Спутник ДЗЗ. Spot-2. [Редактировать]

Космический аппарат Spot-2 был запущен 22 января 1990 г. ракетой-носителем Ariane-4 с полигона Kourou и введен в оперативное .использование 21 марта 1990 г. Этому предшествовал анализ качества передаваемых со спутника изображений, который был завершен в начале марта 1990 г. и подтвердил, что получаемые снимки изображения Земли удовлетворяют требованиям, предъявляемым к коммерческой продукции. ИСЗ Spot-2 выведен на солнечносинхронную околокруговую орбиту высотой 819 х 822 км, плоскость которой совпадает с орбитой ИСЗ Spot-1, а аргумент широты перигея смещен на 180°. Конструкция этого космического аппарата и состав полезной нагрузки совпадают с ИСЗ Spot-1, с теми лишь отличиями, что на ИСЗ Spot-2, впервые для спутников этой системы, была использована аппаратура точного определения параметров орбиты DORIS (Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite), а запас гидразина был увеличен на 12 кг, необходимых для выполнения начальной коррекции орбиты. Как и в предшествующем ИСЗ серии Spot, при эксплуатации спутника Spot-2 возникли осложнения с использованием бортовых магнитофонов американской фирмы Odetics. Первый бортовой магнитофон вышел из строя через год после запуска, а в 1993 г. износилась записывающая головка второго магнитофона и изображения стали регистрироваться с пропусками. К маю 1992 г. со спутника было передано около 1 млн изображений, при этом наработка первой и второй камер HRV составила 1410 и 1260 час, соответственно. В ноябре 1993 г. ИСЗ Spot-2 был переведен в резервное состояние. 

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1Spot 2НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Все спутники ДЗЗ

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг1800
2Скорость (аппарат), км в секунду7.4
3Разрешение (панхроматический), метра10
4Разрешение (мультиспектр), метра20
5Орбитальный цикл, дней26

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1САС, год3

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... metrics .................................... 147 5.7 Conclusion ...................................................................................................... 152 Chapter 6 Spot colour overprint (SCOP) model .................................................. 154... of the n-colour separation using spot colours ................. 215 Method............................................................................................................ 215 8.1.1 Training... Capelle and Meireson model ....................................................................... 268 Spot colour overprint (SCOP) model ........................................................................ 271... ............................... 212 Table 8.1 Accuracy of the spot colours reproduced with the 7-colour... Figure 1.2 Converting a print job containing spot colours to n-colour separation ......... 18... CMYK and CMYKOGV with the spot colours ............................................................................................................................. 19 Figure 1.4 Objective of...). ................................. 159 Figure 6.5 Spectra of two spot colours on white and black... with correction factor. ......................... 162 Figure 6.7 Spot colour overprint – background and foreground... the overprint model for CMYK + spot colour. ........... 175 Figure 6.16 Implementation... processes213 Figure 8.1 Distribution of the spot colours in the a* - b* plane and... the spot colour with 7-colour printing process.218 Figure 8.3 Target spot colours... Magenta Process Yellow Process Black Spot Plates Pantone Process Black C Pantone... Figure 1.2 Converting a print job containing spot colours to n-colour separation A colour... effective reproduction of the spot colours. In packaging, spot colours are predominantly.... 22 Introduction n-colour printing process Spot colour palettes Figure 1.4 Objective of..., inkjet printing etc. Simulated spot colours: spot colours reproduced using an n-colour... inks or spot coloured inks: inks used for printing spot colours. Spot colour... the n-colour printing process), Chapter 6 (spot colour overprint model) and Chapter... devices. 153 Spot colour overprint (SCOP) model Chapter 6 Spot colour overprint (SCOP... printing process. A background for the spot colour overprint (SCOP) prediction is... intellectual property. It characterises each spot colour individually and predicts the... different combinations of C, M, Y, K and two spot colours, was printed using the... interpolating the existing measurements. Figure 6.7 Spot colour overprint – background and foreground... linear regression for predicting the spot colour overprints. Figure 6.8 depicts a strong..., with a correlation coefficient 0.99. 163 Spot colour overprint (SCOP) model Figure... acceptable for displaying a preview of spot colour overprints. Despite being a spectral... obtain the tristimulus values (X, Y, Z). 170 Spot colour overprint (SCOP) model 6.4.2 Calculate... foreground colour 60% Spot2. 172 Spot colour overprint (SCOP) model 6.4.4 Calculate... by: (XbXf), (YbYf), (ZbZf). 173 Spot colour overprint (SCOP) model 6.4.5 Calculate... estimate the colorant percentages. 