Спутник ФКИ. Surface Water and Ocean Topography. [Редактировать]

Спутник фундаментальных космических исследований. Предназначен для решения задач: гидрологии, океанографии. По своей сути является спутником дистанционного зондирования Земли в высоком разрешении. Должен предоставить информацию о перемещении больших водных объемов по океану и рекам. Запуск аппарата планируется в 2020 году. Предварительно в качестве средства выведения выбрана ракета-носитель Фалькон 9. На аппарате планируется установить две антены Ka диапазона размером по 5 метров каждая. Антены будут расположены на штангах длиной 5 метров. Таким образом, аппарат сможет работать как интерферометр. Помимио этого на него будет установлены радиометр и GPS приемник. НАСА финансирует около двух третей от потребного объема ассигнований (затраты на интерферометр). Доля Франции в финансировании состаляет $300 млн (на высотометр, платформу и сборку аппарата). Великобритания планирует потратить 9 млн евро (затраты на часть оборудования радара).

 

 

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1SWOTНайтиНайти

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12015-01-07. Космическое агенство Франции подписало первый из планируемых трех контрактов на создание космического аппарата SWOT. Данный контракт заключен с Thales Alenia Space of France и содержит работы по платформе и интеграции оборудования.Тэги: Surface Water and Ocean Topography
22015-09-30. Thales Alenia Space получила заказ на поставку радарного альтиметра.
Thales Alenia Space подписала контракт с космическим агентством Франции на разработку и поставку радарного альтиметра Посейдон-3С. В качестве космического аппарата, на который будет установлен прибор обозначен космический аппарат SWOT (Surface Water and Ocean Topography).
При этом, компания поставит агентству не только надирный высотометр, но и осуществит разработку и поставку принципиально нового широкозахватного радара Ка-диапазона. В целом данный контракт является развитием научно-технического задела который был получен в ходе работ над космическим аппаратом Jason-3 (на него был установлен Посейдон 3Б). Рабочие частоты нового прибора будут составлять 13.6 и 5.3 ГГц. Тэги: Thales Alenia SpaceJason 3Surface Water and Ocean TopographyКосмическое агентство Франции
32016-11-23. Компания SpaceX выиграла контракт НАСА.
Космическое агентство США выбрало компанию SpaceX в качестве поставщика услуг по запуску космического аппарата Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT). Сроком запуска объявлен 2021 год. Стоимость запуска объявлена в размере 112 млн. долл. В рамках контракта оператор окажет следующие услуги:
1. Осуществит адаптацию РН к ПН.
2. Обеспечит поступление телеметрии в процессе выведения.
3. Обеспечит производство и запуск РН.
Местом запуска выбрана пусковая база ВВС США Ванденберг.Тэги: Фалькон 9 (вер 1.2)SpaceXКосмическое агентство СШАSurface Water and Ocean Topography
42017-01-17. Космическое агентство Канады заключило новый контракт.
Космическое агентство Канады объявило о заключении 3.8 млн. долл. контракта с Communications & Power Industries Canada (CPI) на разработку компонентов для миссии Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT). Целевой задачей разрабатываемого в рамках проекта КА будет являться съемка около 90 процентов поверхности океанов, морей,рек и озер. Полученные в ходе эксплуатации КА данные планируется использовать для построения моделей круговорота воды и прогноза погоды. Запуск аппарата планируется в апреле 2021 года. Тэги: Surface Water and Ocean TopographyКосмическое агентство КанадыCommunications and Power Industries
52017-05-29. GAO обнародовала данные о состоянии разработки КА Surface Water and Ocean Topography.
Согласно представленному отчету:
1. Целью миссии Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) будет являться использование широкозахватного альтиметра, который должен будет обладать высокой скоростью съемки и улучшенной точностью. Целевыми объектами для съемки выбраны поверхности океанов, крупных озер и морей. В дальнейшем эти данные должны будут позволить уточнить модели изменения уровня воды в реках и помочь в предсказании изменений климата. SWOT является совместным проектом между CNES и НАСА.
2. В рамках планирования участники проекта предприняли ряд действий, которые направлены на снижение риска разработки КА. В частности, при оценке сроков создания агентства предусмотрели достаточные резервы по срокам запуска. Вместе с тем, согласно текущим оценкам, срок запуска спутника сдвинулся на шесть месяцев вправо. Причиной переноса срока являются технические проблемы с созданием Ка диапазонного радарного интерферометра (KaRIn). Также GAO отметило, что данный инструмент создается в рамках широкого привлечения международной кооперации, а следовательно он может быть не готов в заданные сроки.
3. Стоимость проекта составляет $754.9 млн., в том числе:
- стоимость предварительной проработки - $136.8 млн.
- стоимость разработки - $571.5 млн.
- стоимость работы с КА - $46.7 млн. Тэги: Surface Water and Ocean Topography

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг2000
2Мощность, Вт2000

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата (пуска)октябрь 2020

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (работ по платформе аппарата и интеграции на нее оборудования), млн. долл.2015-01-0794
2Стоимость (интерферометра), млн. долл.2015-01-07300
3Заказчик Космическое агентство США
4Заказчик Космическое агентство Франции
5Производитель (платформы и интеграции оборудования)Thales Alenia Space
6Прогнозируемая стоимость (предварительная, проекта), млн. долл.642 – 742
7Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2015-01-071100
8Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2015-03-24647 – 757
9Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2016-02-01647 – 757
10Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2017-05-20754.9
11Прогнозируемая стоимость (предварительная проработка проекта), млн. долл.2017-05-20136.8
12Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработка), млн. долл.2017-05-20571.5
13Прогнозируемая стоимость (работа с КА), млн. долл.2017-05-2046.7

