Предприятие. Orbital Access. [Редактировать]

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#Новостная лента.
12016-08-12. Шотландский стартап Orbital Access продолжает свои разработки в области сверх легких ракет.
Orbital Access обнародовала данные о своей будущей ракете Orion 500, которая будет иметь возможность выводить на высоту не менее 650 км грузы общей массой до 500 кг. Стоимость запуска ракеты планируется установить на уровне 15 млн. долл. Таким образом, вполне вероятно, что с учетом планов космического агентства Великобритании по разработке малых космических аппаратов, в скором времени у страны появится и собственное средство выведения полезных нагрузок. Тэги: Orion 500Orbital Access
22017-07-07. ЕКА выделило 200 тыс. евро Orbital Access.
В рамках технологической программы Two-Stage-To-Orbit (TSTO) ЕКА решило выделить Orbital Access 200 тыс. евро на продолжение разработки РН Orbital 500R. В рамках выделенного финансирования планируется провести работы по дальнейшей проработке проекта.
Планируется что разрабатываемая ракета будет иметь пусковую площадку на территории Великобритании и ее разработка будет и в дальнейшем финансироваться за счет космического агентства страны. Предполагаемой датой пуска новой ракеты назван период с 2020 по 2021 годы. Относительно технических характеристик ракеты известно следующее:
1. Она будет многоразовой.
2. Выводимая масса ПН на НОО составит около 500 кг.
С точки зрения дальнейших перспектив развития компания Orbital Access объявила о том, что данная ракета станет первым шагом на пути по коммерческому применению аэрокосмической двигательной установки Sabre (ракета будет использоваться как тестовая платформа). Тэги: Orbital 500Orbital AccessЕвропейское космическое агентствоReaction Engines Ltd

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0.07/5
... global resource surveys by earth-orbital satellites: EROS Program” . . . 246 II... Bureau of the Budget) OMV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Orbital Maneuvering Vehicle OPEC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Organization of... the benefits of such an orbital perspective, especially for telecommunications, because... effect require a space station—an orbital platform weighing many tons with... as SCORE (Signal Communication by Orbital Relay Equipment), a broadcast-only satellite... internal need and ease of orbital access led the Soviet Union to... stationary from Earth because its orbital velocity would be the same... of space-stations with an orbital period of 24 hours, which...’s atmosphere would never return. This “orbital” velocity is 8 km per sec... 16 12 8 Orbital 4 Velocit y Orbital Velocity (km/sec.) rb O Orbital Period (Hours) ita... Earth (Kilometers) Figure 1. Variation of orbital period and velocity with distance... rockets sufficiently powerful to reach “orbital” and even “escape” velocity is... types of communications satellites and orbital radio relays, this article describes..., would be placed at an orbital altitude of perhaps 2,200 miles... to justify the assignment of orbital locations and frequencies. Moreover, we..., but such satellites had short orbital periods, did not remain within... also be kept in proper orbital position. This is often accomplished... one-meter resolution. Shortly after, Orbital Sciences Corporation, in partnership (later... the possible uses of an orbital satellite that Project RAND had... altitude, a vehicle would have an orbital velocity of about 24,870... such a vehicle3 would have an orbital velocity equal to 24,870... from the overview available at orbital altitudes. A large number of potential... seriously degrades aerial observations. With orbital sensing, it appears that the... is offered. A further advantage of orbital sensing is that global coverage... rate of speed. The Earth-orbital missions are also of great... conducting of lunar and planetary orbital missions. World-wide resource management... desirable during the early Earth-orbital missions to have the ground... the scientific objectives of Earth-orbital missions. 6. Provide a group of scientists... are being studied. Suborbital and orbital flights also will be utilized...—unmanned, manned or man-serviced; 2. Orbital configuration and flight duration; 3. Extent.... Figure 1. Anticipated Applications** of Earth Orbital Natural Resources Data Gathering System... program over calibrated test sites. 3. Orbital flight testing of instrumentation and... of known characteristics prior to orbital testing. As a result of these... and specified candidate instruments for orbital test. The initial and most... and analyse [sic] accumulated data. [3] Orbital Requirements During the experimental phase... personnel for ground control studies. Orbital inclinations of at least 480... capability requires that experience with orbital data be built up over... promote South American use of orbital remote sensing techniques in general... global resource surveys by earth-orbital satellites: EROS Program.” Source: Department... Global Resource Surveys by Earth-Orbital Satellites EROS Program The EROS... programmatic aspects, include the Manned Orbital Research Laboratory (NAS1-36l2), an... persuasive argument for creating an orbital Earth resources survey system was...; and 3. Any change in the orbital characteristics, performance specifications, or data... loop life support, aero braking, orbital transfer and maneuvering, cryogenic storage... are comprised of commercial OMV [Orbital Maneuvering Vehicle] servicings of free... requirements will focus on three orbital destinations: Low Earth Orbit (LEO... entered into a cooperative agreement with Orbital Systems Corporation, an entirely new... programs but is cooperating with Orbital Systems to optimize Shuttle capabilities... 1982 SSI successfully launched a sub-orbital rocket to demonstrate the ability... continuing to develop a low cost orbital launch vehicle which will have... GROWTH Mr. David Thompson President, Orbital Systems Corporation Vienna, Virginia Mr... Market 5. Commercial Operations • Plant Fabrication • Orbital Operations • Marketing Operate Space Transportation... Gradients During Operation 10 -6 Unmanned Orbital Processing Facility Thin Film Vacuum... is NASA’s chief scientist for orbital debris at the Johnson Space... use of rockets for launching orbital spaceships. There followed a series of... principles behind reaction vehicles, designing orbital space stations, and promoting interplanetary... Global Resource Surveys by Earth-Orbital Satellites,” 246-48; and “Planning... Global Resource Surveys by Earth-Orbital Satellites,” 246-48 Luton, Jean... Global Resource Surveys by Earth-Orbital Satellites,” 246-48; and “Planning... Global Resource Surveys by Earth-Orbital Satellites,” 246-48; and “Planning...-95, 99-108 Orbital Solar Observatory (OSO)-1, 133 Orbital Systems Corp., 498...-33 SCORE (Signal Communication by Orbital Relay Equipment), Project, 2, 89-90... Global Resource Surveys by Earth-Orbital Satellites,” 246-48 Shapley, Willis...



