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12017-11-22. Компания SSTL получила новый контракт.
Британский стартап Earth-i объявил о заключении контракта с SSTL на предмет создания орбитальной группировки КА ДЗЗ. Датой создания и пуска первых пяти аппаратов назван 2019 год. Данные взаимоотношения для компании не являются чем-то необычным поскольку ранее SSTL уже получила заказ на изготовление прототипа, который получил наименование Carbonite 2 (EiX2). Датой пуска этого аппарата обозначен декабрь 2017 года, а в качестве средства выведения будет использоваться индийская ракета серии PSLV. До этого британская компания создала для стартапа 80-и кг демонстратор Carbonite 1. Дата пуска этого спутника 2015 год. Отличительной особенностью этого спутника является возможность съемки со скоростью около 50 кадров в секунду. В штатном составе группировка космических аппаратов будет составлять 15 спутников, которые будут запускать по пять штук за раз. Тэги: SSTLCBNT 1Earth-I
22017-12-05. Earth-I будет использовать наземную станцию KSAT для получения первого коммерческого цветного видео из космоса.
Британский стартап Earth-I объявил о том, что он достиг очередного прогресса в проекте по созданию орбитальной группировки КА ДЗ, которые будут предоставлять коммерческий видеоконтент. В соответствии с новы сообщением компании, она заключила соглашение с норвежской KSAT, что должно будет позволить ей пользоваться принадлежащей сервисной компании наземной станцией для получения информации со спутников. Компания также подтвердила, что запуск прототипа КА состоится в конце декабря при помощи индийской ракеты-носителя PSLV. Тэги: Earth-I

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... for satellites in Lower Earth Orbit and Middle Earth Orbit referred to... 1.1: The orbital regions of near-Earth space .............................................................12 Figure 1.2 Illustration of... Missile IncREO - Increasing Resilience through Earth Observation INPE - Instituto Nacional de... Global Positioning System MEO - Middle Earth Orbit MFF - Multi-annual Financial... Allen radiation belts surrounding the Earth (Moltz, 2008: 119). Furthermore, the.... 1.2.1 Delimiting the separation between the Earth’s atmosphere and outer space When... regions: Lower Earth Orbit (LEO), Middle Earth Orbit (MEO), High Earth Orbit (HEO... orbital regions of near-Earth space. 9 Lower Earth Orbit extends from 150km... continuous contact with antennae on Earth. Consequently, GSO is populated largely.../tracking satellites’ orbits around the earth; they are supposedly revealing the... Earth. This juxtaposition of highly mobile (albeit unidirectional) satellites upon a static Earth... specific cartographical representation of the Earth differs depending upon which orbital... near-Earth space into Lower Earth Orbit (LEO), Middle Earth Orbit (MEO), Higher Earth... operations around the Earth, the division of near-Earth space into such... activities on the Earth and those in near-Earth space. In other... of near-Earth space may differ to those on Earth, the tactics... (p. 68): Terra or the Earth, Terran or Earth space, Lunar or Moon... limits of ‘planet Earth’ to the extremities of near-Earth space, or... exploitative technologies for both near-Earth and deep space. Whilst approaching... and encourage sustainability conceptualises near-Earth space as a commons, where actors... TCBMs, involves a conceptualisation of near-Earth space as relatively distinct from... the political power relations on Earth. 1.3.4 Astropolitical discourses: spatialising and militarising... and astropolitical scholarship remain firmly Earth-centric. This is not surprising... and operate assets outside the Earth’s atmosphere without external interference, damage... one way de-territorialising the Earth by abstracting geographical distances, yet... of Galileo’s services and Copernicus’ earth observation data. Once completed, the... the Earth’s atmosphere, but it is projecting upon users on Earth. In... reflects the securitisation of scientific Earth observation technologies as they are... unify and strengthen existing European Earth observation programmes. The objectives are... which states should undertake which Earth observation functions. (Norris, 2010: 207... two general forms of Earth observation imaging technologies. Earth observation is arguably... that Earth observation pertains to the remote sensing of the Earth, with... Sentinels aside, most existing European Earth observation missions are either designed... Envisat – the European polar-orbiting Earth observation satellite which replaced the... above. Copernicus will support existing Earth observation missions, including the ESA... which is Increasing Resilience through Earth Observation (IncREO). The website of... will be primarily dedicated to earth observation rather than orbital surveillance... a significant military presence in near-Earth space with satellites dedicated to... communities recognised the potential of Earth-orbiting satellites for their respective... of the Earth. This close association between the Earth and near-Earth space... within the confines of the Earth’s atmosphere. Furthermore, some academics, such... interference originating from outside the Earth’s atmosphere which may be undertaken...’s first successful orbit around the Earth, attempts to formulate a comprehensive 175... report any events within the Earth’s atmosphere which display similar characteristics... gravitational well of the Earth which may affect Earth-orbiting satellites. Consequently... the Earth’s magnetic field is tilted with respect to the Earth’s axis... chapter. 5.1.1.3 Manipulation of the near-Earth outer space environment Because the... within specific restrictions (NASA Near Earth Object Program, 2013). Nonetheless, the... a potential collision course with the Earth revolve around an increased knowledge... in Lower Earth Orbit (LEO) will burn up in the Earth’s atmosphere... problem of environmental pollution on Earth” (p. 22). Further complication is caused... be controlled by commands from Earth. This classification includes obsolete satellites... subjectivity of materiality in near-Earth space. 5.5 Extra-terrestrial environmental security... the Earth and near-Earth space. There is a risk that near-Earth space... projects – IncREO’, Copernicus The European Earth Observation Programme, [Online] http://copernicus...) ‘Emergency Management’, Copernicus The European Earth Observation Programme, [Online] http://copernicus... by EC)’, Copernicus The European Earth Observation Programme, [Online] http://copernicus... (2013d) ‘Services’, Copernicus The European Earth Observation Programme, [Online] http://copernicus... Missions – Copernicus – Sentinels, [Online] https://earth.esa.int/web/guest/missions... Space and Aeronautics Administration Near Earth Object Program, [Online] http://neo...



