Двигательная установка. BE-4. [Редактировать]

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#Новостная лента.
12015-07-07. Ракетный двигатель BE-4, остается наиболее вероятным решением которое будет использоваться на ракете Атлас-5 вместо РД-180.
Blue Origin продолжает опережать Aerojet Rocketdyne в соревновании на создание нового двигателя для РН Атлас 5 и последующей модификации под названием Вулкан.
Основным преимуществом новой компании является то, что она обещает создать двигательную установку на 16 месяцев раньше чем ее конкурент.
При этом, в данном случае победу одерживает та компания которая не вполне удовлетворяет требованиям конгресса который хотел создать керосиновый аналог РД-180, а создает новое решение которое будет работать на природном газе.
Подробнее...Тэги: BE-4РД-180Blue OriginAerojet Rocketdyne
22015-09-13. United Launch Alliance и Blue Origin расширяют свое сотрудничество.
United Launch Alliance (ULA) и Blue Origin подписали соглашение которое расширяет сферу применения ракетных двигателей BE-4. В целом, согласно соглашению, данный двигатель должен будет через три года не только заменить ракетный двигатель РД-180 на первой ступени РН серии Атлас 5, но и использоваться в составе ракеты Вулкан. В совместном пресс-релизе обе компании подтвердили, что новый двигатель будет использовать в качестве топлива жидкий метан. Первый квалификационный запуск ракеты с новым двигателем должен состояться в 2017 году, а первый пуск РН Вулкан в 2019 году.Тэги: United launch alliance, L.L.C.Серия РН Атлас 5BE-4Blue Origin
32015-09-16. Компания Blue Origin объявила о желании построить во Флориде производство средств выведения и стартовый комплекс.
15 сентября Blue Origin объявила, что она построит завод по производству и стартовую площадку для нового ракеты-носителя собственного производства. Первый пуск ракеты обозначен 2020 годом. В связи с этим, основатель компании также обозначил что его изделие будет многоразовым и помимо аппаратов позволять запускать на низкую орбиту экипажи.
Также он отметил, что считает данный проект достаточно перспективным поскольку он будет создаваться не с нуля, а на основе существующей инфраструктуры (стартовый комплекс не эксплуатировался уже более 10 лет). В качестве двигателей для своей ракеты он планирует использовать Be-4 на первой ступени и Be-3 на второй. Первая ступень ракеты будет приземляться вертикально, как и предусматривалось в патенте компании (относительно последнего компания судится со своими конкурентами из SpaceX). В компании также объявили о том, что само производство ракет будет происходить рядом со центром Кеннеди, что позволит компании сэкономить на логистике. В целом компания планирует инвестировать в данный проект до 200 млн. долл.
В целом данные планы находятся в тесной корреляции с существующими рыночными трендами, однако, если большинство из подобных проектов по созданию новых средств выведения реализуется, то к 2020 году на рынке будет наблюдаться переизбыток предложений со стороны коммерческих производителей средств выведения, что не позволит компании найти своего потребителя.Тэги: Blue OriginBE-4
42015-09-17. Aerojet Rocketdyne решила увязать сроки ввода в строй нового ракетного двигателя с размерами финансирования со стороны Пентагона.
15 сентября 2015 года компания Rocketdyne обнародовала данные о том, что разработка нового ракетного двигателя может быть задержана из-за недостаточного финансирования со стороны гос. заказчика.
В связи с этим, в компании отдельно подчеркнули, что если компания не сможет выиграть достаточное количество конкурсов, то сертифицирование к 2019 году двигательной установки AR 1 окажется под вопросом. В тоже самое время компания отказалась комментировать вчерашнее заявление компании Blue Origin относительно разработки ракетного двигателя BE-4 и не собирается давать комментарии относительно своего предложения о покупке за 2 млрд. долл. компании United Launch Alliance.Тэги: AR 1Aerojet RocketdyneBE-4United launch alliance, L.L.C.
52015-10-01. Компания Blue Origin обнародовала данные о ходе тестирования двигателя BE-4.
На фоне возможных закупок новых РД-180 компания Blue Origin обнародовала данные согласно которым компания осуществила уже около 100 тестов новой двигательной установки, которую она хочет использовать как в составе собственной ракеты, так и в составе нового изделия United Launch Alliance. В компании также отметили, не собираются выпрашивать финансовые средства на разработку у ВВС США, а планируют обойтись собственными ресурсами. Также компания не упустила своего шанса раскритиковать конкурентов из Rocketdyne, обвинив последних в технологической отсталости. Тэги: Blue OriginBE-4
62016-03-02. Aerojet Rocketdyne и ULA выиграли контракты от ВВС США.
ВВС США смогут инвестировать до $536 млн. (текущий объем контракта 115 млн. долл.) в разработку двигательной установки AR-1 компании Aerojet Rocketdyne и около $202 млн. (текущий объем контракта 46 млн. долл.) в создание нового поколения ракет-носителей Вулкан. При этом, согласно обнародованным данным новое поколение ракет будет обладать не только новой двигательной установкой на первой ступени (ДУ BE-4), но и обладать криогенной верхней ступенью. Работы по обоим контрактам должны быть завершены не позднее 31 декабря 2019 года. Отличительно особенностью нового предложения от ВВС США является то обстоятельство, что оно подразумевает софинансирование работ вместе с предприятиями-изготовителями в соотношении 2 к 1. Таким образом, лимитная цена на создание альтернативы ракетному двигателю РД-180 может составить около 804 млн. долл. Что составит около 50 процентов от общего объема Федеральной космической программы России (при курсе доллара 80 руб.). Также в рамках нового цикла финансирования ВВС США планирует выделить от 33.6 до 61 млн. долл. компании SpaceX(для продолжения работ над многоразовым метановым двигателем) и от 47 до 180 млн. долл. компании Orbital ATK на разработку ракетных технологий, которые будут использоваться в новой ракете.Тэги: Военно-воздушные силы СШАAR 1BE-4Orbital ATK
72016-03-27. ULA завершила экспертизу проекта создания РН Вулкан.
United Launch Alliance (ULA) успешно завершила предварительный ревью дизайна своего нового семейства ракет. В качестве двигательной установки на новом изделии рассматривалась возможность установки двух ракетных двигателей серии BE-4. В ходе анализа конструкции, по заявлению компании, ей удалось подтвердить возможность успеха нового ракета-носителя как на рынке государственных услуг, так и на рынке коммерческих заказов на пусковые услуги. При этом, полученные показатели были достигнуты при условии 14 запусков в год.Тэги: Серия РН VulcanBE-4United launch alliance, L.L.C.
82016-04-14. Компания Blue Origin не будет производить спутники.
