Спутник связи. Horizons 2. [Редактировать]

Дополнительные наименования

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Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Страна оператор(владелец) - Япония
3Тип оператора(владельца) - коммерческий
4Тип орбиты - ГСО
5Страна производитель - США
6Все спутники связи

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12015-11-25. Intelsat переместила космический аппарат Horizons 2 на новую орбитальную позицию.
19 ноября компания Intelsat обнародовала планы по переводу космического аппарата Horizons 2 в новый слот и запуск новой платформы для предоставления услуг прямого телевещания для Тайланда. Согласно сообщению перемещение космического аппарата позволит компании увеличить свою долю рынке с объемом потенциальных абонентов более чем 67 млн. чел. В качестве провайдера услуг будет выступать компания Next Step которая выкупила Ku емкость на данном спутнике и за последние несколько лет демонстрировала уверенный рост абонентской базы в размере около 2.5 млн. пользователей в год. Ранее космический аппарат Horizons 2 работал на территории Северной Америки, а затем был перемещен для обслуживания российского рынка.Тэги: IntelsatHorizons 2
22017-03-15. «Орион» обеспечил технический запуск нового телеканала Viacom в России.
Федеральный спутниковый оператор «Орион» сообщил о том, что один из крупнейших международных медиахолдингов Viacom International Media Networks ( VIMN ) расширяют сотрудничество. В 2017 году «Орион» выступил техническим партнером запуска телеканала Spike на российском рынке. Абонентам спутникового телевидения «Телекарта» новинка станет доступна с 15 марта.
Группа компаний «Орион» осуществляет техническое обслуживание телеканала, доставку сигнала до кабельных операторов, а также его трансляцию в пакете «Безлимитный» абонентам спутникового телевидения «Телекарта». По условиям сотрудничества, Spike размещен на спутниковой медиаплатформе оператора. Трансляция осуществляется со спутников Horizons 2 и Экспресс-АМ5, что позволяет обеспечить доступ к новому телеканалу абонентам на всей территории России и стран СНГ.
Подробнее...Тэги: Орион ЭкспрессЭкспресс АМ5Horizons 2

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг2304
2Масса (сухая), кг1018
3Платформа 1xGEOStar-2 Bus
4Количество (Ku-стволов), шт.20
5Мощность, Вт5200

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град0.0
2Апогей, км35809.1
3Перигей, км35779.3
4Период, минут1436.1
5САС, год15
6Длинный диаметр эллипса, км42165

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2007-063B

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Оператор Intelsat
2Оператор JSAT Corporation
3Оператор SKY Perfect JSAT Corporation
4Оператор Intelsat
5Производитель Orbital ATK
6Производитель Orbital ATK

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2007-12-21 at 21:41:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xRascom-QAF 1
3Полезная нагрузка 1xHorizons 2
4Ракета-носитель 1xАриан 5GS

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... systems. 22 IV&V SERVICE: New Horizons Pluto-Kuiper Belt (PKB) IV... as described in the New Horizons Critical Functions List (CFL) Report... and its escape rate. New Horizons spacecraft is on the doorstep... fastest spacecraft ever launched, New Horizons will make its closest pass.... Jupiter's gravity will accelerate New Horizons away from the sun by.... For further information about New Horizons, visit http://solarsystem.jpl.nasa...=Pluto&MCode=PKB OUTREACH: New Horizons Educator Workshops The NASA IV... Center hosted a number of New Horizons mission workshops for West Virginia... scientific expectations of the New Horizons mission, and how to relate...



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... learn more. New Horizons Buildings 7/10/15 New Horizons studies worlds at... of the solar system, New Horizons is a historic mission of exploration... more, come to the New Horizons exhibit. Cassini Buildings 7/10/15...



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... international organizations broaden the contractors' horizons by having diverse experiences. Table... different specifications will expand their horizons and therefore their ability will... the more they broaden their horizons by having different experiences and...