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0.06/5
... at either a sub-orbital or an orbital level: a sub-orbital flight is one... for orbital operations, such as SKYLON (discussed in more detail below): orbital operations will expend far greater energy than sub-orbital operations... carry, and until orbital operations commence, sub-orbital spaceplanes will only be... today and tomorrow Orbital Sciences Corporation 2.40 US-based Orbital Sciences Corporation... Sub-orbital Sub-orbital Orbital Sub-orbital Orbital Sub-orbital Bristol Spaceplanes Ascender Orbital/suborbital Sub-orbital Spaceplane... Sub-orbital Carrier aircraft 2 – purpose-built. (WhiteKnightTwo) Flight crew SpaceShipTwo Sub-orbital Launch mechanism Virgin Galactic Orbital/suborbital Spaceplane models... between continents on a sub-orbital or orbital trajectory, and thus radically reduce... about the suitability of sub-orbital or orbital spaceplanes for mass-market... for orbital spaceplanes. Nonetheless, it is clear that enabling sub-orbital spaceplanes... US, however, manned sub-orbital and orbital spacecraft are on the US... aspirations of companies developing sub-orbital and orbital vehicles, the potential for... is to allow commercial sub-orbital or orbital operations in the short... sub-orbital spacecraft. According to the new rules, ‘man-rated sub-orbital, orbital... for commercial launches of orbital rockets and sub-orbital rockets. The first US-licensed launch was a sub-orbital launch... achievable for orbital operations, and 1 in 10,000 for sub-orbital operations... is worth highlighting that historically, orbital operations have experienced approximately 1 catastrophic... Act 1986. Any sub-orbital or orbital operations using non-winged vehicles... be undesirable, particularly for orbital operations. While orbital operations are not expected... sub-orbital spaceplanes, as well as to FAA ASTlicensed sub-orbital spaceplanes... travel. Air-launched orbital operations 6.204 Air-launched orbital operations involve the...-orbital spaceplane used as carrier aircraft 6.207 The use of a sub-orbital spaceplane to launch an orbital upper stage – such...-orbital spaceplanes would apply to those used as carrier aircraft for orbital operations. Orbital vehicle 6.209 The orbital stage of the... Mach 5), or fractional orbital airliners, achieving near orbital velocity before re-entering... these Danger Areas for sub-orbital and orbital flights. This would require... be established to support sub-orbital and orbital spaceplane operations. This would... accommodate the nuances of orbital and sub-orbital launch operations from the... of space operation Sub-orbital operations 8.59 Sub-orbital operations to and... to support other operations, orbital or sub-orbital; ƒƒ the airspace will be... complex commercial operations involving orbital and sub-orbital payload launches. Recommendation Given.... 8.80 As with other orbital and sub-orbital operations, vertical launch systems... which aim to achieve an orbital access at approximately 700 kilometres. Therefore... support all types of orbital and sub-orbital operations, at least initially... the oversight of future orbital and sub-orbital rocket launches in the...-orbital operation (permanent or temporary) at an existing EASAcertificated aerodrome; ƒƒa sub-orbital.... Not a realistic site for a sub-orbital operation. Campbeltown Airport (Machrihanish) Operator... identified for sub-orbital operations. In general, for sub-orbital flights that...-orbital vehicle flight corridor can be encompassed within the more demanding orbital... potential atmospheric impacts of sub-orbital and orbital commercial space operations should... basic requirements of sub-orbital and orbital flight and the fundamental physics... on sub-orbital flights would not fly an orbital trajectory and, as... potential atmospheric impacts of sub-orbital and orbital commercial space operations should..., offering training for sub-orbital and orbital spaceflight pilots and participants. 11... commercial human spaceflight, both sub-orbital and orbital. NASA has also tried... to which pilots of sub-orbital and orbital spaceflight would be exposed... levels of competence for sub-orbital and orbital spaceflight crew, as well... Training be defined for sub-orbital and orbital operations? ƒƒthe structure of... levels of competence for sub-orbital and orbital spaceflight crew, as well...-orbital flights. 12.10 Potential orbital operations are considered briefly and separately. Orbital... for human spaceflight, both sub-orbital and orbital, with a maximum duration of... and A Ruge (2013) ‘Sub-orbital and orbital pilots licensing and passengers medical... particular sub-orbital spaceflight experience. Potential future operations, such as orbital flights... during an orbital flight, the time to landing and access to definitive... for commercial launches of orbital and sub-orbital vehicles. Licences are granted... opposed to a sub-orbital level) without the orbital vehicle needing to split... the entire delivery system. Sub-orbital A sub-orbital spaceflight reaches space, but...



