Спутник ФКИ. Surface Water and Ocean Topography. [Редактировать]

Спутник фундаментальных космических исследований. Предназначен для решения задач: гидрологии, океанографии. По своей сути является спутником дистанционного зондирования Земли в высоком разрешении. Должен предоставить информацию о перемещении больших водных объемов по океану и рекам. Запуск аппарата планируется в 2020 году. Предварительно в качестве средства выведения выбрана ракета-носитель Фалькон 9. На аппарате планируется установить две антены Ka диапазона размером по 5 метров каждая. Антены будут расположены на штангах длиной 5 метров. Таким образом, аппарат сможет работать как интерферометр. Помимио этого на него будет установлены радиометр и GPS приемник. НАСА финансирует около двух третей от потребного объема ассигнований (затраты на интерферометр). Доля Франции в финансировании состаляет $300 млн (на высотометр, платформу и сборку аппарата). Великобритания планирует потратить 9 млн евро (затраты на часть оборудования радара).

 

 

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1SWOTНайтиНайти

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12015-01-07. Космическое агенство Франции подписало первый из планируемых трех контрактов на создание космического аппарата SWOT. Данный контракт заключен с Thales Alenia Space of France и содержит работы по платформе и интеграции оборудования.Тэги: Surface Water and Ocean Topography
22015-09-30. Thales Alenia Space получила заказ на поставку радарного альтиметра.
Thales Alenia Space подписала контракт с космическим агентством Франции на разработку и поставку радарного альтиметра Посейдон-3С. В качестве космического аппарата, на который будет установлен прибор обозначен космический аппарат SWOT (Surface Water and Ocean Topography).
При этом, компания поставит агентству не только надирный высотометр, но и осуществит разработку и поставку принципиально нового широкозахватного радара Ка-диапазона. В целом данный контракт является развитием научно-технического задела который был получен в ходе работ над космическим аппаратом Jason-3 (на него был установлен Посейдон 3Б). Рабочие частоты нового прибора будут составлять 13.6 и 5.3 ГГц. Тэги: Thales Alenia SpaceJason 3Surface Water and Ocean TopographyКосмическое агентство Франции
32016-11-23. Компания SpaceX выиграла контракт НАСА.
Космическое агентство США выбрало компанию SpaceX в качестве поставщика услуг по запуску космического аппарата Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT). Сроком запуска объявлен 2021 год. Стоимость запуска объявлена в размере 112 млн. долл. В рамках контракта оператор окажет следующие услуги:
1. Осуществит адаптацию РН к ПН.
2. Обеспечит поступление телеметрии в процессе выведения.
3. Обеспечит производство и запуск РН.
Местом запуска выбрана пусковая база ВВС США Ванденберг.Тэги: Фалькон 9 (вер 1.2)SpaceXКосмическое агентство СШАSurface Water and Ocean Topography
42017-01-17. Космическое агентство Канады заключило новый контракт.
Космическое агентство Канады объявило о заключении 3.8 млн. долл. контракта с Communications & Power Industries Canada (CPI) на разработку компонентов для миссии Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT). Целевой задачей разрабатываемого в рамках проекта КА будет являться съемка около 90 процентов поверхности океанов, морей,рек и озер. Полученные в ходе эксплуатации КА данные планируется использовать для построения моделей круговорота воды и прогноза погоды. Запуск аппарата планируется в апреле 2021 года. Тэги: Surface Water and Ocean TopographyКосмическое агентство КанадыCommunications and Power Industries

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг2000
2Мощность, Вт2000

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата (пуска)октябрь 2020

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (работ по платформе аппарата и интеграции на нее оборудования), млн. долл.2015-01-0794
2Стоимость (интерферометра), млн. долл.2015-01-07300
3Заказчик Космическое агентство США
4Заказчик Космическое агентство Франции
5Производитель (платформы и интеграции оборудования)Thales Alenia Space
6Прогнозируемая стоимость (предварительная, проекта), млн. долл.642 – 742
7Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2015-01-071100
8Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2015-03-24647 – 757
9Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2016-02-01647 – 757

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Surface Water and Ocean Topography». [Перейти к поиску]