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... sending a space probe beyond the Earth‘s immediate gravitational field. The first... transmitted over 4000 images to Earth. (© NASA) 6 the same period, lunar... space, still transmitting signals to Earth. The images and measurement data... density, i.e. the Earth-like, or ‘terrestrial’ planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth, Moon* and... the chance of discovering a ‘second Earth’ in such systems. The accretion... be significantly ‘lifted‘ outwards: Planet Earth will be orbiting the Red... of Washington) 19 Mercury from Earth. Reflected laser pulses of MESSENGER... have now confirmed these findings. Earth-borne radar observations of Mercury... plates already drifted across the Earth‘s plastic mantle during the first... edge of the troposphere. Unlike Earth‘s, the Venusian troposphere directly borders.... Although nearly identical in size, Earth and Venus necessarily developed along... carbon dioxide contained in the Earth‘s primal atmosphere was either converted...) 24 The Earth-Moon System The Earth-Moon system Earth Earth is the largest... other Earthlike bodies, developments on Earth have been highly differentiated: in... of the Earth’s axis itself, a phenomenon called precession. The Earth‘s proper rotation... latitude. The interplay between the Earth‘s rotation and the gravitational influence... waves within the Earth‘s body show that the Earth has a core of... metal core that generates the Earth‘s magnetic field which, although permanent... the Arabian Peninsula, one of Earth’s largest sandy deserts. (© NASA/GSFC... – with fundamental consequences for the Earth’s climate. Today, an increased greenhouse... powerful enough to transform the Earth’s landscapes more rapidly than its... significantly influences the erosion of Earth’s surface is water. A theory discussed... an atmosphere permanently. At present, Earth‘s ‘lower‘ atmosphere, the troposphere, consists... effect between the Earth and the 33 The Earth-Moon System Moon... seen from Earth. Earth’s moon is the smallest of the Earth-like, terrestrial... surrounding highland rock. Seen from Earth, these darker areas appeared like... Earth, and even Mercury. More recently, activities to study the Near-Earth...-term probability of collisions with Earth and their possible effects. The... will reach in 2015. Earth-crossing asteroids Near-Earth Asteroids (NEAs) enjoy... habitats of organisms outside the Earth. Viewed from Jupiter, Ganymede is... Mass er to observers on Earth as a parRadius (equatorial) ticularly distinctive... Cassini or by observers on Earth using a telescope. Measuring 5,150 kilometers...‘s surface formations resemble those of Earth in many ways, although Titan... possess a nitrogen-based atmosphere like Earth, although Triton‘s is much thinner... molecules, were probably transported to Earth by comets whose impacts thus... comes close to Earth, its small particles enter the Earth‘s atmosphere and... the dust samples returned to Earth on a parachute. Examined in laboratories... transformed by erosion and tectonics. Earth has changed incessantly in the... the unremitting geological changes on Earth might be an important prerequisite... the Earth‘s interior, thus safeguarding the continued existence of the Earth‘s magnetic... biodiversity that we find on Earth today. Volcanism and earthquakes along... universe. The quest for a second Earth at great astronomical distances from... Earth NIMBUS: Series of American weather satellites, which became an important Earth... PRARE Landsat: Series of American Earth observation satellites, Landsat 1-3 improved and... Infrared Spectrometer (SEVIRI) and Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget (GERB) Meteosat 1 23... for communication purposes and for Earth observation, VHRR (two-channel Very...’, Series of French polar orbiting Earth observation satellites, two HRV (High...: ‘Diamond’, new class of Russian Earth observation satellites, 3.1 GHz Synthetic Aperture... Apr 1995 JERS: ‘Japan Earth Resources Satellite’, Earth observation satellite, sunsynchronous orbit... satellites, weather monitoring (OrbView 1), multispectral Earth observation (OrbView 2) and high resolution... clouds of high-energetic particles, Earth‘s atmosphre and the magnetic field... (Clouds and Earth’s Radiant Energy System) for study of the Earth’s and... between Earth’s weather and ‘space weather’ CHAMP 15 Jul 2000 Earth Observing.... 2001 Quickbird: commercial satellite for Earth observation, resolution: 0.6 m per pixel nadir..., conclusion to cataclysmic magma in Earth’s interior, melting glaciers or changing... composition, chemistry and dynamics of Earth’s atmosphere, observation of ozone, air... Apr 2007 Terra SAR-X: first Earth observation satellite, which provides continuously... Mission for measurements of the Earth’s gravitational field and the variability... satellite, stereographic mapping of the Earth together with TerraSAR-X with SAR... to Earth, closest approach: 1,950 km, first successful Soviet circumlunar Earth-return... of Earth, color and black & white images from Moon and Earth 10... injection into Earth orbit or the upper stage exploded in Earth orbit... data about Earth are kept on file at DLR‘s Earth Observation Center...



