Техника. Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy. [Редактировать]

Стратосферная обсерватория ИК-астрономии  — совместный проект НАСА и Германского центра авиации и космонавтики по созданию и использованию телескопа системы Кассегрена, работающего с борта летящего самолета. Первые изображения с помощью этого телескопа были получены 26 мая 2010, астрономические наблюдения велись около 2 минут, в ходе которых были сняты Юпитер и ядра галактики M82. Первый научный вылет состоялся в начале декабря этого же года и шёл около 10 часов, в течение которых проводились наблюдения области активного звездообразования в туманности Ориона.

SOFIA расположен на борту широкофюзеляжного самолета Boeing 747SP, который был модифицирован для установки телескопа-рефлектора с 2.5 метровой апертурой в задней части фюзеляжа и работает на высотах 12−14 км, в стратосфере. Первоначально телескоп был разработан для астрономических наблюдений в инфракрасной области спектра, но также может быть использован для наблюдений в частотах видимой области спектра. Водяной пар, находящийся в атмосфере Земли, поглощает некоторые ИК волны на их пути к поверхности планеты, но возможности проекта SOFIA позволяют поднять телескоп достаточно высоко, чтобы он был выше основной массы пара атмосферы. На высоте полета самолета доступно около 85 % всего ИК спектра. Самолет может перелететь практически в любую точку планеты, позволяя вести наблюдения как в Северном, так и в Южном полушариях. После завершения разработок, ожидается, что в течение следующих 20 лет самолет сможет совершать по 3 — 4 ночных полета с наблюдениями в неделю.

Научные инструменты
В настоящее время в разработке 7 первых научных приборов, пять из которых производятся Американской стороной проекта и два со стороны Германии. В список научных приборов входят: камеры, спектрометры и фотометры работающие в ближнем, среднем и дальнем ИК диапазонах. Некоторые научные инструменты предназначены для конкретных явлений, т.е. узконаправленные, другие же предназначены для широкого спектра задач и способны работать одновременно с другими инструментами для получения информации от изучаемых объектов и явлений.

Телескоп обладает следующими научными приборами:

  • EXES (Echelon-Cross-Echelle Spectrograph)
  • FIFI-LS (Field Imaging Far Infrared Line Spectrometer)
  • FLITECAM (First Light Infrared Test Eperiment CAMera)
  • FORCAST (Faint Object InfrRed CAmera for the SOFIA Telescope)
  • GREAT (German REceiver for Astronomy at Terahertz Frequencies)
  • HAWC+ (High-resolution Airborne Wideband Camera)
  • HIPO (High Speed Imaging Photometer for Occultation)

SOFIA телескоп
Подобно большинству современных научных телескопов, телескоп SOFIA использует зеркало для накопления и фокусировки света от исследуемых объектов. Зеркальные телескопы более практичны в использовании и дёшевы в изготовлении по сравнению с телескопами, использующими линзы для тех же целей. Основное зеркало расположено в нижней части телескопа и имеет 2.7 метра в диаметре. Поверхность зеркала глубоко вогнута, тщательно отшлифована и имеет покрытие из алюминия для обеспечения максимальной отражательной способности. Входящий световой поток отражается от поверхности основного зеркала и направляется обратно к переднему краю телескопа, где расположено вторичное выгнутое зеркало диаметром 0.4 метра, направляющее свет от исследуемого объекта обратно к первичному. На пути дважды отражённого и сконцентрированного света на расстоянии примерно в 1 метр от поверхности первичного зеркала расположено следующее, но уже плоское зеркало, отражающее свет в сторону от зеркальной системы телескопа внутрь самолёта, где расположена фокальная плоскость телескопа. Здесь сфокусированный поток света регистрируется и анализируется одним из научных приборов.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1SOFIAНайтиНайти

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12014-12-15. DLR возвратила НАСА воздушную обсерваторию SOFIA. Основной задачей, решаемой в Германии, являлось проведение капитального ремонт самолета. В качестве подрядчика выступала Lufthansa Technik. Трудоемкость операций по обслуживанию составила 60,000 часов. В ходе ремонта подрядчик выполнил следующие работы: демонтаж и повторная сборка кабины, замена шасси, проверка и обслуживание всех структур самолета, замена двух двигателей.Тэги: Немецкий аэрокосмический центрStratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy
22015-01-10. Kepler и SOFIA, две астрономические миссии НАСА под угрозой закрытия из-за технических и бюджетных ограничений. SOFIA это самолет серии Боинг-747SP который оборудован 2.5 метровым инфракрасным телескопом. Угрозу данному проекту составляла возможность резкого снижения уровня финансирования (до 12.3 млн. в 2015 году, по сравнению с 87.4 в 2014 году). Однако, конгресс нашел возможности увеличить данный объем до 70 млн. долл. Космический аппарат Kepler в 2014 году испытывал технические проблемы с маховиками и двигателем ориентации на Солнце. Однако, по заверению НАСА сейчас все проблемы уже решены. Особенностью найденного решения является использование солнечного ветра для стабилизации аппарата. Тэги: KeplerStratospheric Observatory for Infrared AstronomyЕвропейское космическое агентство
32015-01-15. Стратосферная обсерватория ИК-астрономии (SOFIA) 13 января 2015 года начала третий сезон научных полетов.Тэги: Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy
42015-02-03. NASA получила дополнительное финансирование аэрообсерватории SOFIA.
SOFIAЧерез год после приостановки на модернизацию самолета проекта Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA), Белый Дом попросил конгресс увеличить бюджетное финансирование на эксплуатацию установленного на Боинг 747 космического телескопа.
Как часть бюджетной заявки на 2016 год NASA попросило о выделении 85 млн долл на продолжение программу по эксплуатации обсерватории. Это значение на 20 процентов выше чем выделенные в 2014 году средства.
Перед последним слушанием в сенате руководство НАСА сказало, что часть средств пойдет на разработку нового телескопа.Тэги: Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Диаметр (телескопа), метра2.5

