliospheric Observatory... Understand the effects of solar variability on the solar atmosphere and heliosphere... throughout the Solar System ■ ■ Chart our destiny in the Solar System Section... mass, includ- ing the solar wind, solar particles, and the anomalous and...’s Huygens Titan probe. Chandra X-ray Observatory (CXO)—High resolution imaging and... strategic plan Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO)—Simultaneously obtained gamma ray... requiring the capabilities of a major observatory. Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer (EUVE)—Explorer...