Спутник технологический. TSAT. [Редактировать]

Малый космический аппарат который разработан и создан студентами с университета Тейлор в рамках инженерной программы университета. На орбите спутнику “TSAT” предстоит проводить разные исследования, от измерения температуры до измерения плотности плазмы в космическом пространстве.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
139682НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип оператора(владельца) - военные
2Страна оператор(владелец) - США
3Страна производитель - США
4Тип орбиты - НОО

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг2

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град51.7
2Апогей, км274.5
3Перигей, км243.9
4Период, минут89.5
5Длинный диаметр эллипса, км6630

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2014-022C

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Мыс Канаверал
2Дата пуска2014-04-18 at 19:25:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xKickSat
4Полезная нагрузка 1xALLSTAR
5Полезная нагрузка 1xPhoneSat 2.5
6Полезная нагрузка 1xTSAT
7Полезная нагрузка 1xDragon CRS3
8Полезная нагрузка 1xSporeSat
9Ракета-носитель 1xФалькон 9 (вер 1.1) R

Найдено 248 документов по запросу «TSAT». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-01-10
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0.19/5
... to date pre-departure information (TSAT). An essential pre-requisite for... to date pre-departure information (TSAT). It is important to note... establishing the pre-departure sequence (TSAT) is also considered a CDM-process... Target Start Up Approval Time (TSAT) for each flight, taking multiple... Target Start-Up Approval Times (TSAT) calculated by the DMAN. The... be given in advance of TSAT TSAT Window TTOT A time-frame of +/- 5 minutes around the TSAT, in which a Start-Up and... for calculation of TTOT or TSAT. Inbound taxi time (EXIT) includes... establish sequences and target times (TSAT/TTOT) with the support of... Target Start-Up Approval Time (TSAT) for each flight, taking multiple... Target Start-Up Approval Time, TSAT). Basic DMAN uses the Target... follow the TTOT order.  The TSAT times and their spacing (close... the predeparture sequence already with TSAT. o On airports with multiple runway entry points the TSAT "sequence" is of no importance..., regulated by assigning a number of TSAT is important, not the sequence... first TTOT [TOBT+EXOT],  The TSAT order might change for optimization... Target Start-Up Approval Time (TSAT) which represents the Aircraft rank... Minimum Departure Interval (MDI) The TSAT order might change for optimization... will keeps providing an actualised TSAT for the concerned flight. It... with external world) Assign TSAT Input TOBT Output TSAT Table 3 : Departure Traffic...-Departure Sequence / TTOT o Compute (/Update) TSAT o Handle AOBT o Handle ATOT Additionally... and Start-up approval at TSAT,  Acknowledges and gives verbatim read... Ground Controller to follow the TSAT. But TSAT is a window (-/+ x min) so... might be different from the TSAT order. Although basic DMAN generates... Ground Controller to follow the TSAT order. The basic DMAN generates... is built  TSAT calculation is based on a capacity value  TSAT order is... request initiated by pilot in TSAT-window  It is mandatory for... Ground Controller to respect the TSAT(window)  Tower Ground Controller manages... a time window of +/-5 Minutes around TSAT, allowing for uncertainties in the... In case of compliance to TSAT window, Tower Delivery Controller then... not required to respect the TSAT order. Upon receiving the Start... the case. In planning strategy 2:      TSAT calculation is based on separations... delay optimization When building the TSAT sequence wake vortex separations and... clearance initiated by ATCO at TSAT (earliest)  It is mandatory for... Ground Controller to follow the TSAT order  Tower Ground Controller does...