Ракетный блок. Algol 3. [Редактировать]

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1ТопливоРДТТ
2Масса, тонн14,3
3Масса (сухая), тонн1,6

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (изготовления), млн. долл.2,9
2Количество (изготовленных блоков), шт.44

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0.14/5
.... PREFACE ALGOL-20 is a realization of the international language ALGOL-60. The.... This ALGOL-20 Manual is a description of the realization of ALGOL as... list of differences between ALGOL-60 and local ALGOL. Page numbers are... ALGOL Ready Reference 0.1 - 0.16 1 Introduction 1.1 - 1.2 2 Notes on ALGOL at Carnegie Tech 2.1 - 2.14 3 ALGOL... 4.1 - 4.6 5. The ALGOL Library 5.1 - 5.3 6. a. Introduction b. Routines in the Library Miscellaneous a. ALGOL-20 Card Format and Keypunching Conventions b. ALGOL-20 Error....l - 6h.2 ALGOL-60 a. b. c. The Revised ALGOL-60 Report Features of ALGOL-60 Which are Changed in ALGOL-20 Restrictions on ALGOL-20 to Transform it into a Subset of ALGOL....1 - 7b.2 7c.1 - 7c.2 r- Chapter 0 - ALGOL READY REFERENCE ALGOL Notes and Error Messages... 13 Privileged Identifiers 13 ALGOL READY REFERENCE ALGOL Notes and Error Messages... t + - (unary) * / + - (binary) (performed last) (Chapter 2) ALGOL READY REFERENCE Format Instructions (Chapter...) (3-3.Iff) (1) (2! (2! (2! ALGOL 60 "built in" word. (2) ALGOL 60 reserved function identifier. (3) ALGOL 20... If n=0 AL.1.1 ^ CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION TO ALGOL ALGOL is an international algorithmic programming... that he is learning ALGOL, McCracken's Guide to ALGOL Programming is an... which the ALGOL system at Carnegie Tech differs from ALGOL as described....2.1 CHAPTER 2 r Notes on ALGOL at Carnegie Tech INTRODUCTION ALGOL-60 has been... which we call ALGOL-20 to distinguish it from ALGOL-60 when... the differences between ALGOL-20 and the reference language ALGOL-60 are... CIT ALGOL system successfully. In this document, a reference to simply "ALGOL" will always mean ALGOL-60, the ' reference language... those aspects of ALGOL-20 which differ from ALGOL-60. As such... our ALGOL system. It is keyed to both the Revised ALGOL-60 report and to the text, A Guide to Algol, by... a single symbol of ALGOL-60. For example, the ALGOL-60 assignment operator... four doublesymbol characters are ALGOL-60 character I ALGOL-20 character pair (V» non...) letters are available in ALGOL-20. (b) In ALGOL-20, certain identifiers have... of the ALGOL-60 standard functions are available in ALGOL-20, and... list reserved, with ALGOL-20. within readability b y ti.-> ALGOL-20 t r a n s l a t o r ; the its set being a block if a identi- ALGOL p r o g r a m . appear within freely in Therefore, Identifiers some f u t u r e ALGOL-20... that the ALGOL 60 report gives s very low precedence. ALGOL-20 cannot... labels in ALGOL-20; integer labels are not permitted. (b) In ALGOL-20..., ALGOL-20 must make the following substitutions for relational operators: ALGOL-60 ALGOL-20 -»< -• > In addition, both "V" and are allowed in ALGOL-20... clause. ALGOL-20, in agreement with the 1962 revision of ALGOL-60... inconsistent with revised ALGOL-60 syntax. CONDITIONAL EXPRESSIONS (3.5) (a) ALGOL-20 allows certain... but illegal in revised ALGOL-60. The ALGOL-20 translator will flag... to the violation of ALGOL syntax. In ALGOL-20 the right-hand... required in ALGOL-20. (b) Specifications (7.5) [5.4.5] All formal parameters in an ALGOL-20... repeated execution of an ALGOL statement by an ALGOL for clause. Replicators..., S denotes an arbitrary ALGOL statement, and S' denotes any ALGOL statement which is... 5 ^ THE ALGOL LIBRARY The primitive operators available to the ALGOL programmer include... less effort by using ALGOL, ^ and second, ALGOL text is more easily.... F OP. M Addr,Index;Comment.. ALGOL AL ALGOL