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Австралийский провайдер широкополосных услуг.

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#Новостная лента.
12015-02-10. NBN закончила модернизацию наземной спутниковой станции.
Австралийский оператор National Broadband Network Company (NBN Co) закончила конструирование последней наземной станции необходимой для длительного предоставления спутниковых услуг. Теперь, при помощи наземных станций, оператор получил возможность предоставлять свои услуги более чем 400 тыс. абонентов в малозаселенных регионах.
NBN Co специализируется на представлении услуг в регионах где другие коммерческие решения неэффективны. Компания планирует к 2020 году иметь абонентскую базу в размере 8 млн. чел. и выручку на уровне 4 млрд. долл. Работа новой системы начнется в 2016 году и обеспечит скорость передачи сигнала по каналу "спутник-Земля" со скоростью 25 мегабит в секунду и "Земля-борт" со скоростью 5 мегабит в секунду.
“С невозможностью подключения по кабельным сетям абоненты в этих районах по прежнему пользуются модемами. Поэтому, данный рынок является перспективным для нас,” сказала Julia Dickinson, конструктор спутниковых систем, NBN Co. Первый спутник компания планирует запустить в 2016 году с помощью оператора пусковых услуг Арианспейс. Тэги: National Broadband Network Company
22015-05-27. National Broadband Network Company отчиталась о результатах деятельности за девять месяцев до 31 марта 2015 года.
Компания National Broadband Network Company представила данные о своих результатах за девять месяцев до 2015 года. В соответствии с ними:
1. Количество домовладений и бизнесов, которые могут воспользоваться услугами компании, составило 899 тыс., что в два раза больше чем на 31 марта 2014 года.
2. В среднем зона охвата компании увеличивается на 12 300 потенциальных абонентов каждую неделю.
3. Количество активных абонентов компании выросло на 133 процента, по сравнению с 31 марта 2014 года, и составляет около 389000.
4. Выручка компании составила 100 млн. долл., что на 179 процентов больше чем в сопоставимом периоде на 31 марта 2014 года. Тэги: National Broadband Network Company
32015-12-14.  Австралийский оператор спутниковой связи NBN Co. Ltd. объявил о намерении перевести порядка 40 тыс. своих пользователей со спутниковой на наземную сеть. По мнению оператора данное решение позволит ему увеличить объемы продаж за счет освобождения емкости. При этом, компания не планирует отказываться от запуска своего следующего космического аппарата поскольку рассчитывает на емкость рынка Австралии, связанную со слабозаселенными регионами. В целом решение компании позволит ей освободить порядка 150 гбит в секунду, что позволит ей более уверенно себя чувствовать в условиях ужесточения конкуренции со стороны региональных операторов.Тэги: National Broadband Network CompanyNBN-Co 1A
42016-07-28. NBN запустит свой второй аппарат в октябре 2016 года.
Австралийская государственная компания NBN Co объявила о том, что она запустит 5-го октября свой второй космический аппарат, который получил наименование Sky Muster II (NBN-Co 1B). Масса нового спутника составляет 6400 кг и он был построен компанией Space Systems Loral (SSL). Запуск будет осуществлен при помощи ракеты-носителя Ариан 5 ЕСА.Тэги: NBN-Co 1BАриан 5 ECANational Broadband Network Company
52016-10-11. Компания SSL подтвердила штатное функционирование космического аппарата Sky Muster 2.
Американская Space Systems Loral (SSL) объявила о том, что космический аппарат Sky Muster 2, который был запущен в интересах австралийской National Broadband Network (NBN) успешно прошел этапы тестирования. Спутник связи был запущен 6-го октября при помощи ракеты-носителя Ариан 5 ЕСА и в настоящее время начал переход с геопереходной орбиты на геостационарную. Тэги: NBN-Co 1BNational Broadband Network CompanySpace Systems Loral
62017-04-13. Qantas продолжила оснащать свои самолеты системами авиасвязи.