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..., economic vitality, and stewardship of Earth. Organizational Structure NASA’s organizational structure... focuses on programmatic work on Earth, planetary, astrophysics, and heliophysics research... of flying machines. 2. Earth Science: Earth science and physical Earth observations. 3. Space Science...; anything outside of the Earth and the Earth’s atmosphere. 4. Life Science: Life... enable human exploration beyond low Earth orbit.  1.2.1: Increase utilization  1.3.1: Facilitate the... support human exploration beyond low Earth orbit. Strategies are demonstrating success... low Earth orbit, enable long-duration human spaceflight beyond low Earth orbit... the atmospheric constituents that impact Earth’s climate. More detailed information on... opportunities in microgravity, space and Earth science, enabling technologies, and science... human and robotic explorers beyond Earth.  HE-14-3: Complete Magnetospheric Multiscale... connections that link the Sun, Earth and 2.2.2.1 2.2.2.1 planetary space environments, and... Sun and hurtle around Earth’s magnetosphere. Like Earth, the Sun also generates... by Earth. It compresses the magnetosphere, imparting magnetic energy into Earth’s magnetized... Reporting and Planning Magnetosphere Protects Earth from Space Weather Events Observations... from the Sun impact Earth they first encounter Earth’s magnetic field at... human and robotic explorers beyond Earth. Contributing Theme: Heliophysics Contributing Program..., the NEOWISE spacecraft discovered a near-Earth asteroid designated “2014 HQ124/” Follow... detecting and predicting changes in Earth’s ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles, including..., Earth Science Division Contributing Programs Earth Science Research Program, Earth Systematic Missions Program, Earth System Science Pathfinders Program, Earth Science Multi-Mission Operations Program, Applied Sciences Program, Earth Science... innovative ways of making Earth observations via the Earth Venture solicitations, utilizing... (SAGE)-III. • Select Earth Venture Instrument (EVI)-2 and Earth Venture Sub-Orbital... the third Earth Venture Instrument (EVI-3) and the second Earth Venture small... detecting and predicting changes in Earth’s ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles, including... projects one changes in Earth’s capability to predict Earth’s ecosystems assessment and climate changes by dynamics of Earth’s Applications... the understanding of changes in Earth’s radiation balance, air quality, 2.1.1.1 2.1.1.1 and... and FY 2016. Contributing Theme: Earth Science Contributing Program: Multiple Programs... in atmospheric composition. Contributing Theme: Earth Science Contributing Program: Multiple Programs... extreme weather events. Contributing Theme: Earth Science Contributing Program: Multiple Programs... detecting and predicting changes in Earth’s ecosystems and biogeochemical 2.1.3.1 2.1.3.1 cycles, including... and FY 2016. Contributing Theme: Earth Science Contributing Program: Multiple Programs... detecting and predicting changes in Earth’s ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles, including... detecting and predicting changes in Earth’s ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles, including... global carbon cycle. Contributing Theme: Earth Science Contributing Program: Multiple Programs... and FY 2016. Contributing Theme: Earth Science Contributing Program: Multiple Programs... to climate change. Contributing Theme: Earth Science Contributing Program: Multiple Programs... and FY 2016. Contributing Theme: Earth Science Contributing Program: Multiple Programs... Program: Earth Systematic Missions FY 2014 Performance Results The Earth Science Subcommittee... the climate system. Contributing Theme: Earth Science Contributing Program: Multiple Programs... and extreme events. Contributing Theme: Earth Science Contributing Program: Multiple Programs... Applications Readiness Level. Contributing Theme: Earth Science Contributing Program: Applied Sciences... Index. Contributing Theme: Earth Science Contributing Program: Earth Science Multi-Mission Operations... release. Contributing Theme: Earth Science Contributing Program: Earth Systematic Missions Explanation of... test (I&T). Contributing Theme: Earth Science Contributing Program: Earth Systematic Missions FY 2013... ES-12-5 Yellow Contributing Program: Earth Systematic Missions Annual Performance Indicator... test. Contributing Theme: Earth Science Contributing Program: Earth System Science Pathfinder FY... (PDR). Contributing Theme: Earth Science Contributing Program: Earth Systematic Missions Annual Performance... (PDR). Contributing Theme: Earth Science Contributing Program: Earth Systematic Missions FY 2014... space exploration, aeronautics, space science, Earth science, and microgravity. These partnerships..., consists of a constellation of geosynchronous (Earth-orbiting) satellites named the Tracking... detecting and predicting changes in Earth’s ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles, including... detecting and predicting changes in Earth’s ecosystems and biogeochemical cycles, including...



