Ракета-носитель. Orbital 500. [Редактировать]

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Все ракеты-носители

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12017-07-07. ЕКА выделило 200 тыс. евро Orbital Access.
В рамках технологической программы Two-Stage-To-Orbit (TSTO) ЕКА решило выделить Orbital Access 200 тыс. евро на продолжение разработки РН Orbital 500R. В рамках выделенного финансирования планируется провести работы по дальнейшей проработке проекта.
Планируется что разрабатываемая ракета будет иметь пусковую площадку на территории Великобритании и ее разработка будет и в дальнейшем финансироваться за счет космического агентства страны. Предполагаемой датой пуска новой ракеты назван период с 2020 по 2021 годы. Относительно технических характеристик ракеты известно следующее:
1. Она будет многоразовой.
2. Выводимая масса ПН на НОО составит около 500 кг.
С точки зрения дальнейших перспектив развития компания Orbital Access объявила о том, что данная ракета станет первым шагом на пути по коммерческому применению аэрокосмической двигательной установки Sabre (ракета будет использоваться как тестовая платформа). Тэги: Orbital 500Orbital AccessЕвропейское космическое агентствоReaction Engines Ltd

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса ПН (ССО), кг500

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... PRP (conteniendo entre 350 000 y 500 000 plaquetas/µL) se le agregan... para tubos de ensayo 4. Agitador orbital (500 rpm) 5. Vortex 6. Baño maría, 37... (18-25 °C) sobre un agitador orbital (500 rpm). 5. Remueva el folio adhesivo... (18-25 °C) sobre un agitador orbital (500 rpm). 8. Remueva el folio adhesivo... (18-25 °C) sobre un agitador orbital (500 rpm). 12. Para detener la... (18-25 °C) sobre un agitador orbital (500 rpm). 4. Remueva el folio adhesivo... (18-25 °C) sobre un agitador orbital (500 rpm). 8. Para detener la reacci... G 19.8 0.245 Version 2014-11 2.500 DO/DOmax (%) 100.0 88.9 74....5 30.3 17.4 11.6 2.000 1.500 1.000 0.500 0.000 0.01 0.1 1 10 100 Serotonin... min TA (18-25 °C) Agitador 500 rpm 16-20 h 2-8 °C no agitador... min TA (18-25 °C) Agitador 500 rpm 150 µL 60 min TA (18-25 °C) Agitador 500 rpm 150 µL 60 min TA (18-25 °C) Agitador 500 rpm 3 x 250 µL 3 x 250 µL 3 x 250 µL 200... min TA (18-25 °C) Agitador 500 rpm 200 µL 30 min TA (18-25 °C) Agitador 500 rpm 200 µL 30 min TA (18-25 °C) Agitador 500 rpm Solución de Parada 50...



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... PRP (contendo entre 350 000 e 500 000 plaquetas/µL) é adicionada a 800 µL de... para tubos de ensaio 4. Agitador orbital (500 rpm) 5. Vortex 6. Banho de água... à TA (18-25 °C) num agitador orbital (500 rpm). Retire a folha. Rejeitar a solu... à TA (18-25 °C) num agitador orbital (500 rpm). Retire a folha. Rejeitar a solu... à TA (18-25 °C) num agitador orbital (500 rpm). 12. Parar a reacção de... à TA (18-25 °C) num agitador orbital (500 rpm). Retire a folha. Rejeitar a solu... à TA (18-25 °C) num agitador orbital (500 rpm). Parar a reacção de substrato... 405nm Curva de Calibração Típica 2.500 (Exemplo. Não usar para cálculos!) Padr....5 30.3 17.4 11.6 2.000 1.500 1.000 0.500 0.000 0.01 0.1 1 10 100 Serotonin... min TA (18-25 °C) Agitador 500 rpm 16-20 h 2-8 °C não agitador 16... min TA (18-25 °C) Agitador 500 rpm 150 µL 60 min TA (18-25 °C) Agitador 500 rpm 150 µL 60 min TA (18-25 °C) Agitador 500 rpm 3 x 250 µL 3 x 250 µL 3 x 250 µL 200... min TA (18-25 °C) Agitador 500 rpm 200 µL 30 min TA (18-25 °C) Agitador 500 rpm 200 µL 30 min TA (18-25 °C) Agitador 500 rpm 50 µL 50 µL 50 µL 405...



