Двигательная установка. BE-4. [Редактировать]

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#Новостная лента.
12015-07-07. Ракетный двигатель BE-4, остается наиболее вероятным решением которое будет использоваться на ракете Атлас-5 вместо РД-180.
Blue Origin продолжает опережать Aerojet Rocketdyne в соревновании на создание нового двигателя для РН Атлас 5 и последующей модификации под названием Вулкан.
Основным преимуществом новой компании является то, что она обещает создать двигательную установку на 16 месяцев раньше чем ее конкурент.
При этом, в данном случае победу одерживает та компания которая не вполне удовлетворяет требованиям конгресса который хотел создать керосиновый аналог РД-180, а создает новое решение которое будет работать на природном газе.
Подробнее...Тэги: BE-4РД-180Blue OriginAerojet Rocketdyne
22015-09-13. United Launch Alliance и Blue Origin расширяют свое сотрудничество.
United Launch Alliance (ULA) и Blue Origin подписали соглашение которое расширяет сферу применения ракетных двигателей BE-4. В целом, согласно соглашению, данный двигатель должен будет через три года не только заменить ракетный двигатель РД-180 на первой ступени РН серии Атлас 5, но и использоваться в составе ракеты Вулкан. В совместном пресс-релизе обе компании подтвердили, что новый двигатель будет использовать в качестве топлива жидкий метан. Первый квалификационный запуск ракеты с новым двигателем должен состояться в 2017 году, а первый пуск РН Вулкан в 2019 году.Тэги: United launch alliance, L.L.C.Серия РН Атлас 5BE-4Blue Origin
32015-09-16. Компания Blue Origin объявила о желании построить во Флориде производство средств выведения и стартовый комплекс.
15 сентября Blue Origin объявила, что она построит завод по производству и стартовую площадку для нового ракеты-носителя собственного производства. Первый пуск ракеты обозначен 2020 годом. В связи с этим, основатель компании также обозначил что его изделие будет многоразовым и помимо аппаратов позволять запускать на низкую орбиту экипажи.
Также он отметил, что считает данный проект достаточно перспективным поскольку он будет создаваться не с нуля, а на основе существующей инфраструктуры (стартовый комплекс не эксплуатировался уже более 10 лет). В качестве двигателей для своей ракеты он планирует использовать Be-4 на первой ступени и Be-3 на второй. Первая ступень ракеты будет приземляться вертикально, как и предусматривалось в патенте компании (относительно последнего компания судится со своими конкурентами из SpaceX). В компании также объявили о том, что само производство ракет будет происходить рядом со центром Кеннеди, что позволит компании сэкономить на логистике. В целом компания планирует инвестировать в данный проект до 200 млн. долл.
В целом данные планы находятся в тесной корреляции с существующими рыночными трендами, однако, если большинство из подобных проектов по созданию новых средств выведения реализуется, то к 2020 году на рынке будет наблюдаться переизбыток предложений со стороны коммерческих производителей средств выведения, что не позволит компании найти своего потребителя.Тэги: Blue OriginBE-4
42015-09-17. Aerojet Rocketdyne решила увязать сроки ввода в строй нового ракетного двигателя с размерами финансирования со стороны Пентагона.
15 сентября 2015 года компания Rocketdyne обнародовала данные о том, что разработка нового ракетного двигателя может быть задержана из-за недостаточного финансирования со стороны гос. заказчика.
В связи с этим, в компании отдельно подчеркнули, что если компания не сможет выиграть достаточное количество конкурсов, то сертифицирование к 2019 году двигательной установки AR 1 окажется под вопросом. В тоже самое время компания отказалась комментировать вчерашнее заявление компании Blue Origin относительно разработки ракетного двигателя BE-4 и не собирается давать комментарии относительно своего предложения о покупке за 2 млрд. долл. компании United Launch Alliance.Тэги: AR 1Aerojet RocketdyneBE-4United launch alliance, L.L.C.
52015-10-01. Компания Blue Origin обнародовала данные о ходе тестирования двигателя BE-4.
На фоне возможных закупок новых РД-180 компания Blue Origin обнародовала данные согласно которым компания осуществила уже около 100 тестов новой двигательной установки, которую она хочет использовать как в составе собственной ракеты, так и в составе нового изделия United Launch Alliance. В компании также отметили, не собираются выпрашивать финансовые средства на разработку у ВВС США, а планируют обойтись собственными ресурсами. Также компания не упустила своего шанса раскритиковать конкурентов из Rocketdyne, обвинив последних в технологической отсталости. Тэги: Blue OriginBE-4
62016-03-02. Aerojet Rocketdyne и ULA выиграли контракты от ВВС США.
ВВС США смогут инвестировать до $536 млн. (текущий объем контракта 115 млн. долл.) в разработку двигательной установки AR-1 компании Aerojet Rocketdyne и около $202 млн. (текущий объем контракта 46 млн. долл.) в создание нового поколения ракет-носителей Вулкан. При этом, согласно обнародованным данным новое поколение ракет будет обладать не только новой двигательной установкой на первой ступени (ДУ BE-4), но и обладать криогенной верхней ступенью. Работы по обоим контрактам должны быть завершены не позднее 31 декабря 2019 года. Отличительно особенностью нового предложения от ВВС США является то обстоятельство, что оно подразумевает софинансирование работ вместе с предприятиями-изготовителями в соотношении 2 к 1. Таким образом, лимитная цена на создание альтернативы ракетному двигателю РД-180 может составить около 804 млн. долл. Что составит около 50 процентов от общего объема Федеральной космической программы России (при курсе доллара 80 руб.). Также в рамках нового цикла финансирования ВВС США планирует выделить от 33.6 до 61 млн. долл. компании SpaceX(для продолжения работ над многоразовым метановым двигателем) и от 47 до 180 млн. долл. компании Orbital ATK на разработку ракетных технологий, которые будут использоваться в новой ракете.Тэги: Военно-воздушные силы СШАAR 1BE-4Orbital ATK
72016-03-27. ULA завершила экспертизу проекта создания РН Вулкан.
United Launch Alliance (ULA) успешно завершила предварительный ревью дизайна своего нового семейства ракет. В качестве двигательной установки на новом изделии рассматривалась возможность установки двух ракетных двигателей серии BE-4. В ходе анализа конструкции, по заявлению компании, ей удалось подтвердить возможность успеха нового ракета-носителя как на рынке государственных услуг, так и на рынке коммерческих заказов на пусковые услуги. При этом, полученные показатели были достигнуты при условии 14 запусков в год.Тэги: Серия РН VulcanBE-4United launch alliance, L.L.C.
82016-04-14. Компания Blue Origin не будет производить спутники.
Основатель компании Jeff Bezos подтвердил, что Blue Origin не будет создавать спутники, а сосредоточится на работах в области ракетной тематики и пилотируемых полетов. Также он высказал мнение о том, что именно BE-4 является аналогом РД-180. Относительно ближайших планов компании Jeff Bezos обнародовал информацию о намерении совершить тестовый пилотируемый полет в 2017 году, а первый платный пуск осуществить в 2018 году.Тэги: Blue OriginBE-4РД-180
92016-04-26. Законодатели США решили ограничить возможности ВВС США по нецелевому использованию средств.
Согласно последним инициативам законодателей США они собираются существенно ограничить возможности ВВС США по управлению выделенным на развитие ракетных двигателей средств с целью заставить их сконцентрироваться на создании альтернативы РД-180. В частности они решили запретить военным использовать выделенные на эти цели средства на:
1. Разработку компанией Orbital ATK твердотопливной первой ступени (размер контракта около 317 млн. долл.).
2. Разработку компаниями SpaceX и ULA двигательных установок верхней ступени и т.д.