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2003-01-01373.0
2Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2003-01-01604.5
3Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2007-01-012954.5
4Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2007-01-0135.0
5Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2007-01-01919.5
6Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2007-01-012000.0
7Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-013002.9
8Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-0135.0
9Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2012-01-011128.4
10Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2012-01-011839.5

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... Hubble Space Telescope ASTRO- 13 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy ASTRO- 17 (SOFIA) [Development] Other... is often flown first on a stratospheric balloon mission, or on a sounding... archives for the High Resolution Echelle Spectrometer (HIRES), and the Near Infrared...’s participation in the Virtual Astronomical Observatory. Priorities from the FY 2011....7 98.3 98.3 94.3 90.2 90.5 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 79.9 84.2 85.5 88... of Cosmic Origins questions. The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) airborne telescope has completed... to enable optical through far-infrared astronomy for decades. SOFIA is uniquely capable... & Commitments Project/ Element Provider Description Observatory operations Provider: Lockheed M artin Responsibilities.../AWARDS Element Vendor/Provider Location Observatory operations Lockheed M artin Littleton, CO...-16 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   FY... SOFIA as a world-class airborne observatory that will complement the Hubble.... SOFIA is a unique airborne astronomical observatory, whose primary mission is to...-17 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   During... Observatory" class astronomical science. SOFIA will soon be NASA’s only far-infrared... a 2.5 meter telescope optimized for infrared/sub-millimeter wavelength astronomy. SOFIA will operate in... Object InfraRed CAmera for the SOFIA Telescope (FORCAST) and the German Receiver for Astronomy... continued development of the Observatory. KEY ACHIEVEMENTS PLANNED FOR FY 2013 SOFIA...-18 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   SCHEDULE...-19 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   Development...-20 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   Project...-21 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   Project... High-speed Photometer for Occulations (HIPO) Provider: Lowell Observatory Project M anagement: ARC...-22 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   Project... 2013 PB Request German Receiver for Astronomy at Terahertz Frequencies (GREAT) Provider... Operations Facility (Palmdale, CA). Then: Observatory will be inoperable during This...-23 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   Acquisition... Performance SRB N/A Nov-14 Evaluate observatory performance against Level 1 requirements and... operational efficiency of Observatory. Performance SRB Nov-14 Evaluate Observatory performance against... of Observatory. Nov-16   ASTRO-24 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA... airborne observatory that will study the universe in the infrared spectrum. These infrared... teachers in the discipline of infrared astronomy. NASA and DLR, Germany’s Aerospace... observatory in the world and will make observations that are impossible for...-25 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   2010... Infrared Array Camera instrument to study the atmosphere of exoplanets, looking for..., if appropriate. HERSCHEL SPACE OBSERVATORY The Herschel Space Observatory is a collaborative mission... Using the Herschel Space Observatory, astronomers have for the first time detected... x-ray telescope, the International X-ray Observatory or IXO have been discontinued.... Funds originally intended for the Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope technology development... selected two missions for concept studies: First Infrared Exoplanet Spectroscopy Survey Explorer... for concept studies: Galactic/Xgalactic Ultra long duration balloon Spectroscopic Stratospheric THz Observatory... active galaxies? The NuSTAR observatory is prepared for launch, and will make... will guide the x-ray astronomy community research for several years to come... IN FY 2011 The NuSTAR observatory completed thermal vacuum testing, vibration... Element Vendor/Provider Location Spacecraft, Observatory I&T and Launch Site Campaign, M ission... mapped the sky in infrared light, searching for the nearest and coolest... program. WISE’s infrared survey provided an essential catalog for JWST. NASA is... is a multi-wavelength space-based observatory that studies the position, brightness... Operations   Suzaku is a powerful orbiting observatory for studying extremely energetic processes in... scheduled for a 2014 launch onboard the Japanese Astro-H –IIA spacecraft. The observatory...



