Спутник связи. Zhongxing 20. [Редактировать]

Китайское космическое агентство никогда не публиковало данные об этом космическом аппарате,однако по данным агентства Синьхуа данный спутник построен Китайской академией космической техники (CAST). Аппарат является частью системы спутниковой связи «Фэн Хуо».

Дополнительные наименования

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Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Китай
2Страна производитель - Китай
3Тип оператора(владельца) - военные
4Все спутники связи

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг2300

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град1.2
2Апогей, км35802.8
3Перигей, км35786.5
4Период, минут1436.1
5Длинный диаметр эллипса, км42165

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2003-052A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2003-11-14 at 00:00:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xZhongxing 20
3Ракета-носитель 1xВеликий поход 3A

Найдено 170 документов по запросу «Zhongxing 20». [Перейти к поиску]


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0.14/5
... 24, 1970 1975 1979 September 20, 1981 Launch of the first... satellite launched (AsiaSat-1) 1992 November 20, 1999 October 14, 1999 Start...: Praxis Publishing, 2010), p. 14. 7. n. 1, pp. 20-22. 8. G. Kulaki and J.G. Lewis, A Place... (100%) CZ-3B 56.33 m / 4.20 m 456 T 3 stage 1996 Communication Commercial... the US by one launch.20 These facts reflect on the...-matches-u-s-space-launches-for-firsttime/, 20. S. Clark, “China Lofts New Satellite.... “Kaituozhe 1 (KT-1) Launch Vehicle”, February 20, 2009, see http://www.sinodefence... telecommunication, 12 are navigation and 20 are scientific exploration satellites. Among these, 20 satellites are distributed in LEO... applications including meteorology, cartography, mining, 20 | china’s space capabilities agriculture, forestry...° CX-1(3) TSLC CZ-2D November 20, LEO 2011 98.5 ° TS-1 (SY... active in the orbit. The Zhongxing (China Star/ZX) series is... three AP Star satellites, eleven Zhongxing and two Tianlian satellites in... Space (France) respectively. Meanwhile, the Zhongxing satellites buses are mainly from... and Oceania. Among the Zhongxing satellites, the Zhongxing 6B has the maximum... Asian continent and Oceania, and Zhongxing-9 has the least coverage area... remaining AP Star satellites and Zhongxing satellites have regional coverage over... Telecommunication Satellites AP Star-2R Zhongxing-6B Zhongxing-9 Source: China Satellite Communications...) There have been speculations about Zhongxing-20, 20A, 22A and 1A satellites... Shentong (Zhongxing-20), Fenghuo 1 (Zhongxing 22), Fenghuo 1-02 (Zhongxing 22A) and Fenghuo 2 (Zhongxing 1A).11.... which operates all the other Zhongxing satellites.12 Since all three..., 1998 GEO 87.5°E 18 C and 20 Ku-band transponders Regional coverage...-band transponders Regional coverage ZX-20 XSLC CZ-3A November 15... November 25, 2010 GEO 130°E 20 transponders ZX-10 XSLC CZ-3B June 20, 2011 110.5°E 30 C and 16... September 17, 2011 GEO 129.7° E 20 transponders APStar2R XSLC CZ-3B....5° SY-4 JSLC CZ-2D November 20, 2011 LEO 98.5 ° The Future... for this purpose in 1968.20 Just as the satellite programme... of the Shenzhou-1 on November 20. The flight lasted for 21... was launched successfully on December 20, 2011.81 The contract with... Instrument Japan CZ-2D October 20, 1996 17 MabuhaySat Mabuhay Satellite... The Philippines CZ-3B August 20, 1997 18 APStar-2R APT...-2C/ December 08, 1997 SD 20 Iridium Motorola USA CZ-2C... Motorola USA CZ-2C/ August 20, 1998 SD china’s space missions... NASRDA Nigeria CZ-3B December 20, 2011 * Launch failures ** Satellite failure..., pp. 77- 78; “Shentong (ChinaSat 20)”, see http://www.sinodefence.com..., accessed on December 25, 2011. 20. Fultron Corporation, “China and the... on December 26, 2011. 29. n. 6, p. 20. 30. China Manned Space Engineering... Gets Timetable”, People’s Daily, September 20, 2010, see http://english. peopledaily... Gets Timetable”, People’s Daily, September 20, 2010, see http://english. peopledaily... research”, Xinhua News Agency, January 20, 2012, see http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/sci/2012-01/20/c_131370239_2.htm, accessed on January... as threatening behaviour. 6 On February 20, 2008, the US itself tested... set by earlier space powers.20 China has therefore been exploiting... News Report, January 29, 2007. 20. n. 133, pp. 30-40. 21... Research”, Xinhua News Agency, January 20, 2012, see http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/sci/2012-01/20/c_131370239_2.htm, accessed on April...



