Спутник ФКИ. Surface Water and Ocean Topography. [Редактировать]

Спутник фундаментальных космических исследований. Предназначен для решения задач: гидрологии, океанографии. По своей сути является спутником дистанционного зондирования Земли в высоком разрешении. Должен предоставить информацию о перемещении больших водных объемов по океану и рекам. Запуск аппарата планируется в 2020 году. Предварительно в качестве средства выведения выбрана ракета-носитель Фалькон 9. На аппарате планируется установить две антены Ka диапазона размером по 5 метров каждая. Антены будут расположены на штангах длиной 5 метров. Таким образом, аппарат сможет работать как интерферометр. Помимио этого на него будет установлены радиометр и GPS приемник. НАСА финансирует около двух третей от потребного объема ассигнований (затраты на интерферометр). Доля Франции в финансировании состаляет $300 млн (на высотометр, платформу и сборку аппарата). Великобритания планирует потратить 9 млн евро (затраты на часть оборудования радара).

 

 

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1SWOTНайтиНайти

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12015-01-07. Космическое агенство Франции подписало первый из планируемых трех контрактов на создание космического аппарата SWOT. Данный контракт заключен с Thales Alenia Space of France и содержит работы по платформе и интеграции оборудования.Тэги: Surface Water and Ocean Topography
22015-09-30. Thales Alenia Space получила заказ на поставку радарного альтиметра.
Thales Alenia Space подписала контракт с космическим агентством Франции на разработку и поставку радарного альтиметра Посейдон-3С. В качестве космического аппарата, на который будет установлен прибор обозначен космический аппарат SWOT (Surface Water and Ocean Topography).
При этом, компания поставит агентству не только надирный высотометр, но и осуществит разработку и поставку принципиально нового широкозахватного радара Ка-диапазона. В целом данный контракт является развитием научно-технического задела который был получен в ходе работ над космическим аппаратом Jason-3 (на него был установлен Посейдон 3Б). Рабочие частоты нового прибора будут составлять 13.6 и 5.3 ГГц. Тэги: Thales Alenia SpaceJason 3Surface Water and Ocean TopographyКосмическое агентство Франции
32016-11-23. Компания SpaceX выиграла контракт НАСА.
Космическое агентство США выбрало компанию SpaceX в качестве поставщика услуг по запуску космического аппарата Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT). Сроком запуска объявлен 2021 год. Стоимость запуска объявлена в размере 112 млн. долл. В рамках контракта оператор окажет следующие услуги:
1. Осуществит адаптацию РН к ПН.
2. Обеспечит поступление телеметрии в процессе выведения.
3. Обеспечит производство и запуск РН.
Местом запуска выбрана пусковая база ВВС США Ванденберг.Тэги: Фалькон 9 (вер 1.2)SpaceXКосмическое агентство СШАSurface Water and Ocean Topography
42017-01-17. Космическое агентство Канады заключило новый контракт.
Космическое агентство Канады объявило о заключении 3.8 млн. долл. контракта с Communications & Power Industries Canada (CPI) на разработку компонентов для миссии Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT). Целевой задачей разрабатываемого в рамках проекта КА будет являться съемка около 90 процентов поверхности океанов, морей,рек и озер. Полученные в ходе эксплуатации КА данные планируется использовать для построения моделей круговорота воды и прогноза погоды. Запуск аппарата планируется в апреле 2021 года. Тэги: Surface Water and Ocean TopographyКосмическое агентство КанадыCommunications and Power Industries

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг2000
2Мощность, Вт2000

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата (пуска)октябрь 2020

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (работ по платформе аппарата и интеграции на нее оборудования), млн. долл.2015-01-0794
2Стоимость (интерферометра), млн. долл.2015-01-07300
3Заказчик Космическое агентство США
4Заказчик Космическое агентство Франции
5Производитель (платформы и интеграции оборудования)Thales Alenia Space
6Прогнозируемая стоимость (предварительная, проекта), млн. долл.642 – 742
7Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2015-01-071100
8Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2015-03-24647 – 757
9Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2016-02-01647 – 757

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Surface Water and Ocean Topography». [Перейти к поиску]


