Спутник ФКИ. Solar Probe Plus. [Редактировать]

Солнечный зонд (Solar Probe Plus или Solar Probe+) — это космический зонд для изучения Солнца. Проект НАСА Солнечный зонд — это предложение запусков автоматических космических аппаратов, которые приблизятся к поверхности Солнца на расстояние до десяти солнечных радиусов. Данный показатель значительно ближе, чем все аппараты, которые когда-либо направлялись к светилу. Этот проект (также известный под названием «Solar Probe+» или «Solar Probe Plus») был заявлен как начало новой миссии в финансовом бюджете на 2009 год. Научная координация проекта возложена на Лабораторию прикладной физики университета имени Джона Хопкинса в Мериленде (США). 
Научные задачи
1. Определение структуры и динамики магнитных полей в источниках солнечного ветра.
2. Выявление уровня энергии, испускаемой короной Солнца, и ускорения солнечного ветра.
3. Определение того, какие механизмы ускоряют и переносят энергетические частицы.
4. Изучение частиц плазмы около Солнца и их воздействие на солнечный ветер и образование энергетических частиц.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1SPPНайтиНайти
2Parker Solar ProbeНайтиНайти

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12015-03-19. НАСА выбрало ракету Дельта 4 тяжелая для запуска космического аппарата .
NASA выбрала United Launch Alliance и его ракету Delta IV Heavy для запуска космического аппарата Solar Probe Plus. Целью нового спутника будет изучение Солнца. Запуск планируется осуществить в июле 2018 года из космического пускового центра Мыс Канаверал. Тэги: United launch alliance, L.L.C.Solar Probe PlusДельта 4 тяжелая
22015-04-04. Космический аппарат Solar Probe Plus будет запущен при помощи ракеты Дельта 4.
Orbital ATK совместно с United Launch Alliance (ULA) осуществит запуск спутника NASA Solar Probe Plus (SPP) при помощи ракеты Delta IV Heavy. Тэги: Solar Probe PlusДельта 4 тяжелая
32017-05-25. GAO обнародовало данные о состоянии разработки Solar Probe Plus.
Согласно предоставленному отчету:
1. Solar Probe Plus (SPP) будет первой миссией НАСА, которая достигнет звезды. Основу траектории полета составит гравитационный маневр около Венеры, что должно будет позволить аппарату облететь Солнце около 24-х раз и собрать данные о солнечном ветре и т.д. Научные приборы аппарата будут заниматься наблюдением за процессом генерации и движения солнечного ветра , а также проводить научные измерения внешней атмосферы Земли. Для успешной работы спутник должен будет уметь работать в условиях температуры выше 2500 градусов Фаренгейта и выдерживать повышенную радиацию.
2. В целом проект реализуется в соответствием с ранее утвержденным планом, а суммарные задержки и повышение стоимости укладывается в резервы. В июле 2016 года началась интеграция и тестирование аппарата. К числу выявленных проблем GAO отнесло отклонения в производительности центральной процессора. Запуск космического аппарата запланирован на 2018 год.
3. Стоимость проекта составляет $1553.4 млн., в том числе:
- предварительная проработка - $247.1 млн.
- разработка - $1050.3 млн.
- работа с аппаратом - $256.0 млн. Тэги: Solar Probe Plus

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг555
2Мощность, Вт343

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Расчетный срок функционирования, год7

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата (пуска)август 2018

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта включая ракету-носитель, но исключая операционные расходы), млн. долл.2010-05-011553.4
2Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2010-05-01247.1
3Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2010-05-011055.7
4Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2010-05-01250.6
5Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-011233 - 1439
6Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2013-01-011553.4
7Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2013-01-01247.1
8Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2013-01-011055.7
9Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2013-01-01250.6
10Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2013-01-011233 - 1439
11Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2014-04-011553.4
12Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2014-04-01247.1
13Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2014-04-011055.7
14Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2014-04-01250.6
15Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2015-03-241553.4
16Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2015-03-24247.1
17Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2015-03-241055.7
18Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2015-03-24250.6
19Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2016-02-011553.4
20Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2016-02-01256.0
21Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2016-02-011050.3
22Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2016-02-01247.1
23Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2017-05-201553.4
24Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2017-05-20247.1
25Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2017-05-201050.3
26Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2017-05-20256.0