-back dependencies are considered in TSAT calculation, Apron/Ground Controller does... of the one awaiting pushback. TSAT sequence is to be maintained... be achieved by establishing the TSAT sequence, but additional delay might... request within TSAT-Window. TOBT=TSAT +/-5 Flight crew request before TSAT. TSAT-10 TSAT + 5 Departure... not ready at TOBT. UC7 TSAT computation - CTOT improvement on new... Flight Push-Back request within TSAT window. Traffic situation permits P/B Push... provided. New TOBT entered, New TSAT calculated New TOBT entered, new CTOT provided, new TSAT calculated Push-Back approval issued... No Push-Back request within TSAT-Window or no acknowledgement of... start) earlier than TSAT-10' and the TSAT computed by the Basic... TOBT provided by the AOC (TSAT-5 - - - . Where:  is REQ  is 06... EFS systems DMAN-HMI displays TSAT, TTOT, Allocated Departure Runway, Allocated... Pre-Departure Sequence - Flight Eligibility TSAT and TTOT computation for each...) • Then: Deducing TSAT representing A/C rank in predeparture sequence (TSAT = TTOT – EXOT) REQ... DMAN Pre-Departure Sequence - TSAT output TSAT as the result of a pre... StartUp • Late for push-back (TSAT + 5 min) • Not acknowledging Push-Back... following flight data to A-CDM :  TSAT,  TTOT. Basic DMAN Outputs – Exchanges... following data to EFS systems :  TSAT,  TTOT. Basic DMAN Outputs – Exchanges..., the basic DMAN planning (i.e the TSAT issue time) shall:  Start at... Pre-Departure Sequence by entering a TSAT for the concerned flight. Basic... Target Start-Up Approval Time (TSAT) which represents the Aircraft rank...-departure sequence. [TTOT differs from TSAT by the Estimated Taxi out... the Pre-Departure Sequence, its TSAT and TTOT shall be cancelled... re-sequence this flight. (I.e. a new TSAT and TTOT are calculated for... DMAN Pre-Departure Sequence - TSAT output The TSAT represents the rank in... for calculating reliable estimates of TSAT [REQ Trace] Relationship Linked Element... (Push-Back not requested at TSAT + 5’), or  That does not acknowledge... efficiency is based on TOBT/TSAT adherence, hence when a flight does... following situations:  According to current TSAT, it’s too early to issue departure clearance.  According to current TSAT, departure clearance can be issued...-Up approval.  According to current TSAT, Start-Up approval can be... Pre-Departure Sequence by entering a TSAT for the concerned flight. Basic... to the Pre-Departure Sequence (i.e. TSAT order) shall not be the... to the Pre-Departure Sequence (i.e. TSAT order) shall not be the...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-30
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0.08/5
Transformational Satellite Communications System (TSAT) Network Architecture Dr. Vineet Mehta, ... Scott Boone 1 Overview • What is TSAT? • TSAT Operational Concept • TMOS Network Management... • Network Architecture Scope • TSAT Network Elements • TSAT Network Features 2 TSAT Vision The internet... Secure Network Architecture 3 What is TSAT? (TSAT CONOPS) • TSAT - Transformational Satellite Communications System..., configuration, coordination, operations, monitoring of TSAT components: satellites, CONUS gateway, terminals... connectivity EHF Protected, Secure AEHF TSAT Milstar II Milstar I 100X 10X... resources and simplifies mission planning 6 TSAT Mission Operations System (TMOS) Network... – System health Satellite Reduced Bandwidth TSAT node heals Constellation – Environment (e.g. Lost..., jamming) Lower Priority Shift to TSAT Use Available Adjust High Priority..., mechanisms, and behaviors of the TSAT Network •Circuit and packet services... functions necessary to build the TSAT network - “terminal to terminal” •Integration... Elements 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. TSAT Satellite Payload TSAT Terminal Suite TSAT Network Operations Management (TNOM) TSAT Network Services Element (TNSE) TSAT...) Teleport Red/Black Boundary Element TSAT Satellite Operations Element (TSOE) CONUS... – Physical Connectivity 10 TSAT Terminal Suite 11 TSAT Terminal Suite Terminal Manager... 