Техника. Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy. [Редактировать]

Стратосферная обсерватория ИК-астрономии  — совместный проект НАСА и Германского центра авиации и космонавтики по созданию и использованию телескопа системы Кассегрена, работающего с борта летящего самолета. Первые изображения с помощью этого телескопа были получены 26 мая 2010, астрономические наблюдения велись около 2 минут, в ходе которых были сняты Юпитер и ядра галактики M82. Первый научный вылет состоялся в начале декабря этого же года и шёл около 10 часов, в течение которых проводились наблюдения области активного звездообразования в туманности Ориона.

SOFIA расположен на борту широкофюзеляжного самолета Boeing 747SP, который был модифицирован для установки телескопа-рефлектора с 2.5 метровой апертурой в задней части фюзеляжа и работает на высотах 12−14 км, в стратосфере. Первоначально телескоп был разработан для астрономических наблюдений в инфракрасной области спектра, но также может быть использован для наблюдений в частотах видимой области спектра. Водяной пар, находящийся в атмосфере Земли, поглощает некоторые ИК волны на их пути к поверхности планеты, но возможности проекта SOFIA позволяют поднять телескоп достаточно высоко, чтобы он был выше основной массы пара атмосферы. На высоте полета самолета доступно около 85 % всего ИК спектра. Самолет может перелететь практически в любую точку планеты, позволяя вести наблюдения как в Северном, так и в Южном полушариях. После завершения разработок, ожидается, что в течение следующих 20 лет самолет сможет совершать по 3 — 4 ночных полета с наблюдениями в неделю.

Научные инструменты
В настоящее время в разработке 7 первых научных приборов, пять из которых производятся Американской стороной проекта и два со стороны Германии. В список научных приборов входят: камеры, спектрометры и фотометры работающие в ближнем, среднем и дальнем ИК диапазонах. Некоторые научные инструменты предназначены для конкретных явлений, т.е. узконаправленные, другие же предназначены для широкого спектра задач и способны работать одновременно с другими инструментами для получения информации от изучаемых объектов и явлений.

Телескоп обладает следующими научными приборами:

  • EXES (Echelon-Cross-Echelle Spectrograph)
  • FIFI-LS (Field Imaging Far Infrared Line Spectrometer)
  • FLITECAM (First Light Infrared Test Eperiment CAMera)
  • FORCAST (Faint Object InfrRed CAmera for the SOFIA Telescope)
  • GREAT (German REceiver for Astronomy at Terahertz Frequencies)
  • HAWC+ (High-resolution Airborne Wideband Camera)
  • HIPO (High Speed Imaging Photometer for Occultation)

SOFIA телескоп
Подобно большинству современных научных телескопов, телескоп SOFIA использует зеркало для накопления и фокусировки света от исследуемых объектов. Зеркальные телескопы более практичны в использовании и дёшевы в изготовлении по сравнению с телескопами, использующими линзы для тех же целей. Основное зеркало расположено в нижней части телескопа и имеет 2.7 метра в диаметре. Поверхность зеркала глубоко вогнута, тщательно отшлифована и имеет покрытие из алюминия для обеспечения максимальной отражательной способности. Входящий световой поток отражается от поверхности основного зеркала и направляется обратно к переднему краю телескопа, где расположено вторичное выгнутое зеркало диаметром 0.4 метра, направляющее свет от исследуемого объекта обратно к первичному. На пути дважды отражённого и сконцентрированного света на расстоянии примерно в 1 метр от поверхности первичного зеркала расположено следующее, но уже плоское зеркало, отражающее свет в сторону от зеркальной системы телескопа внутрь самолёта, где расположена фокальная плоскость телескопа. Здесь сфокусированный поток света регистрируется и анализируется одним из научных приборов.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1SOFIAНайтиНайти

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12014-12-15. DLR возвратила НАСА воздушную обсерваторию SOFIA. Основной задачей, решаемой в Германии, являлось проведение капитального ремонт самолета. В качестве подрядчика выступала Lufthansa Technik. Трудоемкость операций по обслуживанию составила 60,000 часов. В ходе ремонта подрядчик выполнил следующие работы: демонтаж и повторная сборка кабины, замена шасси, проверка и обслуживание всех структур самолета, замена двух двигателей.Тэги: Немецкий аэрокосмический центрStratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy
22015-01-10. Kepler и SOFIA, две астрономические миссии НАСА под угрозой закрытия из-за технических и бюджетных ограничений. SOFIA это самолет серии Боинг-747SP который оборудован 2.5 метровым инфракрасным телескопом. Угрозу данному проекту составляла возможность резкого снижения уровня финансирования (до 12.3 млн. в 2015 году, по сравнению с 87.4 в 2014 году). Однако, конгресс нашел возможности увеличить данный объем до 70 млн. долл. Космический аппарат Kepler в 2014 году испытывал технические проблемы с маховиками и двигателем ориентации на Солнце. Однако, по заверению НАСА сейчас все проблемы уже решены. Особенностью найденного решения является использование солнечного ветра для стабилизации аппарата. Тэги: KeplerStratospheric Observatory for Infrared AstronomyЕвропейское космическое агентство
32015-01-15. Стратосферная обсерватория ИК-астрономии (SOFIA) 13 января 2015 года начала третий сезон научных полетов.Тэги: Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy
42015-02-03. NASA получила дополнительное финансирование аэрообсерватории SOFIA.
SOFIAЧерез год после приостановки на модернизацию самолета проекта Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA), Белый Дом попросил конгресс увеличить бюджетное финансирование на эксплуатацию установленного на Боинг 747 космического телескопа.
Как часть бюджетной заявки на 2016 год NASA попросило о выделении 85 млн долл на продолжение программу по эксплуатации обсерватории. Это значение на 20 процентов выше чем выделенные в 2014 году средства.
Перед последним слушанием в сенате руководство НАСА сказало, что часть средств пойдет на разработку нового телескопа.Тэги: Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Диаметр (телескопа), метра2.5

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2003-01-01373.0
2Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2003-01-01604.5
3Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2007-01-012954.5
4Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2007-01-0135.0
5Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2007-01-01919.5
6Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2007-01-012000.0
7Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-013002.9
8Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2012-01-0135.0
9Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2012-01-011128.4
10Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2012-01-011839.5

