Предприятие. Generation Orbit. [Редактировать]

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1США

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12016-05-05. НАСА и Generation Orbit подписали соглашение.
Космическое агентство США и разработчик суборбитальной ракеты GOLauncher 1 подписали соглашение относительно совместного доведения проекта создания РН до нужного состояния. В рамках двухлетнего сотрудничества НАСА предоставит компании для проведения демонстрационных испытаний свой самолет Gulfstream 3 и окажет техническое содействие при решении вопросов связанных с отработкой систем запуска.Тэги: GOLauncher 1Космическое агентство СШАGOLauncher 1Generation Orbit
22017-04-07. Generation Orbit получила контракт от ВВС США.
Компания Generation Orbit Launch Services, Inc. объявила о получении контракта от ВВС США на разработку и тестирование своего перспективного одноступенчатого РН GOLauncher 1. Как предполагается, данное финансирование позволит компании осуществить первый пуск своей ракеты с бизнес-джета Gulfstream III в 2019 году. Тэги: GOLauncher 1Generation OrbitВоенно-воздушные силы США

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Generation Orbit». [Перейти к поиску]


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... SUMMARY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 COMSTAC 2014 COMMERCIAL GEOSYNCHRONOUS ORBIT LAUNCH DEMAND FORECAST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 SUMMARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 HISTORY... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 New Applications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 On-Orbit Servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 Competition from LEO... to Government” Satellite Delivery in Orbit Sales. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Regulatory Environment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29..., such as low Earth orbit (LEO), medium Earth orbit (MEO), elliptical (ELI... Forecast COMSTAC 2013 COMMERCIAL GEOSYNCHRONOUS ORBIT LAUNCH DEMAND FORECAST SUMMARY The... satellites simultaneously into geosynchronous transfer orbit (GTO), and these capabilities are... mismatch, technical differences, and differing orbit insertion requirements) can also cause... O3b, which touts its next-generation global network as combining the... Orbital Sciences Corporation). This Third-Generation Infrared Surveillance (3GIRS) program will... financing support for Iridium’s next generation satellite system secured by a $1.8B... NGSO, including low Earth orbit (LEO), medium Earth orbit (MEO), elliptical orbits... on orbit. In 2012, a prototype second generation satellite was launched to orbit as... (lb) Orbit Type First Launch Status 1998 Constellation on orbit and operational. Eight replacement satellites launched in 2007. Eighteen second generation... and 2011. Six more second generation satellites were launched aboard a Soyuz... spares launched June 2002. Next generation system under development by Thales... Contractor Number (on orbit/ operational) Mass kg (lb) Orbit Type First Launch..., and deployment of their new generation of satellites. Table 15. FCC... authorization for the ORBOMM second generation satellites to operate within the... authorization to operate its second-generation satellites within the United States... augmenting its on-orbit satellite constellation. Globalstar’s first generation satellite constellation consisted...: 48 operational satellites plus 4 on-orbit spares. Globalstar’s original constellation began... the on-orbit constellation, Globalstar launched its final eight first generation replacement... July 2009, Globalstar uploaded a second generation SPOT Satellite GPS Messenger software... Globalstar second generation satellites. The first 6 satellites were launched into orbit in... after the new generation satellites came online following on-orbit testing. Thales... and built the 25 second generation satellites (including one ground spare... and simplex services after second generation satellite deployment. Because of the... the system development of a second generation satellite constellation, named Iridium NEXT... Vesselsat 2. Vesselsat 1 launched into equatorial orbit on a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle... into ORBCOMM’s current or second generation (OG2) constellation. Instead they will... of the 18-satellite second generation constellation are either under construction... orbit and continue to provide telecommunications services; most of the first generation... continue providing services until second generation spacecraft were ready. Now most...’ Design Life Satellite System 1st Generation Satellite Design Life Globalstar 7.5 years... the satellites on orbit, partially operational Aprize Satellite N/A 8 on orbit, 6 in service... system O3b Network N/A 4 satellites in orbit, partially operational. Launching 8 more to... system • 46 • 2nd or Current Generation Satellite Design Life 15 years... terms of demand and revenue generation. The satellite imagery market is... of satellites currently operating on orbit. DigitalGlobe Established in 1992, DigitalGlobe... the development of the current generation of DigitalGlobe (including the former... evenly distributed in a single sunsynchronous orbit (SSO). Four additional satellites were... for a second generation of SAR satellites called TerraSAR-X Next Generation. The launch... generation of satellites beyond the 2018 timeframe to replace the first generation.... Though planning for the next generation of satellites is underway, BlackBridge... Launch Assist Space Access (ALASA), Generation Orbit’s GOLauncher-2, Virgin Galactic’s LauncherOne, and... SOAR Super Strypi Operator DARPA Generation Orbit Virgin Galactic XCOR Aerospace Swiss... Systems DoD Manufacturer DARPA, Boeing Generation Orbit Virgin Galactic, SSTL XCOR Aerospace... Skybox Imaging flights that year. Generation Orbit and XCOR are also expected... Space Transportation ELI Highly Elliptical Orbit EROS Earth Remote Observation Satellite... Launch Vehicle GSO Geosynchronous Orbit GTO Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit HDTV High Definition Television Services HEO Highly Elliptical Orbit HPA...