При этом, законодатели решили проигнорировать заявления компании ULA о том, что им, в принципе, ракетный двигатель AR-1 не является необходимым поскольку они рассчитывают на двигательную установку BE-4. Кроме этого, в очередной раз, законодатели США решили разобраться с тем, как министерство обороны расходует средства на такие проекты как модернизация наземных систем слежения за околоземным пространством и т.п. С этой целью они затребовали у военных дополнительную информацию о составе и структуре мероприятий программ. Тэги: РД-180Военно-воздушные силы СШАAR 1BE-4
102016-06-02. Французский министр по космосу обнародовал свое мнение относительно рынка пусковых услуг.
Французский министр по космосу призвал удвоить усилия ЕС в области космической деятельности, особенно подчеркнув важность создания серий ракет нового поколения (Вега и Ариан 6). Также в своем выступлении он подверг сомнению царящее в Европе мнение относительно существенного отставания европейских производителей от SpaceX. Также он напомнил, что подобные настроения уже царили после первых запусков космической системы Space Shuttle, однако будущее показало что это была тупиковая ветвь развития. Также французы отметили и то, что их новый двигатель Prometheus (прогнозируемая поставочная стоимость 1 млн. евро) значительно дешевле чем криогенный двигатель Be-4, который будет стоить около 10 млн. евро. По своим энергетическим характеристикам 5-7 новых европейских двигателей предоставят первой ступени Ariane 6 большую тягу будет у первой ступени перспективной ракеты Вулкан. Также он подтвердил, что стоимость пуска РН Ариан 6 будет равна половине стоимости пуска РН Ариан 5 ECA. Также как и американская Вулкан новая ракета будет использовать центральный блок на первой ступени, который будет оснащен 2-4 твердотопливными ускорителями. верхняя ступень будет использовать в качестве топлива водород. Также французский министр отметил, что успехи РН Фалькон 9 отчасти могут быть объяснены относительной простотой изделия, что позволило снизить стоимость пуска. Вместе с тем, для европейских изделий характерно, что в стоимости РН двигательные установки составляют около 50 процентов, так что у новой европейской ракеты есть радужные коммерческие перспективы.Тэги: Космическое агентство ФранцииСерия РН Ариан 6BE-4Prometheus
112016-09-26. Компания SpaceX провела испытания двигательной установки Raptor.
Компания SpaceX провела первые испытания двигательной установки Raptor, которая должна будет использования в 2024 году при полете к Марсу. Отличительной особенностью нового изделия является то, что как и Be-4 компании Blue origin, он использует в качестве компонентов метан и кислород. Тэги: RaptorBE-4SpaceX
122017-04-06. Blue Origin обнародовала данные о своих планах.
Согласно сообщению компании:
- в скором времени ULA подтвердит выбор кислородно-метанового двигателя BE-4 в качестве маршевой ДУ первой ступени РН серии Вулкан. При этом, по мнению компании, конкурирующая с ними Aerojet Rocketdyne отстает от них в разработке кислородно-керосинового AR1 на 18-24 месяца;
- она собирается начать предоставление услуг по суборбитальным полетам в 2018-2019 годах;
- стоимость создания РН New Glenn будет стоить 2.5 млрд. долл. Тэги: Blue OriginBE-4AR 1
132017-04-14. Компания ULA объявила о том, что она еще не утвердила окончательный выбор ДУ для РН серии Вулкан.
United Launch Alliance (ULA) опроверг циркулирующие на рынке слухи и объявил о том, что двигатели AR1 от компании Aerojet еще имеют шансы быть установленными на первой ступени РН серии Вулкан. Ранее руководство компании констатировало, что разработчик кислородно-керосинового двигателя отстает от конкурента на 18-24 месяца.Таким образом, оператор пусковых услуг оценил шансы BE-4 все таки выше поскольку он имеет большую вероятность быть готовым к 2019 году.Тэги: Серия РН VulcanAR 1BE-4United launch alliance, L.L.C.
142017-05-15. Blue Origin в ходе испытаний нового кислородно-метанового двигателя BE-4 потеряла турбонасосный агрегат.
Американская Blue Origin объявила о том, что в ходе последних тестов она потеряла ключевой компонент (Powerpack) своего двигателя BE-4. В своем сообщении компания также отметила, что элемент конструкции не находится в производстве, однако в ходе инцидента никакие другие элементы двигателя и стенда не были испорчены.
Powerpack это ключевой компонент ракетного двигателя который включает в себя турбонасос, который подает жидкий кислород и метан в камеру сгорания. Powerpack генерирует около 75 тыс. лошадиных сил мощности, которые он получает от малого насоса, который называется preburner. Тэги: Blue OriginBE-4
152017-08-08. Стоимость разработки ДУ AR1 достигла $288.4 млн.
Стоимость разработки ДУ AR1 по состоянию на 30 июня достигла $288.4 млн. При этом максимальная цена контракта составляет около $536 млн. Ожидаемый срок окончания разработки 2019 год. При этом, ULA отметила в связи с этим, что AR1 остается реальной альтернативой ДУ BE-4 на первой ступени РН серии Вулкан.
В СМИ США также отмечается, что вполне вероятно в будущем новая РН серии Вулкан будет обладать как метановой так и керосиновым вариантом первой ступени. Тэги: AR 1Aerojet RocketdyneРД-180BE-4
162017-10-06. Blue Origin объявила об интересе к военным запускам.
Новый исполнительный директор компании Blue Origin объявил о том, что компания в ближайшее время проведет переговоры о сертификации своих РН серии New Glenn в интересах их допуска к запуску военных космических аппаратов. Таким образом, Боб Смит официально подтвердил изменение стратегии компании, которая ранее была ориентирована исключительно на коммерческих потребителей. Помимо этого представитель Blue Origin также подтвердил, что:
1. Новая ракета будет выводить 45 тонн на НОО и до 13 тонн на ГПО.
2. На первой ступени будет находиться семь, а на второй одна ДУ BE-4. Тэги: Серия РН New GlenBlue OriginBE-4
172017-10-10. ASRC провела испытания модели инжектора.
Компания ASRC провела огневые испытания напечатанной на 3-Д принтере уменьшенной копии топливного инжектора, который будет совместим с ДУ BE-4 и AR1. Таким образом United Launch Alliance сделала еще один шаг в сторону отказа от российских ДУ РД-180 на РН Atlas 5.
В апреле 2017 года ASRC планирует провести испытания полномасштабной модели своего инжектора. Тэги: United launch alliance, L.L.C.РД-180AR 1BE-4
182017-10-21. Blue Origin провела испытания ДУ BE-4.
Blue Origin объявила о том, что она провела успешное огневое испытание метановой двигательной установки BE-4 (двигательная установка планируется к установке на РН серий Вулкан и New Glenn).
С успешными испытаниями BlueOrigin уже поздравил альянс ULA (United Launch Alliance), совместное предприятие Boeing и Lockheed Martin, производитель носителя Atlas 5, на первую ступень которого устанавливается РД-180. Тэги: BE-4Blue OriginСерия РН Vulcan
192017-11-10. ULA обнародовала данные о предпочтительном маршевом двигателе своей новой ракеты.
Согласно заявлению главы United Launch Alliance, оператор пусковых услуг пока что не определился с тем какой двигатель будет установлен на первой ступени РН серии Вулкан, а предпочитает еще немного подождать. При этом, у компании есть обозначенный ВВС США срок 20 ноября, когда она должна будет сделать окончательный выбор.
