Спутник ФКИ. Solar Probe Plus. [Редактировать]

Солнечный зонд (Solar Probe Plus или Solar Probe+) — это космический зонд для изучения Солнца. Проект НАСА Солнечный зонд — это предложение запусков автоматических космических аппаратов, которые приблизятся к поверхности Солнца на расстояние до десяти солнечных радиусов. Данный показатель значительно ближе, чем все аппараты, которые когда-либо направлялись к светилу. Этот проект (также известный под названием «Solar Probe+» или «Solar Probe Plus») был заявлен как начало новой миссии в финансовом бюджете на 2009 год. Научная координация проекта возложена на Лабораторию прикладной физики университета имени Джона Хопкинса в Мериленде (США). 
Научные задачи
1. Определение структуры и динамики магнитных полей в источниках солнечного ветра.
2. Выявление уровня энергии, испускаемой короной Солнца, и ускорения солнечного ветра.
3. Определение того, какие механизмы ускоряют и переносят энергетические частицы.
4. Изучение частиц плазмы около Солнца и их воздействие на солнечный ветер и образование энергетических частиц.

Дополнительные наименования

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Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12015-03-19. НАСА выбрало ракету Дельта 4 тяжелая для запуска космического аппарата .
NASA выбрала United Launch Alliance и его ракету Delta IV Heavy для запуска космического аппарата Solar Probe Plus. Целью нового спутника будет изучение Солнца. Запуск планируется осуществить в июле 2018 года из космического пускового центра Мыс Канаверал. Тэги: United launch alliance, L.L.C.Solar Probe PlusДельта 4 тяжелая
22015-04-04. Космический аппарат Solar Probe Plus будет запущен при помощи ракеты Дельта 4.
Orbital ATK совместно с United Launch Alliance (ULA) осуществит запуск спутника NASA Solar Probe Plus (SPP) при помощи ракеты Delta IV Heavy. Тэги: Solar Probe PlusДельта 4 тяжелая

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг555
2Мощность, Вт343

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Расчетный срок функционирования, год7

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата (пуска)август 2018

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2010-05-011553.4
2Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2010-05-01247.1
3Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2010-05-011055.7
4Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2010-05-01250.6
5Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-011233 - 1439
6Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2013-01-011553.4
7Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2013-01-01247.1
8Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2013-01-011055.7
9Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2013-01-01250.6
10Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2013-01-011233 - 1439
11Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2014-04-011553.4
12Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2014-04-01247.1
13Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2014-04-011055.7
14Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2014-04-01250.6
15Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2015-03-241553.4
16Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2015-03-24247.1
17Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2015-03-241055.7
18Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2015-03-24250.6
19Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2016-02-01256.0
20Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2016-02-011050.3
21Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2016-02-01247.1
22Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2016-02-011553.4

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... propulsion experts collaborated with the Solar Probe Plus (SPP) third stage motor supplier..., electric propulsion, satellite tethers, and solar sails. At-A-Glance Today’s in..., such as nuclear thermal propulsion, solar sails, and electric propulsion. NASA... control systems (ADCS) needed for solar sail missions. Marshall’s research into... sail demonstrated deployment of a compact solar sail boom technology. NEA Scout... a solar sail to reach a near-Earth asteroid for observations. Potential solar sail... a proof-of-concept for deployable solar sail technologies. NASA Marshall Space... successful investigations, including examination of Solar Alpha Rotary Joint (SARJ) bearing... cryogenic, nuclear electric interplanetary, solar electric, and solar sails. While propulsion and... simulation, power quality compliance, and solar arrays, as well as design... Video Guidance Sensor (AVGS) • GOES Solar X-ray Imager (SXI) International Space... enable missions deep into the solar system. Today’s ISS life support... Station, Space Launch System, and Solar Probe Plus. Other government agencies that have... materials with simultaneous exposures. The Solar Wind Test Facility exposes materials... and telescope mirrors, and damage solar arrays and thermal radiators. Marshall... and Services 85 High Intensity Solar Environment Test System (HISET) Flexible... Bringing together elements of the solar space environment — including charged particles... concentrated sunlight — the High-Intensity Solar Environment Test system is an... an impressive 18,000-watt solar light radiation source, HISET offers... as high as 1,000 C. The solar simulator radiation source is composed... focused into a vacuum chamber, the solar simulator output can be concentrated.... In addition, HISET can accommodate solar simulator testing in ambient pressure... concentrator solar arrays to automotive materials and coatings. When the solar simulator is coupled to the solar wind environment systems... energy and flux conditions, the solar wind systems provide charged particles... systems from 100 C to +1,000 C. Solar Probe Plus, a planned mission designed to explore... pipes, solar power systems, radiators, high-temperature materials, and solar sails are... for testing a wide range of solar environmental conditions. www.nasa.gov..., natural radiation belts, solar energetic particles, plasmas, and solar ultraviolet radiation. Marshall... energetic particle emissions from solar flares and other solar eruptions. They also... along a spacecraft trajectory, including the solar wind and magnetosheath outside Earth... Station (ISS), the Center provides solar activity forecasts for operations personnel... radiant (direction of origin), skew solar panels edge-on to minimize... Sending astronauts farther into our solar system than ever before will... into the history of the solar system Marshall planetary scientists use... planetary science destinations throughout the solar system, from MESSENGER’s investigations of... are advancing understanding of explosive solar activity that can interfere with... power transmission grids on Earth. Solar flares can also threaten spacecraft...’s magnetic field trigger these explosive solar events. Information is shared with... to scientists studying high-energy solar radiation. Marshall is also home to the High-Intensity Solar Environment Test (HISET) facility, which... range of solar wind and solar photon environments. Featuring a solar simulator capable of... that could explore the solar corona. Understanding Solar Magnetic Fields Hinode Hinode... interaction between convection and the solar magnetic fields, helping reveal the... from the spacecraft’s three advanced solar telescopes. Marshall engineers characterized and... the data from the successful Solar Ultraviolet Magnetograph Investigation (SUMI), launched... spatially resolved images of the solar million-degree corona to date.../marshallcapabilities 102 Focusing Optics X-ray Solar Imager (FOXSI) Also building on... Focusing Optics X-ray Solar Imager (FOXSI) mission to study solar nanoflares. Marshall... Magnetosphere Solar Probe Plus Marshall scientists are developing instrument prototypes for the Solar Probe Plus (SPP... catch the solar wind in a Faraday cup, part of the Solar Wind... called Mag4 for solar flares, coronal mass ejections, and solar energetic particle events, based on near realtime measurements of the solar... magnetic field patterns on the solar surface into operational probability measures... Assembly (AIA) instrument aboard NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). For comparison... Imaging Assembly flying aboard NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (top), showing Hi... processes for cosmic rays and solar energetic particles. Chandra X-Ray Observatory... an improved model for predicting solar wind and magnetospheric proton fluxes... (Hi-C), the Focusing Optics X-ray Solar Imager (FOXSI) sounding rocket, the.../marshallcapabilities 110 Focusing Optics X-ray Solar Imager (FOXSI) FOXSI used a set... Marshall to examine barely visible solar nanoflares at multiple wavelengths. Using...



