Спутник технологический. XSS 10. [Редактировать]

Первый аппарат из серии. Разработан: AFRL, NASA, NRL и Lawrence Livermore Laboratory.

Решаемые задачи:

  • демонстрация использования микроспутниковой архитектуры;
  • демонстрация 31 кг автоматизированной системы для решения задач ВВС США и НАСА по инспектированию объектов;
  • проверка автономной системы сближения с космическими объектами.  

Полезная нагрузка:

  • VCS (Visual Camera System) - разработка SAIC. Инструмент состоит из двух CCD камер, каждая из которых получает данные через два 10-битовых конвертора. Оптическая система состоит из двух телескопов один из которых должен был снимать верхнюю ступень ракеты Delta-2. Вторая камера снимает звезды. Звездный датчик снимает информацию при помощи зеркала расположенного под углом 45 градусов к направлению съемки основной камеры. Прибор выполнен из алюминия.
  • IMU (Inertial Measurement Unit). IMU это система измерения скорости и направления  движения аппарата в системе фиксированных координат. Инструмент предоставляет цифровой выход. Конструктивно состоит из триады фибер-оптических гироскопов и трех кремниевых измерителей ускорения.  

 

Дополнительные наименования

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Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип оператора(владельца) - военные
2Страна оператор(владелец) - США
3Страна производитель - США

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг28

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2003-005B

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Оператор AFRL
2Производитель BOEING COMPANY

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2003-01-29 at 18:06:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xGPS 2R-8
3Полезная нагрузка 1xXSS 10
4Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 2

Найдено 410 документов по запросу «XSS 10». [Перейти к поиску]


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0.04/5
... List VLF Very Low Frequency XSS Experimental Spacecraft System The strategic... suborbital launch capability; of those, 10 have orbital launch capability. As... 2005. In the US, the XSS-11 and DART microsatellites demonstrated.... Debris fragments between one to 10 centimeters “will penetrate and damage... 7 percent of the incidents and 10 interferences were caused deliberately, representing... 2005, reporting its results on 10 November. Specifically, the review sought... support from major space powers.10 Objections to its provisions regarding... Space Research Organization has developed 10 communications satellites that provide tele... Disaster Monitoring Constellation to deploy 10 micro-satellites dedicated to this... civil space budget, Russia approved a 10-year 20062015 program with a budget... by 40 international organizations, on a 10-year implementation plan for the.... CHAPTER FOUR Commercial Space FIGURE 3.10: Civil space missions in 2005139..., satellite manufacturers worldwide collected only $10.2-billion in 2004, a drop of... any capable launch services provider.10 Russian, European, and American companies... Orbview-3 Panchromatic: 1 meter, multispectral: 4 meter $10-$24 for panchromatic and multispectral... IKONOS Panchromatic: 1 meter, multispectral: 4 meter $10-$24 for panchromatic and multispectral... for stereo OrbView-2 Multispectral: 1.1 kilometer $10-$24 for multispectral, OrbView-5 Panchromatic... panchromatic and multispectral SPOT 4 Panchromatic: 10 meter $0.63-$23.27 for... manufacturers exceeded industry expectations of 10-15 commercial satellite orders with... in orbit about eight to 10 imagery intelligence satellites, which comprise... Surveillance System (NOSS) SIGINT LEO 10 Advanced Orion (Mentor) SIGINT GEO... quality photos of areas measuring 10 square kilometers, with a resolution of... P/L 2 Atlas 3B SIGINT LEO US XSS-11 (USA 165) Minotaur Technology... systems and advanced target characteristics.”10 The mission description for this... have demonstrated suborbital launch capabilities, 10 of which have orbital launch... optics. The Experimental Spacecraft System (XSS) employs microsatellites to test proximity... inspection of a target. For example, XSS-10 was launched in 2002 and... the Experimental Satellite System-11 (XSS-11) microsatellite on 11 April... on the XSS-10 that completed a similar operation in 2003, the XSS-11... interception missions, and the USAF XSS-11 microsatellite proximity operation (see... technologies for space negation. The XSS-11 illustrates the potential of... with rocket technology, including the 10 states that have demonstrated orbital...-K/DM-2 Russia Communications GEO 06/10/2001 Molniya-3 Molniya 8K78M Russia...-2 Russia Signals Intelligence LEO* 31/10/1995 165 Space Security 2 0 0 6 Satellite... Technology LEO 23/09/2005 XSS-11 (USA 165) Minotaur US...,” Orbital Debris Quarterly News 9 (2005), p. 10. ENDNOTES Satellite name “Space Debris... Prime Property,” Via Satellite 16 (10 September 2001). 53 “Pakistan planning...) p. 9 to Orbital Debris Quarterly News 10 (January 2006) p.7. At present the...-C) Update,” Orbital Debris Quarterly News 10 (January 2006), p. 2. “Increasing greenhouse gases... diameter. Orbital Debris Quarterly News 10 (January 2006), p. 7. 80 174 Endnotes... Committees, document GAO-06-212R, 10 November 2005. 104 “Interference Matrix... register 3, 35, 15, 16, 6, 10, and 10 satellites respectively. “Large nations fail... Defense, Space Policy Directive 3100.10, Updated 9 July 1999. US Department...,” BBC Monitoring, 9 October 1999, Section 1.10.a. 64 Government of the Russian...: Cambridge University Press, 2003), p. 101. 9 10 Verger, et al. p. 81. 11... Satellites Technologies Ltd, Press Announcement, 10 July 1998. Online: http://www... launch,” Wireless Satellite & Broadcasting Newsletter, 10 March 2005. 131 187 Space... work,” Aviation Week & Space Technology, 10 January 2005, p. 25; “Global Space....gov/files/pdf/2005_YIR_FAA_AST_0206.pdf. 10 11 Tamar H. Mehuron, “2004 Space... Correction or Overreaction?” Futron Corporation, 10 July 2002. Online: http://www...,” US Federal Aviation Administration, 2002, p. 10. Online: http://ast.faa.gov... “Satellite Task Force Report, Factsheet,” p. 10. “U.S. Commercial Remote Sensing Space Policy...&IssueID=140&StartRow=1&List Rows=10&appendURL=&Orderby=DateLastUpdated&ProgramID=68..., “SAR-Lupe 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,” Gunters Space Page, 10 February 2005. Online: http://space... Satellite: Report,” Agence France-Presse, 10 October 2005. “Thales To Supply... system,” Science and Global Security 10 (2002), pp. 21-60. 4 V. G. Morozov.../wmd/world/china/lpar.htm. 10 Heiner Klinkrad, “Monitoring Space – Efforts... Reconnaissance System,” Defense Industry Daily, 10 August 2005. “Indian Space Research.../descriptivesum/Y2005/AirForce/0603438F.pdf. 10 11 “Space Control Technology,” p. 1. “U.S. Space... 98 Wright and Grego, pp. 7-10. Hans M. Kristensen, Matthew G. McKinzie, and....com/businesstechnology/050912_XXS-11_update.html; “XSS-11 Micro Satellite,” Air Force... fears,” Ottawa Citizen, 1 July 2004. 10 Missile Defense Agency, “MDA Exhibit... launch,” Wireless Satellite & Broadcasting Newsletter, 10 March 2005. 57 “Russia, China...



