Спутник ДЗЗ. USA 193. [Редактировать]

USA-193 — экспериментальный разведывательный спутник военно-космической разведки США. Сообщалось, что он был создан по программе Future Imagery Architecture (FIA), закрытой в 2005 году. Запущен 14 декабря 2006 года с базы ВВС США «Ванденберг» (Калифорния) ракетой-носителем Дельта-2. Спутник был благополучно выведен на низкую орбиту, в это же время связь с ним прервалась. По информации СМИ, со ссылкой на анонимный источник, на спутнике возникла проблема с бортовым компьютером. После появления в прессе волны сообщений о наличии на спутнике бака с более чем 454 кг ядовитого горючего — гидразина, официальные лица США объявили о планах по уничтожению спутника на орбите. При этом они сообщили, что эта ситуация отличается от уничтожения Китаем своего спутника примерно за год до того, что получило осуждение со стороны официального Вашингтона. По их заявлению, Китайский спутник находился на стабильной орбите и его осколки будут оставаться в космосе длительное время, а USA-193 находился на низкой неустойчивой орбите, так что все осколки в скором времени должны сгореть в атмосфере. 21 февраля 2008 года ракета SM-3 была выпущена с крейсера «Lake Erie» в Тихом океане и поразила находящийся на высоте 247 километров спутник, двигающийся со скоростью 27,3 тысячи км/ч (7,6 км/с). Российское правительство обвинило США в проведении испытаний оружия в интересах создания системы ПРО, способной в том числе уничтожать иностранные спутники. Предыдущий эксперимент по уничтожению спутника США осуществили в 1985 году. 11 января 2007 года в результате уничтожения Китаем своего метеорологического спутника Фэнъюнь-1С весом 1000 кг на высоте 864 км в космосе осталось более чем 100 тысяч различных осколков, из них около 2600 — диагональю более 10 сантиметров.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
129651НайтиНайти
2NRO-L21НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип орбиты - НОО
2Страна оператор(владелец) - США
3Страна производитель - США
4Тип оператора(владельца) - военные
5Все спутники ДЗЗ

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12006-12-14. Перешел в режим безопасности. Полностью потерянТэги: USA 193
22008-02-21. Разрушен ракетойТэги: USA 193

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг2300

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата (сведения с орбиты)2008-02-29

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2006-057A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2006-12-14 at 21:00:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xUSA 193
3Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 2 7920

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «USA 193». [Перейти к поиску]


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... as low as 96 km.193 185 Ibid at 28. Marietta.../audience/forstudents/5-8/features/orbit_feature_5-8.html 193 Jinyuan Su, “The Delimitation Between... transportation” (2013) 92 Acta Astronautica 193, 196-198. 253 Ibid at..., see, generally: Su supra note 193. Ibid at 367-368. 399... arise. 405 Su supra note 193 at 368. Jakhu, Sgobba, & Dempsey... L & Com 747; Su supra note 193. 409 See, e.g.: Tanja Masson-Zwaan... Michael Mineiro, “FY-1C and USA-193 ASAT Intercepts: An Assessment of... Federal Administration, Department of Transportation, USA; the Department of Transport, UK... Federal Administration, Department of Transportation, USA and the Ente Nazionale per... transportation” (2013) 92 Acta Astronautica 193 Derek Webber, “Point-to-point... L R 1 Michael Mineiro, “FY-1C and USA-193 ASAT Intercepts: An Assessment of... Federal Administration, Department of Transportation, USA; the Department of Transport, UK... Federal Administration, Department of Transportation, USA and the Ente Nazionale per...