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... Observatory (SDO) into a geosynchronous orbit which is not a usual trajectory for an astronomy... observe the Sun for over five years. The observatory is part of... the agency's Orbiting Carbon - 15 - Observatory (OCO) replacement satellite aboard a Taurus... ringed planet. >> Chandra X-ray Observatory Evidence for a thin veil of carbon has... Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory to provide science and operational support for Chandra, a powerful... Earth for analysis. >> Suzaku Astronomers used the Suzaku orbiting X-ray observatory, operated... Physics NASA's Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) made new observations about...´s robotic Earth observation, astronomy and planetary exploration probes for the next decade... and launch site for sounding rockets and long duration stratospheric balloons. Kiruna... business unit was responsible for the medium wave infrared and TopSat remote... Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations) satellite have provided an unprecedented - 165 - opportunity for... sensitive to regional changes in stratospheric volcanic and tropospheric mineral aerosols... (Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer), although designed primarily for astrophysics science objectives... the University of Hawaii's Institute for Astronomy, is designed to discover and... of astronomy. After the most profound lull in solar activity for nearly... Observatory are launched, SOHO’s continued observations will provide essential calibration data for...) observatory, launched in 2002, is now supplying the world gamma-ray astronomy... development for launch in 2014. Spectrum RG is a RKA Xray observatory with Russian and German X-ray instruments for launch in 2014. The large International X-ray Observatory (IXO... being launched in 2003. Infrared NASA’s Spitzer Observatory has ended its cryogenic... of millions of infrared sources, and its data for many years to... the NASA-DLR SOFIA stratospheric observatory for far-IR astronomy in 2010. NASA and...) MAXI (NASA/ESA) Observatory mission with 2.4 m telescope for imaging and spectroscopy of... GI programme. (Japan) Observatory mission with 10 m antenna for orbiting VLBI imaging... survey mission. Spitzer (NASA) Observatory mission. Space Infrared Telescope Facility. IR telescope... (ESA) Observatory mission, launched with Planck with 3 m warm Cassegrain telescope for high...-H GEMS (India) X-ray observatory. (ESA) Technology test mission for future Laser Interferometer... mission for high resolution spectroscopy and hard X-rays. Indian mission for X-ray astronomy. (RKA) Mission for X-ray astronomy with Russian and German telescopes. Conclusions Astronomy from space is a model for.... The requirement for simultaneous ground-based observations at optical, infrared and radio.... The Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), the first mission for NASA’s Living With... in the development of a stratospheric airship for small payloads and associated technologies.... A joint exercise for the evaluation of a world-wide stratospheric airship system and... prepare for the first scientific flight of PILOT – a new astronomy gondola. The astronomy... and monitoring of long duration stratospheric balloon flights anywhere in the... for measurement of vertical water vapour profiles, SPIRALE – an infrared absorption spectrometer for... scattered sunlight to characterize stratospheric aerosols; SALOMON, a spectrometer for measuring aerosol extinction... absorption, ISAO – a spectrometer for measuring stratospheric ozone; STAC, for in situ measurement of... for the launch of scientific balloon flights for the Far-infrared Interferometric Telescope astronomy... Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR). The currently expected launch date for DSCOVR is December 2013. The NASA Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO... very useful for learning about high energy astrophysics, gamma-ray astronomy and... included future plans for using data from the Fermi observatory, were made... and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations Charged Aerosol Release Experiment Coordination Action for... Program Highly Advanced Laboratory for Communication and Astronomy (Japan) formerly VSOP An... Infrared Infrared Astronomical Satellite International Reference Ionosphere spectrometer for the measurement of the stratospheric... Telecommunications Union Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics Influence of Vibrations... Diffusion in Liquids International X-Ray Observatory Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism..., now Spitzer Observatory (NASA) Satellite Laser Ranging Small Missions for Advanced Research... Selectable Optical Diagnostics Instrument Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy Solar and Heliospheric Observatory Solar irradiance model high time and high spectral resolution model for... for the Study of the Origin and Evolution of Life Stratospheric and... Energy Programme Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Space Telescope Imaging Spectrometer - 275...



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... Hubble Space Telescope ASTRO- 13 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy ASTRO- 17 (SOFIA) [Development] Other... is often flown first on a stratospheric balloon mission, or on a sounding... archives for the High Resolution Echelle Spectrometer (HIRES), and the Near Infrared...’s participation in the Virtual Astronomical Observatory. Priorities from the FY 2011....1 205.3 205.7 Hubble Space Telescope Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Other Missions and Data... of Cosmic Origins questions. The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) airborne telescope has completed... to enable optical through far-infrared astronomy for decades. SOFIA is uniquely capable... for this activity will be determined by the status of the observatory... & Commitments Project/ Element Provider Description Observatory operations Provider: Lockheed M artin Responsibilities.../AWARDS Element Vendor/Provider Location Observatory operations Lockheed M artin Littleton, CO...-16 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   FY.... SOFIA is a unique airborne astronomical observatory, whose primary mission is to...-17 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   During... Observatory" class astronomical science. SOFIA will soon be NASA’s only far-infrared... a 2.5 meter telescope optimized for infrared/sub-millimeter wavelength astronomy. SOFIA will operate in... Object InfraRed CAmera for the SOFIA Telescope (FORCAST) and the German Receiver for Astronomy... continued development of the Observatory. KEY ACHIEVEMENTS PLANNED FOR FY 2013 SOFIA...-18 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   SCHEDULE...-19 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   Development...-20 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   Project...-21 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   Project... High-speed Photometer for Occulations (HIPO) Provider: Lowell Observatory Project M anagement: ARC...-22 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   Project... 2013 PB Request German Receiver for Astronomy at Terahertz Frequencies (GREAT) Provider... Operations Facility (Palmdale, CA). Then: Observatory will be inoperable during This...-23 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   Acquisition... Performance SRB N/A Nov-14 Evaluate observatory performance against Level 1 requirements and... operational efficiency of Observatory. Performance SRB Nov-14 Evaluate Observatory performance against... of Observatory. Nov-16   ASTRO-24 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA... airborne observatory that will study the universe in the infrared spectrum. These infrared... teachers in the discipline of infrared astronomy. NASA and DLR, Germany’s Aerospace... observatory in the world and will make observations that are impossible for...-25 SCIENCE: ASTROPHYSICS: COSMIC ORIGINS STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) Formulation Development Operations   2010... Infrared Array Camera instrument to study the atmosphere of exoplanets, looking for..., if appropriate. HERSCHEL SPACE OBSERVATORY The Herschel Space Observatory is a collaborative mission... Using the Herschel Space Observatory, astronomers have for the first time detected... x-ray telescope, the International X-ray Observatory or IXO have been discontinued.... Funds originally intended for the Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope technology development... selected two missions for concept studies: First Infrared Exoplanet Spectroscopy Survey Explorer... for concept studies: Galactic/Xgalactic Ultra long duration balloon Spectroscopic Stratospheric THz Observatory.... PROJECT PURPOSE   The NuSTAR observatory is prepared for launch, and will make... will guide the x-ray astronomy community research for several years to come... IN FY 2011 The NuSTAR observatory completed thermal vacuum testing, vibration... Element Vendor/Provider Location Spacecraft, Observatory I&T and Launch Site Campaign, M ission... mapped the sky in infrared light, searching for the nearest and coolest... program. WISE’s infrared survey provided an essential catalog for JWST. NASA is... is a multi-wavelength space-based observatory that studies the position, brightness... Operations   Suzaku is a powerful orbiting observatory for studying extremely energetic processes in... scheduled for a 2014 launch onboard the Japanese Astro-H –IIA spacecraft. The observatory...



