Спутник связи. Thor 6. [Редактировать]

В апреле 2007 года Telenor аннонсировала заключение контракта с Thales Alenia Space на построение и доставку нового геостационарного спутника связи. Новый спутник был назан Thor 6 и ориентирован на предоставление услуг домашнего телевидения.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
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Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Норвегия
2Тип оператора(владельца) - коммерческий
3Тип орбиты - ГСО
4Страна производитель - Франция
5Страна производитель - Италия
6Все спутники связи

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12009-09-25. Thor 6 готов к отправке на космодром. .
Спутник Thor 6 будет отправлен на стартовый комплекс Arianespace в Куру в следующий понедельник -28 сентября, в соответствии с ранее запланированным и согласованным графиком, утверждённым производителем Thales Alenia Space. Thor 6 был построен компанией Thales Alenia Space по заказу норвежского оператора спутникового вещания Telenor. Его старт назначен на 29 октября, когда на околоземную орбиту в орбитальную позицию 1W спутник выведет ракетоноситель Ariane 5. Спутник Thor 6 базируется на новейшей платформе производителя - Spacebus 4000 B2 и оборудован 36 транспондерами Ku-диапазона. Ресурс спутника расчитан на возможность предоставлять услуги для операторов Европейского континента в течение минимум 15 лет. Тэги: Thor 6

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг3050
2Масса (сухая), кг1255
3Платформа 1xSpacebus-4000B2
4Количество (Ku-стволов), шт.36
5Мощность, Вт6400

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град0.0
2Апогей, км35802.8
3Перигей, км35784.7
4Период, минут1436.1
5САС, год15
6Длинный диаметр эллипса, км42164

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2009-058B

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (аппарат), млн. долл.143.44734839751
2Стоимость (аппарат, пуск и страхование), млн. долл.2007-08-24216
3Оператор Telenor Satellite Broadcasting
4Производитель Thales Alenia Space
5Срок (производства), месяц28

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Космодром Куру
2Дата пуска2009-10-29 at 20:00:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xNSS 12
4Полезная нагрузка 1xThor 6
5Ракета-носитель 1xАриан 5 ECA

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ANTENNA RESOURCES AND TELEPORT LOCATIONS Telenor Satellite Broadcasting (TSBc) has one main teleport in Norway as well as a large teleport in the UK and also operates a Middle East gateway in Cyprus at the premises of teleport-hosting partner CYTA. Nittedal teleport, near Oslo, Norway, is our largest site, with more than 40 antennas that can operate satellites in the viewable arc from 45°West to 66°East (one third of the worlds communication satellites). Our central London teleport has 10 antennas which look at satellites from 30°West to 50°East. Nittedal antennas Antenna Band Coverage THOR 5 @ 1°West 7.6 m Ku band Europe and CEE THOR 5 @ 1°West 5.5 m (2) Ku band Europe and CEE THOR 5 @ 1°West 5.6 m (2) Ku band Europe and CEE THOR 5 @ 1°West 3.3 m Ku band Europe and CEE THOR 6 @ 1°West 5.5 m (2) Ku band Europe and CEE THOR 6 @ 1°West 5.6 m (2) Ku band Europe and CEE THOR 6 @ 1°West 7.6 m Ku band Europe and CEE THOR 10-02 @ 1°West 13 m (2) Ku band Europe, Middle East and Africa THOR 10-02 @ 1°West 11 m C and Ku band Europe, Middle East and Africa THOR 10-02 @ 1°West 16 m C and Ku band Europe, Middle East and Africa THOR 5, THOR 6, IS 10 02 @ 1°West 2.4 m TVRO Ku band Europe, Middle East and Africa IS 10-02 @ 1°West 3.8 m TVRO Ku band Europe IS 902 @62°East 18 m C band Africa and Indian Ocean rim NSS-7 @ 20°West 18 m C band Africa, Europe and South America SES-4 @ 22°West 16 m C and Ku band (Rx) Africa, Europe, Middle East and South America Sirius 4 @ 5°East 3.7 m Ku band Europe Astra @ 19.2°East 2.4 m TVRO Ku band Europe Astra @ 19.2°East 3.7 m TVRO Ku band Europe Eurobird 1 @ 28.5°East 2.4 m TVRO Ku band Europe Eurobird 9A @ 9°East 2.4 m TVRO Ku band Europe Eutelsat 25 @ 28.5°East 2.4 m TVRO Ku band Europe Hotbird @ 13°East 2.4 m TVRO Ku band Europe Sirius 4 @ 5°East 2.4 m Ku band Europe Telstar 12 @ 15°West 2.4 m Ku band Europe Telstar 12 @ 15°West 7.2 m Ku band Europe 9507-13 Satellite e mail: sbcsales@telenor.com • website: www.telenorsat.com Central London teleport antennas Satellite Antenna Band Coverage THOR 10-02 S1@ 1°West 5.6m fixed Ku band Europe 37.5° West to 45°East 3.7m steerable (2) Ku band IS 12 @45°East 5.6m steerable Ku band Europe and Middle East Telstar 12 @15°West 5.6m fixed Ku band Europe and Middle East Eurobird 1 @28.2°East 1.8m fixed TVRO L band THOR 10-02 S1 @1°West 1.8m fixed TVRO Ku band Europe W10A @ 10°East 2.4m TVRO Ku band Europe, Middle East and Africa THOR 10-02 S1@ 1°West 2.4m Steerable TVRO Ku band Europe W7A @ 7°East 2.2m fixed TVRO Ku band Europe and Africa Cyprus (leased antennas at Cyta Teleport) Satellite Antenna Band Coverage THOR 10-02 S2 4.8m Ku band Middle East THOR III (inclined orbit) 7.2m DBS band Middle East Access to 1/3 of the world’s satellites Norway UK Cyprus Teleport coverage area 9507-13 Teleport locations: Norway, UK and Cyprus e mail: sbcsales@telenor.com • website: www.telenorsat.com



