Спутник ФКИ. Solar Probe Plus. [Редактировать]

Солнечный зонд (Solar Probe Plus или Solar Probe+) — это космический зонд для изучения Солнца. Проект НАСА Солнечный зонд — это предложение запусков автоматических космических аппаратов, которые приблизятся к поверхности Солнца на расстояние до десяти солнечных радиусов. Данный показатель значительно ближе, чем все аппараты, которые когда-либо направлялись к светилу. Этот проект (также известный под названием «Solar Probe+» или «Solar Probe Plus») был заявлен как начало новой миссии в финансовом бюджете на 2009 год. Научная координация проекта возложена на Лабораторию прикладной физики университета имени Джона Хопкинса в Мериленде (США). 
Научные задачи
1. Определение структуры и динамики магнитных полей в источниках солнечного ветра.
2. Выявление уровня энергии, испускаемой короной Солнца, и ускорения солнечного ветра.
3. Определение того, какие механизмы ускоряют и переносят энергетические частицы.
4. Изучение частиц плазмы около Солнца и их воздействие на солнечный ветер и образование энергетических частиц.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1SPPНайтиНайти
2Parker Solar ProbeНайтиНайти

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12015-03-19. НАСА выбрало ракету Дельта 4 тяжелая для запуска космического аппарата .
NASA выбрала United Launch Alliance и его ракету Delta IV Heavy для запуска космического аппарата Solar Probe Plus. Целью нового спутника будет изучение Солнца. Запуск планируется осуществить в июле 2018 года из космического пускового центра Мыс Канаверал. Тэги: United launch alliance, L.L.C.Solar Probe PlusДельта 4 тяжелая
22015-04-04. Космический аппарат Solar Probe Plus будет запущен при помощи ракеты Дельта 4.
Orbital ATK совместно с United Launch Alliance (ULA) осуществит запуск спутника NASA Solar Probe Plus (SPP) при помощи ракеты Delta IV Heavy. Тэги: Solar Probe PlusДельта 4 тяжелая
32017-05-25. GAO обнародовало данные о состоянии разработки Solar Probe Plus.
Согласно предоставленному отчету:
1. Solar Probe Plus (SPP) будет первой миссией НАСА, которая достигнет звезды. Основу траектории полета составит гравитационный маневр около Венеры, что должно будет позволить аппарату облететь Солнце около 24-х раз и собрать данные о солнечном ветре и т.д. Научные приборы аппарата будут заниматься наблюдением за процессом генерации и движения солнечного ветра , а также проводить научные измерения внешней атмосферы Земли. Для успешной работы спутник должен будет уметь работать в условиях температуры выше 2500 градусов Фаренгейта и выдерживать повышенную радиацию.
2. В целом проект реализуется в соответствием с ранее утвержденным планом, а суммарные задержки и повышение стоимости укладывается в резервы. В июле 2016 года началась интеграция и тестирование аппарата. К числу выявленных проблем GAO отнесло отклонения в производительности центральной процессора. Запуск космического аппарата запланирован на 2018 год.
3. Стоимость проекта составляет $1553.4 млн., в том числе:
- предварительная проработка - $247.1 млн.
- разработка - $1050.3 млн.
- работа с аппаратом - $256.0 млн. Тэги: Solar Probe Plus

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг555
2Мощность, Вт343

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Расчетный срок функционирования, год7

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата (пуска)август 2018

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта включая ракету-носитель, но исключая операционные расходы), млн. долл.2010-05-011553.4
2Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2010-05-01247.1
3Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2010-05-011055.7
4Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2010-05-01250.6
5Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-011233 - 1439
6Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2013-01-011553.4
7Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2013-01-01247.1
8Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2013-01-011055.7
9Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2013-01-01250.6
10Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2013-01-011233 - 1439
11Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2014-04-011553.4
12Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2014-04-01247.1
13Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2014-04-011055.7
14Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2014-04-01250.6
15Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2015-03-241553.4
16Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2015-03-24247.1
17Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2015-03-241055.7
18Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2015-03-24250.6
19Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2016-02-011553.4
20Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2016-02-01256.0
21Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2016-02-011050.3
22Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2016-02-01247.1
23Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2017-05-201553.4
24Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2017-05-20247.1
25Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2017-05-201050.3
26Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2017-05-20256.0

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Solar Probe Plus». [Перейти к поиску]