174 Spot colour overprint (SCOP) model Figure... for CMYK + spot colour. For a printing system using multiple spot inks printed... evaluating the model accuracy. 176 Spot colour overprint (SCOP) model 6.6.1 Method... 4.4). KM+YNSN 2 Van De Capelle 1 Spot Colour Overprint Model 0 Offset Flexography... colour separation to reproduce target spot colours using 7-colour printing process... colorimetric reproduction of the target spot colour using a 7-colour printing process... using spot colours Chapter 8 Evaluation of the n-colour separation using spot colours... separation using spot colours Figure 8.1 Distribution of the spot colours in the... spot colours Target Spot Colour Find the best sector to reproduce the spot... between the target spot colours and the simulated spot colours on the... of the n-colour separation using spot colours 8.3 Psychophysical experiment A psychophysical experiment... evaluate the quality of different spot colours printed using n-colour separations... help understanding the accuracy of spot colours reproduced with n-colour separations... of the n-colour separation using spot colours mean z-scores, category boundaries... of the n-colour separation using spot colours 5.0 4.5 4.0 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0 y = 0.8806x + 0.6233 R² = 0.7709 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 CIEDE2000... of the n-colour separation using spot colours R² = 0.7412 R² = 0.7578 R² = 0.7306 R² = 0.8501... printed with the spot coloured inks represent the actual spot colour. But..., not the desired spot colour because this spot colour will now be... other packaging printing sectors where spot colour tonal overprint reproduction is... different applications, for example previewing spot colour overprints on a monitor using..., M. and Prakhya S. (2008) Predictability of spot colour overprints. Advances in Printing..., cmyk, inputdots ) % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % SCOPcmyk applies the spot colour overprint model with power...



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....0 Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (72 MHz) Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (72 MHz) Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (72 MHz) Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (72 MHz) Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (36 MHz) Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (36 MHz) Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (36 MHz) Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (36 MHz) - Spot beam 1 is Vertical polarized - Spot beam....0 Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (72 MHz) Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (72 MHz) Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (72 MHz) Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (72 MHz) Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (36 MHz) Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (36 MHz) Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (36 MHz) Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (36 MHz) - Spot beam 1 is Vertical polarized - Spot beam... & Spot 3, 72 MHz) (W 12 GHz & Spot 3, 72 MHz) (Ku-spot, 72 MHz) (Ku-spot, 112 MHz) (Ku-spot, 112 MHz) - Ku-spot (11 GHz): West is Spot 2 or Spot 3 East is Spot 1 or Spot 3 - Ku-spot beam 1 (East) is Vertical linear polarized - Ku-spot....0 Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (72 MHz) Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (72 MHz) Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (72 MHz) Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (72 MHz) Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (36 MHz) Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (36 MHz) Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (36 MHz) Spot Beam 1, Spot Beam 2 (36 MHz) - Spot beam 1 is Vertical polarized - Spot beam... & Spot 3, 72 MHz) (W 12 GHz & Spot 3, 72 MHz) (Ku-spot, 72 MHz) (Ku-spot, 112 MHz) (Ku-spot, 112 MHz) - Ku-spot (11 GHz): West is Spot 2 or Spot 3 East is Spot 1 or Spot 3 - Ku-spot beam 1 (East) is Vertical linear polarized - Ku-spot... & Spot 3, 72 MHz) (W 12 GHz & Spot 3, 72 MHz) (Ku-spot, 72 MHz) (Ku-spot, 112 MHz) (Ku-spot, 112 MHz) - Ku-spot (11 GHz): West is Spot 2 or Spot 3 East is Spot 1 or Spot 3 - Ku-spot beam 1 (East) is Vertical linear polarized - Ku-spot... & Spot 3, 72 MHz) (W 12 GHz & Spot 3, 72 MHz) (Ku-spot, 72 MHz) (Ku-spot, 112 MHz) (Ku-spot, 112 MHz) - Ku-spot (11 GHz): West is Spot 2 or Spot 3 East is Spot 1 or Spot 3 - Ku-spot beam 1 (East) is Vertical linear polarized - Ku-spot... & Spot 3, 72 MHz) (W 12 GHz & Spot 3, 72 MHz) (Ku-spot, 72 MHz) (Ku-spot, 112 MHz) (Ku-spot, 112 MHz) - Ku-spot (11 GHz): West is Spot 2 or Spot 3 East is Spot 1 or Spot 3 - Ku-spot beam 1 (East) is Vertical linear polarized - Ku-spot... & Spot 3, 72 MHz) (W 12 GHz & Spot 3, 72 MHz) (Ku-spot, 72 MHz) (Ku-spot, 112 MHz) (Ku-spot, 112 MHz) - Ku-spot (11 GHz): West is Spot 2 or Spot 3 East is Spot 1 or Spot 3 - Ku-spot beam 1 (East) is Vertical linear polarized - Ku-spot... & Spot 3, 72 MHz) (W 12 GHz & Spot 3, 72 MHz) (Ku-spot, 72 MHz) (Ku-spot, 112 MHz) (Ku-spot, 112 MHz) - Ku-spot (11 GHz): West is Spot 2 or Spot 3 East is Spot 1 or Spot 3 - Ku-spot beam 1 (East) is Vertical linear polarized - Ku-spot...



