Ракетный блок. Algol 3. [Редактировать]

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1ТопливоРДТТ
2Масса, тонн14,3
3Масса (сухая), тонн1,6

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (изготовления), млн. долл.2,9
2Количество (изготовленных блоков), шт.44

Найдено 419 документов по запросу «Algol 3». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2016-11-18
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0.14/5
.... PREFACE ALGOL-20 is a realization of the international language ALGOL-60. The.... This ALGOL-20 Manual is a description of the realization of ALGOL as... list of differences between ALGOL-60 and local ALGOL. Page numbers are... ALGOL Ready Reference 0.1 - 0.16 1 Introduction 1.1 - 1.2 2 Notes on ALGOL at Carnegie Tech 2.1 - 2.14 3 ALGOL... 4.1 - 4.6 5. The ALGOL Library 5.1 - 5.3 6. a. Introduction b. Routines in the Library Miscellaneous a. ALGOL-20 Card Format and Keypunching Conventions b. ALGOL-20 Error....l - 6h.2 ALGOL-60 a. b. c. The Revised ALGOL-60 Report Features of ALGOL-60 Which are Changed in ALGOL-20 Restrictions on ALGOL-20 to Transform it into a Subset of ALGOL....1 - 7b.2 7c.1 - 7c.2 r- Chapter 0 - ALGOL READY REFERENCE ALGOL Notes and Error Messages... 13 Privileged Identifiers 13 ALGOL READY REFERENCE ALGOL Notes and Error Messages... t + - (unary) * / + - (binary) (performed last) (Chapter 2) ALGOL READY REFERENCE Format Instructions (Chapter...) (3-3.Iff) (1) (2! (2! (2! ALGOL 60 "built in" word. (2) ALGOL 60 reserved function identifier. (3) ALGOL 20... If n=0 AL.1.1 ^ CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION TO ALGOL ALGOL is an international algorithmic programming... that he is learning ALGOL, McCracken's Guide to ALGOL Programming is an... which the ALGOL system at Carnegie Tech differs from ALGOL as described....2.1 CHAPTER 2 r Notes on ALGOL at Carnegie Tech INTRODUCTION ALGOL-60 has been... which we call ALGOL-20 to distinguish it from ALGOL-60 when... the differences between ALGOL-20 and the reference language ALGOL-60 are... CIT ALGOL system successfully. In this document, a reference to simply "ALGOL" will always mean ALGOL-60, the ' reference language... those aspects of ALGOL-20 which differ from ALGOL-60. As such... our ALGOL system. It is keyed to both the Revised ALGOL-60 report and to the text, A Guide to Algol, by... a single symbol of ALGOL-60. For example, the ALGOL-60 assignment operator... four doublesymbol characters are ALGOL-60 character I ALGOL-20 character pair (V» non...) letters are available in ALGOL-20. (b) In ALGOL-20, certain identifiers have... of the ALGOL-60 standard functions are available in ALGOL-20, and... list reserved, with ALGOL-20. within readability b y ti.-> ALGOL-20 t r a n s l a t o r ; the its set being a block if a identi- ALGOL p r o g r a m . appear within freely in Therefore, Identifiers some f u t u r e ALGOL-20... that the ALGOL 60 report gives s very low precedence. ALGOL-20 cannot... labels in ALGOL-20; integer labels are not permitted. (b) In ALGOL-20..., ALGOL-20 must make the following substitutions for relational operators: ALGOL-60 ALGOL-20 -»< -• > In addition, both "V" and are allowed in ALGOL-20... clause. ALGOL-20, in agreement with the 1962 revision of ALGOL-60... inconsistent with revised ALGOL-60 syntax. CONDITIONAL EXPRESSIONS (3.5) (a) ALGOL-20 allows certain... but illegal in revised ALGOL-60. The ALGOL-20 translator will flag... to the violation of ALGOL syntax. In ALGOL-20 the right-hand... required in ALGOL-20. (b) Specifications (7.5) [5.4.5] All formal parameters in an ALGOL-20... repeated execution of an ALGOL statement by an ALGOL for clause. Replicators..., S denotes an arbitrary ALGOL statement, and S' denotes any ALGOL statement which is... 5 ^ THE ALGOL LIBRARY The primitive operators available to the ALGOL programmer include... less effort by using ALGOL, ^ and second, ALGOL text is more easily.... F OP. M Addr,Index;Comment.. ALGOL AL ALGOL text.. system SY system text....) CHAPTER 6b ALGOL-20 Error Messages Translation Errors The ALGOL-20 translator... is legal in ALGOL 60 but illegal in ALGOL 62 has been... in an ALGOL print statement (or a "W" instruction in an ALGOL read statement... cr tsbe t weenthespeci fication0and d e cla r a t i o n r e f e r e n c e g u g e g a g e p r i n t i n g T h a u t o f ALGOL 0 R e p o r t p s e n t t t h r i t im na gt (e.gi .o ,f ss... areIFI of ta hc ecepw f o r i o n a 2 . I t s u e r t i n g n d c o m m u n i c a t i n g W o k i n g G r o u p ALGOL b P , t e d t h a t a n y 3 . Ti h e c h a r a c tersbuttouni bv e usedcorrem ao... n ts .e uses the character se A s w i t h t h e p r e l i m i n a r y ALGOL r e p o r t , t h r e e d i f f e r e 2 . a c h o f t h e l e v eg ls ofalanP gu ub... an ct ualofnum e r ical v a l u e REVISED ALGOL 60 o f i t s s u b s c r i p e s c t e t h e d e s i g n a t i o n a l e x p r e ssiof nr somlis t e d io... is an ALGOL 60 statement (as opposed to non ALGOL code, cf... body) AL.7a.15 IEVISED ALGOL 60 ifbeg (a b s ( m n ) < a b « ( m [ n ) ) ) A ( n < 1 6 ) thenn :- n+1 i n dn : m n / 2 : mnd... : comp(af>e,) isthe ad f REVISED ALGOL 60 o f i c h i s t h e a b s o l u t e v a l u e o f mi a n t i ssaehave ofbeaenan dadeb... 7b Features of ALGOL-60 which are changed in ALGOL-2 0 This section...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-23
