Спутник ФКИ. Spitzer Space Telescope. [Редактировать]

Спитцер — космический аппарат научного назначения, предназначенный для наблюдения космоса в инфракрасном диапазоне. Запущен НАСА 25 августа 2003 года, выведен на орбиту ракетой-носителем «Дельта-2», на время запуска был крупнейшим в мире космическим инфракрасным телескопом. Уступил этот титул обсерватории «Гершель», запущенной в 2009 году. Назван в честь американского астрофизика Лаймана Спитцера. В инфракрасной (тепловой) области находится максимум излучения слабосветящегося вещества Вселенной — тусклых остывших звёзд, внесолнечных планет и гигантских молекулярных облаков. Инфракрасные лучи поглощаются земной атмосферой и практически не попадают из космоса на поверхность, что делает невозможной их регистрацию наземными телескопами. И наоборот, для инфракрасных лучей прозрачны космические пылевые облака, которые скрывают от нас много интересного, например, галактический центр. 15 мая 2009 года на телескопе закончился запас хладагента, что означало завершение основной миссии. Однако часть приборов продолжают свою работу до сих пор.

Полезная нагрузка:

  • IRAC - инфракрасная камера / спектрометр.
  • IRS - инфракрасный спектрометр.
  • MIPS - три массива инфракрасных детекторов.  

 

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1Space InfraRed Telescope FacilityНайтиНайти
2SSTНайтиНайти
327871НайтиНайти
4SIRTFНайтиНайти
5Space Infrared Telescope FacilityНайтиНайти
6SpitzerНайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Страна производитель - США
3Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12015-01-28. Добровольцы помогли ученым найти потерянное звено в эволюции звезд.
Пользователи Интернет, участвующие в проекте Milky Way Project, помогли астрономам найти на снимках телескопа "Спитцер" промежуточные стадии жизни звезд описывающие этап между зародышами звезд и новорожденными светилами. Данные объекты получили название - желтые шары.
Необходимость привлечения сил участников проекта обусловлена тем, что современные методы анализа изображений не в состоянии их определять в автоматизированном режиме. Всего добровольцами было найдено около 900 подобных объектов. Часть из них была окрашена в зеленый цвет, что объясняется наличием вокруг них облаков содержащих ароматические углеводороды. Тэги: Spitzer Space Telescope
22017-10-31. Космическое агентство США объявило о желании передать управление КА Spitzer в частные руки.
Космическое агентство США объявило о том, что оно ищет частную компанию которая возьмет на себя управление космическим телескопом Spitzer после 2019 года. Согласно открытым источником это с одной стороны позволит агентству сэкономить около $14 млн, а с другой высвободит ресурсы которые необходимы для управления обсерваторией James Webb Space Telescope. Тэги: Spitzer Space TelescopeJames Webb Space Telescope

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг11000
2Спектральный диапазон, мкм3-180
3Диаметр (зеркала телескопа), метра0.85
4Фокусное расстояние, метра10.2
5Угловое разрешение, секунд1
6Охлаждение (телескопа), кельвинов5
7Охлаждение (приемников), кельвинов2
8Хладагентжидкий гелий

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2003-038A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Страна (оператора)США
2Стоимость , млн. долл.2200
3Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2002-07-01534
4Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2003-01-01638
5Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2003-04-01610
6Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2003-04-011170.6
7Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2003-04-01669
8Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2003-07-01712

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2003-08-25 at 05:35:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xSpitzer Space Telescope
3Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 7920H ELV

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Spitzer Space Telescope». [Перейти к поиску]


