Техника. Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy. [Редактировать]

Стратосферная обсерватория ИК-астрономии  — совместный проект НАСА и Германского центра авиации и космонавтики по созданию и использованию телескопа системы Кассегрена, работающего с борта летящего самолета. Первые изображения с помощью этого телескопа были получены 26 мая 2010, астрономические наблюдения велись около 2 минут, в ходе которых были сняты Юпитер и ядра галактики M82. Первый научный вылет состоялся в начале декабря этого же года и шёл около 10 часов, в течение которых проводились наблюдения области активного звездообразования в туманности Ориона.

SOFIA расположен на борту широкофюзеляжного самолета Boeing 747SP, который был модифицирован для установки телескопа-рефлектора с 2.5 метровой апертурой в задней части фюзеляжа и работает на высотах 12−14 км, в стратосфере. Первоначально телескоп был разработан для астрономических наблюдений в инфракрасной области спектра, но также может быть использован для наблюдений в частотах видимой области спектра. Водяной пар, находящийся в атмосфере Земли, поглощает некоторые ИК волны на их пути к поверхности планеты, но возможности проекта SOFIA позволяют поднять телескоп достаточно высоко, чтобы он был выше основной массы пара атмосферы. На высоте полета самолета доступно около 85 % всего ИК спектра. Самолет может перелететь практически в любую точку планеты, позволяя вести наблюдения как в Северном, так и в Южном полушариях. После завершения разработок, ожидается, что в течение следующих 20 лет самолет сможет совершать по 3 — 4 ночных полета с наблюдениями в неделю.

Научные инструменты
В настоящее время в разработке 7 первых научных приборов, пять из которых производятся Американской стороной проекта и два со стороны Германии. В список научных приборов входят: камеры, спектрометры и фотометры работающие в ближнем, среднем и дальнем ИК диапазонах. Некоторые научные инструменты предназначены для конкретных явлений, т.е. узконаправленные, другие же предназначены для широкого спектра задач и способны работать одновременно с другими инструментами для получения информации от изучаемых объектов и явлений.

Телескоп обладает следующими научными приборами:

  • EXES (Echelon-Cross-Echelle Spectrograph)
  • FIFI-LS (Field Imaging Far Infrared Line Spectrometer)
  • FLITECAM (First Light Infrared Test Eperiment CAMera)
  • FORCAST (Faint Object InfrRed CAmera for the SOFIA Telescope)
  • GREAT (German REceiver for Astronomy at Terahertz Frequencies)
  • HAWC+ (High-resolution Airborne Wideband Camera)
  • HIPO (High Speed Imaging Photometer for Occultation)

SOFIA телескоп
Подобно большинству современных научных телескопов, телескоп SOFIA использует зеркало для накопления и фокусировки света от исследуемых объектов. Зеркальные телескопы более практичны в использовании и дёшевы в изготовлении по сравнению с телескопами, использующими линзы для тех же целей. Основное зеркало расположено в нижней части телескопа и имеет 2.7 метра в диаметре. Поверхность зеркала глубоко вогнута, тщательно отшлифована и имеет покрытие из алюминия для обеспечения максимальной отражательной способности. Входящий световой поток отражается от поверхности основного зеркала и направляется обратно к переднему краю телескопа, где расположено вторичное выгнутое зеркало диаметром 0.4 метра, направляющее свет от исследуемого объекта обратно к первичному. На пути дважды отражённого и сконцентрированного света на расстоянии примерно в 1 метр от поверхности первичного зеркала расположено следующее, но уже плоское зеркало, отражающее свет в сторону от зеркальной системы телескопа внутрь самолёта, где расположена фокальная плоскость телескопа. Здесь сфокусированный поток света регистрируется и анализируется одним из научных приборов.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1SOFIAНайтиНайти

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12014-12-15. DLR возвратила НАСА воздушную обсерваторию SOFIA. Основной задачей, решаемой в Германии, являлось проведение капитального ремонт самолета. В качестве подрядчика выступала Lufthansa Technik. Трудоемкость операций по обслуживанию составила 60,000 часов. В ходе ремонта подрядчик выполнил следующие работы: демонтаж и повторная сборка кабины, замена шасси, проверка и обслуживание всех структур самолета, замена двух двигателей.Тэги: Немецкий аэрокосмический центрStratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy
22015-01-10. Kepler и SOFIA, две астрономические миссии НАСА под угрозой закрытия из-за технических и бюджетных ограничений. SOFIA это самолет серии Боинг-747SP который оборудован 2.5 метровым инфракрасным телескопом. Угрозу данному проекту составляла возможность резкого снижения уровня финансирования (до 12.3 млн. в 2015 году, по сравнению с 87.4 в 2014 году). Однако, конгресс нашел возможности увеличить данный объем до 70 млн. долл. Космический аппарат Kepler в 2014 году испытывал технические проблемы с маховиками и двигателем ориентации на Солнце. Однако, по заверению НАСА сейчас все проблемы уже решены. Особенностью найденного решения является использование солнечного ветра для стабилизации аппарата. Тэги: KeplerStratospheric Observatory for Infrared AstronomyЕвропейское космическое агентство
32015-01-15. Стратосферная обсерватория ИК-астрономии (SOFIA) 13 января 2015 года начала третий сезон научных полетов.Тэги: Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy
42015-02-03. NASA получила дополнительное финансирование аэрообсерватории SOFIA.
SOFIAЧерез год после приостановки на модернизацию самолета проекта Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA), Белый Дом попросил конгресс увеличить бюджетное финансирование на эксплуатацию установленного на Боинг 747 космического телескопа.
Как часть бюджетной заявки на 2016 год NASA попросило о выделении 85 млн долл на продолжение программу по эксплуатации обсерватории. Это значение на 20 процентов выше чем выделенные в 2014 году средства.
Перед последним слушанием в сенате руководство НАСА сказало, что часть средств пойдет на разработку нового телескопа.Тэги: Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Диаметр (телескопа), метра2.5