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SOLAR PROBE PLUS MISSION DESIGN OVERVIEW AND MISSION ....Shyong@jhuapl.edu (1) Abstract: The Solar Probe Plus mission, scheduled to launch in... trajectory correction maneuver schedule. Keywords: Solar Probe Plus, Solar Mission, Mission Design, Trajectory Design... An idea for a solar probe mission to send a space probe to the Sun... orbit. Studies [2-16] on implementing a solar probe mission continued for the next... investigate the feasibility of the solar probe mission under a new set of... V7GA trajectory revolutionized the original solar probe mission concept and offered significant... return compared with the original solar probe mission, and therefore the new... STDT as the “Solar Probe Plus” mission [20]. 1 Since 2008 the Solar Probe Plus (SPP) mission... C. Figure 1. Reference Design of the Solar Probe Plus Spacecraft A reference design of the... the 4.4 m2 solar array radiators actively cool the solar arrays. Next to.... Two movable solar arrays, each consisting of a primary and a secondary solar panels, have a total area of 1.54 m2. The solar arrays... about 3 m. Science investigations of the Solar Probe Plus mission were selected by NASA... that produce fast and slow solar winds, solar coronal heating, and the... requirements. This paper describes the Solar Probe Plus mission design features and mission... final solar orbit, and the overall mission timeline. Section 3 describes the Solar Probe Plus... 4. Details of the solar encounters during all 24 solar orbits, as well... 5. Unique mission features characterizing the Solar Probe Plus mission and the times within... trajectory in the inner solar system. During the solar conjunction periods, communication... Section 8. 2. Mission Design Overview The Solar Probe Plus mission will send a spacecraft close... trajectory developed to enable the Solar Probe Plus mission without a Jupiter gravity assist... Trajectory A reference trajectory of the Solar Probe Plus baseline mission for the opening... by Venus (solar eclipse). The spacecraft will experience a brief solar eclipse during these three Venus flybys. The longest solar eclipse... individual solar orbits and provides unprecedented 24 close solar encounters. The solar encounter... to four solar encounters per year. Some of the solar encounters are at the same solar distance on repeated solar 6 orbits and some encounters are at different solar distances. The 24 solar... Sun center. 5.1. Solar Passes There are multiple repeated solar encounter passes at... three repeated solar passes. The perihelion P17 has five repeated solar passes, and the perihelion P10 has seven repeated solar passes. These repeated solar passes offer multiple... solar distance and velocity profiles of the solar encounter on each solar pass.... The duration of the solar passes at solar distances less than 0.25... Sun. Figure 5. Solar Orbits of Minimum Perihelion 6. Solar Distance Profile Solar distance of... size of the solar panels. Figure 6. Solar Distance Profile The solar distance profile... was proposed with the original solar probe approach. 9 Besides the technical advantage... highly elliptical solar orbits across the inner solar system cause frequent solar conjunctions... 7 shows the Sun-Probe-Earth (SPE) and Sun-Earth-Probe (SEP) angles.... 11 Figure 7. Sun-Earth-Probe and Sun-Probe-Earth Angles Besides the communication outage due to the solar... from direct solar radiation to prevent overheating. When spacecraft solar distance is...–49, June 15. [5] Feldman, W.C. (Ed.) “Solar Probe Scientific Rationale and Mission Concept... D-6797, November 1989. [6] Randolph, J.E. (Ed.) “Solar Probe Mission and System Design Concepts... D6798, December 1989. [7] Randolph, J.E. (Ed.) “Solar Probe Mission and System Design Concept... D8076, December 1990. [8] Randolph, J.E. (Ed.) “Solar Probe Mission and System Design Concepts... D8972, October 1991. [9] Randolph, J.E. (Ed.) “Solar Probe Mission and System Design Concepts..., December 1994. [10] Randolph, J.E. (Ed.) “Solar Probe Mission and System Design Concepts... document D13269, December 1995. [11] Solar Probe: First Mission to the Nearest... the Solar Probe Mission, Applied Physics Laboratory, Johns Hopkins University, 1999. [12] Solar Probe... Solar Probe Mission.” Acta Astronautica, Vol. 55, pp. 211–219, 2004. [14] Solar Probe... Space Agency Studies of the Solar Probe.” in: M. Neugebauer, R.W. Davies (Eds.), A Close..., pp. 556–564 September 1. [17] Solar Probe+ Mission Engineering Study Report, The.... [18] Guo, Y. “Trajectory Design of Solar Probe+ Using Multiple Venus Gravity Assists... 18-21, 2008. [19] Guo, Y. “Solar Probe Plus: Mission Design Challenges and Trades..., pp. 1063-1072, 2010. [20] Solar Probe Plus: Report of the Science and..., E., A. Driesman, J. Kinnison, M. K. Lockwood, and P. Hill “Solar Probe Plus Mission Overview” AIAA GNC Conference...