12 TSAT Terminal Suite User Network Connections to TSAT Terminal Suite 13 TSAT Network and Operations Management (TNOM) CDRL A022 - Figure 4.1.4-1. TSAT Network Operations and Management (TNOM) TSAT Network Services Element (TNSE) CDRL A022 - Figure 4.1.5-1. TSAT Network Service Element 14 TSAT Network Services Element... operations during exception states 15 TSAT GIG Border Element (TGBE) • TGBE... Point of Presence (POP). The TSAT system plans to utilize terrestrial... to provide connectivity between the TSAT “border” and external users. 16 Teleport • Provides interoperability between TSAT and AEHF, WGS, MUOS (with... Element • External element to TSAT, included as a TSAT architecture element because it... transit a black network such as TSAT. • HAIPIS v3.0 provides bypass of... ground fabric to TSAT satellite systems. 19 TSAT Network Features • TSAT will support...-AS solution with MP-eBGP – TSAT core is in a different Autonomous...) from ground-based terminals – The TSAT core AS includes the payloads... against spoofing attacks Network ASWR – TSAT uses a heterogeneous and distributed set... Monitor) 25 Recap • What is TSAT? • TSAT Operational Concept • TMOS Network Management and Operations • Network Architecture Scope • TSAT Network Elements • TSAT Functionality Support 26



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-10
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...-Up Approval Time (TSAT)..................................................................... 6 3.1. 4. Definition ........................................................................................................... 3 TOBT and TSAT handling in extreme situations... as necessary until TSAT has been issued  after TSAT has been issued...) after the generation of the TSAT has been exceeded If the TOBT is deleted, the TSAT is automatically deleted as well... Start-Up Approval Time (TSAT) The TSAT is the target time for... the flights with a calculated TSAT. The TSAT is published 40 minutes prior to the valid TOBT. The TSAT is transmitted via the same..., Düsseldorf Airport offers a TSAT SMS-Service. To register a TSAT request, the user... 118. The TSAT and any changes to the TSAT are transmitted to... (DCL) is used for clearances, TSAT will additionally be transmitted directly into the cockpit. 3.1. TOBT and TSAT handling in extreme situations If TOBT and TSAT vary significantly, the person responsible... approach the TOBT to the TSAT in order to prevent an... into account the TOBT and TSAT. The following rules shall apply... and en-route clearance is TSAT +/- 5 minutes o The pilot should request... approval and en-route clearance TSAT +/- 5 minutes o Clearance Delivery issues the... en-route clearance depending on TSAT and the current traffic situation... datalink departure clearances (DCL). The TSAT is transmitted via CLD (departure... Delivery). “Start-Up approved TSAT “ If the TSAT changes after start-up... of passing on the actual TSAT into the cockpit. The push... has to be requested at TSAT +/-5 minutes. Beispiel: DCL with Start... 121.900 ATIS H STARTUP APPROVED TSAT 09:00 4.2. DCL only with En route clearance CLD TSAT 09:00 AN DLH4CM/MA... ON 121.775 FOR STARTUP TSAT 09:00 Changes within the sequence After the TSAT has been calculated, the sequence... for the calculation of the TSAT. Therefore, de-icing should be... to a new calculation of the TSAT taking de-icing into account...



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... Up Approval Time (TSAT) ..................................................................... 5 3.1. 4. Definition ........................................................................................................... 3 TOBT and TSAT handling in extreme situations... as necessary until TSAT has been issued  after TSAT has been issued... the TOBT is deleted, the TSAT is automatically deleted as well... Start Up Approval Time (TSAT) The TSAT is the target time for... the flights with a calculated TSAT. The TSAT is published 40 minutes prior to the valid TOBT. The TSAT is transmitted via the same.... As a rule, TSAT and any changes to the TSAT are transmitted to... (DCL) is used for clearances, TSAT will additionally be transmitted directly into the cockpit. 