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Solar Probe Plus: Report of the Science and ... Team NASA/TM—2008–214161 Solar Probe Plus: Report of the Science and...–1320 NASA/TM—2008–214161 Solar Probe Plus: Report of the Science and...-5 Solar Probe and Human Exploration ..................................................................................... ES-6 Summary . .............................................................................................................................. ES-6 1.  Solar Probe1 and Human Exploration .............................................................................................. 1-1 2.  Solar... 4 solar radii (RS) for a few hours of scientific glory. Unfortunately, that Solar Probe... of possible implementations of a Solar Probe mission, and a Solar Probe has remained at the... survey” in solar and space physics recommended implementation of a Solar Probe mission “as...), while NASA’s Sun-Solar System Connection Roadmap identified a Solar Probe as a “Flagship” mission... that the Solar Probe mission described in the 2005 ES-1 Solar P robe1: R eport... has therefore been christened “Solar Probe Plus” (written “Solar Probe1”). Solar Probe1 Science Objectives Observations... the corona and accelerates the solar wind. Solar Probe’s third major science objective...énic solar wind Venus Birthplace of the supersonic solar wind 100 Earth Solar probe... Solar Probe1 science objectives remain the same as those established for Solar Probe... Dust Detector (CD). Unlike Solar Probe 2005, Solar Probe1 carries only one remotesensing... response to the Solar Probe Announcement of Opportunity.) The baseline Solar Probe1 is... and technical, over previous Solar Probe mission concepts. Solar Probe1 is an extraordinary...énic solar wind Venus Birthplace of the supersonic solar wind 100 Earth Solar probe... wind from the supersonic solar wind flow. Solar Probe+ will be the first... Solar Probe 2005 (Polar) and Solar Probe1 (In-ecliptic): Science Objectives The new Solar Probe mission (Solar Probe1... that heats the solar corona and accelerates the solar wind. Solar Probe 2005 was... data that Solar Probe 2005 would acquire between 4 and 9.5 RS. Solar Probe1 will... would have been possible with Solar Probe 2005. 2-3 Solar P robe1: R eport of the... well (Figure 2-5). Solar Probe+ will determine where the slow solar wind forms in... that give rise to solar wind flow. Solar Probe+ will travel many times... frequency solar wind fluctuations are remnants of coronal heating, then Solar Probe+ will.../or suborbital solar observations should be provided by the Solar Probe+ project. We... 2005 Solar Probe definition effort and subsequent studies including the follow-on Solar Probe... rules, the redefined Solar Probe mission must • Achieve the Solar Probe 2005 core science... was christened “Solar Probe Plus,” written “Solar Probe1.” The mission concept for Solar Probe1 differs... 2005 Solar Probe report, which called for Solar Probe to be placed into a solar polar... Solar Probe 2005. A further difference between the 2005 spacecraft design and the Solar... the Solar Probe mission. The new mission concept not only allows Solar Probe1... with 2005 Solar Probe Baseline Mission. As noted above, the Solar Probe1 mission... 9.5-RS perihelion Final solar orbit Time ticks: 1 day Solar probe at 9.5-RS perihelion... mainTable 4-3.  Comparison of 2005 Solar Probe and 2008 Solar Probe1 tains the correct... designs. attitude, the primary solar arrays 2005 Solar Probe Solar Probe1 will be retracted... spacecraft designs, Solar Probe1 will not, in contrast to Solar Probe 2005, be... comparison of the Solar Probe1 trajectory with that of Solar Probe 2005 (as... than would Solar Probe 2005 during either of its encounters. Because Solar Probe1 will make ~10 times more passes than Solar Probe 2005... for Solar Probe in the 2005 study. However, compared to the Solar Probe 2005... that baselined for Solar Probe in the 2005 study. Solar Probe 2005 required both... design developed for Solar Probe 2005. The requirements for the Solar Probe1 TPS... fault protection applicaFigure 4-31.  Solar–Earth–Probe (SEP) and SolarProbe–Earth (SPE) angles... A-3 Solar P robe1: R eport of the Science and Technology Definition Team Table A.1 Solar Probe+ mass budget (cont’d). A-4 Appendix A: Mass and Power Budgets Table A.1 Solar Probe+ mass budget (cont’d). A-5 Solar P robe1: R eport of the Science and Technology Definition Team Table A.1 Solar Probe+ mass budget (cont’d). A-6 Appendix A: Mass and Power Budgets A-7 Table A.2 Solar Probe+ power budget (cont’d). Solar P robe1: R eport of the Science and Technology Definition Team A-8 Table A.2 Solar Probe... 2005 Solar Probe STDT based on the new particle environment. The solar study... feature of the Solar Probe1 design; pared with Solar Probe 2005, Solar Probe1 will...