Основатель компании Jeff Bezos подтвердил, что Blue Origin не будет создавать спутники, а сосредоточится на работах в области ракетной тематики и пилотируемых полетов. Также он высказал мнение о том, что именно BE-4 является аналогом РД-180. Относительно ближайших планов компании Jeff Bezos обнародовал информацию о намерении совершить тестовый пилотируемый полет в 2017 году, а первый платный пуск осуществить в 2018 году.Тэги: Blue OriginBE-4РД-180
92016-04-26. Законодатели США решили ограничить возможности ВВС США по нецелевому использованию средств.
Согласно последним инициативам законодателей США они собираются существенно ограничить возможности ВВС США по управлению выделенным на развитие ракетных двигателей средств с целью заставить их сконцентрироваться на создании альтернативы РД-180. В частности они решили запретить военным использовать выделенные на эти цели средства на:
1. Разработку компанией Orbital ATK твердотопливной первой ступени (размер контракта около 317 млн. долл.).
2. Разработку компаниями SpaceX и ULA двигательных установок верхней ступени и т.д.
При этом, законодатели решили проигнорировать заявления компании ULA о том, что им, в принципе, ракетный двигатель AR-1 не является необходимым поскольку они рассчитывают на двигательную установку BE-4. Кроме этого, в очередной раз, законодатели США решили разобраться с тем, как министерство обороны расходует средства на такие проекты как модернизация наземных систем слежения за околоземным пространством и т.п. С этой целью они затребовали у военных дополнительную информацию о составе и структуре мероприятий программ. Тэги: РД-180Военно-воздушные силы СШАAR 1BE-4
102016-06-02. Французский министр по космосу обнародовал свое мнение относительно рынка пусковых услуг.
Французский министр по космосу призвал удвоить усилия ЕС в области космической деятельности, особенно подчеркнув важность создания серий ракет нового поколения (Вега и Ариан 6). Также в своем выступлении он подверг сомнению царящее в Европе мнение относительно существенного отставания европейских производителей от SpaceX. Также он напомнил, что подобные настроения уже царили после первых запусков космической системы Space Shuttle, однако будущее показало что это была тупиковая ветвь развития. Также французы отметили и то, что их новый двигатель Prometheus (прогнозируемая поставочная стоимость 1 млн. евро) значительно дешевле чем криогенный двигатель Be-4, который будет стоить около 10 млн. евро. По своим энергетическим характеристикам 5-7 новых европейских двигателей предоставят первой ступени Ariane 6 большую тягу будет у первой ступени перспективной ракеты Вулкан. Также он подтвердил, что стоимость пуска РН Ариан 6 будет равна половине стоимости пуска РН Ариан 5 ECA. Также как и американская Вулкан новая ракета будет использовать центральный блок на первой ступени, который будет оснащен 2-4 твердотопливными ускорителями. верхняя ступень будет использовать в качестве топлива водород. Также французский министр отметил, что успехи РН Фалькон 9 отчасти могут быть объяснены относительной простотой изделия, что позволило снизить стоимость пуска. Вместе с тем, для европейских изделий характерно, что в стоимости РН двигательные установки составляют около 50 процентов, так что у новой европейской ракеты есть радужные коммерческие перспективы.Тэги: Космическое агентство ФранцииСерия РН Ариан 6BE-4Prometheus
112016-09-26. Компания SpaceX провела испытания двигательной установки Raptor.
Компания SpaceX провела первые испытания двигательной установки Raptor, которая должна будет использования в 2024 году при полете к Марсу. Отличительной особенностью нового изделия является то, что как и Be-4 компании Blue origin, он использует в качестве компонентов метан и кислород. Тэги: RaptorBE-4SpaceX
122017-04-06. Blue Origin обнародовала данные о своих планах.
Согласно сообщению компании:
- в скором времени ULA подтвердит выбор кислородно-метанового двигателя BE-4 в качестве маршевой ДУ первой ступени РН серии Вулкан. При этом, по мнению компании, конкурирующая с ними Aerojet Rocketdyne отстает от них в разработке кислородно-керосинового AR1 на 18-24 месяца;
- она собирается начать предоставление услуг по суборбитальным полетам в 2018-2019 годах;
- стоимость создания РН New Glenn будет стоить 2.5 млрд. долл. Тэги: Blue OriginBE-4AR 1
132017-04-14. Компания ULA объявила о том, что она еще не утвердила окончательный выбор ДУ для РН серии Вулкан.
United Launch Alliance (ULA) опроверг циркулирующие на рынке слухи и объявил о том, что двигатели AR1 от компании Aerojet еще имеют шансы быть установленными на первой ступени РН серии Вулкан. Ранее руководство компании констатировало, что разработчик кислородно-керосинового двигателя отстает от конкурента на 18-24 месяца.Таким образом, оператор пусковых услуг оценил шансы BE-4 все таки выше поскольку он имеет большую вероятность быть готовым к 2019 году.Тэги: Серия РН VulcanAR 1BE-4United launch alliance, L.L.C.
142017-05-15. Blue Origin в ходе испытаний нового кислородно-метанового двигателя BE-4 потеряла турбонасосный агрегат.
Американская Blue Origin объявила о том, что в ходе последних тестов она потеряла ключевой компонент (Powerpack) своего двигателя BE-4. В своем сообщении компания также отметила, что элемент конструкции не находится в производстве, однако в ходе инцидента никакие другие элементы двигателя и стенда не были испорчены.
Powerpack это ключевой компонент ракетного двигателя который включает в себя турбонасос, который подает жидкий кислород и метан в камеру сгорания. Powerpack генерирует около 75 тыс. лошадиных сил мощности, которые он получает от малого насоса, который называется preburner. Тэги: Blue OriginBE-4
152017-08-08. Стоимость разработки ДУ AR1 достигла $288.4 млн.
Стоимость разработки ДУ AR1 по состоянию на 30 июня достигла $288.4 млн. При этом максимальная цена контракта составляет около $536 млн. Ожидаемый срок окончания разработки 2019 год. При этом, ULA отметила в связи с этим, что AR1 остается реальной альтернативой ДУ BE-4 на первой ступени РН серии Вулкан.
В СМИ США также отмечается, что вполне вероятно в будущем новая РН серии Вулкан будет обладать как метановой так и керосиновым вариантом первой ступени. Тэги: AR 1Aerojet RocketdyneРД-180BE-4
162017-10-06. Blue Origin объявила об интересе к военным запускам.
Новый исполнительный директор компании Blue Origin объявил о том, что компания в ближайшее время проведет переговоры о сертификации своих РН серии New Glenn в интересах их допуска к запуску военных космических аппаратов. Таким образом, Боб Смит официально подтвердил изменение стратегии компании, которая ранее была ориентирована исключительно на коммерческих потребителей. Помимо этого представитель Blue Origin также подтвердил, что:
1. Новая ракета будет выводить 45 тонн на НОО и до 13 тонн на ГПО.