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... and Satellite Altimeter Data ............................................................................................... 75 Airborne Lidar in Support of Ocean Topography Missions and Science .......................................................................... 75 30 Years of Altimeter Instruments Development and... Proposed Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) Mission ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 95 SRAL Latest Results on EM and PFM... Calibration and Tectonics Inference Oceanographic Network (ACTION) for SWOT ..................................... 99 The Surface Water / Ocean Topography Mission (1): Science Processing and Data Products .................................... 99 The... Dynamic Topography in Inverse Ocean Models ...................................................................121 Sea Level Anomaly and Dynamic Ocean Topography Analytical... SWOT (Surface Water and Ocean Topography) which brings a wide swath altimeter for measuring water surface elevations. The... has been made on the Surface Water and Ocean Topography mission since the 15yr meeting... altimetry mission SWOT (Surface Water and Ocean Topography) that will measure 2D water levels over a 120km... Inferred from Remote Sensing Data Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission, to be launched... the need and the potential use of the future SWOT (Surface Water and Ocean Topography) satellite... the dynamic ocean topography (DOT) by subtracting the geoid from sea surface heights...'s 88°. A new satellite mission called Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) has been developed jointly... of the elevation of surface water on land and the ocean's surface topography. The new measurements... requirement and 500 m goal of the Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission, the surface wave field... international project teams and the science community. The Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission represents... Radar Interferometer for the Proposed Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) Mission Le Roy, Yves1... to small scales. The proposed Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission would be a partnership... Calibration and Tectonics Inference Oceanographic Network (ACTION) for SWOT The Surface Water / Ocean Topography Mission (1): Science Processing and Data Products Pavlis, Erricos... OSTM/Jason-2 tracks 18, The Surface Water / Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission, a proposed partnership between... Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) is a planned satellite mission to study the world's oceans and... hydrosystem to manage the The Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission is a swath mapping... as SWOT (Surface Water and Ocean Topography) would give spatially distributed information on water elevations with...) and periodic in time (revisiting ~week at mid-latitude). The future Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) satellite mission, jointly developed by NASA and CNES...; 3California I, UNITED STATES The planned Surface Water Ocean Topography (SWOT) † satellite mission, which is.... The future Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) satellite mission will deliver maps of water surface elevation... Los Angeles, UNITED STATES The Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission will provide an... reduce errors in estimated surface area and volume. The Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) Mission is a satellite mission under joint development by NASA and... Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission are tasked with identifying and organizing the applications communities and... with ARGOS and AltiKa) mission of ISRO-CNES and proposed SWOT (Surface Water and Ocean Topography) mission.... In the next decade the Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission based on swath... from Gravity Recovery And Climate Experiment (GRACE) estimates. The Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) satellite is a swath-mapping radar interferometer that will provide water... Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission will provide map of water elevations over all continental water... the planned launch of the Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) wide-swath altimetry mission..., Gravity, Bathymetry, and Mean Sea Surface Sea Level Anomaly and Dynamic Ocean Topography Analytical Covariance... ocean topography from altimetric measurements and satellite only gravity models that combine GRACE and... result is a dynamical ocean topography consistent with ocean dynamics and close to observations. Large... altimetry, i.e., NASA’s/CNES’ Surface Water and Ocean Topography, for improved tsunami observations and research. Challenges in...



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Ocean Surface Topography Science Team Meeting Steigenberger Inselhotel, Lake Constance, Germany The yearly Ocean Surface Topography...) 11:30 - 11:45 : Seafloor Topography and Ocean Tides from Satellite Altimetry, Edward... dynamic ocean topography derived from a synthesis of satellite altimeter, gravity, and scatterometer data and...-variable dynamic ocean topography by surface currents observed by ARGO floats and surface drifters, Wolfgang... type: Keynote/invited Abstract: The Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) Mission has entered Phase... wide, allowing the observation of ocean topography down to 15 km wavelength... is used to determine the ocean topography. This Ka band altimeter is... these crucial questions by combining surface water extent from a multi-satellite-technique... (ENVISAT) of large surface water bodies to estimate surface freshwater storage (SWS) variations... first time, monthly variations of surface water volume will be presented over...-2, providing long-term and reliable measurements of the ocean surface topography. The main instrument... Ka band altimetry and for non ocean surfaces (coastal, inland water and ice). Corresponding... holdings relevant to Ocean Surface Topography include sea surface height and significant wave height from..., and long-term data stewardship for the Jason-2/Ocean Surface Topography Mission (OSTM) and future satellites in the Jason series including Jason-3 and... marine geophysics and ocean bottom topography from altimetry to school kids and the general...@cls.fr 90/313 Seafloor Topography and Ocean Tides from Satellite Altimetry Edward... with respect to ocean surface: wave and ocean tides are generally low, and to summarize... and dual frequency radiometer on board have been collecting high quality ocean topography... dynamic ocean topography derived from a synthesis of satellite altimeter, gravity, and scatterometer data and... and Mean Dynamic Topography Presentation type: Oral Abstract: The new mean dynamic ocean topography... is used to determine the ocean topography. This Ka band altimeter is... radar altimetry measurements of lake and reservoir surface water level complement in situ... channels and wetland zones. With several decades of surface water level estimates, seasonal and..., dedicated to accurate measurement of ocean surface topography and flies the same orbit as... of statistics and resolving power. The wavenumber spectra of the ocean topography measured at 20 Hz and 80 Hz will... water and presents recent validation results with Cryosat-2 SAR over the open ocean and... and land surface altimetry products, land and ocean colour products, sea and land surface temperature products, and.... It will follow ocean surface topography reference missions since 1992 and provide improved geophysical... the validation of the future Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission. Corresponding author: Carolyn... for emerging research domains (coastal ocean, continental surface water monitoring, cryosphere, ...). The CTOH... missions and where the mission generated data can be obtained. Since ocean surface topography... Sea Surface Heights (SSH), Sea Level Anomalies (SLA), Instantaneous Dynamic Ocean Topography Profiles (iDOT), Empirical Ocean Tide Model Corrections (EOT), and Vertical Total... Abstract: A cornerstone element of NASA's Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) Mission Education Program will... students to measure attributes of surface water bodies that will support mission...-Time (NRT) Ocean Surface Topography products, and their incorporation into meteorology and oceanography forecast systems... interagency Jason-2/Ocean Surface Topography Mission (OSTM) measures sea surface height, wind speed, and significant..., and O1) caused by ENSO-related modulations in sea surface height (SSH) and ocean... dynamic surface topography and ocean velocities over the broad shelf next to Argentina, Uruguay and... products include ocean wind vectors, swell, and some estimate of ocean surface topography. Proposed as... of the dynamic ocean topography. In this study two dynamic ocean topographies are... as the dynamic ocean topography, with a magnitude of 15 cm and significant structure... evidence that high-resolution dynamic ocean topography products can be used to... ocean surface currents directly through remote sensing. A reliable estimation of the ocean Dynamic Topography...-variable dynamic ocean topography by surface currents observed by ARGO floats and surface drifters Wolfgang... field by GRACE and GOCE a space-based dynamic ocean topography can be derived... a consistent filtering and provides estimates of the instantaneous dynamic ocean topography (iDOT) along... ocean topography. In the present study we validate the time-variable dynamic ocean topography... a smoothed snapshot of the dynamic ocean topography the consistency with the in... a suite of advanced surface topography data products over ocean and sea sea-ice. In...



