Спутник ДЗЗ. Spot-4. [Редактировать]

Расчетный срок активного функционирования увеличен с 2—3 лет для ИСЗ Spot первою поколения до 5 лет, причем гарантируемая вероятность исправной работы по истечении 4-летнего срока эксплуатации составляет 0.8. В разработке и создании космического аппарата Spot-4, стоимость которого оценивается в 260 млн фр.франков, приняли участие следующие фирмы: Matra Marconi Space (головной исполнитель, сборка ИСЗ, разработка бортовой системы обработки данных, системы ориентации, включая инерциальные устройства, датчики Солнца и звезд), Aerospatiale (механические элементы, система терморегулирования, панели солнечной батареи), Alenia (элементы конструкции, электроника приводов гироскопов и магнитометров), Alcatel Espace (передатчик), CASA (кабельные соединения), CRISA (программное обеспечение), Crouzet (система жизнеобеспечения ИСЗ, крепежные соединения платформы, устройство разворачивания и реконфигурации ИСЗ), ЕТСА (система энергообеспечения), Laben (электроника приводов гироскопов и магнитометров), Saab (центральный компьютер), SAFT (аккумуляторные батареи), SAGEM (гироскопы), SEP (система управления движением), Sodern (датчики горизонта Земли, датчики звезд, фотоприемники). Для изготовления бортовых магнитофонов вместо американской фирмы Odetics привлечена французская Schlumberger Industries. 
В отличие от ИСЗ Spot первого поколения, космический аппарат Spot-4 выполнен на базе унифицированной платформы Мк-2. Платформа Мк-2 предназначена для размещения более тяжелых ИСЗ с полной массой до 2.5 т и массой полезной нагрузки до 840 кг (соответствующие характеристики использовавшейся ранее платформы Мк-1 составляют 1.9 т и 550 кг). 
В качестве целевой аппаратуры на ИСЗ Spot-4 планируется установить две усовершенствованных оптико-электронных камеры HRVIR, широкоугольную камеру Vegetation, а также экспериментальный прибор РОАМ-3. К дополнительной целевой аппаратуре относятся система определения параметров орбиты DORIS, радиолокационный маяк-ответчик, аналогичный устанавливаемым на ИСЗ первого поколения, а также комплекс приборов PASTEC (PASsager TEChnologique), предназначенный для экспериментального изучения орбитальной среды, и демонстрационный прибор PASTEL (PAssager Spot de TElecommunication Laser), обеспечивающий оптическую линию связи с пропускной способностью 50 Мбит/с через геостационарный спутник Artemis в рамках проекта ESA SILEX. 
На спутниках Spot второго поколения предприняты меры, направленные на повышение точности трехосной ориентации ИСЗ до 0.03. Система ориентации ИСЗ Spot-4 включает три маховика, два датчика магнитного момент (magnetorquers), ИК-датчики горизонта Земли типа STD-16, датчики Солнца, а также гироскоп типа Regys 10. Активными элементами системы ориентации являются четыре пары микродвигателей на гидразине с тягой по 15.6 Н, обеспечивающие управление по углу рыскания и проведение коррекций орбиты, а также четыре пары двигателей с тягой по 3.5 Н для управления по тангажу и крену. Запас топлива двигателей системы ориентации также увеличен и составляет 300 кг. Солнечная батарея марки GSR-3 выполнена в виде пяти жестких, развертываемых в космосе панелей (на платформе Мк-1 используются гибкие панели) массой 74 кг и размерами 1.9 х 2.6 м, которые состоят из 120 подвижных элементов. Мощность солнечной батареи достигает 2500 Вт в начале срока существования ИСЗ на орбите и снижается до 2200 Вт после 5 лет его эксплуатации. В систему энергообеспечения входят также четыре никель-кадмиевые аккумуляторные батареи емкостью по 40 Ач каждая. 
На борту ИСЗ второго поколения Spot-4 устанавливаются 2 магнитофона фирмы Schlumberger весом 121 кг и емкостью 120 Гбит, обеспечивающих время непрерывной записи 40 мин каждый при скорости записи 50 Мбит/с. Один магнитофон способен записывать информацию с двух камер HRVIR, второй при этом является резервным. Потребляемая мощность магнитофонов составляет 175 Вт в режиме записи, 260 Вт — воспроизведения, 12 Вт — ожидания. Магнитофоны рассчитаны на 70 тыс. циклов регистрации (около 10 лет штатной эксплуатации, магнитофоны фирмы Odetics были рассчитаны на 2 года эксплуатации). 