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Дата загрузки: 2017-09-25
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... Mission; SP – Saturn Probe; UOP – Uranus Orbiter and Probe Nuclear1: Y = nuclear (here RPS); no entry means solar arrays... for technical and CATE studies): S – solar arrays; A – ASRG; M – MMRTG; B – batteries as... ES-1). There are no chemical, solar, or other nonnuclear power supplies... near-Earth space (~1 AU) where solar arrays are generally adequate for... near 1 AU and can use solar arrays. There have been and...-ESA Ulysses mission [14], the Solar Probe mission [15] as had been... prior to its incarnation as Solar Probe Plus [16], and any outer heliosphere... Interstellar Probe concept contained within the report of the Panel on Solar and Heliospheric Physics in the Heliophysics Decadal Survey of 2013: “Solar... time, either higher efficiency Interstellar Probe was not called out in... constraints and the development of Solar Probe Plus (SPP), “the next major mission... sought for the reactor core plus reflector, although there are also... facilities used in processing RPS plus a further ~$40M in recurring costs... by its MMRTG [68]. The Solar Probe Plus (SPP) mission (confirmed for launch... solar arrays have replaced the then-planned (in 2001), RPS-powered Solar Probe... (TSSM) and Uranus Orbiter and Probe (UOP). Mission science and instrumentation...] and 2010 Uranus Orbiter and Probe (UOP) mission concept developed for... cap with the use of solar electric propulsion (SEP) Deferred missions.... A planned payload of six instruments plus radio science is accommodated, with...) SEP Stage 15 kW Ultraflex Solar Arrays (2 wings, stowed) NEXT Ion... three phases: Uranus Capture and Probe Delivery (29 days), Primary Uranus... orbiter and deployable atmospheric entry probe. The notional Orbiter science payload... (enhanced payload). The atmospheric entry probe would be equipped with a mass... Magnetometer boom Orbiter Mass (excludes probe) Thermal Control Propulsion Attitude Control..., maneuvers, science Spin: hibernation and probe delivery Knowledge: +/- 100 microradian Control... in situ elements or Entry Probe as “black box” payloads. § Use... 392 We EOM. 2 Primary + 0 Spare (plus 1 thermally isolating bracket each). 98... fixed boom; (b) The SEP-stage solar array would increase from 15... (2 month aerobraking campaign) 4.5 m drag flap plus 2.25 m antenna same 77 Ballistic... (2 month aerobraking campaign) 4.5 m drag flap plus 2.25 m antenna 80 ballistic coefficient... while maintaining the 20-kWe solar electric propulsion (SEP) stage appeared... configuration (2+1 spare) was retained. The probe would still be jettisoned at... stage remained with the moon probe, the potential extra delta V could.... For this spacecraft, which uses solar panels to power SEP, the... 180 degrees away from the probe, requiring relocation of the antenna... mission duration (14 years), (2) no solar panels to mitigate the effective... to the noise seen on solar-powered Mars missions. The neutron... are not as intrusive as solar arrays. The 10-meter boom... drivers. Previous trade studies rejected solar power for this application because...-RPS mission ** NASA has selected solar power as the current notional...-of-concept converter demonstrations in solar-thermal COMMON BUILDING BLOCK SEGMENTED... objectives could be met using solar power. This change would considerably... to lunar, solar, Martian, Jovian, Saturnian, and outer solar system exploration missions..., RTGs); with many of the solar system exploration missions using RHUs... exploration Jul 71 PIONEER 10 Solar system Mar 72 exploration APOLLO... exploration Dec 72 PIONEER 11 Solar system Apr 73 exploration VIKING... 76 VOYAGER 2 Solar system Aug 77 exploration VOYAGER 1 Solar system Sep 77... to provide heat for the solar-powered Early Apollo Science Experiment... Mars; still operational NIMBUS B-1 Meteorological Solar polar exploration MARS Mars rover... an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), plus their associated decision documents. All... wind field (three spatial dimensions plus time). Where puff interaction with... to greater propellant loading, increased Solar Electric Propulsion stage array power... Europa Clipper mission would use solar arrays rather than MMRTGs. 130... the outer reaches of the solar system and missions to environments... RPS39 has provided a solid, 40-plus-year, historical record of performance... one notional, nuclear Mars mission plus one notional, nuclear Discovery mission... SEI Space Exploration Initiative SEP Solar Electric Propulsion SER Safety Evaluation... Material SP Saturn Probe SPO Security Police Officer SPP Solar Probe Plus SRG Stirling... Alliance UOP Uranus Orbiter and Probe US United States USAF United... kick-off on Uranus Orbiter Probe (UOP) RPS (APL) June 23..., Washington, D.C., 2011. [3] National Research Council, Solar and Space Physics: A Science for..., E.C. Sittler, Jr., C.W. Smith, M. Velli, T.H. Zurbuchen, Solar Probe: Report of the Science and..., E.C. Sittler, Jr., C.W. Smith, M. Velli, T.H. Zurbuchen, Solar Probe Plus: Report of the Science and... al., A high-temperature, high-efficiency solar thermoelectric generator prototype, Energy Procedia...



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..., JAXA deployed the solar sail of the Small Solar Power Sail Demonstrator... form of solar wind, energetic particles, and variations in the solar irradiance... measurements and images of solar coronas and solar magnetic fields. >> By April... total and spectral solar irradiance, the diameter and solar shape, and to...-sized probe directly into the Sun's atmosphere. The spacecraft, called Solar Probe Plus, is... the Solar System. Now 17.4bn km from home, the veteran probe... to deploy the solar sail of the Small Solar Power Sail Demonstrator... Hayabusa-2 space probe, the successor to the unmanned Hayabusa probe that - 101... ESA-NASA Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) has completed half a solar cycle... at geosynchronous orbit monitor solar X-rays and solar particles; ACE continues to... nm solar irradiances with four instruments; STEREO provides 3-D views of solar phenomena... along magnetic field lines. Solar Irradiance Models: Solar Irradiance Platform (SIP) has... irradiance variations due to solar flares; the Solar Radiation Physical Model (SRPM... the SunRISE solar synthesis model to create a physics-based solar atmospheric spectral... from spatially- and spectrallyresolved solar observations, full-disk solar images, and a database... emphasizing solar products that are compliant with ISO 21348 (Solar Irradiance Standard... and solar activity prediction, radiation belt characteristics, charging of GEO solar array... era) behaviour of solar activity during the recent solar minimum has led... into violent solar events such as the turbulent solar wind, solar flares and... known as the ‘solar tsunami’. Years ago, when solar physicists first witnessed... equipped with three advanced solar - 202 - telescopes. Its solar optical telescope (SOT... the origins of the solar wind. The solar wind is a stream of..., or corona, into the solar wind. In the solar atmosphere, Alfvén waves... on the solar surface. It occurred just as some solar physicists were... energy release in solar flares. RHESSI’s views of solar X-ray and gamma... tail end of the last solar minimum (solar activity waxes and wanes... and speed of the solar wind. The solar wind is ‘what blows.... Particles from the solar wind that escape the solar system are met... of the solar interior and their role in driving solar activity; to... for a new NASA mission is Solar Probe Plus, an extraordinary and historic mission... it extends out into space. Solar Probe Plus will repeatedly sample the near... the most hazardous solar energetic particles are energized, Solar Probe Plus will make a fundamental... of the supersonic solar wind’s existence: Why is the solar corona so... complementary to Solar Probe Plus is an ESA mission candidate called Solar Orbiter which... solar physics from space; a fleet of advanced solar observatories, namely the Solar and... High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI), Hinode (‘Sunrise’; formerly Solar-B), the Solar TErrestrial... programmes for solar physics. Furthermore, from lengthy experience in solar observing and... Solar Programmes Current solar programmes are directed at three broad areas of solar-terrestrial science: (1) The solar interior; (2) The solar atmosphere; (3) The influence of the solar wind and of large solar events such as CMEs and solar... of solar phenomena and is able to detect solar oscillations and solar UV... just below the solar surface as well as solar rotation in and... fast and slow solar wind flows in the outer solar atmosphere have... the topology of the solar magnetic fields. The solar wind acceleration has... back to a few solar radii from the solar surface and has been... s-1 at about three solar radii out from the solar surface. Acceleration is... ion acceleration in solar flares. RHESSI, like most solar missions, is an... solar atmosphere from Earth orbit, and to observe solar activity and magnetospheric solar... the inner and outer solar corona from 0.2 to 4 solar radii in the... cycles of solar activity, made some significant observations of solar X-ray outbursts... a significant portion of a solar cycle to capture the solar variations that may... particularly fruitful for investigating solar activity. Other solar physics oriented experiments include... close as 62 solar radii, Solar Orbiter will view the solar atmosphere with... by unusually low solar activity levels for the current solar cycle. Apart.... XIII.1 Recent Solar Minimum The recent 2008-2009 solar minimum period has... nature of the upcoming solar cycle. The Solar Cycle 24 Prediction Panel... initiative Scientific Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Physics Solar Dynamics Observatory Sun Earth... Shallow Radar Solar, Heliospheric & INterplanetary Environment Space Interferometer Mission (NASA) Solar irradiance... Observatory For Infrared Astronomy Solar and Heliospheric Observatory Solar irradiance model high... Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment Solar Optical Telescope Solar-Terrestrial Investigation and Archives Solar... Research Students programme Solar-Terrestrial Environment Solar-Terrestrial Energy Programme Solar Terrestrial Relations...