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... Telescope will continue operations. The Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) will complete open door... preparation for launch in January 2012. The WISE (Wide-field Infrared Survey... interfaces between astronomy and physics, and in the search for life in... infrared instruments made it possible to identify more than 100 candidates for.../release.shtml. NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has been helping researchers better... mission 2010 priorities for NASA's Astrophysics program. The report, Astronomy and Astrophysics... proposals for investigations that are relevant to NASA's programs in astronomy and... flown on suborbital sounding rockets, stratospheric balloons, or other platforms; and... in the Virtual Astronomical Observatory (VAO). For more information see http://nasascience... for the High Resolution Echelle Spectrometer (HIRES) instrument in the Keck Observatory....3 444.8 379.2 335.2 259.3 119.2 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 77.4 72.8 79.6 80....9 441.4 385.1 354.6 335.6 259.8 -- Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 72.8 72.8 74.0 75... for this activity will be determined by the status of the observatory... levels. See project page for more detail. Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) SOFIA, currently in development, is a Boeing 747SP airborne observatory with... teachers in the discipline of infrared astronomy. The project will be at... Senior Review. -The Herschel Space Observatory is a collaborative mission with the... of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA). The STScI is responsible for the.... The HST Mission Operations functions (observatory engineering analysis, trending, and health... has made excellent progress. All Observatory components have successfully completed their... for astronomy and physics for the decade. JWST is a large, deployable, spacebased infrared astronomical observatory, scheduled for... Parameters JWST will be optimized for infrared astronomy, with some capability in the..., Sunshield, Observatory Same AI&T and commissioning. The Observatory shall be designed for at... Near-Infrared Camera (NIRCam) instrument University of Arizona; Lockheed Martin Optimized for... pointing information to the (CSA) observatory's attitude control sub-system. Same... Center Performers Cost-Sharing Partners Observatory GSFC GSFC None Mission management... telescope element (OTE) testing and observatory-level integration and test which... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) FY 2011 Budget Request... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Purpose The SOFIA.../index.html Project Parameters The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) was designed as a highly... a 2.5 meter telescope optimized for infrared/sub-millimeter wavelength astronomy. SOFIA will operate in...-speed Imaging Photometer for Occultation (HIPO), First Light Infrared Test Experiment CAMera (FLITECAM), Faint Object InfrRed CAmera for the... Receiver for Astronomy at Terahetz Frequencies (GREAT), and Field Imaging Far-Infrared Line... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Commitments SOFIA will... operational capability as an airborne observatory in December 2014. Project Element... Far-Infrared Bolometer Camera ,50-240 microns Same Same German Receiver for Astronomy... for Occultations (HIPO) First Light Infrared Test Experiment Camera (FLITECAM) Faint Object Infrared Camera for SOFIA Telescope... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Schedule Commitments The development... Cost and Schedule Summary Project Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Base Year 2007 Base... Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Management The overall Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) project... current Astronomy and Astrophysics Decadal survey include the International X-ray Observatory (IXO... of magnitude. -Chandra, a flagship X-ray observatory currently in extended operations, has.... -The International X-ray Observatory (IXO) is a joint X-ray observatory with participation from... Mission (JDEM) is a space-based observatory that will make precision cosmological... map the sky in infrared light, searching for the nearest and coolest... universe. WISE's infrared survey will provide an essential catalog for the James... the X-ray astronomy community research for several years to come. For more information.... 2/2010 Project Risk Management Title Observatory Mass Margin Risk Statement Risk...