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... following big questions: - How does solar variability affect human society, technological... award instrument contracts for the Solar Probe mission. The Radiation Belt Storm... complete mission Critical Design Review. Solar Terrestrial Probes The Magnetospheric Multiscale... any solar cycle) ever recorded during solar minimum. At the same time Solar... well-observed cycles. The twin Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) imagers...) spacecraft. Solar Probe Plus, a mission to study the origins of hazardous solar storms, started PrePhase A studies. NASA approved Solar Orbiter to..., modeling and visualization research. NASA's Solar Data Analysis Center provides a variety....4 137.1 127.9 105.1 22.0 17.3 Solar Probe Plus 13.9 18.0 4.0 16.6 36.7 57....7 154.4 154.7 113.4 57.9 15.8 -- Solar Probe Plus 13.9 0.0 3.4 40.1 74.2 106.3 -- Other... budget approved at Confirmation Review. Solar Probe Plus budget is consistent with a 2018... opportunities. Its first mission, the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), will complement... developing mission concepts: the Solar Probe Plus (SPP) mission and Solar Orbiter Collaboration (SOC) with the European Space Agency. Solar Probe Plus will explore the Sun from very close range (inside 10 solar... for the Solar Probe Plus mission. Detailed design activities for the Solar Orbiter Collaboration... Explanation of Changes Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO... forms of solar wind, energetic particles, and variations in solar irradiance. The... section of this document. Solar Probe Plus The Solar Probe Plus mission is currently in formulation... Earth and the solar system. NASA is examining several Solar Probe Plus mission architectures... can be found in the Solar Probe Plus section of this document. SCI... Balloon Program Office. Solar Orbiter Collaboration (SOC): The Solar Orbiter Collaboration (SOC... (NRO) BARREL GSFC GSFC None Solar Probe Plus JHU/APL TBD TBD SOC... contributed by CNES and DERA. Solar Probe Plus will continue being studied in... open competition as will the Solar Probe Plus and SOC launch vehicles. No... regarding the acquisition of the Solar Probe spacecraft. Independent Reviews Review Type... with a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Project Purpose The Solar Dynamics Observatory... forms of solar wind, energetic particles, and variations in solar irradiance. Scientists... solar cycle. SDO measures subsurface flows, photopheric magnetic fields, high-temperature solar... provide crucial understanding of solar activity, the solar cycle, and the inputs...: Science Heliophysics Living with a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Project Commitments... the solar atmosphere. Same Same University of Colorado Make hourly solar spectral... a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Schedule Commitments NASA authorized the Solar Dynamics...: Science Heliophysics Living with a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Project Management...: Science Heliophysics Living with a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Project Risk...: Science Heliophysics Living with a Star Solar Probe Plus FY 2010 Budget Request FY... President's Budget Request Project Purpose Solar Probe Plus will be an extraordinary and.... Approaching as close as 9.5 solar radii, Solar Probe Plus will repeatedly sample the near... the most hazardous solar energetic particles are energized, Solar Probe Plus will make a fundamental.... For more information please see Solar Probe project at: http://nasascience.nasa.... With an August 2018 launch, Solar Probe Plus will spend, during its seven..., sampling the solar wind as it evolves with rising solar activity toward... Living with a Star Solar Probe Plus Estimated Project Deliverables Solar Probe will launch from KSC... Project Schedule The release of Solar Probe Announcement of Opportunity to solicit...: Science Heliophysics Living with a Star Solar Probe Plus Project Management Johns Hopkins University... GSFC GSFC None Acquisition Strategy A Solar Probe Announcement of Opportunity will be... Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes FY 2010 Budget... Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Project Descriptions and.... Other Missions and Data Analysis Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO): Launched... mechanisms that power the solar atmosphere and drive solar eruptions. SCI-244... Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Implementation Schedule Project...: Project In Formulation: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS...: Project In Formulation: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS...: Project In Formulation: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS... program management responsibility for the Solar Terrestrial Probes Program and Project...: Project In Formulation: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS... the edge of the solar system, where the solar wind interacts with...