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Surface Water and Ocean Topography». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-12-26
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.02/5
... and the heavier 702. Earth Observations. ESA’s Gravity field and steady-state Ocean... geoid, and studying ocean circulation It has no moving parts and uses a unique... Topex-Poseidon, Jason-1, and Jason-2 in measuring wave heights and ocean currents. 1 Earth-Orbit Operations for Humans. The fourth and final... clues to the presence of water and ice in the polar regions... over the surface of the ocean and to help track monsoons and cyclones. On..., and 20 December. A second 1-1/2-hour flight on 5 February followed control-surface modifications... Atlantic Ocean for maritime and aviation customers. Its service includes IP networking and... America, and the Atlantic Ocean, whose beam will extend maritime and aeronautical communication...-5 and provides communications service to broadcasters, governments, carriers across the Pacific Ocean, and the maritime industry. Eutelsat and Astrium Satellites (Europe... service Japan, eastern Asia, and the Pacific Ocean region. It will also... water stored in snow, in ice sheets, and in glaciers, using X-band and..., and the 6th in 2009 alone. ESA’s Gravity field and steady-state Ocean... field, modeling the geoid, and studying ocean circulation from an unusually low... thematic information on soil, wasteland, water resources, and other geographic data. A report... Science and Technology from the Stellenbosch company SunSpace & Information Systems. (2) Atmosphere and Ocean Observations The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA... monitoring sea-surface temperatures, aerosols, dust, volcanic ash plumes, and lightning. The... dust storms and the transport of iron-rich water from islands and continents... and other human perturbations to the ocean. Every year, the north Atlantic ocean turns green with plankton, and... Vehicle Synthetic Aperture Radar and a Glacier and Land Ice Surface Topography Interferometer, flying on...-Poseidon, Jason-1, and Jason-2 in measuring wave heights and ocean currents. France is contributing a spare satellite platform, identical to Jason-2’s, and... in soil and land management, water monitoring, mapping, and crisis management. RapidEye and Definiens... Earth’s surface to distinguish the level of greenhouse gases, and TANSO-CAI..., a second toilet, two sleep stations, and a water-recycling system. The Shuttle crew... to recycle water from cabin air, urine, and crew hygiene water for potential... layer, and NASA’s Hyperspectral Imager for the Coastal Ocean and Remote Atmospheric and Ionospheric... generator system, a water recycling facility, a waste and hygiene compartment, a treadmill, and the Advance... Celsius) and covered with liquid lava or consisting of half water and half... lander and research balloon that would descend to Titan's cloud-shrouded surface... Europa detailing the moon's topography, surface composition, and subsurface makeup via ground-penetrating... remote sensing of the surface that day, and that all of its... widespread presence on the Moon’s surface of water or hydroxyl. For decades... clues of the presence of water and ice in the polar regions... the Moon’s surface indicated a dip at a wavelength where water and hydroxyl absorb infrared... at the water and hydroxyl wavelengths, with the quantity of water varying with... surface, freeing oxygen atoms in the regolith to combine with protons and..., including images of the lunar surface and maps of its composition. The... refining Chandrayaan-1’s data on ice, water, and other hydrogen-bearing compounds. The... surface are being generated by the Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter (LOLA) and..., and an infrared filter radiometer (Diviner) is mapping global day and night surface... their own oxygen and water supplies from lunar rocks and soil. On 26..., travel 500 m on the surface, and transmit images and data back to Earth... in place and allowed it to survive below the surface for millions... Curiosity rover to the surface on cables, and then fly itself off... rover to the Mars surface (see prior reports) and will buy Russian... powder and water ice. It is formed by cooling aluminum powder and water to... and Life Support System (ECLSS), extracting hydrogen and oxygen from waste water, sweat, and... enough food, water, and oxygen from human waste, carbon dioxide, and minerals to..., and biotechnology products. New Medican Tech Corporation developed a water recycle system, and Sato... Intelsat slot over the Indian Ocean and has been renamed Intelsat-24... powered atmospheric descent and landing on the Mars surface. The lander will...’s ocean topography and soft-water sources, “Surface Water and Ocean Topography,” which will provide scientists with an extensive and previously... the management of Earth’s water resources and will also provide more accurate..., Culture and Science, the Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management, and the... power, science lectures, music and poetry with water, hosting a TV/Internet show...



