Двигательная установка. BE-4. [Редактировать]

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#Новостная лента.
12015-07-07. Ракетный двигатель BE-4, остается наиболее вероятным решением которое будет использоваться на ракете Атлас-5 вместо РД-180.
Blue Origin продолжает опережать Aerojet Rocketdyne в соревновании на создание нового двигателя для РН Атлас 5 и последующей модификации под названием Вулкан.
Основным преимуществом новой компании является то, что она обещает создать двигательную установку на 16 месяцев раньше чем ее конкурент.
При этом, в данном случае победу одерживает та компания которая не вполне удовлетворяет требованиям конгресса который хотел создать керосиновый аналог РД-180, а создает новое решение которое будет работать на природном газе.
Подробнее...Тэги: BE-4РД-180Blue OriginAerojet Rocketdyne
22015-09-13. United Launch Alliance и Blue Origin расширяют свое сотрудничество.
United Launch Alliance (ULA) и Blue Origin подписали соглашение которое расширяет сферу применения ракетных двигателей BE-4. В целом, согласно соглашению, данный двигатель должен будет через три года не только заменить ракетный двигатель РД-180 на первой ступени РН серии Атлас 5, но и использоваться в составе ракеты Вулкан. В совместном пресс-релизе обе компании подтвердили, что новый двигатель будет использовать в качестве топлива жидкий метан. Первый квалификационный запуск ракеты с новым двигателем должен состояться в 2017 году, а первый пуск РН Вулкан в 2019 году.Тэги: United launch alliance, L.L.C.Серия РН Атлас 5BE-4Blue Origin
32015-09-16. Компания Blue Origin объявила о желании построить во Флориде производство средств выведения и стартовый комплекс.
15 сентября Blue Origin объявила, что она построит завод по производству и стартовую площадку для нового ракеты-носителя собственного производства. Первый пуск ракеты обозначен 2020 годом. В связи с этим, основатель компании также обозначил что его изделие будет многоразовым и помимо аппаратов позволять запускать на низкую орбиту экипажи.
Также он отметил, что считает данный проект достаточно перспективным поскольку он будет создаваться не с нуля, а на основе существующей инфраструктуры (стартовый комплекс не эксплуатировался уже более 10 лет). В качестве двигателей для своей ракеты он планирует использовать Be-4 на первой ступени и Be-3 на второй. Первая ступень ракеты будет приземляться вертикально, как и предусматривалось в патенте компании (относительно последнего компания судится со своими конкурентами из SpaceX). В компании также объявили о том, что само производство ракет будет происходить рядом со центром Кеннеди, что позволит компании сэкономить на логистике. В целом компания планирует инвестировать в данный проект до 200 млн. долл.
В целом данные планы находятся в тесной корреляции с существующими рыночными трендами, однако, если большинство из подобных проектов по созданию новых средств выведения реализуется, то к 2020 году на рынке будет наблюдаться переизбыток предложений со стороны коммерческих производителей средств выведения, что не позволит компании найти своего потребителя.Тэги: Blue OriginBE-4
42015-09-17. Aerojet Rocketdyne решила увязать сроки ввода в строй нового ракетного двигателя с размерами финансирования со стороны Пентагона.
15 сентября 2015 года компания Rocketdyne обнародовала данные о том, что разработка нового ракетного двигателя может быть задержана из-за недостаточного финансирования со стороны гос. заказчика.
В связи с этим, в компании отдельно подчеркнули, что если компания не сможет выиграть достаточное количество конкурсов, то сертифицирование к 2019 году двигательной установки AR 1 окажется под вопросом. В тоже самое время компания отказалась комментировать вчерашнее заявление компании Blue Origin относительно разработки ракетного двигателя BE-4 и не собирается давать комментарии относительно своего предложения о покупке за 2 млрд. долл. компании United Launch Alliance.Тэги: AR 1Aerojet RocketdyneBE-4United launch alliance, L.L.C.
52015-10-01. Компания Blue Origin обнародовала данные о ходе тестирования двигателя BE-4.
На фоне возможных закупок новых РД-180 компания Blue Origin обнародовала данные согласно которым компания осуществила уже около 100 тестов новой двигательной установки, которую она хочет использовать как в составе собственной ракеты, так и в составе нового изделия United Launch Alliance. В компании также отметили, не собираются выпрашивать финансовые средства на разработку у ВВС США, а планируют обойтись собственными ресурсами. Также компания не упустила своего шанса раскритиковать конкурентов из Rocketdyne, обвинив последних в технологической отсталости. Тэги: Blue OriginBE-4
62016-03-02. Aerojet Rocketdyne и ULA выиграли контракты от ВВС США.
ВВС США смогут инвестировать до $536 млн. (текущий объем контракта 115 млн. долл.) в разработку двигательной установки AR-1 компании Aerojet Rocketdyne и около $202 млн. (текущий объем контракта 46 млн. долл.) в создание нового поколения ракет-носителей Вулкан. При этом, согласно обнародованным данным новое поколение ракет будет обладать не только новой двигательной установкой на первой ступени (ДУ BE-4), но и обладать криогенной верхней ступенью. Работы по обоим контрактам должны быть завершены не позднее 31 декабря 2019 года. Отличительно особенностью нового предложения от ВВС США является то обстоятельство, что оно подразумевает софинансирование работ вместе с предприятиями-изготовителями в соотношении 2 к 1. Таким образом, лимитная цена на создание альтернативы ракетному двигателю РД-180 может составить около 804 млн. долл. Что составит около 50 процентов от общего объема Федеральной космической программы России (при курсе доллара 80 руб.). Также в рамках нового цикла финансирования ВВС США планирует выделить от 33.6 до 61 млн. долл. компании SpaceX(для продолжения работ над многоразовым метановым двигателем) и от 47 до 180 млн. долл. компании Orbital ATK на разработку ракетных технологий, которые будут использоваться в новой ракете.Тэги: Военно-воздушные силы СШАAR 1BE-4Orbital ATK
72016-03-27. ULA завершила экспертизу проекта создания РН Вулкан.
United Launch Alliance (ULA) успешно завершила предварительный ревью дизайна своего нового семейства ракет. В качестве двигательной установки на новом изделии рассматривалась возможность установки двух ракетных двигателей серии BE-4. В ходе анализа конструкции, по заявлению компании, ей удалось подтвердить возможность успеха нового ракета-носителя как на рынке государственных услуг, так и на рынке коммерческих заказов на пусковые услуги. При этом, полученные показатели были достигнуты при условии 14 запусков в год.Тэги: Серия РН VulcanBE-4United launch alliance, L.L.C.
82016-04-14. Компания Blue Origin не будет производить спутники.