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... from satellites such as the Infrared Astronomy Satellite (IRAS) and International Ultraviolet... to develop technology for lightweight, efficient propulsion concepts for swpersonic cruise con..., multiaxial constitutive models for composites will be developed for prediction of environmental... integration for aviation effectiveness and efficiency; (2) develop architectures for flightcrucial systems for future aircraft and devise analytical methods and techniques for.... Initial studies a r e underway for evaluating active controls concepts for future aerospace vehicle... .ature advanced materials. For example, processing techniques for fabricating ceramic matrix composite... area of devices for heterodyne detection in the far infrared portion of... for providing materials for detectors and mixers in the near- and far-infrared portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. Methods will be investigated for... for extending the re- sponse of detectors out into the far infrared and upper portions of the submillimeter region for space..., dampers) will be prepared for installation for the second hot-fire test... technology to improve and extend infrared sensor performance and life. Onboard... station. For COFS 111, a project plan was defined for analytical development for multibody... class of high precision Earth observatory missions on the Shuttle, Space... have stressed the need for providing a n allowance for changes and modifications which... contractor for implementation is planned for late FY 1988. Initial funding for the... in the field of radio astronomy. The ultrasensitive network antennas are... such as Spacelabs, Gamma Ray Observatory (GRO) and Upper Atmosphere Research... are included for PSCN which provide for the circuits and facilities for programmatic... Control Center (MSOCC) for control of the Gamma Ray Observatory (GRO), Cosmic... p i . o i e ~data from the Gamma Ray Observatory (GRO) and the Upper Atmosphere... for completing replacement of display equipment and for large application software programs for... FACILITIES Observatory, Shuttle attached payloads, and the Upper Atmcsphere Research Satellite. For... needs. The funds requested for 1988 provide for: The continuation of prior... Committee recnpizes the necessitv for a comprehensive environmental program for the purpose of... efforts pursuing mechanisms for US-Latin American S&T cooperation. For example, a report entitled... A Physics and astronomy Hubble space telescope development Gamma ray observatory development ShutllelSpacelab... development ..................................... 3. Space science ..................................................................................... A. Physics and astronomy ...................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... 4. Space applications ....................................................................... A . Solid Earth observations... of them may consider for development. Negotiations for the development phase of... for procurement of stages for NASA missions, for technical monitoring and management activities for... authorizes $973,700,000 for Space SciencesPhysics and Astronomy, Life Sciences and...,000 is for Physics and Astronomy, $74,600,000 is for Life Sciences. and $307,300,000 is for Planetary Exploration. 1. PHYSlCS A N D ASTRONOMY-$891,800,000 Summary of fmcal year 1988 funding for physics and astronomy $98,400,000 Hubble Space Teleseope............................................................................... Gamma Ray Observatory... Total for physics and astronomy.......... .................................... 5913800800 The objectives of the Physics and Astronomy... wavelength regions, such as the infrared, ultraviolet, or x-rays and gamma... Telescope will be an automated observatory, delivered into orbit by the... new jobs, 270 are for Headquarters, 25 for the Inspector General’s Office... section authorizes $10 million for the program for each of fiscal years... 1989, and $15 million for the program for each of fiscal years... available October 1, 1987, for “Research and development”, for the following programs: (1) Permanently..., $553,600,000. Phvsics and astronomy, $581,800,000. (3) ~, (4) Life sciences... Observer Spacecraft for launch in 1992 and for procuring spare parts for-a Planetary... shall submit a detailed plan for collecting reimbursements for the utilization of the... period for which funds are otherwise available for obligation, provide for the p a r t for contingent... the high resolution solar observatory (HRSO). +$5,000,000 for initial work on...-$93,400,000. 3. Gamma Ray Observatory-$49,100,000. 4. Galileo-$55... in fiscal year 1988 for servicing technology for the space station so... development of a high resolution solar observatory (HRSO] as a vehicle-independent program...



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... 427 Rayleigh Optical Corporation 122 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy - SOFIA 402 Sapling Learning 321... Arecibo Observatory 122 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy - SOFIA 124 W. H. Freeman 126 NExScI/Kepler 130 Infrared Processing... Radio Astronomy Observatory - NRAO 215 Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy - CARMA... ASTRON - Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy 421 Gemini Observatory/AURA 426 NASA Astrophysics... of Universities for Research in Astronomy - AURA 520 The National Optical Astronomy Observatory - NOAO... astronomy into your classroom. Organizer(s): Gina Brissenden, Center for Astronomy Education (CAE), Steward Observatory... astronomy into your classroom. Organizer(s): Gina Brissenden, Center for Astronomy Education (CAE), Steward Observatory... Astrophysical Observatory 39 SUNDAY Weekend Events and Sessions Astronomy Ambassadors Workshop for Early... for Astronomy Education (CAE), Steward Observatory, Univ. of Arizona Organizer(s): Gina Brissenden, Center for Astronomy Education (CAE), Steward Observatory.../Steward Observatory, Tucson, AZ. 2.University of Toledo, Toledo, OH. 3.Center for Astronomy Education...; Maryland Ballroom A SOFIA, the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, is a 2.5-meter infrared telescope in a Boeing 747SP.... 7.European Southern Observatory, Garching bei Munchen, Germany. 8.Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg..., UT. Contributing teams: BYU’s Remote Observatory for Variable Object Research (ROVOR) 150.... 3.National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO), Tucson, AZ. 4.Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics (JINA... the National Radio Astronomy Observatory Smith, Sierra1 1. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA. 209..., VA. 2.National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA. 3.National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, NM. 4.The... Marseille, Marseille, France. 7.Konkoly Observatory, Research Center for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Hungarian... Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, NM. TUESDAY 236.03D All Sky Automated Survey for... Smith, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory 242 National Radio Astronomy Observatory Town Hall Tuesday, 6:30..., Fabian6 1. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Green Bank, WV. 2.National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA... Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA. 3.HarvardSmithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA. 4.Dunlap Institute for Astronomy..., CT. 2.National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA. 3.European Southern Observatory, Santiago, RM, Chile...(s): Gina Brissenden, Center for Astronomy Education (CAE), Steward Observatory, Univ. of Arizona 322... M.3 1. Center for Astronomy Education (CAE) Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ. 2.Steward Observatory, Univ..., Boulder, CO. 2.Center for Astronomy Education (CAE), Steward Observatory, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson...)Luminous Infrared Galaxies Over Cosmic Time Kartaltepe, Jeyhan S.1 1. National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Tucson..., CA. 3.W. M. Keck Observatory, Kamuela, HI. 4.Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, CU Boulder.... 5.INAF - Catania Astrophysical Observatory, Catania, Italy. 6.Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, TU Berlin... W.4, 6; Phillipps, Steve5 1. Gemini Observatory, Hilo, HI. 2.Institute for Astronomy, Honolulu, HI. 3.Liverpool John..., La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain. 5.McDonald Observatory, For Davis, TX. 6.Texas Christian Univesity... International Observatory, Tucson, AZ. 10.U.S. Naval Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ. 11.National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Tucson, AZ. 12.MMT Observatory..., CA. 4.National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, NM. 5.Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, Dwingeloo, Netherlands. 6.Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, Groningen, Netherlands. 7.European Southern Observatory..., Germany. 7.Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg, Germany. 8.Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ. 9.San.... 2.Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawai‘i, Honolulu, HI. 3.Australian Astronomical Observatory, Epping, NSW... Observatory, Fort Davis, TX. 5.National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Tucson, AZ. 6.Observatorio Nacional, Steward Observatory..., Steven9 1. Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ. 2.ETH Zurich - Institute for Astronomy, Zurich, Switzerland. 3.Yale... ALMA Observatory, Santiago, Chile. 4. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA. 5.National Astronomical Observatory of..., Pomona, CA. 2.Center for Astronomy Education (CAE), Steward Observatory, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson..., W. M.2; Biferno, Anya A.2 1. Center for Astronomy Education (CAE), Steward Observatory, Univ. of Arizona, Tucson..., The National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, AZ. 3.Arizona Radio Observatory, Tucson, AZ. 4.University..., Direct-Detection Spectrometer for Far-Infrared and Sub-Millimeter Astronomy Cataldo, Giuseppe1, 2; Moseley...