text.. system SY system text....) CHAPTER 6b ALGOL-20 Error Messages Translation Errors The ALGOL-20 translator... is legal in ALGOL 60 but illegal in ALGOL 62 has been... in an ALGOL print statement (or a "W" instruction in an ALGOL read statement... cr tsbe t weenthespeci fication0and d e cla r a t i o n r e f e r e n c e g u g e g a g e p r i n t i n g T h a u t o f ALGOL 0 R e p o r t p s e n t t t h r i t im na gt (e.gi .o ,f ss... areIFI of ta hc ecepw f o r i o n a 2 . I t s u e r t i n g n d c o m m u n i c a t i n g W o k i n g G r o u p ALGOL b P , t e d t h a t a n y 3 . Ti h e c h a r a c tersbuttouni bv e usedcorrem ao... n ts .e uses the character se A s w i t h t h e p r e l i m i n a r y ALGOL r e p o r t , t h r e e d i f f e r e 2 . a c h o f t h e l e v eg ls ofalanP gu ub... an ct ualofnum e r ical v a l u e REVISED ALGOL 60 o f i t s s u b s c r i p e s c t e t h e d e s i g n a t i o n a l e x p r e ssiof nr somlis t e d io... is an ALGOL 60 statement (as opposed to non ALGOL code, cf... body) AL.7a.15 IEVISED ALGOL 60 ifbeg (a b s ( m n ) < a b « ( m [ n ) ) ) A ( n < 1 6 ) thenn :- n+1 i n dn : m n / 2 : mnd... : comp(af>e,) isthe ad f REVISED ALGOL 60 o f i c h i s t h e a b s o l u t e v a l u e o f mi a n t i ssaehave ofbeaenan dadeb... 7b Features of ALGOL-60 which are changed in ALGOL-2 0 This section...



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0.32/5
ALGOL PROGRAMMEItS REFERENCE MANUAL ALGOL PROGRAMMER'S REFERENCE MANUAL This manual reflects Version 6 of the ALGOL System. Additional copies of this... 1-1 1.2 DECsystem-1 0 ALGOL 1-1 1 .3 The ALGOL Compiler 1-2 1 .3.1 Compiler Extensions 1-2 1.3.2 Compiler Restrictions 1-3 1.4 The ALGOL Operating Environment...-5 13.7.5 Delete 13-5 Version 5A ALGOL v May 1975 CONTENTS (Cont) Page... DEBUGGING PROGRAMS 18.1 Compilation of ALGOL Programs 18-1 18.1.1 Compilation of... 18-4 18.2 Loading ALGOL Programs 18-4 18.3 Running ALGOL Programs 18-5 18... Version 6 ALGOL vii September 1975 CONTENTS (Cont) TABLES 2-1 DECsystem-10 ALGOL Symbols Page 2-1 2-2 Compound Symbols 2-2 2-3 Delimiter Words Used in DECsystem-10 ALGOL...-6 Version 6 ALGOL viii September 1975 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 GENERAL DECsystem-l0 ALGOL is an implementation of ALGOL-60; ALGOL is an abbreviation... defined. The authoritative definition of ALGOL-60 is contained in the... Report on the Algorithmi c Language ALGOL-60" , 1 hereafter referred to as...". This report leaves a number of ALGOL-60 features undefined, notably input... in various versions of ALGOL, particularly the ALGOL-68 2 Language. Where there... light of current ALGOL opinion. Where no guidelines exist, ALGOL-68 is... Report on the Algorithmic Language ALGOL-60", Backus et al., Communications.... 2"Report on the Algorithmic Language ALGOL-68", A. Van Wijngaarden (Editor), B. J. Mailloux..., October 1969. 3A Primer of ALGOL-60 Programming, E. W. Dijkstra, Academic Press... Readers not thoroughly familiar with ALGOL should read the entire manual. Readers already familiar with ALGOL-60 should read all chapters... only briefly. 1.3 THE ALGOL COMPILER The DECsystem-10 ALGOL Compiler is that part of the DECsystem-10 ALGOL System that reads programs written in DECsystem-10 ALGOL and... circumstances. Such a compiler can process ALGOL programs rapidly and does not... user. 1.3.1 Compiler Extensions The following ALGOL-60 extensions are allowed by... imposes the following restrictions on ALGOL-60: a. Numeric labels are not... circumstances. 1.4 THE ALGOL OPERATING ENVIRONMENT Programs compiled by the ALGOL compiler are... object program. The ALGOL operating environment consists of: a. The ALGOL Library, known... of the structure of the ALGOL language. Such words cannot normally... (not available in DECsystem-lO ALGOL) is similar to a FORTRAN statement... STRUCTURE 2.1 BASIC SYMBOLS DECsystem-10 ALGOL programs consist of a sequence of...