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... Directional Observations for Routine Meteosat Orbit Determination Klinc, M. ; Lázaro, D. ; Siemer, A. EUMETSAT...) ...................................................................28 12:20 The Transfer Orbit Threat to Geostationary Satellites Finkleman..., (SWITZERLAND) .......................................................................................30 15:00 Innovative Orbit Determination Algorithms for a complete Debris...) ......................................................................................................43 12:40 Short-term Orbit Propagator of Space Debris Moving... Barcelona, (SPAIN)..............................................45 P4 A Satellite Orbit Design Method for Space-based... de Madrid, (SPAIN) ....................................................................47 P6 Orbit Determination Error Analysis for a Space... Radar Institute, (GERMANY) .....................................................................................................47 P7 Orbit Determination of the Extended Kalman... analysis request, displaying results and generation of reports, providing authenticated and... space center, performs the in-orbit control of governmental satellites, monitors... orbit raise maneuvers to maintain their constellation with respect to baseline orbit... Orbit Determination Klinc, M.; Lázaro, D.; Siemer, A. EUMETSAT An initial pilot system for orbit... for Meteosat operations, by improving orbit determination accuracy for the cases... software for the Meteosat Second Generation satellites has been upgraded to...-orbit delivery including LEOP operations. In addition, Astrium provides an in-orbit... prefered as they provide accurate orbit parameters and covariance. These informations... to produce a reliable orbit, whereas maintaining an orbit often requires only a single... system. Keywords: collision risk assessment, orbit determination accuracy, false alarm rate...: radar observation of space debris, orbit determination, correlation and cataloguing activities... by Orbit Parameter Message (OPM) and Orbit Mean-elements Message (OMM) and Orbit... growing number of satellites in orbit, entails a higher probability of collision... small eccentric orbits. ***** The Transfer Orbit Threat to Geostationary Satellites Finkleman... CASS, a software for conjunction assessment,orbit covarience analysis,collision probability calculation... sensor network are made. ***** Innovative Orbit Determination Algorithms for a complete Debris... build up, orbit improvement and fragmentation analysis. The developed orbit determination algorithm... the possible performances of a next generation radar. The accuracy of the... are better covered by a new generation of wide field of view... (Collision Risk Assessment) and ODIN (Orbit Determination with Improved Normal Equations... predict the Orbit Determination performance of future tracking and orbit determination systems... Linux version of the R&D GTDS orbit determination program. A Silicon Graphics workstation... the GTDS implementation of several orbit propagators: special perturbations, PPT2, PPT2..., will increase as well. Additionally, orbit propagation algorithms that are computationally...-stations. ***** High Fidelity Models for Orbit Propagation: DROMO vs. Stoermer-Cowell... on an orbit of 0o inclination and a sun-synchronous orbit. It concludes that sun-synchronous orbit could fulfill three... of the rule of sunsynchronous orbit (a,i), orbital inclination is presented. Thus... detection efficiency, data validity and orbit determination are analyzed and compared... educational outreach of space surveillance. ***** Orbit Determination Error Analysis for a Space... lead to reliable and accurate orbit determination results. Variables of influence... analysis performed by the Modular Orbit Determination Error Analysis Program MODEAS... orbit. The optical observation type is right ascension and declination. The orbit... convergence. The dynamic models for orbit propagation applied perturbations due to... numerical integration was applied for orbit propagation. ***** Optical Space Surveillance and... and subsystems in space (On-Orbit-Verification, OOV), including e. g. an optical... population environment, propagation capacities, measurements generation (ground based radar and telescopes...-based telescopes), initial and routine orbit determination tasks, correlation and cataloguing... analysis, launch detection, and ephemeris generation. DEIMOS Space S.L.U. has co-funded... orbit determination algorithms, orbit determination methods, the correlation process at measurement or orbit...: AS4, observation strategies, initial orbit determination, routine orbit determination, correlation techniques, covariance... optical observation of space debris, orbit determination, observation strategies, AS4 ***** ATV... seasons) and weather conditions. Expected orbit determination accuracies are also presented... EPS FDF features like TLE orbit generation, orbit file interpolation and processes sequencing... access the operational context (e.g. on-orbit position telecommand), to operate autonomously...