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0.12/5
... This Manual .................................................................................... Section 1. Introduction to ALGOL Program Interfaces Advanced Data Dictionary... Data Types to ALGOL .................................... Mapping ADDS Types to ALGOL Types ....................... ALGOL Data Types... Management System (COMS) Features Using ALGOL Functions as COMS Extensions ........................ Purpose... Description of the Transaction Base ............ ALGOL Banking Application Program ................. Update Library... ............................................. Transaction Types .................................................... Transaction Numbers ............................................... Using ALGOL Functions as SDF Plus Extensions... Database ..................................................... Mapping SIM Types Into ALGOL ............................................. Queries ................................................................................... Retrieval and Update Queries... with Sample Input .................... A–1 A–1 A–2 A–3 A–3 A–3 A–3 A–4 A–4 A–5 A–5 A–6 A–7 Appendix B. Extended ALGOL Reserved Words Type 1 Reserved Words... ADDS Types to ALGOL Types .................................................... Brief Description of ALGOL Data Types ................................................... 2–4 2–5 3–1. 3–2. 3–3. 3–4. 3–5. 3–6. 3–7. Input... Interpretations ......................................................................... 5–3 7–1. 7–2. Mapping SIM Types into ALGOL .............................................................. DM Function Keywords and Values... for Extended ALGOL is divided into two volumes. The ALGOL Programming Reference Manual, Volume 1: Basic Implementation contains ALGOL language components....” Organization After a brief introduction to ALGOL program interfaces, this volume describes... to ALGOL Program Interfaces This section outlines the Unisys ALGOL interfaces for... record data definitions into an ALGOL program. Section 3. Using Communications Management... made to ALGOL that make COMS features available to an ALGOL program... regarding using Open/OLTP through ALGOL. Appendix A. Understanding Railroad Diagrams This... syntax and use of ALGOL. Appendix B. Extended ALGOL Reserved Words This appendix... primary subject of this publication. ALGOL Programming Reference Manual, Volume 1: Basic... for testing and debugging ALGOL programs and libraries. ALGOL TADS enables the... 0734–301 Section 1 Introduction to ALGOL Program Interfaces A program interface consists... the ALGOL Programming Reference Manual are extensions of ALGOL 60. Collectively, ALGOL 60 and Unisys extensions to ALGOL 60 are referred to as Unisys Extended ALGOL. Extensions.... 8600 0734–301 1–3 Introduction to ALGOL Program Interfaces Communications Management System... not supported in ALGOL. Some ADDS types exist in ALGOL but cannot be retrieved through the interface. Therefore, ALGOL programs... are met: • ALGOL directly supports that data type. • The ALGOL interface supports... which ALGOL types. The table is in alphabetical order, by ALGOL type... 2–1. Mapping ADDS Types to ALGOL Types ALGOL Type Item Embedded Binary x x Binary...) Extensions ALGOL Data Types for ADDS Table 2–2 briefly defines the ALGOL data.... Table 2–2. Brief Description of ALGOL Data Types ALGOL Type Brief Definition Binary... Table 2–2. Brief Description of ALGOL Data Types ALGOL Type Brief Definition Event.... An ALGOL “Task”. Additional information related to ADDS and ALGOL data types...,” “Mapping ADDS Types to ALGOL Types,” “ALGOL Data Types for ADDS,” “Referencing... information contained in the ALGOL compiler. When the ALGOL compiler encounters a COMSRECORD... Programming Guide. BEGINTRANSACTION ENDTRANSACTION The ALGOL interface to COMS also supports... INSTALLATION_INTEGER_1 SECURITY_CATEGORY_LIST INSTALLATION_INTEGER_2 The valid ALGOL values for these designators are... Transaction Processing System (TPS) Extensions ALGOL Banking Application Program BEGIN % Sample...) Interface Using ALGOL Functions as SDF Plus Extensions Several ALGOL fuctions have... in a pointer expression, complex expression, ALGOL function, or array subscript. Consult... according to ALGOL rules and then sent to SIM. The ALGOL formats... that is strictly ALGOL is evaluated according to ALGOL rules. The value...–301 Appendix B Extended ALGOL Reserved Words A in Extended ALGOL has the same... RUN SAVETRPOINT SCALELEFT SCALERIGHT B–3 Extended ALGOL Reserved Words continued EXPORT EXTERNAL... (2) WAITANDRESET (2) WHEN (2) WHERE (2) WHILE (1) B–9 Extended ALGOL Reserved Words continued RANDOM (2) RB..., 2-36 items, 2-3 ALGOL data types for, 2-3 mapping to ALGOL data types, 2-5 passing... entity, 3-61 ALGOL Functions using with SDF Plus, 6-4 ALGOL reserved words, B-1 alphabetic... Communications Management System ALGOL functions and, 3-2 ALGOL interface to, 3-1 ALGOL type 2 reserved words... errors, 6-14 Transaction Formatting Language, 5-3 ALGOL types for, 5-3 transaction library application...