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Solar Probe Plus Report of the Science and ...-5 Solar Probe+ and Human Exploration ................................................................................. ES-6 Summary .............................................................................................................................. ES-7 1. Solar Probe+ and Human Exploration .......................................................................................... 1-1 2. Solar Probe+: Science... Goddard Space Flight Center v Solar Probe+: Executive Summary Solar Probe+ will be an extraordinary... of possible implementations of a Solar Probe mission, and a Solar Probe has remained at the... has therefore been christened “Solar Probe Plus” (written “Solar Probe+”). * RS = solar radius = 6.96 X 105 km... Dust Detector (CD). Unlike Solar Probe 2005, Solar Probe+ carries only one remote-sensing... response to the Solar Probe Announcement of Opportunity.) The baseline Solar Probe+ is a 3-axis... during the solar encounters. Solar Probe+ is powered by two separate solar array systems... and technical, over previous Solar Probe mission concepts. Solar Probe+ is an extraordinary mission...: Solar Probe 2005 (Polar) and Solar Probe+ (In-ecliptic): Science Objectives The new Solar Probe mission (Solar Probe... that heats the solar corona and accelerates the solar wind. Solar Probe 2005 was... data that Solar Probe 2005 would acquire between 4 and 9.5 Rs. Solar Probe+ will perform... that Solar Probe+ will acquire during its multiple near-Sun passes. Solar Probe+ will... using Solar Probe Plus as a neutron measurement platform. 2-40 disturbed moderately disturbed Solar Wind... minimum success criterion for the Solar Probe+ mission: Solar Probe+ must make measurements that... the Solar Probe+ mission, the Solar Probe STDT recommends that NASA establish a competitive Solar Probe+ Affiliated... national and international agencies. 3.3.2 Solar Probe+ Observation Campaign. Solar Probe+’s many perihelion passes, especially... for the Solar Probe+ measurements, substantially enhancing the science return from Solar Probe+.1 Conversely... rules, the redefined Solar Probe mission must ƒ achieve the Solar Probe 2005 core science... mission was christened “Solar Probe Plus,” written “Solar Probe+.” The mission concept for Solar Probe+ differs substantially from that described in the 2005 Solar Probe report, which called for Solar Probe to be placed into a solar polar... for the Solar Probe mission. The new engineering team, 2008 Solar Probe+ Mission Engineering... as the Solar Probe+ launch vehicle. As with other interplanetary missions, Solar Probe+ will... with 2005 Solar Probe Baseline Mission. As noted above, the Solar Probe+ mission concept... and spacecraft designs, Solar Probe+ will not, in contrast to Solar Probe 2005, be... of the Solar Probe+ development effort; however, a preliminary comparison of the Solar Probe+ trajectory with that of Solar Probe 2005 (as well... than would Solar Probe 2005 during either of its encounters. Because Solar Probe+ will... that baselined for Solar Probe in the 2005 study. Solar Probe 2005 required both... design developed for Solar Probe 2005. The requirements for the Solar Probe+ TPS are... been updated for Solar Probe+ and demonstrate that the baseline Solar Probe+ TPS design... command/telemetry paths. 4.8.1. Solar Arrays. Solar Probe+ uses two different solar cell arrays, a primary...° C. Secondary Solar Array. The secondary solar array will be used when Solar Probe+ is... during solar encounters is planned for Solar Probe+. From an operational perspective, Solar Probe+ orbits... Solar Probe and 2008 Solar Probe+ mission designs Minimum perihelion Aphelion Inclination Number of solar...) 4-44 Figure 4-7. Solar Probe+ spacecraft. Figure 4-8. Block diagram 4-45 Figure 4-9. Solar Probe+ instrument and... block diagram Figure 4-31. Solar-Earth-Probe (SEP) and Solar-Probe-Earth (SPE) angles... Earth. Figure 4-33. Solar Probe+ telecommunications system. 4-57 Figure 4-34. Solar Probe+ G&C subsystem functional... A: Solar Probe+ Mass and Power Budgets A-2 Table A.1 Solar Probe+ mass budget (cont’d) A-3 Table A.1 Solar Probe+ mass budget (cont’d) A-4 Table A.1 Solar Probe+ mass budget (cont’d) A-5 A-6 Table A.2 Solar Probe+ power budget (cont’d) A-7 Table A.2 Solar Probe+ power... Solar Probe STDT study (McComas et al., 2005; Appendix B). Compared with Solar Probe 2005, Solar Probe... the conical primary shield of Solar Probe 2005, Solar Probe+’s heat shield will not... for the 2005 Solar Probe concept, adapted for the Solar Probe+ mission design. The... SMEI Solar Mass Ejection Imager SOHO Solar and Heliospheric Observatory SPAS Solar Probe Affiliated...



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... trapping - metamaterials - plasmonics - nanoengineering Solar Energy + Technology - solar hydrogen - thin films - next... Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5 NanoScience+Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26-72 Solar Energy+Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73-85 Organic... Systems for Solar Electric Applications VIII (Plesniak) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 8822 Solar Hydrogen and Nanotechnology VIII (Kanai, Prendergast) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 8823 Thin Film Solar... 8826 Laser Material Processing for Solar Energy Devices II (Reutzel) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84...) and Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) are two areas of solar energy research... Systems for Solar Electric Applications VIII (Plesniak) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 8822 Solar Hydrogen and Nanotechnology VIII (Kanai, Prendergast) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 8823 Thin Film Solar... 8826 Laser Material Processing for Solar Energy Devices II (Reutzel) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84.... (United States) Solar internal lighting system with an automated solar tracker for.... of Sydney (Australia). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8824-9] Enhanced solar photoconversion exploiting molecular photochemical upconversion..., Jayesh G. Bokria, Joseph Woods, STR Solar (United States). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8825-7] Examination of...). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8830-22] Four-terminal organic solar cell modules with increased annual...). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8830-17] Highly transparent polymer solar cells achieving 5% efficiency, Chun-Chao...). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8830-23] Efficient tandem polymer solar cells with a PEDOT:PSS/nonconjugated... (India). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8830-75] Flexible organic solar cells with integrated grating structures.... (United States). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8830-82] Organic solar cell degradation pathways: qualitative and.... (United States). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8830-40] Organic solar cells with Au-Ag nanowire... VI (O’Dell, Pareschi) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180 8862 Solar Physics and Space Weather Instrumentation... (Taiwan). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8834-31] High efficient solar tracker based on a simple shutter.... (China). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8834-33] Stackable static solar concentrator with Hexagonal design, Chien... Technology (Taiwan) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8834-35] A static solar concentrator with hybrid multilayer stack... Flight Ctr. (United States). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8862-5] Solar alpha particles damage effects on..., Big Bear Solar Observatory (United States); Sanjay Gosain, National Solar Observatory (United... States). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8862-7] An off-limb solar adaptive optics system: design and..., National Solar Observatory (United States). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8862-8] The advanced technology solar telescope (ATST... 8862 The solar and heliospheric imager (SOLOHI) instrument for the solar orbiter...:50 pm to 2:30 pm Solar Probe Plus Mission Session Chairs: Silvano Fineschi... with the solar probe plus mission: the wide-field imager for solar probe+ (WISPR), Angelos... for heliospheric imager on solar orbiter and solar probe plus, Clarence M. Korendyke, Angelos Vourlidas...-15] Technology development for the solar probe plus Faraday cup, Mark D. Freeman, Jay...] Mechanical design of the solar probe cup instrument on solar probe plus, Peter S. Daigneau, David... a solar environmental simulator (SES) for the SAO faraday cup on solar probe plus, Peter... of the solar UV-VIS-IR telescope (SUVIT) aboard SOLAR-C, Yukio Katsukawa.... (United States). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8866-4] On-orbit solar calibration methods using the clouds... Systems for Solar Electric Applications VIII (Plesniak) . . . $45.00 8822 Solar Hydrogen...