Компания Qantas (Qantas Airlines Limited — самая большая авиакомпания Австралии) объявила о продолжении совместной работы с ViaSat и nbn на предмет предоставления услуг авиасвязи для самолетов серии Боинг 737-800. Ранее участники совместного проекта уже провели четырехнедельное испытание своих средств и планируют выйти на рынок Австралии уже в 2017 году. В рамках предоставляемой услуги пассажирам будет доступен выход в Интернет посредством Wi-Fi и доступ к видео фильмам.Тэги: National Broadband Network CompanyBoeing 737-800ViaSat Inc

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... ......................................................................................................... 21 3.4 Broadband Mobile Services ...................................................................................... 22 3.5 Fixed Services ............................................................................................................ 23 3.6 Fixed Broadband/Internet Services... ANNUAL REPORT | SUMMARY 4 3.8.3 Fixed Broadband ............................................................................................... 27 3.8.4 Mobile Broadband ............................................................................................ 29 Future Focus Areas... A: Significant Past RA Actions ..................................................................................37 National Numbering Plan ..................................................................................................... 37 New Guidelines... 3.3 Market Share - Mobile Market.................................................................................. 22 3.4 Broadband Mobile/Internet Subscriptions ............................................................... 23 3.5 QTel... Residential Fixed Broadband Tariffs (> 256 kb/s)...................................................... 28 3.12 Residential Fixed Broadband Tariffs (> 2.5 Mb/s) ..................................................... 28 3.13 Residential Mobile Broadband Tariffs (High Speed Basket, >8 Mb/s) ...................... 29 3.14 Residential Mobile Broadband... A.1 Distribution of Resource Type in National Numbering Plan ..................................... 37 C.1 ictQATAR-RA... things, to implement the Qatar National Broadband Network (QNBN) initiative, investigate and start... January 2012.  Implement the Qatar National Broadband Network (QNBN) initiative to facilitate the... competition with them. The Qatar National Broadband Network initiative aims to create an... only, Fibreto-the-Home (FTTH) broadband network that will enable Service Providers...: Public national telecommunications services via a mobile device; and M7: Broadband services via... charges for international roaming, mobile broadband, and bundled phone and internet... network filings, cost recovery, satellite coordination meetings and coordination for the national... Authorization was issued to Qatar National Broadband Network Company (QNBN) to “develop and deliver... accessible high-speed broadband Fibre-ToThe-Home (FTTH) network. QNBN will provide...’s National Vision 2030, and its specific programs are aligned with Qatar’s National Development Strategy 2011-2016. The National ICT Plan 2015... by increased demand for mobile broadband. Vodafone Qatar has gained substantial... post-paid segment. 3.4 Broadband Mobile Services Mobile network bandwidth continues to rapidly... are available. 11 12 Mobile Broadband: marketed by QTel and Vodafone... and tablet PCs. The mobile broadband services market in Qatar is... ANNUAL REPORT | MARKET LIBERALIZATION Figure 3.4: Broadband Mobile/Internet Subscriptions 3.5 Fixed Services... Figure 3.5 include access, voice services, broadband, and leased lines retail services... Development 3.6 Fixed Broadband/Internet Services In general, Qatar’s fixed broadband services are... Qatar, Vodafone Qatar’s sole fixed broadband operation. The market experienced 13... Figure 3.6, Qatar's fixed-line and broadband sectors grew strongly in 2011... 2011, the number of fixed broadband lines exceeded 162,000. 3 | 24... month basket. 3.8.3 Fixed Broadband For residential, low speed broadband services, most Arab... the OECD average for residential broadband by a factor of 5.6 for residential...: Residential Fixed Broadband Tariffs (> 256 kb/s) Figure 3.12: Residential Fixed Broadband Tariffs (> 2.5 Mb/s) 3 | 28 2011–2012 ANNUAL REPORT | MARKET LIBERALIZATION 3.8.4 Mobile Broadband While mobile broadband services are not available... the lowest prices for mobile broadband for low usage, both residential... Mobile Broadband Tariffs (High Speed Basket, >8 Mb/s) Figure 3.14: Residential Mobile Broadband... OECD average. Price of fixed broadband is generally higher, and at... rates are generally lower. Mobile broadband services are not widely available... services (> 8Mb/s). Mid speed mobile broadband services in the range of... to WiMax and 3G wireless broadband. violations of license obligations by... 23-Jan-12 QTel fibre broadband goes live 7-Jun-11 ictQATAR...-0 QNBN Authorization Authorization to Qatar National Broadband Network ICTRA 07/11 http://www... activities and services for the national broadband network initiative for the State of...’s National ICT Plan 2015: Advancing the Digital Agenda ictQATAR developed Qatar’s National...’s National Vision 2030, and its specific programs are aligned with Qatar’s National... Telephone Network QAR Qatari Riyal QDR Qatar Domains Registry QNBN Qatar National Broadband Network... United Development Company VAT Value Added Tax VPN Virtual Private Network VSAT...



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....com Booz & Company EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Booz & Company Next-generation broadband networks promise much... the hurdles to deploying nextgeneration broadband are significant. Private investment in... of next-generation broadband. 1 KEY HIGHLIGHTS • Next-generation national broadband networks can significantly... models, and stimulating demand. NEXTGENERATION BROADBAND: A NATIONAL IMPERATIVE In April 2009, Australian... (US$30 billion) to building a broadband network across Australia, calling it “the... lagged behind other nations in broadband access, Rudd said the nation... bids to build the broadband network and fund the network through public spending... and educational activities enabled by broadband. South Korea, Germany, Greece, Malaysia... for network infrastructure development (see Exhibit 1). Rudd and dozens of other broadband... building the next generation of broadband networks is therefore too important... infrastructure necessary to offer nextgeneration broadband, the hurdles to private investment... of next-generation broadband providers are much Booz & Company different from those... in creating next-generation broadband networks on a national scale have no assurance..., next-generation broadband is a form of long-term national economic investment, akin... 1 Government Commitments to Next-Generation National Broadband Networks COUNTRY DATE ANNOUNCED TOTAL... percent stake in the announced National Broadband Network Company, the Australian government’s investment could... releases; Booz & Company analysis 1 Booz & Company 3 WHAT NEXTGENERATION BROADBAND COULD DELIVER Broadband has fundamentally..., and governments function. For businesses, broadband has enhanced labor productivity, enabled... have been possible without broadband. For consumers, broadband has facilitated an information... growth. Booz & Company analysis shows that 10 percent higher broadband penetration in... in the top tier of broadband penetration have also exhibited 2 percent... tier of broadband penetration (see Exhibit 2). But not all broadband is created equal. Narrowband and first-generation broadband were... other by creating and Exhibit 2 Broadband Enables Economic Growth Labor Productivity... BROADBAND PENETRATION (OECD COUNTRIES) CORRELATION BETWEEN AVERAGE ANNUAL GDP GROWTH AND BROADBAND...