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SPACECRAFT SCOREBOARD 1961 Following on from the two previous lists in Flight of August 28, 1959 and August 5,1960, the period covered on these pages is from July 29, 1960 to August 1 1 , 1961. The " O r b i t " column gives the initial perigee and apogee, and the period quoted is the initial period of the satellite. The weight quoted is normally total weight, with scientific payload in parentheses where known. i Spacecraft Discoverer 13 (I960 Theta) .aunch vehicle Date and place Shape Weight



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... The probe contained two r a d i o t r a n s m i t t e r by, a Thor-Able. r e c e i v e r s , one o f f i v e watts, t h e o t h e r of 150...-shapea, e x p z r i m e z t a l rneteoro1 l o g i c a l s a t e l l i t e , was launched by a Thor-Able. The s a t e l l i t e went i n t o a n e a r - c i r c u l a r o r b i t w i t h a p e r i g e e of 428... o u t , t h e Jupiter-based Juno I1 and t h e Thor-Able launched programs w i l l b e completed i n 1961... a r e t h e f o u r - s t a g e , s o l i d - f u e l e d Scout, c a p a b l e of launching 150pound e a r t h s a t e l l i t e s , and Thor-Agena B, which h a s a 1,600-pound e a r t h o r b i t a l c a p a c i t y . --- Scout... launched. Thor-Agena B i s b a s i c a l l y t h e same v e h i c l e a s t h a t used i n t h e DISCOVERER s a t e l l i t e program. Agena B i s a l 5 , O O O pound-thrust l i q u i d - f u e l r o c k e t ; Thor has... t o 5,000-pound-thrust) f i n a l s t a g e s f o r such launch v e h i c l e s a s Thor-Able, Atlas-Able, and Delta...



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... Return Select Hotbird WB, Sirius, Thor Upgrade software? Yes Next Return... 1 B Astra 2S C Hotbird WB A Sirius B Thor C NOTE: To enable automatic switching... 110.5° E Sinosat 1 SINOSAT* 5.0° E Sirius SIRIUS 0.8° W Thor THOR 42.0° E Turksat 1C TURKSAT1C *NOTE...