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... satellite operators having these additional orbital slots would likely be highest... decides to proactively pursue new orbital slots outside the Canadian arc... launching any satellite into a Canadian orbital slot and generally design their... to space stations, earth stations, orbital slots, or transmission and reception... another. Converting persatellite or per-orbital slot annual licence fees from... frequences Space stations, earth stations Orbital slot Satellite exploitation rights Satellite... transmission, earth station transmission protection, orbital slots and satellite exploitation rights... and orbital slot licences include the spectrum available within the orbital slot... Satellite licence (space station or orbital slot) fees per jurisdiction, where..., a satellite fee – space stations or orbital slots – comparison also requires assumptions.... 17 16  Annual space station/orbital slot/satellite regulatory and/or... satellites) for three years.  Annual orbital slot fee for Mexico was... space station NGSO space station Orbital Slot Brazil Satellite Foreign Satellite... terms of fee application (apparatus, orbital slot, space station, earth station... to space stations and/or orbital slot licences. 3.8 Jurisdictional Profiles This... market studies to recommend that orbital slots and associated frequency bands... development of satellite services using orbital slots assigned to Mexico are... Satellite Orbital Slot Licences Concessionaire Date Term (Years) Band Orbital Slot Coverage... includes the assignment of an orbital slot. Both licences include the... LTDA. STAR ONE S.A. Satellite Band Orbital Slot AMAZONAS-1 AMAZONAS-2 ESTRELA DO... a geo-stationary satellite in an orbital slot (i.e. could operate in several... of eight auctions of satellite orbital slots auctions. We also utilize... a subsequent restatement of Telesat Canada orbital slot intangible asset in December... value for Telesat Canada’s Canadian orbital slots as of December 2009.... The first approach assumes that orbital slot licences are valued on... that Telesat Canada views the orbital slot licences as having a virtually... annualized equivalent value of the orbital slot licence. The second approach... a fixed term 49 on the orbital slot licences. This approach requires... attributed $510.5 million to the orbital slot intangible assets held by... $494.1 million to Telesat Canada’s orbital slot 51 intangible assets. On..., Telesat Canada found that its orbital slot asset was impaired. According... cash flows associated with the orbital slot licences. Telesat attributed this... reduced present value of the orbital slot asset, Telesat recorded an... Canadian orbital slot licences. We isolate the value of the Canadian orbital... market value of the Canadian orbital slot asset. This approach reflects... Geography-adjusted Orbital Slot Asset Value Region Book value of orbital slots... revenues Adjusted book value of orbital slots intangible asset ($ millions) Loral... the book value of Telesat’s orbital slots intangible asset on December... Item A Adjusted book value of orbital slot intangible asset ($ millions) WACC... 2009 book value of Telesat’s orbital slots intangible asset. With a WACC... Item A Adjusted book value of orbital slots intangible asset ($ millions) Discount.... While the fact that satellite orbital slot licences come with a high... assurance that Telesat considers the orbital slots to have infinite lives... of the orbital slots. The current market value of the orbital slot... current) book value of Telesat’s orbital slots may significantly 56 understate... the only remaining unvalued asset – orbital slots. We perform this allocation... ascribed to the orbital slots. This implies that the orbital slots accounted... Telesat Orbital slot share of balance sheet allocation to goodwill and orbital slots at October 2009 Estimate of current value of orbital... of current value of Canadian orbital slots =C×D Amount $ 474,476,468... the current value of Telesat’s orbital slot asset. In preparing these... value of Telesat’s Canadian satellite orbital slots. 61 6 Optimized Deprival Valuation... for moving a satellite into the orbital slot rather than leasing transponders... with a new satellite in that orbital slot, the capital expenditure would... current book value of Telesat’s orbital slot intangible asset points to... deduce a value for Telesat’s Canadian orbital slots yields valuation results of... space station NGSO space station Orbital Slot Brazil Satellite Foreign Satellite... launching any satellite into a Canadian orbital slot and generally design their... this fact. 8.2.4 Orbital Slots Entirely Outside the Canadian Orbital Arc The Department... satellite operators having these additional orbital slots. The satellite business is... satellite operators having these additional orbital slots would likely be highest... additional satellite capacity in international orbital slots (under status quo: the... for new satellite capacity in orbital slots outside their national arcs... was to actively pursue international orbital slots outside the Canadian arc... rent) 3,000 6,500 2,000 11,500 3,000 6,500 2,000 11,500 ---5,970,000* 1,400...