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... Virtual earth, Google Earth imagery. Some high resolution place. VE Update - Google Earth... Virtual Earth, Google Earth imagery. Some high resolution place. VE Update - Google Earth... Virtual earth, Google Earth imagery. Some high resolution place. VE Update - Google Earth... Virtual earth, Google Earth imagery. Some high resolution place. VE Update - Google Earth... Virtual earth, Google Earth imagery. Some high resolution place. VE Update - Google Earth... Virtual earth, Google Earth imagery. Some high resolution place. VE Update - Google Earth... Virtual earth, Google Earth imagery. Some high resolution place. VE Update - Google Earth... Virtual earth, Google Earth imagery. Some high resolution place. VE Update - Google Earth... Virtual earth, Google Earth imagery. Some high resolution place. VE Update - Google Earth... Virtual earth, Google Earth imagery. Some high resolution place. VE Update - Google Earth... Virtual earth, Google Earth imagery. Some high resolution place. 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...) Program Herschel Planck Earth-Sun System Theme Earth Systematic Missions Program SAE... Observatory Aquarius Earth-Sun System Multi-Mission Operations Program Earth-Sun Research... Heavy Launch Launch Development Development Earth Earth Departure Departure Stage Stage Development..., geological, and biological changes on Earth. The Earth is a living system which... in tandem with the Earth, around Sun-Earth Lagrange point 2 (L2), which... by the presence of earth, and how earth's rotation drags space-time... 51.2 Comments Theme: Earth-Sun System Earth -S u n S ystem Earth Sun System spacecraft in... technique. SAE SMD 4-3 Theme: Earth-Sun System Earth-Sun System Theme Commitment... characterizing and understanding Earth surface changes and variability of Earth's gravitational and... characterizing and understanding Earth surface changes and variability of Earth's gravitational and.... SAE SMD 4-7 Theme: Program: Earth-Sun System Earth Systematic Missions (Dollars in....hq.nasa.gov/missions/earth/earth-sun.html. Earth Systematic Missions: Landsat Data...). SAE SMD 4-8 Theme: Program: Earth-Sun System Earth Systematic Missions Program Management.... SAE SMD 4-9 Theme: Program: Earth-Sun System Earth Systematic Missions Implementation Schedule... SMD 4-10 Theme: Program: Earth-Sun System Earth Systematic Missions Risk Management... SMD 4-11 Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth Systematic Missions Project In... SMD 4-12 Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth Systematic Missions Project In... SMD 4-13 Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth Systematic Missions Project In... SMD 4-14 Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth Systematic Missions Project In... 4-15 Comments Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth Systematic Missions Project In... SMD 4-16 Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth Systematic Missions Project In... SMD 4-17 Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth Systematic Missions Project In... SMD 4-18 Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth Systematic Missions Project In... SMD 4-19 Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth Systematic Missions Project In... SMD 4-20 Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth Systematic Missions Project In... SMD 4-21 Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth Systematic Missions Project In... Earth and the other lagging Earth. Investigations for STEREO will include: Sun Earth... SMD 4-47 Theme: Program: Earth-Sun System Earth System Science Pathfinder (Dollars... SMD 4-48 Theme: Program: Earth-Sun System Earth System Science Pathfinder Changes... No change Theme: Program: Earth-Sun System Earth System Science Pathfinder Implementation... SMD 4-50 Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth System Science Pathfinder Project... SMD 4-51 Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth System Science Pathfinder Project... 4-52 Comments Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth System Science Pathfinder Project... SMD 4-53 Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth System Science Pathfinder Project... SMD 4-54 Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth System Science Pathfinder Project... 4-55 Comments Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth System Science Pathfinder Project... SMD 4-56 Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth System Science Pathfinder Project... SMD 4-57 Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth System Science Pathfinder Project... SMD 4-58 Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth System Science Pathfinder Project... 226.5 Comments Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth System Science Pathfinder Project... SMD 4-60 Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth System Science Pathfinder Project... 4.6 BTC Comments Theme: Program: Earth-Sun System Earth-Sun System Multi-Mission... SMD 4-62 Theme: Program: Earth-Sun System Earth-Sun System Multi-Mission...-11 Res Theme: Program: Earth-Sun System Earth-Sun System Multi-Mission... SMD 4-64 Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth-Sun Research (Dollars in... SMD 4-65 Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth-Sun Research Changes From... of Earth-Sun science. SAE SMD 4-66 Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth... 4-67 Purpose Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth-Sun Research Implementation Schedule... 4-68 Purpose Theme: Earth-Sun System Program: Earth-Sun Research Implementation Schedule... of understanding and protecting Earth. The NASA Earth Observatory is also an... REASoN solicitation and the Earth Explorers solicitation. None Earth Sun System Science... SMD 4-75 Theme: Program: Earth-Sun System Earth-Sun Technology (Dollars in... development times of Earth science measurements. The Earth-Sun System Technology Office... understanding of Earth's magnetic fields. Theme: Program: Earth-Sun System Earth-Sun Technology... SMD 4-77 Theme: Program: Earth-Sun System Earth-Sun Technology Technical Parameters... 4-78 None Theme: Program: Earth-Sun System Earth-Sun Technology Implementation Schedule... SMD 4-79 Theme: Program: Earth-Sun System Earth-Sun Technology Key Participants... characterizing and understanding Earth surface changes and variability of Earth's gravitational and... characterizing and understanding Earth surface changes and variability of Earth's gravitational and... characterizing and understanding Earth surface changes and variability of Earth’s gravitational and...