Дата загрузки: 2017-12-26
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.05/5
... about current-day water at the Red Planet. Kepler and Spitzer continued... year — stories of impressive engineering and science achievements. That’s certainly been..., rovers and orbiters; revolutionized our understanding of ocean moons around Jupiter and Saturn... methane on Titan, and geysers on Enceladus; identified and tracked asteroids; visited...: highly gifted and motivated engineers, scientists, technologists, and business and administrative staff who have made the improbable, and even...’s portfolio of instruments and missions, and then in his decade and a half as... solar system, but Above: Ceres’ surface appears nearly uniformly gray, but... a global ocean of salty water beneath its frozen crust. That ocean supplies the astonishing plume of vapor and ice particles... visual and infrared mapping spectrometer on the Cassini spacecraft. to the surface... watched as the amount of water given off by the comet... flagship project to study this ocean-bearing moon of Jupiter in... when water isn’t present, instruments to study Earth’s carbon cycle, and work... participation, including two (Mars 2020 and NuSTAR) with Caltech principal investigators..., from the planet’s water and ecosystems to weather and geological hazards. EARTH SCIENCE... year of below-normal rainfall and snowpack, and it was inevitable that...’s Sierra Nevada, a major source of water for the state. JPL’s Airborne... of water held in that mountain range’s Tuolumne River Basin and found.... Understanding links between Earth’s water, energy and carbon cycles is the target... of the mission’s science goals. Ocean temperatures have been gradually rising... Pacific and Indian oceans some 300 to 1,000 feet below the surface. That, they say, explains a slowdown in ocean surface temperatures measured... EARTH’S WATER, ENERGY AND JPL’S SOIL MOISTURE ACTIVE PASSIVE SATELLITE. 25 and ground... occurring atmospheric processes and pollutants crossing the Pacific Ocean from China. The... troughs that could bring warm water to Antarctica’s Totten Glacier, hastening... streaks on Mars involve liquid water, it was an exciting new... the space agency’s “Follow the water” strategy. But what it means... and life is less clear. MARS EXPLORATION MARS WATER, TODAY Left: Rippled surface... presence of water. This constituted decent evidence that liquid water exists at least briefly now and then on the surface of... lower how much water might be involved and can agree on is... where it comes from. And, even if any water a static world. In... is seeping just beneath the surface, liquid Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter has... AS AN OXIDIZER IN water on Mars’ surface will rapidly evapo- not... and shift sand dunes today — the craters and dust storms that come and... up for the chal- planet’s surface (remember the original on Earth... was like engineering cruise and entry, descent and landing archaeology.” systems for... risks, on through Class C, and Class D. And then there is Class U. These... science but also heliophysics, astrophysics and planetary exploration. Students are often... intertwined. Today he has and backpacks. And at the Lab there is... students, college undergraduates, grad students and postdoctoral researchers to JPL for... of Brittany Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Computer Society Brittany... International Academy of Digital Arts and Sciences Outstanding Technology Development Award.... Sys. & Technology Office Earth Science and Technology Interplanetary Network Elected Member... Wang International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences Early Career Scientist... B. Kutler (Chair) Deborah D. McWhinney Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Admiralty Partners..., M.D. Former Ambassador to Finland Founder and Chief Executive Officer Heritage Provider... Ventures LLC Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, Surface Water and Ocean Topography Chairman Annenberg-Dreier Commission... Family Office Data Systems Implementation and Operations EMCOR Government Services Incorporated Facilities Maintenance and Operations Applied Physics Laboratory Johns... Stephen R. Onderdonk Joshua S. Friedman President and Chief Executive Officer (Retired) Econolite... Stewart A. Resnick Frederick J. Hameetman Chairman and President Roll Global, LLC Chairman... Object Widefield Infrared Survey Explorer, Ocean Surface Topography Mission, SeaWinds Bobby R. Inman Professor... Entrepreneur Walter L. Weisman Former Chairman and Chief Executive Officer American Medical... JPL EXECUTIVE COUNCIL Project Formulation and Strategy Richard P. O’Toole Executive Manager... Legislative Affairs Director for Communications and Education Keyur C. Patel Director for... Technology Director for Astronomy, Physics and Space Technology Victoria Stratman General... Mars Exploration 48 National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory...



Дата загрузки: 2017-11-08
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.06/5
... environmental scenario (above water, under water, sea surface, ground and air). The focus is... coastal and offshore operations. This research follows a layered approach utilizing above water and... source and pipeline of petrol, water and gas, it is difficult to collect and... providers are members of RAs and Ocean Observing Systems (OOSs). The number... direction-finding HF radar. Surface currents and ocean swell are measured using an... sensing system to monitor ocean surface currents, waves and wind direction. This long... is coupled to the conductive ocean surface and follows the curvature of the... to the measurement of coastal ocean currents and ocean wave spectra, examples of... Machine). The characteristics of water and non-water regions are distinctively depicted by..., identify agricultural practices and determine water cycle and waterlevels. [457] Surface current retrieval from... overestimates the amount of open water and thin ice as well the... between snowmelt input from land and ocean Chi a as well as TSM... cross-pol signal reached the water surface and scattered back to the satellite... Level 2 Ocean Salinity processing and first results. SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity), launched... topography which may be due to differences in volume scattering, surface motion, and surface... near surface currents and their interaction with the spatial and temporal varying bottom topography... to the shallower fen subsurface water and this makes possible the separation... area, low contrast with surrounding water and smeared edges. The entrance to...) presents a powerful and useful technology for remote sensing, ocean surface monitoring and oceanography. Many... applications such as ocean surface altimetry, wave height, surface current measurements, and current direction... the Lidar simulations is that surface topography would be captured at sufficient...) measurements, and they provide the major source of global ocean surface winds observations for scientific and operational applications. A major... recommended SWOT (Surface Water and Ocean Topography) Mission is to measure the water elevation of the... ocean circulation, the spatial and temporal variability of the world’s surface freshwater storage and... if these towns and the university campus became more water and energy conscious... ocean surface can be significant, and for extreme rain rates the atmospheric scattering and... the calibration and validation activities for the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS... (SNR). Retrieval algorithms for ocean surface roughness and reflectivity that were derived originally... surface topography and velocities. Then we compute the travel time between transmitter, receiver and...) and long (from aircraft) distance remote sensing applications for water surface, soil and land snow cover’s microwave reflective and emissive characteristics simultaneous and... types such as urban, vegetation, and ocean. [790] Support vector machines regression... enable more efficient observations of topography and surface properties from space. The instrument...’s measurement performance and capabilities, demonstrating differentiation of open water and several ice cover...) from the ESA’s Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) mission. The data... remote sensing of ocean surface winds for monitoring tropical storms and hurricanes, especially... types such as urban, vegetation, and ocean. [905] Сборник рефератов публикаций электронной... CO 2 exchange between atmosphere, land and ocean. To measure CO 2 globally NASA... temperature over ocean and surface temperature over land from the GMAO GEOS-4, and cloud... abundant information about ocean waves. Sea state parameters and surface currents can be... ocean surface, broad beam HF bistatic cross sections of the ocean surface were presented and... of the ocean surface were the superposition of narrow beam and were broadened... oil have different behavior in water and may affect the decisions about... a couple of hours and the rest stayed in water surface. In the case... in to the water column and emerge on the surface in time to... monitor ocean surface currents, waves and wind direction. This very reliable long range and... the real-time ocean surface current data can help Search and Rescue (SAR... hours to years, changes in surface topography can be measured. Due to... rain layer profile without losing surface topography information. An adaptive IF-digital... spaceborne radars for imaging ocean surface features is explained and some of the... to investigate and describe the spatial and temporal development of 3D ocean surface waves... of the water column leads to anomalous warming of the surface water. Сборник... the water column and thus confine heat due to insolation at the ocean surface... were made over continental surfaces and ocean. Results show a good quality of... manage the user’s purchase of water and control the user’s machine by... level accuracy of topography for ocean and meter-level accuracy of topography for land...



