Спутник ФКИ. Solar Orbiter. [Редактировать]

Дизайн миссии. Профиль миссии Солнечного Орбитального аппарата был разработан с условием нахождения аппарата на Солнечной орбите с апогеем 0.28. Данное расположение аппарата позволит обеспечить наблюдение за полярными областями звезды. Также это позволит уменьшить угловую скорость аппарата, что позволит улучшить качество съемки. Выведение на целевую орбиту планируется при помощи осуществления гравитационного маневра при помощи Венеры.

Научная нагрузка. Главные научно-исследовательские инструменты Солнечного Орбитального аппарата должны быть представлены Европейским космическим агентством и НАСА. В настоящее время все конкурсы на производство элементов аппарата и сборку уже завершены. Полезной нагрузкой аппарата являются:

  • анализатор солнечного ветра - должен предоставить полную информацию о состоянии солнечной плазмы (протоны, электроны, тяжелые ионы и альфа частицы) на расстоянии 0.28-1.4 AU
  • детектор высокоэнергетических частиц -должен измерять параметры частиц в диапазоне от 100 MeV/n до 200 MeV/n
  • магнитометр - должен предоставить данные о магнитных полях в гелиосфере
  • измеритель радио и плазматических волн - должен измерить параметры магнитных и электрических полей. Отличительной особенностью прибора должна являться высокая скорость работы (до 20 раз в секунду).
  • Polarimetric and Helioseismic Imager  - должен предоставить данные о поверхности солнца, что должно обеспечить визуальное наблюдение магнитных линий.
  • спектрометр для измерения излучения лучей в Х диапазоне (от 4 до 150 Кэв).
  • коронограф - должен предоставить информацию о короне солнца в видимом диапазоне  с различными вариантами поляризации. Также прибор должен предоставить данные спектроскопии.
  • Solar Orbiter Heliospheric Imager - должен предоставить данные о прохождении солнечного ветра через магнитное поле Солнца.
  • ультрафиалетовый спектрограф - должен предоставить информацию о характеристиках плазмы в регионах на поверхности Солнца.

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12017-04-29. Компания Thales Alenia Space поставила инструмент METIS и защитный щит для КА Solar Orbiter.
Компания Thales объявила о поставке в интересах производства спутника для исследования Солнца и гелиосферы двух полезных нагрузок:
1. Космическому агентству Италии был передан научный инструмент METIS (Multi-Element Telescope for Imaging and Spectroscopy). Этот инструмент разрабатывался в кооперации с OHB Italy и должен будет предоставлять ученым возможность получения высокодетальных изображений солнечной короны в видимом и ультрафиолетовом качестве.
2. Тепловой щит КА был разработан в кооперации с итальянским подразделением Airbus и он был поставлен на тестовые стенды IABG в Германии в целях проведения тестирования. Изделие создано из титана и должно будет выдерживать температуры до 600 град. Цельсия.
Срок запуска КА 2019 год.Тэги: Solar OrbiterThales Alenia SpaceЕвропейское космическое агентствоКосмическое агентство Италии

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Диаметр (апертуры телескопа), метра1.2
2Габариты (в запускаемом состоянии), метра2.5×3.0×2.5
3Скорость передачи данных (на расстоянии 1 AU), кбит в секунду150
4Система ориентациина Солнце

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (разработки аппарата), млн. долл.2011-10-05672
2Стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2011-10-051000