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... took Gaia into its transfer orbit, followed by separation from the... Soyuz launcher carrying Gaia into orbit, showing the jettison of the... delivery of 74 satellites to orbit and 10 suborbital payloads to... in an effort to reduce Orbit (LEO). overall costs. structures and... (1,300 lbs.) into Low Earth Orbit (LEO). Under the OSP program... and flight termination; employ intended orbit at an altitude of targeting... provide risk reduction through on-orbit testing and operation of a sensor.... The rocket put into designated orbit a small research satellite built by... capable of sending astronauts into orbit, the other being the Chinese... the first Arabbuilt satellite into orbit in 2017, according to the... grabbing the headlines with their Generation Orbit for this purpose. However, options... in satellite delivery and on-orbit operations. Non-containerized small satellites.... most payloads ever inserted into orbit by a single vehicle. The November... their protective cases into Earth’s orbit about 20 minutes after liftoff... Queen’s Birthday Honors using a new generation of imaging sensor, as well... commercial rockets. With a near-circular orbit at an altitude of 500km... expensive that recently failed in orbit and left the radar community... during the violent ascent into orbit • Antenna Holders: These are four... testing before its voyage to orbit. SatMagazine—January 2014 25 Small...—one where sending satellites into orbit is as routine and inexpensive...) miles, and will remain in orbit for several years, Fitz-Coy...’s Trailblazer satellite is now in orbit and is sending back information... control of the satellite in orbit. This is the first technology... photograph the Earth from its orbit at roughly a 350km altitude. The... the satellite is currently in orbit. The primary payload of TJ3SAT... Center—PhoneSat 2.4 P honeSat 2.4, NASA’s next generation smartphone CubeSat, has phoned home... satellites destined for Low Earth Orbit (LEO). “It’s great to hear... the high frontier to a new generation of explorers who can take... expected to perform in Earth orbit for several months and continue... the eight ESDN spacecraft in orbit. Image courtesy of NASA Ames..., COPPER, which stands for “Close Orbit Propellant Plume and Elemental Recognition... space once the rocket reaches orbit. Swartout said the launch of...,” Massey said. COPPER has an orbit lifetime expectancy of five years... is designed to operate in orbit for six months. The CubeSat... of a small satellite that can orbit or perhaps even land on... is now in its fourth generation and has delivered more than... mission specs, satellite design and orbit, the company created the Rapid... remote and the satellite, in orbit, and proved their ability to... to the equator in a circular orbit of 400 kilometers. This low... than if they were to orbit at higher altitudes. This upcoming... their first satellite (SkySat-1) into orbit in November of 2013. The...-1operates in a polar inclined, circular orbit at approximately 450km above the... the concept of Low-Earth Orbit (LEO) systems—they would operate... to 1400km and possess a polar orbit. At an altitude of 700km... the satellites moving within their orbit, users must constantly (automatically) switch... further satellites, excluding four in-orbit spares per plane. The satellites... unable to obtain financing, these orbit at a 700km altitude and all... was slotted into a 535 x 580km orbit, with an inclination of 97... consist of 30 Medium Earth Orbit (MEO) satellites as the projected... of seven satellites placed into orbit with an altitude of 1400km... degrees. Up to seven in-orbit spares would probably have been... operate in the Low Earth Orbit, only two, Iridium and Globalstar... have two satellites in geostationary orbit. This system was started in... launched and placed in geostationary orbit on April 7, 1995 and April...-1300 platform placed in a geostationary orbit at 92.9 degrees West. The... six satellites in an equatorial orbit. The proposal was advanced by... satellites in a 10,354km circular orbit with an inclination of 50... of placing these satellites in orbit. The project ran into financial... was to was placed in orbit on the Russian Resurs O-2 satellite... have been placed in a 1000km orbit. These would have been placed... been placed in a 500km polar orbit. Following this failure, the association.... 48 Koskon was a Low-Earth Orbit communications satellite system proposed by... 45 satellites in a 960 x 1010km orbit with an inclination of 83... 8 to 12 satellites in a 700km orbit with an inclination of 76... fax communication services from a 510km orbit with an inclination of 70... and two satellites in a geostationary orbit. The satellites would be based..., which would be in a 1000km orbit, would interrogate ground based surveillance... place the 230kg satellites in orbit. It is believed the first... satellites. We use enhanced in- orbit processing techniques, coupled with unrivaled... satellites to be placed into orbit. with a B.S. in Applied Physics. In... a primary satellite going into an orbit in which Mr. Miller then... already begun to create a next generation that will continue delivering leading...