Дата загрузки: 2017-12-10
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.03/5
..., ocean altimetry, ocean salinity, sea surface winds, sea surface temperature, ozone and atmospheric gasses, ice and..., Ecosystems, and Hydrology 8531-7, Session 2 Possibility of use of surface water resource in an arsenic contaminated region, Prubasthali I and II... of holding lots of water and can supply water for the villagers at least for drinking purpose. Arsenic of surface water is harmless and it can be suggested that the villagers can use surface water... water. The villagers must be provided purified alternative safe drinking water from surface water bodies. 8531-94, Session 2 Combined X- and L-band PSI... of surface processes, such as water and carbon balances, vegetation growth and energy budget... and saturation value. Furthermore thermal inertia was measured using a KD2Pro probe, and surface water content of soil was measured using FDR and TDR probes... an important role in water cycle. Water and vegetation is the key characteristics... penetrates water columns and the water cools, P. rubescens filaments float up to the surface... the water column. The discharge of the warm water further increases the surface water temperature, which enhances stratification. Variation of surface water... to its higher water temperature than the ambient coastal water, and affects the... properties and density etc) and surface properties (roughness, snow cover, distribution of water etc). Salinity of ice and... bottom reflection, varying water depth and effects on the water surface (e.g. sun glint, waves... monsoon region and Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The QL water and the abundant grass... and atmospheric phenomena, including underwater bottom topography, oceanic internal waves, meso-scale ocean circulation, structures of ocean eddies and ocean currents, ocean surface waves, oily slicks, sea surface wind field, atmospheric internal waves and some other ocean surface features. In... cloud-free and date-continuous MODIS ocean color (CHL-a) and sea-surface temperature (SST) images were selected and then.... Since the upwelling water is colder than the surface water that it displaces... bottom topography, which, for different reasons, manifests itself in surface heaving and the... surface waves and multiple scattering in water is constructed. The lidar limiting longitudinal and... 500km and 2,000km mesh spatial resolution over the land and ocean, respectively and 1 month..., GCOM-W (Water) and GCOM-C (Climate), and three generations to achieve global and long-term... launch vehicle. 8533-15, Session 4 Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) Mission Steven P. Neeck, Eric... Propulsion Lab. (United States) The Surface Water Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission was recommended in... provide measurements of water storage changes in terrestrial surface water bodies and will provide... the water cycle measurements by directly measuring the surface water (lakes, reservoirs, rivers, and wetlands) component of the water cycle... ocean suite (sea surface temperature, sea surface winds, integrated cloud liquid water and integrated water vapor... and ocean surface properties. The enterprise system developed to calibrate a multisensor platform and generate... observation and ocean monitoring. And the first year   62A Conference 8533: Sensors, Systems, and... for ‘meteorological observation and ocean monitoring’ and the satellite orbit and attitude control mission... water, ice water and wind components. Eight global datasets in the four seasons and... laser sensing of the atmosphere and ocean and corresponding methods of statistical modeling... high on ocean surface or bare soil where surface scattering is dominant and volume... clean water and oil in the slick is predominantly from a single surface scatterer... vegetation, bare soil, and different types of water; and each area led to.... Time-series profiles of Land Surface Water Index (LSWI), Enhanced Vegetation Index... detecting surface water changes. This technique is referred to as Normalized Difference Surface Water... Management and Production Control” and deputy speaker of the business unit “Energy, Water and... identify water masses by their signature physical characteristics of sea surface temperature and ocean color, as well as, the water masses’ coherent... and meteorological data for producing applied operational and research products showing ocean currents and ocean...