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2003-01-01373.0
2Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2003-01-01604.5
3Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2007-01-012954.5
4Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2007-01-0135.0
5Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2007-01-01919.5
6Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2007-01-012000.0
7Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-013002.9
8Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-0135.0
9Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2012-01-011128.4
10Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2012-01-011839.5

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... commonly used in radio and infrared astronomy. 1 Jy = 10 ---26 W/(m2 Hz... Astronomical Society AASE . . . . . . . . . . Airborne Arctic Stratospheric Expedition (see campaign survey) AAT... technology for rapid target detection and mapping) AESA . . . . . . . . . . Atmospheric Effects of Stratospheric... (average) Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy [Washington DC, since 1957... Extravehicular Activity (Shuttle) European Arctic Stratospheric Ozone Experiment (campaign) Electron---bombarded... . . . . . . . . . . . European Southern Observatory. ESO is an intergovernmental, European organization for astronomical research... named AKTs FIRAS (radio astronomy) FIRST . . . . . . . . . Far Infrared Submillimeter Telescope (an astrophysics... Orbit Lowering Device GOMAS . . . . . . . Geostationary Observatory for Microwave Atmospheric Sounding (a proposed project... Metrology Highly Advanced Laboratory for Communications and Astronomy (a SVLBI satellite of ISAS... Shuttle ASTRO observatory) Horizontal transmit --- Vertical receive polarization Committee for Hydrometeorology (USSR... services for the ESA astronomy and solar missions at ESAC (European Space Astronomy...) Indium antimonide (detector type material for infrared region) Instituto National de Técnica... software for deriving precipitation measurements from satellites) IRAS . . . . . . . . . . InfraRed Astronomical Satellite (an astronomy... three bodies responsible for the definition of OSI) Infrared Space Observatory [ESA space... named KAO (Korea Astronomy Observatory). KASI is the national astronomy research institute of... for Assessing the Effects of Stratospheric Aircraft (campaign) Mission Adaptive Environment for Spacecraft... Multi---Object Spectrometer For InfraRed Exploration (of the W. M. Keck Observatory, located near the... higher storage density. NAO . . . . . . . . . . National Astronomy Observatory, Tokyo, Japan (also NAOJ) NAPP... . . . . NCAR / High Altitude Observatory NCASST . . . . . . . National Center for Advanced Small Spacecraft Technology... (USA) NDSC . . . . . . . . . Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change NDTP . . . . . . . . . North Dakota... Space Telescope [NASA satellite (an infrared observatory positioned at L2) with a planned... . . . . . . . . . National Optical Astronomy Observatory (the US national observatory for nighttime optical/infrared astronomy funded by the... a chip---like substrate. National Radio Astronomy Observatory (USA) National Research Council (Washington.../GLAST astronomy satellite for NASA, the C/NOFS space weather satellite for the Air... Observatory). OWL is a next---generation optical and near---infrared telescope, dubbed OWL for... (Canada Centre for Remote Sensing). Planetary Boundary Layer Plate Boundary Observatory (a distributed... of space environmental data) Polar Stratospheric Clouds Physiological Systems Experiment (Shuttle... and Aerosols Experiment (campaign) SAGE . . . . . . . . . Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (NASA... Global, SA SESAME . . . . . . . Second European Stratospheric Arctic and Midlatitude Experiment (campaign... . . . . . . . . . Space InfraRed Telescope Facility (NASA/JPL, a spaceborne cryogenic infrared observatory dedicated to astronomy, a launch... Cell SOFIA . . . . . . . . . Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy (P.195). A cooperative NASA and DLR astronomy observatory. A Boeing 747---SP...) for military, space and commercial applications. SOHO . . . . . . . . . Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (see K.27) SOI . . . . . . . . . . . . Silicon---On---Insulator (thin insulator technology for... . . . . . . . . . . Single Photon Avalanche Diode SPADE . . . . . . . . Stratospheric Photochemistry, Aerosols and Dynamics Experiment.../IP and DECnet) network. SPARC . . . . . . . . . Stratospheric Processes and their Role in... Tool for Astronomy (Shuttle). SPARTAN is a small free---flying vehicle (about 1 x 1.25 x 1.5 m) for... sometimes on VHF FM). SSU . . . . . . . . . . . Stratospheric Sounding Unit (UK sensor on... Tissue Loss---1 (Shuttle experiment) STOIC . . . . . . . . . Stratospheric Ozone Intercomparison Campaign STORM---FEST...---1 . . . . . . . . . Space Test Payload---1 (Shuttle) STRAT . . . . . . . . . Stratospheric Tracers of Atmospheric Transport (campaign... by AURA (Association of Universities for Astronomy Research) under contract to NASA... (altimetry) Swift . . . . . . . . . . . A NASA astronomy mission (a multi---wavelength observatory) to study GRBs (Gamma... for Research in Astronomy), and ACURA (Association of Canadian Universities for Research in Astronomy... Visible Infrared (spectrum) Visible (spectrum 0.4 --- 0.7 mm) Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy (ESO, a 4 m aperture telescope, at the Paranal Observatory in... built by the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) near Socorro, New Mexico... is planned for no later than 2014. VLBI Space Observatory Program (of... (campaign) Wide---field Infrared Survey Explorer (a NASA MIDEX astronomy mission, all---sky...