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..., like in UK, or in USA, as it was thought that... the United States of America (USA)2 and the European Union (EU...-542. 19. Supra, n. 16, p. 192-193. 20. Supra, n. 17, p. 581. 21... stated reasons European countries and USA have followed the method of... by judgements like R v. Martin20 and USA v. Cordova.21 The lack of... an offence.40 In the USA, they are occasionally awarded in... nea1y all states of the USA the standard of strict liability... Circuit), 24 February 1977; [1977] USA v. R., 375. 16. Kaiser Steel Corp..., Vol. 10, p. 18,375; [1969] USA v. R., 209. US District Court, Northern... Circuit), 24 July 1979; [1979] USA v. R., 316; 15 Avi 17, 699... (2nd Circuit), 6 March 1980; [1980] USA v. R., 89; 15 Avi 18,050... operations and also in the USA where long-term airport-airline... Airports To Gain Competitive Advantage 193 effects, or with the aim... no boundary is necessary (e.g. the USA). 3. UNCOPUOS and some major principles... the two “super powers”, the USA and the then USSR, as... a joint project between five partners (USA, Europe, Russia, Japan and Canada... the 2008 shootdown by the USA of one of its own... pretense about the destruction of USA 193” by J. Oberg, March 2008, at... Activities—A Comparative Study of India, USA and Canada,” 238 Current Developments... initiative of the Govt. of USA in Chicago on International Civil... have been made in the USA is particularly extraordinary. Current Developments... profoundly damaging effects on the USA. Among other influences, the very... by government officials in the USA, Europe, Japan and elsewhere, came... was set up in the USA it proceeded to act in... about space development in the USA during the 1950s and 1960s...-magnitude cost-advantage over the USA in space travel.10 The... falling educational standards in the USA (especially in engineering and science... in Japan, Europe and the USA, as well as in many....5 But President Eisenhower of the USA opined that outer space should... space powers such as the USA and USSR. The first credible..., the G7 countries’ space agencies (i.e. USA, Europe and Japan) spend some...



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... and the space race. The USA and the Soviet Union were... space race was over, the USA and the Soviet Union had... such space heavyweights as the USA, Russia and China. Content and... intentional destruction of the satellite USA 193 in LEO in 2008. The... the International Space Station.3 The USA will likely interpret the code... is more complex with the USA, China and Russia, who all... engaged in manned space flight. USA The Obama administration is willing... international coordination and cooperation. The USA is concerned about space debris.... The Soviet Union and the USA were the two states which... USA reacted one year later with the intentional destruction of satellite USA 193... sine qua non for the USA’s acceptance of the code. As... a window of opportunity that the USA will sign it. But two... preliminary positive reaction of the USA was sounded out, it is... satellites into the sky. The USA alone has more than four... key actors. For example, the USA does not support it, and... law-making procedure while the USA still emphasizes its right to... destroy the failed American satellite USA 193 in LEO at an altitude...



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... the Soviet Union and the USA decided that self-restraint was...), India, Japan, Russia and the USA. Collectively, they conduct 80–90... Ballistic Missile Defense programme, the USA has developed powerful groundbased and... that China, Russia and the USA are testing various satellite configurations... the USA had used a ship-based missile to destroy a derelict USA 193 spacecraft... weapons 1993.17 However, the USA expressed reservations about in outer... time in many years, the USA but also some highly negative... strongly opposed by unanimously. the USA, particularly the Administration of President... United Kingdom and the USA. It the USA and many European states... ground-based ASAT missiles. The USA Under the chairmanship of Victor... space security: Russia and the USA. In addition, one positive consequence...



