Спутник ФКИ. Solar Orbiter. [Редактировать]

Дизайн миссии. Профиль миссии Солнечного Орбитального аппарата был разработан с условием нахождения аппарата на Солнечной орбите с апогеем 0.28. Данное расположение аппарата позволит обеспечить наблюдение за полярными областями звезды. Также это позволит уменьшить угловую скорость аппарата, что позволит улучшить качество съемки. Выведение на целевую орбиту планируется при помощи осуществления гравитационного маневра при помощи Венеры.

Научная нагрузка. Главные научно-исследовательские инструменты Солнечного Орбитального аппарата должны быть представлены Европейским космическим агентством и НАСА. В настоящее время все конкурсы на производство элементов аппарата и сборку уже завершены. Полезной нагрузкой аппарата являются:

  • анализатор солнечного ветра - должен предоставить полную информацию о состоянии солнечной плазмы (протоны, электроны, тяжелые ионы и альфа частицы) на расстоянии 0.28-1.4 AU
  • детектор высокоэнергетических частиц -должен измерять параметры частиц в диапазоне от 100 MeV/n до 200 MeV/n
  • магнитометр - должен предоставить данные о магнитных полях в гелиосфере
  • измеритель радио и плазматических волн - должен измерить параметры магнитных и электрических полей. Отличительной особенностью прибора должна являться высокая скорость работы (до 20 раз в секунду).
  • Polarimetric and Helioseismic Imager  - должен предоставить данные о поверхности солнца, что должно обеспечить визуальное наблюдение магнитных линий.
  • спектрометр для измерения излучения лучей в Х диапазоне (от 4 до 150 Кэв).
  • коронограф - должен предоставить информацию о короне солнца в видимом диапазоне  с различными вариантами поляризации. Также прибор должен предоставить данные спектроскопии.
  • Solar Orbiter Heliospheric Imager - должен предоставить данные о прохождении солнечного ветра через магнитное поле Солнца.
  • ультрафиалетовый спектрограф - должен предоставить информацию о характеристиках плазмы в регионах на поверхности Солнца.

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12017-04-29. Компания Thales Alenia Space поставила инструмент METIS и защитный щит для КА Solar Orbiter.
Компания Thales объявила о поставке в интересах производства спутника для исследования Солнца и гелиосферы двух полезных нагрузок:
1. Космическому агентству Италии был передан научный инструмент METIS (Multi-Element Telescope for Imaging and Spectroscopy). Этот инструмент разрабатывался в кооперации с OHB Italy и должен будет предоставлять ученым возможность получения высокодетальных изображений солнечной короны в видимом и ультрафиолетовом качестве.
2. Тепловой щит КА был разработан в кооперации с итальянским подразделением Airbus и он был поставлен на тестовые стенды IABG в Германии в целях проведения тестирования. Изделие создано из титана и должно будет выдерживать температуры до 600 град. Цельсия.
Срок запуска КА 2019 год.Тэги: Solar OrbiterThales Alenia SpaceЕвропейское космическое агентствоКосмическое агентство Италии

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Диаметр (апертуры телескопа), метра1.2
2Габариты (в запускаемом состоянии), метра2.5×3.0×2.5
3Скорость передачи данных (на расстоянии 1 AU), кбит в секунду150
4Система ориентациина Солнце

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (разработки аппарата), млн. долл.2011-10-05672
2Стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2011-10-051000