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... Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) in Cambridge, MA, and at the Center for Earth...-Ray Observatory, the Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility, and the proposed Space Infrared... sky in the far-infrared wavelengths, searching for Hubble Space Telescope. During... continuing for the previously planned servicing mission in 1993. Gamma-Ray Observatory... Observatories program, the Gamma-Ray Observatory (GRO) will make possible a better... being designed for a 1997 launch aboard the space shuttle. Space Infrared Telescope Facility. The fourth Great Observatory, the proposed Space Infrared Telescope.... SIRTF, a 1-meter-class, cryogenically-cooled observatory, will be used to study... sky for more detailed studies of various x-ray sources. Stratospheric Observatory f o r Infrared Astronomy. The proposed Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy... a 2.5-meter-diameter infrared telescope mounted in an airborne observatory. An open port... the Submillimeter Wave Astronomy Satellite (SWAS). SAMPEX is scheduled for launch on... Japan. Astro-D will conduct x-ray astronomy and spectroscopy; NASA’s contribution will... Energy Astronomy Observatories (HEAOs) series of x-ray and gamma-ray astronomy project... the prospects for continued operations of this geosynchronous satellite observatory. Infrared Astronomical Satellite. Scientific interest remains high in the Infrared Astronomical... in several important disciplines-planetary astronomy, planetary atmospheres, planetary materials and... and the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO). Cluster will conduct a three... created by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and IBM. Using a multilayer mirror... comprehensive database needed to understand stratospheric ozone depletion and to assess... and climate variations. The UARS observatory instrument module structure completed qualification... Stratospheric Expedition. NASA and NOAA jointly coordinated the 6-week Airborne Arctic Stratospheric Expedition to study stratospheric chemistry and meteorology over... during early winter when polar stratospheric clouds 22 are most likely... and tested at the Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico, one of... particular, a spectrometer breadboard for visible and near-infrared sensing was completed and... analysis of results from the Infrared Astronomy Satellite (IRAS) through the automatic... of unique scientific opportunities in astronomy, geology, physics, and other fields... an observatory on the far side of the moon. appropriate. Guidelines for... infrared (LWIR) surveillance sensor functional performance and to provide a test bed for... and infrared imagery; a Television-and-Infrared-Operational-Satellite Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS) for...-and-Infrared-Spin-Scan-Radiometer Atmospheric Sounder (VAS) for visible and infrared imaging... controlled for NOAA by NASA from the Kokee Park Geophysical Observatory on... and Infrared Spin-Scan Radiometer. Ozone. A new physical processing procedure for determining... for each map cell, based on the composited visible and near-infrared... thermal-infrared) obtained from the AVHRR instrument. A correction must be made for... enhance infrared satellite sounding measurements to probe the precursor conditions needed for convective storms to form. These infrared measurements are... have for some years been doing very accurate spectroscopic measurements of infrared... for searches for such molecules thus benefitting NASA programs in both radio astronomy... program with the Smithsonian Astrophysics Observatory, NIST scientists are making laboratory... to support the Alaska Volcano Observatory’s monitoring effort. Planetary Studies Mt... (prepared by Big Bear Solar Observatory, Big Bear City, CA) illustrates... of 1989 and 1990, when stratospheric ozone is formed. At the... Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) in Cambridge, MA, and at the Center for Earth... data from the Einstein (NEAO-2) Observatory. In 1989, this information was... qualified scholars. Although the Einstein Observatory produced 5,000 images during its... ll,1989 by a Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory/lBM telescope aboard a NASA sounding... of the image. (Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and the ISM Thomas 1. Watson... flight aboard the Solar Heliospheric Observatory in 1995, SA0 scientists are... Studies Using infrared detector arrays and Fabry-Perot spectrometers, Laboratory for Astrophysics.... The database created by the Infrared Astronomy Satellite was used extensively in... and operate a Submillimeter Wave Astronomy Satcllite for planned launch in 1994 to... Imager built by the SmithsonianAstrophysical Observatory to provide focused images of... infrared spectrometer in 1989 and 1990 obtained spectra of several important stratospheric... incorporation of U.S. proposals dealing with astronomy, planetary exploration,and the geosphere... a long-term (15-year) international observatory with many different Scientific goals...



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...-I) missions. Spacelab is a reusable science observatory and laboratory flown in the... Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) in Cambridge, MA, and at the Center for Earth... the Einstein (High Energy Astronomical Observatory-2) satellite were made available in... studies for the Space Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF), the fourth great observatory, continued... instruments for future space missions. Hubble Space Telescope. NASA’s first great observatory... Observatory. The second of NASA’s great observatories, the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory..., NASA anticipated that the Compton Observatory would provide scientists with a wealth... developed for launch in 1998 aboard the Space Shuttle. Space Infrared Telescope... Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF), will provide an enormous increase in capability for infrared astronomy, completing observatory coverage for the four major regions... electromagnetic spectrum. SIRTF, a cryogenically cooled observatory in high earth orbit, will...-sky survey in 1990. Stratospheric Obseruatory f o r Infrared Astronomy. The proposed Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) is a joint... space scientists. A 2.5-meter-class airborne observatory (Le.,2.5 meters in diameter) within... updating the Scientific Assessment of Stratospheric Or0 ne prepared under the... does the Arthur Holly Compton Observatory for astrophysics. global change. UARS, launched... to understand the depletion of stratospheric ozone, a component of the atmosphere....) Airborne Arctic Stratospheric Expedition II. The 1991-1992 Airlmrne Arctic Stratospheric Expedition... in early winter when polar stratospheric c h i c k are most likely t o form. The.../ ESA cooperative Solar Heliospheric Observatory mission scheduled for launch in July 1995... Space Infrared Telescope Facility, and other spacecraft. Phase B procurement for the Satellite... can be used for fiber sensing, communications, and infrared interferometry. To stimulate... Infrared Background Signature Survey (IBSS) and the Cryogenic Infrared Radiance Instrumentation for Shuttle... held steady for five seconds. During this flight the LEAP’s infrared sensor... a Television-and-Infrared-Operational-Satellite Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS) for profiling atmospheric...-and-Infrared-Spin-Scan-Radiometer Atmospheric Sounder (VAS) for visible and infrared imaging... infrared channels. Such estimates are useful in determining the time required for... latitude, was affected by the stratospheric aerosol particle layer generated by...-infrared scanner to collect data with high spatial resolution (approximately 3.5 meters) for... NASA Airborne Visible and Infrared Imaging Spectrometer data for lithologic mapping and... for deployment o n the Earth Observing System. The Airborne Visible and Infrared Imaging Spectrometer is already used to test numerous datavisualization techniques for... using microwave radar and infrared technology and preparations for flight testing of... year 2000 due to the stratospheric ozone depletion it helps to... Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) in Cambridge, MA, and at the Center for Earth... the database created by the Infrared Astronomy Satellite ( I U S ) extensively in this program... built at SA0 for applications in space tracking, radio astronomy, and global... Gamma Ray Observatory mission was the subject of live coverage for lift... the Gamma Ray Observatory, designed to detect gamma rays for clues to... Advanced Automation System Airborne Arctic Stratospheric Expedition Anti-Ballistic Missile Arinc... Motor Advanced Space Technology Program Astronomy Observatory GLOSSARY- Continued ATLAS ATMS AVHRK... Capital Investment Plan Cryogenic Infrared Radiance Instrumentation for Shuttle Cargo Interface Test... Group Infrared Infrared Astronomy Satellite Icing Research Tunnel Intelsat Solar Array Coupon Improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder International Organization for Standardization International... Acceleration Mapping System Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment Satellite... Sciences Laboratory SNOWpack TELemetry Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy Solar and Heliospheric Observatory A sudden, intense brightening... objects. Instruments include the ultraviolet astronomy observatory (ASTRO) and the Broad Band... successfully launch the Gamma Ray Observatory. Spacecraft: Shuttle orbiter carrying satellite... data May 1 for use in development of ballistic Infrared Background Signature Survey (IBSS) missile defense sensor systems for 31B... Array Etalon Spectrometer (CLAES), Improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder (ISAMS), Microwave... ROSAT CRRES Compton Gamma Ray Observatory Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite Launch...-56, 123-124 Airborne Arctic Stratospheric Expedition 11, 24 Ambler, 64... Business Innovation Research, 3 Smithsonian Astrophysics Observatory, 10, 14, 91, 136ff Smithsonian... Initiative, 76-78, 141-142 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, 14 Sun, 2, 10, 17, 18...