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... SONNE: a fast neutron spectrometer for Solar Probe Plus R S. Woolf University of New Hampshire... neutron spectrometer for Solar Probe Plus", Proc. SPIE 7438, Solar Physics and Space Weather... SONNE: a Fast Neutron Spectrometer for Solar Probe Plus Richard S. Woolf*a, James M. Ryana, Peter..., the SOlar NeutroN Experiment proposed for Solar Probe Plus, is designed to measure solar neutrons from 1-20 MeV and solar... rejecting neutral particles from non-solar directions. Under the assumption of... would be present within thirty solar radii, constrained by earlier measurements.... Keywords: Solar Probe Plus, Solar Neutrons, Nano-flaring, Neutron Detection, Neutron Simulations 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Solar Probe Plus Mission One of the perplexing and still unanswered questions in solar... corona. A neutron/γ-ray spectrometer at Solar Probe Plus distances would be sensitive to... idea of Solar Probe was initially to rendezvous within 4 solar radii of the... into a new concept — Solar Probe Plus. Now, with a perihelion of 9.5 solar radii, the limits...-4595; fax 1 603 862-3584; Solar Physics and Space Weather Instrumentation... with the expected maximum of Solar Cycle 25. A neutron/γ-ray spectrometer... to be on-board the Solar Probe Plus mission. We will describe the... known as SONNE: the SOlar NeutroN Experiment. 1.2 Solar Neutrons Neutrons are produced... ions interact with the ambient solar atmosphere. The closest we can... particles on short timescales during a solar flare. The electromagnetic processes responsible... the solar physics community, and is to be addressed by the Solar Probe Plus... 1.3 Quiescent Solar Neutrons A possible agent for heating of the solar corona is... acceleration at the Sun. At Solar Probe Plus distances, SONNE has the potential... medium energy ions interacting during a solar flare. These data will be... Solar Probe Plus will be spending more time than originally planned within thirty solar... a large fraction of the total solar cycle. This will allow observation... for varying levels of solar activity. 2. SONNE – SOlar NeutroN Experiment 2.1 Measurement Principles... The proposed instrument for the Solar Probe Plus mission must be compact, lightweight... center-to-center on-axis. Solar Probe Plus SONNE is designed to conform... the environment on-board the Solar Probe Plus spacecraft. For neutron simulations, GEANT4... the solar neutron fluence spectrum at 10, 20, and 30 solar radii. The intensity of 1 MeV neutrons at Solar Probe Plus perihelion is... window. A mass model of the Solar Probe Plus spacecraft was built into the... the specifications given by the Solar Probe Plus Science and Definition Team Document...% Al, 13% N, 12% Cu, 8% Si, ...), solar arrays (mass: 100 kg, composition... used. The interplanetary field and solar wind in the heliosphere affect.... possible SONNE locations on-board Solar Probe Plus. Proc. of SPIE Vol. 7438... Sun. With a perihelion of 60 solar radii and comparable observation time... reconstructing the energy spectra from solar flare γ-rays was tested. Shown.... 3.3 Quiescent Solar Neutrons & Coronal Heating A sensitivity estimate to quiescent solar neutrons was... – the approximate time within 20 solar radii – one would expect a total... an additional 20 counts. If Solar Probe Plus were to measure 20 background... Sun and the SONNE the Solar Probe Plus spacecraft where SONNE could be... they have been accelerated during solar activity. The fraction of these... 2.1 × 10–6 ergs s–1 sr–1 cm–2. The solar wind requirement for the observed... of ~230 counts s–1 at Solar Probe Plus at 20 solar radii. While it is... sensitive enough to detect quiescent solar neutrons that may contribute to...://spiedl.org/terms 4. Conclusions & Future Solar Probe Plus is an ambitious mission that... and measurement capabilities on-board Solar Probe Plus would have the potential to... gained with the addition of solar energetic particle (SEP) events in... Laboratory, “Feasible Mission Designs for Solar Probe Plus to Launch in 2015, 2016... Energy Dependent Neutron Emission from Solar Flare Magnetic Loops,” ApJ Supp... Solar Neutrons Below 30 MeV In The Inner Heliosphere,” Proc. 2nd Solar Orbiter Workshop, SP 641 (2006). Solar Sentinels STDT, “Solar Sentinels: Report....gsfc.nasa.gov/SentinelsReport.pdf Solar Orbiter assessment team, “Payload Definition... solar X-ray corona,” ApJ 330, 474 (1988). Lin, R. P., Schwartz, R. A., and Kane, S. R., “Solar..., R. L., and Reichmann, E. J., “Microflares in the Solar Magnetic Network,” ApJ 323, 380..., B. N., and Webber, W., “COMPTEL Measurements of Solar Flare Neutrons,” Adv. Space Res... al., “Improved Analysis of COMPTEL Solar Neutron Data, with Application to... Neutron Scatter Telescopes for Fast Solar Neutron Observation in Space,” University... neutron emission to determine the solar flare accelerated particle spectra and... Supp. 168, 167 (2007). Solar Probe STDT, “Solar Probe +: Report of the Science and...+Web.pdf Gleeson, L. J., and Axford, W. I., “Solar Modulation of Galactic Cosmic Rays...



