Спутник технологический. Supernova-Beta. [Редактировать]

Supernova-Beta это пикоспутник который должен позволить компании Pumpkin Inc. протестировать свою новую платформу. В частнеости в компании намерены испытать: EPS, GPS, ADACS, CDH и сенсоры. Космический аппарат будет оснащен тремя коммуникационными системами, одна из которых будет только передавать данные с борта, а две другие будут выполнять роль трансиверов:

  • Tx - маяковое радио которое работает на частоте 435 MHz и передает со скоростью 1200 бит в секунду сигналы. Сенасы связи происходят каждые 30 секунд и доступны всем желающим.
  • Простой модем для работы с системой Globalstar.Используется для целей приема-передачи комманд.
  • S-диапазонный трансивер - работает в качестве системы приема-передачи информации на Землю.

Космический аппарат оснащен системами ориентации истабилизации, все антенные системы расположены на стороне обращенной к надир.

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип орбиты - НОО
2Страна оператор(владелец) - США
3Страна производитель - США
4Тип оператора(владельца) - коммерческий

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг6
2Платформа, 6U CubeSat1

Информация о неудачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Кауа (Гаваи)
2Дата пуска2015-11-04
3Полезная нагрузка 1xEDSN 1
4Полезная нагрузка 1xEDSN 2
5Полезная нагрузка 1xEDSN 3
6Полезная нагрузка 1xEDSN 4
7Полезная нагрузка 1xEDSN 5
8Полезная нагрузка 1xEDSN 6
9Полезная нагрузка 1xEDSN 7
10Полезная нагрузка 1xPrintSat
11Полезная нагрузка 1xArgus
12Полезная нагрузка 1xSTACEM
13Полезная нагрузка 1xSupernova-Beta
14Полезная нагрузка 1xEDSN 8
15Полезная нагрузка 1xHawaiiSat 1
16Ракета-носитель 1xSuper Strypi (Spark-30)

Найдено 212 документов по запросу «Supernova-Beta». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-01-30
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... Hadi Ali Akbarpour SUPERNOVA-Beta / InFocus TechSat I • Demonstration/Validation of SUPERNOVA design (Pumpkin..., community functions
 (Southern Stars) Objectives (SUPERNOVA-Beta) • Bus validation • (Multiple) payload integration... DoD RIF for Navy SPAWAR • SUPERNOVA is a mission-agnostic bus designed... missions using Pumpkin’s 3U bus. SUPERNOVA-Beta Features • Extremely rigid structure (6U... interface (USB, Ethernet, charging, etc.) SUPERNOVA-Beta Features (cont.) • C&DH: 1GHz Debian...+ available to payload(s) Beta – Before Environmental Test Attempted • SUPERNOVA-Beta was a pre-release... • Bake-Out • Full Version (1.0) of SUPERNOVA is now available Rapid Integration... are being planned using Pumpkin SUPERNOVA bus • InFocus and Transparent Sky...



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...  from  Corvus-­‐BC Brian  Cooper SUPERNOVA-­‐Beta  TechSat-­‐1Integrates  Two  Key  Imaging...



Дата загрузки: 2016-10-31
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... Purpose Inexpensive Satellite) ............................................. 187 4.29. SuperNova-Beta ....................................................................................................... 189 4.30. Tadbir («Мудрость», «Благоразумие...



Дата загрузки: 2016-11-03
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... (КНР) HIAKASat (США) PrintSat (США) Supernova Beta (США) Argus (США) STACEM (США...



Дата загрузки: 2016-11-04
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....000 436.360 9600bps GMSK f Supernova-Beta 1200bps AFSK Nayif-1 1200bps BPSK...