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... Control Point Sequence ................................................................................................... C.8.8.25.8. Scan Spot Maps ................................................................................................................. C.8.8.25.9. Depth Dose Parameters... Case 1: No pause, no spot reordering, no spot splitting, no repainting ............................... C.8.8.26... 2: Pause ....................................................................................................... C.8.8.26.2.5. Use Case 3: Tuning Spot ............................................................................................... C.8.8.26.2.6. Use Case 4: Repainting ................................................................................................. C.8.8.26.2.7. Use Case 5: Spot Reordering .......................................................................................... C.8.8.26.2.8. Use Case 6: Combination... ................................................................................................ C.8.26.4.1.2. Foveal Sensitivity ........................................................................................................ C.8.26.4.1.3. Blind Spot X and Y Coordinates ..................................................................................... C.8.26.5. Visual Field... inserted.​ Focal Spot(s)​ (0018,1190)​ 3​ Size of the focal spot in mm... generator.​ Focal Spot(s)​ (0018,1190)​ 3​ Size of the focal spot in mm... Macro​ Attributes”​ Focal Spot(s)​ (0018,1190)​ 3​ Nominal focal spot size in mm... less exposure.​ Focal Spot(s)​ (0018,1190)​ 3​ Nominal focal spot size in mm... current spot​ position begins when the spot is at the previous spot​ position but the spot moves...​ produce beam spot. This may be the nominal spot size or some... of Scan Spot​ Positions​ (300A,0392)​ 1C​ Number of spot positions used... C.8.8.25.8​ >>Scanning Spot Size​ (300A,0398)​ 3​ The Scanning Spot Size as calculated... by Scan Spot Position Map​ (300A,0394) and Scan Spot Meterset Weights... Spot Maps​ The Scan Spot Position Map (300A,0394) and Scan Spot Meterset... being moved from Scan Spot Position (1.0, 2.0)​ to Scan Spot Position (3.0, 2.0).​ •​ The beam... being moved from Scan Spot Position (3.0, 2.0)​ to Scan Spot Position (5.0, 2.0).​ •​ The beam... being moved from Scan Spot Position (5.0, 2.0)​ to Scan Spot Position (7.0, 2.0).​ •​ The beam... being moved from Scan Spot Position (7.0, 2.0)​ to Scan Spot Position (9.0, 2.0).​ If Modulated... being moved from Scan Spot Position (1.0, 2.0)​ to Scan Spot Position (3.0, 2.0).​ •​ The beam... being moved from Scan Spot Position (3.0, 2.0)​ to Scan Spot Position (5.0, 2.0).​ •​ The beam... current spot​ position begins when the spot is at the previous spot​ position but the spot moves...​ produce beam spot. This may be the nominal spot size or some... of Scan Spot​ Positions​ (300A,0392)​ 1C​ Number of spot positions used...​ Description​ >>Scanning Spot Size​ (300A,0398)​ 3​ The Scanning Spot Size as calculated... by Scan Spot​ Position Map (300A,0394) and Scan Spot Meterset Weights... C.8.8.21.2.​ C.8.8.26.2 Scan Spot Prescribed Indices​ Scan Spot Prescribed Indices (300A,0391... associate each delivered spot with its corresponding prescribed spot. If the​ ordering..., both Scan Spot Reordered (300A,0393) and Scan Spot Prescribed Indices (300A... contains the following spot positions in the Scan Spot Position Map (300A... Scan Spot Meterset Weight.​ Scan Spot Position Map (300A,0394)​ Scan Spot Metersets...: The delivered Scan Spot Position in the Scan Spot Position Map (300A... Case 1: No pause, no spot reordering, no spot splitting, no repainting​ This... Plan.​ Scan Spot Position Map (300A,0394)​ Scan Spot Metersets Delivered (3008... Definitions​ Scan Spot Position Map (300A,0394)​ Scan Spot Metersets Delivered (3008... Spot Position Map (300A,0394)​ Scan Spot Metersets Delivered​ (3008,0047)​ Scan Spot... of the 3 spot. When the delivery resumed, the spot was not located... Case 3: Tuning Spot​ Some delivery systems use a tuning spot (aka pulse) to...​ spot.​ The suffix 't' indicates a tuning spot.​ Scan Spot Position Map (300A,0394)​ Scan Spot Metersets Delivered​ (3008,0047)​ Scan Spot... The tuning spot in this example was targeting the 4 spot of the... Spot Position Map (300A,0394)​ Scan Spot Metersets Delivered​ (3008,0047)​ Scan Spot... times. Each repainted spot is described by the Scan Spot Position, the..., and the Scan Spot Prescribed Indices.​ C.8.8.26.2.7 Use Case 5: Spot Reordering​ In... Spot Position Map (300A,0394)​ Scan Spot Metersets Delivered​ (3008,0047)​ Scan Spot... spot has been re-ordered.​ Scan Spot Position Map (300A,0394)​ Scan Spot Metersets Delivered​ (3008,0047)​ Scan Spot... Spot Position Map (300A,0394)​ Scan Spot Metersets Delivered​ (3008,0047)​ Scan Spot... references the scan spot prescribed index of the spot being used for...