-level languages. Table 2-1 DECsystem-10 ALGOL Symbols Symbol I Meaning or Use... 1971 Table 2-1 {Cont} DECsystem-10 ALGOL Symbols Symbol : Colon; used to... 1S}. It is assumed Version 2 ALGOL 2-2 December 1971 throughout this manual... Words Used in DECsystem-10 ALGOL Chapter Reference Reserved Word I AND... page) Version 2A ALGOL 2-3 May 1972 DECsystem-l0 ALGOL also permits the.... Such declarations are mandatory in ALGOL. At any particular point during... DATA:[SC)" .. •.. ·A[[IJ] Version 5A ALGOL := til.};;""" 4-3 September 1975 CHAPTER 5 E~PRESSIONS 5. 1 ARITHMETIC EXPRESSIONS DECsystem-10 ALGOL arithmetic expressions are written in... J + ENTIEfHK-2) SIGN(ENTIER(J/K) (X + y> Version 5A ALGOL t + I) (- I) 5-3 May 1975 5.2 BOOLEAN EXPRESSIO NS... the preceding rules. Version 5A ALGOL 5-4 May 1975 The actual test... an integer quantity. Version 5A ALGOL 5-5 May 1975 Table 5-3 Boo I ean... the loop. NOTE I DECsystem-10 ALGOL allows the user the abbreviated... an enhancement of ALGOL-60 provided in DECsystem-l0 ALGOL. It takes... not be true of other ALGOL-60 implementations. Section 4.6.4 of the... 10 BLOCK STRUCTURE 10.1 GENERAL ALGOL program structure is somewhat more... languages, such as FORTRAN. An ALGOL program consists of a number of... END bJ~G I!,I bEGIN F~[) is an ALGOL program, assuming appropriate declarations and.... A "procedure" is a portion of an ALGOL program that is given a name... of passing a parameter to an ALGOL procedure. Whenever the formal parameter... dynamic fashion in DECsystem-10 ALGOL. The declaration proceeds according to... DECsystem-10 ALGOL object-time system, in conjunction with the ALGOL library..., irrespective of whether Version 5A ALGOL 16-3 May 1975 complete lines... a channel. Thus, RELEASE(S)' Version 5A ALGOL 16-5 May 1975 releases the... is that, unlike some other ALGOL implementations, spaces and other non... real, Boolean, or string. Version 2 ALGOL 16-8 December 1971 The efFect... operating environment of DECsystem-10 ALGOL programs consists of those procedures in the DECsystem-10 ALGOL Library required by the user1s program, and the DECsystem-10 ALGOL Object Time System. The former... f)O A[I.JJ ._ v.l FND FND Version 5A ALGOL 17-2 May 1975 17.3.2 Minima... changed by re-assembling the ALGOL library with a different parameter. For... in ALGOL object programs by loading these subroutines with the ALGOL main program (and any other separate ALGOL procedures). Such... an EXTERNAL declaration in the ALGOL program and, depending on which...



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0.11/5
... This Manual .................................................................................... Section 1. Introduction to ALGOL Program Interfaces Advanced Data Dictionary... Data Types to ALGOL .................................... Mapping ADDS Types to ALGOL Types ....................... ALGOL Data Types... Management System (COMS) Features Using ALGOL Functions as COMS Extensions ........................ Purpose... Description of the Transaction Base ............ ALGOL Banking Application Program ................. Update Library... ............................................. Transaction Types .................................................... Transaction Numbers ............................................... Using ALGOL Functions as SDF Plus Extensions... Database ..................................................... Mapping SIM Types Into ALGOL ............................................. Queries ................................................................................... Retrieval and Update Queries... with Sample Input .................... A–1 A–1 A–2 A–3 A–3 A–3 A–3 A–4 A–4 A–5 A–5 A–6 A–7 Appendix B. Extended ALGOL Reserved Words Type 1 Reserved Words... ADDS Types to ALGOL Types .................................................... Brief Description of ALGOL Data Types ................................................... 