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0.07/5
...: Earth Paper No. GT-SSEC.D.3 XSS-10 Micro-Satellite Flight Demonstration Thomas...-in satellite inspection operations. The XSS-10 program began in December 1997... RSO. The mission objectives of XSS-10 were to demonstrate autonomous navigation... of a Resident Space Object (RSO). XSS-10, a 31 kilogram micro-satellite launched... launch vehicle carrying a GPS satellite. XSS-10 was equipped with a visible camera... and observe its maneuvers. The XSS-10 micro satellite was released from.... Operating autonomously, on a preplanned course, XSS-10 performed its mission of navigating... real time. During these demonstrations, XSS-10 demonstrated responsive checkout of the... Command space control mission deficiencies. XSS-10 was the first in this... space and autonomous navigation. The XSS-10 program began in December 1997... preliminary and critical design reviews, XSS-10 baselined a shuttle mission using the... imagery. Despite these constraints, the XSS-10 program laid the foundation for... the maneuver results. Since the XSS-10 Program did not collect precise... algorithms. The analysis determined that XSS-10 fully met all objectives and.... GT-SSEC.D.3 During development the XSS-10 program instituted several processes and... decisions and continuing funding constraints, XSS-10 was not able to include... is captured for later analysis. 2.0 XSS-10 Mission The program mission was... Objectives and Success Criteria The XSS-10 mission objectives focused the proximity...: Earth Paper No. GT-SSEC.D.3 XSS-10 successfully completed all minimum success.... Consequently, to be fully successful XSS-10 needed to accomplish the following... space object. 2.2 Systems Description The XSS-10 system consisted of six major..., RSC, and PTC formed the XSS-10 mission operations architecture. Page 5 of...-SSEC.D.3 2.3 XSS-10 Team An integrated Government-industry team conducted the XSS-10 program... AFSPC Requirements Directorate provided overall XSS-10 mission selection and direction. AFSPC... Mission Chronology AFRL created the XSS-10 program after the President canceled.... Consequently, AFSPC and AFRL created XSS-10 to accomplish many of the... Center (GSFC) to manifest the XSS-10 flight for a Space Shuttle mission... receive concurrence that the refined XSS-10 system and mission designs were..., shuttle era design decisions limited XSS-10 experiment operations in some important... vehicle and primary payload delays, XSS-10 launch preparation and integration extended... Diagram 3.1 Relative State Navigation The XSS-10 Micro-Sat used relative state... point is unknown. 3.2 Proximity Operations XSS-10 proximity operations consisted of relative... the proximity operations began. The XSS-10 Micro-Sat then maneuvered to... Point 3.3 GN&C Performance Evaluations Since XSS-10 did not have instrumentation to... RSO. 3.4 Mission Success Evaluation Summary XSS-10 meets all minimum, and conditionally.... GT-SSEC.D.3 4.0 XSS-10 Accomplishments The major accomplishment of the XSS-10 program was..., and effective ground support. The XSS-10 spacecraft was built using legacy... that set of actions. The XSS-10 program accomplished several important “firsts.... In demonstrating these capabilities, the XSS-10 flight addressed two sets of..., • autonomous control, and • responsiveness. The XSS-10 flight was a strong first step... awareness. 5.0 XSS-10 Lessons Learned The lessons learned during the XSS-10 program can... the initial acquisition strategy. The XSS-10 program lost valuable time and... the key to success for XSS-10 mission operations. Significant launch delays... vehicle program office allowed the XSS-10 program to work critical launch... availability and support effectiveness: The XSS-10 program office was very effective... to early design decisions, the XSS-10 program did not provide instrumentation... v-bar maneuver around IP-4, the XSS-10 and post mission analysis teams... success. 6.0 Conclusions and Recommendations The XSS-10 program culminated with an exceptionally..., post mission analysis determined that XSS-10 probably met this objective as... extra credit objectives. In retrospect, XSS-10’s greatest accomplishment was that the... of the entire XSS-10 team. Beyond this, however, XSS-10’s greatest accomplishment was...-derived RSO centroid information. Several XSS-10 activities are considered to be... analysis perspective, the most significant XSS-10 lesson that future programs can... decisions and continuing funding constraints, XSS-10 was not able to include... mission objectives and success criteria. XSS-10 gained national recognition for the... Systems award. In conclusion, the XSS-10 program overcame significant obstacles to... Barnhart, D.A., Hunter, R.C., Weston, A.R., and Chioma, V.J., “XSS-10 Micro-Satellite Demonstration.” Proceedings of..., September 1998 Davis, T.M. and Singaraju, B., “XSS-10 Mission Results”; Proceedings of the..., Thomas; Baker, Tammy; Belchak, Timothy; “XSS-10 Micro-Satellite Flight Demonstration Program..., T.L. Baker; “Risk Mitigation Efforts for XSS-10 Mission Operations”, AIAA Space 2003... 2003 Davis, Thomas; Melanson, David; “XSS-10 Micro-Satellite Flight Demonstration Program...