% 30% Broadband Penetration in 2002 Countries Consistently in Top Five Broadband Penetration Countries Consistently in Bottom Five Broadband Penetration Note... enjoy with current versions of broadband. And innovators are seeking to... increase in demand over current broadband networks (see Exhibit 3). For instance... line is that next-generation broadband, where it is available, has... drive on the highway—but broadband networks over most existing infrastructure... 30 times Exhibit 3 Pushing Beyond Broadband’s Current Capacity Interactive Signboards Tele... US$) NARROWBAND FIRST-GENERATION BROADBAND NEXT-GENERATION BROADBAND PSTN, 2G DSL, 3G... own plans consider next-generation national broadband networks (NGNBNs) projects to be... and ambition behind next-generation broadband are not yet matched with... the adoption of a next-generation national network (see Exhibit 4). Exhibit 4 Few Countries... also irreversible—as first-generation broadband operators found in the early... for national operations. Calculations are based on 2008 EBITDA. Source: Company annual... network is justified: Those that stand to profit from next-generation broadband, either through services or applications, don’t have to build the network... the top three providers of broadband services. In the U.K., Virgin claims... the only true next-generation network broadband operator, offering speeds of up... regulatory regime for first-generation broadband networks, their regulatory tools, which... alternate operators in first-generation broadband networks. While regulators attempt to... the barriers to next-generation broadband infrastructure development. To date, government... a national high-speed network, which service providers could use to provide broadband services... rural communities to build local broadband networks, both in towns and... that did not yet have broadband providers, and the procurement process... having a next-generation broadband network is a matter of national interest. Nations that have... NGNBN Affordability Ideal State of National Broadband Networks Infrastructure Investment High Demand... demands of the next-generation broadband network opportunity on its own. Introducing..., it has provided subsidies on broadband access to certain end users... deductions on broadband deployment in certain areas and on personal broadband expenses. 3. Stimulate Demand Although the promise of nextgeneration broadband is... The promises of a next-generation national broadband network—the closing of information gaps... and access, and next-generation broadband has the potential to offer... the opportunities of next-generation broadband may not always be the... unknown. Booz & Company Endnotes “Australia to get faster broadband,” BBC News, April...



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... of high speed broadband networks.3 It is anticipated that a ‘broadband revolution’ will... across technologies (e.g. mobile, fixed, Internet, broadband), across regions and within countries... Region Internet Subscriptions Mobile Broadband (Active) Subscriptions Fixed Broadband Subscriptions Mobile Cellular...). • In Finland broadband access is a legal right and recent national legislation extended USO to cover broadband with the objective of a basic 1Mbit/s broadband connection available... of broadband is well researched and documented. An increase in broadband penetration... economic impact, the network externalities resulting from broadband penetration include the promotion..., of the broadband revolution will be businesses. Because broadband networks need to... with no broadband infrastructure are considered “white,” those with one network are... at least two or more broadband network providers. Funding in “black” areas... State Aid for Broadband is: • White areas: no broadband infrastructure exists and... two or more broadband network providers are present and broadband services are provided... increase PC penetration to stimulate broadband use. • Infrastructure sharing – Australia, Saudi... broadband. Box 3: Electricity Company & Infrastructure Sharing, Kenyan case Kenya Power and Lighting Company (KPLC) was granted a Network Facility Provider licence... KPLC's fibre optic network that runs on the national electricity grid. KPLC... 4: Broadband Financing in terms of the German Broadband Strategy In Germany, broadband expansion... households without broadband access; and (2) connecting households with broadband access below 1Mbit... apartments. Source: The Federal Government’s Broadband Strategy (Germany)21 1.3.2 Public Funding... Private Partnerships, such as the broadband infrastructure deployment projects undertaken in.... In this model a public company, for example a national or municipal utility, undertakes... the broadband network. In Australia the government has deployed and operates a national broadband network, and... 3). 26 The national fibre to the home (FTTH) network will provide wholesale... national signal distributer has had its mandate increased to include being a national broadband network, in addition, under the Department of Public Enterprise, and national infrastructure company... a private company would be willing to make in wired broadband, wireless broadband, mobile... owned open access national fibre to the home (FTTH) network to the... Broadband Access Worth? Public Funding Model, State Sees Itself As: Universal Broadband Access Policy Framework Broadband Programme Targets and Service.... €36 billion) Yes Partly - - Finland National Broadband Strategy 1 Mbit/s for 100% by... No Partly - - Ultra Broadband Korea (Rep.) Coverage Network Chapter 1 100 Mbit/s for... ducts were made available to broadband network operators to deploy their networks... Portugal which have relatively high broadband access are densely populated. 1.5.1.1 Infrastructure... to financing broadband cannot be taken – the part of the network that... and cheap loan facilities. Qatar – National Broadband Network The Supreme Council of Information... Qatar’s government has established a new company – Qatar National Broadband Network Company (Q.NBN) – with a mandate to... accessible high-speed broadband Fibre to the Home (FTTH) network. Although it is a government led initiative, Q.NBN is an independent company, holding the relevant licenses to permit it to rollout a national broadband network. It will focus solely on the deployment of a passive network infrastructure... businesses with broadband access and an open-access fibre network by 2015....qa/en/newsevents/news/qatar-national-broadband-network-company-established; and Deutsche Bank Research... network is operational). This is particularly a risk in the case of broadband... broadband access for the first year, 5 personal computers in a Local Area Network... demand for broadband services. A rural municipality, for example, can use broadband to... profitability and sustainability of the broadband network. 1.5.1.6 Importantly, in making this decision...) of public funds for broadband development.48 Excluding national funding (provided by... on infrastructure rollout including broadband and fibre optic network rollout, and the... connectivity and services (e.g. through financing broadband access for schools, more direct...://ec.europa.eu/information_society/activities/broadband/docs/bb_communication.pdf (Last visited... to broadband is discussed. In terms of the theory, due to network effects, the economic impact of broadband is said to... 26 Economist Intelligence Unit’s Government Broadband Index (gBBi) which assesses countries... Funding Labor Broadband Bill. The Australian, www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs...