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... Hamelin 75116 PARIS – France FUTURE HORIZONS 44 Bethel Road Sevenoaks, Kent... Intentionally Left Blank) DECISION/Future Horizons 2/140 th SMART 2010/062... Manufacturing Infrastructures ......... 55 DECISION/Future Horizons 3/140 th SMART 2010/062... In Europe .......................................................................................... 97 DECISION/Future Horizons 4/140 th SMART 2010/062... On Scenarios ........................................................................................ 126 DECISION/Future Horizons 5/140 th SMART 2010/062... 2) Impact Assessment ........................................................ 121   DECISION/Future Horizons 6/140 th SMART 2010/062... Of Impact) .................................... 125   DECISION/Future Horizons 7/140 th SMART 2010/062... DECISION in partnership with Future Horizons. It has been conducted from... following study team: DECISION: Future Horizons: - - Malcolm Penn: Chief Executive Officer... Intentionally Left Blank) DECISION/Future Horizons 12/140 th SMART 2010... DECISION in partnership with Future Horizons to undertake a study on the... Task Flow Source: DECISION/Future Horizons The questions used during the... findings and scenarios). DECISION/Future Horizons 14/140 th SMART 2010... has been derived from Future Horizons’ and DECISION’s interviews with members.... Figure 2 – Project Interviews DECISION/Future Horizons 15/140 th SMART 2010... Intentionally Left Blank) DECISION/Future Horizons 16/140 th SMART 2010...’s 450mm transition reality. DECISION/Future Horizons 18/140 th SMART 2010... etched. Numerous techniques DECISION/Future Horizons 19/140 th SMART 2010... their current supplier(s). DECISION/Future Horizons 24/140 th SMART 2010... 300mm fabbed counterparts. DECISION/Future Horizons 29/140 th SMART 2010... Toshiba UMC Source: Future Horizons DECISION/Future Horizons 33/140 th SMART... volume Summary & Conclusions (c) 2011 - Future Horizons 450mm Roadmap & Roll Out-V02... Intentionally Left Blank) DECISION/Future Horizons 38/140 th SMART 2010... multiple patterning techniques. DECISION/Future Horizons 45/140 th SMART 2010... and environment issues. DECISION/Future Horizons 48/140 th SMART 2010... some considerable size. DECISION/Future Horizons 53/140 th SMART 2010... regarding Samsung’s position. DECISION/Future Horizons 54/140 th SMART 2010... and software development. DECISION/Future Horizons 57/140 th SMART 2010... Intentionally Left Blank) DECISION/Future Horizons 60/140 th SMART 2010... a significant commercial advantage. DECISION/Future Horizons 61/140 th SMART 2010.../volume deposition chambers DECISION/Future Horizons 62/140 th SMART 2010... Intentionally Left Blank) DECISION/Future Horizons 66/140 th SMART 2010...