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... flight missions form a fleet of solar, heliospheric, and geospace spacecraft that... robotic explorers venturing into space. Solar radiation drives the climate system... that evolves in response to solar, planetary, and interstellar conditions. NASA..., and a Research and Analysis program. Solar Terrestrial Probes, a strategic program, provide.... The Solar Orbiter Collaboration will transition into Phase B for formulation. Solar Probe Plus will.... SDO will continue mission operations. Solar Terrestrial Probes The Magnetospheric Multiscale... out of the inner solar system, with the solar wind flagging more.... Preparing for the next solar maximum, the Solar Dynamics Observatory completed its... Phase A studies for Solar Orbiter collaboration mission. Solar Probe Plus, completed the Mission Concept... agencies. The Geospace Science, and Solar and Heliospheric Science subelements will... subelements: Heliophysics Theory, Geospace Science, Solar and Heliospheric Science, Low-Cost... the lower atmosphere and magnetosphere. Solar and Heliospheric Science subelement funds..., and energetic particles in the solar system (especially concerning its influence... processes taking place throughout the solar interior and atmosphere: the evolution... Ops Res Voyager Geotail Wind Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) Advanced....4 129.1 140.0 92.2 30.2 22.0 9.1 Solar Probe Plus 18.0 40.0 14.1 49.7 104....4 137.1 127.9 105.1 22.0 17.3 -- Solar Probe Plus 18.0 4.0 16.6 36.7 57.8 81... Earth. This improved understanding of solar variability (i.e., space weather) and its... upon major capabilities of the Solar and Helispheric Observatory (SOHO), launched...: the Solar Probe Plus (SPP) and the Solar Orbiter Collaboration (SOC) mission. Solar Probe Plus will explore the Sun from very close range (inside 10 solar... and testing. The Solar Orbiter Collaboration and Solar Probe Plus missions will develop detailed... their mission concepts during formulation. Solar Probe Plus will also continue to retire... section of this document. Solar Probe Plus The Solar Probe Plus mission is currently in formulation... can be found in the Solar Probe Plus formulation section of this document... forms of solar wind, energetic particles, and variations in solar irradiance. Space... Balloon Program Office. Solar Orbiter Collaboration (SOC): The Solar Orbiter Collaboration (SOC... (NRO) BARREL GSFC GSFC None Solar Probe Plus JHU/APL None None SOC... open competition as will the Solar Probe Plus (SPP) and SOC launch vehicles...: Science Heliophysics Living with a Star Solar Probe Plus FY 2011 Budget Request FY... President's Budget Request Project Purpose Solar Probe Plus will be an extraordinary and.... Approaching as close as 9.5 solar radii, Solar Probe Plus will repeatedly sample the near... the most hazardous solar energetic particles are energized, Solar Probe Plus will make a fundamental.... For more information please see Solar Probe project at http://nasascience.nasa.... With an August 2018 launch, Solar Probe Plus will spend, during its seven..., sampling the solar wind as it evolves with rising solar activity toward... Living with a Star Solar Probe Plus Estimated Project Deliverables Solar Probe will launch from KSC... Ground Systems Estimated Project Schedule Solar Probe Plus received approval to proceed to...: Science Heliophysics Living with a Star Solar Probe Plus Project Management Johns Hopkins University... APL None None Acquisition Strategy A Solar Probe Plus Announcement of Opportunity will be... sufficient heat, leading to elevated solar array and s/c temperature. -Coating development... prototype articles -Increased TPS thickness 2. Solar Cell and Array Performance -Cell... Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes FY 2011 Budget... FY 2010 Request Program Overview Solar Terrestrial Probes (STP) provide understanding... Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Project Descriptions and.... Other Missions and Data Analysis Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO): Launched... Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Implementation Schedule Project...: Project In Development: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS...: Project In Development: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS...: Project In Development: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS...: Project In Development: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS...: Project In Development: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS... program management responsibility for the Solar Terrestrial Probes Program and Project... the edge of the solar system, where the solar wind interacts with... in radiation belt physics and solar windmagnetosphere energy coupling. THEMIS is... corona remains a fundamental challenge in solar and heliospheric science. The Interface... will use a solar telescope and spectrograph to explore the solar chromospheres. This...



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... to new solar mission Velli is principal investigator on Solar Probe Plus, scheduled to...’s Solar Probe Plus mission, which is scheduled for launch by 2018. The Solar Probe Plus spacecraft.... In leading “Heliospheric Origins with Solar Probe Plus,” Velli is the mission’s observatory.... The sun’s outer atmosphere, the solar corona, is a high-temperature plasma... corona gives rise to the solar wind, which expands outwards to... aim of Solar Probe Plus is to understand coronal heating and solar wind acceleration... heliosphere. “The success of the Solar Probe Plus science program rests on the... Solar Probe Plus perihelion passes to maximize the scientific return of the mission.” Solar Probe Plus..., Velli said. The perihelion at 9.5 solar radii from the center of... noted that the goals of Solar Probe Plus will complement JPL’s Ulysses mission... activity cycle results in the solar wind environment experienced by Earth... other planets. “The goal of Solar Probe Plus is to understand how the... how the hot solar corona gives rise to the solar wind as... in situ and its solar origins.” When the Solar Probe Plus spacecraft, about the... sun, it will be at 8.5 solar radii from the sun’s surface... outside Earth orbit, at about 1.3 solar radii. Besides Velli, JPL is...: the Wide-field Imager for Solar Probe from the Naval Research Laboratory... on page 2 Solar Probe Plus orbits overlaid on images of the solar corona. Top: Artist’s concept of the Solar Probe Plus spacecraft, fully... booster rocket, Solar Probe Plus leaves Earth, bound for the inner solar system and....nasa.gov/platforms/ platforms.html. SOLAR PROBE PLUS Continued from page 1 ISIS instruments... high-energy particles accelerated by solar flares and shocks will be... 3-D visualization techniques developed at JPL. “Solar Probe Plus will carry out the first... of how the solar corona is heated and the solar wind is... energy into coronal heating and solar wind flow. In addition, we... particle environment of the inner solar system. “We will learn how... high energies in the solar corona. The probe will also teach us how the magnetic field in the solar... coronal mass ejections and the solar flares that influence space weather... the first measurements in the solar corona, Velli added. “If it... changes as the 11-year solar activity progresses. This is what... how the heliosphere evolves from solar minimum to maximum and minimum... astrophysics of the sun and solar wind. He has been involved... both Solar Probe and a companion joint NASA/European Space Agency mission, Solar Orbiter... orbit of Mercury. “Understanding the solar wind is of fundamental significance... said. “For me working on Solar Probe Plus has been a major goal, and... on directly with such intensity.” Solar Probe Plus is part of NASA’s Living... scientists and engineers with 30-plus years at JPL, it might... their way out of the solar system. One young engineer who... mission’s grand tour through the solar system, with hundreds of staffers... 91109. New book looks at solar system extremes JPL planetary geophysicist... Most Extreme Places in Our Solar System.” Using about 280 images... and wild weather throughout the solar system. Also Beers is survived... 1990. He was involved in solar thermal testing for missions that... the ongoing exploration of the solar system. Liepack currently serves as... Project, a combined NASA/ West Germany solar probe. Wendy Casiano Mission Operations Engineer...