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... AND APF'LICATIONS PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY LIFE SCIENCES PLANETARY EXPLORATION SPACE... SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY LIFE SCIENCES PLANETARY EXPLORATION SPACE... integration of all physics and astronomy experiments that are placed in... SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY LIFE SCIENCES PLANETARY EXPLORATION SPACE... including high energy and optical astronomy. Microvravitv Science and A m 1 icatioq including... SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY LIFE SCIENCES PLANETARY EXPLORATION SPACE... objective of the Gamma Ray Observatory (GRO) is to measure gamma... be a Shuttle-launched observatory-class X-ray telescope system for studies of stellar..., 300-nautical mile orbit. The observatory will weigh approximately 30,000... 2 8 1 1 FY91 FY92 FY92 3 GS- 1 6 AD 1 OBSERVATORY FY9l AD POS. , +-,FY91 F Y 9 l FY92... SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY LIFE SCIENCES PLANETARY EXPLORATION SPACE... science and applications experiments in astronomy, solar physics, high energy astrophysics... processes data for Spacelab payloads in astrophysics, solar terrestrial physics, astronomy, and... SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY LIFE SCIENCES PLANETARY EXPLORATION SPACE...: gamma ray astronomy, X-ray astronomy, ultraviolet and optical astronomy, infrared and radio astronomy, particle astrophysics... operational and is providing a space observatory and dedicated ground system to... presently scheduled for late 1993. In addition, the Compton Observatory was launched... measurements returned from the Compton Observatory are providing unique information on... X-Ray Telescope (BBXRT) payload, Compton Observatory and ROSAT. Goddard manages the...; and Submillimeter Wave Astronomy Satellite (SWAS), scheduled for launch in mid-1995... in the following areas: galactic astronomy, high energy astrophysics, solar physics... oversight. RPM 5 - 7 I I i ASTRO-D, an X-Ray Astronomy satellite designed to examine high...-performance aircraft flight research, IR astronomy and astrophysics, Earth system science... a system. Physics and Astronomy - conduct research in infrared astronomy, laboratory astrophysics, theoretical studies... SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY LIFE SCIENCES PLANETARY EXPLORATION SPACE... support for the airborne astronomy program, with the C-141 Kuiper Airborne Observatory Aircraft... by Ames as a flying astronomical observatory with the bulk of the... through in-house research in astronomy and astrophysics and with in... for research in astronomy, geophysics, meteorology, and Earth resources; others acquire data for... and processing systems. Support for the astronomy program is also provided by... physical data, to interpret the infrared astronomical observations, and to support... utilize the unique capabilities of infrared astronomy to investigate the nature and... spaceborne infrared technology. Definition activity will continue in FY 1993 for the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy... be emplaced at the Arecibo Observatory in Puerto Rico and at... be addressed include depletion of stratospheric ozone, perturbations to atmospheric chemistry... analytical methods. RPM 6-15 f ( The infrared astronomy program is technologically supported in... for improving infrared sensitivity and spectral coverage to provide significantly enhanced data for... will continue to develop infrared detectors, define systems for precision pointing and... SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY LIFE SCIENCES PLANETARY EXPLORATION SPACE... Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES), Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE... sensors such as Stratospheric Aerosol Measurements 11, and Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas... Research Satellite to measure trace stratospheric constituents. The Lidar Atmospheric Sensing... tunable infrared laser techniques and high powerfiigh pressure tunable gas lasers for... SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY LIFE SCIENCES PLANETARY EXPLORATION SPACE... and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) mission on Atlas/Centaur vehicles, and for Mars... SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY LIFE SCIENCES PLANETARY EXPLORATION SPACE... remote sensing, solar studies and astronomy), Kennedy Space Center, Florida (support... the surface. The JPL Visible Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS) instrument is... a center for Earth-orbital spacecraft development, JPL managed the Infrared Astronomical Satellite... the Netherlands. JPL was responsible for the infrared telescope development, system testing... the planetary sciences, physics and astronomy, and Earth and ocean physics... Science and Applications ......................... Physics and Astronomy .................................. Life Science ........................................... Planetary Exploration .................................. Space... Capability Development 30.8 Physics and Astronomy 3.4 Life Sciences 2.2 Planetary Exploration 10... AND S E W IC I N G 868.0 PHYSICS AN0 ASTRONOMY M A R S H A L L SPACE F L I G H T CENTER L O C A T I O N 6203-09. 9 1 0 0 3 4 H U N T S V I L L E O P E R A T I O N S SUPPORT...