Основатель компании Jeff Bezos подтвердил, что Blue Origin не будет создавать спутники, а сосредоточится на работах в области ракетной тематики и пилотируемых полетов. Также он высказал мнение о том, что именно BE-4 является аналогом РД-180. Относительно ближайших планов компании Jeff Bezos обнародовал информацию о намерении совершить тестовый пилотируемый полет в 2017 году, а первый платный пуск осуществить в 2018 году.Тэги: Blue OriginBE-4РД-180
92016-04-26. Законодатели США решили ограничить возможности ВВС США по нецелевому использованию средств.
Согласно последним инициативам законодателей США они собираются существенно ограничить возможности ВВС США по управлению выделенным на развитие ракетных двигателей средств с целью заставить их сконцентрироваться на создании альтернативы РД-180. В частности они решили запретить военным использовать выделенные на эти цели средства на:
1. Разработку компанией Orbital ATK твердотопливной первой ступени (размер контракта около 317 млн. долл.).
2. Разработку компаниями SpaceX и ULA двигательных установок верхней ступени и т.д.
При этом, законодатели решили проигнорировать заявления компании ULA о том, что им, в принципе, ракетный двигатель AR-1 не является необходимым поскольку они рассчитывают на двигательную установку BE-4. Кроме этого, в очередной раз, законодатели США решили разобраться с тем, как министерство обороны расходует средства на такие проекты как модернизация наземных систем слежения за околоземным пространством и т.п. С этой целью они затребовали у военных дополнительную информацию о составе и структуре мероприятий программ. Тэги: РД-180Военно-воздушные силы СШАAR 1BE-4
102016-06-02. Французский министр по космосу обнародовал свое мнение относительно рынка пусковых услуг.
Французский министр по космосу призвал удвоить усилия ЕС в области космической деятельности, особенно подчеркнув важность создания серий ракет нового поколения (Вега и Ариан 6). Также в своем выступлении он подверг сомнению царящее в Европе мнение относительно существенного отставания европейских производителей от SpaceX. Также он напомнил, что подобные настроения уже царили после первых запусков космической системы Space Shuttle, однако будущее показало что это была тупиковая ветвь развития. Также французы отметили и то, что их новый двигатель Prometheus (прогнозируемая поставочная стоимость 1 млн. евро) значительно дешевле чем криогенный двигатель Be-4, который будет стоить около 10 млн. евро. По своим энергетическим характеристикам 5-7 новых европейских двигателей предоставят первой ступени Ariane 6 большую тягу будет у первой ступени перспективной ракеты Вулкан. Также он подтвердил, что стоимость пуска РН Ариан 6 будет равна половине стоимости пуска РН Ариан 5 ECA. Также как и американская Вулкан новая ракета будет использовать центральный блок на первой ступени, который будет оснащен 2-4 твердотопливными ускорителями. верхняя ступень будет использовать в качестве топлива водород. Также французский министр отметил, что успехи РН Фалькон 9 отчасти могут быть объяснены относительной простотой изделия, что позволило снизить стоимость пуска. Вместе с тем, для европейских изделий характерно, что в стоимости РН двигательные установки составляют около 50 процентов, так что у новой европейской ракеты есть радужные коммерческие перспективы.Тэги: Космическое агентство ФранцииСерия РН Ариан 6BE-4Prometheus
112016-09-26. Компания SpaceX провела испытания двигательной установки Raptor.
Компания SpaceX провела первые испытания двигательной установки Raptor, которая должна будет использования в 2024 году при полете к Марсу. Отличительной особенностью нового изделия является то, что как и Be-4 компании Blue origin, он использует в качестве компонентов метан и кислород. Тэги: RaptorBE-4SpaceX

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Тяга (Земля), килоньютон2400
2Тип топливакислород+СПГ

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... success increases, investment flows should be optimally increasing…The optimal staging... which other satellite companies can be assessed. Table 3: Amount Invested ($ Million... shows how a microgravity environment may be conducive to enhanced protein crystallization... LEO-oriented companies, whether they be miniature satellites or microgravity-enabled... Network notes, “In order to be seriously considered,                                                                                                                         195 Andrew Wong...; Promus Ventures                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               While we cannot be sure if other institutional investors... this information would encourage R&D to be done earlier than otherwise. Specifically... to address innovation challenges will be reduced for future missions? 5.1 Directionality... outlined three challenges that should be considered (a) the issue of directionality... with substantial economic potential can be more efficiently advanced in a microgravity... appropriate portfolio management framework must be developed using ongoing technology and... generic technology (technology platform) can be applied across a number of terrestrial..., the following “policy elements” should be considered in formulating a technology commercialization... technology commercialization promotion pursued must be regularly assessed and their impacts...); i.e., a real-time evaluation mechanism should be implemented (4) Label funded projects using... of the required investment (R&D) must be undertaken years before initial commercialization... a comprehensive technology commercialization strategy can be expected to eventually generate must... R&D investment and commercialization, which can be years. Corporations apply a significant discount...  more  generic  research  stages  may  be  addressed  through  a   collaborative  agreement  between...  more  applied  research  stages  may  be  addressed  with  better   information  about...  expose  a  specific  model   that  can  be  utilized  to  empirically  analyze  the...  in  commercial  drug  costs  would  be  quite  significant.         v   EARLY DRAFT - NASAWATCH...  protein  crystallization.    Better   crystals  can  be  considered  as  part  of  better....  Since  diffraction-­‐quality   crystals  can  be  hard  to  produce,  thousands  of...  on  diffraction  patterns,  proteins  can  be  accurately  modeled  in  three  dimensions...  protein  crystallization  are  said  to  be  virtually  endless.     Pharmaceutical  companies  often...  a  leading  target,  protein  crystallization  can  be  used  further  during  the  drug...  true  and  which  proteins  may  be  exceptions.  According  to  CASIS,                                                                                                                   4  See...  duration:    Length  of  experiment  may  be  a  most  important  issue.   What  might...  crystallization  has  the  potential  to  be  a  strong  piece  of  a   commercial  space...  determine  why  these  proteins  could   be  so  important  to  medicine.    Appendix...  in  microgravity.  This  information  can  be  seen  in  Appendix  II.     3.  Policy...  policy   intervention.    The  stages  can  be  seen  below:     5. Production  of  high....    The  more  generic  stages  may  be  addressed  through  a   collaborative  agreement  between....    The   more  applied  stages  may  be  addressed  with  better  information  about...?   2) Assuming  significant  additionality,  should  there  be  a  collaborative   undertaking  involving  protein  crystallization...  private  sector  –  specifically  pharmaceutical  research  –  be  considered  in   these  calculations?   5) What...   answer  the  second  question  should  be  affirmative.    A  recent  study  of  the...).  Generic  protein  crystals  could  then  be   distributed  (or  sold)  to  pharmaceutical...  Section  3).    All  four  stages  should   be  considered  instead.    The  estimation  can...  explore  a  specific  model  that  can  be  utilized  to   empirically  analyze  the...  reductions.  A  government-­‐subsidized   consortium  may  be  the  best  plan  to  alleviate....  While  pharmaceutical  companies  would  still  be  in  competition,   improving  their  overall...  easing  of  a  consortium  –  must  also  be  measured  to  gauge  private  interest...  bacterial  cellulose.  Bacterial  cellulose  can   be  tailored  to  have  specific  desirable...  fuel  cells,  alcohol  dehydrogenases  can  be  used  to   catalyze  the  breakdown... attachments, contains information that may be confidential, Center Confirmed Public Release...