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...: Floods and Droughts Conjunctive Use of Surface Water and Groundwater The Food-Water-Energy Nexus Green Growth and the..., vegetation and land use and land cover, groundwater, surface water, snow and ice cover, and water quality... and droughts), complex issues related to the conjunctive use of surface water and groundwater, food and energy dynamics, growth and environmental problems... and vegetation cover, groundwater, level and extent of surface water,2 snow cover, and optical water quality... floods and droughts; the management of the conjunctive use of surface water and groundwater; the complex links between water, energy, and food production... water and groundwater), evapotranspiration (ET), normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), surface water elevation, and some water... as deforestation and farming can severely affect the quality of surface water and groundwater. While the disruption of vegetation cover and soil... USE OF SURFACE WATER AND GROUNDWATER The adoption of pumps and rural electrification in... issue regarding the management of surface water and groundwater, which has not yet... managing the conjunctive use of surface water and groundwater—is still seeking ways... of surface water and groundwater provides an opportunity to handle variable surface flows and work... manage and regulate those interactions. The observed management disconnect between surface water and groundwater... of the conjunctive use of surface water and groundwater has yet to be..., and A. Dinar. 2006. “Conjunctive Use of Groundwater and Surface Water.” Agricultural and Rural Development Notes, Water... and management. Comprehensive planning of water systems requires the ability to estimate surface water and..., changes in available surface water and groundwater, water storage, aquifer recharge, and inundation. These data... human extraction and use. Water allocation, water permits, and water use— related to both surface water and groundwater—should be based on an understanding of regional water... use, and land cover; groundwater; surface water; snow and ice; and water quality. EO-RELATED WATER RESOURCES... = surface water; V&LC = vegetation and land cover; WQ = water quality. assumptions about natural water systems, water.... Surface Water Definition Because of its particular relevance for water assessment and water cycle studies, surface water... Jason (1 and 2), TOPEX (Ocean Topography Experiment)/Poseidon, and ERS-2 satellites. The Ice, Clouds, and Elevation... promising future development is the Surface Water and Ocean Topography Mission, which is scheduled for... water as surface water and within vegetation, thus making it possible to detect dry and.... Rodríguez, E., and D. Estéban-Fernández. 2010. “The Surface Water and Ocean Topography Mission (SWOT): The Ka-Band Radar Interferometer (KaRIn) for Water Level... moisture, snow cover and snow water equivalent, surface water levels and streamflows, and streamflow outputs from... much water is taken from surface water and groundwater. Additional questions include how much water... about snow water equivalent and snow depth, and 15 articles about surface water levels and streamflows... (Alsdorf and Lettenmaier 2003). The Ocean Topography Experiment (TOPEX)/Poseidon mission and the Japanese... surface water and streamflow are as follows: • The uncertainty in satellite estimates of water surface... moisture, vegetation and vegetation cover, groundwater, surface water, snow and ice, and water quality. An understanding... of surface water and flood water in several formats (figure B.1).   205 Figure B.1  Map Showing Surface Water... conditions and landscape characteristics, patterns and variability in water availability over time, surface water and groundwater status, floods, streamflow salinity and inflows to wetlands, and urban and agricultural water... of climate change on the surface water and groundwater resources of the Murray... with spectral resolution, 131 of surface water and streamflows with RS, 180–181... of surface water and groundwater, 20–22, 26–28 Copernicus Programme, European Union and...–171 groundwater conjunctive use of surface water and, 20–22, 26–28 data... Lending and Analytical and Advisory Activities, by Primary Theme, 44t3.1 O O’Brien, K. L., 23 Ocean Topography...–182 Surface Water and Ocean Topography Mission, 116 sustainable management adaptive, 26–28 basin water example, 164–165 conjunctive use of surface water and groundwater, 21–22 investing in, 24–25 water-related... Tobin, K. J., 186 TOPEX (Ocean Topography Experiment)/ Poseidon mission, NASA and French Space Agency...



