Спутник ДЗЗ. TanDEM-X. [Редактировать]

Миссия TanDEM-X (TerraSAR-X Add-on for Digital Elevation Measurement – дополнение к TerraSAR-X для цифрового измерения рельефа) включает два практически идентичных аппарата наблюдения – TerraSAR-X и TanDEM-X. Оба спутника оснащены современными мощными радиолокационными системами с синтезированной апертурой (SAR), позволяющими сканировать поверхность Земли как в дневное, так и в ночное время вне зависимости от погодных условий (облачности).
Благодаря двум антеннам TanDEM-X стала первой системой, способной создавать трехмерные модели рельефа всей поверхности земного шара. Более того, два аппарата оснащены устройствами синхронизации оборудования РЛС, а также бортовыми автономными контроллерами навигации. Систему дополняет сложный наземный сегмент, который также обеспечивает текущую миссию TerraSAR-X.
Спутники образуют первый настраиваемый космический интерферометр РЛС. В бистатическом режиме радиолокационные сигналы исходят от одного из аппаратов, а отраженный с поверхности сигнал принимается обоими. Для покрытия всего земного шара потребуются три года совместного полета. За этот период спутниковый тандем проведет сканирование всей поверхности Земли площадью 150 миллионов квадратных километров.
Основной полезной нагрузкой спутника является РЛС X-диапазона с синтезированной апертурой и фазированной антенной решеткой, работающая на частоте 9,65 ГГц, что позволяет проводить съемку в любое время суток независимо от погоды.
РЛС работает в трех основных режимах:

  • StripMap (стандартный) – сканирование с наземным разрешением 3 метра и полосой захвата 30 км;
  • Spotlight – сканирование по азимуту вдоль направления движения для получения разрешения 1 метр в зонах 10 км x 10 км;
  • ScanSAR – сканирование под углом к горизонту в поперечном направлении для получения разрешения 16 метров на полосе захвата 100 км.

Аппарат TanDEM-X оснащен дополнительной газовой двигательной установкой на азоте под высоким давлением. Эта система холодного газа производит меньшие импульсы, чем система на гидразине (используется на обоих спутниках для поддержания орбитальной позиции), и обеспечивает совместный полет посредством точного управления спутником TanDEM-X на орбите. С помощью этой системы TanDEM-X и TerraSAR-X будут лететь в паре по спиральной орбите, на которой спутники могут расходиться при отсутствии маневров. TanDEM-X обладает возможностью автономного управления совместным полетом.
РЛС на обоих спутниках имеют одинаковые конструкции, что позволяет обмениваться импульсами синхронизации для слаженности работы РЛС. На аппаратах установлено одинаковое оборудование слежения и дальнометрии разработки GFZ (GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam), которое обеспечивает точное определение орбитального положения для получения радарной базовой линии, необходимой РЛС для формирования данных цифровых моделей рельефа.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
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Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Германия
2Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
3Тип орбиты - НОО
4Страна производитель - Франция
5Страна производитель - Великобритания
6Страна производитель - Германия
7Страна производитель - Испания
8Радиолокационные спутники ДЗЗ
9Все спутники ДЗЗ

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12016-06-23. Airbus Defense and Space и 3v Geomatics объявили о создании партнерства в рамках программы эксплуатации КА TerraSAR-X.
Airbus Defense and Space и 3v Geomatics Inc. подписали многолетнее соглашение относительно предоставления 3v Geomatics данных с космических аппаратов TerraSAR-X и TanDEM-X. Согласно сообщению компании Airbus, поставляемые данные будут иметь разрешение от 25 до 40 см, обработанную геометрию снимков и условия съемки. Целью покупки новой порции спутниковой информации в 3v Geomatics не раскрыли, однако известно, что она специализируется на рынках связанных с нефте и газовой добычей.Тэги: Airbus GroupTerra SAR-XTanDEM-X

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг1340

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град97.4
2Апогей, км516.2
3Перигей, км514.5
4Период, минут94.8
5Длинный диаметр эллипса, км6886