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... the nonlinear regime will be investigated. Tunability can be provided with a gyroelectric... property, a considerable enhancement factor can be achieved in lossy transition metamaterials... microscopy (NSOM) characterization results will be presented. Improvements to device performance... refractive index dielectrics can be designed to be transparent in the visible...” nanocrystal quantum dots need to be giant? F. García-Santamaría, R. Viswanatha, R. D. Schaller... plasmonic nanostructures, spontaneous emission can be enhanced across the entire spectral... devices. Crystalline vanadium dioxide can be transformed from a relatively transparent insulating... the surrounding will be reexamined. Experimental results will be presented, emphasizing the... nanoparticles whose resonance properties can be substantially improved through annealing. It... individual nanoplasmonic tructures and must be understood. Usual microcavities exploit resonant.... Approximately a monomolecular antibody layer could be covalently immobilized onto current mixed... autofluorescence. Furthermore, nanodiamonds could be targeted selectively to intracellular structures... compared. Novel sorting strategies will be briefly discussed. 4. V. Karasek, O. Brzobohaty and... electric field calculations, which will be discussed. Semiconductor nanowires enable enhanced...-V semiconductor-based photoelectrochemical cells will be presented using current-potential curves...fic applications and examples thereof will be presented. A. J. Ferguson, M. T. Lloyd, D. C. Olson, G. Rumbles... wavelength. These metamaterial structures can be made using standard semiconductor fabrication...-cost metal foil substrates will be presented.* [1] L. Tsakalakos, J. Balch, J. Fronheiser, O. Sulima... with gradient lattices can be expected to be applied in different fields... of organic photovoltaic cells will be discussed. Reference [1] N. M. Kronenberg, M. Deppisch, F. Würthner... the biological recognition elements can be actuated by assembling supramolecular structures... fields. Selected biosensing examples will be critically discussed, along with straightforward... confinement. It can be designed to be strongly resonant, with very.... The recorded grating can be read be the same single recorded beam.... GaInN/InGaN heterostructures can be engineered to be responsive from UV to... ellipsometric analysis results will also be compared to spectrophotometric measurement for... Aerial Vehicle) system should be designed to be lighter and smaller products... the optical interferometry techniques) will be obtained. Consequently the surface resistivity... more accurately. Aspheric surfaces can be measured effectively using standard interferometers... twenty specialized diagnostic subsystems must be automatically stored, analyzed with complex... of the signal to be processed should be known. In order to..., the received video must be deinterlaced to be displayed on PS displays... with a given performance characteristics can be iteratively synthesized. Computer simulation results... alternative pixel-based approach will be made in [5]. References: [1] L.T. Dechevsky, B. Bang... without the changes to be detected may be difficult to obtain... problems by expectation maximization cannot be applied. A maximum likelihood solution computed...-iterative, holographic reconstruction method may be preferable. 7800-25, Session 6 Orientation... performance of present LTP will be presented. · S. G. Alcock, K. J. S. Sawhney, S. M. Scott, Diamond... tomography require projections/sinograms to be smooth functions. In addition, scintillators... modeling and subsequent experiments will be discussed. G. Yang, A. E. Bolotnikov, Brookhaven National... because this structure can be tailored to be completely depleted. In this... OLI requirements. Performance parameters to be discussed include: wavefront, effective focal... 150m. These two bands could be use be separate cloud, snow, dust... more complex semiconductor materials to be combined compared to conventional semiconductor.... Different sensor configurations will be described. S. G. So, E. Jeng, C. Smith, D. Krueger... environmental conditions. Specialized instrumentation will be developed, including primary blackbody sources.... Innovative “smart” compression techniques will be then required, performing different types... orthogonal subspace projection (MOSP) can be further developed where determining a stopping... using entropy coding compression to be appended. A. G. Villafranca, I. Mora, P. Ruiz, Institut... a scene, enabling transient events to be characterized. The shortwave spectral information... the system performance. Results will be shown characterizing system performance degradation... compared to fixed ones will be also be discussed, as well as... traditional imagers. Such a difference can be particularly pronounced in application-speci.... A nucleotide sequence fractal dimension can be calculated from a numerical series consisting.... A nucleotide sequence fractal dimension can be calculated from a numerical series consisting... archaeal viruses would also be expected to be presence in a sustainable archaeal...



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... apply: 0xkk: digits 'kk' should be interpreted as a hexadecimal number active...: ⎢x⎥ ⎥ ⎣ y⎦ x mod y = x − y ⎢ nnD: digits 'nn' should be interpreted as a decimal number normal...(i) 1TR a m,l,p ACP AP2 ASP bBS,j be,do c(x) C/N C/N+I Cbal(m) ′ ( m) Cbal Exclusive OR..., further stream specific optimizations may be performed to reduce signalling overhead... 8 MHz channel). A GSE stream shall be characterized by variable length packets... field, see clause 5.1.7. A GCS shall be characterized by a continuous bit-stream... optional ISSY appended field, shall be transmitted while null-packets (i.e. TS... optional ISSY appended field, may be removed. See figure 3. After transmission... in time (although it may be statically reconfigured). • ISSYI (1 bit), (Input... Field (see clause 5.1.6) shall not be performed. Tim e G eneric C ontinuous S tream... scrambling The complete BBFRAME shall be randomized. The randomization sequence shall... d ( x) = d Nbch − Kbch −1 x Nbch − Kbch −1 + ... + d1 x + d 0 be the remainder. • Construct the output... (L0(q) < Ncells) q = q+1; } The shift P(r) to be applied in FEC block index... the permutation for r =0, 1, 2, 3, etc. would be 0, 8 192, 4 096, 2 048, 10 240... the Interleaving Frame (index n) shall be calculated as follows: ⎧ ⎢ N BLOCKS _ IF... a maximum value NFEC_TI_MAX. NFEC_TI_MAX may be determined from NBLOCKS_IF_MAX (see clause... PLP, NBLOCKS_IF_MAX and NTI shall be chosen such that: NFEC_TI_MAX × NCELLS... cells. This condition will automatically be satisfied because PI and Nsubslices... of Kpost_ex_pad (see clause 5.8.2.2.3.2) may be calculated by adding 32 (the... minimum value of NUM_T2_FRAMES shall be 2. NUM_DATA_SYMBOLS: This 12-bit field..., STATIC_FLAG and STATIC_PADDING_FLAG, shall also be set to 0. RESERVED: This 6-bit... are used, and clause 8.3.7 shall be ignored. AUX_CONFIG_RFU: This 8-bit field... the associated PLP. PLP_PAYLOAD_TYPE shall be signalled according to table 31... the value '0' and TIME_IL_TYPE shall be set to '0'. TIME_IL_LENGTH and TIME_IL_TYPE... the puncturing operation, Npunc shall be as follows: ( ) ⎛ ⎞ 1 − 1⎟ = 11 488 ⎟ R ⎝ eff... L1-post signalling, Npost_FEC_Block shall be determined as follows: ⎡ K post _ ex... of L1_PADDING field, KL1_PADDING shall be calculated as: ⎡ K post _ ex _ pad... used, bit interleaving shall not be applied. Demultiplexing is then performed... defined in clauses 7.3.1.1 and 7.3.1.2 shall be encoded into a 16K (Nldpc=16... the bit group X π S ( N group −1) ( shall be additionally padded. Otherwise, for the... last part of X π S ( N pad ) shall be additionally padded. • Step 4) Finally, Ksig... from step (2) these groups would be those with numbers 7, 3, 6, 5, 2. From step... − 360× N punc _ groups group shall be additionally punctured. ETSI ) parity bits... Order of parity group to be punctured, { π P ( j ) , 0 ≤ j < Qldpc = 36} Modulation and... 1/2 7.3.2.5 Order of parity group to be punctured, { π P ( j ) , 0 ≤ j < Qldpc = 25} πP(0) πP(13) 6 22... - Npunc) LDPC parity bits, shall be bit-interleaved using a block interleaver... bit-interleaved LDPC codeword shall be mapped onto constellations. Each bit... f ′_prem, i = f_prem, i f ′_post m,i = f_post m,i . Let L be the maximum value of the...