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... conducts research in atmospheric physics, solar physics, solar-terrestrial relations, Jon Smallwood...-field Imager Selected for the Solar Probe Plus Mission 12 SOHO Spots 2000th... increased predictive understanding of the solar wind and space weather. Operational... and electronics exposed to vacuum, solar radiation, atomic oxygen, and extremes... most abundant elements of the solar corona, hydrogen and helium. HERSCHEL... corona; and global maps of solar wind outflow. Determination of the... that generate and drive the solar wind will provide a fundamental advance... Friedman’s first V-2 rocket flight measured solar X-radiation. Friedman later made the... for upper atmosphere research and solar astronomy, NRL took the lead... of the atmosphere, cosmic rays, solar ultraviolet radiation, and various biological... Tousey’s first V-2 rocket flight measured solar ultraviolet radiation. NRL’s V-2 experiments in..., along with SolRad which monitored solar X-radiation. The month after a U-2 aircraft... of Orbiting Solar Observatory missions for which NRL developed solar physics instrumentation... and celestial objects. 1973 NRL solar spectrometers operated on Skylab, America... NRL’s Solar Ultraviolet Spectral Irradiance Monitor (SUSIM) which measured absolute solar UV irradiance and examined the impact of solar variability... longest continuous absolute measurement of solar UV irradiance to date. 1983... a DoD satellite to monitor the solar corona and catalog CMEs. First... Launch of the Japanese Yohkoh solar observatory with NRL instrumentation on...-energy solar phenomena. Yohkoh provided the first definitive observations connecting solar flares... of Earth’s upper atmosphere during solar storms. Students from all over... on the ESA/NASA Solar 8 and drive the solar wind, providing a genuine.... 2006 Launch of NASA’s STEREO (Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory). NRL’s SECCHI... Launch of the Japanese Hinode solar observatory with NRL’s Extreme-ultraviolet..., density, and dynamics of the solar corona. 2007 Launch of STPSat...-FIELD IMAGER selected for the SOLAR PROBE PLUS MISSION SOLAR PHYSICS NASA has chosen... the Solar Probe Plus mission slated for launch no later than 2018. The Solar Probe Plus..., scientists have known that the solar corona, or the Sun’s outer... than the visible solar surface and that the solar wind accelerates up... through the corona. In the Solar Probe Plus mission, scientists hope to find... solar wind down in the corona. NRL’s Wide-field Imager for Solar Probe... only optical investigation because the solar environment is so hot the... experiment actually will see the solar wind and provide 3-D images of... investigations chosen for the Solar Probe Plus mission are: The Solar Wind Electrons Alphas... most abundant particles in the solar wind — electrons, protons, and helium... FEATURES Artist’s concept of the Solar Probe Plus approaching the Sun. (Credit: NASA..., Texas) The Heliospheric Origins with Solar Probe Plus is led by Dr. Marco... overall science investigations after the probe enters the Sun’s atmosphere. (NASA... contractor for the spacecraft. The Solar Probe Plus mission is part of NASA... milestone: on December 26, the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) discovered..., and visualization work for NRL’s solar physics missions. “These volunteers are... mission is to investiagate the solar wind and its acceleration processes... and Counting SOLAR PHYSICS Coronagraphs Obtain the First Complete Solar Cycle Set..., mass, and kinetic energy of solar coronal mass ejections (CMEs). CMEs... most energetic phenomena in the solar system and the major drivers... on board the Seventh Orbiting Solar Observatory (OSO-7). NRL’s subsequent sustained... European Space Agency (ESA)/NASA Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) mission... only at solar distances of about 10 to 15 solar radii; this... space weather forecasting. (2) Not every solar plasma ejection qualifies as a CME... LASCO field of view (30 solar radii), possibly leading to misidentifications..., but intermittent, observations in previous solar cycles, the average CME mass... long-term solar activity monitoring. Total mass injection in the solar wind... Sun — an exciting first in solar physics. This magnificent view was... to Earth by NASA’s STEREO (Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory) mission. STEREO..., each gathering detailed images of solar activity from different angles. Starting... able to map the entire solar atmosphere continuously: “For the first... evolution and structure of the solar atmosphere, including its violent eruptions... the third mission in NASA’s Solar Terrestrial Probes Program and is... Research Laboratory. SECCHI observes the solar corona and inner heliosphere from... on each of the two solar-powered STEREO observatories, STEREO-A ahead...: Cartesian projection of the entire solar atmosphere as observed by NRL... power system with batteries and solar arrays, an attitude control system... ORS standardized Phase 3 flight bus (solar arrays shown stowed). TacSat-4’s “COMMx... returned unprecedented views of the solar wind, coronal mass ejections, and...