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... no longer science fiction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 2.3 Spitzer First To Crack Open Light... of Helix Nebula . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 2.7 Hubble Telescope Celebrates SN 1987A’s 20th Anniversary... massive dark matter halos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 3 Space missions 25 3.1 Cutbacks May Delay... 3.5 Landmark Completion of South Pole Telescope to Help Scientists Learn What... other deep space Dr Andrew Coates, UCL Department of Space & Climate mission... conference, held last year. Technology Telescope to its limits, a team of... study it in detail. One telescope, however, was up to the... to neuchallenge: ESO’s New Technology Telescope (NTT), at La tral sodium... in 1996 with the Hubble Space Telescope by Arizona State Earliest Stage... of Creation, consisting of a Hubble Space Telescope image overlaid with Chandra X-ray... obtained both with the Japanese telescope Subaru (placed at Mauna Kea... Omega-Cass attached to the 3.5 m telescope of Calar Alto (Spain). The...! 2.3 Spitzer First To Crack Open Light of Faraway Worlds Source: Spitzer News Room, February 21st, 2007 [13] Spitzer Space Telescope has captured... is an amazing surprise,” said Spitzer project scientist Dr. Michael Werner... Spitzer that it would make such a dramatic step in characterizing exoplanets.” Spitzer, a space-based infrared telescope, obtained the detailed data... ment Omega-Cass at the 3.5 m telescope of Calar Alto in around... other groups of astronomers used Spitzer to capture spectra of exoplanets... Dr. Carl Grillmair of NASA’s Spitzer Science Center at the California... system. The planets in the Spitzer studies orbit stars that are... would work,” said Grillmair. ”But Spitzer has turned out to be... HD 209458b by NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope revealed individual elements, such as... than that probed in the Spitzer studies and a region where molecules... again supports the idea that Spitzer was able to tease out... used by Spitzer in Astronomers hope to use Spitzer for additional studies... occurs when the planet disappears, Spitzer can didates for obtaining spectra... star. In the new studies, Spitzer’s spectrograph, which measures infrared light... into each other’s paths. Source: Spitzer News Room, February 12th, 2007..., which will have become a NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope. The dead star lies at... eerie resemblance to a giant eye. Spitzer has seen evidence before for... for planetary activity around a white Spitzer’s spectacular new view of the... to it until now. Spitzer, an infrared space-based observatory, was able... in the Large Magellanic The Spitzer data might also help explain... X-ray telescope Rntgensatellit and Kirshner has used the Hubble telescope to monitor... had a ”simplified, idealized But the Spitzer observations point to a different answer.... Who would have guessed?” 2.7 Hubble Telescope Celebrates SN 1987A’s Hubble wasn... Release, February 22nd, 2007 [17] telescope to study the stellar blast... observatory launched. Since then, the telescope est stellar explosions in more..., around the by NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope and many other ma- supernova... sharp pictures from the Hubble telescope help us ask *A dumbbell-shaped... are analyzing images by NASA’s Spitzer will get another chance to... the interior of an exploded Space Telescope to try to understand the... and velocities. The James Webb Space Telescope, scheduled for launch in 2013... the giant Keck telescope in Hawaii, to the Hubble Space Telescope, Chandra X-Ray... South Pole aimed a massive new telescope at Jupiter and successfully collected... will enter the South Pole telescope’s (SPT) sights, as a team of... universe? The 19.2 million dollars telescope is funded primarily by the... Foundation of San Francisco. ”The telescope, camera and optics are all... the time when a telescope becomes operational. The telescope stands 75 feet (22... to reassemble and deploy the telescope. ment, support systems and procedures.... All cargo to the South Telescope to Help Scientists Learn What... made to the South Pole Telescope, which became operational in mid... something like this South Pole Telescope,” Carlstrom said. ”The cluster SZ... imnecessary resolution, you need a big telescope. Now we plementation phase, consisting...-orbit Colombo commissioning phase. 31 3 SPACE MISSIONS Vendelinus Astronomy Newsletter February... lunar habitation, space travelers would learn the 32 3 SPACE MISSIONS Vendelinus Astronomy... that constellation missions have for space exploration,” said Vassilis Angelopoulos, THEMIS... in a highly constrained environment. 34 3 SPACE MISSIONS Vendelinus Astronomy Newsletter February... of the Space Shuttle 3.11 Sunita Williams Sets Women’s Space- Power Transfer..., 2007 [33] Thursday spacewalk. International Space Station Commander Mike LopezAlegria and... en.html [13] http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/Media/releases/ssc2007... index 0.html [16] http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/Media/releases/ssc2007...



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.... ISBN 0-8160-5773-7 1. Space robotics—Juvenile literature. 2. Space probes—Juvenile literature. 3. Roving..., and impacts of space technology on modern society. Space technology is a multidisciplinary... relevant topics in space technology, modern astronomy, and space exploration. ix Acknowledgments... Observatory was the Space Telescope (ST), which became the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). It was launched by the space shuttle in... replacement by the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) around 2011. The second... 32 Robot Spacecraft NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is being unberthed and...’s Great Observatory Program is the Space Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF). NASA launched... it the Spitzer Space Telescope (SST) to honor the American astrophysicist Lyman Spitzer, Jr... celestial body or into deep space. The space robot is essentially a combination...’s atmosphere. NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope (SST) is an example. The Spitzer Space Telescope is the final... electromagnetic spectrum. The Spitzer Space Telescope (SST)—previously called the Space Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF)—consists of a 2.8-foot(0.85-m-) diameter telescope and three cryogenically cooled science instruments. NASA renamed this space-based infrared telescope in honor of the American astronomer Lyman Spitzer... most powerful and sensitive infrared telescope ever launched. The orbiting facility... heliocentric orbit that allowed the telescope to cool rapidly with a minimum... this program include the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), the Compton Gamma Ray... celestial object is focused by a telescope onto the detector, where it... the lowtemperature sink of outer space. (Deep space has a temperature of about... miles (kilometers) of space before reaching Earth. A deep space exploration spacecraft often... fashioned and used a primitive optical telescope to observe the heavens. Viewing... of 1994, when the Hubble Space Telescope looked for it. Then, a few... Hubble Space Telescope (HST), the Chandra X-ray Observatory (CXO), and the Spitzer Space Telescope (SST.... Measurements made at the Keck Telescope indicate the presence of water... operation. The Russian space program has flown several space nuclear reactors (most... machine intelligence. Deep space interplanetary and interstellar robotic space systems will need... human presence throughout heliocentric space. Self-replicating space stations, space settlements, and domed... themselves between the parent space ark, offspring space arks, and any suitable... operational experiment, the Geiger Tube Telescope. No downlink data signal was... optician Hans Lippershey develops a crude telescope ✧ 1609 The German astronomer Johannes... 7, 1610, Galileo Galilei uses his telescope to gaze at Jupiter and...-up observations by NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, reported on February 22, have... HST which means the Hubble Space Telescope, or a word formed by combining..., or transmit radio waves. A radio telescope is a large receiving antenna, while... The opening in front of a telescope, camera, or other optical instrument... by a measuring instrument (such as a telescope) into something that is scientifically... or interplanetary mission. Hubble Space Telescope (HST) A cooperative European Space Agency (ESA) and... from the Sun into interplanetary space. space-based astronomy The use of... in the robot’s remote location. telescope An instrument that collects electromagnetic..., 2005. Cole, Michael D. International Space Station. A Space Mission. Springfield, N.J.: Enslow Publishers, 1999... Objects to See in a Small Telescope—And How to Find Them..., and operation of the Hubble Space Telescope and other Earthorbiting spacecraft. URL..., New Mexico, supports the space shuttle and space station programs by performing... the world’s largest radio/radar telescope. URL: http://www.naic.edu... on April 14, 2005. Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is an orbiting NASA... activities, including the International Space Station and the space shuttle. URL: http... (Hubble Space Telescope) 31, 32, 100, 170 Hubble, Edwin Powell 31 Hubble Space Telescope... 46 deep space missions 30 Deep Space Network (DSN) 61 Deep Space Operations... Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Deep Space Network jurisdiction 61 European Space Agency...) 128 SIRTF (Space Infrared Telescope Facility) 33. See also Spitzer Space Telescope (SST) small bodies... space ark, self-replicating 211 Space Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF) 33. See also Spitzer Space Telescope (SST) space nuclear power 195–197 space race 4 Space Technology Laboratories (STL) 10 Space Telescope (ST) 31 Space Very... Spitzer, Lyman, Jr. 33, 49 Spitzer Space Telescope (SST) 33, 49–50, 170 ST (Space Telescope...