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... the Galaxy in Heavy Elements. i t B. Supernova Outbursts. C. SupelIlova Light Curves. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . D. Origin... density, probably just prior to a supernova times are functions of the... range from a few seconds if a supernova origin is assumed to ~10... in the hot envelope of a supernova following core collapse was proposed... helium reactions in supernova envelopes. Note that all beta-decay are quite... discussion of the r process in supernova envelopes we put the neutron...' sec might be produced in supernova 10' degrees. We assume envelopes... and cooling time for the supernova envelope. From the correspondence of... Cf2'4 was produced in the supernova explosion along with the other... radioactive energy input into the supernova debris for the order of... input curve expected for a Type I supernova. In the Bikini debris the... as might take place in a supernova outburst, which would have produced... to facilitate comparison with actual supernova light curves which are shown... of energy curve expected for a supernova in which the neutron Aux... Fe" could explain an observed supernova light curve are discussed in... a supernova explosion. In each masschain there will be very rapid beta decays... in the envelope of the supernova. (3) Abundance of Fission Fragments Produced... neutron-induced fission during the supernova explosion will occur at A 260... in a single r-process event (e.g. , one supernova) at one moment of time... isotopes were produced in a single supernova, this is its date. For... will remain constant due to supernova activity, in spite of the..., BURB I DGE, FOWLER, AND HOYLE Supernova in EC 4182 Crab Nebula... the He line. Right: The supernova in IC 4182, photographed (a) September... reached in the envelope of a supernova of Type II. Alternatively they... of protons, Q~ is the of a supernova outburst has been estimated to... energy which are released in supernova outbursts. Thus the energetic conditions... r process and the p process, while a supernova outburst may mell follow the..., in the early stages of a supernova outburst, after these other processes... ' from Table II, 1. Thus, the supernova shell must have mixed with... whole of the hydrogen in a supernova shell to deuterium, then this... appear probable, however, that a single supernova could account both for the... elements in the solar system. A supernova origin for the x-process elements.... The average mass emission per supernova is not easy to estimate... required to give the observed supernova light curves (see Sec. XII... latter case, their ages of a supernova is associated with such breakdown... the oldest star X,C, if one supernova converted one solar mass of... the resolution of this dilemma. B. Supernova Outbursts In the following discussion... that triggers the outburst of a supernova. Before considering the consequences of... during the explosion of supernovae. C. Supernova Light Curves The left-hand... Crab Nebula, the remnant of a supernova which exploded in 1054 A. D. The... the supernova of 1937. The first exposure (20 min) shows the supernova... with estimated points for the supernova of 1054 (the Crab Nebula.... The absolute magnitude of this supernova at maximum has been BURB.... The three points for the supernova of 1054 are uncertain, being... in the shell of the supernova vrill distort the relation bctvreen... from three diGerent directions: (i) The supernova or the supernovae which synthesized... ¹bula, the only remnant of a supernova vrhich has been studied in... nsMo is ejected in a particular supernova outburst and that, a fraction of... in its evolution to the supernova stage, while g is determined by... the absolute magnitude of the supernova at maximum and v days is... and observed mass of this supernova shell of a factor of ~5. This... absolute magnitude of the Crab supernova at maximum. Baade (Ba57a) has... using the observation that the supernova ceased to be visible in... roughly proportional luminosity of the supernova. It is of some interest... Cf'~, and also since some supernova light curves have half-lives... to heavy elements in the supernova, explosion. Such a condition does not... a good experimental test of this supernova theory. In the same way... material was built in a single supernova outburst. D. Origin of the r-Process... the conditions obtaining in a single supernova vrere responsible for their synthesis... is present. Inside this cloud a supernova outburst takes place. About 10... first by expansion of the- supernova shell into the surrounding medium... following way. The volume of a supernova shell (the Crab Nebula) is... the time at vrhich the supernova outburst occurred and the epoch... of vievr, therefore, that a single supernova has been responsible for all... 10' and 10"degrees when supernova explosions occur. The central density... and on further studies of supernova light curves, but that a stellar... the events leading up to a supernova outburst, vre have no detailed... explain the principal features of supernova spectra. Further, we do not... present time (Table XI,3). In supernova remnants, such as the Crab... not appreciably changed by the supernova explosion but the ratio to...