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Surface Water and Ocean Topography Mission (SWOT§) Project Science Requirements ... PRODUCTS AND DATA PRODUCT DELIVERY ......................................................................... 15 2.7 OCEAN SCIENCE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS .......................................................................................... 19 2.8 SURFACE WATER SCIENCE PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................................ 24 v This document has been reviewed and determined... Document SWOT Mission Objectives The Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission has been recommended... of the elevation of land surface water and ocean surface topography. The SWOT mission will provide... characterize the ocean mesoscale and submesoscale circulation determined from the ocean surface topography at spatial resolutions of 15 km (for 68% of the ocean... provide measurements of water storage changes in terrestrial surface water bodies and will provide... measuring the surface water (lakes, reservoirs, rivers, and wetlands) component of the water cycle... inventory of all terrestrial surface water bodies whose surface area exceeds (250m)2 (goal... change in terrestrial surface water bodies at submonthly, seasonal, and annual time scales... temporal and spatial scales of the hydrologic processes controlling surface water storage and transport... surface water, for example through water impoundment behind dams, withdrawals and releases to rivers and...- to global-scale sensitivities of surface water storages and transport to climate, antecedent... evapotranspiration and Q is the net of all surface water discharges and groundwater flows into and... global inventory of the surface water components in ∆S and Q. The scientific value of... discharge, yet the magnitude of surface water storage change remains unknown leaving... and methane) evasion directly from the water into the atmosphere. The water surface area and... to estimate the global ocean mean sea surface and surface slopes. These data can be used to improve estimates the ocean... land/ice topography, its changes and potential land-cover classifications. 7. SWOT water surface elevation... be possible to use profiling ocean topography measurements from other missions flying... sample seasonal and inter-annual variability for both the ocean and surface water height changes... of ocean tidal signals. Tidal signals must be removed from the ocean topography data in order to meet the mesoscale and submesoscale measurement requirements and.../Jason-2 and better than the GEOSAT and GFO ocean altimeter missions. For surface water, an..., including ice or snow covered surface water; surface water in regions of extreme topographic... the surface water requirements, certain rivers and lakes in regions of extreme topography will..., including (1) ice or snow covered surface water; surface water in regions of extreme topographic... the surface water data: • For each pass, a geolocated water mask of all water bodies... surface water elevations with the same sampling as the water mask. Estimated surface water elevation uncertainties (1σ) with the same sampling as the water mask. Estimated surface... be produced for all water bodies where surface water is detected by SWOT... surface water hydrologic environments that are not well represented by the river and... science results for high-frequency ocean mesoscale and surface water studies. The key contribution... KaRIN for observing ocean variability at all scales. 2.8 Surface Water Science Performance Specifications In order to achieve the surface water science objectives, the following measurement science requirements and goals...: 2.8.1 [Requirement] The post separation for surface water Level-2 data shall be consistent.... 2.8.2.a [Requirement] The surface water areas estimated using the Level-2 water mask (requirement 2.6.3a... average and length exceeds 10 km. 2.8.2.b [TSM Requirement] The surface water areas estimated using the Level-2 water mask (requirement 2.6.3a... m on average and length exceeds 10 km. 2.8.2.c [Goal] The surface water areas estimated using the Level-2 water mask (requirement 2.6.3a... surrounding topography or vegetation and arriving at the same time as the water... the water return. 2.8.11 [Requirement] SWOT shall provide flagging of frozen surface water in both the pass-by-pass and global data... of the frozen water flag. 2.8.12 [Requirement] The SWOT surface water elevation shall... SWOT surface water discharge equations shall be calibrated for unknown bathymetry and roughness...



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National Aeronautics and Space Administration Why SWOT? The ... completely covering the world’s oceans and freshwater bodies with repeated high.... . Hydrology Key Personnel How Much Water? - SWOT will provide the very... and will allow scientists to determine the height and area of fresh water... rate of water gained or lost in lakes, reservoirs, and wetlands as... key for knowing surface water availability and for understanding important water related hazards such....gov Oceanography Ocean Circulation, Weather and Climate -SWOT will measure ocean features with... current technologies. Most of the ocean’s energy is in currents that... features and compute the velocity and energy of ocean circulation. Small-scale ocean features are key components in the exchange of heat and carbon between the ocean and atmosphere, a major factor... heat storage in the upper ocean is also important to prediction....jpl.nasa.gov National Aeronautics and Space Administration Jet Propulsion Laboratory... global ocean Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) A NASA - CNES Mission Concept Mission Overview The Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT... world’s oceans and its terrestrial surface • waters. U.S. and French oceanographers and hydrologists have joined... Earth’s surface water, observe the fine details of the ocean’s surface topography, and measure how water bodies... fresh water, hydrologic observations of the temporal and spatial variations in water volumes stored• in rivers, lakes, and wetlands... • global dynamics of terrestrial surface waters and their interactions with coastal oceans... measuring water storage changes in all wetlands, lakes, and reservoirs and making it... the global water cycle. SWOT will also map wetlands and nonchannelized flow. Science Goals Provide sea surface heights (SSH) and terrestrial water... with a posting every 2 km x 2 km, and a precision better than 0.5 cm when... ground processing and produce a water mask able to resolve 100-m rivers and 1-km2... be water level elevations with an accuracy of 10 cm and a slope... exceed 10 percent of Earth’s surface. Instrument The Ka-band Radar... boom with both antennae transmitting and receiving the emitted radar pulses... all Earth’s lakes, rivers, reservoirs and oceans at least twice every... Where most of the ocean’s kinetic energy and its dissipation takes place... the heat and carbon from the upper ocean to the deep ocean. Knowing..., global measurements of ocean surface topography. These measurements will improve ocean circulation models leading to better prediction of weather and climate as well as variations in ocean currents important for navigation, fisheries, and offshore commercial...), and Laboratoire d’Études en Géophysique et Océanographie Spatiales (LEGOS). Southern Ocean near-surface current speed from ECCO2