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... was studied based on Infrared Space Observatory spectra available to our...´alise dos espectros ISO (Infrared Space Observatory) de uma amostra de... de miss˜oes mais recentes (Spitzer, AKARI). Nesta se¸ca˜o pretende... quadrados acinzentados (YSOs detectados pelo Spitzer) e cruzes (estrelas HAeBe do HBC... (YSOs) s˜ao representados pela lista Spitzer de aglomerados jovens (Gutermuth et... observa¸co˜es ISO (Infrared Space Observatory – Jourdain de Muizon (2005...-borne Large Aperture Sub-millimeter Telescope – Pascale et al. 1 Para maiores... ordens de grandeza, o sat´elite SPITZER possui um telesc´opio com... de 2.2′′ em 8 µm. J´a o VLT (Very Large Telescope) apresenta um espelho prim´ario... o instrumento NICMOS2 (λc = 1.6 µm) do HST (Hubble Space Telescope – Augereau et al. 2001), levando... e MIDI do VLTI (Very Large Telescope Interferometer) e medidas fotom´etricas dispon.... Grandes miss˜oes atuais como o Spitzer (Werner et al., 2004) e o Herschel... D. A., Krist J. E., Clampin M., Ford H. C., Illingworth G. D., Hubble Space Telescope Advanced Camera for Surveys Coronagraphic...: from protoplanetary towards debris disks., Spitzer Proposal, 2005, p. 20691 Bouwman J., Henning... R. A., Megeath S. T., Myers P. C., Allen L. E., Pipher J. L., Fazio G. G., A Spitzer Survey of Young Stellar Clusters... W., Stapelfeldt K. R., Strom S. E., Terebey S., Koerner D., HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE/NICMOS Imaging of Disks and... Balloon-borne Large Aperture Submillimeter Telescope: BLAST, ApJ, 2008, vol. 681... K. C., Heathcote S., Bally J., Rodr´ıguez L. F., Hubble Space Telescope NICMOS Images of Herbig-Haro... , vol. 299 of Astrophysics and Space Science Library, 2003, p. 133 Refer... B. E. K., Van de Steene G. C., Szczerba R., Hubble Space Telescope Snapshot Survey of Post-AGB..., p. L19 Ueta T., Meixner M., Bobrowsky M., A Hubble Space Telescope Snapshot Survey of ProtoPlanetary Nebula..., p. 861 Ueta T., Murakawa K., Meixner M., Hubble Space Telescope NICMOS Imaging Polarimetry of Proto... J. R., Brandl B., Fazio G. G., Hora J. L., Gehrz R. D., The Spitzer Space Telescope Mission, ApJS, 2004, vol. 154...-borne Large Aperture Sub-millimeter Telescope • COBE: Cosmic Background Explorer • DSS...-Prominent Longitudinally-EXtended • ESA: European Space Agency 140 Apˆ endice A. Lista...: Herbig-Bell Catalog • HST: Hubble Space Telescope • IDL: Interactive Data Language • IR... • ISM: meio interestelar • ISO: Infrared Space Observatory • KS05: Kessler-Silacci et... • MSX: Midcourse Space Experiment • NASA: National Aeronautics and Space Administration • NICMOS2: Near...-infrared • VLT: Very Large Telescope • VLTI: Very Large Telescope Interferometer • WISE: Wide... be checked through ISO or Spitzer data to better infer the... were observed by ISO or Spitzer. R. G. Vieira et al.: Post-AGB... plotting the YSOs from the Spitzer survey of young stellar clusters... gray squares (YSOs detected by Spitzer) and gray crosses (HAeBe stars...-MS star. Results based on Spitzer data have been presented by... by Otrupcek et al. (2000). Spitzer data are also provided for... al. (2007) and in the Spitzer mid-IR survey by Carpenter...