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0.07/5
... 26 24 22 23 21 20 19 18 17 16 15... 2-2 Apstar I Optus B-3 Zhongxing 6A Asiasat 2 Echostar I Apstar lA Zhongxing 7 FSW 2-3 Zhongxing 6B Feng... 4 Jul 1996 18 Aug 1996 20 Oct 1996 11 May 1997 10 Jun 1997 20 Aug 1997 I Sep 1997 8 Feb... 200-17,230 171-342 20!1--36,118 210-36,054 174-343 596-1,763 20!1--300 214-312 CZ-3B... 5 CBERS2 Chuangxin 1-01 FSW 3-1 Shentong I Zhongxing 20 Tan Ce I Tansuo I Naxing Tan... Jun 1999 10 May 1999 20 Dec 1998 330 3,800 25...



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0.04/5
... from Beijing to Selected Cities.. . . . . . . . . . . 20 2.12. International and Domestic RPK... new jetliners over the next 20 years. Actual purchases could be..., previous work experience, and nearly 20 years of combined experience at... world demand during the next 20 years. The markets for cargo... comparison, China’s RPK is about 20 percent that of U.S. airlines, more... Chinese commercial fleet is approximately 20 percent the size of the... MG1100-2.5 not in the top 20 for international RPK. In total... freighters worldwide over the next 20 years (Boeing, 2010, p. 10), but... freighters built over the next 20 years are sold in Asia... at 5.3 percent over the next 20 years. This implies 3.3 percent growth... new airplanes over the next 20 years, with more than one... new aircraft, over the next 20 years for their domestic market... regional aircraft over the next 20 years (Francis, 2010c). 4 Boeing predicts... 5 4 70 4 60 3 50 3 40 2 30 2 20 1 10 1 0 Brazil China Japan Germany... 10 percent) over the next 20 years to bound our projections... require replacement in the next 20 years. Boeing’s projection is equivalent... GDP growth for the next 20 years, or following a U.S.-like RPK..., 10 percent growth rates for 20 years and the current RPK.../ GDP ratio would cut the 20-year projection to about 2,000... take only 5 to 6 hours, roughly 20 Ready for Takeoff: China’s Advancing... Domestic 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Brazil China Japan SOURCE... purchase nine. Over the next 20 years, COMAC hopes to build... C919s. Hainan Airlines ordered another 20, General Electric Commercial Aviation Services... (Perrett, 2010b, p. 49; Perrett, 2010c, p. 20). 28 Ready for Takeoff: China... 2010 had delivered a total of 20 A320s and five A319s. The... payload. Under the initial contract, 20 helicopters will be assembled. This... flight in 1989. Only about 20 of these aircraft have been... for another 150 A320s and 20 A350s in 2006. In 2007... market once every 15 to 20 years” (Layne, 2010). • Undetermined interest... and propulsion engineers from almost 20 Chinese operators received training in... (“Chengdu Aerotech Manufacturing Co., Ltd.”). • 20-percent interest in Xi’an... (“Industrial Cooperation and Technology Transfers”). • 20-percent interest in Hafei Airbus... with the capacity to produce 20 aircraft per year was opened... Singapore UAE 25 Brazil Canada 20 China Germany 15 Japan United... China 40 Germany 30 Japan 20 United Kingdom France 10 0 2005... known spacecraft launches between October 20, 1996, and June 15, 2010... satellites. Fenghuo, officially known as Zhongxing 22 or ChinaSat 22, was... January 2000. A replacement, Fenghuo 1A (Zhongxing 22A/ChinaSat 22A), was launched... and data communications (“Feng Huo [Zhongxing 2X/ShenTong Series],” 2010; “UCS...”). Shentong, officially known as Zhongxing 20 or ChinaSat 20, is described as a “strategic... data-processing capability (“Feng Huo [Zhongxing 2X/ShenTong Series],” 2010). China...”; “Venesat (Simon Bolivar),” 2010; “Chinasat/ Zhongxing/STTW Series,” 2010; de Selding... a 113-km-wide swath with 20-m spatial resolution in five spectral... Earth Resources Satellite”). Images with 20-m resolution, such as those provided... equipped with a CCD camera of 20-m resolution. Huanjing 1A also carries... at night with a resolution of 20 m. As noted above, 3 See “Zi...’s Space Capabilities 99 images of 20-m resolution have limited military utility....reuters.com/article/idUSTRE5931LT20091004 “Chinasat/Zhongxing/STTW Series,” Jane’s Space Systems... Aviation (巴航工业:绿色飞行),” Business Watch Magazine, August 20, 2010. “Embraer in China,” Embraer..., June 17, 2010. “Feng Huo (Zhongxing 2X/ShenTong Series),” Jane’s Space... for China,” Seattle Times, June 20, 2005. Herrnstadt, Owen, “Offsets and..., U.S. Aerospace Industry Statistics, visited October 20, 2010. As of January 29... Sharp Images,” Defense News, October 20, 2008. As of January 29... Ownership Structure,” Flight International, July 20, 2010. As of January 29....flightglobal.com/articles/2010/07/20/344475/eadss-complexownership-structure.html... Space Technology, November 22, 2010c, p. 20. ———, “Longer Marches,” Aviation Week and... and Security Review Commission, May 20, 2010. As of January 29... Week Intelligence Network website, July 20, 2010. “World Bank Data Book...