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...: Floods and Droughts Conjunctive Use of Surface Water and Groundwater The Food-Water-Energy Nexus Green Growth and the..., vegetation and land use and land cover, groundwater, surface water, snow and ice cover, and water quality... and droughts), complex issues related to the conjunctive use of surface water and groundwater, food and energy dynamics, growth and environmental problems... and vegetation cover, groundwater, level and extent of surface water,2 snow cover, and optical water quality... floods and droughts; the management of the conjunctive use of surface water and groundwater; the complex links between water, energy, and food production... water and groundwater), evapotranspiration (ET), normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), surface water elevation, and some water... as deforestation and farming can severely affect the quality of surface water and groundwater. While the disruption of vegetation cover and soil... USE OF SURFACE WATER AND GROUNDWATER The adoption of pumps and rural electrification in... issue regarding the management of surface water and groundwater, which has not yet... managing the conjunctive use of surface water and groundwater—is still seeking ways... of surface water and groundwater provides an opportunity to handle variable surface flows and work... manage and regulate those interactions. The observed management disconnect between surface water and groundwater... of the conjunctive use of surface water and groundwater has yet to be..., and A. Dinar. 2006. “Conjunctive Use of Groundwater and Surface Water.” Agricultural and Rural Development Notes, Water... and management. Comprehensive planning of water systems requires the ability to estimate surface water and..., changes in available surface water and groundwater, water storage, aquifer recharge, and inundation. These data... human extraction and use. Water allocation, water permits, and water use— related to both surface water and groundwater—should be based on an understanding of regional water... use, and land cover; groundwater; surface water; snow and ice; and water quality. EO-RELATED WATER RESOURCES... = surface water; V&LC = vegetation and land cover; WQ = water quality. assumptions about natural water systems, water.... Surface Water Definition Because of its particular relevance for water assessment and water cycle studies, surface water... Jason (1 and 2), TOPEX (Ocean Topography Experiment)/Poseidon, and ERS-2 satellites. The Ice, Clouds, and Elevation... promising future development is the Surface Water and Ocean Topography Mission, which is scheduled for... water as surface water and within vegetation, thus making it possible to detect dry and.... Rodríguez, E., and D. Estéban-Fernández. 2010. “The Surface Water and Ocean Topography Mission (SWOT): The Ka-Band Radar Interferometer (KaRIn) for Water Level... moisture, snow cover and snow water equivalent, surface water levels and streamflows, and streamflow outputs from... much water is taken from surface water and groundwater. Additional questions include how much water... about snow water equivalent and snow depth, and 15 articles about surface water levels and streamflows... (Alsdorf and Lettenmaier 2003). The Ocean Topography Experiment (TOPEX)/Poseidon mission and the Japanese... surface water and streamflow are as follows: • The uncertainty in satellite estimates of water surface... moisture, vegetation and vegetation cover, groundwater, surface water, snow and ice, and water quality. An understanding... of surface water and flood water in several formats (figure B.1).   205 Figure B.1  Map Showing Surface Water... conditions and landscape characteristics, patterns and variability in water availability over time, surface water and groundwater status, floods, streamflow salinity and inflows to wetlands, and urban and agricultural water... of climate change on the surface water and groundwater resources of the Murray... with spectral resolution, 131 of surface water and streamflows with RS, 180–181... of surface water and groundwater, 20–22, 26–28 Copernicus Programme, European Union and...–171 groundwater conjunctive use of surface water and, 20–22, 26–28 data... Lending and Analytical and Advisory Activities, by Primary Theme, 44t3.1 O O’Brien, K. L., 23 Ocean Topography...–182 Surface Water and Ocean Topography Mission, 116 sustainable management adaptive, 26–28 basin water example, 164–165 conjunctive use of surface water and groundwater, 21–22 investing in, 24–25 water-related... Tobin, K. J., 186 TOPEX (Ocean Topography Experiment)/ Poseidon mission, NASA and French Space Agency...