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... 9 2.1.3 STATE OF PRIVATE INDUSTRY & INVESTMENT 10 2.1.4 BARRIERS TO INVESTMENT 12 2.1.5 SUFFICIENCY... all the societal benefits Part 2 10 of 136 Supporting Commercial Space... responsive space plans could add 5 – 10 flights per year o COTS (cargo and crew) could add 5 to 10 flights per year, but replacing... o Propellant depot market could add 10 – 20 EELV class missions per... generally on the order of 10 small satellites launched each year... of even smaller micro (10-100 kg), nano (1-10 kg) and pico... Company (USA): Boeing built the XSS-10 satellite that demonstrated autonomous approach... (USA): Lockheed Martin built the XSS-11 technology demonstration satellite, which... missions to date have included XSS-10, XSS-11, DART and most notably... was included in SPACEHAB’s annual 10-K filing with the SEC on... to be capable of producing 10% improvement in osteoporosis countermeasures, implicating...



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0.09/5
... UNGA US USAF USML USSR XSS Ultra High Frequency United Nations... space programs continued in 2004. A 10-Year Implementation Plan was agreed...-orbital spacecraft in 2004, winning a $10-million competition designed to spur... small satellite programs TacSat1 and XSS-11, both initially scheduled to... launch capabilities, and of those, 10 have an orbital launch capability... issues in a cooperative fashion. 11 1 0 10 1 Note: Not to scale The... velocities, debris as small as 10 centimeters in diameter moving at... of objects between one and 10 centimeters in size (i.e., larger than....6 Protection against particles one to 10 millimeters in size can be.... Debris fragments between one to 10 centimeters “will penetrate and damage... in 1,000 over the spacecraft’s 10-year functional lifetime, with even... measures, the number of objects 10 centimeters and greater in orbit... over systems and capabilities which 10 The Space Environment can take... to space. There are currently 10 actors with orbital launch capability... Space Research Organization has developed 10 communications satellites that provide teleeducation... China, foresees the deployment of 10 dedicated micro-satellites, four of... Summit” included a provision to formulate a 10-year Implementation Plan. The anticipated... April 2004, the Framework for a 10-Year Implementation Plan for GEOSS... Disaster Monitoring Constellation to deploy 10 micro-satellites dedicated for this... 59 Space Security 2004 F IGURE 3.10: 2004 Global utility satellites launched... 13 46% Somewhat Reduced 13 10% Somewhat Reduced 6 21% Reduced 1 1% Reduced..., composed largely of government customers.10 2004: Growth in global commercial... In October, SpaceShipOne won the $10-million Ansari X Prize by becoming... Communications Communications Satellite name AMC-10 (GE10) MBSAT Buyer US Japan... to fulfill the contract, including 10 European and several Russian companies... “battlespace characterization, and technical intelligence.”10 The anticipated US Space Tracking... space program, the TacSat1 and XSS-11, both initially scheduled to... be launched, to be $4.2 billion.10 Detecting ASAT attacks Most actors... US national security interests.”8 Some $10.6 million was allocated in FY2003... sub-orbital launch capabilities, with 10 of these actors possessing an... optics. The Experimental Spacecraft System (XSS) employs micro-satellites to test... inspection of a target. For example, XSS-10 was launched in 2002 and... System-11 (XSS-11), the follow-on to the XSS-10, was intended... Technology Satellite or the US XSS-10, could have a negative impact on... sensors, propulsion, and guidance units.10 The US has also completed... with rocket technology, including the 10 states which have demonstrated orbital... Debris Quarterly News 9 (January 2005), p. 10. Online: http://www.orbitaldebris.jsc....cfm?DocumentID=2564&StartRow=1&ListRows=10&appendURL=&O rderby=D.DateLastUpdated&ProgramID=68....org/pubs/journal/cj6n3/cj6n3-10.pdf. 54 International Telecommunication Union... Prime Property,” Via Satellite 16 (10 September 2001). 61Liching Sung, “ITU... register 3, 35, 15, 16, 6, 10, and 10 satellites respectively. “Large nations fail... General Assembly resolution 37/92, 10 December 1982. 11The Principles Relating... 1963; entered into force on 10 October 1963. Hereinafter referred to... Nations,” US Department of State, 10 September 2004. Online: http://www...,” General Assembly Resolution 59/115, 10 December 2004. 55“Legal Subcommittee... Defense, Space Policy Directive 3100.10 (Updated 9 July 1999). Online: http... Worldwide Monitoring, 9 October 1999, Section 1.10.a. 88Government of the Russian Federation....ws/iran_news/publish/article_3596.shtml. 10“Contract with Russian Experts for... Satellites Technologies Limited, Press Announcement, 10 July 1998. Online: http://www... on Earth Observations, Framework for a 10-Year Implementation Plan, Earth Observation... straight,” European Commission, Press Release, 10 December 2004. Online: http://europa....cnn.com/2004/TECH/space/10/04/spaceshipone.attempt.cnn/; “SpaceShipOne..., “What do I love?” Associated Press, 10 February 2005. Online: http://www... Correction or Overreaction?” Futron Corporation, 10 July 2002. Online: http://www... Launch Report, 4th Quarter,” 2002, p. 10. Online: http://ast.faa.gov... Ariane 5 launchers,” Arianespace, Press Release, 10 May 2004. Online: http://www... Force Report, Factsheet,” March 2004, p. 10. Online: http://www.ncs.gov...: Cambridge University Press, 2002), p. 344. 10“2004 Space Almanac,” Air Force... Satellites,” CDI Space Security Update 10, 19 May 2004. Online: http...&IssueID=140&StartRow=11&ListRows= 10&appendURL=&Orderby=DateLastUpdated&ProgramID=68...&IssueID=140&StartRow=11&ListRows= 10&appendURL=&Orderby=DateLastUpdated&ProgramID=68...&IssueID=140&StartRow=11&ListRows= 10&appendURL=&Orderby=DateLastUpdated&ProgramID=68... of the Possible,” International Security 10 (Spring 1986); “Laser ASAT Test... of the Possible,” International Security 10 (Spring 1986), pp. 46–98.../descriptivesum/Y2005/AirForce/0604421F.pdf. 10“Space Control Technology,” Unclassified RDT... to medium Earth orbit (5,000-10,000 kilometers) and geostationary Earth...