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.... Профильные конференции с названием «Солнечный ветер» («Solar wind») проводятся регулярно раз в четыре....17. Траектория КА «Solar Probe» вблизи перигелия орбиты [“Solar Probe: First Mission to the... расстоянии 4 солнечных радиуса американским КА «Solar Probe» («Солнечный зонд») и на гелиоцентрическом расстоянии... КА, сохранившего название «Солнечный зонд» («Solar Probe»). Предварительные инженерные проработки показали, что.... Рис.18. Общий вид КА «Solar Probe»[“Solar Probe: First Mission to the Nearest... Солнца и гелиосферы» (A Crossroads for European Solar and Heliospheric Physics), где рассматривались...). Появился самостоятельный проект ЕКА с названием «Solar Orbiter». Запустить КА предлагается ракетоносителем... а.е. Рис.19. Орбита КА «Solar Orbiter» [“Solar Orbiter – Exploring the Sun-Heliosphere....20. Научное оборудование КА «Solar Orbiter» [“Solar Orbiter – Exploring the Sun-Heliosphere... комитет ЕКА рекомендовал включить проект «Solar Orbiter» в число трёх конкурирующих между... Научный программный комитет выбрал КА «Solar Orbiter» в качестве первого КА среднего... проект назвали «Солнечный зонд плюс» (Solar Probe Plus). Как и в проекте «Интергелиос» основная идея... С. 106 Рис.21. Орбита КА «Solar Probe Plus» [“Solar Probe+” – Mission Engineering Study Report]. Питание.... Рис.22. Общий вид КА «Solar Probe Plus» [“Solar Probe+” – Mission Engineering Study Report]. Запустить... под общим названием «Стерео» (STEREO – Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory) – третий проект... коронографом LASCO с борта КА «SOHO» [“Solar Orbiter – Exploring the Sun-Heliosphere... of the solar corona. I. Methods of calculating coronal fields. – Solar Phys., 1969... dimensions. – in: A crossroads for European solar and heliospheric physics (ed. Priest..., v.13, pp.291-302. Biermann L. Solar corpuscular radiation and the interplanetary... W.A. Esser R., Lovhaug U.-P., Markkanen J. Comparison of solar wind velocity measurements with a theoretical... Malyshev V.V., Usachov V.E., Morozov N.A. Project Ziolkovsky – solar probe mission concept. – Adv. Space Res... on the solar wind and pickup ion distributions. – in: Solar wind ten... B.T. The Solar Probe mission: a search for the origin of the solar wind and an unprecedented view of the solar surface. – in: A crossroads for European solar and heliospheric.... Howard R.A., Harvey J. Spectroscopic determinations of solar rotation. – Solar Phys., 1970, v.12, N1... the outer solar corona: correlation with interplanetary magnetic field. – Solar Phys., 1974... R., Doyle H.T. On the origin of solar magnetic fields. – Astrophys. J., 1979, v.229....1, pp.1126-1137. Livingston W.C. Solar rotation, 1966-1968. – Solar Phys., 1969, v.7, pp... observer. – in: A crossroads for european solar and heliospheric physics (ed. Priest... R.M., Goldstein B. E. The three-dimensional solar wind around solar maximum. - Geophys. Res. Lett... and corotating vortex structures. – in: Solar and astrophysical magnetohydrodynamic flows (ed... M., Snyder C.W. Mariner 2 observations of the solar wind, 1. Average properties. - J. Geophys. Res... Parker E.N. The hydrodynamic theory of solar corpuscular radiation and stellar winds....V. The polar solar wind: a linear, force-free field, 3-D MHD model. – Solar Phys... solar corona: a model and possible observational manifestations. – in: The corona and solar... the polar solar wind additional acceleration. – in: A crossroads for european solar and... coronal base: a model. – in: Advanced solar polarimetry - theory, observation, and instrumentation..., pp.927-943. Randolph J.E. NASA Solar Probe mission and system concepts. – Adv... workshop on the solar electromagnetic radiation study for solar cycle 22 (ed... fields. – Solar Phys., 1994, v.153, pp.131-141. Simunac K.D.C., Armstrong T.P. Solar cycle variations in solar and interplanetary ions observed... and the sector structured solar magnetic fields. – Solar Phys., 1974, v.37, N1...-west intensity observations of the solar corona. – Solar Phys., 1995, v.156, pp.229-243. Tsurutani B.T. The JPL/NASA Solar Probe Mission. – in: The corona and solar wind near minimum... solar wind. – Solar Phys., 1993, v.146, pp.377-396. Usmanov A.V. A global 3-D MHD solar wind model with Alfven waves. – in: Solar wind eight... S.K. The structure of the solar corona. – in: The solar corona (ed. Evans... M. Slow variations of the solar corona. – in: The solar corona (ed. Evans.... Ward F. General circulation of the solar atmosphere from observational evidence. – Pure... with Doppler scintillation measurements. – in: Solar wind seven, (ed. Marsch E., Schwenn... solar wind. – Astrophys. J. Letters, 1999, v.510, N1, pt.2, pp.L69-L72. “Solar Probe... Science Definition Team for the Solar Probe Mission, edited and published at..., Laurel, MD, February 1999, 43p. “Solar Probe Plus” – Report of the Science and... version, February 14, 2008, 105p. “Solar Probe+” – Mission Engineering Study Report, March...