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... Space Station in low-Earth orbit to a new habitation platform orbiting... the further development of lowEarth orbit to private sector companies. As... spaceflight activities in low-earth orbit. However, it is also possible... further development of low-earth orbit spaceflight activities entirely to the... – from a government-run laboratory in orbit to an independent human spaceflight... Activity in the Low Earth Orbit Sector A Contribution to NASA’s Study... Economic Development of Low Earth Orbit Josh Lerner, Ann Leamon, Andrew... Activity in the Low Earth Orbit Sector   1 1. Executive Summary The Bella... development of the Low Earth Orbit (LEO) sector.1 This sector comprises... Activity in the Low Earth Orbit Sector • • • 3 Set up a committee of... Activity in the Low Earth Orbit Sector   4 2. Introduction In this analysis... Activity in the Low Earth Orbit Sector 2.2. 5 Why Examine the Private... Activity in the Low Earth Orbit Sector 6 other characteristics of the... Activity in the Low Earth Orbit Sector 7 sector and describe specific... the paper. A. Orbit Altitudes At the most general level, orbit altitudes can...; medium earth orbit (MEO), also known as intermediate circular orbit, is between 2,000 and 35,786 km, geosynchronous orbit (GSO....nasa.gov/add/ancillaryguide/platforms/orbit.html. 21 For a discussion of... mission parameters, such as the orbit altitude. A secondary payload “hitches” a ride... of worldwide commercial Non-Geosynchronous Orbit (NGSO) launches from 1997 to... Activity in the Low Earth Orbit Sector 11 giant Motorola; Globalstar... logistical issues, such as mismatched orbit destinations and a lack of available... privately developed liquidfueled rocket to orbit Earth. While SpaceX eventually abandoned.../size of the payload and orbit destination. CubeSats (5 kg) can                                                                                                                         45... a secondary payload into the planned orbit on its October 2012 launch... to “…find optimal launch and orbit for payload provider customers.”57... NanoRacks necessitates launch at the orbit of the ISS, which several... Launch Cost Payload Capacity Frequency Orbit Rocket Lab (2007) Electron $4.9 million... kg (265 lbs) to SunSynchronous Orbit N/A LEO / SunSynchronous Firefly Space Systems... (Year Founded) Name of Vehicle Generation Orbit (2011) GOLauncher 1 Six months from... Activity in the Low Earth Orbit Sector GOLauncher 2 $2.5 million67 45 kg... for qualified customers) LEO/Sunsynchronous orbit (Implementation of reusability would drop...: Anthony J. “A.J.” Piplica, Chief Operating Officer, Generation Orbit Launch Services Inc." Spacenews.com... “[o]rbits inclined like the ISS[’] orbit precess [i.e., change in the orientation... over final orbit parameters and sometimes accepts less-than-ideal orbit regions... Lawler. "After Sending 2 ‘Doves’ into Orbit, Planet Labs Prepares Largest Satellite... issues associated with its specific orbit. Company Background Skybox Imaging is... Activity in the Low Earth Orbit Sector 27 diminished domestic competitiveness... Activity in the Low Earth Orbit Sector 28 NanoRacks Managing Director... for Research in Low Earth Orbit." Space Quarterly (December, 2012). 128... Activity in the Low Earth Orbit Sector Khosla Ventures (2004) Founders... Activity in the Low Earth Orbit Sector 5.3. Performance of Recent US... Activity in the Low Earth Orbit Sector 51 Another important initiative... in the chain between idea generation and angel and/or VC... Activity in the Low Earth Orbit Sector Appendix A:   VC Involvement in....; Brentwood Associates; Northwest Bank 2.0 Transfer Orbit Stage (TOS) vehicles. Began investigating... Activity in the Low Earth Orbit Sector SpaceX211 (2002) Skybox Imaging... Activity in the Low Earth Orbit Sector Planet Labs (formerly Cosmogia... Activity in the Low Earth Orbit Sector Acme Advanced Materials (2014... commercial possibilities of Low Earth Orbit. 13 The Advanced Technology Program... innovation system in Low Earth Orbit Mariana Mazzucato a Douglas K. R. Robinson a, b, c a Science... NASAcentric developments in low-Earth orbit (LEO) towards an ecosystem with... Martin began work on next-generation shuttles X-33 as part of... constructed and operated Earth to orbit transportation systems,25 private-sector... Station, actors constructing new in-orbit capabilities platforms designed and developed... spaceflight activities and its in-orbit operations since the early 1980s...-type initiative to create a next-generation ISS-type facility could be... this case, with fabrication in orbit opening new possibilities for developing... situation in terms of next-generation orbital platforms. There is currently... system entail a need for next-generation orbital facilities and, if so... even manufacturing in low earth orbit (LEO), the current experience is...  a  commercial  marketplace  in  low  Earth  orbit  for  scientific   research,  technology  development...  a  commercial  marketplace  in  low  Earth  orbit  for  scientific   research,  technology  development... protein  resolution  in  low-­‐earth  orbit  improves  about  20-­‐30%  over...



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... SPACE INDUSTRY AND THE NEXT GENERATION OF ENGINEERS IEEE Region 8 SYP... US satellite is launched into orbit Oct 1958 Alan Shepard becomes... leave a legacy for the next generation 14 Why Go to Space... Space Station is placed into orbit First flight of the Space... traveled 3 million pounds delivered to orbit 70% of the 550 people... the ground and Low Earth Orbit (LEO)” Even after hundreds of... orbit, in 2008; the first privately funded company to successfully launch, orbit... ferry astronauts to low Earth orbit (LEO). The Orion is designed... resources, whether in Low Earth Orbit (LEO), on the moon, in..., through to launch and on-orbit operations. D-Orbit D-Orbit is a first-mover in... devices and a disruptor in next-generation commissioning solutions. We are leading..." frontiers of space-based power generation and extraterrestrial mining. Effective Space... life-extension and other in-orbit services. Deploying and operating a fleet... technologies and launch vehicle systems Generation Orbit Generation Orbit is changing the future of... challenges worthy of the space generation. We are a passionate company of... wonderful breakthroughs in low-earth orbit and beyond. NovaWurks NovaWurks believes... most advanced satellites launching into orbit every 3-4 months, our capabilities are... working together to develop a new generation of spacecraft. Design, prototyping, build... Companies (5) Spaceflight Spaceflight is a next-generation, integrated space services and solutions... the world leader in in-orbit delivery of small satellites. Space...