2–4 2–5 3–1. 3–2. 3–3. 3–4. 3–5. 3–6. 3–7. Input... Interpretations ......................................................................... 5–3 7–1. 7–2. Mapping SIM Types into ALGOL .............................................................. DM Function Keywords and Values... for Extended ALGOL is divided into two volumes. The ALGOL Programming Reference Manual, Volume 1: Basic Implementation contains ALGOL language components....” Organization After a brief introduction to ALGOL program interfaces, this volume describes... to ALGOL Program Interfaces This section outlines the Unisys ALGOL interfaces for... record data definitions into an ALGOL program. Section 3. Using Communications Management... made to ALGOL that make COMS features available to an ALGOL program... regarding using Open/OLTP through ALGOL. Appendix A. Understanding Railroad Diagrams This... syntax and use of ALGOL. Appendix B. Extended ALGOL Reserved Words This appendix... primary subject of this publication. ALGOL Programming Reference Manual, Volume 1: Basic... for testing and debugging ALGOL programs and libraries. ALGOL TADS enables the... 0734–301 Section 1 Introduction to ALGOL Program Interfaces A program interface consists... the ALGOL Programming Reference Manual are extensions of ALGOL 60. Collectively, ALGOL 60 and Unisys extensions to ALGOL 60 are referred to as Unisys Extended ALGOL. Extensions.... 8600 0734–301 1–3 Introduction to ALGOL Program Interfaces Communications Management System... not supported in ALGOL. Some ADDS types exist in ALGOL but cannot be retrieved through the interface. Therefore, ALGOL programs... are met: • ALGOL directly supports that data type. • The ALGOL interface supports... which ALGOL types. The table is in alphabetical order, by ALGOL type... 2–1. Mapping ADDS Types to ALGOL Types ALGOL Type Item Embedded Binary x x Binary...) Extensions ALGOL Data Types for ADDS Table 2–2 briefly defines the ALGOL data.... Table 2–2. Brief Description of ALGOL Data Types ALGOL Type Brief Definition Binary... Table 2–2. Brief Description of ALGOL Data Types ALGOL Type Brief Definition Event.... An ALGOL “Task”. Additional information related to ADDS and ALGOL data types...,” “Mapping ADDS Types to ALGOL Types,” “ALGOL Data Types for ADDS,” “Referencing... information contained in the ALGOL compiler. When the ALGOL compiler encounters a COMSRECORD... Programming Guide. BEGINTRANSACTION ENDTRANSACTION The ALGOL interface to COMS also supports... INSTALLATION_INTEGER_1 SECURITY_CATEGORY_LIST INSTALLATION_INTEGER_2 The valid ALGOL values for these designators are... Transaction Processing System (TPS) Extensions ALGOL Banking Application Program BEGIN % Sample...) Interface Using ALGOL Functions as SDF Plus Extensions Several ALGOL fuctions have... in a pointer expression, complex expression, ALGOL function, or array subscript. Consult... according to ALGOL rules and then sent to SIM. The ALGOL formats... that is strictly ALGOL is evaluated according to ALGOL rules. The value...–301 Appendix B Extended ALGOL Reserved Words A in Extended ALGOL has the same... RUN SAVETRPOINT SCALELEFT SCALERIGHT B–3 Extended ALGOL Reserved Words continued EXPORT EXTERNAL... (2) WAITANDRESET (2) WHEN (2) WHERE (2) WHILE (1) B–9 Extended ALGOL Reserved Words continued RANDOM (2) RB..., 2-36 items, 2-3 ALGOL data types for, 2-3 mapping to ALGOL data types, 2-5 passing... entity, 3-61 ALGOL Functions using with SDF Plus, 6-4 ALGOL reserved words, B-1 alphabetic... Communications Management System ALGOL functions and, 3-2 ALGOL interface to, 3-1 ALGOL type 2 reserved words... errors, 6-14 Transaction Formatting Language, 5-3 ALGOL types for, 5-3 transaction library application...