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... through/Helpman THOR-A General description 111 Draw through/Helpman THOR-Z General description... through/Helpman THOR-B General description 123 Blow through/Helpman THOR-F General description... 137 138 Dual Discharge/Helpman THOR-D General description 139 Dual Discharge... description 146 Blast Freezers/Helpman THOR-T General description 147 Blast Freezers... model AIRMAX II ALFACUBIC HELPMAN THOR-A HELPMAN THOR-Z HELPMAN TYR-A HELPMAN TYR...(G) HELPMAN LEX HELPMAN LFX HELPMAN THOR-B HELPMAN THOR-F HELPMAN TYR-B HELPMAN TYR.../B TOP TFG BIG TOP HELPMAN THOR-D HELPMAN TYR-D HELPMAN HRC-D FINCOIL...(G) FINCOIL AMK(G) ALFA BLAST HELPMAN THOR-T HELPMAN TYR-T ISC FINCOIL FK... II ALFACUBIC CUBIC-PLASTIC HELPMAN THOR-A HELPMAN THOR-Z Draw through HELPMAN TYR... LEX HELPMAN LFX HELPMAN THOR-B Blow through HELPMAN THOR-F unit coolers HELPMAN.../B TFG TOP BIG TOP HELPMAN THOR-D Dual Discharge HELPMAN TYR-D HELPMAN...(G) ALFA BLAST Blast freezer HELPMAN THOR-T HELPMAN TYR-T Centrifugal ISC Gravity... Revision: 1001 Issue: 2010 Helpman THOR-A (Air sock, Cu tubing) General... www.helpman.com) Application Helpman THOR-A coolers have been designed for...: 1001 Prices: EUR 111 Helpman THOR (Industrial unit coolers, Cu tubing....helpman.com) Application The Helpman THOR series is a wide and flexible... blow-through (Helpman THOR-B) and draw-through versions (Helpman THOR-Z). Certification All... Revision: 1001 Issue: 2010 Helpman THOR (Industrial unit coolers, Cu tubing....helpman.com) Application The Helpman THOR series is a wide and flexible... blow-through (Helpman THOR-B) and draw-through versions (Helpman THOR-Z). Certification All...: 1001 Prices: EUR 123 Helpman THOR-F (Agricultural storage, Cu tubing) General... www.helpman.com) Application Helpman THOR-F air coolers have been exclusively... Revision: 1001 Issue: 2010 Helpman THOR-D (Dual discharge, Cu tubing) General....helpman.com) Application The Helpman THOR-D series are a further extension to the already wide and flexible THOR range of heavy-duty industrial air coolers. THOR-D dual discharge coolers are characterised... Revision: 1001 Issue: 2010 Helpman THOR-T (Shock coolers, Cu tubing) General...) Application Industrial shock coolers Helpman THOR-T have been designed for application... support LDX / THORD motor support THOR-D / ZLD Fan guard Wide spaced... 683 613 814 701 Fans - THOR / TYR / ZLA Fan blade specs... Blow through fans n = 1500 THOR/TYR, THOR/TYR-F, THOR/TYR-T 30.08.70... Draw through fans n = 1500 THOR/TYR, THOR/TYR-D, / THOR/TYR-A, ZLA 30.08... Draw through fans n = 1000 THOR/TYR-A, THOR/TYR-D, ZLA 30.08.84... THOR 1 THOR 2 THOR 3 THOR(-T) 3 THOR 4 THOR 5, THOR-T 4 THOR 6 THOR 7 THOR-F 1 THOR-F 2 0.25 0.25 0.37 0.55 0.75 1.20 1.20 2.40 0.25 0.25 THOR 1 THOR 2 THOR 3 THOR 3 THOR 4 THOR 5 THOR 6 THOR 7 THOR-A 1 THOR-A 2 THOR-A 3 THOR-A 4 THOR-D 2 THOR... 0.75 1.20 1.20 1.20 2.40 THOR-A 2 THOR-A 3 THOR-A 4 THOR-D 2 THOR-D 4 ZLA 1 0.25 0.25 0.45 0.25....21 THOR-elements (also suitable for TYR, THOR/TYR-D, THOR/TYR-A, THOR/TYR-F) & THOR/TYR-T THOR 11* / 21* / 31*, THOR-T 32... THOR 12* / 22* / 32*, THOR-T 34* 240 Hairpin 2980 33.03.39 THOR 13* / 23* / 33*, THOR-T 36* 320 Hairpin 3940 33.03.45 THOR 14* / 24* / 34*, THOR-T 38* 400 2450 33.03.52 THOR 15* / 25* / 35* Straight THOR... Straight 2930 33.03.58 THOR 17* / 27* 560 Straight 3410... 1220 33.03.24 THOR 41* / 51*, THOR-T 42* 200 Hairpin 2460 33.03.36 THOR 42* / 52*, THOR-T 44* 300 Hairpin 3700... THOR 43* / 53*, THOR-T 46* 400 2450 33.03.52 THOR 44* / 54*, THOR-T 48* Straight THOR 45* / 55* 500 Straight 3050 33.03.60 THOR... Hairpin 1540 33.03.27 THOR 61* 240 Hairpin 2980 33.03.39 THOR 62* 360 Hairpin 4420 33....48 THOR 63* 480 2930 33.03.58 THOR 64* Straight THOR 65* 600 Straight 3650 33.03.64 THOR....03.45 THOR 72* 480 2930 33.03.58 THOR 73* Straight... brackets for etirex elements LEX THOR Article nr. 124 142 163...