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... for outer space activities Indicator 3.2: National space policies Indicator 3.3: Multilateral forums... Payload CNES Centre national d’études spatiales (France) CNSA China National Space Administration... National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (U.S.) NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (U.S.) NPEF National Space...) NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System NRC National Research Council (U.S.) NRL Naval Research Laboratory (U.S.) NRO National Reconnaissance Office (U.S.) NSAU National Space Agency of Ukraine NSSS National Security... priority of their national space strategies. 2011 Developments: • U.S. National Security Space Strategy... particular security concerns of national governments. Various national space policies place great... space companies • Australia invests in national broadband network • European Space Agency continues to... • Japan launches reconnaissance satellites, approves national global navigation satellite system (GNSS...]), CNES (Centre national d’études spatiales [France]), CNSA (China National Space Administration), CSA...) is now being used for broadband communications. Ultra-High Frequency, X-, and... bandwidth signals for television or broadband applications.114 To avoid radio... high-power transmitters for providing broadband service to customers, despite awareness... to national and international space laws and regulations, multilateral institutions, national space... threats to national assets in space or on Earth. Current national legislation... of national and nongovernmental entities.25 While the proliferation of national legislation... in achieving national objectives in the space sector. 2011 Development U.S. National Security... National Defense Authorization Act, to analyze the relationship between military and national... Director of National Intelligence, in effect covering all space-related national security... sector includes national space agencies such as the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space... France established its national space agency, the Centre national d’études spatiales (CNES), which remains the largest of the EU national-level agencies. Italy established a national space agency (ASI... Tokyo, the National Aerospace Laboratory, and, most importantly, the National Space Development... needs of communications, broadcasting, and broadband multimedia services across Africa and... prices, strong demand for broadcasting, broadband, and mobile satellite services and... equator, and will provide mobile broadband service for maritime, aeronautical, and... to the adoption of satellite broadband in the United States, which... high-power transmitters for providing broadband service to customers, despite awareness... intended to meet national needs. For example, the U.S. National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency..., citing national interests.124 100 Commercial Space Export controls National security concerns... than $1-billion a year for commercial broadband satellite services alone.137 For... DoD was provided by commercial broadband satellite operators.138 A 2003 U.S. General... Australia invests in national broadband network Australia is investing in a National Broadband Network in an effort... Australian telecommunications company Optus Networks to provide a SkyEdge II VSAT network for the Australian Government’s National Broadband Network Company’s Interim Satellite Service..., build, and operate the network for the National Broadband Network Company’s Interim Satellite Service, which... 6 Mb/s download and 1 Mb/s upload broadband services to all households and...-dollar satellite-terrestrial wireless broadband network by the company LightSquared. LightSquared planned to... if the network were deployed.104 The Commerce Department’s National Telecommunications and... Japan launches reconnaissance satellites, approves national global navigation satellite system (GNSS... study published by the U.S. President’s National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee emphasized... call for action over jamming,” Broadband TV News, 9 December 2011, online.../l/AC105_2011_CRP15E.pdf. Chapter Four Endnotes 1 National Aeronautics and Aerospace Administration, “About...?lang_id=1&coun_id=1&n=544§ion_id=6; President’s National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee, “Satellite... Office of the Director of National Intelligence, National Security Space Strategy: Unclassified... Air Force, the National Reconnaissance Office, and the National Aeronautics and Space... Air Force, the National Reconnaissance Office, and the National Aeronautics and Space.../Thales_Alenia_Space_To_Deliver_Very_High_Resolution_Optical_Imaging_Instrument_ To_Astrium_999.html. 218 Centre national d’études spatiales, “Organization of the...’s National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee, “Satellite Taskforce Report, Fact Sheet,” National Communications...#2; Singer, 2007. 9 U.S. Department of Defense, “National Security Space Strategy–Unclassified Summary...