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... to the ISS, using the orbiter Atlantis, including two important external... was a night launch of the orbiter Endeavour, delivering the Tranquillity node...-131, a predawn launch of the orbiter Discovery, delivered supplies and equipment... final scheduled mission for the orbiter Atlantis, delivering a Russian-built module... Japanese launched the Venus Planet Orbiter (Akatsuki). A Dnepr-1 rocket lofted the.... It launched the Venus Climate Orbiter (Planet-C, AKATSUKI) together with IKAROS...-1) for the Venus Climate Orbiter. The orbiter was not injected into the... Space Station (ISS), using the orbiter Atlantis, including two important external... was a night launch of the orbiter Endeavour, delivering the Tranquillity node..., a pre-dawn launch of the orbiter Discovery, delivered supplies and equipment... final scheduled mission for the orbiter Atlantis, delivering a Russian-built module... years ago. >> NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, or LRO, completed the exploration... Reconnaissance - 42 - Orbiter. >> During January 2010, NASA’s Mars Odyssey orbiter started to... transmissions from Phoenix. >> >> Mars Odyssey orbiter completed some 30 overflights without... March 2011. >> NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter put itself into a safe standby... orbital operations. >> >> NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter put itself into a precautionary standby... on board NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter. >> PDS serves as NASA’s permanent... newspaper reported. >> NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter is allowing researchers to create... 2010, when technicians preparing an orbiter for flight installed a set of.... Current missions LRO (Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter), NASA’s latest lunar mission, was... lander (North pole) and an orbiter, for launch after Chandrayaan-2. LADEE..., GEochemistry, and Ranging), NASA’s Mercury orbiter mission was launched on 3 August..., consisting of ESA’s Mercury Planetary Orbiter (for high resolution multi-wavelength... studies), and JAXA’s Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (dedicated to studying particles and... one Earth year. Venus Climate Orbiter, a Japanese mission designed to focus... Reconnaissance Orbiter showed evidence of severe ice damage to Phoenix’s solar panels. Current missions Mars Odyssey, the NASA orbiter mainly devoted... achieve a low Mars orbit. The orbiter carries three science instruments (THEMIS.... Mars Express consists of an orbiter with eight experiments (HRSC – High... as with NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter mission during its extended mission... Martian journeys. MRO (Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter) was launched by NASA in... Rosetta project consists of an orbiter with eleven experiments and a lander..., at 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, the orbiter will deploy the lander which... had been successfully achieved. The Orbiter carries out remote visual, infrared... to observing Titan, the Cassini Orbiter is making extensive measurements of... - 184 - orbiter and a Jupiter system exploration ending with a Ganymede orbiter, and a Saturn system mission including a Titan orbiter and descent... Jupiter Europa Orbiter and the ESA Jupiter Ganymede Orbiter, currently in competition... red planet. NASA’s Mars Reconnaisance Orbiter (MRO) will soon complete its... of Mars. ESA’s Mars Express orbiter continues its extended mission. Martian... demise, the joint ESA/NASA solar orbiter Ulysses reached its ‘end of... to Solar Probe Plus is an ESA mission candidate called Solar Orbiter which... disc, 1.4 million km. After launch, Solar Orbiter will manoeuvre into an orbit..., Solar Orbiter will remain roughly positioned over the same region of the solar...’ for a while over the Sun. Solar Orbiter will therefore be able to... the atmosphere over several days. Solar Orbiter will exploit new technologies being... communications system. Over extended periods Solar Orbiter will deliver images and data..., and waves that fill geospace. Solar Orbiter is a mission proposed for ESA... close as 62 solar radii, Solar Orbiter will view the solar atmosphere with high... techniques). The NASA Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) reached lunar orbit on... water ice. • NASA’s Lunar Reconaissance Orbiter (LRO) was launched in February... Phoenix data. ESA’s Mars Express orbiter (Category III) continues is mission.... - 253 - The NASA Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) continues its science mission... during this decade. A number of orbiter, lander and sample return missions... the asteroid Itokawa. Several lunar orbiter or lander missions are planned...-1 (Russian lunar lander with Indian orbiter) and Luna Resource-2 (Russian lander... Telescope Proposed ESA/JAXA Mercury orbiter (2013) Balloon-borne Experiment with... Particles X-Ray Observatory (NASA) Lunar orbiter (China) Lunar rover (China) Lunar... to test LISA technology Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter Limb Profile Monitor... Atmosphere Laser Ranging Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Living With a Star Lyman alpha... and Lower Thermosphere Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Microgravity Science Glovebox Mass Spectrometer... (JAXA) Selenological and Engineering Explorer orbiter mission (JAXA) Space Environment Monitor...



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.../1742-6596/271/1/012086 The Solar Orbiter Mission and its Polarimetric and... and instrumental aspects of ESA’s Solar Orbiter mission. Special emphasis is given... spatial and temporal resolution. 1. Introduction Solar Orbiter will be hopefully selected in... ESA and NASA. Like SoHO, Solar Orbiter will not be particularly focussed... flows and to probe the solar dynamo. Solar Orbiter is more than a pure... fundamental science questions, around which Solar Orbiter is designed, can be listed...: • • • • How and where do the solar wind plasma and magnetic field...? How do solar transients drive heliospheric variability? How do solar eruptions produce... seismology of the sun and solar-like stars IOP Publishing Journal... to answer these scientific goals Solar Orbiter needs to address the following... and inner heliosphere, especially during solar co-rotation passes • to observe... from high latitudes. 3. Mission Profile Solar Orbiter draws its unique capabilities by... separation from the launch vehicle, Solar Orbiter will start its three-and... lose orbital energy, which allows Solar Orbiter to come close to the.... After a second GAM at Venus, Solar Orbiter begins its operational phase. From... particular and unique feature gives Solar Orbiter access to the high latitude... phases of maximum and minimum solar latitude. The perihelion passage harbours... which Solar Orbiter can follow the evolution of surface structures and solar features... days. This will allow the orbiter to fullfill its prime... instrumentation package. 3.2. Instrument Suite The Solar Orbiter Instrumentation can be grouped in...: Energetic Particle Detector and Solar Wind Plasma Analyser • Solar remote sensing instrumentation... seismology of the sun and solar-like stars IOP Publishing Journal... of different snapshots of Solar Orbiters journey: a) Thanks to a first... sketches is taken from the Solar Orbiter mission video by EADS/Astrium... space and evolves over the solar cycle; how particles are accelerated and propagate around the solar system, including to the Earth... experiment is unique amongst the Solar Orbiter instruments in that it makes... seismology of the sun and solar-like stars IOP Publishing Journal... a) b) c) d) Figure 2. Payload suite of the Solar Orbiter spacecraft: a) The in-situ instruments... the spacecraft from the intense solar radiation at perihelion passages. d) Sketch... sketches is taken from the Solar Orbiter mission video by EADS/Astrium... and electrostatic waves in the solar wind. Principal Investigator of RPW... Paris, France. • Solar Wind Plasma Analyser (SWA) The Solar Wind Plasma Analyser... temperature of solar wind ions and electrons, thereby characterising the solar wind..., SWA will provide measurements of solar wind ion composition for key... compared to other solar and interplanetary processes to understand solar system space... seismology of the sun and solar-like stars IOP Publishing Journal... prediction of the impacts of solar activity on humans, technological systems... the in-situ instruments the Solar Orbiter instrumentation comprises a suite of remote... provide image sequences of the solar atmospheric layers above the photosphere... an indispensable link between the solar surface and outer corona that... viewpoint (up to 34◦ of solar latitude during the extended mission... and ultraviolet emission of the solar corona and diagnose, with unprecedented... range from 1.2 to 3.0 (from 1.6 to 4.1) solar radii from Sun centre, at... is crucial in linking the solar atmospheric phenomena to their evolution... investigations of the solar interior, in particular of the solar convection zone... affects on Earth and the solar system. Principal Investigator of SPICE...) STIX provides imaging spectroscopy of solar thermal and nonthermal X-ray emission... same target region on the solar surface with an identical angular... seismology of the sun and solar-like stars IOP Publishing Journal....1088/1742-6596/271/1/012086 4. Solar Orbiter Polarimetric and Helioseismic Imager SO... and Helioseismic Imager PHI onboard Solar Orbiter obtains information on gas flows... the solar interior by helioseismology) of all the instruments on Solar Orbiter. Since the magnetic field anchored at the solar surface... energetic events in the upper solar atmosphere and significantly in... reaching the science goals of Solar Orbiter. Extrapolations of the magnetic field... apertures are protected from intense solar flux by special heat-rejecting... seismology of the sun and solar-like stars IOP Publishing Journal... intensity differences within a full solar image on a quadrant diode. This... seismology of the sun and solar-like stars IOP Publishing Journal... side of the instrument. 5. Outlook Solar Orbiter will provide unique opportunities to... to the inclination of the solar rotation axis of 7◦ ), a quantitative measurement..., a crucial observation for understanding the solar dynamo, can be obtained. By... studied and simulated in detail, Solar Orbiter and its Polarimetric and Helioseismic... P, Gandorfer A, Solanki S, et al. 2010 Solar Physics in press ´ [3] Mart´ınez...