2. На первой ступени будет находиться семь, а на второй одна ДУ BE-4. Тэги: Серия РН New GlenBlue OriginBE-4
172017-10-10. ASRC провела испытания модели инжектора.
Компания ASRC провела огневые испытания напечатанной на 3-Д принтере уменьшенной копии топливного инжектора, который будет совместим с ДУ BE-4 и AR1. Таким образом United Launch Alliance сделала еще один шаг в сторону отказа от российских ДУ РД-180 на РН Atlas 5.
В апреле 2017 года ASRC планирует провести испытания полномасштабной модели своего инжектора. Тэги: United launch alliance, L.L.C.РД-180AR 1BE-4
182017-10-21. Blue Origin провела испытания ДУ BE-4.
Blue Origin объявила о том, что она провела успешное огневое испытание метановой двигательной установки BE-4 (двигательная установка планируется к установке на РН серий Вулкан и New Glenn).
С успешными испытаниями BlueOrigin уже поздравил альянс ULA (United Launch Alliance), совместное предприятие Boeing и Lockheed Martin, производитель носителя Atlas 5, на первую ступень которого устанавливается РД-180. Тэги: BE-4Blue OriginСерия РН Vulcan

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Тяга (Земля), килоньютон2400
2Тип топливакислород+СПГ
3Турбонасосный агрегат
4Давление, фунтов на кв. дюйм5000
5Количество (оборотов), оборотов в минуту19000
6Мощность, лошадиных сил70000

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Without... added uncertainty is likely to be small. 4A-5 a) Sulfate c) Elemental Carbon... the proposed guidelines would necessarily be within a similar range. We also... whether available modeling information could be used to generate reliable state... designated a portion of allowances to be allocated to electric distribution companies... example, energy efficiency investments may be targeted towards reducing both electricity... sectors’ products. Substitutes may either be other domestic products or foreign..., (2) other factors of production can be easily substituted for labor, (3) the... effects from environmental regulation would be small and transitory (e.g., as workers... national workforce is expected to be small, localized reductions in employment... and substitution effects which may be either negative or positive. Estimation... efficient devices and services would be expected to increase, while employment... produce less efficient devices would be expected to contract. This analysis... bias (overestimation or underestimation) cannot be determined at this time. The... assumption that employment impacts can be projected decades into the future... range of approaches that may be used, quantifying the associated employment... and their associated costs would be representative of those investments EPA..., material (which is assumed to be primarily steel), installation labor, and...$). Compliance costs are estimated to be $8.8 billion (2011$). Based upon the... include that poor communities can be especially vulnerable to climate change... pollutants whose environmental effects would be more localized around the affected... to determine whether there would be disproportionately high and adverse human... would require that planning requirements be met and emission management implementation plans be executed by the tribes. The... than national estimates, still should be interpreted with caution. Even though... modification and reconstruction provisions would be subject to the reconstructed source... the foreseeable future that would be classified as “modifications” would qualify...’s current NSPS regulations, they would be specifically exempted from the definition... efficiency improvement options available and be able to achieve greater efficiency... national emission standards, there would be no new information collection costs.... A modified or reconstructed EGU would be required to prepare a quarterly summary... fixed capital cost that would be required to construct a comparable entirely... affected electric utility industry to be minimal as a result. 9.5.9 National Technology...



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... Voraussetzung nachgewiesen werden. n. a. keine GCP Be ja S. 56 n. a. keine n. a. keine n. z. S. 38... required.  Incidental, additional findings must be classified separately.  An incidental, additional... that may indicate metastases should be evaluated. n. z. keine n. a. keine n. z. S. 65 Dissemination... n. a. keine n. z. S. 86 Multiple biopsies should be taken during histological biopsy procedures...  at least 5 microcalcifications need to be found radiologically during stereotactic punctions... carcinoma from all n. z. margins should be made. keine C 0 n. z. S. 35 n. z. keine C 0 n. z. S. 35... n. z. S. 95 Extensive extranodal growth must be reported. n. z. keine n. a. keine n. z. S. 95 Empfehlung... GoRKategorieb Literaturc Seite n. a. keine GCP Be nein Abschnitt 5.4.2 der Synthese Diagnostische... support services. n. z. keine C 0 n. z. S. 8 Information should be tailored to each woman’s individual... is introduced n. z. keine  0 n. z. S. 8 Practitioners should be aware that information provided to... n. a. keine n. z. S. 5 n. a. keine n. a. keine n. z. S. 3  Patients should be made aware that breast reconstruction.... n. a. keine n. a. keine n. z. S. 5/6  Patient expectations should be assessed prior to surgery, in... Education Patients undergoing mastectomy should be offered a preoperative referral to a plastic... n. z. keine  0 n. z. S. 19 Adequate time should be allocated to provide culturally appropriate... environment n. z. keine  0 n. z. S. 19 Practitioners should be aware of culturally sensitive issues... important n. z. keine  0 n. z. S. 19 Consideration should be given to allocating additional time... psychosocial guidance. n. z.  Resuming work should be discussed and stimulated  Physicians and.... n. z. keine A A n. z. S. 12 Psychosocial support should be available for partners/spouses/children... a fertility specialist should be available. Specialist counseling should be available. Cryopreservation D Au... Preoperative chemotherapy Preoperative chemotherapy may be considered where a woman with a large... surgery. n. z. keine A A n. z. S. 99 Practitioners should be aware that conversion from mastectomy... the radial tumour margins must n. z. be clear (≥ 1 mm). keine n. a. keine n. z. S. 5 Empfehlung... treatment per patient should therefore be discussed during multidisciplinary consultation:  irradiation... a single procedure Intraoperative assessment should be confirmed with detailed, definitive histological...)  Patients undergoing prophylactic mastectomy should be considered for n. a. immediate breast reconstruction... not require postmastectomy radiotherapy should be considered for immediate breast reconstruction... Seite n. a. keine n. a. keine n. z. S. 3  Patients should be made aware that breast reconstruction... education Patients undergoing mastectomy should be offered a preoperative referral to a plastic... n. a. keine n. z. S. 351 Antiestrogen treatment may be performed simultaneously with radiotherapy or... tumour characteristics Hypofractionated radiotherapy can be offered as a suitable alternative to... treatment per patient should therefore be discussed during multidisciplinary consultation:  irradiation... with growth factor support should be considered n. a. keine n. a. keine n. z. n. a. Women should... breast cancer adjuvant chemotherapy n. z. should be considered (Fortsetzung) Institut für Qualität und... prior to commencing bisphosphonates should be considered n. a. keine n. a. keine ja n. a. Women... n. a. keine n. z. n. a. Women taking bisphosphonates should be reviewed regularly and monitored for... n. z. keine n. a. keine n. z. S. 157  Methotrexate must be avoided during pregnancy. n. z. keine n. a. keine... n. z. keine  0 n. z. S. 55 Preoperative chemotherapy may be considered where a woman with a large... spread n. z. keine A A n. z. S. 99 Practitioners should be aware that conversion from mastectomy... surgery or mastectomy, radiotherapy should be considered n. z. keine  0 n. z. S. 137 n. z. keine I 0 n. z. S. 138.... n. z. keine A A n. z. S. 12 Psychosocial support should be available for partners/spouses/children... n. z. S. 136 Secondary adjuvant chemotherapy may be considered in a few situations. n. z.  invasive... n. a. keine n. z. S. 142 Liposomal doxorubicin may be considered with anthracycline pre-treatment... preferable. A stabilising osteosynthesis should always be considered for long bones. n. z. keine.... n. z. keine n .a. keine n. z. S. 148 Biphosphonates should be routinely used in combination with... treatment for brain metastases would be inappropriate. n. z. keine n. a. keine n. z. S. 47 Empfehlung.... n. z. keine n .a. keine n. z. S. 148 Biphosphonates should be routinely used in combination with... psychosocial guidance. n. z.  Resuming work should be discussed and stimulated  Physicians and... treatment per patient should therefore be discussed during multidisciplinary consultation:  irradiation... a fertility specialist should be available. Specialist counseling should be available. Cryopreservation Every... 143C). URL: https://kce.fgov.be/sites/default/files/page_documents/KCE_143C_update_guidelines_breast...