(m) < 0, Lim(m) = L otherwise Lim(m) = –L. 6. Let Npre(m) be the number of L1-pre... FIRST_FRAME_IDX. FRAME_INTERVAL and FIRST_FRAME_IDX shall be signalled in the L1-post... 6.5.1), and the Interleaving Frame shall be divided into PI(i) slices, each... data. Hence the NBLOCKS_IF (i,n) shall be allocated such that the resulting... ∑ ∑x l =0 m, l , p p =0 The bias balancing cells shall be set to a value Cbal(m): x m, l , p = Cbal... for a particular T2-frame shall be mapped sequentially into a single contiguous... a particular T2-frame shall also be mapped sequentially into a single contiguous... a common or Type 1 PLP, shall be calculated as follows: slice_end = PLP_START..., including coding and modulation, will be defined either in future editions... direction of the peak to be cancelled: u 4) (i ) = x m( i ) + c (i −(i1) ) m y (i ) For each reserved... magnitude of correction α k(i ) that can be applied without causing the reserved... used, the guard intervals shall be inserted following PAPR reduction. 9.8 P1... field (ISSY, 2 or 3 bytes) shall be transmitted according to clause 5.1.8. An... clause C.1.2. NOTE 2: Particular attention should be paid to the frame length... carefully. For example it may be necessary to make PLP_NUM_BLOCKS a multiple... the processing (remultiplexing) that shall be applied for transporting N (N≥2) MPEG-2 TSs... TS source, or may alternatively be generated by centrally-controlled parallel... operations described in clause D.2.4.1 shall be performed when the conditions described... the same time position shall be replaced by null packets. D.2.4.2 Conditions... Type 2 PLP is mapped should be determined as follows. E.2.7.2.3 Allocation of... the mapping described, SUB_SLICE_INTERVAL will be equal to DType 2 N subslices _ total... 2: Both SUB_SLICE_INTERVAL and RF_SHIFT will be integer numbers as a result of... n ≥ 1 : g i ∈ {0,1} , i = 1.....n − 1 and: The CRC calculation may be performed by means of a shift...



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... can a satellite communications interception station be recognised? ................48 Criterion 1: accessibility of... State Security ......................................................................................................76 6. Might there be other global interception systems? ........................... 77... such interference; whereas interference must be proportionate, so that competing interests... of protection can hardly be said to be adequate; whereas it is... (satellite) can a communications surveillance system be used for competitive intelligence-gathering... the implications for individuals should be foreseeable, and to introduce corresponding... communications may, under certain circumstances, be intercepted; insists that this information... privacy against telecommunications surveillance should be held in order to provide... 4, 4.2.5.), satellite communications throughout Europe can be intercepted using receiving stations in..., communications from a mobile phone can be intercepted if the interception station... countryside). - Closed-circuit communications can be intercepted within the USW-radio... characteristics of satellite communications must be regarded as drawbacks: the relatively... using appropriate antennae microwaves can be very effectively focused, allowing cables... which all satellite communications can be intercepted (see Chapter 4, 4.2.5.). It would... for a worldwide interception system to be constructed, subject to three conditions... can a satellite communications interception station be recognised? 5.2.1. Criterion 1: Accessibility of the... essential information beyond what can be gathered from publicly accessible sources.../194 RR\445698EN.doc 6. Might there be other global interception systems? 6.1. Requirements... communications via satellite were to be intercepted. Any other interception system.... This second aspect will therefore be discussed separately. 7.2. Compatibility of an... obvious that intelligence services cannot be allowed to circumvent these requirements... and effective monitoring arrangements must be introduced commensurate with the powers... principle of telecommunications secrecy may be breached for law enforcement purposes... of the monitoring can be said to be high, and far-reaching... intelligence service as a whole should be subject to monitoring by a parliamentary... its monitoring activities. It must be said, however, that comprehensive, monitoring... democratic principles would be desirable. Consideration should also be given to the..., 10.6) the information sought cannot be obtained by intercepting international telecommunications... (satellite) can a communications surveillance system be used for industrial espionage. This...; - when important contracts have to be negotiated locally (construction of facilities... to global political leadership would be drastically undermined. Middle-ranking powers... information. The associated risks cannot be overemphasised. Inadequate network administration Alongside..., a meaningful sequence of letters can be transformed into a meaningless sequence which... present, all possible combinations must be tried systematically. Given the present... fact of their polarisation cannot be established without altering that polarisation..., and under what circumstances, should be advised to employ encryption, a distinction... the entire working environment must be protected, thereby guaranteeing the security... existing forms of cooperation, cannot be avoided. However, the further development... intelligence policy. These advantages may be described as follows. 12.2.2.1. Practical... hand, growing European awareness should be accompanied by greater European responsibility... intelligence capacity should therefore not be seen as weakening transatlantic relations... European Union intelligence capacity should be considered necessary and inevitable. Cooperation... particular the United States, should be maintained and, very possibly, strengthened... European SIGINT activities should automatically be integrated in an independent European... field of intelligence collection must be actively considered. An integrated European... undertake such interference. Interference must be proportionate: thus competing interests need... of protection can hardly be said to be adequate. It is in... (satellite) can a communications surveillance system be used for competitive intelligence-gathering... the implications for individuals should be foreseeable, and to introduce corresponding... implementing comprehensive protection strategies must be established. PE 305.391 EN... security, some Member States will be intercepting communications from institutions, citizens... home country. Should interception measures be required in a foreign RR\445599EN.doc... interests. Interception measures may, therefore, be determined solely with regard to... that an offence may be about to be, or may have been...; each party in Parliament must be represented) 1 legal protection representative PE...; each party in Parliament must be represented) 1 legal protection representative RR\445698EN... proposed that a surveillancetype committee should be established; Nos 1951 and 2270...