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... Soil Moisture Active and Passive Solar Probe Plus Space Launch System Space Network... review Radiation Belt Storm Probes Solar Dynamics Observatory system definition review... Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy Solar Probe Plus Surface Water and Ocean Topography... Moisture Active and Passive SPP Solar Probe Plus SGSS Space Network Ground Segment... Formulation Type of Contract: Cost-Plus-Award-Fee Date of Award... of Contract: Cost-Plus-Fixed-Fee and Cost-Plus-Award-Fee Date... components Type of Contract: Cost-Plus-Award-Fee/ Incentive-Fee Source... which energy is transferred from solar wind to Earth’s magnetosphere and... development Type of Contract: Cost-Plus-Fixed-Fee Date of Award... the Mars upper atmosphere, ionosphere, solar energetic drivers, and atmospheric losses... Martin. Type of Contract: Cost-Plus-Award-Fee Date of Award... development Type of Contract: Cost-Plus-Incentive-Fee Date of Award... $3 million—$2.9 million for the wheels plus an additional $158 thousand for... that could better explain our solar system’s formation and how life... development Type of Contract: Cost-Plus-Award-Fee Date of Award... Formulation Type of Contract: Cost-Plus-Award-Fee Date of Award.../11 Type of Contract: Cost-Plus-Fixed-Fee Date of Award... Large-Scale Projects common name: Solar Probe Plus Recent/Continuing Project Challenges • Funding... AFS, FL Launch Vehicle: TBD Solar Probe Plus (SPP) is designed to explore... the generation and flow of solar winds from very close range. By observing the corona, where solar energetic particles are energized, there... the origin and evolution of solar wind and why the Sun...: 7 years Requirement derived from: 2003 Solar and Space Physics Decadal Survey.../14 Type of Contract: Cost-Plus-Award-Fee Date of Award... validated the performance of the solar cell and array in advance... Large-Scale Projects common name: Solar Probe Plus SPP project update The project... of another critical technology—the solar cell and array, which is... that the performance of the solar array was demonstrated at greater.... Implementation Type of Contract: Cost-Plus-Award-Fee/ Incentive-Fee/Fixed... flight, EM-1, in December 2017, plus 3 months for data analysis. Funding... Implementation Type of Contract: Cost-Plus-Award-Fee Date of Award... of new solar systems; planets, comets, and asteroids in our solar system... operations Type of Contract: Cost-Plus-Fixed-Fee Date of Award... report, the initial contract values plus contract modifications issued to equitably... Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (Orion), Solar Probe Plus (SPP) and Surface Water and... help further understanding of our solar system’s formation and how life... Project Cost: $914.6 million Project: Solar Probe Plus (SPP) Launch Readiness Date: August... the origin and evolution of solar wind and why the Sun..., comets, and asteroids in our solar system. Latest Estimate of Total...



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SOLAR PROBE PLUS MISSION DESIGN OVERVIEW AND MISSION ....Shyong@jhuapl.edu (1) Abstract: The Solar Probe Plus mission, scheduled to launch in... trajectory correction maneuver schedule. Keywords: Solar Probe Plus, Solar Mission, Mission Design, Trajectory Design... An idea for a solar probe mission to send a space probe to the Sun... orbit. Studies [2-16] on implementing a solar probe mission continued for the next... investigate the feasibility of the solar probe mission under a new set of... V7GA trajectory revolutionized the original solar probe mission concept and offered significant... return compared with the original solar probe mission, and therefore the new... STDT as the “Solar Probe Plus” mission [20]. 1 Since 2008 the Solar Probe Plus (SPP) mission... C. Figure 1. Reference Design of the Solar Probe Plus Spacecraft A reference design of the... the 4.4 m2 solar array radiators actively cool the solar arrays. Next to.... Two movable solar arrays, each consisting of a primary and a secondary solar panels, have a total area of 1.54 m2. The solar arrays... about 3 m. Science investigations of the Solar Probe Plus mission were selected by NASA... that produce fast and slow solar winds, solar coronal heating, and the... requirements. This paper describes the Solar Probe Plus mission design features and mission... final solar orbit, and the overall mission timeline. Section 3 describes the Solar Probe Plus... 4. Details of the solar encounters during all 24 solar orbits, as well... 5. Unique mission features characterizing the Solar Probe Plus mission and the times within... trajectory in the inner solar system. During the solar conjunction periods, communication... Section 8. 2. Mission Design Overview The Solar Probe Plus mission will send a spacecraft close... trajectory developed to enable the Solar Probe Plus mission without a Jupiter gravity assist... Trajectory A reference trajectory of the Solar Probe Plus baseline mission for the opening... by Venus (solar eclipse). The spacecraft will experience a brief solar eclipse during these three Venus flybys. The longest solar eclipse... individual solar orbits and provides unprecedented 24 close solar encounters. The solar encounter... to four solar encounters per year. Some of the solar encounters are at the same solar distance on repeated solar 6 orbits and some encounters are at different solar distances. The 24 solar... Sun center. 5.1. Solar Passes There are multiple repeated solar encounter passes at... three repeated solar passes. The perihelion P17 has five repeated solar passes, and the perihelion P10 has seven repeated solar passes. These repeated solar passes offer multiple... solar distance and velocity profiles of the solar encounter on each solar pass.... The duration of the solar passes at solar distances less than 0.25... Sun. Figure 5. Solar Orbits of Minimum Perihelion 6. Solar Distance Profile Solar distance of... size of the solar panels. Figure 6. Solar Distance Profile The solar distance profile... was proposed with the original solar probe approach. 9 Besides the technical advantage... highly elliptical solar orbits across the inner solar system cause frequent solar conjunctions... 7 shows the Sun-Probe-Earth (SPE) and Sun-Earth-Probe (SEP) angles.... 11 Figure 7. Sun-Earth-Probe and Sun-Probe-Earth Angles Besides the communication outage due to the solar... from direct solar radiation to prevent overheating. When spacecraft solar distance is...–49, June 15. [5] Feldman, W.C. (Ed.) “Solar Probe Scientific Rationale and Mission Concept... D-6797, November 1989. [6] Randolph, J.E. (Ed.) “Solar Probe Mission and System Design Concepts... D6798, December 1989. [7] Randolph, J.E. (Ed.) “Solar Probe Mission and System Design Concept... D8076, December 1990. [8] Randolph, J.E. (Ed.) “Solar Probe Mission and System Design Concepts... D8972, October 1991. [9] Randolph, J.E. (Ed.) “Solar Probe Mission and System Design Concepts..., December 1994. [10] Randolph, J.E. (Ed.) “Solar Probe Mission and System Design Concepts... document D13269, December 1995. [11] Solar Probe: First Mission to the Nearest... the Solar Probe Mission, Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University, 1999. [12] Solar Probe... Solar Probe Mission.” Acta Astronautica, Vol. 55, pp. 211–219, 2004. [14] Solar Probe... Space Agency Studies of the Solar Probe.” in: M. Neugebauer, R.W. Davies (Eds.), A Close..., pp. 556–564 September 1. [17] Solar Probe+ Mission Engineering Study Report, The.... [18] Guo, Y. “Trajectory Design of Solar Probe+ Using Multiple Venus Gravity Assists... 18-21, 2008. [19] Guo, Y. “Solar Probe Plus: Mission Design Challenges and Trades..., pp. 1063-1072, 2010. [20] Solar Probe Plus: Report of the Science and..., E., A. Driesman, J. Kinnison, M. K. Lockwood, and P. Hill “Solar Probe Plus Mission Overview” AIAA GNC Conference...