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... Fu, Ernesto Rodriguez, Shannon Brown, and Richard Hodges Jet Propulsion Laboratory... recommended SWOT (Surface Water and Ocean Topography) Mission is to measure the water elevation of the... as terrestrial water bodies (such as rivers, lakes, reservoirs, and wetlands), to... ocean circulation, the spatial and temporal variability of the world's surface freshwater storage and discharge, and to..., coastal zone management, flood prediction, and water resources management. Radar altimetry has...-2005), and its follow-on Jason (2001-present), and the Ocean Surface Topography Mission (OSTM... data record of the global ocean surface topography has been obtained, which will... the ocean that contains 90% of the kinetic energy of ocean circulation, and (2) the variability of water storage and discharge over... global water cycle. SWOT will use a new technique to measure water elevation that will provide an order-ofmagnitude improvement in resolution and... to address these scientific questions and to further our current knowledge of oceanography and land hydrology, while establishing a reference... efforts of the Wide Swath Ocean Altimeter (WSOA) [1], [2]. The KaRIn instrument..., a dual-frequency nadir altimeter, and a multi-frequency water-vapor radiometer dedicated to... are transmitted from each antenna, and the radar echoes from each... on the topography. Therefore, the knowledge of the range and the phase... for the ocean (after on-board processing), and 50 m for land water. Figure... on-board interferometric SAR processor, and the internally calibrated high-frequency... next-generation missions to map water elevation for studying Earth. The...-waveguide feed arrays (one V-pol and the other H-pol) illuminate each... processor with interferometric SAR processing and multi-looking capabilities will decrease... the ocean before download. The microwave radiometers carried by previous and on... to resolve the small-scale water vapor features near coastal regions..., without periodic views of hot and/or cold loads), has, to... as the scientific rational, objectives and development status of the technology... contract with the National Aeronautic and Space Administration. REFERENCES [1] Fu, L.-L. (Ed...), “Wide-swath altimetric measurement of ocean surface topography”, JPL Publ., 03-002, 67....pdf) [2] Fu, L.-L., and E. Rodriguez (2004), “High-resolution measurement of ocean surface topography by radar interferometry for oceanographic and geophysical applications... State of the Planet: Frontiers and Challenges in Geophysics, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., 150, edited by R. S. J. Sparks and C. J. Hawkesworth, pp. 209–224, AGU...,” IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation, Ontario, Canada, June 1991...



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... understanding and characterisation of the global water cycle hydrology and water management. The water cycle... water from open water and wet soil surfaces is controlled by energy and water availability and near-surface atmospheric conditions (air temperature, humidity and wind-speed), while transpiration of water... precipitating clouds, water returns back to the Earth’s surface where it accumulates in rivers, lakes and oceans. Surface water may also infiltrate into the soil, moistening the soil layers and... water for human activities, or discharge it naturally to the surface or... and interactions between the terrestrial and atmospheric aspects of the energy and water cycle, and... land surface and hydrological models; hence opening new opportunities for science and applications... water resources availability and quality represents a critical support to water governance, management and planning, and... (basin) scales; and to support global water cycle predictions and water resources management. After... the water cycle – namely soil moisture, ocean salinity, water surface elevation, precipitation, water vapour, clouds and aerosols, snow, and land surface temperature – will be given. Soil moisture: the Soil Moisture and Ocean... understand the global water cycle and its dynamics. SMOS ocean observations have been... Surface Roughness Sensor L-Band Scatterometer operating at 1.2 GHz, using real aperture and a 2.5-m composite reflector antenna. Water surface elevations: due to the... the world, satellite observations of water surface elevations would be much needed... understand the spatiotemporal variability of surface fresh water. Satellite altimetry has already... data provided by the planned Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) satellite mission with its... source of freshwater influencing the water, energy and ocean circulation cycles, playing a key... upper troposphere and lower stratosphere. The radiative effects of water and clouds are... surface temperature: land surface temperature (LST) is strongly coupled to the moisture and... ground observations and provide a way of validating and upscaling to water and energy fluxes produced by microwave and other... the process whereby water is transferred from the surface to the atmosphere... and transpiration is unique in providing the link between energy, water and plant growth and as such it is vital in the energy, water and carbon cycle processes (Bowen, 1926; Penman, 1948; Montheith, 1965; Famiglietti and Wood, 1994). By returning available water at the surface to the atmosphere, terrestrial evaporation and transpiration regulates the biological environment and... coverage. Land surface temperature represents a key input for evaporation and transpiration models... the benefits and challenges to assimilate EO data into land surface and hydrological...) reports progress in monitoring of water and carbon fluxes using a land data... and climate communities, and a more holistic approach to observe and characterise the water cycle and... frequencies, accuracies and coverage, key parameters, e.g. soil moisture, land surface temperature, which..., S., Roujean, J.-L., Walker, J. P., Crapeau, M., and Wigneron, J.-P.: Monitoring of water and carbon fluxes using a land..., P., Hiernaux, P., Frappart, F., Frison, P. L., Zribi, M., and Viarre, J.: Mapping surface soil moisture over the... losses by conduction and by evaporation from any water surface, Phys. Rev., 27..., M., and Hidalgo, V.: Land surface temperature representativeness in a heterogeneous area through a distributed energy-water balance model and..., I., Bovis, K. J., Macpherson, B., and Jones, C. P.: Operational assimilation of ASCAT surface soil wetness at..., J. S. and Wood, E. F.: Multiscale modeling of spatially variable water and energy balance processes, Water Resour..., M., Sheffield, J., Tu, K., and Wang, K.: Global intercomparison of 12 land surface heat flux..., T. R., and McCabe, M. F.: Estimating land surface evaporation: a review of methods using remotely sensed surface..., J., and Berger, M.: Soil moisture retrieval from space: The Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity... Jeu, R. A. M., Gash, J. H., Meesters, A. G. C. A., and Dolman, A. J.: Global land-surface evaporation estimated from satellite..., P., and Bercher, N.: Estimating river discharge from earth observation measurements of river surface...