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2010-030A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (аппарат), млн. долл.75
2Стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.125
3Оператор Немецкий аэрокосмический центр
4Производитель EADS Astrium Satellites

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2010-06-21 at 02:14:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xTanDEM-X
3Ракета-носитель 1xДнепр

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... (double-row) DT: Tandem (double-row) DTBT: Tandem back-to-back (quad... of the DB arrangement. The tandem duplex (DT) arrangement can handle...-back duplex (DB) arrangement and tandem duplex (DT) arrangement may be... Por F r with single-row or tandem arrangement, Por F r. Face-to-face... Por F r with single-row or tandem arrangement, Por F r. (approx.) Reference dimensions... equivalent radial loadP Single row / Tandem Xo Yo 0.5 0.92 0.67 1.41... Por F r with single-row or tandem arrangement, Por F r. Back-to-back... equivalent radial loadP Single row / Tandem Xo Yo 0.5 0.78 0.63 1.24... Por F r with single-row or tandem arrangement, Por F r. Back-to-back... Por F r with single-row or tandem arrangement, Por F r. (approx.) Reference dimensions... Por F r with single-row or tandem arrangement, Por F r. Face-to-face... Por F r with single-row or tandem arrangement, Por F r. Face-to-face... Por F r with single-row or tandem arrangement, Por F r. (approx.) Reference dimensions... 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Face-to-face (DF) Mass rXF Single row / Tandem... tandem arrangement, Por F r. Face-to-face (DF) Mass rXF Single row / Tandem... Por F r with single-row or tandem arrangement, Por F r. Face-to-face... tandem arrangement, Por F r. Face-to-face (DF) Mass rXF Single row / Tandem... tandem arrangement, Por F r. Face-to-face (DF) Mass rXF Single row / Tandem...



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... DLR. DLR.de/HR Contents Tandem-L: A Highly Innovative Radar Mission ................................................................................................ 4 Scientific... ..................................................................................................... 20 Overview and Summary................................................................................................................ 21 Tandem-L Key Facts ...................................................................................................................... 21 Data Products... Utilisation ........................................................................................ 22 Unique Features of Tandem-L ...................................................................................................... 23 Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR... Eckstein/pixelio.de Tandem-L: A Highly Innovative Radar Mission The Tandem-L mission concept... accuracy. Important mission goals are: Tandem-L is a proposal for a highly innovative... and the vast recording capacity, Tandem-L will provide urgently needed information... biosphere, geosphere, cryosphere and hydrosphere. Tandem-L will make a vital contribution towards... and influence of climate change, Tandem-L will deliver vital missing information... radar satellites with adjustable spacing. Tandem-L will further establish Germany’s international... project. With the implementation of Tandem-L, a unique global Earth observatory will... of the Tandem-L satellites could take place in 2020. Tandem-L offers a unique.... The exploitation of Tandem-L data and the integration of Tandem-L products and... teams promises great synergetic potential. Tandem-L is therefore predestined to set... of geostationary satellites is used. Tandem-L facilitates the systematic observation of... resolution. A vital scientific goal of Tandem-L is the quantitative recording of... a Better Understanding of Climate Change Tandem-L will decisively contribute to a better... can deliver meaningful data everywhere. Tandem-L will pioneer remote sensing methods... a dipterocarpaceen forest on Borneo, Indonesia. Tandem-L will measure the vertical forest.... By combining different observation geometries, Tandem-L will enable the reconstruction of... scientific and commercial applications. The TanDEM-X DEM is specified with a spatial... wavelength of 3.1 cm. Thus, the TanDEM-X mission will deliver a digital elevation... SAR interferometry. Therefore, complementary to TanDEM-X, Tandem-L will provide urgently needed information... from the TanDEM-X mission. Over the duration of the Tandem-L mission, it... and once without vegetation cover. Tandem-L doesn’t have this restriction because..., forestry, environmental research, etc.). The Tandem-L science team has formulated the... Realisation Measurement Principle For the Tandem-L mission, an innovative concept for... biomass using allometric relationships. The tandem formation offers a number of other... computed with great accuracy. With Tandem-L, additional vertical structure profiles are... digital interface to the antenna. Tandem-L satellite with reflector antenna This.... Use of innovative technology on Tandem-L. The digital beamforming technology for... the first time on the TanDEM-X mission. Tandem-L data acquisition not only... interferometric baseline to within 1 mm. Tandem-L also uses this unique technology... tomographic measurements of 3D structures, Tandem-L requires several interferometric image sets... Implementation and Schedule Status of Tandem-L Integration of TerraSAR-X at Airbus... project. With the implementation of Tandem-L, a unique global Earth observatory will... of scientific and technological innovation, Tandem-L requires a maximum of technical competence... of TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X. Ground Segment Space Segment The Tandem-L mission is... other manufacturers worldwide. Tandem-L builds on the experience with TanDEM-X and will continue its success. Overview and Summary Tandem-L Key... programme Exupery, TERENO and ACROSS). Tandem-L will deliver a unique global data... of the Tandem-L science team. At the moment, the Tandem-L science team... the Tandem-L mission, due to synergy effects. Unique Features of Tandem-L High Degree of Innovation (Technology and Methodology) - Tandem-L will... the latest digital beamforming techniques. - Tandem-L will exceed the imaging performance... systematic exploitation of the Tandem-L data. Programmatics - Tandem-L will extend Germany’s leading... using Tandem-L data and are members of the Tandem-L science team. - Tandem-L will... new avenues to international cooperation. - Tandem-L has unparalleled potential for monitoring...+ programme for protecting the forests. - Tandem-L lays the foundation for a unique... biosphere, geosphere, cryosphere and hydrosphere. - Tandem-L will help Germany attain a lead... for a follow-on mission after TanDEM-X. Preliminary studies, approval and realisation.... Consequently, with the TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X missions, an international leading role... a large radar interferometer in space. TanDEM-X was implemented in a continuation of...