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... Start Time of ½ Hour Period Spot Time Fuel Type – ID representing... Data Publishing Period Commencing Time Spot Time Frequency (Hz) Non-BM... Number of Records Number Of Spot Points Offer Cashflow Offer Price... Settlement Period Short Acceptance Flag Spot Time Stable Export Limit Stable...-Offer Pair Number Number Of Spot Points Number of Records NIV... Trade Quantity Total Registered Capacity Spot Time SO-SO Trade Type... 20143 IDD Part 1 Number of Spot Points Field Data Type : Field... Number of Spot Points NP “NP” The number of spot times and... From/To Time Data to Spot Time Data’. R 4.7.4.74 Version 29...) or ‘A02’ (down) FT 4.7.4.111 Spot Time fo rE M Field Data... : R 4.7.4.110 SO-SO Trade Type Spot Time TS “TS” The time applicable to a given value in a Spot Point pair. TIBRVMSG_DATETIME time_t/Date... Effective From/To times to Spot Times’ RA Field Data Type... are required in the message. Spot Time TS The time that... contains the System Frequency at a spot time, measured in Hz. Message... Field Type Description of field Spot Time TS The datetime at... the generation was measured. FT Spot Time Message Subject Name 4.7.5.19... To Times are converted to spot times for purposes of distribution... period. Number of Spot Points NP The number of spot points. Implies that what follows is a series of spot data... which consist of TWO fields. Spot Time TS The time at... in MW at the above spot time. Settlement Date The settlement... To Times are converted to spot times for purposes of distribution... period. Number of Spot Points NP The number of spot points. Implies that what follows is a series of spot data... which consist of TWO fields. Spot Time TS The time at... in MW at the above spot time. Settlement Date Balancing and... To Times are converted to spot times for purposes of distribution... price. Number of Spot Points NP The number of spot points. Implies that what follows is a series of spot data... which consist of TWO fields. Spot time TS The time at... in MW at the above spot time. D Bid price Message Subject... To Times are converted to spot times for purposes of distribution... AD Deemed Acceptance flag NP Spot Time TS The acceptance number... was made. The number of spot points. Implies that what follows is a series of spot data points, each of which... is valid. FT Number of Spot Points Description of field R Field... in MW at the above spot time. RA Acceptance Level VA... To Times are converted to spot times for purposes of distribution... made. Number of Spot Points NP The number of spot points. Implies that what follows is a series of spot data... which consist of TWO fields. Spot Time TS The time at... in MW at the above spot time. 4.7.5.28 FT BMRA BM... To Times are converted to spot times for purposes of distribution... period. Number of Spot NP The number of spot points. Implies that... what follows is a series of spot data points, each of which consist of TWO fields. Points Spot Time TS The time at... in MW at the above spot time. Message Subject Name BMRA... To Times are converted to spot times for purposes of distribution... of spot points. Implies that what follows is a series of spot data... which consist of TWO fields. Spot Time TS The time at... in MW at the above spot time RA Field Type D The... Effective from/to data into Spot Time data Some data received... described in the form of spot times and values. This is... System Operator. into a series of spot points and levels. This is... has an associated level. The spot times are always on the... added to the list of spot times. Those that are not... list of spot times. D RA FT fo rE M R The spot time data... using the number of spot times and comparing spot times to see... To times is converted into Spot Times. To avoid redundancy in... on as spot times in the published message. Example 3 Spot Time Format To Time To Level Number of Spot Points Spot time Value Spot time Value Spot time Value... contain a step in values 9:30 Spot time 10:00 470 9:52...) and results in a list of spot time data set point_counter = 0 set... "from level" != current_level create new spot time and level from "from... to spot time list point_counter = point_counter + 1 END IF create new spot time... "to level" and add to spot time list set current_spot_time to... of 348 © ELEXON Limited 20134 Spot time Value R From/To Level... Comments Fixed String “TEMP” string Spot Time datetime yyyymmddhh24mis Group ordered... Date date Settlement Period number Spot Time datetime yyyymmddhh24miss CCGT (MW... Format string datetime yyyymmddhh24miss RA Spot Time FT 4.8.23.2 Comments fo... String “FREQ” Record Type string Spot Time datetime yyyymmddhh24miss Frequency (Hz... (MWh) f BM Unit Period FPN Spot Points ( FPNit): Time from FPN...) f n BM Unit Period Bid-Offer Spot Points ( QBO ij): Time from... Unit Period Bid-Offer Acceptance Spot Points (qA it): Time from... can be derived from the spot point data.  intermediate data on... the bid-offer and acceptance spot point data. R  fo rE M In...