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... the opening session, Professor R. Phillips (USA), Vice President of the International... China, Thailand, Vietnam, and the USA; barley in European countries and...’ economies and their food security. USA Wheat: Stadler, a high-yielding wheat... million acres annually in the USA [24]. Barley: Luther, a barley mutant... Mutations. 1-5 July, 1986, Pullman, Washington (USA), IAEA, 1988, Vienna, Austria. 14... which will mature in the USA. Introduction The author’s experiences with... Research Center, Stuttgart, Arkansas 72160 USA; 1989 Witham Drive, Woodland, California 95776 USA. E-mail: neil.rutger@sbcglobal.net... tropical japonicas in the southern USA [35]. Therefore the author began... varieties and grain quality approaching USA long grain standards [36]. Grain... too late in maturity for USA environments. Therefore a programme was initiated... late when grown in the USA [7]. A japonica/indica mapping population of... (12.7%), Russia (9.8%), Japan (8.7%), Germany (6.5%), Netherlands (6.5%), USA (4.7%) and others (22.9%). Many induced... to clean up the environment, p.193-229 (Raskin, I. And Ensley, B.D. Eds... California-Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA Section of Molecular and Cellular... radiation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. Usa 97(1), 103-108 (2000). 4. Regulus... primers from Operon Technology Inc., USA were considered. Among the primers... were performed in a MJ Research, USA (PTC100) thermalcycler. The reaction conditions.... Plant Physiol. Biochem. 23(2), 187-193 (1996). 10. Manzanares, M. et al... Germplasm Research Unit, Aberdeen, Idaho,USA E-mail: victor.raboy@ars.usda... of the Montana and Idaho USA Agricultural Experiment Stations, and this... University, Pullman WA 99164-6420 USA and Institute for Phytopathology and... glycosylase. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103, 6853 (2006). 19. Radchuk... C and E. AOCS Press, Champaign, IL, USA, 133-151 (2002). 5. Mensink, R.P., Zock.... Peanut Science 14, 7-11 (1987). 193 KAVERI & NADAF 12. Knauft, D.A. et... Conference VI. August 4–7, Chicago, Illinois, USA, p.585 (1999). 3. International Atomic EnerGy..., Agilent Technologies Inc., Wilmington, DE, USA) using a HP-Innowax capillary column..., Agilent Technologies Inc., Wilmington, DE, USA). The temperatures of injector, oven... (Agilent Technologies Inc., Wilmington, DE, USA). Table 1. Latitude, soil type, planting.... M. Razdan and Mattoo A.), Sci. Publishers., USA, 193-238 (2007). 6. Scott, J.W. University of... Zionsville Rd., Indianapolis, IN 46268, USA Sangamo BioSciences, 501 Canal Blvd., Suite A 100, Richmond, CA 94804, USA * Corresponding author. E-mail: ccai2@dow... Plant kit (Qiagen, Valencia, CA USA) and quantified using PicoGreen ds... kit (Molecular Probes, Eugene, Oregon USA). An aliquot of 2 μL extracted genomic... extraction kit (Qiagen, Valencia, CA, USA) and then either sequenced directly... Arabidopsis. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 102(6), 2232-2237 (2005). BIBLIOGRAPHY... gene. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 102(34), 1226512269 (2005). 4. Puchta... gel (Transgenomics Inc., Omaha, NE, USA) and to the protocol described... ABI3730 capillary DNA Sequencer (ABI, USA) according to [11] with minor... (Applied Biosystems, Foster City, CA, USA). Sequences of mutant alleles were... N. International Blvd, Weslaco, Texas, 78596 USA E-mail: elouzada@ag.tamu.edu... grapefruit production area in Texas, USA. The inference from the widespread... Induced Mutations. Science Publishers, NH, USA. p.33-43 (2004). 12. Lopez... Induced Mutations. Science Publishers, NH, USA. p.87-96 (2004). 13. Lee... Food Policy Research Institute. Washington, D.C. USA (2004). 6. Dixon, A.G.O. et al. Cassava... Major Food Staples. Blackwell Publishing, USA, p. 365-391 (2007). 8. Kakes. P. Properties... and 1U Taq Polymerase (Bioline, USA). PCR amplification was performed in... Corporation, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA * Corresponding author. E-mail: siyuan.tan... broad geographic regions of southern USA. It was the highest yielding... Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, 37996-4561 USA * Corresponding author. E-mail: dellis@tennessee..., Australia, northwestern parts of the USA, and a few other countries. The... – Dec.1, 2006.St. Louis. Missouri, USA. CURRENT STATUS AND RESEARCH DIRECTIONS...-131 (1997). 5. Michigan State University, USA. MSTAT-C, A Microcomputer Programme for the... concentrations. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 82, 4162-4166 (1985). 6. Carroll... crop improvement. Mol Plant Breed. 5, 193-195 (2007). 2. Waugh, R., Leader, D.J., McCallum... cell disrupter (Qbiogene, Irvine, CA, USA). PCR amplification Degenerate Primers: Two... purification kit (Qiagen, Valencia, CA, USA). Products were cloned using pGEM-T-Easy (Promega, Madison, WI, USA). Ligations were desalted using Millipore... (Applied Biosystems, Foster City, CA, USA), using a DYEnamic ET Terminator Cycle... Kit (Amersham Biosciences, Piscataway, NJ, USA). Degenerate Primer Target motif name... polymerase (Stratagene, La Jolla, CA, USA) using wheat cDNA library as... chrysanthemum cultivar ‘D-5’, The Chrysanthemum 37, 193-200 (1981). 9. Saghai-Maroof, M.A. et... taxonomy, Freeman Publications, San Francisco, USA (1973). 12. Datta, S.K. Thin layer...