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... Cells ................................................................. 27 3.2.4 Amorphous/Polycrystalline Solar Cells .................................................................. 29 Solar Arrays ........................................................................................................................29 3.3.1 BOdy-Mounted... Environment Solar Arrays .......................................................................... 69 Mars Surface Solar Arrays ..................................................................................................73 5.6.1 Multi-junction Solar Cells... power full power 4) High Temperature Solar Arrays Solar Probe, Sentinels, PASO 5) High... of solar intensity (e.g., Solar Probe) • • • • • • High intensity/high temperatures (Mercury and solar missions... solar cells used in space is given in Table ES-3. Solar Arrays Solar... Nuclear Sample Return (CNSR), (2) Neptune Orbiter (NO), (3) Venus Surface Sample Return... Europa Orbiter, Europa Lander, various Jupiter Orbiters. These missions require solar cells... missions (e.g., Mercury Orbiter, PASO, Inner Heliospheric Constellation and Solar Flotilla missions) that... several challenges to solar array technologies. The Jupiter Polar Orbiter and 10... in order to enable the Solar Probe, Solar Sentinels, Enterstellar Probe, and... about 0.2 AU. These include Solar Probe, Solar Sentinels, Interstellar Probe, and PASO... solar cells Single junction GaAs solar cells • Multi-junction III-V compound semiconductor solar... final product. 3.2.4 Amorphous/Polycrystaliine Solar Cells Solar cells utilizing amorphous or polycrystalline.... Solar cell manufacturers usually package solar cells into panels. Each panel contains solar... Station 100-kilowatt solar power system has eight solar arrays. Solar array designs... Require or May Benefitfrom Solar Power 39 Solar Cell and Array Technology... C/D MRO Mars Recon Orbiter Near Term CNES1 Mars CNES Orbiter Flight 1 Near Term CNES2 Mars CNES Orbiter Flight 2 Near... ASI/NASA Telesat and Science Orbiter Near Term MSR Mars Sample... Scout 2 Mid Term EO Europa Orbiter Near Term PKE Pluto-Kuiper... Lander Mid Term NO Neptune Orbiter Mid Term CNSR Comet Nucleus... Far Term JPO Jupiter Polar Orbiter Far Term SPECS Submillimeter Probe...) were: Europa Orbiter Pluto/Kuiper Express Europa Lander Neptune Orbiter Titan Explorer Saturn Ring Observer Jupiter Polar Orbiter. A decadal... the solar cell performance. Missions to the Jovian system (Europa Orbiter, Europa Lander, Jupiter Polar Orbiter) will also experience high radiation doses (See Section 5.5). Advanced solar... missions that depend on solar power. Lowmass solar arrays with low stowed.... The primary purpose of the orbiter missions is to explore the... launch a powerful scientific orbiter, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. This mission will focus... orbit. For example, the Reconnaissance Orbiter will measure thousands of Martian... 0.25 AU in 2015, the Solar Orbiter mission (a European Space Agency Spacecraft..., and the Particle Accelerator and Solar Orbiter (PASO) mission is proposed to... Solar Power Part II - Final Report Solar Cell and Array Technology The Solar... Solar Power 49 Solar Cell and Array Technology • Solar Polar Imager Jupiter Polar orbiter • Mercury Orbiter... cost arrays, high temperature solar cell/arrays, solar cells and arrays that... missions (e.g. Mercury Orbiter, PASO, Inner Heliospheric Constellation and Solar Flotilla missions) that... to within 4 solar radii from the center. The solar-powered Solar Probe mission presents challenges to the solar cell and... SSE Jovian missions. Solar-powered Jupiter Polar Orbiter and 10 Electrodynamics missions... systems to replace or augment solar arrays. Solar arrays may be designed... 0.25 AU in 2015, the Solar Orbiter (a European Space Agency Spacecraft) reaches..., and the Particle Accelerator and Solar Orbiter (PASO) attains 0.17 AU in... 5-5. SquareRigger™ Solar Array System Advanced Solar Cells and Arrays 63 Solar Cell and... be purchased. 5.3 High Temperature Solar Arrays Introduction Solar arrays have been used... components from direct solar illumination. The solar array, which converts solar illumination to... power. 5.5 High Radiation Environment Solar Arrays Introduction Solar-powered missions to the... Report Solar Cell and Array Technology 5.6 Mars Surface Solar Arrays 5.6.1 Multi-junction Solar... • Dust mitigation 4) High Temperature Solar Arrays Solar Probe, Sentinels, PASO ·350°C operation... a high altitude aircraft for solar cell calibration, solar simulators for cell efficiency... Aeronautics and Space Agency Neptune Orbiter National Renewable Energy Laboratory Navy... Solar Reflector OSS Office of Space Science PASO Particle Accelerator and Solar Orbiter Abbreviations and Acronyms 91 Solar Cell and Array...