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... Servicing Mission 4 and Servicing Mission Observatory Verification (SMOV) will be complete... using the new instruments. The Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) first science flights, which... interfaces between astronomy and physics, and in the search for life in...'s participation in the Virtual Astronomical Observatory (VAO). The VAO is a collaborative...'s participation in the Virtual Astronomical Observatory (VAO). ADS maintains bibliographic databases....9 441.4 385.1 354.6 335.6 259.8 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 63.8 72.8 72.8 74....3 371.9 311.1 265.1 236.1 194.9 -- Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 62.1 72.8 72.8 57..., and for deep large-scale surveys at near/mid-infrared wavelengths. The spacecraft is funded for two years... galaxies, stars, and planetary systems. Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) SOFIA is in development.... SOFIA is a Boeing 747SP airborne observatory with a 2.5 meter reflecting telescope that... teachers in the discipline of infrared astronomy. The project will be at... for astronomy and physics for the decade. JWST is a large, deployable, spacebased infrared astronomical observatory, scheduled for... Parameters JWST will be optimized for infrared astronomy, with some capability in the..., Sunshield, Observatory N/A AI&T and commissioning. The Observatory shall be designed for at least... Near-Infrared Camera (NIRCam) instrument University of Arizona; Lockheed Martin Optimized for... pointing information to the (CSA) observatory's attitude control sub-system. N/A Same... (STScI) Science Operations Center Same Observatory N/A Same Operating over the wavelength... Center Performers Cost-Sharing Partners Observatory GSFC GSFC None Mission management... telescope element (OTE) testing and observatory-level integration and test which... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) FY 2010 Budget Request... Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Purpose Mission objectives for SOFIA include...-speed Imaging Photometer for Occultation (HIPO), First Light Infrared Test Experiment CAMera (FLITECAM), Faint Object InfrRed CAmera for the... Receiver for Astronomy at Terahetz Frequencies (GREAT), and Field Imaging Far-Infrared Line Spectrometer (FIFI LS). For more information, please.../index.html Project Parameters The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) was designed as a highly... a 2.5 meter telescope optimized for infrared/sub-millimeter wavelength astronomy. SOFIA will operate in...-speed Imaging Photometer for Occultations (HIPO); First Light Infrared Test Experiment Camera (FLITECAM); and German Receiver for Astronomy at Terahertz... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Commitments SOFIA will... operational capability as an airborne observatory in 2014. Project Element Provider... Same High-speed Photometer for Occultations Lowell Observatory Simultaneous high-speed time... University of Chicago Yerkes Observatory Broad-band, far-infrared camera with four... First Light Infrared Test Experiment Camera A Wide-field Infrared Camera for SOFIA SCI... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Schedule Commitments The development... Cost and Schedule Summary Project Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Base Year 2007 Base... Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Management The overall Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) project... Data Analysis -The Herschel Space Observatory is a collaborative mission with the... of magnitude. -Chandra, a flagship X-ray observatory currently in extended operations, has... fundamental laws. -The International X-ray Observatory (IXO), formerly Constellation-X, is currently... to the California Association for Research in Astronomy (CARA). By early FY... Keck Observatory partnership. NASA uses its share of observing time for support... total cost cap for each mission. The Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer...-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) Currently in development and planned for launch in 2009, the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer... map the sky in infrared light, searching for the nearest and coolest... universe. WISE's infrared survey will provide an essential catalog for the James... the X-ray astronomy community research for several years to come. For more information... responsible for overall instrument integration, and OSC is completing overall observatory integration. Caltech is responsible for science and UC Berkeley is responsible for...



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... Telescope will continue operations. The Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) will continue to ramp... flight testing. The Herschel Space Observatory will continue prime operations. Physics... phase, and the Chandra X-ray Observatory will continue on in extended... interfaces between astronomy and physics, and in the search for life in... an airborne infrared astrophysics observatory. APG 2.4.2.3: AS-12-4 Initiate the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Segment..., was as designed and required for astronomy. The first science instrument was... known today. The Herschel Space Observatory (Herschel) has made an unexpected... proposals for investigations that are relevant to NASA's programs in astronomy and... flown on suborbital sounding rockets, stratospheric balloons, or other platforms; and... wave astronomy. The 2010 decadal survey recommended substantially more opportunities for suborbital...'s participation in the Virtual Astronomical Observatory. Priorities in FY 2012 and... archives for the High Resolution Echelle Spectrometer (HIRES), and the Near Infrared....8 - 94.0 93.4 93.1 88.8 84.5 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) 73.6 - 71.4 73.3 77... to enable optical through far-infrared astronomy for decades. SOFIA is uniquely capable... testing. The second generation of observatory instruments will be selected through... de-orbit studies, advanced infrared detectors, technology for possible future SOFIA instruments... for this activity will be determined by the status of the observatory.... Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) SOFIA, currently in development, is a Boeing 747SP airborne observatory with... teachers in the discipline of infrared astronomy. The project will be at... Infrared Array Camera instrument to study the atmosphere of exoplanets, looking for... reduced costs. - The Herschel Space Observatory is a collaborative mission with ESA... 2012 Program/Project Initiate the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared SOFIA Astronomy (SOFIA) Segment 3 Aircraft modifications... Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy. STScI is responsible for the science... mission operations functions (i.e., flight operations, observatory engineering analysis, and flight and... second generation of instruments for the SOFIA observatory will be solicited through... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) FY 2012 Budget Request... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Purpose NASA is... SOFIA as a world-class airborne observatory that will complement the Hubble... Observatory" class astronomical science. SOFIA will be NASA's only far-infrared mission... a 2.5-meter telescope optimized for infrared andsub-millimeter wavelength astronomy. SOFIA will operate in...-speed Imaging Photometer for Occultation (HIPO), First Light Infrared Test Experiment CAMera (FLITECAM), Faint Object InfrRed CAmera for the... Receiver for Astronomy at Terahetz Frequencies (GREAT) and Field Imaging Far-Infrared Line Spectrometer (FIFI LS). Technology investments for possible future... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Commitments SOFIA initiated... work for 20 years, SOFIA will reach FOC as an airborne observatory..., and fuel Same Same Lowell Observatory Simultaneous high-speed time-resolved... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Schedule Commitments The development... Development: Science Astrophysics Cosmic Origins Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Project Management The overall... highly recommended is support for the International X-ray Observatory (IXO) that will... of magnitude. - Chandra, a flagship X-ray observatory currently in extended operations, has... NASA portion of the Keck Observatory partnership. NASA uses its share... to the California Association for Research in Astronomy (CARA). - Exoplanet Exploration SR... Explorer Plans For FY 2012 NuSTAR will be completing observatory integration and... scheduled for a 2014 launch onboard the Japanese Astro-H spacecraft. The observatory will... for managing its own budgetary resources for future selections. - The Wide-field Infrared... mapped the sky in infrared light, searching for the nearest and coolest... universe. WISE's infrared survey provided an essential catalog for JWST science program planning. - Swift is a multi-wavelength space-based observatory... FY 2012 will be completing observatory integration and beginning integration to... will guide the X-ray astronomy community research for several years to come... readiness for a safe and successful flight. N/A Project Risk Management Title Observatory Mass... satellite will be the first observatory to systematically measure X-ray polarization...