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... and of liquid water within, knowing that on Earth, where there is water and... and biogeochemical cycles, including the global carbon cycle, land cover, and biodiversity; Water and Energy Cycle: quantifying the key reservoirs and fluxes in the global water... measurements of ocean surface temperature, tropical rainfall, and terrestrial forest fire intensity and extent...) and develop and validate fundamental theories (e.g. the interactions between atmosphere, land and ocean). The Computing and... understanding of surface water fluxes, soil moisture storage, cloud/precipitation microphysics and latent... water, energy and carbon cycles; Estimate global water and energy fluxes at the land surface... Request Earth Systematic M ission Research Ocean Surface Topography Science Team Estimate FY 2011... system. OCEAN SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY MISSION (OSTM) OSTM, or Jason-2, measures sea surface height, enabling scientists to assess climate variability and change and water and energy cycles. This mission is a follow-on to Jason, and... measure global radar backscatter and ocean surface wind speed and direction under nearly all... projects in Earth Science. OCEAN SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY SCIENCE TEAM Ocean Surface Topography Science Team uses scientific data received from the OSTM and... climate variability and change carbon cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry water and energy cycles, and weather..., ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; climate variability and change; Earth’s surface and interior; water and energy cycles; and weather. Terra is a joint mission with Japan and... international science and space sea surface salinity variation, mass water movement, and the organizations...-surface salinity and how these variations relate to changes in the water cycle and ocean... include climate variability and change and water and energy cycles. GRAVITY RECOVERY AND CLIMATE EXPERIMENT... enable a better understanding of ocean surface currents and ocean heat transport. The mission is... measures and monitors ice sheets and changes in the storage of water and snow... of how much water and ice are in Earth’s clouds, and estimates how... patterns of rainfall and evaporation over the ocean, river outflow, and ocean circulation. Aquarius will monitor how these features change and... and change; atmospheric composition; carbon cycle, ecosystems, and biogeochemistry; water and energy cycles; weather; and Earth surface and interior. NASA’s principal..., ozone, aerosols, and atmospheric gas columns for air quality and ocean color for coastal ecosystem health and climate emissions... the rugged topography and complex textures of the asteroid Vesta’s surface. Soon other... cameras and instruments will photograph the asteroid and measure its surface topography, composition, and thermal emissions. Radio science will provide mass and... sub-surface water from orbit. NASA contributed components for the MARSIS and ASPERA... the geology, atmosphere, surface environment, history of water, and potential for life on..., multipurpose spacecraft identify surface minerals and study how dust and water are transported in... repeatedly formed and evaporated. The sands were subsequently reworked by water and wind, solidified into rock, and soaked by groundwater... as water and oxygen require thorough planning to make sure a sufficient and safe... 70 to 80 percent water and air recycling, and over 30 million students... and cleanup of ground water and soil contamination at KSC. $6.7 million for operating and... Structure (JPL) --- 18.0 --- Revitalize Water and Waste Water Systems, Various Locations (KSC) --- 27... cooling system; repairs and modifications to the potable water and fire-suppression piping systems; modifications to the ignition overpressure and... and cleanup of ground water and soil contamination at KSC; and $6.7 million for operating and... mission success criteria for the Ocean Surface Topography Mission (OSTM). HPPG: Study Earth... ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS DORIS Doppler Orbitography by Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite (Ocean Surface Topography... and Mission Assurance OSP Orbital / Suborbital Program (of the USAF) OSTM Ocean Surface Topography Mission OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy OSTST Ocean Surface Topography Science... SWIR Short Wave Infrared SWOT Surface Water and Ocean Topography SwRI Southwest Research Institute SXS...