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... in Spacecraft Technologies solar sail was accurately articulated. Solar sailing as an... term “solar sailing” (Garwin, 1958). Subsequent to the discussion of solar sailing... the Advanced Solar Electric Prolusion companion study NASA selected the Solar Electric... NASA completed dual solar sail development programs, funding a solar sail design by... Japanese Venus orbiter Akatsuki, formerly known as the Venus Climate Orbiter (VCO) and Planet-C, and four micro-spacecraft. The solar sail... film used for solar sailing also has thin-film solar arrays embedded... CubeSat based solar sails. Indeed, NASA flew the first CubeSat solar sails... the future of solar sailing. 2. Performance metrics To compare solar sail mission... to the solar sail, ms is mass of the solar sail and... Sun-Synchronous Orbiter (Leipold et al, 1996a, 1996b). These two solar sail mission concepts are very similar, both using a solar sail...’s magnetotail. The Mercury Sun-Synchronous Orbiter meanwhile rotates the ascending node... the Sun the solar radiation pressure in-effect reduces solar gravity and... is increased solar gravity is further ‘reduced’, thus providing enhanced solar storm... a high-performance solar sail to directly balance the solar gravity to hover... the most preferential solar sail architecture. The identified preferential solar sail architecture... solar system rendezvous missions The use of solar sails for outer solar system... SRP with solar distance. 3.1.5 Outer solar system flyby missions Outer solar system fly... the negative elements of solar sail outer solar system rendezvous missions. A Jupiter.... The Cosmic Visions mission concept Solar Orbiter intends to deliver a science suite... respect to the solar equator and to a minimum solar approach radius of... inability of the Solar Orbiter mission to attain a solar polar orbit highlights the...; Macdonald et al, 2006). The Solar Polar Orbiter (SPO) mission concept is...-energy inner-solar system mission which is enabled by solar sail propulsion... spacecraft to rapidly escape the solar system. Solar sails mission concepts significantly... bound of the solar sail concept. 3.1.8 Key characteristics Solar sailing has traditionally... enhanced by solar sailing are more complex than simply this. Solar sailing... example the Solar Polar Orbiter mission. • Class Two • Where the solar sail is... as GeoSail or a Mercury SunSynchronous Orbiter Venus escape at end of... fly-through Outer solar system planet fly-by Solar Polar Orbiter Transit of... and Venus rendezvous Inner Solar System Outer Solar System rendezvous Highly Non... body Fly-by beyond solar gravitational lens Table 2. Solar sail mission key... of several solar sail missions such as the Solar Polar Orbiter and the... increase. 3.2.2 Medium-term: solar [olar orbiter The Solar Polar Orbiter (SPO) mission concept is... concept Solar Orbiter. However, the inability of the Solar Orbiter mission to attain a solar polar... to the solar limb from a terrestrial perspective which eliminates solar conjunctions and hence loss of telemetry. Once the solar sail has delivered the spacecraft to the solar polar orbit... solar sailing for a solar polar mission concept. It is thus conclude that solar... Return; SPO ≡ Solar Polar Orbiter; VenusSR ≡ Venus Sample Return. Solar Sailing: Applications and... high AD2 of solar sailing. However, if a CubeSat based solar sail system..., allowing solar sailing to progress along its development roadmap. 6. Conclusions A solar sail... significantly enhanced by solar sailing, of which solar sailing is of marginal benefit and of which solar sailing... key applications of solar sailing and the presentation of a solar sail application pull technology development roadmap. Considering the solar sail..., hybridisation with solar electric propulsion the project risk of solar sailing could.... Dachwald, B., Solar Sail Performance Requirements for Missions to the Outer Solar System..., B., Optimal Solar-Sail Trajectories for Missions to the outer Solar System, Journal... Garwin, R.L., Solar Sailing – A Practical Method of Propulsion Within the Solar System, Jet... the outer solar system, JBIS, Vol. 61, August 2008. Kawaguchi, J., Solar Power..., R., Seboldt, W., Mercury SunSynchronous Polar Orbiter with a Solar Sail, Acta Astronautica, Vol. 39..., O., Solar Photonic Assist Trajectory Design for Solar Sail Missions to the Outer Solar... to Solar Sailing, Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Solar Sailing..., G.W., McInnes, C.R., Lyngvi, A., Falkner, P., Atzei, A., Solar Polar Orbiter: a Solar Sail Technology Reference Study, Journal... 1977. Sauer, Jr., C., Solar Sail Trajectories for Solar Polar and Interstellar Probe..., 2000. Solar Sailing: Applications and Technology Advancement 59 Sharma, D.N., Scheeres, D.J., Solar System Escape Trajectories Using Solar Sails, Journal of..., Amsterdam, 1992. Yen, C. L., Comparing Solar Sail and Solar Electric Propulsions for Propulsive...



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... of solar system formation and evolution, the exploration of the solar system... Orbit Determination with Non-cannonball Solar Radiation 13-206 Pressure Models... cannonball model to account for solar radiation pressure (SRP) perturbations. Due... maneuvers of Japanese Venus Climate Orbiter “Akatsuki” and SELenological and ENgineering... algorithm. LOTUS is applied to a solar electric propulsion based, earth-moon... terminator orbit solutions to the solar pressure perturbed Hill dynamics around...-term human exploration of the solar system. Previous studies have addressed... sorting of asteroid material using Solar Radiation Pressure 13-484 Daniel... asteroid material by means of solar radiation pressure (SRP). We envisage... spacecraft, and the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO). In the case of... altimetric data from the Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter to provide independent... example, data types, data weights, solar pressure model covariance, and estimating... estimation of the ballistic and solar radiation pressure coefficients when their... missions are presented: JUICE and Solar Orbiter. The objective here is to... flight telemetry, MRO/ODY relay orbiter positions and HiRISE DEM’s were.... The coupled orbitattitude perturbations of solar radiation pressure, thermal re-radiation... susceptible to the influence of solar radiation pressure (SRP). SRP forces... 15:55 AAS The Mean-Solar-Time Origin of Universal Time... maintained to resemble Newcomb’s mean solar time at Greenwich. Here, the... remain practically synonymous with mean solar time at the prime meridian... alloys activated by the incident solar radiation in the space environment... deployment of structural booms, solar cell panels, solar sails and other components... mass objective. The transfer utilized solar-electric ion propulsion applied over... electrical currents from body mounted solar panels. The online attitude filter... AAS Attitude Optimization of a Spinning Solar Sail via Spin Rate Control... spin-axis direction of a spinning solar sail rotates around an equilibrium... rate control law for a spinning solar sail to accelerate in the... a spinning solar sail to accelerate continuously and explore the outer solar system... Perturbations for a Mercury 13-371 Orbiter Benny Rievers, ZARM (Center of... of the solar and thermal effects acting on a Mercury Orbiter. The spacecraft... including individual models for the solar radiation pressure, the re-emitted... on the basis of a Mercury Orbiter where the orbit and spacecraft... requires detailed knowledge of the solar radiation pressure (SRP) on a space... AAS Jovian Tour Design for Orbiter and Lander Missions to Europa... the most interesting targets for solar system exploration, as its ocean... orbiter mission, and a lander mission. This paper presents the lander and orbiter... lander tour 12L01, and an orbiter option with Tisserand-leveraging maneuvers... that exploit both chemical and solar electric propulsion are investigated in... make the most of the solar perturbations to conduct the Venus... Attitude and Orbit Prediction of Solar Sailing IKAROS While 13-406... Exploration Agency The world’s first solar sail IKAROS (Interplanetary Kite-craft... Earth, and concluded that a 40kW solar electric propulsion system launched on... orbit. With further use of solar perturbations, up to 3,600,000kg... nanosatellite: direct measurement of the solar angle using a photodiode array sensor... the solar angle using current measurements from an array of solar cells... AAS Potential Effects of a Realistic Solar Sail and Comparison to an...-Keplerian orbits for spacecraft utilising solar sail at linear order are... is assumed implicitly that the solar sail is a perfect reflector. The... and compared with an ideal solar sail. The main effect of... Ongoing Mission Analysis for the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory 13-455... mission analysis for the ongoing Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory is presented... undertaken on the coefficient of solar reflectivity. Finally, hypothetical mission extension... sorting of asteroid material using Solar … 16:35 Robust optimal control...:55 Seago, Seidelmann The Mean-Solar-Time Origin of Universal Time... al. Jovian Tour Design for Orbiter and Lander … BREAK: 9:40 - 10... al. Attitude Optimization of a Spinning Solar Sail … Moraes, et al. A Semi... Attitude and Orbit Prediction of Solar … Darling, et al. Close Proximity..., McInnes Potential Effects of a Realistic Solar Sail … Siddique, Heyler Mission Design... Ongoing Mission Analysis for the Solar … 11:05 Zhou, et al...