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... the study of the extended solar corona and its short and..., MiniCOR can observe the slow solar wind, CMEs and shocks with... support of the upcoming Solar Probe Plus (SPP) and Solar Orbiter (SO) missions. Spectrometric... structures in the corona and solar wind. A MiniCOR placed at L1... the study of the extended solar corona and its short- and... operating coronagraphs, Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) and Solar-Terrestrial Relations Observatory... the deployed coronagraph boom and solar array. The spacecraft side panel... coronagraphs C2 and C3 (Rs = solar radius). Figure 2 shows the 6U MiniCOR spacecraft with the solar panels and occulter boom deployed... (NRL) Wide-Field Imager for Solar PRobe Plus (WISPR) camera and has similar... on Small Satellites rays and solar energetic particle hits. This allows... 1. MiniCOR Sample Observing Programs Objectives Solar Wind Small Scale Structure CME... Power spectra, h-t4 plots of solar wind blobs h-t plots of CMEs... observations will observe the slow solar wind, coronal mass ejections and... Figure 8, detection of the K-corona (solar) signal in the visible region... MiniCOR and the SECCHI/COR2 solar occultation subsystems are comparable (see... risk. Figure 7: The MiniCOR vignetted K- plus F-corona profile and the instrument... is below the natural scene K- plus Fcorona profiles over the entire... profiles, in units of mean solar brightness, of the unvignetted K-corona... SYSTEM The power subsystem combines solar cells and batteries to provide... rear of the spacecraft. deployable solar panels are released with a spring... design change between the two solar panels, is optimized prior to... and detumbling post launch. Each solar panel has twelve EMCORE third... on the unique vantage point (e.g., Solar Polar Imager or a mission to... using CubeSats and Solar Sails, in Advances in Solar Sailing Vol. 1, Macdonald... for Heliospheric Imager on Solar Orbiter and Solar Probe Plus, SPIE, 8862, 2013, DOI...



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... Robert Lin’s pioneering work in solar physics. See p 7. photo credit: Lockheed... father of modern high-energy solar physics. Lin arrived at SSL... the first to discover that solar flares emit high-energy charged... accelerate to high speeds in solar flares. “Much of what is... physics was discovered by studying solar flares, and much of that... – the Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager – with Lin as... atmosphere of the Sun during solar flares. Physics graduate student Nicole... monitoring the spacecraft and monitoring solar activity. We make adjustments to... we see an increase in solar activity. We also do the... spacecraft explores the physics of solar flare activity. Its entire payload... of solar physics pioneered by Lin explores interactions between the solar wind... these were electrons from the solar wind magnetically bouncing off the... eroding through interaction with the solar wind. The MAVEN mission is... of that loss, how the solar wind causes atmospheric particles to... began working right away, detecting solar energetic particles from a coronal mass.... Stuart Bale and Solar Probe Plus n keeping with the solar physics legacy of Robert... in the summer of 2018. Solar Probe Plus will be the first spacecraft... particles that make up the solar wind to velocities approaching light... around. The idea behind the Solar Probe Plus mission is to fly directly... how coronal heating produces the solar wind. “You pour energy into... becomes the solar wind.” I The Fields Experiment on the Solar Probe Plus spacecraft will... Principal Investigator for a suite of Solar Probe Plus instruments under construction at SSL... an amplifier and take measurements.” Solar Probe Plus will make seven Venus flybys... – Gamma-Ray Imager/Polarimeter for Solar Flares – is a successor to the... closely at some of the solar flare physics questions raised by... better understand particle acceleration during solar flares. Physics Graduate Student Nicole... the footpoints of solar flares,” Duncan explains. A typical solar flare is a loop... them rain back into the solar atmosphere along magnetic lines to... Group uses optical spectroscopy to probe the properties of novel materials... planets and out of the solar system with some of the...,” he said. “We can continuously probe a system very gently to get... Exploring Graphene Nanoribbons Using Scanning Probe Microscopy and Spectroscopy James Hinton... analysis was conducted. “Fundamentally, the solar system and everything in it... what ALUMNI AFFAIRS made our solar system. The analysis of these... likely originated from beyond our solar system, are more complex in... to be from beyond the solar system, Westphal said, potential confirmation... the dust originated outside the solar system, but it’s a process that...