Дата загрузки: 2017-11-24
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.05/5
... missions--Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) for insight into the movement and distribution of fresh surface water, and Active Sensing of Carbon dioxide Emissions over Nights, Days and... assessment and initial instrument refurbishment; - The Tier II missions Surface Water Ocean Topography (SWOT) and Active Sensing of CO2 Emissions over Nights, Days, and... mission success criteria for the Ocean Surface Topography Mission (OSTM). Earth Systematic Missions... and direction in storms and on the ocean's surface, air pressure, humidity, lightning, aerosols, and water vapor. The data both complement and... level change, water and energy cycle impacts of biomass burning, and integrated Earth... and change; atmospheric composition; carbon cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; water and energy cycles; weather; and Earth surface and interior. Additionally, the... missions GRACE FO and PreAerosol, Clouds, and ocean Ecosystem (PACE), and SWOT, a Tier II... areas of climate variability and change, water and energy cycles, and weather. Additional GPM...; carbon cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; climate variability and change; and water and energy cycles. Additional... in the Earth surface and interior, and carbon cycle, ecosystems, water cycle, and biogeochemistry focus...; climate variability and change; carbon cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; water and energy cycles; and weather... balance and land surface topography to quantify the contribution to the current and recent... Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) The SWOT mission is... the surface water inventory on the continents by precisely measuring of water levels... and water bodies and the discharge of all major rivers. Likewise, SWOT sea surface topography data will illuminate ocean circulation as never before, aiding climate modeling and... FY 2012. Other Missions and Data Analysis Ocean Surface Topography Mission (OSTM) (also known as Jason-2) - OSTM measures sea surface... and change and water and energy cycles. This mission is a follow-on to Jason, and..., ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; climate variability and change; earth surface and interior; water and energy cycles; and weather. Terra is a joint mission with Japan and... cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; climate variability and change; water and energy cycles; and weather. Aqua is a joint mission with Brazil and... TRMM include: climate variability and change; water and energy cycles; and weather. TRMM is... by ACRIMSat include: climate variability and change; and water and energy cycles. Because ACRIMSAT... measures global radar backscatter and ocean surface wind speed and direction under nearly all... Jason missions include: climate variability and change; and water and energy cycles. The Jason... composition, climate variability and change, and water and energy cycles. Instrument and mission Science Teams... the QuikSCAT mission is managed. Ocean Surface Topography Science Team (OSTST) - This project... Continuity Mission (LDCM) SMAP ICESat-2 Ocean Surface Topography Mission (OSTM) NPOESS Preparatory Project... and sea surface temperatures, humidity profiles, land and ocean biological productivity, cloud and aerosol properties, and... and sea surface temperatures, humidity soundings, land and ocean biological productivity, cloud and aerosol properties, and... understanding of surface water fluxes, soil moisture storage, cloud/precipitation microphysics and latent... ICESat-2 include climate variability and change, Earth surface and interior, and water and energy cycles. The...-surface salinity and how these variations relate to changes in the water cycle and ocean... Aquarius will include: climate variability and change; and water and energy cycles. Aquarius is... water cycle, ocean circulation, and climate. It will observe and model variations of sea surface salinity, and how these relate to changes in the water cycle and ocean... natural, distributed CO2 sources and sinks and ocean/atmosphere and land/atmosphere CO2 exchange... and change; atmospheric composition; (carbon cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; water and energy cycles; weather; and Earth surface and interior. Facilities involved..., ocean topography, tropospheric winds, thermal land imaging, Earth radiation balance, precipitation, ocean color..., ozone, aerosols, and atmospheric gas columns for air quality and ocean color for coastal ecosystem health and climate emissions...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-14
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.07/5
... ECV: Product A.1 Surface wind retrievals Benefits • Forcing of ocean-wave and ocean-circulation models... for numerical weather prediction (NWP) and ocean forecasting; • Transport sector, construction sector..., such as provided by Surface Moisture/Ocean Salinity (SMOS) and Aquarius, hold the... validation for precipitation estimates via surface-water budget estimates, i.e. evaporation minus precipitation... (clear-sky water vapour radiances and ocean and terrestrial products). 3.1.5. ECV Water Vapour Water vapour is... sampling), temperature and water vapour profiles, aerosols, trace gases, and surface properties are required...), temperature and water vapour profiles, aerosols, trace gasses, and surface properties, required for surface ERB... satellite instruments measuring temperature and water vapour profiles and surface and ocean properties. 3.1.10. ECV Aerosol... in observations of land and ocean surface properties (e.g. SST, ocean colour); • Furnishing of Aerosol...-surface salinity and sea-surface temperature control the density and stability of surface water. Thus, ocean mixing (of heat and gases) and water-mass formation processes are intimately related to variations of surface salinity. Ocean modelling and analysis of water-mass ventilation should... changes in temperature and salinity and in surface winds. At ocean-basin scale, mass redistributions due to past and... variability and the temporal variations in spatial trend patterns, satellite ocean surface topography 47... water reservoirs and the ocean; and o Argo and other in situ elements to capture the ocean... and two medium-precision, higher-inclination altimeters. Other applications • Operational oceanography: ocean surface topography... to derive climate-quality sea-surface topography And,as such, is an essential... (comprising navies and ocean forecast modellers); • Near-real-time altimetric and SAR data... the atmosphere, ocean, and ice. However, efforts to determine surface fluxes at high... observing the biological and light-field variables in the surface ocean (separate configurations... (precipitation, evaporation-energy) and hydrological (surface-water recharge, discharge and ground-water) conditions. Target Requirements... conditions for vegetation, and other parameters that influence surface water and energy balance. Moreover, changes in the timing, rate and magnitude..., surface roughness, boundary layer stability and other processes. Snow depth and snow-water equivalent... in mass of water and ice on land. Calibration, validation and data archiving...-based water storage and ocean currents. 3.3.5. ECV Albedo The albedo of a land surface is... modifying water and energy exchanges with the atmosphere and by changing greenhouse gas and....) and the surrounding air and is the locus of mass (water and carbon) and energy (radiation and heat) exchanges between the biosphere and the... value in determining surface energy and water fluxes and interpretation of surface characteristics – some of... turbulent surface fluxes from satellites is challenging and a subject for ongoing research. Ocean-surface... atmosphere and ocean, these are based on the equations of fluid dynamics and... (without aliasing) at the ocean surface and not within the ocean. Moreover, the period... sea-surface temperature and land-surface products as prescribed boundary fields. Ocean-data assimilation and reanalysis activities, which utilize inter alia altimetry and satellite measurements of ocean-surface... surface moisture because of the relatively high dielectric constant over water. Surface roughness and... Leader Systematic observations of Land and ocean European Commission – JRC Via E. Fermi... through the CEOS Constellation for Ocean Surface Topography, CGMS and the WMO Space Programme...: Submit weekly surface and sub-surface water temperature, date of freeze-up and date of... and direction; water vapour; pressure; precipitation; surface radiation budget. Temperature; wind speed and direction; water... OCEAN OBSERVATIONS PANEL FOR CLIMATE OCEAN SURFACE VECTOR WINDS PHOTOSYNTHETICALLY ACTIVE RADIATION POLARIZATION AND... MOISTURE AND OCEAN SALINITY (ESA) SHIP OF OPPORTUNITY PROGRAMME STRATOSPHERIC PROCESSES AND THEIR... SNOW WATER EQUIVALENT SIGNIFICANT WAVE HEIGHT SHORTWAVE INFRARED SPECTRAL RANGE SURFACE WATER AND OCEAN TOPOGRAPHY SATELLITE MISSION (NASA) TOTAL COLUMN CO2 AND CH4 INSTRUMENTS...) TERRESTRIAL OBSERVATION PANEL FOR CLIMATE OCEAN SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY ALTIMETER EXPERIMENT (NASA/CNES) TIROS...