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... system throughput) of the Hubble Space Telescope detectors. 26 Comparison of photometric... photons to stream freely through space (‘decoupling’). It is those primordial... that have been propagating through space and slowly cooling until this... of groundbased, balloon-borne and space-based telescopes have measured the... much each new generation of space-based CMB laboratory has improved... data from both ground and space based instruments meant that the... with the existing ground and space-based facilities, temporarily putting the... Camera 3 (WFC3) on the Hubble Space Telescope in spring 2009 came as... aims. Alongside the advances in space based near-infrared observations has... or image artefacts in Hubble Space Telescope (HST) photometry can have an... cosmic rays passing through the telescope resulting in bright over saturated... the inclusion of long wavelength Spitzer data in photometric redshift fitting... near-infrared filters of Hubble Space Telescope are ideally suited for selecting... et al., 2004) aboard the Spitzer Space Telescope have been essential to making... observations at 3.6 and 4.5 µm made during Spitzer’s post-cryogenic mission (e.g. Ashby et... well studied by the Hubble Space Telescope, such as the GOODS fields... system throughput) of the Hubble Space Telescope detectors. The order of magnitude...) is well illustrated. Credit: STScI/Space Telescope Science Institute Introduction 27 Thankfully... and homogenisation of the respective space and ground-based ancillary data... measurements are available through deep Spitzer 3.6 and 4.5 µm observations, e.g. Stark et al... , Y105 , J125 , H160 respectively. The Spitzer /IRAC (Fazio et al., 2004... 4.5µm images were taken from the Spitzer Extended Deep Survey (PI: G. Fazio... the GOODS Spitzer Legacy project (PI: M. Dickinson). Complementary to the space based imaging of HST and Spitzer is the ground... ISAAC and Hawk-I Ks) and Spitzer IRAC bands, deconvolution and photometry... observed fluxes in linear flux space it is able to fully... show the region in colour space used to select dropout galaxies... galaxies in the same colour space. To address this, we next...-redshift galaxies in this colour space. However, as redshift increases, the... from the use of deep Spitzer IRAC observations for improved photometric.... Details of the catalog, the space and ground-based imaging and... a separation in redshift or velocity space of ∆v ≤ 500 km s−1 . Armed with... wealth of additional ground and space-based data available will be...-width with the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) could be used to... fesc and dust extinction parameter space using current constraints on β and... can be constrained through deep Spitzer IRAC photometry, estimates of the... launch of the James Webb Space Telescope will address many of the... detected by the James Webb Space Telescope. We conclude that based on... fields. The addition of contiguous Spitzer data (SPLASH, PI: Capak) means...



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... 2.17 Galaxy on Fire! NASA’s Spitzer Reveals Stellar Smoke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 2.18... Distant Cosmic Explosion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 2.21 Spitzer Goes on a Cosmic Safari . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38... known MBCs from UH 2.2-meter telescope data. All MBCs are clearly... the European Southern Observatory 1.0-meter telescope in La Silla, Chile. EP... the University of Hawaii 2.2-meter telescope on Mauna Kea. Still barely... by the Keck 10-meter telescope, and has thus far remained... Astronomy Newsletter March 2006 meter telescope on Kitt Peak in Arizona... confirmed by the Spacewatch 1.8-meter telescope on Oct 25, 26, and... us on the UH 2.2-meter telescope on November 10 and 19..., and on the Gemini 8-meter telescope on Mauna Kea on November... telescope on Mauna Kea and confirmed by the UH 2.2-meter telescope on..., 2006 [19] Using new Hubble Space Telescope observations, a research team led by... camera on the Very Large Telescope in Chile. stairs of your... Observatory) on ESO’s Very Large Telescope (VLT) in Chile. Another SDI... the sun, Close noted. They Telescope Science Institute (STScI), Robert Mathieu... Aperture Research Telescope System (SMARTS), operated by a consortium including the Space Telescope Science... the largest telescope in the world, the 10m Keck I telescope on the... [28] Using ESO’s Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) at Cerro Paranal...-TeV-gamma-ray behaviour ray telescope in Namibia. of this funny... heMcDonald Observatory, has used Hubble Space Telescope lium white dwarf is consumed...’s Hubble Space Dr. C. Simon Jeffery of Armagh Observatory in Northern Telescope, and made supporting observations from the 2.7meter Harlan J. Smith Telescope.... and the 2.3-meter Vainu Bappu Telescope in India. ”It’s taken more... Space ponent of all stars. Instead, they are dominated by helium, Telescope’s STIS instrument (the Space Telescope Imaging with significant amounts... Long Baseline Array (VLBA) radio telescope to netic Field Confining Jet... the California Institute of Technology’s Spitzer Science Center, and Roberta Johnson... galaxy, using observations from NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope. The part of the nebula... infrared light.) The The Spitzer Space Telescope, an infrared telescope, is imag- spots are... present in this region, but Spitzer’s sensitivity and spatial resolution were... using the 76-m Lovell radio telescope at the University of Manchester... birthplaces of stars. Using a powerful telescope, than our own,” said James... the 10-meter Keck-II telescope, which was used in the....” 2.17 Galaxy on Fire! NASA’s Spitzer Reveals Stellar Smoke Source: NASA... - even in outer space. A new infrared image from NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope shows a burning... young, massive stars. The new Spitzer image reveals, for the first... out into space. Figure 30: This infrared image from NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope shows.... Spitzer’s sensitive infrared vision allowed astronomers to see the galaxy’s dust. ”Spitzer... fire in this galaxy before Spitzer’s infrared eyes saw the of...’s insmoke,” said Dr. David Leisawitz, Spitzer program scientist teraction with its... Astronomy Newsletter March 2006 Source: Spitzer Space Telescope News, March 2nd, 2006 [41... of data from NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope and a ground-based telescope in Spain. Four... detected by the ground-based telescope using visible-light wavelengths. It... light called H-alpha (green) from Spitzer pointed its infrared spectrograph at... apart into its (red) from Spitzer’s infrared array camera. basic components... specific wavelength. Quasar Ignition The Spitzer spectrum showed a strong infrared signature... lead scientist for Swift’s X-ray telescope. high speeds in a galactic superwind...- 2.21 Spitzer Goes on a Cosmic Safari tute of Technology. Source: Spitzer Space Telescope Press... results in Astronomers using NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope have the light appearing much..., the team carefully sifted through Spitzer as if it were in.... ”It’s really amazing that Spitzer’s 85-centimeter telescope can see 9 billion years... sequence, ending with the forma- ”Spitzer is an excellent instrument for... ’Where’s Waldo?’ With an optical telescope you black holes containing the... distant stars– ”But in the Spitzer data, it’s as though Waldo... sky to find them.” ”With Spitzer’s great infrared sensitivity we surveyed... a paper on tured on their Spitzer safari. They are currently preparing... the current record holder. ”With Spitzer’s sensitivity, it should be possible... Provence, Laboratoire verse pose for Spitzer’s Infrared Array Camera. Credit: d’Astrophysique... satellite, infrared data from the SPITZER satellite, and data in the... the 8.2-m Kueyen Unit Telescope of ESO’s Very Large Telescope (VLT) at the... Hubble Space Telescope in 1994 (left) and 2001 (right). Image: Hubble Space Telescope (NASA...] http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/Media [41] http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu...-2006.htm [44] http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/Media/happenings/20060321...