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... 1. Test Dummies a. THOR 50th Percentile Male Metric ATD (THOR–50M) b. WorldSID 50th... (HIII–50M) b. THOR 50th Percentile Male Metric ATD (THOR–50M) c. Hybrid III... Target Population Appendix II: Planned THOR 50th Percentile Male Injury Risk...; • Use of the THOR 50th percentile male (THOR–50M) anthropomorphic test device... a phase-in. a. THOR 50th Percentile Male Metric ATD (THOR–50M) While there... device for Human Occupant Restraint (THOR) 50M dummy in frontal NCAP... questioned whether exclusive use of THOR–50M, instead of the Hybrid... frontal rigid barrier test. The THOR–50M ATD requires a different seating... inherent physical characteristics of the THOR–50M ATD. The agency is... possible. NHTSA believes that the THOR–50M ATD has this potential... the THOR–50M ATD is included in the section following. b. THOR 50th Percentile Male Metric ATD (THOR–50M) To provide... intentions to begin using the THOR–50M in consumer information settings... environments. NHTSA began developing the THOR–50M around the same time... THOR–50M throughout its development, including the THOR Alpha,43 THOR–NT,44 THOR..., P., & Haffner, M., ‘‘Development of THOR NT: Enhancement of THOR Alpha—the NHTSA Advanced... notice, further references to the THOR–50M indicate 472–0000 Revision F of the THOR drawing package, released on the... the specifications defined in the THOR–50M Qualification Procedures Manual.48... repeatability and reproducibility of the THOR–50M. During this meeting, several..., Usability, and Biofidelity of the THOR–NT Dummy,’’ The 22nd International..., J., ‘‘Thoracic Biofidelity Assessment of the THOR Mod Kit ATD,’’ The 23rd... this notice. 49 Parent, D., ‘‘NHTSA THOR Update,’’ National Highway Traffic Safety....pdf]; Parent, D., ‘‘Applications of the THOR ATD in NHTSA Research,’’ Society... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, ‘‘THOR Public Meeting,’’ January 20, 2015.../ Biomechanics+&+Trauma/THOR+Public+Meetings] 51 Martin, P. &Shook, L., ‘‘NHTSA’s THOR–NT Database... on DSK9F6TC42PROD with NOTICES2 ii. THOR–50M Design To ensure that... the development of the THOR–50M design. The THOR–50M includes anatomically... of the THOR–50M has a unique design. In the THOR–50M, the..., D., Bolton, J., & Crandall, J., ‘‘Assessment of the THOR and Hybrid III Crash Dummies... joint. Because of this design, a THOR-specific risk curve for neck.... Throughout the development of the THOR–50M ATD, specific attention was... and Kinematic Performance of the THOR Dummy: Neck Performance,’’ Proceeding of..., M. Y, ‘‘Comparison of Belted Hybrid III, THOR, and Cadaver Thoracic Responses in..., ‘‘Biomechanical Response Requirements of the THOR NHTSA Advanced Frontal Dummy, Revision.../NVS/Biomechanics%20&%20 Trauma/THOR-NT%20Advanced%20Crash%20 Test... thoracic biofidelity,61 provides the THOR–50M ATD with the ability... appropriate restraint system countermeasures. The THOR–50M shoulder was developed to..., J. ‘‘Thoracic Biofidelity Assessment of the THOR Mod Kit ATD,’’ The 23rd..., J., ˚ land, Y., & O ¨ hrn, H., ‘‘A New Svensson, M. Y., HA THOR Shoulder Design: A Comparison with Volunteers, the Hybrid III, and THOR NT,’’ Traffic Injury Prevention, 8:2, 205..., P., & Haffner, M., ‘‘Development of THOR NT: Enhancement of THOR Alpha—the NHTSA Advanced... tkelley on DSK9F6TC42PROD with NOTICES2 THOR–50M ATD has instrumentation that... improved biofidelity in these areas, THOR–50M ATD has the potential... and injury prediction capabilities, the THOR–50M ATD is more sensitive...—NHTSA intends to use a modified, THOR-specific version of the neck... updated to specifically represent the THOR–50M ATD. In a presentation to... Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) THOR Evaluation Task Group, Nightingale et.... proposed critical values for the THOR ATD based on age-adjusted... by neck musculature.77 (b) Implement a THOR-specific injury criterion. NHTSA has..., F., Yoganandan, N., & Martin, P., ‘‘THOR Head and Neck IARVs,’’ SAE THOR Evaluation Task Group... thoracic measurement locations on the THOR– 50M rib cage, and the... potential pelvis injuries with the THOR ATD. Rudd 2011 demonstrated that... 78 Crandall, J., ‘‘Injury Criteria Development: THOR Metric SD–3 Shoulder Advanced Frontal... male occupant. Second, since the THOR cannot record dynamic hip angles.... 208 and frontal NCAP. The THOR– 50M ATD includes a femur compressive...–531, 2010. 82 Martin, P. G. & Scarboro, M., ‘‘THOR–NT: Hip Injury Potential in..., Usability, and Biofidelity of the THOR–NT Dummy,’’ The 22nd International..., Usability, and Biofidelity of the THOR–NT Dummy,’’ The 22nd International... on Advanced Chest Measurements of THOR and Hybrid III,’’ IRCOBI Conference... few years. A 5th percentile female THOR ATD would have instrumentation that... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, ‘‘THOR 5th Female ATD.’’ Accessed August... Ebert, S. & Reed, M., ‘‘Anthropometric Evaluation of THOR–05F.’’ National Highway Traffic Safety... Percentile Female Version of the THOR ATD,’’ The 18th Enhanced Safety... frontal oblique crash test; (2) using a THOR 50th percentile male crash test...