По этому поводу руководитель компании отметил, что новая ракета разрабатывается за счет средств компаний Боинг и Локхид Мартин, а следовательно он не очень волнуется по поводу требований ВВС США и их проблем с невозможностью сформировать перспективную программу пусков. Также он отметил, что ULA является прибыльной компанией, что отличает ее от большинства операторов пусковых услуг. Также в своем заявлении Бруно отметил, что компания не собирается возвращать ступень целиком на Землю, а ограничится спасением только хвостового отсека с двигательной установкой. В конце своего выступления руководитель оператора привел крылатую фразу о том, что рынок даст объективную оценку всем его участникам. Тэги: United launch alliance, L.L.C.Серия РН VulcanAR 1BE-4
202018-03-16. ULA решила сфокусироваться на рынке коммерческих пусков.
Руководство ULA объявило о том, что оно готовится к более агрессивной работе на рынке коммерческих пусковых услуг. В качестве основной причины подобного шага в компании назвали появление на рынке запусков в интересах правительства США нового участника, а следовательно ULA уже не несет ответственности за решение вопросов национальной безопасности. Относительно перспективных РН серии Vulcan в компании отметили, что ее первый пуск состоится в 2020 году, однако компания до сих пор не имеет ни одного коммерческого контракта на ее использование. При этом, руководитель ULA подчеркнул то обстоятельство, что первый пуск будет сопряжен с решением задачи выведения полезной нагрузки, однако не обнародовал решения о выборе ДУ для первой ступени (BE-4 или AR-1). Относительно структуры своих заказов Т. Бруно отдельно отметил, что рассчитывает на то, что в них коммерческие пуски будут составлять от 20 до 30 процентов.Тэги: United launch alliance, L.L.C.BE-4AR 1Серия РН Vulcan
212018-03-29. Компания Blue Origin в очередной раз продемонстрировала преимущества независимого финансирования развития технологий.
Компания Blue Origin объявила о том, что она приняла решение в очередной раз изменить дизайн своих ракет семейства New Glenn. В результате этого компания увеличила шансы осуществить первый запуск ракеты из нового семейства за счет отказа от использования вакуумной установки BE-4 и замены ее на BE-3U (ожидается установка 2 установок на второй ступени и одной на третьей). К последствиям этого решения в компании отнесли то, что теперь им придется несколько увеличить длину второй ступени.
По своей сути двигатель BE-3U наследует свои характеристики от установки BE-3 и отличается увеличенным диаметром сопла.Тэги: Серия РН New GlenBlue OriginBE-3UBE-4
222018-04-20. Blue Origin ожидает окончании НЭО BE-4 к концу 2018 года.
Компания Blue Origin (BO) объявила о том, что к концу 2018 года она закончит наземную экспериментальную отработку ДУ BE-4. При этом в BO отметили, что она в течении последнего времени последовательно увеличивала длительность работы и тягу установки и, по состоянию на март, установка продемонстрировала устойчивую работу на уровне 65 процентов в течении 114 секунд (50 процентов от запланированного времени штатной работы в составе РН). Относительно дальнейших планов в компании объявили о желании сконцентрироваться на создании РН семейства New Glenn. Тэги: Blue OriginBE-4Серия РН New Glen

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Тяга (Земля), килоньютон2400
2Тип топливакислород+СПГ
3Турбонасосный агрегат
4Давление, фунтов на кв. дюйм5000
5Количество (оборотов), оборотов в минуту19000
6Мощность, лошадиных сил70000

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... alternative shape which might be considered would be as shown below where... rotation, just three electromagnets would be energised in one simultaneous pulse... physical location. The tuning will be accomplished by applying a variable-frequency...'s arrangement exactly, would be like this: which would be a perfectly viable arrangement... circumstances should this document be considered to be an encouragement for you... are involved, it should be considered to be a dangerous device unsuited to..., this document must not be considered to be a recommendation that you actually... earth-connection wire length be considered to be part of the quarter... you like it to be? It can be whatever length you want... for that coil will be. There can be as many step-down... level, the system can be assumed to be “ideal”, which implies a perfect... two ground connections can be considered to be an isolation capacitor between... following parts… Asymmetrical transformers can be used (read the following parts... small cylinder (control electrode) will be charged automatically, if it’s connected... capacitance of the circuit will be instantly charged, creating a voltage difference... option 1 and option 2 above could be combined. 182 SECRET 2 SWITCHABLE INDUCTANCE...: REMEMBER: Any asymmetrical transformer must be adjusted. REMARK: Don Smith placed..., and so ferromagnetics can easily be magnetised). 2. Magnetisation of ferromagnetics can.... The optimum arrangement has to be determined through experimentation. A transformer can... the same is to be performed, to be particularly described and ascertained... of the final energy can be obtained be enlarging the size of... of constructing one yourself should be considered. Essentially, a thermionic valve is... white flame discharges might not be a gaseous manifestation of electrostatic force... through the bulb can be arranged to be a charging current for another... output, so mains equipment would be operated using a standard, commercial “inverter... heavy wire…could it be? Could it be a … bi-filar coil? It... would be rendered useless. Another combination could be: 291 This would be ineffective... degrees, it’s horizontal velocity will be only 3.5 m/s. However, it actually exits... safety during operation. It should be remembered that centrifugal forces increase... constructional elements could be designed. However, it must be made completely clear... burn inside the cylinders to be greatly improved, with a corresponding improvement.... They would need to be able to be manually set for what... recommended that a good mechanical joint be made before soldering when connecting... without this information, this could be an interesting investigation project using... field, the following suggestions might be useful for experienced circuit builders... the battery switching sequence to be to points 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, repeating over and... magnet carrier configurations could also be used (e.g., polygonal, star shaped, etc... the magnetic drive apparatus 2 may be constructed to facilitate relative rotation... opposite directions. A further alternative would be to rotate the intermediate magnet... the magnetic drive apparatus 2 may be constructed to facilitate relative reciprocation... carriers 4, 8 and 12 may be said to be in “power zone” portions... 6, 10 and 14 may be said to be in “dead zone” portions... reciprocation positions. Similar results would be expected for other magnetic drive... magnet carrier relative displacement will be given by the standard 2 2 2 1/2 equation... synchronisation shown in Figs.1-5 may be established and maintained by a feedback.... Alternatively, a mechanical timing system could be provided wherein the relative rotation... magnet carrier relative rotation can be dynamically retarded (slowed down) within... or hydraulic piston, could be arranged to be driven by reciprocation of..., these alternative magnet arrangements may be configured as a symmetrical magnet pattern... four-magnet arrangements, there will be magnet carrier relative rotation positions... require a cooling facility, whether it be a motor or a transformer, without which... calculations are carried out correctly, be operating beyond unity. Calorimetric testing..., it certainly would not be required to be immersed in an oil... consequence or even required to be considered. Also that conventional mathematical.... The energising coil may be adapted to be energised by the controller.... The magnetic field generator may be a permanent magnet. The magnetic interaction... spaced magnetic field generators may be energisable coils simulating magnets. Preferably.... Each energising coil may be adapted to be connected to an output.... Each energising coil may be adapted to be energised by back-EMF... clearly, that electrostatic generators can be seriously useful, especially if built... energy conversion system which may be embodied economically in a relatively small... in the separate structures may be interconnected electrically to provide a composite..., a moveable plate variable capacitor will be considered with reference to Figures.... Alternately, the speed differential may be maintained by using a power transmission...