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.... долл.; – 1993 г. – 22 млн. долл. * 10 Далее все ценовые показатели приводятся... аварийного спасения (САС) ТПК «Союз Т–10 1», сохранив тем самым, жизни кос... в себя по состоянию на 1991 г.: – 10 стартовых комплексов для за-пуска..., 113, 113Г, 118, 254, 112А, 9, 10), а также значительное количество межплощадочных инженерных... ден на орбиту РН «Протон К», а 10 июня 1990 г. успешно состыковался с ОК... – стыковочный агрегат базового блока (ось «–Z»). 10 июня 1995 г. модуль вновь был... запуска, что позволяло гаран тировать 10 суточный автономный полет модуля и три... 2.5 км и посадочную перегрузку не более 10 единиц. В одноразовом НО должна была... решением РКА и РАН и состоял из 10 секций, возглавляе мых ведущими российскими... включения карбо ната кальция размером в 10 15 микрон (тысячная доля 100...); – «Орлан ДМА» – 10 шт. с 20.10.1988 по 20.10.2000 год (113... функци онирования составляла около 40°С. 10 ноября 1998 г. Г.И. Падалка и С.В. Авдеев во... сообщений, кото рые следовали через 10 секунд, составляла около 5 секунд. Полный... А.С. Викторенко В.В. Циблиев Количество выходов 16 10 10 8 7 7 7 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 Суммарная длительность 77 час 46... 1971 г. к ней стартовал ТПК «Союз 10» с первой экспедицией в составе В.А. Шаталова, А.С. Елисеева... 22 24 суток. ТПК «Союз 10» состыковался к орбитальной станции «Салют», но... созданию аппа ратуры сближения «Мера» 10– см диапазона волн, предназ наченной... модулями «Квант 2» (8.12.1989 г.), «Кристалл» (10.06.1990 г.), «Спектр» (1.0б.1995г... ПхО базового блока. Но через 10 минут с орбиты донесся голос бортинженера... ходом перестыковки в иллюминаторы. Перестыковка началась в 10:19:07, когда были откры... до 150 200 м/с. На высоте 9 10 км вводится в действие парашют основной... за счет этого гасится до 8 10 м/с. Чтобы спускаемый аппарат при посадке... отключение режима сближения ТГК «Прогресс М 10». Повторная попытка стыковки, кото рая... следующем витке ТГК «Про гресс М 10» успешно состыковался с ОК «Мир». На... не будет увеличена, не исключалась. 10 августа 1992 г. в процессе спуска и посадки.... В так положении экипаж находился около 10 минут, тщетно пы таясь освободиться... друг друга только через иллюминатор. 10 июня 1995 г. во время перестыковки... годных приборов из получаемых материалов в 5 10 раз; – подтверждены характеристики материалов для... до нескольких дней и продолжительностью порядка 10 секунд. Ин тервал между вспышками... практический интерес, остает ся в ближайшие 7 10 лет теоретизировать, строить научные гипотезы.... 209 ×òî èìååì – íå õðàíèì, ïîòåðÿâøè – ïëà÷åì … 3. «Прогресс 38» (11Ф615А15 № 146) 10.09. – 23.11.1988 г. При... (см.п.3). 5. «Прогресс 40» (11Ф615А15 № 148) 10.02. – 05.03.1989 г. Проведение... сближения космичес ких аппаратов 17Р616Э. 10. «Прогресс М 15» (11Ф615А55 № 215) 27.... «Прогресс М 36» (11Ф615А55 № 237) 05.10. 19.12.1997 г. После расстыковки...» (11Ф615А55 № 238) 14.05. – 29.10.1998 г. Отработка баллистической схемы отхода... 500 метров, вы игрыш составил 10 суток. Отработка новых алгоритмов сближения... камеры с помощью электропри вода на 10 метровой штанге из замкнутого упругого профи ля (агрегат АВШ 10). С помощью аппаратных средств пред полагалось... 20 м и выдвижной об щей длиной 10 м штанги, а также накоплен опыт и получе... нирования пружинных толкателей. Поэтому через 10 секунд после отделения от ОК... пускового контейнера ТГК «Прогресс М 36», а в 10:37, когда расстояние между станцией... декаб ря планировалось от 3 до 10 “витков” вокруг комплекса на минимальном... разработку программы Experimental Satellites Series (XSS) и запустить новый спут ник серии XSS для сближения и проведения инспекции дру ... на орбите. Первый МКА серии XSS 10 был запущен в 2003 году и проработал... сперименты со вторым спутником инспектором XSS 11 мас сой 100 кг... года. За истекший год МКА XSS 11 провел несколько автономных операций... компонентов спутников инспекторов се рии XSS. По данным издания New Scientist... от эксплуатируемого до сих пор XSS 11, МКА ANGELS будет выведен... г. на орбиту экипажем «Союз ТМ 10» (Г.М. Стрекалов и Г.М. Манаков) были доставлены четыре... яиц и специальные мешки фиксаторы. На 3 и, 7 е, 10 е и 14 е сутки развития экипаж фиксировал...: в 22:00 в камеру возврата поместили 10 птенцов, один из которых прошел... перспективных космических сис тем составили 7 10 лет. Более 70% космических аппаратов... ОК «Мир» необходимо принять до 10 июля. В противном слу чае, специалисты... комплекса и других грузов) соста вила 10 тыс. долларов. Именно отсутствие финансирования... самим американцам обо шлась бы в 10 15 млрд. долларов. Академик Б.В. Раушенбах... от заданной ориентации) были отключены. 10:04: по команде с Земли солнечные... (величина тор мозного импульса составила 10,4 м/с). Сформировалась предпусковая орбита – 158,406... его борту одновременно ра ботали 10 космонавтов. Для создаваемой Международной космической... полет. “Поднявшись” на борт станции 10 января 1994 г., он возвратился на... исследовательского орбитального комплекса России займет 10 15 лет, а стоимость работ превысит... кос мической техники награжден орденом и 10 медалями, удо стоен почетных званий...