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Qatar National Broadband Network initiative salience viewpoint Author: Ivan ... Salience viewpoint Qatar National Broadband Network Table of Contents Executive Summary .....................................................................................................................3 National 2015 ICT... framework ........................................................................................................................................... 5 Q.NBN establishment – delivering national broadband deployment .............................................7 Key network features ........................................................................................................................................ 7 Deployment approach ....................................................................................................................................... 9 Comparison... Qatar National Broadband Network Executive Summary In June 2011, ictQATAR published “Qatar’s National ICT... Qatar. These are The Qatar National Broadband Network (Q.NBN) and International connectivity. Following... independent company to accelerate the rollout of a nationwide high-speed open broadband fibre-to-the-home network. The government will... a leaner services-oriented company, then the QNBN network might provide an affordable... operators. Page 3 Salience viewpoint Qatar National Broadband Network National 2015 ICT plan - Qatar’s government... high-speed broadband connectivity for all Page 4 Salience viewpoint Qatar National Broadband Network households and businesses. Currently broadband connectivity is not...,000)  Achieve ubiquitous high-speed broadband access for households and businesses... Qatar National Broadband Network Figure 1: Qatar’s 2015 National ICT plan Page 6 Salience viewpoint Qatar National Broadband Network Q.NBN establishment – delivering national broadband deployment Qatar’s government established an independent company—Qatar National Broadband Network Company... open and accessible broadband fiber-to-the-home network. The government will... existing network operators and will support the development of their broadband service offerings. This network will also create... prices. Page 7 Salience viewpoint Qatar National Broadband Network Comment Again the pricing levels... viewpoint Qatar National Broadband Network Deployment approach In terms of network deployment QNBN has... Q.NBN. Page 9 Salience viewpoint Qatar National Broadband Network Comparison of the selected model... of a fixed access network. Page 10 Salience viewpoint Qatar National Broadband Network Model 1: Government.... Page 11 Salience viewpoint Qatar National Broadband Network Advantages In addition to passive... also enable even more affordable broadband than Model 1 because the government... provided with the inclusion of national core network and access to international... would need to function as a national network monopoly in Qatar in both... a bundle could include:  National voice calls  Basic Broadband access  Package of free.... Page 12 Salience viewpoint Qatar National Broadband Network Advantages It will be easier.... Page 13 Salience viewpoint Qatar National Broadband Network Figure 4: BT Openreach/Wholesale fibre.... Page 14 Salience viewpoint Qatar National Broadband Network Potential outcomes from the adopted... a leaner services oriented company then the QNBN network might provide to be...: Page 15 Salience viewpoint Qatar National Broadband Network “VQ sees the role of.... Page 16 Salience viewpoint Qatar National Broadband Network Conclusion We see Qatar taking... Qatar National Broadband Network Similar cases around the world Singapore NGNBN Next Generation National Broadband Network... ensure that ultra-high-speed broadband services will be viable, affordable... company. Figure 5: Singapore NGNBN bid outcomes Page 18 Salience viewpoint Qatar National Broadband Network Australian NBN The Australian National Broadband Network (NBN) will be... broadband services to all Australians. Figure 6: Planned coverage with the NBN network Page 19 Salience viewpoint Qatar National Broadband Network Appendix A: Other... Page 20 Salience viewpoint Qatar National Broadband Network Customer experience comparison Universal multiservice.... Page 21 Salience viewpoint Qatar National Broadband Network • RSP might use it to... Page 22 Salience viewpoint Qatar National Broadband Network Authors Ivan Skenderoski Managing Partner... Middle East region to deliver a national broadband strategy in Saudi Arabia and... subject of broadband strategies. Page 23 Salience viewpoint Qatar National Broadband Network salience consulting...



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... and operating the network (‘Op Co’). Australia, where a national FTTP network is being... Zealand, where the national government has promised ‘superfast broadband’ within six years... ‘Developing Next Generation Broadband Infrastructure: learning from Australia’s national broadband network’, funded in 2009... SuperNet was intended to extend broadband connectivity throughout the province, and... the government to provide the broadband connectivity that enables these services... service providers (ISPs) to extend broadband connectivity into any SuperNet community... community. Singapore – the Next Generation National Broadband Network Singapore is an island state... dwellings. Singapore has had good broadband connectivity for many years, with... of a “pervasive nation-wide wireless broadband network to meet the access needs... and operate Singapore’s next generation national broadband network (NGNBN) began in 2006 (Infocomm..., 2010). Australia – the National Broadband Network (NBN) A plan for broadband was one of the....7 billion of public money into a National Broadband Network. It would bring speeds of... for the Labor Opposition’s 2007 national broadband plan. (Campbell and Holmes 2008... enterprise would be building the national broadband network itself, although it was also... Tasmania, sufficient for a minority government. Broadband policy was cited by the.... New Zealand – the Ultra-Fast Broadband Initiative (UFB) Having maintained a state... programs to support better rural broadband, believing its changes to the... on broadband has been partly motivated by frustration about lack of national... total public cost of its National Broadband Network is around 34 times the... of rural communities currently without broadband access and provide government services... in broadband. Both were well behind the OECD average for total broadband..., a network company (OpenNet) owns the fibre; in the middle, an operating company (Nucleus... company, and one outsider, Axia. Notably, Axia is participating in the network company...-owned National Broadband Network Company (NBN Co) to both build and operate the fibre network... provider in the national capital, Canberra, has an FTTN network already (‘TransACT... of the problems with existing broadband services. Second, they have disagreed... weigh the proposed spending on broadband against public investment in other... network. The SuperNet has been less effective as an enabler of broadband... network may not be realized. 1 On these points see ABCtech Rural Broadband... very difficult to provide residential broadband connections using the combination of... in transitioning its national broadband infrastructure to a fibre access network, enabling gigabit connectivity...: Developing Next Generation Broadband Infrastructure: Learning from Australia's National Broadband Network (Investigators: Catherine Middleton... Directions for Communications: A Broadband Future for Australia – Building a National Broadband Network. Canberra: ALP (March... FTTN Network. Media International Australia, 127, 21-6. Chorus. (2009) Enhancing the Broadband Network: http://www.chorus.co.nz/enhancing-thebroadband-network. (accessed... (November). Conroy, Senator S. (Minister for Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy... Brown Land? The Battle for Broadband. Sydney: UNSW Press. Gattung, T. (2010... Is the Next Generation Nationwide Broadband Network (Next Gen NBN)? http://www...). Key, J. (National Party Leader). (2008). Achieving a Step Change: Better Broadband for New... Zealand Government. (2010). ‘Ultra-fast Broadband Initiative: Overview of Amendments’, 8 July.... (accessed 1 September 2010). OECD. (2009a). Broadband Portal. http://www.oecd.org... Deregulation) and Conroy, S. (Minister for Broadband, Communications and the Digital Economy... on the rollout of the National Broadband Network’, Media Release, 20 June. White... The Award of Next Generation National Broadband Network Netco Request-for-Proposal http... 2010). 16 Table: Next Generation Broadband Plans – Alberta (Canada), Singapore, Australia... description Broadband penetration Number of subs [Dec 2009] Fixed broadband subs/100 inhabs, Dec 2009 [OECD] Mobile broadband subs per... Alberta SuperNet National Broadband Network Status Announced 2001. Network built 2005. Next Generation National Broadband Network Announced... connected late 2010. Ultra-Fast Broadband Initiative Election policy 2008. Draft... 3 for ‘prioritized negotiations’, Sept 2010. Broadband plans Timeframe for completion Cost... Final Mile Broadband Initiative launched 2010 to extend rural broadband coverage 95... information over SuperNet. FTTP network to provide broadband connectivity to all homes... rural broadband access Making government services and information available online Network available... Innovation Programme to develop new broadband services and applications (initial apps... the SuperNet, especially to provide broadband to rural/remote users. Singapore... after network built and operational, ‘consistent with market conditions and national and...