-patterning etc. However, DECISION/Future Horizons 69/140 th SMART 2010... Value) Source: Company Reports/Future Horizons (2010) 12.3. Manufacturing Crucial For...: CATRENE White Book, DECISION, Future Horizons, Malier Report (2010) Some of... execution, not a reprieve. DECISION/Future Horizons 77/140 th SMART 2010... Intentionally Left Blank) DECISION/Future Horizons 78/140 th SMART 2010..., 2008 & 2010 Source: WSTS/Future Horizons (February 2011) By comparison, Japan... of integrating industries. DECISION/Future Horizons 81/140 th SMART 2010... existing manufacturing systems DECISION/Future Horizons 85/140 th SMART 2010... Intentionally Left Blank) DECISION/Future Horizons 86/140 th SMART 2010... Cost Trends Source: Future Horizons DECISION/Future Horizons 87/140 th SMART...’s 450mm strategic vision. DECISION/Future Horizons 91/140 th SMART 2010... Intentionally Left Blank) DECISION/Future Horizons 92/140 th SMART 2010... and technology clustering. DECISION/Future Horizons 95/140 th SMART 2010... R&D SWOT Source: Future Horizons/DECISION DECISION/Future Horizons 99/140 th SMART... of budgetary restrictions DECISION/Future Horizons 106/140 th SMART 2010... of industrial activities: DECISION/Future Horizons 107/140 th SMART 2010... statements confirming that DECISION/Future Horizons 109/140 th SMART 2010... not currently available. DECISION/Future Horizons 110/140 th SMART 2010... equipment & material suppliers. DECISION/Future Horizons 113/140 th SMART 2010... Expenditure Operation Expenditure DECISION/Future Horizons 115/140 th SMART 2010.../dollar conversion = 1.32 DECISION/Future Horizons 116/140 th SMART 2010... 3 (Option 1) Impact Assessment DECISION/Future Horizons 120/140 th SMART 2010... 3) Impact Assessment – Eurofab450 DECISION/Future Horizons 122/140 th SMART 2010... IC production activities DECISION/Future Horizons 124/140 th SMART 2010... and cooperative development. DECISION/Future Horizons 127/140 th SMART 2010... identical transistor design) DECISION/Future Horizons 130/140 th SMART 2010... Intentionally Left Blank DECISION/Future Horizons 132/140 th SMART 2010... the strictest confidence. DECISION/Future Horizons 134/140 th SMART 2010... size substrate handling? DECISION/Future Horizons 136/140 th SMART 2010... on Equipment & Material DECISION/Future Horizons 137/140 th SMART 2010... Intentionally Left Blank DECISION/Future Horizons 139/140 DECISION 17 rue... Hamelin 75116 PARIS – France FUTURE HORIZONS 44 Bethel Road Sevenoaks, Kent...