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... pairs of magnitudes of Mprimary = 10.3, Δm = 0.3 and Mprimary = 9.0, Δm = 1.5 were observed with... surveillance of closely-spaced objects . 10 1.5.1 1.6 The OOS problem ................................................................................. 14 Thesis... for relative orbit estimation .............. 31 1.10 Definitions and conventions for the... atmospheric effects: Chromatic dispersion ......................................... 66 2.10 Other atmospheric effects: Atmospheric extinction... relative orbit track summary ............................................. 145 5.10 Small aperture telescope observations of... Proximity Flight Missions ............. 179 Table 10 Table of Notation ..................................................................................... 181 Table... trailed during the image’s exposure .............................................................................................................. 10 Figure 7: Closely-spaced objects problem... for OOS monitoring ......................................................................................................................... 17 Figure 10: Forward model reflectivity definitions for... Air Force missions. The XSS-10 [8] (2003) and XSS-11 [9] (2005) both performed... (Demonstration of Autonomous Rendezvous) mission [10] was launched in 2005 and... missed a navigation waypoint and collided [10] with MUBLCOM. The DART collision... elements usually have positioning 10 errors of 1-10 km in GEO which... GEO satellites have magnitudes between 10-12th magnitude indicating that detection... detection and relative orbit estimation. 1.10 Definitions and conventions for the... (Δm = m2-m1), αb is expressed as 𝛼𝑏 = 𝑓2 = 10−0.4(𝑚2 −𝑚1 ) 𝑓1 (1.7) In cases where the servicer... the primary. For instance, m1 = 10.7, Δm = 1.2 indicates the primary satellite is... (𝑛𝑠 − 1) × 106 = 64.328 + 29498.1×10−6 146×10−6 − 𝜎2 255.4×10−6 + 41×10−6 − 𝜎2 (2.1) where 𝜎 = 𝜆−1 where λ is... pressures, equation 2.1 is adjusted by 𝑛 − 1 = (𝑝𝑇𝑠 /𝑝𝑠 𝑇)(𝑛𝑠 − 1) (2.2) 10 An excellent description of optical... Fried parameter r0, such that N𝑠𝑝𝑒𝑐𝑘𝑙𝑒𝑠 ≈ (𝐷⁄𝑟0 ) 2 (2.10) A sketch of the formation of... Labeyrie speckle interferometry is between 10-20 milliseconds. Each individual exposure... 60 10 20 30 u 40 50 60 x 10 6 Slope > 0 4 Imag Power 10 v 10 8 2 0 -2 -4 -6 10 20... Vector STF 738AB Imag[K0(u)] x 10 6 10 Slope > 0 4 30 v N 40 2 0 -2 -4 Fs -6 60... Filters 1 B V R I i'sloan Silicon 0.9 Dispersion, arcsec 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 10 20 30 40 50 60... sources for satellite detection. 68 2.10 Other atmospheric effects: Atmospheric extinction... Figure 27) to celestial coordinates 𝑑𝑠𝑖𝑛(𝜃) 𝑐𝑜𝑠(𝛿𝑡 ) (3.9) Δ𝛿𝑡 = 𝑑𝑐𝑜𝑠(𝜃) (3.10) Δ𝛼𝑡 = The measured differential right ascension... are generated on a CCD is 𝑆̇ = 𝐴𝑒𝑓𝑓 〈𝑄𝐸〉𝐹0 10−0.4𝑇𝑀𝑣 𝜏𝑎𝑡𝑚 (photoelectrons/sec) (4.1) 92 where Aeff... pixel24 of a CCD detector is 𝑆𝑇 = 𝑆̇𝑇𝑒𝑥𝑝 𝑘𝑓 = 𝐴𝑒𝑓𝑓 〈𝑄𝐸〉𝐹0 10−0.4𝑇𝑀𝑣 𝜏𝑎𝑡𝑚 𝑇𝑒𝑥𝑝 𝑘𝑓 (4.2) where Texp is the integration... generation rate is estimated by 𝐵 = (10−0.4𝐵𝑣𝑚 )𝐴𝑒𝑓𝑓 〈𝑄𝐸〉𝐹0 𝛼𝑝 2 (4.4) where the surface brightness of... an exposure time Texp is 𝜋 ̅̅̅ 𝑆𝑇 (𝑇𝑒𝑥𝑝 ) = 4 𝐷2 𝐹0 𝑇𝑒𝑥𝑝 (10−0.4𝑀1 + 10−0.4𝑀2 ) (4.10) and |𝑂𝑛 (|𝐮|)|2 is the normalized object... large a geostationary satellite of Mprimary ~ 10.5 with a neighboring servicer of ~13th... satellite magnitude range of 9.5 to 10.5. Most geostationary satellite bus light... Fringe Profile 12 4 x 10 3 5 2 10 1 15 u 0 20 -1 25 -2 -3 30 -4 5 10 15 u 20 25... accurately predict these events to ~10 days. Likewise, unforecasted, satellite station... absolute visual magnitudes of 10.23 and 10.59 magnitudes for Anik... small values such that Q=diag[(10-6)2,(10-6)2,(10-6)2,(10-6)2,(10-6)2,(10-6)2,(10-10)2 (km2,km2/s2,km2/kg...) 1.5 1 ZHill 0.5 0 1.5 YHill 5 1 0 0.5 y HILL (km) XHill -5 0 -10 x HILL (km) Figure 72: Anik... chapter to address this concern. 5.10 Small aperture telescope observations of.... Hill Trajectory 3 z HILL (km) 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 -15 -10 -5 0 x HILL (km) 5 -0.2 0 0.2 0.4 y HILL 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 (km) Figure... theoretically detected a small satellite approximately ~1/10 the size of the client... operations. The DART-MUBLCOM collision [10] highlighted the reality that satellites... Mission Type Ref. ETS-VII XSS-10 XSS-11 DART Orbital Express MITEX...-refueling OOS-sustainment OOS-refueling [2] [8] [9] [10] [11] [136] [140] [140] [141... in following sections (see Table 10) 1.1.2 Linearizing Orbital Motion The dynamics... can be linearized. 180 Table 10 Variable 𝐗̇ 𝐗(𝑡) 𝐹(𝑿, 𝑡) 𝐹(𝐗 ∗ , 𝑡) 𝐱̇ 𝐱 𝐱̂ Y=G(X,t) 𝐲 𝐇 ̃ 𝐇𝑖 h P ̅ 𝐏𝒌+𝟏 𝐏𝒌 𝚽(t,t0) 𝐐 𝐊𝒌 𝐑𝒌 𝑾 = 𝐑 𝒌 −𝟏 A P Φ 𝜖𝑖 𝑂𝐹 𝑂𝐺 Table of Notation... the measurement sensitivity matrix, or ̃ 𝚽(𝒕, 𝒕𝒌 ) 𝐇=𝐇 (B.10) A differential state update estimate is...,'sobel'); ImaginaryRadon = radon_analysis(BW1,thetaResolution/10); fringe orientation angle based on.../shuttle_pk/pk/Flight_010_STS41B_Press_Kit.pdf, accessed 10 Jan 2016. [5] Robotic Refueling Mission... Aerospace Conference Proceedings, (2000), pp215226. [9] XSS-11 Factsheet, accessible from http....darpa.mil/program/phoenix. [135] XSS-11 Microsatellite, Kirtland Air Force...