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0.12/5
... in Volume 1, Number 2 of TOMS. Algol was required originally but Fortran... library are available in Ada, Algol 68, C, Fortran 90 and Pascal... procedures in Algol-60 with “ the aim . . . to provide Algol-60 programmers... in either Lisp or an Algol-like procedural language. Macsyma avoids... of Real Argument. [Ada69, Algol], [Cle62], [CMW63, Algol], [Cod69], [Cod90a, Fortran], [CT85... Argument. [BEJ76], [Cun69, Fortran], [HD73, Algol]. Libraries: [Mos89], [ULI90], [WNO94], IMSL... Real Argument. [Bul67, Algol], [Boe60], [Cod68], [Hea85], [LG64, Algol], [Luk69b], [Luk75], [N´em65..., Numerical Recipes. 4.2.6. Complex Arguments. [Gau69a, Algol], [Luk69b], [Lyn93, Fortran], [PW90a, Fortran.... [Amo80a, Fortran], [Cle62], [CMW63, Algol], [CT69], [Gau73, Algol], [Luk69b], [Luk76], [Pac70, Fortran... Integrals of Real Argument. [Bul67, Algol], [Luk69b], [Mac96b, Fortran]. Libraries: [Bak92...], [CH67], [Cle62], [CMW63, Algol], [CT85, Fortran], [FS67, Algol], [Luk69b], [Luk75], [Mac89, Fortran.... 4.7.1. Real Arguments. [CHT71], [Luk69b], [Mar65, Algol], [PB72]. Libraries: [Bak92], [Mos89], [Tho97...], [N´em92], [Pie84b, Fortran], [Tem75, Algol], [Tem76, Algol]. Libraries: [Mos89], [ULI90], [WNO94], [ZJ96...], [N´em92], [Pie84a], [Pie90, Fortran], [Tem79, Algol], [VRS+ 95, Fortran]. Libraries: [Bak92...], [Bul65a, Algol], [Bul65b, Algol], [Bul69b, Algol], [Cod65a], [Cod65b], [DR94a, Fortran], [Luk69b], [MH73, Algol]. Libraries... 17 5.3.2. Incomplete Elliptic Integrals. [Bul65a, Algol], [Bul69b, Algol], [Car87, Fortran], [Car88, Fortran... includes the theta functions. [Bul65a, Algol]. Libraries: [Bak92], [Tho97], [Mos89], [ULI90...], [Luk68], [Luk69b], [Luk70b], [LY88], [MH73, Algol], [Mid75], [Mor99], [NC66], [PDK96], [Sal89...], [NPB92a, Fortran], [NT84, Fortran], [Tem83, Algol], [Yos95]. Libraries: [Bak92], [Mos89], [Tho97...], [Dor68, Algol], [Gau64, Algol], [Hil70a, Algol], [Lev69, Fortran], [MB73a, Fortran], [Mor69, Algol], [Phi90, Basic... Beta Function. [AS93a, Fortran], [Hil70b, Algol], [MB73b]. Libraries: [Mos89], [ULI90], IMSL.... [Bra73, Fortran], [Del79, Fortran], [Gau65, Algol], [GS97, Fortran], [GS98, Fortran], [LS81... Mathieu’s Equation. [Cle69, Fortran], [Del73, Algol], [Lee79, Fortran], [RL80, Fortran], [Shi93a.... 5.9.2. Mathieu Functions. [Cle69, Fortran], [Del73, Algol], [RL80, Fortran], [Shi93a, Fortran]. Libraries....), Real Arguments. [LPT80, Fortran], [Sim64, Algol], [Wit68, Fortran]. Libraries: [Bak92], [Tho97... (Generalized). 5.11.1. Real Variables. [KMR70, Algol]. Systems: Mathematica. 5.11.2. Articles. [Bar74... (ed.), NUMAL numerical procedures in Algol 60, Mathematisch Centrum Syllabus 47..., 1978. N. M. Temme, An algorithm with ALGOL 60 program for the computation...



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0.15/5
... relation (cf. Dale (1993)) A hypothetical Algol-like block structure . . . . . . . . The tent... Algol-like block structure for the Lewises scenario I . . . . . . . . 95 5.3 An Algol-like... ones. Let us take the Algol programming language as a preliminary example. As is well known, Algol is a nested block oriented lan5... language becomes evident. Firstly, a typical Algol-like block structure is described.... 30 (a) . . . (b) . . . (c) . . . (d) . . . (e) . . . (f1 ) . . . (f2 ) . . . (g) . . . (h) . . . (i) . . . (j) . . . Figure 3.3: A hypothetical Algol-like block structure in di... into the analogy with an Algol-like programming language. 3.3.2.2 Intentional structure... the similarity here compared to Algol-like languages. Firstly, segments might.... Since I have been talking about Algol-like language, I would like to... block and the Algol block structure. As such, the Algol concept is... a case for the general full Algol-like case, I am going to... to block structures found in Algol-like languages.1 As such, the.... I'd like to step forward to ALGOL! 5.2 Introduction The literature in dynamic... which display a nested structure a la Algol. This implies that dynamic binding... dog's coming too. Figure 5.2: An Algol-like block structure for the... third analogy is related to Algol visibility laws; based on such... in the house. Figure 5.3: An Algol-like block structure for the... exhibiting a nested block structure a la Algol,5 a multidimensional information state would be...