Дата загрузки: 2016-11-18
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0.3/5
... The facilities of the PS-algol programming language are described in... available in the language PS-algol[2] for graphics, both for line... approach the programming language PS-algol provides a long term store where..., or its persistence. Hence PS-algol relieves the programmer of mapping.... 3 PS-algol PS-algol was developed from the programming language S-algol[11] as... T. PS-algol's persistent store consists entirely of legal PS-algol data objects... The interface to the PS-algol persistent store is implemented by... returned. In this way PS-algol provides a secure transaction mechanism on...-algol system can be found in [1] and [4]. 5 Graphics Facilities of PS-algol... in the language. Indeed PS-algol supports two separate types for... in PS-algol The picture drawing facilities in PS-algol are a particular... a device independent manner. In PS-algol the picture descriptions are represented... and retrieval, supported by PS-algol, called a table. Entries are placed... 64 by 32. The PS-algol system provides two functions for... graphics facilities provided by PS-algol. These facilities are the building... the graphics support in PS-algol centre around the ability of... the data structure for PS-algol pictures is a directed acyclic graph... may be obtained in PS-algol by storing procedures in a database... the graphics facilities of PS-algol. One of our main research... possible to add the PS-algol graphical facilities to other languages... to build. 8. Conclusions The PS-algol system provides a persistent store facility.... The graphics facilities of PS-algol do not and are not... providing the implementation of PS-algol. 10 References [1] Atkinson, M.P., Bailey, P.J., Cockshott.... [2] Atkinson, M.P., Bailey, P.J., Cockshott, W.P. & Morrison, R. PS-algol reference manual. Universities of Glasgow... 9, 4 (1974), 50-59. [11] Morrison, R. S-algol language reference manual. University of...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-18
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0.63/5
...İ ENSTİTÜSÜ YÜKSEK LİSANS TEZİ BAZI ALGOL TÜRÜ ÖRTEN ÇİFT SİSTEMLERİN IŞIK ve... i ÖZET Yüksek Lisans Tezi BAZI ALGOL TÜRÜ ÖRTEN ÇİFT SİSTEMLERİN IŞIK VE...ışman: Doç. Dr. Birol GÜROL Algol türü örten çift sistemler, bileşen...ıştır. Bu çalışmada literatürde Algol olarak sınıflandırılmış ve üzerinde... elde edilmiş ve diğer Algol türü sistemler ile karşılaştırılm... AND PERIOD ANALYSIS OF SOME ALGOL TYPE ECLIPSING BINARY STARS Mehmed...: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Birol GÜROL Algol type binaries are the systems... and V882 Per which are Algol type binaries and currently do... systems were compared to other Algol type binaries. April 2015, 79... ÇİZELGELER DİZİNİ ................................................................................................. xi 1. GİRİŞ ........................................................................................................................... 1 1.1 Çift Yıldızlar ............................................................................................................. 2 1.2 Algol Türü Örten Çift Yıldızlar.............................................................................. 9 2. KURAMSAL...ı dalgaboylarındaki ışık eğrisi .............................................. 12 Şekil 1.7 Algol ( Persei) sistemindeki kütle aktarımının şematik... mutlak parametreler ........................................... 72 xi 1. GİRİŞ Klasik Algol türü örten değişenler, bileşen... en önemli parametresi olan kütlenin, Algol türü sistemlerde çok güvenilir bir şekilde... olarak görülmelerine neden olmuştur. Algol türü sistemler üzerinde gerçekleştirilen... bulunuyor olması olmuştur. Günümüzde “Algol Paradoksu” olarak adlandırılan bu... (1955) tarafından yapılmıştır. Algol türü sistemlerde evrimde ileri aşamada bulunan...ığını ileri sürmüşlerdir. Dolayısıyla Algol türü sistemlerin mevcut durumlarının, bilinen yıld...ıkla açıklanabildiği ortaya konmuştur. Algol türü sistemlerde bileşen yıldızlar... anlaşılmıştır. Bu çalışmada Algol türü ışık eğrisine sahip V1046 Cas ve...şkin tayfsal gözlemler bulunmadığından Algol türü sistemler için gerçekleştirilmi...  Persei, diğer adıyla Algol’ün parlaklığındaki değişim üzerine...ığı kabul edilegelmiştir. Goodricke (1783), Algol’ün parlaklığının yaklaşık 3.5 saat 6 süren 2 kadirlik... sınıflara ayrılır. Bunlar sırasıyla, Algol (EA), Beta Lyrae (EB) ve...) şeklindedir (Şekil 1.4). Tez konum olan Algol türü sistemler, genel olarak uzun dönemli...ştiğini söylemek mümkündür. Algol türü sistemlerin astronomik açıdan önemi, bu... bilgimiz hızla artmaktadır. 1.2 Algol Türü Örten Çift Yıldızlar Algol türü sistemlere örnek olarak gösterilebilecek bir sistem  Persei yani Algol’ün kendisidir...ş ve çıkış süreleri birbirlerine eşit olur. Algol türü sistemlerde dönem gün mertebesinden başlay... aslında Algol’ün kendisinde görülen bir durumdur (Chen vd 1966). Algol türü sistemler...ğişimleri görülebilmektedir. 10 Şekil 1.6’da Algol’ün farklı dalgaboylarında alınm...ılabilmektedir. Algol türü sistemlerde bileşen yıldızların evrimsel durumları Algol paradoksu ile...ı dalgaboylarındaki ışık eğrisi 12 Şekil 1.7 Algol ( Persei) sistemindeki kütle aktarımının şematik... tayflardan oluşuyor olmasıdır. Fakat Algol türü sistemlerde karşılaştığımız önemli bir..., buna en güzel örnek olan Algol’ün kendisi için elde edilmiş farkl... bir şekilde elde edilebilmektedir. Fakat Algol gibi sistemlerde, bileşen yıld...ı araştırmacılar tarafından Algol türü örten değişen bir sistem... ise J00404423+5850538 olarak kodlanmıştır. Algol türü örten bir değişen oldu... değişen olduğu belirlenmiş olan Algol türü bir sistemdir. Sistem 2MASS katalo... yıldızlardan birinin zonklama gösterdiği Algol sistemlerinin sayısı daha dikkatli ger... artmaktadır. Bileşenlerden biri zonklayan Algol türü sistemleri genel olarak oEA olarak... 34 ortaya konan bu düşünceler Algol türü sistemlerde karşılaşılan ko... bileşen yoldaş olmalıdır ve Algol türü sistemler için uygun olan moddur... edilmesi yeterli olacaktır. Bu mod, Algol türü sistemlerin analizinde kullanılan moddur... geometrisi verilmiştir. Işık eğrisi analizinde Algol türü sistemler için seçilen mod... edilen parametreler ile literatürde Algol türü sistemler için elde edilen sonu...ındaki konumları Diyagramdaki diğer Algol türü bileşenler İbanoğlu vd... VE SONUÇ Bu çalışmada Algol türü ışık eğrisine sahip V1046 Cas ve... elde edilen sonuçların benzer Algol türü sistemler ile uyumlu olduğu, V882.... 501-524. Budding, E. 1986. Classical Algol Systems (Invited Review). Ap&SS... Spectroscopic Investigation of the Oscillating Algol Type Binary: EW Boo, New..., A. 2006. Angular Momentum Evolution of Algol Binaries, MNRAS, 373, pp. 435...