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... ReadingHorizons IN ELEMENTARY SETTINGS Reading Horizons helps beginning and struggling readers... Overview of the Reading Horizons Approach Reading Horizons is a program designed to.... Reading Horizons Discovery™ was created to teach the Reading Horizons method to students in kindergarten to third grade. Reading Horizons.... Both the Reading Horizons Discovery and Reading Horizons Elevate programs correlate with... Effectiveness of the Reading Horizons Approach Reading Horizons recognizes the importance of... Horizons implementation on the reading outcomes of elementary students. Resources Reading Horizons direct instruction materials, Reading Horizons interactive software, teachers trained in the Reading Horizons method, and... method. Resources Reading Horizons direct instruction materials, Reading Horizons interactive software, teachers trained in the Reading Horizons method, support... Outcomes Students who received Reading Horizons instruction displayed continuous improvement over... Horizons instruction in early elementary grades (Visual 1): • Nearly 75% of Reading Horizons... use Reading Horizons. • 27% more students who used Reading Horizons met or... use Reading Horizons. After five years of including Reading Horizons instruction in... use Reading Horizons. • Nearly 35% more students who used Reading Horizons met... test INSTRUCTED IN READING HORIZONS NOT USING READING HORIZONS STUDENTS AT THE... in in the Reading Reading Horizons Percent Horizonsintensive intensivephonics phonicsmethod method... INSTRUCTEDIN INREADING READINGHORIZONS HORIZONS INSTRUCTED NOT NOTUSING USINGREADING READINGHORIZONS HORIZONS STUDENTS ATTHE...% INSTRUCTION15% *READING HORIZONS BEGAN IN GRADE 2 25% REDUCTION *READING HORIZONS INSTRUCTION BEGAN... Horizons instruction. Additionally, more than 90% of students who received Reading Horizons... who was average. Resources Reading Horizons direct instruction materials. Implementation Outcomes... were also not receiving Reading Horizons instruction. ASSESSMENT TOOLS Standard Achievement... Horizons as compared to the progress they made prior to Reading Horizons...) NUMBER OF STUDENTS 5 students READING HORIZONS MATERIALS Direct instruction and interactive... Reading Horizons instruction were reported. Resources Reading Horizons direct instruction materials, Reading Horizons interactive software, a teacher trained in the Reading Horizons method, and... Horizons as compared to the progress they made prior to Reading Horizons... Reading Horizons: gained 4 levels in three school years [A(1) to E(8)]. • With Reading Horizons... Horizons: gained 4 levels in 1.5 school years [non-reader(0) to D(6)]. • With Reading Horizons... STUDENTS BEFORE AND AFTER READING HORIZONS INSTRUCTION Student 2 - grade 3 Student 3 - grade... and after Reading Horizons Instruction BEFORE AND AFTER READING HORIZONS INSTRUCTION -- Grade... and after Reading Horizons Instruction BEFORE AND AFTER READING HORIZONS INSTRUCTION -- Grade... and after Reading Horizons instruction AND AFTER READING HORIZONS INSTRUCTION KEY: AT... after Reading Horizons DIBELS SCORES BEFORE AND AFTER READING HORIZONS Instruction - 4th... after Reading Horizons instruction DIBELS SCORES BEFORE AND AFTER READING HORIZONS 3rd... Study A and Study B). Resources Reading Horizons direct instruction materials and interactive... after Reading Horizons instruction to assess the impact of Reading Horizons instruction... a first grade level after Reading Horizons instruction (Visual 2). VISUAL 1 QUALITATIVE READING... Horizons was a primary program element in Webster schools. Resources Reading Horizons direct instruction materials, Reading Horizons interactive software, teachers trained in the Reading Horizons program, a district-wide commitment to implementation of Reading Horizons. Implementation The Reading Horizons program was implemented... LEVEL BEFORE AND AFTER READING HORIZONS INSTRUCTION | ASSESSMENT: GATES-MACGINTIE PERCENTAGE..., more students who received Reading Horizons instruction moved from G R A D E benchmark 1 : G R A D CHART... gains 34 WITH READING HORIZONS NO READING HORIZONS PERCENTAGE OF STUDENTS 100... Horizons instruction than of the group who did not receive Reading Horizons... MADE GAINS WITH READING HORIZONS NO READING HORIZONS AVERAGE GAINS [RANGE] % STUDENTS... who did not receive Reading Horizons instruction (Visuals 4–6). VISUALTITLE 4 CHART PERCENTAGE... Reading Horizons interactive software with second grade struggling readers. Resources Reading Horizons... AFTER IUSE SOFTWARE N T OF E R READING A C T I V E HORIZONS S O F T W AINTERACTIVE RE ( G(SECOND R A D E 2GRADE T A R TARGET..., J. (2014). The implementation of “Reading Horizons Discovery” interactive software with struggling...