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... in these past years: IN-ORBIT DEMONSTRATION FACILITATING ACCESS TO SPACE... their first space system in orbit. It is no coincidence that...” transport the Small Satellites to orbit as secondary or tertiary loads... over 30 vehicles inserted into orbit. DNEPR is a modified version of... Krunishev and commercializes Low Earth Orbit launches using a vehicle derived from... desired date at a mission-specific orbit. This will imply higher cost... for a specific launch date or orbit. In a way a dedicated small satellite... which a rocket is launched. (*) Americans Generation Orbit or Virgin Galactic’s Launcherone are... type of launch system or orbit injection system is operating from... into: Pre-launch, Launch & In-Orbit. This is presented in the... Convention Domestic Space Legislation In-Orbit - Outer Space Treaty - Liability Convention... communication satellites launched to geostationary orbit. However, since early 2000 insurers... issues for Launch and In-Orbit insurance are: • Policy period versus...’s duties Space Liability Insurance In-orbit Launch We saw in the... separated from launch and in-orbit insurance. Many companies, in fact.... Launch and In-Orbit insurance Launch and In-Orbit Insurance is considered... Liability Insurance. Launch and In-Orbit Insurance addresses risk of loss... flight until insertion into orbit. • Specific in-orbit operations risks arise for... are also a concern once in-orbit. 6.3. FINANCING We have saved the... • Many Cubesats end up in orbit but not working • Cubesats are... last sufficient time (X months) in orbit to perform its mission. 1.3. ON...: from payload integration till in-orbit operations. Novanano has a workforce of... systems. These can prolong the orbit life if Nanosatellites, which is... kg to 500km low Earth orbit. • Generation Orbit: 2.5 Million US Dollars for 45... can be useful for in-orbit validation of low TRL technologies..., releasing a dozen of microsatellites into orbit. UNISAT-7 is expected to launch..., Small Satellites cannot dictate the orbit and therefore this makes it... time. Today, DIGICON is a 2nd generation company run by 2 sons of... – DG ENTERPRISE & INDUSTRY (DG ENTR) Generation Orbit A very interesting meeting was held...



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... Attaining Earth Orbit or Beyond . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 • B Successful Launches to Orbit on U.S. Vehicles... on exploration missions beyond Earth orbit. SLS and Orion are fundamental... human-certification-plan review, on-orbit and entry Preliminary Design Certification... service. NASA awarded a contract to Generation Orbit Launch Services, Inc., for three... launches during launch and early orbit phases. The Deep Space Network... Agency to provide valuable in-orbit performance data to NASA F i s c a l • 17... commanded to descend into a lower orbit that resulted in an impact... first dedicated dust instrument to orbit the moon, discovered a tenuous veil... predicts recently developed the next generation of ANOPP (ANOPP2) and, in... community noise impacts for current-generation aircraft and will enable accurate... major components of structural noise generation in aircraft) while minimizing weight..., through the development of next-generation, physics-based tools and streamlined... a unique high-altitude, ice-crystal-generation capability to test a fully operating... CubeSats were placed in Earth orbit in 2013, demonstrating that off.... for the KC-46A Next-Generation Aerial Refueler in response to...’s Improved Gray Eagle (IGE), a next-generation derivative of the combat-proven... continued to place satellites into orbit successfully during FY 2013. With... the first of the next-generation GPS satellites, the GPS III... System of the GPS Next Generation Operational Control System. The modernized... nodes. Both satellites completed on-orbit testing procedures and are now... Earth Orbit (GEO) satellites, two hosted sensors in Highly Elliptical Orbit (HEO), and ground elements. GEO 1 and GEO 2 satellites are on orbit... continued to support the on-orbit operations of the ORS-1 satellite... reuse a space vehicle. 55 Y e a r 2 0 1 3 A c t i v i t i e s 57 F i s c a l Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen), which.... Making progress toward the next generation of aviation is being made... the first of its next generation of polar-orbiting milestones have..., collecting information on tempera- F i s c a l each orbit. It takes the satellite approximately 1.5 hours to complete a full orbit. 65 Argos is a data collection... Graaff accelerator, decades in Earth orbit may be delivered in less... to help develop the next generation of high-speed aircraft. A c t i v i t i e s degradation... metrology requirements for the next generation of x-ray mirrors, which cannot... early epochs when the first generation of stars were formed. The... calibrations required for the next generation of Y e a r contain an evacuated, temperature... Maryland to develop the next generation of high-sensitivity solar-blind... successful development at A e r o n a u t i c s a n d R e p o r t NASA’s next-generation satellite observatories require new detectors... operate an atomic clock in orbit on the International Space Station..., which is used in next-generation Ka-band broadband to the... that will support the Next Generation Air Transportation System. OTM created... responsible for flight operations, maintenance, generation, and distribution. For 41 years... through a decision-support tool. The generation of these products was led... potential dam hazards, and the generation of digital terrain data for... at the longitude 55.5° west orbit location. • December 4, 2012: To DIRECTV... at the longitude 76.0° west orbit location. The FCC granted a number... at the longitude 47.5° east orbit location in accordance with International... at the longitude 116.8° west orbit location station using the C-band... the longitude 119.25° west orbit location. A c t i v i t i e s to the permitted list... Technology Solar Telescope), the next-generation U.S. had previously earned the strong... under ITU auspices for next-generation GPS III signals and power... its work on developing next-generation GNSS applications, particularly for aviation... launch and on-orbit operational support for the current generation of the... on satellite hosts in geosynchronous orbit. In order to maintain a vital... attain Earth orbit and, therefore, is included in the Earth-orbit success... shortly after it achieved Earth orbit. f. This includes American spacecraft not... launChes suCCessful in aTTaining earTh orbiT or beyond 159 Calendar Year... well as launches to useless orbit. b. Launches from U.S.