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... tired light? Surface brightness test ✷ Supernova decline slowdown 57 1.8 Ages 59... to the ring around the supernova SN1987A, observed in 1987 in..., Astrophys. J. 132, 565 (1960). Calling a supernova Type I simply means that hydrogen... at which the Type Ia supernova could be found. For reviews... and decline time of the supernova light: the slower the decline... to calibrate the relation between supernova absolute luminosity and decline time... a sufficient theoretical understanding of supernova explosions, it might be possible... distance indicators to calibrate the supernova absolute luminosities, but the agreement... described in Section 1.3, a Type Ia supernova typically occurs when a white dwarf... two groups: The Supernova Cosmology Project4 and the High-z Supernova Search Team... large redshift: Accelerated expansion The Supernova Cosmology Project analyzed the relation... of closer supernovae from another supernova survey, at redshifts below 0.1. Their... calibration of the relation between supernova absolute luminosity and time scale... Effective mB 20 18 Flat Supernova Cosmology Project 22 yr . Λ=0 +1.3 × 109..., found in 1998 by the Supernova Cosmology Project, from S. Perlmutter et... absolute magnitude, as indicated by supernova light curves) are plotted versus... Ia supernovae observed by the Supernova Cosmology Project, along with 18... universe is accelerating. The High-z Supernova Search Team originally studied 16... to 0.97), including 2 from the Supernova Cosmology Project, together with 34... in 1998 by the High-z Supernova Search Team, from A. G. Riess et... the Supernova Cosmology Project,7 including a = 0.75+0.06 new set of supernova, found... 0.8 M − 0.6 by the Supernova Cosmolnation of or 1.4 M − by the High-z Supernova Search ogy... measurements of q0 . The High-z Supernova Search Team subsequently began to.... M + > M The crucial feature of the supernova data that indicates that is... K = 0.7, M = 0.3, Both the Supernova Cosmology Project and the High-z Supernova Search Team found... greatest yet found for any supernova, and then by the discovery... by a new team, the Higher-z Supernova Team,13 of 16 new... absolute luminosity of a Type Ia supernova is affected by the chemical..., and P. Nugent, contribution to the Supernova Acceleration Probe Yellow Book (Snowmass... two progenitor stars of the supernova, which is in turn affected... account of the correlation of supernova absolute luminosity with decay time... impact the observed relation between supernova apparent luminosities and redshifts: 1. The... on the implications of the supernova observations is expected to be... of the most distant observed supernova, SN1997ff, may be enhanced by... the magnification of this supernova due to gravitational lensing is... small. Members of the High-z Supernova project have reported that instead... negative (as indicated by the supernova observations) the energy density of... dark energy, a five year supernova survey, the Supernova Legacy Survey,32 was...(stat) ± 0.032(sys). Combining this supernova data with data from the... Type Ia supernovae from another supernova survey, ESSENCE.33 (The acronym... with the results of the Supernova Legacy Survey, the ESSENCE group... Ia supernovae used by the Supernova Cosmology Project discussed in the..., L21 (1996); G. Goldhaber et al. (Supernova Cosmology Project), Astrophys. J. 558, 359... as iron in core-collapse supernova explosions, after which the neutron... in this way undergo multiple beta decays, transforming them to the... have sample values suggested by supernova observations and cosmologi= 0.74, cal... anomalies in the low-energy beta decay of tritium, their common... the observation of neutrinoless double beta decay in a Heidelberg–Moscow experiment... to confirm the double beta decay results, and for the... neutrino degeneracy.7 Experiments on the beta decay of tritium, 3 H → 3 He + e− + ν¯ e show... by the process of neutron beta decay. It was then pointed... the axial vector coupling of beta decay, measured from the rate... from the rate of O14 beta decay and other 0+ → 0+ transitions. 161... axial vector coupling constant of beta decay in Eq. (3.2.6), instead of... and H3 (which would later beta decay to He3 ), followed finally... GeV, while observations of the supernova SN1987A indicate33 that M > 1010 GeV... 1.6 and 1.8, the observed Type Ia supernova redshift– distance relation and measurements... and measurements of Type Ia supernova redshift and luminosities, has +0.16..., 409, 476, 537–539 ESSENCE supernova survey 55 E type polarization de... 108 High-z Supernova Search Team 46–50, 53 Higher-z Supernova Search Team... clusters 15 statistical parallax 16 supernova expansion 16–17 Newtonian cosmology..., SN 1997ff, type 1a supernovae Supernova Legacy Survey 55 supersymmetry 191... snap 33 SN 1987 supernova 17 SN 1997ff supernova 51, 53 sound...–Zel’dovich effect 132–135 Supernova Cosmology Project 46–50, 59...