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... US destruction of the failed USA-193 satellite, and the 2009 collision... or the US destruction of USA-193 in 2008 using a modified SM... Object Country Date Iridium 33 USA Cosmos 2251 CIS Estimated Number... reveal the impending reentry of USA 193, the failed US satellite that... missile launch in April 2009.193 Although the BSP is set... USSR/Russia 1957 R-7 rocket Sputnik 1 USA 1958 Juniper-C Explorer 1 France* 1965... Mars missions both in the USA and in Europe.149 International... Reconnaissance Surveillance Orion 4, NRO L-26, USA 202) Office (NRO) GEO 1/18... Laboratory Wideband Global Satcom 2 (WGS-2, USA 204) Military Satellite Communications - US... Advanced Technology Risk Reduction Satellite, USA 205) Missile Defense Agency (MDA... PAN-1 (Palladium at Night, P360, USA 207) Unknown US agency Communications...-3 F18 (Defense Meteorological Satellites Program, USA 210) DOD/NOAA Meteorology LEO... caused by the failure of USA-193 in orbit in 2006. These... the US Space Surveillance Network.193 Canada will have its first... the failed, de-orbiting US-193 satellite that resulted in the... the engagement of the US-193 satellite was done to protect... Orion 4, NRO L-26, USA 202) Military Surveillance USA Delta 4 GEO 2009-002A...-N Prime, Government COSPAS-SARSAT) Meteorology USA Delta 2 LEO 2009-007A 2/11..., GPS IIR-20, USA 203) Military/ Commercial Navigation/ USA Global Positioning Delta... Global Satcom Military 2 (WGS-2, USA 204) Communications USA Atlas 5 GEO 2009-019B... March 2C LEO Technology Development USA Delta 2 LEO 2009-021A 4/22... Advanced Technology Risk Reduction Satellite, USA 205) 2009-027A 5/16/2009.../2009 Hawksat-1 Civil Technology Development USA Minotaur 1 LEO 2009-028E 5/19/2009 Aerocube-3 Commercial Technology Development USA Minotaur 1 LEO 2009-028B 5/19/2009 Pharmasat Government Space Science USA Minotaur 1 LEO 2009-028A 5/19/2009 Tacsat 3 Military Reconnaissance USA Minotaur 1 LEO 2009-029A 5/20..., GOES-O) Government Earth Science/ Meteorology USA Delta 4 GEO 2009-034A 6/30/2009 Sirius FM-5 Commercial Communications USA Proton M GEO 2009-035A 7/1/2009 TerraStar 1 Commercial Communications USA Ariane 5 ECA GEO 2009-036A...) Castor Sphere Military Scientific Research USA Space Shuttle (STS 127) LEO...) Pollux Sphere Military Scientific Research USA Space Shuttle (STS 127) LEO... 7/29/2009 AprizeSat 3 Commercial Communications USA/ Argentina Dnepr LEO 2009-041D 7/29/2009 AprizeSat 4 Commercial Communications USA/ Argentina Dnepr LEO Russia Russia..., GPS IIR-21M, USA 206) Military/ Commercial Navigation/ USA Global Positioning Delta... at Night, P360, USA 207) Military Communications USA Atlas 5 GEO 2009-049D... Surveillance System Demonstrator) Technology Development USA Delta 2 LEO 2009-052B 9/25... Surveillance System Demonstrator) Technology Development USA Delta 2 LEO 2009-054A 10... Worldview 2 Military/ Commercial Earth Observation USA Delta 2 LEO 2009-057A 10...-3 F18 (Defense Meteorological Satellites Program, USA 210) Military Earth Science/ Meteorology Atlas 5 LEO Russia USA 2009-058A 10/29/2009... 14 (IS-14) Commercial Communications USA 2009-065A 11/24/2009... 15 (IS-15) Commercial Communications USA Zenit 3SLB GEO 2009-068A... Global Satcom Military 3 (WGS-3, USA 211) Communications USA Delta 4 GEO 2009-069A... Infrared Government Survey Explorer) Astrophysics USA Delta 2 LEO 2009-070A 12.../2009 DirecTV-12 Commercial Communications USA GEO Government Military/ Commercial Breeze...-over-sbirsfollow-on-system.html. 193 Space Security 2010 Ibid. 91....jp/cgi-bin/ed20090511a1.html. 193 Joanne Irene Gabrynowicz, “Govt space.../us-china-joint-statement. 140 “USA and France Sign Agreements for...