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... this paper as: OECD (2011), “National Broadband Plans”, OECD Digital Economy Papers... Digital Economy Papers No. 181 National Broadband Plans OECD Unclassified DSTI/ICCP... Communication Infrastructures and Services Policy NATIONAL BROADBAND PLANS English - Or. English JT03303792... .................................................................................................................................................. 2 NATIONAL BROADBAND PLANS ............................................................................................................ 4 Main Points ................................................................................................................................................. 4 Introduction ................................................................................................................................................. 6 Established OECD work on broadband....................................................................................................... 8 Policy coordination ..................................................................................................................................... 9 Broadband...(2010)9/FINAL NATIONAL BROADBAND PLANS Main Points This report surveys national broadband plans (NBP... developed or have been updating national broadband plans (NBPs). This has involved... broadband networks and services are developed to attain the greatest practical national... and households. Booz & Company found that a 10% higher broadband penetration in a specific... different governments. National frameworks for competition law remain important for broadband, but... for the achievement of its National Broadband Network project. In New Zealand, a number... request for proposals for the National Broadband Network.21 In the United States... not been a peer review of a national broadband policy Public consultations Procedures for... held consultations on their draft national broadband plans are: • • • • • • • Canada: “Improving Canada...”. France: “National programme for very high speed broadband”. Ireland: “Next Generation Broadband”. Japan: “Path of light”. Slovak Republic: “National Strategy for Broadband Access... United States: “Connecting America: The National Broadband Plan”. While in most cases... individual consumers.28 The FCC’s National Broadband Plan is being evaluated by... Japan Commitment By 2021, the National Broadband Network will cover 100% of premises... and to create the “best broadband network” in Europe. To provide everyone... aggregated into a public, searchable, national map of broadband availability.33 Smaller scale... in the construction of broadband networks: • • • • • Australia – NBN Company Limited;48 Brasil... the core network. In many countries the provision of broadband to schools.... For example, in Australia, the National Broadband Network (NBN) is expected to reach... FROM NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS, COMMITTEE REPORTS AND REGULATORS Australia Consultation document: National Broadband Network: Regulatory reform for 21st Century broadband NBN implementation study... Parliamentary Select Committee on the National Broadband Network National Broadband Network Company (NBN Co) See also, for... France Programme national « très haut débit » (Very high speed broadband programme) La... (Comprehensive strategy for informatics) 2005 National Broadband Strategy Digital Literacy Action Plan... Next Generation Broadband – Gateway to a Knowledge Ireland National Broadband Scheme Schools Broadband Access Programme... (National strategy for ultra-high speed networks – ultra-high speed broadband for... to 2013 National Electronic Communications Policy 2009 - 2013 National Strategy for Broadband Access... Economic Renewal Programme United States National Broadband Plan Statute: American Recovery and... are promising but need improvement National Broadband Map European Commission Digital Agenda... Programme 2011 to 2020 Slovenia Broadband Network Development Strategy 28 DSTI/ICCP... Plano Nacional de Banda Larga (National Broadband Plan) Steering Committee of the... (National Rural Telecommunications Programme) Projeto Banda Larga nas Escolas Públicas Urbanas (Broadband... India National Broadband Plan – consultation document and responses Regulator’s Recommendation on National Broadband Plan South Africa Ministerial statement to Parliament Broadband plan Department...) Mobile broadband for the masses. Louvain La Neuve: McKinsey & Company. www.mckinsey... (2010), The National Broadband Network Request for Proposal Process. Canberra: Australian National Audit Office... and National Telecommunications & Information Administration (2010), Exploring the digital nation: Home broadband... libraries - universal service support mechanism – a national broadband plan for our future. Washington...