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... of Planetary Nebulae Posters 140 – Supernova, SNe Remnants and Planetary Nebulae...-density nuclear burning during the supernova explosion. Finally, I have compared synthe... that do not match known supernova classes. These SLSNe represent a challenge... supernovae (SNe), the Lick Observatory Supernova Search discovered that more massive... neutrino emission from core-collapse supernova simula ons and describe what... We inves gate core-collapse supernova (CCSN) nucleosynthesis with axisymmetric simula... of Technology, 2. Vanderbilt University 140 – Supernova, SNe Remnants and Planetary Nebulae... Chandra data of several bright supernova remnants (SNRs) DEML71, N132D, E0102... of Galac c and Magellanic Clouds supernova remnants, par cularly young remnants... Observatory Global Telescope Network (LCOGT) Supernova Key Project. LCOGT is a network... and spectroscopic capabili es. The supernova key project is a 3 year program... Photometric classifica on of supernova cosmology samples currently depends on... in future photometrically-classified supernova cosmology samples. Author(s): Daniel Zimmerman2... 140.13 – Building a Type Ia Supernova Model with SNfactory Spectrophotometric Time... series model built using Nearby Supernova Factory (SNfactory) data. The spectrophotometric... standardiza on of Type Ia supernova magnitudes: spectrophotometric observa ons are... Op cal Remnant from Tycho’s Supernova Tycho’s supernova remnant (SNR) is the... Through Spectral Radio Breaks In Supernova Remnants Supernova remnants (SNRs) have long... to the supernova remnant, which was caused by a Type Ia supernova with...'s Supernova Remnant We have obtained new HST/WFC3 images of Kepler's supernova... A Supernova Remnant We present HST WFC3/IR images of the Cassiopeia A supernova... supernovae from SNfactory The Nearby Supernova Factory (Aldering, et al. 2002... in Tycho's Supernova Remnant are Energy Dependent Several young supernova remnants exhibit... measured rim widths around Tycho's supernova remnant in 5 energy bands using... beEer constrain diffusion at supernova remnant shocks. Author(s): Aaron Tran1... Texas at Arlington 140.29 – Supernova Emulators: Connec ng Massively Parallel... of nucleosynthesis in mul -dimensional supernova simula ons We present a case...” of material observed in young supernova remnants. Author(s): Jack Sexton1, Patrick... Deep WIYN Images 96 Studying supernova remnants (SNRs) in external galaxies... Young Supernova Remnant in M83 As part of a spectroscopic survey of supernova... decades post-supernova, which raises the possibility that the supernova that created... spectrum makes a type II supernova likely. The supernova must predate the 1983... Ia Supernova Host Galaxies and Luminosity Calibra on 98 Type Ia supernova... – The Rediscovery of the Antlia Supernova Remnant While undertaking a survey of..., we have rediscovered the Antlia Supernova remnant, a 26 degree diameter remmant... Fall and Rise of X-ray Supernova 2005kd Supernova (SN) 2005kd belongs to... increased star forma on and supernova rates). Author(s): Adam M. Ritchey2, Daniel... are associated with known H I shells, supernova remnants, or stellar bow shocks....04 – Magne c Field Seeding through Supernova Feedback Stellar feedback occurring at... supernova injec ons, calibrated by observa ons of magne c fields in supernova... such as pulsar wind nebulae, supernova remnants, and the central supermassive... of the supernova explosion, and the transi on from supernova to supernova remnant... Balmer-dominated Supernova Remnants in the Large Magellanic Cloud Supernova remnants in..., integrated colors and luminosi es, supernova progenitor masses, and energy input... California, San Diego 231.02 – Supernova Feedback and Mul phase Interstellar... our universe. The nature of supernova (SN) feedback remains, however, highly... post-explosion phases of the supernova. Author(s): Robert C. Mitchell1, Brian Didier1... team(s): Nearby Supernova Factory 255.12 – The Union3 Supernova Ia Compila on... State University Contribu ng team(s): Supernova Cosmology Project 255.13 – Tes... Telescope, the Supernova Cosmology Project is performing a type Ia supernova search in... period before its companion went supernova. We measure a rela vis c advance... black holes, neutron stars, and supernova remnants. I will describe the mission... SoN Gamma-ray Detector (SGD). Supernova remnants (SNRs) are a prime science... of the ejecta to understand supernova explosion mechanisms, and (3) revealing the... thermal X-ray emission from their supernova shells, ASTRO-H will shed light... famous and well-described Beta Pictoris system. Like Beta Pictoris, these systems...ffusive shock accelerated sites in supernova remnants. To facilitate solar observa... analysis of supernovae from the Supernova Legacy Survey (SNLS). This corresponds... has recently interacted with the supernova reverse shock, providing a rare example... least par ally neutral gas. Supernova remnants, especially in the immediate... an important tool to understanding supernova explosions and their aNermath. I present... perform hydrodynamic simula on of a supernova interac ng with a shell consis...