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... Heritage ix I. INTRODUCTION 1 1 Solar Variability S. K. Solanki 1 2 Spectroradiometry for Solar Physics in Space..., U. Ulmer, H. Wolf 355 28 The Solar Orbiter Mission and Design Recommendations U. Schu... at the solar surface and in the solar atmosphere from solar activity minimum...]. 1.3 Wavelength Dependence of Solar Variability The magnitude of solar variability is strongly... relative change in the solar irradiance between solar activity maximum and minimum... Livingston, W.C., Variability of the solar He I 10830 A Solar Physics, eds.: D.M. Rabin, J.T. Jefferies.... 2.3 Absolute Calibration of Solar Instruments on board Spacecraft 2.3.1 Solar Total Irradiance Monitors... for Solar Spectral Radiometry Solar physicists have attempted spectroradiometric measurements of the solar... Kurucz, R.L., Calculation of solar irradiances. I. Synthesis of the solar spectrum, Astrophys. J. 518... to those of a typical (solar or non-solar) space-telescope entrance-aperture... Imaging Telescope), SEM (Solar Extreme-ultraviolet Monitor), SUMER (Solar Ultraviolet Measurements of... dataset of solar EUV irradiance measurements from solar minimum through solar maximum. The... abundance variations in the solar atmosphere and solar wind, Space Sci. Rev... importance of accurately calibrated solar irradiance data. The solar spectral irradiance in... aeronomic processes throughout the solar system. The solar VUV photons are absorbed... and its interactions with solar system objects. Calibrated solar irradiances from SOHO... solar arrays (SAP) are also indicated. 24.2 Solar-B and its Instruments The Solar... 24.2: Schematic diagram of the Solar-B Solar Optical Telescope and its associated... involves a timescale of several solar cycles, the Solar-B optical telescope is expected..., USA The next Japanese solar mission, Solar-B, is due for launch in....1 Introduction The next Japanese solar mission, Solar-B, is due for launch in... hours per year of solar observations. The Solar Auto Calibrating EUV/UV... solar-terrestrial relations, Geophys. Res. Lett. 3, 573–576, 1976. — 28 — The Solar Orbiter... overview is given of the Solar Orbiter mission. First, the key scientific... one of ESA’s future solar missions, the Solar Orbiter was selected in October... transferred to Solar Orbiter. We take an excerpt from the “Solar Orbiter Assessment Study... may be applicable to the Solar Orbiter. 28.2 Solar Orbiter Scientific Aims The Sun... our understanding of solar and heliospheric physics. The Solar Orbiter will, through a novel... close as 45 solar radii, the Solar Orbiter will view the solar atmosphere with... extended periods of time the Solar Orbiter will deliver images and data.... The scientific goals of the Solar Orbiter mission can be summarized as... corona from high latitudes. The Solar Orbiter will achieve its wideranging aims... Profile and Spacecraft Design The Solar Orbiter scientific requirements define a mission profile... 28.1: X-Y -plane projection of the Solar Orbiter trajectory. During the cruise phase... the overall configuration of the Solar Orbiter spacecraft during scientific observations. The... Solar 28.4. The Strawman Payload 365 Figure 28.4: Configuration of the Solar Orbiter. Orbiter... the thermal design of the Solar Orbiter. At one extreme, the spacecraft... Solar Orbiter constitute a package of sensors suited to a comprehensive study of the solar... instruments is proposed for the Solar Orbiter: an EUV full-Sun and... to the instruments of the Solar Orbiter payload are mainly imposed by... Learned from SOHO? Recommendations for Solar Orbiter The stability of the calibration... that the design of the Solar Orbiter spacecraft as described in the... outboard where that was impossible). Solar Orbiter presently has a cylindrical structure with... types. The instruments of the Solar Orbiter should be expected to have... of the mirror changes). The Solar Orbiter mission profile makes the operational... given the success of SOHO, Solar Orbiter will not present undue cleanliness... this description of the Solar Orbiter mission. Bibliography ESA, Solar Orbiter – A high-resolution mission... proposed in view of the Solar Orbiter UV instruments, for which the... instruments cheaper. As for the Solar Orbiter, the aspiration for wide-bandgap... cameras within the Solar Orbiter schedule. 29.1 Motivations Current solar atmospheric studies show... of the order of 1 . For Solar Orbiter [Marsch et al., 2000; Fleck... imagers are anticipated in the Solar Orbiter assessment study report. The format..., solar-blind, UV-sensitive cameras within the schedule of the Solar Orbiter: prototype demonstrated five years before launch. 2. All Solar Orbiter UV..., J.-C., Solar Orbiter – A high-resolution mission to the Sun and inner heliosphere, AAS/Solar... the Solar Orbiter, SP-493, in proceedings of Solar Encounter, The First Solar Orbiter Workshop... UV detectors for the ESA Solar Orbiter, Diamond and Related Materials, in..., B., Harrison, R., Marsden, R., Schwenn, R., and Vial, J.-C., Solar Orbiter, a high-resolution mission to the... Solar Extreme ultraviolet Monitor SUMER Solar Ultraviolet Measurements of Emitted Radiation SWAN Solar...