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... global resource surveys by earth-orbital satellites: EROS Program” . . . 246 II... Bureau of the Budget) OMV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Orbital Maneuvering Vehicle OPEC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Organization of... the benefits of such an orbital perspective, especially for telecommunications, because... effect require a space station—an orbital platform weighing many tons with... as SCORE (Signal Communication by Orbital Relay Equipment), a broadcast-only satellite... internal need and ease of orbital access led the Soviet Union to... stationary from Earth because its orbital velocity would be the same... of space-stations with an orbital period of 24 hours, which...’s atmosphere would never return. This “orbital” velocity is 8 km per sec... 16 12 8 Orbital 4 Velocit y Orbital Velocity (km/sec.) rb O Orbital Period (Hours) ita... Earth (Kilometers) Figure 1. Variation of orbital period and velocity with distance... rockets sufficiently powerful to reach “orbital” and even “escape” velocity is... types of communications satellites and orbital radio relays, this article describes..., would be placed at an orbital altitude of perhaps 2,200 miles... to justify the assignment of orbital locations and frequencies. Moreover, we..., but such satellites had short orbital periods, did not remain within... also be kept in proper orbital position. This is often accomplished... one-meter resolution. Shortly after, Orbital Sciences Corporation, in partnership (later... the possible uses of an orbital satellite that Project RAND had... altitude, a vehicle would have an orbital velocity of about 24,870... such a vehicle3 would have an orbital velocity equal to 24,870... from the overview available at orbital altitudes. A large number of potential... seriously degrades aerial observations. With orbital sensing, it appears that the... is offered. A further advantage of orbital sensing is that global coverage... rate of speed. The Earth-orbital missions are also of great... conducting of lunar and planetary orbital missions. World-wide resource management... desirable during the early Earth-orbital missions to have the ground... the scientific objectives of Earth-orbital missions. 6. Provide a group of scientists... are being studied. Suborbital and orbital flights also will be utilized...—unmanned, manned or man-serviced; 2. Orbital configuration and flight duration; 3. Extent.... Figure 1. Anticipated Applications** of Earth Orbital Natural Resources Data Gathering System... program over calibrated test sites. 3. Orbital flight testing of instrumentation and... of known characteristics prior to orbital testing. As a result of these... and specified candidate instruments for orbital test. The initial and most... and analyse [sic] accumulated data. [3] Orbital Requirements During the experimental phase... personnel for ground control studies. Orbital inclinations of at least 480... capability requires that experience with orbital data be built up over... promote South American use of orbital remote sensing techniques in general... global resource surveys by earth-orbital satellites: EROS Program.” Source: Department... Global Resource Surveys by Earth-Orbital Satellites EROS Program The EROS... programmatic aspects, include the Manned Orbital Research Laboratory (NAS1-36l2), an... persuasive argument for creating an orbital Earth resources survey system was...; and 3. Any change in the orbital characteristics, performance specifications, or data... loop life support, aero braking, orbital transfer and maneuvering, cryogenic storage... are comprised of commercial OMV [Orbital Maneuvering Vehicle] servicings of free... requirements will focus on three orbital destinations: Low Earth Orbit (LEO... entered into a cooperative agreement with Orbital Systems Corporation, an entirely new... programs but is cooperating with Orbital Systems to optimize Shuttle capabilities... 1982 SSI successfully launched a sub-orbital rocket to demonstrate the ability... continuing to develop a low cost orbital launch vehicle which will have... GROWTH Mr. David Thompson President, Orbital Systems Corporation Vienna, Virginia Mr... Market 5. Commercial Operations • Plant Fabrication • Orbital Operations • Marketing Operate Space Transportation... Gradients During Operation 10 -6 Unmanned Orbital Processing Facility Thin Film Vacuum... is NASA’s chief scientist for orbital debris at the Johnson Space... use of rockets for launching orbital spaceships. There followed a series of... principles behind reaction vehicles, designing orbital space stations, and promoting interplanetary... Global Resource Surveys by Earth-Orbital Satellites,” 246-48; and “Planning... Global Resource Surveys by Earth-Orbital Satellites,” 246-48 Luton, Jean... Global Resource Surveys by Earth-Orbital Satellites,” 246-48; and “Planning... Global Resource Surveys by Earth-Orbital Satellites,” 246-48; and “Planning...-95, 99-108 Orbital Solar Observatory (OSO)-1, 133 Orbital Systems Corp., 498...-33 SCORE (Signal Communication by Orbital Relay Equipment), Project, 2, 89-90... Global Resource Surveys by Earth-Orbital Satellites,” 246-48 Shapley, Willis...