-Russia joint platform... Vehicle a n d P r e s i d e n t 160 suCCessful launChes To orbiT on u.s. vehiCles 35,790 35...) Renamed TDRS 11 after achieving orbit Space-Based Infra Red System...) missile detection satellite for geosynchronous orbit Also launched CubeSats: Bell (2013...) Appendix B (cont.) suCCessful launChes To orbiT on u.s. vehiCles October 1, 2012–September...:06:15 First crewed four-orbit rendezvous Installed the Obstanovka plasma... Geospace Environment Modeling Geosynchronous Earth Orbit Geospace Facilities gigahertz Geographic Information... Elevation Antarctic Terahertz Highly Elliptical Orbit Human Exploration and Operations Human... Network Near-Earth Object Next Generation Air Transportation System National Forest...



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... Generation . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.2 Power Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.3 Power Management and Distribution 3.3 On the horizon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.1 Power Generation...-nuclear and fuel cell power-generation areas, more development needs to... of putting small spacecraft into orbit. But the new technological advancements... spacecraft in orbit. There are 8 of the SSTL-100 in orbit, 10... in development called the Next Generation Microsatellite and the FeatherCraft, both...­ nology Ltd., 2015). The Next Generation Microsatellite provides a lower price point...: The product suite for next generation cubesat mission. http://mstl.atl... system (EPS) manages electrical power generation, storage and management and commonly... of total spacecraft mass. Power generation technologies include photovoltaic cells, solar.... Engineers often focus on power generation and storage technologies that have.... 3.2 3.2.1 State of the art Power Generation Solar Cells The majority of... sizes. These second and third generation cells have rich flight heritage... power generation is not always available for spaceflight operations; the orbit... at TRL of 9. Their third-generation EPS for 1U­ 12U cubesats... a TRL of 8 while the second generation EPS is a veteran of many... eight Vectronic PCAD units on orbit. Table 3.3. Power Management and Distribution... 9 Unkn. 3.3 3.3.1 On the horizon Power Generation New technologies continue to be... for space qualified power generation. Promising tech­ nologies applicable to... spacecraft are using advanced power generation and storage technology such as... Space. (2015a). Clyde Space Third-Generation (3G) EPS Range. http://www...: 6 December 2015) Green, M. A. (2003). Third generation photovoltaics: Advanced solar energy conversion... on the type of thrust generation. Whenever pertinent, this report considers... of maneuvers from stationkeeping and orbit transfers to momentum management. There... in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) and Medium Earth Orbit (MEO). In this... ionized by using various plasma generation techniques. Radio Frequency (RF) engines... made possible since the plasma-generation chambers in RF engines are... not carry propellant for thrust generation are an ideal candidate for..., J.-E., Palmer, K., Gronland, T.-A., & Noorma, M. (2014). Nanosatellite orbit control using MEMS cold gas... Cylindrical Hall Thruster for Next Generation Microsatellites. In 29th Annual AIAA... Control System (ADCS). In Earth orbit, an onboard position determination capability... the primary method for performing orbit determination, replacing ground based tracking... that occur throughout a spacecraft in orbit is controlled by thermal management..., sci_Zone is developing its next generation of simplex radio, STX3, as... is currently developing the next generation of the product. A Ka-band... of putting small spacecraft into orbit, but the new technological advancements... an approximate orbit, but then propel themselves to another orbit with their... missions that need a very specific orbit, interplanetary trajectories, precisely timed rendezvous... by incorporating propulsion and power generation subsystems, which can maneuver its... deliver payloads into geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) or LEO. Although Ariane... geostationary transfer orbit in 2003 and then traveled to orbit the Moon..., or maneuvers to a geosynchronous transfer orbit and trans-lunar injection orbits... supply a maximum of 2200 m s−1 Δv for orbit change maneuvers. The solar arrays... Payloads: NanoRacks offers an in-orbit system that provides payload opportunities... 2 (Figure 10.45), developed by Generation Orbit Launch Services, is an air... has not been set yet (Generation Orbit Launch Services, Inc., 2015; Henry... a Gulfstream jet. Image courtesy of Generation Orbit. Haas 2C: The Haas 2C... Microwave Energy Transmission to Earth Orbit Rocket (METEOR): METEOR (Figure 10... Vehicle (NSLV) Firefly Space Systems Generation Orbit Launch Services ARCA Space Corp... Air Launch System Vulcan (Next Generation Launch System NGLS) VLS-1 10..., expand mission capabilities, and enable orbit maneuvering. In the future these....htm. (Accessed: 2015-10-07) Generation Orbit Launch Services, Inc. (2015). GOLauncher...: 2015-10-05) Henry, C. (2015). Generation Orbit Gains GOLauncher 2 Commitments, Plans GOLauncher....com/launch/2015/06/05/generation-orbit -gains-golauncher2-commitments-plans-golauncher.... (2015). Critical Technologies for Next Generation Launch Systems and Spacecraft. http..., June, 2009). As cubesat power generation systems become more effective and...% availability on passes for polar orbit spacecraft. The network also operates... for the emergence of next-generation distributed small spacecraft platforms, it... perform certain operations autonomously in orbit or automatically from the ground... cm in orbit between Geostationary (GEO) and Low Earth Orbit (LEO) altitudes... a 650 km altitude 72◦ inclination orbit, demonstrated 164 Figure 12.4. AEOLDOS..., Voronka, & Slostad, 2009). Currently on orbit with Aerocube-V cubesats, the terminator... unable to relocate to a graveyard orbit due to propulsion limitations, deorbit...