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... of journalism that can only be enacted online (database research, newsgathering... research questions I outline here may be considered 'contributory questions' towards (collectively... addition, I found depth interview to be a particularly useful approach to better...' of interactive graphic composition could be established. This question was by... became apparent:   A constructivist approach would be well-suited to exploring this..., cognitions and/or behaviour may be “perceptual, cognitive, behavioural or all... decision'. Limitations in technology may be seen to inhibit a full interrogation... journalism studies continues to be seen to be relevant in society. For... of normative challenges that may be addressed collaboratively by academics and... using a three-dimensional model would be impossibly difficult using these convenient...: 68). Fears about tabloidization may be read as a theoretical anxiety concerning.... Here, I show what may traditionally be considered a manifestation of tabloidization, is... purchase goods) (2014) may be considered to be early precursors to contemporary... contend that the phenomenon must be understood both linguistically and structurally... communication. And finally, interactivity can be seen as a political concept that... positivist) discourses. One, which may be described as a mathematical-statistical approach... paradigms (or epistemologies) may be considered to be mutually complementary rather than... a widerranging 'thick description' than would be impossible in an 'objective' study...; but equally, I considered unobtrusiveness to be a sub-optimal way of immersing... assumption that there may likely be a significant variation in the sophistication... material that 48 | P a g e may normally be viewed as of a (potentially) commercially... some circumstances, un-publishing may be justified Building upon established excellence... Library Stand-alone corrections should be hyper-linked Contribution My contribution... maintenance is necessary; which can be time-consuming, and potentially frustrating.... Robinson, Sue. 2007. 'Someone's gotta be in control here: The institutionalization... to pamphlets and newspapers) should be systematically stored by national libraries... how online corrections policy can be operationalised. Elliott was interviewed for... some circumstances, un-publishing can be justified Building upon established excellence... share links (link-bulding) can be significant to newsgathering, news production... if he were to be seen to be pushing irrelevant topics, he...' feeds for these sources can be problematic. Once relationships are established... workplace . Speculative geographical search can be done using Advanced Search 2.0 Beta... maintenance is necessary; which can be time-consuming, and potentially frustrating.... Robinson, Sue (2007) 'Someone's Gotta be in Control Here', Journalism Practice... rise of personalisation (whether that be via contextual factors, search history... management, or newsgathering. This cannot be done using Facebook's search interface..., namely: operator:search_term There should be no spaces between operator, colon... application peoplefinders available, which can be used in breaking news situations...-based brand; everyone herein must be professionally trained or experienced performers.... Includes corporate structures, which can be useful when investigating international corporate... keep in touch, can be considered to 163 | P a g e be a more private environment...'s social media guidelines can be seen to be merging professional and public... movements online, but to be seen to be doing so in a 'balanced... and researchers seeking out contributors. Be wary though – Newsgroups are closed... incorporates FURL - account required) may be useful alternatives. CiteULike (http://www... analytical functions too, which can be highly valuable in online investigations... programmers (hackers), whereby programming can be applied to journalistic problems, and... standards of this profession would be appropriate; especially the Association for... singleissue charity groups. These can be organised accordingly: Governance sources (the... offline methods. Those which can be found online, require differentiating between... newsgathering process which would ideally be shared within a team, and communicated... reasonable and fitting that websites be published anonymously (especially when they... code). If a site proclaiming to be a legitimate organisation has 'borrowed' from... (http://www.opensiteexplorer.org/) can be a useful tool. Designed for webmasters... online, though neither can be considered to be comprehensive. As an alternative... material added to articles must be attributable to a reliable, published source... anything challenged or likely to be challenged be attributed in the form... for impact. Producing interactives can be time-consuming and resource-intensive... contain comparisons, and they can be particularly effective on stories concerning... argued that technological factors may be discounted, as infographics were routinely... these infographics were found to be: Narrative For Conservatives The increasing... forms of bias may be seen at be at work within this...