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... DNP Values for NodeId - 3 NodeName - thor PgSpFree = 0 PvPctBusy = 0 PctTotalTimeIdle = 0.000000 Resource... ulv11gmd vg02 ulv21gmd frigg odin thor rg_geo1(s) async replication ulv11_gmd ulv11... ulv11gmd vg02 ulv21gmd frigg odin thor async replication ulv11_gmd ulv11 (/app01...-1 HAGEO scenario We use node thor and odin in a mutual takeover... path between nodes odin and thor a secondary geographical network for serial... address/ Netmask AIX interface Purpose thor thor_boot1 172.1.1.73/24 en0... 172.1.1.75/24 en1 boot thor 192.168.100.73/24... their communication paths. Node names: thor, odin, frigg Communication path: thor_geo1... * Dominance * Backup Communications [Boston] odin thor [Yes] [sgn] The Dominance field...-IP heartbeat network between node thor and odin in site Boston... * Node Name Network Interface net_Geo_Primary_01 [thor] [] For the secondary geo network... addresses (Example 17-13): odin, thor. We defined the hostname interfaces... Name * Node IP Label/Address thor [boston_ether_01] [thor] 8. Synchronize the cluster topology... net_Geo_Secondary_01 odin_tty0 /dev/tty0 NODE thor: Network boston_diskhb_01 thor_hdisk2 /dev/hdisk2... [] [] [frigg@/dev/rulv11@/dev/rulv11_sm] [] [] [] [] [] [] [thor@/dev/rulv11_sm] [] [] [] [] [] 2. Synchronize GMD definition... our scenario, we use nod thor in primary site, and mark... on node frigg. On node thor: /usr/lib/methods/gmddown -l ulv11_gmd... the local peer of node thor down and start the geo..., ulv11_gmd is activated on node thor. On the node frigg, we... running in Boston, on node thor and respectively odin. They are... Site [Entry Fields] thor_svc_rg ignore thor odin Startup Policy Online On...] app01_rg Prefer Primary Site odin thor frigg Startup Policy Online On... will be activated on nodes thor and odin, respectively. The resource...-concurrent ONLINE thor OFFLINE odin app01_rg non-concurrent ONLINE thor OFFLINE odin... non-concurrent OFFLINE thor ONLINE odin ONLINE SEC frigg thor odin Local...(s) vg01 ulv11gm d vg02 ulv21gm d APP1 thor rg_geo1(p) frigg rg_loc1 vg01 ulv11gm... the cluster services on node thor, using the graceful with takeover...-concurrent OFFLINE thor ONLINE odin app01_rg non-concurrent OFFLINE thor ONLINE odin... app02_rg non-concurrent OFFLINE ONLINE thor odin thor odin Chapter 17. HAGEO... on both nodes odin and thor, one at a time. After site... OFFLINE thor OFFLINE odin app01_rg non-concurrent OFFLINE OFFLINE ONLINE thor odin... odin_svc_rg non-concurrent OFFLINE OFFLINE thor odin app02_rg non-concurrent OFFLINE OFFLINE ONLINE thor odin frigg At the time...(p) vg01 ulv11gmd /app01 APP1_srv frigg thor svc1 (192.168.100.73... running HACMP/XD:HAGeo. Node thor and odin are at site...-Processing (HACMP) Cookbook Boston Munchen thor odin Application 1 Application 2 /app01 ulv11_gmd... the resource group on node thor as the logic is the... configuration 677 Boston Munchen frigg thor Application /app01 ulv11_gmd ulv11_loggmd krpc... (HACMP) Cookbook Boston Munchen frigg thor Application /app01 ulv11_gmd ulv11_loggmd RPV... configuration 679 Boston Munchen frigg thor Application /app01 ulv1_gmd ulv1_loggmd LVM... be removed. Boston Munchen frigg thor Application /app01 RPV Client device...-7 Adding RPV client, using CLI thor:/# /usr/sbin/mkdev -c disk -s remote_disk....73' -a io_timeout='180' hdisk6 Available thor:/# lsattr -El hdisk6 io_timeout 180... the physical volumes defined on thor thor:/# lspv hdisk0 0022be2a80b97feb rootvg active... the local disk in node thor and a RPV client on node...-9 Changing the logical volumes thor:/# chlv -s s -u 2 ulv11_log thor:/# lslv ulv11_log LOGICAL VOLUME... (superstrict) Serialize IO ?: NO thor:/# chlv -s s -u 2 ulv11 thor:/# lslv ulv11 LOGICAL VOLUME... ?: yes (superstrict) Serialize IO ?: NO thor:/# Mirror the volume group by... of the logical volume mirrors thor:/# lsvg -p vg01 vg01: PV_NAME PV STATE hdisk2 active hdisk6 active thor:/# lsvg -l vg01 vg01: LV NAME... Fields] app01_rg Prefer Primary Site thor odin frigg Chapter 18. GLVM... resource group behavior 204 node thor 638, 676 cluster services 655... site 643, 667, 672 nod thor 650 physical volumes 667 priority...