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... died in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA. Generation 2 2. Elizabeth DAVIS-2 (David-1) was... Street Cemetery, Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA. John J. THOMAS and Elizabeth DAVIS... Street Cemetery, Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[33]. John E. JONES and Elizabeth..., Wales Generation 2 Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[34]. Isaac B. MORGAN and Elizabeth... 1886 in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[53]. John J. "Drummer" THOMAS-3 (Elizabeth... Street Cemetery, Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[17]. Jennie GRIFFITHS daughter of... Street Cemetery, Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[68]. David O. THOMAS and Jennie... 1896 in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[81]. Thomas J. THOMAS-3 (Elizabeth-2, David... Cemetery, South Abington, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA. Hosea THOMAS and Elizabeth DAVIS... 1937 in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[108]. William Henry THOMAS-3 (Elizabeth... Chinchilla Cemetery, Chinchilla, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[26]. Mary Jane HARES daughter... Chinchilla Cemetery, Chinchilla, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[109]. William Henry THOMAS and... Chinchilla Cemetery, Chinchilla, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[113]. iv. Estella THOMAS was... Cemetery, South Abington, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA [119]. 79. viii. Willard THOMAS... Cemetery, South Abington, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[48]. Griffith M. GRIFFITHS son of... 1948 in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[138]. William O. THOMAS-4 (Hannah-3, Elizabeth... Street Cemetery, Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[139]. Bessie M. was born about... 1910 in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[141]. Grace THOMAS-4 (Hannah-3, Elizabeth... 1916 in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[141]. Elizabeth THOMAS-4 (John J. "Drummer... 1908 in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[59]. Gertrude THOMAS-4 (David O.-3, Elizabeth... born in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA. William Griffith THOMAS-4 (David O.-3, Elizabeth... Street Cemetery, Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[145]. Sarah Ann MORGAN daughter... 1909 in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[59]. Maud L. THOMAS-4 (David O.-3, Elizabeth... 1944 in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[156]. Arja G. THOMAS-4 (David O.-3, Elizabeth... Street Cemetery, Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[82]. Annette SIMMS daughter of... 1929 in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[90]. John J. THOMAS-4 (Thomas J.-3, Elizabeth... Street Cemetery, Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA. William Garfield THOMAS and Ethel... Street Cemetery, Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[91]. Verna E. GILBERT daughter of... 2003 in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[184]. Daniel THOMAS-4 (Hosea-3, Elizabeth... 1914 in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[185]. Harry THOMAS-4 (Hosea-3, Elizabeth... Lane Cemetery, Chinchilla, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA. Elizabeth ROSS daughter of Finley... Lane Cemetery, Chinchilla, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA. Harry THOMAS and Elizabeth ROSS... Chinchilla Cemetery, Chinchilla, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[110]. Catherine CAMPBELL daughter of... 1937 in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[193]. She died on 07 Jan... Chinchilla Cemetery, Chinchilla, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[112]. John W. AHEARN son of... Chinchilla Cemetery, Chinchilla, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[201]. ii. John W. "Buddy" AHEARN... Cemetery, South Abington, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA. David I. RICHARDS and Hannah THOMAS... Cemetery, South Abington, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[120]. Dorothy Ellen BOOREM daughter... Cemetery, South Abington, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA. Willard THOMAS and Dorothy Ellen... Cemetery, South Abington, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[123]. Helen Gertrude SEEL daughter... 1929 in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[210]. Helen G. GRIFFITHS-5 (Gertrude-4, Hannah... Moscow Cemetery, Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[136]. Stewart A. BENNETT son of... Street Cemetery, Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[150]. Charles WHITE. Charles WHITE... 1957 in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[219]. William D. THOMAS-5 (William Griffith... 1971 in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[226]. Vaughn H. HILL-5 (Bertha-4, Hosea... 1977 in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[179]. Elizabeth GALLAGHER. Vaughn H. HILL... Cemetery, South Abington, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA. William M. STRIEPECK son of Albert... 1980 in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[229]. ii. Betsy R. STRIEPECK. Nathaniel... 1953 in Taylor, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[236]. Dorothy THOMAS-5 (George W.-4, William... Lane Cemetery, Chinchilla, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA. Huber R. CAPWELL son of Lloyd... Lane Cemetery, Chinchilla, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA. Huber R. CAPWELL and Dorothy THOMAS... 1937 in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[193].They had the following children... 2005 in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[237]. Ruth THOMAS-5 (George W.-4, William... Cemetery, South Abington, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[203]. Michael J. BARRETT son of... 1953 in Scranton, Lackawanna, Pennsylvania, USA[239]. William T. RICHARDS-5 (Hannah-4, William...