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...? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 2.9 Lost and Found: X-ray Telescope Locates Missing Matter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 2.10... Galaxy Clusters Formed Early . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 3 Space missions 29 3.1 Enhanced Ariane 5 demonstrates... Region And Coronal Explorer” (TRACE) space mission and put forward the... one millisecond, are emitted into space from Earth’s upper atmosphere. Scientists..., February 22nd, 2005 [4] The European Space Agency’s Mars Express spacecraft has... Mars Express scientists. Stoker told SPACE.com in 2003, weeks before... orbiting spacecraft, including the European Space Agency’s Mars Express, she and... NASA scientists told a group of space officials at a private meeting here... the methane,” one attendee told Space News. ”Their answer is drill... enable scientists to better monitor space weather. ”This will benefit science... of Earth, may lead to space weather forecasts that will give... power grids.” 1.6 Figure 5: The Hubble Space Telescope captured these images of Saturn..., Tuscon; W.T. Kasprzak, of the Goddard Space Flight Center; R.L. McNutt of Johns...’s department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences, reviews key findings from... NASA’s Cassini spacecraft and Hubble Space Telescope have found that Saturn’s auroras... were taken by NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope on Jan. 24, 26, and... activity,” added Crary. Seen from space, an aurora appears as a ring... spurred when charged particles in space interact with a planet’s magnetosphere and... [12] Astronomers using the Keck I telescope in Hawaii are learning much... February 4, 2004, with the Keck I telescope at 17.65 micron wavelengths... Titan with ESO’s Very Large Telescope (VLT) at the Paranal Observatory... instrument mounted on the 8.2-m Yepun telescope. The observations were carried out... ground-based or earth-orbiting telescope.” Because the astronomers have also... interdisciplinary scientist for the European Space Agency’s Huygens probe that landed... and night). (Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute) Titan is one... comes from. Earth-based and space-based observers have long known... could not be done from space because of a configuration problem with... Telescope (GBT) in West Virginia, USA, and the CSIRO Parkes Radio Telescope...’ on loan from NASA’s Deep Space Network, provided the first unequivocal... from a vantage point in interstellar space and watching the process actually... of ’Mini’ Solar System Source: Spitzer Press Release, February 7th, 2005... as small as planets. NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope has spotted a dusty disk of... constellation. Later, the team used Spitzer’s highly sensitive infrared eyes to... 20 seconds. Longer searches with Spitzer could reveal disks around brown... planets, using the Arecibo radio telescope in Puerto Rico to collect...’s formation.” Future space observatories, including the Kepler and the Space Interferometry Missions... Small Magellanic Cloud. A NASA Hubble Space Telescope ”family portrait” of young, ultrabright... monitors data from INTEGRAL, a European Space Agency (ESA) satellite designed to... X and gamma-ray radiation from space. A previously unknown, bright source of... more danger from real-life space threats than from hypothetical alien..., lead author on a paper describing space-based observations of the burst... in the blackness of intergalactic space. ”We have never before seen... to hold onto it. Like a space probe launched from Earth, this... Telescope in Cheshire, and the sighting was confirmed with the Arecibo telescope... be visible with a good amateur telescope.” Similar objects that have previously... question using the Isaac Newton Telescope in La Palma, they found... 2005 2.9 Lost and Found: X-ray Telescope Locates Missing Matter acting than... Astronomers using the Isaac Newton Telescope on La Palma. Professor Mike... Universe. Lost and Found: X-ray Telescope Locates Missing Matter NASA’s Chandra... XMM-Newton of the European Space Agency ESA. They pointed the... obtained with the American Keck-Telescope. After having coadded the light... measurement, astronomers used NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope and a technique similar to Doppler... Richard Mushotzky of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md... at the Keck 10-meter telescope on Mauna Kea in Hawaii... changed over large scales in space and time, it is essential..., Masami Ouchi, currently at the Space Telescope Science Institute, decided to study... Clusters Formed Early Source: Subaru Telescope Press Release, February 16th, 2005... and a half billion years. As 3 Space missions 3.1 rived from Vulcain 1, which... Europe in last 10 days. space and a further demonstration of European... to space is a pre-requisite for our success in all space activities... 8th, 2005 [34] The European Space Agency has given the green... to limit the proliferation of space debris, the third passenger, Maqsat..., and the physical conditions in space. The board concluded that the.../1859.html [20] http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/Media/releases/ssc2005...