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0.5/5
... tackling discrimination and promoting equal access to all London’s opportunities. Sustainable... international, national and regional transport access to London, including a sustainable and..., including diverting freight, improving both orbital and cross London movement, constructing... best access, shifting freight from road to rail, promoting better orbital routes... and securing significant improvements in access, services and sustainability (Policy 2A... subregional tables (see Chapter 5) • maximise access by public transport • promote social... learning and skills, health, safety, access, employment, environment and housing. These... 4B.5 and 4B.8), community engagement, access to employment/skills development opportunities... and cycling, access to affordable nutritious food, and access to social and... local environmental quality and differential access to environmental goods and services... access to the services and facilities they need. Good public transport access... bus services, including those making orbital connections around suburban town centres... adverse environmental impacts • seek improved access to airports, ports and international... sufficiently mitigated, and public transport access improved. Airport operations should also... Line, towards completion of an orbital rail network. • completing the Thameslink... to enhance and expand existing orbital routes, especially in inner London... Line – to provide a co-ordinated orbital network and interchanges, through a series... improvements. The first element of orbital network is underway with the... Line. These improvements will strengthen orbital public transport and support spatial... alternative to cars, including for orbital journeys • supporting development and regeneration..., convenient, accessible and direct pedestrian access is provided from new developments... withdrawn when better public transport access becomes available. 5 Improving freight movements... dependency and improve public transport access. In some circumstances, generally relating... good access by public transport, cycling and walking, or improved access is... provision for permanent geological sections, access and interpretation. Where only temporary... to good access for pedestrians and should offer inclusive access and ease... public access to the upper floors and may require such access. The...’s size, shape, orientation, navigational access, road access, rail access (where possible), planning history... points of public activity • public access • recreation and marine infrastructure • indicative... improved environmental infrastructure (4A), better access (3C), open space (3D), design... community infrastructure and capacity building, access to employment and services, exemplary... improvements to orbital movements around the North Circular would benefit access and... community infrastructure and capacity building, access to employment and services, exemplary... to orbital movements around the North circular would benefit access and the... community infrastructure and capacity building, access to employment and services, exemplary... • further improvements to orbital movements would improve access and the economy in... community infrastructure and capacity building, access to employment and services, exemplary... orbital movement by public transport, including Croydon Tramlink extensions, and improve access... and Clapham Junction, providing improved orbital access • the Cross River Tram, which... • further improvements to orbital movements would improve access and benefit the economy... destinations • address the urbanisation, surface access and environmental implications of the... important part of the core orbital rail network • the Crossrail 1 branch...) • further improvements to orbital movements would enhance access and the economy in... public transport improvements to enhance access to key destinations • that integration... airport and port capacity, the orbital road system around London and... (for example: diet, physical activity) ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Access to services (for example: ducation... produce a consistent Londonwide public transport access mapping facility to assist boroughs... centres, access is improved for those without a car and access by public... public transport access within London, potential for pedestrian/cycle access to the... are proposed. Access Association – London Region (existing) 2 The Access Association brings together the GLA, borough access officers and access consultants... announced. Access adaptation programmes (existing) 3 These are to improve access for disabled... and voluntary organisations to undertake access improvements. Area Action Plans (existing... and regional development. Design and Access Statements A statement that accompanies a planning... and how access issues have been dealt with. The access element of... and opportunities, infrastructure and transport access and planning policies. It should... public transport accessibility. Orbirail Proposed orbital rail services, being developed in... the existing core inner London orbital links and including more frequent...