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... . . . . . . . . . . .627 III-21 High Energy Astronomy Observatory Project Plan, NASA, June 13... SIRTF . . . . . . . . . . . .Space Infrared Telescope Facility SOA . . . . . . . . . . . . .Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory SOFIA . . . . . . . . . . .Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy SPAC . . . . . . . . . . . .Space.... B. Stellar Astronomy 1. Title: Proposed Study for a Satellite Telescope Institution: Princeton University Observatory Project... interested in high-energy and infrared astronomy, and wishes to see them... SPACE INFRARED TELESCOPE FACILITY The fourth Great Observatory, the Space Infrared Telescope Facility is a long-lived, meter-class, cryogenically cooled, infrared observatory... as those described below. [23] STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA) SOFIA is a 3-meter-class... the next several years, the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy will give new power to... areas such as x-ray and infrared astronomy, solar physics, and solar system... (e.g., the Keck telescopes), aircraft (e.g., the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy—SOFIA), balloons, and sounding rockets... more suitable for planetary astronomy purposes. The space agency built an observatory on... believe that astronomy and astrophysics (e.g., Space Telescope, Gamma Ray Observatory) represent better... first of NASA’s major astronomy missions, Orbiting Astronomical Observatory (OAO)-1.20 The... the execution of a National Space Astronomy Observatory, among other projects.29 [III... Laboratory, and the National Radio Astronomy Observatory as well as those from... Instrument for Gamma Ray Astronomy to be Flown to the Orbiting Solar Observatory... is discussed in detail below. Infrared Astronomy Parts of the near-IR... to the development of the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA), a three-meter telescope on... and dry. 117. H. H-G. Aumann, Airborne Infrared Astronomy (Rice University Ph.D. thesis, 1970...). 118. F. J. Low, “Airborne Infrared Astronomy: The Early Years,” Airborne Astronomy Symposium, NASA Ames... the infrared was not launched until 1983. This satellite, the Infrared Astronomy Satellite.... It remains for the fourth Great Observatory, the Space Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF... a photometer for the far IR. A European satellite, the Infrared Space Observatory, which had... has been used on all infrared astronomy satellites and probably made such...-BASED ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO) The second Great Observatory... (NASA) [3] Princeton University Observatory Associated Universities for Research in Astronomy University of Rochester... Orbiting Astronomical Observatory project. The review of the Orbiting Astronomy Observatory given to... telescopes for space astronomy. We envision such an instrument as a National Astronomical Observatory... Harvard College Observatory Cambridge, Mass. [iii] PREFACE The Astronomy Missions Board was... in a stratospheric airplane primarily for point source observations, and a Small Astronomy Satellite to... program. The infrared astronomy program has a most pressing need for research and development...-21 Document title: High Energy Astronomy Observatory Project Plan, NASA, June 13... Revision C HMA-1001 HIGH ENERGY ASTRONOMY OBSERVATORY PROJECT PLAN APPROVED: [signature] Rocco... Flight Project 832, High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO). This plan is prepared... Project 832, entitled “High Energy Astronomy Observatory (HEAO).” The NASA code number... EXPLORING THE UNKNOWN 639 Infrared Astronomy Research Program Laboratory for High Energy Astrophysics... National Observatory, National Radio Astronomy Observatory, National Accelerator Laboratory, and National Center for Atmospheric... the IDT’s, the Astronomy Team, and the Observatory Scientists selected as a result... to the IDT’s, the Astronomy Team, and Observatory Scientists, are as follows... to provide a space observatory for use by the international astronomy community to extend... opportunities for refurbishment and upgrading of the focal-plane instruments. The Infrared Astronomy... of astrophysics for infrared astronomy, and could form the backbone of future infrared observational... material. A large airborne observatory with infrared capabilities (concept for study) would allow [70... Observatory Science Working Team [1] GAMMA-RAY OBSERVATORY SCIENCE PLAN I. INTRODUCTION Gamma-ray astronomy... Astronomy Observatory RICHARD C. HENRY, The Johns Hopkins University RICHARD A. McCRAY, Joint Institute for... served as a professor of astronomy and observatory director at the University of... was responsible for the early planning on the high energy astronomy observatory and..., 690, 727 Infrared Space Observatory, 529 Infrared Spectrograph, IRS, 541 Infrared Telescope in Space... Administration, NOAA, 471 National Radio Astronomy Observatory, NRAO, 662 National Radio Company..., 517, 616, 619 National Space Astronomy Observatory, 507 National Space Policy, 204..., 428 Stone, Peter H., 452, 453 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, SOFIA, 216, 250, 258, 527...



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... AFRL) Adaptive Optics with a Laser for Astronomy (Calar Alto, ES, 3.5 m Durchmesser/diameter...) Atacama Submillimeter Telescope Experiment (Infrarotastronomie/infrared astronomy) Austrian Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope... GMD) Caribbean Diaspora for Science, Technology, and Innovation Center for Astronomy Education (University... Adenosinmonophosphat California-Arizona Minority Partnership for Astronomy Research and Education Commission on...¨ uchtung) Carnegie Airborne Observatory Computer Aided Optimization Council for Accreditation in Occupational...¨ arer Antigenrezeptor California Association for Research Astronomy Computer Aided Radio and Television... Survey (Astrophysik/astrophysics) Collection of Stratospheric Aerosol Particles (DLR project) Committee...-Shelf (hardware or software) Chicagoland Observatory for Underground Particle Physics (neuartige Blasenkammer... Tololo Inter-American Observatory (La Serena, Chile) Center for Intelligent Transportation Research... of New York Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (Gran Sasso National... Committee for Future Accelerators European Consulting Forum for Research Networking Exoplanet Characterization Observatory... und Softwaretechnik (Berlin) Far-Infrared Surveyor (Astronomie/astronomy) Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum Senckenberg... Routing Encapsulation GREAT German Receiver for Astronomy at Terahertz Frequencies (onboard SOFIA... Astrophysical Observatory High Elevation Antarctic Terahertz Telescope Harmonised European Approaches for Transport...-P´ erot Interferometer (Astronomie/astronomy) Heterodyne Instrument for the Far Infrared Heavy Ion Research... M¨ unchen Intracluster Medium (Astronomie/astronomy) International Commission for Mathematical Instruction Internet Control...] Innovative Medicine for Europe India-Based Neutrino Observatory Iranian National Observatory Institut f¨ ur... Retrieval Infrared [Radiation] Institutional Repository Iran (ISO 3166) Institute for Radio Astronomy at Millimeter Wavelengths (Grenoble, FR) Infrared Astronomical Satellite... (AIP Service) Independent System Operator Infrared Space Observatory (1995–1998) International Standards.../telecommunication) International X-Ray Observatory International Year of Astronomy (2009) International Young Physicists... of the Hubble Space Telescope for infrared, planned for 2018) Java 2 Enterprise Edition... Intelligenz Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics Korea Institute for Advanced Study (Seoul... Interferometric Camera – Near-Infrared Visible Adaptive Interferometer for Astronomy LINE Long Interspersed Element... Millimeter and Submillimeter Array (Infrarotastronomie/infrared astronomy) Large Millimeter Telescope (on Volc...) Random Access Memory Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory (bei/near Cambridge, UK) Mixed... (Astronomie/astronomy) Magnetresonanz-Mikroskopie Mesh Reduction Method(s) Messenger RNA Magdalena Ridge Observatory... Observatory (at WVU et al.) Integration of Novel Nanoparticle Based Technology for... National Astronomical Observatory of Japan Nasmyth Adaptive Optics System (f¨ ur/for ESO... etwa 2020/planned for around 2020) New Gravitational-Wave Observatory Non-Government... of Automotive Excellence National Optical Astronomy Observatory (USA) Network Operating (or: Operation... office) Noise Rating National Radio Astronomy Observatory (Green Banks, WV, USA) Numerical... Memory National Virtual Observatory (USA, geplant f¨ ur/planned for 2010) Near Video.../astronomy) Output Variance Constraint Optical Vortex Lens (Astronomie/astronomy) Owens Valley Radio Observatory...) Parallel Connected Twin Junction (Infrarotastronomie/infrared astronomy) Packet Control Unit (Telekommunikation/telecommunication... Stars (planned search for exoplanets, ESA, start 2024) Plateau Observatory (Antarctica) Packet... Stratospheric Cloud (Ozonloch/hole in the ozone layer) Presidential Specialized Council for... Astronomical Observatory South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation Software as a Service (for... Adaptive Recursive Filter Stratospheric Change and its Role for Climate Prediction (DFG... Maximum Mission (NASA) Submillimeter (Infrarotastronomie/infrared astronomy) Small Open Reading Frame (Genetik... Observatory (Sudbury, ON, CA) Scanning Nearfield Optical Microscopy (or: Microscope) Services for... Access Protocol (Telekommunikation/telecommunication) Southern Observatory for Astronomical Research Study of Oxytocin... (G¨ ottingen) Superresolution Optical Fluctuation Imaging Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (NASA/DLR, seit/since 2006... Awareness (Astronomie f¨ ur benachteiligte Kinder/astronomy for handicapped children) University of North...) Vapor-Cooled Shield (Infrarotastronomie, Kryostat/infrared astronomy, cryostat) Voice Communication System Vertical... Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy (in UK manufactured camera for ESO, Chile... Area Search for Planets (Observatorium auf La Palma/observatory on La Palma... Decision Making Wide-Field Infrared Explorer Wyoming Infrared Observatory (USA) WAN Interface Sublayer...