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... quotation from the thesis may be published without proper acknowledgement. I certify... of twelfth-century Spanish historiography be re-evaluated. Aims and methodology... out existing houses which would be incorporated under Cluny’s rule. In... discourse would ultimately prove to be the most effective.21 Approaches... anticipate which historiographical forms would be most strategic in future, or... through suffering and destruction to be finally redeemed in its victory... religious texts; a useful comparison can be made here with the Historia... manuscript. Our challenge need not be just to establish a direct connection... reference. He would appear to be the shortserving abbot mentioned in... also a pressing question. We cannot be certain that the first chronicle... had ordered a certain document to be translated into the vernacular: ‘And... ordered for that document to be translated into language maternal and... also remarked that it would be unusual for a chronicler continuing a previous... into what might otherwise be taken to be simply a state of ‘corruption... the chronicle was meant to be presented to the ecclesiastical council... audience are just rhetoric must be stressed. The chronicle’s addresses to..., there are further clues to be gleaned from the chronicle’s addresses... monastery’s history, these will not be 113 M. Otter, Inventiones: Fiction and... Aragón. The two certainly cannot be separated entirely, yet Belmonte’s scheme... to a ‘restoration’ and ‘rebuilding’ could be to this later attack, some... these documents is thought to be either a forgery or a heavily edited... monastery’s history will continue to be built upon this thematic formula... monastery’s land and buildings, will be objects of the burghers’ attacks. These attacks will be not only physical in nature...’s description of the coto to be excessive, but without giving specific... which Cluniac monastic practices could be spread. In fact, while the..., he established that a town would be created there’.156 The chronicle...ún. The experience in Sahagún will be divided between friend/ally and... closely this charter – which will be introduced in chapter twenty-seven... of force, can actually be seen to be part of a larger strategy... this historical relationship need not be understood to determine the present... monastery. This narrative continues to be woven into the Urraca-Alfonso... novel argument, allowing it to be couched as a conservative reaction to... eating). A further brief point might be proffered here. The strategic positioning... energy of these tortures will be channelled into a repositioning of the... interdict and excommunication soon to be employed by Abbot Domingo, Archbishop... papal excommunication. Here we will be largely concerned with the way... and service, secular or ecclesiastical, be brought in.279 Abbot Domingo... over the burghers is to be understood as ecclesiastical lordship based... 158 This rhetorical outburst can be read against the formulaic liturgical..., the question emphasises what will be Abbot Domingo’s successful defence of... without commotion, however it will be said. Besides looking forward to... resolution of the conflict will be an ecclesiastical matter and directly... assigned a representative, who happens to be Count Bertrán.331 It is... love towards either side and be the intermediary, judge, and arbiter...’s narrative strategies, they can also be approached as interrelated features. There... single function listed above could be further divided according to more..., and attentive listeners ... let it be known’ (‘A todos los leedores del...’ CAS, ch. 4, p. 11; ‘it will be explained below’ / ‘abaxo se manifiesta.... Furthermore, this episode will also be significant both in the development... don Alfonso contrastava a ella e a muchas beçes por guardar e defender los...’s task. The differences needed to be expressed. This in itself involves... of the monastery’s enemies will be attributed to divine intervention. We...’: a series of events which can be expressed as a thematic situation, one... chronicle also shows Ramiro to be a travesty of the normative religious... might also (much more convincingly) be credited to the political settlement... these documents is thought to be either a forgery or a heavily edited... ecclesiastical power hierarchies could also be problematical.406 The privilege commonly... the monastery, but this could be qualified. This spiritual exemption against... of exemptions could at least be asserted readily and emphatically. At... monastery’s territories allow it to be readily applied to a social group... that is not specific might be intended action, threatened action, secret... authority argument also comes to be associated specifically with the problem... appeal to ecclesiastical authority to be expressed as a last resort. This... agreed that the burghers should be excommunicated. However, the burghers show.... Larger findings here can also be made as regards disciplinary conversations...-chronicle’ suggests, these chronicles can be classified according to their use... the burghers of Sahagún must be understood according to developments that...



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... ................................ ..................... 5 Figure 2 - Estimates of Outcomes to be Obtained form Several Design Concepts... connectedness Finally, the handbook should be considered only a starting point. Both... conflicting objectives, negotiated compromises will be required. • Alternative system design concepts... that the system's objectives must be understood preferably explicitly identified. 2.5 The... organization (such as purchasing) can be centralized. Standardization—of such things..., alternative parti tioning plans should be considered and compared before implementation... that plans for subsequent integration be laid throughout the partitioning. Integration... designs." The technical requirements should be sufficiently detailed to establish firm... associated with different designs should be considered during the project's earlier... verification or validation, they must be specified and costed, their characteristics... and processes that will eventually be involved. These integrated product development... compliance with specifications, and may be determined by test, analysis, demonstration... baseline, though cross references should be maintained where feasible. (See Section... management techniques noted above should be applied. estimate, since activities that... a fully integrated engineering effort will be managed and conducted. 4.2.2 Since the..., integration, and verification may not be needed. 4.3.3 Common Errors in Developing... for resource-intensive activities should be reexamined and, accordingly, the resource... function effectively. The decomposition can be graphically represented as a decision tree... each activity, a probability distribution can be computed for project completion time... additional specific planning and actions be undertaken. Typical technical risk mitigation... and consequences are significant, should be given specific management attention. Reviews.... However, risk management responsibilities must be assigned to specific individuals. Successful... and the methods to be used should be documented in the project... a given requirement. Finally, traceability must be provided to reports that document... of their recommendations are to be implemented. Review Presentation Material. Presentations... of appropriate functional elements may be released. A configuration management plan is... mission and system requirements must be thoroughly analyzed, allocated, and validated... that mitigation/elimination methods can be verified. Criteria for Successful Completion... C and D, a spacecraft's injected mass can be considered an uncertain quantity. Estimates... needed. Each plausible alternative should be documented qualitatively in a description sheet... measurement methods sufficiently discriminating to be sure that the tentative selection... performance or technical attributes can be quantified, a possible selection rule is... abbreviated MAUT decision mechanism can be described in six steps: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) Choose... what the performance requirements must be quantitatively. Rank the alternatives according... environmental and safety requirements must be satisfied? For a system whose operational... system effectiveness. Lastly, it must be recognized that system effectiveness, like... availability for systems that can be repaired. • • • Inherent = MTTF / (MTTF + MTTR... and logistics supportability models can be inexact. Some logistics supportability models... uncertainty in a model input can be expressed by attributing a probability distribution... the technical effort to be made should be summarized in the SEMP... quality assurance engineer's effort should be integrated with the reliability engineer... systems engineering. 6.2 Reliability Reliability can be defined as the probability that... these (or similar) assumptions may be analytically convenient, a system's actual hazard... training and technical documentation to be used during manufacturing/fabrication Ensuring... maintainability requirements. These requirements should be consistent with the maintenance concept... Identifying technological opportunities that can be exploited. (This includes both new... schedule implications. Verification activities can be significant drivers of a project's cost... evaluate performance. Two subcategories can be defined: functional testing and environmental... environmental controls (e.g., contamination) that must be maintained, the verification engineer outlines... balance testing. Verification reports should be completed within a few weeks following... requirement statement. This information could be a test, report, procedure, analysis report... hazard analysis reports, may also be satisfied by qualification testing. Qualification... within specification. Environmental systems must be verified. The requirements for all... with which a completed design can be transformed (i.e., fabricated, manufactured, or coded... quantities, a particular producibility feature can be critical to a system's cost-effectiveness... Station Freedom TBD To Be Determined; To Be Done TDRS Tracking and... consideration (e.g., should the spacecraft location be determined by the ground network...