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Mindy MacLeod and Bernard Mees runic AMULETS AND MAGIC OBJECTS Runic Amulets and Magic Objects Runic Amulets and Magic Objects MINDY MACLEOD and BERNARD MEES THE BOYDELL PRESS © Mindy MacLeod and Bernard Mees 2006 All Rights Reserved. Except as permitted under current legislation no part of this work may be photocopied, stored in a retrieval system, published, performed in public, adapted, broadcast, transmitted, recorded or reproduced in any form or by any means, without the prior permission of the copyright owner First published 2006 The Boydell Press, Woodbridge ISBN 1 84383 205 4 Publication of this work was assisted by a publication grant from the University of Melbourne The Boydell Press is an imprint of Boydell & Brewer Ltd PO Box 9, Woodbridge, Suffolk IP12 3DF, UK and of Boydell & Brewer Inc. 668 Mt Hope Avenue, Rochester, NY 14620, USA website: www.boydellandbrewer.com A CIP catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library This publication is printed on acid-free paper Typeset by Pru Harrison, Hacheston, Suffolk Printed in Great Britain by Cambridge University Press Contents List of illustrations vii Acknowledgements viii Preface ix Abbreviations x 1 Introduction The principal runic alphabets The names of the runes 1 13 14 2 Gods and heroes 15 3 Love, fidelity and desire 40 4 Protective and enabling charms 71 5 Fertility charms 102 6 Healing charms and leechcraft 116 7 Pagan ritual items 163 8 Christian amulets 184 9 Rune-stones, death and curses 211 10 Runic lore and other magic 233 11 Conclusion 254 Bibliography 257 Index 270 Illustrations 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. Pforzen buckle Ribe skull fragment Charnay brooch Narsaq stick Lindholmen amulet Dahmsdorf and Kovel spearheads Undley, Lelling and Tjurkö pendants Björketorp stones Sigtuna amulet Hemdrup staff Bergen stick Frøyhov figurine Gallehus horn Ikigaat cross Umîviarssuk amulet Malt stone 20 26 43 69 72 79 91 114 119 128 158 172 176 195 200 223 Acknowledgements All illustrations are by Bernard Mees, except for figure 6 which is reproduced from L.F.A. Wimmer, Die Runeninschrift (1887), figure 13 from Danmarks Runeindskrifter (1941) and figure 14 from Meddelelser om Grønland 67 (1924). The runic fonts used are freeware by Odd Einar Haugen; see http://helmer.aksis. uib.no/Runefonter. Preface In 1997 the Uppsala professor, Dr Henrik Williams, was visiting Australia as a guest of the Department of Germanic Studies at the University of Melbourne. He had discovered, to his surprise, that there were two people in Melbourne writing independently on runic matters and decided to bring them together. The first products of our ensuing collaboration were two jointly written papers. We found that our differing backgrounds served to complement each other’s weaknesses, if not always strengths, and we soon discovered we were often able to cover a lot more ground than a single writer could be expected to. Our respective backgrounds as a Scandinavist on the one hand, and as a Germanist (who has also read in classics), on the other, are a good guide to the principal authorship of the different themes and geographies covered in this work. It grew from our second joint paper, which was inspired by an observation by the American linguist Dr Thomas L. Markey. Research for this work was supported by two generous grants, from the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation of New York and the Greta Hort bequest to the University of Melbourne, which enabled research trips to Italy and Denmark respectively. Thanks are also due to the Departments of Medieval Archaeology and English at the University of Århus, Denmark. The University of Melbourne, and especially its Department of History, has also helped fund the study by means not just of the use of its facilities, but also in the form of publication subsidies. Abbreviations CIL DR IK NA NB NIyR SR U UR Corpus inscriptionum Latinarum, ed. Theodor Mommsen et al., 17 vols (Berlin 1863– ). Danmarks Runeindskrifter, ed. Lis Jacobsen and Erik Moltke, 2 vols (Copenhagen 1941). Ikonographischer Katalog of Die Goldbrakteaten der Völkerwanderungszeit, ed. Karl Hauck et al., Münster Mittelalter-Schriften 24, 4 vols (Munich 1985–89) Catalogue number from the runic archives in Oslo of an inscription from Norway (other than from Bergen) not yet published in NIyR, but listed in the downloadable University of Uppsala database ‘Samnordisk runtextdatabas’, http://www.nordiska.uu.se/forsk/samnord. html. Catalogue number from the runic archives in Oslo of an inscription from Bergen not yet published in NIyR, but referenced in the Norwegian National Library on-line database ‘Runeinnskrifter fra Bryggen i Bergen’ http://www.nb.no/baser/runer/index.html. Norges innskrifter med de yngre runer, ed. Magnus Olsen et al., 6 vols (Oslo 1941– ); and cf. Jan Ragnar Hagland, ‘Runer frå utgravingane i Trondheim bygrunn 1971–1994’, which has been published on the internet (http:/www.hf.ntnu.no/ nor/Publik/RUNER/ ...