3.1. TOBT and TSAT handling in extreme situations If TOBT and TSAT deviate from each other by... boarding has to be completed TSAT -60 minutes at the latest... into account the TOBT and TSAT. The following rules shall apply... into account the TOBT and TSAT. The following rules shall apply... and en-route clearance is TSAT +/- 5 minutes o The pilot should request... approval and en-route clearance TSAT +/- 5 minutes. o Clearance Delivery issues the... en-route clearance depending on TSAT and the current traffic situation... any significant changes to the TSAT, the pilot will be informed... link departure clearances (DCL). The TSAT is transmitted via CLD (departure... Clearance Delivery). “Start Up approved TSAT “ The push-back/taxi clearance has to be requested at TSAT +/-5 minutes. Example: DCL with Start....775 AT IS D STARTUP APPROVED TSAT 05:00 Airport CDM Munich... ON 121.725 FOR STARTUP TSAT 08:30 Seite 6 Airport CDM... within the sequence After the TSAT has been calculated, the sequence... one of the flights has a TSAT which is less than 15... have been de-iced at TSAT. 4.3.2. Remote de-icing Aircraft de... in the calculation of the TSAT. Therefore de-icing should be...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-30
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0.08/5
... higher than the saturation temperature, Tsat, corresponding to the liquid (or... magnitude of the superheat (Tnucleation‐Tsat) required to sustain the bubble... of the bubbles, rbubble: Tnucleation  Tsat  1 rbubble (6) Equation 6 suggests that the... the surface a little bit above Tsat if boiling is to be... (via a thermocouple). Then a q" vs Tw‐Tsat curve can be constructed from... Fig 5. q(W / m 2 ) B 106 C A O 5 50 1500 Tw Tsat (C) Figure 5. Qualitative boiling curve for water at atmospheric pressure (Tsat=100C) on a flat plate. As... temperature is not sufficiently beyond Tsat to initiate bubble nucleation. In... Newton’s law of cooling, q"  h(Tw  Tsat ) , with the heat transfer coefficient... Fishenden and Saunders correlation: g (Tw  Tsat ) L3 hL  0.15Ra1L/ 3 where the... zsat, Tb remains equal to Tsat until all liquid has evaporated... starts at the wall for z >Tsat) while the liquid droplets are... PWR Core (2) q  Hot channel Temperature Tsat Subcooled boiling in the hot... ketts wh hen DNB occurs Tsat Tco Tb z 6 Thermal-hy ydraulics...  [1.76  7.433xe 12.222x ] 2 e xe   c p, (Tsat  Tb ) h fg < 0 in a PWR Thermal... in most of the channel Tsat Tb z 9 Thermal-hy ydraulics of... sharply when dryout occurs Tco Tsat Tb z 10 Thermal-hydraulics y of... 5 5 50 50 1500 1500 Tw  Tsat (C ) Main message: Nucleate boiling = good...



Дата загрузки: 2016-12-24
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0.17/5
... ............................................................................................ 41 Result Files Available From TSAT .................................................................. 41 TSAT Terminology.......................................................................................... 44 3.7.1 Scenario ............................................................................................................. 44... TSAT User Manual 4.1 4.2 4.3 Starting TSAT ................................................................................................. 47 Opening a TSAT Case.................................................................................... 48 Description of the TSAT... a TSAT Case .................................................................................. 97 Comparing Scenarios in a TSAT Case ......................................................... 100 Saving and Archiving a TSAT Case .............................................................. 100 Examining TSAT Case... Case Scheduler ............................................................................ 