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Все спутники ДЗЗ

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг2760
2Скорость (аппарат), км в секунду7.4
3Разрешение (панхроматический), метра10
4Разрешение (мультиспектральный), метра20
5Орбитальный цикл, дней26

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1САС, год5

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...‐700SZ Spot Mode 2 Acme XP‐700SZ Spot Mode 3 Acme Xperior‐300SZ Spot Mode 1 Acme Xperior‐300SZ Spot Mode 2 Acme Xperior‐300SZ Spot Mode... Tribar Spot CH‐1 American DJ Tribar Spot CH‐2 American DJ Tribar Spot CH... Helios Spot Extended Blizzard Lighting Helios Spot Short Blizzard Lighting Helios Spot Standard... Intimidator Spot 250 Advanced Chauvet Intimidator Spot 250 Basic Chauvet Intimidator Spot 355Z... 300E Spot Mode 1 Chauvet Legend 300E Spot Mode 2 Chauvet Legend 330SR Spot Mode1 Chauvet Legend 330SR Spot Mode2... Chauvet Min Spot 13 channel Chauvet Min Spot 5 channel Chauvet Min Spot RGBW 14 channel Chauvet Min Spot RGBW... Chauvet Q‐Spot 150 8 bit Chauvet Q‐Spot 150 8 bit P3 Chauvet Q‐Spot 150 LED Advanced Chauvet Q‐Spot 150 LED Basic Chauvet Q‐Spot 150 P1‐n Chauvet Q‐Spot 150 P1‐y Chauvet Q‐Spot 150 P2‐y Chauvet Q‐Spot 150 P3‐y Chauvet Q‐Spot 152 12 channel Chauvet Q‐Spot 152 8 channel Chauvet Q‐Spot 160 LED Advanced Chauvet Q‐Spot 160 LED Basic Chauvet Q‐Spot 16... Q‐Spot 16 bit P2 Chauvet Q‐Spot 200 Advanced Chauvet Q‐Spot 200 Basic Chauvet Q‐Spot 250 Chauvet Q‐Spot 260 LED Advanced Chauvet Q‐Spot 260 LED Basic Chauvet Q‐Spot 300 Advanced Chauvet Q‐Spot 300 Basic Chauvet Q‐Spot 300 V2006 Chauvet Q‐Spot 360 LED Person 1 Chauvet Q‐Spot 360 LED Person 2 Chauvet Q‐Spot 460 LED Person 1 Chauvet Q‐Spot 460 LED Person 2 Chauvet Q‐Spot 560 LED Advanced Chauvet Q‐Spot 560 LED Basic Chauvet Q‐Spot 575 Chauvet Q‐Spot 8 bit Chauvet Q‐Spot 8 bit P3 Chauvet Q‐Spot P1‐n Chauvet Q‐Spot P1‐y Chauvet Q‐Spot P2‐y Chauvet Q‐Spot P3... Design Spot 1200C Basic Elation Design Spot 1200C Extended Elation Design Spot 1200C Standard Elation Design Spot 1400E... Design Spot 300E 8 bit Elation Design Spot 575B Basic Elation Design Spot 575B Extended Elation Design Spot 575B Standard Elation Design Spot 575E... Design Spot 575E 8 bit Elation Design Spot LED Basic Elation Design Spot LED Extended Elation Design Spot LED... Elation E Spot LED Basic Elation E Spot LED II Basic Elation E Spot LED II Standard Elation E Spot LED... Platinum Spot 5R Basic Elation Platinum Spot 5R Extended Elation Platinum Spot 5R... Platinum Spot 5R Standard Elation Platinum Spot LED Basic Elation Platinum Spot LED Extended Elation Platinum Spot LED... Elation Power Spot 250 Mode G Elation Power Spot 575 Elation Power Spot 575 II Elation Power Spot 575IE Elation Power Spot 575IE II Elation Power Spot 700... GLP VolksLicht Spot Compressed GLP VolksLicht Spot Extended GLP VolksLicht Spot Normal GLP...‐300SZ Spot Mode 1 iSolutions XP‐300SZ Spot Mode 2 iSolutions XP‐300SZ Spot Mode... 3 Prolights Z700 Spot Mode 1 Prolights Z700 Spot Mode 2 Prolights Z700 Spot Mode 3 PSL... Shooter Showco Spot 1200SE Showco Spot 250 SH‐2107 Showco Spot 575 Sh... 575 Spot Showtec Explorer 575 Spot MkII Advanced Showtec Explorer 575 Spot MkII...‐2105 Spot 575 Spot Silver Star YX‐2109 Show Spot 250 Advanced Spot 250 Silver Star YX‐2109 Show Spot 250 Basic Spot 250 Silver Star YX‐2109 Show Spot 250 V.2006 Spot... 15R Spot Basic Triton Blue 15R Spot Extended Triton Blue 15R Spot Standard... VL3000 Spot VariLite VL3000 Wash VariLite VL3015 Spot VariLite VL3015LT Spot VariLite VL3500 Spot...