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0.24/5
... The facilities of the PS-algol programming language are described in... available in the language PS-algol[2] for graphics, both for line... approach the programming language PS-algol provides a long term store where..., or its persistence. Hence PS-algol relieves the programmer of mapping.... 3 PS-algol PS-algol was developed from the programming language S-algol[11] as... T. PS-algol's persistent store consists entirely of legal PS-algol data objects... The interface to the PS-algol persistent store is implemented by... returned. In this way PS-algol provides a secure transaction mechanism on...-algol system can be found in [1] and [4]. 5 Graphics Facilities of PS-algol... in the language. Indeed PS-algol supports two separate types for... in PS-algol The picture drawing facilities in PS-algol are a particular... a device independent manner. In PS-algol the picture descriptions are represented... and retrieval, supported by PS-algol, called a table. Entries are placed... 64 by 32. The PS-algol system provides two functions for... graphics facilities provided by PS-algol. These facilities are the building... the graphics support in PS-algol centre around the ability of... the data structure for PS-algol pictures is a directed acyclic graph... may be obtained in PS-algol by storing procedures in a database... the graphics facilities of PS-algol. One of our main research... possible to add the PS-algol graphical facilities to other languages... to build. 8. Conclusions The PS-algol system provides a persistent store facility.... The graphics facilities of PS-algol do not and are not... providing the implementation of PS-algol. 10 References [1] Atkinson, M.P., Bailey, P.J., Cockshott.... [2] Atkinson, M.P., Bailey, P.J., Cockshott, W.P. & Morrison, R. PS-algol reference manual. Universities of Glasgow... 9, 4 (1974), 50-59. [11] Morrison, R. S-algol language reference manual. University of...



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0.11/5
... of Algol 60, and our library had been built around Algol. With... Algol 60, a very slow PL/l compiler, and an extended Algol dialect called Algol... small algorithms are published in Algol 60; the most versatile compiler... generally using Algol W as the development language, while publishing in Algol 60... is an extension of our ALGOL Compiler [33] along the lines..., Massachusetts. t L 6. Feldman, J., and Rovner, P.D., "An Algol-based Associative Language", AI Memo... class of algorithms (such as Algol programs and algorithms with i L parallel.... REFERENCES 1. Feldman, J., and Rovner, P., "An Algol-Based Associative Language", A.I. Memo 66... for writing compilers , just as ALGOL and FORTRAN have been designed.... Decentralization, R. Braden, May +g67. 150 ALGOL to FORTRAN Translator, Wayne Wilner.... 23. Translation from B5500 Extended Algol to os/360 Algal, Ira..., January 1968. 39. B5500 Extended Algol to Algol W Translation, E. Satterthwaite, February 1968... solving large-scale linear programs. Algol and Fortran have been too...



Дата загрузки: 2017-09-24
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0.03/5
... all the way back to Algol-60, which used the archaic... a very similar sense in the Algol-60 and FORTRAN communities in... pure form invented for the Algol-60 report; it uses [], which... actually was a compiler for a tiny Algol-like language called Foogol floating... turn descended from an earlier Algol-derived language, CPL.) Before Bjarne... is the successor to either Algol 68 or [2408]Ada (depending...]loser, [5389]fool file. The Algol 68-R compiler used to initialize...) to forbid the use of Algol on its computers. See also... MAD (Michigan Algorithm Decoder), an Algol-58-like language that was... mid-60s. It inherited from Algol-58 a control structure FOR VALUES... indent style in Pascal and Algol. It is the only style...]parse, Up:[10110]= P = Pascal n. An Algol-descended language designed by Niklaus... at CWRU were taught in Algol, and student exercises were punched... the appropriate chapter of the Algol manual; note the special pronunciations... SAIL (sense 1). It was an Algol-60 derivative with a coroutining facility... to their formal definitions in Algol-60 procedure calls. If a procedure... type of an argument in Algol-60 could be figured out...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-18