128 9.5 Distributing TSAT Computation .................................................................... 130 9.6 TSAT Snapshot ............................................................................................ 135 9.7 Configuring Text... manuals describe other details of TSAT: • TSAT Model Manual shows the model... (on TSAT CD) TSAT User Manual (PDF file on TSAT CD) TSAT Model Manual (PDF file on TSAT CD) DSAToolsTM... 5.5). 2.3 Installing TSAT Use the following procedure to install TSAT: (1) Insert the TSAT CD... the TSAT package require the dongle to run: • • TSAT executable (tsat.exe) TSAT batch executable (tsat_batch.exe) Other modules (including TSAT server... should this happens. Customizing TSAT The standard TSAT version is shipped with.... Powertech Labs Inc. 17 TSAT User Manual 3 TSAT Concepts This section describes... TSAT User Manual 4 Understanding the TSAT Main Window This section describes the TSAT... TSAT The TSAT program is started by double-clicking the TSAT executable, tsat.exe, or the TSAT program icon on... of the TSAT Main Window Once a TSAT case is opened, the TSAT main... a TSAT case is opened. • About TSAT. This function displays information related to TSAT... in the TSAT Model Manual (except for non-TSAT format). 5.2 Creating a TSAT Case As mentioned earlier, a TSAT case is described by a TSAT... is no TSAT case opened in the TSAT main window (i.e., the TSAT main... a new TSAT case Figure 5-2: Creating a new TSAT case when an active TSAT case.... 96 TSAT User Manual 5.3 Modifying a TSAT Case Using the case wizard, a TSAT case... straightforward. 5.4 Comparing Scenarios in a TSAT Case If a TSAT case has multiple scenarios... and Archiving a TSAT Case Saving a TSAT case After the active TSAT case is... following manuals are available: • • • • TSAT User Manual TSAT Model Manual DSATools UDM... where the TSAT client is installed is called “TSAT folder” or “TSAT client folder”. There is a subfolder \server under the TSAT... the TSAT server folder to the remote TSAT server folder. Running TSAT servers To start a TSAT server, double-clicking on the TSAT server... Labs Inc. 134 TSAT User Manual 9.6 TSAT Snapshot Normally a TSAT simulation starts from... snapshot. Model compatibility of TSAT snapshot TSAT snapshot supports all dynamic models.... 139 TSAT User Manual 9.8 Using the TSAT Batch Version The TSAT batch version... TSAT SSAT TSAT SSAT TSAT SSAT TSAT TSAT SSAT TSAT TSAT SSAT TSAT TSAT TSAT Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y gen_ii TSAT Y Y gen_rapp TSAT Y Y gen_xapp TSAT Y Y stab_vs mot_v TSAT TSAT Y Y Y Y mot_p mot_q mot_spd mot_i TSAT TSAT TSAT TSAT... (MW) mot_tm TSAT Y Y svc_v svc_vsens svc_q load_v TSAT TSAT TSAT TSAT Y Y Y Y Y Y Y load_i TSAT Y load_p load_q TSAT TSAT Y Y load_frq...) line_ia line_rapp TSAT TSAT SSAT TSAT SSAT TSAT SSAT TSAT TSAT Y Y Y Y Y Y line_xapp TSAT Y Y Y iface_p iface_q TSAT TSAT bus_v Bus... rggn_mw rggn_mvar TSAT SSAT TSAT SSAT TSAT TSAT TSAT TSAT TSAT TSAT TSAT TSAT rggn_acc rgld_mw rgld_mvar TSAT TSAT TSAT Y Y Y rgex_mw rgex_mvar TSAT TSAT Y Y rgcn_spd rgcn_ang rel_zone1 rel_zone2 conv_acv conv_dcv conv_dcc TSAT TSAT TSAT TSAT TSAT TSAT TSAT...) EXCUDM block conv_alp conv_gam conv_p TSAT TSAT TSAT Y Y Y conv_q TSAT Y dcbus_v excudm PSSUDM block... TSAT TSAT SSAT TSAT SSAT TSAT SSAT TSAT SSAT TSAT SSAT TSAT SSAT TSAT SSAT TSAT TSAT SSAT TSAT SSAT TSAT SSAT TSAT TSAT TSAT TSAT...



Дата загрузки: 2016-12-24
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... München 2.3.9. 2.4. Veröffentlichung der TSAT ....................................................................... 22 2.4.2. TSAT-Meldewege..................................................................................... 23 2.4.3. Target-DPI „Sequenced... dem NMOC .................... 24 2.4.4. Prinzip der TSAT und DPI-Generierung ................................................... 25 2.4.5. Sequenztausch ........................................................................................ 25 2.4.6. Handhabung von TOBT und TSAT in Extremsituationen .......................... 