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0.32/5
... 5.1.3 Inequality................................................................................................................ 19 5.1.4 Security................................................................................................................... 19 5.1.5 Innovation............................................................................................................... 20 5.1.6 Proposed solutions.................................................................................................. 21 5.2 Space-related... in their economy (Conroy 1986: 20). Until China implemented the Open... way (Guinet et al 2007). 20 5.1.6 Proposed solutions Many existing issues... should cut energy consumption by 20%. The fact that energy saving... at 5.23° latitude could carry 20% more mass into a geosynchronous transfer... / 200km, i=28,5° 4,440.000 kN 20.000 kg 296.000 kg... / 200km, i=28,5° 4,440.000 kN 20.000 kg 296.000 kg...-1, Zhongwei-1, 中卫-1 Chinasat-20, Zhongxing-20, 中星-20 Chinasat-22A, Zhongxing-22A, 中星-22A Chinasat-6B, Zhongxing-6B, 中星-6 Tian Lian 1A, 天链一号 Chinasat-9, Zhongxing-9, 中星-9 VeneSat... builds up more experience. Chinsat-20, which is operated by the... Post-Colonial Issues (1992), pp. 20-56, Duke University Press, Durham... (2008): Factual Errors in May 20, 2008 Written Statement from Ashley...



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0.05/5
... from Beijing to Selected Cities.. . . . . . . . . . . 20 2.12. International and Domestic RPK... new jetliners over the next 20 years. Actual purchases could be..., previous work experience, and nearly 20 years of combined experience at... world demand during the next 20 years. The markets for cargo... comparison, China’s RPK is about 20 percent that of U.S. airlines, more... Chinese commercial fleet is approximately 20 percent the size of the... MG1100-2.5 not in the top 20 for international RPK. In total... freighters worldwide over the next 20 years (Boeing, 2010, p. 10), but... freighters built over the next 20 years are sold in Asia... at 5.3 percent over the next 20 years. This implies 3.3 percent growth... new airplanes over the next 20 years, with more than one... new aircraft, over the next 20 years for their domestic market... regional aircraft over the next 20 years (Francis, 2010c). 4 Boeing predicts... 5 4 70 4 60 3 50 3 40 2 30 2 20 1 10 1 0 Brazil China Japan Germany... 10 percent) over the next 20 years to bound our projections... require replacement in the next 20 years. Boeing’s projection is equivalent... GDP growth for the next 20 years, or following a U.S.-like RPK..., 10 percent growth rates for 20 years and the current RPK.../ GDP ratio would cut the 20-year projection to about 2,000... take only 5 to 6 hours, roughly 20 Ready for Takeoff: China’s Advancing... Domestic 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Brazil China Japan SOURCE... purchase nine. Over the next 20 years, COMAC hopes to build... C919s. Hainan Airlines ordered another 20, General Electric Commercial Aviation Services... (Perrett, 2010b, p. 49; Perrett, 2010c, p. 20). 28 Ready for Takeoff: China... 