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... Earth and NEW MEXICO space Plus many other locations worldwide GREENBELT... study of our world, the solar system, and beyond, NASA Goddard... quest to understand Earth, our solar system and worlds beyond. All... 5th and 20th anniversaries. The Solar Dynamics Observatory studied a sunspot 80... yet of the current solar cycle; and the Solar and Helio­ spheric... Sun and its ex­ tended solar system environment (the heliosphere), and..., and small objects in the solar system and beyond, including their... YE WA INNO 1.5 OF DAT SOLAR 252 LIVES SAVED IN THE... PER DAY SENT FROM THE SOLAR DYNAMICS OBSERVATORY -YEAR HISTORY OF... as the planets in our solar system. The International Space Station... its changing climate. EARTH Earth SOLAR SYSTEM 19 9 10 11 OSIRIS... (E), with numerous publications to follow. SOLAR SYSTEM SUN SUN 20 12...) Suomi-NPP Polar-orbiting •• SORCE (Solar(Suomi-National Radiation and Climate... (Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission) • SORCE (Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment) • Terra... sky for planets outside our solar system. The X-ray timing instrument...) Energetics and Mass)(ISS) • STEREO (Solar • DXL (Diffuse X-rays from the... and Mass)(ISS) (Super • STEREO (Solar • HAWC+ (High-resolution Trans-Iron... How does the universe work? Probe the origin and destiny of... ten years of service, the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) discovered... operation for five years, the Solar Dynamic Observatory (SDO) observed a sunspot... region seen in the current solar cycle, which began in 2008... (IonosphericConnection Connection Explorer) Explorer) • Solar Orbiter • Solar Orbiter • Solar Probe PlusSolar Probe Plus *Joint Agency Satellite *Joint... • •ACE (Advanced • SDO (Solar Dynamics ACE (Advanced • SDO (Solar Dynamics Composition Explorer... • SOHO (Solar and AIM (Aeronomy of Ice in • SOHO (Solar and the... (Cassini Plasma Observatory) • STEREO (Solar Spectrometer) • STEREORelations (Solar • CINDI (Coupled Ion Neutral... Radiation Belt Multiscale) • Voyager Energy Solar Ramaty Storm Probes) •High RHESSI... Spectroscopic • Voyager High Energy Imager) Solar • Wind Spectroscopic Imager) NASA Strategic... Earth and the solar system, including space weather. PORTFOLIO SOLAR PHYSICS HELIOSPHERIC... Agency Honor Awards MAKING HEADLINES Solar Flair: NASA Mission Provides Mesmerizing... — May 5, 2015, Discover Magazine ACE Solar Observatory to Make 3,000th Comet... — Aug 17, 2015, Discovery.com Solar Flares From 80,000Mile Wide... and on mag­ netometers for Solar Probe Plus. In addition, our team was... facility instrument • Magnetometers for Solar Probe • Magnetometers for Solar Probe PlusPlus Mass Spectrometer for MOMA..., origin, and evolution of the solar system and the potential for... comet to a planet in the solar system. MAKING HEADLINES DID YOU... Studies for Science and Exploration** • Solar System Exploration Data Services Office... Astrobiology Institute **Part of NASA’s Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute..., 2015, Wired This Shoebox-sized Probe Will Hunt for Ice on... 1.1: Expand human presence into the solar system and to the surface... 1.1: Expand human presence into the solar system and to the surface...” NASA Mission Reveals Speed of Solar Wind Stripping Martian Atmosphere NASA... 13 Measuring Mars’ Ancient Ocean Solar Wind Strips Martian Atmosphere Satellite... STEM degrees. • Four week-long solar system exploration education workshops brought... research through scientific reporting. This solar system education effort pro­ vided... Flight Center dedication. During a total solar eclipse, a total of 32 sounding...