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...İ ENSTİTÜSÜ YÜKSEK LİSANS TEZİ BAZI ALGOL TÜRÜ ÖRTEN ÇİFT SİSTEMLERİN IŞIK ve... i ÖZET Yüksek Lisans Tezi BAZI ALGOL TÜRÜ ÖRTEN ÇİFT SİSTEMLERİN IŞIK VE...ışman: Doç. Dr. Birol GÜROL Algol türü örten çift sistemler, bileşen...ıştır. Bu çalışmada literatürde Algol olarak sınıflandırılmış ve üzerinde... elde edilmiş ve diğer Algol türü sistemler ile karşılaştırılm... AND PERIOD ANALYSIS OF SOME ALGOL TYPE ECLIPSING BINARY STARS Mehmed...: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Birol GÜROL Algol type binaries are the systems... and V882 Per which are Algol type binaries and currently do... systems were compared to other Algol type binaries. April 2015, 79... ÇİZELGELER DİZİNİ ................................................................................................. xi 1. GİRİŞ ........................................................................................................................... 1 1.1 Çift Yıldızlar ............................................................................................................. 2 1.2 Algol Türü Örten Çift Yıldızlar.............................................................................. 9 2. KURAMSAL...ı dalgaboylarındaki ışık eğrisi .............................................. 12 Şekil 1.7 Algol ( Persei) sistemindeki kütle aktarımının şematik... mutlak parametreler ........................................... 72 xi 1. GİRİŞ Klasik Algol türü örten değişenler, bileşen... en önemli parametresi olan kütlenin, Algol türü sistemlerde çok güvenilir bir şekilde... olarak görülmelerine neden olmuştur. Algol türü sistemler üzerinde gerçekleştirilen... bulunuyor olması olmuştur. Günümüzde “Algol Paradoksu” olarak adlandırılan bu... (1955) tarafından yapılmıştır. Algol türü sistemlerde evrimde ileri aşamada bulunan...ığını ileri sürmüşlerdir. Dolayısıyla Algol türü sistemlerin mevcut durumlarının, bilinen yıld...ıkla açıklanabildiği ortaya konmuştur. Algol türü sistemlerde bileşen yıldızlar... anlaşılmıştır. Bu çalışmada Algol türü ışık eğrisine sahip V1046 Cas ve...şkin tayfsal gözlemler bulunmadığından Algol türü sistemler için gerçekleştirilmi...  Persei, diğer adıyla Algol’ün parlaklığındaki değişim üzerine...ığı kabul edilegelmiştir. Goodricke (1783), Algol’ün parlaklığının yaklaşık 3.5 saat 6 süren 2 kadirlik... sınıflara ayrılır. Bunlar sırasıyla, Algol (EA), Beta Lyrae (EB) ve...) şeklindedir (Şekil 1.4). Tez konum olan Algol türü sistemler, genel olarak uzun dönemli...ştiğini söylemek mümkündür. Algol türü sistemlerin astronomik açıdan önemi, bu... bilgimiz hızla artmaktadır. 1.2 Algol Türü Örten Çift Yıldızlar Algol türü sistemlere örnek olarak gösterilebilecek bir sistem  Persei yani Algol’ün kendisidir...ş ve çıkış süreleri birbirlerine eşit olur. Algol türü sistemlerde dönem gün mertebesinden başlay... aslında Algol’ün kendisinde görülen bir durumdur (Chen vd 1966). Algol türü sistemler...ğişimleri görülebilmektedir. 10 Şekil 1.6’da Algol’ün farklı dalgaboylarında alınm...ılabilmektedir. Algol türü sistemlerde bileşen yıldızların evrimsel durumları Algol paradoksu ile...ı dalgaboylarındaki ışık eğrisi 12 Şekil 1.7 Algol ( Persei) sistemindeki kütle aktarımının şematik... tayflardan oluşuyor olmasıdır. Fakat Algol türü sistemlerde karşılaştığımız önemli bir..., buna en güzel örnek olan Algol’ün kendisi için elde edilmiş farkl... bir şekilde elde edilebilmektedir. Fakat Algol gibi sistemlerde, bileşen yıld...ı araştırmacılar tarafından Algol türü örten değişen bir sistem... ise J00404423+5850538 olarak kodlanmıştır. Algol türü örten bir değişen oldu... değişen olduğu belirlenmiş olan Algol türü bir sistemdir. Sistem 2MASS katalo... yıldızlardan birinin zonklama gösterdiği Algol sistemlerinin sayısı daha dikkatli ger... artmaktadır. Bileşenlerden biri zonklayan Algol türü sistemleri genel olarak oEA olarak... 34 ortaya konan bu düşünceler Algol türü sistemlerde karşılaşılan ko... bileşen yoldaş olmalıdır ve Algol türü sistemler için uygun olan moddur... edilmesi yeterli olacaktır. Bu mod, Algol türü sistemlerin analizinde kullanılan moddur... geometrisi verilmiştir. Işık eğrisi analizinde Algol türü sistemler için seçilen mod... edilen parametreler ile literatürde Algol türü sistemler için elde edilen sonu...ındaki konumları Diyagramdaki diğer Algol türü bileşenler İbanoğlu vd... VE SONUÇ Bu çalışmada Algol türü ışık eğrisine sahip V1046 Cas ve... elde edilen sonuçların benzer Algol türü sistemler ile uyumlu olduğu, V882.... 501-524. Budding, E. 1986. Classical Algol Systems (Invited Review). Ap&SS... Spectroscopic Investigation of the Oscillating Algol Type Binary: EW Boo, New..., A. 2006. Angular Momentum Evolution of Algol Binaries, MNRAS, 373, pp. 435...