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... Generation . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.2 Power Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.3 Power Management and Distribution 3.3 On the horizon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3.1 Power Generation...-nuclear and fuel cell power-generation areas, more development needs to... of putting small spacecraft into orbit. But the new technological advancements... spacecraft in orbit. There are 8 of the SSTL-100 in orbit, 10... in development called the Next Generation Microsatellite and the FeatherCraft, both... Technology Ltd., 2015). The Next Generation Microsatellite provides a lower price point...: The product suite for next generation cubesat mission. http://mstl.atl... system (EPS) manages electrical power generation, storage and management and commonly... of total spacecraft mass. Power generation technologies include photovoltaic cells, solar.... Engineers often focus on power generation and storage technologies that have.... 3.2 3.2.1 State of the art Power Generation Solar Cells The majority of... sizes. These second and third generation cells have rich flight heritage... power generation is not always available for spaceflight operations; the orbit, mission...-generation EPS for 1U12U cubesats has a TRL of 8 while the second generation... eight Vectronic PCAD units on orbit. Table 3.3. Power Management and Distribution... Generation New technologies continue to be developed for space qualified power generation... spacecraft are using advanced power generation and storage technology such as... Space. (2015a). Clyde Space Third-Generation (3G) EPS Range. http://www...: 6 December 2015) Green, M. A. (2003). Third generation photovoltaics: Advanced solar energy conversion... on the type of thrust generation. Whenever pertinent, this report considers... of maneuvers from stationkeeping and orbit transfers to momentum management. There... in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) and Medium Earth Orbit (MEO). In this... ionized by using various plasma generation techniques. Radio Frequency (RF) engines... made possible since the plasma-generation chambers in RF engines are... not carry propellant for thrust generation are an ideal candidate for..., J.-E., Palmer, K., Gronland, T.-A., & Noorma, M. (2014). Nanosatellite orbit control using MEMS cold gas... Cylindrical Hall Thruster for Next Generation Microsatellites. In 29th Annual AIAA... Control System (ADCS). In Earth orbit, an onboard position determination capability... the primary method for performing orbit determination, replacing ground based tracking... that occur throughout a spacecraft in orbit is controlled by thermal management..., sci_Zone is developing its next generation of simplex radio, STX3, as... is currently developing the next generation of the product. A Ka-band... GLobalstar ELaNa-5 Extremely Low-Earth Orbit (ELEO) Satellite. In 28th Annual... of putting small spacecraft into orbit, but the new technological advancements... an approximate orbit, but then propel themselves to another orbit with their... missions that need a very specific orbit, interplanetary trajectories, precisely timed rendezvous... by incorporating propulsion and power generation subsystems, which can maneuver its... deliver payloads into geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) or LEO. Although Ariane... geostationary transfer orbit in 2003 and then traveled to orbit the Moon..., or maneuvers to a geosynchronous transfer orbit and trans-lunar injection orbits... supply a maximum of 2200 m s 1 v for orbit change maneuvers. The solar arrays... Payloads: NanoRacks offers an in-orbit system that provides payload opportunities... 2 (Figure 10.45), developed by Generation Orbit Launch Services, is an air... has not been set yet (Generation Orbit Launch Services, Inc., 2015; Henry... a Gulfstream jet. Image courtesy of Generation Orbit. Haas 2C: The Haas 2C... Microwave Energy Transmission to Earth Orbit Rocket (METEOR): METEOR (Figure 10... Dynamics, Inc., is a single-stageto-orbit spaceplane powered by beamed microwave... Vehicle (NSLV) Firefly Space Systems Generation Orbit Launch Services ARCA Space Corp... Air Launch System Vulcan (Next Generation Launch System NGLS) VLS-1 10..., expand mission capabilities, and enable orbit maneuvering. In the future these....htm. (Accessed: 2015-10-07) Generation Orbit Launch Services, Inc. (2015). GOLauncher...: 2015-10-05) Henry, C. (2015). Generation Orbit Gains GOLauncher 2 Commitments, Plans GOLauncher....com/launch/2015/06/05/generation-orbit -gains-golauncher2-commitments-plans-golauncher.... (2015). Critical Technologies for Next Generation Launch Systems and Spacecraft. http..., June, 2009). As cubesat power generation systems become more effective and... tracking and communications beyond Earth orbit. The Air Force Satellite Control... for the emergence of next-generation distributed small spacecraft platforms, it... perform certain operations autonomously in orbit or automatically from the ground... cm in orbit between Geostationary (GEO) and Low Earth Orbit (LEO) altitudes..., Voronka, & Slostad, 2009). Currently on orbit with Aerocube-V cubesats, the terminator... unable to relocate to a graveyard orbit due to propulsion limitations, deorbit...