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... Laboratory Policy/Program Management New Horizons Nuclear Safety Mission Management Spacecraft... Belt? The Science of New Horizons ............................... 7 NASA’s New Frontiers Program ........................................................................................14... ....................................................................20 Mission Overview ..................................................................................................................25 New Horizons Nuclear Safety............................................................................................35 Program/Project....nasa.gov. New Horizons on the Web New Horizons information – including an....gov/newhorizons. Various downloadable New Horizons presentations and pictures can be... HORIZONS Why Pluto and the Kuiper Belt? The Science of New Horizons... and the Kuiper Belt 9 NEW HORIZONS Furthermore, Pluto’s surface temperature varies.../radiometer and a dust sensor – New Horizons expects to exceed these requirements... Belt 11 NEW HORIZONS During closest approach, New Horizons’ imagers will map...fic community and the public. New Horizons will provide invaluable insights into... the Kuiper Belt NEW HORIZONS The New Horizons Science Team Principal Investigator... polar magnetosphere. Historic Selection New Horizons was proposed to AO-OSS... around the world – the New Horizons spacecraft is a robust, lightweight observatory...’s coldest, darkest frontiers. The New Horizons science payload was developed under... – a single radioisotope thermoelectric generator – New Horizons needs less power than a pair... Kuiper Belt NEW HORIZONS A first-generation version of New Horizons’ Alice (smaller... called Alice in the New Horizons remote-sensing package – a reference familiar... Horizons telecommunications system. Because the telecom system is redundant within New Horizons... Objects during New Horizons’ long journey. Officially a New Horizons Education and Public... of dust particles along New Horizons’ entire trajectory and produce information... Systems and Components Structure New Horizons’ primary structure includes an aluminum.... New Horizons carries a redundant IEM as a backup. Thermal Control New Horizons is... Fahrenheit) throughout the journey. New Horizons’ sophisticated, automated heating system monitors... mission. Guidance and Control New Horizons must be oriented in a particular... determination – knowing which direction New Horizons is facing – is performed using... thrusters. Riding Along The New Horizons spacecraft carries a compact disc containing... a second. If data shows New Horizons is outside a predetermined position, small... that guide New Horizons toward its targets. New Horizons will spin – typically... instrument-system checkouts. Communications New Horizons’ X-band communications system is the... antenna structure itself. Power New Horizons’ electrical power comes from a single... plutonium dioxide fuel. The New Horizons RTG, provided by the U.S. Department... Spacecraft Block Diagram NEW HORIZONS Mission Overview New Horizons will help us... fastest spacecraft ever launched. New Horizons will reach lunar orbit distance... Load Reactor New Horizons/Atlas V Expanded View New Horizons Spacecraft/ Star 48B... NEW HORIZONS Jupiter Gravity Assist Launching before Feb. 3, 2006, allows New Horizons... Trajectory (not to scale) �������� �������� �� ������� ������ ���������� �������������� New Horizons will fly just outside of the.... From this closer-range, New Horizons will perform a ����� number of Jupiter... a jetliner throughout its journey, New Horizons will be the fastest spacecraft... 5 billion kilometers (3 billion miles), New Horizons must thread a celestial needle and... to guide New Horizons along the way. As New Horizons gets closer... the Kuiper Belt ���������� ������������ ����� NEW HORIZONS surface. New Horizons will also sample material... precisely pre-programmed in New Horizons’ redundant flight computers. In fact... desirable targets within New Horizons’ range. As New Horizons travels in space... farthest operating range of New Horizons’ antennas. Navigators will use pictures... propellant. At any KBO, New Horizons would follow a science timeline similar... the Kuiper Belt NEW HORIZONS Mission Operations New Horizons mission operations are... with the New Horizons Mission Operations Center. New Horizons Mission Trajectory Launch... 33 NEW HORIZONS Education and Public Outreach The New Horizons education and... learning materials – based on New Horizons science and engineering goals, and... Kuiper Belt NEW HORIZONS New Horizons Nuclear Safety The New Horizons spacecraft derives... electrical power for the New Horizons mission. Radiation Hazards of Plutonium...), Boulder Colo., leads the New Horizons mission as principal investigator. The... New Horizons program executive and Dr. Denis Bogan is the New Horizons... New Horizons project manager and Dr. Harold Weaver is New Horizons project... Institute, San Antonio. The New Horizons science team includes co-investigators.../APL) Jim Burch (SwRI) New Horizons Project Organization Administrative Support Kerri...