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... 2008 U.S. destruction of its failed USA-193 satellite, and the 2009 accidental... ASAT to destroy malfunctioning satellite USA-193 (most pieces of debris resulting... Technology Development Elliptical 9/27/2011 USA 231 USAF/DoD Reconnaissance LEO 6/30/2011 USA 230 USAF Early Warning GEO 5/7/2011 USA 229 NRO/U.S. Navy Electronic Surveillance/Ocean LEO 4/15/2011 USA 226 USAF Technology Development LEO 3/5/2011 USA 227 NRO/USAF Communications GEO 3/2/2011 USA 225 NRO Technology Development LEO 2/6/2011 USA 224 NRO Reconnaissance LEO 1/20... An additional setback occurred when USA-193 failed in orbit in 2006... constellation for the Chinese military.193 Space Security Impact China conducted... system to destroy failing satellite USA-193 as it deorbited. Modifications were... the failed, de-orbiting US-193 satellite that resulted in kinetic... the engagement of the US-193 satellite was done to protect.../2011 USA 224 Military Reconnaissance USA Delta 4 Heavy LEO 2011006A 2/6/2011 USA 225 Military Technology Development USA Minotaur 4 LEO 2011009A... 3/2/2011 USA 227 Military Communications USA Delta 4 GEO 2011010A 3/5/2011 USA 226 Military Technology Development USA Atlas... USA 229 Military Electronic Surveillance/ Ocean USA Atlas 5 LEO 2011014B 4/15/2011 USA 229 Military Electronic Surveillance/ Ocean USA... Intelsat New Dawn Commercial Communications USA Ariane 5 GEO 2011016B 4/22/2011... Elliptical 2011019A 5/7/2011 USA 230 Military Early Warning USA Atlas 5 GEO 2011022A... (SAC-D) Government Earth Observation Argentina/ USA Delta 2 LEO ANNEX 4:Spacecraft Launched... 2011029A 6/30/2011 USA 231 Military Reconnaissance USA Minotaur LEO 2011030A 7/6/2011.../2011 Globalstar M081 Commercial Communications USA Soyuz 2.1a LEO 2011033A 7/13/2011 Globalstar M083 Commercial Communications USA Soyuz 2.1a LEO 2011033D 7/13/2011 Globalstar M085 Commercial Communications USA Soyuz 2.1a LEO 2011033B 7/13/2011 Globalstar M088 Commercial Communications USA Soyuz 2.1a LEO 2011033F 7/13/2011 Globalstar M089 Commercial Communications USA Soyuz 2.1a LEO 2011033C 7/13/2011 Globalstar M091 Commercial Communications USA Soyuz 2.1a LEO 2011034A 7/15... 7/15/2011 SES-3 Commercial Communications USA Proton M GEO 2011036A 7/16/2011... Military/ Commercial Navigation/ Global Positioning USA Delta 4 MEO 2011037A 7/18/2011... 8/17/2011 AprizeSat 5 Commercial Communications USA/ Argentina Dnepr 1 LEO Annex 4 COSPAR... 8/17/2011 AprizeSat 6 Commercial Communications USA/ Argentina Dnepr 1 LEO 2011044A 8/17... 9/21/2011 SES-2 Commercial Communications USA Ariane 5 ECA GEO 2011050A 9/23.../2011 TacSat 4 Military Technology Development USA Minotaur 4 Elliptical 2011054A 9/29/2011 QueztSat-1 Commercial Communications USA Proton M GEO 2011053A 9/29/2011.../5/2011 Intelsat 18 Commercial Communications USA Zenit GEO 2011057A 10/7/2011.../12/2011 Vesselsat-1 Commercial Communications USA PSLV LEO 159 Space Security.../19/2011 ViaSat-1 Commercial Communications USA Proton M GEO 2011060B 10/21.../28/2011 NPP Government Meteorology USA Delta 2 LEO 2011064A 11/4/2011.../2011 Globalstar M080 Commercial Communications USA Soyuz 2.1a/ Fregat LEO 2011080C.../2011 Globalstar M082 Commercial Communications USA Soyuz 2.1a/ Fregat LEO 2011080A.../2011 Globalstar M084 Commercial Communications USA Soyuz 2.1a/ Fregat LEO 2011080F.../2011 Globalstar M086 Commercial Communications USA Soyuz 2.1a/ Fregat LEO 2011080E.../2011 Globalstar M090 Commercial Communications USA Soyuz 2.1a/ Fregat LEO 2011080D.../2011 Globalstar M092 Commercial Communications USA Soyuz 2.1a/ Fregat LEO * Source...-2-12-09.pdf. 9 Nicholas Johnson, “USA Space Debris Environment, Operations, and... Russian Mars probe, lawyer says,” USA Today, 8 January 2012, online: www... probe heads for fiery finale,” USA Today, 8 January 2012, online: www.../article/2011/11/16/us-usa-space-budget-idUSTRE7AF06320111116. 24 Budget...’s Curiosity rover hurtling toward Mars,” USA Today, 28 November 2011, online.../19/framework-agreement-betweenbrazil-and-usa-on-cooperation-in-the-peaceful.../article/2011/07/19/us-usa-china-space-idUSTRE76I6F320110719. 117 Dean... Industry Daily, “Special Report: The USA’s Transformational Communications Satellite System (TSAT... York Times, 11 November 2007. 193 Space Security Index 2012 194...-aweek-shi-jian-11-launch. 193 Stephen Clark, “Chinese rocket fails.../news/military/200410291531-arms-satellite-usa.html. 7 Jeremy Singer, “U.S. Air Force... Satellite in Test of Laser,” USA Today, 21 October 1997, at..., 2005, at 127-131. 62 USA Today, “China Jamming Test Sparks...