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... Aeronautics and Space Administration NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Poseidon Positioning, Ocean... with ARGOS and AltiKa SRTM Shuttle Radar Topography Mission SWOT Surface Water and Ocean Topography TFDD Transboundary Freshwater Dispute Database TOPEX TOPography Experiment... a changing climate and increasing water scarcity due to population growth and economic development... forecasting water supply and flooding in some downstream nations a challenging task (Hossain and..., reservoirs, and rivers was developed. Which water bodies are observed and at what..., and, over land, the size of the water bodies and their surrounding topography (Crétaux and Birkett 2006... overlapping periods: TOPEX/Poseidon (TOPography Experiment/Positioning, Ocean, Solid Earth, Ice Dynamics... better discrimination of water in small lakes and reservoirs and in anastomosed rivers... provide information only about the water surface height, and not extent, both of... for water management. For this reason, a new satellite mission, the Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission, is under development jointly by the U.S. (NASA) and France... globe, the surface elevations and extents of water bodies with surface areas larger than... open ocean and near coastal waters that will help to resolve ocean circulation... tracks from nadir altimeters) of water surface elevations. Methods have been proposed... on SWOT observations of water surface elevation, water surface slope, and river width; these approaches... the surface to improve the image’s resolution, and as a result, if the surface changes very quickly (i.e., short decorrelation time due to a choppy water surface... in surface water area, in accuracy of at least 10 cm in water surface elevation (Rodríguez 2012). The relative error in surface extent using the SWOT water mask will be.... 3: The Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) satellite antennas and instruments. Image courtesy of C. Lion and B. Reinier... will globally and freely available reservoir storage, streamflow, and water level information produced by SWOT affect the management of water resources... transboundary water resources in a basin-wide manner, and equitable allocation of water resources... and sovereign in their ability to forecast and manage water resources flowing from and... nations to gather surface water information and the effectiveness of operational water resources management... al. 2012), and swath altimetry from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM... its surface water from nations upstream in the GBM (Nishat and Rahman 2009.... This project proposes to divert surface water from humid northern regions to... of discharge at Hardinge Bridge and Bahadurabad and water levels at the virtual... observed water levels at Bahadurabad and Sirajganj on the Brahmaputra River and Hardinge... of SRTM-derived elevations and water surface slope, Landsatderived water mask, and in situ measurements... water surfaces, SWOT will be able to provide concurrent measurements of water surface elevation and a water mask, which should minimize... and surface area (hence volume) changes of each reservoir, as well as water elevation and slope variations for the Indus and its tributaries... estimates of river width, slope, and surface height, critical variables for discharge... m, the surface area of the reservoir should be several km2 and thus... mountains, which could “mask” the water surface (this effect is called layover..., and water extent. This issue is currently being studied at NASA and CNES... attempts to build and maintain an observation network and comprehensive water management modeling... and Amazon Rivers. Based on relationships between water height changes, SRTM topography, and the water mask, they were able to identify fundamentally different processes and... and reservoir height measurements from past and current nadir altimeters for transboundary water... India and Pakistan will leverage this information on storage changes and water levels of the impounded Indus basin for adaptation, mitigation and... for model development and has potential for improved flood and water supply forecasting, flood mapping, model calibration and other water management... Severn from measurements of river water surface elevation and slope. J Hydrol 511:92... of spatial and temporal water level variations in the Amazon, Congo, and Brahmaputra... transboundary water law: Internal, external, and implications. In: International workshop on African Water.... 3: The Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) satellite antennas and instruments. Image courtesy of C. Lion and B. Reinier...