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...-Throughput Screening of Semiconductors for Solar Fuel Generation by First Principles... stability in aqueous media for solar fuel generation, i.e. Eg around 1.1 eV... new partially substituted semiconductors for Solar Fuel Generation. We propose a way... the thermal conductivity. Using a pump-probe system with various optics, an... to Increase the Efficiency of Solar Desalinators by Reducing Salt Buildup...: Mory Gharib and Bradley Lyon Solar desalination provides a low cost method... a good candidate for use in solar desalinators as they have a superhydrophobic... buildup improving the efficiency of solar desalination operation. Airborne Spectropolarimeter Image... the lamprey are ongoing. DESDynI Solar System Visual Data: Automating Data... Feldman Mentor: Paul Andres The Solar System Visualization team makes animations... step toward constructing devices for solar-fuel production. Here we describe... quickly evaporated by the intense solar radiation. Through computational modeling of... and environmentally detrimental fuel source. Solar cells can harness sunlight but... data collected by the National Solar Observatory Global Oscillation Network Group... Magnetic Imager (HMI) aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory has also been... the nucleophile. Development of a Cryogenic Probe for Rapid Testing of Single... temperatures. I design and build a cryogenic probe that uses a bath of liquid... Mark E. Wiedenbeck Accurate measurements of solar electron energies and fluxes are... understanding the processes that accelerate solar energetic particles and drive space... Energy Telescope (HET) on the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO) to... description of the distribution of solar electron energies. Using the model... elucidated from photoluminescence and pump-probe spectroscopy. Application of GPS Measurements... deformations. Implementation of the Sipper Probe for the Mass Spectrometric Analysis...-electrospray source (nanospray), the Sipper Probe is proposed to selectively sample... through a nanospray emitter, the Sipper Probe relies on capillary action and... Vanadate–Silicon Tandem Photoelectrodes for Solar Water Splitting Alex Pien Mentors... highest theoretical efficiency for unassisted solar water splitting. Stable, transparent, conductive... sensors through batteries coupled to solar cells and communicate with cloudcomputing... battery power gets low and solar energy is unavailable. A key constraint... results. The Longitudinal Dependence of Solar Energetic Particle Release Times and... Mentor: Christina Cohen Radiation from solar energetic particle events can cause... be understood. The relationship between solar particle release time and longitudinal... Composition Explorer (ACE) and the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatories (STEREO) were... longitudinal position relative to the solar sources. Our results demonstrate that... Transition Metal Oxide Photoanodes for Solar Water Splitting Timothy S. Sinclair Mentors... is correlated with solar activity measured on Earth. The solar radio flux... addition, the influence of individual solar particle events on the temperature... moderate detail, the energetics of probe-target interactions. Its predictions on... symmetric. 94   A 3d High-Speed Probe for Measuring the Magnetic Components... frequency magnetic field fluctuation. Each probe component consists of two miniature... other diagnostics, namely a capacitively coupled probe, an ultra-high-speed camera... properties of surfaces with a proximal probe. The unique abilities of AFM... samples. By functionalizing the AFM probe and scanning surface with short... ordinary day in the orbit. Solar-Driven Thermochemical Fuel Production: Model... modern societal energy needs. Converting solar energy into transportable and storable... simulation of a colloidal gel, free probe particles were introduced into the... package including a seismometer, heat flow probe and precision tracking station designed... of these objects within our solar system. 143      Automating the Comparison... the discovery of a malfunctioning dual probe needle was made. The decision... experimental results without the dual probe thermal needle but with optical... physical properties including soil texture, solar insulation, and composition. The aim... LHP tests. Modeling Solar Radiation Pressure in Solar Probe Plus Sarah Elizabeth McCandless Mentors: Allen Halsell and Troy Goodson Solar Probe Plus (SPP) is a mission that will explore the solar atmosphere... how the solar corona is heated and how the solar wind is... all disturbances. A significant disturbance is solar radiation pressure, which increases to... includes development of time-based solar panel area models, spacecraft shape.... Using cutting-edge heat flow probe and seismometer technology, InSight will... can interact with high voltage solar arrays. These interactions are potentially... be discussed. Low-Cost Concentrating Solar Power Systems: Design and Analysis... includes a seismometer (SEIS), a thermal heat probe (HP3), and a precision tracking station...



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Solar Probe Plus: Report of the Science and ... Team NASA/TM—2008–214161 Solar Probe Plus: Report of the Science and...–1320 NASA/TM—2008–214161 Solar Probe Plus: Report of the Science and...-5 Solar Probe and Human Exploration ..................................................................................... ES-6 Summary . .............................................................................................................................. ES-6 1.  Solar Probe1 and Human Exploration .............................................................................................. 1-1 2.  Solar... 4 solar radii (RS) for a few hours of scientific glory. Unfortunately, that Solar Probe... of possible implementations of a Solar Probe mission, and a Solar Probe has remained at the... survey” in solar and space physics recommended implementation of a Solar Probe mission “as...), while NASA’s Sun-Solar System Connection Roadmap identified a Solar Probe as a “Flagship” mission... that the Solar Probe mission described in the 2005 ES-1 Solar P robe1: R eport... has therefore been christened “Solar Probe Plus” (written “Solar Probe1”). Solar Probe1 Science Objectives Observations... the corona and accelerates the solar wind. Solar Probe’s third major science objective...énic solar wind Venus Birthplace of the supersonic solar wind 100 Earth Solar probe... Solar Probe1 science objectives remain the same as those established for Solar Probe... Dust Detector (CD). Unlike Solar Probe 2005, Solar Probe1 carries only one remotesensing... response to the Solar Probe Announcement of Opportunity.) The baseline Solar Probe1 is... and technical, over previous Solar Probe mission concepts. Solar Probe1 is an extraordinary...énic solar wind Venus Birthplace of the supersonic solar wind 100 Earth Solar probe... wind from the supersonic solar wind flow. Solar Probe+ will be the first... Solar Probe 2005 (Polar) and Solar Probe1 (In-ecliptic): Science Objectives The new Solar Probe mission (Solar Probe1... that heats the solar corona and accelerates the solar wind. Solar Probe 2005 was... data that Solar Probe 2005 would acquire between 4 and 9.5 RS. Solar Probe1 will... would have been possible with Solar Probe 2005. 2-3 Solar P robe1: R eport of the... well (Figure 2-5). Solar Probe+ will determine where the slow solar wind forms in... that give rise to solar wind flow. Solar Probe+ will travel many times... frequency solar wind fluctuations are remnants of coronal heating, then Solar Probe+ will.../or suborbital solar observations should be provided by the Solar Probe+ project. We... 2005 Solar Probe definition effort and subsequent studies including the follow-on Solar Probe... rules, the redefined Solar Probe mission must • Achieve the Solar Probe 2005 core science... was christened “Solar Probe Plus,” written “Solar Probe1.” The mission concept for Solar Probe1 differs... 2005 Solar Probe report, which called for Solar Probe to be placed into a solar polar... Solar Probe 2005. A further difference between the 2005 spacecraft design and the Solar... the Solar Probe mission. The new mission concept not only allows Solar Probe1... with 2005 Solar Probe Baseline Mission. As noted above, the Solar Probe1 mission... 9.5-RS perihelion Final solar orbit Time ticks: 1 day Solar probe at 9.5-RS perihelion... mainTable 4-3.  Comparison of 2005 Solar Probe and 2008 Solar Probe1 tains the correct... designs. attitude, the primary solar arrays 2005 Solar Probe Solar Probe1 will be retracted... spacecraft designs, Solar Probe1 will not, in contrast to Solar Probe 2005, be... comparison of the Solar Probe1 trajectory with that of Solar Probe 2005 (as... than would Solar Probe 2005 during either of its encounters. Because Solar Probe1 will make ~10 times more passes than Solar Probe 2005... for Solar Probe in the 2005 study. However, compared to the Solar Probe 2005... that baselined for Solar Probe in the 2005 study. Solar Probe 2005 required both... design developed for Solar Probe 2005. The requirements for the Solar Probe1 TPS... fault protection applicaFigure 4-31.  Solar–Earth–Probe (SEP) and SolarProbe–Earth (SPE) angles... A-3 Solar P robe1: R eport of the Science and Technology Definition Team Table A.1 Solar Probe+ mass budget (cont’d). A-4 Appendix A: Mass and Power Budgets Table A.1 Solar Probe+ mass budget (cont’d). A-5 Solar P robe1: R eport of the Science and Technology Definition Team Table A.1 Solar Probe+ mass budget (cont’d). A-6 Appendix A: Mass and Power Budgets A-7 Table A.2 Solar Probe+ power budget (cont’d). Solar P robe1: R eport of the Science and Technology Definition Team A-8 Table A.2 Solar Probe... 2005 Solar Probe STDT based on the new particle environment. The solar study... feature of the Solar Probe1 design; pared with Solar Probe 2005, Solar Probe1 will...