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... implement them. It would be interesting to be able to explore the... of data, and will be able to be tracked in much greater... postal data? What would be considered to be a proportionate use would depend... considering alternative approaches, which could be more successful without requiring further..., or should the data be allowed to be used for minor 30... which would not otherwise be collected, will be gathered and stored by... their databases, and would be unlikely to be able to force them... entity that could possibly be able to be held responsible over such... are disproportionately intrusive and should be reviewed. Evidence from Germany questions..., mobile telephone anonymity could always be maintained with elementary tradecraft William...-380 http://www.law.kuleuven.be/icri/publications/824a2_Kosta,Valcke_2006_CLS_DataRetentionDirective. pdf... would the resource implications be? Warrants should be required by any and... been given”.) 2.8 Will telecommunications operators be permitted to notify their customers...é, train operating company, etc.) to be regarded as a “telecommunications operator”? Will he be required to obtain personal identification... a “telecommunications operator”? Will that operator be expected to obtain personal identification...(6) cost contribution payments would be eligible to be made out of money.... Conversely, what can actually be implemented will be significantly incomplete.” 8.2 My response... internal and client contacts could be traced automatically via surreptitious intelligence... the following recommendations: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Collection should be subject to an overall volume... Secretary of State should be required to be included or annexed with..., communications data should mandatorily not be readily accessible (directly or otherwise... the data sets to be collected, would be made public. These details... which data will be requested to be retained will be as it is.... They are: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Personal data shall be processed fairly and lawfully and... about what “communications data” should be collected, represent a massive infringement of... against unauthorised surveillance. Which would be a tragedy, but assuming I can emigrate... the requirements which can be imposed will be very broad, including to... a legitimate aim and must be shown to be proportionate and necessary to... security arrangements is likely to be impossible. d. Consultation and procedural guarantees... when necessary and proportionate should be a significant limitation on the circumstances... which surveillance powers might be used should be revisited. The Secretary of... where the limitation can be shown to be necessary and proportionate to... device – effectively, personal tracking – might be considered a newly available technique that... cost recovery there will inevitably be unrecoverable costs to telecommunications operators... for administrative convenience. Operators will be subject to substantial but unpredictable...? 102. We anticipate it will be relatively straightforward for a moderately sophisticated... because the exact configuration may be commercially confidential. On Enforcement. Quotation.... Logically the owner would, initially, be the telecommunications operator, who generates... Agency's proposed operational capabilities would be seriously degraded. Use of communications... against unauthorised surveillance. Which would be a tragedy. August 2012 Draft Communications.... The current proposals may be argued to be substantially different from those... which communications data can be used should be the judgement of the... believe this scenario will be found to be unworkable for technical reasons... comes from knowing requests will be reviewed before fulfillment. • "I readily acknowledge... journalistic material. This deficiency could be rectified by adding additional requirement... downloading of applications. Much will be impersonal written content – blogs, newspapers... analyse all communications content would be practically impossible - Cisco reports monthly... other countries who could potentially be monitoring these communications themselves therefore... last lot and can’t be seen to be picking on any minority... Party authorisation process. There would be considerable resource implications to initiate... confidential journalistic sources which can be revealed by communications data. Although... proportionality tests must be applied throughout, there must be rigorous security, after... the population who never will be. I would be happy to answer any... contextual specificity should not be deemed to be proportionate in relation to... however, would allow information to be systematically collected about everyone, effectively... rules for what will be available to be retained, thus blurring the... criminal investigations, applications can also be made to support investigations conducted..., organised facilitation and trafficking cannot be overestimated. Furthermore, for UKBA to... can communications data be stored? Define Safe! Can be communications be stored safely... Government. While this would be unlikely to be pivotal in a decision regarding...



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... set L is a function λ : V → L. Let G = (V , E) and G′ = (V ′, E ′) be two directed graphs. A function h : V → V ′ is... c ∈ dom, I |= ψ[ν ∪ {x/c}]. Finally, let q = {e1, . . . , em | ϕ} be a conjunctive calculus query over R. For... some u ∈ I, v(f (A)) = u(A) for each A ∈ U }. Example 4.4.4 Let I, J be the two relations, respectively over... πA(I ) are also shown there. Let K be the onetuple relation A : 1, C : 9 . Then πA,B (I ⊲⊳ K) coincides.... (a) Consider the query q = {x|ϕ(x)}, where ϕ(x) ≡ R(x) ∧ ∃y, z(S(y, x) ∨ S(x, z)). Let I be an instance over {R, S}. Using the... constraint formalism, a named rectangle can be represented by a “generalized tuple” (i.e., a constraint... 103 (a) Let finite d ⊂ dom be fixed, C be a set of new symbols, and... turn suggests that there will be few triples (v, w, y) satisfying P (a, v) ∧ R(v, w, y). Continuing by... θ(u′) = u. Theorem 6.2.3 (Homomorphism Theorem) Let q = (T, u) and q ′ = (T′, u′) be tableau queries over the same... Exercise 6.11). Proposition 6.2.9 Let q = (T, u) and q ′ = (T′, u′) be minimal and equivalent. Then q and... |= X → Y iff Y ⊆ X ∗. Thus testing whether |= X → Y can be accomplished by computing X ∗. The following... {u(A), v(A)} under the ordering ≤, and let y be the other one (i.e., {x, y} = {u(A), v(A)} and x < y). The... attribute. Let (T ′′, t ′′) = chase(T ′, t ′, {X → A}), and let θ be the chase homomorphism of a chasing... the representative of min(T ′, t ′). Let h be a homomorphism such that h(T ′, t ′) = (S, t ′). Consider the... h(u(A)) = h(v(A)). Let (h(ui1 ), h(vi1 )), . . . , (h(uik ), h(vik )) be the subsequence of these pairs... σ ′ is (Tσ ′ , tσ ′ ). Again observe that (Tσ ′ , tσ ′ ), (Tσ , tσ ) can be expressed as PSJR expressions, so... to if either (a) ( (b) ( ′ , and let A be an attribute. − {X → Y }) ∪ {X → (Y − A)} |= X → Y ; or − {X → Y }) ∪ {(X − A) → Y } |= X → Y . Develop an... Ŵ with the concatenation operation). Let E = {αi = βi | i ∈ [1..n]} be a finite set of equalities, and... unrestricted case. Let Ŵ be a fixed alphabet. Let E = {αi = βi | i ∈ [1, n]} be a set of equalities over... see that I [Aαi ] = {h(αi )} and I [Aβi ] = {h(βi )} for i ∈ [1, n]. Let i be fixed. Because R[Aαi ] ⊆ R[Aβi ], h(αi ) = h(βi ). Because E |=unr e, h(α) = h(β). Thus... manner. Clearly, this sequence may be infinite. Example 10.2.8 Let T t A B w w x C = {τ1, τ2, τ3}, where... i ∈ [1, n] and j, j ′ satisfying 1 ≤ j < j ′ ≤ k. Let ϕ(x1, . . . , xp ) be the conjunction of all atoms....8 Consider the following program P : R(x, y) ← Q(y, x), S(x, y) S(x, y) ← Q(x, y), T (x, z) T (x, y) ← Q(x, z), S(z, y) Let I be a relation over edb(P ). Describe the... in between. Then rules (i.k), . . . , (i.l − 1) can be replaced with (si.k ′′) γ γ γ k+1 l−1 (ul−1). supil.... 13.4(b). (The annotations ‘$2 = $3’, ‘$2 = $3 = 4’, etc., will be explained later.) A magic set rewriting....2 Calculus + Fixpoint 351 sentence can be rewritten as ∃y(P (y) ∧ µT (ϕ(T , x ′, y ′))(z, w)). A variant of the... illustrated next. Example 14.3.2 Let P be the program R(0) ← Q(0), ¬R(1) R(1) ← Q(0), ¬R(0). Let I = {Q(0)}. Then P (I) = {Q(0), R(0), R(1)}. Although... that the formula can be chosen to be existential (i.e., its prenex normal... ∗, is used. Example 14.3.5 Let P be the set of rules T (x, y) ← G(x, y) T (x, y) ← T (x, z), G(z, y) and... fixpoint operator less than d(d > 0). Let ξ be a formula with d(ξ ) = d. If ξ = µQ(ϕ(Q))(f1, . . . , fk... ξ1, . . . , ξk , each having µ+ as root. Let Eξ (Rξ1 , . . . , Rξk ) be the relational algebra expression corresponding... I∗(A) = I∗(A) = 0 and otherwise. Equivalently, I∗∗ = (I∗)1 ∪ (I∗)0. As will be seen shortly, I∗∗ = P wf (∅). Before proving.... Notation for the stratification: Let P 1, . . . , P n be a stratification of P . Let P 0 = ∅I0 (i.e., the... a directed graph. Let I be the instance { a, b , b, a , a, c , b, c }. Let σ be the CALC query { x | ∃yG(x, y)}. Note that σ (I) = { a , b }. Let ρ be the permutation defined by ρ(a) = b, ρ(b) = c, and.... Relationships between the variables can be stated through R A B C 0 y 2 1 z 0 x 1 v R Table T R A B C 0 @ 2 1 @ 0 @ 1 @ Alternative representation...(q, T )) = ∅; however, sure(q ′(q(rep(T ))) = { 2, 0 }. So q ◦ q ′ cannot be computed by first computing the... Incomplete Information A C a a′ a a′ c c c′ c′ Therefore sure(q ′, W ) must be the same. Because a ′, c ∈ sure(q ′, W ), for... exist tuples u, v ∈ W such that u(A) = a ′, v(C) = c, ν(u)(B) = ν(v)(B). Let ν be a valuation such that ν(z) = ν(y) for all...(T ), apparently a simpler task, will be shown to be np-complete. To test... describing the cross-product be ϕ3 and let (R × S) be the algebraic expression. Then... hierarchy (C, σ, ≺). Note that a signature m : c × τ1 × · · · × τn−1 → τn can be viewed as giving a particular meaning... choice of edges to be removed may be needed. A deterministic language expressing... (R ∪ + R ) ⊲⊳ (S ∪ + S ) = (R ⊲⊳ S) ∪ (R ⊲⊳ + S)∪( + R ⊲⊳ S) ∪ ( + R ⊲⊳ + S ). Thus the new join can be found by performing three (typically... by the sentences   ∃x(R(a, x, c)),     ′ ∃x(R(a, x, c )) ′ ′′   ∃x(R(a′′, x, c′′′))   ∃x(R(a , x, c )) Let T0 be that set of sentences. Let...