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... and Biodiversity Weather (incl. space weather and chemical weather) Climate Variability and Change Water Resources and the Global Hydrologic Cycle Human Health and Security.... Above not in priority order Water Panel priorities Mission Ranking Mission... Parameters Measured RFI Source Mission(s) 1 Surface Freeze/Thaw Soil Moisture Hydros... 2 River and Lake Elevation Ocean Circulation WaTER Hydrosphere Mapper or OOLM Surface Water and Ocean Topography 3 Snow Water Equivalent CLPP Snow and Cold Land processes 4 Water Vapor Wind Speed and Direction AIRS, GPS RO WOWS Water vapor transport 5 Sea-Ice Thickness, Glacier Surface Elevation Glacier Velocity ICESAT++ InSAR ICESAT 2 6 Ground Water Glacier Mass Balance Ocean Mass Distribution GRACE follow-on, ICESat++ GRACE 2 7 Inland and Coastal Water Quality FLORA, SAVII Inland and coastal water quality FINAL... operations – Vector ocean winds – GPS radio occultation temperature, water vapor and electron density profiles – Total solar irradiance/and Earth Radiation (NPP) and.../ water vapor profiles GPSRO Launch 2010-2013 Changes in aquifers and deep ocean currents GRACE-II Launch 2016-2020 Temperature and humidity... and Snowmelt extent Snow water equivalent, snow depth, and snow wetness Dynamics of water... and drought forecasts to improve water resource management Linkage between terrestrial water, energy, and carbon cycle SMAP Launch 2010-2013 Pressure/ temperature/ water vapor profiles GPSRO Launch 2010-2013 Cloud and aerosol height ACE Launch 2013-2016 High resolution ocean vector winds XOVWM Launch 2013-2016 Temperature and humidity profiles Sea surface... High resolution ocean vector winds XOVWM Launch 2013-2016 Ocean eddies and currents SWOT Launch 2013-2016 Changes in Earth’s surface and movement of magma Nutrients and water status of vegetation, soil type and health DESDynI Launch 2010-2013 Pressure/ temperature/ water vapor profiles... 2013-2016 Global high resolution topography Detection of active faults LIST... Temperature and humidity profiles Three dimensional tropospheric wind profiles Sea surface temperature... eruption and landslide warnings to enable effective evacuation planning. Nutrients and water status of vegetation, soil type and health HyspIRI Launch... vegetation SMAP Launch 2010-2013 Ocean eddies and currents SWOT Launch 2013... sources and sinks ASCENDS Launch 2013-2016 Organic material in surface ocean layers Improved estimates of coastal upwelling and nutrient availability..., agricultural, and ocean productivity forecasts to improve planting and harvesting schedules and fisheries management... resolution ocean vector winds XOVWM Launch 2013-2016 Ocean eddies and currents SWOT Launch 2013-2016 Pressure/ temperature/ water vapor profiles GPSRO Launch 2010-2013 Temperature and humidity profiles... profiles Hurricane wind fields Sea surface temperature 3D-Winds Launch 2020... and intensification predictions to enable effective evacuation planning Linkage between terrestrial water, energy, and carbon cycle SMAP Launch 2010-2013 Pressure/ temperature/ water vapor profiles GPSRO Launch 2010-2013 Ocean eddies and currents Sea...-2016 Temperature and humidity profiles High resolution ocean vector winds Sea surface temperature... Launch 2010-2013 Pressure/ temperature/ water vapor profiles GPSRO Launch 2010... temperature, water vapor, and electron density profiles for weather, climate, and space weather... – 2016 XOVWM Sea surface wind vectors for weather and ocean ecosystems MEO, SSO... M SMAP Soil moisture and freeze/thaw for weather and water cycle processes LEO... M DESDynI Surface and ice sheet deformation for understanding natural hazards and climate; vegetation... by cost HyspIRI Land surface composition for agriculture and mineral characterization; vegetation... $400 M SWOT Ocean, lake, and river water levels for ocean and inland water dynamics LEO, SSO...; ocean color for coastal ecosystem health and climate emissions GEO High and low... Aerosol and cloud profiles for climate and water cycle; ocean color for open ocean biogeochemistry... by cost LIST Land surface topography for landslide hazards and water runoff LEO, SSO... for fresh water availability LEO, SSO Ku and X-band radars K and Ka-band...