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... coin or token used to spot the ball’s position on the... of the table. The brown spot is at the centre of... either side of the brown spot at the points where the... the archer aim the central spot of the target (arch.) (Chambers..., 213p.) bull(’s eye) the central spot of the target (arch.) (Chambers... training performed on the same spot as well as during the...; this feature creates a bigger sweet spot and hence makes it easier....) [6] 133 center faceoff spot center forward see center ice spot (icehok.) [6] old... diameter, surrounding the center ice spot, where faceoffs are held to... (icehok.) [6] center ice spot (icehok.) [6] the faceoff spot inside the center ice... the baseline (ten.) [6] center mark a spot in the middle of the... of the head (golf) center spot a small circular mark inside the... of which is the centre spot centre field (baseb.) [6] the part... by a centre from the centre spot, backwards to a team-mate (hock... service courts (ten.) centre spot the painted spot in the middle of.... The kick is taken from a spot perpendicular to where the try... on the side nearest the spot where the ball went out... from chest height at the spot where it was last played... if the faceoff is at a spot that’s not in a circle (icehok... of the ice (icehok.) [6] faceoff spot in addition to the faceoff... shot taken from the penalty spot (Dict. of Sp. and Ex....1991, 61p.) foot spot in 9-baII pool, the spot on the surface... course or tournament committee to spot and mark the location of...‟s zone on the face-off spot nearest to where they last... the ball from the centre spot to a team-mate. Kick-offs... to a teammate from the center spot (f/b) [6] kickoff when a player kicks a ball... place kick from the centre spot that begins the match 2. the... given a penalty kick from the spot for an intentional knock-on... hole, which is the best spot to land (freest.) [6] lane one... Factf.,2005, 63p.) mark the spot designated by the referee as... skiers turning in the same spot. In freestyle skiing, though, the..., it moves into the free spot left by the team from... awarded a penalty kick from the spot of infringement or a scrum at... hit perfectly in the sweet spot (golf.sl.) (Chambers. Sports Factf... goal taken from the penalty spot. Only the goalkeeper and penalty... whose center is the penalty spot and extends from the top...) a free kick from the penalty spot at the opposing team’s goal... a kick taken from the penalty spot by a player against the opposing... puck at the center ice spot and must keep the puck... see bonus situation (b/b) [6] penalty spot the spot in the penalty box, 12yd.... Sports Factf.,2005, 262p.) penalty spot a spot 6.4m/7yd from goal, from....,2005, 323p.) penalty spot the small circular spot located 12 yards in... is taken from the penalty spot, with only the goalkeeper allowed....) [6] pirouette a full turn on the spot during which the inside hind....) pirouette a full turn on the spot, with the inside hind foot... the skates on the same spot. Pirouettes can be executed with... foot remains in the same spot. Moving the pivot foot, except... oval-track racing, it’s the spot on the left of the... Ex. Sc. 2006, 167p.) previous spot where the ball was snapped... properly, because they’re off spot (bowl.) [6] rerun to run a race.... and Ex. Sc. 2006, 196p.) spot 1. any of the six marked... places it back on its spot after it has been potted....) (Chambers. Sports Factf.,2005, 539p.) spot 1. same as solid 2. same as....) (Chambers. Sports Factf.,2005, 451p.) spot 1. to watch someone performing an.... and Ex. Sc. 2006, 196p.) spot a location on the field, determined... or the place of a foul (f/b) [6] spot bowling using a particular target on... range finders, for example (bowl.) [6] spot putting (golf) [6] a method of putting... uses a spot on the green as an aiming point spot reduction the... game (f/b) [6] substitution of player succeeding spot a change (replacement) of players on... Factf.,2005, 143p.) 693 sweet spot the dead center of the club face (golf) [6] sweet spot the most effective place to... Ex. Sc. 2006, 203p.) sweet spot the optimum hitting area, around... face (ten.) [6] sweet spot 601p.) the optimum hitting spot on the face.... Sports Factf.,2005, sweet spot the spot on the club face where... a person to remain at a certain spot or move in or under... (curl.) [6] tee the small centre spot in the centre of the... the pitch to mark the spot where balls go out of... in a faceoff at the faceoff spot nearest the point where the...



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...ě tento návod ještě před instalací spotřebiče a jeho prvním použit...žití vždy uchovejte spolu se spotřebičem, i při případném stěhov... s obsluhou a bezpečnostními funkcemi spotřebiče. Poznámka ke smaltovan... Před prvním použitím Popis spotřebiče Denní používání Užitečné rady...é používání • Zapnutý spotřebič nenechávejte bez dozoru. • Spotřebič je ur...ácímu použití. • Nepoužívejte spotřebič jako pracovní plochu nebo...ř. plastové fólie, plast, hliník) na spotřebič nebo do jeho bl.... • Při zapojování jiných elektrických spotřebičů do zásuvek v blízkosti... opravovat spotřebič sami, mohli byste se zranit a poškodit spotřebi... mohlo prasknout. Dětská pojistka • Tento spotřebič smějí používat pouze... dohlédnout, aby si se spotřebičem nehrály. • Všechny... se přibližovaly k zapnutému spotřebiči. Přístupné části se při provozu...í. Všeobecné bezpečnostní informace • Tento spotřebič nesmějí používat osoby...šné pokyny k použití spotřebiče. • Vnitřní část spotřebiče se při použit... se, že se spotřebič při dopravě nepoškodil. Poškozený spotřebič nezapojujte... se na dodavatele. electrolux 3 • Tento spotřebič smí opravovat jen autorizovan...ě originální náhradní díly. • Vestavné spotřebiče se smí používat...ů nebo jakákoli jiná úprava spotřebiče je zakázaná. Hrozí nebezpečí poranění a poškození spotřebiče. Upozornění Dodržujte přesn... z vnitřku i z vnějších stran spotřebiče. Neodstraňujte výrobní štítek... ze spotřebiče všechno příslušenství. • Před prvním použitím spotřebi... se částí " Čištění a údržba". POPIS SPOTŘEBIČE Celkový pohled 2 3 4 5 6 1 7 8 9 11 10... V této poloze se po vypnutí spotřebiče nebude ozývat žádn...