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... stiffeners. Fused area of arc spot weld Effective area of stiffener... 649 Average diameter of arc spot weld at midthickness of t Average... of bearing Tensile strength of spot welding N/t ratio Number of half... /A Section modulus Shear strength of spot welding 1.28͙E/F Snow load In..., 1989. Fung, C.: ‘‘Strength of Arc-Spot Weld in Sheet Steel Construction... for Tensile Strength of Arc Spot Welds Using Allowable Stress Design..., 1966. Green, E. A., and J. J. Riley: ‘‘Resistance Spot Welding Galvanized Steel of Thicknesses.... 1963. Henschkel, J.: ‘‘The Expression of Spot-Weld Properties,’’ Welding Journal, Oct..., R. A., and W. W. Yu: ‘‘Behavior of Arc Spot Weld Connections in Tension,’’ Journal... connections: arc seam welds arc spot welds fillet welds flare groove... welds arc seam welds arc spot welds (puddle welds) design of... resistance welds shear lag effect spot welding Conversion table Corners: properties... connections: arc seam welds arc spot welds fillet welds flare groove... double-exposed surfaces by triple-spot test. 3. Blodgett’s formula was used... 3.1 (Continued ) Type of Strength Arc spot welds Welds Connected part Minimum.... Arc welds (groove welds, arc spot welds, arc seam welds, fillet... to hot-rolled shapes. Arc spot welds without prepunched holes and... construction are: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Groove welds Arc spot welds (puddle welds) Arc seam... between plug welds and arc spot welds is that the former... on fillet, flare bevel, arc spot, and arc seam welded connections... welds in butt joints. (b) Arc spot welds. (c) Arc seam welds. (d ) Fillet... for tensile load of arc spot welds. Minor revisions were made... for welded joints.8.11 8.3.1.1 Arc Spot Welds Based on the results... the limit states of arc spot welds include shear failure of... joined by arc spot welds. Shear Strength of Arc Spot Welds. The ultimate shear capacity per arc spot weld can be determined by8... As ϭ fused area of arc spot weld, in.2 ␶u ϭ ultimate shear strength... of outer surface of arc spot weld t ϭ base thickness (exclusive of... Connected Sheets by Using Arc Spot Welds. On the basis of... the circumference of the arc spot weld, Blodgett pointed out that... d, da, and de in arc spot welds.1.314 (a) Single thickness of... da ϭ average diameter of arc spot weld at midthickness of t, in... and shear stresses in arc spot weld.8.14,8.16 (8.4) 8.3 WELDED CONNECTIONS... Strength of Arc Spot Welds. In building construction, arc spot welds have... the tensile strength of arc spot welds. Based on Fung’s test... predicted ultimate loads for arc spot welds.8.13 438 CONNECTIONS Figure 8.8 Failure load for arc spot welds. lowing design equation was... strength of concentrically loaded arc spot welds can be determined by... were previously defined. When the spot weld is reinforced by a weld... imposed a concentric load on the spot weld, such as the interior... used in butt joints, arc spot welds, arc seam welds, fillet... groove welds. 448 CONNECTIONS Arc Spot Welds (Puddle Welds). Section E2... requirements for using arc spot welds: 1. Arc spot welds should not be... strength, Pn, of each arc spot weld between sheet or sheets... arc spot welds, Pn ϭ nominal shear strength of an arc spot weld d ϭ visible diameter of outer surface of arc spot weld.... 8.4) da ϭ average diameter of arc spot weld at mid-thickness of..., of each concentrically loaded arc spot weld connecting sheets and supporting... the allowable load for arc spot welded connection shown in Fig... AISI requirements for using arc spot welds are checked as follows... less than 0.15 in., arc spot welds can be made. 2. Because... AISI requirements for using arc spot welds should be checked as... method, the layout of the spot welds are satisfied with the....) Using Eq. (8.21) for four spot welds (Fu /Fy Ͼ 1.08), ␾Pn... same as those for arc spot welds. Equation (8.26) is derived.... 8.3.4 Resistance Welds Resistance welds (including spot welding and projection welding) are... The nominal shear strengths for spot welding (Table 8.1) are based on... applied to pulsation welding and spot welding medium-carbon and low... AISI Specification is used for spot welding galvanized steel sheets, a relatively... the nominal shear strength of spot welds were developed to replace... TABLE 8.1 Nominal Shear Strength for Spot Welding1.314 Thickness of Thinnest... (in.) Nominal Shear Strength per Spot (kips) Thickness of Thinnest Outside... (in.) Nominal Shear Strength per Spot (kips) 0.010 0.020 0.030 0.040... shear strength for spot welding. If tensile strength of spot welding is... tensile strength of spot welding shear strength of spot welding sheet thickness... tensile and shear strengths of spot welding can be expressed as... Specification, the tensile strength of spot welding is higher than 25... determine the required spacing of spot welds for the compression member... ϭ 2.96 in. The spacing of spot welds connecting the steel sheets... ϭ 2 ϫ (shear strength per spot) Ix then sϭ ϭ 2 ϫ (shear strength per spot) ϫ Ix VQx... calculation, the shear strength of spot welds is obtained from Eq... Iy and sϭ ϭ 2 ϫ (shear strength per spot) ϫ Iy VQy 2(2.10)(32.30...