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...); SURVEYOR V (September 8); and SURVEYOR V I (November 7). -- THOR-DELTA launched t h r e e meteorological satellites f o r ESSA..., completing five ATLASAGENA launchings and a THOR -AGENA launching. The LUNAR ORBITER... t o a m a l function of the second stage. THOR-AGENA maintained its r e c o r d of no... acquisition of ATLAS-AGENA and THOR-AGENA launch vehicles. This support... Jan. 11 INTELSAT 11-B IA Thor -Delta - 1967 Apogee and Perigee... 2, 1967. Jan. 14 DEFENSE 2A Thor-Agena D Objective: Development of spaceflight.... Jan. 26 ESSA IV 6A Thor-Delta Objective: Operate an Automatic...: 850 lbs. Feb. 8 DEFENSE 10A Thor-Burner II Objective: Development of... orbit. Feb. 22 DEFENSE 15A Thor-Agena Objective: Development of Spaceflight... Mar. 23 INTELSAT II-C 26A Thor -Delta Objective: To place spacecraft... 1,436 Mar. 30 DEFENSE 2 9A Thor-Agena D Objective: Development of spaceflight... lbs. Apr. 20 ESSA V 36A Thor -Delta Objective: Operate an Advanced....8 33.1 Mar. 8 os0 III 2 OA Thor -Delta INTELSAT 11-C started commercial... and transmitting. May 9 DEFENSE 43A Thor-Agena D Objective: Development of spaceflight... 13, 1967. May 9 DEFENSE 43B Thor-Agena D Objective: Development of spaceflight.... May 24 EXPLORER XXXIV 5 1A Thor -Delta Objective: To investigate the.... May 31 DEFENSE 53 B, C, D, E, F, G, H. and J Thor-Agena D Objective: Development of spaceflight... lbs. Jun. 16 DEFENSE 62A Thor -Agena D Objective: Development of spaceflight..., 1967. Jun. 16 DEFENSE 62B Thor-Agena D Objective: Development of spaceflight.... Jun. 29 SECOR (EGRS-9) 65A Thor-Burner 11 Objective: To provide... orbit. Jun. 29 AURORA I 65B Thor -Burner 11 Objective: To study... erg- Jul. 19 EXPLORERXXXV 7OA Thor -Delta Objective: To study the... lbs. Jul. 25 DEFENSE 7 1A Thor-Agena D Objective: Development of spaceflight.... Jul. 28 oco IV 7 3A Thor -Agena Objective: To continue the... 192 85 Aug. 7 DEFENSE 7 6A Thor-Agena D Objective: Development of spaceflight..., 1967. Aug. 23 DEFENSE 8 OA Thor-Burner I1 Objective: Development of... orbit. Sep. 7 BIOSATELLITE 11 83A Thor -Delta Objective: To conduct biological... lbs. Sep. 15 DEFENSE 87A Thor-Agena D Objective: Development of spaceflight.... Sep. 27 INTELSAT 11-D 94A Thor-Delta Objective: To place spacecraft... 4, 1967. 0.1 4 Oct. 11 DEFENSE 96A Thor-Burner 11 Objective: Development of... November 5, 1961. Nov. 2 DEFENSE 109A Thor-Agena D Objective: Development of spaceflight... December 2, 1967. Nov. 2 DEFENSE 109B Thor-Agena D Objective: Development of spaceflight... 798 lbs. os0 IV lOOA Thor-Delta 130 22,185 21.... Nov. 10 ESSA VI 114A Thor -Delta Objective: To operate an... in orbit. Dec. 9 DEFENSE l22A Thor-Agena D Objective: Development of spaceflight.... Dec. 13 PIONEER VIII 123A Thor -Delta Objective: Obtain scientific data... PROGRAM Able I Aug. 17, 1958 Thor -Able 84 lb. Fir st... failure. Pioneer I Oct. 11, 1958 Thor -Able 84 lb. P r o b e reached apogee... p r e m a t u r e shutdown. Pioneer I1 Nov. 8, 1958 Thor -Able 87 lb. Third- stage... 4. Altair III Thor -Delta 1. 2. 3. Thrust -augmented Th or -Delta 1. Thor (DSV-3E... 54 each 7.8 5.9 1. Thor (DM-21) Agena 170 16 Thor -Agena Thor (DSV-3E... -- 1962 (59) Thrust-augmented Thor -Agena 1. Thor (DM-21) plus LOX/RP...