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... such as Cross-site Scripting (XSS) and SQL Injection (root cause... performance was drastic. Over 8 in 10 applications across all supplier types... such as Cross-site Scripting (XSS) and SQL Injection continue to... prevalent (as Figure 20 shows XSS is present in 68% of... had a much higher incidence of XSS issues as compared to Finance...% of Government web applications had XSS issues compared to 67% for... ColdFusion has a higher incidence of XSS issues as compared to other... 30). Recommendation: SQL injection and XSS are repeatedly in the headlines... been included in Table 1 (page 10). Many organizations are still determining... occurrence of medium severity flaws (e.g. XSS) in Very High and High... First Submission (*Small sample size) 10 90% 100% VERACODE STATE OF...-web applications. The OWASP Top 10 Compliance chart shows which non... out is Cross-site Scripting (XSS). This very prevalent vulnerability type... applications and having difficulty preventing XSS flaws. This is a very easy... Scripting (XSS) 58% Cross-site Scripting (XSS) 44% Cross-site Scripting (XSS) 41... 13% Cross-site Scripting (XSS) 28% Information Leakage 10% CRLF Injection 8% Information... submitting companies resubmit some percentage (0-10%, 11-20%, … 91-100%) of... of companies are resubmitting only 0-10% of their applications, this could... 40 30 30 20 20 10 10 0 0 0 20 40 60 80 100... percentage of companies that resubmit 0-10%, 11%-20%, …, 81-90%, and...-4 2011-1 2011-2 2011-3 QUARTER Figure 10: Veracode Security Quality Score Trend...% 11% 2% 100% Outsourced * 82% Overall 0% 10% 3% 20% 30% 40% Figure 11... web applications, Cross-site Scripting (XSS) remains the most prevalent vulnerability.... The next three categories behind XSS—CRLF Injection, Information Leakage, and... web applications, Cross-site Scripting (XSS) remains the most prevalent vulnerability... the OWASP Top 10 57% Cross-site Scripting (XSS) 12% CRLF Injection... Handling 1% Buffer Overflow <1% Numeric Errors <1% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35... 1% OS Command Injection 1% API Abuse 1% 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% 16% 18% 20... OWASP Top 10. The top category, Cross-site Scripting (XSS), affects 68... builds. We saw above that XSS was also the most prevalent... isn’t just high counts of XSS in a minority of applications. This... the OWASP Top 10 68% Cross-site Scripting (XSS) 66% Information Leakage... Potential Backdoor 9% OS Command Injection 9% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35...% Untrusted Search Path 11% 10% Dangerous Functions 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30... application vulnerability Cross-site Scripting (XSS) 10% Maps to: Cross-site Scripting... affected by Cross-site Scripting (XSS) was flat at 60% over... 70% of applications affected. Eradicating XSS has turned out to be... downplay the risk associated with XSS so often these vulnerabilities don... them to remember that 1 in 10 publicly reported web hacking incidents... a very heartening trend. Perhaps in 10 years SQL Injection will be... being discovered. Quarterly Trend for XSS pvalue = 0.124: Statistically, the trend... Figure 22: Quarterly Trend for XSS 33 VERACODE STATE OF SOFTWARE... 7). Across the board we see XSS still dominating all the languages... of the need to prevent XSS. 7 34 www.veracode.com/blog... Cross-site Scripting (XSS) 56% Cross-site Scripting (XSS) 87% Error Handling 26% Cross-site Scripting (XSS) 47% Cross-site Scripting (XSS) 75% Cryptographic Issues...% Information Leakage 18% Directory Traversal 10% CRLF Injection 28% Information Leakage 38% Information Leakage 10% Directory Traversal 1% Buffer Mgmt Errors 18% Cryptographic Issues 10% SQL Injection 7% Information Leakage 10% Directory Traversal 3% Encapsulation... 6% Code Injection 2% Cross-site Scripting (XSS) 4% Table 4: Vulnerability Distribution by Language... of application vulnerabilities. OWASP Top 10 Compliance by Industry on First... general population by a factor of 10. Government applications leverage ColdFusion almost... Leakage and Cross-site Scripting (XSS) flaws rank among the top...-site Scripting issues and 4 in 10 contain SQL Injection issues. This... ColdFusion has a higher incidence of XSS issues as compared to other... Finance Software Cross-site Scripting (XSS) 75% Information Leakage 68% Cryptographic... Leakage 66% Cross-site Scripting (XSS) 67% Information Leakage 59% SQL... Issues 53% Cross-site Scripting (XSS) 55% Cryptographic Issues 35% CRLF... 14% Encapsulation 11% Potential Backdoor 10% Race Conditions 13% Insufficient Input... application security. Quarterly Trend for XSS in Government Web Applications pvalue... Figure 29: Quarterly Trend for XSS in Government Web Applications SQL... 76% Overall 82% Other 90% 0% 10% 2-3 Weeks 3- 4 Weeks 5% 9% 15% 2% 18% 4% 5% 3% 20... focused primarily on three categories: 10 • Remote file includes • SQL injection... Forgery 2.0 Table 8: Top Hacking Methods 10 blog.imperva.com/2011/06... SECURITY REPORT: VOLUME 4 The top 10 attack methods account for 80.... We have published the Top 10 Mobile Application Risks12 to educate... or Manual Not Applicable Table 10: Criteria for Veracode Levels and...