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... be in an elliptical 4.5 hour orbit at an inclination of 75... degree inclination results in the orbit periapsis oscillating between ±75 degrees... during the primary mission. The orbit will be controlled via maneuvers so that the maximum orbit density remains in a density corridor... being in a light aerobraking type orbit of around 160 km for... spacecraft (S/C) into the nominal science orbit. The primary science phase will... be in an elliptical 4.5 hour orbit at an inclination of 75... degree inclination results in the orbit periapsis oscillating between ±75 degrees... during the primary mission. The orbit will be controlled via maneuvers so that the maximum orbit density remains in one of... Density (Predict) Model MRO Aerobraking Orbit change 3 m/s 225 second timing error... (4.5-hr orbit) (In Science: 2/week [predict]) • Doppler atmosphere estimate every orbit • S/C orientation... phase, including regions of degraded orbit determination (OD) due to geometry... pass, navigation requires over one orbit of Doppler (~5 hours) hours). 4 Table.... Stochastic 13.3% 35% White Per Orbit Est. for reconstruct only Small...) Stochastic 0.67 mm/s White Per Orbit Filter Orbit Trim Maneuvers - - - - Not included... all other sources. The orbitto-orbit 3σ variation is assumed to be... cases meet requirement Non-Doppler orbit density accuracy needed to meet... cases meet requirement Nominal 105% 3σ orbit variation accuracy is adequate for... and orientation of the spacecraft orbit (and their errors), as defined... the spacecraft is in that orbit is much more uncertain: that... the nominal orbit and 2.8 days in the deep-dip orbit. o Semi-major... nominal sequence has divided each orbit into four segments, related to... in three distinct orientations per orbit. Furthermore, 6 each sequence may have... the atmospheric perturbation on the orbit. There are four possible periapsis... to Mars and the spacecraft orbit. The areas will vary between... the nominal orbit and 2.8 days in the deep-dip orbit. Table 4 shows several representative analyses for the nominal orbit predict capabilities. Table 5 shows representative analyses for the deep-dip orbit... the next section. 7 Table 4: Nominal Orbit Prediction Capability, Orbital Elements (3σ σ) Case....5 246 6.44 Table 5: Deep-Dip Orbit Prediction Capability, Orbital Elements (3σ σ) Case... the timing uncertainty within the orbit to less than 20 seconds... a 2.5 day prediction in the nominal orbit, but only within 3 periapses (~12 hours) in the deep-dip orbit. Figure 2 shows the predicted timing... optional OD analyses. Figure 3: Nominal Orbit Sample Weekly Navigation Schedule The... tracking data) Figure 4: Deep-Dip Orbit Sample Navigation Schedule 10 Day... may include: orbit determination (OD), predict model generation, trajectory generation, Orbit Trim Maneuver (OTM... (COLA) analysis, final predict trajectory generation, and predict delivery to the... phase will be performed as Orbit Trim Maneuvers (OTMs). They include... or orbit period. • Corridor control maneuvers: to keep the maximum orbit density... and from the nominal orbit and deep-dip orbit. • Collision Avoidance (COLA... atmospheric drag perturbations on every orbit, it is important to be... each week in the nominal orbit. Currently it is scheduled for... the nominal to deep-dip orbit, 5 days of science, and 1 day... maneuver back to the nominal orbit. During the 2 days and 1 day... get into the deep-dip orbit, the uncertainty of the atmosphere... the nominal to deep-dip orbit is expected to be around... density behavior at the nominal orbit altitude should not have changed... getting back to the nominal orbit. The first walk-out maneuver... requirement to stay in a 4.5 hour orbit. However, the drag passes during... science phase continually decrease the orbit period and apoapsis altitude. As... reduce the degradation of its orbit due to atmospheric drag. Due... and from the deep-dip orbit. The eight day deep-dips... W., et al. “Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Orbit Determination During Aerobraking.” 17th AAS... Orbiter: Launch Through Primary Science Orbit.” AIAA SPACE 2007 Conference & Exposition...