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Solar Probe Plus Report of the Science and ...-5 Solar Probe+ and Human Exploration ................................................................................. ES-6 Summary .............................................................................................................................. ES-7 1. Solar Probe+ and Human Exploration .......................................................................................... 1-1 2. Solar Probe+: Science... Goddard Space Flight Center v Solar Probe+: Executive Summary Solar Probe+ will be an extraordinary... of possible implementations of a Solar Probe mission, and a Solar Probe has remained at the... has therefore been christened “Solar Probe Plus” (written “Solar Probe+”). * RS = solar radius = 6.96 X 105 km... Dust Detector (CD). Unlike Solar Probe 2005, Solar Probe+ carries only one remote-sensing... response to the Solar Probe Announcement of Opportunity.) The baseline Solar Probe+ is a 3-axis... during the solar encounters. Solar Probe+ is powered by two separate solar array systems... and technical, over previous Solar Probe mission concepts. Solar Probe+ is an extraordinary mission...: Solar Probe 2005 (Polar) and Solar Probe+ (In-ecliptic): Science Objectives The new Solar Probe mission (Solar Probe... that heats the solar corona and accelerates the solar wind. Solar Probe 2005 was... data that Solar Probe 2005 would acquire between 4 and 9.5 Rs. Solar Probe+ will perform... that Solar Probe+ will acquire during its multiple near-Sun passes. Solar Probe+ will... using Solar Probe Plus as a neutron measurement platform. 2-40 disturbed moderately disturbed Solar Wind... minimum success criterion for the Solar Probe+ mission: Solar Probe+ must make measurements that... the Solar Probe+ mission, the Solar Probe STDT recommends that NASA establish a competitive Solar Probe+ Affiliated... national and international agencies. 3.3.2 Solar Probe+ Observation Campaign. Solar Probe+’s many perihelion passes, especially... for the Solar Probe+ measurements, substantially enhancing the science return from Solar Probe+.1 Conversely... rules, the redefined Solar Probe mission must ƒ achieve the Solar Probe 2005 core science... mission was christened “Solar Probe Plus,” written “Solar Probe+.” The mission concept for Solar Probe+ differs substantially from that described in the 2005 Solar Probe report, which called for Solar Probe to be placed into a solar polar... for the Solar Probe mission. The new engineering team, 2008 Solar Probe+ Mission Engineering... as the Solar Probe+ launch vehicle. As with other interplanetary missions, Solar Probe+ will... with 2005 Solar Probe Baseline Mission. As noted above, the Solar Probe+ mission concept... and spacecraft designs, Solar Probe+ will not, in contrast to Solar Probe 2005, be... of the Solar Probe+ development effort; however, a preliminary comparison of the Solar Probe+ trajectory with that of Solar Probe 2005 (as well... than would Solar Probe 2005 during either of its encounters. Because Solar Probe+ will... that baselined for Solar Probe in the 2005 study. Solar Probe 2005 required both... design developed for Solar Probe 2005. The requirements for the Solar Probe+ TPS are... been updated for Solar Probe+ and demonstrate that the baseline Solar Probe+ TPS design... command/telemetry paths. 4.8.1. Solar Arrays. Solar Probe+ uses two different solar cell arrays, a primary...° C. Secondary Solar Array. The secondary solar array will be used when Solar Probe+ is... during solar encounters is planned for Solar Probe+. From an operational perspective, Solar Probe+ orbits... Solar Probe and 2008 Solar Probe+ mission designs Minimum perihelion Aphelion Inclination Number of solar...) 4-44 Figure 4-7. Solar Probe+ spacecraft. Figure 4-8. Block diagram 4-45 Figure 4-9. Solar Probe+ instrument and... block diagram Figure 4-31. Solar-Earth-Probe (SEP) and Solar-Probe-Earth (SPE) angles... Earth. Figure 4-33. Solar Probe+ telecommunications system. 4-57 Figure 4-34. Solar Probe+ G&C subsystem functional... A: Solar Probe+ Mass and Power Budgets A-2 Table A.1 Solar Probe+ mass budget (cont’d) A-3 Table A.1 Solar Probe+ mass budget (cont’d) A-4 Table A.1 Solar Probe+ mass budget (cont’d) A-5 A-6 Table A.2 Solar Probe+ power budget (cont’d) A-7 Table A.2 Solar Probe+ power... Solar Probe STDT study (McComas et al., 2005; Appendix B). Compared with Solar Probe 2005, Solar Probe... the conical primary shield of Solar Probe 2005, Solar Probe+’s heat shield will not... for the 2005 Solar Probe concept, adapted for the Solar Probe+ mission design. The... SMEI Solar Mass Ejection Imager SOHO Solar and Heliospheric Observatory SPAS Solar Probe Affiliated...