í nastaveného času zazní signál. Spotřebič se vypne. Zrušen...ět. Normální nastavení V této poloze spotřebič ovládáte manuáln... se spustí automaticky k ochlazení povrchu spotřebiče. Jestliže troubu vypnete, bude... v chlazení až do úplného ochlazení spotřebiče. Bezpečnostní termostat Trouba... trouby Použití Poloha VYP Spotřebič je vypnutý. Žárovka trouby... mají kůrčičku. Doba pečení a spotřeba energie jsou sníženy... 8-10 ČIŠTĚNÍ A ÚDRŽBA Upozornění Před čištěním spotřebiče je nutné ho nejdřív vypnout. Přesvědčte se, zda spotřebič už vychladl. Upozornění Z bezpečnostních důvodů nečistěte spotřebič parními nebo vysokotlak... pokyny výrobce. 8 electrolux • Přední stranu spotřebiče otřete měkkým had... zničit nepřilnavou úpravu. Spotřebič z nerezové oceli nebo hlin... tělesa vypněte spotřebič. Přesvědčte se, zda spotřebič už vychladl...) ............ • Sériové číslo (SN) ............ Upozornění Tento spotřebič smí opravovat pouze kvalifikovan...ěním. Důležité V případě chyby v obsluze spotřebiče budete muset návštěvu technika..., i když je spotřebič ještě v záruce. Informace pro spotřebiče s kovovou předn...ě závady uplatnit záruku. • Před vestavbou spotřebiče do kuchyňské sk... jsou pod proudem. Uzavřete spotřebič skříňkou a zkontroluj- te...ým dotykem nebezpečných částí. • Tento spotřebič je možné umístit... zadní částí a jednou stranou ke spotřebičům nebo stěnám, které jsou... nutné umístit k nábytku nebo spotřebičům, které jsou stejně vysok... důvodů je možné kombinovat jen spotřebiče od stejného výrobce... pokynů. electrolux 13 • Uzemněte spotřebič v souladu s bezpečnostními... místního zdroje napájení. • Spotřebič se dodává s elektrickým přívodn... zástrčka po instalaci spotřebiče přístupná. • Neodpojujte spotřebič od sítě tahem...ěte za zástrčku. • Připojte spotřebič k síti s použitím za...í, které umožňuje odpojení všech pólů spotřebiče od zdroje napájen... v příslušných kontejnerech k recyklaci. Likvidace spotřebiče 1. Vytáhněte zástr... se pak nebudou moci ve spotřebiči zavřít. Hrozí nebezpečí udu...



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... the front sample surface in a spot with the diameter of about... polar coordinates of the laser spot center, КI(0) and КII(0) are... a diffraction-limited 532-nm laser spot (1 mW input power). Single particles... the sample surface up to a spot of 60 μm diameter, as well... below the surface giving 500 μm spot on the surface. It has..., the grains number lowering within a spot illuminated with the laser radiation... matter grains within the illuminated spot on the sample surface. In... the grains within the laser spot is inversely proportional to a grain... different stresses applied. The deformed spot is growing along with the...) diameter FWHMz=0.12λ. The focal spot area at half-maximum intensity... diameter of the minimal diffraction spot (Airy disk) of FWHM=0.51... polarized R-TEM01 mode, minimal focal spot area, conical microaxicon. 1. INTRODUCTION In... light and reaching a minimal focal spot size beyond the diffraction limits. Decreasing of the focal spot diameter is important for lithography... wavelength from objects the focal spot cannot be made smaller than... relation [1]: k x d ≥ 2π , (1) where d is the focal spot diameter and kx is the... width (diameter) of the focal spot. It stands to reason that... to limiting the minimal focal spot diameter, condition (2) defines a minimal resolution... of producing a near-field focal spot of a diameter much smaller than... beam is disturbed: the focal spot has an elliptic shape and... becomes possible to generate a focal spot of diameter FWHM=0.30λ. This... less than a diameter of a focal spot formed by a lens with NA...=0.51λ/n=0.33λ. This sharp focal spot is formed near the top... at half maximum of focal spot can be estimated from the.... The diameter of the focal spot on the optical axis is..., with the axial (longitudinal) focal spot size at half-intensity being... illuminating field intensity. The focal spot diameter (Figure 4) at half-intensity... FWHM=0.30λ, with the focal spot area at halfintensity being HMA... diameter of Airy spot (FWHM=0.51λ), whereas the spot area is 2.87 times smaller than the Airy spot area... (green curve) in the focal spot as a function of the axicon... R=7μm) the diameter of the focal spot at the vortex of the... intensity Imax in the focal spot (curve 2) as a function of the... of the near-apex focal spot (Figure 4) can be estimated theoretically... it follows that the focal spot diameter at half-intensity can... that in the resulting focal spot (Figure 3 and Figure 4) the transverse... axicon contributes to the focal spot is the comparison between the... axial spot size at half-intensity FWHMz=0.12λ. The focal spot area... diameter of the resulting focal spot is 1.7 times smaller than the diameter of the minimal Airy spot (FWHM=0.51λ), with its area... disk (HMA=0.204λ2). The focal spot reported here is smaller than... less than a diameter of a focal spot formed by a lens with NA...=0.51λ/n=0.33λ. This sharp focal spot is formed near the top... at half maximum of focal spot can be estimated from the... top of axicon the focal spot is formed only the conical... lens back surface as a focal spot with the full width at... coherent laser light into a subwavelength spot or the superresolution imaging of... thickness 100 nm. The focal spot size at half-maximum was... measured size of the focal spot at half-maximum was found... into the same-size focal spot were studied in Ref. [8]. An... source is imaged as a focal spot of size 0.3λ, whereas two point... the lens surface as a focal spot of size FWHM = 0.12λ. (full... for such lens the focal spot width at half-maximum intensity... n0 =0.96. Therefore the focal spot width at half-maximum of... lens output surface, the light spot size quickly increases, becoming equal... ML as a near-surface light spot of size FWHM = 0.12λ (λ is... grating which leads to a single spot. Therefore, conventional beam scanning applications... on half size of diffraction spot (dashed line).     175 3. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP...