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... GITAY (AUSTRALIA), SANDRA BROWN (USA), WILLIAM EASTERLING (USA), AND BUBU JALLOW (THE GAMBIA) Lead Authors: J. Antle (USA), M. Apps (Canada), R. Beamish (Canada), T. Chapin... (China), J. Magnuson (USA), I. Noble (Australia), J. Price (USA), T. Prowse (Canada), T. Root (USA), E. Schulze (Germany), O. Sirotenko (Russia), B. Sohngen (USA), J. Soussana... (Canada), W. Fraser (USA), L. Hahn (USA), K. Hall (USA), M. Howden (Australia), M. Hutchins (USA), J. Ingram (UK), Ju...), P. Megonigal (USA), J. Morgan (USA), N. Myers (UK), R. Neilson (USA), S. Page (UK), C. Parmesan (USA), J. Rieley (UK), N. Roulet (Canada), G. Takle (USA), J. van...), D. Williams (Canada), T. Williamson (Canada), K. Wilson (USA) Review Editors: A. Fischlin (Switzerland) and... 1 Jan 1 Feb 1 Mar Mendota, WI, USA 1 Apr 1 May 5.7.3.1. 5.7.3.1.1. Physical Conditions Ice...- and warmwater (b) % Change in Occurrence (USA) 50 50 (c) Catfish Aquaculture Range....)]. 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