Дата загрузки: 2017-05-20
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0.83/5
..., AΩ = 4.2 m2sr •  Heritage from SuperTIGER, HEAO, Solar Probe Plus •  Measures nuclei Z ≥ 6 with single element... to the that of the Solar System (SS), with new material... elements thus allow us to probe these regions for enrichments expected... (20% MSO) GCRS Compared to Solar System Refractory (Grains) Volatile (Gas... as well as HEAO and Solar Probe Plus space instruments April 17, 2016... will measure ~50 actinides to probe the UHGCR age experiment has... (Mir), HEAO, TIGER, SuperTIGER, and Solar Probe Plus as well as the HNX...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-09
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0.05/5
..., JAXA deployed the solar sail of the Small Solar Power Sail Demonstrator... form of solar wind, energetic particles, and variations in the solar irradiance... measurements and images of solar coronas and solar magnetic fields. >> By April... total and spectral solar irradiance, the diameter and solar shape, and to...-sized probe directly into the Sun's atmosphere. The spacecraft, called Solar Probe Plus, is... the Solar System. Now 17.4bn km from home, the veteran probe... to deploy the solar sail of the Small Solar Power Sail Demonstrator... Hayabusa-2 space probe, the successor to the unmanned Hayabusa probe that returned... ESA-NASA Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) has completed half a solar cycle... at geosynchronous orbit monitor solar X-rays and solar particles; ACE continues to... nm solar irradiances with four instruments; STEREO provides 3-D views of solar phenomena... along magnetic field lines. Solar Irradiance Models: Solar Irradiance Platform (SIP) has... irradiance variations due to solar flares; the Solar Radiation Physical Model (SRPM... the SunRISE solar synthesis model to create a physics-based solar atmospheric spectral... from spatially- and spectrallyresolved solar observations, full-disk solar images, and a database... emphasizing solar products that are compliant with ISO 21348 (Solar Irradiance Standard... and solar activity prediction, radiation belt characteristics, charging of GEO solar array... era) behaviour of solar activity during the recent solar minimum has led... into violent solar events such as the turbulent solar wind, solar flares and... known as the ‘solar tsunami’. Years ago, when solar physicists first witnessed... equipped with three advanced solar - 202 - telescopes. Its solar optical telescope (SOT... the origins of the solar wind. The solar wind is a stream of..., or corona, into the solar wind. In the solar atmosphere, Alfvén waves... on the solar surface. It occurred just as some solar physicists were... energy release in solar flares. RHESSI’s views of solar X-ray and gamma... tail end of the last solar minimum (solar activity waxes and wanes... and speed of the solar wind. The solar wind is ‘what blows.... Particles from the solar wind that escape the solar system are met... of the solar interior and their role in driving solar activity; to... for a new NASA mission is Solar Probe Plus, an extraordinary and historic mission... it extends out into space. Solar Probe Plus will repeatedly sample the near... the most hazardous solar energetic particles are energized, Solar Probe Plus will make a fundamental... of the supersonic solar wind’s existence: Why is the solar corona so... complementary to Solar Probe Plus is an ESA mission candidate called Solar Orbiter which... solar physics from space; a fleet of advanced solar observatories, namely the Solar and... High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI), Hinode (‘Sunrise’; formerly Solar-B), the Solar TErrestrial... programmes for solar physics. Furthermore, from lengthy experience in solar observing and... Solar Programmes Current solar programmes are directed at three broad areas of solar-terrestrial science: (1) The solar interior; (2) The solar atmosphere; (3) The influence of the solar wind and of large solar events such as CMEs and solar... of solar phenomena and is able to detect solar oscillations and solar UV... just below the solar surface as well as solar rotation in and... fast and slow solar wind flows in the outer solar atmosphere have... the topology of the solar magnetic fields. The solar wind acceleration has... back to a few solar radii from the solar surface and has been... s-1 at about three solar radii out from the solar surface. Acceleration is... ion acceleration in solar flares. RHESSI, like most solar missions, is an... solar atmosphere from Earth orbit, and to observe solar activity and magnetospheric solar... the inner and outer solar corona from 0.2 to 4 solar radii in the... cycles of solar activity, made some significant observations of solar X-ray outbursts... a significant portion of a solar cycle to capture the solar variations that may... particularly fruitful for investigating solar activity. Other solar physics oriented experiments include... close as 62 solar radii, Solar Orbiter will view the solar atmosphere with... by unusually low solar activity levels for the current solar cycle. Apart.... XIII.1 Recent Solar Minimum The recent 2008-2009 solar minimum period has... nature of the upcoming solar cycle. The Solar Cycle 24 Prediction Panel... initiative Scientific Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Physics Solar Dynamics Observatory Sun Earth... Shallow Radar Solar, Heliospheric & INterplanetary Environment Space Interferometer Mission (NASA) Solar irradiance... Observatory For Infrared Astronomy Solar and Heliospheric Observatory Solar irradiance model high... Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment Solar Optical Telescope Solar-Terrestrial Investigation and Archives Solar... Research Students programme Solar-Terrestrial Environment Solar-Terrestrial Energy Programme Solar Terrestrial Relations...