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... missions Akari (Astro-F) and Hinode (Solar-B) on 21 February and 22... Data Archive was released. In solar terrestrial physics, the Cluster Active... are ubiquitously present in the solar wind. Interestingly, the same spectral..., the spacecraft was at 76°S solar latitude and 2.6 AU from the.... Life and habitability in the Solar System Explore in situ the... the solid bodies in the Solar System most likely to host... Solar System work? 2.1 From the Sun to the edge of the Solar... to the heliopause where the solar wind meets the interstellar medium... successfully passed through the Mars solar conjunction and mission science could... the Earth's magnetosphere surrounded by solar-wind plasma constantly flowing out... Star satellites, namely in the solar wind upstream of the Earth... its first solar-eclipse season, as well as the first solar conjunction... are performing well. HINODE (formerly Solar-B) – Collaboration with Japan Launched 22... the solar atmosphere and look for the cause of violent solar eruptions...: Mercury Transfer Module, Planetary Orbiter and Magnetospheric Orbiter The Invitation to Tender... for the Japanese Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter is well underway. JWST wavefront... with the launch-service provider. Solar Orbiter Launch: May 2015 2006 saw...-shield technology that will enable Solar Orbiter to survive the gruelling heat... the possibility of combining the Solar Orbiter mission with NASA’s Inner Heliospheric... scenarios have been identified. A joint Solar Orbiter – Sentinels Science and Technology Definition... sector, e.g. wind, hydro-power and solar energy. Expected key results of... the ISS to include the solar panels that had been installed... during the attempted retraction of a solar panel on another truss gave... they successfully freed the jammed solar array, allowing it to fully... Physiology Modules in Columbus. The SOLAR engineering model during functional testing..., fundamental physics, technology package); • SOLAR (three solar-irradiation instruments). In addition, the... System (SES) and the Carrier/Orbiter. The Request for Quotation for... the Pasteur drilling instrument telecommunications orbiter, and on an enhanced option... in the exploration of the Solar System. esa Human Spaceflight, Microgravity... development of a new low-power solar-array drive mechanism was successfully... a competitive source of fully European solar-cell technology for both scientific... study of the performance of solar-cell bypass diodes. Data Systems..., the guest payload comprising two solar-observation and two space-weather... March to May, the first solar conjunction of the mission was... the Sun and to perform solar-corona sounding measurements. A trajectory correction..., the spacecraft entered a period of solar conjunction until the end of... safety limits. The third south solar polar pass started on 17... mission are on track. BepiColombo/Solar Orbiter The selection of the BepiColombo... was also provided to the Solar Orbiter Assessment Team. esa Annual Report... an MoU on cooperation on Solar-B. It enables JAXA to use... JAXA will provide the Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO). In the framework of... to solve a problem with a retractable solar array. The ESA stand at... through the European Students Moon Orbiter project, involving a large student community... of the planned transfer of solar-system science operations to ESAC... unscheduled EVA to free a jammed solar array Christer Fuglesang, the first..., unscheduled, spacewalk to help free a solar array that had become jammed... Agency (JAXA) concerning cooperation on SOLAR-B, signed in Paris on 11...