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... OF INSPECTOR GENERAL SOFIA: NASA’s Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy OFFICE OF AUDITS IG-14... Year Office of Inspector General Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy Universities Space Research Association REPORT... SOFIA: NASA’S STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY The Issue In February 2014, NASA’s Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) reached... successor of NASA’s Kuiper Airborne Observatory (Kuiper), which flew from 1974... Directorate’s Astrophysics Division, the airborne observatory is fitted with a 2.7-meter (approximately... infrared and visible wavelengths from 0.3 to 1,600 microns (see Figure 2).7 The observatory is particularly well suited for investigating the formation... the observatory in the fall of 1995 to make way for SOFIA...-range of the infrared spectrum, SOFIA is a mobile observatory capable of flying... long-term demand for and viability of the observatory. Our audit work... the science community view the observatory as a valuable resource. However, we... the research community view the observatory as a valuable resource. However, we... that could potentially reduce demand for the observatory and ultimately affect its... telescopes. This feature provides the observatory with the flexibility to improve... observatory. NASA modeled SOFIA’s research funding structure on the model used for... of 960 research flight hours for the observatory’s 20-year lifetime.10... – to maximize use of the observatory.  Periodic Assessments Needed to Assess... proposal for NASA would sharply reduce funding for SOFIA and place the observatory... INTRODUCTION Background NASA’s Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) is an airborne-observatory designed to study the universe in the infrared region... the universe. The observatory is particularly well suited for investigating the formation... observatory platform development and assigned science operations to Ames and responsibility for... guidelines, FOC occurs when the observatory has four operating science instruments... and spectrographs – attached to the observatory’s telescope.16 Instruments can be... of wavelengths for a longer period than other existing or planned infrared observatories. 4 15 NASA OIG, “Final Memorandum on Audit of the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy...; Spica – Japan’s planned Space Infrared Telescope for Cosmology and Astrophysics. Source: NASA... identifies partners to subsidize the observatory’s estimated $80 million per year... schedule challenges, and while the observatory will address emerging scientific questions... seeks partners to supplement the observatory’s funding and restore the Program... expressed the opinion that the observatory is “currently producing good science... long-term demand for and viability of the observatory. Our audit work... and many researchers view the observatory as a valuable resource. However, we... steps to ensure that demand for the observatory, particularly from top-tier... these issues could reduce demand for the observatory and affect the quality... of new technology into the observatory’s suite of instruments; (2) formal and... observatory; (4) timely availability of observation data; and (5) lack of a formal process for... the observatory – could help ensure the Program plans and budgets for a specific... Sufficient for Researchers to Complete Projects. Similar to other NASA observatory programs... Airborne Astronomy Ambassadors Program that targets teachers and students. 29 For example... continues to operate and the observatory platform becomes more functional, the... constraint for periodic maintenance of the Boeing 747SP aircraft and observatory systems upgrades. 2. Research flights will be planned for 4 days... additional flights each week. 3. The observatory will execute 91 percent of... otherwise ready to conduct research. 5. Observatory systems are 89 percent reliable... exceed commercial grade 34 The observatory also requires significant maintenance every... SOFIA Program staff regarding actual observatory performance, it appears the Program... its functions into three sections: Observatory Operations, Observatory Systems, and Science Mission... performance and health of the Observatory. In addition to representing outside... observatory technical staff to provide technical and scientific advice and consultation for... sharply reduce funding for SOFIA and place the observatory in storage unless... of how and for how long the observatory will be stored nor... assess their interest in the observatory and identify operational concerns. We... Memorandum on Audit of the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Program Management Effectiveness” (IG... Institution Instrument Type Faint Object Infrared Camera for the SOFIA Telescope FORCAST... for Astronomy at THz Frequencies High-speed Imaging Photometer for Occultation First-Light Infrared... Special Purpose Lowell HIPO Principal Observatory Investigator University of FLITECAM Facility...