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.... Radio control equipment should only be used in “normal” ambient temperatures... explode. Rechargeable batteries should always be recharged before every session. When... essential that every motor should be effectively suppressed. Suppressor filters reliably... such interference, and should always be fitted where possible. Please read.... Electrical ignition systems should always be powered by a separate battery – not the receiver battery. Be sure to use effectively suppressed... through the transmitter aerial can be life-threatening! Caution • In order... channel. Alternatively these functions can be programmed using push-buttons. This...-RATE system, separately variable, can be switched in-flight Mixer functions... the transmitter battery needs to be recharged. 0:00 GRAUBELE batterStop y 0:00... The rechargeable transmitter battery can be charged via the charge socket... a self-neutralising stick needs to be converted to non-neutralising action...”) receiver. Subsidiary receivers can therefore be operated in parallel with primary... losses. A separate power supply can be used to prevent further unnecessary... receiver Graupner | iFS receivers must be “instructed” to communicate exclusively with... operation. Transmitter power “1” or “2” must be selected. Option 3: Output signal setting... a particular function which needs to be controlled – initially independent of its... for a particular servo – this may be directly generated by a transmitter control... the helicopter throttle servo must be connected to receiver output 6 (see.... “Dual Rate” and “Exponential” can be programmed separately for aileron, rudder... mixer« menu, which would otherwise be suppressed. • If the transmitter’s model... prevents * N.N. = Nomen Nominandum (name to be stated) you switching model memories... way. N.N. = Nomen Nominandum (name to be stated) Program description: basic settings... electric-powered model helicopter) must be connected to receiver output “6”, i. e. control... position, i. e. the throttle linkage can be adjusted between full-throttle (throttle... Dual Rates and Expo can be controlled simultaneously using a single switch, and this can be advantageous – especially with high-speed... function 1 (motor / collective pitch) can be set individually for throttle, collective... Dual Rates and Expo can be controlled simultaneously using a single switch, and this can be advantageous – especially with high-speed... 88. * N.N. = Nomen Nominandum (name to be stated) 72 Program description: wing... Airbrake ¼ N.N.* * N.N. = Nomen Nominandum (name to be stated) at which the airbrakes.... However, electronic differential can only be applied The adjustment range of... rotates degree of differential cannot be altered subsequently. exactly along its... causes the elevator setting to be corrected automatically according to the...%. However, points “2” and “4” can optionally be activated, even though they are... button. Points “1” and “5”, however, CANNOT BE DISABLED. Note: The following illustration.... Initially, then, reference point “3” should be erased, and reference points “1” (input...: • The mechanical control system should be as freemoving and accurate (slop... the system linkages should already be approximately correct in mechanical terms... electric helicopter the motor should be reliably “off”. gyro (static torque... collective pitch control; these will be connected to receiver outputs 1, 2, 3 and... purposes will inevitably need to be established through a flight testing programme... mixers N.N. = Nomen Nominandum (name to be stated) achieve this effect. The... receiving system components must first be installed correctly in the model, i. e. the mechanical systems must be first-rate. This means: ensure... glider the whole situation may be rather different. The immediate question... approach. Incidentally, similar thinking can be applied to flap control systems... commence. N.N. = Nomen Nominandum (name to be stated) Programming example: fixed-wing... are acceptable, then “Exponential” can be employed, either instead of Dual... that outputs 2 + 5 and 6 + 7 may already be linked together, depending on the... … 49) N.N. = Nomen Nominandum (name to be stated) before you continue with...), each incorporating settings which can be entirely different from the others... that the linked servos cannot be adjusted individually from the transmitter.... A modern sweptback flying wing can be controlled in a similar fashion. These..., please note that you should be extremely careful when setting differential... vo l t a g e t o o l o w The memory should now be assigned an appropriate name, which... Programming example: model helicopter now be altered by setting a value other... a possibility that your helicopter will be uncontrollable! If your gyro features...-16iFS Pupil transmitter can also be linked to a Teacher transmitter operating... functions the usual conventions should be observed: Channel Function 1 Throttle / Collective... transmitter’s socket. Both transmitters must be prepared as described in the.... Transmitter output “1” must be selected. These settings must be carried out using...



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... atmosphere. b) Meteorological. The station would be absolutely invaluable for weather forecasting... a distant receiver. The satellites would be aluminized plastic spheres— “balloons” perhaps... a practical satellite communication system might be undertaken by commercial communications carriers... carrier communication companies. This can be accomplished by inviting other international... Government regulation, private enterprise should be encouraged to undertake development and... system. (b) Communication via satellite will be a supplement to, rather than a substitute... Sec. 404. (a) The Administration shall be responsible for— (1) furnishing launch vehicles.... 401. The corporation shall be deemed to be a common carrier within the... communications common carriers shall be deemed to be a common carrier activity fully... development of communication satellites should be a national objective and immediate action... case, such satellite(s) should be designed to be electronically interoperable with the... vehicles for communications satellites should be conditioned upon express (written) assurances.... All sophisticated Administrations can be assumed to be thoroughly aware that the.... Some thought the assembly should be exclusively a governmental body (i.e. participants would... regulatory concepts and procedures will be needed? (1) Accordingly, I still believe there... Committee during its deliberations will be published separately.2 [1] INTRODUCTION In the... satellite antennas must be employed. To be economical, these must be shared by...— (a) Additional international satellite facilities should be permitted by the FCC, provided... important international enterprise, which would be inconsistent with the U.S. national interest... INTELSAT. Specifically, additional systems should be restricted to providing services through... emergency restoration service). Consultation must be undertaken with INTELSAT pursuant to... terms proposals that meteorological satellites be commercialized. The debate about turning...-type clouds and may be found to be of further use over... meteorological satellite observing system would be established as a self-contained entity... Meteorological Program. International participation will be developed by existing international bodies... and schedule). b. Specify quantities to be measured by satellite meteorological instruments... meteorological missions. The difficulty will be to successfully incorporate DOD requirements... costs. Further cost reduction could be achieved through greater international participation... observing system. Action Legislation should be enacted to establish a single environmental... U.S. polar environmental monitoring program would be the foundation for a cooperative international... satellite system. Additional savings may be achieved by incorporating appropriate aspects... data analyzed, it will be impossible to be completely precise on such... testing and operational spaceflights will be combined. Figure 1. Anticipated Applications** of... available after processing. Policy should be directed to obtaining international acceptance... preferred institutional alternatives appear to be a U.S. owned and operated system serving.... An appropriate coordination mechanism will be established to assure effective cooperation... and weather programs be addressed separately; (b) Vendor selection be done competitively; and... the Federal Communications Commission shall be consistent with international obligations and..., distribution procedures or restrictions might be necessary under certain national security....—The Landsat Program Management shall be responsible for— (1) Landsat 7 procurement, launch... pursuant to subsection (a)(1), (a)(3), (a)(5), or (a)(6) shall be entitled to adjudication by the... established under subsection (a) shall be designed to be responsive to the broad... the Federal Communications Commission shall be consistent with international obligations and... commercialization. b. These strategy elements will be implemented within the overall resource... WorldView license application appears to be consistent with U.S. international obligations, and... a USforeign government partnership arrangement shall be submitted for interagency review. Document... from national security programs will be provided through established mechanisms. (4) Nonproliferation... year 2000, annual revenues could be $2.6–6.6 billion. Mobile satellite communications services... candidate participant, cooperation would probably be terminated. The privacy of a manufacturing company considering participation must be respected until the firm decides... a potentially profitable candidate product must be developed upon which a technology interchange...’s recommendations were reasonable and could be implemented. However, while recognizing the... institutes. (For example, possibilities might be aircraft structures, urban systems engineering..., important NASA missions which should be managed accordingly . . . 5. Administrator should continue.... Secondary technology transfer activities should be proactively sought. The budget allocated...