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..., and to bodies in our solar system. The WG recommends completion... for the exploration of the solar system. A recent Euroconsult report (EUR... zones and life in the solar system. In addition, Ganymede is... magnetospheric interaction unique in the Solar System. The Jupiter system includes... accelerating? and are there other solar systems like ours, with worlds... Committee, Astronomy Working Group, and Solar System and Exploration Working Group... precision structures, sending probes to Solar System objects, and even bring...? How do we (and the Solar System) fit in? These are amongst..., in situ measurements in the Solar System, and use of particles... Faint Object Camera and the solar arrays. In return, NASA guaranteed... totally surprising, ranging from our solar system to galaxies as they... a few examples, Hubble images of solar system bodies from Venus to... the solar panel assembly. Intermediate shields intercept heat from the solar panel... region for galactic, extragalactic, and solar system astrophysics; a few of its... by the same process as solar-mass stars. Spitzer has made... of the planets. Within the solar system, spectral observations by Spitzer..., supernova remnants, X-ray binaries and solar system objects. After a 9 months performance... the telescope and cryostat from solar visible and infrared radiation and... disks around nearby young stars. Solar system observations with Herschel are... CVM3 WFIRST NASA ESA CVNASA Solar Orbiter Euclid Outcome: selection in progress... tens of thousands of extra-solar planetary systems, a comprehensive survey of... of minor bodies in our Solar System, through galaxies in the... Milky Way to our own solar system. The JWST instruments will... observe occultation of stars by solar system objects to help determine...? How do we (and the Solar System) fit in? These are amongst... Europa Orbiter (JEO),49 and the ESA-led Jupiter Ganymede Orbiter (JGO... neighbourhood and 49 Jupiter Europa Orbiter (JEO), http://opfm.jpl.nasa.../europajupitersystemmissionejsm/jupitereuropaorbiterconcept/. 50 Jupiter Ganymede Orbiter (JGO), http://opfm.jpl.nasa.../Laplace. Theme How does the Solar System work? Goal What have...? Ganymede Orbiter (ESA-led) Lifetime Partners Type JEO: Jupiter Europa Orbiter (NASA... around solar-type stars detect super-earths around solar-type stars Measure solar...) (Catala et al., 2011), and Solar Orbiter.51 5.2.2.1. M1/2: Euclid Mission Summary... their surfaces. 5.2.2.3. M1/2: Solar Orbiter Mission Summary (see Table 9). Solar Orbiter would take the... possible, approaching to just 62 solar radii.52 It would deliver... Sun’s polar regions and the solar far side when it is... of them: EUCLID, PLATO and Solar Orbiter, were competing for selection for... 50 (2012) 1–55 45 Table 9 Solar orbiter: exploring our nearest star. Theme... Partners Type How does the solar system work? To produce images... 30° with respect to the solar equator 6 years (nominal) To be... of life? How does the solar system work? How did the... the formation of our own solar system Young gas giant planets... approval to completion of the Solar Orbiter and EUCLID satellites. The launch... for life and placing our Solar System in context. Orbiting around... reveal whether NEAs contain pre-solar material not yet found in... of life? How does the Solar System work? What are the... three missions – Euclid, PLATO and Solar Orbiter – which are undergoing competitive assessment... astrophysical objects beyond the solar system such as solar-like stars, exoplanets..., the Coronagraph mission Aditya and a solar spectrograph mission. Chandrayaan-2 is also... space-based initiatives include a small solar coronagraph and a Near Infrared Spectro... be a space-based Solar Coronagraph to study the solar corona in visible... planned during the next high solar activity period in 2014. The... problems of the solar corona heating, acceleration of the solar wind, origins of the most powerful phenomena of the solar activity – solar... and enable studying of the solar pole areas. When at perigee... of the order of 40 Solar radii, the spacecraft will be... the other members of the solar system will give new insight... a star’ as well as the solar system as a whole. 6.6. Programmes of... precision structures, sending probes to Solar System objects, and even bring...? How do we (and the Solar System) fit in? These are amongst..., in situ measurements in the Solar System, and use of particles... and Oscillations of stars Payload Solar Launching Vehicle Gamma-ray Burst...: Overview of the Jupiter Europa orbiter mission. Adv. Space Res. 48...