Дата загрузки: 2017-05-20
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0.5/5
... мовами програмування були FORTRAN, COBOL, ALGOL і деякі інші. У кожної з них були...ільш удалих довгий час уважалася ALGOL, настільки вдалою, що цю... позбавлена недоліків, зокрема, остання версія ALGOL'a була зайво громіздкою, тому...єї власної мови, що успадкувала би від ALGOL'a краще, але була би більше... мовами програмування були FORTRAN, COBOL, ALGOL і деякі інші. У кожної з них були...ільш удалих довгий час уважалася ALGOL, настільки вдалою, що цю... позбавлена недоліків, зокрема, остання версія ALGOL'a була зайво громіздкою, тому...єї власної мови, що успадкувала би від ALGOL'a краще, але була би більше...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-10
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0.37/5
... of ALGOL W and ALGOL 68. I should like to thank all the “ALGOL men... . 2.3 Program Analysis—General Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . 2.3.1 WHETSTONE ALGOL DYNAMIC ANALYSIS . . 2.3.2 WORK OF D. S. AKKA... ANALYSIS OF COMPILED CODE . . . . 2.4 An ALGOL Performance Measure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4.1 EXPANSION OF THE... . . . . . 5.4.3 PROGRAM STATUS INFORMATION . . . . . . . . . . 5.4.4 THE KIDSGROVE ALGOL POST-MORTEM FACILITY 5.4.5 FAILURE STATISTICS... 141 141 142 8 Testing an ALGOL Compiler 8.1 Reference Manual Standards . . . . . . 8.2 Construction... . 8.7 Tests of Exotic Features of ALGOL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147 147 148 150 151... Design 12.1 The Mistakes of ALGOL 60 . . . . . . . . . . 12.1.1 COMMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12.1.2 PARAMETER... SCHEMES . . . . . . . . . . 12.7 Possible Extensions to ALGOL 60 . . . . . . . 12.8 Systems Programming Languages... 216 217 217 221 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 The ALGOL Computer 231 2 Statement Times and... running ALGOL 68-R. The compiler used is the standard ICL ALGOL compiler... sense) so ALGOL is used instead. For instance, the ALGOL 60 compiler is written in ALGOL 60. 2.2. STATEMENT... not ALGOL 60, but contains almost all the features of ALGOL 60 and many of the extensions included in ALGOL W (see... time. ALGOL W 4/75 The compiler is identical to that of ALGOL W 360..., the additional speed of ALGOL W is considerable. ALGOL W 360/67 These figures... internal ALGOL basic symbol code. For this purpose, the 116 ALGOL basic..., KDF9, ALGOL, EXIT, segment, library and →. The symbols KDF9 and ALGOL are... 2.4. AN ALGOL PERFORMANCE MEASURE 87 a more realistic measure. The Whetstone ALGOL dynamic... use of ALGOL 60, rather than the idiosyncrasies of Whetstone ALGOL. Fitting... 600 ALGOL W 360/67 NU 1108 Performance Factor 6 5 8 7 6 5 4 ALGOL W 4/75 ATLAS 3 2 ALGOL 4/70 ALGOL 360/65 ALCOR 7094 Mk1 B5500 ALGOL 68 1907 KDF9 Mk2 1 Figure 2.1: Different ALGOL mixes The... 30 25 ALGOL W 360/67 20 18 16 B6500 ALGOL W 4/75 14... systems for instance, X8 ALGOL at Eindhoven and ALGOL 68-R at Malvern... suitable for ALGOL 60 as it stands since compound ALGOL basic symbols... approximate results were ALGOL W, ALCOR, KDF9(Whetstone), 1900(XALT), ALGOL 68-R, Babel... form of ALGOL. Each “action” is given in terms of ALGOL, using...: 1. Large subset of ALGOL 60 2. Compatibility with Whetstone ALGOL 3. Optimiser can give... 1.10.3). The ALGOL compiler is itself written in ALGOL 60—something which... CHAPTER 9. SIX ALGOL COMPILERS Chapter 10 Improving an ALGOL Compiler A frequent question... the CHAPTER 10. IMPROVING AN ALGOL COMPILER 194 Context (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11... and ALGOL 60. Hardware assistance in the name-call of ALGOL 60... Mistakes of ALGOL 60 Much has been written criticising the ALGOL 60... detrimental effect on ALGOL implementations. Although the majority of ALGOL compilers do... IN ALGOL 60 207 In practical terms the portability of ALGOL 60... been in ALGOL 60 In this section, extensions to ALGOL 60 are... both ALGOL and FORTRAN. However, although a high percentage of the ALGOL programs... in ALGOL W could invoke the garbage collector quite frequently. In ALGOL 68.... 12.7 Possible Extensions to ALGOL 60 Many ALGOL systems have extensions, not... control in ALGOL 60. These points were overcome in ALGOL W without a radical.... BAUER, H., BECKER S. AND GRAHAM, S. (1968). ALGOL W Implementation. Stanford University Computer Science..., Amsterdam. KNUTH, D. E. AND MERNER, J. N. (1961). ALGOL 60 Confidential. Comm. A.C.M., 4, 6, pp. 268....) (1971). ALGOL 68 Implementation. Proc. IFIP Working Conference on ALGOL 68 Implementation...). Timing ALGOL Statements. ALGOL Bulletin, AB 27.3.2. WICHMANN, B. A. (1969). A comparison of ALGOL 60... 9. WICHMANN, B. A. (1970b). Some statistics from ALGOL programs. National Physical Laboratory Report... as follows | :| | , | | , | , ( ) ::= ::= ::= ::= ::= ::= 231 APPENDIX 1. THE ALGOL COMPUTER 232 Instruction ADA ADI...(x, y, z) loop time x := 1.0 x := 1 x := y x := y + z x := y × z 239 NU ALGOL 1108 1.5 1.5 1.5 3.4 *4.1 ALGOL 60 4/50 19.0 443.0 25....8 4.6 9.2 17.5 ALGOL W 4/75 3.38 13.00 3.28 7.01 9.86 ALGOL W 360/67... x := 1.0 x := 1 x := y x := y + z x := y × z 245 NU ALGOL 1108 0.846 0.585 0.880 1.260 *1.000 ALGOL 60 4/50... 0.710 0.894 ALGOL W 4/75 0.796 2.610 0.803 1.080 1.010 ALGOL W 360/67... Mk5 ALGOL 6O/RRE RRE ALGOL 68 B5500 B6500 B6700 X8 ALGOL X8... 6400 ICL 4/50 ICL 4/70 ALGOL W 4/75 ALGOL W 360/67 IBM 360... 7 Table of ALGOL Basic Symbols The frequency of ALGOL basic symbols as... 9.8 ALGOL 60 RRE ALGOL 68 RRE B5500 see 9.5 B6500 B6700 X8 ALGOL X8... 9.7 ICL 4/50 ICL 4/70 ALGOL W 4/75 ALGOL W 360/67 IBM 360/65... ALGOL 68, 205, 209, 213 ALGOL 68-R, 62, 118, 126, 153, 213 ALGOL...