Дата загрузки: 2016-12-05
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... water, and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technique for final recognition and validation. SERS and... of Sentinel-1 and TerraSAR-X based services for flood and surface water monitoring has been validated both qualitatively and quantitatively by... into irrigated crops and natural vegetation, retrieving all water and vegetation parameters at... as an input for global surface water accounting (Invited Paper) Wim G. M. Bastiaanssen... of data for global surface water accounting. The Water Accounting Plus (WA+) system... and the CGIAR. The Surface Water Sheet is an integrated part of WA+ and... of water actually present in a given network of streams. The surface water flows...) and Rhodes University (South Africa) Determining water and carbon fluxes over a vegetated surface is... succulents could be using ground water and water stored in plant tissues. Further... to water and consequent reservoirs’ sedimentation that reduces the amount of available water and... agriculture, remote and intelligent automatic irrigation control over water and fertilizer is urgently...) and Rhodes Univ. (South Africa) Determining water and carbon fluxes over a vegetated surface is... succulents could be using ground water and water stored in plant tissues. Further... the real-time monitoring and control of water and fertilizer (e.g. nitrogen) application, in... and application amounts, which can increase crop water productivity, reduce leaching of water and... anticipated low- and high-energy levels of ICESat-2 ATLAS. Water-surface and bottom returns were visually identified and manually classified using... the water surface and atmosphere over Lake Huron. The four components of surface energy... long-wave, and outgoing long-wave) by estimations of water surface and atmospheric parameters... effects of the atmosphere and emissivity of the water surface and compared to in... as the Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity(SMOS) and the Aqurius. SMOS is... vertically and horizontally polarized brightness temperatures(TV and TH) of a smooth sea water surface at L-band and derive the derivatives of TV and TH as... surface and slopes of its one-dimensional (1-D) profile for different fetches and water depths... method for sea surface salinity based on SMOS and ocean color data Peng... method for sea surface salinity based on SMOS and ocean color data was developed. The method retrieved sea surface salinity... fresh water runoff. In this paper, tight relationships between surface water salinity and in... resolution retrieved based on SMOS and ocean color and combined them. In the... ocean surface under rainfree condition. Now, a Ku-band low incidence Surface Wave Investigation and... sea-surface topography, seaand land-surface temperature, ocean colour and land colour to support ocean forecasting... the Ocean Land Colour Imager (OLCI) and the Sea and Land Surface Temperature Radiometer... (NISAR), Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT), ICESat-2, SAGE III on ISS, Gravity Recovery and Climate..., and ocean Ecosystem (PACE) mission; and the recently selected TROPICS nanosat constellation mission and... and current status will be presented. 10000-18, Session 4 Implementing the Surface Water and Ocean Topography... Propulsion Lab. (United States) The Surface Water Ocean Topography (SWOT) mission was identified in... the water cycle measurements through measurement of the surface water (lakes, reservoirs, rivers, and wetlands) component of the water cycle. SWOT’s high vertical accuracy and high spatial resolution topography data... of ocean surface topography measurements beyond the TOPEX (Topography Experiment)/ Poseidon (T/P), Jason, OSTM/Jason-2, and Jason-3 cooperative missions, for determining sea surface height, ocean circulation, and sea...-spatial resolution and temporal resolution information about the surface ocean processes using ocean color... for both the nanosatellite and Ocean Color communities and will prove the ability... to monitor aerosols over land and ocean and surface properties of ground compared to... sensed surface soil moisture datasets: from the L-band Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity... Univ. (Ukraine) Estimation of urban surface water at subpixel level from neighborhood... representative endmembers of water and land by utilizing neighboring water pixels and adaptive iterative... and air; fluctuations in ground- water levels; electromagnetic variations near and above Earth’s surface; land and air surface thermal... and topography, and previous disturbances are used to develop a predictive model to estimate surface... TWS (Terrestrial Water Storage) is partitioned into canopy water and soil moisture components... in material and energy cycle such as photosynthesis, transpiration mechanisms [2], and water and CO2...



Дата загрузки: 2016-12-20
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... Missions Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) Ice, Cloud, and... GRACE-FO [Development] ............................................................................................... ES-20 Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) [Formulation] ........................................ ES-26 NASA... GRACE-FO [Development] ............................................................................................... ES-20 Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) [Formulation] ........................................ ES-26 NASA... Infrared Image (HyspIRI), Surface Water Ocean Topography (SWOT), GEOstationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO... to Tier-3 in the Decadal), and Surface Water Ocean Topography (2020). These dates are consistent... GRACE-FO [Development] ............................................................................................... ES-20 Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) [Formulation] ........................................ ES-26 NASA... by Surface Water Ocean Topography (SWOT) algorithm developers. Another study detailed a method to estimate water...) Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite (ICESat-2) GRACE-FO Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) Other Missions and...: Earth Science: Earth Systematic Missions SURFACE WATER AND OCEAN TOPOGRAPHY (SWOT) Formulation Development Operations FY... weather and climate. The mission will also revolutionize knowledge of the surface water inventory on the continents by precise measurement of water levels.... An artist’s conception shows the Surface Water Ocean Topography (SWOT) satellite, which entered the... world's oceans and fresh water bodies to understand their circulation, surface topography, and storage. This multi-disciplinary, cooperative international mission will produce science and...: Earth Science: Earth Systematic Missions SURFACE WATER AND OCEAN TOPOGRAPHY (SWOT) Formulation Development Operations PROJECT... SURFACE WATER AND OCEAN TOPOGRAPHY (SWOT) Formulation Development Operations Formulation Estimated Life Cycle Cost Range and... Makes swath measurements of sea surface topography and lake and river heights Provider: NASA...: Earth Science: Earth Systematic Missions SURFACE WATER AND OCEAN TOPOGRAPHY (SWOT) Formulation Element Development Description... Formulation Agreement Measures Jason-heritage ocean surface topography at nadir Provider: CNES Lead...: Earth Science: Earth Systematic Missions SURFACE WATER AND OCEAN TOPOGRAPHY (SWOT) Formulation Development Operations MAJOR....5 Ocean Surface Topography Science Team Earth Observations Systems (EOS) Research Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas....1 20.0 20.0 20.1 20.0 Landsat 8 Ocean Surface Topography Science Team (OSTST) Suomi National..., MODIS, and Suomi NPP VIIRS in the Gulf of Mexico. OCEAN SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY SCIENCE TEAM (OSTST) Ocean Surface Topography Science Team (OSTST) uses scientific data from the Ocean Surface Topography Mission (OSTM) and Jason satellites to measure global sea surface height... understanding of surface water fluxes, soil moisture storage, cloud/precipitation microphysics, and latent... anomaly. OCEAN SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY MISSION (OSTM) OSTM, or Jason-2, measures sea surface height and enables scientists to assess climate variability and change, and water and energy cycles. This mission is the third in a series of ocean surface topography missions (following Jason-1 and TOPEX/Poseidon) and is the only... variability and change, carbon cycle, ecosystems, water and energy cycles, and weather. NASA and NOAA... food security, land use and ecosystems, climate, and water and water-related disasters. NASA manages... food security, land use and ecosystems, climate, and water and water-related disasters. Program Elements... topography and imaging of Venus’ surface and produce the first maps of deformation and global surface... the rugged topography and complex textures of the asteroid Vesta’s surface. Soon other... cameras and instruments will photograph the asteroid and measure its surface topography, composition, and thermal emissions. Radio science will provide mass and... a variety of research, including air, water, and surface monitoring, avionics, communications, imaging technology...  Revitalize Water & Waste Water Systems, Various Locations, Phase 5 of 6  Revitalize Water and Waste Water Systems..., and Security Regolith Explorer Office of Safety and Mission Assurance Ocean Surface Topography Mission Ocean Surface Topography Science... Solar Wind Electrons Alphas and Protons shortwave infrared Surface Water Ocean Topography Southwest Research Institute...