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... following big questions: - How does solar variability affect human society, technological... award instrument contracts for the Solar Probe mission. The Radiation Belt Storm... complete mission Critical Design Review. Solar Terrestrial Probes The Magnetospheric Multiscale... any solar cycle) ever recorded during solar minimum. At the same time Solar... well-observed cycles. The twin Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) imagers...) spacecraft. Solar Probe Plus, a mission to study the origins of hazardous solar storms, started PrePhase A studies. NASA approved Solar Orbiter to..., modeling and visualization research. NASA's Solar Data Analysis Center provides a variety....4 137.1 127.9 105.1 22.0 17.3 Solar Probe Plus 13.9 18.0 4.0 16.6 36.7 57....7 154.4 154.7 113.4 57.9 15.8 -- Solar Probe Plus 13.9 0.0 3.4 40.1 74.2 106.3 -- Other... budget approved at Confirmation Review. Solar Probe Plus budget is consistent with a 2018... opportunities. Its first mission, the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), will complement... developing mission concepts: the Solar Probe Plus (SPP) mission and Solar Orbiter Collaboration (SOC) with the European Space Agency. Solar Probe Plus will explore the Sun from very close range (inside 10 solar... for the Solar Probe Plus mission. Detailed design activities for the Solar Orbiter Collaboration... Explanation of Changes Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO... forms of solar wind, energetic particles, and variations in solar irradiance. The... section of this document. Solar Probe Plus The Solar Probe Plus mission is currently in formulation... Earth and the solar system. NASA is examining several Solar Probe Plus mission architectures... can be found in the Solar Probe Plus section of this document. SCI... Balloon Program Office. Solar Orbiter Collaboration (SOC): The Solar Orbiter Collaboration (SOC... (NRO) BARREL GSFC GSFC None Solar Probe Plus JHU/APL TBD TBD SOC... contributed by CNES and DERA. Solar Probe Plus will continue being studied in... open competition as will the Solar Probe Plus and SOC launch vehicles. No... regarding the acquisition of the Solar Probe spacecraft. Independent Reviews Review Type... with a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Project Purpose The Solar Dynamics Observatory... forms of solar wind, energetic particles, and variations in solar irradiance. Scientists... solar cycle. SDO measures subsurface flows, photopheric magnetic fields, high-temperature solar... provide crucial understanding of solar activity, the solar cycle, and the inputs...: Science Heliophysics Living with a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Project Commitments... the solar atmosphere. Same Same University of Colorado Make hourly solar spectral... a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Schedule Commitments NASA authorized the Solar Dynamics...: Science Heliophysics Living with a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Project Management...: Science Heliophysics Living with a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Project Risk...: Science Heliophysics Living with a Star Solar Probe Plus FY 2010 Budget Request FY... President's Budget Request Project Purpose Solar Probe Plus will be an extraordinary and.... Approaching as close as 9.5 solar radii, Solar Probe Plus will repeatedly sample the near... the most hazardous solar energetic particles are energized, Solar Probe Plus will make a fundamental.... For more information please see Solar Probe project at: http://nasascience.nasa.... With an August 2018 launch, Solar Probe Plus will spend, during its seven..., sampling the solar wind as it evolves with rising solar activity toward... Living with a Star Solar Probe Plus Estimated Project Deliverables Solar Probe will launch from KSC... Project Schedule The release of Solar Probe Announcement of Opportunity to solicit...: Science Heliophysics Living with a Star Solar Probe Plus Project Management Johns Hopkins University... GSFC GSFC None Acquisition Strategy A Solar Probe Announcement of Opportunity will be... Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes FY 2010 Budget... Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Project Descriptions and.... Other Missions and Data Analysis Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO): Launched... mechanisms that power the solar atmosphere and drive solar eruptions. SCI-244... Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Implementation Schedule Project...: Project In Formulation: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS...: Project In Formulation: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS...: Project In Formulation: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS... program management responsibility for the Solar Terrestrial Probes Program and Project...: Project In Formulation: Science Heliophysics Solar Terrestrial Probes Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS... the edge of the solar system, where the solar wind interacts with...