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..., CA, United States. 2. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, NM, United States. 2012..., CA, United States. 5. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, NM, United States. 6. University... Arecibo Observatory planetary radar systems, Page 4 as well as with infrared and..., NY, United States. 4. Yale Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Department of Physics... for “Planet X”, the world postulated by Percival Lowell, founder of the observatory... 1. SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Utrecht , Netherlands. 2. Leiden Observatory, Leiden, Netherlands... for Solar System Studies, Rancho Cucamonga, CA, United States. 3. Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff...-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA, United States. 4. Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI, United States. 5. Institute for..., United States. 3. Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. 4. Clemson... Herschel Space Observatory has resolved numerous debris disks for the first time... have included astronomy camps for youth and adults, professional development for teachers, in... Observatory. We used the Heterodyne Instrument for the Far Infrared (HIFI) to search for... States. 6. Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg, Germany. 7. Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ, United... Southern Observatory, Santiago de Chile, Chile. 5. Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy..., Richard Wainscoat1, Bryce Bolin1 1. Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii in Manoa..., MA, United States. 9. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA, United States. Near... Marco Micheli1, David J. Tholen1 1. Institute for Astronomy - University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI..., Lisa Kaltenegger1, 2 1. Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heildeberg, Baden-Wuttemberg, Germany. 2. CfA... Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA, United States. 2. Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg...-based platform for observational astronomy. This 6.5-meter telescope, which is optimized for observations..., infrared-optimized space observatory under construction by NASA, ESA, and CSA for launch... long-awaited debut of the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) occurred with first light... eliminates the need for travel to the Page 99 observatory, and therefore... of the hardware from the Stratospheric Terahertz Observatory (STO). The team determined..., Department of Astronomy, College Park, MD, United States. 2. Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ, United States. 3. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northern... occultation and infrared soundings from Cassini, and the lower stratospheric temperature retrieved... new 1-D photochemical models for Uranus. Although the upper-stratospheric methane abundance is..., Timm E. Riesen1, 3, Alan T. Tokunaga1 1. Institute for Astronomy, UH Manoa, Honolulu, HI, United... Wainscoat1 1. University of Hawaii, Institute for Astronomy, Honolulu, HI, United States. 2. Department... States. 4. Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ, United States. 5. European Space Astronomy Center, Villafranca..., DC, United States. 3. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottsville, VA, United States. 4. Observatoire... Cryogenic Infrared Echelle Spectrograph (CRIRES) at the Very Large Telescope (VLT) Observatory (Paranal, Chile). The infrared detections of CH4 and... the Arecibo Observatory 305m Gordon Telescope and the National Radio Astronomy Observatory 100m... for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, United States. 2. Goddard Center for Astrobiology... Schorghofer1 1. University of Hawaii, Institute for Astronomy, Honolulu, HI, United States. 3200..., CA, United States. 2. National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Tucson, AZ, United States. We..., MT, United States. 2. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA, United States. 3. Harvard..., Honolulu, HI, United States. 2. Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI... Observatory located in Sunspot, New Mexico, while we obtained IR observations for..., Karen Meech1, Henry H. Hsieh1 1. Institute for Astronomy, UH Manoa, Honolulu, HI, United..., Stefano Mottola2, Ekkehard Kuehrt2 1. Institute for Astronomy at the University of Hawaii... Institute for Space Research, Low Energy Astrophysics, Groningen, Netherlands. 8. Stewart Observatory, The... for Geophysics of the University of Coimbra, Geophysical and Astronomical Observatory of..., Pasadena, CA, United States. 8. Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, Manoa, HI... States. 9. NASA Astrobiology Institute, Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii, Manoa, HI... 1876. For the first time, a huge thermal and chemical stratospheric disturbance associated... the stratospheric temperature between 150 hPa and 5 hPa. The stratospheric temperatures are... stratospheric heating sources. On the western side of the beacon, the stratospheric... shear of stratospheric zonal winds. 509.08 – Evidence for Ammonia and Water...



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... Preparatory Project (NPP) Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2 (OCO-2) Orion Multi-Purpose Crew... (SPP) Space Launch System (SLS) Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Tracking and Data Relay... Federal Aviation Administration Faint Object Infrared Camera for the SOFIA Telescope Fast... and Interior Laboratory German Receiver for Astronomy at Terahertz Frequencies High Efficiency... and Schedule Confidence Level Jupiter InfraRed Auroral Mapper Jet Propulsion Laboratory... Financial Officer (NASA) Orbiting Carbon Observatory preliminary design review Problem/Failure... Aplicaciones Científicas Solar Dynamics Observatory Strategic Investments Division (NASA) System... Plus Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy systems requirements review Tracking and Data Relay Satellite Thermal Infrared... level U.S. Geological Survey Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer This is a work... as intended (See appendix V for more details). For example, the Dawn spacecraft... Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2 (OCO-2) Radiation Belt Storm Probes (RBSP) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) c Tracking... from $262.9 million for LADEE 13 to $8.8 billion for JWST. Life-cycle..., and performance goals for many of its projects. For example, over the.... g NASA’s development cost for TDRS Replenishment declined for several reasons, including greater... the criteria, the Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2 (OCO-2), is a rebuild of a prior... able to budget for and use engineering models for all instruments at... recommended that NASA implement a mechanism for a periodic, governmentwide assessment and reporting...; a schedule timeline identifying key dates for the project; a table identifying programmatic... date Mission Duration: 3 years for Aquarius mission 5 years for SAC-D (CONAE) mission... of the electromagnetic spectrum, including infrared, visible, and ultraviolet light. EMTGO... present a hazard to the GPM observatory. Page 45 Contractor Issues Prior... used engineering units for test purposes while waiting for the flight units... Space Telescope (JWST) is a large, infrared-optimized space telescope that is... to work primarily in the infrared range of the electromagnetic spectrum... Appropriations Committee recommended terminating funding for JWST, while the Senate provisionally... developing the Page 51 near infrared camera and changes in the... facility for increased oversight. The increase in cost for the near infrared camera... near-infrared detectors and structural cracks found in the near infrared spectrograph... (JADE I) sensor and the Jupiter InfraRed Auroral Mapper (JIRAM) detector—are... able to budget for and use engineering models for all instruments to... without fully testing the Thermal Infrared Sensor instrument (TIRS), which would..., with potential risks to the observatory integration and testing timeline. The... of the instruments on each observatory, or removing one of the... International Partner: Institute of Research for Astrophysics and Planetology, Toulouse, France... development that were absolute priorities for a launch ready configuration. Project officials... IPO for the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite, the Cross-track Infrared Sounder... Projects common name: Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2 Recent / Continuing Project Challenges • • • • Launch... be determined NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2 (OCO-2) is designed to enable... Projects common name: Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2 OCO-2 project update Launch Vehicle... for MPCV found the estimates reasonable for near-term planning, but inadequate for... of these components. For example, 30 major suppliers for external tank components... Selected Large-Scale Projects SLS Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy Recent / Continuing Project Challenges • • Funding... observatory is designed to provide routine access to the visual, infrared, far-infrared... of galaxies. Interchangeable instruments for the observatory are being developed to allow... mission flights Requirement derived from: Astronomy and Astrophysics Committee, National Research... of Selected Large-Scale Projects Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy common name: SOFIA project update... Object Infrared Camera for the SOFIA Telescope (FORCAST) and the German Receiver for Astronomy... project identified damage to the observatory’s primary mirror and the issue... early science and engineering flights for observatory characterization and the project met... analyzed monthly status reviews for each project for which they were available..., Orbiting Carbon Observatory, Solar Dynamics Observatory, and Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer. The... and averages calculated were analyzed for meaningful relationships, e.g., relationship between cost... or limited/restricted flight demonstration for a relevant environment. Integration of technology... That Have Launched Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Mission Objective: Understand the... than previously realized Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) Mission Objective... map the sky in infrared light and search for the nearest and...