2010 had delivered a total of 20 A320s and five A319s. The... payload. Under the initial contract, 20 helicopters will be assembled. This... flight in 1989. Only about 20 of these aircraft have been... for another 150 A320s and 20 A350s in 2006. In 2007... market once every 15 to 20 years” (Layne, 2010). • Undetermined interest... and propulsion engineers from almost 20 Chinese operators received training in... (“Chengdu Aerotech Manufacturing Co., Ltd.”). • 20-percent interest in Xi’an... (“Industrial Cooperation and Technology Transfers”). • 20-percent interest in Hafei Airbus... with the capacity to produce 20 aircraft per year was opened... Singapore UAE 25 Brazil Canada 20 China Germany 15 Japan United... China 40 Germany 30 Japan 20 United Kingdom France 10 0 2005... known spacecraft launches between October 20, 1996, and June 15, 2010... satellites. Fenghuo, officially known as Zhongxing 22 or ChinaSat 22, was... January 2000. A replacement, Fenghuo 1A (Zhongxing 22A/ChinaSat 22A), was launched... and data communications (“Feng Huo [Zhongxing 2X/ShenTong Series],” 2010; “UCS...”). Shentong, officially known as Zhongxing 20 or ChinaSat 20, is described as a “strategic... data-processing capability (“Feng Huo [Zhongxing 2X/ShenTong Series],” 2010). China...”; “Venesat (Simon Bolivar),” 2010; “Chinasat/ Zhongxing/STTW Series,” 2010; de Selding... a 113-km-wide swath with 20-m spatial resolution in five spectral... Earth Resources Satellite”). Images with 20-m resolution, such as those provided... equipped with a CCD camera of 20-m resolution. Huanjing 1A also carries... at night with a resolution of 20 m. As noted above, 3 See “Zi...’s Space Capabilities 99 images of 20-m resolution have limited military utility....reuters.com/article/idUSTRE5931LT20091004 “Chinasat/Zhongxing/STTW Series,” Jane’s Space Systems... Aviation (巴航工业:绿色飞行),” Business Watch Magazine, August 20, 2010. “Embraer in China,” Embraer..., June 17, 2010. “Feng Huo (Zhongxing 2X/ShenTong Series),” Jane’s Space... for China,” Seattle Times, June 20, 2005. Herrnstadt, Owen, “Offsets and..., U.S. Aerospace Industry Statistics, visited October 20, 2010. As of January 29... Sharp Images,” Defense News, October 20, 2008. As of January 29... Ownership Structure,” Flight International, July 20, 2010. As of January 29....flightglobal.com/articles/2010/07/20/344475/eadss-complexownership-structure.html... Space Technology, November 22, 2010c, p. 20. ———, “Longer Marches,” Aviation Week and... and Security Review Commission, May 20, 2010. As of January 29... Week Intelligence Network website, July 20, 2010. “World Bank Data Book...



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0.11/5
... General Staff, People’s Liberation Army, 20 Feb 1999 1 Space is an...; also known as Feng ZX-20 (FH-2) Nov 2003 8 years Huo... 2003 15 years 28 C-band, 20 Ku-band transponders Chinasat 6 May... known as Chinastar 1; 18 C-band, 20 Ku-band transponders SinoSat 1 July... Resources Satellite; sun-synch orbit; 20 m resolution CCD camera; visible, IR... launched and improved since 1975. 20 The previous version of the...-2 are also known as Zhongxing-22 and Zhongxing-20, respectively, since these two... orbital slots numbered 20 and 22 for the Zhongxing (“Star of China... a visible light imager capable of 20 m resolution images, and the satellite... systems with their wake detection 20 capability. 116 Using these systems... War," Beijing Zhongguo Junshi Kexue, 20 Feb 1999, FBIS FTS19990701001913, 6. General... is a PRC-owned daily newspaper. 20 Baker, Jane’s Space Directory 2004...’s Signals Intelligence Satellite Programs, 19-20. 46 Mark Wade, “DFH-3,” Encyclopedia... Characteristics,” Beijing Zhongguo Junshi Kexue, 20 Apr 2004, 5, FBIS CPP20030907000273. Note... Characteristics.” Beijing Zhongguo Junshi Kexue, 20 Apr 2004. In FBIS CPP20030907000273... War." Beijing Zhongguo Junshi Kexue. 20 Feb 1999. In Foreign Broadcast...