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0.1/5
... OF MICROBIOLOGICAL PROTECTION FOR AN ORBITAL SPACE STATION .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 419 Natalia Novikova....3. MICROGRAVITY EXPERIMENTS FROM SUB-ORBITAL TO ORBITAL PLATFORMS IAC-12.A2.3.1 EXPERIMENTAL... IAC-12.A3.5.22 THE ORBITAL DYNAMICS OF ADVANCED PLANETARY OBSERVATION... SPACE-BASED OPTICAL OBSERVATION FOR ORBITAL DEBRIS ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2259 Makoto Tagawa IAC....2.4 ANALYSIS OF UNCERTAINTIES OF CATALOGUED ORBITAL DATA FOR THE UPDATE OF... OF MITIGATION MEASURES TO REDUCE ORBITAL DEBRIS ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2540 Hugh G. Lewis IAC... Piotr Wolanski IAC-12.A6.4.7 ORBITAL DEBRIS MITIGATION THROUGH DEORBITING WITH....5.11 LIGHTFORCE: AN UPDATE ON ORBITAL COLLISION AVOIDANCE USING PHOTON PRESSURE...: RESOURCE HARVESTING AS A SOLUTION FOR ORBITAL DEBRIS ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2700 Zahra Khan IAC... NATIONAL POLICY SHIFTS TO IMPACT ORBITAL DEBRIS ENVIRONMENTS ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 2755 Thomas Percy....A6.6.11 DATA INTEGRITY IN ORBITAL DATA FUSION ................................................................................................... 2828 David Vallado...-12.A6.6.12 OVERVIEW OF ORBITAL DEBRIS MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES .............................................................. 2842 Paul... DIFFERENT CONCEPTS AND TECHNOLOGIES FOR ORBITAL CAPTURE AND FIXATION OF HEAVY..., SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY SATELLITE (FASTSAT) – ORBITAL DEBRIS REMOVAL DEMONSTRATION CONCEPT ......................................................................................................................... 2886....A6.7.6 ACTIVE REMOVAL OF SMALL ORBITAL DEBRIS USING LASER SYSTEMS IN... THE REGIONAL AND NATIONAL DATA ACCESS INITIATIVES................................................................................................. 2958 Catherine Doldirina IAC... SHORT TERM EXPERIMENTS ON SOYUZ ORBITAL STAGES: COMMUNICATION AND NAVIGATION PROBLEMS...-12.B3.2.1 DEVELOPMENT OF THE ORBITAL INFRASTRUCTURE..................................................................................... 3838 Alexander G. Derechin IAC....B3.3.12 THE NIGHTPOD AN ORBITAL MOTION COMPENSATION MECHANISM FOR ISS... ...................................................................................................................................................................................... N/A Alex Da Silva Curiel B4.5. ACCESS TO SPACE FOR SMALL SATELLITE... IAC-12.B4.5.1 THE X-37B ORBITAL TEST VEHICLE AS A TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT... PLANTED ELEMENTARY PLATFORM FOR PICOSATELLITE ORBITAL DEPLOYING ............................................................................................................................................................................ 4446 Giuseppe Martnot IAC... C1.6. ORBITAL DYNAMICS (1) IAC-12.C1.6.1 COUPLING ATTITUDE AND ORBITAL MOTION OF... Marco Giancotti IAC-12.C1.6.4 ORBITAL DYNAMICS OF A SOLAR SAIL NEAR... ANALYSIS....................... 5826 Paul Cefola C1.7. ORBITAL DYNAMICS (2) IAC-12.C1.7.1 LOW... TO ANALYZE THE LONG-TERM ORBITAL EVOLUTION OF THE BINARY ASTEROID... IAC-12.C1.8.11 EXPERIMENTAL ORBITAL RENDEZVOUS OPERATIONS VIA VISUAL BASED... Funase IAC-12.C1.9.9 COUPLED ORBITAL AND ATTITUDE CONTROL OF SPACECRAFT....D1.4.10 STUDY ON THE ORBITAL MANEUVERING CAPABILITY OF THE LOW... IAC-12.D2.1.5 NASA'S COMMERCIAL ORBITAL TRANSPORTATION SERVICES: BUILDING A CARGO PATHWAY... LAUNCHING INTO ORBITS AND INTER-ORBITAL TRANSITIONS .................................. 9147 Tatyana V. Labutkina D3... J. Larson IAC-12.D3.2.7 AN ORBITAL FACTORY FOR MODULAR SOLAR SAILS... OF FREEDOM SPACE MANIPULATORS FOR ORBITAL MAINTENANCE ...................................................................................... 9229 Silvio Cocuzza IAC... Hein IAC-12.D4.3.11 ORBITAL `SLING' FOR LEO TO GEO... MEO TETHERS ENABLING LOW-COST ORBITAL ACCESS ............................................................................ 9422 Roger X. Lenard IAC-12... CERTIFICATION AND APPROVAL OF SUB-ORBITAL AND ORBITAL AIRCRAFT (SOA): CHALLENGES AND... THE MAKER COMMUNITY & PRIVATE CITIZENSH ACCESS TO OUTER SPACE ................................................................................................................................................................................... 11333 Mathew...-12.E7.1.30 LOW EARTH ORBITAL ZONES- A LEGAL SHAKEDOWN............................................................................... 11508 Utsav...



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... the distinctive physics of the orbital environment, inherent dual-use applications... system.”2 The declining costs of orbital access have resulted in a much more... to entry indicate that space access is transitioning from the costly.... Understanding this shifting geopolitical—and orbital—landscape is relevant if the... shape the dynamics of the orbital landscape. Realist theories suggest that...-scalar international system as space access democratizes. Such realities could significantly... the physical realities of the orbital environment require either cooperative or..., and other accoutrements of space access are integrated into society constructs..., the evolution of rocketry and orbital reconnaissance in an era of... Union (ITU) to de-conflict orbital slots, space exploitation is often... norms that ensure uninterrupted access to their substantial orbital investments53; indeed, the... a “space sanctuary” to assure unmitigated access.58 While the regional orientation... multinational corporations, who would have access to satellite data which would... equatorial geography for launches and orbital exploitation, Indonesia has strong motivations...-320, and RX-420 sub-orbital rockets since 1987, the three... II explained domestic motivations to access space, responses to external factors... great powers to shut off access to advanced technologies will likely... supply chains to ensure uninterrupted access to the benefits of space... Long March.220 Problems with orbital insertion by the Chinese booster... Biak, Papua, ground station; Indonesian access to earth data from India... LAPAN information from the Shenzhou-9 orbital rendezvous with Tiangong-1, accompanied by... “competition among local elites for access to government patronage.”303 Therefore... of space sanctuary and equitable access to space-derived benefits in...