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... Heritage ix I. INTRODUCTION 1 1 Solar Variability S. K. Solanki 1 2 Spectroradiometry for Solar Physics in Space..., U. Ulmer, H. Wolf 355 28 The Solar Orbiter Mission and Design Recommendations U. Schu... at the solar surface and in the solar atmosphere from solar activity minimum...]. 1.3 Wavelength Dependence of Solar Variability The magnitude of solar variability is strongly... relative change in the solar irradiance between solar activity maximum and minimum... Livingston, W.C., Variability of the solar He I 10830 A Solar Physics, eds.: D.M. Rabin, J.T. Jefferies.... 2.3 Absolute Calibration of Solar Instruments on board Spacecraft 2.3.1 Solar Total Irradiance Monitors... for Solar Spectral Radiometry Solar physicists have attempted spectroradiometric measurements of the solar... Kurucz, R.L., Calculation of solar irradiances. I. Synthesis of the solar spectrum, Astrophys. J. 518... to those of a typical (solar or non-solar) space-telescope entrance-aperture... Imaging Telescope), SEM (Solar Extreme-ultraviolet Monitor), SUMER (Solar Ultraviolet Measurements of... dataset of solar EUV irradiance measurements from solar minimum through solar maximum. The... abundance variations in the solar atmosphere and solar wind, Space Sci. Rev... importance of accurately calibrated solar irradiance data. The solar spectral irradiance in... aeronomic processes throughout the solar system. The solar VUV photons are absorbed... and its interactions with solar system objects. Calibrated solar irradiances from SOHO... solar arrays (SAP) are also indicated. 24.2 Solar-B and its Instruments The Solar... 24.2: Schematic diagram of the Solar-B Solar Optical Telescope and its associated... involves a timescale of several solar cycles, the Solar-B optical telescope is expected..., USA The next Japanese solar mission, Solar-B, is due for launch in....1 Introduction The next Japanese solar mission, Solar-B, is due for launch in... hours per year of solar observations. The Solar Auto Calibrating EUV/UV... solar-terrestrial relations, Geophys. Res. Lett. 3, 573–576, 1976. — 28 — The Solar Orbiter... overview is given of the Solar Orbiter mission. First, the key scientific... one of ESA’s future solar missions, the Solar Orbiter was selected in October... transferred to Solar Orbiter. We take an excerpt from the “Solar Orbiter Assessment Study... may be applicable to the Solar Orbiter. 28.2 Solar Orbiter Scientific Aims The Sun... our understanding of solar and heliospheric physics. The Solar Orbiter will, through a novel... close as 45 solar radii, the Solar Orbiter will view the solar atmosphere with... extended periods of time the Solar Orbiter will deliver images and data.... The scientific goals of the Solar Orbiter mission can be summarized as... corona from high latitudes. The Solar Orbiter will achieve its wideranging aims... Profile and Spacecraft Design The Solar Orbiter scientific requirements define a mission profile... 28.1: X-Y -plane projection of the Solar Orbiter trajectory. During the cruise phase... the overall configuration of the Solar Orbiter spacecraft during scientific observations. The... Solar 28.4. The Strawman Payload 365 Figure 28.4: Configuration of the Solar Orbiter. Orbiter... the thermal design of the Solar Orbiter. At one extreme, the spacecraft... Solar Orbiter constitute a package of sensors suited to a comprehensive study of the solar... instruments is proposed for the Solar Orbiter: an EUV full-Sun and... to the instruments of the Solar Orbiter payload are mainly imposed by... Learned from SOHO? Recommendations for Solar Orbiter The stability of the calibration... that the design of the Solar Orbiter spacecraft as described in the... outboard where that was impossible). Solar Orbiter presently has a cylindrical structure with... types. The instruments of the Solar Orbiter should be expected to have... of the mirror changes). The Solar Orbiter mission profile makes the operational... given the success of SOHO, Solar Orbiter will not present undue cleanliness... this description of the Solar Orbiter mission. Bibliography ESA, Solar Orbiter – A high-resolution mission... proposed in view of the Solar Orbiter UV instruments, for which the... instruments cheaper. As for the Solar Orbiter, the aspiration for wide-bandgap... cameras within the Solar Orbiter schedule. 29.1 Motivations Current solar atmospheric studies show... of the order of 1 . For Solar Orbiter [Marsch et al., 2000; Fleck... imagers are anticipated in the Solar Orbiter assessment study report. The format..., solar-blind, UV-sensitive cameras within the schedule of the Solar Orbiter: prototype demonstrated five years before launch. 2. All Solar Orbiter UV..., J.-C., Solar Orbiter – A high-resolution mission to the Sun and inner heliosphere, AAS/Solar... the Solar Orbiter, SP-493, in proceedings of Solar Encounter, The First Solar Orbiter Workshop... UV detectors for the ESA Solar Orbiter, Diamond and Related Materials, in..., B., Harrison, R., Marsden, R., Schwenn, R., and Vial, J.-C., Solar Orbiter, a high-resolution mission to the... Solar Extreme ultraviolet Monitor SUMER Solar Ultraviolet Measurements of Emitted Radiation SWAN Solar...