Дата загрузки: 2016-12-24
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... 1-1 1.2. THE ALGOL COMPILER 1-1 1.3. ALGOL. 60 AND UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL 1..3.1. ExtensionstoALGOL60 1..3.2. Deviations from ALGOL 60... URES 7-5 7.5. HECURSIVE PROCEDURES 7-6 7.6. EXTERNAL PROCEDURES 7.6.1. ALGOL External Procedures 7.6.2. FORTRAN Subprograms 7.6.3. Mach... UNIV~= 1108 Multi-Processor System ALGOL Programmers Reference Manual UP-7544... exhaustive, self-contained description of ALGOL 60. The text consists principally..., UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL syntax in chart form, and sample ALGOL programs; lists... ALGOL COMPILER The ALGOL compiler is a program which accepts statements expressed in ALGOL.... An ALGOL program is a sequence of statements written in ALGOL language. These... the UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL 60 Compiler. While translating the ALGOL statements, the... ALGOL SECTION: 1.3. ALGOL 60 AND UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL There are several differences between ALGOL... revised report and 1108 ALGOL 60. In that ALGOL is intended as... omission of ALGOL 60 entities. 1.3.1. Extensions to ALGOL 60 Extensions to ALGOL 60... various standard functions. 1.3.2. Deviations from ALGOL 60 • Because of hardware requirements... is that which defines ALGOL in the ALGOL 60 Revised Report. It... delineates the basic UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL symbols. Transliteration rules for basic... LANGUAGE 2.1. THE CHARACTER SET The ALGOL compiler employs a character set which... ____ ~p~AG~E~: 3. DECLARATIONS 3.1. GENERAL An ALGOL program may be broken into... outermost block). · uP-7~1 UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL 3.4. ________ ~ ____________ .I~S~E~C_TI~O~N~:_3 ~PAGE... $ INTEGER OTHERWISE _5_____ I UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL UP-7544 SECTION, 6 3 PAGE: means... the power B. 4 Rev. 1 UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL UP-7S44 SECTION: 2 PAGE: 4.2.1. Ordering... operators have the semantic meanings ALGOL EXPRESSION A A A A LSS LEQ EQL GEQ... (see Appendix B). ___ 4 UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL UP-7544 SECTION: 6 PAGE: 4.3.3. Precedence... operand: 5<1,5)+1 5(1) EOL 1 7 _____ UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL UP-7S44 8 4 SECTION: PAGE: When... _ _ _ _ _....._ _ _ _--I.I_SE_C_T_IO_N_:_5_---I.... 5. STATEMENTS 5.1. GENERAL The ALGOL statement is the fundamental unit... shifted left by $ 4 5 UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL UP-7544 SECTION: PAGE: 5.4. MULTIPLE... L. PAGE, 1 UP-7S44 2 6 UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL SECTION: PAGE: Alternatively the designational...~IO~N~:_6 ~~p~A~G~E:~5 __ The general ALGOL FO R statement consists of a < FO... as B is true. $ UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL UP-7544 6 8 SECTION: PAGE: 6.4.4. Termination... __ 7. PROCEDURES 7.1. INTRODUCTION A procedure in ALGOL is used to specify an... E accomplishes this: ____ UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL UP-7S44 Rev. 1 4 7 SECTION: PAGE...$ FACT NFACT(N) $ = _5______ 7 UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL UP-7s44 SECTION: 6 PAGE: A function...: 4 factorial =4*3*2* 1 A11 procedures written in ALGOL may be ca11ed from within... 1108 Assembler (see 7.6.3). 7.6.1. ALGOL External Procedures An ALGOL program which consists enti... from another ALGOL program a~an external procedure. 7 UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL UP·7544... than a compound statement. UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL UP-7S44 -I 2 SECTION, 8 PAGE: 8.3. LOCAL... be different. UP_7~J UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL ISECTION. 8 In block 5, the statement... ___ I I 7 UP-7'_S44 UNIVAC 1108~~~~ ALGOL ____•__________~_________ Rev. 1 ~_IO_N_... the next ALGOL statement. ___ 1_9___ Rev. 1 UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL 9.8.3.2. 20 9 PAGE... - UP-7544 L 9 Rev. 1 UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL SECTION: 22 PAGE: -.---~~------------ M - Set margins... queue. I ~, UP-7_S44 UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL I 10. 10,,1. I Rev. 1 10 .~_~_C_T_I_O_N_... detected. S Single spaced listing of ALGOL source statements. L The compiled assembly... IVAC 1108 ALGOL UP-7544 REFERENCE LANGUAGE SECTION: UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL 60...-7S44 ERROR 2 Appendix C UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL SECTION: PAGE: EXPLANATION Improper list... explanatory UP-75~ I UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL ERROR SECTION, C 3 PAGE: EXPLANATION Improper.... 2 Appendix G UP-7S44 UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL --------------------------11.1108 AA: SECTION: program...~, __________,__________ UNIVAC•____________________________________ 1108 ALGOL Appendix G ~__________________L.~S~E~C~T~IO~N~:~ ________~P~A~G~E~:~_____________... $ $ UP-7544~ Appendix G UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL SECTION: G3.2.1 Array I 5 PAGE' Declaration...) $ ARRAY XYZ4(1:N*2) $ $ 6 Appendix G UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL UP-7S44 SECTION: PAGE: G3...(EPSILON(6»,20) $ 7 Appendix G UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL UP-7S44 SECTION: G3.4.1 PAGEl... (CLENGTH:l:S07) $ $ 8 Appendix G UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL UP·7S44 PAGE: SECTION: G3... in some language other than ALGOL. Examples: LIST OUT (A+!,N+l,FOR I = (1,1,NMAX... p~rase ~ 13 Appendix G UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL UP-7S44 ~AGE: 0.1 Format Declaration...-7S44 14 Appendix G UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL PAGE: SECTION: G4.1 Statement .. = .r-----I...-t compound... (J,A(J» $ END = $ = $ 16 Appendix G UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL UP-7S44 PAGE: SEC T ION...(!. 6:P + 1) 'IFTHEN' $ = = = $ Appendix G UN IVAC 1108 ALGOL UP-7S44 18 SECTION: PAGE... Appendix G UP·7544 UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL SECTION: G4.6·1 FOR Statement '(')-@ ~ FF... $ = I 21 UP-7S44 UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL Appendix G ~,________________________________________ ~__________~S~E~C~TI~O~N~: ____...(l:J,K) CUROUT(1,6: J,K) 24 Appendix G UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL UP-7S44 PAGE: I Appendix G 25... Appendix G UP-7S44 UNIVAC 1108 ALGOL PAGE: SECTION: G6.2.! Number r------------- - -- ~~t__...