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... observations from NSF’s observatory at the South Pole for the first time... astronomer from the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) heading an international team.... Shuttle Pointed Autonomous Research Tool for Astronomy (SPARTAN) 201-2, a small satellite deployed... astronomical goals initially planned for the most sophisticated observatory ever built. In... astronomer from the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO). heading an international team... (ESA)-NASA Solar and Heliospheric Observatory, scheduled for launch in 1995. Scientists... Observatory’s 4- and 2.1-meter telescopes in Arizona and the Cerro-Tolodo Interamerican Observatory... (Bartol), Jack W. Harvey (National Solar Observatory, 14 Tucson), and Martin A. Pomerantz... National Radio Astronomy Aeronautics and Space Report of the President Observatory (NRAO... from the NSF’s observatory at the South Pole for the first time... the night sky at Palomar Observatory, California, by U.S. Geological Survey (USGS... HST and the Kuiper Airborne Observatory, obtained an array of interesting... computer for onboard processing; composite materials; new near-infrared, long-wavelength infrared, ultraviolet... of infrared-background clutter in support of future, space-based infrared sensors for... from the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (GRO), launched in 199 I . A significant... of the Atmospheric Effects of Stratospheric Aircraft element of the High... Effects of Stratospheric Aircraft” released by NASA. It commended NASA for enhancing... a series of atmospheric observations for the Stratospheric Photo Chemistry Aerosols and Dynamics... measurementstestedconcepts that underlie the stratospheric models used for assessment of HSCT aircraft... wave and infrared, into a single display to provide visibility for pilots in... infrared system for enhanced driver visibility and a GPS/Geographic Information System (GIS) for... thermal infrared scanner imagery were used to map river habitat for endangered... centuries), and stratospheric chlorine will continue to increase for at least the... the critical period in which stratospheric chlorine is increasing to record... Hemisphere Ozone Experimenthleasurements for Assessing the Effect of Stratospheric Aircraft campaign. The... atmospheric trace gases related to stratospheric ozone. Full analysis of the... the flight of an additional Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE... a microwave radiometer, an infrared radiometer, a GPS instrument for locating measurements, and a computer... ROSAT CRRES Compton Gamma Ray Observatory Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite Extreme... STS flight. Launched Gamma Ray Observatory to measure celestial gamma-rays... Advanced Automation System Airborne Arctic Stratospheric Expedition Anti-Ballistic Missile ACDA... Satellite AESA Atmospheric Effects of Stratospheric Aircraft AESOP AFB ARGOS Environmental... Test Project Astro astronomical unit Astronomy Observatory A measure for distances in space, equal... Ray Observatory CINC Commander-in-Chief Capital Investment Plan Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere CIP CIRA CIRRIS CIS Cryogenic Infrared Radiance Instrumentation for Shuttle Commonwealth of Independent... HEAO HESP HIDEC High Energy Astronomy Observatory High-Energy Solar Physics Highly... Product/Process Development IR IRAS Infrared Infrared Astronomy Satellite IRT Icing Research Tunnel... Solar Array Coupon ISAMS Improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder ISAS ISB...-band Link Experiment Kuiper Airborne Observatory Kinetic Energy Temperature scale in... 1 1- 12 gigahertz range Kuiper Airborne Observatory A NASA C-141 aircraft equipped with... NTI NTIA 130 National Radio Astronomy Observatory National Resources Conservation Service, formerly... Real Time Thrust Measurement second Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment Science... Acceleration Mapping System Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory SAR SAREX Synthetic Aperture Radar... TELemetry Special Operations Forces Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy Solar and Heliospheric Observatory A sudden, intense brightening... Stratospheric Photochemistry Aerosols and Dynamics Expedition Shuttle Pointed Autonomous Research Tool for Astronomy Shuttle Pallet Satellite Space Power Experiment Aboard Rocket South Pole Infrared Explorer (telescope) Satellite Pour 1’Observation de la Terre (satellite for... stage, 1, 11 Cerro-Tolodo Interamerican Observatory, 7, 13-14 Chernomyrdin, Russian Prime... Corporation, 33 Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO), 12,34 Computational Fluid... Krikalev, Sergei, 1, 2,27 Kuiper Airborne Observatory, 16 Landsat program, instruments, and... Park Service, 5 , 53 National Radio Astronomy Observatory, see Kitt Peak National Resources..., 1 ozone layer, 2,55-56 Palomar Observatory, 15 PanAmSat-4 satellite, 7, 32 Pathfinder... Shuttle Pointed Autonomous Research Tool for Astronomy (SPARTAN) 201-2, 8, 10, 13 single... Observatory (SAO), 8, 26 Soil Conservation Service, 6, 54-55 Solar and Heliospheric Observatory...