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... types of analysis that may be conducted using integrated environmental-economic... scientific coherence. Indicators should therefore be regarded as summary measures that... 2.2.2 Compiling indicators 2.8 Many indicators may be compiled within the SEEA Central... for various topics. Annex 1 (to be developed) provides a more detailed explanation... and ecosystems. There may also be cultural implications when natural resources... they provide is unlikely to be sustainable. Similarly, a development pattern that... population. Environmental efficiency indicators can be disaggregated by institutional sector and... Section 3.3), these indicators can further be decomposed to reflect the extent... contextual information which may commonly be found within the underlying accounts... efficiency between countries must also be interpreted carefully. Differences in industry... activity generated. Such indicators can be calculated at the aggregate, economy... industry. These intensity ratios can be compiled for individual industries and... economic activity. The ratios can be calculated for industries, institutional sectors.... Ideally, consumption-based indicators should be based on multi-regional input... waste generation). 2.50 Decoupling can be either absolute or relative. Absolute... being addressed. 2.52 Decoupling can be measured by efficiency indicators that... is significant, a decoupling factor can be calculated as follows: Decoupling factor... production, value added and can be supplemented with information on employment... classifications additional industry analysis may be completed considering resource use per..., several different household characteristics can be analysed, such as the size... burden. This should however not be interpreted as reflecting environmental impacts... energy for different industries can be estimated. Further, from this information... different frameworks 2.89 Emissions may be accounted for in different frameworks... the definitions and classifications to be used. 2.106 Indicators and aggregates... environmental concerns. Such information may be useful to compare against aspects... a regional level. Accordingly, it may be established whether EGSS activities are... have been specifically modified to be more “environmentally friendly” or “cleaner... economy. These indirect effects can be determined by calculating multipliers derived... Multipliers and multiplier effect may be calculated for different activities of... similar transfers. This information can be combined with information on physical... For environmental taxes there may be particular interest in constructing implicit... cover within a country and can be particularly important in understanding changes... environmental assets will not be able to be readily compared since the... environmental purposes, these indicators should be accompanied with information on forest... measures of environmental assets may be particularly relevant in the assessment... assets and incomes, information may be organised to consider  More comprehensive... Framework. These adjusted aggregates may be compared with non-adjusted aggregates... associated analytical tools can generally be disaggregated at an industry level... (enterprises, governments and households) may be broken down into different types..., headline indicators, dashboards need not be mutually exclusive. Aggregation and the... more significant environmental pressures but be relative small in total quantity... is applied these aggregates can be directly incorporated with standard economic... described in Chapter 2 may often be completed with straightforward consideration of... sections two static applications will be discussed: multipliers (section 3.3.2) and the... demand 3.46 Environmental pressures can be attributed to consumption, gross capital..., and households are assumed to be fully rational utility optimizers functioning... modelling of unemployment that may be differentiated between different types of... data may not all be able to be easily attributed to the... household activity, additional columns may be introduced into the industry section... resources (particularly timber resources) may be particularly relevant with a focus on... for these resources may therefore be of particular relevance although attributing... tourism activity. Another example would be activities around health (e.g. hospitals, pharmaceuticals.... Within this scope aspects to be considered particularly important include: current... complementarity between inputs: output cannot be increased by substituting one input... the Leontief inverse. This can be expressed formally as: mj   [I  A ] 1 D ij... of interest. These coefficients could be energy intensities or employment intensities per industry j. Mathematically, this can be expressed as: f z j  e z i [ I  AD ] ij 1 [2] i f e where... DRAFT Multipliers A.12 Multipliers can be derived by normalizing the multiplier... j. Likewise, average multiplier effects can be calculated by weighting the industry...      c 0    p 0 cp Δ How decomposition works can be explained with the help of... anticipated that additional references will be incorporated in the final document...



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... pointed out? Neither 'because' should be taken seriously. A Technology of Behaviour... creative intervention, these events must be, related, and no intervention is... aggression. The punishment of sexual be­ haviour changes sexual behaviour, and... whose behaviour is to be explained could be very much like the... produce consequences (,operant' behaviour) can be studied by arranging environments in... with its associated practices, must be re-examined when a scientific analysis...­ stances have a plausibility which would be lacking in principles drawn entirel... accessible conditions, and a technology of be­ haviour may therefore become available... through conditioning similar behaviour may be acquired with respect to novel... or destroyed. Tyrants are to be overthrown. ostracized. or assassinated. The... mediate supernatural sanctions is to be challenged. Strikes and boycotts are... contingencies because they tend to be deferred, and applications have therefore....' Genuine positive reinforcement can also be misused because the sheer quantity...­ torium.) Current aversive stimuli may be conditioned. Something of the sort.... Other kinds of be­ haviour to be suppressed may be declared illegal and... recognized that positive inducement can be as irresistible as aversive measures... evidence that a person's behaviour may be attributed to external circumstances seems.... For nought but provender . . . To be excessively controlled by sexual reinforcement... mathematicians, who are therefore admired be­ yond mathematicians who proceed through... concerned with simple escape, presumably be­ cause instruction is not needed...­ centration camps. but what may be called behavioural control - the restraint... punish - for example, he may be aggressive towards physical objects, children... familiar strategies may be noted. Punishable behaviour can be minimized by creating... 'sublimate' other kinds of troublesome be­ haviour. Punishable behaviour can also... changing physiological conditions. Hormones may be used to change sexual behaviour.... Appropriate contingencies can often not be arranged for primitive people, and...­ fully reinforced and unlikely to be suppressed by legal sanctions. Contingencies..., but a person cannot then be said to be free, and the contingencies... permissiveness that positive results must be cred­ ited to unacknowledged controls... plant is trained. Behaviour may be 'cultivated'. The metaphor is particularly... it, we might not be said to be changing a belief, but we... punishment is no longer to be added. A permissive government is a government... by the contingencies may be said to be behaving 'for the good... interchangeably. however. and the distinction be­ tween praising and giving credit... supporting contingencies, which must not be over­ looked. Some relevant facts... 'wrong', and the be­ haviour to be learned may be codified in syllabuses... or spiritual commitment'. What must be changed are the contingencies, whether... generation. More important. a practice can be transmitted through 'diffusion' to other... kind of characteristic order may be demonstrated. The structuralist looks for... suggests, however, that time may be a useful independent variable. As Leslie... of a predetermined fixed sequence but be· cause a preceding condition of the... determined by contingencies that may be changed. Similarly, a culture may develop... with cultural problems : the troublesome be­ haviour is not actualiy described... which must be changed if his be­ haviour is to be changed. Feelings.... A programmed sequence of contingencies may be needed. The technology has been... and where appropriate contingencies can be constructed - for example, in child... future. There is nothing to be done about completely unpredictable difficulties... social con­ tingencies began to be discussed (often satirically). Utopian writers... investigating new possibilities. It might be said that science maximizes accidents... established values. A world that would be liked by contemporary people would... the status quo. It would be liked be­ cause people have been... put it, nature to be commanded must be obeyed. The scientist who... cultural evolution, since practices evolve be­ cause those who practise them... anything is particularly likely to be attacked as unwarranted meddling. Life... contingencies. Some of these may be contingencies of survival. Physical features... com­ munity all behaviour would be unconscious. Consciousness is a social product... demonstrates, constant self­ observation may be a handicap. The accomplished pianist would... of which it can be shown to be a function. The assignment is... have existed and should not be ignored. A person who possesses a 'philosophy... special strains; environmental histories can be controlled, per­ haps from birth... contingencies of reinforcement will perhaps be eventually simulated by machines. but... a creative mind. Mutations will not be random when gene- ' ticists explicitly... evolution. The controlling self must be distinguished from the controlled self... around him, selects features to be perceived, discriminates among them, judges... versions of environmentalism were inadequate be­ cause they could not explain...