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...-10/20 ALGOL THE ALGOL COMPILER Compiler Extensions Compiler Restrictions THE ALGOL OPERATING... OF ALGOL PROGRAMS Compilation of Free-Standing Procedures LOADING ALGOL PROGRAMS RUNNING ALGOL... GENERAL REMARKS TYPEOUT COMMANDS CHANGING ALGOL VARIABLES PAUSES EXECUTE COMMANDS DUMP... TABLES TABLE 2-1 2-2 2-3 5-1 DECsystem-l0/20 ALGOL Symbols 2-1 Compound Symbols 2-2 Delimiter Words... DECsystem-lO/20 ALGOL is an implementation of ALGOL-60: ALGOL is an... Report on the Algorithmic Language ALGOL-60", (1) hereafter referred to as...". This report leaves a number of ALGOL-60 features undefined, notably input... in various versions of ALGOL, particularly the ALGOL-68 Language. (2) Where there... light of current ALGOL opinion. Where no guidelines exist, ALGOL-68 is.... (3) Readers not thoroughly familiar with ALGOL should read the entire manual... briefly. 1.3 THE ALGOL COMPILER The DECsystem-lO/20 ALGOL Compiler is that... circumstances. Such a compiler can process ALGOL programs rapidly and does not... user. 1.3.1 Compiler Extensions The following ALGOL-60 extensions are allowed by... imposes the following restrictions on ALGOL-60: 1. Numeric labels are not... INTRODUCTION 1.4 THE ALGOL OPERATING ENVIRONMENT Programs compiled by the ALGOL compiler are... object program. The ALGOL operating environment consists of: 1. The ALGOL Library, known... 2.1 BASIC SYMBOLS DECsystem-10/20 ALGOL programs consist of a sequence of... languages. Table 2-1 DECsystem-lO/20 ALGOL Symbols Symbol Meaning or Use...-lO/20 ALGOL, but not necessarily in other implementations of ALGOL). Such.... Such declarations are mandatory in ALGOL. At any particular point during... 5.1 ARITHMETIC EXPRESSIONS DECsystem-lO/20 ALGOL arithmetic expressions are written in... an enhancement of ALGOL-60 provided DECsystem-lO/20 ALGOL. The general... 10 BLOCK STRUCTURE 10.1 GENERAL ALGOL program structure is somewhat more... of passing a parameter to an ALGOL procedure. Whenever the formal parameter... commentary. The DECsystem-10/20 ALGOL alternative method of commentary (refer... product of A and B. Recursion themselves, ALGOL procedures are recursive, that is....7 FORWARD REFERENCES the Although most ALGOL-GO compilers operate in two... EXPRESSIONS AND STATEMENTS 14.1 GENERAL ALGOL-60 allows great flexibility in... implemented The DECsystem-lO/20 ALGOL. following rules. in a completely dynamic...-lO/20 ALGOL object-time system, in conjunction with the ALGOL library... meaningful in DECsystem-lO/20 ALGOL. 16-6 DATA TRANSMISSION Special editing... environment of DECsystem-lO/20 ALGOL programs consists of those procedures... changed by re-assembling the ALGOL library with a different parameter). For... in ALGOL object programs by loading these subroutines with the ALGOL main program (and any other separate ALGOL procedures). Such... the Science Library manual. The ALGOL version is, however, initialized randomly... OF ALGOL PROGRAMS DECsystem-lO/20 ALGOL programs are compiled by the ALGOL... by typing R ALGOL or (for the DECsystem-20) ALGOL at monitor command level. The DECsystem-lO/20 ALGOL Compiler... those procedures from the main ALGOL program, the appropriate EXTERNAL declarations... Paragraph 11.9). 18.2 LOADING ALGOL PROGRAMS ALGOL programs are loaded by means... all procedures required from the ALGOL Library (ALGLIB) to be incorporated... be executed. 18.3 RUNNING ALGOL PROGRAMS ALGOL programs are executed by typing... the compilation and execution of ALGOL programs. These features are used... .LOAD TRTST ALGOL: LINK: TRTST LOADING EXIT .REE ALGOL DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEM FACILITIES.... Neither DECsystem-lO/20 ALGOL nor any other ALGOL-60 implementations, to... ALGOL DYNAMIC DEBUGGING SYSTEM 20.1 SUMMARY OF FEATURES In ALGDDT, the ALGOL... clear them 3. Examine and alter ALGOL variables in scope 4. Examine various system parameters 5. Automatically type ALGOL variables after a pause 6. Continue program... running a ALGOL program, type ~C. When this is detected, the ALGOL Dynamic Debugger... to complete executing the current ALGOL statement before passing control to... 20-1 in a batch completes. THE ALGOL DYNAMIC DEBUGGING SYSTEM For example... are ~readability symbols" (periods) in ALGOL identifiers. A command may be continued... a preceding number-sign (#). 20-2 THE ALGOL DYNAMIC DEBUGGING SYSTEM 20.3 TYPEOUT... specifying the THE ALGOL DYNAMIC DEBUGGING SYSTEM NOTE ALGOL variables may not..., and symbolic instructions. 20-5 THE ALGOL DYNAMIC DEBUGGING SYSTEM 20.3.7 System.... 20.4 CHANGING ALGOL VARIABLES The values of an ALGOL variable may assignment... typing control-underline. 20-6 THE ALGOL DYNAMIC DEBUGGING SYSTEM NOTE Square... before any executable ALGDDT command: ALGOL statement by the » PAUSE line... and procedure-names. 20-9 THE ALGOL DYNAMIC DEBUGGING SYSTEM 20.5.5 Automatic...-12 THE ALGOL DYNAMIC DEBUGGING SYSTEM NOTE If an ALGOL statement includes... an extra notational level): » TRACE !ALGOL postmortem trace (latest first) PRINT...* OPENFILE* SELECTOUTPUT* o 1 o 1 1 o » 20-15 THE ALGOL DYNAMIC DEBUGGING SYSTEM 20.8.6 STATISTICS... with specific details of the ALGOL implementation. Reference should be made...