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... for outer space activities Indicator 3.2: National space policies Indicator 3.3: Multilateral forums... Payload CNES Centre national d’études spatiales (France) CNSA China National Space Administration... National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (U.S.) NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (U.S.) NPEF National Space...) NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System NRC National Research Council (U.S.) NRL Naval Research Laboratory (U.S.) NRO National Reconnaissance Office (U.S.) NSAU National Space Agency of Ukraine NSSS National Security... priority of their national space strategies. 2011 Developments: • U.S. National Security Space Strategy... particular security concerns of national governments. Various national space policies place great... space companies • Australia invests in national broadband network • European Space Agency continues to... • Japan launches reconnaissance satellites, approves national global navigation satellite system (GNSS...]), CNES (Centre national d’études spatiales [France]), CNSA (China National Space Administration), CSA...) is now being used for broadband communications. Ultra-High Frequency, X-, and... bandwidth signals for television or broadband applications.114 To avoid radio... high-power transmitters for providing broadband service to customers, despite awareness... to national and international space laws and regulations, multilateral institutions, national space... threats to national assets in space or on Earth. Current national legislation... of national and nongovernmental entities.25 While the proliferation of national legislation... in achieving national objectives in the space sector. 2011 Development U.S. National Security... National Defense Authorization Act, to analyze the relationship between military and national... Director of National Intelligence, in effect covering all space-related national security... sector includes national space agencies such as the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space... France established its national space agency, the Centre national d’études spatiales (CNES), which remains the largest of the EU national-level agencies. Italy established a national space agency (ASI... Tokyo, the National Aerospace Laboratory, and, most importantly, the National Space Development... needs of communications, broadcasting, and broadband multimedia services across Africa and... prices, strong demand for broadcasting, broadband, and mobile satellite services and... equator, and will provide mobile broadband service for maritime, aeronautical, and... to the adoption of satellite broadband in the United States, which... high-power transmitters for providing broadband service to customers, despite awareness... intended to meet national needs. For example, the U.S. National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency..., citing national interests.124 100 Commercial Space Export controls National security concerns... than $1-billion a year for commercial broadband satellite services alone.137 For... DoD was provided by commercial broadband satellite operators.138 A 2003 U.S. General... Australia invests in national broadband network Australia is investing in a National Broadband Network in an effort... Australian telecommunications company Optus Networks to provide a SkyEdge II VSAT network for the Australian Government’s National Broadband Network Company’s Interim Satellite Service..., build, and operate the network for the National Broadband Network Company’s Interim Satellite Service, which... 6 Mb/s download and 1 Mb/s upload broadband services to all households and...-dollar satellite-terrestrial wireless broadband network by the company LightSquared. LightSquared planned to... if the network were deployed.104 The Commerce Department’s National Telecommunications and... Japan launches reconnaissance satellites, approves national global navigation satellite system (GNSS... study published by the U.S. President’s National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee emphasized... call for action over jamming,” Broadband TV News, 9 December 2011, online.../l/AC105_2011_CRP15E.pdf. Chapter Four Endnotes 1 National Aeronautics and Aerospace Administration, “About...?lang_id=1&coun_id=1&n=544§ion_id=6; President’s National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee, “Satellite... Office of the Director of National Intelligence, National Security Space Strategy: Unclassified... Air Force, the National Reconnaissance Office, and the National Aeronautics and Space... Air Force, the National Reconnaissance Office, and the National Aeronautics and Space.../Thales_Alenia_Space_To_Deliver_Very_High_Resolution_Optical_Imaging_Instrument_ To_Astrium_999.html. 218 Centre national d’études spatiales, “Organization of the...’s National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee, “Satellite Taskforce Report, Fact Sheet,” National Communications...#2; Singer, 2007. 9 U.S. Department of Defense, “National Security Space Strategy–Unclassified Summary...



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...-based terrestrial network interconnections” (GAO 2002). These ground-based terrestrial network interconnections... as roving telephone services and broadband communication using the C and Ka... and television broadcasts internationally. Satellite network controllers and satellite operator employees... of VSAT ground-based terrestrial network interconnections). Most VSAT networks are..., sometimes referred to as the Network Operations Center (NOC), is responsible... controlling, configuring, and troubleshooting the network (Voll and Klungsoyr 1993). In... Figure 4, an example of a VSAT network in a Banking Environment (Voll and... the Broadband Global Area Network (BGAN) from the British satellite telecommunication company Inmarsat..., and project managers who require broadband access in remote locations. Further... product lines from only one company. Examining specific markets for transportable... tasked to be removed from network service while maintenance and diagnostics... 2002). Changing the formation of a network of satellites, or engaging secondary... at multiple nodes within a satellite network. Commonly used physical protection of... the other nodes in a satellite network, the major drawback is increased... use of encryption (Greenberg 2010). “[National Security Agency] NSA officials stated... honour drone pilots and computer network operators (Knox 2013 and Dwyer... program called SkyGrabber, from Russian company SkySoftware, to capture unencrypted Predator... study to one specific satellite network; whereas this paper is attempting... published by the US President’s National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee “emphasized... NASA’s operations. We also found network servers that revealed encryption keys... of the ground-based terrestrial network interconnections. Table 1: Timeline of Intrusions... online intruder penetrated the computer network at the Marshall Space Flight... Due to concerns of computer network exploitation NASA facilities barred all... EOS [earth observation system] AM–1, a National Aeronautics and Space Administration-managed... available. . . .” (Steinberger 2008) 2010 A Chinese national was detained for hacking activity... 