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0.09/5
... Material Cut-off Treaty Fractional Orbital Bombardment System Geostationary Orbit Global... GEO orbital slots, where most communications satellites operate. Competition for orbital slot... another orbital slot. New Skies sold the rights to an orbital slot... sub-orbital space flight was a positive development related to growing access to... sub-orbital launch capabilities, and of those, 10 have an orbital launch... requires Each an and sustainable access to 0 0 orbital slot, measured in degrees... to competition over 1 0 highly valued orbital slots. 1 0 0 1 A number of radar and... communications. Both radio spectrum and orbital slot assignments are coordinated through... of access to, and use of, space. Due to very high orbital... allocation, including the assignment of orbital slots and radio frequency spectrum... threatens to make some valuable orbital regions increasingly inhospitable to space...) models, without further implementation of orbital 4 The Space Environment debris mitigation... Earth’s atmosphere.19 The US Orbital Recovery Corporation is developing a ConeXpress... assessment Continued annual growth in orbital debris populations represents a clear threat... for orbital slot allocations Today’s satellites operate in three basic orbital bands... [sic] value of orbital slots.”62 In other orbital slot developments, New Skies sold the rights to its orbital... — for two orbital slots from the FCC, giving it access mainly to... international body mandated to coordinate orbital slots and frequency allocation, the... to the management of scarce orbital slots. TREND 1.5: Space surveillance capabilities... that systematically tracks and catalogues orbital debris. The system is comprised... capabilities for identifying and tracking orbital debris, but are being developed... issues regarding radio frequency spectrum, orbital slots, and space debris. These... means of verification Prohibits fractional orbital bombardment systems (FOBS)25 Launch... gain access to space. There are currently 10 actors with orbital launch capability and another 16 with sub-orbital capability... gaining access to space The number of actors with an independent orbital...)2 — two consortia that provide commercial orbital launch services using rockets developed... therefore demonstrated an orbital launch capability. F IGURE 3.1: Independent orbital launch capability of...-education missions 1 New rockets 2 Sub-orbital missions 1 Mission •Soyuz (Russia) (Three... that a new actor demonstrating independent orbital launch capability is emerging roughly... regarding the safety of manned access to orbital space through purely private... sub-orbital space flight was a positive development related to growing access to... begins restricting availability of satellite orbital information On 24 November 2004... orbital positions, known as “station keeping,” in the face of natural orbital...-capable states also have sub-orbital space access, the capability to carry... sub-orbital launch capabilities, with 10 of these actors possessing an orbital... HAND ASAT ASAT ASAT Sub-orbital launch Orbital launch Precision position/ maneuverability... Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)’s Orbital Express program will develop on... basic space access and use capabilities, such as orbital launch capability, orbital transfer... demonstrated orbital space access and the 18 that have demonstrated sub-orbital space access... discussed above. Only actors with orbital access are included, since this is....pdf. 5US National Research Council, Orbital Debris: A Technical Assessment (Washington, D.C.: National.../index.html. 6National Research Council, Orbital Debris: A Technical Assessment (Washington, D.C.: National... the Risks Posed by Orbital Debris,” Center for Orbital and Reentry Debris...#leo. 9US National Research Council, Orbital Debris: A Technical Assessment (Washington, D.C.: National....html. 10US National Research Council, Orbital Debris: A Technical Assessment (Washington, D.C.: National...?NewsNum=264. 20Orbital Recovery Ltd., “Orbital Recovery Factsheet.” Online: http://www.../images/fact_sheet_v1_5.pdf; Tariq Malik, “Orbital Assistance: ConeXpress Spacecraft Could Extend...-27 February 2004, Vienna, Austria,” Orbital Debris Quarterly News 8 (April 2004.../AC105_823E.pdf. 28“Orbital Debris Graphics,” NASA Orbital Debris Program Office. Online... FCC Orbital Debris Ruling: ISO TC20/SC14 to develop standard for orbital... 47“Orbital Successfully Launches Taiwan’s ROCSAT-2 Satellite Aboard Taurus XL Rocket,” Orbital Science Corporation, Press Release, 20 May 2004. Online: http://www.orbital.... 23Federal Business Opportunities Presolicitation Notice, “Orbital Deep Space Imager (ODSI) Concept... Systems,” Orbital Sciences Corporation Web Site. Online: http://www.orbital.com/. 82.../mission_pages/dart/main/. 96“ConeXpress Orbital Life Extension Vehicle (CX-OLEV....pdf. 103Lt. Col. James Shoemaker, “Orbital Express Space Operations Architecture,” updated..., 3 April 2005. 3“The Soviet Fractional Orbital Bombardment System, A Short History.” Online...