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... Formation section including eleven sampling horizons (indicated by yellow pins). ......................................................... 14... sampling horizons 8-11. ... 31 Figure 17. Cluster Analysis for sampling horizons 1-11... showing the relationship of all horizons based on two axes. ........................................................ 32... 19. Alpha diversity of sampling horizons 1-11. .................................................... 34 Figure 20. Mean... was present in all sampling horizons. .......................................... 35 Figure 22. Comparison of... in sampling horizons 1-7 and relative abundance of individuals in sampling horizons 8-11... the individuals in sampling horizons 1-7 and sampling horizons 8-11, displaying various life... the individuals in sampling horizons 1-7 and sampling horizons 8-11, displaying various salinity... of the lower horizons (red) and the upper horizons (green). Modified from... Formation section including eleven sampling horizons (indicated by yellow pins). colleagues..., with some horizons exceeding this count. For sampling horizons exceeding 50 counts... sampling horizons 1-6 were located (lateral to the measured section). Some sampling horizons were vertically clustered together, such as sampling horizons 1, 2, and... horizons 4 and 5; sampling horizon 6 was located farther away from the clustered horizons. The stratigraphic positions of these sampling horizons were projected... invertebrate fossils found within these horizons include gastropods, bivalves, corals, crinoids.... 9). This facies contained sampling horizons 911, with sampling horizons 9 and 10 sampled... horizons 1-6 were located within the first measured stratigraphic column and sampling horizons 9-11 were located within the second stratigraphic column; sampling horizons... lower 6 horizons and horizon 8 was grouped with the upper 3 horizons due to similarities in lithology and taxonomic composition. Sampling horizons 1-7 resided..., hyoliths, corals, and polyplacophora. Sampling horizons 8-11 resided in a wavy, laminated... of sampling horizons. Sampling horizons 1-7 were grouped together and sampling horizons 8-11 were... horizons and horizons 2 and 7 are very similar in taxa. Sampling horizons 8 and 9 and horizons... between sampling horizons 1-7 and sampling horizons 8-11 (Fig. 18). Sampling horizons 1-7 grouped closely together based on both axes; however, sampling horizons... the eleven sampling horizons. Alpha diversity for sampling horizons 8-11 remained consistent... in sampling horizons 1-7 and relative abundance of individuals in sampling horizons 8-11... noticeable trends throughout the sampling horizons 1-7. Sampling horizons 8-11 represented a different community... 4.3.2 Ecological Analysis The lower sampling horizons showed a numerical dominance in sessile... sampling horizons were more diverse than those in the upper sampling horizons, with a small percentage of detrital feeders (sampling horizons 1, 2, 3, 5, and... horizons were also compared. Stenohaline organisms dominated both sampling horizons 1-7 and sampling horizons... euryhaline organisms present in sampling horizons 1-7 at 37%, whereas euryhaline organisms... the individuals in sampling horizons 1-7 and sampling horizons 8-11, displaying various life... the individuals in sampling horizons 1-7 and sampling horizons 8-11, displaying various salinity... of the lower horizons (red) and the upper horizons (green). Modified from... sampling horizons. All cluster analyses performed grouped sampling horizons 1-7 and sampling horizons 8-11... horizons” (8-11) were dissimilar in taxa compared to the “lower sampling horizons... upper and lower sampling horizons. The lower horizons were clustered closely together... in the lower horizons compared to the upper horizons was statistically significant... sampling horizons than it had been in the lower sampling horizons. Freshwater... sampling horizons greater than the upper sampling horizons. The lower sampling horizons contained... brachiopods dominated the upper sampling horizons horizons, while bivalves remained absent (excluding... horizons appeared to have been more stable than the lower sampling horizons... different organisms dominating the sampling horizons (Fig. 30). Paleoecommunities from this... sampling horizons in this study. Environments observed in the upper sampling horizons in this study and in Dineen’s (2010) sampling horizons are... horizons sampled in Pauls’ (2014) study (Fig. 32). Pauls’ (2014) sampling horizons... 4 of the 6 sampling horizons. The upper sampling horizons in Pauls’ (2014) study... 0.4 Pauls, 2014 0.3 Dineen, 2010 0.2 0.1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Sampling horizons 9 10 11 Figure 31. Comparison... and lower sampling horizons, suggesting the upper sampling horizons experience less fluctuations... 40 20 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Sampling Horizons Suspension Feeder Comparision % of suspension... 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 10 11 Sampling Horizons Sessile, epifaunal suspension feeder comparision...