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... PERCENTILE FEMALE VERSION OF THE THOR ATD T. Shams, T.J. Huang, N. Rangarajan GESAC... female version of the NHTSA THOR male dummy. These include the... of the 50th percentile male THOR frontal crash dummy. The biomechanical... test device (ATD), known as THOR, have been described in White... the successful development of the THOR ATD, preliminary requirements have been... developed for the 50th percentile THOR. The rationale for having several... for a 5th percentile version of THOR is based on scaling the... the biomechanical requirements of the THOR-50M to the small female... 50th percentile male THOR will be denoted by THOR-50M, while the... version will be denoted by THOR-05F. 5TH PERCENTILE FEMALE ANTHROPOMETRY... (103 lb). Body Segmentation The THOR 50th percentile male dummy consists... of the anthropometry of the THOR-50M segments is based on... complex has been modeled within THOR. The dummy has a shoulder segment... impact. The method used in THOR was to design some degree.... Again, a scaled version of the THOR-50M shoulder would be a starting... in the development of the THOR-05F shoulder. Each of the... the corresponding part in the THOR-50M to the THOR05F. It... out, the segmentation in the THOR dummy for the thorax, abdomen... the design goals for the THOR-05F. SCALE FACTORS AND BIOMECHANICAL... biomechanical response requirements for the THOR-05F was based on suitably... the response requirements of the THOR-50M. The latter requirements have... head impact requirements for the THOR-50M are based on the.... Neck Biomechanical Response - For the THOR-50M neck, both kinematic and... the curves given in the THOR-50M biomechanical requirements are time... two flexible joints in the THOR-50M spine. Until such data... shown in Table 5 below. The THOR-50M thorax consists of seven... will be maintained for the THOR-05F ribcage. Couple of the..., since the aim of the THOR- 05F design is to develop... for the thorax of the THOR-50M is defined by the... disk impact at 6.7 m/s. Abdomen The THOR-50M abdomen assembly consists of... with the lower abdomen in THOR. We will use these measurements... at scaling factors for the THOR-05F abdomen. The relevant measurements....7 0.85 (* from standing measurements) The THOR-50M has a femur assembly with... the small female version of THOR. From Table 7, there appears to... femur. Femur Biomechanical Response - The THOR-50M upper leg/femur system... .66 x 5 = 3.3 kg. For the required THOR-05F femur response, the graph... component remained unchanged in THOR-50M. Face The THOR-50M design includes... the small female version of THOR. The dimensional data for the... facial impact response for the THOR-50M is based on rod... the THOR-05F are based on a scaled version of the THOR-Lx developed for the current THOR dummy [Shams... of the 50th percentile male THOR dummy have been developed. The... counterpart to the current male THOR dummy. It is expected that.... Biomechanical Response Requirements of the THOR NHTSA Advanced Frontal Dummy. Trauma... and Elements of the NHTSA THOR Alpha ATD Design. Paper #458... and Kinematic Performance of the THOR Neck. Proc. of the IRCOBI.... Petit, P., Troisseille, X. 1999. Comparison of THOR, Hybrid III, and Cadaver Lower... al. 1998. Evaluation of the THOR Dummy Prototype Performance in HYGE... and Design of THORLx: The THOR Lower Extremity. Proc. 43rd Stapp..., N., and Haffner, M. 2002. Development of THOR-FLx: A Biofidelic Lower Extremity for...