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....gov/go/ast Cover: The Orbital Sciences Corporation’s Antares rocket is... the lowest mass class (below 2,500 kilograms). In 2013, unaddressable launches... Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy, and Orbital Sciences Corp., with its Antares... Class Separated Mass Below 2,500 kg (<5,510 lbm) 2,500 - 4,200 kg (5,510... Bus Models Lockheed Martin A-2100, Orbital GEOStar, Boeing BSS-702, SSL... 2008 from 2,200 kilograms to 2,500 kilograms. This adjustment captures the... being manufactured. As an example, Orbital’s GEOStar bus, which dominated the... the delay in achieving final orbital position. In 2012, Boeing signed..., CAST (China), Lockheed Martin, OHB, Orbital, SSL, and Thales have all... 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 91 9.1 40% 4 4 10 5 8 2 4 6 5 1 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 46 4.6 20% 2,500 to 4,200 kg 4 3 6 8 7 9 5 6 6 6 8 8 6 5 6 5 6 6 6 62 6.2 27... 24 228 22.8 100% Below 2,500 kg 2 3 1 1 3 3 4 • 11 • 2015 2010 3 4,201... to 5,400 kg 2,500 to 4,200 kg Below 2,500 kg Dual-Manifesting... 23 28 Below 2,500 kg 1 0 4 DM Insat 3D Ariane 5 2,500 - 4,200 kg... rights to frequency spectrum and orbital slots for delivery of satellite..., with additional expansion in new orbital slots for new satellites. Asia... their rights to ITU-assigned orbital slots and frequencies. Another positive... continue to pursue satellite and orbital slot sharing strategies to realize... objectives. Partnerships provide access to orbital slots otherwise unavailable to some... been numerous examples of satellite/orbital slot partnerships, including Measat/Azercosmos... Hispasat to purchase a satellite from Orbital Sciences Corp. even as Coface... example, companies such as Orbital Sciences Corporation (Orbital) or Space Exploration Technologies... launched) and the Cygnus Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) Demo were... includes the maiden flights of Orbital’s Antares rocket and SpaceX’s new... ORBCOMM/ ORBCOMM Inc. Prime Contractor Orbital Sciences Corp. (1st Gen.); SNC... Remarks ORBCOMM 3/31/1998 Authorized Orbital Communications Corporation to modify its.... The rest of the Iridium $500! NEXT constellation will $400! launch... Remote sensing refers to any orbital platform with optical or radar...) 5/5/1994 License originally issued to Orbital Sciences Corporation for OrbView-3. Remarks... to OrbView-2. Originally issued to Orbital Sciences Corporation. DigitalGlobe 9/29/2003... Ball Aerospace WorldView-1 WorldView-2 WorldView-3 2,500 (5,510) 2,800 (6,175) 2,800 (6,175...; emerging activities related to Bigelow orbital facilities, Excalibur Almaz, and Inspiration... due to the delays of Orbital’s Antares test flight and subsequently... test flight of Orbital’s Antares, and one Orbital COTS flight are also... Cargo Orbital Orbital SpaceX SpaceX Cargo Cargo Cargo Cargo Cargo Cargo SpaceX Orbital Orbital Orbital Orbital Cargo Cargo Cargo Cargo Cargo Cargo SpaceX Orbital Orbital Orbital Orbital Cargo... 2019 2020 2021 2022 ` 4 Commercial Orbital Transportation Service Mission ISS Commercial... vehicle and the Dragon spacecraft. Orbital developed the Cygnus spacecraft and.... Antares successfully deployed a mass simulator. Orbital’s COTS demonstration mission is planned... CRS contracts to SpaceX and Orbital. SpaceX won a contract valued at... 12 flights through 2015, and Orbital won a $1.9 billion contract for 8 flights... SpaceX’s Dragon resupplying the ISS. Orbital’s resupply missions will commence after... Kistler K-1 COTS 2008 $288 million Orbital Cygnus CRS 2008 $1.6 billion SpaceX... (12 flights) CRS 2008 $1.9 billion Orbital Cygnus (8 flights) CCDev 2010 $20...) and two Salyut-type Almaz orbital space stations that can stay... payload has a mass of about 500 kilograms (1,100 pounds). The satellite.... DragonLab will function as an orbital laboratory that can host pressurized... The successful inaugural launch of Orbital’s Antares vehicle, which occurred in... suborbital reusable vehicles and small orbital launch vehicles (commercial and non... technology test and demonstration missions: Orbital’s Antares vehicle, SpaceX’s Falcon Heavy... the Falcon 9 in 2012, and Orbital’s new Antares vehicle may begin... happened to any NGSO constellation. • Orbital debris and collision avoidance: Though... when conjunction analysis determines that orbital debris has a high probability of... (9,260 - 11,905 lbm) 0 0 0 9 14 2,500 - 4,200 kg (5,510 - 9,260 lbm... DMU Solidaridad 1 Telstar 401 Below 2,500 kg (<5,510 lbm) 4 DM1 Insat... kg (9,260 - 11,905 lbm) 0 0 0 2,500 - 4,200 kg 14 (5,510 - 9,260... 4 Galaxy 18 Galaxy 19 Thuraya 3 2,500 - 4,200 kg 8 (5,510 - 9,260 lbm... W3C Telstar 14R Atlantic Bird 7 2,500 - 4,200 kg 6 (5,510 - 9,260 lbm... 18 Asiasat 7 DMU SES 3 Below 2,500 kg 0 (<5,510 lbm) Ariane 5 Proton... from 160-2,400 kilometers (100-1,500 miles) in altitude, varying between... (MEO) begin at 2,400 kilometers (1,500 miles) in altitude and are... - 2,646 Medium 1,200 - 2,500 2,646 - 5,512 Intermediate 2,500 - 4,200 5,512 - 9,259 Large... Transportation Advisory Committee COTS Commercial Orbital Transportation Services CPC Certification Product..., Ltd. OHB Orbitale Hochtechnologie Bremen Orbital Orbital Sciences Corporation PSLV Polar Satellite...