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... difficulty in imagining any one spot to be the birthplace of... common in this country. This spot is notorious from having been... vampire. In the morning the spot where the bite had been... to fall on any particular spot he chooses. The lazo, when... this means, killed from one spot, three out of the same..., hunting a field, hovering over one spot like a hawk, and then proceeding... party actually killed at one spot eight hippopotamuses, and saw many... a hovel having been erected over a spot where a young crocodile lay buried... feet high, excepting at one spot, where the entrance lies. Falconer... has been dragged to the spot where it is to be..., and which collects near the spot, land and sea-shells, bones... exaggeration. Yet I could never find a spot where, by slowly turning round..., and returns to the same spot. When on the wing it... cattle twice a week to a central spot, in order to make them... full speed, on any particular spot, -- for instance, on a cloak thrown... with bones. On one such spot I counted between ten and twenty... on the Cordillera. At the spot where we bivouacked, we were.... I do not think I ever saw a spot which appeared more secluded from.... After sunset the first level spot where any bushes were growing.... Shortly afterwards we came to a spot where, from the fresh footsteps... of the Santa Cruz, I found a spot, where scores must usually haunt... a great height, soaring over a certain spot in the most graceful circles... a flock round and round any spot, their flight is beautiful. Except... his hat to mark the spot where the balls were left..., and there was not a dry spot to sit down on after... have been brought to the spot on purpose. From their previous.... These scenes are on the spot rendered more striking by the... water-course till I came to a spot where a great slip had cleared... compelled unceasingly to wander from spot to spot, and so steep is...) down Ponsonby Sound to the spot where poor Jemmy expected to... remain here, and as the spot was singularly favourable, Captain Fitz... for mining has left scarcely a spot in Chile unexamined. I spent the... Cordillera. It is a quiet, solitary spot, with a good deal of wild..., who, having lived on the spot for several years, ought to... valley to the farthest inhabited spot. Shortly above that point, the... there was scarcely one cleared spot, the trees on every side... has previously visited an unfrequented spot. A bit of wood with a nail... his bed on this wild spot, must have been some poor... the plainest evidence. I saw the spot where a cluster of fine trees... custom-house -- the only inhabited spot on the plain. Shortly before... mouth there is the port, a spot entirely desert, and without any... time in the same isolated spot. It has been remarked that... river of Copiapo to this spot was at least twenty-five... a broad channel, which in one spot was about 40 yards in...; but I afterwards found in one spot, that it lay on an... their captain in this quiet spot; and we saw his skull... in a direct line to the spot where I stood. It swam near... not for some time find a spot free from their burrows on... person discovered that this formidable spot was the only point where... streams. This ledge formed a flat spot, above which a beautiful cascade, some... evening we reached a flat little spot on the banks of the... half a dozen men, at the spot where the Tahitian reared the... walked. This is a very pretty spot. The cove is surrounded by... was issued verbally on the spot. This Tahitian parliament lasted for... back but to one bright spot, and that is Waimate, with.... The river, although at this spot both broad and deep, had... those growing here, though on a spot so immensely remote, and in... for perpetuity on any one spot or area. And as by... other kinds; and in another spot an eighth species. It is... the island of Ascension a productive spot, any other people would have... the earth can we find a spot, on which close investigation will... found by me in one spot, differ as a marked variety, from... of specimens procured from a different spot. [3] Beatson’s St. Helena. Introductory chapter...