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0.06/5
... Science Program within the International Solar Terrestrial Physics (ISTP) program. The... allow researchers to compare solar wind properties between solar cycles 22, 1 2013... science objectives of future missions (e.g., Solar Probe Plus and Solar Orbiter ). Once these new... by Solar Probe Plus and Solar Orbiter enabling the connection of the 1 AU solar wind... reference for Solar Probe Plus and Solar Orbiter Wind is a 3rd solar wind and radio... #2: Evolution of Solar Transients in the Heliosphere 2.3 Heliophysics Objective #3: Solar Cycle Variations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Prioritized Science Goals 3.1 Two Complete Solar Cycles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Solar Wind..., and MAVEN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 Wind and Solar Probe Plus and Solar Orbiter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.4 Wind and IBEX and... Electrons (Moments) Thermal Electrons (DFs) Solar Wind Composition Mass Spectrometry Low... the solar wind and energetic particles; and (2) understanding magnetic reconnection. 2.1.1 Solar Wind... responsible for heating the solar corona and the solar wind. A recent study... to resolving these outstanding issues: Solar Probe Plus and Solar Orbiter. Both of these... unusually long solar minimum. Finally, Wind remains a critical source of solar wind... solar wind monitor to connect the solar (SDO) and inner heliospheric (Solar Probe Plus and Solar... current plans for a new solar wind and Solar Energetic Particle (SEP) monitoring... active process in the heliosphere, Solar Probe Plus measurements will be necessary to... objectives of Solar Probe Plus. Another clue of the heating of the solar wind... by the solar corona travel significantly faster than the core solar wind... active role in solar coronal heating and/or solar wind acceleration. Wilson... slow solar wind. Similar results were produced for the fast solar wind... have important implications for understanding solar wind turbulence and making space... a hitherto unexplored configuration within a small solar wind transient. The association between... high-cadence spheric manifestations of solar activity evolve before magnetometer, electric... in the infuture missions like Solar Probe Plus. ner heliosphere has been undertaken...-A. These observations demonstrate how sympathetic solar eruptions may immerse at least... of fast solar wind overtakes a parcel of slow solar wind that was... 1 AU during the upcoming solar maximum period of solar cycle 24. 20... than a solar cycle. In contrast to the rising phase of solar cycle... impact of solar activity (as manifested in the 1 AU solar wind) to... /3DP, carry important information about solar wind and energetic particle acceleration... acceleration of the solar wind such as nano-flares. 2.3.2 Solar Energetic Particles... 1. Long-term variation covering 2 Solar Cycles (a) Solar wind abundance variations (b) SEP variations... solar magnetic cycle, of continuous observations of the solar wind. Long-term solar... comparison of solar cycle 22 and 23. 3.1.1 Sources of the Solar Wind... of the solar wind source material. 3.1.2 SEP Variation Another solar cycle focused... for a more detailed examination of solar wind discontinuities where magnetic reconnection... the same solar wind structures. This unique configuration and the solar maximum... the solar The years covered by this proposal will include solar corona... insight into solar wind heating even before the Solar Probe Plus and Solar Orbiter missions... the 1 AU solar wind, but more crucially in the solar corona. However... inaccessible even to the advanced Solar Probe Plus instrumentation. Thus, Wind will continue... the scientifically interesting smaller prompt solar energetic particle events. In summary... is tasked to provide solar wind solar wind proton and magnetic field... this unique constellation. 4.3 Solar Probe Plus and Solar Orbiter Though Solar Probe Plus (SPP) is not planned to launch till 2018 and Solar... the heating of the solar corona and the solar wind. These processes.... (2013), Residual Energy Spectrum of Solar Wind Turbulence, Astrophys. J., submitted. Daughton... structure embedded in a small solar wind transient, Solar Wind 13, in press.../1/45. Hellinger, P., et al. (2006), Solar wind proton temperature anisotropy: Linear... al. (2012), Solar wind observations at STEREO: 2007–2011, Solar Wind 13... and the Properties of Associated Solar Energetic Particle Events, Astrophys. J., 754... and Heliographic Latitude: Variation through a Solar Cycle, Astrophys. J., 660, 901–910... Charge State, and Solar Wind Speed over the Solar Cycle, Astrophys. J., 745... Waves in the Solar Wind: Evidence for Instability at Solar Wind Current.... Res., in preparation. Reames, D. V. (2009a), Solar Release Times of Energetic Particles...- erties of a Solar Energetic Particle Event Investigated Using Modern Solar Imaging, Astrophys... and HighEnergy Variability of Large Solar Particle Events: A Comparative Study, Astrophys..., Gradual, Solar Energetic Particle Events: Observations from Wind and Ulysses, Solar Phys...