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SOS ALGOL 60 REFERENCE MANUAL 90 06 ... previous edition of the SDS ALGOL 60 Reference Manual, 9006998. The additional information is "Non-AlGOl Code", Appendix F. RELATED PUBLICATIONS Name... Series ALGOL 60-4 Operating Procedures 900 Series ALGOL 60-8 Operating Procedures 9300 ALGOL... THE ALGOL 60 COMPILERS 34 NOTES TO USERS OF THE ALGOL 60-4 EXECUTORS 34 NON-ALGOL CODE 35 D. E. F. II... The SDS ALGOL 60 Compi ler is a comprehensive implementation of ALGOL 60, the international algorithmic language. The source language of SDS ALGOL... ALGOL 60", Communications of the ACM, Volume 6, No.1, January 1963. SDS ALGOL... OWN Variables and Arrays. The ALGOL 60 revised report does not... resides is required. The SDS ALGOL OWN initialization feature permits variables... document is not a primer on ALGOL 60; it is intended for... the ALGOL language and should be studied by those unfamiliarwith ALGOL. Section... is directed to experienced ALGOL programmers. Two SDS ALGOL 60 systems are... basic computer configuration required for ALGOL 60 is an SDS 900... manual and the 900 Series ALGOL 60-4 Operating Procedures, Catalog No... Series ALGOL 60-8 Operating Procedures, Catalog No. 042035, or 9300 ALGOL 60-8 Operating Procedures, Catalog No. 642029). This manual describes the ALGOL 60-4 and ALGOL 60-8 compiler languages for... ALGOL 60-8 compiler and executor. The different characteristics of the basic ALGOL..., ordinari Iy insignificant in both ALGOL and the meta-language, is... that affect the writing of ALGOL statements appear in the text... procedures. I SECTION I 1. PROGRAM FORM An ALGOL program consists of a string of... of coding may contain many ALGOL statements, or, conversely, one statement... only. The execution of an ALGOL program consists in executing its... three types of data in ALGOL: BOOLEAN, INTEGER, and REAL. At... exceeding the range of the ALGOL system. Real constants consist of... exceeding the range of the ALGOL system. Real calculations do not... (paragraph 3.3). 2.8 Procedures Procedure declarations in ALGOL are very much like subroutines... Elements Some procedures in the ALGOL library may be referenced without... a rule for computing a single value. ALGOL permits three kinds of expressions... following statements are available in ALGOL: Kind of Statement 4.1 Arithmetic Assignment... the most useful statement in ALGOL is the arithmetic assignment statement... of substitution are permitted in ALGOL: substitution of the current value.... 4.4.2 Specification of Formal Parameters Since ALGOL permits actual parameters to be... semicolon is a common error in ALGOL programming. 4.10 Blocks form: 'BEGIN... must be labeled. 5. COMPILATIONS An ALGOL program is defined to be... or a compound statement. However, the ALGOL compilers wi II compi Ie... described in terms of additional ALGOL statements as follows: L3:V := E 'IF... body is a statement written in ALGOL, the effect of this execution... paragraphs 4.7.3.1 and 4.7.3.2 lead to a correct ALGOL statement. 4.7.3.1 Value assignment (call by... defining procedure body is an ALGOL 60 statement (as opposed to... *. *. 5.5.5 Non-ALGOL Code (see Appendix F) Coding in languages other than ALGOL may... entire procedure is in non-ALGOL code and that it adheres... of external procedures in non-ALGOL code. 31 APPENDIX A DELIMITER CHARACTER... D NOTES TO USERS OF THE ALGOL 60 COMPILERS Procedures may reference... included only in the expanded (ALGOL 60-8) system: All identifiers may... apply only to the basic (ALGOL 60-4) system: Each identifier declared... E NOTES TO USERS OF THE ALGOL 60 -4 EXECUTORS Programs containing dynamic... (code = 0, 1 or 2). 34 APPENDIX F NON-ALGOL CODE It may be necessary... write parts of an ALGOL program in a non-ALGOL language for reasons... language subroutines run faster than ALGOL subroutines since neither the command... in an ALGOL program without the need for reprogramming. The ALGOL compiler...-ALGOL procedures are ordinarily coded in SYMBOL or META-SYMBOL. The ALGOL... NON·ALGOL PROCEDURES Non-ALGOL procedures may be referenced by the ALGOL section... non-ALGOL procedures may be as general as those of ALGOL procedures... AND MACHINE LANGUAGE Every non-ALGOL procedure must begin and end... described in Appendix A of the ALGOL Technical Manual (publication 90 06...). Within the body of a non-ALGOL procedure, the programmer may switch... illustration of one way the ALGOL execution language may be convenieni... codes are found in the ALGOL Technical Manual, Appendix A, Section IV... to the assembler: Y DESC DESC *ALGOL EXECUTION LANGUAGE COMMANDS START 00100000... definitions, which apply to all ALGOL versi ons, are al so... 900 Seri es Computers), the ALGOL error subroutines, and other features... the executor. The ALGOL library furnishes examples of non-ALGOL procedures. the... 0360 CODING NON·ALGOL PROCEDURES For coding of non-ALGOL procedures the... Statements, I 2.6 Name Replacement, II 4.7 .3.2 Non-ALGOL Code, II 5.5.5; Appendix F NOT, I 3.2.2; II...