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... assets? Should the valuation basis be decided by legislation? Whatever approach... expense assumptions comprise a model can be disguised by their simplicity; we... comprising a prospective valuation basis will be referred to as a traditional valuation... and liabilities were always to be considered together, while Skerman attempted... of E.C. Directives. Subsequent developments can be placed broadly into two groups... the policyholder’s benefits than would be possible under a system which relied... reluctantly, when they would otherwise be statutorily insolvent. 2. The bonus rates... unspecified mathematical reserve (assumed to be a prospective policy value). The margins... Government Actuary’s Department (G.A.D.) let it be known that their “rule of... of contractual obligations, it would be appropriate to use a grosspremium method... recognized tables of mortality should be employed. Skerman mentioned that the... once if the liabilities could be valued satisfactorily. Skerman suggested that... assessment of solvency might reasonably be reconsidered as the techniques mentioned... an appropriate valuation should this be impossible. The admissibility rules place... 64]. Future valuation strain must be avoided, and negative reserves eliminated... the Regulations is said to be statutorily solvent. 2.4.3 Consequences of Regulation... methods of calculation should not be subject to arbitrary discontinuities from.... Clearly Campagne’s methods might not be appropriate in modern conditions, or...: 1. The “unstrengthened” interest rate should be (i) 90% of a 20-year average... 2. The “strengthened” interest rate should be 80% of the “unstrengthened” interest... office, three scenarios were to be tested: (i) a reduction in fixed interest...” Asset Adequacy Analysis scenarios. must be considered, along with any further... that basic mathematical reserves should be supplemented by additional reserves called... of excluding free assets, would be required. 5. U.K. life assurers face different... assumptions with “appropriate” assumptions, to be decided by the Valuation Actuary... reserve requires several contingencies to be considered. In particular, a set of... inadmissible assets. The SR will be published. Capital Adequacy Reserve. The... variability of modelled quantities can be alarmingly large. The results depend... measure instability. 2. Comparative studies can be carried out, in which the... investment scenarios. Relative results might be more credible than absolute results... target A/L ratio was considered to be a linear function r() of the proportion... these sample paths should not be underestimated. 4.3.2 Asset allocation Given the... experience suggests would be acceptable. This too will be considered in Chapter... only plausible assumption. There might be switching opportunities within the Wilkie... terms of the distribution cannot be sufficient causal explanation. Figure 4.16... )). Correlations. Coefficients of correlation will be introduced as required, and will... and its terminating whisker will be truncated accordingly. 4. The horizontal lines... a suitably chosen equity proportion might be preferred to a dynamic strategy with... solvency driven asset-switching might be considerably lower than suggested by... proportion in fixed-interest assets be F I t−1 = 1 − Et−1 . Then we will define... variability. Cyclical strategies appear to be outperformed in this regard even... 4.7. However, terminal bonus rates might be most naturally controlled by smoothing... terminal bonus this restriction might be relaxed. Consider a simplified life office... us that (i) such a strategy would be infeasible without additional capital, and... the distribution of M V t .) Then let ∆M V t be the difference c M V t − M V t−1 , and define ∆M V at.... Guarantees are granted prospectively, to be paid for retrospectively. Such an..., a Wilkie-type model might be assumed to be adequate. Although such time... that our smoothing algorithms will be suitable. 6.8.2 Robustness to errors in... errors whose detection would not be easy. 6.9 Conclusions 1. The relative cost... historic costs of smoothing can be considerable. 2. The smoothing of maturity... they affect modelling. There might be circumstances under which some departure from expected conduct would be consistent with PRE. 1. The environment... else being equal, they would be indistinguishable under any statutory valuation... abandon them completely; this would be a change which policyholders would not... a reasonable number of possibilities to be explored. Therefore, in this section... above. Statutory insolvency appears to be much less persistent than inadequacy... describes alternative valuations which will be compared with the statutory minimum... investment strategies, this might only be approximate.) Given a large enough number... inadequacies is detected, which might be a reasonable level in practical circumstances... bonuses? 3. How should investment returns be smoothed? 4. How should financial strength...-offs allows adequacy margins to be estimated, namely additional assets sufficient... option pricing or hedging strategies be incorporated into asset allocation and...