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...é............................................................................................................................................................................5 Méthodologie..................................................................................................................................................................7 A1 – Cross Site Scripting (XSS).......................................................................................................................................10 A2 – Failles d’Injection..................................................................................................................................................13 A3.................................................................................................................................................42 Références.....................................................................................................................................................................45 2 OWASP Top 10 2007 INTRODUCTION Bienvenue dans le Top 10 2007 de l'OWASP! Cette édition... Top 10 2007 RESUMÉ A1 - Cross Site Scripting (XSS) Les failles XSS se... validé ou codé ce contenu. XSS permet à des attaquants d'exécuter...és des applications Web 6 OWASP Top 10 2007 MÉTHODOLOGIE Notre méthodologie pour le Top 10 2007 a été simple: prendre les Tendances... : Figure 2: MITRE data on Top 10 web application vulnerabilities for 2006... de ces failles, en particulier XSS, et affaiblir ou rendre inexistant... Top 10 2004 MITRE 2006 Raw Ranking A1. Cross Site Scripting (XSS) A4. Cross Site Scripting (XSS) 1 A2. Faille d’Injection...é 29 A1 – CROSS SITE SCRIPTING (XSS) Cross Site Scripting, plus connu sous le nom de XSS, est en fait un sous-ensemble de l'injection HTML. XSS est le problème de... le plus pernicieux. Les failles XSS se produisent à chaque fois qu... validé ou codé le contenu. XSS permet à des attaquants d'exécuter..., et par injection DOM. L’attaque XSS par réflexion est la plus...-ci: Echo $_REQUEST ['userinput']; L'attaque XSS par stockage prend des donn... d'autres individus. Avec les attaques XSS basées sur DOM, le...ésenter des vecteurs d'attaque subtils. XSS est aussi potentiellement accessible à travers... AJAX n'ont pas besoin 10 OWASP Top 10 2007 d'être visibles ou... automatisés sont capables de détecter l'XSS par réflexion par injection de..., mais échouent souvent à trouver un XSS persistant, particulièrement si le résultat du vecteur XSS injecté est empêché via... d'outil n'est capable de trouver XSS basé sur DOM, ce qui.... PROTECTION La meilleure protection contre XSS est une combinaison de validation... d'une application complète contre XSS exige une approche architecturale coh... de la bibliothèque Anti-XSS de Microsoft, et la prochaine bibliothèque Anti-XSS PHP de l'OWASP. En outre...ée sur « blacklist / blacklistage » pour détecter XSS en entrée ou pour coder...é "" est dangereux dans certains contextes. XSS a un nombre surprenant de variantes... la bibliothèque Microsoft Anti-XSS 1.5 disponible gratuitement sur MSDN. N'assignez...ès prochaine bibliothèque PHP Anti-XSS de l'OWASP. Désactiver register_globals, si...: CWE-79, Cross-Site scripting (XSS) WASC Threat Classification: http://www....php/Cross_Site_Scripting OWASP – Testing for XSS, http://www.owasp.org/index.../index.php/Category:OWASP_Encoding_Project RSnake, XSS Cheat Sheet, http://ha.ckers.org/xss.html Klein, A., DOM Based Cross.../articles/071105.shtml .NET Anti-XSS Library - http://www.microsoft.com...-e11625130c25&DisplayLang=en OWASP Top 10 2007 A2 – FAILLES D’INJECTION Les... aient été vérifiées OWASP Top 10 2007 Recommandations spécifiques aux...() $_FILES move_uploaded_file() 18 OWASP Top 10 2007  PHP: Faites extrêmement....getParameter( "cartID" ) ); 20 OWASP Top 10 2007 String query = "SELECT * FROM... du risque entre les failles XSS par stockage ou par réflexion. Une faille de type XSS n'est pas nécessaire pour qu... application présentant des failles XSS soit susceptible d'être vulnérable... attaque peut exploiter la faille XSS pour voler des informations qui... ces deux techniques (CSRF et XSS). Lorsque vous élaborez des défenses... sur l'élimination des vulnérabilités XSS dans votre application car celles... trouve une faille de type XSS et que vous n'avez pas... de vulnérabilité de type XSS dans l'application (cf. A1 - Cross... de toutes les vulnérabilités XSS dans votre application. EXEMPLES     http.../ms972969.aspx#securitybarriers_topic2 OWASP Top 10 2007 A6 – FUITE D'INFORMATION ET.../ip-trust-relationships-xss-and-you OWASP Top 10 2007 A8 – STOCKAGE...://www.schneier.com/ OWASP Top 10 2007  CryptoAPI Next Generation, http....schneier.com/blog/archives/2005/10/scandinavian_at_1.html RÉFÉRENCES 38  CWE... processus multi-étapes. OWASP Top 10 2007  Être à jour à niveau concernant...és relatifs à vos produits OWASP Top 10 2007 RÉFÉRENCES PROJETS OWASP L’OWASP..., Rager, “Cross Site Scripting Attacks: XSS Exploits and Defense”, ISBN 1597491543...