Дата загрузки: 2017-10-09
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.08/5
... Properties and Ocean Biogeochemistry (Invited): H Maring, P S Bontempi 0817h IT11B-02 Ocean Photobiogeochemical Cycling and... IT11C-08 Surface-wave effects on porewater nutrient profiles and water-column and benthic...-08 Surface Wave Processes Affecting Light Transmission and Imaging Through the Ocean Surface: P J Sutherland... for Data Management and Quality Control Collaboration in the Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas... Topography and Surface Circulation in the Western Labrador Sea and Newfoundland Offshore: Satellite Observations and Ocean... of Equatorial 13C Water and its impact on sea surface temperature in the... 1730h BO15I-15 POSTER Surface Ocean Temporal and Spatial Variability of the South... the Temporal Variability in Productivity and Ocean-Atmosphere CO2 Exchange in Hawaiian... decadal variations of fresh water content and sea surface height in Beaufort: C C Tang... polarization distribution and short-term fluctuation induced by nonlinear ocean surface waves: M Shen... Between Surface Wind Stress and Sea Surface Temperature over Major Mid-Latitude Ocean Currents... PO24D-06 Tracing Surface Flow Patterns and Upwelling Rates from Ocean Color Features... of Adaptation Rates, Natural Variability and Ocean Acidification: J A Kleypas, L Bianucci, J C Currie, M Karnauskas... 1730h Climate Change and Ocean Biology: Integrating Conceptual Frameworks and Experimental Approaches to... Density Stratification in the Surface Ocean on Physical, Biogeochemical, and Ecosystem Processes Posters... and dissolved inorganic carbon to temperature and salinity in surface waters of the ocean... of Surface Heat Flux and Ocean Heat Transport in Four Decades of Atlantic Ocean... Detection of Staphylococcus aureus and MRSA in Beach Water and Sand & the Performance... PA31A E145 Wednesday 0800h Calcification and Ocean Acidification: From Laboratory to Geological... Institute of Ocean Sciences; J T Mathis, School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences 1530h CO34A...-Sea CO2 Fluxes and Ocean Acidification Impacts in the Arctic Ocean: N R Bates, J T Mathis... POSTER Seasonal Intrusion of Indian Ocean Surface Water into the Persian Gulf: F Yao... Poster Hall E Wednesday 1730h Calcification and Ocean Acidification: From Laboratory to Geological... and cycling: F C Batista, C Ravelo, M McCarthy 1730h PA35B-06 POSTER Variability in Surface Water Nutrients And Physical Properties From Elemental And Isotopic Ratios... deep water ventilation and surface water productivity over the last 4 Ma from benthic and planktic... distribution and fate of surfaceactive substances in the sea-surface microlayer and water column and their effect on the near surface light... of breaking waves and Langmuir circulation on the ocean surface mixed layer: S Li... Institute of Ocean Sciences; J T Mathis, School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences 0800h CO41A... Water Tracers To Improve Our Understanding Of Surface Ventilation In The Arctic Ocean... 1530h Climate Change and Ocean Biology: Integrating Conceptual Frameworks and Experimental Approaches to... Underrepresented Students to Coastal Margin and Ocean Science: A Multi-offering Partnership Approach... of future elevated atmospheric pCO2 and ocean acidification on benthic foraminifera: A McIntyreWressnig... of Mexico Surface Water via a Comprehensive Microarray for Biogeochemical, Ecological and Environmental Processes...) Presiding: J T Mathis, School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences; S R Alin, NOAA/PMEL; G A McKinley... seasonal cycle of surface ocean pCO2 off the Oregon and Washington coast: W W Evans... Participation Facilitates Student-Centered Inquiry and Ocean Literacy: T Haste 1730h ED45A-02...-10 POSTER USING DYNAMIC OCEAN TOPOGRAPHY TO PROBE SOUTHERN OCEAN CIRCULATION: A Griesel, S T Gille... POSTER Topography and the 3D structure of irreversible mixing in the Southern Ocean... Subantarctic Mode Water and Antarctic Intermediate Water in the southern Pacific Ocean: T G Casal, M O Baringer... the Southern Ocean CO2 sink with surface water measurements of CO2 and C-14 of... Water and The Role of Lateral Oceanic Fluxes in the Eighteen Degree Water..., past sea level reconstructions and ocean re analyses and observed steric sea level... Niño-3 SST to atmospheric fields and ocean state: X Zhang, B D Cornuelle, D H Roemmich 1730h... between interior-driven and surface-driven dynamics flow in baroclinic ocean turbulence: K Smith... Combined Impacts of Climate Warming and Ocean Carbonation on Eelgrass (Zostera marina...) Presiding: J T Mathis, School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences; S R Alin, NOAA/PMEL; G A McKinley... atmospheric and ocean interannual variability in the sub-polar North Atlantic Ocean: E K Demirov...-02 On eddy propagation and the anisotropy of ocean surface kinetic energy: B Conley... Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) Mission (Invited): E Rodriguez 1415h PO53D-06 Synergy Between Glider and...) Presiding: J T Mathis, School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences; S R Alin, NOAA/PMEL; G A McKinley... for Ocean and Coastal Management: Examples from the California Ocean Protection Council and Ocean Science...