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... An atmospheric perspective on land and ocean ecosystems in a time of global...-0031 POSTER Hotspots in ground and surface water carbon fluxes through a freshwater to... of Willow Invasion on Vegetation Water and Carbon Exchange in the Florida... Understanding and Prediction of Changing Land, Water, and Climate in the Mackenzie and Saskatchewan... Depletion Event Characteristics from Coastal- and Ocean-based Observations: J W Halfacre, P B Shepson, P Peterson... THE ROLE OF STRUCTURE AND STRATIGRAPHY ON GROUNDWATER/SURFACE-WATER INTERACTIONS IN A GAINING... Hall Wednesday 0800h Groundwater-Surface Water Interactions: Physical, Biological, and Chemical Processes IV... effects of permeability heterogeneity and connectivity on surface water-groundwater exchange using multiscale... Mechanism of Nitrate-N Transport in Surface Water and Groundwater in a Missourian Claypan Watershed... H31B-0614 POSTER Using a Coupled Surface water/ Groundwater Model to Study Heat... Interaction between Groundwater and Surface Water in the Boise River for Water Sustainability: J Hernandez... Flowing Wetlands and Streams: J J Choi, J W Harvey 0800h H31F-0676 POSTER Water and Solute... POSTER Water and Productivity of Floodplain Grasslands: Exploring Linkages through Experimentations and Models... Plant Water Use and Environmental Stress on Two Opposite Slopes: from Water and Carbon... of water and material fluxes and indicator of system dynamics in both aquatic and... patterns of catchment water redistribution: The intersection of topography and vegetation structure: F Nippgen...-0762 POSTER Assessing Sensitivity of Surface Water-Groundwater Exchanges to Model Initialization... Sustainable Development of Water and Land Resources in Inland and Coastal Areas I (joint... the Ocean’s Surface for Material Transport: T M Ozgokmen 0800h OS31C-1001 POSTER Characteristics and... POSTER Erosion Effects of Liquid Water and Volatiles in a Former Lacustrine Environment... to Identify Climatic and Anthropogenic Changes Related to Water and Health Conditions in... Stable Water Isotope Variation in Atmospheric Moisture Observed over Coastal Water and Forests... on Soil Water Isotope Ratios: Implications for Atmosphere-Land Surface Water Fluxes and Interpretation... the Stable Isotopic Composition of Water and Sediment in Seneca Lake, NY... from Seafloor Geology, Geophysical Experiments, and Ocean Drilling III Posters (joint with... Our Understanding of the Land and Ocean Fluxes of Mercury: S Song, N E Selin..., UCLA - Earth and Space Sciences 1020h DI32A-01 Water and Slabs in the... of the Mantle Transition Zone: Water and the K-hollandite → NAL Phase Transformation... with Mantle Transition Zone velocities and topography: C T Houser, J W Hernlund 1205h DI32A-08... Modeling of Withdrawal, Allocation and Consumptive Use of Surface Water and Groundwater Resources: Y Wada...-07 How well will the Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission observe global reservoirs... from Satellite Geodesy, High-Resolution Topography, and Paleoseismology I (joint with G, NH, S) Presiding... using Measurements of Atmospheric CO2 and Ocean pCO2 : P Suntharalingam, A J Watson, U Schuster 36... B33J-08 Assessing Links Between Water and Carbon Storage in Indonesian Peatlands... 06 of the GRACE Atmosphere and Ocean De-aliasing Level1B (AOD1B) product..., and pin-point crustal density estimation with the GRAIL Level-2 and LRO topography... Sustainable Development of Water and Land Resources in Inland and Coastal Areas II... Sustainability of global groundwater and surface water use: past reconstruction and future projections: Y Wada...-01 A Global Scale 30m Water Surface Detection Optimized and Validated for Landsat 8: J F Pekel...-2 Success over Inland Water and Land: Preliminary Inland Water Heights and Validation: J Benveniste, P Moore... for Uranus and Neptune of Electrical Conductivities of Fluid Hydrogen, Water, and Synthetic... Groundwater-Surface Water Interactions along a Fractured Sedimentary Bedrock Riverbed through Electrical Resistivity and... 1340h OS33C-1093 POSTER THE OCEAN SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY JASON-CS/ SENTINEL-6 MISSION: R Cullen...-1231 POSTER Reconstructing Pliocene coastlines, topography and bathymetry: A geodynamic perspective: D Chandan, W R Peltier... Arizona 1340h PP33B-1226 POSTER Surface and Intermediate Water Orbital Scale Variability in... Differing Land Surface Models and Water Isotopic Parameterizations to the Distribution of Water Isotopes...-01 The Role of Topography on Continental Water Cycling and Water Stable Isotope Compositions... by Surface Water Recycling: J T Bershaw, J E Saylor, C N Garzione, A Leier 1410h PP33F-03 Soil water... POSTER Effect of the Earth’s surface topography on the quasi-dynamic earthquake... Shelves and Ocean Warming: A Muenchow, U Schauer, L Padman, H Melling, H A Fricker 1615h C34B-02 Ocean and... Impacts of drought on the water and energy systems: L Y Leung, M Huang, H Y Li... Impacts of Changing Climate and Land Cover on Water and Carbon Dynamics in... Estimating Stresses, Fault Friction and Fluid Pressure from Topography and Coseismic Slip Models...



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Surface Water and Ocean Topography Mission (SWOT) Science Requirements Document ... Document 1- SWOT Mission Objectives The Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission has been recommended... oceanography and hydrology, to share high vertical accuracy and high spatial resolution topography... and ocean circulation The new knowledge of the kinetic energy of the ocean... provide measurements of water storage changes in terrestrial surface water bodies and will provide... measuring the surface water (lakes, reservoirs, rivers, and wetlands) component of the water cycle... terrestrial surface water bodies whose surface area exceeds (250m)2 (lakes, reservoirs, wetlands) and rivers... change in terrestrial surface water bodies at sub-monthly, seasonal, and annual time... surface waters, globally, and thus address the following hydrologic science issues. Terrestrial Water... evapotranspiration and Q is the net of all surface water discharges and groundwater flows into and... global inventory of the surface water components in ∆S and Q. The scientific value of... D-XXXXX SWOT Science Requirements Document surface water storage change remains unknown leaving... and methane) evasion directly from the water into the atmosphere. The water surface area and... the topography of part of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets, and their... to estimate the global ocean mean sea surface and surface slopes. These data can be used to improve estimates the ocean... Earth’s mean land/ice topography, its changes and potential land-cover classifications... wavelength ocean accuracy requirements and the KaRIN calibration accuracy requirements, profile topography measurements... be possible to use profiling ocean topography measurements from another mission flying... sample seasonal and inter-annual variability for both the ocean and surface water height changes... of ocean tidal signals. Tidal signals must be removed from the ocean topography data in order to meet the mesoscale and submesoscale measurement requirements and.../Jason-2 and better than the GEOSAT and GFO ocean altimeter missions. For surface water, an... Requirements Document or snow covered surface water; surface water in regions of extreme topographic... rivers, lakes, and wetlands in areas of extreme topography is also limited... the surface water requirements, certain rivers and lakes in regions of extreme topography will... include ice or snow covered surface water; surface water in regions of extreme topographic... be produced for the ocean data: 1. Ocean sea surface heights (SSH) in a latitude... produced for the surface water data: • • • A geolocated water mask of all water bodies identified... surface water elevations with the same sampling as the water mask. Estimated surface water elevation uncertainties (1σ σ) with the same sampling as the water... be produced for all water bodies where surface water is detected by SWOT... floodplain surrounding the mapped surface water areas (rivers and lakes), and channel cross-sections... floodplain topography and channel cross-sections map shall be updated yearly and a final..., excepting areas where floodplain and/or channel topography is dynamic on shorter... for both rivers and lakes requires known bathymetry (i.e., topography) for the case... stage and extent to contour the channel topography. The floodplain and channel topography maps... science results for high-frequency ocean mesoscale and surface water studies. . The key contribution... period. 2.8- Surface Water Science Performance Specifications In order to achieve the surface water science objectives, the following measurement science requirements and goals...] The average post separation for surface water Level-2 geolocated data products (described... Document 2.8.2.a [Requirement] The surface water areas estimated using the water mask shall have... total water body area. 2.8.2.b [Goal] The surface water areas estimated using the water mask..., reservoir, and wetland height accuracy relative to the surrounding topography shall be 10 cm (1σ σ) or better, for water bodies whose surface... met. Elevations and slopes relative to surrounding floodplain topography are sufficient for..., reservoir, and wetland height accuracy relative to the surrounding topography shall be 11 cm (1σ σ) or better, for water bodies whose surface... surrounding topography or vegetation and arriving at the same time as the water... the water return. 2.8.13 [Requirement] SWOT shall provide flagging of frozen surface water... frozen water flag shall be 68%. 2.8.14 [Requirement] The SWOT surface water elevation and extent performance and floodplain elevations shall be... period and periodically during the mission lifetime. 2.8.15 [Requirement] The SWOT surface water discharge equations shall be calibrated for unknown bathymetry and roughness...