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Supernova physics with a low-energy beta-beam   Department of Subatomic and ...: Gail_McLaughlin@ncsu.edu Core-collapse supernova neutrino-spectra are of interest... type of neutrino beam, the beta-beam, is now under discussion... the same as that of supernova neutrinos. We present a theoretical discussion...-energy beta-beams for improving our interpretation of a future galactic supernova signal... linear combinations of beta-beam spectra, to the original supernova-neutrino spectra...)121 Natalie Jachowicz † Supernova physics with a low-energy beta-beam Natalie Jachowicz... 1: Power-law parametrization of the supernova-neutrino spectrum for different values... us fro the center of a supernova. Terrestrial neutrino telescopes, such as.... But the information about the supernova that a neutrino detector can supply... the uncertainties in theoretical calculations. Beta beams, which are neutrino beams produced by the beta decay of nuclei that have... angle θ 13 [3]. Volpe [4, 5, 6] suggested that a beta beam run at lower gamma... MeV range. The development of a beta-beam facility is currently being... the interest of a low-energy beta-beam measurement for important issues... of the synthetic responses Traditionally, supernova-neutrino energy-distributions were parametrized... that an accurate description of a supernova-neutrino spectrum are provided by...(NIC-IX)121 −−−− α=2.0 − − − α=3.0 ......... α=4.0 α=3.0 Supernova physics with a low-energy beta-beam Natalie Jachowicz... energy εν (MeV) 80 100 Figure 2: Beta-beam spectra stemming from 18... higher energy values than the supernova-neutrino energy-spectrum does. Typically... distributions and compares them to beta-beam spectra at low gammas. The precise shape of the beta-beam spectra depends on the... is remarkably similar to the supernova-neutrino energy distribution. Both classes...-energy beta-beam spectra covers the energy region of interest for supernova neutrinos. We exploit the flexibility offered by beta-beam facilities to construct linear combinations of beta-beam... best fit to the original supernova-spectrum is then obtained by... εi ✞ ✂ ✂ ✖ ✂ ✂ (2.3) ✂ where the similarities between beta-beam and supernova-neutrino spectra assure that.... The information brought along by supernova neutrinos is encoded in the...-IX)121 γ=15 Supernova physics with a low-energy beta-beam Natalie Jachowicz... Pb, folded with a power-law supernova-neutrino spectrum (full line) and... differential cross setion folded with a supernova spectrum and with synthetic spectra... predict the supernova-neutrino signal using the results of the beta-beam... calculation. For each gamma the beta-beam response can be determined... a terrestrial detector to an incoming supernova-neutrino signal. neutrino signal in... folded with the power-law supernova-neutrino spectrum and those folded... resonances very accurately. 3. Reconstructing the supernova-neutrino spectra The method can... incoming supernova-neutrino spectrum. Given a supernova-neutrino signal and a set of beta-beam response data, fitting the supernova response in the detector to linear combinations of beta-beam... supernova data. Taking the actual linear combination then reveals the original supernova... 0.0001 <εν>= 22 MeV, α=3.0 Supernova physics with a low-energy beta-beam width α 5 Natalie... in a supernova-neutrino detector using data from low-energy beta-beams. We... by taking linear combinations of beta-beam spectra, to the original... the main parameters of the supernova-neutrino energy-distribution. References [1] C.J. Clarence..., (2004) 045804. [7] http://beta-beam.web.cern.ch/beta-beam [8] M. Keil, G.G. Raffelt...