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... for Outer Space Affairs P. O. Box 500, 1400 Vienna, Austria Tel: (+43........................................................................ 3 B. Development Activity........................................................................... 8 III. ROBOTIC EARTH ORBITAL ACTIVITIES ......................................... 13 A. Telecommunications ........................................................................... 13 B. Remote... and Operations ................... 39 B. Other Earth-Orbital Flight Operations ................................................ 47 V. SPACE STUDIES... plume for traces of water. Orbital Debris. A low-Earth-orbit Iridium... TRANSPORTATION A. Current Launch Activities An Orbital Sciences Corporation Minotaur-1 rocket launched...-16 is being built by Orbital Sciences Corporation (OSC, USA) on... STSAT-2 atmospheric monitoring satellite into a 1,500 x 300-km elliptical orbit, was... in preparation for its sub-orbital test flight later this year... on 28 October to a sub-orbital altitude of 46 km. The... nitrous oxide. III. ROBOTIC EARTH ORBITAL ACTIVITIES A. Telecommunications (1) Fixed-Base Communication... 2.24-tonne NSS-9, built by Orbital Sciences Corporation (USA), carries 44... is being sent to another orbital position. Telesat Canada’s Telstar 11N... International (USA) in April. The $500-million order, which was finalized... as Hotbird 9. NSS-9, manufactured by Orbital Sciences (USA), carrying 28 active.... It replaced JCSAT-R as an orbital spare, providing JSat backup capability...-orbit satellite ever built by Orbital Sciences Corporation (USA). On 23... 2.366-tonne satellite, built by Orbital Sciences Corporation (USA) on the... will join in the same orbital slot. The satellite cost $70... secured an initial investment of $500 million to provide broadband satellite... 14 April. Being built by Orbital Sciences (USA), New Dawn will.... Its payload can form over 500 spot beams. Terrestar-1’s 18-m S-band... August for motorists on the 1,500-km TransLabrador Highway. The system... the formulation in 2002 of orbital-debris amelioration guidelines on the..., a large variation associated with the orbital period, and a 30 high-frequency... Systems (2 contracts), Mississippi State University, Orbital Sciences Corporation, Sierra Nevada Corporation... on 24 February by an Orbital Sciences Corporation (OSC) Taurus XL... in the year by another Orbital Sciences Taurus XL rocket. This.... The Progress M-02M spacecraft delivered 1,500 kilograms of dry cargo and... 2008 NASA awarded SpaceX and Orbital Sciences (both USA) seven-year... arm performing the final docking. Orbital Sciences would get up to... station. NASA expects SpaceX and Orbital to transport 40 – 70% of... underpins the project. B. Other Earth-Orbital Flight Operations On 11 May... Atlantis promptly descended to an orbital altitude of 250 km, where... lower-price options ranging from $1,500 to $5,000. The first weightless... launch paying customers on weeklong orbital trips by 2013, aboard Russian... mission will be conducted by Orbital Sciences Corporation. On 3 February the.... NASA signed a launch contract with Orbital Sciences Corporation (USA) on 14... Techsystems (ATK) under subcontract to Orbital Sciences Corporation (OSC), both USA... Abort System steering motor from Orbital Sciences. Then on 4 December 2008... been contracted under NASA’s Commercial Orbital Transportation System (COTS; see above... being modernized for use on Orbital Sciences Corporation’s (USA) Taurus-2 rocket... cornerstone of a future Bigelow Aerospace orbital space complex (see prior reports... with small launchers such as Orbital Sciences Corporation’s Minotaur-1 and Space... satellite data on frequencies, contacts, orbital decay, projections, and near-term... the removal of human-made orbital debris from Earth orbit, co... a chance of being embraced. Various orbital debris-removal ideas have been... space tugs. Some believe that orbital debris mitigation presents a commercial opportunity.... The winners received a prize of $1,500 for their school and a trip... Economic Development (WIRED), who provided $500,000, and by eSpace partners... greater compatibility and interoperability in orbital hardware and launch vehicles. Specific... common elements for rocket and orbital hardware systems without undue burdens... a single satellite to claim several orbital slots; and registering excessive power... of Shenzhou-8, the 8.5-tonne Tiangong orbital target with which Shenzhou-8 will... Issues for Short-Duration Commercial Orbital Space Flights’, in which legal... valuable low-Earth and geosynchronous orbital zones (LEO and GEO), but... U.S. Surveillance Network had catalogued 12,500 objects as space debris. EGNOS... satellite is being built by Orbital Sciences Corporation using its STAR2... at the 52.5 degrees East orbital position and operating in the... liabilities between $100 million to $500 million and lists Philippine Long... positioned at the 96°WL orbital location. Sirius has three active... pay $200 thousand for a sub-orbital flight, but no timetable for... for Outer Space Affairs P. O. Box 500, 1400 Vienna, Austria Tel: (+43...