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0.05/5
... Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) program, which funded both SpaceX and Orbital ATK (formerly Orbital Sciences) to develop a capability... environment for LEO startups to access space. • Second, we empirically examine... startups with timely and inexpensive access to the ISS, such companies... specifically explore: (a) high costs to access LEO; (b) launch challenges, especially those... into costs associated with LEO access, which have traditionally been viewed... consistently high costs of space access.” See, Hoyt Davidson, John Stone... Collide: The Challenge of Cheap Orbital Access. Colony Fund, 2007. 28 See... originally founded by publicly-traded Orbital Sciences Corporation and received additional... time for secondary payloads to access LEO are unclear, practitioners have... Jeff Cannon. "Routine Scheduled Space Access for Secondary Payloads." Technical Session... Payload Adapter (ESPA): Providing Increased Access to Space." Proceedings from IEEE... market for low cost reliable access to space (primarily launch vehicles... for human space systems at Orbital Sciences Corporation, explained, “[o]ne of... companies enabling low cost reliable access to space a “[c]ombination of large... seed funding under the Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) program to... operators worldwide (such as SpaceX, Orbital Sciences, Roscosmos, and Virgin Galactic... as those from SpaceX and Orbital Sciences. Spaceflight also facilitates launch... with ISS deployment is a short orbital lifetime that inhibits commercial viability... COTS associated with NASA’s Commercial Orbital Transportation Services program) investment strategy... a contract with American launch company Orbital Sciences Corporation to launch six... Peter B. de Selding. "Skybox Taps Orbital Sciences for 2015 Minotaur Launch... broader: bringing satellite-based internet access to third world countries and... market attractiveness (size, growth, and access to customers) was the strongest... microgravity manufacturing; limited opportunities to access the ISS; the physical constraints... buy.”181 • Limited opportunities to access the ISS. The complexities inherent... require much more readily available access. Currently, NanoRacks supplies secondary payload... accelerated projects should receive preferential access to NanoRacks services and ISS...) Subsector around time of investment Orbital Sciences Corporation (1982)205 1983..., CrunchBase, Preqin, and Thomson ONE. Orbital Sciences Corporation also raised $50....13 Firms contemplating ISS R&D could access this database before deciding how...), Brian Talbot (CASIS), Carl Walz (Orbital-ATK). 4 EARLY DRAFT - NASAWATCH.COM... growing number of and sub-orbital transport systems such as Virgin... Low-Earth-Orbit (being sub-orbital), though we acknowledge that they... the private sector (SpaceX and Orbital-ATK), but transport of the.... The first was the Commercial Orbital Transportation Services Program (COTS), which... has benefited from interviews with Orbital-ATK and SpaceX. 13 EARLY... step. NASA then started funding Orbital-ATK to develop its proposal... SpaceX CRS craft and three Orbital-ATK spacecraft have been launched... or FAR Cost+ Contract Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) Commercial Resupply... Activity Investment from NASA Orbital and SpaceX Orbital cargo delivery services to... system $1.1B Space Act Agreements Orbital and SpaceX Blue Origin, Boeing... delivered by both SpaceX and Orbital-ATK. Through FAR-based fixed... a price of $1.6 billion)36 and Orbital-ATK has been contracted for... 2016. Blue Origin benefits from access to NASA facilities and expertise... of recent procurement approaches for orbital transport systems (see 4.1). 4.3 Private sector... for sub-orbital space flight triggered a swath of sub-orbital development and... the winner now providing sub-orbital planes for Virgin Galactic. For... the economic development of Earth orbital space. The Congress further declares... the economic development of Earth orbital space. The Congress further declares... to LEO, where SpaceX and Orbital-ATK have transitioned to the... launch capabilities. Examples include SpaceX, Orbital-ATK, Boeing Horizontal (Market led... further investments in ISS-like orbital facilities would come from to... in orbital facilities to which the public sector would have access.65... approach after its success in orbital transportation. The emphasis on the... markets puts pressure on the access and support of potential breakthrough... orbital platforms. There is currently no clear indication of a publicly funded orbital... orbital facilities beyond 2020 - there is high uncertainty about the continued access... entail a need for next-generation orbital facilities and, if so, who...), Brian Talbot (CASIS), Carl Walz (Orbital-ATK). The analysis in this...-395-LaRC NASA (2014) Commercial Orbital Transportation Services: A New Era in... which the government requires assured access. To help implement its technology...  barriers,   increasing  awareness,  and  facilitating  access.       There  are  several  potential  commercial...



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0.27/5
... Communications, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman, Orbital Sciences, Raytheon and a host of... the world. NESDIS provides timely access to global environmental data by.... 25 Wallops Flight Facility “Inexpensive access to space is in the... and launching of suborbital and orbital launch vehicles. The Wallops Research... U.S. spaceports that are licensed for orbital access, the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport... 2006. Orbital Sciences In 2006 NASA announced the Commercial Orbital Transportation Services... 2008 NASA selected two companies – Orbital Sciences Corporation and Space Exploration... Services (CRS) to the ISS. Orbital Sciences’ contract is worth $1.9 billion.... The first demonstration launch using Orbital’s Taurus II rocket is scheduled..., the State of Maryland and Orbital Sciences is funding improvements to... low cost, rapid response, space access and utilization. Funded through a cooperative... through 2020. Successful launches by Orbital from the Mid-Atlantic Regional... site to the ISS beyond Orbital’s initial contract.  Other launch service... Service that will expand broadband access to rural communities. The high..., Senior Vice President, Government Relations Orbital Sciences Corporation, Dulles VA Judy... Michelle Frank, Director, Government Relations Orbital Sciences Corporation, Dulles VA 35..., Vice President, Technical Services Division Orbital Sciences Corporation, Greenbelt Billie M. Reed...