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..., 2009 geologically active. Using NASA’s Infrared Telescope Facility and the W. M. Keck... 6 hours. The researchers had studied infrared measurements collected by NASA’s Spitzer... The Russian Coronas Photon solar observatory launched at 13:30 (UT... the science team. The Photon observatory was the third satellite in... building for NASA and NOAA since the first Television and Infrared Observational... of Astronomy, to commemorate the anniversary of the beginning of modern astronomy... Telescope (SST), and Chandra X-ray Observatory—to museums, nature centers, planetariums... Hasan, Lead Scientist for the International Year of Astronomy at NASA Headquarters... display individual images from each observatory. HST’s visible-light view of... Observatories Celebrate International Year of Astronomy,” news release 09-026, 10...) telescope at the European Southern Observatory in La Silla, Chile. The... NASA launched its Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) aboard a four-stage Taurus.... Had the launch succeeded, the Observatory would have joined Japan’s GoSat... Fellowships in three areas of astronomy and astrophysics. Each postdoctoral fellowship... NASA, “NASA Names Chairman for Orbiting Carbon Observatory Investigation,” news release 09... 26 NASA, “NASA Announces 2009 Astronomy and Astrophysics Fellows,” news release..., 2009 7 March NASA’s Kepler astronomy probe, named for Johannes Kepler, who had... NASA and the Smithsonian Astrophysics Observatory in 1968, to send into...-shaped satellite—the Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 2 (OAO 2). Although the original OAO... twin STEREO (Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory) spacecraft had provided scientists with... moment in the field of astronomy. The immense distance of the... stability point. Herschel would make infrared observations of stars, galaxies, and...), and the Heterofyne Instrument for the Far Infrared (HIFI). In addition, it...’s MFSC and the Chandra X-ray Observatory announced that a long observation from..., and Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) satellites..., for the GEMS mission, Orbital planned to design the first observatory able... scientists to use the GEMS observatory to study scattering, magnetic fields... NASA, “NASA Releases Orbiting Carbon Observatory Accident Summary,” news release 09... the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Mishap Investigation Results for Public Release,” http... launch of the Chandra X-ray Observatory with the release of the... after its 1999 launch. The observatory had created the new image...; the other was an x-ray observatory that would scan the night... NASA, “NASA Celebrates Chandra X-Ray Observatory’s 10th Anniversary,” news release 09.... The GPM mission’s spaceborne core observatory would provide the reference standard... societal applications. Additionally, for the first time, the observatory’s sensor measurements would... agreement made NASA responsible for the GPM core-observatory spacecraft bus, the..., and a second GMI. A Low-Inclination Observatory provided by a partner agency would... the DPR for the core observatory, an H-2A rocket for the core observatory’s launch... of performance for further developmental engineering in support of the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA..., German-built 2.5-meter (100-inch) infrared telescope. Mounted in a cavity in... the submillimeter, far-infrared spectrum. L-3 Communications was responsible for completing development and... Texas in Brownsville, for the Center for Gravitational Wave Astronomy; and University of Texas in El Paso, for the Center for... data from the High-Resolution Infrared Imaging Spectrometer on NASA’s spacecraft... off the Moon’s surface at infrared wavelengths, splitting the spectral colors..., as well as the amateur astronomy community, had captured images and... that the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) mission had first observed... Program Manager for three launches of the High Energy Astronomy Observatory. He had... aboard the spaceborne GPM core observatory scheduled for 2013. The 169 Matt... an in-depth, nonstop global observatory of the solar system’s innermost... Board Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations Congressional Budget... Imager for the Coastal Ocean Heterofyne Instrument for the Far Infrared Hyperspectral Imager for... OSO Orbiting Astronomical Observatory Ocean Color Monitor Orbiting Carbon Observatory Operations Support... Sounder Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy Space Oriented Higashi-Osaka Leading Association Solar and Heliospheric Observatory... Space Telescope Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle... Data Relay Satellites Television and Infrared Observational Satellite Telemetry, Information, Transfer... Universal Time VIMS Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer 76 Aeronautics and... Wallops Flight Facility Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer World Meteorological Organization...