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...: see TA 5 Communications, Navigation, and Orbital Debris Tracking and Characterization. • 4 .5 .4 Multi... created on the ground from orbital remote sensing. Automatic modeling of... TA 5 Communications, and Navigation, and Orbital Debris Tracking and Characterization. TA... multi-agent coordination is the Orbital Communications Adapter Monitoring System (OCAMS...-Earth Asteroid Near-Earth Object Orbital Communication Adapter Modeling System Office... to regional orthophotos created from orbital remote sensing. Technology Needed for... trafficability estimates from orbital remote sensing, at resolution of orbital remote sensing... long distance traverse (for example, 500 m/sol) and to increase navigation...: 10s of meters; Tether strength: 500 N tethers; Tether abrasion resistance: limited... to mobility system; no a priori orbital maps or images of natural...-sight with other surface or orbital assets. Capability State of the... surface. Parameter, Value: External Pressure: 500 MPa; Temperature: 0-150° C; Power: radioisotope... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 4 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 5 years Planetary.... TRL Parameter, Value: Range: 500 km; Speed: 500 m/h; Payload: 90 kg; Slope...°; Duration: 10 years Range: 500 km; Speed:500 m/h; Payload: 90 kg; Slope...-of-sight for communication and orbital information; no sunlight. Technology State.... TRL 9 Parameter, Value: Specific Torque: 500+ N-m/kg Specific Power: 300+ W/kg.... TRL Parameter, Value: Specific Torque: 500 N-m/kg; Speed: 3.6 rad/s; Position Resolution... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 3 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 3 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 3 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 4 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 3 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 3 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 5 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 3 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enabling 2033 -- 2027 3 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 5 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 7 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 5 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 5 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 5 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 3 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 3 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 3 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 3 years Planetary... supervisory control and satellite communications (500 kbps) from NASA Ames Research... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 3 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 3 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enabling 2033 -- 2027 8 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enabling 2033 -- 2027 4 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enabling 2033 -- 2027 10 years... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enabling 2033 -- 2027 1 year Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enabling 2033 -- 2027 3 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enabling 2033 -- 2027 4 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enabling 2033 -- 2027 3 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enabling 2033 -- 2027 3 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enabling 2033 -- 2027 5 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enabling 2033 -- 2027 5 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enabling 2033 -- 2027 5 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enabling 2033 -- 2027 5 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enabling 2033 -- 2027 5 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enabling 2033 -- 2027 4 years Planetary... Attenuation Output Loads and Torques: 6,500 N, 2,800 N-m; Operating Environment: LEO. TRL..., deep space, lunar, and martian orbital environments. Reduce docking system mass... space, and lunar and Mars orbital environments. Docking mechanisms need to... Attenuation Output Loads and Torques: 6,500 N, 2,800 N-m; Operating Environment: LEO. Parameter... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 4 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 10 years... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enabling 2033 -- 2027 8 years Planetary... Exploration: DRM 8a Crewed Mars Orbital Enhancing 2033 -- 2027 5 years Planetary...



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... Dynamics 2.1 Orbital Mechanics.............................................................................. 2.1.1 Orbital Dynamics...................................................................... 2.1.2 Orbital Kinematics.................................................................... 2.1.3 Relative Orbital Mechanics....................................................... 2.1.3.1 Simplified Relative Orbital Analysis............................ 2.2 Attitude... Control................... 3.4.1 Relative Orbital Dynamics........................................................ 3.4.2 Relative Attitude Dynamics...................................................... 3.4.3 Coupled Relative Orbital and Attitude..................................... 5.1.2.4 Orbital & Angular Velocity Measurement.................... 5.1.3 SDRE Control System............................................................... 5.2 Reconfiguration Maneuvers............................................................... 5.2.1 Attitude RC............................................................................... 5.2.2 Orbital... 6.2 Implementations................................................................................. 159 Appendices A. Fundamentals of Orbital Dynamics..................................................... i B. Simulator Architecture......................................................................... v C. SDC State... Formation Flying: missions............................................... 2 2 3 4 2.1,1 Keplerian classical orbital elements.................................................... 2.1,2 Astrodynamics reference frames......................................................... 2.1,3 Hill... block diagram for the relative orbital and attitude control............................................................................. 16 17................ 5.2,1 SDRE-based controller weights for orbital reconfiguration maneuver............................................................................................ 