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... Space Telescope Hubble Space Telescope Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Gamma-ray Large Area... rewritten astronomy textbooks since its launch in 1990; the Chandra X-Ray Observatory... LIDAR and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO), Orbiting Carbon Observatory, Hydros, and Aquarius. ƒ $845 million for Earth-Sun research... ACTIVITIES PLANNED FOR FY 2006: ƒ Ready Solar Dynamics Observatory and NPP for launch. ƒ Launch the Solar-Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO... are destined for a dramatic collision. The Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), launched... M to support operations readiness of Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOPHIA). Earth-Sun System NASA... FY 2005 budget: ƒ $159 M for Solar Dynamics Observatory to complete integration and....7 M for the launch and initial operations of the Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory. ƒ $55.3 M for continued development through critical... external expert review. 6UNIV18 Complete Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Airworthiness Flight Testing. 4.4 Observe....7 107.0 -7.6 99.4 50.8 125.5 -7.6 117.9 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy Gamma-ray Large Area Space... priority for astronomy and physics for the current decade--is a large, deployable infrared astronomical space-based observatory... 2 (L2), which is ideally suited for the observatory's mission. Implementation Schedule: Project... near-ultraviolet to the near-infrared. The observatory was designed to be... astronomical data for several more years, after which the observatory will be... Universe Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) (Dollars in Millions) President's FY 2006 Budget Request Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy... 3-15 Theme: Program: The Universe Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Program Management ARC - SOFIA... a 2.5-meter telescope optimized for infrared/sub-millimeter wavelength astronomy. The SOFIA Science and... Extreme Universe Space Observatory (EUSO) is an instrument for ESA to study... largest infrared telescope ever launched into space and NASA's newest Great Observatory... prime contractor for Chandra operations is the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) in Cambridge, MA. The contract for Chandra was... be the first observatory to cover the full far-infrared and sub... Orbiting Carbon Observatory and Aquarius. Ready Solar Dynamics Observatory and NPP for launch....gov. Plans For FY 2006 Complete the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) spacecraft... mission operations for STEREO mission. Risk Management RISK: STEREO Observatory Schedule Erosion... operations and data acquisition for: Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO), High Energy... for life. 5ASO1 Deliver the SOFIA Airborne Observatory to Ames Research Center for... external expert review. 6UNIV18 Complete Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Airworthiness Flight Testing. Outcome... Unit CXO Chandra X-ray Observatory CDC Centers for Disease Control CY Calendar... of the Art SOFIA Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy SOFIE Solar Occultation for Ice Experiment (Aeronomy... for the Mauna Kea Science Reserve. W.M. Keck Observatory, California Association for Research in Astronomy... U.S. Naval Observatory: SIM Science Team member with Memorandum Of Understanding for collaboration... for astronomy and physics for the decade--is a large deployable infrared astronomical space-based observatory... 2 (L2), which is ideally-suited for the observatory's mission. Appendix - SAE 3-6 Theme... Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) (Dollars in Millions) President's FY 2006 Budget Request Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy...: The Universe Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Technical Description The SOFIA observatory is a highly... a 2.5-meter telescope optimized for infrared/sub-millimeter wavelength astronomy. The SOFIA Science and...: Project In Development: The Universe Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Budget Detail/Life... the first space observatory covering the full far-infrared and sub-millimeter...'s impression of Herschel observatory. Herschel will be an infrared telescope used to... be the first observatory to cover the full far-infrared and sub... with a Star Solar Dynamics Observatory Strategy For Major Planned Acquisitions HMI instrument... spacecraft, the imaging infrared radiometer (IIR), integrated observatory integration and test, and... of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Spacecraft For more information, please see...