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... AUGUST 2014 LAUNCH MAY 2017 SOLAR ORBITER LAUNCH END 2017 LISA METEOSAT... END-2009 MELFI 1 EDR/EUTEF/SOLAR MELFI 2 ISS BARTER & UTIL. PREP. EMIR/ELIPS EDR/EUTEF/SOLAR WITH COLUMBUS FOTON-M2 PFS... AUGUST 2014 LAUNCH MAY 2017 SOLAR ORBITER LAUNCH END 2017 LISA METEOSAT... END-2009 MELFI 1 EDR/EUTEF/SOLAR MELFI 2 ISS BARTER & UTIL. PREP. EMIR/ELIPS EDR/EUTEF/SOLAR WITH COLUMBUS FOTON-M2 PFS... high spacecraft temperatures and minimal solar array power. Because of the... a spacecraft that was designed as a solar physics mission! The small faint... high spacecraft temperatures and minimal solar array power. Because of the... a spacecraft that was designed as a solar physics mission! The small faint... similar to Jupiter in our Solar System. A re-evaluation of all... Sun, have been detected in a solar-type star. The results have... similar to Jupiter in our Solar System. A re-evaluation of all... Sun, have been detected in a solar-type star. The results have... and for a temperature decrease on solar arrays and mechanisms. On that... Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) is continuing in the C/D phase. Solar Orbiter The Solar Orbiter Definition... States in response to the Solar Orbiter Payload Announcement of Opportunity released... and for a temperature decrease on solar arrays and mechanisms. On that... Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO) is continuing in the C/D phase. Solar Orbiter The Solar Orbiter Definition... States in response to the Solar Orbiter Payload Announcement of Opportunity released... 2009. Moreover, the presently low solar activity has offered the opportunity... 2009. Moreover, the presently low solar activity has offered the opportunity... to their experiment protocols. The SOLAR payload and instruments have been... next Progress. Mounted on Columbus, SOLAR is seen here in front... to their experiment protocols. The SOLAR payload and instruments have been... next Progress. Mounted on Columbus, SOLAR is seen here in front...



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... ASTROFISICO DE FORMACION DEL SISTEMA SOLAR A PARTIR DEL ESTUDIO DE MATERIALES... CUERPOS PRIMITIVOS DISEÑO DETALLADO DE SOLAR ORBITER/PHI RAYOS X Y EMISION UV EN... VAPOR PROCESOS DE DESINFECCION FOTOCATALITICA SOLAR PARA LA REGENERACION DE AGUAS... CELULAS SOLARES (DSSC DYE SENSITIZED SOLAR CELLS) 65.340,00 FOODOMICS... 76.472,00 LA ATMOSFERA SOLAR: SIMULACION NUMERICA TRIDIMENSIONAL DE PROCESOS... ANUALIDAD (EUROS) DISEÑO DETALLADO DE SOLAR ORBITER/PHI TÍTULO 58.443,00... MATERIALES COMPUESTOS DISEÑO DETALLADO DE SOLAR ORBITER/PHI - 308.550,00 ATMOSPHERIC... ESPACIO-TEMPORAL DE LA RADIACION SOLAR UV EN EL SUROESTE DE... LHC 81.999,87 SISTEMA SOLAR-HIDROGENO: NUEVOS ASPECTOS FUNDAMENTALES SOBRE... CON NANOESTRUCTURAS SENSORAS BIOHIBRIDAS Y POROSAS SOLAR ORBITER ENERGETIC PARTICLE DETECTOR SYSTEM MANAGEMENT... PARTICULAS ENERGETICAS PARA LA MISION SOLAR ORBITER 59.532,00 DISEÑO DE... PEQUEÑOS CUERPOS DEL SISTEMA SOLAR: ESTRUCTURA INTERNA Y SUPERFICIAL, EFECTOS DE...). CATALOGACION Y ESTUDIO. DISEÑO DETALLADO DE SOLAR ORBITER/PHI 15.875,20 EDICION... DE CAMPOS DE VIENTO Y RADIACION SOLAR 129.663,60 PRIMERA ANUALIDAD... EL APROVECHAMIENTO DE LA ENERGIA SOLAR EN PROCESOS FOTOCATALITICOS DE INTERES...,00 RELACION DE LA RADIACION SOLAR UVB CON LAS PROPIEDADES OPTICAS... DATOS Y ENFOQUES DISEÑO DETALLADO DE SOLAR ORBITER/POLARIMETRIC AND HELIOSEISMIC IMAGER (SO... NERVIOS 15.681,60 RADIACION SOLAR UV, MEDIDA, MODELIZACION Y RECONSTRUCCION DE... CARRETERA-FERROCARRIL. DISEÑO DETALLADO DE SOLAR ORBITER/PHI 25.700,40 22...