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... Jupiter spacecraft. The Chandra X-ray Observatory. Each of these missions has... 2011 unfolded, NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) monitored as the Sun..., less any earned revenue for work performed for other government organizations and... in FY 2011 primarily for work performed for certain satellites, Geostationary Operations... NASA for future worker’s compensation liabilities for current employees. The estimate for future... Science missions, the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) in 2009 and Glory..., the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO) and... Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS), the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE... immediate and multiple benefits for human well-being. Stratospheric aerosol layer: impact... Researchers explored the variability of stratospheric aerosol loading between 1985 and... 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo, stratospheric aerosol levels increased by as... 2002 onwards, a systematic increase in stratospheric aerosols has been reported by... of the slow increase in stratospheric aerosols during the past decade... instruments aboard Aqua—the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) and Advanced Microwave... by analyzing of visible and infrared light to increase contrast NASA... Review. Initiate the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Instrument and Spacecraft System... Review. Initiate the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Instrument and Spacecraft System... appropriate for most of its missions. Initiate the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO... forward. Initiate the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Instrument and Spacecraft System..., scientists using the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) took observations of the... observations with NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) and a NASA instrument onboard... career hunting for asteroids While the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE... build a detailed map in the infrared—its tens of thousands of..., but two of its four infrared detectors remained operational, and these... reflects off an asteroid, but infrared data is directly related to... estimates. By combining visible and infrared measurements, astronomers also can learn.... Astronomers using NASA’s Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) have captured... GX 339-4 might look like. Infrared observations from WISE reveal the... black hole glows brightly in infrared light. Read more about this... July 2008, will use the infrared spectrum to observe the highly... Space Telescope, and Chandra X-ray Observatory teamed up to study one...–Eisenhower professor in physics and astronomy at the Johns Hopkins University... Telescope and the Chandra X-ray Observatory have found the first direct... cool neighbors while generating an infrared legacy Scientists using data from... nearly impossible to see. WISE’s infrared vision allowed the telescope to... they do emit is at infrared wavelengths. Finding and characterizing the... science observations take flight The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) is nearing the end... project team is developing the observatory and conducting early science flights... science using the Faint Object Infrared Camera for SOFIA Telescope (FORCAST) started... airborne infrared astrophysics observatory. FY 2011 Annual Performance Goal Initiate the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA... programs, and planning strategically for future needs. For FY 2011, these offices... acquisition, including the need for a coordinated strategy for certification of new entrant... missions and radio and radar astronomy observations for the exploration of the... work with scientists aboard the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) during research flights in... SOFIA’s Airborne Astronomy Ambassadors Program. The six teachers selected for the SOFIA... inch-diameter telescope. It analyzes infrared light to study the formation..., receive an active astronomy kit, and support materials for education and outreach... information for use with all visitors to informal education institutions. Astronomy Day... telescopes. The museum’s Astronomy Day featured a unique opportunity for over 500 visitors... Alliance, which made the museum’s Astronomy Day possible, gives visitors access... science spacecraft, the Orbiting Carbon Observatory onboard a Taurus XL on February... not separate. NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory Mishap Investigation Board reviewed the... not complete the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) within 110 percent of... failure of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Taurus XL launch vehicle... Early Science observations on the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA). Why Measure 10AS07 was... Division Initiate the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Instrument and Spacecraft System... overall delivery schedule of the observatory or the launch readiness date... status and establish near-term observatory development guidelines and constraints following... forward will consider analysis of observatory design, cost and schedule risks... total allowance for doubtful accounts for FY 2011 and for FY 2010 was...