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... streams of (b), (c), (d) and (e) has to be developed in most cities. 2.5.2 Centralised... wastes, special detoxification transformations may be undertaken. Some methods used are.... Therefore X = p.04036. (Y = 0.4045). There will be two values i.e. 0.02126 and 0.02394... developing countries will also not be applicable. 3.3.6.5 Seasonal Variations Seasonal variations... house. 4 7. OPERATIONS i) Slaughtering: Arrangement should be provided in slaughter house for... barrows. iv) Evisceration: There should be adequate contrivances for immediate separation... preparations. Alternatively, blood plasma could be used in sausage preparations. Blood... in the region to be treated can be centrally collected and transported... hazardous chemicals, corresponding standards will be prescribed so that the groundwater... a groundwater quality understanding, there should be sampling points (well) on hydraulically... containers bearing hazardous material must be adequately labelled according to Schedule... 7 (solid waste) are permitted to be microwaved. 7.8.5 Chemical Disinfecting This treatment... uncertain history should never be allowed to be recycled). Certificate indicating origin..., involvement of specialised agencies would be necessary. Private entrepreneurs with adequate... microbiology/biotechnology waste. A shredder may be installed with hydroclave for further... microbiology /biotechnology waste. A shredder may be installed with hydroclave for further.../ transfer station can only be allowed to be carried out by ragpickers...-digesters for food waste should be encouraged. 9.4.8 Hospitals/Nursing Homes/Pathological... Chapter 7 on Biomedical waste may be followed. 9.4.9. Construction & Demolition Wastes Directions may be given that: • No person shall... container when about to be full, can be lifted. If the total... x 25x 3 mm. 7. Container outerside shall be coloured as per requirement. 8. - Internally... where compost is to be supplied should be near the site and... may not be feasible, passive venting may be required to be carried out... Incineration / Gasification / Pyrolysis options can be gainfully utilised. 15.6.1.5 Seasonal Fluctuations....4.1 Locational Criteria A locational criteria may be specified by a regulatory agency (e.g. Pollution... (c), environmental impact minimisation should normally be given top priority. 17.5 SITE... subsoil investigations. Geophysical surveys may be designed in consultation with a geologist....5.7 Traffic Investigation Traffic investigations must be conducted to identify peak traffic....5.9 Leachate Investigation Leachate quality can be assessed from both laboratory studies... leachate characteristics. Typically, treatment may be required to reduce the concentration... bodies. A leachate recirculation facility should be designed by a water supply specialist... landfill gas generation can be estimated to be 200 to 300 cu... located landfills, should uncontrolled release be allowed. Landfill gas monitoring will... ponds (storm water basins) should be designed by a hydrologist using hydrometerological.../phases). (i) Construction and demolition debris be accepted for daily cover requirements... environment, establishment of vegetation may be a lengthy, difficult and costly process... Closure The following facilities will be operated routinely after closure: (a) leachate....6.19. Quantitative parameter to be monitored will be: (a) leachate quantity; (b) gas quantity... 404 Qualitative parameters to be monitored will be: (a) leachate quality within the.... Wherever possible, monitoring instruments must be periodically recalibrated. Sampling devices must... site investigations for remediation will be undertaken and a feasibility study conducted... population effectively. Such persons may be Non-Governmental Organisations, Community Based... area successfully. Simultaneously, measures must be taken for institutional strengthening and... facilities. Qualified engineers should, therefore, be regularly inducted in cities above... Opportunities Adequate promotional opportunities should be available in the decentralised SWM... additional cleaning charges to be levied should be specified for different categories... Supervisory cadre C.E. = Chief Engineer to be a Public Health/Environmental Engineer in... part) A.E.E = Asstt. Executive Engineer to be a Public Health/Environmental Engineer in..., whenever additional expenditure has to be incurred for specific renovation/ replacement... the project. Mitigation measures should be considered. Possible mitigation measures could.... Public meetings may be organised. Community participation should be actively sought out..., the following information need to be established. 23.3.3.1 (a) Options 1. Recycling 2. Processing... for complaint redressal system to be followed : 1. Citizen Charter 2. Centralized complaint.../ Waste Purchasers/Recyclers It shall be incumbent on households / shops / establishments... solid waste management, therefore, should be a written document outlining the activities.... Where should modifications be made? Several alternatives might be available to achieve...