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... in Spacecraft Technologies solar sail was accurately articulated. Solar sailing as an... term “solar sailing” (Garwin, 1958). Subsequent to the discussion of solar sailing... the Advanced Solar Electric Prolusion companion study NASA selected the Solar Electric... NASA completed dual solar sail development programs, funding a solar sail design by... Japanese Venus orbiter Akatsuki, formerly known as the Venus Climate Orbiter (VCO) and Planet-C, and four micro-spacecraft. The solar sail... film used for solar sailing also has thin-film solar arrays embedded... CubeSat based solar sails. Indeed, NASA flew the first CubeSat solar sails... the future of solar sailing. 2. Performance metrics To compare solar sail mission... to the solar sail, ms is mass of the solar sail and... Sun-Synchronous Orbiter (Leipold et al, 1996a, 1996b). These two solar sail mission concepts are very similar, both using a solar sail...’s magnetotail. The Mercury Sun-Synchronous Orbiter meanwhile rotates the ascending node... the Sun the solar radiation pressure in-effect reduces solar gravity and... is increased solar gravity is further ‘reduced’, thus providing enhanced solar storm... a high-performance solar sail to directly balance the solar gravity to hover... the most preferential solar sail architecture. The identified preferential solar sail architecture... solar system rendezvous missions The use of solar sails for outer solar system... SRP with solar distance. 3.1.5 Outer solar system flyby missions Outer solar system fly... the negative elements of solar sail outer solar system rendezvous missions. A Jupiter.... The Cosmic Visions mission concept Solar Orbiter intends to deliver a science suite... respect to the solar equator and to a minimum solar approach radius of... inability of the Solar Orbiter mission to attain a solar polar orbit highlights the...; Macdonald et al, 2006). The Solar Polar Orbiter (SPO) mission concept is...-energy inner-solar system mission which is enabled by solar sail propulsion... spacecraft to rapidly escape the solar system. Solar sails mission concepts significantly... bound of the solar sail concept. 3.1.8 Key characteristics Solar sailing has traditionally... enhanced by solar sailing are more complex than simply this. Solar sailing... example the Solar Polar Orbiter mission. • Class Two • Where the solar sail is... as GeoSail or a Mercury SunSynchronous Orbiter Venus escape at end of... fly-through Outer solar system planet fly-by Solar Polar Orbiter Transit of... and Venus rendezvous Inner Solar System Outer Solar System rendezvous Highly Non... body Fly-by beyond solar gravitational lens Table 2. Solar sail mission key... of several solar sail missions such as the Solar Polar Orbiter and the... increase. 3.2.2 Medium-term: solar [olar orbiter The Solar Polar Orbiter (SPO) mission concept is... concept Solar Orbiter. However, the inability of the Solar Orbiter mission to attain a solar polar... to the solar limb from a terrestrial perspective which eliminates solar conjunctions and hence loss of telemetry. Once the solar sail has delivered the spacecraft to the solar polar orbit... solar sailing for a solar polar mission concept. It is thus conclude that solar...; SPO ≡ Solar Polar Orbiter; VenusSR ≡ Venus Sample Return. www.intechopen.com Solar Sailing... high AD2 of solar sailing. However, if a CubeSat based solar sail system..., allowing solar sailing to progress along its development roadmap. 6. Conclusions A solar sail... significantly enhanced by solar sailing, of which solar sailing is of marginal benefit and of which solar sailing... key applications of solar sailing and the presentation of a solar sail application pull technology development roadmap. Considering the solar sail..., hybridisation with solar electric propulsion the project risk of solar sailing could.... Dachwald, B., Solar Sail Performance Requirements for Missions to the Outer Solar System..., B., Optimal Solar-Sail Trajectories for Missions to the outer Solar System, Journal... Garwin, R.L., Solar Sailing – A Practical Method of Propulsion Within the Solar System, Jet... the outer solar system, JBIS, Vol. 61, August 2008. Kawaguchi, J., Solar Power..., R., Seboldt, W., Mercury SunSynchronous Polar Orbiter with a Solar Sail, Acta Astronautica, Vol. 39..., O., Solar Photonic Assist Trajectory Design for Solar Sail Missions to the Outer Solar... to Solar Sailing, Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Solar Sailing..., G.W., McInnes, C.R., Lyngvi, A., Falkner, P., Atzei, A., Solar Polar Orbiter: a Solar Sail Technology Reference Study, Journal... 1977. Sauer, Jr., C., Solar Sail Trajectories for Solar Polar and Interstellar Probe....com Solar Sailing: Applications and Technology Advancement 59 Sharma, D.N., Scheeres, D.J., Solar System Escape Trajectories Using Solar Sails, Journal of..., Amsterdam, 1992. Yen, C. L., Comparing Solar Sail and Solar Electric Propulsions for Propulsive...