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... .............................................................................................................. Human Research Program.............................................................................................................................. Observing the Earth and Educational Activities ............................................................................................ Science from... Research: Benefits to Life on Earth ....................................................................... Spin-offs and Patents ..................................................................................................................................... Supporting... Station (ARISS) ............................................................................... Crew Earth Observations (CEO) ......................................................................................................................... Crew Earth Observations-International Polar Year... Payload Operations-Kit C (EPO-Kit C) ............................................................................................. Earth Knowledge Acquired by Middle School... Station Science Benefiting Life on Earth ................................................................................... 201 Appendices Appendix A: Scientific Research... the Crew Earth Observations (CEO) investigation that supports a variety of Earth Science... on Earth. The remote guidance paradigm can be adapted on Earth for... OBSERVING THE EARTH AND EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES The tradition of Earth observations from... the Earth. Even with the many satellites now orbiting the Earth, ISS...) Observing the Earth CEO (Crew Earth Observations) CEO-IPY (Crew Earth Observations-International... sites on Earth by providing repeated overflight passes of the Earth with... Crew-Initiated Photography of Earth From ISS – Is Earth Observation a Salutogenic Experience... Photography: Observing the Earth from the International Space Station. Earth Observatory. Feb... Virus) Observing the Earth and Educational Activities  Crew Earth Observations (CEO)  Space...) Observing the Earth and Educational Activities  Crew Earth Observations (CEO)  Earth Knowledge Acquired... the Earth and Educational Activities  Crew Earth Observations (CEO)  DreamTime (DreamTime)  Earth Knowledge... Observing the Earth and Educational Activities  Crew Earth Observations (CEO)  Earth Knowledge Acquired... Earth and Educational Activities  Crew Earth Observations (CEO)  Education Payload Operations (EPO)  Earth...) Observing the Earth and Educational Activities  Crew Earth Observations (CEO)  Earth Knowledge Acquired... Bone) Observing the Earth and Educational Activities  Crew Earth Observations (CEO)  Education... Bone) Observing Earth and Educational Activities  Crew Earth Observations (CEO)  Earth Knowledge Acquired...) Observing the Earth and Educational Activities  Crew Earth Observations (CEO)  Earth Knowledge Acquired... (Mobility) Observing Earth and Observation  Crew Earth Observations (CEO)  Earth Knowledge Acquired by...) Observing the Earth and Educational Activities  Crew Earth Observations (CEO)  Earth Knowledge Acquired...) Observing the Earth and Educational Activities  Crew Earth Observations (CEO)  Earth Knowledge Acquired... Observing the Earth and Educational Activities  Crew Earth Observations (CEO)  Earth Knowledge Acquired... the Earth and Educational Activities  Crew Earth Observations (CEO)  Crew Earth Observations-International... Observing the Earth and Educational Activities  Crew Earth Observations (CEO)  Crew Earth Observations... Observing the Earth and Educational Activities Observing the Earth and Educational Activities 2006 Observing the Earth and Educational... Earth and Educational Activities Observing the Earth and Educational Activities Observing the Earth... Earth and Educational Activities Observing the Earth and Educational Activities Observing the Earth... Crew-Initiated Photography of Earth From ISS — Is Earth th Observation a Salutogenic... American Earth Sciences 2006; 21:151–172. 2006 Observing the Earth and Educational Activities Observing the Earth and Educational Activities 2006 Observing the Earth and Educational... Earth and Educational Activities Observing the Earth and Educational Activities Observing the Earth and Educational Activities HU U. 235 Observing the Earth and Educational Activities Observing the Earth and Educational Activities Observing the Earth and Educational Activities Observing the Earth... Observing the Earth and Educational Activities 2008 Observing the Earth and Educational Activities 2004 Observing the Earth and Educational Activities Observing the Earth and Educational Activities Observing the Earth and Educational Activities Observing the Earth...