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... in Spacecraft Technologies solar sail was accurately articulated. Solar sailing as an... term “solar sailing” (Garwin, 1958). Subsequent to the discussion of solar sailing... the Advanced Solar Electric Prolusion companion study NASA selected the Solar Electric... NASA completed dual solar sail development programs, funding a solar sail design by... Japanese Venus orbiter Akatsuki, formerly known as the Venus Climate Orbiter (VCO) and Planet-C, and four micro-spacecraft. The solar sail... film used for solar sailing also has thin-film solar arrays embedded... CubeSat based solar sails. Indeed, NASA flew the first CubeSat solar sails... the future of solar sailing. 2. Performance metrics To compare solar sail mission... to the solar sail, ms is mass of the solar sail and... Sun-Synchronous Orbiter (Leipold et al, 1996a, 1996b). These two solar sail mission concepts are very similar, both using a solar sail...’s magnetotail. The Mercury Sun-Synchronous Orbiter meanwhile rotates the ascending node... the Sun the solar radiation pressure in-effect reduces solar gravity and... is increased solar gravity is further ‘reduced’, thus providing enhanced solar storm... a high-performance solar sail to directly balance the solar gravity to hover... the most preferential solar sail architecture. The identified preferential solar sail architecture... solar system rendezvous missions The use of solar sails for outer solar system... SRP with solar distance. 3.1.5 Outer solar system flyby missions Outer solar system fly... the negative elements of solar sail outer solar system rendezvous missions. A Jupiter.... The Cosmic Visions mission concept Solar Orbiter intends to deliver a science suite... respect to the solar equator and to a minimum solar approach radius of... inability of the Solar Orbiter mission to attain a solar polar orbit highlights the...; Macdonald et al, 2006). The Solar Polar Orbiter (SPO) mission concept is...-energy inner-solar system mission which is enabled by solar sail propulsion... spacecraft to rapidly escape the solar system. Solar sails mission concepts significantly... bound of the solar sail concept. 3.1.8 Key characteristics Solar sailing has traditionally... enhanced by solar sailing are more complex than simply this. Solar sailing... example the Solar Polar Orbiter mission. • Class Two • Where the solar sail is... as GeoSail or a Mercury SunSynchronous Orbiter Venus escape at end of... fly-through Outer solar system planet fly-by Solar Polar Orbiter Transit of... and Venus rendezvous Inner Solar System Outer Solar System rendezvous Highly Non... body Fly-by beyond solar gravitational lens Table 2. Solar sail mission key... of several solar sail missions such as the Solar Polar Orbiter and the... increase. 3.2.2 Medium-term: solar [olar orbiter The Solar Polar Orbiter (SPO) mission concept is... concept Solar Orbiter. However, the inability of the Solar Orbiter mission to attain a solar polar... to the solar limb from a terrestrial perspective which eliminates solar conjunctions and hence loss of telemetry. Once the solar sail has delivered the spacecraft to the solar polar orbit... solar sailing for a solar polar mission concept. It is thus conclude that solar...; SPO ≡ Solar Polar Orbiter; VenusSR ≡ Venus Sample Return. www.intechopen.com Solar Sailing... high AD2 of solar sailing. However, if a CubeSat based solar sail system..., allowing solar sailing to progress along its development roadmap. 6. Conclusions A solar sail... significantly enhanced by solar sailing, of which solar sailing is of marginal benefit and of which solar sailing... key applications of solar sailing and the presentation of a solar sail application pull technology development roadmap. Considering the solar sail..., hybridisation with solar electric propulsion the project risk of solar sailing could.... Dachwald, B., Solar Sail Performance Requirements for Missions to the Outer Solar System..., B., Optimal Solar-Sail Trajectories for Missions to the outer Solar System, Journal... Garwin, R.L., Solar Sailing – A Practical Method of Propulsion Within the Solar System, Jet... the outer solar system, JBIS, Vol. 61, August 2008. Kawaguchi, J., Solar Power..., R., Seboldt, W., Mercury SunSynchronous Polar Orbiter with a Solar Sail, Acta Astronautica, Vol. 39..., O., Solar Photonic Assist Trajectory Design for Solar Sail Missions to the Outer Solar... to Solar Sailing, Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Solar Sailing..., G.W., McInnes, C.R., Lyngvi, A., Falkner, P., Atzei, A., Solar Polar Orbiter: a Solar Sail Technology Reference Study, Journal... 1977. Sauer, Jr., C., Solar Sail Trajectories for Solar Polar and Interstellar Probe....com Solar Sailing: Applications and Technology Advancement 59 Sharma, D.N., Scheeres, D.J., Solar System Escape Trajectories Using Solar Sails, Journal of..., Amsterdam, 1992. Yen, C. L., Comparing Solar Sail and Solar Electric Propulsions for Propulsive...