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...-06 ULTRASENSETIVE TES BOLOMETER FOR FIR SPACE BASED 1 1 1 ASTRONOMY. D. MOROZOV , P. MAUSKOPF , P. ADE..., CHINA. — FUTURE GROUND AND SPACE ASTRONOMY EXPERIMENTS WILL REQUIRE LARGE ARRAYS... AS USED, FOR INSTANCE, AT 4.2K IN COMMERCIAL FAR-INFRARED FOURIER TRANSFORM... AND THERMAL SUPPORT BEAMS FOR ULTRA-SENSITIVE FAR-INFRARED 1 (IR)/SUB-MM..., PRINCETON UNIVERSITY, 3 CENTER FOR ASTROPHYSICS AND SPACE ASTRONOMY, DEPARTMENT OF ASTROPHYSICAL AND... FOR LOW-NOISE MEASUREMENTS OF STIMULI RANGING FROM EV-SCALE NEAR-INFRARED PHOTONS TO MEV-SCALE PARTICLES. A COMMON MOTIVATION FOR THE... APPLICATIONS AS WELL AS FOR CONTROL CIRCUITRY FOR CONVENTIONAL AND QUANTUM SUPERCONDUCTING... JITTER, WHEREAS HIGHLY SENSITIVE FAR-INFRARED BOLOMETERS REQUIRE EXCELLENT LOWFREQUENCY CURRENT... FOR THE XMS INSTRUMENT OF THE INTERNATIONAL X-RAY OBSERVATORY AND FARINFRARED BOLOMETERS FOR... THE DETECTORS OF CHOICE FOR MANY AREAS OF ASTRONOMY. THE PERFORMANCE OF..., WHICH IS WIDELY USED IN INFRARED DETECTORS, HAS A SMALLER SIZE (60... TO 48 K FOR THE ONSET AND 42 K FOR ZERO RESISTANCE. FOR THE BEST... AND 3 COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY, NATIONAL ASTRONOMICAL OBSERVATORY OF JAPAN. — SUPERCONDUCTING NBTIN FILMS... ; UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO, 2 NATIONAL ASTRONOMICAL OBSERVATORY OF JAPAN. — CRYOGENIC LOW NOISE... THE READOUT SYSTEM OFSEVERAL DETECTORS FOR RADIO ASTRONOMY LIKE, HETERODYNE RECEIVERS FORHIGH...-01 FABRICATION OF NANO-ANTENNAS FOR SUPERCONDUCTING INFRARED DETECTOR A. KAWAKAMI, S. SAITO; NICT. — TO IMPROVE THE PERFORMANCE OF SUPERCONDUCTING INFRARED... ANTENNA CHARACTERISTICS USING FOURIER TRANSFORM INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY, WE FABRICATED 2-D-ARRAYS OF... RECEIVER FOR ASTRONOMY AT TERAHERTZ FREQUENCIES (GREAT), WHICH IS A FIRST LIGHT INSTRUMENT FOR THE AIRBORNE STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR INFRARED ASTRONOMY (SOFIA), AND THE FOCAL... RECEIVER ON THE BALLOON-BORNE STRATOSPHERIC TERAHERTZ OBSERVATORY (STO). WE MEASURE DEVICE... ZITEX 108 FILMS AS AN INFRARED FILTER. THESE RESULTS ARE PROSPECTIVE... SIS MIXER DEVELOPMENTS FOR SMA C. LI; INSTITUTE OF ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS, ACADEMIA... C. TONG, S. PAINE, A. HEDDEN, R. BLUNDELL; SMITHSONIAN OBSERVATORY. — FOURIER TRANSFORM BASED DIGITAL SPECTROMETERS... , W. LU , C. CHIU ; PURPLE 2 MOUNTAIN OBSERVATORY, INSTITUTE OF ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS. — TWIN SIS... THE TERAHERTZ (THZ) WAVEBAND FOR APPLICATIONS IN ASTRONOMY AND SO ON. SUPERCONDUCTING... OF THE LOCAL OSCILLATOR: FAR-INFRARED (FIR) LASER AND MULTIPLIER CHAIN... IN MANY APPLICATIONS SUCH AS ASTRONOMY, DIAGNOSTICS, BIOSENSING AND THZ SPECTROSCOPY... DETECTOR, A PAIR-BREAKING PHOTODETECTOR FOR FAR-INFRARED AND SUBMILLIMETER RADIATION. IN THIS... T. NOGUCHI, T. SUZUKI, T. TAMURA; NATIONAL ASTRONOMICAL OBSERVATORY OF JAPAN. — QUASIPARTICLE TUNNELING CURRENT... LOW DARK COUNT RATES FOR VISIBLE AND NEAR-INFRARED PHOTONS. WE STUDY... RESPONSE, HIGH QUANTUM EFFICIENCY IN INFRARED, AND EVEN PHOTON-NUMBER AND... ABSORPTION FROM VISIBLE TO MID INFRARED WAVELENGTHS, WITH VERY FAST THERMAL... TO BE USED FOR FAR-INFRARED AND SUB-MM ASTRONOMY. IN THIS STUDY.... — FUTURE GROUND AND SPACE-BASED ASTRONOMY MISSIONS IN THE MILLIMETER AND... , 2 2 3 1 K. MAKISE , Z. WANG , W. SHAN ; NATIONAL ASTRONOMICAL 2 OBSERVATORY OF JAPAN, NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF... AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY, 3 PURPLE MOUNTAIN OBSERVATORY. — WE HAVE DEVELOPED A DUAL POLARIZATION... DETECTS SPECTRAL EMISSION LINES OF STRATOSPHERIC TRACE GASES (LIKE CLO AND... LOW NOISE 1 THZ SIS MIXER FOR STRATOSPHERIC 1 1 2 OBSERVATORY A. KARPOV , D. MILLER , J. A. STERN , B. 2 2 1 1 BUMBLE , H. G. LEDUC... INVESTIGATIONS RECEIVER (CASIMIR), DESIGNED FOR THE STRATOSPHERIC OBSERVATORY FOR FAR INFRARED ASTRONOMY, (SOFIA). THE MIXER USES... THAT ARE BEING DEVELOPED FOR THE SPACE OBSERVATORY MILLIMETRON. THE MIXERS WERE..., Z. LIN, Y. REN, S. SHI; PURPLE MOUNTAIN OBSERVATORY. — THE HETERODYNE MIXING AND DIRECT... SUCH STRUCTURES USING A PICOSECONDS-INFRARED (IR) LASER FOR THE GROOVE ETCHING PROCESS... TECHNOLOGIES, PARTICULARLY AT SHORT-WAVE INFRARED WAVELENGTHS. IN THIS WORK, WE... SINGLE PHOTON DETECTORS IN THE INFRARED REGION. IF WE CAN REPLACE... NBN SUPERCONDUCTING SINGLE-PHOTON DETECTOR FOR MID-INFRARED G. GOLTSMAN, Y. KORNEEVA, I. FLORYA, M. ELEZOV... INFRARED BASED ON NANOWIRE NBN SUPERCONDUCTING SINGLE-PHOTON DETECTOR (SSPD). ALTHOUGH FOR... ITS FURTHER EXPANSION TO MID INFRARED WAS ESSENTIALLY HAMPERED BY A DRAMATICAL..., 2 TAIWAN., ACADEMIA SINICA INSTITUTE OF ASTRONOMY AND 3 ASTROPHYSICS (ASIAA), TAIPEI 10617... EFFICIENCY FOR A 9 ΜM × 9 ΜM, 600-NM PITCH SNSPD FOR THE TM-POLARIZATION AND 4% FOR THE... SENSITIVITY FROM VISIBLE TO MID INFRARED WAVELENGTHS, COMBINED WITH LOW DARK... PRACTICAL APPLICATION OF NANOCOMPOSITES FOR INSULATING MATERIALS FOR SUPERCONDUCTING TRANSFORMERS, NANO AND... ANNEALING [AO]. FOR EACH X, THE [AO] TREATMENT INCREASES Ε (FOR 0≤X≤1), TC (FOR X ≥ 0.45 AND BY 6 K TO 87 K 1 FOR X=1 [AO] ) AND... ALL T < TC AND FOR ANY APPLIED FIELD FOR X > 0.5. FOR EACH X AND HEAT TREATMENT...



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...-I) missions. Spacelab is a reusable science observatory and laboratory flown in the... Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) in Cambridge, MA, and at the Center for Earth... the Einstein (High Energy Astronomical Observatory-2) satellite were made available in... studies for the Space Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF), the fourth great observatory, continued... instruments for future space missions. Hubble Space Telescope. NASA’s first great observatory... Observatory. The second of NASA’s great observatories, the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory..., NASA anticipated that the Compton Observatory would provide scientists with a wealth... developed for launch in 1998 aboard the Space Shuttle. Space Infrared Telescope... Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF), will provide an enormous increase in capability for infrared astronomy, completing observatory coverage for the four major regions... electromagnetic spectrum. SIRTF, a cryogenically cooled observatory in high earth orbit, will...-sky survey in 1990. Stratospheric Obseruatory f o r Infrared Astronomy. The proposed Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) is a joint... space scientists. A 2.5-meter-class airborne observatory (Le.,2.5 meters in diameter) within... updating the Scientific Assessment of Stratospheric Or0 ne prepared under the... does the Arthur Holly Compton Observatory for astrophysics. global change. UARS, launched... to understand the depletion of stratospheric ozone, a component of the atmosphere....) Airborne Arctic Stratospheric Expedition II. The 1991-1992 Airlmrne Arctic Stratospheric Expedition... in early winter when polar stratospheric c h i c k are most likely t o form. The.../ ESA cooperative Solar Heliospheric Observatory mission scheduled for launch in July 1995... Space Infrared Telescope Facility, and other spacecraft. Phase B procurement for the Satellite... can be used for fiber sensing, communications, and infrared interferometry. To stimulate... Infrared Background Signature Survey (IBSS) and the Cryogenic Infrared Radiance Instrumentation for Shuttle... held steady for five seconds. During this flight the LEAP’s infrared sensor... a Television-and-Infrared-Operational-Satellite Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS) for profiling atmospheric...-and-Infrared-Spin-Scan-Radiometer Atmospheric Sounder (VAS) for visible and infrared imaging... infrared channels. Such estimates are useful in determining the time required for... latitude, was affected by the stratospheric aerosol particle layer generated by...-infrared scanner to collect data with high spatial resolution (approximately 3.5 meters) for... NASA Airborne Visible and Infrared Imaging Spectrometer data for lithologic mapping and... for deployment o n the Earth Observing System. The Airborne Visible and Infrared Imaging Spectrometer is already used to test numerous datavisualization techniques for... using microwave radar and infrared technology and preparations for flight testing of... year 2000 due to the stratospheric ozone depletion it helps to... Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) in Cambridge, MA, and at the Center for Earth... the database created by the Infrared Astronomy Satellite ( I U S ) extensively in this program... built at SA0 for applications in space tracking, radio astronomy, and global... Gamma Ray Observatory mission was the subject of live coverage for lift... the Gamma Ray Observatory, designed to detect gamma rays for clues to... Advanced Automation System Airborne Arctic Stratospheric Expedition Anti-Ballistic Missile Arinc... Motor Advanced Space Technology Program Astronomy Observatory GLOSSARY- Continued ATLAS ATMS AVHRK... Capital Investment Plan Cryogenic Infrared Radiance Instrumentation for Shuttle Cargo Interface Test... Group Infrared Infrared Astronomy Satellite Icing Research Tunnel Intelsat Solar Array Coupon Improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder International Organization for Standardization International... Acceleration Mapping System Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment Satellite... Sciences Laboratory SNOWpack TELemetry Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy Solar and Heliospheric Observatory A sudden, intense brightening... objects. Instruments include the ultraviolet astronomy observatory (ASTRO) and the Broad Band... successfully launch the Gamma Ray Observatory. Spacecraft: Shuttle orbiter carrying satellite... data May 1 for use in development of ballistic Infrared Background Signature Survey (IBSS) missile defense sensor systems for 31B... Array Etalon Spectrometer (CLAES), Improved Stratospheric and Mesospheric Sounder (ISAMS), Microwave... ROSAT CRRES Compton Gamma Ray Observatory Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite Launch...-56, 123-124 Airborne Arctic Stratospheric Expedition 11, 24 Ambler, 64... Business Innovation Research, 3 Smithsonian Astrophysics Observatory, 10, 14, 91, 136ff Smithsonian... Initiative, 76-78, 141-142 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, 14 Sun, 2, 10, 17, 18...