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... with neutrino detectors. Solar, atmospheric, supernova, terrestrial and reactor neutrinos are... NuTeV Energy in GeV 1.3. Future? supernova solar Figure 1.1: Regions explored using... the next core-collapse galactic supernova explosion allowing to study astrophysics... of fissioned heavy radioactive nuclei. Supernova neutrinos are produced mostly thermally... a pulsed neutrino beam or a short supernova neutrino burst. Neutrinos with different... this phenomenon is hardly relevant. A supernova could emit a pulse of neutrinos... the core of a type II supernova. The density profiles of the... order to study solar and supernova neutrinos it useful to develop... necessary in the case of supernova neutrinos, if θ13 ∼ few degrees... to (3.25)). The profile of a supernova is maybe well approximated by... background; when it not known (e.g. a supernova) measuring the direction of the... high threshold for reactor and supernova antineutrinos. 4.2.2 Neutrino/nucleon scattering at... far νe supernova events have not yet been observed, and inverse beta decay... give sub-MeV events with supernova neutrinos). (5) A last important reaction is... of solar neutrinos, atmospheric neutrinos supernova neutrinos and to search for..., that study e.g. νN interactions relevant for supernova physics. Furthermore, β-beam techniques also... hierarchy. 8.2 Astrophysics Time delays between supernova neutrinos allows to constrain neutrino... the next gravitational collapse of a supernova, the general strategy will consist... supernova neutrinos, (2) the 1 ÷ 100 TeV neutrinos from galactic sources, like young supernova....1, postponing an extensive discussion of supernova neutrinos to section 11.2. We... from core collapse supernovæ and supernova remnants. We hope that it... method used for low-energy supernova neutrinos is the self-trigger... identify the direction of the supernova). Neutrinos can be used to... γ radiation from core collapse of a supernova is not directly related to... the young supernovae or young supernova remnants and other objects as... the kinetic energy stored in supernova remnants is likely to be... the production of τ leptons [116]. Supernova neutrinos (observed in one occasion... blessed by the next galactic supernova and other detectors like Borexino... observe relic ν¯e emitted by past supernova collapses [117]. 11.2 Core collapse... is the explosion of a galactic supernova, for the simple fact that... that the chances of getting a supernova where matter is more abundant... of the precursor of the supernova (‘pre-supernova’ star). This requires a good... ‘atmospheric’ resonance). For orientation, a pre-supernova mantle density ρ ∼ 4 · 104 (r0 /r)3 g/cm3... of key importance to understand supernova explosion. However, the main part... and cooler part of the supernova, named ‘neutrinosphere’, escape cooling the... specifically consider the case of supernova neutrinos, but our considerations have... general validity. 11.3.1 Oscillation of supernova neutrinos Oscillations in the star... effective hamiltonian is in 1/m. The supernova density ρ and the electron fraction... be taken from some pre-supernova 11.3. Effects of neutrino oscillations.... More quantitatively, assuming a typical pre-supernova profile ρ ∼ 2 104 (104 km/r)3 g/cm3... neutrinos, that have Eν < 20 MeV. Supernova neutrinos are expected to reach... from SN1987A. Targets of future supernova observations are discussed in section... neutrinos from shell-type, galactic supernova remnants. 11.4.1 SN1987A Galactic neutrino....4.2 Future observations of supernova neutrinos The galactic supernova rate is at best... neutrinos emitted at the next supernova explosions, we will probably learn... accurate theory of supernova explosions. Surely, the next supernova neutrino burst will... ν¯e during accretion). 11.4.3 Remarks on supernova remnants as neutrino sources As... an uncharted territory. We discuss supernova remnants (SNR) as sources of.... Roughly the same happens to supernova ν¯e . On the contrary, solar νe encounter... the total rate. 13.2.5 Supernovæ Supernova neutrinos will be good probes... base-line than solar νe . Consequently supernova ν¯e are more 2 −18 sensitive than...−4 s/ eV, supernova: 10 kpc/10 MeV ∼ 105 s/ eV. Present supernova data are... effects could be seen. 13.6.2 Supernova signals of extra-dimensional neutrinos... can carry away from the supernova too much energy in invisible... of a standard neutrino in the supernova core, in terms of the... potential A ∼ 10 eV in the supernova core, MSW resonant oscillations will... NRO Non Renormalizable Operator. SNR SuperNova Remnant. NS Neutron Star. SSM... anomaly excluded by data. SN Supernova. ˇ Water Cerenkov: ˇ WC experimental technique.... [70] Time delay between massive supernova neutrinos. For a review see e.g. G.G. Raffelt... interpretations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 11.1 Neutrinos from a supernova . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142 11.2 Signals of oscillations....3 11.4 Luminosity of νe from supernova Fluence of supernova neutrinos . Neutrinos from DM...