Дата загрузки: 2017-11-08
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.04/5
... into the solar system and to the surface of Mars to advance... into the solar system and to the surface of Mars to advance... into the solar system and to the surface of Mars to advance... into the solar system and to the surface of Mars to advance... into the solar system and to the surface of Mars to advance... measure near-surface ocean wind speed and direction; new Rodent Research Hardware; and a three... (troposphere, stratosphere, and mesosphere) and from pole to pole. Surface temperatures in the... (the visible surface of the Sun) using surface magnetic field and extreme-ultraviolet... by the MESSENGER (MErcury Surface, Space ENvironment, GEochemistry, and Ranging) spacecraft of... the surface and spread across the crater floor. This process was widespread and... sunrise, as the Moon’s surface cools and argon is released through desorption... ice and gases push upward until the surface becomes locally unstable and overturns... Enceladus harbors a large underground ocean of liquid water, furthering scientific interest in... polar jets are venting salty water and organic molecules, the basic chemical... water once flowed across its surface several billion years ago. For the water... Mars from the surface down to several meters and served both to... radiation, buried under the surface by soil and ice, the more likely... and climate, liquid water, and planetary habitability. FY 2014 Annual Performance Report and FY... the signatures of water and the prevalence of clouds and hazes. Discoveries of... insights into the ubiquity of water and the presence of clouds on... a star where liquid water might exist on the surface. The discovery of...’s surface and interior, improving the capability to assess and respond to natural hazards and... Emissions: Monitoring of Pollution (TEMPO) and Surface Water Ocean Topography (SWOT). Conduct the Sustainable Land...’s surface and interior, improving the capability to assess and respond to natural hazards and... and extreme and biogeochemical management of better understanding surface and interior, Readiness Level. quality, and the weather events. cycles, including land water... ocean, atmosphere, and respond to customer in atmospheric cycle. how the global water... Deriving Information on Surface Conditions from Column and Vertically Resolved Observations Relevant... of carbon dioxide and methane with surfaceatmosphere carbon fluxes and surface state control variables (soil moisture, freeze-thaw state, inundation state, surface soil temperature) and elucidating the sensitivities of... Reporting and Planning A modeling study developed a coupled land surface and routing model and real... integrates satellite and surface observations related to anthropogenic, oceanic, terrestrial, and atmospheric carbon...’s water and energy cycle focus area has continued to enable better assessment and... between land and ocean basins, with less than a 10 percent water residual. On... is the flux of water from the ocean surface to the atmosphere. NASA.... Consistent with Surface Water Ocean Topography (SWOT) FY 2014 Annual Performance Report and FY 2016... solve the shallow water equations to estimate river water surface elevation and slope. The algorithm was tested for the River Severn and... (e.g., bathymetry and roughness). NASA scientists combined satellite altimetric observations and land surface modeling... role of the land surface in drought and differentiated this from larger... changes in characteristics of the ocean surface and deep waters. Mass loss from... Greenland’s mass loss. Surface melt has been spreading and intensifying in Greenland, with the highest ever surface area melt and runoff recorded in 2012. How surface meltwater reaches the ocean, and... topography beneath the Greenland ice sheet controls the flow of ice and... work has inferred ice thickness and bed topography along the entire periphery...’s surface and interior, improving the 2.1.6.1 2.1.6.1 capability to assess and respond to natural hazards and... characterizing the dynamics of Earth’s surface and 9ES17 10ES13 ES-11-15...’s surface and interior, improving the capability to assess and respond to natural hazards and...’s surface and interior, improving the capability to assess and respond to natural hazards and...-2, Aqua, and other satellite data of sea surface height, temperature, and chlorophyll to... the understanding of Earth’s water and energy cycles and improve the forecasting of..., will make frequent and accurate measurements of ocean surface winds throughout the life cycle of tropical storms and hurricanes...: ES-15-14: Complete the Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission Ka-band Radar...: ES-16-14: Complete the Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission Preliminary Design Review... Satellite System (CYGNSS) will measure ocean surface winds to improve hurricane forecasting...



Дата загрузки: 2017-10-09
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.21/5
Surface Water and Ocean Topography Mission (SWOT§) Project Science Requirements ... Products and Data Product Delivery ………………………..14 2.7 Ocean Science Performance Specifications ……………………………….19 2.8 Surface Water Science Performance Specifications ……………………….23 v This document has been reviewed and determined... Document 1- SWOT Mission Objectives The Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission has been recommended... of the elevation of land surface water and ocean surface topography. The SWOT mission will provide... characterize the ocean mesoscale and submesoscale circulation determined from the ocean surface topography at spatial resolutions of 15 km (for 68% of the ocean... provide measurements of water storage changes in terrestrial surface water bodies and will provide... measuring the surface water (lakes, reservoirs, rivers, and wetlands) component of the water cycle... inventory of all terrestrial surface water bodies whose surface area exceeds (250m)2 (goal... change in terrestrial surface water bodies at sub-monthly, seasonal, and annual time... temporal and spatial scales of the hydrologic processes controlling surface water storage and transport... surface water, for example through water impoundment behind dams, withdrawals and releases to rivers and...- to global-scale sensitivities of surface water storages and transport to climate, antecedent... evapotranspiration and Q is the net of all surface water discharges and groundwater flows into and... global inventory of the surface water components in ΔS and Q. The scientific value of... discharge, yet the magnitude of surface water storage change remains unknown leaving... and methane) evasion directly from the water into the atmosphere. The water surface area and... to estimate the global ocean mean sea surface and surface slopes. These data can be used to improve estimates the ocean... land/ice topography, its changes and potential land-cover classifications. 7. SWOT water surface elevation... be possible to use profiling ocean topography measurements from other missions flying... sample seasonal and inter-annual variability for both the ocean and surface water height changes... of ocean tidal signals. Tidal signals must be removed from the ocean topography data in order to meet the mesoscale and submesoscale measurement requirements and.../Jason-2 and better than the GEOSAT and GFO ocean altimeter missions. For surface water, an..., including ice or snow covered surface water; surface water in regions of extreme topographic... the surface water requirements, certain rivers and lakes in regions of extreme topography will..., including (1) ice or snow covered surface water; surface water in regions of extreme topographic... entire measurement swath and the nadir gap: 1. Ocean sea surface heights (SSH) (including... the surface water data: • • For each pass, a geolocated water mask of all water bodies... surface water elevations with the same sampling as the water mask. Estimated surface water elevation uncertainties (1σ) with the same sampling as the water... all water bodies where surface water is detected by SWOT. 2.6.3.b [Requirement] A global water mask... rivers, lakes, wetlands, reservoirs and all surface water bodies at a spatial resolution as... science results for high-frequency ocean mesoscale and surface water studies. The key contribution... KaRIN for observing ocean variability at all scales. 2.8- Surface Water Science Performance Specifications In order to achieve the surface water science objectives, the following measurement science requirements and goals...: 2.8.1 [Requirement] The post separation for surface water Level-2 data shall be consistent.... 2.8.2.a [Requirement] The surface water areas estimated using the Level-2 water mask (requirement 2.6.3a... average and length exceeds 10 km. 2.8.2.b [TSM Requirement] The surface water areas estimated using the Level-2 water mask (requirement 2.6.3a...] on average and length exceeds 10 km. 2.8.2.c [Goal] The surface water areas estimated using the Level-2 water mask (requirement 2.6.3a... total water body area for water bodies whose surface area is between (100m)2 and... water bodies whose surface area exceeds 1 km2 and (2) 25 cm or better for water bodies whose surface... surrounding topography or vegetation and arriving at the same time as the water... the water return. 2.8.11 [Requirement] SWOT shall provide flagging of frozen surface water in both the pass-by-pass and global data... of the frozen water flag. 2.8.12 [Requirement] The SWOT surface water elevation shall... SWOT surface water discharge equations shall be calibrated for unknown bathymetry and roughness...