25 2.4.7. Mögliche Airport... 2.5.1. 2.6. 4. Target Start Up Approval Time (TSAT)............................................................ 22 2.4.1. 2.5. 3. Mögliche Airport CDM Alerts... Approval Time“ Einführung der TSAT, basierend auf TOBT, EXOT, CTOT... Start Up Clearance erwarten kann TSAT = Airport CDM commitment Airport CDM... - Essential Airport CDM contents:“ contents:“ TSAT = Airport CDM commitment „ Introduction of... departure sequencing sequencing Impact on TSAT definement: definement: Operational Capacity Weathersituation... constraints TOBT TOBT DeDe-Icing TSAT TTOT Taxitime Taxitime 1.5.8. Procedure adherence... Berücksichtigung von TOBT und TSAT Airport CDM Germany „Procedure - Essential... consideration of TOBT and TSAT “ Airport CDM process TSAT 12:05 TOBT... kann bis zur Ausgabe der TSAT beliebig oft vorgenommen werden • nach Ausgabe der TSAT kann die TOBT maximal dreimal... zieht die automatische Löschung der TSAT nach sich. 2.3.6. Cancel-DPI - Datenaustausch... nach 1 Minute die Anzeige der TSAT in UTC. Airport CDM München... Flight not compliant with TOBT/TSAT CDM14 Automatic TOBT Generation not... Start Up Approval Time (TSAT) Die TSAT ist ein vom Airport CDM... den Flügen mit berechneter TSAT. Target Start Up Approval Definition... Berechnung Time – TSAT 2.4.1. Veröffentlichung der TSAT Nach der TSAT-Veröffentlichung kann...änderung der TOBT bleibt die TSAT grundsätzlich erhalten, sofern die... als die errechnete TSAT liegt. In die Berechnung der TSAT fließen... Target Start Up Approval Time – TSAT Definition und Grundsätzliche Berechnung Die Veröffentlichung der TSAT erfolgt 40 Minuten vor der... Airport CDM München 2.4.2. TSAT-Meldewege Die Rückmeldung der TSAT erfolgt über die...) • CSA München • Sequenzplaner Die TSAT bzw. TSAT-Änderungen werden grundsätzlich vom... Target Start Up Approval Time – TSAT Meldewege / Änderungen Für Flüge der... mit dem NMOC Zum Zeitpunkt TSAT-Generierung wird an das NMOC... Target Start Up Approval Time – TSAT Target DPI „Sequenced“ an das... Airport CDM München 2.4.4. Prinzip der TSAT und DPI-Generierung „Priniciple of...“ DLH 1KM TOBT: 12:00 TSAT: 12:00 Kapazitätswert TTOT... DLH 2ES TOBT: 12:02 TSAT: 12:02 DLH 3KW TOBT: 12:00 TSAT: 12:00 12:04 EXOT... DLH4SH 12:10 12:11 TSAT Issue = TOBT-40min 12:13... Kapazität 2.4.5. Sequenztausch Nach Berechnung der TSAT besteht innerhalb des Zuständigkeitsbereichs... Sequenztausch, bei dem eine der TSAT-Zeiten weniger als 15 Min... von TOBT und TSAT in Extremsituationen Sofern TOBT und TSAT um mehr... Passagiere. Dieses muss zum Zeitpunkt TSAT-60 Minuten abgeschlossen sein. 2.4.7. Mögliche... Target Start Up Approval Time – TSAT Beispiel der Sequenzerstellung / Sequenztausch / Extremsituationen... Alerts im Zusammenhang mit der TSAT sind: CDM11 Flight not compliant with TOBT/TSAT Details zu den Airport CDM... Enteisung bereit sein. Zum Zeitpunkt TSAT muss das Luftfahrzeug enteist sein... der aktuellen Enteisungskapazität bei der TSAT-Berechnung berücksichtigt. Im Falle... Berücksichtigung von TOBT und TSAT. Es gelten folgende Regeln: • Mit... der Anlass- und Streckenfreigabe ist TSAT-/+5 Minuten. o Die Anfrage zur Erteilung... im Zeitraum TSAT-/+ 5 Minuten erfolgen o In Abhängigkeit der TSAT und der... sich gravierende Änderungen in der TSAT ergeben, wird der Luftfahrzeugführer... 2 EDDM veröffentlichten Zeitparameter. Die TSAT wird mit CLD (Departure Clearance... Delivery) übermittelt. „Start Up approved TSAT “ Beispiel: Airport CDM Germany „Datalink....775 AT IS D STARTUP APPROVED TSAT 05:00 DCL only with... ON 121.725 FOR STARTUP TSAT 08:30 2.6.2. Remote Holding Remote...-Anfrage muss dann im Zeitraum TSAT+/-5 Minuten erfolgen. Seite 28 Airport... Holding geplant sind, ist die TSAT-Information invertiert dargestellt. Airport CDM... “Flight not compliant with TOBT/TSAT” DLH1AB/LH123 CDM11 1002171200UTC MUC... NOT COMPLIANT WITH TOBT 1300/TSAT 1300. THIS FLIGHT WILL BE...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-23