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.../permissions. Further permissions questions can be emailed to permissionrequest@cengage.com... 364 Write Simply 366 Be Clear 366 Be Human 367 Use Examples... calling a “conceptual framework” can also be viewed, from a more practical perspective... of wisdom, philosophical writing should be somewhat entertaining, witty, dramatic, and... do the rules of entertaining—be exciting, attractive, appealing, persuasive. No... arguments seem to be sound, a philosophy can be shown to be in trouble... all. God could not be said to be just, or wise, or merciful. He could not be said to be loving, or jealous, or... (although the histories themselves may be filled with conflict). Nevertheless, the... all of reality can be reasoned to be based. Second, that which.... These things might change, be created, and be destroyed, but the atoms.... ሀ Prop. VI. One substance cannot be produced by another substance. . . . Baruch... our own ideas. “To be is to be perceived,” Berkeley argued, “esse... summarized, insisted that “to be is to be perceived” (esse est percipi... knowledge Science, technology Facts to be known Rational principles (morality) Freedom...? Even these are viewpoints to be defended, paradoxically, in a coherent, unified... experience.) Empirical truths can be known to be true only when we... truth: “2 1 2 5 4.” Necessary truths cannot possibly be false, nor can we imagine... that a necessary falsehood might not be false). “2 1 2 5 4” is a necessary truth, in..., the necessary falsehood “1 1 1 5 1” cannot be imagined to be true under any circumstances. Necessary truths can be said to be true, accordingly, prior to..., the Meditations, generally considered to be the foundation of modern philosophy... a matter of necessity, I must indeed be doubting.” Descartes’s conclusion: “I cannot doubt... so certain can now be shown to be true, necessarily. “God would... the external world could be proven to be true by appeal to..., if not, could it be shown to be true as a “truth of... in the external world be shown to be a matter of logic? Clearly... of our knowledge can be said to be necessarily true because they... worldview that may well be judged to be too limiting or too... in experience and can be shown to be true or false by... integrity. Scientific hypotheses can be and must be tested and tested again....” A disposition is a tendency, which can be triggered in certain circumstances. “Glass... and customs. Whoso would be a man, must be a nonconformist. . . . Nothing is at... what that “something” happens to be can be known only in a particular... than that he shall be forced to be free. — Jean-Jacques Rousseau... thesis, we can barely be said to be “acting” at all, for... standstill. Our every experience would be unintelligible, and our universe would... predict what may in fact be determined? Indeterminists use Heisenberg’s principle... attitude; they could therefore reasonably be accused of being antiscientific. But... tradition, which can therefore appropriately be called Judeo-Christian morality. Moral... from it? Wouldn’t it be better to be both creative and enjoy... rule to the effect “be courageous” or “be generous” not only seems... pleasure Consequentialist Theories than to be very satisfied with a lower pleasure... may feel that to be tolerant would be to abdicate our responsibilities... always wrong? Sometimes wrong? When? Be specific. 5. Under what circumstances, if..., as one who will be trained to be a soldier, a shoemaker, a farmer, or... play”)—but there need be and should be no government interference or... and shouldering considerable responsibilities should be highly rewarded. And we apparently... identifications and identities: nothing could be a more recognizably philosophical project. And... deities anthropocentric (a charge that can be made regarding many understandings of... different appearance. “Knowledge” itself can be seen as quite a different enterprise..., social sciences claiming to be “valuefree” can be seen to lend support... its manifestations or appearances may be. Later philosophical texts appended onto... selfish craving. 3. Selfish craving can be eliminated. 4. One can eliminate selfish... how philosophy in Africa should be approached. Both culturalist and universalist.... If reason is understood to be characteristically “masculine,” then rationalist ethical... realistic crucifixion scene would just be grotesque, inspiring horror or disgust... circumstances be wanting, our experiment will be fallacious, and we shall be unable... Wittgenstein said, “Whatever can be said can be said clearly.” There are... “dogs are animals” can be proven to be true by showing that... Australia,” for instance, can be shown to be true by going to... very people who might be supposed to be your nearest and most... genuine, individual self-identity, to be distinguished from the inauthentic, merely... a priori knowledge, which need not be). [p. 9] empirical truth: A statement that is...: Something that cannot be otherwise and cannot be imagined to be otherwise. In...: An idea that might be said to be true for the person.... [p. 323] universalizability: The ability to be applied to everyone without exception...



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... 3.1 (Extensional first-order structure) Let L be a firstorder logical language with vocabulary.... Definition 3.3 (Intended models) Let C = (D, W, ) be a conceptualization, L a first-order logical language... example. Definition 3.4 (Ontology) Let C be a conceptualization, and L a logical language with...(x) ∧ Person(y)} Symmetry. cooperates-with can be considered a symmetric relation: O3 = O2... inference problems introduced above can be implemented using various algorithmic techniques...) and enumerations (such as {1, 2, 5, 7}) can be used in descriptions. These restrictions... retrieval, answering conjunctive queries cannot be reduced to consistency. This problem... (which allows disjointness statements to be formulated), nominals, a restricted form of... -> ?Y] :- ?Y:man[father -> ?X]. Its semantics can be informally explained as follows. Whenever... pre-agreed information properties can be expressed. 2.3 Ontology An alternative approach... equivalence introductions. Background assumptions can be represented by general concept and...-based knowledgerepresentation and reasoning can be combined. Achieving a conceptually clear integration... {X, Y, Z} with subscripts when necessary. Let Ψ = ψ1 ∧ . . . ∧ ψn → ψn+1 ∧ . . . ∧ ψm be a SWRL rule, such that V ar... elements of K . Furthermore, let Ψdls = α1 ∧ . . . ∧ αn → αn+1 be a DL-Safe rule such that... in industrial contexts have to be pragmatic, (3) collaborative ontology engineering requires... stakeholders and this agreement must be reached in a comprehensive ontology engineering... implementation, the agreed changes should be analyzed from a knowledge representation point... ontology engineering process following DILIGENTcould be implemented. For more detailed descriptions... particular, V ∼ = B(K) for K = (V, V, ≤). Concept lattices can be visualised as line diagrams. Line... (e.g. thesauri, database schemata, lexica) can be reengineered, and brittleness of tools... specific functionalities in order to be implemented in repositories, registries, catalogues...-structured documents, like dictionaries, may be transformed into a predefined relational..., collecting such a corpus can sometimes be a nontrivial task. Currently, some researchers... morphological or syntactic; they will be discussed in Sect. 3.2 below. 1.2 Computational... a separate matter entirely; they will be discussed in Sect. 3.2. 2.3 Generating Elements... is increased, language-independence can be asymptotically approached. Hovy and Nirenburg... anticipated tasks? Can the ontology be extended and specialized monotonically, i.e. without... often is. Their results can be checked automatically against constraints, e.g. constraining... Ontologies and instance models should be available through internet. Ontology evaluation... a particular type of ontologies can be found in [4]. 7 Conclusions Technologies related... comparison between entities has to be done for ‘homogeneous’ properties, i.e., properties... in (a9) inst can be taken to be intensional. Of course, one... is that an ontology should be philosophically consistent and transparent (i.e., embrace... of such tasks (which would be ComputationalActivities). ComputationalTasks are grouped and... technology proposing that software should be developed by glueing prefabricated components...fications prescribe (1) interfaces that must be implemented by components and (2) protocols... debate, activity occurrences can be considered to be occurrents, while continuants are... a computerinterpretable standardized form that can be the basis for creating unambiguous... biological processes: 1. A formal representation should be able to present structural, functional... no dedicated “metaontology” which could be instantiated with such partially categorical... implementations. Ontology languages seem to be sufficiently expressive for terminological... A ¬A and A ¬A, respectively. Concept descriptions may be written in parentheses in order.... In a practical implementation, indeterminism must be handled with systematic search techniques..., full dependency-directed backtracking might be achieved (with previous computations being... )}. For all xi , i ∈ {0, . . . , n−1}, a disjunction (∀R.¬A) A would be asserted, and choice points are... Abox is likely to be shown to be consistent. Quite some number... now present a simple example. Let K be the following knowledge base: ∃S.A ∃R.B B C (1) (2) ∃R.C D S(a, b) (3) (4) A(b) (5) Let...fferent name variation types can be observed: acronyms (chloramphenicol acetyltransferase / CAT... of how detailed must be a term to be considered as a named entity..., this complex knowledge structure should be properly represented in expressive knowledge.... com/). Altogether, visual approaches can be a great support for understanding, searching... mean that these datasets cannot be compared without reconciliation. A community agreement... class membership – domain knowledge – can be computationally encoded. Bioinformatics, through tools... which an individual can be recognized to be a member of a class; and... content objects. Syntactic interoperability can be obtained by harmonizing encoding conventions...