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..., M. and Groepper, P. and Peacock, T. (2001) Solar sailing - Mission opportunities and innovative...: eprints@cis.strath.ac.uk Solar Sailing – Mission Opportunities and Innovative... Programmes, ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands Solar sailing is a unique and elegant... mass. Rather than carrying propellant, solar sails acquire momentum from photons... in the space environment. Therefore, solar sails can expand the envelope... in December 1999 (DLR) Introduction Solar-sail technology was developed to... study sparked international interest in solar sailing for future mission applications... the development of solar-sail technologies. A strong interest in solar sailing is... individual photon is extremely small, solar sails require a large surface area... photons, solar sails must also be extremely light. For a future solar sail...) of order 0.1 – 1 mm/s2 from solar radiation pressure poses great engineering... science exploration missions throughout our Solar System and beyond, the programmatic... in the direction of developing solar sails, ESA’s Industrial Policy Committee... proposal to develop and launch a solar-sail in-orbit deployment demonstrator... hardware will be challenging. A successful solar-sail deployment demonstration will imply... European solar sailing will therefore establish the required confidence in solar sailing... mission scenarios described below. Figure 2. Solar-sail in-orbit deployment demonstration... examine the potential benefits that solar-sailing technology may provide for... missions will require rather large solar sails, a number of science missions... is therefore required while the solar sail manoeuvres to the required... as well as the lunar-solar gravitational perturbations, has demonstrated the... a solar-sail technologydemonstration mission. A mission to study a planet in our Solar System... array of instruments. It requires solar-electric propulsion, chemical propulsion and... of a 360 kg planetary orbiter, a 165 kg magnetospheric orbiter and a 44 kg hard lander. The three-axis-stabilised orbiter... orbiter will investigate the interaction of Mercury’s magnetic field with the solar... assess the potential benefits of solar sails for future planetary exploration... been reconfigured for delivery by solar-sail propulsion alone. To allow for a realistic comparison, the solar-sail solution must provide a comparable... is adequate for the Mercury orbiter mission, but a figure of 0.3 mm... + payload) of 590 kg (planetary orbiter, magnetospheric 61 Figure 4. A 2.38 year... a characteristic acceleration of 0.3 mm/s2 orbiter and lander), the sail size... is shown in Table 2. The solar-sail option offers significant advantages... orbiter Magnetospheric satellite Lander PAYLOAD TOTAL 463 59 31 553 Planetary orbiter... planetary orbiter and lander are jettisoned at Mercury, but the magnetospheric orbiter remains attached to the sail, the magnetospheric orbiter can... planetary orbiter and lander are jettisoned, the characteristic acceleration of the solar... magnetospheric orbit, the solar sail and magnetospheric orbiter could spiral in to... to the solar equatorial rotation period. With the increased solar-sail characteristic... which delivery of a Mercury orbiter and a close solar orbiter are part of the... the round-trip capabilities of solar sailing for future sample-return...’s inner heliosphere – Solo-Sail The Solar Orbiter mission Solo is a ESA F-class... demanding mission objectives, a combination of solar-electric propulsion and multiple gravity... advantages of solar sailing for future missions, we consider the Solar Orbiter mission profile in the context of using solar-sail... extremely large launch mass with a solar-electric propulsion system. The ideal... is 26 days, synchronous with solar equatorial rotation. The primary science... Solar Orbiter mission to ensure a reasonable comparison. In the case of the solar... particular, the unique 26-day solar synchronous orbit allows continuous observations..., the solar sail can rapidly crank the orbital inclination to a solar-polar.../s2 Figure 6. A 1.7 year cranking to solar polar orbit The thermal loads.... More importantly, the use of a solar sail leads to a significant increase... the solar co-rotation region. As solar sail-technology develops, therefore, future solar... Structure Orbiter power Common systems 145 131 64 182 Instruments Structure Orbiter..., during the summer solstice. The solar sail can be stationed directly... in permanent darkness (Fig. 8). The solar-sail performance needed can be... minimise the demands on the solar sail’s performance. Closer equilibrium locations... using larger or higher performance solar sails, or by selecting a less... of increased demands on the solar sail’s performance. Other applications of... for potential mission applications for solar-sailing propulsion have been identified.... Clearly, the readiness of the solar-sailing technology for implementation in..., orbit raising and navigation of a solar sailcraft. The first essential step...



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The CDPP in the Solar Orbiter era : data dissemination, analysis software .... Mary, Dorking, United Kingdom 5th Solar Orbiter workshop, Brugge, Belgium September 10... consortia. In the context of Solar Orbiter, the Science Data Centre and... to associate solar observations to in-situ measurements, for forthcoming Solar Orbiter data... tool. The conjugated analysis of solar data with in-situ measurements... indeed a primary focus for the Solar Orbiter mission. This presentation presents current... for natural plasmas of the solar system. The CDPP assures the...-SYM, PC North, AM, AA Solar Orbiter orbit ARTEMIS : Ephem, ESA, MAG..., MAG, EPD, PLS, PWS Michigan Solar Wind Model Voyager 1 & 2 : Ephem, MAG..., Langmuir Probe), MAG, CAPS Michigan Solar Wind Model Voyager 1 & 2 : Ephem, MAG... in in-situ data to solar observations. Several propagation algorithms will... structures to be propagated : CME, Solar Wind, SEP. An advanced tool.... The exact time of the solar event corresponding to the in... the MEDOC database to obtain solar images or movies. MEDOC holds... analysis framework to the broad Solar Orbiter community. Task •Provide data and...