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... in transitionary horizons between top- and subsoil (i.e., 'frontier'), For subsoil horizons, it..., wet and dry topsoils, 'frontier' horizons and the subsoil were differentiated... leading to a conception of'frontier' horizons. These gradients were explained by... been determined in the namely horizons. Significant greater values of microbial... the rnicrobial community stnicture. Subsoil horizons were characterized by anaerobic conditions... better aerated upper or adjacent horizons (e.g., SLOBODKIN et al., 1992; SCHIMEL... i.e., 2.65 g ~ r n for ' ~ mineral horizons, 1.30 g ~ r n for ' ~ organic horizons The proportion of the... 0.5% W.W.of glucose for organic horizons or mineral horizons respectively had been considered... solution) were added to organic horizons (S.T. > 12% Corgdepending On clay content...) were added to the mineral horizons. C a h l a t i o n of results The heat output... iron ( ~ e ~ 'was ) determined in subsoil horizons. As was described before, non... (80% coverage) and humus rich A-horizons developecl in carbonatic colluvial sediments... features occasionally occurred in subsoil horizons. Thus, Aquic Umbriturbel (Turbic Cryosol... permafrost table. Usually organic topsoil horizons were 6 to 12 centimetses (GUNDELWEIN... was charactesized by thinner organic horizons overlying the mineral subsoil. The... polygon, profile 3 and 4 showed organic horizons (6 to 8 cm thickness) over a mineral... AChorizon weakly developed. The organic horizons of the vegetation ring were....1196) AC-horizons could develop. In the respective horizons roots were found... The soil clearly showed interwoven horizons, which indicated csyoturbation. The latter... the dry site, differentes between horizons in C-contents were preserved. Soil... centimetres of organic topsoils (i.e., Oi-horizons). This relationship was also marked....1 D Organic topsoil horizons with predominant fungal population A Various horizons with high ATP... wetter organic horizons (tussock and wet sedge tundra) and subsoil horizons of... 60 centimetres. Activehgi In soil horizons with predominating fungi, ATP content... held true for subsoil horizons and few organic horizons in the non... iüngabiomass were always found in horizons that showed absolute or relative... sensitive micro-organisms. In subsoil horizons, increasing substrate quantity was found... found under anaerobic conditions, i.e., soil horizons with chroma of 2 or less... both unvegetated soils and aerated 0-horizons. Since ATP concentrations were also... extraction snethods (DILLY,1994). Subsoil horizons in particular showed up to... when looking at the organic horizons alone. Furthermore, all Parameters linked... discussed, the uppermost centimetres of 0-horizons or unvegetated soils showed high... of this study. The respective horizons indicated reducing conditions (i.e., chroma of... topsoils, the Trontier' and subsoil horizons. 6.3.1.1 Wet topsoils Wet topsoils represent... of organic horizons of vasying thickness and the upper mineral horizons. In... higher abundance in these upper horizons. Although generally decreasing with depth... degrees of clecomposition, the organic horizons showed a more distinct profilc differentiation... ranged from 0.4 g ~ r n for ' ~ OiIA-horizons to 0.9 g c n ~ for ' ~ A-horizons. Porosity was lower than... weakly decomposed to humitied organic horizons into the mineral topsoil. This... determined for the upper mineral horizons, in which nutrient solutes accumulate... occurred during decomposition spatially (between horizons) and temporally. 6.3.2 'Frontier' The conception... structure between topsoil and subsoil horizons (see Sects. 6.1 . l and 6.2). Within a depth... it is concluded that 'frontier' horizons represent a Stratum of redox potential... underlying horizons. During soil sampling odour of hydrogen sulphide in anoxic horizons... produced in contrary, SLOBODKIN underlying horizons or adjacent micro-sites is... higher ATP concentrations below 'frontier' horizons suppoit the hypothesis, that these...' and to a lesser degree subsoils horizons contain a substantial amounts of hyphae... compounds as described for topsoil horizons. Root exudates are typically simple.... Although microbial biomass in 'frontier' horizons was significantly higher than in... for the habitats. 6.3.3 Subsoil Subsoil horizons generally represent anaerobic mineral hosizons.... Accordingly, the proportion of subsoil horizons within a profile was gseater in... table (ibid.). In the respective horizons, bactesia prevailed over fungi, which... between individual 'fsontier' or subsoil horizons. As a consequence, variability between sites...; efflux originales fiom the respective horizons (SOMMERKORN, 1998), which corresponds to... result in a shift of 'fsontier' horizons. Depending 011 the physical properties...;] 6.1 Permafrost table Profile showed irregular horizons with respect to thickness and... substrate parameters in wet topsoil horizons. Coefficients in bold letters mark... substrate parameters in dry topsoil horizons. Coefficients in bold letters mark... as substrate Parameters in subsoil horizons. Coefficients in bold letters mark...