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... certification, actual building performance must be determined by the BREEAM Assessor... post construction stage assessment can be conducted. Further information about BREEAM..., operation, replacement, repair) d. Documentation to be provided (e.g. user guide, log book... following seasonal commissioning responsibilities will be completed over a minimum 12 month... the required phases. This could be either: 1. Meeting minutes 2. Construction programme... building The consultation feedback must be summarised within a design intent document... relevant information for dissemination can be omitted from publication. CN11 Relevant... lighting and resultant glare could be problematic for users e.g. workstations, projector... air conditioned strategy can be modified to be opening windows. The aim... criteria). Sample measurements should normally be taken in representative habitable or...) or regulated biocides (e.g. pentachlorophenol) should be avoided. Various labelling schemes identify... and calculation these spaces should be considered unoccupied. Credits 1 Testing Requirement... and calculation these spaces should be considered unoccupied. Typical, appropriate noise... Additional Guidance section (below) should be followed. Notes Where the reverberation... the following items can be considered to be “suitably qualified” for the... to: 1. represent sound industry practice 2. be appropriate given the building assessed... ventilation strategy, these should be assumed to be open for the purposes... strategy, then these should be assumed to be closed for the purposes... office equipment (e.g. computers) should not be included in the measurements. 3. Measurements... which noise levels can be expected to be greatest either because they... Supplementary Calculator, the outputs should be entered into BREEAM’s Ene01 Calculator... display installations, where specified, may be excluded. CN6 Multi-residential developments...). 2. The percentage CO savings should be calculated using the 2 following assumptions... such the counterbalancing ratio will be set accordingly (generally the counterbalance...-sash fume covered can therefore be summarised as: Exhaust Airflow ‘F’ = ‘W’ x ‘S’ x Face... the average airflow rate shall be used (‘F’ = 0.5[‘F ’+‘F ’] where ‘F ’ is the situation... achieved air change rates can be compared, e.g. a similar facility, guidance materials... building types specifically required to be located rurally i.e. a building which would... occupants (staff) 2 2* * A single credit can be awarded for specifying compliant cycle... that constraints and opportunities can be identified b. Travel patterns and transport... consumption figures will need to be collected from manufacturers’ product information... efficiency of fittings that will be specified/installed. Alternatively, fittings compliant... each level. Therefore caution should be taken when defining a component specification... Environmental Product Declaration types should be followed. This procedure outlines how... with Environmental Profiles Certification can be used to demonstrate compliance within... a ‘Pass’, level ‘a’ must, as a minimum, be achieved for clauses 3.3.1, 3.3.2 and 3.3.3. Under... a combination of clauses 3.3.1, 3.3.2 and 3.3.3 must be achieved. It is possible therefore... production or extraction impacts should be identified Excluded products: insulation materials... elements identified in Item 1 must be responsibly sourced i.e. each insulation product... case, sufficient documentary evidence must be produced which demonstrates that segregation... buildings ≥ 5000m2). Alternatively, sizes should be in accordance with those identified.../parking, material/machinery storage) must be considered as development on undeveloped... recommend correctly, truthfully and objectively 3. be appropriate given the local site... the following items can be considered to be “suitably qualified” for the... recommend correctly, truthfully and objectively c. be appropriate given the local site... 60%), the following degrees might be considered relevant: Ecology, Biological Sciences... (mg/kWhelec) this should be assumed to be 750mg/kWh C Heat to... x is calculated to be negative, it should be assumed to be zero. Calculating... mg/kWh, this should be assumed to be 750mg/kWhElec WElect Total.... 3. Alternatively the whole development can be assessed for compliance. Whichever approach... run off criteria can be deemed to be met by default if... output, the relevant calculations should be highlighted. CN23 Rainwater harvesting BS... measures are required, this must be a specialist hydrological engineer. Appropriate statutory.... 4. Illuminated advertisements, where specified, must be designed in compliance with ILE... where background conditions can be argued to be similar. b. The rating noise... appointed suitably qualified acoustician will be installed. BREEAM Assessor’s site inspection... 60%), the following degrees might be considered relevant: Ecology, Biological Sciences... recommend correctly, truthfully, and objectively c. be appropriate given the local site... building. This information should therefore be readily available and easily referenced...



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... multifamily buildings, equipment rooms shall be locked. 2.3. Plumbing System. Every plumbing... batteries. 3.3.3. Alternative visual notification shall be provided for hearing-impaired occupants.... • Multiple smoke detection stations shall be interconnected. • Every dwelling unit shall... dispensed. The fire extinguishers shall be located in conspicuous, unobstructed locations... backup. 3.5.2. Alternative visual notification shall be provided for hearing-impaired occupants...), a second anti-entrapment system shall be installed. 3.9.4. Luminaries, receptacles, and other... daylight through this interconnection shall be available year-round. 4.3.2. Every bathroom... outlets, and other openings shall be weathertight. 5.4.1.1. Pads, door sweeps, weather... utility and ductwork penetrations, shall be sealed. 5.4.2.1. Any doorway between a habitable... repaired. Structurally unsound material shall be removed and replaced. 6.1.5.1. Removal and..., radon, pesticides, and methamphetamine, shall be contained, stored, removed, or mitigated.... 7.3.1. Friable asbestos-containing material shall be abated by licensed asbestos professionals... disturb asbestos-containing materials shall be preceded by asbestos abatement performed..., the hazard shall be immediately mitigated. 7.6.2. Pesticides shall be stored and disposed... Provisions: • A property-wide policy shall be established in consultation with current... multifamily buildings, equipment rooms shall be locked. Rationale: Housing facilities in... batteries. 3.3.3. Alternative visual notification shall be provided for hearing-impaired occupants.... • Multiple smoke detection stations shall be interconnected. • Every dwelling unit shall... dispensed. The fire extinguishers shall be located in conspicuous, unobstructed locations... backup. 3.5.2. Alternative visual notification shall be provided for hearing-impaired occupants...), a second anti-entrapment system shall be installed. 3.9.4. Luminaries, receptacles, and other... daylight through this interconnection shall be available year-round. 4.3.2. Every bathroom... heating, ventilating, or cooling shall be provided. 5.2. Heating System. Requirement: Except... outlets, and other openings shall be weathertight. 5.4.1.1. Pads, door sweeps, weather... utility and ductwork penetrations, shall be sealed. 5.4.2.1. Any doorway between a habitable... repaired. Structurally unsound material shall be removed and replaced. 6.1.5.1. Removal and..., radon, pesticides, and methamphetamine, shall be contained, stored, removed, or mitigated... other products. Leadcontaminated soil may be found particularly around older buildings.... 7.3.1. Friable asbestos-containing material shall be abated by licensed asbestos professionals... disturb asbestos-containing materials shall be preceded by asbestos abatement performed... Zonolite. Vermiculite insulation should be assumed to be contaminated with asbestos and..., the hazard shall be immediately mitigated. 7.6.2. Pesticides shall be stored and disposed... Multifamily Housing. Requirements: 7.8.1. Smoking shall be prohibited in all indoor common... Provisions: • A property-wide policy shall be established in consultation with current... what sex children must be or can’t be in order to share... Oconomowoc, Wisconsin. (1) No structure shall be constructed, erected, modified, converted, enlarged... of this Ordinance shall be held to be the minimum requirements for... of this Chapter shall be held to be minimum requirements and shall... City and shall not be construed to be a limitation or repeal of... otherwise, such territory shall be deemed to be in the UR (Urban... a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid or unconstitutional, such adjudication... adjoining lands and shall be construed to be the same zoning district...: (a) All materials and equipment shall be stored within a completely enclosed building... the Wisconsin Administrative Code shall be maintained. (5) Existing Uses – Separation Distance.... (c) Projections into setbacks shall not be included in averaging. (d) Setback reductions... following site elements shall be screened to be compatible with the design... Orientation: Local climatic conditions shall be considered when orienting buildings. For... and long, continuous rooflines shall be avoided. (6) Building Materials: (a) A wide range.... (b) Parking Location: Surface parking shall be located behind buildings. Surface parking... across a residential property line shall be prohibited. (4) General Exemptions: The following... nonconforming structures or building shall be permitted unless the proposed construction... one-half (1/2) shall be rounded up. (2) Landscaping shall be distributed throughout the... height. Duration: Temporary signs shall be removed following completion of construction... events or accidental shall be allowed to be reconstructed back to the.... Canopies with translucent materials shall be prohibited. (5) Prohibited Signs: The following... architectural modification to a building shall be reviewed by the Architectural Commission... Ordinance, parking structures shall also be considered parking lots. Parking structures...