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SWOT Surface Water and Ocean Topography Mission (SWOT) Eric Lindstrom: NASA-... Fu: JPL, Ocean Science Lead Rosemary Morrow: CNES, Ocean Science Lead Doug... the spatial and temporal variability in the world's terrestrial surface water storage and how... Smith Oceanography Resolving the ocean sub-mesoscale and kinetic energy containing scales... ocean surface topography that determines the velocity of ocean currents, especially the effects of ocean current velocity on the vertical transfers of heat, carbon dioxide, and nutrients between the upper and deep ocean? Southern Ocean near-surface current speed from ECCO2 Additional science applications: Ocean bathymetry, sea-ice properties, coastal and internal tides Pg... the ocean mesoscale and submesoscale circulation at spatial resolutions of 10 km and greater. Hydrology: To provide a global inventory of all terrestrial water bodies whose surface area exceeds (250m)2 (lakes, reservoirs, wetlands) and rivers... change in fresh water bodies at sub-monthly, seasonal, and annual time... discharge at sub-monthly, seasonal, and annual time scales. •  •  •  •  Mission Implementation... structures, RF phase stability): • IIP and ACT funded to mitigate risk • Building on WSOA and SRTM heritage • Maximize heritage on... plans for joint pre-phase A and phase A study. Ka-band SAR..., 65 km each Produces heights and coregistered all-weather imagery Use... Jasonclass altimeter for nadir coverage and radiometer for wet-tropospheric delay... 09 Plans • Objective: Establish Science and Mission Requirements along with a baseline... Sep 2009 • Status: • Held Oceanography and Hydrology science workshops • Mission plan... global determination of the ocean circulation, kinetic energy and dissipation at high resolution –  Hydrology: First global inventory of fresh water... the WATER and Hydrosphere Mapper missions submitted to the NRC –  The WATER portion has well developed international cooperation with CNES –  JPL and CNES have a rich history of strong collaborations in ocean altimetry... the JPL designs for WSOA and SRTM •  International (NASA, CNES) Science...) leaders identified –  Conducted several focused (ocean, hydrology) science workshops to refine... 2009 to establish future priorities and funding •  JPL tasked to perform.../CNES Implementing Arrangement for (pre) and phase-A study in final review...: –  Antenna: Baseline design and small scale prototype development and test –  On-Board... algorithm design and software model –  RF sub-system: Design and prototype key.../Val: Develop software simulators and analysis tools and field experiments to verify/validate performance requirements and develop initial calibration/validation plan –  Establish ground data system architecture and initial algorithm design Produce conceptual...: June 2009 Document baseline design and implementation plan (Mission Concept Report... with SMAP and GPM presents a unique opportunity for global water budget studies...-band phenomenology over inland water bodies and over the ocean) •  A funded IPY experiment... with the scattering characteristics of water at Ka-band –  Some useful...-3, and IceSat2 –  ALOS/PalSAR water body mask will be useful for planning and... February 11, 2009 SWOT Issues and Challenges •  Technical: –  Focus is on building upon WSOA experience and demonstrating significant risk reductions by early prototyping, experiments and modeling/analysis. –  Limit technology creep: Keep it simple and maximize heritage –  Limit requirements creep... analysis to support early trades and establish feasible requirements, expectations) •  Programmatic... in situ experiments, data assimilation and modeling Pg: 13 February 11...