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...  financial  support  from:     European  Southern  Observatory   European  Space  Agency   North  American...  Science  Center  (NAASC)   Joint  ALMA  Observatory         Ground  and  space  observatories:  a  joint...   NASA/GSFC   IRAM   National  Radio   Astronomy  Observatory   Universidad  de   Valparaiso   Universidad  de...  -­‐   CNRS/Observatoire  de   Paris   Konkoly  Observatory   University  of  California,   Berkeley   University...  Center   Lund  Observatory  &   ESO  Santiago  visitor   Joint  Institute  for  VLBI   in  Europe...,  NAOJ   ALMA   Lowell  Observatory   Harvard-­‐Smithsonian   Center  for  Astrophysics   Anton  Pannekoek   Institute...   Reach   Bill   Institute   MIT  Haystack   Observatory   LATMOS  /  CNRS   ALMA  /  ESO   NASA...   Sciences   ESO   ESO  /  Institute  of   Astronomy,  University   of  Cambridge   CNRS  -­‐  LATMOS...   Southwest  Research   Institute   Main  Astronomical   Observatory,  National   Academy  of  Sciences  of...  in  Space  and  Ground-­‐based  Astronomy  for   Planetary  Science  (keynote)   Michael  Mumma...:45   Between  ground  and  space:  Stratospheric  Observatory  for   Infrared  Astronomy  (invited  talk)   Bill  Reach   Ground...   thermal   infrared   measurements   of   transneptunian  objects     Csaba   Kiss   (Konkoly  Observatory,  Hungary),   Thomas...   presented   for   the   dwarf   planet   Eris,   using   the   latest   thermal   infrared   measurements   obtained   with   the   Herschel   Space   Observatory.       Ground  and...-­‐infrared  with  adaptive  optics  imaging   at   the   Keck   and   Gemini   N   telescopes   for...  will  discuss  the  potential  for  using  near-­‐infrared  adaptive  optics  observations   such...  through  the  NASA  Astrobiology,  Planetary  Astronomy,  and   Planetary  Atmospheres  Programs,  and...,   para-­‐H2)   and   photochemical   products   (e.g.,   stratospheric   hydrocarbons).   These   can   be   used...     Luca   Matrà   (ESO  /  Institute  of  Astronomy,  University  of  Cambridge,  Chile),   William...,  Santiago),  Mark  Wyatt  (Institute  of  Astronomy,  University  of  Cambridge)     Analogously   to...   in   Space   and   Ground-­‐based   Astronomy   for   Planetary   Science     Michael  Mumma  (NASA...  observations     Olga   Zakhozhay   (Main   Astronomical   Observatory,   National   Academy   of   Sciences   of...  Astronomy  Observatory,  USA)     I   will   discuss   the   ability   of   the   National   Radio   Astronomy   Observatory   (NRAO...  (Lowell  Observatory,  USA)     This   talk   will   describe   capabilities   and   plans   for   NASA...  past  contributions  to  solar  system  astronomy  from  the   three   submillimeter   facilities...   to   determine   upper-­‐tropospheric   and   stratospheric  temperatures,  upper-­‐tropospheric  trace  constituents...   and   space:   Stratospheric   Observatory   for   Infrared   Astronomy     William  Reach  (USRA,  USA)     The  Stratospheric  Observatory  for  Infrared  Astronomy  (SOFIA)  flies  above...   far,   generating   significant   public   support   for   astronomy   and   planetary  exploration  in  particular...   missions   as   well   as   planetary   astronomy  research.    50%  of  the  time...  observations  and  the   rest   to   astronomy   in   all   fields.   We   schedule...   online   a   mid-­‐infrared   8-­‐ 25  micrometer  camera  after  the  commissioning  for  iSHELL  is...   mid-­‐infrared   visitor   instruments   are   available   to   the   community.     For  further  information...   observatory,   as   well   as   the   ones   that   will   be   offered   for   the...   becomes   less   important   than   the   stratospheric  background  flux  from  1  -­‐  5  microns.   Ground...  operational  science  missions.     Herschel   Space   observatory   and   ground   based   observations   of...  are  cool”  was  a  Herschel  Space  observatory  key  Project  granted  with  more...   mission   but   also   a   ground-­‐based   observatory   at  Calern   (France)  dedicated   to...   and   represent   a   feedback   for   planetary   science.     Hydroxyl  infrared  emission  modeling  from  space...-­‐based   facility   for   infrared   astronomy.   This   6.5-­‐meter   telescope,   which   is   optimized   for   observations   in   the   near   and   mid   infrared,   will   be...   overview  of  JWST  observatory  and  instrument  capabilities  for  Solar  System  science,  as...   potential   science   applications   of   the   observatory   for   various   solar   system   targets   (Mars...;   (c)   assessment   of   JWST   instrument   and   observatory   performance  in  light  of  the...   Rosetta  findings.     Acknowledgements:   NASA’s   Planetary   Astronomy,   Planetary   Atmospheres   and   Astrobiology  Programs...  Programme  with  the  Herschel  Space  Observatory     Miriam  Rengel  (Max-­‐Planck-­‐Institut...,  2010).     -­‐   A   cometary   origin   of   Jupiter’s   stratospheric   water   was   determined   based   on...