Дата загрузки: 2017-11-24
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.11/5
..., altimetry and DEM data for surface water modelling, mapping and parameter estimation Z. N. Musa1 , I. Popescu1 , and... in surface water modelling, mapping and parameter estimation is presented, and its limitations for surface water... target areas (Fig. 1) and measure target surface changes and therefore provide information needed..., river basin management, water hazard/disaster monitoring/prevention and water management, etc. Through... in surface water modelling, mapping and parameter estimation. The review limits itself to water flowing within channels and coastal areas, and therefore excludes..., altimetry and DEM data for estimation of surface water parameters, modelling and mapping. The... utilizing satellite-derived data in surface water applications and the future directions aimed..., HiRDLS, HSB, MODIS Surface temperatures of land and ocean (flood mapping) CryoSat DORIS..., MIPAS Physical oceanography, ice and snow (ocean/river water level altimetry) ERS1 AMI...-2 (SSALT-2), TRSR Physical oceanography (ocean/ river water level altimetry) Jason2 AMR, DORIS..., CERES Physical processes, surface temperatures of land and ocean (surface water mapping) Topex/Poseidon DORIS... of satellite data applications for surface water studies SAR data applications SAR... data which enabled classification of water and dry land pixels. SOM produces... the interferogram and includes signatures from topography, noise, displacement, atmospheric effects and baseline... to heights and derived the flood water depth. Assuming a horizontal water height at... a direct relationship with water stage and therefore flooding extent and timing is the... and reflected from the surfaces of open water. The height of the water surface is extracted from the distance between the satellite and the water... within river water bodies as water levels for the river and compared with... map the water surface areas using the Modified Normalized Difference Water Index (MNDWI... water bodies from optical data (Zhang et al., 2006). The calculated water surface... estimated water surface areas and the WLALL as A = f (WLALL) = aWLALL2 + bWLALL + c; where a, b, and c, are... flood mask water points were used to interpolate a water height surface which was... inundation map. To check for water surface change, satellite microwave data from... and calibrated dry areas (Khan et al., 2012). The AMSRE detected water surface... model calibrated with AMSR-E detected water surface signal showed good agreement with... model calibrated with AMSR-E detected water surface signal showed good agreement with... delineate water-only areas, and show the range of shoreline data and water levels. The model results calculated the water depth and gave the estimated 3-D topography..., nodal avulsions and delta plains. SRTM data measure surface level which over river channels is equivalent to water levels... and cross-sectional) data and SRTM DEM water levels to derive water surface slope and to... heights between minimum and maximum water levels are classified as water, and all those... applications have been in estimating surface water parameters, the measurements come with... altimeter and gauge measurements also increases with distance between the points, topography and... empirical relationship between satellite-derived surface water extents (including flooded areas) with... Cryosat2 data to obtain river water levels and topography, the use of drifting.../2015/ 3765 water surface topography mapping, derivation of river profiles and building of pseudo..., 50 and 100 m (CSA, 2015). Other upcoming satellite missions like Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) made especially to survey global surface water have specifications... fine details of the ocean’s surface topography and measure how water bodies change over time... measurement of sea surface height, waves, and wind speed, and will provide useful... on surrounding water bodies or water management are easily analysed and depicted. Consequently... 2015. Duan, Z. and Bastiaanssen, W.: Estimating water volume variations in lakes and reservoirs from... of spatial and temporal water level variations in the Amazon, Congo, and Brahmaputra..., M.-P., Cauhopé, M., Frappart, F., and Fraizy, P.: Rating curves and estimation of average water depth at... Oceanography and Hydrology from the Next Generation Altimeter Mission, retrieved from: Surface Water and Ocean Topography..., M., Birkett, C., Carton, J., and Crétauxc, J.-F.: Intercomparison and validation of continental water, J. Appl. Remote... and radar altimetry, in: Improving Integrated Surface and Groundwater Resources Management in a Vulnerable and..., W., Ishidaira, H., and Bastola, S.: Estimating discharge by calibrating hydrological model against water surface width..., A., Siddique-E-Akbor, A., and Hossain, F.: Role of Land–Water Classification and Manning’s Roughness www... data for flood modelling: topography, flood extent and water level, Hydrol. Process., 29...