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TanDEM-X The Earth in three dimensions 1 Table of contents TanDEM-X The Earth in three dimensions 3 A German key project 4 The TanDEM-X mission 4 Public-private partnership 6 TanDEM-X data for science... 2 TanDEM-X The Earth in three dimensions The main objective of the TanDEM... data sources and survey methods. TanDEM-X, TerraSAR-X add-on for Digital... DVDs. Like the TerraSAR-X mission, TanDEM-X is a project developed under a public... – 90 m – 30 m – 12 m (TanDEM-X) 3 A German key project The TanDEM-X mission Following in... US Shuttle Radar Topography Mission, TanDEM-X seeks to support scientific and...), the elevation model generated by TanDEM-X will have another unrivalled advantage... lags between survey campaigns. The TanDEM-X satellite follows the TerraSAR-X design... information sent from TerraSAR-X. The TanDEM-X satellite has been designed for... the duration of the TanDEM-X mission. Together TanDEM-X and TerraSAR-X form the... bistatic radar. Flying in formation, TanDEM-X and TerraSAR-X will generate a precise... model. 4 5 Public-private partnership The TanDEM-X mission is financed and implemented.... DLR is responsible for providing TanDEM-X data to the scientific community... from both missions, TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X. Research institutes and industry are... TanDEM-X mission, developing a precise and homogenous survey of Earth’s land surface. 6 TanDEM... a global digital elevation model, the TanDEM-X mission has a range of secondary...’s limited resources. Helix orbit The TanDEM-X mission concept is based on... cold gas propulsion system on TanDEM-X. Digital terrain models provide the..., from top to bottom: 12 m (TanDEM-X) – 30 m – 90 m – 1 km 7 The helix... on the satellites TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X, which are orbiting Earth in... on a conventional map. Applications The TanDEM-X mission design is flexible. In... extent of the areas affected. TanDEM-X is increasing the effectiveness of... landslides they cause. TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X will provide important data for... North American continent. TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X will permit continuous observations of... is a novelty in remote sensing. TanDEM-X will facilitate this even in... that the climate is changing. TanDEM-X is surveying the surface topography... that estimate global mass balances. TanDEM-X may also help us understand... successfully only in a few locations. TanDEM-X will facilitate mapping of this..., and traffic research. Oceanography As TanDEM-X is capable of measuring water... plants. Only the combination of TanDEM-X and along-track synthetic aperture.... The highresolution imaging mode of TanDEM-X will enable the determination of... new radar techniques and applications TanDEM-X will also test innovative radar... underlying scattering processes. In addition, TanDEM-X will demonstrate a number of other... public sector are awaiting the TanDEM-X elevation model, whose quality, accuracy... the basis of high-precision TanDEM-X elevation models. The illustration below... formation flight of TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X, which allows reconfiguration of the... formation will be achieved with TanDEM-X’s cold gas propulsion system, while... segment. The TanDEM-X satellite without its protective outer cover 14 TanDEM-X operating modes It is possible to operate TanDEM-X independently.... In the bistatic mode, the TanDEM-X interferometer is operated with two... synthetic aperture radar sensors, the TanDEM-X-specific synthetic aperture radar instrument... the on-ground processing chain. TanDEM-X being tested at IABG’s Ottobrunn... transmit radar pulses. In addition, TanDEM-X is equipped to receive telemetry... achieved in two ways. First, TanDEM-X, like TerraSAR-X, is equipped with... interferometric measurements. For that purpose, TanDEM-X regularly images areas whose elevation... Relative size of TanDEM-X 16 The satellite The TanDEM-X satellite follows the TerraSAR-X template. The idea of the TanDEM... satellites to fly in formation. TanDEM-X is equipped with an additional... keeps TanDEM-X in formation by fine-tuning its orbit. Lastly, TanDEM-X features...-X. The DLR algorithms for the TanDEM-X Autonomous Formation Flying (TAFF) experiment... representative of both TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X. The two satellites are nearly... aperture radars in bistatic mode. TanDEM-X quick facts Launch Summer 2010...-X has been extended for the TanDEM-X mission to accommodate the operation... features have been added for TanDEM-X operations. A key issue in operating...-X images around those taken by TanDEM-X. KIRUNA INUVIK NEUSTRELITZ Map showing... entire processing chain is a new TanDEM-X-specific development. How­ ever, it... elevation models In total, the TanDEM-X data will amount to 1.5 petabytes...- TanDEM-X processing chain Receiving station Kiruna Receiving station Inuvik Raw data, TanDEM... Mosaicking and calibration Process Global TanDEM-X digital elevation model Product 21... mission concepts in the L-band (Tandem-L). In addition, both industry and... in Brussels, Paris, and Washington D.C. TanDEM-X_EN_V01 DLR’s mission comprises the...