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... Hubble Space Telescope ASTRO- 13 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy ASTRO- 17 (SOFIA) [Development] Other... is often flown first on a stratospheric balloon mission, or on a sounding... archives for the High Resolution Echelle Spectrometer (HIRES), and the Near Infrared...’s participation in the Virtual Astronomical Observatory. Priorities from the FY 2011....7 98.3 98.3 94.3 90.2 90.5 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 79.9 84.2 85.5 88... of Cosmic Origins questions. The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) airborne telescope has completed... to enable optical through far-infrared astronomy for decades. SOFIA is uniquely capable... & Commitments Project/ Element Provider Description Observatory operations Provider: Lockheed M artin Responsibilities.../AWARDS Element Vendor/Provider Location Observatory operations Lockheed M artin Littleton, CO...-16 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   FY... SOFIA as a world-class airborne observatory that will complement the Hubble.... SOFIA is a unique airborne astronomical observatory, whose primary mission is to...-17 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   During... Observatory" class astronomical science. SOFIA will soon be NASA’s only far-infrared... a 2.5 meter telescope optimized for infrared/sub-millimeter wavelength astronomy. SOFIA will operate in... Object InfraRed CAmera for the SOFIA Telescope (FORCAST) and the German Receiver for Astronomy... continued development of the Observatory. KEY ACHIEVEMENTS PLANNED FOR FY 2013 SOFIA...-18 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   SCHEDULE...-19 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   Development...-20 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   Project...-21 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   Project... High-speed Photometer for Occulations (HIPO) Provider: Lowell Observatory Project M anagement: ARC...-22 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   Project... 2013 PB Request German Receiver for Astronomy at Terahertz Frequencies (GREAT) Provider... Operations Facility (Palmdale, CA). Then: Observatory will be inoperable during This...-23 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   Acquisition... Performance SRB N/A Nov-14 Evaluate observatory performance against Level 1 requirements and... operational efficiency of Observatory. Performance SRB Nov-14 Evaluate Observatory performance against... of Observatory. Nov-16   ASTRO-24 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA... airborne observatory that will study the universe in the infrared spectrum. These infrared... teachers in the discipline of infrared astronomy. NASA and DLR, Germany’s Aerospace... observatory in the world and will make observations that are impossible for...-25 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   2010... Infrared Array Camera instrument to study the atmosphere of exoplanets, looking for..., if appropriate. HERSCHEL SPACE OBSERVATORY The Herschel Space Observatory is a collaborative mission... Using the Herschel Space Observatory, astronomers have for the first time detected... x-ray telescope, the International X-ray Observatory or IXO have been discontinued.... Funds originally intended for the Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope technology development... selected two missions for concept studies: First Infrared Exoplanet Spectroscopy Survey Explorer... for concept studies: Galactic/Xgalactic Ultra long duration balloon Spectroscopic Stratospheric THz Observatory... active galaxies? The NuSTAR observatory is prepared for launch, and will make... will guide the x-ray astronomy community research for several years to come... IN FY 2011 The NuSTAR observatory completed thermal vacuum testing, vibration... Element Vendor/Provider Location Spacecraft, Observatory I&T and Launch Site Campaign, M ission... mapped the sky in infrared light, searching for the nearest and coolest... program. WISE’s infrared survey provided an essential catalog for JWST. NASA is... is a multi-wavelength space-based observatory that studies the position, brightness... Operations   Suzaku is a powerful orbiting observatory for studying extremely energetic processes in... scheduled for a 2014 launch onboard the Japanese Astro-H –IIA spacecraft. The observatory...



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... Observatory (SDO) into a geosynchronous orbit which is not a usual trajectory for an astronomy... observe the Sun for over five years. The observatory is part of... the agency's Orbiting Carbon - 15 - Observatory (OCO) replacement satellite aboard a Taurus... ringed planet. >> Chandra X-ray Observatory Evidence for a thin veil of carbon has... Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory to provide science and operational support for Chandra, a powerful... Earth for analysis. >> Suzaku Astronomers used the Suzaku orbiting X-ray observatory, operated... Physics NASA's Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) made new observations about...´s robotic Earth observation, astronomy and planetary exploration probes for the next decade... and launch site for sounding rockets and long duration stratospheric balloons. Kiruna... business unit was responsible for the medium wave infrared and TopSat remote... Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations) satellite have provided an unprecedented - 165 - opportunity for... sensitive to regional changes in stratospheric volcanic and tropospheric mineral aerosols... (Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer), although designed primarily for astrophysics science objectives... the University of Hawaii's Institute for Astronomy, is designed to discover and... of astronomy. After the most profound lull in solar activity for nearly... Observatory are launched, SOHO’s continued observations will provide essential calibration data for...) observatory, launched in 2002, is now supplying the world gamma-ray astronomy... development for launch in 2014. Spectrum RG is a RKA Xray observatory with Russian and German X-ray instruments for launch in 2014. The large International X-ray Observatory (IXO... being launched in 2003. Infrared NASA’s Spitzer Observatory has ended its cryogenic... of millions of infrared sources, and its data for many years to... the NASA-DLR SOFIA stratospheric observatory for far-IR astronomy in 2010. NASA and...) MAXI (NASA/ESA) Observatory mission with 2.4 m telescope for imaging and spectroscopy of... GI programme. (Japan) Observatory mission with 10 m antenna for orbiting VLBI imaging... survey mission. Spitzer (NASA) Observatory mission. Space Infrared Telescope Facility. IR telescope... (ESA) Observatory mission, launched with Planck with 3 m warm Cassegrain telescope for high...-H GEMS (India) X-ray observatory. (ESA) Technology test mission for future Laser Interferometer... mission for high resolution spectroscopy and hard X-rays. Indian mission for X-ray astronomy. (RKA) Mission for X-ray astronomy with Russian and German telescopes. Conclusions Astronomy from space is a model for.... The requirement for simultaneous ground-based observations at optical, infrared and radio.... The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), the first mission for NASA’s Living With... in the development of a stratospheric airship for small payloads and associated technologies.... A joint exercise for the evaluation of a world-wide stratospheric airship system and... prepare for the first scientific flight of PILOT – a new astronomy gondola. The astronomy... and monitoring of long duration stratospheric balloon flights anywhere in the... for measurement of vertical water vapour profiles, SPIRALE – an infrared absorption spectrometer for... scattered sunlight to characterize stratospheric aerosols; SALOMON, a spectrometer for measuring aerosol extinction... absorption, ISAO – a spectrometer for measuring stratospheric ozone; STAC, for in situ measurement of... for the launch of scientific balloon flights for the Far-infrared Interferometric Telescope astronomy... Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR). The currently expected launch date for DSCOVR is December 2013. The NASA Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO... very useful for learning about high energy astrophysics, gamma-ray astronomy and... included future plans for using data from the Fermi observatory, were made... and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations Charged Aerosol Release Experiment Coordination Action for... Program Highly Advanced Laboratory for Communication and Astronomy (Japan) formerly VSOP An... Infrared Infrared Astronomical Satellite International Reference Ionosphere spectrometer for the measurement of the stratospheric... Telecommunications Union Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics Influence of Vibrations... Diffusion in Liquids International X-Ray Observatory Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism..., now Spitzer Observatory (NASA) Satellite Laser Ranging Small Missions for Advanced Research... Selectable Optical Diagnostics Instrument Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy Solar and Heliospheric Observatory Solar irradiance model high time and high spectral resolution model for... for the Study of the Origin and Evolution of Life Stratospheric and... Energy Programme Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Space Telescope Imaging Spectrometer - 275...