8, 2010, China Telecom advertised erroneous network traffic routes that instructed US... Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) “reported suspicious network activity involving Chinese-based IP...’s networks” (Martin 2012). 2013 Chinese national Bo Jiang, a former NASA contractor... to penetrate the space agency's national security database servers, and 192... Justice departments, NASA and the National Science Foundation from buying any... uplink/downlink portion of a satellite network. Eavesdropping on a transmission allows a hacker... an essential component of a satellite network. Straying even further from the... of imaging satellites, or computer network attacks that cause power outages... cyber warfare categories of computer network operations (CNO) or electronic warfare... Iraqi Freedom allegedly from Russian company Aviaconversiya Ltd. Six jamming sites..., a London-based Bahraini current affairs network founded by 15 members of... possible to access the larger network of phone transmissions (Norris 2010... employee of the Christian Broadcasting Network. “He was indicted for a violation... later admits that a less-secure network containing ‘sensitive’ information had been... EOS [earth observation system] AM–1, a National Aeronautics and Space Administration-managed... satellites are a critical component of national and global economies. Therefore security... strategic industries, heavyweight industries, and national champions might allow a tighter approach... 2002). Alternatively, an unnamed satellite company employee writes: Since a satellite has.... For example, a portion of Australia’s National Broadband Network (NBN) will rely on satellites... company Optus Networks “to design, build, and operate the network for the National Broadband Network Company... and the commercial proliferation of network hardware and software, like Dreambox...). As another example, the telecommunications company LightSquared had prolonged discussion and... close ties to economy and national security. In 2005, China launched... of space systems to support national security (Space Security Index 2012...?v=M6L_xiJ5SYY BGAN: Global voice and broadband data. (2009). Retrieved on March.... (2012). Australia angers China over broadband contract. Retrieved on February 20.../general/australia-angers-china-over-broadband-contract.html Bellows, Alan. (2007... and Elgin, Ben. (2008). Tech - Network security breaches & NASA (V.G.Read). Retrieved.../downloads/slides/martin_rutishauser_Satellite_Hacking_Intro_2012.pdf Intelsat: Company Facts. (2013). Retrieved on March... Conduct Cyber Warfare and Computer Network Exploitation. Retrieved on March 28... Security Practices Expose Key NASA Network to Cyber Attack. Retrieved on.../pm-defends-banning-of-chinese-company-201203291w0lt.html?rand=1347841321380 Pollock.... (2012). Investigative Report on the U.S. National Security 48 http://epublications.bond.... (2012). Investigative Report on the U.S. National Security Issues Posed by Chinese...



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...-STD-0011 Standard External Networks National Engineering Manager, External Networks Approved... connections for access to the National Broadband Network (nbn). These guidelines have been... nbn to provide optical fibre broadband to the premises within the... of our Delivery Partners (DPs), network planners, designers and constructors, who... nbn™ designs and constructs the network infrastructure up to each premise... a building to the nbn™ telecommunications network • duplex or triplex dwellings 1.4.2 Out... to utilise in its FTTx network. 1.7 Responsibilities Table 1. Responsibility description of... for the installation of FTTx network equipment as per nbn requirements... the premises to the FTTx network, including: © 2016 nbn co limited... Premises Connection Device (PCD) or Network Termination Device (NTD) • internal conduit... nbn™ network termination point at the network boundary): • for the fibre network (it... premises) • for the FTTN copper network (it connects the internal wiring... the nbn™ pit and conduit network FTTx Engineering NBN-TE-CTO... in nbn’s inability to make a network connection to the new premises... the customer side of the Network Boundary Point (NBP) is subject..., running back to the nbn™ network pit. Marks the start of... nbnTM fibre, copper or HFC network: • extend the nbn™ service drop... the FTTN, FTTB or HFC network, nbn will provide/install the... a marking tag in the street network pit servicing the lot, to... P20 LIC from the street network pit and exiting at the... for MDU’s from the street network pit to the communications room... about customer cabling beyond the network boundary, refer to the ACMA... the future installation of nbnTM network equipment. This section provides guidance... connect/interface. 4.1 Basic equipment requirements Network equipment installed by nbn requires... for the installation of its network equipment. Builders and contractors should... allow room to locate customer network equipment (such as a wireless router... supplied by ISP/RSP • the network boundary is the external NTD.../copper to the MDF • the network boundary is the ‘A’ side of... nbn. The NTD provides User Network Interface (UNI) ports that enable... or RSPs. nbn provides wholesale broadband services to the premises. The... scope (such as a wired home network). Important: While builders and cablers... the nbn™ pit and conduit network. For guidance on an MDU... building to the nbn™ fibre network. If this situation should occur... connection to the nbn™ fibre network. The building owner may incur... delivered over the existing copper network to each premise. FTTP Fibre...-sharing. FTTP solution provider Any company or supplier providing FTTP. FTTx... Outlet GPON Gigabit Passive Optical Network © 2016 nbn co limited | ABN... is extended from the HFC network to each premises. HS&E Health... LIC Lead-In Conduit nbn • National Broadband NetworkCompany established by the Australian Government... and operate the wholesale-only National Broadband Network. MDF Main Distribution Frame Contains.... MTM Multi Technology Mix NBP Network Boundary Point new developments A new... market, formerly called greenfields. NTD Network Termination Device (also referred to... an nbn™ connection box) nbn™ network termination point at each premise... Outlet UNI-D User Network Interface - Data UNI-V User Network Interface - Voice VRLA... the future fitting of nbn™ network equipment by nbn. For FTTP... to order a broadband service or package that uses the fibre network. © 2016...