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... и структурные элементы обеспечили ведущее положение Tandem в области платформ высокой доступности в течение... 7 8. Guardian: отказоустойчивая операционная система. . . . . . . . . . . 240 Tandem/16: когда нибудь все компьютеры... и ап паратных), благодаря которым платформа Tandem почти 20 лет оста валась... отказоустойчивых компь ютеров «NonStop» фирмы Tandem. Система проектировалась парал лельно с оборудованием.... В этой главе описывается исходная машина Tandem, которая проекти ровалась с 1974 до... года. Изна чально она называлась «Tandem/16», но после появления наследника.... Tandem/16: когда нибудь все компьютеры будут такими 241 Я работал с оборудованием Tandem на штатной должности с 1977 по 1991 год. Работать с машиной Tandem было... рекламных лозунгов Tandem. Tandem/16: когда нибудь все компьютеры будут такими Tandem описывает... одного образа ядра. Оборудование Оборудование Tandem проектировалось так, чтобы в нем не... в одной из более поздних архитектур Tandem), но оно обходится очень дорого.... Вместо этого на аппаратном уровне в Tandem было выбрано другое решение: пара... Мэки (Dave Mackie), вице президента Tandem. Это могло бы легко привести... понентов, таких как процессоры, фирма Tandem выбрала другой под ход. В T/16... выдает неверные результаты. Решение, выбранное Tandem, не отличается ни элегантностью, ни... мы, для решения которых фирма Tandem предоставила сразу четыре адресных пространства... новой идеей. Поддержка стеков у машины Tandem, как и у ее предшественника HP 3000... 9 бит. Для решения этой проблемы Tandem использует адресацию со смещением от... тичной, или 7F в шестнадцатеричной системе). Tandem не использует шестнадцатеричную запись. Формат... кода. Вызовы процедур Модель программирования Tandem многое позаимствовала из мира Algol... 8. Guardian: отказоустойчивая операционная система В архитектуре Tandem проблема решалась при помощи системы... прак тическим максимумом. Кроме того, Tandem поддерживает быстрое оп товолоконное соединение... высокоскоростная версия EXPAND. Файловая система В Tandem термин файловая система используется для... языке системного программирования Tandem (хотя его название и означает «Tandem Application Langua ge... тектуры. Безопасность доступа к файлам Подход Tandem к безопасности доступа к файлам напоминает анало... и уничтожение. Послед ний термин использовался в Tandem вместо удаления, а его необходи мость... ее признали неполиткорректной и отменили. Фирма Tandem породила массу острот и каламбуров – кстати... возвращения с пятинедельных курсов повышения квалификации Tandem меня ждало печальное из вестие... работало под управлени ем систем Tandem), но, конечно, у нее были и недостатки...: отказоустойчивая операционная система Быстродействие Фирма Tandem по праву гордилась почти линейным.... Аппаратные ограничения Как подразумевает название «Tandem/16», проектировщики руковод ствовались 16... в машинах преемниках. В 1981 году фирма Tandem выпустила систему NonStop II c совмести... С началом 1990 х годов объем продаж Tandem стал снижаться. Это объяснялось целым... более надежным, что лишало продукцию Tandem конкурентных преимуществ. • Компьютерное оборудование стало... роны, даже в 2000 году в продукции Tandem процессоры MIPS исполь зовались для..., что большая часть системного кода Tandem была написана на языке TAL... из за чрезмерных затрат. Система Tandem/16 при всей своей революционности... решения, явно построенные по образцу Tandem. Возможно, дело в том, что архитектура...://www.hpl.hp.com/ techreports/tandem/, в частности: Библиография 269 Bartlett, Joel...://www.hpl.hp.com/ techreports/tandem/TR 81.4.html?jumpid=reg_R1002_USEN... Tandem computer systems», May 1990. http://www.hpl.hp.com/techreports/tandem...://www.hpl.hp. com/techreports/tandem/TR 88.4.html. (Описание некоторых... Tandem nonstop systems», April 1985. http://www.hpl. hp.com/techreports/tandem... Соавторы 513 дования, как Univac, Tandem, Siemens Nixdorf и IBM, не говоря...), 343 T/16, эмуляция архитектуры, 268 Tandem, компьютеры, 240 ThreadWeaver, библиотека, 406.../вывод, Guardian, 262 ввод/вывод, Tandem, 251 веб службы построение в Facebook... изменения, определение, 17 вызовы процедур, Tandem, 247 выражения, отсутствие побочных эффектов..., 140 файлы и процессы, 258 инициаторы, в Tandem, 254 интерфейсы Akonadi, 395 Lifetouch... социальный, 168, 179 контрольные точки, Tandem, 255 конфиденциальность данных Facebook, 165... взаимодействия, Guardian, 261 межпроцессорные шины, Tandem, 258 мемоизация, NetKernel, 145, 159..., просмотр, 411 многопоточность Darkstar, 97 Tandem, 255 многоядерные процессоры, 82 множества... миграция баз данных, 124 оборудование Tandem, компьютеры, 241, 265 виртуализация, 220... обработка исключений, 299 общая память, в Tandem, 241 объектно ориентированное программирование, 466... память KDEPIM, 394 MMTk, 343 Tandem, 245 адресация, 245 виртуальная, 223..., 121 профилирование, 318 процессоры архитектура Tandem, 244 закон Мура, 82 производительность..., 422 универсальность, 432 режимы адресации, Tandem, 247 репликация, схемы в Darkstar, 88... GNU Emacs, 352 безопасность доступа, Tandem, 264 факторизованный граф управляющей логики...