5.3,1 Inputs of sample...: position & angles measurement.......................................... 5.1,13 SDREF: orbital & angular velocity measurement............................. 5.1,14 Complete............................... 5.2,3 Orbital reconfiguration maneuver: non-optimal trajectory................. 5.2,4 Orbital reconfiguration maneuver: SDRE solution trajectory............ 5.2,5 Orbital reconfiguration maneuver: control actions............................. 5.2,6 Orbital reconfiguration...-3 Occulter disturbances............................................................ 5.4,4 Deputy Target relative orbital maneuvers........................................... 5.4,5 Controller of Proba-3 tested...-Keeping Orbital and Attitude Control System Orbital Control System Ordinary Differential Equation Orbital...-based orbital controller and observer algorithms [35] and an SDRE-based orbital... Chapter 2 ________________________________________________________________ Fig. 2.1,1. Keplerian classical orbital elements. plane position, whereas the...-centered system used in orbital mechanics is the Orbital or Hill’s frame... tolerance constraints. 2.1.3 Relative Orbital Mechanics Formation Flying orbital mechanics of deputies satellites... an orbital frame, as the Hill’s frame, rotating instantaneously with the orbital... equations of orbital perturbations (Eq. 2.3,2), that relate derivatives of orbital elements to perturbed acceleration (in Hill’s frame), expressions of orbital..., spacecraft orbital motion has to be described with another orbital model, such... consider also its derivative for orbital analysis. ⎡ ⎛ ⎛ rz ⎞ ⎞ ⎤ ⎢ rx ⎜ 5 ⎜ ⎟ − 1⎟ ⎥ ⎢ ⎝ ⎝ r ⎠ ⎠⎥ 3 1 ⎢ ⎛ ⎛ r ⎞ ⎞⎥ a J 2 ,GE = J 2 μ R 2 5 ⎢ ry... a significant perturbation effect, depending on orbital inclination. Radiation pressure doesn’t depend... orbital motion, two cases can be treated: target set by orbital elements... d d ⎪⎩ ⎩ si ⎭ ⎩ si ⎭ ( ) A66 = −λs I 3 3.4.3 Coupled Relative Orbital and Attitude Dynamics The global... that, although orbital control sub-matrices are equal (orbital part is naturally...: for example, orbital RC requires a deep relaxing on orbital state weight, while... it’s orbital dynamics that must be taken into account. Fortunately, orbital 107... control, orbital gains will so be sinusoidal, synchronous with orbital period. It... [s] PId I 2 rrel Hc I [ms] 1500 500 0 -500 -2 -4 -6 -8 -1000 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 t [T c0] 0.8 -10 0 1 0.2 Observation Error... paths, accompanied with orbital and attitude reconfiguration maneuvers, orbital and inertial pointing... in Space Engineering Fundamentals of Orbital Dynamics ________________________________________________________________ proved from definition... in Space Engineering Fundamentals of Orbital Dynamics ________________________________________________________________ ⎡v1 0 0 ⎤ Diag{vi... p. (Space Technology Library). V.A. Chobotov (2002). Orbital Mechanics. Reston, Virginia: American Institute...



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... how orbital planes intersect near the poles. A minimal amount of orbital eccentricity... one satellite to occupy an orbital slot, the density could double... rates (Kb/s) Number of satellites Orbital planes Altitude (km) Frequency band... Satellites have ISLs within their orbital plane and between planes Figure... in a number of near-polar orbital planes, in which the satellites... globe (Figure 2.3). The closer the orbital inclination tends towards a purely polar... how orbital planes intersect near the poles. A minimal amount of orbital eccentricity... common multiple of the satellite orbital period and the Earth’s rotation... the system, while the other orbital parameters listed are of importance... LEO communication systems. Pattan describes orbital mechanics, constellation design, multiple access... 1990 [82]. The paper discusses orbital configurations, basic routing issues, multiple... the header. Communications between rings (orbital planes) is not discussed in..., between ❱✉q✓➶ (as aggressive as standard 500 ms connections) and ❱✖q➹s✞➘✠➾➚➾ (25 ms... ➻ TCP RTT timer granularity of 500 ms (standard in many TCP... of the timer granularity of 500 ms in TCP, this value... ❸✘❸ granularity at 1ms instead of 500 ms, and found that the... bytes, sending ACKs 1:250, 251:500, etc. would quadruple the window... a much larger RTT– at least 500 ms– than terrestrial connections). A TCP... 400 Round trip time (ms) 500 600 Figure 4.13: Throughput performance... growth from low window value 500 Recovery phase (cuts window, ssthresh... 1000 Excessively long recovery period 500 0 0 10 20 30 40 50... outstanding data during recovery 1000 500 Coarse timeout 0 0 10 20 30... 2000 sequence number 1500 1000 500 0 0 10 20 30 40 50... 700 retransmissions sequence number 600 500 400 segments ACKs 300 Duplicate... 400 Round trip time (ms) 500 600 Figure 4.19: Agreement between... 400 Round trip time (ms) 500 600 Figure 4.20: The effect... of a maximum segment size of 500 bytes. This data indicates that... ms RTT) 1500 byte segments 500 byte segments Standard TCP T/TCP... flow) 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 Round trip time (ms... set of users (approximately 200-500 KB of memory per active... 400 Round trip time (ms) 500 600 Figure 4.24: Reverse channel... the coarse timeout interval of 500 ms, which is set by... (split) 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 Round trip time (ms... 400 Round trip time (ms) 500 600 Figure 5.11: Comparison of... viable from a frequency management (interference), orbital deployment, and economic perspective. The... Satellites have ISLs within their orbital plane and between planes Figure... did not model the minimal orbital eccentricity found in the topologies...: two satellites in the same orbital plane, and one each in... a large ✍ For a 1 Mb/s session with 500 byte packets, a 8 ms delay decrease... 250 300 350 400 450 500 Time (s) Figure 6.9: A view of the.... The Iridium topology, with an orbital inclination of 86.4 degrees, is... BORDER satellites in the same orbital plane. Therefore, the satellite should...-polar) inclination angle of the orbital planes causes the two counter... the inclination angle of the orbital planes, and ✮ denote the spacing... be a drawback to using an orbital inclination angle that deviates significantly..., launching satellites into a purely polar orbital plane is considered to be... routed back towards the particular orbital plane containing the satellite serving... regions and at the counterrotating orbital planes require significant additions to... and at the counter-rotating orbital planes require significant additions to..., 1992. [68] A. Jamalipour. Low Earth Orbital Satellites for Personal Communication Networks...