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... SONNE: a fast neutron spectrometer for Solar Probe Plus R S. Woolf University of New Hampshire... neutron spectrometer for Solar Probe Plus", Proc. SPIE 7438, Solar Physics and Space Weather... SONNE: a Fast Neutron Spectrometer for Solar Probe Plus Richard S. Woolf*a, James M. Ryana, Peter..., the SOlar NeutroN Experiment proposed for Solar Probe Plus, is designed to measure solar neutrons from 1-20 MeV and solar... rejecting neutral particles from non-solar directions. Under the assumption of... would be present within thirty solar radii, constrained by earlier measurements.... Keywords: Solar Probe Plus, Solar Neutrons, Nano-flaring, Neutron Detection, Neutron Simulations 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Solar Probe Plus Mission One of the perplexing and still unanswered questions in solar... corona. A neutron/γ-ray spectrometer at Solar Probe Plus distances would be sensitive to... idea of Solar Probe was initially to rendezvous within 4 solar radii of the... into a new concept — Solar Probe Plus. Now, with a perihelion of 9.5 solar radii, the limits...-4595; fax 1 603 862-3584; Solar Physics and Space Weather Instrumentation... with the expected maximum of Solar Cycle 25. A neutron/γ-ray spectrometer... to be on-board the Solar Probe Plus mission. We will describe the... known as SONNE: the SOlar NeutroN Experiment. 1.2 Solar Neutrons Neutrons are produced... ions interact with the ambient solar atmosphere. The closest we can... particles on short timescales during a solar flare. The electromagnetic processes responsible... the solar physics community, and is to be addressed by the Solar Probe Plus... 1.3 Quiescent Solar Neutrons A possible agent for heating of the solar corona is... acceleration at the Sun. At Solar Probe Plus distances, SONNE has the potential... medium energy ions interacting during a solar flare. These data will be... Solar Probe Plus will be spending more time than originally planned within thirty solar... a large fraction of the total solar cycle. This will allow observation... for varying levels of solar activity. 2. SONNE – SOlar NeutroN Experiment 2.1 Measurement Principles... The proposed instrument for the Solar Probe Plus mission must be compact, lightweight... center-to-center on-axis. Solar Probe Plus SONNE is designed to conform... the environment on-board the Solar Probe Plus spacecraft. For neutron simulations, GEANT4... the solar neutron fluence spectrum at 10, 20, and 30 solar radii. The intensity of 1 MeV neutrons at Solar Probe Plus perihelion is... window. A mass model of the Solar Probe Plus spacecraft was built into the... the specifications given by the Solar Probe Plus Science and Definition Team Document...% Al, 13% N, 12% Cu, 8% Si, ...), solar arrays (mass: 100 kg, composition... used. The interplanetary field and solar wind in the heliosphere affect.... possible SONNE locations on-board Solar Probe Plus. Proc. of SPIE Vol. 7438... Sun. With a perihelion of 60 solar radii and comparable observation time... reconstructing the energy spectra from solar flare γ-rays was tested. Shown.... 3.3 Quiescent Solar Neutrons & Coronal Heating A sensitivity estimate to quiescent solar neutrons was... – the approximate time within 20 solar radii – one would expect a total... an additional 20 counts. If Solar Probe Plus were to measure 20 background... Sun and the SONNE the Solar Probe Plus spacecraft where SONNE could be... they have been accelerated during solar activity. The fraction of these... 2.1 × 10–6 ergs s–1 sr–1 cm–2. The solar wind requirement for the observed... of ~230 counts s–1 at Solar Probe Plus at 20 solar radii. While it is... sensitive enough to detect quiescent solar neutrons that may contribute to...://spiedl.org/terms 4. Conclusions & Future Solar Probe Plus is an ambitious mission that... and measurement capabilities on-board Solar Probe Plus would have the potential to... gained with the addition of solar energetic particle (SEP) events in... Laboratory, “Feasible Mission Designs for Solar Probe Plus to Launch in 2015, 2016... Energy Dependent Neutron Emission from Solar Flare Magnetic Loops,” ApJ Supp... Solar Neutrons Below 30 MeV In The Inner Heliosphere,” Proc. 2nd Solar Orbiter Workshop, SP 641 (2006). Solar Sentinels STDT, “Solar Sentinels: Report....gsfc.nasa.gov/SentinelsReport.pdf Solar Orbiter assessment team, “Payload Definition... solar X-ray corona,” ApJ 330, 474 (1988). Lin, R. P., Schwartz, R. A., and Kane, S. R., “Solar..., R. L., and Reichmann, E. J., “Microflares in the Solar Magnetic Network,” ApJ 323, 380..., B. N., and Webber, W., “COMPTEL Measurements of Solar Flare Neutrons,” Adv. Space Res... al., “Improved Analysis of COMPTEL Solar Neutron Data, with Application to... Neutron Scatter Telescopes for Fast Solar Neutron Observation in Space,” University... neutron emission to determine the solar flare accelerated particle spectra and... Supp. 168, 167 (2007). Solar Probe STDT, “Solar Probe +: Report of the Science and...+Web.pdf Gleeson, L. J., and Axford, W. I., “Solar Modulation of Galactic Cosmic Rays...