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... Forest in SIBERIA using ERS Tandem Coherence and JERS Backscatter Data... from two satellite sources: the tandem mission of the 8 European Remote... Satellite 9 JERS-1. Mosaics of ERS tandem interferometric coherence and JERS backscattering... volume classes using the ERS tandem coherence and the JERS backscatter... 50 m. 17 Keywords: SAR, Interferometry, Tandem Coherence, Forestry, Siberia 18 2 2nd... of central Siberia with ERS tandem pairs and JERS images providing... be derived from the ERS tandem and JERS 81 acquisitions are... C- and L-band and the ERS tandem 82 coherence (one-day repeat... interval, and thus the ERS-1/2 tandem data have become the preferred... the case of ERS-1/2 127 tandem data (small baseline), temporal decorrelation.... Subsequent 132 studies of ERS-1/2 tandem data demonstrated in particular that... ERS intensity images, the ERS tandem 136 coherence was best suited... 203 autumnal C-band backscatter and tandem coherence. The receiving station was... and twenty-two ERS SAR tandem pairs were processed using the...., 1998). 209 With few exceptions, tandem pair data acquired during fall... 1997 211 and summer 1998 tandem data. 212 SAR Data << Insert..., DEMs were constructed from the tandem acquisitions and used to 215... these datasets, both from the tandem acquisitions and from the spring... where 238 the coherence between tandem pairs was not sufficient for... system consisting of co-registered tandem coherence and fully 283 calibrated... Images and mosaics of the tandem coherence such as the one... and in-between 362 ERS-1/2 tandem acquisitions can result in a significant... access to multi-temporal ERS tandem 391 acquisitions, also from the... 1. Interferometric processing of the ERS tandem data from fall 1997, including... over boreal forest using ERS-1/2 tandem data from fall 1997 623... images. In particular, the ERS tandem 625 coherence (one-day repeat... or in- 626 between the tandem acquisitions does not lead to...-dimensional images of the ERS tandem coherence 632 and JERS intensity... describe the dependence of the tandem coherence and the JERS 635... be valid 642 for fall tandem acquisitions of boreal forest under... coherence information derived from ERS tandem pairs for determining forest stock.... Table 2: Environmental conditions during ERS-1/2 tandem acquisitions. The first five rows... acquisition dates of the ERS tandem pairs, the fifth column the....0 0.1 3.3 0.6 0.5 0.6 Table 2: Environmental conditions during ERS-1/2 tandem acquisitions. The first five rows... acquisition dates of the ERS tandem pairs, the fifth column the... coherence images derived from ERS-1/2 tandem acquisitions in fall 1997 and...) and summer 1998 (black) ERS tandem data; b) Relative coverage of GEC... frame numbers of the ERS tandem data, the acquisition dates, and... 28, 2002 from the ERS tandem pair data from October 9/10... coherence images derived from ERS-1/2 tandem acquisitions in fall 1997 and...) and summer 1998 (black) ERS tandem data; b) Relative coverage of GEC... frame numbers of the ERS tandem data, the acquisition dates, and... was derived from the ERS tandem pair data from October 9/10...