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... spectrum in SH Σ (S), M be an X-module, and Y, Y , Z, Z be arbitrary symmetric T -spectra. Our... and a weak equivalence. A map j : A → B will be called a trivial cofibration (respectively trivial.... Proposition 1.1.3 (Retract Argument, [Hov99]). Let A be a model category and f = p ◦ i a factorization of... constructions are functorial. Definition 1.1.9. Let A, B be two model categories. A functor F : A → B is.... /B 1.1. MODEL CATEGORIES 5 Definition 1.1.10. Let (F, G, ϕ) : A → B be a Quillen adjunction. We say that... of A with respect to W will be a category W −1 A together with a functor / W −1 A γ:A having... commutes: A F γ x W −1 A x x x / x; D θ Theorem 1.1.17 (Quillen). Let A be a model category. Then there exists..., I.1 theorem 1]. Theorem 1.1.18 (Quillen). Let (F, G, ϕ) : A → B be a Quillen adjunction. Then the adjunction... under transfinite composition. Definition 1.2.3. Let C be a category closed under small colimits... a pointed one. Theorem 1.2.9 (Hirschhorn). Let A be a cofibrantly generated model category with... construct Bousfield localizations. Definition 1.3.1. Let C be a category closed under small colimits... diagram Ci i∈T β ‘ ‘ eβ i Di / i∈T β hβ i Aβ / Aβ+1 Definition 1.3.2. Let C be a category closed under small colimits... sequence of triples {(T β , eβ , hβ )}β<λ . Definition 1.3.4. Let C be a category closed under small colimits... → Aβ through the map A˜β → Aβ . Proposition 1.3.5. Let C be a category closed under small colimits... factorization h i β hi through A˜β → Aβ Proposition 1.3.6. Let C be a category closed under small colimits... definitions and proposition 1.3.5. Corollary 1.3.7. Let C be a category closed under small colimits... immediately from proposition 1.3.6. Definition 1.3.8. Let C be a category closed under small colimits... I for some cardinal γ. Definition 1.3.9. Let A be a cofibrantly generated model category with... MODEL CATEGORIES 17 Proposition 1.6.5. Let A be a model category with a simplicial structure... following. 18 1. PRELIMINARIES Proposition 1.6.7. Let A be a simplicial model category, and let... a cylinder object for X. Corollary 1.6.9. Let A be a simplicial model category, and consider.... Remark 1.7.6 (cf. [Hov99, remark 4.2.3]). Let ⊗ : A × B → D be a Quillen bifunctor. Then if A is... propositions 1.7.8 and 1.7.9. Definition 1.7.11. Let (F, G, ϕ) : A → B be a Quillen adjunction between two monoidal..., proposition 4.3.1]. Theorem 1.7.15 (Hovey). Let A be a (symmetric) monoidal model category. Then... A → B with σλ = τ . Definition 1.8.2. Let A be a model category and let V be a class of maps... equivalences, then a V-colocal object will be called K-colocal. Proposition 1.8.7 (Hirschhorn). Let... V-colocal equivalences. Proposition 1.9.3 (Hirschhorn). Let A be a model category and V a class of... Bousfield localizations. Proposition 1.9.4 (Hirschhorn). Let A be a model category and V a class of... 3.3.3 in [Hir03]. Proposition 1.9.5 (Hirschhorn). Let A be a model category and V a class of...: Y K : (Sm|S × ∆)op (U, n) / Sets / HomSSets (K × ∆n , Y (U )) Let t be a point in (Sm|S )N is . Denote...(Sm|S )N is (X × ∆nU , Y ) Proposition 2.1.3. Let X, Y, Z be simplicial presheaves on (Sm|S )N is... after applying X X(W ) / X(V ) X(U ) / X(U ×W V ) Theorem 2.1.7 (Jardine). Let X be a simplicial presheaf on (Sm|S )N is...|S × ∆)op (V, n) / Sets / Xn (V ×S U ) Remark 2.1.9. Let φ : U → S be a smooth map of finite type... (φ−1 , φ∗ , ϕ) ∼ = φ−1 φ∗ Y /Y is an isomorphism which can be naturally identified with the identity...(V, X) i∗ / M ap(∪n Vi , X) i=1 Remark 2.1.13. (1) Let X be a simplicial presheaf on (Sm|S )N is.... Definition 2.3.8 (cf. [Jar00, section 2.2]). Let X ∈ M be a simplicial presheaf. We say that... to [Jar00, lemma 2.1]. Remark 2.4.6. Let f : A → B be a map of T -spectra. (1) f is a cofibration... : X n → Y n is a fibration in M∗ . Now let q : X → Y be a trivial fibration in the projective... reader [Jar00, lemma 2.1]. Remark 2.4.9. (1) Let f : A → B be a map of T -spectra. Then f is... ΩA (σ∗n ) : ΩA X → ΩA ΩT X n+1 is a motivic weak equivalence. Let θ n : ΩA X n → ΩT ΩA X n+1 be the adjoint to the bonding...)n+j ) m ,φ Let rU : φ−1 (JX)n+j → RU φ−1 (JX)n+j be a functorial fibrant replacement for φ−1 (JX...+j m βj s+j / HomM (U+ , S t+j ∧ Gs+j ∧ U+ ) ∼ ∧ U+ ) = φ∗ φ−1 (S t+j ∧ Gm ∗ m Now let γ j be the adjoint to β j corresponding to... structure. Proposition 2.4.27 (Jardine). Let f : X → Y be a map of T -spectra. The following...+1 (see definition 2.4.4) Proposition 2.5.3 (Hovey). Let X be a T -spectrum. The following conditions are... sequence: Σn ⊗Σp ×Σq X p ∧ Y q (X ⊗ Y )n = p+q=n Remark 2.6.6. A symmetric T -spectrum X can be identified with a symmetric sequence X equipped... the isomorphism γ. Proposition 2.6.12. Let X, Y, Z be three arbitrary symmetric T -spectra. Then... filtration. Proposition 2.6.13 (Jardine). Let A, B be two arbitrary pointed simplicial presheaves... (X, U Y ): η(s) X ∧ ∆nW / UY Definition 2.6.21. (1) Let Z be a symmetric T -spectrum. We say that...+1 (see definition 2.6.8) Proposition 2.7.3 (Hovey). Let X be a symmetric T -spectrum. The following conditions...