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0.22/5
... long-term variations in solar wind properties for solar cycles 22–24... science objectives of future missions (e.g., Solar Probe Plus and Solar Orbiter ). Once these new... by Solar Probe Plus and Solar Orbiter which will enable researchers to relate the solar... solar wind measurements Wind will serve as the 1 AU reference for Solar Probe Plus and Solar Orbiter Wind will aid in... 2.1 PSG#1: Solar Cycle Variations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.2 PSG#2: Acceleration and Heating of the Solar Wind... Prioritized Science Goals 3.1 Two Full Solar Cycles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 Solar Wind Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 Kinetic Signatures... and MAVEN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.3 Wind and Solar Probe Plus and Solar Orbiter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.4 Wind and IBEX and... solar wind monitor to connect the solar (SDO) and inner heliospheric (Solar Probe Plus and Solar... the primary phase of the Solar Probe Plus and Solar Orbiter missions. The lowest... 1. Long-term Variation Covering 2 Solar Cycles (a) Solar Wind Abundance Variations (b) SEP variations... topics. 2.1 PSG#1: Solar Cycle Variations The most recent solar minimum was unusually prolonged and the following solar maximum abnormally small. The long-term, 20-year solar wind... the comparison of solar wind conditions over multiple solar cycles. McComas et... the reduced solar magnetic flux and solar wind power. The reduced solar wind... the STEREOOwens, 2.1.22010], Solar Activity flux proton in solar wind. which GoelzerVariation... the solar wind speed and helium 300 Thus the weak solar polar fields at the solar 1.5 minimum abundance sunspot... magnetic age solar wind long-term weakening of the solar dynamo and...−1 where Ṁ sw solar wind 0.5 mass loss and ΦB is the solar wind magnetic... seen in solar flares. However, the hot regions in solar flares tend... the solar wind in the inner tosheath flow under aligned solar wind... 1. 2. 3. 4. Long-term variations: 2 Full Solar Cycles Solar wind structure Kinetic signatures of... solar magnetic cycle, of continuous observations of the solar wind. Long-term solar... complete solar cycles, comprised of three solar activity minima and two solar activity... feature of solar activity is clearly reflected in the solar wind transients... abnormalities of the recent solar minimum and maximum. Solar cycle 23 was...: 1. STs: solar cycle dependence; QI distribution; and relationship with slow solar wind... the unprecedented solar-modulation conditions in the declining phase of Solar Cycle 24. The declining phase of the Solar Cycle has generally produced the largest solar energetic particle... with Cycle 23. 3.2 Solar Wind Structures The solar wind is a highly structured medium. Besides long-term, solar cycle... length than the solar wind plasma possibly identifying solar source structure sizes... to future missions, such as Solar Probe Plus. The Wind perigee passes through... Solar Probe Plus coronal science discoveries. 3.3.2 Secondary Solar Wind Beams The kinetic microstate of solar... is tasked to provide solar wind solar wind proton and magnetic field... will be determined. 4.3 Solar Probe Plus and Solar Orbiter Solar Probe Plus (SPP) and Solar Orbiter (SolO) are... the heating of the solar corona and the solar wind. These processes... (2010), Solar wind quasi invariant within ICMEs, Proc. 12th Intl. Solar Wind...), The Solar Wind QuasiInvariant Observed by STEREO A and B at Solar Minimum 2007 and Comparison with Two Other Minima, Solar Phys... of solar wind quasiinvariant in solar cycle 23–Analysis of PDFs, J. Atmos. Solar.... (1982a), Solar wind helium ions Observations of the HELIOS solar probes between...), Element Abundances in Solar Energetic Particles and the Solar Corona, Solar Phys., 289... Impulsive Solar Energetic-Particle Events and Related CMEs and Flares, Solar Phys... Impulsive Solar Energetic-Particle Events with Associated Coronal Mass Ejections, Solar Phys... Mass Ejections to Major Solar Energetic Particle Events, Solar Phys., doi:10... . . . . . . . . . . . International Space Station ISTP . . . . . . . . . . International Solar-Terrestrial Physics IT (detector) . . . . . . Isotope... . . . . . . . . Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager SDO . . . . . . . . . . Solar Dynamics Observatory SECCHI...) SIR . . . . . . . . . . Stream Interaction Region SIS . . . . . . . . . . . Solar Isotope Spectrometer SLAMS . . . . . . . . Short Large... on Wind ) SOHO . . . . . . . . . SOlar and Heliospheric Observatory SolO . . . . . . . . . . Solar Orbiter mission SPASE . . . . . . . . . Space Physics Archive Search and Extract SPP . . . . . . . . . . Solar Probe Plus... . . . . . . . . . . Solar Wind Experiment SWEPAM . . . . . . . Solar Wind Electron Proton Alpha Monitor (ACE) SWICS . . . . . . . . . Solar...