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0.05/5
... VOLNA-21 GALS-15 NSS-20 TELECOM-3C SYRACUSE-3E VIDEOSAT... E F/EUT F/EUT F F/EUT F/EUT 16.20 E I I 16.80 E CHN 17.00.../IK 19.00 E LUX 19.20 E LUX LUX LUX Space Network....2 E 19.2 E 19.2 E C1.19 C1.20 C1.21 C1.22 2011...) AfriStar 1 Astra 2G Eutelsat 21B 20.0 E C1.23 2013-011A 1998-063A 2014-089A 2012-062B 20.6 E 21.0 E 21.1 E 21.6 E 2C2.2 C2... IVB, i=11.4 33.8 E C2.17 20.00 E ARS/ARB ARABSAT 2-C ARS... E 23.50 E 24.00 E 24.20 E 25.00 E 25.50 E 26.00 E 28.20 E 28.50 E 29.00 E 30... VIII F-3 (NSS 803)i=2.1 50.5 E C2.20 1998-056B Sirius 3, i=4.9 51.2 E C2...-6 TOR-17M TONGASAT-h70 STATSIONAR-20 VOLNA-19 GALS-16 EUTELSAT... 176 (DSP f22), i=6.4 Intelsat IS- 20 USA 171, i=7.7 65.0 E 66.0 E 65... 2011-035B 2012-067A Kazsat-2 Zhongxing 12 86.5 E 87.5 E C1.98... 92.00 E USA USA 92.20 E CHN CHN CHN CHN 93... CHN CHN CHN RUS 98.20 E CHN 98.50 E UAE 99...), i=4.8 92.2 E 2C2.15 2008-028A Zhongxing 9 92.2 E C1.105 2003-013A....110 2013-020A 2012-028A Zhongxing 11 Zhongxing 2A 98.0 E C1.111... 2014-090A 2009-042A USA 20 (FLTSATCOM F7),i=14.4 Fengyun 2E....113 2006-038A 1989-035A Zhongxing-22A (FengHuo-1)i=4.2 101.5 E USA 37....41 2C2.19 2003-052A Zhongxing-20(ShenTong1,ST-1) 103.3 E C2.42... Page 6 Nominal Admin. Longitude 108.20 E G LUX 109.00 E G 109.65... E 115.50 E 116.00 E 116.20 E 118.00 E 119.50 E 120... E 121.00 E 122.00 E 122.20 E 123.00 E 123.50 E 124...), i=6.9 110.1 E 2C2.20 2010-024A 2011-026A Beidou DW 4 Zhongxing 10 110....128 C1.129 2007-031A Zhongxing 6B 115.5 E C1.130 1999... 124.0 E C1.137 2010-042A Zhongxing 6A 125.1 E C1.138 1995... Page 7 Nominal Admin. Longitude 128.20 E KOR 130.00 E RUS RUS...-047A 2010-064A 2010-033A Zhongxing 1A Zhongxing 20A USA 159 (DSP... W USA 165.00 W USA 164.20 W USA Space Network Name 160... CAN CAN CAN CAN 110.20 W USA CANSAT KA-4 ANIK E-B CANSAT... CAN-BSS19 USASAT-70W 101.20 W USA USABSS-1 101.00 W USA... 100.00 W USA USA 99.20 W USA 99.00 W USA USA...-8 B-SAT-IJ 86.50 W 85.20 W 85.10 W 85.00 W 67....50 W 22.00 W 21.50 W 20.20 W 20.00 W 19.00 W 18.00....0 W C1.284 2002-19A NSS-7 20.0 W C1.285 1998-052A PAS....5E INTELSAT8 338.5E SATCOM-4/20.2W INTELSAT6 340E INTELSAT7 340E...