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... recording mode •BACK LIGHT (p. 34) •SPOT LIGHT (p. 35) •Recording images with... the exposure manually (p. 74) •Flexible Spot Meter (p. 75) Main Features Other...) •Landscape (p. 67) •Manual focus (p. 76) •Spot Focus (p. 78) Functions for use... subjects lit by strong light – SPOT LIGHT ......................... 35 Self-timer recording... spot light-metering – Flexible Spot Meter ............... 75 Focusing manually ................................ 76 Using the spot focus – Spot Focus... CAMERA MEMORY/ NETWORK END SCH SPOT FOCUS DIG EFFT PAGE1 PAGE2 LCD BRT MEM MIX SPOT METER EXIT SELF TIMER 2 1 To... END SCH, SPOT FOCUS, DIG EFFT, MEM MIX, SPOT METER PAGE2 LCD... subjects If you press SPOT LIGHT, EXPOSURE or SPOT METER, the backlight... subjects lit by strong light – SPOT LIGHT This function prevents people... the theater. Recording – Basics Press SPOT LIGHT while the POWER switch... screen. To cancel, press SPOT LIGHT again. SPOT LIGHT when shooting spotlighted... BACK LIGHT, EXPOSURE or SPOT METER, the spot light function will be... exposure You cannot use the spot light function. 35 Recording a picture... reduction) during the following operations: – Spot light – Shutter speed adjustment – Sunset... of PROGRAM AE – Exposure – Flexible Spot Meter 49 Recording still images... adjustment – Exposure – Flexible Spot meter – Focus manually – Spot Focus 57 Using special... displayed are retained. – BACK LIGHT – SPOT LIGHT – Picture effect – Digital effect..., White balance, Exposure and Flexible spot meter functions in order to... – OLD MOVIE – Shutter speed adjustment – Spot focus •When you set the... PROGRAM AE – Backlight – Spot light – Exposure – Flexible Spot Meter When recording under... functions. – PROGRAM AE – Exposure – Flexible spot meter If you press PROGRAM... functions do not work: – Backlight – Spot light – Shutter speed adjustment If... manual adjustment Using the spot light-metering – Flexible Spot Meter You can... exposure fixed. Use the Flexible Spot Meter in the following cases... and lighted by a spotlight. 2 3~5 FN SPOT METER PAGE1 PAGE2 EXIT Advanced... to display PAGE1. (3) Press SPOT METER. The SPOT METER screen appears. (4) Press... on the LCD screen. The SPOT METER indicator flashes on the.... (5) Press SPOT METER END SCH SPOT FOCUS DIG EFFT 1 MEM MIX SPOT METER... not work during Flexible Spot Meter – Backlight – Spot light – Shutter speed adjustment... focus ring 77 Using the spot focus – Spot Focus You can take... to display PAGE1. (3) Press SPOT FOCUS. The SPOT FOCUS screen appears. (4) Press... on the LCD screen. The SPOT FOCUS indicator flashes on the LCD screen. The spot focus of the point you.... (5) Press 2 3~5 FN SPOT FOCUS PAGE1 PAGE2 EXIT END SCH SPOT FOCUS DIG EFFT 1 MEM MIX SPOT METER FOCUS... AUTO. When Using PROGRAM AE Spot focus do not work. Focal... displayed on the screen. 78 SPOT FOCUS OK Adjusting recording level... PAGE3 EXIT SELF TIMER SPOT PLAY FOCUS INDEX SPOT METER PAGE1 PAGE2... camera PAGE1 SELFTIMER, SPOT FOCUS, PLAY, INDEX, SPOT METER PAGE2 LCD BRT... and during the following operations: – Spot light – Shutter speed adjustment – Sunset... of PROGRAM AE – Exposure – Flexible Spot meter (auto red-eye reduction... to No flash – Focus manually – Spot Focus – Sunset & moon of PROGRAM... do not press the right spot, always returns to the position... SHUTTER SPEED button * (p. 70) tk SPOT LIGHT button * (p. 35) yg WHT... AE (p. 67) qa Backlight (p. 34)/ Spot light (p. 35) qs SteadyShot off..., 139 FLASH MOTION .................... 59 Flexible Spot Meter ................. 75 FOCUS ...................................... 76 Format... .............................. 175 Slow playback ......................... 43 SPOT FOCUS .......................... 78 Spot light .................................. 35 STEADYSHOT ...................... 209...