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... missions--Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) for insight into the movement and distribution of fresh surface water, and Active Sensing of Carbon dioxide Emissions over Nights, Days and... assessment and initial instrument refurbishment; - The Tier II missions Surface Water Ocean Topography (SWOT) and Active Sensing of CO2 Emissions over Nights, Days, and... mission success criteria for the Ocean Surface Topography Mission (OSTM). ES-10 Earth... and direction in storms and on the ocean's surface, air pressure, humidity, lightning, aerosols, and water vapor. The data both complement and... level change, water and energy cycle impacts of biomass burning, and integrated Earth... and change; atmospheric composition; carbon cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; water and energy cycles; weather; and Earth surface and interior. Additionally, the... missions GRACE FO and PreAerosol, Clouds, and ocean Ecosystem (PACE), and SWOT, a Tier II... areas of climate variability and change, water and energy cycles, and weather. Additional GPM...; carbon cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; climate variability, and change; and water and energy cycles. Additional... research in Earth surface and interior, and carbon cycle, ecosystems, water cycle, and biogeochemistry focus...; climate variability and change; carbon cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; water and energy cycles; and weather... balance and land surface topography to quantify the contribution to the current and recent... Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) The SWOT mission is... the surface water inventory on the continents by precisely measuring of water levels... and water bodies and the discharge of all major rivers. Likewise, SWOT sea surface topography data will illuminate ocean circulation as never before, aiding climate modeling and... FY 2012. Other Missions and Data Analysis Ocean Surface Topography Mission (OSTM) (also known as Jason-2) - OSTM measures sea surface... and change and water and energy cycles. This mission is a follow-on to Jason, and..., ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; climate variability and change; Earth's surface and interior; water and energy cycles; and weather. Terra is a joint mission with Japan and... cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; climate variability and change; water and energy cycles; and weather. Aqua is a joint mission with Brazil and... TRMM include: climate variability and change; water and energy cycles; and weather. TRMM is... by ACRIMSat include: climate variability and change; and water and energy cycles. Because ACRIMSAT... measures global radar backscatter and ocean surface wind speed and direction under nearly all... Jason missions include: climate variability and change; and water and energy cycles. The Jason... composition, climate variability and change, and water and energy cycles. Instrument and mission Science Teams... the QuikSCAT mission is managed. Ocean Surface Topography Science Team (OSTST) - This project... Continuity Mission (LDCM) SMAP ICESat-2 Ocean Surface Topography Mission (OSTM) NPOESS Preparatory Project... and sea surface temperatures, humidity profiles, land and ocean biological productivity, cloud and aerosol properties, and... and sea surface temperatures, humidity soundings, land and ocean biological productivity, cloud and aerosol properties, and... understanding of surface water fluxes, soil moisture storage, cloud/precipitation microphysics and latent... ICESat-2 include climate variability and change, Earth surface and interior, and water and energy cycles. The...-surface salinity and how these variations relate to changes in the water cycle and ocean... Aquarius will include: climate variability and change; and water and energy cycles. Aquarius is... water cycle, ocean circulation, and climate. It will observe and model variations of sea surface salinity, and how these relate to changes in the water cycle and ocean... natural, distributed CO2 sources and sinks and ocean/atmosphere and land/atmosphere CO2 exchange... and change; atmospheric composition; carbon cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; water and energy cycles; weather; and Earth surface and interior. Facilities involved..., ocean topography, tropospheric winds, thermal land imaging, Earth radiation balance, precipitation, ocean color..., ozone, aerosols, and atmospheric gas columns for air quality and ocean color for coastal ecosystem health and climate emissions...