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... Explain Fig. 3.1 (p.45) 機械工程系 陳俊勳老師 2  Saturation temp. (Tsat): the temp. at which vaporization... a given pressure. Ex:at 1 atm, Tsat = 99.6 ℃ (0.1MPa)  Saturation pressure (Psat..., there is a definite relation between Tsat and Psat Vapor-pressure curve..., 20 ℃ T Tsat Psat = 1 atm, Tsat = 99.6 ℃  20 ℃ < 99.6 ℃ (Subcooled liquid)  Tsat = 20 ℃, Psat...) (Compressed liquid) 機械工程系 陳俊勳老師 6  Quality (x):only at Tsat and Psat, a substance existed as... vapor (Fig. 3.1b, Psat = 1 atm, Tsat = 99.6 ℃) then x is defined as... of the saturated vapor. (Tvap > Tsat)  For superheated vapor, its temp... Tsat = 99.6 ℃, x = 0 % C:saturated vapor state Tsat = 99.6 ℃, x = 100% BC:phase change (x varied) T = Tsat... independent. Note that Psat and Tsat are related. (quality or ν must... of 70% Check Table B.1.1 (704) Tsat = 200℃, Psat = 1.5538MPa νf = 0.001156 m3... that of saturated vapor. (Tvap > Tsat) at a given pressure  T and P are...



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... [19]: T  TP M gs  0.1f sat Tsat где Tsat – температура насыщения, TP – температура в ячейке... [20]:  nint  T g   nint  T f mgf  , (4) h gf (Tsat ) где hgf – теплота фазового перехода... h f  Tint   q f  nint , (6) q g   gTg , q f   f Tf , Tint  Tsat (pf ). Здесь: mgf – плотность потока..., который в данной работе считается постоянным, Tsat – температура насыщения при давлении в f-фазе... границе Tint равна температуре насыщения Tsat при давлении жидкой фазы. Это...,int ,  h f  c pf  Tf  Tsat   h f ,sat , h g  c pg  Tf  Tsat   h g,sat . Здесь hk – полные... – энтальпии фаз на линии насыщения, Tsat – температура фазовой границы, равная температуре... к фазе): Qf ,int  As mgf h f  Tsat   q f ,int , Qg,int  As mgf... h gf ,  h m  x f c pf  T  Tsat   (1  x f )c pg  T  Tsat  , x f  f  ,  (18) h gf  h g,sat  Tsat   h f ,sat  Tsat  Здесь xf – массовая... – теплота парообразования при температуре насыщения Tsat. Уравнение (18) можно записать и в виде... pT  T   M gf  h gf   c pf  c pg  Tsat  ,  c P  f c pf  g (1  )c pg . (19) Уравнение (19...  T g   nint  T f  n g  n f mgf   , (23) h gf (Tsat ) h gf (Tsat ) Tint  Tsat . Здесь nint – нормаль к межфазной... реализации форме: 11      Tsat  Tg      Tsat  Tf    g   f mgf  h gf (Tsat ) (24) Здесь Tg... , (25) M gs  mgf Aint  0.1f sat Tsat где TP – температура среды в ячейке... в ячейке с фазовой границей температуру TP = Tsat (27) с помощью задания источника в уравнении энергии (19) ST = C(Tsat –T), где C – большая величина. Поскольку условие... расчета массового потока. Поскольку в ячейке с T = Tsat hm = 0, то для фазовой границы... имеет температуру T = Tsat. При  > 0 температура левой стенки T(x=0) = Tw > Tsat. У стенки возникает перегретый... 38 T( = 0) = T0 > Tsat. При  > 0 температура левой стенки устанавливается равной Tsat и начинается процесс...  , (57) Tg Tf mgf h g (Tsat )   g  mgf h f (Tsat )   f x x Граничные условия зависят от задачи... температура жидкости постоянна и равна Tf = Tsat, то нас интересует только поле... условиями x  0 : Tg  Tw , (60) x  x s ( ) : Tg  Tsat Положение фронта и скорость его движения... 39 фронт T Tw Tg Tf = Tsat пар us жидкость x xs Рисунок...  erf ( ) x 2 a , erf (x)  2 e  2 d (64) Tg  Tw   Tsat  Tw  erf (ms )  0 Здесь erf... ms удовлетворяет нелинейному уравнению вида c  T  Tsat  1 * ms  erf  ms   exp(ms2... число Якоба содержит отношение плотностей:  c  T  Tsat  f * Ja  f pg w  Ja . g H gf g Уравнение... Параметр Вариант 1 Psat, МПА 0,1013 Tsat, C 100 1605 f / g * Ja 0,225210... постоянна и равна Tsat. фронт T T0 Tf Tw Tg = Tsat пар us жидкость...) – (52): Tf T  2Tf  uf f  a f ,  x x 2 x  x s : Tf  Tsat , (66) x   : Tf  T0 ,  f Tf h gf... температуру и автомодельную переменную вида (T  Tsat )  f , T0  T0  Tsat , T0 , (67) x  , x s ( ) то систему... 1. Температура стенки при x = 0 принималась равной T = Tsat + 25 C. Время интегрирования составляло 1000... от времени для варианта 2 свойств (Tsat = 155 C). 0.02 0.016 xs 0.012... на 5 С относительно температуры насыщения (T0 – Tsat = 5 C). Для данных параметров аналитическое решение...