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... preparation. Introduction "The Demon's Head" (Algol, Beta Persei) at 26 Taurus... malefic. This article demonstrates that Algol's evil reputation is well-deserved... my laboratory rat! This was Algol, Beta Persei, from the Arab... case you missed the message, Algol is further described as "unfortunate...". If the star was invisible (Algol is an eclipsing binary - every... Reich's MC, was aligned with Algol. Next I tried the Guyana Massacre... 11/18/1978: nothing at Algol, but the Sun exactly opposite... said "ruled flesh") was on Algol. Next I looked up the infamous..., 1572 (8/23, OS); nothing on Algol, but Mars exactly opposed it..., -2, 2/13/45): again, nothing on Algol, but the Sun (and Earth... days earlier, Mars culminated on Algol, trined at Hiroshima by rising... hole) positions! Now: back to Algol.... T he French revolution seemed a promising... first I thought I had drawn a blank; Algol was 23 Taurus 14 then... the 90° dial, I noticed that Algol's position is just a little past... early 1790's! That same 1790 Algol eclipse also heralded a plague in... latitude, longitude and declination of Algol. * On 7/29/1878 the path... through Genoa. * Jupiter was at Algol in 1905 when bubonic plague.../17/1910 Lunar Eclipse on Algol, 2.5 million Chinese in An Hul...-stepped back and forth over Algol's longitude through the first 2 years.... September 1940 Uranus stationed at Algol on September 1, as London was... a Full Moon-conjunct-Uranus-conjunct-Algol on the vertex of the...-old Cathedral deliberately shattered -- the Algol conjunction opposed the Cathedral's Saturn... Premier of the Soviet Union (Algol was his natal Pluto). On... was 28; their midpoint was Algol (5 days later an 8.7 quake hit... (29 Taurus) and returned to Algol; the German army mounted a fierce..., and again their midpoint was Algol. (Interesting: In August 1945, when..., with Uranus at Algol. (Chiron had been on Algol in the spring..., 1942 With Saturn’s arrival at Algol came the surrender of Bataan... 1855, followed a solar eclipse on Algol), and two of the most... of Hollywood has Neptune on Algol). Two instances of face-lift... witnessed involved transiting planets on Algol ticking off the natal charts... go on. The same 1790 Algol eclipse of the French Revolution... after an 1836 eclipse on Algol, the House of Representatives passed... others". -William Lilly (Sun conj Algol) Christian Astrology * Mars was on... progressed Mercury were conjunct at Algol on her natal 12th cusp.... * Chiron & helio Venus aligned with Algol when actor Vic Morrow was... Harry Tracy had Pluto on Algol and Charles Whitman Saturn & Uranus... Atkins' Mercury. * Venus was on Algol in both the Lincoln and... him disabled. Suffocation, choking, and Algol: * NNode of Bhopal gas disaster...). * Neptune (cnj Vertex) was on Algol at the eclipse whose shadow... Egypt/Syria. * Jupiter stationed at Algol 1/21/06, 10 days before... llPM UT, London): 25 Taurus - Algol. All the verbiage I have devoted... on the Ayatolloh's natal Sun: Algol. It opposed Rushdie's helio Jupiter... identified. Bundy had Juno opposing Algol on his equal-house IC... 1st J-the-R murder Mars opposed Algol, and Jupiter had just stationed... of her Placidian 12th cusp: Algol). * A quake in Russia buried victims... down 7/3/88, Jupiter was on Algol, and when the "reprisal" came... when one expects to find Algol, at historical beheadings, for instance... was beheaded, the Sun squared Algol from Aquarius. At the St... Dresden? Sun in Aquarius square Algol. This made me suspect that... Mounted Guard". In Leo, square Algol, is omicron Leonis (Subra, the... would jibe with the traditional Algol effect. This area of Aquarius... 1666, (research has shown that Algol is one of the preeminent... those events are squares to Algol, or effects of stars like... Taurus (Zanrak-Capulus-Gyrus), then Algol, then the very powerful Pleiades... words for Medusa? Indeed I do. Algol is much more than a "creature... Picasso (born with Jupiter on Algol), horrified by the fascist atrocities... of Lascaux. Uranus was at Algol, forming a grand trine with Mercury... of Ezra Pound, (Neptune at Algol) a brilliant poet with an insane.... * Poet Maraquita Platov (Mercury at Algol) was so moved during her..., had a Sun-Mars conjunction at Algol; her husband was shot in..., leaving him paralyzed. Some positive Algol effects: the 1989 station brought... in Alaska carries this point: Algol was setting when the Exxon... after the Jupiter station on Algol is, I think, welcome and long... set for New York City, Algol culminated. On September 11, 2001... 4th house, which rules graves. Algol was a star of ancient China... event. Some Interesting People with Algol Placements: Asc: Christa McAuliffe, teacher... personal charts of ordinary people, Algol can manifest in positive and... with a Sun-Hades conjunction on Algol, and described the star. They..., another nuclear freeze activist, had Algol rising. When I was a child I took..., Jupiter was on Algol. These examples demonstrate that having Algol represented on... work in a trauma center. The Algol placement insists upon a confrontation and... tests are intense and unavoidable. Algol, like the other stars, confers...