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... Horizons Pluto Flyby www.nasa.gov Table of Contents NASA’s New Horizons... The Science of New Horizons.................................................................................................................................12 New Horizons Science Team ..................................................................................................................................17 Mission....org New Horizons Pluto Flyby 4 Press Kit NASA’s New Horizons Nears Historic... with New Horizons. The fastest spacecraft ever launched, New Horizons has traveled... for the coming decade. New Horizons — a compact, lightweight, powerfully equipped probe... scientifically valuable bonuses, since New Horizons officially began in 2001 as... from Pluto’s small satellites. New Horizons mission planners are conducting an...’s location and skillfully guide New Horizons toward a target point about 7,750... and operates the New Horizons spacecraft. New Horizons is part of the... is encouraged. New Horizons on the Web New Horizons information — including an... New Horizons science payload is the most capable New Horizons Pluto Flyby... system — that is, before New Horizons revolutionizes that knowledge — visit: http... Hydra discovered 2006: NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft launched, ammonium hydrates discovered... and New Horizons’ path through the solar system. New Horizons Pluto Flyby.... New Horizons Pluto Flyby 15 Press Kit Core Science New Horizons’ core.../radiometers and a dust sensor — New Horizons plans to exceed these requirements....edu. New Horizons Pluto Flyby 16 Press Kit New Horizons Science Team... New Horizons Pluto Flyby 17 Press Kit Mission Overview New Horizons will... New Horizons path through the solar system. Launch New Horizons lifted off... fastest spacecraft ever launched. New Horizons reached lunar orbit distance (about..., and perform course corrections. New Horizons pioneered routine cruise-flight hibernation...=20131223 Wake Up, New Horizons! New Horizons joined the astronauts on four... honor New Horizons. The song was played in New Horizons mission operations... (3 billion miles) and 9.5 years, New Horizons must thread a celestial needle by... and particle instruments on New Horizons actually started making measurements of... suspense.” New Horizons Pluto Flyby 22 Press Kit New Horizons Safe Haven... solid-state digital recorders. New Horizons trajectory through the Pluto system... solar system. Mission Operations New Horizons mission operations are conducted from..., California. The instruments aboard New Horizons are operated by command sequences.... New Horizons Pluto Flyby 26 Press Kit Planetary Pioneers New Horizons will... day before New Horizons’ closest approach to Pluto! New Horizons Pluto Flyby 27 Press Kit Education and Communications The New Horizons... and minority serving institutions. New Horizons E/C programs go beyond the classroom... ride through the New Horizons Pluto Encounter. New Horizons Pluto Flyby 28...’s coldest, darkest frontiers. The New Horizons science payload was developed under... — a single radioisotope thermoelectric generator — New Horizons needs less power than a pair... Ralph Star Trackers Thrusters New Horizons’ “thermos bottle” design retains heat.... New Horizons carries a redundant IEM as a backup. Thermal Control New Horizons is... Fahrenheit) throughout the journey. New Horizons’ sophisticated, automated heating system monitors... hazardous debris. New Horizons Pluto Flyby 31 New Horizons thermal blanketing: an... determination — knowing which direction New Horizons is facing — is performed using... a second. If data shows New Horizons is outside a predetermined position, small... that guide New Horizons toward its targets. New Horizons spins — typically at... instrument-system checkouts. Communications New Horizons’ X-band communications system is the... Earth. New Horizons Pluto Flyby 32 Press Kit New Horizons is flying... antenna structure itself. Power New Horizons’ electrical power comes from a single... New Horizons was launched • A Maryland state quarter, representing where New Horizons was...” New Horizons Pluto Flyby 33 Press Kit Science Instruments New Horizons packs... a first reconnaissance mission. The New Horizons science payload consists of seven... Horizons telecommunications system. Because the telecom system is redundant within New Horizons..., the “eagle eyes” of New Horizons, is a panchromatic highmagnification imager, consisting... Objects during New Horizons’ long journey. Officially a New Horizons Education and Public... specifications. New Horizons Pluto Flyby 39 Press Kit New Horizons Management Team..., Colorado, operation, leads the New Horizons mission as principal investigator. The... New Horizons program scientist and Adriana Ocampo is the New Horizons program... New Horizons mission manager. At APL, Glen Fountain is the New Horizons...., Simi Valley, California. The New Horizons science team includes co-investigators..., Virginia. New Horizons Pluto Flyby 40 Press Kit New Horizons Pluto Flyby 41 Press Kit New Horizons Pluto Flyby...



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