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... OBSERVATIONS OF THE OCEAN SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY, GEOID, CURRENTS, AND CHANGES IN OCEAN MASS AND VOLUME C.K. Shum..., quantitative, and ocean circulation, sea surface height, ocean bottom integrated observations of gravity, ocean circulation, sea pressure, and mass exchanges among the ocean, surface height, ocean bottom pressure changes, and cryosphere, and land... sea surface slope and determination of an accurate geoid model, allowing ocean bottom pressure variations and thus infer ocean estimate of absolute surface geostrophic currents, which circulation and...-variable surface geometry (including ocean, hydrologic, land, and ice surfaces), gravity field, and Earth rotation/orientation into a consistent system for measuring ocean surface topography, ocean currents, ocean mass and... ocean mass and sea level [4]. Changes in mass are directly related to water mass exchanges among the ocean, cryosphere, and hydrosphere [55... and temporal variations of land/ice/ocean surface (plates, intraplates, volcanoes, earthquakes, glaciers, ocean... technique for observing ocean surface height (or shape), its variability, and sea level...-term ocean and climate studies (e.g. sea level rise), a series of TOPEX (Topography Experiment... of the cryosphere and ice-covered oceans, and the planned Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) wide... spatial resolution oceanic submesoscale variability and surface water hydrology. Satellite gravimetry is complementary... of sea surface height will enable quantification of general ocean circulation. GRACE... and ocean, changes in land hydrology, deglaciation, glacial isostatic adjustment, co-seismic and post-seismic earthquake deformations. 2. MUCH BEAUTY IS SKIN DEEP: SEA SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY, CIRCULATION, AND SEA LEVEL RISE Satellite altimeters... mesoscale variabilities and ocean circulations throughout the ice-free ocean [64] and has been... the surface geostrophic circulation is provided via the mean dynamic ocean topography (MDOT) determined from an altimetryderived mean sea surface (MSS) minus the geoid. The geoid is an equipotential surface and a unique reference from which to determine the absolute topography, compared... GRACE gravity and satellite altimetry mean sea surface (top panel) and with added... altimetry in coastal areas [11], and global surface water hydrology [1]. The observations of... the absolute water storage exchange between the land/ice surface and the ocean, are critically important to quantify the freshwater budget and... monitoring changes in sea surface height and land surface height. Such observations provide... BOTTOM OF THINGS: OCEAN BOTTOM PRESSURE, INTERMEDIATEDEPTH CIRCULATION, AND OCEAN HEAT STORAGE A basic... of density from the surface to the ocean floor. It may therefore... ocean currents reflect a balance between pressure gradients and the Coriolis force. While surface geostrophic currents, which have both baroclinic and barotropic components, are defined by the dynamic surface topography, below the sea surface... GNSS satellites, reflected at the ocean surface and received in airplanes or low... satellites due to atmosphere loading and ocean tides. This will open the... of the sea surface and ocean bottom pressure to infer circulation and mass distribution... and surface geostrophic current velocities, GRACE-derived ocean bottom pressure and GRACE-observed land and ice melt water mass fluxes... strait and inter-ocean transport using the combined altimetry sea surface height and GRACE ocean bottom pressure data [48] and [53]. These... mass variations and global water cycles and their impact on ocean freshening and circulation. There... the ocean observing system. These include: (1) independent observations of sea surface height... [1] Alsdorf, D., Rodriguez, E, & Lettenmaier, D. (2007). Measuring surface water from space, Rev. Geophys., 45...] Fu, L. & Co-Authors (2010). "The Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) Mission" in these proceedings... level of the global ocean derived from near-surface velocity observations, Geophys...). Mean dynamic topography of the ocean derived from satellite and drifting buoy data... dynamic topography computed over the world ocean from altimetry, in situ measurements, and... height, heat storage, subsurface temperature, and sea-surface temperature variability. J. Geophys. Res...] Wilson, S., & Parisot, F. (2008). Proc. CEOS Ocean Surface Topography Constellation Strategic Workshop, Assmannshausen, Germany...



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... APPLICATIONS COMMUNITY OF THE FUTURE SURFACE WATER AND OCEAN TOPOGRAPHY (SWOT) MISSION M. Srinivasan a *, A. Andral b, M. Dejus... of the world’s ocean and surface freshwater bodies. The proposed Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission will have the capability to make observations of surface water (lakes, rivers, wetland) heights and measurements of ocean surface topography with unprecedented spatial coverage, temporal sampling, and spatial... activities for water resources challenges of the future. With the surface water measurements... space mission to build and operate the Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) satellite, based on..., SWOT will allow mapping surface water extent and elevation of rivers wider than... first global survey of Earth’s surface water. In the U.S., the SWOT mission... to swath altimeter for observing ocean surface topography over a wide range of scales... standard for future measurement of ocean surface topography (Fu, 2013). A successfully implemented SWOT... and oceanography applications. We are currently experiencing the Anthropocene age of surface water where it is redistributed and artificially managed to... result of water diversions, dams and irrigation projects that massively redistribute surface water due to the growing needs of global food, energy and water...’s energy and 20% of food are produced by artificially managed surface water. This... of 177 km3 of annual surface and ground water. Similarly, there were about...-precision measurement over both land surface water and the ocean. The sampling capability of SWOT will enable the measurement of ocean surface topography... models are limited in predicting surface water availability for routine applications. Without... water availability. River discharge and lake water storage are critical elements of land surface... provide high-resolution measurements of water surface elevations with global coverage. It... heat, carbon and nutrient exchange between the surface mixed layer and deeper layers..., the expected data products for ocean and surface water listed in the paragraphs below... following ocean data in a swath-oriented, geographically-fixed grid: 1. Sea surface heights, 2. Wind speed (but not direction), 3. Estimated sea surface slope, and 4. Nadir... data downlink). Surface water data products will be produced for water bodies with... required (R) and goal (G) planned products include: 1. Estimated surface water elevations (R), 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Estimated surface water elevation uncertainties (R), Additional data and meta-data (e.g., collection time, water... assessments and potential mitigation measures and water storage, • Climatic and ecological impacts on water resources, • Water demands for agriculture and agricultural impacts from changes in water resources, • Sustainable use of water, and • Many other application areas and societal benefits. 4. INTERNATIONAL COMPONENTS AND COOPERATION... and yet rapidly experiencing the role played by humans in altering surface water..., hydropower, inland navigation and seasonal scale water management. Surface water that crosses international boundaries... 40% of the Earth’s land surface and account for an estimated 60... recording and sharing, and lack of resources raise the challenge for coordinated surface water... spatially distributed information of surface water bodies (rivers and lakes) will significantly enhance... first global survey of Earth's surface water, the hydrology community will see... include water management, transboundary rivers, insurance, and ocean and coastal uses, among many others. 5.1 Water... unprecedented global view of Earth’s surface water. As human regulatory controls on... more frequent, accurate and distributed observations of surface water heights and will become increasingly... by providing coincident height and width of surface water bodies and promote synergistic suite... Topography Mission (SRTM), the SWOT mission will provide both a range in water surface... and reservoirs on scales of 250 m2 in size, and sea surface topography to... the understanding of surface hydrological processes and the applied uses and societal benefits... Callahan, P., Rodriguez, E., and Fjørtoft, R., The Surface Water/Ocean Topography Mission Science Processing and Data Products... altimeter for observing globan ocean surface topography. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Volume... patterns derived from remotely sensed water surface elevations, Hydrological Processes, DOI:10...