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... FAA-Licensed Orbital Launch Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 U.S. and FAA-Licensed Orbital Launch Activity in Detail . . . . . . . 3 2009 Worldwide Orbital Launch Activity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Worldwide Orbital... Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Appendix I: 2009 Worldwide Orbital Launch Events. . . . . . . . . . . 23 Appendix II... (FAA/AST) licensed five commercial orbital launches in 2009, compared to... in 2008. Of the five orbital licensed launches, four used U.S.-built... the document. Overall, 24 commercial orbital launches occurred worldwide in 2009... 2008, which saw 28 commercial orbital launches worldwide. Russia conducted 10... were five FAA/AST-licensed orbital launches, accounting for 21 percent... one. Of the 78 worldwide orbital launches, there were three launch...-Licensed Orbital Launch Summary Recent trends in annual FAA-licensed orbital launches... Canaveral Table 1. 2009 FAA-Licensed Orbital Launch Events and successfully placed... The number of FAA-licensed orbital launches in 2009 was significantly... for estimated FAA-licensed commercial orbital launch revenues from 2005 to... Number of Orbital Launches 12 8 11 6 4 5 7 4 2 0 2005 5 2006 2007 $500 $400 $690... 2008 2009 Figure 1. FAA-Licensed Orbital Launch Events, 2005–2009 $0 $398... FAA-Licensed Orbital Launch Events, 2005–2009 U.S. and FAA-Licensed Orbital Launch... and provides fixed satellite services. ORBITAL SCIENCES CORPORATION (OSC) OSC provides..., Pegasus, and Taurus vehicles for orbital launch. OSC performed two launches... kept the rocket from attaining orbital velocity, and the rocket is... Year in Review 2009 Worldwide Orbital Launch Activity This section highlights... 29 7 6 4 2 3 1 1 1 78 Table 3. 2009 Worldwide Orbital Launch Events s Number of Launches... Launch Activity Total: 24 Commercial orbital launches Figure 4. 2009 Worldwide Commercial... this report shows all 78 orbital launches worldwide in 2009, including... $1,000 $900 $800 $700 $600 $500 $400 $300 $200 $100 $0 $1020... Administration / Commercial Space Transportation Worldwide Orbital Payload Summary In 2009, 78...-COMMERCIAL LAUNCHES Of the 78 orbital launches, 54 were noncommercial launches... (9,770) 21,000 (46,305) 5,500 (12,125) Table 6. Russian Launch...) 17,250 (37,950) 3,200 3,500 3,700 4,200 13,562 11...,624) GTO kg (lbs) 10,500 (23,127) 1,000 1,250 (2,203) (2,750) -- -- ? 4120 (9060) -- Tanegashima 1,500 4,491 5,800 8,000 800 (3,300... Transportation CHINA China conducted six orbital launches in 2009, of which... Iran conducted its first successful orbital launch on February 2. The payload... vehicle was a Safir three-stage orbital rocket. The non-commercial flight... North Korea conducted its first orbital launch attempt since 1998 on..., South Korea performed its first orbital launch on August 25. However..., preventing the rocket from achieving orbital velocity. • 17 • Federal Aviation Administration... was an average of 67 orbital launches per year worldwide (see... have been a total of 336 orbital launches conducted during the past.... One hundred and fourteen commercial orbital launches took place during the... Orbital Launches s Russia and the United States have conducted the most orbital... 10. Five-Year Worldwide Total Orbital Launch Market Share (2005–2009... 11. Five-Year Worldwide Commercial Orbital Launch Market Share (2005–2009...$2.4 billion. US$ Millions Number of Orbital Launches 30 Number of Commercial... USA $2,500 $2,300 $2,100 $1,900 $1,700 $1,500 $1,300 $1,100 $900 $700 $500 $300... vehicle is being developed by Orbital Sciences for a 2011 debut. South... the second stage from achieving orbital velocity. Also on the horizon... in Review Appendix I: 2009 Worldwide Orbital Launch Events Date Vehicle Site... Astrium Alcatel Espace Alcatel Espace Orbital Sciences Corp. Communications $220 M Intelligence... Taurus XL LEO NASA/GSFC Orbital Sciences Corp. Scientific F F 26-Feb... MEASAT Satellite Systems Sdn. Bhd. Orbital Sciences Corp. Communications $60 M S S GOES.../Optus Japan Satellite Systems (JSAT) Orbital Sciences Corp. Communications $220 M Lockheed... Heavy Industries Intelligence S S GEO Intelsat Orbital Sciences Corp. S S Baikonur IGS Optical... COMMERCIAL SUBORBITAL OR ORBITAL LAUNCH A commercial suborbital or orbital launch has one...