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... Hubble Space Telescope ASTRO- 13 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy ASTRO- 17 (SOFIA) [Development] Other... is often flown first on a stratospheric balloon mission, or on a sounding... archives for the High Resolution Echelle Spectrometer (HIRES), and the Near Infrared...’s participation in the Virtual Astronomical Observatory. Priorities from the FY 2011....1 205.3 205.7 Hubble Space Telescope Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Other Missions and Data... of Cosmic Origins questions. The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) airborne telescope has completed... to enable optical through far-infrared astronomy for decades. SOFIA is uniquely capable... for this activity will be determined by the status of the observatory... & Commitments Project/ Element Provider Description Observatory operations Provider: Lockheed M artin Responsibilities.../AWARDS Element Vendor/Provider Location Observatory operations Lockheed M artin Littleton, CO...-16 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   FY.... SOFIA is a unique airborne astronomical observatory, whose primary mission is to...-17 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   During... Observatory" class astronomical science. SOFIA will soon be NASA’s only far-infrared... a 2.5 meter telescope optimized for infrared/sub-millimeter wavelength astronomy. SOFIA will operate in... Object InfraRed CAmera for the SOFIA Telescope (FORCAST) and the German Receiver for Astronomy... continued development of the Observatory. KEY ACHIEVEMENTS PLANNED FOR FY 2013 SOFIA...-18 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   SCHEDULE...-19 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   Development...-20 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   Project...-21 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   Project... High-speed Photometer for Occulations (HIPO) Provider: Lowell Observatory Project M anagement: ARC...-22 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   Project... 2013 PB Request German Receiver for Astronomy at Terahertz Frequencies (GREAT) Provider... Operations Facility (Palmdale, CA). Then: Observatory will be inoperable during This...-23 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   Acquisition... Performance SRB N/A Nov-14 Evaluate observatory performance against Level 1 requirements and... operational efficiency of Observatory. Performance SRB Nov-14 Evaluate Observatory performance against... of Observatory. Nov-16   ASTRO-24 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA... airborne observatory that will study the universe in the infrared spectrum. These infrared... teachers in the discipline of infrared astronomy. NASA and DLR, Germany’s Aerospace... observatory in the world and will make observations that are impossible for...-25 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   2010... Infrared Array Camera instrument to study the atmosphere of exoplanets, looking for..., if appropriate. HERSCHEL SPACE OBSERVATORY The Herschel Space Observatory is a collaborative mission... Using the Herschel Space Observatory, astronomers have for the first time detected... x-ray telescope, the International X-ray Observatory or IXO have been discontinued.... Funds originally intended for the Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope technology development... selected two missions for concept studies: First Infrared Exoplanet Spectroscopy Survey Explorer... for concept studies: Galactic/Xgalactic Ultra long duration balloon Spectroscopic Stratospheric THz Observatory.... PROJECT PURPOSE   The NuSTAR observatory is prepared for launch, and will make... will guide the x-ray astronomy community research for several years to come... IN FY 2011 The NuSTAR observatory completed thermal vacuum testing, vibration... Element Vendor/Provider Location Spacecraft, Observatory I&T and Launch Site Campaign, M ission... mapped the sky in infrared light, searching for the nearest and coolest... program. WISE’s infrared survey provided an essential catalog for JWST. NASA is... is a multi-wavelength space-based observatory that studies the position, brightness... Operations   Suzaku is a powerful orbiting observatory for studying extremely energetic processes in... scheduled for a 2014 launch onboard the Japanese Astro-H –IIA spacecraft. The observatory...