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...The SWOT (Surface Water and Ocean Topography) Mission: Spaceborne Radar Interferometry for Oceanographic and Hydrological Applications... ERS 1 and 2, ENVISAT, and GFO, have provided unprecedented observations of the ocean surface topography at scales larger than about 200 km and made significant advances in our understanding of global ocean circulation and... the ocean kinetic energy and the vertical transfer processes in the ocean. These... on the storage of water on land and its discharge. These are... change. A new space mission called Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) is being developed jointly... measurement of the water elevation of both the ocean and land surface water to answer the questions about the oceanic submesoscale processes and the storage and discharge of land surface water. The key... measurements of ocean surface topography. Long-term measurements of large-scale circulation and heat... projections. In contrast to ocean observations, land surface water measurements are limited mostly... water surface elevations at fixed points along river channels. Globally, the spatial and temporal distribution of surface water stored on land and moving through... only crudely. Furthermore, water movement 3 in wetlands and across floodplains throughout the... altimetry from space, for both ocean dynamics and land hydrology, is the... small-scale features in ocean circulation (e.g., currents and oceanic mesoscale processes that...) and miss a large number of surface water bodies on land (small lakes and reservoirs, most rivers, etc.) The physical oceanography and surface freshwater hydrology...-resolution, space borne measurements of water surface elevations (Alsdorf et al., 2007... propose a new mission named SWOT (Surface Water Ocean Topography) based on the concept of... interferometric altimetry for mesoscale oceanography and land surface hydrology. The SWOT mission... highly successful ocean observing radar altimeters, (2) the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission, and (3) the development effort of the Wide Swath Ocean Altimeter... reflective water surface. Interferometry SAR processing of the returned pulses yields a 5 m azimuth and... important for turbulent transport and energy dissipation. Ocean models running at sufficient... the sea surface height (SSH) measurement is substantial, making ocean SSH signals... of ocean properties between the upper layers of the ocean and the deep ocean. This vertical transport of ocean properties is... the ocean’s internal density surfaces (the thermocline) at tidal frequencies causing surface... first opportunity to map the ocean surface topography with minimized sea-ice contamination... repeat period. 3. Hydrological processes of surface water on land Under the threat... used to provide information on surface water storage and river discharge. However, it... Figure 3. For countries whose water resources and flood risk management depends on... the spatial and temporal variability in the world's terrestrial surface water storage and discharge... to provide water surface elevation (WSE), as well as freshwater discharge and storage... land surface branch of the global water cycle. Moreover, measurements of spatial and temporal changes in water elevations...?” For transboundary rivers where water resources and flood risk management are international... sensing of surface water bodies has been used to study water-related infectious... rise and the ocean’s response to climate variations, primarily for scientific and not... barotropic and internal tides, globally in the deep ocean, coastal regions, and underneath sea ice and ice shelves... to estimate the global ocean mean sea surface and surface slopes. These data can... the marine geoid and absolute geostrophic currents 7. SWOT surface water extent data can be useful for estimating CO2 , CH4 , and other... the topography of part of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets, and their... Earth’s mean land/ice topography, its changes and potential land-cover classifications... understanding of the spatial and temporal distribution of surface water, one of the..., D. Chelton, and D. Lettenmaier (2007), Measuring the global oceans and terrestrial fresh water from...), Wide-swath altimetric measurement of ocean surface topography, JPL Publ., 03-002, 67....pdf ) Fu, L.-L., and E. Rodriguez (2004), High-resolution measurement of ocean surface topography by radar interferometry for oceanographic and geophysical applications..., carbon dioxide, and other water properties from ocean surface to the deep ocean. Blue color... (100-500km) transferring ocean properties mostly horizontally and red color represents mixing...