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..., M. and Groepper, P. and Peacock, T. (2001) Solar sailing - Mission opportunities and innovative...: eprints@cis.strath.ac.uk Solar Sailing – Mission Opportunities and Innovative... Programmes, ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands Solar sailing is a unique and elegant... mass. Rather than carrying propellant, solar sails acquire momentum from photons... in the space environment. Therefore, solar sails can expand the envelope... in December 1999 (DLR) Introduction Solar-sail technology was developed to... study sparked international interest in solar sailing for future mission applications... the development of solar-sail technologies. A strong interest in solar sailing is... individual photon is extremely small, solar sails require a large surface area... photons, solar sails must also be extremely light. For a future solar sail...) of order 0.1 – 1 mm/s2 from solar radiation pressure poses great engineering... science exploration missions throughout our Solar System and beyond, the programmatic... in the direction of developing solar sails, ESA’s Industrial Policy Committee... proposal to develop and launch a solar-sail in-orbit deployment demonstrator... hardware will be challenging. A successful solar-sail deployment demonstration will imply... European solar sailing will therefore establish the required confidence in solar sailing... mission scenarios described below. Figure 2. Solar-sail in-orbit deployment demonstration... examine the potential benefits that solar-sailing technology may provide for... missions will require rather large solar sails, a number of science missions... is therefore required while the solar sail manoeuvres to the required... as well as the lunar-solar gravitational perturbations, has demonstrated the... a solar-sail technologydemonstration mission. A mission to study a planet in our Solar System... array of instruments. It requires solar-electric propulsion, chemical propulsion and... of a 360 kg planetary orbiter, a 165 kg magnetospheric orbiter and a 44 kg hard lander. The three-axis-stabilised orbiter... orbiter will investigate the interaction of Mercury’s magnetic field with the solar... assess the potential benefits of solar sails for future planetary exploration... been reconfigured for delivery by solar-sail propulsion alone. To allow for a realistic comparison, the solar-sail solution must provide a comparable... is adequate for the Mercury orbiter mission, but a figure of 0.3 mm... + payload) of 590 kg (planetary orbiter, magnetospheric 61 Figure 4. A 2.38 year... a characteristic acceleration of 0.3 mm/s2 orbiter and lander), the sail size... is shown in Table 2. The solar-sail option offers significant advantages... orbiter Magnetospheric satellite Lander PAYLOAD TOTAL 463 59 31 553 Planetary orbiter... planetary orbiter and lander are jettisoned at Mercury, but the magnetospheric orbiter remains attached to the sail, the magnetospheric orbiter can... planetary orbiter and lander are jettisoned, the characteristic acceleration of the solar... magnetospheric orbit, the solar sail and magnetospheric orbiter could spiral in to... to the solar equatorial rotation period. With the increased solar-sail characteristic... which delivery of a Mercury orbiter and a close solar orbiter are part of the... the round-trip capabilities of solar sailing for future sample-return...’s inner heliosphere – Solo-Sail The Solar Orbiter mission Solo is a ESA F-class... demanding mission objectives, a combination of solar-electric propulsion and multiple gravity... advantages of solar sailing for future missions, we consider the Solar Orbiter mission profile in the context of using solar-sail... extremely large launch mass with a solar-electric propulsion system. The ideal... is 26 days, synchronous with solar equatorial rotation. The primary science... Solar Orbiter mission to ensure a reasonable comparison. In the case of the solar... particular, the unique 26-day solar synchronous orbit allows continuous observations..., the solar sail can rapidly crank the orbital inclination to a solar-polar.../s2 Figure 6. A 1.7 year cranking to solar polar orbit The thermal loads.... More importantly, the use of a solar sail leads to a significant increase... the solar co-rotation region. As solar sail-technology develops, therefore, future solar... Structure Orbiter power Common systems 145 131 64 182 Instruments Structure Orbiter..., during the summer solstice. The solar sail can be stationed directly... in permanent darkness (Fig. 8). The solar-sail performance needed can be... minimise the demands on the solar sail’s performance. Closer equilibrium locations... using larger or higher performance solar sails, or by selecting a less... of increased demands on the solar sail’s performance. Other applications of... for potential mission applications for solar-sailing propulsion have been identified.... Clearly, the readiness of the solar-sailing technology for implementation in..., orbit raising and navigation of a solar sailcraft. The first essential step...



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0.11/5
... gain antenna system, electronics assemblies, solar array substrates, cable assemblies (harnesses... for NASA including Terriers, the Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment (SORCE... un-smudged images of our solar system and distant stars for..., Nancy has been working on solar ultraviolet effects, charged particle effects... on the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter and Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. Photo by Patrick... analysis and design for the Solar Maximum Repair Mission. Ruth worked... planet Earth, space weather, the solar system, and astrophysics. She retired... rays) within our Galaxy and solar system. Cosmic rays span the... from dynamic processes such as solar flares, coronal mass ejections, shocks... a more comprehensive picture of how solar energetic particles get accelerated. Georgia... this knowledge.” 34 HOLLY GILBERT Solar Physicist (NASA GSFC civil servant... Goddard. As a solar scientist, she utilizes the amazing solar data produced by both spaced-based observatories (such as the Solar... and graduate students in her solar research. In addition to research... 2007 by the naming of a solar telescope in her honor at... the Deputy Project Scientist for Solar Orbiter, a collaborative mission between NASA and... on NASA Television about a total solar eclipse, August 2008. “A career as... affect the climate by redistributing solar energy within the Earth’s atmosphere... the Earth, the Sun, our solar system, and the universe. In... the Director of NASA Goddard’s Solar System Exploration Division, a group that... to every planet in the Solar System, with 90 instruments launched... the Atlas V rocket carrying the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) destroyed a sundog... right) and a colleague with the Solar Dynamics Observatory before its launch... transponder ranging to the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) orbiting Mars... the Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter (LOLA) onboard the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO... an applied mathematician in the Solar System Exploration Division and has... an intern with the Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter Science and Operations... of the Laboratory for Astronomy & Solar Physics. Long before computers became... Information System (CDDIS) in Goddard’s Solar System Exploration Division. The CDDIS... on the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), the Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter (LOLA..., working on the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter hardware development, April 2008. “To... with a model of the Orbiting Solar Observatory (OSO) satellite circa 1965... repair mission of a satellite (the Solar Max Repair Mission on STS... currently the Associate Director of Solar System Exploration at NASA Goddard... on a Sphere” tour of the solar system at the NASA Goddard... four satellites: the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, an unmanned satellite to create... study aerosols and the total solar irradiance but that sadly failed... that flew on the Cassini Orbiter as well as on the... power systems, since both the solar arrays and the power control... national treasure.” 98 NICHOLEEN VIALL Solar Physicist (NASA GSFC Postdoctoral Fellow... the heating of the solar corona. Although the solar surface (the photosphere... Kelvin, the Sun’s atmosphere (the solar corona) is heated to temperatures... outstanding challenges of stellar and solar physics. Nicholeen utilizes the spectacular... Assembly (AIA) on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) to address.../AIA data. Much of the solar coronal plasma escapes from the... flows outwards, becoming the solar wind. This solar wind eventually interacts with... also studies properties of the solar wind and how its variability affects the Earth. Nicholeen explaining solar coronal heating to a colleague in... radar altimeters, and the Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA). Wei Li... Goddard studies it in the solar wind and at the Earth... magnetic fields meet. Reconnection allows solar wind particles and energy to...