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... Electronic Applications Solution Processed OPV Tandem Cells Maintenance of PV Power... be used independently or in tandem to generate droplets and interface... samples to be processed in tandem • Provide significant enhancements in overall... infrastructures. Highlights Fully "printable PV", tandem devices with 7.2% efficiency were realized..., 5 thin film silicon tandem, and 2 amorphous silicon tandem modules. performance of hetero... to demonstrate the feasibility of a tandem solar cell based on perovskite... efficiency can be obtained with tandem-junction solar cells, which consist... crystalline silicon solar cell, the tandem configuration reduces the energy conversion... that of silicon (1.1eV) in a tandem configuration (and without the requirement... conversion efficiencies over 30% in tandem configuration [6]. In this project called... ultimately demonstrate the feasibility of tandem solar cells. CSEM thanks Nano... R2R production. Solution Processed OPV Tandem Cells T. Offermans, M. Chrapa, R. Ferrini, G. Nisato... 9% efficiency have been reported [1], and tandem junction cells with over 10... [2]. It is expected that the tandem approach will enable efficiencies of... not fully developed for making tandem devices, 2) commercially available high performance... a processing temperature below 80°C. A successful tandem approach requires a careful design of... the back cell. In the tandem the two half cells are... of the best blade coated tandem cell were measured on a calibrated... performed optical simulations of the tandem stack and optimized the thickness... two photoactive layers in the tandem for optimal photocurrent (Figure 2). At...-processed organic tandem cell. Figure 1: Front subcell, back subcell and tandem stack... set out to realize the tandem cells experimentally. [1] Z. He, et al... (2012) [2] J. You, et al., "A polymer tandem solar cell with 10.6% power... al., "Environmentally printing efficient organic tandem solar cells with high fill... Perovskites: Perspectives for Silicon-Based Tandem Solar Cells'', IEEE Journal of... perovskite/crystalline silicon four-terminal tandem solar cells'', Physical Chemistry Chemical... for vertical interconnects: application in tandem solar cells'', Nano Letters, August... and perspectives for silicon-based tandem solar cells'', 40th IEEE Photovoltaic..., S. De Wolf, C. Ballif, ''Si-based tandem solar cells with organometallic lead... energy harvesting systems based on tandem solar cells with efficncy beyond...