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0.22/5
... name Chile Fasat-Bravo China Zhongxing-22A Zhongxing-20 (Feng Huo) Feng Huo.../10/2002 24/05/2003 20/12/2000 30/10/2000.../02/2001 06/12/2000 20/10/2000 31/08/2004.../11/1999 18/05/1999 20/10/1998 16/03/1998.../12/1999 24/10/1997 20/12/1996 08/03/1991.../11/2004 23/06/2004 20/03/2004 21/12/2003...



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0.11/5
...-22 NSS-32 suspended NSS-20 TELECOM-2C TELECOM 3C SYRACUSE... LUX EUT EUT EUT EUT 20.00 E ARS ARB 21.00... E 15.00 E 16.00 E 16.20 E 16.50 E 17.00 E 19.00 E 19.20 E 23.00 E 23.30 E 23.50 E 24.00 E 24.20 E 25.00 E 25.50 E 26.00 E 28.20 E 28.50 E 28.75 E 29....19E 19.22E 20.01E 19.22E 20.32E 20.98E 21.18E... VOLNA-19 USGON-1 USTRO-6 STATSIONAR-20 GALS-16 TOR-17M TONGASAT... E 91.50 E 92.00 E 92.20 E 93.00 E 93.50 E 95...), i=4.98 92.12E 2008-028A Zhongxing 9 92.18E Dec 2011 2003... 2003-052A Zhongxing-20 98.02E Dec 2011 2000-003A Zhongxing-22, i=3.27... 1986-096A 2009-042A USA 20,(FLTSATC. F7)i=12.73 Asiasat... 148 (DSCS III B-08),i=2.98 Zhongxing-22A, FH1, i=1.83 Ekspress 2A....00 E INS INS INS 108.20 E G 109.00 E G 109.65 E J 109... INS KOR INS KOR 113.20 E CHN 115.50 E CHN CHN....00 E CHN KOR KOR 116.20 E KOR 118.00 E INS INS... 2011 Dec 2011 2007-031A Zhongxing 6B 115.54E Dec 2011... J RUS RUS J RUS RUS J 128.20 E KOR 130.00 E RUS CHN....87E Dec 2011 2010-064A Zhongxing 20A 130.09E Dec 2011... Dec 2011 1997-036A Superbird C, i=20.80 158.03E Dec 2011....10 W CAN CAN CAN 110.20 W USA ANIK D-2 CANSAT-17 MEXSAT...-6 110.00 W USA USABSS-5 109.20 W MEX MEX MEX MEX 107... USASAT-31L USASAT-35H 101.20 W USA 101.00 W USA USA....50 W HOL HOL HOL HOL 20.20 W BEL USGCSS PH3 MID- ATL....5E INTELSAT7 338.5E SATCOM-4/20.2W 2002-011A TDRS 9, i=1.47... 14 24.49W Dec 2011 20.00 W USA USA USA HOL...



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0.06/5
... over ideology in 1980. In a 20 years. This development is Maoist... based on the so-called 20 China´s Posture in Space. Implications...) FSW 2-4 CZ-2D Observation (recoverable) Zhongxing 20 CZ-3A Communication Tan Ce...-6A CZ-4B Science FSW-20 CZ-2D Observation (recoverable) Feng... Observation SJ 8 CZ-2C Science Zhongxing 22A CZ-3A Communication SJ... Year Resolution Status CBERS 1 1999 20 to 200 m according to end... 2B 2002 ? ? CBERS 2A 2003 20 to 200 m according to operational... and China. “Shanghai the multipolarity 20 Five”. as In the members... US one within less than 20 years21. yet substantial. After a meeting... State Statistics specified it as 20.3 billion US mutual interest and... Europe’s security over the next 20 However, years, Europe has a major... Policy (of the year 2005) 20 cf. Wolkow, Vladimir, 31 August... borders,” The New York Times, 20 November 2006, http://www.iht.com/articles/2006/11/20/news/china.php 61 Sanjoy...