Дата загрузки: 2017-09-24
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0.22/5
... topics; Mateo Inchaurrandieta joined the Solar Group for a summer project, working... National University). Visitors to the Solar Group included: o Kathryn McWilliams, University... entitled ‘The Influence of the Solar Sector Angle on the Ionosphere... Variability of the Cosmic Radiation, Solar Activity, and the Heliospheric Magnetic... to discuss issues surrounding our Solar Orbiter programs; o Chris Owen hosted Prof... different satellite attitude, altitude and solar and atmospheric conditions. We hope... Matthews was appointed to STFC’s Solar System Advisory Panel (SSAP). JUICE... accepted (see publications).  SMILE – SMILE (Solar Wind Magnetosphere Ionosphere Link Explorer... the continuous interaction between the solar wind and the Earth’s magnetosphere... the processes that link the solar wind with the Charge Exchange... measure the properties of the solar wind with an ion analyser... and early operations costs for Solar Orbiter was submitted to UKSA on... July. Solar Orbiter – It has again been a busy quarter for the Solar Orbiter SWA... been many external meetings. The Solar Orbiter SWA team attended the quarterly... Owen chaired a meeting of the Solar Orbiter PI group at ESTEC in... Science Operations Working Group for Solar Orbiter at ESOC, Madrid, 6/9 July. Finally... book on ‘Plasma Sources for Solar System Magnetospheres’ (Space Science Series...



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..., Earth science, planetary science, and solar and space physics. These surveys... Mission (GACM) 3D-Winds (Demo) Solar and Earth radiation $200 Soil... Russia – to successfully return a lunar orbiter to Earth after landing a rover... and other parts of the solar system and advancing aeronautics research... 1.1: Expand human presence into the solar system and to the surface..., origin, and evolution of the solar system and the potential for... interactions with Earth and the solar system, including space weather Australia... and other parts of the solar system. In addition, many of... example, India launched the Mars Orbiter spacecraft in November 2013 to... its journey through the inner solar system and measuring the increase...-Huygens mission includes the Cassini orbiter, which orbits Saturn, and the... the mission’s communication antenna. The orbiter’s 12 science instruments included two... for operations and tracking the orbiter and probe. The United States... life on Mars using an orbiter that detects trace gases and... services and ESA providing the orbiter. However, budget constraints led to... NASA’s Mars Odyssey, Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, and Mars Science Laboratory missions... advancing space exploration of our solar system and beyond while also... study Earth, the Sun, our solar system, and the universe. Center... extends human reach throughout the solar system. Marshall Space Flight Center... science and discovery throughout our solar system. Specifically, the Center developed... Directorate. Explores the Earth, our solar system, and the universe; charts... cooperation related to Earth science, solar system exploration, heliophysics, and astrophysics... to study solar physics and astrophysics through the examination of solar flares... GPS and a microwave ranging system; (2) Solar Orbiter, a spacecraft that will be placed... and characterizing planets in other solar systems. CSA Capabilities CSA has... General IG-16-020 82 Solar Orbiter. The Solar Orbiter is a spacecraft equipped with... contributing two instruments to the Solar Orbiter: SoloHI, a wide-field heliospheric imager... of heavy ions in the solar wind. ESA is providing the... expected launch date for the Solar Orbiter is October 2018. ESA Capabilities.... The Magnetospheric MultiScale mission is a solar-terrestrial mission comprised of four... on exploring Earth and the solar system and conducting research aimed...,000. Mars Orbiter Mission. India’s first interplanetary mission, Mars orbiter was launched... conditions and processes of the solar system by investigating Ceres and... Ceres and Vesta. Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The Orbiter is a multipurpose spacecraft designed... Infrared Mapping Spectrometer to the orbiter. ASI’s interests include international cooperation... on other bodies in the solar system and exploratory missions to..., crewed rover system, power systems, solar electric propulsion, and in-situ... of Inspector General Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter. Roscosmos provided the Lunar Exploration... Orbiter, which launched in June 2009. The primary objective of the Orbiter..., momentum, and energy of the solar winds that are transferred into... understanding of the physics of solar terrestrial relations. The satellite included...-ray bursts, soft gamma repeaters, solar flares, and other transients. In... Institute, which includes research in solar and space physics (heliophysics) and... on the Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter. The Spacecraft Systems Working Group... lunar exploration, including sending a lunar orbiter and lander, and expanding its... studying the habitability of different solar system bodies. Deep Space Network... radar astronomers to observe the solar system and the universe, and... Cooperation INTA has interests in solar system and planetary exploration, including... Station. Cassini Orbiter’s Magnetometer. Launched in 1997, the Cassini orbiter is a joint...’s Imperial College is using the orbiter to measure the strength and... heavy ions and to predict solar particle events. The UK Space... to mitigating the effects of solar radiation on spacecraft design and... as it enters our inner solar system, observing at close range... Microwave Instrument for the Rosetta Orbiter (MIRO), and the Ion and..., and interacts with radiation and solar wind. measurements of some of... one or more significant subsystems (e.g., solar panels, propulsion, avionics, etc.). Cases...