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... remains largely unchanged. A newly described tandem repeat (NicCL3) paternally inherited in... and NicCL7/30 ........................................................92 Figure 3.4 Tandem arrangement of NicCL3 .......................................................97 Figure... inter-genomic translocations, homogenisation of tandem arrays as well as losses... the evolution of a number of tandem repeat families has been described... N. tabacum. Although the evolution of tandem repeats in Nicotiana is well..., although the absolute numbers of tandem repeats may be underestimated in... that occur in multiple, discontinuous tandem arrays (monomer length of 2.2 kb...-end sequencing data indicates the tandem component of NicCL3 has been... tandem repeats (NicCL3 is a tandem repeat, see below). With this graphical analysis, tandem... of a second monomer in the tandem array, I designed PCR primer pair... (Table 3-2), is predominantly arranged in tandem (Fig. 3.1 C, Fig. 3.4), has a unit length... the sequence is not a typical tandem repeat, such as the Nicotiana...), for the following reasons. (1) Typically tandem repeat monomers in angiosperms are... restriction enzyme (Fig. 3.4).   96   Figure 3.4 Tandem arrangement of NicCL3 Southern blot... a ladder like pattern, typical of tandem repeats. Digestion is inhibited when..., indicating extensive CG methylation of tandem units.   97   These findings indicate... stage. However the unusually long tandem sequence (2.2 kb) and similarity to..., that now occurs predominantly in tandem array. Similar compound satellites with... al. 2005). Repeats arranged in tandem, rDNA for example, are thought... changes in copy number of tandem repeats Spelt1 and Spelt52 in... the preferential loss of the tandem repeated component of NicCL3 in... of whole units within the tandem array is responsible for the... homogenisation of sequences arranged in tandem and there is evidence this... of almost all of the tandem arrays of NicCL3 in N. tabacum... more stable than those in tandem array and I hypothesise that the... multiple unequal recombination events between tandem components of NicCL3.   103   Figure... on N. tabacum and described the tandem repeat NicCL3, unusual for its... following different sorts of duplication: tandem, whole-genome, segmental, or by... H, Feldman M. 2004. Alterations in subtelomeric tandem repeats during early stages of...