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... Community European Launcher Development Organisation Earth Resources Satellite European Space Agency... Range Ballistic Missile International Sun - Earth Explorer International Telecommunication Union International... for communications experiments between small Earth terminals, a 20/30 GHz communications... the Executive (microgravity research and Earth-oriented disciplines). A compromise was hammered... of activity: Space science Microgravity Earth observation Telecommunications Space transportation systems... capability, a polar orbiting platform for Earth observation studies, and an operational... Budget Science Other Technology Programmes Earth Observation Microgravity 55.1 1989 30... as satellite telecommunications, meteorology and Earth resources surveying. The importance of... the three-satellite International Sun-Earth Explorer programme developed in collaboration... spacecraft and from the Earth or near-Earth orbit.264 The study... Shuttle-independent contingency missions: a Sun-Earth Observatory and Climatology Satellite (SEOCS... sciences, a similar problem arose regarding Earth-oriented research, a field which was... and astrophysics Solar System sciences Earth sciences Programme elements Exploitation of... ocean and ice programme A solid-Earth physics satellite Material sciences Participation... case of Earth sciences was exemplary in this respect. Earth-oriented space... of the Science Directorate. An Earth Observation Programme and a Microgravity Programme.... Sun-Earth Observatory and Measurement, monitoring and mapping of the Earth’s radiation... about 230 to 260 Earth radii from the Earth.451 The list... of the Earth’s magnetotail beyond the orbit of the Moon, Earth’s Magnetospheric Tail perhaps as far as 260 Earth radii from the Earth... and the Earth) at a distance of 1.5 million km from the Earth Magellan... the new Earth observation field, essentially covering climatology and Earth resources. The... Bern Kiruna Geneva Munich Munich Earth Observation Advisory Committee International Astronomical... 1.5 million km from Earth (i.e. one hundredth of the Sun-Earth distance). In..." research fields (i.e. microgravity science and Earth observation) and by seeking collaborative... for communications experiments between small Earth terminals, • A 20/30 GHz communications... satellites from 1965 Development (low Earth orbit) Nimbus 1, 2, 3, 4, E, F [1964/1973 EOS... research services, meteorological services, and Earth resources services. Marcellus S. Snow, The... in communications, meteorological, aeronautical and Earth observation satellites.1070 The studies... ground facilities (communications centres and Earth terminals) and aircraft avionics (development... data relay, navigation, communications and Earth observation for both logistic military... categories of satellite: scientific, meteorological, Earth-observation and telecommunications.1441 The..., optical and electronic components, composites), Earth-survey (geophysics, ecology, meteorology), biology... and M. Rycroft, Spacelab. Research in Earth Orbit (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press... materials science, communication and navigation, Earth observation, astronomy, and space physics... sciences, life sciences, material sciences, Earth resources, communications, and space electrophoresis... 0.35 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.30 1.3 0.4 0.3 1.5 Earth observation Microwave scatterometer Metric camera... ( MAU) General instrumentation - pure science - Earth observation - material science Specific instrumentation... life sciences) and Earth-oriented disciplines (atmospheric sciences, Earth resources and geodesy... demonstration missions, devoted to microgravity, Earth-oriented and space-oriented disciplines... satellites were concerned, telecommunication and Earth observation were considered two strategic..., or take advantage of, low-Earth orbital infrastructures, i.e. platforms where satellites... in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) or for transferring material for Earth observation... (later extended), expanded activity in Earth observation and microgravity programmmes was...-term plan were programmes for Earth-observation, telecommunications, microgravity, space science... platform; • A polar platform primarily for Earth observation and meteorology2176. The US... qualify as civilian systems (telecommunication, Earth observation, meteorological, navigation systems, for... here to Earth Observation). On both aspects, see Euroconsult, “Earth observations in... cooperation on three key areas: Earth observation, telecommunications and microgravity. Joint... and technology, telecommunications, environment and Earth observation, while the Community approved... 1991), while ESA spending for Earth observation and telecommunications correspondingly levelled...'s missions now include Earth Explorer (focussed on Earth sciences) and Earth Watch (focussed... the Earth and its environment from space. We are putting Earth sciences... their ground sectors (such as Earth observation, telecommunication and navigation). The... and M. Rycroft, Spacelab. Research in Earth Orbit, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press...