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..., NDVI, Pansharpening, Ruang Hijau Kota, SPOT-6. SUMMARY ARISTA NURBAYA. Identification of... GIS Integration, NDVI, Pan sharpening, SPOT-6, Urban Green Space © Hak Cipta... Jauh GIS (Geographic Information System) SPOT – 6 Deteksi RTH Menggunakan Indeks Vegetasi... TABEL Tipologi Kepemilikan RTH Spesifikasi SPOT-6 Alat Penelitian Data yang diperlukan... Pikir Tipologi RTH Sistem Orbit SPOT-6 /-7 Kurva karakteristik pantulan untuk vegetasi... Penelitian Tahapan Penelitian MONAS – citra SPOT-6 (a) Multispektral 3-1-2, res. 6m ; (b) Brovey Transform 3-1-2, res. 1.5m MONAS – citra SPOT-6 (a) Standard True Color; (b) Artificial Natural... DKI Jakarta menggunakan citra satelit SPOT-6 yang memiliki resolusi spasial tinggi... Sensing – SRS), meliputi MSS, TM, SPOT, MESST, JERS-1, ERS-1, RADARSAT, IRS... geospasial (Bohner et al. 2005). SPOT – 6 SPOT (Systeme Probatoire de l’Observation de... Perancis (Danoedoro 2012). Penggunaan citra SPOT termasuk penginderaan jauh pasif yaitu... obyek langsung (Jaya 2014). SPOT-6 adalah satelit SPOT generasi terakhir yang dilengkapi... SPOT-6 dirancang sebagai satelit kembar dengan SPOT-7, namun peluncuran SPOT-6 lebih awal daripada SPOT... spesifikasi dan karakteristik yang sama. SPOT-6 dibuat oleh perusahaan Astrium, telah... Antariksa Satish Dhawan di India. SPOT-7 diluncurkan pada bulan Juni 2014... akuisisi harian (ASTRIUM 2013). Satelit SPOT-6 mengorbit bumi dengan orbit 9 sun... arah orbit descending node. Jika SPOT-6 bekerja sendirian maka dibutuhkan waktu... (Prabowo dan Sambodo 2014). Satelit SPOT 6 adalah sebuah satelit citra optik... dan pertambangan industri. Penggunaan citra SPOT-6 dapat menghasilkan peta hingga skala... et al. 2015). Spesifikasi dari SPOT-6 ditampilkan pada Tabel 2. Sumber : http... 3 Sistem Orbit SPOT-6 /-7 Tabel 2 Spesifikasi SPOT-6 Spesifikasi Sensor Satelit SPOT-6 Citra Multispektral B1... yang diperlukan Jenis Data Citra SPOT-6 Batas Administrasi DKI Jakarta Jalur... jauh dalam hal ini data SPOT-6. Citra SPOT-6 yang memiliki resolusi spasial... menggunakan data masukan berupa Citra SPOT–6 yang diolah dengan menggunakan metode... ini masukan masih berupa citra SPOT-6 yang telah diperbaiki resolusi spasial... terhadap kanal 3 dan 4 dari citra SPOT-6 dengan menerapkan rumus berikut yang... Natural Color (Jaya 2014). Meskipun SPOT 6 telah memiliki saluran BLUE , namun... Jakarta (2015) Gambar 8 MONAS – citra SPOT-6 (a) Multispektral 3-1-2, res. 6m ; (b) Brovey Transform... Jakarta (2015) Gambar 9 MONAS – citra SPOT-6 (a) Standard True Color; (b) Artificial Natural... dengan cara Mulai 19 Citra SPOT 6 Peta administrasi DKI Jakarta Koreksi... terhadap kanal 3 dan 4 dari citra SPOT-6 akan memiliki nilai berkisar antara...-masing klas dapat berubah. Citra SPOT-6 yang digunakan pada penelitian ini..., melalui analisis spasial terhadap citra SPOT-6 menggunakan metode NDVI dan MLC.... Saat ini citra resolusi tinggi SPOT-6 sudah berlisensi pemerintah sesuai Inpres... Report. Melbourne (AU) ASTRIUM. 2013. SPOT 6 & SPOT 7 Imagery - User Guide [diunduh 2015..., A.K.. 2014. Potensi Satelit Kembar SPOT-6 dan SPOT-7 untuk Produksi Informasi Pengideraan Jauh... Yusuf H. 2014. Analisis Pansharpening Citra Spot-5. Seminar Nasional Penginderaan Jauh ; Jakarta...-489 Soubirane, J., Tonon, M., Pichon,G. 2015. SPOT 6/7 and Pleiades Constellation: New Perspectives... Democratic Republic of Congo using SPOT VEGETATION Time series. Applied Earth... CP2 0.23538 Citra NDVI Citra SPOT-6pan (Res1.5 m) Peninjauan Lapangan/ground... CP9 0.35259 Citra NDVI Citra SPOT-6pan (Res1.5 m) Peninjauan Lapangan/ground... Capital Region of Jakarta Using SPOT-6 Satellite Data Imagery” dan CITIES...



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... will be blamed on sun spot activity, as neither is readily... Earth known to exhibit this. A spot off Japan, in the Pacific... region, might be considered a hot spot of sorts. The particle flow... from, will this be the spot where the lick of the... Bay as the global cold spot, a clue for the observant that... anything on top of that spot will be subject to being... Himalayas are a good example of a spot on the Earth where mountain.... The Mediterranean area is a weak spot in the plates, where movement... of the Earth. Plot your spot, check the new geography map... an area which is a hot spot, there’s enough crust flakes overlapping...-locked. People will seek a cool spot and wait for whatever comes... transmits outward from the hot spot, escaping, or so it seems..., to avoid the embarrassing Planet X spot in accordance with our coordinates... toward the edges of the spot you call a star. The light... object bent from the coordinate spot and a white light object at... light object in only one spot on the images, and what... light appearing at the coordinates spot given. However, there can be... we state look around the spot. For the amateur, used to..., viewing is best when the spot in the sky is at... are to look around the spot given, filtering only for light... a full moon from the same spot. The existence of publications on... full on time, but the spot on Earth predicted to be... a very gradual slowdown, for a given spot on Earth to arrive where... advised to look around the spot. During the season when imaging... coming closer to the coordinate spot, as the weeks before the... in the images, find the spot where this complex is currently..., Planet X held what had been a spot close to the former N. Pole... Notice, and the odd cold spot that lingers over Hudson Bay... cold spot to the west of Hudson Bay the coldest spot on..., 2004 Hudson Bay Cold Spot Cold spot just west of the Hutson... India, creating an uncharacteristic warm spot in Siberia in the polar... magnetic S. Pole, and twisting this spot to the left, holding it... viewing the enlarged version, the spot is quite pronounced. [and from... to nose up at the spot we predicted. As with the... different things - a dark area, a bright spot, a dark areas to the side of a bright spot - all   while the head was... occur. If the wobble pushes a spot on the Earth under a high... it, especially if the return spot is dealing with low pressure... a new pattern. Almost daily some spot on the globe turns black...? I've kept a record, when a single spot turned black. This seems outside... connect at a spot where it is fixed. Such a spot creates tension if... planet, that appearance being a bright spot on the film, Mercury changed.... It appears in the same spot. West over NYC after the...