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... we have weekly data on spot and forward currency trading by... their buying and selling of spot and forward against locals and... market making banks on net spot and forward transactions with different.... The Norwegian data distinguish between spot and forward. The Swedish data... to purchases and sales of spot and forward contracts. For Norway... levels of net positions in spot and forward for small (locals... forms: Small players sold nok spot and large players (foreigners) sold... be able to sell nok spot, while foreigners presumably hold a more limited amount of nok spot. 3.2.2 The Norwegian crisis: 1997 In.../EUR), right axis Local, net spot Local, net forward 2.14 2.12.../EUR), right axis Foreign, net spot Foreign, net forward 2.12 2.10... December small players (locals) accumulated spot foreign currency positions as the... players (foreigners) were buying nok spot. At this time small players (locals) were selling nok spot. Figure 4: The exchange rate and.../EUR), right axis Local, net spot Local, net forward -40 -50.../EUR), right axis Foreign, net spot Foreign, net forward -60 -60... (locals) were accumulating foreign currency spot during the summer. When the.../EUR), right axis Local, net spot Local, net forward 2.20 2.16.../EUR), right axis Foreign, net spot Foreign, net forward 2.20 -30.../EUR), right axis Local, net spot Local, net forward 2.28 log.../EUR), right axis Foreign, net spot Foreign, net forward 2.24 2.24... speculate in spot, while Large players (foreign) speculate with spot in 1997... we estimate using difference of spot position for Large players and... macroeconomic variables. The rows labeled “Spot” and “Forward” report the coefficients... they have less spot available), while they used spot in the 1997... addition, the large players’ (foreigners) spot flow is significant and positive... when using all flows, both spot and forward. 26 Table 2: NOK... -0.03162 (-1.45) (-1.47) 92-crisis, spot 0.00839 -0.00147 (3.75) ** (-1.39) 92... 0.00432 (4.29) ** (1.68) 97-crisis, spot 0.00226 0.00088 (3.31) ** (1.10) 97... -0.00903 (0.23) (-2.50) * 98-crisis, spot 0.00238 -0.00183 (1.15) (-4.01) ** 98..., forward 0.00167 -0.00152 (4.44) ** (-2.20) * Spot -0.00053 0.00056 (-1.76) (3.00) ** Forward... price 98-crisis, Spot 98-crisis, Forward Spot Forward AR(1) adj.R2... 1997-event we find the spot-effect to be about 1.6% per... Figure 10: Flows: Norway Large, spot Large, forward 30 20 20... 99 91 92 93 Small, spot 94 95 96 97 98... Large and Small players in spot and forward. Positive numbers indicate.... Dev. Observations Large spot Large forward Small spot Small forward Mean Median Maximum Minimum Std. Dev. Observations Large spot Large forward Small spot Small forward Mean Median Maximum Minimum Std. Dev. Observations Large spot Large forward Small spot Small forward Mean Median Maximum Minimum Std. Dev. Observations Large spot Large forward Small spot Small forward Large Spot Forward -35... 0.510 0.130 -0.926 35 Small Spot Forward -14.07 -11.69.... Dev. Observations Large spot Large forward Small spot Small forward Mean Median Maximum Minimum Std. Dev. Observations Large spot Large forward Small spot Small forward Mean Median Maximum Minimum Std. Dev. Observations Large spot Large forward Small spot Small forward Mean Median Maximum Minimum Std. Dev. Observations Large spot Large forward Small spot Small forward Large Spot Forward -0.04... -0.523 0.055 -0.372 36 Small Spot Forward 0.03 -0.16 0.04 -0.06... of net-position (flows), both spot and forward, of large and... use two lags of small’s spot trading in the large-specification... Small spot Small forward Large spot Large forward Small spot Small forward Large spot Large forward adj.R2 DW Small spot... Small spot Small forward Large spot Large forward Small spot Small forward Large spot Large forward adj.R2 DW Small spot... Small spot Small forward Large spot Large forward Small spot Small forward Large spot Large forward Small spot, 2nd lag adj.R2 DW Small spot... 2.20 1992 Small forward Large spot 0.339 (0.09) 0.649 (0.01) -0.153... 2.03 1997 Small forward Large spot -0.342 (0.25) -0.320 (0.12) -0.130... 1.84 1998 Small forward Large spot -0.079 (0.87) -0.582 (0.18) 0.093...