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... Coordination 12.4.3 Terrestrial Coordination of Earth Stations World Radiocommunication Conference Additional... Communication satellites, whether in geostationary Earth orbit (GEO) or nonGEO, provide... activity. The low Earth orbit (LEO) and medium Earth orbit (MEO) approaches... strength in a changing world. Originally, Earth stations were large, expensive, and... remote Earth stations must transmit information back to the hub Earth station... effects and nonlinearity in the Earth stations and satellite repeater. 2.1.1 Meaning..., R, between the Earth station and the GEO satellite. The Earth station elevation... communication requirements, the types of Earth stations employed, and the experience.... At the receiving Earth station, bursts from Earth stations are received in... RF transmission equipment from originating Earth station, through the satellite, and... feeder links, fixed service terrestrial, Earth observation satellites X-band (8–12.5 GHz... 2.9: • • • • Fixed Satellite Service (FSS): between Earth stations at given positions, when... Satellite Communication Ground Segment and Earth Station Handbook, Norwood, MA: Artech...) TT&C Earth station Satellite control center Hub or gateway Earth station Ground... channel (1 through 6) originates from a different Earth station, using FDMA in this... beacons for reception by communication Earth stations. This provides a reference for... approximately 0.8° per year), requiring that Earth station 3.4 Contingency Planning 111 antennas... satellite link between a transmitting Earth station and a receiving Earth station through a bent... entertainment TV programming to homereceiving Earth terminals (or, simply, home receivers... satellite transmit antenna and home (Earth) receive antenna, respectively [3]. These are... power control in the broadcast Earth station as well. 6.5.2 Significant Differences... Satellite Communication Ground Segment and Earth Station Handbook, Norwood, MA: Artech... the originating Earth station to exist anywhere on the visible Earth. The... dedicated links between pairs of Earth stations. Temporary connections emulate dial...); FEC rates: 1/2 or 3/4; Modulation: QPSK. Earth station type S-1, S-2 or S-3; all operate... Indoor equipment Central office Gateway Earth station Network management Net control... bundle User 7 Bundles exist: User 8 • Earth station equipment • Satellite transponder channels....2.2 Fixed Telephony Earth Station Design The typical FTS remote Earth station, shown... the Earth stations and inbound control channels between the remote Earth stations... an Earth station transmission that is intended for one other Earth station... needed. An example with four Earth stations transmitting multidestination carriers is... dedicated Earth stations. Connection to the PSTN is through a gateway Earth station... Satellite Communication Ground Segment and Earth Station Handbook, Norwood, MA: Artech... Gateway Earth station Cellular network (PLMN) Telephone network (PSTN) Gateway Earth station... resources. Satellite communication among moving Earth stations is very different from... of Earth station antenna Figure 11.4 For a mobile broad-beam Earth station... regions around the Earth. The magnetic field of the Earth traps much... satellite from the Earth (e.g., the altitude plus the Earth radius of 6,378... cover three-fourths of the Earth’s surface). Digital communications were introduced... Satellite Communication Ground Segment and Earth Station Handbook, Norwood, MA: Artech... Operators of communications satellites and Earth stations are dependent on national... institute blanket licensing wherein specific Earth station locations are not licensed... interference to legitimate fixed Earth station users. 3. A disgruntled Earth station operator decides... bands, in respect of a specific Earth station in a geostationarysatellite network in... service. 12.4.3 Terrestrial Coordination of Earth Stations Terrestrial coordination is the... interference along path (2) where the Earth station interferes with the terrestrial... work [4]. 12.6.1 Operation of Uplink Earth Stations The terrestrial coordination procedures..., and ultimately operate a satellite communications Earth station or network. This would..., granting construction permits, and licensing Earth stations (considerable valuable and current... Services [3] [4] [5] [6] Malaguti, N., “Coordination of an Earth Station with Stations of Terrestrial... satellites, transponder capacity, and fixed Earth stations represents a sunk cost that...) TT&C Earth station Satellite control center Hub or gateway Earth station Ground... Full transponder Event arrangement, Uplink Earth station, Video distribution maintenance, equipment... capacity calculation, 389 Earth stations, 382 fixed telephony Earth station design, 384..., 4 WorldSpace design, 258–59 Geostationary Earth orbit (GEO), 3 orbit attributes, 407..., Terry Edwards Ground Segment and Earth Station Handbook, Bruce R. Elbert Introduction..., Second Edition, Bruce R. Elbert Low Earth Orbital Satellites for Personal Communication... Satellite Communication Ground Segment and Earth Station Handbook, Bruce R. Elbert Understanding...



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... technology. • Protection of Earth’s Environment - NASA studies the Earth as a planet and... small, focused Earth System Science Pathfinder missions to explore Earth system processes... space flight missions, near-earth and earth orbiting missions; and sub-orbital... payloads include the Crew Earth Observation camera, the Earth Knowledge Acquired by... space flight missions; near-Earth and Earth-orbiting missions; sub-orbital and... movement of the Earth's gravitational field as the Earth rotates west to... their travel to Earth (for events directed toward Earth). By viewing CMEs... 1,484,627 1,514,978 Major Earth Earth Earth Mission Operations Investments Minority University... for life on Earth? • How is the global Earth system changing? • What... change in the Earth system? • How does the Earth system respond to... the Earth science program. These researchers develop Earth system models from Earth science... in Earth System Science with the Earth Observing System SAT 3-6 The Earth Observing System (EOS), the centerpiece of Earth... the solar forcing of Earth’s climate. The Earth Explorers Program contains a series... users such as regional Earth science applications centers, Earth science information partners... TO SUCCESS IN EARTH SCIENCE The challenges of Earth System Science, sustainable... essential element in the Earth science program. Earth science addresses global issues...