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0.03/5
... Cells ................................................................. 27 3.2.4 Amorphous/Polycrystalline Solar Cells .................................................................. 29 Solar Arrays ........................................................................................................................29 3.3.1 BOdy-Mounted... Environment Solar Arrays .......................................................................... 69 Mars Surface Solar Arrays ..................................................................................................73 5.6.1 Multi-junction Solar Cells... power full power 4) High Temperature Solar Arrays Solar Probe, Sentinels, PASO 5) High... of solar intensity (e.g., Solar Probe) • • • • • • High intensity/high temperatures (Mercury and solar missions... solar cells used in space is given in Table ES-3. Solar Arrays Solar... Nuclear Sample Return (CNSR), (2) Neptune Orbiter (NO), (3) Venus Surface Sample Return... Europa Orbiter, Europa Lander, various Jupiter Orbiters. These missions require solar cells... missions (e.g., Mercury Orbiter, PASO, Inner Heliospheric Constellation and Solar Flotilla missions) that... several challenges to solar array technologies. The Jupiter Polar Orbiter and 10... in order to enable the Solar Probe, Solar Sentinels, Enterstellar Probe, and... about 0.2 AU. These include Solar Probe, Solar Sentinels, Interstellar Probe, and PASO... solar cells Single junction GaAs solar cells • Multi-junction III-V compound semiconductor solar... final product. 3.2.4 Amorphous/Polycrystaliine Solar Cells Solar cells utilizing amorphous or polycrystalline.... Solar cell manufacturers usually package solar cells into panels. Each panel contains solar... Station 100-kilowatt solar power system has eight solar arrays. Solar array designs... Require or May Benefitfrom Solar Power 39 Solar Cell and Array Technology... C/D MRO Mars Recon Orbiter Near Term CNES1 Mars CNES Orbiter Flight 1 Near Term CNES2 Mars CNES Orbiter Flight 2 Near... ASI/NASA Telesat and Science Orbiter Near Term MSR Mars Sample... Scout 2 Mid Term EO Europa Orbiter Near Term PKE Pluto-Kuiper... Lander Mid Term NO Neptune Orbiter Mid Term CNSR Comet Nucleus... Far Term JPO Jupiter Polar Orbiter Far Term SPECS Submillimeter Probe...) were: Europa Orbiter Pluto/Kuiper Express Europa Lander Neptune Orbiter Titan Explorer Saturn Ring Observer Jupiter Polar Orbiter. A decadal... the solar cell performance. Missions to the Jovian system (Europa Orbiter, Europa Lander, Jupiter Polar Orbiter) will also experience high radiation doses (See Section 5.5). Advanced solar... missions that depend on solar power. Lowmass solar arrays with low stowed.... The primary purpose of the orbiter missions is to explore the... launch a powerful scientific orbiter, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. This mission will focus... orbit. For example, the Reconnaissance Orbiter will measure thousands of Martian... 0.25 AU in 2015, the Solar Orbiter mission (a European Space Agency Spacecraft..., and the Particle Accelerator and Solar Orbiter (PASO) mission is proposed to... Solar Power Part II - Final Report Solar Cell and Array Technology The Solar... Solar Power 49 Solar Cell and Array Technology • Solar Polar Imager Jupiter Polar orbiter • Mercury Orbiter... cost arrays, high temperature solar cell/arrays, solar cells and arrays that... missions (e.g. Mercury Orbiter, PASO, Inner Heliospheric Constellation and Solar Flotilla missions) that... to within 4 solar radii from the center. The solar-powered Solar Probe mission presents challenges to the solar cell and... SSE Jovian missions. Solar-powered Jupiter Polar Orbiter and 10 Electrodynamics missions... systems to replace or augment solar arrays. Solar arrays may be designed... 0.25 AU in 2015, the Solar Orbiter (a European Space Agency Spacecraft) reaches..., and the Particle Accelerator and Solar Orbiter (PASO) attains 0.17 AU in... 5-5. SquareRigger™ Solar Array System Advanced Solar Cells and Arrays 63 Solar Cell and... be purchased. 5.3 High Temperature Solar Arrays Introduction Solar arrays have been used... components from direct solar illumination. The solar array, which converts solar illumination to... power. 5.5 High Radiation Environment Solar Arrays Introduction Solar-powered missions to the... Report Solar Cell and Array Technology 5.6 Mars Surface Solar Arrays 5.6.1 Multi-junction Solar... • Dust mitigation 4) High Temperature Solar Arrays Solar Probe, Sentinels, PASO ·350°C operation... a high altitude aircraft for solar cell calibration, solar simulators for cell efficiency... Aeronautics and Space Agency Neptune Orbiter National Renewable Energy Laboratory Navy... Solar Reflector OSS Office of Space Science PASO Particle Accelerator and Solar Orbiter Abbreviations and Acronyms 91 Solar Cell and Array...