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... carrier status following routine blood spot screening. London: EPPI-Centre, Social... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 2 Studies were reviewed in... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 3 • parental knowledge of conditions... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 5 Implications Policy The findings... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 7 • follow-up support for... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 8 1. BACKGROUND Outline of chapter... health professionals Newborn screening blood spot programmes aim to identify babies... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 9 The potential quality of... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 11 examined the impact... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 12 2. METHODS Outline of... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 13 Reports were excluded... of newborn screening and blood spot test; 2) screening and diagnostic tests... for: • newborn screening and blood spot test (e.g. infant, newborn, neonatal, baby... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 15 • • employing a control/comparison... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 16 2.5 Extraction and synthesis... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 17 3. RESULTS: DESCRIBING THE... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 18 • Between them, the... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 19 Figure 1: Literature Two... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 20 3.2 Characteristics of studies... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 21 newborn screening, nor... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 22 Table 3: Timing of... possible outcomes of newborn blood spot screening. Two intervention studies describe... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 23 heel-prick (Grossman... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 24 Intervention provider (health... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 25 to the communication... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 26 4. RESULTS: IN-DEPTH... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 29 fibrosis carrier status... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 32 Table 8: Overall quality... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 9 9 33 4.3 Synthesis of health... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 34 expressed anxiety (a 53... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 35 4.5 Synthesis of parents... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 37 which was consistent... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 39 identified as a carrier... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 40 2002); (Parsons et... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 41 4.5.11 Are outcomes... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 42 insurance company and... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 43 4.6.5 Does disclosing CF... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 44 screening pathway and... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 45 5. FINDINGS AND IMPLICATIONS... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 46 disclosing to them... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 48 5.3 Other literature The... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 49 5.3 Implications Implications for... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 50 6. REFERENCES 6.1 Studies included... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 51 Murray J, Cuckle H, Taylor... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 52 6.2 Other references Antley... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 53 perceptions of health... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 54 APPENDICES APPENDIX 2.2: Search.... 1 – 17: Newborn Screening and Blood Spot Test 1 exp neonatal screening/ (2232... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 56 67 reproduction/ (18896... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 57 APPENDIX 4.1: Details of... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 58 APPENDIX 4.2: Details of... carrier status following routine blood spot screening Paediatrician for giving results... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 61 Child Health Record... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 62 diagnosis / diagnostic test... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 63 haemoglobinopathies Haemoglobinopathies - disorders... screening, hips screening and blood spot screening. normal (result) Sometimes when... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 64 notification When talking... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 65 quality assurance A system... screened for in newborn blood spot screening. screen negative (results) Screening... carrier status following routine blood spot screening 66 sensitivity When discussing... national standards for newborn blood spot screening. The Programme Centre is...