-disciplinary study of planet Earth and to make Earth science data and... and Ice in the Earth System, and Solid Earth Science. There is... and Ice in the Earth System, and Solid Earth Science. Biology and... long-standing Earth science research program in fundamental solid Earth science explores... previously did not teach Earth System science. The Earth System Science Educators... development costs for Earth observing instruments and enable new Earth observation measurements... the Lead Center for Earth Science, including the Earth Observing System (EOS..., Earth-Sun connection, Mars exploration, low cost earth orbital transfer and earth observation... B&PR Mission Support EARTH SCIENCE Earth Observing System Program Earth Probes Program Operating Missions Research and Technology Earth... Mission Support EARTH SCIENCE Earth Observing System Program Research and Technology Earth Science... Reimbursable Activities EARTH SCIENCE Earth Observing System Program Research and Technology Earth Science... subsystems. EARTH SCIENCE - Lead Center for Earth Science, including the Earth Observing System... B&PR Mission Support EARTH SCIENCE Earth Observing System Program Earth Probes Program Operating Missions Research and Technology Earth... B&PR Mission Support EARTH SCIENCE Research and Technology Earth Science Mission Support...) HEDS Mission Support EARTH SCIENCE Research and Technology Earth Science Mission Support... B&PR Mission Support EARTH SCIENCE Earth Observing System Program Earth Probes Program Operating Missions Research and Technology Earth... RESEARCH B&PR Mission Support EARTH SCIENCE Earth Science Mission Support AERO-SPACE... advanced technical innovation. Earth Explorers complement the Earth Observing System by enabling... & CLARK UNIVERSITY CLASS EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE (UNESS) EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE PATHFINDERS VCL... System and the Earth within it. Public Benefit: Earth and all of... for life on Earth? How is the global Earth system changing? What... change in the Earth system? How does the Earth system respond to... acting on the Earth system and its responses. Earth Science is science... Earth Science Enterprise NASA Earth Science Enterprise Roadmap Through 2002 Characterize the Earth... Predict Changes in the Earth System • Understand Earth system variability • Identify & measure... technologies for Earth observation • Develop advanced information technologies for Earth science data... the consequences for life on Earth. NASA's Earth observing and research program... Earth, the Earth's interior, and what information can be inferred about the Earth... computer testbed for Earth science modeling challenges. • Finalize Earth science multidisciplinary, integrated... Earth, the Earth's interior, and what information can be inferred about the Earth... decisionProvide regional decisionPerformance Regional Earth Science Regional Earth Science makers with scientific... Earth, the Earth's interior, and what information can be inferred about the Earth.... X X X X Investments Research and Technology Earth Explorers Earth Observing System X Operations 2Y1: Increase... and Technology Operations Earth Explorers Earth Observing System Budget Category Earth Science Enterprise... 5 performance indicators. Earth Explorers Earth Observing System Budget Category Earth Science Enterprise FY... and Technology Operations Earth Explorers Earth Observing System Budget Category Earth Science Enterprise... is such a frontier. Earth orbit, the Moon, near-Earth space, Mars and...



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... (Earth Systematic Missions and Earth System Science Pathfinder) develop satellite missions; Earth Science... 01/2007 EARTH - 8 2016 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Science....nasa.gov/earth-science/. EARTH - 9 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Science... geodesy. EARTH - 10 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Science Research.... EARTH - 11 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Science Research Earth Science... impact). EARTH - 12 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Science Research...: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Science Research Program Management The Earth Science Theme... organizations) EARTH - 14 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Science Research Acquisition Strategy The Earth Science Research... (APR). EARTH - 15 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions... 2010 Request EARTH - 16 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions Program Overview The Earth Systematic Missions.../missions/earth.html. EARTH - 17 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Systematic... 2011. EARTH - 18 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions... section. EARTH - 19 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions... section. EARTH - 20 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions... Formulation. EARTH - 21 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions... Japan. EARTH - 22 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions.... EARTH - 23 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions Earth Observation... FY 2011 EARTH - 24 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Systematic...) instrument. EARTH - 27 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions... None. EARTH - 28 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Systematic Missions.... EARTH - 29 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Project In Development: Science Earth Science Earth.... EARTH - 30 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Project In Development: Science Earth Science Earth.... EARTH - 31 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Project In Development: Science Earth Science Earth.... EARTH - 32 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Project In Development: Science Earth Science Earth.... EARTH - 37 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Project In Development: Science Earth Science Earth.... EARTH - 38 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Project In Development: Science Earth Science Earth.... EARTH - 41 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Project In Development: Science Earth Science Earth.... EARTH - 42 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Project In Development: Science Earth Science Earth.../. EARTH - 43 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Project In Development: Science Earth Science Earth.... EARTH - 44 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Project In Development: Science Earth Science Earth.... EARTH - 48 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Project In Development: Science Earth Science Earth.... EARTH - 49 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Project In Development: Science Earth Science Earth.... EARTH - 50 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Project In Development: Science Earth Science Earth.../2009 EARTH - 59 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth System Science... http://earth.nasa.gov EARTH - 60 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth... CALIPSO. EARTH - 61 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth System Science....3 165.5 -- -2.1 0.0 0.9 -0.9 -0.8 0.3 -- EARTH - 72 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Science Multi-Mission Operations Program Overview The Earth Science... proposals. EARTH - 73 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Science Multi... decisions. EARTH - 74 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Science Multi... 2013. EARTH - 75 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Science Multi-Mission Operations Earth Science Multi-Mission.... ongoing EARTH - 78 TBD Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Science... Initiative. EARTH - 79 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Science Technology... wildfires. EARTH - 80 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Science Technology... Earth Sciences (ROSES)announcements. EARTH - 81 Mission Directorate: Theme: Program: Science Earth Science Earth Science Technology Independent Reviews Review Type Relevance Performer NAC - Earth...