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... Ausarbeitung zum Vortrag „Strukturierte Programmierung: Algol, Pascal, Modula“ 2 Inhaltsverzeichnis 1. Einführung... neuer Konzepte 2. Algol 2.1 Algol 60 und die Blockstruktur 2.2 Entstehung von Algol 68 2.3 Orthogonalität 2.4 Das Typsystem von Algol 68 2.4.1 Parameter... Untersuchung am Beispiel der Sprachen Algol, Pascal und Modula – 2. 1.1 Situation zur... in diesem Artikel behandelt werden. 5 2. Algol Algol 60/68 lieferten wesentliche Beitr... genauer untersucht werden. 2.1 Algol 60 und die Blockstruktur Algol 60 war eine... Typsystem, das später unter Algol 68 und Pascal verbessert wurde... der wichtigsten Beiträge von Algol 60 zur Strukturierten Programmierung muss... seinen Quicksort – Algorithmus elegant in Algol zu verfassen [Hoare 1980]. Die... weiterer Punkt war sicherlich, dass Algol es erlaubte auch allgemeine Ausdr... die Parameterübergabestrategie, die in Algol 60 durch Call-by-value... substituiert. Man nennt dies auch Algol 60 Copy-rule [Mitchell 2003... einer Programmiersprache. Beim Entwurf von Algol 60 setzte man sich zum... 2.2 Entstehung von Algol 68 Historisch gesehen entstand Algol 68 aus Algol 60. Anfang.... Diese sollte eine Weiterentwicklung von Algol 60 entwerfen, um eine ausruckskr... implementiert sind. Insgesamt gesehen brachte Algol 68 eine Systematisierung des Typsystems... Strings. Nach [Lindsey 1993] ist Algol 68 immernoch die einzige Hochsprache... ist jedoch die Tatsache, dass Algol 68 eine imperative Sprache war... Sachverhalt der in Verbindung mit Algol 60 zu sehen ist, beinhaltet... exakten Definition der Semantik von Algol 68. Algol 60 führte zur Definition... des Konzepts der Orthogonalität in Algol 68. Allgemein meint man damit... Konstrukte bilden die Records, in Algol 68 als Strukturen eingeführt... war das der Referenzen. In Algol 68 werden Variablen und Referenzen... und Pointertypen von C wurden durch Algol 68 beeinflusst, wie in [Lindsey...äsentiert werden. 8 2.4 Das Typsystem von Algol 68 Nach einer kurzen Darstellung... man sich zunächst an Algol 60 mit call-byvalue und... interessanter Punkt des Typsystems von Algol 68 ist die Behandlung der... Graphen und sind somit in Algol 68 als äquivalent anzusehen. In...ßen zwei Typen haben. In Algol 68 gibt es sogar ein..., kann man den Prozeduren in Algol 68 den Status von „first... erstmals als systematisches Konzept in Algol 68 eingeführt und ist... dereferenziert werden. Dies geschieht in Algol 68 automatisch. c) Deproceduring Dies ist... unumstritten und verbreitet. Zwar hat Algol 68 noch weitere realisiert, aber... – Statements verwiesen, welches auch in Algol 68 noch immer verwendet wurde... 3. Pascal Pascal hat ebenso wie Algol einen wesentlichen Beitrag zur Strukturierten... Mitglied der WG 2.1 gewesen, die Algol entwickelte. Jedoch war ihm die... Diskussionen, die den Entwurf von Algol verzögerten, ebenso wie die.... So verschob die Komplexität von Algol 68 die endgültige Implementation... 1970er Jahre, als viele von Algol 60 auf andere Sprachen umgestiegen... Professor in Zürich wurde, war Algol 60 die erste Wahl unter... und ausdruckskräftiger sein als Algol 68. Außerdem sollte die... auch einige Konstrukte, die in Algol überladen waren, in eine einfachere... Daten(typ) – Strukturen ging, wohingegen Algol Wert auf die Einführung... sagen, dass durch die Sprachen Algol, Pascal und Modula – 2 wichtige Konzepte... allen Gebieten der Fall ist. Algol 60 steuerte einen wichtigen Teil... und Stack. Algol 68 baute das Typsystem von Algol 60 aus und...ßerdem war der Beitrag von Algol 68 selbstverständlich nicht umfassend... Ziele. Überdies hinaus integrierten sowohl Algol als auch Pascal immernoch das... stattgefunden hat, die sich von Algol über Pascal bis zu Modula... [Lindsey 1993] C.H. Lindsey, A History of ALGOL 68, ACM SIGPLAN Notices, März...