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... at Austin 0800h B21I-04 Solar induced chlorophyll fluorescence from terrestrial...-0564 POSTER Periodic Analysis Between Solar Variability and the Earth’s Temperature... 0800h Strategies for Cooling Earth: Solar Geoengineering and Carbon Dioxide Removal... Modeling of Solar Radiation Management: A Comparison of Simulations Using Reduced Solar Constant... POSTER Improving solar wind modeling at Mercury: Incorporating transient solar phenomena into... Magnetic Reconnection Controls Impacts of Solar Wind Ions at Mercury’s Surface... Automated Discovery of Short Duration Solar Radio Bursts in MurchisonWidefield Array...-4089 POSTER The Automatic Solar Synoptic Analyzer and Solar Wind Prediction: S Hong... Institute; Markus Aschwanden, Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory 0800h SH21A..., S Rodgers Computer Vision Codes in Solar Physics: Challenges and Limitations I Posters... Inner Heliosphere in Preparation for Solar Probe Plus and Solar Orbiter I Posters Presiding: Marco... Multi-Fluid Solar Corona and Inner Heliosphere Model for Solar Probe Plus and Solar Orbite..., T I Gombosi 0800h SH21B-4096 POSTER Solar Probe Plus: A NASA Mission to Touch the... Inner Heliosphere: Implications for Solar Orbiter and Solar Probe Plus: T S Horbury, L Matteini 0800h SH21B-4098 POSTER 3D Visualization of Solar Data: Preparing for Solar Orbiter and Solar Probe Plus: D Mueller, S Felix... Energetic Particle Detector (EPD) for Solar Orbiter – Sensor Status and Calibration... the Wide-field Imager for Solar Probe Plus (WISPR): P C Liewer, Y Su, A Vourlidas, A F Thernisien... SH21B-4102 POSTER Testing the Solar Probe Cup, An Instrument Designed to... Removing Instrumental Noise in the Solar Probe Plus/FIELDS Search Coil Magnetometer: T A Bowen...-thermal noise spectroscopy on Solar Orbiter and Solar Probe Plus: Y Zouganelis, M Moncuquet, N Meyer-Vernet... Secondary Electron Dynamics Around the Solar Probe Plus Spacecraft: Y Miyake, H Usui 0800h SH21B... for Coordinated Science with Solar Orbiter and Solar Probe Plus: B Lavraud, Y D Liu, R A Harrison, W Liu... Fast solar wind measurements from the Bright Monitor of the Solar Wind... 0800h SH21C-4130 POSTER Computing Solar EUV Irradiance Variability: H P Warren 0800h...: Connection to Nanoflares in the Solar Corona: H Che, M L Goldstein 0800h SH21B... Analyses of Simulated Reconnection-Driven Solar Polar Jets: M A Roberts, V M Uritsky, J T Karpen... numerical simulations in preparation for Solar Probe Plus: J C Perez, B D G Chandran 0800h SH21B-4125... 0845h SH21D-04 Interstellar Mapping Probe: Scientific Challenges of the Mission... V21B-4760 POSTER Lab Experiments Probe Interactions Between Dilute Pyroclastic Density... Ionosphere: L Cai, A T Aikio, T J Nygren SPA-SOLAR AND HELIOSPHERIC PHYSICS SPA-MAGNETOSPHERIC...-05 Core Electron Heating in Solar Wind Reconnection Exhausts: M Pulupa, C S Salem... Tuesday 1020h Solar and Heliospheric Physics General Contributions III Solar Wind, Stream... Waves Observed within and Near Solar Wind Stream Interaction Regions: C A Colpitts..., VNIR/NIR/TIR Imaging, Net Solar and Longwave Radiation, Meteorological Fluxes... the Radiative Transfer Modeling of Solar Occultation Measurements: A Jones, N Lloyd, L A Rieger... Parameterization Under Cloudy Condition in Solar Spectral Region: Q Yang, X Liu, P Yang... 1340h A23I-3358 POSTER SUMO: Solar Ultraviolet Monitor and Ozone Nanosatellite..., S H Schaire 1340h A23I-3363 POSTER Solar Occultation Constellation for Retrieving Aerosols... System: F D Wilder, S Eriksson, M J Wiltberger SPA-SOLAR AND HELIOSPHERIC PHYSICS 1340h SA23B... Reconnection and Chromospheric Evaporation in a Solar Flare: H Tian, G Li, K Reeves, J C Raymond... 1340h SH23A-4146 POSTER Sympathetic solar eruptions in quadrupolar magnetic configurations...-4149 POSTER VLA Observations of Solar Decimetric Spike Bursts: Direct Signature... Properties of Suprathermal Ions in Solar Wind Compression Regions: R J Jensema, M I Desai... Solar Energetic Particles – Key questions for the Interstellar Mapping and Acceleration Probe... Energetic Particle Intensity in the Solar Wind at 1 AU: J Tessein, D J Ruffolo... SM23B-4206 POSTER Observations of Solar Energetic Protons: A Comparison Between Model... During the Declining Phase of Solar Cycle 23: D A Mackler, J M Jahn, J D Perez... Tuesday 1340h Magnetospheres in the Solar System I (joint with P) Presiding: Xianzhe... Magnetopause Boundary Processes Throughout the Solar System: A Masters 1358h SM23D-02..., L J Gregoire, P J Valdes, D M Roche, M Kageyama SPA-SOLAR AND HELIOSPHERIC PHYSICS 1645h PP24B... Ionizing Radiation Environments throughout the Solar System II (joint with A, P, SA... and Lunar Secondary Particles from Solar Minimum to Maximum: CRaTER Observations...-02 Ensemble Forecast of Major Solar Flares: J A Guerra, A A Pulkkinen, V M Uritsky 1624h..., E J Rigler, A Swidinsky Magnetospheres in the Solar System II (joint with P) Presiding... of Solar Wind Conditions at 5 AU: A Tool For Interpreting Solar Wind-Magnetosphere...’s Main Auroral Emission for Different Solar Wind Conditions: E Chané, J Saur, S Poedts...



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... trapping - metamaterials - plasmonics - nanoengineering Solar Energy + Technology - solar hydrogen - thin films - next... Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5 NanoScience+Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26-72 Solar Energy+Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73-85 Organic... Systems for Solar Electric Applications VIII (Plesniak) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 8822 Solar Hydrogen and Nanotechnology VIII (Kanai, Prendergast) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 8823 Thin Film Solar... 8826 Laser Material Processing for Solar Energy Devices II (Reutzel) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84...) and Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) are two areas of solar energy research... Systems for Solar Electric Applications VIII (Plesniak) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 8822 Solar Hydrogen and Nanotechnology VIII (Kanai, Prendergast) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 8823 Thin Film Solar... 8826 Laser Material Processing for Solar Energy Devices II (Reutzel) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84.... (United States) Solar internal lighting system with an automated solar tracker for.... of Sydney (Australia). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8824-9] Enhanced solar photoconversion exploiting molecular photochemical upconversion..., Jayesh G. Bokria, Joseph Woods, STR Solar (United States). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8825-7] Examination of...). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8830-22] Four-terminal organic solar cell modules with increased annual...). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8830-17] Highly transparent polymer solar cells achieving 5% efficiency, Chun-Chao...). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8830-23] Efficient tandem polymer solar cells with a PEDOT:PSS/nonconjugated... (India). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8830-75] Flexible organic solar cells with integrated grating structures.... (United States). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8830-82] Organic solar cell degradation pathways: qualitative and.... (United States). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8830-40] Organic solar cells with Au-Ag nanowire... VI (O’Dell, Pareschi) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 8862 Solar Physics and Space Weather Instrumentation... (Taiwan). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8834-31] High efficient solar tracker based on a simple shutter.... (China). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8834-33] Stackable static solar concentrator with Hexagonal design, Chien... Technology (Taiwan) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8834-35] A static solar concentrator with hybrid multilayer stack... Flight Ctr. (United States). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8862-5] Solar alpha particles damage effects on..., Big Bear Solar Observatory (United States); Sanjay Gosain, National Solar Observatory (United... States). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8862-7] An off-limb solar adaptive optics system: design and..., National Solar Observatory (United States). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8862-8] The advanced technology solar telescope (ATST... 8862 The solar and heliospheric imager (SOLOHI) instrument for the solar orbiter...:50 pm to 2:30 pm Solar Probe Plus Mission Session Chairs: Silvano Fineschi... with the solar probe plus mission: the wide-field imager for solar probe+ (WISPR), Angelos... for heliospheric imager on solar orbiter and solar probe plus, Clarence M. Korendyke, Angelos Vourlidas...-15] Technology development for the solar probe plus Faraday cup, Mark D. Freeman, Jay...] Mechanical design of the solar probe cup instrument on solar probe plus, Peter S. Daigneau, David... a solar environmental simulator (SES) for the SAO faraday cup on solar probe plus, Peter... of the solar UV-VIS-IR telescope (SUVIT) aboard SOLAR-C, Yukio Katsukawa.... (United States). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8866-4] On-orbit solar calibration methods using the clouds... Systems for Solar Electric Applications VIII (Plesniak) . . . $45.00 8822 Solar Hydrogen...