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... Light Sources 7.2.3 Point Light Sources 7.2.4 Spot Light Sources 7.3 Diffuse Reflection 7.4 Specular... varieties: ambient, directional, point, and spot. This section describes each of... intensity of point lights and spot lights. 7.2.3 Point Light Sources A point... described in Section 10.4.7. 7.2.4 Spot Light Sources A spot light is similar to... of radiation. The intensity of a spot light is attenuated over distance... factor called the spot light effect. Suppose that a spot light source has... placed at a point P and has a spot direction R. The intensity  of light... exponent p controls how concentrated the spot light is. As shown in... of p corresponds to a highly focused spot light having a sharp falloff, whereas... to a less concentrated beam. The spot light is most intense when... R and −L increases. No radiation from a spot light reaches a point for which... than 90 degrees. Figure 7.1. The spot light exponent p in Equation (7.4) controls... of a spot light is. From left to right, the spot light exponents... Equations (7.3) and (7.4) for point and spot light sources. The reflected light... maps is the simulation of a spot light that projects an image... as the distance from the spot light increases. The effect is... the projected image. Suppose that a spot light has been placed at... to a surface illuminated by the spot light must first be transformed... coordinate system in which the spot light lies at the origin... can be used to simulate a spot light that projects an image... the focal length of the spot light projection in terms of... lying at a distance e from the spot light, where we want to... matrix M used to implement a projected spot light image is given by... dC R = ρ ( V, L ) C E ( L )( N ⋅ L ) dω . (7.49) Directional, point, and spot light sources illuminate a point on... the attenuation. Spot Light Source Attenuation The intensity  of a spot light source... the direction in which the spot light is pointing; L is the... at a distance of one meter? 2. A spot light source positioned 10 meters... light is white ( 0 = (1,1,1)) and the spot exponent is 8, then what is... should support directional, point, and spot light sources. 8. Extend the ray... for an infinite light or spot light because each has a specific... source, 159–60, 205, 300 spot light source, 160, 205 lighting...–89, 91 splitting plane, 232 spot light source, 160, 205 spring...



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... assessed. TerraSAR-X, RADARSAT, PALSAR, Envisat, SPOT, IRS and TopSat data were... and infrared data 3.2.1 TopSat 3.2.2 IRS 3.2.3 SPOT 3.3 User Feedback 3.4 Conclusions on the... of southern Montserrat Figure 12. SPOT 10 m pixel post-eruption image... southern Montserrat Figure 13. 2.5 m pixel SPOT post-eruption image of southern Montserrat Figure 14. SPOT pre-eruption image of southern.... Pumiceous pyroclastic flow deposits on SPOT image Figure A1. Map of... reference data. 31 July Tasked SPOT 5 and 4 overpass and acquisition over... island. Receipt of quicklooks for SPOT reference data. 1 August Receipt of... Receipt of quicklook preview for SPOT 5, 4 August acquisition - there is extensive.... Receipt of quicklook preview for SPOT 5, 5 August 2008 acquisition — there is... Receipt of quicklook preview for SPOT 4, 6 August 2008 acquisition — there is.... Receipt of quicklook preview for SPOT 5, 9 and 10 August 2008 acquisitions... quicklooks for SPOT 5, 14 and 15 August 2008 acquisitions and SPOT 4, 16... August Receipt of SPOT 5, 14 August 2008 acquisition and SPOT 5, 24 November... a lucky break in the cloud: SPOT, IRS and TopSat (Table 2). The... flow material visible in the SPOT imagery has been mapped in... is obscured by cloud. 3.2.3 SPOT The SPOT satellite acquired an image on... resolution Image details Image format SPOT 5 Band 1 (green) 0.49-0.61um Band...-X change difference images and the SPOT panchromatic data of 14 August... the same field superimposed on a SPOT image. For seventeen days, from... TerraSAR-X and PALSAR data. The SPOT data provided a more detailed view.... of India). 20 Figure 12 SPOT 10m pixel colour composite (4,1,3 in... reserved). Figure 13 2.5m pixel SPOT resolution merge colour composite (4,1,3 in... 2008. (Image © CNES 2008, distribution Spot Image S.A., all rights reserved). 21 Figure 14 SPOT 10m pixel colour composite (4,1,3 in... shadow. (Image © CNES 2008, distribution Spot Image S.A., all rights reserved). 22... the TerraSAR-X change difference and SPOT imagery and superimposed on the...-X change difference and SPOT imagery and superimposed on a panchromatic SPOT image (courtesy of Y Legendre and J-C Komorowski). (SPOT image © CNES 2008, distribution spot...