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..., courseware, facilities and POI, must be submitted via e-mail and initiated... following requirements: a.) The waiver must be in memorandum format. b.) Waiver Request..., class name, and date to be conducted. d.) Period of instruction requiring.... Publications provided by ATSC will be forecasted and requisitioned on a timely..., attitudes, and knowledge needed to be become a successful second lieutenant. (1) Candidates.... Dismissal/relief of a candidate must be accomplished IAW Chapter 5 of this..., attitudes and knowledge needed to be become a successful second lieutenant graduate... corrective action. However, consideration must be given to the exercises, repetitions... guest instructors follow these guidelines: a. Be technically and tactically proficient in... example for candidates to emulate. d. Be responsive to candidate questions and..., and support the training conducted. f. Be familiar with the OCS environment... his/her designated representatives must be Proponent Certified in order to... proponent certification process that can be used in certifying Soldiers to... below: All certification documentation must be in the platoon trainer packet... experience. Officers/Warrant Officers must be a graduate of BOLC B or Warrant... official. The certification official will be TAITC/BFITC/ABIC qualified and.... (See Annex F for sample memorandum.) (9) Be a graduate of the Platoon Trainer... and certification requirements listed below: (1) Be a graduate of ABIC, TAITC, or... experience. Officers/Warrant Officers must be a graduate of BOLC B or Warrant... officer candidates. Waiver requests can be submitted by companies and routed... official. The certification official will be ABIC/TAITC/BFITC qualified and... to actual instructional period or be evaluated during the first instructional... trainer semi-annual evaluations may be either an instructor evaluation and... consolidated training must also be proponent certified, and be of equal rank... boundaries. Student academic records will be maintained IAW TRADOC Reg 350... disenrolled for disciplinary reasons may be flagged. Soldiers disenrolled for misconduct may be barred from reenlistment in accordance... receive subpar leadership evaluations must be considered for relief or recycle... receive subpar leadership evaluations must be considered for relief or recycle.... e. Resignation. Officer candidates will not be given the opportunity to resign... the battalion commander. Appeals will be submitted to the school commandant or commander. (1) Appeals will be forwarded to the school commandant.... USAIS designed ARNG OCS to be a hard-hitting leadership development course..., administrative preparation, and is to be conducted in a nonstressful environment. The... at a consolidated site. Day 1 will be devoted to reporting and inprocessing.../modules identified as programmed must be formally taught and tested. Candidates... tasks. Refresher training must not be confused with remediation. 6-4. Instructional Media... graduates, reusable reference materials should be recovered for reissue to a subsequent...’s leadership potential must be included. This memorandum must be specific to the... ranges and training areas must be accomplished IAW local policies/procedures... areas. j. Dining Facility. Provisions must be made to ensure the candidates... individual after-hours study must be available. n. Computer Lab/Media Center.../battalion training schedule and cannot be scheduled during other POI required training. b. Remediation can be accomplished in a variety of ways... the three. Remediation must not be scheduled during other scheduled academics.... e. All retraining and remediation must be documented on an approved training... obstacles on a confidence course may be high or demanding, possibly causing... forms. 9-3. Leadership Counseling. Candidates must be counseled on their performance at...’s leadership potential must be included. This memorandum must be specific to the..., those four percentages will then be multiplied by their specific percentage.... b. Phase I. The following events must be successfully completed prior to the... Leadership Exercise II – A candidate will be evaluated on leadership during FLX... the candidate. Outdated publications should be destroyed. It is the responsibility.... (2) Eventually, all OCS courseware will be digitized. Until then, the Office... all instances, student handouts must be reproduced in sufficient quantity to... course. (4) Awareness training TSPs must be locally reproduced and distributed to... needed. (5) Refresher training TSPs must be reproduced and issued by assignment... TSPs are recoverable and can be reissued to a subsequent class. (6) Specific... SYSTEM (JPAS). * SECRET CLEARANCE WILL BE REQUIRED FOR COMMISSIONING. ______MORAL/ CIVIL... Competencies. Each evaluated competency must be complemented by at least one... below: All certification documentation must be in the Platoon Trainer / Instructor... of 3 written examinations will automatically be placed on ACADEMIC PROBATION. The Candidate will be counseled on a DA 4856 explaining...