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..., Sodankyla Geophysical Observatory, Finland ASTRODYNAMICS Localized Density/Drag Prediction for Improved Onboard... Observatory Comparison of Neural Networks and Tabular Nearest Neighbor Encoding for Hyperspectral... Measurements from the Magdalena Ridge Observatory ...................................................................................................................23 Christian Alcala, Atmospheric and...-France-Hawaii Telescope Corp. ASTRONOMY Planning Ahead for Asteroid Hazard Mitigation, Phase... System..........................................29 Robert Jedicke, Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii Proper Motions... Observatory The Pan-STARRS Project: The Next Generation of Survey Astronomy Has Arrived ................................29 William Burgett, Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii A New Method for Collimating and Aligning... Telescope ................................................30 Nick Kaiser, Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii The Pan..., Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii SPACE-BASED ASSETS Applied Reachability for Space... OF TECHNICAL PAPERS 2009 INSTRUMENTATION Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA): Infrared Sensor Development and Science... Commissioning of the Magdalena Ridge Observatory Interferometer.................36 Charles Cormier, New..., Infrared Imaging of Satellites .......................................................................51 Kevin Jim, Oceanit Advanced Photosensors for Laser... OF TECHNICAL PAPERS 2009 Astronomy as a Tool for Training the Next Generation... Design of InAs/GaSb Superlattices for Infrared Focal-Plane Arrays ..........................................................63 Michael... Markkanen2, Holger Krag3 1 Sodankyla Geophysical Observatory, 2EISCAT Scientific Association, 3ESA We... ESA OGS telescope and Crimean observatory in Nauchny, while object tracking... the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO) 0.9-m for orbits and photometry. Our... at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO). We will present laboratory..., Michael E. DiVittorio1, James A. Benson1 1 U.S. Naval Observatory, Flagstaff Station, 2Naval Research Laboratory... earlier studies using the U.S. Naval Observatory, Flagstaff Station 40-inch Ritchey... Measurements from the Magdalena Ridge Observatory Christian Alcala1, James H. Brown2 1 Atmospheric...) collected at the Magdalena Ridge Observatory (MRO) using the Multi Lens... Institute of Technology, 3W. M. Keck Observatory We report closed-loop results... (NEAs) using the Magdalena Ridge Observatory s (MRO) 2.4-meter telescope, a program has... Wainscoat University of Hawaii, Institute for Astronomy We will present the first... Monet1, PS1 Team2 1 U. S. Naval Observatory, 2UH Institute for Astronomy Preliminary studies of the... Astronomy Has Arrived William Burgett, Nick Kaiser University of Hawaii, Institute for Astronomy The University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy is developing a large.... ASTRONOMY Page 29 ABSTRACTS OF TECHNICAL PAPERS 2009 A New Method for Collimating... Morgan University of Hawaii, Institute for Astronomy The Pan-STARRS PS1 telescope... Onaka University of Hawaii, Institute for Astronomy The Pan-STARRS1 gigapixel camera... and risks are for replication of this system. ASTRONOMY Page 30 ABSTRACTS OF TECHNICAL PAPERS 2009 Applied Reachability for Space... ABSTRACTS OF TECHNICAL PAPERS 2009 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA): Infrared Sensor Development and Science... Research Association The Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) is a unique airborne observatory designed to operate... infrared airborne telescope in a Boeing 747-SP is nearing readiness for for open..." observatory several times during the lifetime of the facility; Opportunity for continuous... Commissioning of the Magdalena Ridge Observatory Interferometer Charles Cormier1, Dr. Van... of Cambridge The Magdalena Ridge Observatory Interferometer (MROI) is the most... Group at the Mees Solar Observatory on Haleakala. The ATST used... smaller details. The Magdalena Ridge Observatory Interferometer (MROI) will be a 10... investigate performance for both the visible and long-wave infrared (LWIR) regions... the Astronomical Observatory of Cluj. A Lunar Laser Ranging Retroreflector for the 21st... Christou2 1 AFRL/RDSA, 2Gemini North Observatory From a continuing program to derive... Surveillance Network, for improving space situational awareness. Astronomy as a Tool for Training the... a fun, non-threatening environment for enhancing basic abilities. Astronomy is a universally appealing... to NM Tech’s Magdalena Ridge Observatory’s (MRO) 2.4-meter telescope to collect... as well as sensors for ground based Astronomy, reconnaissance and biology. These... at the South African Astronomical Observatory, South African Large Telescope (SALT.... Design of InAs/GaSb Superlattices for Infrared Focal-Plane Arrays Michael Tilton1...