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... that a person would not be deemed to be a dealer as a result of... parties agree that representations will be provided in counterparty relationship documentation... suitability alternative, a broker-dealer must be dealing with a person (whether a natural... Dealer typically would not be deemed to be making a recommendation solely by... policies and procedures will be deemed to be reasonably designed for purposes... policies and procedures will be deemed to be reasonably designed for purposes... of a state’s political subdivision should be considered a municipal corporate instrumentality of... SBS Dealer’s communications would not be considered a “recommendation” under proposed Rule... that a securitybased swap communication must be so tailored to constitute a recommendation... SBS Dealer would not be deemed to be acting as an advisor... organization.” A certified independent representative would be required to complete periodic continuing... a special entity’s independent representative, would be intrusive, time consuming and unnecessary... that a certified independent representative would be required to complete periodic continuing... other independent representative qualifications might be deemed satisfied if an independent... proposed rule, a representative might be deemed to be independent even if he..., under which a representative would be deemed to be independent if: “(1) the representative... of a special entity will be deemed to be independent of an SBS...’s independent representative. The qualifications would be that the independent representative: (1) has... internal representative, written representations should be obtained either from the representative... regarding whether a proficiency examination should be developed to assess the qualifications... representations regarding a representative’s qualifications to be set forth in a letter that... qualified independent representative requirement will be satisfied if a special entity that... an independent representative’s qualifications should be confirmed or recertified. 980 Whether... an independent representative’s qualifications should be periodically re-evaluated will likely... other independent representative qualifications might be deemed satisfied if an independent..., an ERISA fiduciary will be presumed to be a qualified independent representative, and... non-U.S. persons and would be surprised to be required to agree to... balanced communications and supervision) could be a reasonable approach, particularly if they... non-U.S. persons and would be surprised to be required to agree to..., supra. 449 transactions may be expected to be part of the SBS... predict whether regulatory outcomes will be comparable”). A legislative comment letter to... compliance officer requirements) should generally be evaluated holistically. These requirements are... regarding operational complexities that may be associated with “partial” substituted compliance determinations, and suggested that there be presumptions against such partial determinations...'s regulatory regime should also be deemed to be comparable”). 1401 This commenter... of commonality should not be assumed to be a defect in supervisory standards; common objectives may be reached through differing means. Moreover... withdraw a substituted compliance determination should be subject to an appropriate phased... potential conditions requiring that U.S. counterparties be qualified institutional buyers or qualified... circumstances surrounding such a reconsideration would be relevant to how long substituted... such a manner, however, would be expected to be accompanied by a corresponding reduction... requirements, even when requirements may be satisfied via substituted compliance. Registered... such supervisory responsibilities would not be eligible to submit a substituted compliance..., a special entity’s representative will be deemed to be “independent” of an SBS... connection with these requirements must be accompanied by supporting documentation necessary... an independent representative’s qualifications must be provided prior to every transaction..., permitting substituted compliance applications to be made by foreign regulatory authorities... suitability alternative described above will be available for special entity counterparties... the representative. A representative will be deemed to be independent of an SBS... compensation for independent representatives may be lower, these figures may overestimate... approving representatives subsequently determined to be lacking expertise or representatives that..., compensation and removal decisions may be inextricably intertwined, requiring an informed... whether these investment advisers would be considered independent qualified representatives under... that political contributions may currently be influencing counterparty and security-based... reference security markets may also be positive. Sophisticated institutional investors transact... of a special entity will be deemed to be independent of a security-based...-based swap participant that can be supported upon reasonable investigation. (4) A material...



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... to higher education. Would it be useful 3 Department for Business, Innovation... engineering or mechatronics. Alternatively, I might be doing a level 3 in what we... qualifications. I think that information will be available either from national websites... activity. The fourth strand will be about dissemination of information across... Careers and Enterprise Company will be very much a championing and facilitating... the apprenticeships do. They should be based on a similar occupational standard... education through secondary education could be improved a lot. Improving numeracy skills... Government, is unfortunately starting to be undone, with the funding pressures... experience, which has proved to be a devastatingly successful stepping stone for... recommendations that cannot be fudged. So, what might be the two recommendations... parliamentary website. A verbatim transcript will be taken of your evidence and... much more progression. That would be my expectation. Professor Roberts: I will... are developing, which could be argued to be almost a pre-apprenticeship. It...? What would the potential challenges be of implementing such a system? Professor... communities through such things would be a successful route? Professor Gregg: Absolutely... through generations. That needs to be tackled, I would say. Professor Roberts... a social partnership model, employees may be represented on decision-making boards... trouble finding work, with opportunities, be they a traineeship, an apprenticeship or... construction and engineering industries would be the two classic sectors where... are, although it would be painful, would be really worthwhile in the... parliamentary website. A verbatim transcript will be prepared of your evidence, which... it. Although an apprenticeship will be a government-defined thing, the critical... business. Our apprenticeship scheme will be successful because we have thought... publish those, and to be required to be very clear about that... parliamentary website. A verbatim transcript will be taken of your evidence and... parliamentary website. A verbatim transcript will be taken of your evidence and... those work environments and to be thinking more constructively and realistically... their responsibility. It has to be a partnership between schools and employers... parliamentary website. A verbatim transcript will be taken of your evidence and... parliamentary website. A verbatim transcript will be taken of the evidence, which... parliamentary website. A verbatim transcript will be taken of your evidence and... supplementary written evidence. It might be useful if you introduce yourselves... provision, including apprenticeships, needs to be simpler and clearer. Yes, that... parliamentary website. A verbatim transcript will be taken of your evidence, and... school leadership. Everything has to be school leader-centric. Particularly in... question. As a Committee, we will be putting forward our recommendations. What... particular department’s budget. It would be a very simple solution. There would... where I think financial incentives might be important. We are told constantly..., the colleges should very clearly be the places where apprenticeship training... parliamentary website. A verbatim transcript will be taken of the evidence, which... public administration, the investment should be in a clear legal framework for... demographics, there are likely to be differences in patterns of participation... government department. An improvement would be to make researchers who collect... that beforehand. That would obviously be a common-sense way forward. I cannot... parliamentary website. A verbatim transcript will be taken of your evidence and... in groups that may be considered to be disadvantaged due to socioeconomic... parliamentary website. A verbatim transcript will be taken of your evidence and... predominantly concentrated? Can anything ever be done there to create intermediate... parliamentary website. A verbatim transcript will be taken of your evidence, and... market policies, what policies would be useful in stimulating the development... vocational offers less attractive. I would be concerned about that happening here... your question. Schools absolutely should be responsible for careers education. I mean... concerned that any body would be politically vulnerable. Professor Ann Hodgson... that level 2 apprenticeships should not be deemed as apprenticeships. I can tell... that, innately, a level 2 apprenticeship cannot be high quality. Baroness Morris of... Nicky Morgan’s reforms, everybody will be arriving already capable of starting...— maybe not nuclear physicists—to be accessible through an apprenticeship route... to produce. Character will absolutely be up there, developing those attributes... is also going to be increasing, will be a very substantial increase in.... I think the destinations data will be very important, particularly for secondary... infrastructure projects that there should be a clear criterion in the procurement... from a major infrastructure project might be different from a backoffice administration outsourcing... solution everywhere. What we should be encouraging is different LEPs, combined...