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.... Профильные конференции с названием «Солнечный ветер» («Solar wind») проводятся регулярно раз в четыре....17. Траектория КА «Solar Probe» вблизи перигелия орбиты [“Solar Probe: First Mission to the... расстоянии 4 солнечных радиуса американским КА «Solar Probe» («Солнечный зонд») и на гелиоцентрическом расстоянии... КА, сохранившего название «Солнечный зонд» («Solar Probe»). Предварительные инженерные проработки показали, что.... Рис.18. Общий вид КА «Solar Probe»[“Solar Probe: First Mission to the Nearest... Солнца и гелиосферы» (A Crossroads for European Solar and Heliospheric Physics), где рассматривались...). Появился самостоятельный проект ЕКА с названием «Solar Orbiter». Запустить КА предлагается ракетоносителем... а.е. Рис.19. Орбита КА «Solar Orbiter» [“Solar Orbiter – Exploring the Sun-Heliosphere....20. Научное оборудование КА «Solar Orbiter» [“Solar Orbiter – Exploring the Sun-Heliosphere... комитет ЕКА рекомендовал включить проект «Solar Orbiter» в число трёх конкурирующих между... Научный программный комитет выбрал КА «Solar Orbiter» в качестве первого КА среднего... проект назвали «Солнечный зонд плюс» (Solar Probe Plus). Как и в проекте «Интергелиос» основная идея... С. 106 Рис.21. Орбита КА «Solar Probe Plus» [“Solar Probe+” – Mission Engineering Study Report]. Питание.... Рис.22. Общий вид КА «Solar Probe Plus» [“Solar Probe+” – Mission Engineering Study Report]. Запустить... под общим названием «Стерео» (STEREO – Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory) – третий проект... коронографом LASCO с борта КА «SOHO» [“Solar Orbiter – Exploring the Sun-Heliosphere... of the solar corona. I. Methods of calculating coronal fields. – Solar Phys., 1969... dimensions. – in: A crossroads for European solar and heliospheric physics (ed. Priest..., v.13, pp.291-302. Biermann L. Solar corpuscular radiation and the interplanetary... W.A. Esser R., Lovhaug U.-P., Markkanen J. Comparison of solar wind velocity measurements with a theoretical... Malyshev V.V., Usachov V.E., Morozov N.A. Project Ziolkovsky – solar probe mission concept. – Adv. Space Res... on the solar wind and pickup ion distributions. – in: Solar wind ten... B.T. The Solar Probe mission: a search for the origin of the solar wind and an unprecedented view of the solar surface. – in: A crossroads for European solar and heliospheric.... Howard R.A., Harvey J. Spectroscopic determinations of solar rotation. – Solar Phys., 1970, v.12, N1... the outer solar corona: correlation with interplanetary magnetic field. – Solar Phys., 1974... R., Doyle H.T. On the origin of solar magnetic fields. – Astrophys. J., 1979, v.229....1, pp.1126-1137. Livingston W.C. Solar rotation, 1966-1968. – Solar Phys., 1969, v.7, pp... observer. – in: A crossroads for european solar and heliospheric physics (ed. Priest... R.M., Goldstein B. E. The three-dimensional solar wind around solar maximum. - Geophys. Res. Lett... and corotating vortex structures. – in: Solar and astrophysical magnetohydrodynamic flows (ed... M., Snyder C.W. Mariner 2 observations of the solar wind, 1. Average properties. - J. Geophys. Res... Parker E.N. The hydrodynamic theory of solar corpuscular radiation and stellar winds....V. The polar solar wind: a linear, force-free field, 3-D MHD model. – Solar Phys... solar corona: a model and possible observational manifestations. – in: The corona and solar... the polar solar wind additional acceleration. – in: A crossroads for european solar and... coronal base: a model. – in: Advanced solar polarimetry - theory, observation, and instrumentation..., pp.927-943. Randolph J.E. NASA Solar Probe mission and system concepts. – Adv... workshop on the solar electromagnetic radiation study for solar cycle 22 (ed... fields. – Solar Phys., 1994, v.153, pp.131-141. Simunac K.D.C., Armstrong T.P. Solar cycle variations in solar and interplanetary ions observed... and the sector structured solar magnetic fields. – Solar Phys., 1974, v.37, N1...-west intensity observations of the solar corona. – Solar Phys., 1995, v.156, pp.229-243. Tsurutani B.T. The JPL/NASA Solar Probe Mission. – in: The corona and solar wind near minimum... solar wind. – Solar Phys., 1993, v.146, pp.377-396. Usmanov A.V. A global 3-D MHD solar wind model with Alfven waves. – in: Solar wind eight... S.K. The structure of the solar corona. – in: The solar corona (ed. Evans... M. Slow variations of the solar corona. – in: The solar corona (ed. Evans.... Ward F. General circulation of the solar atmosphere from observational evidence. – Pure... with Doppler scintillation measurements. – in: Solar wind seven, (ed. Marsch E., Schwenn... solar wind. – Astrophys. J. Letters, 1999, v.510, N1, pt.2, pp.L69-L72. “Solar Probe... Science Definition Team for the Solar Probe Mission, edited and published at..., Laurel, MD, February 1999, 43p. “Solar Probe Plus” – Report of the Science and... version, February 14, 2008, 105p. “Solar Probe+” – Mission Engineering Study Report, March...