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... function of quasars and redshift-space distortions from SDSS DR5 data...) ïîçâîëèëî âûÿâèòü ìîëåêóëÿðíûé âîäîðîä è óãàðíûé ãàç ÑÎ [92]. Ïðîâåäåííûå íàáëþäåíèÿ íà òåëåñêîïå JCMT (James Clerk Maxwell Telescope) ïîêàçàëè îòñóòñòâèå ëèíèé ÑÎ â ñïåêòðå îêîëîçâåçäíîãî ïûëåâîãî äèñêà e Eri [51]. Íàáëþäåíèå íà 2.7-ì òåëåñêîïå Ñìèòà ñî ñïåêòðîìåòðîì CS21 (Coude Spectrometer... infrared excesses: Preliminary results from a SPITZER MIPS survey of solar-type... search of other planetary systems // Space Sci. Rev.—1980.—25, N 1.— P. 35...-type stars: First results from a Spitzer MIPS survey // Astrophys. J.—2006.— 636.... Chen C. H., Patten B. M., Werner M. W., et al. A Spitzer study of dusty disks around... and Evolution of Planetary Systems» Spitzer Legacy Survey of Sun-like... J. A., Andregg M. E., et al. The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) mission // Astron. and... J., Augereau J.-C., Dullemond C. P., et al. c2d Spitzer IRS spectra of disks around... J. E., Ardila D. R., Golimowski D. A., et al. Hubble Space Telescope advanced 26 ÄÈÑÊÈ ÂÎÊÐÓÃ ÁËÈÆÀÉØÈÕ ÇÂÅÇÄ È ÑÓÁÇÂÅÇÄ camera for surveys.... Marengo M., Megeath S. T., Fazio, et al. A Spitzer IRAC search for substellar companions... planetary systems: First results from a Spitzer Legacy Science Program // Astrophys. J. Suppl... T. L., Van Cleve J. E., Sloan G. C., et al. Spitzer Infrared Spectrograph (IRS) Observations of.... Siegler N., Muzerolle J., Young E. T., et al. Spitzer 24 micron observations of open... Fomalhaut debris disk with the Spitzer space telescope // Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser.—2004.—154... spectrometer of the McDonald Observatory 2.7-m telescope // Publs Astron. Soc. Pacif.—1995... signposts of planets: Implications for Spitzer Space Telescope // Astrophys. J.—2004.—603.—P. 738—743... Geod@tisches Forschungsinstitut (DGFI), Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC NASA), Jet... the Global Reference Systems // Adv. Space Res.—2002.—30, N 2.— P. 145—150... FUNCTION OF QUASARS AND REDSHIFT-SPACE DISTORTIONS FROM SDSS DR5 DATA... with z from 0.8 to 2.2 and redshift-space distortion parameter b associated with large.... XV. Correlation analysis of redshift-space distortions // Mon. Notic. Roy. Astron... T. Constraining b( z ) and W 0M from redshift-space distortions in z 3 galaxy surveys // Mon.... VII. Constraining cosmology from redshift-space distortions via x( s, p ) // Mon. Notic. Roy... in the real space and in the redshift space // Mon. Notic. Roy... cross-correlation function and redshift-space distortions // 2008.—arXiv: 0801.1816.... VI. Measuring L and b from redshift-space distortions in the power spectrum... edge-on galaxies // Astrophys. and Space Sci.—2006.—302.—P. 207—211... 2-point correlation function and redshift-space distortions // Mon. Notic. Roy. Astron... derived with the solar horizontal telescope ATsU-26 at the Terskol...—100°. We propose to mount a telescope in the d-coordinate on the...