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... in 3D - German radar satellite TanDEM-X launched successfully Written by administration... Germany's second Earth observation satellite, TanDEM-X, was launched successfully on 21... für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) manages TanDEM-X (TerraSAR-X add-on for Digital... and utilising the scientific data. "TanDEM-X is a key German project and... the national space programme. Also, TanDEM-X demonstrates a successful public-private partnership... Prof. Wörner. Public-private partnership TanDEM-X is being run as a public... the commercial marketing of the TanDEM-X data. Astrium GmbH in Friedrichshafen... its development and operation. The TanDEM-X mission has a total cost of... is contributing 40 million Euros. TanDEM-X and its twin satellite, TerraSAR... TerraSAR-X, in space since 2007, TanDEM-X will survey the entire land... Moreira, Science Director of the TanDEM-X mission and Director of the... is these gaps that the TanDEM-X mission is designed to fill... in 3D - German radar satellite TanDEM-X launched successfully Written by administration... 2010 00:36 accomplish this, TanDEM-X and TerraSAR-X will fly just...' are on the satellite duo TanDEM-X and TerraSAR-X, and produce an... capacity of 200 000 DVDs. TanDEM-X is designed for a service life... in 3D - German radar satellite TanDEM-X launched successfully Written by administration... looking forward eagerly to this TanDEM-X/ TerraSAR-X elevation model. As soon... by Infoterra A network of three TanDEM-X grounds stations (Kiruna in Sweden...: initially, the data transmitted by TanDEM-X to these ground stations will... years after the launch of TanDEM-X. Adaptation of the elevation model...



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... Principles of Mass Spectrometry and Tandem Mass Spectrometry 3.5.3 Mode of LC...-MS/MS Gas Chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry GPC Gel Permeation...-MS/MS Liquid Chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry LOD Limit of.... More recently, the bench-top tandem MS has become more widely..., due to the advantages of tandem MS being more selective. It... of environmentally relevant concentrations. The tandem MS techniques are more selective..., analyses were performed on the tandem-mass spectrometer instruments; GC-MS... principles of mass spectrometry and tandem mass spectrometry Separated components pass... could quite possibly give (M-1)+ and (M-2)+. Tandem Mass Spectrometry goes further and... separation Figure 0.1 Diagram of the tandem mass spectrometer 75 If this... analyses Liquid chromatography – electrospray interface - tandem mass spectrometry (LCESI-MS/MS... injection volume was 10 µL. The tandem MS analyses were carried out... (Quattro Micro, Micromass, USA) with tandem quadrapole. An Agilent 30 m HP... with mass spectrometry (MS) and tandem MS is the first developed... Micro, 86 Micromass, USA) with a tandem quadrupole. An Agilent 30 m HP... linear range for the LC-tandem MS was between 15-750... matrix interference effect in LC-tandem MS has been reported by... lacks the robustness of the tandem MS techniques, where fragment ions... solid-phase extraction–liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr. A 1154 (2007... ultra performance liquid chromatography–electrospray tandem mass spectrometry, Anal. Bioanal. Chem... analysis. 7.2.4. Sample analyses Liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS–MS...



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...ÓN ВОЗДУШНОГО CMD1 L G1P Commander Elite Tandem CMDT L G1P A-340-600 Commander...-60 Silhouette MM14 L G1P M-16 Tandem Trainer MM16 L G1P M-19 Shark... Shark MM19 L G1P SILH L L1P Tandem Trainer MM16 L G1P SILH L L1P... SF25 L L1P Superschlepper SF25 L L1P Tandem Falke SF28 L L1P MANUFACTURER/MODEL... ИЗГОТОВИТЕЛЬ/МОДЕЛЬ SCHEIBE SF-28 Tandem Falke SCHEMPP-HIRTH Arcus E DESIGNATOR... L CMDT AIR COMMAND, Commander Elite Tandem CN12 CIRCA, Nieuport 12-7/8 G1P... L G1P L MM16 MAGNI, M-16 Tandem Trainer MAGNI, Tandem Trainer G1P L MM19 MAGNI... SCHEIBE, Tandem Falke L1P L SHORT, Skyvan L2T L SCHEIBE, SF-28 Tandem Falke...-10T , AEROCOMP CA1T L Commander Elite Tandem , AIR COMMAND CMDT L Comp Air... M-101 Gzhel, MYASISHCHEV M101 L L L L M-16 Tandem Trainer, MAGNI MM16 L M-106 Mission...-810, NEIVA PA34 L SF-28 Tandem Falke, SCHEIBE SF28 L Seneca EMB... L Tandem Falke, SCHEIBE SF28 L T337C Turbo Super Skymaster, CESSNA C337 L Tandem Falke... C337 L Tandem Trainer, MAGNI T337E Turbo Super Skymaster, CESSNA C337 L Tandem Trainer...