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... unit. o Startup and service must be performed by a Factory Trained Service... Drain Pans 8 Safety Attention should be paid to the following statements.... More than one disconnect may be provided.  When servicing controls, label... Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) be worn, should be followed. 10 All field installed wiring must be completed by qualified personnel. Field... protection and overload protection may be a function of the Variable Frequency... wrong direction. Compressor rotation must be checked using suction and discharge gauges. Fan motor rotation should be checked for proper operation. Alterations... hour. 1. Startup and service must be performed by a Factory Trained Service... factory. Startup and service must be performed by a Factory Trained Service... life. Startup and service must be performed by a Factory Trained Service... CSA B52. All appliances must be electrically grounded in accordance with... recovery, recycling, or reclaiming must be followed. WARNING transit. If damage... compressor crankcase heaters, which should be energized at least 24 hours... lubrication. The compressor life will be seriously shorted by reduced lubrication... supply fan areas. Airflow should be adjusted after installation to obtain... CAUTION All roofing work should be performed by competent roofing contractors.... All mounting details listed must be followed to achieve seismic certification.... Fresh air intake adjustments should be made according to building ventilation... code requirements. The unit must be electrically grounded in accordance with... 575V. The transformer configuration must be checked by a qualified technician prior... exceeded. Motor overload protection may be a function of the variable frequency... condenser fan motors should all be checked by a qualified service technician... after factory testing. Rotation should be checked by a qualified service technician.... Variable speed compressors should not be operated outside the factory determined... verified. All external devices must be powered via a separate external power....5” w.c. for propane. CAUTION Heater should be disconnected from the gas supply... overpressure protection device (OPD) must be installed if gas supply pressure... heat exchanger condensate drain can be tied into the evaporator condensate... installing contractor. All connections should be checked for leaks annually after... or outside the building should be insulated. Water Piping Installing contractor..., permanent thermometers and gauges may be required. Before connection to the... installed water treatment program must be compatible with stainless steel, copper.... CAUTION Each heat exchanger may be equipped with a refrigerant pressure relief... drainage. CAUTION Unit should not be operated without a p-trap. Failure to... CAUTION All condensate drains must be trapped individually before they are... heating and preheating coils can be factory installed. All valve controls... setpoint, measured outside temperature must be less to enable preheat. 2. WKGset... terminals are not required to be connected. WARNING Improper installation, adjustment... is important that periodic maintenance be performed to help assure trouble.... Outdoor air intake adjustments should be made according to building ventilation.... Professional air balance specialists should be employed to establish actual operating... controls and electrical accessories may be provided with the equipment. Identify... the energy recovery wheel will be a function of operating schedule, climate... recommended that the following considerations be addressed: This amount of racking... than 1/4 inch (dimension C), racking must be corrected to ensure that drive... and energy transfer segments must be accessible for service and maintenance... design requires that adequate clearance be provided outside the enclosure. Where... recovery, recycling or reclaiming must be followed. Fines and/or incarceration... charge. After charging, unit should be operated in reheat (dehumidification) correct...°F CAUTION Thermal expansion valve must be adjusted to approximately 8-15°F of.... 86 Operation Unit operations should be controlled with thermostat, or unit... recommended that the temperature setting be raised about 5°F while unoccupied during... installing contractor. All connections should be checked for leaks annually after... installing contractor. All connections should be checked for leaks annually after... must be replaced connectors cannot be reused, only new connectors must be used... difficult. Surface loaded fibers must be completely removed prior to using... the substrate. Sufficient product must be applied uniformly across the substrate... more often. Proper procedure should be followed at every cleaning interval... like any component they must be treated correctly. This includes cleaning... applications will require that bearings be relubricated periodically. The schedule will... severe atmospheric conditions. Bearings should be re-lubricated when at normal... Brownout Protection Voltage monitor should be wired according to unit specific... strongly recommended that filter media be replaced monthly. Filters are located...



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... revisions and supplements thereto, must be used. Recommended viscosity for temperature... IS CONSIDERED ABNORMAL AND SHOULD BE INSPECTED BY QUALIFIED MAINTENANCE PERSONNEL... Service Instruction No. 1014, must be used. Propeller Manufacturer: McCauley Propeller...) identifies the equipment required to be operational for airplane airworthiness in.... RNAV/GPS instrument approaches must be accomplished in accordance with approved... situational awareness. Navigation is to be conducted using only current charts... required for this procedure must be installed and operational. 3. For procedures... practiced. Enroute weather emergencies can be minimized or eliminated by careful... attitude. 15. Missed approaches should be avoided whenever possible because of... a specific emergency. This information should be reviewed in detail prior to... checklist. If the engine cannot be restarted, a forced landing without power must be completed. 3-26 U.S. T206HPHBUS-00 CESSNA... encounter with these conditions can be resolved using the checklist procedures..., the following recovery procedure should be used: 1. RETARD THROTTLE TO IDLE... manifold pressure indicator and can be controlled by a throttle reduction. If... electrical power supply system can be detected through regular monitoring of... an electrical emergency and should be dealt with immediately. Electrical power... position. Unnecessary electrical equipment should be de-energized and the flight...) operation. Main battery life should be extended, when practical, for possible... associated with optional systems can be found in Section 9, Supplements. AIRSPEEDS... during walkaround inspection. Airplane should be parked in a normal ground attitude.... ALL EVIDENCE OF CONTAMINATION MUST BE REMOVED BEFORE FURTHER FLIGHT. 5. Fuel.... ALL EVIDENCE OF CONTAMINATION MUST BE REMOVED BEFORE FURTHER FLIGHT. 3. Engine.... ALL EVIDENCE OF CONTAMINATION MUST BE REMOVED BEFORE FURTHER FLIGHT. 5. Main... taxiing airplanes, special attention should be paid to control surface stops... with turbocharged engines should not be started if indicated lubricating oil... setting. This manifold pressure should be recovered by increasing the throttle... power settings. Certain considerations must be made when using a T.I.T. indicator. Operations... procedures, the sections below should be reviewed, and where applicable, adhered... WEATHER OPERATIONS Special consideration should be given to the operation of... average piloting techniques. It should be noted that performance information presented... takeoff distance chart, Figure 5-6, should be consulted, keeping in mind that... field technique. Conservative distances can be established by reading the chart...) CRUISE The cruising altitude should be selected based on a consideration of... setting selection for cruise must be determined based on several considerations... requirement for the flight may be estimated using the performance information... Basic Empty Weight and C.G. can be determined by completing Figure 6-1 (Sheet... inch of belt should be able to be pulled out of the... slightly, and the landing should be planned accordingly. • A flap interrupt switch... occur, a control surface lock should be installed over the vertical stabilizer... ram induction air pressure will be magnified proportionally by the compression... aspirated airplane, fuel vaporization may be encountered. When fuel flow variations... weather. Normally, momentary use will be sufficient for vapor suppression; however... ON position. CAUTION B O T H B U S 1 A N D B U S 2 AV I O N I C S S W I T C H E S SHOULD BE TURNED OFF TO PREVENT ANY... the electrical system that must be corrected by a qualified maintenance technician... Underwriters Laboratories. The extinguisher should be checked prior to each flight... continuous use. Fire extinguishers should be recharged by a qualified fire extinguisher... periodic services. The airplane should be regularly inspected and maintained in... U.S., appropriate Cessna Owner Advisories will be mailed to you automatically according..., if applicable). 4. Equipment List. To be made available upon request: 1. Airplane... inspection requirements, an airplane may be inspected in accordance with a Progressive... on preventive maintenance that may be performed by pilots. A Maintenance Manual... followed. A Cessna Service Station should be contacted for further information or for required maintenance which must be accomplished by appropriately licensed personnel... repairs to the airplane must be accomplished by licensed personnel, utilizing.... Appropriate engine preservation procedures must be practiced by the owner or... checked during a preflight inspection should be given special attention. Hoses, metal... tank sumps. The concentration can be checked using a differential refractometer. It... manual for the differential refractometer be followed explicitly when checking the... against corrosion, the airplane should be waxed regularly with a good automotive.... The frequency selector knobs may be turned either clockwise or counterclockwise... specify that Operational Eligibility information be included in the airplane POH...