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..., described the Herschel infra-red telescope and its objectives. With its... frustrate most other forms of telescope. Dr Gomez teased us by... since the invention of the telescope and 40 years since the... how they would get this telescope or that other expensive goodie... astronomy; the invention of the telescope, photography and the spectroscope. The... the science than any other telescope accessory. It has been said... celebrating 400 years of the telescope, that marvellous invention that gives... kindly donated a Celestron 102 SLT telescope as first prize in the... our Society set up his telescope and computer equipment and provided..., and Astrofest 2009 and the Telescope 400 event at Syon Park... things. Brian Sheen appears in space images – the bubble that I 4 Winter... being the history of the telescope, and how over 400 years... up his Celestron C6 GoTo telescope. Lawrence Ashworth set up his... talk, "My Favourite Objects Through a Telescope", at about 19:10. By... (ENAs) originate. Further reading: lar space. This boundary, called the termination... harmful cosmic rays produced in space. pdf/280255main_IBEXFactSheetOct08.pdf IBEX needs...://www.ibex.swri.edu/students/ space controlled by Earth’s magnetic field... its pictures. To NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scienavoid contamination tific... Reber built the first radio telescope in Illinois using the 23cm... the 76-metre Lovell radio telescope at Jodrell Bank was completed... one telescope as large as all of them. The Arecibo radio telescope in Puerto Rico is the largest radio telescope in... are the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) and the Caltech Submillimetre... at Arecibo and the Lovell Telescope at Jodrell Bank) and radio... poor angular resolution. The Lovell Telescope is also one of several... with a nonconstant density with time. Space expands and a form of 'red... Peter Roll constructed a small radio telescope to detect the microwave background... not really the Doppler effect - space itself is expanding. The microwave... be measured using a small radio telescope and a Dicke switch, as had... calculated the temperature of interstellar space to be about 2.4 Kelvin. Before... cyanogens had been found in space, but then hydroxyls were discovered... the first search by radio telescope, concentrated on Tau Ceti and... • Dr Tony Jones, The Lovell Telescope at Jodrell Bank, Nuffield Radio... Wynn-Williams, The Fullness of Space: nebulae, stardust, and the interstellar...?fareaid=17 • James Clerk Maxwell Telescope http:// www.jach.hawaii.edu... consider the capabilities of the telescope, the nature of the resulting...) Aperture of telescope Focal length of telescope Focal ratio of telescope (= F/A) Diameter of... and the aperture of the telescope. This is the best resolution... Point Spread Function of the telescope image refers to size and..., or even substituting another telescope. For a given telescope then we have : F = A dpix... characteristics of the camera and telescope will be matched for good... E = h/I so D = (E + 1) F ………………………................ (11) E.g. for an f6.3 telescope using a 25 mm eyepiece, to... NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. The Jet.../JPL/Space Science Institute) F.A.S. Newsletter 92 15 Winter 2009 Spitzer Telescope Observes Baby Brown Dwarf from Spitzer, enabled the astronomers to build a spectral energy distribution -- a diaNASA's Spitzer Space Telescope... planets and stars in terms Spitzer plays an important role because... temperature and mass. They are Spitzer can have a look inside these... massive (and normally warmer) than Spitzer's longer-wavelength infrared camera how... piece by piece. Sometimes by Spitzer's heat-sensitive nature takes its... and mass. Image made before Spitzer ran out rapidly, making it... Calar Alto Observatory in Spain, Spitzer Science Center; A. Palau and A. Bayo... de Canarias and Guided by Spitzer data collected in 2005, they... to observe and character- European Space Agency; O. Morata, Institute nard 213... Observatory. More information on the Spitzer Space Tele"We decided to go... were observed from around the spitzer.caltech.eduand http://www.nasa... Observa- Space Station Crew Will Shrink to Two The International Space Station... also improve our forecasting of space weather," Vourlidas added, "Like a bull... Earth." SPACE.com 25 November 2009 great time," Williams told SPACE.com...," said Dan Hartman, manager of space gian astronaut Frank DeWinne, relinquished... crewmembers — Russian cosworking on the space station during Expedition 13 in... one of the tricks Webb Space Telescope, these faint stars should be... due to be published Wednesday space missions announced that the methane...: Exoplanets Dr F Pearce Feb 8: E Large Telescope Dr F Clarke Mar 8: Astronomy & Early...- Feb 4: 400 yrs of the telescope Feb 18: Can we take... Michaels Rd, 4 Feb: The Herschel Telescope Dr Seb Oliver BASSETLAW AS....uk Jan 11: Night with V L Telescope Dr R Gilmour Debby Quertier. 01481... 4th Tues 19:30. National Space Centre, Exploration Drive, Leicester Chris...



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... human ventures into space, landing NASA’s Space Shuttle, officially called Space the first... actual human beings traveling to space, the space environment makes this mode... was the development of the telescope, which initial furor has passed... exactly who made the first telescope, but the feat unless some... first person to use the telescope for significant astronomical the newly... only used (and improved) the telescope targets of exploration. One example... of observational use film. Instead, space telescope use electronic astronomy, and they... using a rocket to carry a telescope to space, and in camera; while commercial... 1946, the American astrophysicist Lyman Spitzer, differently, they use the same... telescope Universe benefits from (and in return can influence into space where... Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, MD, and development of the telescope that would later be the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, known as the Hubble Space Telescope (HST... used to actually form the telescope was named after the American... glimpse it wasn’t the first space telescope, the hundreds into the history... history. possibly the most important telescope in the history finding out..., it is Spitzer, Jr., to the development of space telescopes, good to... Internet NASA named an infrared space telescope launched has become an invaluable... after him; the Hubble and Spitzer Space information, sometimes the information may.../pao/History/sputnik/ NASA Hubble Space Telescope http://hubblesite.org/ NASA Mars... Space Shuttle http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/shuttle/main/ NASA Spitzer Space Telescope: Lyman Spitzer, Jr. http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/about/spitzer.shtml NASA... Institution National Air and Space Museum Space Race Exhibition http://www.nasm... of SOHO/Extreme Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (EIT) consortium. SOHO is a project... safely imaged by the Hubble Space Telescope, the planet has remained largely... Alaska Anchorage), Z. Levay and L. Frattare (Space Telescope Science Institute) and National Optical... (or near) the Earth (e.g., Hubble Space Telescope, top left), by having robotic... 1608, when the first telescope planning for space travel to investigate another... makes who made the first telescope, but the feat is usually.... While much can be learned Telescope designers race to make new....) that are mounted on the telescope to make the actual observations... Hawaii. Probably the best known space telescope is the Still, even the... Resources Answer Key GER Hubble Space Telescope (HST; see Fig. 3), which from... astronomy. The telescope has taken hundreds based and space telescopes can quickly..., and the launch of the telescope. Five additional Shuttle missions have... the Hubble Space Telescope significantly. There are many other important space-based observatories; for example, Figure 3. Hubble Space Telescope (HST) was placed into orbit around the Earth by the Space... become perhaps the most important telescope in the history of astronomy..., Chandra XRay Observatory, and the Spitzer Space Telescope, which study the Universe using... Earth or in space near For example, the Hubble Space Telescope has many... capturing system, such as a (small) telescope the properties of particle radiation...://solarsystem.nasa.gov/galileo/ Hubble Space Telescope http://hubblesite.org/ Keck Observatory... Alaska Anchorage), Z. Levay and L. Frattare (Space Telescope Science Institute) and National Optical... would be similar to using a space telescope located near the Earth. What...-distance camera Digital camera with a telescope; takes images of the target... lowest cost (unless the telescope is large or space-based, but even... mounted on the telescope. ▼ Can easily point the telescope to observe many... of a it is. Technically, all telescope observations of even river carving.../ESA/M.Robberto(STScI/ESA)/Hubble Space Telescope Orion Treasury Project Team: http... directly in images taken with a telescope; instead, a variety of methods have... nebula taken with the Hubble Space Telescope. Stars and planets are being.../ ESA/M.Robberto(STScI/ESA)/Hubble Space Telescope Orion Treasury Project Team; http... bends and focuses light in a telescope. Through this effect, the light... much like in a lens of a telescope. If the lens star has... interested scientists as Hubble and Spitzer space telescopes, which and philosophers for... students have access to a suitable telescope, either through school, a local observatory... Encyclopaedia http://exoplanet.eu/ Hubble Space Telescope Gallery of Nebulae (Note that... Nebula taken with the Hubble Space Telescope. Stars are being formed inside.../ESA/M.Robberto (STScI/ESA)/Hubble Space Telescope Orion Treasury Project Team; http... spacecraft through NASA’s Deep Space Network (a Deep Space Network antenna in Goldstone... features of planets seen through a telescope. The results were dependent on... features of planets seen through a telescope, to capturing pictures on photographic...