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... Telescope will continue operations. The Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) will complete open door... preparation for launch in January 2012. The WISE (Wide-field Infrared Survey... interfaces between astronomy and physics, and in the search for life in... infrared instruments made it possible to identify more than 100 candidates for.../release.shtml. NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has been helping researchers better... mission 2010 priorities for NASA's Astrophysics program. The report, Astronomy and Astrophysics... proposals for investigations that are relevant to NASA's programs in astronomy and... flown on suborbital sounding rockets, stratospheric balloons, or other platforms; and... in the Virtual Astronomical Observatory (VAO). For more information see http://nasascience... for the High Resolution Echelle Spectrometer (HIRES) instrument in the Keck Observatory....3 444.8 379.2 335.2 259.3 119.2 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 77.4 72.8 79.6 80....9 441.4 385.1 354.6 335.6 259.8 -- Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 72.8 72.8 74.0 75... for this activity will be determined by the status of the observatory... levels. See project page for more detail. Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) SOFIA, currently in development, is a Boeing 747SP airborne observatory with... teachers in the discipline of infrared astronomy. The project will be at... Senior Review. -The Herschel Space Observatory is a collaborative mission with the... of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA). The STScI is responsible for the.... The HST Mission Operations functions (observatory engineering analysis, trending, and health... has made excellent progress. All Observatory components have successfully completed their... for astronomy and physics for the decade. JWST is a large, deployable, spacebased infrared astronomical observatory, scheduled for... Parameters JWST will be optimized for infrared astronomy, with some capability in the..., Sunshield, Observatory Same AI&T and commissioning. The Observatory shall be designed for at... Near-Infrared Camera (NIRCam) instrument University of Arizona; Lockheed Martin Optimized for... pointing information to the (CSA) observatory's attitude control sub-system. Same... Center Performers Cost-Sharing Partners Observatory GSFC GSFC None Mission management... telescope element (OTE) testing and observatory-level integration and test which... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) FY 2011 Budget Request... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Purpose The SOFIA.../index.html Project Parameters The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) was designed as a highly... a 2.5 meter telescope optimized for infrared/sub-millimeter wavelength astronomy. SOFIA will operate in...-speed Imaging Photometer for Occultation (HIPO), First Light Infrared Test Experiment CAMera (FLITECAM), Faint Object InfrRed CAmera for the... Receiver for Astronomy at Terahetz Frequencies (GREAT), and Field Imaging Far-Infrared Line... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Commitments SOFIA will... operational capability as an airborne observatory in December 2014. Project Element... Far-Infrared Bolometer Camera ,50-240 microns Same Same German Receiver for Astronomy... for Occultations (HIPO) First Light Infrared Test Experiment Camera (FLITECAM) Faint Object Infrared Camera for SOFIA Telescope... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Schedule Commitments The development... Cost and Schedule Summary Project Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Base Year 2007 Base... Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Management The overall Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) project... current Astronomy and Astrophysics Decadal survey include the International X-ray Observatory (IXO... of magnitude. -Chandra, a flagship X-ray observatory currently in extended operations, has.... -The International X-ray Observatory (IXO) is a joint X-ray observatory with participation from... Mission (JDEM) is a space-based observatory that will make precision cosmological... map the sky in infrared light, searching for the nearest and coolest... universe. WISE's infrared survey will provide an essential catalog for the James... the X-ray astronomy community research for several years to come. For more information.... 2/2010 Project Risk Management Title Observatory Mass Margin Risk Statement Risk...



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... Servicing Mission 4 and Servicing Mission Observatory Verification (SMOV) will be complete... using the new instruments. The Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) first science flights, which... interfaces between astronomy and physics, and in the search for life in...'s participation in the Virtual Astronomical Observatory (VAO). The VAO is a collaborative...'s participation in the Virtual Astronomical Observatory (VAO). ADS maintains bibliographic databases....9 441.4 385.1 354.6 335.6 259.8 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 63.8 72.8 72.8 74....3 371.9 311.1 265.1 236.1 194.9 -- Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 62.1 72.8 72.8 57..., and for deep large-scale surveys at near/mid-infrared wavelengths. The spacecraft is funded for two years... galaxies, stars, and planetary systems. Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) SOFIA is in development.... SOFIA is a Boeing 747SP airborne observatory with a 2.5 meter reflecting telescope that... teachers in the discipline of infrared astronomy. The project will be at... for astronomy and physics for the decade. JWST is a large, deployable, spacebased infrared astronomical observatory, scheduled for... Parameters JWST will be optimized for infrared astronomy, with some capability in the..., Sunshield, Observatory N/A AI&T and commissioning. The Observatory shall be designed for at least... Near-Infrared Camera (NIRCam) instrument University of Arizona; Lockheed Martin Optimized for... pointing information to the (CSA) observatory's attitude control sub-system. N/A Same... (STScI) Science Operations Center Same Observatory N/A Same Operating over the wavelength... Center Performers Cost-Sharing Partners Observatory GSFC GSFC None Mission management... telescope element (OTE) testing and observatory-level integration and test which... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) FY 2010 Budget Request... Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Purpose Mission objectives for SOFIA include...-speed Imaging Photometer for Occultation (HIPO), First Light Infrared Test Experiment CAMera (FLITECAM), Faint Object InfrRed CAmera for the... Receiver for Astronomy at Terahetz Frequencies (GREAT), and Field Imaging Far-Infrared Line Spectrometer (FIFI LS). For more information, please.../index.html Project Parameters The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) was designed as a highly... a 2.5 meter telescope optimized for infrared/sub-millimeter wavelength astronomy. SOFIA will operate in...-speed Imaging Photometer for Occultations (HIPO); First Light Infrared Test Experiment Camera (FLITECAM); and German Receiver for Astronomy at Terahertz... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Commitments SOFIA will... operational capability as an airborne observatory in 2014. Project Element Provider... Same High-speed Photometer for Occultations Lowell Observatory Simultaneous high-speed time... University of Chicago Yerkes Observatory Broad-band, far-infrared camera with four... First Light Infrared Test Experiment Camera A Wide-field Infrared Camera for SOFIA SCI... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Schedule Commitments The development... Cost and Schedule Summary Project Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Base Year 2007 Base... Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Management The overall Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) project... Data Analysis -The Herschel Space Observatory is a collaborative mission with the... of magnitude. -Chandra, a flagship X-ray observatory currently in extended operations, has... fundamental laws. -The International X-ray Observatory (IXO), formerly Constellation-X, is currently... to the California Association for Research in Astronomy (CARA). By early FY... Keck Observatory partnership. NASA uses its share of observing time for support... total cost cap for each mission. The Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer...-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) Currently in development and planned for launch in 2009, the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer... map the sky in infrared light, searching for the nearest and coolest... universe. WISE's infrared survey will provide an essential catalog for the James... the X-ray astronomy community research for several years to come. For more information... responsible for overall instrument integration, and OSC is completing overall observatory integration. Caltech is responsible for science and UC Berkeley is responsible for...