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... InfraRed SAR Synthetic Aperture Radar SPOT Système Probatoire d’Observation de... presented for both Palsar and SPOT sensors. The package of mapping... Palsar and €1.46/km2 for SPOT. If Palsar data is used... and 91% to 100% for SPOT. Genera detection, using Pal- This... (i.e. outside compartments) both Palsar and SPOT accuracy was close to 90... is .8377. Combining Palsar and SPOT data, Sappi estimation of total... for services using ALOS PALSAR SPOT 4 AND SPOT 5 service cost indication cost... ranges are provided above for SPOT-4 and -5 on the same basis... 2 - Indicative costs for services using SPOT-4/-5. Data cost is according to... 2010 StripMap HH, 3 meter resolution SPOT-4 – 30 May 2008, 20 meter... 2010 FBS (HH), 8 meter resolution SPOT-4 – 06 Sept 2009, 20 meter...) acquired on 25th Aug 2008 - SPOT-4 data (20m) acquired on 30... of ALOS PALSAR-1 FBD and SPOT-4 data - Land cover at compartment... SAPPI service delivery report Fig 3 - SPOT-4 colour composite including compartments (left... results from ALOS PALSAR-1 and SPOT-4 are very similar. The table...: Year Compartment planted Palsar match Spot match 2006 or earlier 98... 4 – comparative results for Palsar and SPOT identifying forest genus The results... compartments (planted 2008) for both SPOT and Palsar, either the harvesting... by combining the PALSAR-1 and SPOT-4 classification. Using this combination of... • Palsar (5 repeat passes/annum) and SPOT (every 20 days if tasked... – excellent coverage • Both Palsar and SPOT work very well at a compartment.... Product Dependency Accessibility • A combination of SPOT and Palsar data optimises product... to detect. In fact, using SPOT NDVI index, it is possible... would be very unlikely either SPOT or Palsar could detect. Unfortunately... GeoTif of ALOS PALSAR-1 FBD, SPOT-4, Cosmo-SkyMed data - Land cover... level. Location Zululand Data sources - SPOT-4 data (20m) acquired on 30... compartments Product - Colour composites of SPOT-4 data in GeoTif - Homogeneity index...-84 low medium high Fig 9 - SPOT-4 colour composite (left) including compartments... and Hodgsons Data sources - Zululand: SPOT-4 data (20m) acquired on 30 May 2008 - Hodgsons: SPOT-4 data (20m) acquired on 06... Sappi Product - Colour composites of SPOT-4 in GeoTif format - Land cover..., WGS-84 Fig 10 - Zululand - SPOT-4 colour composite (left) including compartments... delivery report Fig 11 - Hodgsons - SPOT-4 colour composite (top) including compartments... In general both Palsar and SPOT are able to recognize and... classified by both Pulsar and SPOT. Based on these results Sappi... HV backscatter with SPOT-4 Short Wave InfraRed (SWIR) Spot satellite data with... sensors required (Palsar, CSM and SPOT) have the required spatial coverage... on 25 August 2008, the SPOT-4 data 30 May 2008 was... classified as “bare soil” using SPOT balance “dark vegetation” therefore “miss... structure or rocks in image, SPOT classifies it as “Vegetation”. 11... Majority of area classified correctly. SPOT Table 2 Spot classification vs. Sappi classification... Age Total Number of compartments SPOT No Bare soil Shrub herbaceous... Majority of area classified correctly. SPOT RGB Homogeneity From an operational... within 6 months after planting. Table 3 Spot RGB Homogeneity based classification vs... Age Total Number of compartments SPOT Homogeneity high medium low 14997... classified correctly. PALSAR COMPARED TO SPOT-4 The certainty of the classification... improved by using combined PALSAR SPOT classification 17368 ha (17147 + 221... ha is correctly classified. Table 4 SPOT classifcation Data Planted area PALSAR... made structures or 1296 rocks SPOT Bare soil No classified Shrub... from PALSAR and SPOT are very similar however the SPOT estimation of.... Sappi unplanted area = 919 ha, SPOT = 1496 ha PALSAR = 2282 ha... both Zululand and Hodgson, both SPOT and Pulsar data was available for Zululand while only SPOT data was used for Hodgsons... followed. Extract the Palsar and Spot pixel values and use the... represent the classes classified by SPOT and PULSAR. Results for the... 489 161 907 1942 Table 2 SPOT land cover classification Zululand This... Total SAPPI service delivery report SPOT classification Zululand Bare soil No...% 47% 35% Sappi classifcation Table 3 SPOT land cover classification Hodgsons Hectare... Thicket Wetland Grassland Maintained areas SPOT classification Hodgsons Bare soil Shrub... classified by both Pulsar and SPOT. Based on these results it...) and Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) Spot satellite data with field measured... of the short wave infrared SPOT satellite (SWIR) data, as well... auto correlation. Most of the SPOT reflectance variables were found to... value stand age in years SPOT-4 short wave infrared data value... provide a similar information compared to SPOT-4 data. – Due to the higher...



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R 61.95 9780435898557 Spot On Mathematics R 118.95 9780796211156 Spot On Mathematics... 9780796214461 Heinemann Publishers Educator's Guide Spot On Natural Sciences R 115.95 9780796211132 Heinemann Publishers Learner's Book Spot On Natural Sciences R 81.95... 9780435898939 Heinemann Publishers Educator's Guide Spot On Social Sciences R 115.95 9780796212436 Heinemann Publishers Learner's Book Spot On Social Sciences R 81.95... 9780796212641 Heinemann Publishers Educator's Guide Spot On Technology R 115.95 9780796211118 Heinemann Publishers Learner's Book Spot On Technology R 81.95 9780796211170...