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... exploration of deep space. Space Operations Space Shuttle/International Space Station The Space Shuttle flew... space components of the networks that provide space communications for NASA’s Space Network... use of space observatories and space probes that view Earth from space, observe...: Astrophysics, Planetary Science, Heliophysics, Webb Space Telescope (JWST) program office. In FY..., 2011, astronomers pushed NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope to its limits by finding... Boeing 747SP aircraft carrying a reflecting telescope with an effective diameter of... object. NASA’s Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope first detected the outburst, A c t i v i t i e s On..., known as A e r o n a u t i c s a n d R e p o r t Telescope’s deployment into space, astronomers at the Space Telescope Science S p a c e o f t h e P r e s i d e n t 32 pair.... On May 26, 2011, NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope observed that tiny crystals of... that collapsed around forming stars. Spitzer’s infrared detectors spotted the crystal...’s point of view. The WISE telescope scanned the entire sky in... with the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope on Mauna Kea in Hawaii... Space Telescope Program The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) will be a large, infrared-optimized space telescope... Moorestown, New Jersey. The Webb telescope has 21 mirrors, with 18... coating will allow the Webb telescope’s “infrared eyes” to observe extremely... spacecraft once on orbit. The Space Surveillance Telescope (SST) achieved first light...’s land- and space-based missions, including the Hubble Space Telescope, the Chandra X-ray... Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer, and the Spitzer Infrared Observatory. In 2011, NIST... and tested at the HobbyEberly Telescope at the MacDonald Observatory in... Technology Solar Telescope (ATST), the next-generation U.S. ground-based solar telescope. The... the world’s flagship ground-based telescope designed specifically for the study... and fabrication of the major telescope subsystems and instruments are under... of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) and starting the process... a purpose-built wide-field survey telescope and use the attached 3.3-gigapixel.... The Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT) is a 6-meter-diameter millimeterwave telescope located at.... ACT is a dedicated special-purpose telescope and is equipped with a state... zero. During FY 11, the telescope continued to operate successfully in... polarization measurement capability. The POLARBEAR telescope, funded by AST, is a new... on the Atacama plateau. The telescope will be used to measure.... POLARBEAR is a 3.5-meter-diameter microwave telescope, custom designed and fabricated by..., and looks most like a radio telescope or satellite dish. Unlike previous... the system in California, the telescope was disassembled and shipped to... manage the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope being constructed in Hawaii. Also... 10-meter off-axis radio telescope at the U.S. Amundsen-Scott South... December 2011, the South Pole Telescope successfully completed five-yearlong austral... space, including such issues as orbital space debris, meteorology, astronomy and astrophysics, space transportation, nuclear power sources in space... European Space Agency (ESA) on space weather as part of ESA’s space situational... future NASA space-radiation dose models. The Large Area Telescope (LAT), the...-ray Space Telescope 2 0 1 1 development of techniques to conduct fundamental physics in space to... year of operations for NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope, whose Infrared Array Camera (IRAC... Space Flight Center. Spitzer is operated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Spitzer studies... new images combined observations from Spitzer, which observes infrared light, and..., permitting astronomers to take a S p a c e o f t h e P r e s i d e n t 158 Spitzer also has proved valuable in... planet has extremely fast winds. Spitzer also revealed the first carbon... include Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) and all telescope activities. Outlay information... Arctic Coastal Plain Atacama Cosmology Telescope Antarctica Data Acquisition Automatic Dependent... Civil Aircraft Advanced Technology Solar Telescope Automated Transfer Vehicle-2 Automatic Ground... Systems Network Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope Federal Information Processing Standard Fourier... Fighter James Webb Space Telescope kelvin kilopounds-force Kennedy Space Center L Landscape Fire... Launch Abort System Large Area Telescope Lunar CRater Observation and Sensing... Services Program Large Synoptic Survey Telescope M MAGIC MANPADS MAR MC3E MDIS... Observatory National Space Organization (Taiwan) NASA Space Radiation Laboratory National Security Space National Science and Technology Council National Space... recommended practices Space Based Infrared System Geosynchronous Earth Orbit Space-Based Space Surveillance Office of Science (DOE) Space Communications and... Material System Requirements Review Space Situation Awareness Space Surveillance Telescope Center for Satellite...