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0.08/5
... at either a sub-orbital or an orbital level: a sub-orbital flight is one... for orbital operations, such as SKYLON (discussed in more detail below): orbital operations will expend far greater energy than sub-orbital operations... carry, and until orbital operations commence, sub-orbital spaceplanes will only be... today and tomorrow Orbital Sciences Corporation 2.40 US-based Orbital Sciences Corporation... Sub-orbital Sub-orbital Orbital Sub-orbital Orbital Sub-orbital Bristol Spaceplanes Ascender Orbital/suborbital Sub-orbital Spaceplane... Sub-orbital Carrier aircraft 2 – purpose-built. (WhiteKnightTwo) Flight crew SpaceShipTwo Sub-orbital Launch mechanism Virgin Galactic Orbital/suborbital Spaceplane models... between continents on a sub-orbital or orbital trajectory, and thus radically reduce... about the suitability of sub-orbital or orbital spaceplanes for mass-market... for orbital spaceplanes. Nonetheless, it is clear that enabling sub-orbital spaceplanes... US, however, manned sub-orbital and orbital spacecraft are on the US... aspirations of companies developing sub-orbital and orbital vehicles, the potential for... is to allow commercial sub-orbital or orbital operations in the short... sub-orbital spacecraft. According to the new rules, ‘man-rated sub-orbital, orbital... for commercial launches of orbital rockets and sub-orbital rockets. The first US-licensed launch was a sub-orbital launch... achievable for orbital operations, and 1 in 10,000 for sub-orbital operations... is worth highlighting that historically, orbital operations have experienced approximately 1 catastrophic... Act 1986. Any sub-orbital or orbital operations using non-winged vehicles... be undesirable, particularly for orbital operations. While orbital operations are not expected... sub-orbital spaceplanes, as well as to FAA ASTlicensed sub-orbital spaceplanes... travel. Air-launched orbital operations 6.204 Air-launched orbital operations involve the...-orbital spaceplane used as carrier aircraft 6.207 The use of a sub-orbital spaceplane to launch an orbital upper stage – such...-orbital spaceplanes would apply to those used as carrier aircraft for orbital operations. Orbital vehicle 6.209 The orbital stage of the... Mach 5), or fractional orbital airliners, achieving near orbital velocity before re-entering... these Danger Areas for sub-orbital and orbital flights. This would require... be established to support sub-orbital and orbital spaceplane operations. This would... accommodate the nuances of orbital and sub-orbital launch operations from the... of space operation Sub-orbital operations 8.59 Sub-orbital operations to and... to support other operations, orbital or sub-orbital; ƒƒ the airspace will be... complex commercial operations involving orbital and sub-orbital payload launches. Recommendation Given.... 8.80 As with other orbital and sub-orbital operations, vertical launch systems... which aim to achieve an orbital access at approximately 700 kilometres. Therefore... support all types of orbital and sub-orbital operations, at least initially... the oversight of future orbital and sub-orbital rocket launches in the...-orbital operation (permanent or temporary) at an existing EASAcertificated aerodrome; ƒƒa sub-orbital.... Not a realistic site for a sub-orbital operation. Campbeltown Airport (Machrihanish) Operator... identified for sub-orbital operations. In general, for sub-orbital flights that...-orbital vehicle flight corridor can be encompassed within the more demanding orbital... potential atmospheric impacts of sub-orbital and orbital commercial space operations should... basic requirements of sub-orbital and orbital flight and the fundamental physics... on sub-orbital flights would not fly an orbital trajectory and, as... potential atmospheric impacts of sub-orbital and orbital commercial space operations should..., offering training for sub-orbital and orbital spaceflight pilots and participants. 11... commercial human spaceflight, both sub-orbital and orbital. NASA has also tried... to which pilots of sub-orbital and orbital spaceflight would be exposed... levels of competence for sub-orbital and orbital spaceflight crew, as well... Training be defined for sub-orbital and orbital operations? ƒƒthe structure of... levels of competence for sub-orbital and orbital spaceflight crew, as well...-orbital flights. 12.10 Potential orbital operations are considered briefly and separately. Orbital... for human spaceflight, both sub-orbital and orbital, with a maximum duration of... and A Ruge (2013) ‘Sub-orbital and orbital pilots licensing and passengers medical... particular sub-orbital spaceflight experience. Potential future operations, such as orbital flights... during an orbital flight, the time to landing and access to definitive... for commercial launches of orbital and sub-orbital vehicles. Licences are granted... opposed to a sub-orbital level) without the orbital vehicle needing to split... the entire delivery system. Sub-orbital A sub-orbital spaceflight reaches space, but...