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... and recommendations, would be considered in a workshop to be convened for the... narrow the development gap “can be translated into programmes, activities and... integration, have been judged to be extremely useful. However, some shortcomings... and follow-through. Projects may be reclassified into regional economic integration.... 2.6 Externally supported IAI projects should be appraised in accordance with normal... ASEAN Standing Committee. 2.7 Coordination should be greatly strengthened – within the CLMV... a few international organizations. Support should be sought from the other four... from private foundations. Corporations could be tapped either for outright donations... representatives to international bodies should be enlisted in the mobilization of... Certain immediate decisions have to be made: ASEAN Standing Committee recommendations... attract the necessary resources would be a prime consideration. With the addition... broadening integration of ASEAN shall be accompanied by technical and development... another. Future courses need to be conceived within a common framework, which... countries’ conviction that they should be writing their own project proposals... Labor Organization. The report should be revisited, reviewed and updated; projects... CLMV countries, projects that should be continued. 4.45 Additional projects have... in environmental assessment might also be included. Observations and Conclusions 4.48.... Local consultants, they say, should be involved in formulating project proposals..., foreign consultants and instructors should be familiar with the situations in... any case, such participants should be more stringently selected. 4.51 Despite... technology, outside consultancy services may be needed for 45 drafting national... e-government system. External support may be needed for training personnel in...’s place in a national program should be clear. 5.9.4 In many instances, external..., dissemination around the country should be included in the project’s design... CLMV countries. External assistance may be needed in reviewing existing poverty... appropriate manner. This issue will be discussed in Chapter 7, on institutions... Plan, including financial disbursements, should be promoted and adhered to. Information... respective countries and, if necessary, be further empowered for this purpose... activities, implementation and dissemination should be made part of each project.... 10) Whenever possible, a project should be conducted in the recipient countries... all this, IAI projects should be reclassified into regional economic integration... inadequate product standards. A project should be undertaken to conduct a research survey.... The business communities, too, should be helped in familiarizing themselves with... regional economic integration, a workshop should be conducted on the issues raised... reorganize customs administrations ought to be revisited. 6.12 The co-shepherds... projects related to standards should be undertaken, including capacitybuilding projects for... ASEAN Economic Ministers. Assistance should be extended to the CLMV countries... the subject, to be extremely valuable. It should be continued and intensified... the SingaporeKunming Rail Link should be maintained and tightened. Cambodia may... College to a regional center should be encouraged and a formal proposal carefully... done in the past could be updated. Information and Communications Technology... ICT recommended the remaining components be pursued. 6.21 Unlike the projects... reducing poverty in ASEAN – cannot be achieved without investments – foreign or..., for which domestic entrepreneurs would be required. A series of projects to.... These should continue to be pursued and be broadened to 73 encompass... information and communications technology should be a continuing process, with the ASEAN6... IAI project. Advisory services should be extended to Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar..., mechanisms, relationships and processes will be recommended. 85 Project Proposals and... national IAI committees. Consultations might be conducted with persons who participated... organizations, as appropriate, ought to be consulted on matters concerning them.... Reporting 7.20 Close coordination would be almost impossible without prompt, comprehensive.... 7.23 The reporting sequence might be something like this: 1) Individual reports... the new classifications, there should be co-shepherds for: • Regional economic... the ASEAN Secretariat; 5) That coordination be tightened among national entities concerned... that, wherever possible, IAI projects be included in national development and... of IAI projects; 9) That coordination be strengthened among the CLMV countries...) That close consultations and coordination be fostered between the IAI process... possible, IAI projects should be shown to be parts of a larger framework...) The U. S.-ASEAN Business Council should be urged to conduct technical assistance... IAI projects. Outputs 9. There will be 4 outputs as follows: a. A comprehensive review... projects. How can the situation be improved? d. Ownership Issues Evaluate the... Myanmar. ASEAN-6 representatives will also be invited. 121 APPENDIX C SCHEDULE OF...



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... operating systems, a standard installation should be sufficient. The MySQL software requirements.... Important A single backslash character (\) cannot be used when specifying directory paths... numeric cluster parameters can generally be increased without any problems, although... administration it is preferable to be # consistent. [ndb_mgmd] HostName=management-server... any data nodes should always be permitted. • TcpBind_INADDR_ANY Setting this parameter... sizes of transactions that can be handled by the system. MaxNoOfConcurrentTransactions... of DML operations that can be performed in a given transaction. • MaxNoOfConcurrentTransactions... transactions in the cluster can be expressed as TotalNoOfConcurrentTransactions = (maximum number... total. Each data node can be expected to handle TotalNoOfConcurrentTransactions / number... parts separately. MaxNoOfConcurrentOperations will always be used to calculate the number... of these compiletime limits should be increased. • MaxNoOfConcurrentScans Effective Version Type.... This parameter seldom needs to be changed from the default. • MaxParallelCopyInstances... dictionary and checkpoint information cannot be executed in parallel with performing... the value of MaxNoOfAttributes would be 6 * greatest_number_of_attributes = 600. You should also... means that local checkpoints will be executed continuously without pause, independent... LCPs and backup operations can be adjusted by setting MinDiskWriteSpeed. • MaxDiskWriteSpeedOtherNodeRestart... LCPs and backup operations can be adjusted by setting MinDiskWriteSpeed. • MaxDiskWriteSpeedOwnRestart... LCPs and backup operations can be adjusted by setting MinDiskWriteSpeed. • MinDiskWriteSpeed... handling arbitration internally. This can be done by setting Arbitration = WaitExternal.... Otherwise, the data node will be unable to start. • BackupDataBufferSize >= BackupWriteSize..., cpuset, cpubind_exclusive, or cpuset_exclusive can be provided in a single configuration. • spintime... files in the directory to be deleted. • FileSystemPathDataFiles Effective Version Type... files in the directory to be deleted. • FileSystemPathUndoFiles Effective Version Type... that the DiskIOThreadPool configuration parameter be set correctly; having DiskIOThreadPool set... event buffer (ndb_eventbuffer_max_alloc) that should be available in event buffer after...,cache_limit=32M'. Time values can be optionally suffixed with h (hours), m (minutes... s (seconds). Millisecond values can optionally be specified using ms; millisecond values.... (In addition, ndb_log_bin must not be disabled.) ndb_log_binlog_index defaults to 1 (ON... a SELECT. Important transaction_allow_batching should not be used whenever there is the... kernel but that could not be handled there. • Ndb_pushed_queries_executed The number... DATA statement, specifying a character to be interpeted as optionally quoting field... of the file to be read may be followed by one or... mysql.ndb_apply_status with id 0 will be updated/inserted. 332 ndb_restore — Restore... the output. This cannot currently be overridden when using --print_data. • --print_log.... Attribute promotion by ndb_restore must be enabled explicitly, as follows: 1. Prepare... cluster does not need to be to be known or calculated when... the cluster's operation can be also be monitored from an SQL node... configuration file, a cluster may also be controlled through a commandline interface available... Description 1 ALERT A condition that should be corrected immediately, such as a corrupted... level triggering these reports can be adjusted by setting the ndb_report_thresh_binlog_mem_usage... below the threshold, which can be adjusted by setting the ndb_report_thresh_binlog_epoch_slip... *, 0.0.0.0, or ::. Additional path information may be included in the service_URI value... the DBLQH kernel block; cannot be overallocated. Size is NoOfFragmentLogParts * RedoBuffer... the DiskPageBufferMemory configuration parameter. Cannot be overallocated. QUERY_MEMORY Used by the... block. SCHEMA_TRANS_MEMORYMinimum is 2 MB; can be overallocated to use any remaining... (waiting for local checkpoint to be performed), WRITING_TO_FILE (checkpoint performed but... and mysql_cluster_restore_local_privileges. It should not be invoked directly. Important Applications that... or for an epoch to be started (or ended). • Ndb_api_wait_meta_request_count_session WaitMetaRequestCount... the master. This can be also be accomplished using the SHOW BINLOG... enabling batched updates. This can be accomplished by setting the slave_allow_batching... to each database to be replicated must be executed on each SQL... > slave_current_column_value) apply_update(); This function can be used for “greatest timestamp wins... == "delete") apply_update(); This function can be used for “greatest timestamp, delete... only. Alternatively, a separate row should be updated transactionally with such deletes... applied on the secondary can be tracked by checking the Ndb_conflict_reflected_op_prepare_count... and WRITE_ROW operations; ROW_ALREADY_EXISTS can be reported for WRITE_ROW events. DATA_IN_CONFLICT... corresponding to a table to be replicated must be inserted into mysql.ndb_replication...