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... de Comandos en Sitios Cruzados (XSS)...............................................................................................10 A2 – Fallas de inyeccion...............................................................................................................................................13...?.....................................................................................................................................................37 Referencias ..................................................................................................................................................................40 2 OWASP Top 10 2007 SOBRE ESTA VERSIÓN Esta.... 3 INTRODUCCIÓN ¡Bienvenido al OWASP Top 10 2007! Esta versión totalmente revisada... objetivo principal del OWASP Top 10 es educar a desarrolladores, diseñadores... en aplicaciones Web. El Top 10 provee métodos básicos para protegerse... CVE”. El proyecto OWASP Top 10 es dirigido y patrocinado por Aspect... nuevamente en movimiento el Top 10 y sus valiosos comentarios. • Steve Christey... Top 10 2007 RESUMEN A1 – Secuencia de Comandos en Sitios Cruzados (XSS) Las fallas de XSS ocurren cuando una aplicaci... primero validar o codificar el contenido. XSS permite a los atacantes ejecutar secuencias... URLs directamente. Tabla 1: Las Top 10 vulnerabilidades de aplicaciones Web en... for 2006, y filtrar los Top 10 problemas de seguridad en aplicaciones... insuficiente para alcanzar el Top 10 este año. Si desea conocer más sobre... cualquiera de estas vulnerabilidades, particularmente XSS, y comprobaciones débiles o no existentes de... aquí necesariamente sesga el Top 10 hacia descubrimientos realizados por la... de Comandos en Sitios Cruzados (XSS) A4. Secuencia de Comandos en Sitios Cruzados (XSS) 1 A2. Fallas de inyección A6... validar 7 A5. Desbordamiento de Pila 4, 8, y 10 A9. Negación de Servicio 17... Top 10 2007 9 A1 – SECUENCIA DE COMANDOS EN SITIOS CRUZADOS (XSS) La... en sitios cruzados, más conocida como XSS, es en realidad un subconjunto de inyección HTML. XSS es la más prevaleciente y perniciosa problem... aplicaciones Web. Las fallas de XSS ocurren cuando una aplicación toma... primero validarla o codificando el contenido. XSS permite a los atacantes ejecutar secuencias... cruzados: reflejado, almacenado e inyección DOM. XSS reflejado es el más fácil para... al usuario: echo $_REQUEST['userinput']; XSS almacenado toma información hostil, la... realizar peligrosos ataques CSRF 10 OWASP Top 10 2007 (falsificación de petici... penetración son capaces de detectar XSS reflejado a través de inyección de... fallan a la hora de encontrar XSS persistente, particularmente si la salida del vector XSS inyectado es restringida a través de... herramienta es capaz de encontrar XSS basado en DOM, lo cual.... PROTECCIÓN La mejor protección para XSS es una combinación de validaci... exitosamente en el navegador. Prevenir XSS en una aplicación entera requiere.... Este es el enfoque Anti-XSS de la librería Microsoft, y pr... la librería OWASP PHP Anti-XSS. También, configurar la codificación de... lista negra “blacklist” para detectar XSS en la entrada o para validar... es inseguro en algunos contextos. XSS tiene un sorprendente número de... la librería Microsoft de Anti-XSS versión 1.5 la cual se encuentra... la librería OWASP PHP Anti-XSS que será lanzada próximamente...: CWE-79, Cross-Site scripting (XSS) WASC Threat Classification: http://www....php/Cross_Site_Scripting OWASP – Testing for XSS, http://www.owasp.org/index.../index.php/Category:OWASP_Encoding_Project RSnake, XSS Cheat Sheet, http://ha.ckers.org/xss.html Klein, A., DOM Based Cross.../articles/071105.shtml .NET Anti-XSS Library - http://www.microsoft.com...-e11625130c25&DisplayLang=en OWASP Top 10 2007 A2 – FALLAS DE INYECCI...ón rigurosa (usando bindParam()) OWASP Top 10 2007 EJEMPLOS • • • http://cve.mitre.../s146760.htm 22 OWASP Top 10 2007 A5 – VULNERABILIDADES DE FALSIFICACI... incremento del riesgo entre defectos XSS almacenados y reflejados. No es necesario que exista una vulnerabilidad XSS para que un ataque CSRF..., aunque cualquier aplicación con vulnerabilidad XSS es también susceptible a CSRF porque... CSRF puede explotar la vulnerabilidad XSS para robar cualquier credencial suministrada... la eliminación de las vulnerabilidades XSS de su aplicación ya que...: • • Asegurarse que no existen vulnerabilidades XSS en su aplicación. (ver A1... construir y mantener. 24 OWASP Top 10 2007 • • • • Para datos delicados o transacciones... únicos, y eliminar todas las vulnerabilidades XSS de la aplicación. EJEMPLOS http... autenticación unificados. 28 OWASP Top 10 2007 • • • • • • • • • • Usar un solo mecanismo.../blog/20070122/ip-trust-relationships-xss-and-you 29 A8 – ALMACENAMIENTO....schneier.com/blog/archives/2005/10/scandinavian_at_1.html REFERENCIAS CWE: CWE....php/Guide_to_Authorization 36 OWASP Top 10 2007 ¿DÓNDE SIGO AHORA? El... incluye testeo para el Top 10, también incluye: Para productos empaquetados..., Rager, “Cross Site Scripting Attacks: XSS Exploits and Defense”, ISBN 1597491543...



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XSS-10 Micro-Satellite Flight Demonstration Program ... 12 August 2003 THOM DAVIS XSS-10 Program Manager AFRL/VSSS (505... Air Force Research Laboratory Background „ XSS-10 was a technology program to demonstrate... senior leadership support throughout program 2 XSS-10 Program Pathfinder for Micro-Satellite... reduction for XSS-11 Lightweight propulsion system Lithium polymer batteries 3 XSS-10 Microsatellite.../s XSS-10 Microsat Support Electronics Platform 5 Satellite Payload Platform XSS-10 Stowed MicroSat Tipout XSS-10... BoeingAnaheim facility in Jan ‘03 7 XSS-10 Launch Vehicle „ Launched on 29... facilities and coordinated integrated schedule ⎯ XSS-10 Missile System Pre-launch Safety... II second stage modified for XSS-10 − “Fit check” at Pueblo in... onto Delta II 9 Mission Operations „ „ „ XSS-10 mission operations activities accomplished through... through the AFSCN to the XSS-10 vehicle High risk, complex mission... mission operations team performed flawlessly 10 XSS-10 Mission Architecture Mission specifics • • • • Retrievable...: 150? meters Final Time: MT+10:00 20 Mission Pass – End...) Range: 100 meters Time: MT+10:30 Early LOS @ NHSB Inspection...-Orbit (Microsatellite Visible Imager) 23 XSS-10 Mission Objectives Minimum Success Criteria... checkout „ Detailed mission analysis underway − XSS-10 will serve as building block... other government agencies 26 Summary „ XSS-10 mission successful; all primary objectives...