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... FAA-Licensed Orbital Launch Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 U.S. and FAA-Licensed Orbital Launch Activity in Detail . . . . . . . 3 2009 Worldwide Orbital Launch Activity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Worldwide Orbital... Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Appendix I: 2009 Worldwide Orbital Launch Events. . . . . . . . . . . 23 Appendix II... (FAA/AST) licensed five commercial orbital launches in 2009, compared to... in 2008. Of the five orbital licensed launches, four used U.S.-built... the document. Overall, 24 commercial orbital launches occurred worldwide in 2009... 2008, which saw 28 commercial orbital launches worldwide. Russia conducted 10... were five FAA/AST-licensed orbital launches, accounting for 21 percent... one. Of the 78 worldwide orbital launches, there were three launch...-Licensed Orbital Launch Summary Recent trends in annual FAA-licensed orbital launches... Canaveral Table 1. 2009 FAA-Licensed Orbital Launch Events and successfully placed... The number of FAA-licensed orbital launches in 2009 was significantly... for estimated FAA-licensed commercial orbital launch revenues from 2005 to... Number of Orbital Launches 12 8 11 6 4 5 7 4 2 0 2005 5 2006 2007 $500 $400 $690... 2008 2009 Figure 1. FAA-Licensed Orbital Launch Events, 2005–2009 $0 $398... FAA-Licensed Orbital Launch Events, 2005–2009 U.S. and FAA-Licensed Orbital Launch... and provides fixed satellite services. ORBITAL SCIENCES CORPORATION (OSC) OSC provides..., Pegasus, and Taurus vehicles for orbital launch. OSC performed two launches... kept the rocket from attaining orbital velocity, and the rocket is... Year in Review 2009 Worldwide Orbital Launch Activity This section highlights... 29 7 6 4 2 3 1 1 1 78 Table 3. 2009 Worldwide Orbital Launch Events s Number of Launches... Launch Activity Total: 24 Commercial orbital launches Figure 4. 2009 Worldwide Commercial... this report shows all 78 orbital launches worldwide in 2009, including... $1,000 $900 $800 $700 $600 $500 $400 $300 $200 $100 $0 $1020... Administration / Commercial Space Transportation Worldwide Orbital Payload Summary In 2009, 78...-COMMERCIAL LAUNCHES Of the 78 orbital launches, 54 were noncommercial launches... (9,770) 21,000 (46,305) 5,500 (12,125) Table 6. Russian Launch...) 17,250 (37,950) 3,200 3,500 3,700 4,200 13,562 11...,624) GTO kg (lbs) 10,500 (23,127) 1,000 1,250 (2,203) (2,750) -- -- ? 4120 (9060) -- Tanegashima 1,500 4,491 5,800 8,000 800 (3,300... Transportation CHINA China conducted six orbital launches in 2009, of which... Iran conducted its first successful orbital launch on February 2. The payload... vehicle was a Safir three-stage orbital rocket. The non-commercial flight... North Korea conducted its first orbital launch attempt since 1998 on..., South Korea performed its first orbital launch on August 25. However..., preventing the rocket from achieving orbital velocity. • 17 • Federal Aviation Administration... was an average of 67 orbital launches per year worldwide (see... have been a total of 336 orbital launches conducted during the past.... One hundred and fourteen commercial orbital launches took place during the... Orbital Launches s Russia and the United States have conducted the most orbital... 10. Five-Year Worldwide Total Orbital Launch Market Share (2005–2009... 11. Five-Year Worldwide Commercial Orbital Launch Market Share (2005–2009...$2.4 billion. US$ Millions Number of Orbital Launches 30 Number of Commercial... USA $2,500 $2,300 $2,100 $1,900 $1,700 $1,500 $1,300 $1,100 $900 $700 $500 $300... vehicle is being developed by Orbital Sciences for a 2011 debut. South... the second stage from achieving orbital velocity. Also on the horizon... in Review Appendix I: 2009 Worldwide Orbital Launch Events Date Vehicle Site... Astrium Alcatel Espace Alcatel Espace Orbital Sciences Corp. Communications $220 M Intelligence... Taurus XL LEO NASA/GSFC Orbital Sciences Corp. Scientific F F 26-Feb... MEASAT Satellite Systems Sdn. Bhd. Orbital Sciences Corp. Communications $60 M S S GOES.../Optus Japan Satellite Systems (JSAT) Orbital Sciences Corp. Communications $220 M Lockheed... Heavy Industries Intelligence S S GEO Intelsat Orbital Sciences Corp. S S Baikonur IGS Optical... COMMERCIAL SUBORBITAL OR ORBITAL LAUNCH A commercial suborbital or orbital launch has one...