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... such as ferritin, transferrin saturation (TSAT) and serum iron (SI) in... level had inverse correlation with TSAT (P = 0.04, r = −0.22), SI (P = 0.04, r = −0.2), white... serum NGAL level in low TSAT group demonstrated that NGAL probably... Quality Initiative suggestion, transferrin saturation (TSAT) and ferritin are the first... iron status in renal disease. TSAT <20, ferritin <200 are two... different in both sexes,[8] second TSAT also influences by malnutrition, chronic..., leukocyte count, serum iron (SI), TSAT, ferritin, 625 transferrin iron binding... body iron status were SI, TSAT, ferritin, TIBC. SI, ferritin measured... radioimmunoassay.TIBC measured through spectrophotometry. TSAT calculated by this formula: . Serum.... Iron deficiency was defined as TSAT <20% and used for subdivision... Hct) and iron status markers (TSAT, SI) in this group was... group had inverse correlation with TSAT (P = 0.04, Journal of Research in... also had inverse correlation with TSAT (P = 0.038, r = −0.18), SI (P = 0.042, r = −0.21... status markers such as SI, TSAT, and ferritin was reverse, but... according to TSAT <20 (low TSAT group) or TSAT >20 (high TSAT group), so 17 patients (45%) belonged to low TSAT group and 23 patients (55%) belonged to high TSAT group, surprisingly between low TSAT group only 8 person.... Differences between low TSAT group and high TSAT group were summarized in... in low TSAT group was significantly higher than high TSAT group (P = 0.04). SI (P < 0.001), TIBC (P = 0.04), TSAT (P < 0.001) were significantly higher in high TSAT group. Differences... urea in high TSAT group was higher than low TSAT group, but.... HD patients presented significantly higher TSAT (P = 0.048), SI (P = 0.047), NGAL (0.04... (mcg/mL) TIBC (mg/dL) TSAT (%) NGAL (ng/mL) Ferritin (ng... C-reactive protein; ALP = Alkaline phosphatase; TSAT = Transferrin saturation; TIBC = Transferrin iron... 2: Comparison between low TSAT group and high TSAT group in main clinical...) TIBC (mg/dl) TSAT (%) Serum ferritin (ng/mL) NGAL TSAT <20% (n = 16... 205.06±186 371.3±314 TSAT >20% (n = 24) 14/10 9.6±0.4 0.04... C-reactive protein; ALP = Alkaline phosphatase; TSAT = Transferrin saturation; TIBC = Transferrin iron... between serum NGAL and SI, TSAT, and ferritin in our study... (%) PTH (pg/m) NGAL (mg/mL) TSAT (%) PD (n = 17) 7/10 8±1 9.26±0.96... C-reactive protein; ALP = Alkaline phosphatase; TSAT = Transferrin saturation; TIBC = Transferrin iron... in low TSAT group was significantly higher than high TSAT group. According.... In addition, comparison between low TSAT group and serum ferritin level...